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Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929606/effect-of-a-corticosteroid-triamcinolone-and-chlorhexidine-on-chemotherapy-induced-oxidative-stress-in-the-buccal-mucosa-of-rats
#1
Sami Gümüş, Murat Yarıktaş, Mustafa Nazıroğlu, Abdülhadi Cihangir Uğuz, Giray Aynali, Şirin Başpınar
Oral mucositis manifests as erythematous and ulcerative lesions of the oral mucosa. Among its various causes, cancer treatment (e.g., chemotherapy with or without radiation therapy) is one of the more well known. It has been widely mentioned that oxidative stress parameters such as lipid peroxidation levels increase during the cancer process. Glutathione is one of the major intracellular enzymes used to detoxify oxidant molecules; it exists in both a reduced and oxidized state. Reduced glutathione is used as a substrate to synthesize glutathione peroxidase...
December 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929605/nasopharyngeal-airway-to-prevent-tension-pneumocephalus-after-open-resection-of-anterior-skull-base-tumors
#2
Matthew E Spector, Jon-Paul Pepper, Stephen Sullivan, Lawrence Marentette, Erin McKean
We conducted a retrospective study to assess the efficacy of using a nasopharyngeal airway in lieu of a tracheotomy or prolonged intubation for the diversion of airflow to prevent tension pneumocephalus after an open resection of anterior skull base tumors. Our study population was made up of 120 patients-74 males and 46 females, aged 12 to 84 years (mean: 48.7)-who had undergone an anterior skull base resection with documented nasopharyngeal airway placement from 1996 through 2009. Our main outcome measure was the presence of tension pneumocephalus while controlling for the placement of a lumbar drain, the development of a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak, and the type of reconstruction...
December 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929604/rare-primary-mucosal-melanoma-of-the-larynx
#3
Adam Blanchard, Jeremy B Nguyen, Philip Daroca, Paul Friedlander, Eleanor Lewin, James Vu, Enrique Palacios
Few cases of primary mucosal melanoma of the larynx have been documented in the literature, so only a limited amount of data exists regarding its diagnosis and treatment. The prognosis is poor, as patients often present at a late stage with regional or distant metastases. We describe the case of a 66-year-old man who presented with hoarseness and dysphagia. Laryngoscopy identified a dark discoloration of the supraglottic larynx and incomplete mobility of the right vocal fold; an excisional biopsy confirmed the diagnosis...
December 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929603/evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-curcumin-in-experimentally-induced-acute-sinusitis-in-rats
#4
Leman Birdane, Cemal Cingi, Nuray Bayar Muluk, Turhan San, Dilek Burukoglu
We investigated the possible beneficial effects of curcumin (CMN) in the treatment of sinusitis. An experimentally induced sinusitis model was created in rats, and the results were evaluated histologically. Thirty-two healthy, female Sprague Dawley rats weighing 270 to 310 g each, were randomly divided into four groups. Group 1 was the control group. In Groups 2 to 4, experimentally induced acute sinusitis was developed, and the rats in those groups were given saline, sulbactam-ampicillin, and CMN, respectively, for 10 days...
December 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929602/facial-reanimation-according-to-the-postresection-defect-during-lateral-skull-base-surgery
#5
John P Leonetti, Sahar Nadimi, Sam J Marzo, Douglas Anderson, Darl Vandevender
The vast majority of benign tumors of the cerebellopontine angle, temporal bone, and parotid gland can be successfully resected without permanent injury to the facial nerve. Malignant tumors or recurrent disease may require facial nerve sacrifice, especially if preoperative facial paresis is present. This article will present case examples of the various methods to reconstruct facial animation after lateral skull base resections that require sacrifice of cranial nerve VII, and the associated mimetic facial musculature...
December 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929601/undifferentiated-pleomorphic-sarcoma-of-the-vocal-fold
#6
Chang-Yeong Jeong, Choung-Soo Kim
Undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma, previously called malignant fibrous histiocytoma, usually arises in the extremities and retroperitoneum. Primary laryngeal undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma is very rare, with only 63 cases having been reported in the literature as of 2015. The disease has a poor prognosis because of problems with local recurrence and metastasis. Wide resection has been recommended as a treatment modality in previous reports. We report a case of undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma of the vocal fold in a 64-year-old man presenting with rapid growth...
December 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929600/risk-of-thyroid-malignancy-following-an-index-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-population-based-study
#7
Jason Y Chan, Zhen Gooi, Wojciech K Mydlarz, Nishant Agrawal
To evaluate the incidence of a subsequent primary thyroid malignancy in patients with an index head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), we analyzed the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database to identify a cohort of patients who had been diagnosed with a primary HNSCC from 1973 through 2004. The study population was made up of 60,323 patients of all ages, roughly three-quarters of whom were male. A total of 60 patients (0.1%) developed a subsequent thyroid malignancy-not a statistically significant finding...
