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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131374/social-capital-s-role-in-recovery-evidence-from-communities-affected-by-the-2010-pakistan-floods
#1
Muhammad Siddique Akbar, Daniel P Aldrich
Pakistan suffered large-scale flooding in summer 2010 that caused damage amounting to approximately USD 43 billion, claimed the lives of at least 1,700 people, and negatively affected some 20 million others. Observers have debated the degree to which social capital plays a role in recovery after a catastrophe of this magnitude. Using new survey data on 450 residents impacted by the disaster, this study found that, controlling for various confounding factors, the social capital levels of victims serve as robust correlates of life recovery...
November 13, 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105811/business-recovery-an-assessment-framework
#2
Joanne R Stevenson, Charlotte Brown, Erica Seville, John Vargo
This paper presents a Business Recovery Assessment Framework (BRAF) to help researchers and practitioners design robust, repeatable, and comparable studies of business recovery in various post-disruption contexts. Studies assessing business recovery without adequately considering the research aims, recovery definitions, and indicators can produce misleading findings. The BRAF is composed of a series of steps that guide the decisions that researchers need to make to ensure: (i) that recovery is indeed being measured; (ii) that the indicators of recovery that are selected align with the objectives of the study and the definition of recovery; and, where necessary, (iii) that appropriate comparative control variables are in place...
November 6, 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29086990/exploring-the-administrative-mechanism-of-china-s-paired-assistance-to-disaster-affected-areas-programme
#3
Kaibin Zhong, Xiaoli Lu
The Paired Assistance to Disaster Affected Areas (PADAA) programme is a mutual aid initiative with Chinese characteristics, which speeded up the process of restoring and reconstructing regions affected by the Wenchuan earthquake on 12 May 2008. The PADAA is an efficient instrument for catastrophe recovery, yet it remains a mysterious mechanism to many members of disaster management communities. This paper aims to lift the veil on it by assessing its origins and evolution. It draws on the multi-level moderated competition model to explain how the PADAA functions within the Chinese administrative system...
October 31, 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076548/citizen-participation-in-disaster-recovery-projects-and-programmes-in-rural-communities-a-comparison-of-the-haiti-earthquake-and-hurricane-katrina
#4
Loretta Pyles, Juliana Svistova, Suran Ahn, Tom Birkland
This study investigates predictors of local participation in recovery projects and programmes following Hurricane Katrina in the United States in 2005 and the earthquake in Haiti in 2010. Using two sets of survey data, it examines whether disaster impacts and social capital (social trust and civic engagement) are associated with disaster recovery participation and compares predictors of such engagement in the two locations. Multivariate logistic regression results reveal that physical injuries, limited community mobility, and government trust increase recovery participation in Haiti (n=278), whereas emotional distress and homeownership decrease it...
October 27, 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064116/-faith-can-come-in-but-not-religion-secularity-and-its-effects-on-the-disaster-response-to-typhoon-haiyan
#5
Olivia Wilkinson
While other works have analysed what constitutes a faith-based approach, this study examines what values and practices are employed in a secular approach to disaster response in communities where religion matters. Evidence of a secular approach is assessed in the context of the disaster response to Typhoon Haiyan (2013) in the Philippines, a country in which more than 90 per cent of the population identify themselves as religious. Using interviews with staff members of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and focus groups composed of beneficiaries, this paper provides an overview of how respondents commonly characterise a secular approach to disaster response...
October 24, 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064115/living-with-disasters-social-capital-for-disaster-governance
#6
Maria de Lourdes Melo Zurita, Brian Cook, Dana C Thomsen, Paul G Munro, Timothy F Smith, John Gallina
This paper explores how social networks and bonds within and across organisations shape disaster operations and strategies. Local government disaster training exercises serve as a window through which to view these relations, and 'social capital' is used as an analytic for making sense of the human relations at the core of disaster management operations. These elements help to expose and substantiate the often intangible relations that compose the culture that exists, and that is shaped by preparations for disasters...
