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World Journal of Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143094/the-application-of-a-performance-based-self-administered-intra-procedural-checklist-on-surgical-trainees-during-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#1
Michael El Boghdady, Afshin Alijani
INTRODUCTION: Surgical checklists are in use to reduce errors for safer surgery. We aimed to study the effect of a previously designed performance-based self-administered intra-procedural checklist on the performance of trainees during elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: Twenty-four laparoscopic cholecystectomies were enrolled into the study. Six surgical trainees each performed four procedures, two without the checklist and directly followed by two procedures with the checklist...
November 15, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143093/response-to-post-hepatectomy-lactate-should-we-add-more-and-assessing-predictive-value-of-post-operative-elevated-lactate-for-adverse-outcomes-following-hepatectomy
#2
LETTER
Madeline Lemke, Julie Hallet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143092/laparoscopic-appendectomy-minimally-invasive-surgery-training-improves-outcomes-in-basic-laparoscopic-procedures
#3
Katherine D Gray, Joshua G Burshtein, Lama Obeid, Maureen D Moore, Gregory Dakin, Alfons Pomp, Cheguevara Afaneh
BACKGROUND: To determine whether minimally invasive surgery (MIS) training improves outcomes in laparoscopic appendectomy, a procedure that is commonly performed in general surgery training. METHODS: Retrospective review was conducted of all patients undergoing laparoscopic appendectomy for suspected acute appendicitis between 2014 and 2015 at a single-center, tertiary-care academic institution. Patients operated on by MIS-trained surgeons (MIS group) were compared to those operated on by general surgeons (GS group)...
November 15, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143091/risk-of-catastrophic-health-expenditure-in-rwandan-surgical-patients-with-peritonitis
#4
J L Rickard, C Ngarambe, L Ndayizeye, B Smart, J P Majyambere, R Riviello
BACKGROUND: Surgical procedures are cost-effective compared with various medical and public health interventions. While peritonitis often requires surgery, little is known regarding the associated costs, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. The aim of this study was to determine in-hospital charges for patients with peritonitis and if patients are at risk of catastrophic health expenditure. METHODS: As part of a larger study examining the epidemiology and outcomes of patients with peritonitis at a referral hospital in Rwanda, patients undergoing operation for peritonitis were enrolled and hospital charges were examined...
November 15, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143090/pattern-of-lower-intestinal-ostomies-in-a-low-income-country-case-of-southeast-of-niger-republic
#5
Harissou Adamou, Oumarou Habou, Ibrahim Amadou Magagi, Ousseini Adakal, Amadou Magagi, Maazou Halidou, Rachid Sani
BACKGROUND: Intestinal ostomies are common surgical procedures performed in visceral surgery as part of management for several gastrointestinal diseases. This study aims to report the socio-demographic characteristics, indications and prognosis of intestinal ostomies in low-income country. METHODS: This was a 4-year retrospective study (January 2013 to December 2016) at Zinder National Hospital (Niger). All patients with a digestive ostomy on an ileum or colic segment were included in the study...
November 15, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143089/surgical-treatment-of-gastro-pulmonary-fistula-following-bariatric-surgery-possible-and-safe
#6
Alon Ben Nun, David Simansky, Merav Rokah, Nona Zeitlin, Nir Golan, Ramez Abu Khalil, Michalle Soudack
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is a common surgical management of morbid obesity. Major complication rate is 3-8%. Staple line leak is one of the most serious complications. In a small group of patients, a gastro-pulmonary fistula is formed. Endoscopic and minimally invasive measures are the first line of treatment with considerable success rate. There are very poor data in the literature what should be done in cases of failure. In this paper, we report our positive experience with definitive surgical repair...
