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Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429159/a-brief-history-of-the-discovery-of-the-mitochondrial-unfolded-protein-response-in-mammalian-cells
#1
Nick Hoogenraad
Cells have responded to stresses which cause proteins to come out of solution by evolving unfolded protein response mechanisms. In eukaryotic cells there are several such mechanisms covering the whole cell and sub-celllular organelles. This review describes discoveries that describe the unfolded protein response in the matrix compartment of mitochondria (mtUPRR) of mammalian cells.
April 20, 2017: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417222/role-of-foxo-transcription-factors-in-crosstalk-between-mitochondria-and-the-nucleus
#2
Sujin Kim, Hyongjong Koh
FOXO transcription factors are evolutionally conserved regulators of organismal life span downstream of insulin signaling. After integrating cellular signals from various stimuli such as growth factors, oxidative stress, and energy deprivation, FOXO factors induce expression of a specific set of genes that regulate various cellular processes to maintain homeostasis at a cellular or organismal level. In this review, we discuss roles of FOXO proteins in the maintenance of mitochondria, organelles critical for cellular quality control...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405872/a-novel-method-for-assessment-of-local-ph-in-periplasmic-space-and-of-cell-surface-potential-in-yeast
#3
Jaromír Plášek, David Babuka, Dana Gášková, Iva Jančíková, Jakub Zahumenský, Milan Hoefer
Yeast cells exhibit a negative surface potential due to negative charges at the cell membrane surface. Consequently, local concentrations of cations at the periplasmic membrane surface may be significantly increased compared to their bulk environment. However, in cell suspensions only bulk concentrations of cations can be measured directly. Here we present a novel method enabling the assessment of local pH at the periplasmic membrane surface which can be directly related to the underlying cell surface potential...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401438/resveratrol-induces-mitochondrial-dysfunction-and-decreases-chronological-life-span-of-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-in-a-glucose-dependent-manner
#4
Minerva Ramos-Gomez, Ivanna Karina Olivares-Marin, Melina Canizal-García, Juan Carlos González-Hernández, Gerardo M Nava, Luis Alberto Madrigal-Perez
A broad range of health benefits have been attributed to resveratrol (RSV) supplementation in mammalian systems, including the increases in longevity. Nonetheless, despite the growing number of studies performed with RSV, the molecular mechanism by which it acts still remains unknown. Recently, it has been proposed that inhibition of the oxidative phosphorylation activity is the principal mechanism of RSV action. This mechanism suggests that RSV might induce mitochondrial dysfunction resulting in oxidative damage to cells with a concomitant decrease of cell viability and cellular life span...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401437/estrogens-regulate-life-and-death-in-mitochondria
#5
Carolyn M Klinge
Estrogens coordinate and integrate cellular metabolism and mitochondrial activities by direct and indirect mechanisms mediated by differential expression and localization of estrogen receptors (ER) in a cell-specific manner. Estrogens regulate transcription and cell signaling pathways that converge to stimulate mitochondrial function- including mitochondrial bioenergetics, mitochondrial fusion and fission, calcium homeostasis, and antioxidant defense against free radicals. Estrogens regulate nuclear gene transcription by binding and activating the classical genomic estrogen receptors α and β (ERα and ERβ) and by activating plasma membrane-associated mERα, mERβ, and G-protein coupled ER (GPER, GPER1)...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364383/acridine-yellow-a-novel-use-to-estimate-and-measure-the-plasma-membrane-potential-in-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#6
Martha Calahorra, Norma Silvia Sánchez, Antonio Peña