October 24, 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057549/flooding-what-is-the-impact-on-pregnancy-and-child-health
#7
Lea H Mallett, Ruth A Etzel
Floods are the most common type of natural disaster in both developed and developing countries and have led to extensive morbidity and mortality throughout the world. Worldwide, over the past 30 years, flooding has claimed the lives of more than 200,000 people and affected more than 2.8 billion others. The impact of flooding on health varies among populations and depends primarily on vulnerability and the kind of event experienced. It severely disrupts livelihoods and has a significant impact on the health of pregnant women and children...
October 23, 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057496/media-coverage-of-the-uk-flooding-crisis-a-social-panorama
#8
Norma Valencio, Arthur Valencio
A disaster referred to by the press as the 'UK flooding crisis' occurred between December 2015 and January 2016. This study employed three different levels of analysis to identify a multidimensional perspective adopted in the disaster reporting of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). These levels revealed details about the social actors and their interactions. The set of news exposed diverse viewpoints on the crisis, from loss and damage to distinct affected subgroups to the various social engagement actions of aid and the multiplicity of technical response measures...
October 23, 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857267/natural-hazard-events-and-social-capital-the-social-impact-of-natural-disasters
#9
Frederike Albrecht
This study investigates if and to what extent natural disasters affect social capital. Twelve different events in Europe are examined in a quantitative analysis, using data derived from the European Social Survey and the EM-DAT International Disaster Database. The study uses social trust as an indicator of social capital and offers evidence that a change in social trust is a possible occurrence during or after a disaster, but that it is not an inevitable consequence of it. The results reveal that social trust decreases after a disaster with a death toll of at least nine...
August 30, 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194817/need-for-adaptation-transformation-of-temporary-houses
#10
Elizabeth Wagemann
Building permanent accommodation after a disaster takes time for reasons including the removal of debris, the lack of available land, and the procurement of resources. In the period in-between, affected communities find shelter in different ways. Temporary houses or transitional shelters are used when families cannot return to their pre-disaster homes and no other alternative can be provided. In practice, families stay in a standard interim solution for months or even years while trying to return to their routines...
October 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133782/superstorm-sandy-and-the-academic-achievement-of-university-students
#11
Matthew D Doyle, Brian Lockwood, John G Comiskey
Much of the literature on the consequences of natural disasters has focused on their physical and psychological ramifications. Few researchers have considered how the impacts of a natural disaster can influence academic achievement. This study analyses data collected from nearly 300 students at a mid-sized, private university in the northeast United States to determine if the effects of Cyclone Sandy in 2012 are associated with measures of academic achievement. The findings reveal that experiencing headaches after the event resulted in a higher likelihood of students suffering a loss of academic motivation...
October 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133779/factors-affecting-the-united-nations-response-to-natural-disasters-what-determines-the-allocation-of-the-central-emergency-response-fund
#12
Tyler D Robinson, Thiago M Oliveira, Stephanie Kayden
Natural disasters can overwhelm the domestic response of a country, leaving it dependent on external humanitarian relief. The Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) of the United Nations centralises humanitarian funding and thus allows for a rapid response. This study combined data to analyse the factors that affected the allocation of CERF funding to countries that suffered a natural disaster between 2007 and 2013. It generated descriptive statistics and information on relative risks, and performed regressions of CERF funding across countries...
October 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133773/emotions-and-beliefs-after-a-disaster-a-comparative-analysis-of-haiti-and-indonesia
#13
REVIEW
Erin O'Connell, Roger P Abbott, Robert S White
A number of studies have examined emotional and belief responses following a disaster, yet there has been limited comparative analysis of responses to disasters in different places. This paper reviews the results of 366 questionnaires that evaluated key emotional and belief concepts in Haiti after the earthquake on 12 January 2010 (n=212) and in Indonesia after the earthquake in Yogyakarta on 27 May 2006 (n=154). The results indicate significant differences between the responses in the two settings, particularly in relation to feelings of impunity, self-blame for the disaster, regret about pre-earthquake behaviour, and a sense of justice in the world...
October 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093798/the-student-volunteer-army-a-repeat-emergent-emergency-response-organisation
#14
Sally Carlton, Colleen E Mills
This paper seeks to contribute to understanding of the factors associated with an effective emergent emergency response organisation and to provide new insights into this understudied area. It examines, through an analysis of a range of textual resources, the emergence and re-emergence of the Student Volunteer Army (SVA) during the devastating earthquakes in Canterbury, New Zealand, in 2010-11. This evaluation is conducted in relation to the four key features of an effective emergency response organisation: adaptability; direction; leadership; and communication...