November 15, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143088/the-association-of-preoperative-hematocrit-and-transfusion-with-mortality-in-patients-undergoing-elective-non-cardiac-surgery
#7
Rodney A Gabriel, Anthony I Clark, Albert P Nguyen, Ruth S Waterman, Ulrich H Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Patients with anemia frequently undergo surgery, as it is unclear at what threshold clinicians should consider delaying surgery for preoperative anemia optimization. The primary objective of this study was to determine whether there is an association of varying degrees of anemia and transfusion with 30-day mortality. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database from 2011 to 2013...
November 15, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143087/factors-associated-with-premalignant-epithelial-changes-in-chronic-calculous-cholecystitis-a-case-control-study
#8
Muhibullah Bangash, Abdul Rehman Alvi, Noman Shahzad, Amir Hafeez Shariff, Roger Christopher Gill
INTRODUCTION: Gallstones are known to be associated with premalignant changes in the gallbladder epithelium that range from atypical hyperplasia, metaplasia, dysplasia to carcinoma. Recognition of factors associated with these changes in patients with gallstones can potentially be helpful in identifying patients to whom prophylactic cholecystectomy can be offered to reduce the chances of developing carcinoma. OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with premalignant epithelial changes including atypical hyperplasia, metaplasia, and dysplasia in gallbladder mucosa in patients with chronic calculus cholecystitis...
November 15, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143086/derivation-and-validation-of-a-novel-physiological-emergency-surgery-acuity-score-pesas-reply
#9
LETTER
Naveen Sangji, David Chang, Haytham M A Kaafarani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143085/clinical-significance-of-new-magnetic-resonance-thoracic-ductography-before-thoracoscopic-esophagectomy-for-esophageal-cancer
#10
Junya Oguma, Soji Ozawa, Akihito Kazuno, Miho Nitta, Yamato Ninomiya, Kentaro Yatabe, Tetsu Niwa, Takakiyo Nomura
BACKGROUND: Preoperative simulation of the thoracic duct using magnetic resonance thoracic ductography (MRTD) would enable a safe lymph node dissection near the thoracic duct and the prevention of chylothorax after an esophagectomy. The aim of this study was to determine whether MRTD is useful for preventing injury to the thoracic duct during surgery and for reducing the incidence of chylothorax after surgery. METHODS: We evaluated 130 patients who underwent preoperative MRTD followed by a thoracoscopic esophagectomy for the treatment of thoracic esophageal cancer between August 2014 and April 2017 (MRTD group)...
November 15, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143084/can-we-do-even-better-preoperative-imaging-overestimates-the-tumor-size-in-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-neoplasms-associated-with-multiple-endocrine-neoplasia-type-1
#11
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138914/impact-of-tailored-parathyroidectomy-for-treatment-of-primary-hyperparathyroidism-in-patients-with-multiple-endocrine-neoplasia-type-1
#12
Kiyomi Horiuchi, Momoko Sakurai, Kento Haniu, Erin Nagai, Hiroki Tokumitsu, Yusaku Yoshida, Yoko Omi, Akiko Sakamoto, Takahiro Okamoto
BACKGROUND: Whether total parathyroidectomy (TPTX) or subtotal parathyroidectomy (SPTX) should be performed for primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) in patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) is controversial. At our institution, the parathyroidectomy strategy is based on the number of enlarged intraoperative parathyroid glands. We retrospectively analyzed our parathyroidectomy procedures. METHODS: Data of PHPT treatment in patients with MEN1 who underwent parathyroidectomy from 1982 to 2012 at our department were retrospectively collected...
November 14, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138913/postoperative-albumin-bilirubin-grade-change-predicts-the-prognosis-of-patients-with-hepatitis-b-related-hepatocellular-carcinoma-within-the-milan-criteria
#13
Chuan Li, Xiao-Yun Zhang, Wei Peng, Tian-Fu Wen, Lu-Nan Yan, Bo Li, Jia-Yin Yang, Wen-Tao Wang, Ming-Qing Xu
OBJECTIVE: Albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) grade has been validated as a simple, evidence-based, and objective prognostic tool for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, minimal information is available concerning postoperative ALBI grade changes in HCC. This study aimed to investigate the prognostic value of postoperative ALBI grade changes in patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related HCC within the Milan criteria after liver resection. METHODS: Patients with HBV-related HCC within the Milan criteria who underwent liver resection between 2010 and 2016 at West China Hospital were reviewed (N = 258)...