Translocation of ions and other molecules across the plasma membrane of yeast requires the electric potential generated by a H(+)-ATPase. We measured under different conditions fluorescence changes and accumulation of acridine yellow, looking for qualitative and quantitative estimations of the PMP in Saccharomyces cerevisiae in various conditions. Fluorescence changes indicated an accumulation of the dye requiring a substrate, and accumulation and quenching by mitochondria that could be released by an uncoupler...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337566/liver-mitochondrial-membrane-fluidity-at-early-development-of-diabetes-and-its-correlation-with-the-respiration
#7
Ismael H Pérez-Hernández, Josué Misael Domínguez-Fuentes, Martín Palomar-Morales, Ana Cecilia Zazueta-Mendizabal, Arturo Baiza-Gutman, Ricardo Mejía-Zepeda
The biological membranes are important in cell function but, during development of diseases such as diabetes, they are impaired. Consequently, membrane-associated biological processes are impaired as well. The mitochondria are important organelles where oxidative phosphorylation takes place, a process closely related with the membranes. In general, it is accepted that the development process of diabetes decreases membrane fluidity. However, in some cases, it has been found to increase membrane fluidity of mitochondria but to decrease the Respiratory Control (RC) index...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275929/in-silico-and-in-vitro-investigation-on-the-phenylalanine-metabolites-interactions-with-hexokinase-of-rat-s-brain-mitochondria
#8
Nasrin Ziamajidi, Shirin Jamshidi, Abdolvahab Ehsani-Zonouz
Hexokinase (HK) is the first enzyme of glycolysis pathway. In brain, most dominant form of HK, HK-I, binds reversibly to the outer mitochondria membrane. Those metabolites that affect binding or releasing of the enzyme from the mitochondria have regulatory effect on glucose consumption of the cell. In this study destructive effect of phenylalanine and its metabolites in relation to glucose metabolism in brain have been studied. The results show that phenylpyruvic acid decreases the activity of enzyme in the presence and absence of glucose-6-phosphate (G6P) and increases the release of the enzyme from mitochondria, whereas phenylalanine and phenyllactic acid have no such effects...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214972/avocado-oil-induces-long-term-alleviation-of-oxidative-damage-in-kidney-mitochondria-from-type-2-diabetic-rats-by-improving-glutathione-status
#9
Omar Ortiz-Avila, María Del Consuelo Figueroa-García, Claudia Isabel García-Berumen, Elizabeth Calderón-Cortés, Jorge A Mejía-Barajas, Alain R Rodriguez-Orozco, Ricardo Mejía-Zepeda, Alfredo Saavedra-Molina, Christian Cortés-Rojo
Hyperglycemia and mitochondrial ROS overproduction have been identified as key factors involved in the development of diabetic nephropathy. This has encouraged the search for strategies decreasing glucose levels and long-term improvement of redox status of glutathione, the main antioxidant counteracting mitochondrial damage. Previously, we have shown that avocado oil improves redox status of glutathione in liver and brain mitochondria from streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats; however, the long-term effects of avocado oil and its hypoglycemic effect cannot be evaluated because this model displays low survival and insulin depletion...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185085/h-dependent-inorganic-phosphate-uptake-in-trypanosoma-brucei-is-influenced-by-myo-inositol-transporter
#10
Thais Russo-Abrahão, Carolina Macedo Koeller, Michael E Steinmann, Stephanie Silva-Rito, Thaissa Marins-Lucena, Michele Alves-Bezerra, Naira Ligia Lima-Giarola, Iron Francisco de-Paula, Amaia Gonzalez-Salgado, Erwin Sigel, Peter Bütikofer, Katia Calp Gondim, Norton Heise, José Roberto Meyer-Fernandes
Trypanosoma brucei is an extracellular protozoan parasite that causes human African trypanosomiasis or "sleeping sickness". During the different phases of its life cycle, T. brucei depends on exogenous inorganic phosphate (Pi), but little is known about the transport of Pi in this organism. In the present study, we showed that the transport of (32)Pi across the plasma membrane follows Michaelis-Menten kinetics and is modulated by pH variation, with higher activity at acidic pH. Bloodstream forms presented lower Pi transport in comparison to procyclic forms, that displayed an apparent K0...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181110/electron-transport-chain-in-a-thermotolerant-yeast
