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Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426977/investigation-of-the-phosphatidylserine-binding-properties-of-the-lipid-biosensor-lactadherin-c2-lactc2-in-different-membrane-environments
#1
Kathryn Del Vecchio, Robert V Stahelin
Lipid biosensors are robust tools used in both in vitro and in vivo applications of lipid imaging and lipid detection. Lactadherin C2 (LactC2) was described in 2000 as being a potent and specific sensor for phosphatidylserine (PS) (Andersen et al. Biochemistry 39:6200-6206, 2000). PS is an anionic phospholipid enriched in the inner leaflet of the plasma membrane and has paramount roles in apoptosis, cells signaling, and autophagy. The myriad roles PS plays in membrane dynamics make monitoring PS levels and function an important endeavor...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404877/o-glcnac-a-novel-regulator-of-immunometabolism
#2
REVIEW
Miranda Machacek, Chad Slawson, Patrick E Fields
The rapidly expanding field of immunometabolism focuses on how metabolism controls the function of immune cells. CD4+ T cells are essential for the adaptive immune response leading to the eradication of specific pathogens. However, when T cells are inappropriately over-active, they can drive autoimmunity, allergic disease, and chronic inflammation. The mechanisms by which metabolic changes influence function in CD4+ T cells are not fully understood. The post-translational protein modification, O-GlcNAc (O-linked β-N-acetylglucosamine), dynamically cycles on and off of intracellular proteins as cells respond to their environment and flux through metabolic pathways changes...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344764/o-glcnacylation-key-regulator-of-glycolytic-pathways
#3
REVIEW
Zachary A Bacigalupa, Chaitali H Bhadiadra, Mauricio J Reginato
Elevated O-GlcNAcylation is emerging as a general characteristic of most cancers. Although O-GlcNAcylation can regulate many cell biological pathways, recent evidence suggests that it is a key regulator of metabolic pathways including glycolysis in cancer cells. This review summarizes our current understanding of how O-GlcNAcylation regulates glycolytic pathways and contributes to alterations in cancer cell metabolism.
January 18, 2018: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332207/skeletal-muscle-expression-of-p43-a-truncated-thyroid-hormone-receptor-%C3%AE-affects-lipid-composition-and-metabolism
#4
François Casas, Gilles Fouret, Jérome Lecomte, Fabienne Cortade, Laurence Pessemesse, Emilie Blanchet, Chantal Wrutniak-Cabello, Charles Coudray, Christine Feillet-Coudray
Thyroid hormone is a major regulator of metabolism and mitochondrial function. Thyroid hormone also affects reactions in almost all pathways of lipids metabolism and as such is considered as the main hormonal regulator of lipid biogenesis. The aim of this study was to explore the possible involvement of p43, a 43 Kda truncated form of the nuclear thyroid hormone receptor TRα1 which stimulates mitochondrial activity. Therefore, using mouse models overexpressing p43 in skeletal muscle (p43-Tg) or lacking p43 (p43-/-), we have investigated the lipid composition in quadriceps muscle and in mitochondria...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322286/hyperglycemia-and-aberrant-o-glcnacylation-contributions-to-tumor-progression
#5
REVIEW
Andréia Vasconcelos-Dos-Santos, Rafaela Muniz de Queiroz, Bruno da Costa Rodrigues, Adriane R Todeschini, Wagner B Dias
A number of cancer types have shown an increased prevalence and a higher mortality rate in patients with hyperglycemic associated pathologies. Although the correlation between diabetes and cancer incidence has been increasingly reported, the underlying molecular mechanisms beyond this association are not yet fully understood. Recent studies have suggested that high glucose levels support tumor progression through multiple mechanisms that are hallmarks of cancer, including cell proliferation, resistance to apoptosis, increased cell migration and invasiveness, epigenetic regulation (hyperglycemic memory), resistance to chemotherapy and altered metabolism...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313294/chlorpromazine-and-dimethyl-sulfoxide-modulate-the-catalytic-activity-of-the-plasma-membrane-ca2-atpase-from-human-erythrocyte
#6