November 14, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138912/long-term-follow-up-after-non-operative-management-of-blunt-splenic-and-liver-injuries-a-questionnaire-based-survey
#14
Peter Moreno, Matthias Von Allmen, Tobias Haltmeier, Daniel Candinas, Beat Schnüriger
BACKGROUND: Non-operative management (NOM) of blunt splenic or liver injuries (solid organ injury, SOI) has become the standard of care in hemodynamically stable patients. However, the incidence of long-term symptoms in these patients is currently not known. The aim of this study was to assess long-term symptoms in patients undergoing successful NOM (sNOM) for SOI. METHODS: Long-term posttraumatic outcomes including chronic abdominal pain, irregular bowel movements, and recurrent infections were assessed using a specifically designed questionnaire and analyzed by univariable analysis...
November 14, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138911/yonsei-experience-of-5000-gasless-transaxillary-robotic-thyroidectomies
#15
LETTER
Sapana Bothra, Sabaretnam Mayilvaganan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134316/long-term-follow-up-of-retromuscular-incisional-hernia-repairs-recurrence-and-quality-of-life
#16
LETTER
Junsheng Li, Weiyu Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 13, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134315/risk-factors-for-early-postoperative-small-bowel-obstruction-after-anterior-resection-for-rectal-cancer-methodological-issues
#17
LETTER
Jie Weng, He Wu, Zhiyi Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 13, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134314/surgery-for-primary-hyperparathyroidism-with-normal-non-suppressed-parathyroid-hormone-can-be-both-challenging-and-successful
#18
Lauren E Orr, Travis J McKenzie, Geoffrey B Thompson, David R Farley, Robert A Wermers, Melanie L Lyden
BACKGROUND: Criteria for diagnosing primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) include hypercalcemia in the presence of parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels that are either elevated (classic PHPT) or normal but non-suppressed. However, there is no standard definition of what constitutes normal non-suppressed levels, and data are lacking regarding the potential for surgical cure in these patients. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients undergoing parathyroidectomy for sporadic PHPT between 2012 and 2014 was performed...
November 13, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134313/long-term-outcome-after-surgery-for-medullary-thyroid-carcinoma-a-single-center-experience
#19
Francesca Torresan, Elisabetta Cavedon, Caterina Mian, Maurizio Iacobone
BACKGROUND: Medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) is a rare C cells-derived tumor, with a hardly predictable long-term prognosis. This study was aimed to evaluate the predictive factors of cure and survival after surgery for MTC in a monocentric series. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the long-term outcomes was assessed in 255 MTC patients operated between 1980 and 2015 at Padua University hospital. RESULTS: Sporadic MTC occurred in 65.1% and hereditary MTC in 34...
November 13, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134312/refining-the-definitions-of-biochemical-and-clinical-cure-for-primary-aldosteronism-using-the-primary-aldosteronism-surgical-outcome-paso-classification-system
#20
B S Miller, A F Turcu, A T Nanba, D T Hughes, M S Cohen, P G Gauger, R J Auchus
INTRODUCTION: Determination of outcomes after adrenalectomy for primary aldosteronism (PA) is limited by the lack of standardized definitions of cure. The Primary Aldosteronism Surgical Outcomes (PASO) group recently established new consensus definitions for biochemical and clinical cure of PA. We hypothesize that utilization of PASO definitions will better stratify patient outcomes after surgery compared to original and current criteria utilized to document cure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients undergoing adrenalectomy for PA from 1996 to 2016 were studied...
November 13, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
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