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Sidi M Ghaber, Nawel Trabelsi, Mohamed L Salem, Faten Haddad, Aminetou Abba, Imen Darragi, Salem Abbes
Unstable hemoglobins (Hbs) are a group of Hb disorders that could be the origin of chronic hemolytic anemia. Most of these disorders are caused by point mutations taking place in the globin genes and affecting the stability of the Hb molecule. They are inherited as autosomal dominant diseases and described worldwide. Herein we report a new observation of an unstable variant in the Mauritanian population. The patient was a young girl of Mauritanian origin. She presented with chronic hemolytic anemia with an unknown etiology after being referred to several medical centers...
March 22, 2018: Hemoglobin
Jane Vosper, Michael Evangeli, John B Porter, Farrukh Shah
β-Thalassemia major (β-TM) is a life-long genetic hemoglobin (Hb) disorder requiring intensive treatment regimens, including frequent blood transfusions and daily chelation therapy. Understanding psychosocial correlates of chelation adherence is important for developing interventions to improve adherence. This study investigated within-participant correlates of oral chelation adherence on a daily (episodic) basis. Thirty-seven adult participants with β-TM were recruited from clinics at two hospitals (22 males, 9 females, mean age 34...
March 9, 2018: Hemoglobin
Ferania Mella, Yasuhiro Yamashiro, Chris Adhiyanto, Tatehiko Tanaka, Takenori Nitta, Yuki Amao, Masafumi Kimoto
We report a new hemoglobin (Hb) variant, Hb Hachioji (HBB: c.187C>T), which was detected in a 32-year-old male with hemolytic anemia. The proband had undergone splenectomy in his childhood after being diagnosed with hereditary spherocytosis (HS) with no clinical improvement. A recent study showed that Heinz bodies were frequently observed in his red cells, however, no abnormal band was separated by isoelectric focusing (IEF), and the isopropanol (instability) test was negative. Direct sequencing revealed that the proband was a heterozygous carrier of a novel mutation (GCT>GTT) at codon 62 of the β-globin gene, leading to an alanine to valine substitution...
March 7, 2018: Hemoglobin
Sheng He, Jihui Li, Peng Huang, Shujie Zhang, Li Lin, Yangjin Zuo, Xiaoxian Tian, Chenguang Zheng, Xiaoxia Qiu, Biyan Chen
Hb Bart's hydrops fetalis is the most severe and generally fatal clinical phenotype of α-thalassemia (α-thal), which is due to the deletion of all four functional α-globin genes of hemoglobin (Hb), resulting in no α-globin chain production (- -/- -). Homozygosity for the - -SEA (Southeast Asian) α-globin gene deletion is the main cause of the Hb Bart's hydrops fetalis in Asia, especially South China. Occasionally, other α0 -thal deletions can also be found. In this study, we report a case with an atypical form of Hb Bart's hydrops fetalis that was caused by - -SEA and a large novel α0 -thal deletion (- -GX ) (Guangxi)...
March 1, 2018: Hemoglobin
Lan Thi Thuong Vo, Trang Thu Nguyen, Hai Xuan Le, Ha Thi Thu Le
Available and flexible choice of methods for screening and detecting β-thalassemia (β-thal) can promote control of thalassemia in developing countries. In this study, two methods, the amplification refractory mutation system-polymerase chain reaction (ARMS-PCR) and reverse dot-blot hybridization assays were developed to detect common β-thal mutations in 244 thalassemia patients and 152 healthy people in North Vietnam. The most common mutation was codon 26 (G>A), also known as Hb E (HBB: c.79G>A), accounting for 26...
March 1, 2018: Hemoglobin
Hassan M Moukhadder, Joseph E Roumi, Rayan Bou-Fakhredin, Ali T Taher
The incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with thalassemia is increasing, the two well recognized HCC risk factors in thalassemia being iron overload and chronic hepatitis C. The carcinogenicity of iron is related to its induction of oxidative damage, whereas chronic hepatitis leads to necroinflammation that can accelerate progression to HCC. We hereby report the case of a non transfused, hepatitis C-negative, β-thalassemia intermedia (β-TI) patient from our practice who had evidence of significant iron overload, suggesting the importance of increased iron burden as a HCC risk factor in this patient population...