Fernando Plenge-Tellechea, Carlos A Domínguez-Solís, Ángel G Díaz-Sánchez, David Meléndez-Martínez, Javier Vargas-Medrano, Jorge A Sierra-Fonseca
The plasma membrane Ca2+-ATPase (PMCA) removes Ca2+ from the cytosol into the extracellular space. Its catalytic activity can be stimulated by calmodulin (CaM) or by limited proteolysis. We evaluated the effect of chlorpromazine (CPZ) and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) over the hydrolytic activity of PMCA. Activity was monitored in three different forms: native, CaM-activated and proteolyzed by trypsin. CPZ appears to inhibit PMCA without directly interfering with the C-terminal site, since it is affected by CaM and proteolysis...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302769/imidacloprid-impedes-mitochondrial-function-and-induces-oxidative-stress-in-cotton-bollworm-helicoverpa-armigera-larvae-hubner-noctuidae
#7
Bharat Nareshkumar, Shaik Mohammad Akbar, Hari Chand Sharma, Senigala K Jayalakshmi, Kuruba Sreeramulu
Neonicotinoids have high agonistic affinity to insect nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR) and are frequently used as insecticides against most devastating lepidopteran insect pests. Imidacloprid influenced dose-dependent decline in the state III and IV respiration, respiration control index (RCI), and P/O ratios, in vitro and in vivo. The bioassay indicated its LD50 value to be 531.24 μM. The insecticide exhibited a dose-dependent inhibition on F0F1-ATPase and complex IV activity. At 600 μM, the insecticide inhibited 83...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260425/study-of-the-properties-of-doxorubicin-resistant-cells-affected-by-acute-leucosis
#8
Marina Yu Skorkina, Elena A Shamray, Victoria A Salo, Anatoly S Buchelnikov, Maxim P Evstigneev
The stiffness of cell membrane was found to be one of the factors determining resistance of a cell in vitro to antibiotic doxorubicin action. Membranes of surviving cells are negatively charged (-35 - -30 mV) and have high values of stiffness (2.2-5.1 μРа) at the doxorubicin concentrations in the medium of 1-500 μg/ml. If the drug concentration and exposure time are being increased, only cells with 'soft' membrane (0.25-1 μРа) and positive surface potential (15-29 mV) survive. The data obtained have important prognostic value in studying drug resistance of tumour blood cells and can be used as objective markers of efficiency of the antitumor therapy...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243009/adrenaline-induces-mitochondrial-biogenesis-in-rat-liver
#9
Gaetana Napolitano, Daniela Barone, Sergio Di Meo, Paola Venditti
We studied the effects of adrenaline administration and depletion (induced by reserpine) on rat liver oxidative metabolism. We showed that adrenaline increases, and reserpine decreases aerobic capacity (inferred by cytochrome oxidase activity) in tissue modifying the hepatic content of mitochondrial proteins without changing mitochondrial aerobic capacity. The changes in tissue cytochrome oxidase activity, which agreed with the expression levels of factors involved in mitochondrial biogenesis, such as PGC-1, NRF-1, and NRF-2, were associated with similar changes in tissue and mitochondrial State 3 respiration...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209894/mitochondrial-energy-metabolism-and-signalling-in-human-glioblastoma-cell-lines-with-different-pten-gene-status
#10
Marina Comelli, Ivan Pretis, Alessia Buso, Irene Mavelli
Glioblastomas epidemiology and aggressiveness demand for a well characterization of biochemical mechanisms of the cells. The discovery of oxidative tumours related to chemoresistance is changing the prevalent view of dysfunctional mitochondria in cancer cells. Thus, glioblastomas metabolism is now an area of intense research, wherein was documented a high heterogeneity in energy metabolism and in particular in mitochondrial OxPhos. We report results gained by investigating mitochondrial OxPhos and bioenergetics, in a model of three human glioblastoma cell lines characterized by a different PTEN gene status...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204729/-nutrient-sensing-and-self-renewal-o-glcnac-in-a-new-role
#11
REVIEW
Nikita S Sharma, Ashok K Saluja, Sulagna Banerjee
