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World Journal of Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920178/impact-of-splenic-volume-and-splenectomy-on-prognosis-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-within-milan-criteria-after-curative-hepatectomy
#1
Kazuki Takeishi, Hirofumi Kawanaka, Shinji Itoh, Norifumi Harimoto, Toru Ikegami, Tomoharu Yoshizumi, Ken Shirabe, Yoshihiko Maehara
BACKGROUND: The prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with portal hypertension (PH) is very poor. Splenomegaly is considered important evidence of PH. Our aim was to clarify the prognostic value of splenic volume (SV) and the effect of splenectomy on the prognosis of HCC within the Milan criteria after curative hepatectomy. METHODS: In this single-center retrospective study, we reviewed 160 patients with HCC that met the Milan criteria, including 138 who had undergone hepatectomy and 22 who had undergone hepatectomy and splenectomy between July 2004 and December 2010...
September 18, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920160/preoperative-albumin-bilirubin-grade-predicts-recurrences-after-radical-gastrectomy-in-patients-with-pt2-4-gastric-cancer
#2
Mitsuro Kanda, Chie Tanaka, Daisuke Kobayashi, Hiroaki Uda, Kenichi Inaoka, Yuri Tanaka, Masamichi Hayashi, Naoki Iwata, Suguru Yamada, Tsutomu Fujii, Hiroyuki Sugimoto, Kenta Murotani, Michitaka Fujiwara, Yasuhiro Kodera
BACKGROUND: The albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) score was initially developed for assessing liver dysfunction severity and was suggested to have prognostic value in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. We aimed to evaluate the prognostic impact of ALBI grade in patients with advanced gastric cancer (GC) after radical gastrectomy. METHODS: This study included 283 patients who underwent radical gastrectomy for pT2-4 GC without preoperative treatment. ALBI was calculated as follows: (log10 bilirubin (μmol/L) × 0...
September 18, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920152/sentinel-node-navigation-surgery-for-early-gastric-cancer-analysis-of-factors-which-affect-direction-of-lymphatic-drainage
#3
Atsuo Shida, Norio Mitsumori, Shuichi Fujioka, Yuta Takano, Muneharu Fujisaki, Ryosuke Hashizume, Naoto Takahashi, Yoshio Ishibashi, Katsuhiko Yanaga
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We started performing sentinel node navigation surgery (SNNS) for patients with early gastric cancer (EGC) using infrared ray electronic endoscopy (IREE) with indocyanine green injection from year 2000. The EGCs usually have complex lymphatic drainage, unidirectional or multidirectional lymphatic flow. In this study, we investigated and clarified factors that affect the direction of gastric lymphatic drainage. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Consecutive 60 patients with EGC who underwent SNNS by IREE from year 2006 to 2014 were enrolled to this study...
September 18, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920145/impact-of-drain-insertion-after-perforated-peptic-ulcer-repair-in-a-japanese-nationwide-database-analysis
#4
K Okumura, K Hida, S Kunisawa, T Nishigori, H Hosogi, Y Sakai, Y Imanaka
BACKGROUND: Many perforated peptic ulcers (PPUs) require surgical repair due to diffuse peritonitis. However, few studies have examined the clinical effects of postoperative drainage after PPU repair. This study aimed to investigate the drain insertion rates in patients who underwent PPU repair in Japan, and to clarify the impact of drain insertion on the postoperative clinical course. METHODS: A retrospective nationwide cohort study was performed using administrative claims data of patients who had undergone PPU repair between 2010 and 2016...
September 18, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916884/a-clinical-scoring-system-to-predict-the-clinical-sequelae-of-computed-tomography-diagnosed-intussusception
#5
Hwee Leong Tan, Ye Xin Koh, Mohammad Taufik, Weng Kit Lye, Brian Kim Poh Goh, Hock Soo Ong
INTRODUCTION: Intussusception in adults is increasingly diagnosed on cross-sectional imaging with a lack of clear recommendations on management. The presence of an underlying lead point is a key to guiding management as its absence can predict spontaneous resolution. We studied adult patients with computed tomography (CT) diagnosed intussusception formulate a clinical scoring system to predict the risk of an underlying lead point. METHODOLOGY: We performed a retrospective review of all adult patients who underwent CT scans of the abdomen and pelvis in our institution between 2001 and 2014...