March 1, 2018: Hemoglobin
Musa O Babalola, Ngozi A Imaga, Titilola A Samuel, Iyanu P Diriwari, Olajumoke Kolade, Irene Ezeamalu, Adefioye O Laoye, Oyesola O Ojewunmi
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) is an essential enzyme in the pentose phosphate pathway that prevents oxidative damage to cells. This study determined the genotypic and allelic frequencies of G6PD G202A and A376G and also investigated correlation between G6PD polymorphisms and hemoglobin (Hb) phenotypes in children in Lagos, Nigeria. Seventy-eight children [55 with Hb AA (βΑ /βA ) and 23 with Hb AS (βΑ /βS ) trait] and 65 Hb SS (βS /βS ) (HBB: c.20A>T) subjects in steady state with age range between 5-15 years were recruited for the study...
March 1, 2018: Hemoglobin
Sitthichai Panyasai, Surada Satthakarn, Sakorn Pornprasert
Hb Q-Thailand [α74(EF3)Asp→His (α1), GAC>CAC, HBA1: c.223G>C] is an abnormal hemoglobin (Hb) frequently found in Thailand and Southeast Asian countries. The association of the αQ-Thailand allele with other globin gene disorders has important implications in diagnosis. Here, we report how to diagnose the coinheritance of Hb Q-Thailand with β-thalassemia (β-thal)/Hb E disease in four Thai samples from high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and capillary electrophoresis (CE) testing results...
February 27, 2018: Hemoglobin
Attawut Chaibunruang, Kritsada Singha, Hataichanok Srivorakun, Goonnapa Fucharoen, Supan Fucharoen
Hb New York or Hb Kaohsiung [β113(G15)Val→Glu (GTG>GAG), HBB: c.341T>A] has been considered a rare β hemoglobin (Hb) variant found originally in an Iranian woman and later in diverse populations but its genetic origin has not been elucidated. Here we report molecular and hematological descriptions of this variant found in the Thai population. Among 5643 subjects referred for hemoglobinopathy investigation during January 2015 to September 2017, 183 (3.2%) were found to carry several Hb variants, including β chain variants (n = 135, 2...
February 21, 2018: Hemoglobin
Aumpika Kesornsit, Nutjaree Jeenduang, Dararat Horpet, Thunyaluk Plyduang, Manit Nuinoon
Variation of fetal hemoglobin (Hb F) expression in heterozygous Hb E (HBB: c.79G>A) individuals is associated with several genetic modifiers and not well understood. This study was undertaken in order to determine the effect of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), including XmnIG γ (rs7482144), rs766432 on the BCL11A gene and rs9376074 on the HBS1L gene, on Hb F levels in Southern Thai heterozygous Hb E individuals. A total of 97 Southern Thai subjects carrying heterozygous Hb E were selected for the hematological study...
February 19, 2018: Hemoglobin
Wanrong Pang, Ju Long, Xunjin Weng, Qiongying Fan, Lei Sun, Zhijian Pan, Zuqian Fan
Different types of deletional α-thalassemia (α-thal) have been reported by researchers in China. This study describes one family carrying -α 21.9 (NG_000006.1: g.14373_36299delinsGGGAAGGGTGGGTGGGAATAACAGCTTTT), -α 2.4 (NG_000006.1: g.36860_39251del) and - - THAI (Thailand) (NG_000006.1: g.10664_44164del) alleles in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, People's Republic of China (PRC), and reports the frequencies of these types in the population of this region. The proband was a 4-year-old girl, who screened positive for thalassemia, although the thalassemia genotype results were normal when screened using the routine kits...
February 15, 2018: Hemoglobin
Dipti Upadhye, Rajat S Das, Jayanta Ray, Shukdeb Acharjee, Kanjaksha Ghosh, Roshan B Colah, Malay B Mukherjee
Hemoglobinopathies are a group of inherited single gene disorders. There are reports on hemoglobin (Hb) variants identified in the tribal and non-tribal populations of Tripura State in northeastern India. This study aimed to determine the spectrum of hemoglobinopathies and enzymopathies by newborn screening in Tripura State and assess the extent of neonatal jaundice. A total of 2400 cord blood samples were collected and analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Further confirmation of any abnormal HPLC was done by DNA analysis...
February 8, 2018: Hemoglobin
Kirsten M Pondman, Jacoline W Brinkman, Hanneke M van der Straaten, An K Stroobants, Cornelis L Harteveld
We report two families, members of which are carriers of a hemoglobin (Hb) variant previously described as Hb Nouakchott [α114(GH2)Pro→Leu; HBA1: c.344C>T; p.Pro115Leu]. In the first family of Dutch origin, the proband, a 32-year-old male and his 65-year-old father, were both carriers of Hb Nouakchott. Of the second family we tested, only the proband, a 56-year-old Dutch female was a Hb Nouakchott carrier. Hematological analyses of these cases showed the anomaly behaves as a silent Hb variant without clinical consequences...