#11
Jorge A Mejía-Barajas, José A Martínez-Mora, Rafael Salgado-Garciglia, Ruth Noriega-Cisneros, Omar Ortiz-Avila, Christian Cortés-Rojo, Alfredo Saavedra-Molina
Yeasts capable of growing and surviving at high temperatures are regarded as thermotolerant. For appropriate functioning of cellular processes and cell survival, the maintenance of an optimal redox state is critical of reducing and oxidizing species. We studied mitochondrial functions of the thermotolerant Kluyveromyces marxianus SLP1 and the mesophilic OFF1 yeasts, through the evaluation of its mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm), ATPase activity, electron transport chain (ETC) activities, alternative oxidase activity, lipid peroxidation...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078625/analysis-of-an-n-terminal-deletion-in-subunit-a-of-the-escherichia-coli-atp-synthase
#12
Robert R Ishmukhametov, Jessica DeLeon-Rangel, Shaotong Zhu, Steven B Vik
Subunit a is a membrane-bound stator subunit of the ATP synthase and is essential for proton translocation. The N-terminus of subunit a in E. coli is localized to the periplasm, and contains a sequence motif that is conserved among some bacteria. Previous work has identified mutations in this region that impair enzyme activity. Here, an internal deletion was constructed in subunit a in which residues 6-20 were replaced by a single lysine residue, and this mutant was unable to grow on succinate minimal medium...
April 2017: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497945/mitochondrial-ca-2-and-regulation-of-the-permeability-transition-pore
#13
REVIEW
Stephen Hurst, Jan Hoek, Shey-Shing Sheu
The mitochondrial permeability transition pore was originally described in the 1970's as a Ca(2+) activated pore and has since been attributed to the pathogenesis of many diseases. Here we evaluate how each of the current models of the pore complex fit to what is known about how Ca(2+) regulates the pore, and any insight that provides into the molecular identity of the pore complex. We also discuss the central role of Ca(2+) in modulating the pore's open probability by directly regulating processes, such as ATP/ADP balance through the tricarboxylic acid cycle, electron transport chain, and mitochondrial membrane potential...
February 2017: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26971498/divalent-cation-chelators-citrate-and-edta-unmask-an-intrinsic-uncoupling-pathway-in-isolated-mitochondria
#14
Anatoly A Starkov, Christos Chinopoulos, Natalia N Starkova, Csaba Konrad, Gergely Kiss, Anna Stepanova, Vasily N Popov
We demonstrate a suppression of ROS production and uncoupling of mitochondria by exogenous citrate in Mg(2+) free medium. Exogenous citrate suppressed H2O2 emission and depolarized mitochondria. The depolarization was paralleled by the stimulation of respiration of mitochondria. The uncoupling action of citrate was independent of the presence of sodium, potassium, or chlorine ions, and it was not mediated by the changes in permeability of the inner mitochondrial membrane to solutes. The citrate transporter was not involved in the citrate effect...
February 2017: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26888154/modulation-of-mitochondrial-ion-transport-by-inorganic-polyphosphate-essential-role-in-mitochondrial-permeability-transition-pore
#15
Artyom Y Baev, Alexander Negoda, Andrey Y Abramov
Inorganic polyphosphate (polyP) is a biopolymer of phosphoanhydride-linked orthophosphate residues. PolyP is involved in multiple cellular processes including mitochondrial metabolism and cell death. We used artificial membranes and isolated mitochondria to investigate the role of the polyP in mitochondrial ion transport and in activation of PTP. Here, we found that polyP can modify ion permeability of de-energised mitochondrial membranes but not artificial membranes. This permeability was selective for Ba(2+) and Ca(2+) but not for other monovalent and bivalent cations and can be blocked by inhibitors of the permeability transition pore - cyclosporine A or ADP...