September 15, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913696/clinicopathological-risk-factors-for-distant-metastasis-in-differentiated-thyroid-carcinoma-a-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Huy Gia Vuong, Uyen N P Duong, Thong Quang Pham, Hung Minh Tran, Naoki Oishi, Kunio Mochizuki, Tadao Nakazawa, Lewis Hassell, Ryohei Katoh, Tetsuo Kondo
INTRODUCTION: Distant metastasis (DM) is not a frequent event in differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) but has an adverse impact on mortality of patients with DTC. In the current study, we aimed to conduct a comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the risk factors for DM in DTCs and for each histological subtype. METHODS: Five electronic databases were searched from inception to December 2016 for relevant articles. Pooled odd ratios and 95% confidence interval were calculated using random-effect model...
September 14, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913597/trauma-leagues-a-novel-option-to-attract-medical-students-to-a-surgical-career
#7
Romeo Lages Simões, Alcir Escocia Dorigatti, Henrique José Virgili Silveira, Thiago Rodrigues Araujo Calderan, Sandro Rizoli, Gustavo Pereira Fraga
BACKGROUND: In Brazil, most medical schools do not offer trauma surgery in their undergraduate curriculum. The Trauma Leagues arose in Brazil as an important promoter of trauma education and stimulated activities related to surgical skills and practices. In recent decades, studies have demonstrated that the number of surgical residency applicants has decreased worldwide. Strategies to motivate medical students to choose surgery are needed. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of participation in the Unicamp Trauma League (UTL) during a 20-year period in the choice for a surgical career...
September 14, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913552/a-novel-scoring-system-for-diagnosing-acute-mesenteric-ischemia-in-the-emergency-ward-methodological-issues
#8
LETTER
Saeid Safiri, Erfan Ayubi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905105/diagnostic-and-prognostic-role-of-18-fdg-pet-ct-in-the-management-of-resectable-biliary-tract-cancer
#9
Ka Wing Ma, Tan To Cheung, Wong Hoi She, Kenneth Siu Ho Chok, Albert Chi Yan Chan, Wing Chiu Dai, Wan Hang Chiu, Chung Mau Lo
OBJECTIVES: Role of 18-FDG PET/CT had been well established in other more prevalent malignancies such as colorectal and lung cancer; however, this is not as well defined in cholangiocarcinoma. Literature focusing on the prognostic values of preoperative PET/CT for resectable cholangiocarcinoma is scarce. METHOD: This is a retrospective cohort of 66 consecutive patients who had received curative resection for cholangiocarcinoma from 2010 to 2015. All patients had preoperative 18-FDG PET/CT performed...
September 13, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900706/are-incidental-gallbladder-cancers-missed-with-a-selective-approach-of-gallbladder-histology-at-cholecystectomy
#10
Linda Lundgren, Carolina Muszynska, Axel Ros, Gunnar Persson, Oliver Gimm, Lars Valter, Bodil Andersson, Per Sandström
BACKGROUND: Incidental gallbladder cancer (IGBC) is an unexpected finding when a cholecystectomy is performed upon a benign indication, and the use of routine or selective histological analysis of gallbladder specimen is still debated. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the proportion of submitted gallbladder specimens for pathological investigation influences the proportion of IGBC found, and what possible factors preoperatively or perioperatively could influence the selection process...
September 12, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894930/oncological-safety-and-technical-feasibility-of-nipple-sparing-mastectomy-for-breast-cancer-the-hong-kong-experience
#11
Yolanda Ho-Yan Chan, Wai-Ming Yau, Polly Suk-Yee Cheung
BACKGROUND: Nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) has gained widespread popularity in recent years. Nonetheless, patient selection, technical consideration and oncological safety of its extension to breast cancer treatment remain uncertain. Few publications have reviewed the application of NSM in Asian populations. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 91 women with malignant breast tumours, who underwent 97 NSM in Hong Kong Sanatorium and Hospital from 2009 to 2015. Breast cancer patients who required mastectomy and opted for immediate reconstruction were considered for NSM if they showed no obvious nipple involvement clinically...