October 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059447/the-crisis-map-of-the-czech-republic-the-nationwide-deployment-of-an-ushahidi-application-for-disasters
#15
Jiří Pánek, Lukáš Marek, Vít Pászto, Jaroslav Valůch
Crisis mapping is a legitimate component of both crisis informatics and disaster risk management. It has become an effective tool for humanitarian workers, especially after the earthquake in Haiti in 2010. Ushahidi is among the many mapping platforms on offer in the growing field of crisis mapping, and involves the application of crowdsourcing to create online and interactive maps of areas in turmoil. This paper presents the Crisis Map of the Czech Republic, which is the first such instrument to be deployed nationwide in Central Europe...
October 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982461/investigating-the-strategic-antecedents-of-agility-in-humanitarian-logistics
#16
Cécile L'Hermitte, Benjamin Brooks, Marcus Bowles, Peter H Tatham
This study investigates the strategic antecedents of operational agility in humanitarian logistics. It began by identifying the particular actions to be taken at the strategic level of a humanitarian organisation to support field-level agility. Next, quantitative data (n=59) were collected on four strategic-level capabilities (being purposeful, action-focused, collaborative, and learning-oriented) and on operational agility (field responsiveness and flexibility). Using a quantitative analysis, the study tested the relationship between organisational capacity building and operational agility and found that the four strategic-level capabilities are fundamental building blocks of agility...
October 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982460/vulnerability-assessments-as-a-political-creation-tsunami-management-in-portugal
#17
Maartje Pronk, Harro Maat, Todd A Crane
Vulnerability assessments are a cornerstone of contemporary disaster research. This paper shows how research procedures and the presentation of results of vulnerability assessments are politically filtered. Using data from a study of tsunami risk assessment in Portugal, the paper demonstrates that approaches, measurement instruments, and research procedures for evaluating vulnerability are influenced by institutional preferences, lines of communication, or lack thereof, between stakeholder groups, and available technical expertise...
October 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982458/risk-factors-for-long-term-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-among-medical-rescue-workers-appointed-to-the-2008-wenchuan-earthquake-response-in-china
#18
Ellen J Schenk, Jun Yuan, Lise D Martel, Guo-Qing Shi, Ke Han, Xing Gao
This study aims to determine the risk factors for clinically-significant post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among Chinese medical rescue workers one year after the response to the Wenchuan earthquake on 12 May 2008. A sample of 337 medical workers who performed response work within the first three months of the event completed an online questionnaire, which included information on demographics, social support, the management and organisation of the disaster response, and an assessment of PTSD. Symptoms consistent with PTSD were prevalent in 17 per cent of the rescue workers...
October 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982457/speed-or-deliberation-a-comparison-of-post-disaster-recovery-in-japan-turkey-and-chile
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Stephen Platt, Emily So
This paper compares recovery in the wake of three recent earthquakes: the Great East Japan Earthquake in March 2011; the Van earthquake in Turkey in October 2011; and the Maule earthquake in Chile in February 2010. The authors visited all three locations approximately 12-18 months after the incidents and interviewed earthquake specialists, disaster managers, urban planners, and local authorities. A key challenge to post-disaster recovery planning is balancing speed and deliberation. While affected communities must rebuild as quickly as possible, they must also seek to maximise the opportunities for improvement that disasters provide...
October 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799670/compliance-with-recommended-protective-actions-during-an-h7n9-emergency-a-risk-perception-perspective
#20
Fei Wang, Jiuchang Wei, Xing Shi
This study investigates the factors determining an individual's response to official recommended protective measures, based on the Health Belief Model and the Protective Action Decision Model, to understand the adoption of protective behaviour during an H7N9 (Avian Influenza A) emergency. A public survey involving 1,375 respondents was conducted in Anhui Province, China, during the 2013 H7N9 outbreak to test the research model and hypotheses. The results indicate that protective, stakeholder, and risk perceptions influence positively an individual's willingness to take recommended actions...
August 11, 2017: Disasters
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