Whether embryonic, hematopoietic or cancer stem cells, this metabolic reprogramming is dependent on the nutrient-status and bioenergetic pathways that is influenced by the micro-environmental niches like hypoxia. Thus, the microenvironment plays a vital role in determining the stem cell fate by inducing metabolic reprogramming. Under the influence of the microenvironment, like hypoxia, the stem cells have increased glucose and glutamine uptake which result in activation of hexosamine biosynthesis pathway (HBP) and increased O-GlcNAc Transferase (OGT)...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164469/antibiotic-anisomycin-induces-cell-cycle-arrest-and-apoptosis-through-inhibiting-mitochondrial-biogenesis-in-osteosarcoma
#12
Chuanhua Cao, Haiying Yu, Feng Wu, Huixiong Qi, Jingbo He
The anti-cancer activities of antibiotic anisomycin have been demonstrated in kidney, colon and ovarian cancers whereas its underlying mechanisms are not well elucidated. In this work, we investigated whether anisomycin is effective in sensitizes osteosarcoma cell response to chemotherapy. We show that anisomycin inhibits proliferation via inducing osteosarcoma cell arrest at G2/M phase, accompanied by the increased levels of mitotic marker cyclin B and the decreased levels of Rb and E2F-1. Anisomycin also induces apoptosis in a caspase-dependent manner in osteosarcoma cells...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147831/plants-of-brazilian-restingas-with-tripanocide-activity-against-trypanosoma-cruzi-strains
#13
Robson Xavier Faria, André Luis Almeida Souza, Barbara Lima, Luis Armando Candido Tietbohl, Caio Pinho Fernandes, Raquel Rodrigues Amaral, Bettina Monika Ruppelt, Marcelo Guerra Santos, Leandro Rocha
Chagas disease is caused by the Trypanosoma cruzi affecting millions of people, and widespread throughout Latin America. This disease exhibits a problematic chemotherapy. Benznidazole, which is the drug currently used as standard treatment, lamentably evokes several adverse reactions. Among other options, natural products have been tested to discover a novel therapeutic drug for this disease. A lot of plants from the Brazilian flora did not contain studies about their biological effects. Restinga de Jurubatiba from Brazil is a sandbank ecosystem poorly studied in relation to plant biological activity...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128917/heterologous-expression-of-mitochondrial-nicotinamide-adenine-dinucleotide-transporter-ndt1-from-aspergillus-fumigatus-rescues-impaired-growth-in-%C3%AE-ndt1%C3%AE-ndt2-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-strain
#14
Laís de Lourdes de Lima Balico, Emerson de Souza Santos, Silveli Suzuki-Hatano, Lucas Oliveira Sousa, Ana Elisa Caleiro Seixas Azzolini, Yara Maria Lucisano-Valim, Taisa Magnani Dinamarco, Vinicius Kannen, Sérgio Akira Uyemura
Our understanding of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide mitochondrial transporter 1 (Ndt1A) in Aspergillus fumigatus remains poor. Thus, we investigated whether Ndt1A could alter fungi survival. To this end, we engineered the expression of an Ndt1A-encoding region in a Δndt1Δndt2 yeast strain. The resulting cloned Ndt1A protein promoted the mitochondrial uptake of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+)), generating a large mitochondrial membrane potential. The NAD(+) carrier utilized the electrochemical proton gradient to drive NAD(+) entrance into mitochondria when the mitochondrial membrane potential was sustained by succinate...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127647/o-glcnacylation-in-women-s-cancers-breast-endometrial-and-ovarian
#15
REVIEW
Gloria M Trinca, Christy R Hagan
O-GlcNAcylation is emerging as a critical regulatory post-translational modification, impacting proteins that regulate cell division, apoptosis, metabolism, cell signaling, and transcription. O-GlcNAc also affects biological homeostasis by integrating information coming from the environment, such as nutrient conditions and extracellular stimuli, with cellular response. Aberrant O-GlcNAc modulation has been linked to metabolic and neurodegenerative diseases, as well as cancers. While many studies have highlighted the significance of O-GlcNAc in cancer, a specific function for O-GlcNAc during tumorigenesis remains unclear and seems to differ according to cancer type...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119364/correction-to-diffusion-coefficient-in-biomembrane-critical-pores
#16
Md Mozzammel Haque
The original version of this article unfortunately contained two mistakes.