February 2017: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26868013/physiological-roles-of-the-mitochondrial-permeability-transition-pore
#16
Nelli Mnatsakanyan, Gisela Beutner, George A Porter, Kambiz N Alavian, Elizabeth A Jonas
Neurons experience high metabolic demand during such processes as synaptic vesicle recycling, membrane potential maintenance and Ca(2+) exchange/extrusion. The energy needs of these events are met in large part by mitochondrial production of ATP through the process of oxidative phosphorylation. The job of ATP production by the mitochondria is performed by the F1FO ATP synthase, a multi-protein enzyme that contains a membrane-inserted portion, an extra-membranous enzymatic portion and an extensive regulatory complex...
February 2017: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070860/energetic-oxidative-and-ionic-exchange-in-rat-brain-and-liver-mitochondria-at-experimental-audiogenic-epilepsy-krushinsky-molodkina-model
#17
Natalya I Venediktova, Olga S Gorbacheva, Natalia V Belosludtseva, Irina B Fedotova, Natalia M Surina, Inga I Poletaeva, Oleg V Kolomytkin, Galina D Mironova
The role of brain and liver mitochondria at epileptic seizure was studied on Krushinsky-Molodkina (KM) rats which respond to sound with an intensive epileptic seizure (audiogenic epilepsy). We didn't find significant changes in respiration rats of brain and liver mitochondria of KM and control rats; however the efficiency of АТР synthesis in the KM rat mitochondria was 10% lower. In rats with audiogenic epilepsy the concentration of oxidative stress marker malondialdehyde in mitochondria of the brain (but not liver) was 2-fold higher than that in the control rats...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054274/nicorandil-improves-post-fatigue-tension-in-slow-skeletal-muscle-fibers-by-modulating-glutathione-redox-state
#18
E Sánchez-Duarte, X Trujillo, C Cortés-Rojo, A Saavedra-Molina, G Camargo, L Hernández, M Huerta, R Montoya-Pérez
Fatigue is a phenomenon in which force reduction has been linked to impairment of several biochemical processes. In skeletal muscle, the ATP-sensitive potassium channels (KATP) are actively involved in myoprotection against metabolic stress. They are present in sarcolemma and mitochondria (mitoKATP channels). K(+) channel openers like nicorandil has been recognized for their ability to protect skeletal muscle from ischemia-reperfusion injury, however, the effects of nicorandil on fatigue in slow skeletal muscle fibers has not been explored, being the aim of this study...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999981/phospholipids-in-mitochondrial-dysfunction-during-hemorrhagic-shock
#19
REVIEW
Galina F Leskova
Energy deficiency plays a key role in the development of irreversible shock conditions. Therefore, identifying mitochondrial functional disturbances during hemorrhagic shock should be considered a prospective direction for studying its pathogenesis. Phospholipid (PL)-dependent mechanisms of mitochondrial dysfunction in the brain (i.e., in the frontal lobes of the cerebral hemispheres and medulla oblongata) and liver, which, when damaged, leads to an encephalopathy, are examined in this review. These mechanisms show strong regional specificity...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914013/inhibitory-effect-of-homocysteine-on-rat-neural-stem-cell-growth-in-vitro-is-associated-with-reduced-protein-levels-and-enzymatic-activities-of-aconitase-and-respiratory-complex-iii
#20
Xu-Mei Zhang, Ya-Qian Zhao, Hai Yan, Huan Liu, Guo-Wei Huang
Increased blood plasma concentration of the sulphur amino acid homocysteine (Hcy) is considered as an independent risk factor of the neurodegenerative diseases. However, the detailed molecular mechanisms by which Hcy leads to neurotoxicity have yet to be clarified. Recent research has suggested that neurotoxicity of Hcy may involve negative regulation of neural stem cell (NSC) proliferation. In the current study, primary NSCs were isolated from neonatal rat brain hippocampus and the inhibition in cell growth was observed after exposure to l50 μM and 500 μM L-Hcy...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
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