September 11, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894903/in-response-to-ventilation-in-trauma-patients-the-first-24%C3%A2-h-is-different
#12
LETTER
Stuart Gillon, Robert Docking, Euan Black, Andrew Cadamy, Finbar O'Sullivan, Christopher Wright
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887676/learning-curve-characteristics-for-caesarean-section-among-associate-clinicians-a-prospective-study-from-sierra-leone
#13
B P Waalewijn, A van Duinen, A P Koroma, M J Rijken, M Elhassein, H A Bolkan
BACKGROUND: In response to the high maternal mortality ratio, Sierra Leone has adopted an associate clinician postgraduate surgical task-sharing training programme. Little is known about learning curve characteristics for caesarean sections among associate clinicians. The aim of this study is to evaluate the number of caesarean sections needed to be performed by associate clinicians until there is no further significant reduction in operation time. METHODS: This prospective study evaluates the first 50 caesarean sections performed by trainees between January 2011 and June 2016...
September 8, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887674/robot-assisted-transaxillary-thyroidectomy-ratt-a-series-appraisal-of-more-than-250-cases-from-europe
#14
Gabriele Materazzi, Lorenzo Fregoli, Piermarco Papini, Sohail Bakkar, Malince Chicas Vasquez, Paolo Miccoli
BACKGROUND: Robot-assisted transaxillary thyroidectomy (RATT) is widely accepted in Asian countries. However, concerns regarding the balance between its real advantages and safety and cost have been raised by North American authorities. In Europe, assessments have been limited by small numbers since now. The purpose here is to report a large European experience with RATT. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted of 257 patients who underwent RATT for nodular disease between February 2012 and September 2016...
September 8, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887639/a-double-blinded-randomized-clinical-study-on-the-therapeutic-effect-of-gastrografin-in-prolonged-postoperative-ileus-after-elective-colorectal-surgery-reply
#15
LETTER
Sebastiano Biondo, Jordi Miquel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887635/the-prognostic-impact-of-controlling-nutritional-status-conut-in-intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma-following-curative-hepatectomy-a-retrospective-single-institution-study
#16
Tatsunori Miyata, Yo-Ichi Yamashita, Takaaki Higashi, Katsunobu Taki, Daisuke Izumi, Keisuke Kosumi, Ryuma Tokunaga, Shigeki Nakagawa, Hirohisa Okabe, Katsunori Imai, Daisuke Hashimoto, Akira Chikamoto, Hideo Baba
BACKGROUND: Several studies have examined controlling nutritional status (CONUT), which is one of the useful biomarkers for predicting patients' prognosis following cancer treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the value of CONUT as a postoperative prognostic marker in patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) following curative hepatectomy. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 71 patients who underwent curative hepatectomy for ICC between May 2002 and November 2016...
September 8, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884351/tube-thoracostomy-complications-more-to-learn-reply
#17
LETTER
Matthew C Hernandez, Martin D Zielinski, Johnathon M Aho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884340/assessing-effects-of-preoperative-anemia-on-adverse-outcomes-after-coronary-surgery
#18
LETTER
Ya-Yang Liu, Fu-Shan Xue, Hui-Xian Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884329/perioperative-mortality-following-oesophagectomy-and-pancreaticoduodenectomy-in-australia
#19
Sean S Davis, Wendy J Babidge, Andreas Kiermeier, R James Aitken, Guy J Maddern
INTRODUCTION: Oesophagectomy (OG) and pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) remain associated with significant perioperative mortality rates (POMR). Improved outcomes in high-volume centres have led to these procedures being centralised in some countries. This retrospective, population-based cohort study was conducted to determine the Australian national, and state and territory based POMR associated with OG and PD, and assess trends over time. METHODS: Logistic regression analysis was performed using de-identified procedural data between 1 July 2005 and 30 June 2013 from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare...
September 7, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879603/cohort-contributions-to-race-and-gender-specific-trends-in-the-incidence-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-the-usa
#20
Eliza W Beal, Dmitry Tumin, Ali Kabir, Dimitrios Moris, Xu-Feng Zhang, Jeffery Chakedis, Kenneth Washburn, Sylvester Black, Carl M Schmidt, Timothy M Pawlik
INTRODUCTION: Increasing incidence of lifelong obesity and associated nonalcoholic steatohepatitis in younger birth cohorts may have contributed to growing incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in the USA. Yet, the contribution of cohort effects to trends in HCC incidence is unclear. METHODS: Using data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program 1973-2013, race- and gender-specific trends in HCC incidence in the USA were decomposed using age-period-cohort (APC) modeling...
September 6, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
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