November 8, 2017: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047027/a-possible-mechanism-for-low-affinity-of-silkworm-na-k-atpase-for-k
#17
Haruo Homareda, Masahiro Otsu, Sachiko Yamamoto, Makoto Ushimaru, Sayaka Ito, Toshiyuki Fukutomi, Taeho Jo, Yoshinobu Eishi, Yukichi Hara
The affinity for K(+) of silkworm nerve Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase is markedly lower than that of mammalian Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase (Homareda 2010). In order to obtain clues on the molecular basis of the difference in K(+) affinities, we cloned cDNAs of silkworm (Bombyx mori) nerve Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase α and β subunits, and analyzed the deduced amino acid sequences. The molecular masses of the α and β subunits were presumed to be 111.5 kDa with ten transmembrane segments and 37.7 kDa with a single transmembrane segment, respectively...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043530/cox2a-cox2b-subunit-interaction-in-polytomella-sp-cytochrome-c-oxidase-role-of-the-cox2b-subunit-extension
#18
Alejandra Jiménez-Suárez, Miriam Vázquez-Acevedo, Héctor Miranda-Astudillo, Diego González-Halphen
Subunit II of cytochrome c oxidase (Cox2) is usually encoded in the mitochondrial genome, synthesized in the organelle, inserted co-translationally into the inner mitochondrial membrane, and assembled into the respiratory complex. In chlorophycean algae however, the cox2 gene was split into the cox2a and cox2b genes, and in some algal species like Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and Polytomella sp. both fragmented genes migrated to the nucleus. The corresponding Cox2A and Cox2B subunits are imported into mitochondria forming a heterodimeric Cox2 subunit...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018981/diffusion-coefficient-in-biomembrane-critical-pores
#19
Md Mozzammel Haque
Diffusion is fundamental to the random movement of solutes in solution throughout biological systems. Theoretical studies of diffusing solutes across cell membranes confined in a microscopic size of pores have been an interesting subject in life and medical sciences. When a solute is confined in a critical area of membrane pores, which shows a quite different behavior compared to the homogeneous-bulk fluid whose transport is isotropic in all directions. This property has novel features, which are of considerable physiological interest...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975445/from-autophagy-to-mitophagy-the-roles-of-p62-in-neurodegenerative-diseases
#20
REVIEW
Haiying Liu, Chunqiu Dai, Yunlong Fan, Baolin Guo, Keke Ren, Tangna Sun, Wenting Wang
P62, also called sequestosome1 (SQSTM1), is the selective cargo receptor for autophagy to degenerate misfolded proteins. It has also been found to assist and connect parkin in pink1/parkin mitophagy pathway. Previous studies showed that p62 was in association with neurodegenerative diseases, and one of the diseases pathogenesis is P62 induced autophagy and mitophagy dysfunction. Autophagy is an important process to eliminate misfolded proteins. Intracellular aggregation including α-synuclein, Huntingtin, tau protein and ß-amyloid (Aß) protein are the misfolded proteins found in PD, HD and AD, respectively...
October 2017: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
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