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Diabetes Educator

Trisha Dunning, Jane Speight, Craig Bennett
Purpose The purpose of the paper is to explore the notion of a diabetes language restricted code or "dialect" and its effect on people with diabetes. Language is a complex phenomenon comprising verbal and nonverbal components used to communicate in human interactions. Methods Information was collected from a literature review, during clinical consultations, and from an email survey. Results Language and the way clinicians use language affect motivation, behaviors, and outcomes of people with diabetes. Language is influenced by culture, experience, and familiarity with words and their use and is idiosyncratic...
January 1, 2017: Diabetes Educator
Margaret A Powers, Sara A Richter, Diann M Ackard, Cheryl Craft
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate associations between diabetes distress and a range of psychological health behaviors and concerns among persons with type 1 diabetes for the benefit of enhancing early identification and intervention of at-risk individuals. METHODS: Persons with type 1 diabetes (n = 268; 57.1% female, 91.0% white, 76.8% <18 years of age, average A1C 8.4%) completed the 2-item Diabetes Distress Screening Scale (DDS2) and a battery of psychometrically sound instruments measuring satisfaction with life, self-esteem, self-efficacy, depression, perfectionism, body image satisfaction, dietary restraint and eating, and shape and weight concerns...
December 7, 2016: Diabetes Educator
David J T Campbell, Braden J Manns, Brenda R Hemmelgarn, Claudia Sanmartin, Alun Edwards, Kathryn King-Shier
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to better understand the impact that financial barriers have on patients with diabetes and the strategies that they use to cope with them. METHODS: A secondary analysis was conducted of 24 interviews with patients who had either type 1 or type 2 diabetes and perceived financial barriers, which were previously undertaken for a larger grounded theory study. Semistructured interviews were undertaken either face-to-face or by telephone...
December 5, 2016: Diabetes Educator
Krystal Jimenez, Cristina Vargas, Karla Garcia, Herlinda Guzman, Marco Angulo, John Billimek
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of a Spanish version of the Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire (BMQ) as a measure to evaluate beliefs about medications and to differentiate adherent from nonadherent patients among low-income Latino patients with diabetes in the United States. METHODS: Seventy-three patients were administered the BMQ and surveyed for evidence of medication nonadherence. Internal consistency of the BMQ was assessed by Cronbach's alpha along with performing a confirmatory factor analysis...
November 9, 2016: Diabetes Educator
Shiela M Strauss, Mary T Rosedale, David M Rindskopf
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to identify the sex-specific characteristics that predict depression among adult women with diabetes. METHODS: Data from the 2007-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in the United States were used to identify the predictors of depression in a large sample of women ages 20 years and older with diabetes (n = 946). RESULTS: When extrapolated to almost 9 million women in the United States ≥ 20 years of age with diabetes, 19...
December 2016: Diabetes Educator
Chun Cai, Jie Hu
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of a family-based self-management educational intervention on self-management in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Wuhan, China. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design with repeated measures was employed. Chinese patients with T2DM (N = 57) and their family members were assigned to 2 groups. The intervention group (n1 = 29) received a tailored 7-session educational intervention and the control group (n2 = 28) received routine care in the community...
December 2016: Diabetes Educator
James A Fain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Diabetes Educator
Matthew J O'Brien, Margaret R Moran, Joyce W Tang, Maria C Vargas, Mary Talen, Laura J Zimmermann, Ronald T Ackermann, Namratha R Kandula
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore how adults with prediabetes perceive their risk of developing diabetes and examine their preferences for evidence-based treatment options to prevent diabetes. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted in 2 large Midwest primary care practices, involving in-depth semistructured interviews with 35 adult patients with prediabetes. RESULTS: This ethnically diverse (77% nonwhite) sample of middle-aged primary care patients exhibited multiple diabetes risk factors...
December 2016: Diabetes Educator
James A Fain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Diabetes Educator
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Diabetes Educator
Mykell Barnacle, Mark A Strand, Amy Werremeyer, Brody Maack, Natasha Petry
PURPOSE: Evidence-based guidelines recommend regular depression screening among individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The purpose of this study is to examine depression screening patterns among a primary care population with T2DM, through use of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). METHODS: In total, 1817 patients with T2DM were analyzed through a retrospective observational study at 2 sites, a regional health center and a federally qualified health center (FQHC)...
October 2016: Diabetes Educator
Robert O Powell, Linda Siminerio, Andrea Kriska, Amy Rickman, John M Jakicic
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine factors that influence physical activity counseling of diabetes educators delivering diabetes self-management/support (DSME/S). METHODS: Diabetes educators were surveyed about their DSME/S counseling at the American Association of Diabetes Educators Pennsylvania State Diabetes Conference to explore (1) time dedicated to physical activity counseling, (2) importance placed on physical activity as a treatment for diabetes, (3) knowledge of the 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans, (4) level of confidence with physical activity counseling, and (5) barriers associated with physical activity counseling...