December 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929599/surgical-management-of-parapharyngeal-space-tumors-the-role-of-cervical-and-lateral-skull-base-approaches
#8
Arturo Mario Poletti, Siba P Dubey, Giovanni Colombo, Giovanni Cugini
We conducted a retrospective study to analyze the role of the cervical and lateral skull base approaches in the surgical excision of parapharyngeal space (PPS) tumors. Our study population was made up of 34 patients-15 males and 19 females, aged 13 to 73 years (mean: 50.6)-who had presented to us with a PPS tumor during a 9-year period. The 34 cases included 23 benign tumors and 11 malignancies. The 23 benign tumors consisted of 11 pleomorphic adenomas, 5 schwannomas, 2 paragangliomas, 2 Warthin tumors, 1 oncocytoma, 1 hamartoma, and 1 osteochondroma...
December 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929598/sclerotic-effect-of-oxytetracycline-on-the-submandibular-gland-an-experimental-model
#9
Oğuz Güçlü, Asli Muratli, Deniz Arik, Kazım Tekin, Halil Erdogan, Fevzi Sefa Dereköy
Oxytetracycline has been suggested as an alternate therapy for chronic recurrent sialadenitis and sialorrhea. We conducted an experimental study to investigate the sclerotic effect of this drug on the submandibular gland by histopathologic methods. Our subjects were 20 New Zealand white rabbits, which were divided into two groups of 10. The right submandibular gland of the rabbits in the active-treatment group was injected with 0.3 ml of oxytetracycline (100 mg/ml), and that of the controls was injected with saline...
December 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929597/relationships-among-concha-bullosa-nasal-septal-deviation-and-sinusitis-retrospective-analysis-of-296-cases
#10
Hasan H Balikci, M Mustafa Gurdal, Saban Celebi, Isa Ozbay, Mustafa Karakas
We aimed to investigate the relationships among concha bullosa (CB), nasal septal deviation (NSD), and sinus disease. We retrospectively reviewed paranasal sinus computed tomography scans obtained from 296 patients-132 men and 164 women, aged 17 to 76 years (median: 39)-who had been evaluated over a 19-month period. CBs were classified as lamellar, bulbous, and extensive. In cases of bilateral CB, the larger side was designated as dominant. In all, 132 patients (44.6%) exhibited pneumatization of at least one concha, 176 (59...
December 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929596/primary-solitary-intralabyrinthine-schwannoma-a-report-of-7-cases-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#11
Avi Shupak, Yehuda Holdstein, Margalit Kaminer, Itzhak Braverman
Intralabyrinthine schwannomas (ILSs) are uncommon benign tumors that originate in the Schwann cell sheath of the intralabyrinthine distal branches of the vestibulocochlear nerve. They have no initial involvement in the internal auditory canal, although that might develop later. These lesions can arise inside the cochlea, originate in the vestibule or, in rare cases, develop in the semicircular canals. From these sites, spread might take place via the anatomic connections between the perilymphatic spaces in the scala vestibuli and the anterior vestibule...
December 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929595/end-of-life-decision-making-in-geriatric-terminal-head-and-neck-cancer
#12
Kourosh Parham, Karen M Kost
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929594/nasal-gouty-tophus
#13
Pei-Hsun Liao, Kuo-Ping Chang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929593/secretory-carcinoma
#14
Lester D Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929592/the-lake-road-sign-another-way-to-track-the-sulcus-vocalis
#15
Gauthier Desuter, Delphine de Cock de Rameyen, Donatienne Boucquey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929591/fungus-ball-in-an-agger-nasi-cell
#16
Jae-Hoon Lee, Ha-Min Jeong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929590/incisionless-otoplasty-illustrating-the-importance-of-critical-appraisal-of-national-treatment-guidelines-for-head-and-neck-surgery-editorial
#17
Ian C King, Philip M Gilbert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792833/stapes-pyramidal-fixation-by-a-bony-bar
#18
Kai-Chieh Chan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792832/is-the-location-of-a-septal-deviation-associated-with-the-degree-of-postoperative-pain-after-septoplasty
#19
Gül Soylu Özler
The author conducted a prospective study of patients who underwent septoplasty for nasal obstruction secondary to a septal deviation to determine if the location of the deviation had any association with the degree of postoperative pain. Patients with an anteroposterior deviation were not included in this study, nor were patients with vasomotor rhinitis, allergic rhinitis, nasal polyposis, turbinate pathologies, or a systemic disease; also excluded were patients who were taking any medication and those who had undergone any previous nasal surgery...
October 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792831/prognostic-factors-in-metastatic-cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-head-and-neck
#20
Gideon Bachar, Aviram Mizrachi, Naomi Rabinovics, Dan Guttman, Thomas Shpitzer, Dean Ad-El, Tuvia Hadar
Metastatic cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the head and neck poses a significant therapeutic challenge due to its aggressive biologic behavior. We conducted a retrospective study of 71 patients-58 men and 13 women, aged 28 to 88 years (mean: 71)-who had been treated at our university-affiliated tertiary care medical center for metastatic cutaneous SCC over a 15-year period. In addition to demographic data, we compiled and analyzed information on tumor characteristics, the site and extent of metastasis, treatment, follow-up, and outcome...
October 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
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