February 6, 2018: Hemoglobin
Gui-Lan Chen, Lv-Yin Huang, Jian-Ying Zhou, Dong-Zhi Li
Coinheritance of δ-globin variants along with β-globin gene defects can interfere with correct diagnosis of β-thalassemia (β-thal) trait. In this report, we present the coinheritance of a δ-globin variant, Hb A2-Tianhe [δ107(G9)Gly→Asp; HBD: c.323G>A] and a heterozygous β-thal in a Chinese individual with microcytosis, hypochromia and a normal Hb A2 level.
December 18, 2017: Hemoglobin
Ilham Youssry, Amina Abdel-Salam, Rania Ismail, Rayan Bou-Fakhredin, Rania Mohamed Samy, Fatma Ezz El-Deen, Ali T Taher
Patients with sickle cell disease experience hemolytic anemia and vaso-occlusions that result in pain, organ injury, and premature mortality. Several prospective studies have verified the efficacy and tolerability of hydroxyurea (HU), and demonstrated its efficacy in reducing painful vaso-occlusive crises (VOCs) in addition to its ability to increase Hb F levels. We aimed to evaluate the long-term effects of HU therapy on Hb F and assess its long term efficacy and safety in sickle cell disease patients. A retrospective study on 60 sickle cell disease patients was conducted...
December 18, 2017: Hemoglobin
Fan Jiang, Gui-Lan Chen, Jian-Ying Zhou, Dong-Zhi Li
We have found an example of the mutation at the intronic region of the second intervening sequence of the β-globin gene, IVS-II-705 (T>G) (HBB: c.316-146T>G), in a Chinese family. The two subjects heterozygous for this mutation presented with typical β-thalassemia (β-thal) trait.
December 18, 2017: Hemoglobin
Wansa Banyatsuppasin, Sumalee Jindadamrongwech, Anchalee Limrungsikul, Punnee Butthep
Thalassemias and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency are the most common inherited blood disorders. They are distributed among populations living in malaria endemic regions resulting in survival advantage from severe malaria disease. The aims of this study were to analyze the prevalence of thalassemias and G6PD deficiency at the Ramathibodi Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand. A total of 616 adult and 174 cord blood samples were collected and analyzed for red blood cell (RBC) parameters, hemoglobin (Hb) typing and DNA analysis for G6PD mutations and α-thalassemia (α-thal)...
December 18, 2017: Hemoglobin
Chuyun Cheng, Qi Peng, Siping Li, Lin Yang, Wenrui Li, Chunbao Rao, Xiaomei Lu
We report a novel mutation (HBB: c.268_281delAGTGAGCTGCACTG) in a Chinese proband, who was also an α-thalassemia (α-thal) Southeast Asian (αα/- -SEA) deletion carrier and displayed characteristic hematological features of β-thalassemia (β-thal) traits. The proband and carriers in her family presented hematological abnormalities. This novel mutation results in a frameshift and consequently creates a premature stop codon at codon 90 of the HBB gene. Thus, couples at-risk for β-thal should also be tested for this mutation...
December 18, 2017: Hemoglobin
Yuan Liang, Qi Peng, Miao Li, Siping Li, Wenrui Li, Xiaomei Lu
We report a novel mutation on the α2-globin gene, HBA2: c.184A>T, detected in a Chinese proband. This mutation resulted in a Lys→Term substitution at position 62 of the α2-globin gene, causing a premature termination of translation. This mutation did not cause severe hematological abnormalities in the carriers. From the properties of substituted residues on the α2-globin gene, it is generally expected that this mutation causes unstable and truncated protein, thus this mutation should be detected in couples at-risk for α-thalassemia (α-thal)...
December 18, 2017: Hemoglobin
Sheng He, Qian Qin, Peng Huang, Shujie Zhang, Shang Yi, Li Lin, Yangjin Zuo, Qiuli Chen, Jianping Deng, Chenguang Zheng, Biyan Chen
We report a large novel α-globin cluster deletion that we named - -(PG) (NG_000006.1: g.93628_542759del450131), in a Chinese family. This large deletion is approximately 450 kb long, spanning from upstream of the PolR3k gene at the 5' end to the RAB11FIP3 gene at the 3' end of chromosome 16p13.3. This deletion removes all the globin distal regulatory elements as well as the whole α-globin gene cluster. Patients with heterozygous - -(PG)/αα had red blood cell (RBC) indices consistent with α-thalassemia (α-thal) trait, but no apparent increase in a cancer tendency or mental disability, microcephaly, relative hypertelorism, unusual facies or genital anomalies...
November 21, 2017: Hemoglobin
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