October 2016: Diabetes Educator
Sébastien Colson, José Côté, Stéphanie Gentile, Valérie Hamel, Cédric Sapuppo, Pilar Ramirez-Garcia, Rachel Reynaud, Marie-Claude Lagouanelle-Simeoni
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was twofold: (1) to describe the content of recent diabetes education programs and their outcomes in terms of glycemic control, disease management, and psychosocial criteria for children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes and (2) to gauge the match between these programs and the recommendations of the International Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Diabetes (ISPAD). METHODS: The integrative review was carried out according to the Cochrane recommendations...
October 2016: Diabetes Educator
Maureen E Chomko, Peggy S Odegard, Alison B Evert
PURPOSE: The purpose of this continuous quality improvement project was to improve access to diabetes self-management education (DSME) and to evaluate the impact on glycemic and weight control by translating an academic medical center's DSME program, accredited per the Education Recognition Program (ERP) of the American Diabetes Association, into a program offered at primary care clinics (PCCs). METHODS: Certified diabetes educators from the medical center trained PCC registered dietitian nutritionists, registered nurses, and social workers to provide DSME in their community-based clinic...
October 2016: Diabetes Educator
Lydia L Snyder, Young Kinh-Nhue Truong, Jennifer R Law
PURPOSE: Substance use behaviors often emerge during adolescence, and adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D) may be at risk for engaging in traditional substance use (eg, alcohol, tobacco, and illicit substances) as well as a unique form of substance use: insulin misuse. The purpose of this exploratory study was to examine substance use and insulin misuse in adolescents with T1D. METHODS: Sixty adolescents aged 12 to 20 years with T1D (n = 60) completed surveys on substance use, insulin misuse, and diabetes self-management during a routine diabetes appointment...
October 2016: Diabetes Educator
Fengxia Yan, EunSeok Cha, Elisa T Lee, Robert M Mayberry, Wenyu Wang, Guillermo Umpierrez
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to characterize risk factors associated with type 2 diabetes in young adults aged 18 to 29 years to develop a noninvasive risk assessment tool for use with younger American populations. METHODS: The self-assessment tool was developed with the Strong Heart Family Study data. A total of 590 young American Indian adults (242 men) who had normoglycemia and were not receiving diabetes treatment were included. Risk factors recommended by the American Diabetes Association were used to assess diabetes risk in these young adults...
October 2016: Diabetes Educator
Anne Kenney, Rachel A Chambers, Summer Rosenstock, Nicole Neault, Jennifer Richards, Raymond Reid, Leonela Nelson, Marissa Begay, Ryan Grass, Sean Parker, Allison Barlow
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of a home-based diabetes prevention and management program on high-risk American Indian youth. METHODS: Together on Diabetes (TOD) was designed via a participatory approach with 4 tribal communities in the southwestern United States. A multisite pre- and postevaluation design was used to evaluate the efficacy of the TOD intervention on improving youth's psychosocial, knowledge, behavioral, and physiological outcomes at 4 time points from baseline to 12 months postenrollment...
October 2016: Diabetes Educator
Nada A Abualula, Kathryn H Jacobsen, Renee A Milligan, Margaret F Rodan, Vicki S Conn
PURPOSE: Adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) may have reduced quality of life (QOL) when compared with their peers. This systematic review evaluated the effectiveness of diabetes self-management education (DSME) interventions with a skills development component on the QOL of adolescents with T1DM. METHODS: Six databases were systematically searched for studies on the QOL outcomes of DSME interventions for adolescents with T1DM. Fourteen studies published between 1994 and 2014 met the inclusion criteria...
October 2016: Diabetes Educator
Chun-Ja Kim, Elizabeth A Schlenk, Jeong-Ah Ahn, Moonsun Kim, Eunyoung Park, JeeWon Park
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to present a systematic review of available published studies that evaluated the measurement properties of self-reported instruments assessing global medication adherence in adults at risk for metabolic syndrome. METHODS: The authors searched PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and CINAHL in January 2015 for appropriate studies. The methodological quality (based on reliability, validity, responsiveness, and interpretability) of selected studies was assessed with the COSMIN checklist (Consensus-Based Standards for the Selection of Health Measurement Instruments)...
October 2016: Diabetes Educator
Karl E Minges, Robin Whittemore, Ariana M Chao, Vanessa Jefferson, Kathryn M Murphy, Margaret Grey
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to examine the differences in clinical, psychosocial, and demographic factors by sex and weight status. METHODS: Baseline data were analyzed from 318 adolescents (mean age = 12.3 ± 1.1 years, 55.0% female, 62.7% white) with type 1 diabetes (T1D) from a multisite clinical trial. Differences were examined between normal weight (body mass index ≥5th and <85th percentile) and overweight/obese (body mass index ≥85th percentile) boys and girls with T1D in clinical, psychosocial, and demographic factors...
October 2016: Diabetes Educator
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