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Population and Development Review

Erich Striessnig, Wolfgang Lutz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Population and Development Review
Monica J Grant
The expansion of female education has been promoted as a way to postpone the age of first birth. In sub-Saharan Africa, the first cohorts to benefit from policies that expanded access to education are now reaching adulthood and beginning childbearing. I investigate whether the expansion of education in Malawi, which implemented a free primary education policy in 1994 and subsequently expanded secondary schooling, has led to a later age at first birth and whether the education gradient in fertility timing has remained stable over time...
September 2015: Population and Development Review
Thomas Anderson, Hans-Peter Kohler
While new empirical findings and theoretical frameworks provide insight into the interrelations between socioeconomic development, gender equity, and low fertility, puzzling exceptions and outliers in these findings call for a more all-encompassing framework to understand the interplay between these processes. We argue that the pace and onset of development are two important factors to be considered when analyzing gender equity and fertility. Within the developed world, "first-wave developers"-or countries that began socioeconomic development in the 19th/early 20th century - currently have much higher fertility levels than "late developers"...
September 2015: Population and Development Review
Denys Dukhovnov, Emilio Zagheni
Non-monetary intergenerational transfers of time, such as informal care time transfers, represent a largely unknown, yet pivotal component of the support system in a country. In this article, we offer estimates of time transfers, by age and sex, related to informal childcare and adult care in the United States. We developed methods to extract both intra-household and inter-household time transfers from the American Time Use Survey (2011-2013) and the recently-added Eldercare Roster. We then summarized the results in matrices of time flows by age and sex for the general U...
June 2015: Population and Development Review
Laura B Nolan
Half the population of low- and middle-income countries will live in urban areas by 2030, and poverty and inequality in these contexts is rising. Slum dwelling is one way in which to conceptualize and characterize urban deprivation but there are many definitions of what constitutes a slum. This paper presents four different slum definitions used in India alone, demonstrating that assessments of both the distribution and extent of urban deprivation depends on the way in which it is characterized, as does slum dwelling's association with common child health indicators...
March 2015: Population and Development Review
Emily E Wiemers, Suzanne M Bianchi
In late middle age, individuals may face competing demands on their time and financial resources from elderly parents and young adult children. This study uses the Panel Study of Income Dynamics to examine changes over time in the probability of having children and living parents for women age 45 to 64. We compare two cohorts: those born in the 1920s and 1930s and those born in the 1940s and 1950s. We find that there has been a dramatic increase in the probability of having children and living parents and that this increase has been driven mainly by changes in life expectancy of the parent generation...
March 1, 2015: Population and Development Review
Valeria Cetorelli
This article provides the first detailed account of recent fertility trends in Iraq, with a particular focus on the changes resulting from the 2003-2011 war and the factors underlying them. The study is based on retrospective birth history data from the 2006 and 2011 Iraq Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (I-MICS). Estimates from the two surveys indicate that total fertility remained stable from 1997 to 2010, at about 4.5 children per woman. However, examination of the age patterns of fertility reveals an abrupt shift in the timing of births, with adolescent fertility rising by over 30 percent soon after the onset of the war...
December 2014: Population and Development Review
Zai Liang, Zhen Li, Zhongdong Ma
Using data from the 2000 and 2010 Chinese Population Censuses and applying a consistent definition of migration, this paper examines changing patterns of China's floating population during 2000-2010. We find that during the first decade of the 21(st) century, there have been significant changes in China's floating population, as reflected in continuing rise of interprovincial floating population and the rise of the floating population in China's western and interior regions, geographic diversification of destinations for the floating population, a major increase in interprovincial return migration, and significant improvement in education and occupational profiles among the floating population...
December 2014: Population and Development Review
Nicole Angotti, Margaret Frye, Amy Kaler, Michelle Poulin, Susan Cotts Watkins, Sara Yeatman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2014: Population and Development Review
Michael S Rendall, Susan W Parker
: Immigration is commonly considered to be selective of more able individuals. Studies comparing the educational attainment of Mexican immigrants in the United States to that of the Mexican resident population support this characterization. Upward educational-attainment biases in both coverage and measurement, however, may be substantial in U.S. DATA SOURCES: Moreover, differences in educational attainment by place size are very large within Mexico, and U.S. data sources provide no information on immigrants' places of origin within Mexico...
September 2014: Population and Development Review
Minja Kim Choe, Larry L Bumpass, Noriko O Tsuya, Ronald R Rindfuss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2014: Population and Development Review
Dana A Glei, Noreen Goldman, Germán Rodríguez, Maxine Weinstein
The proliferation of biosocial surveys has increased the importance of weighing the costs and benefits of adding biomarker collection to population-based surveys. A crucial question is whether biomarkers offer incremental value beyond self-reported measures, which are easier to collect and impose less respondent burden. We use longitudinal data from a nationally representative sample of older Taiwanese (n = 639, aged 54+ in 2000, examined in 2000 and 2006 with mortality follow-up through 2011) to address that question with respect to predicting all-cause mortality...
June 1, 2014: Population and Development Review
Samuel H Preston, Irma T Elo
Over the period 1990-2010, the increase in life expectancy for males in New York City was 6.0 years greater than for males in the United States. The female relative gain was 3.9 years. Male relative gains were larger because of extremely rapid reductions in mortality from HIV/AIDS and homicide, declines that reflect effective municipal policies and programs. Declines in drug- and alcohol-related deaths also played a significant role in New York City's advance, but every major cause of death contributed to its relative improvement...
March 2014: Population and Development Review
Nadine Ouellette, Magali Barbieri, John R Wilmoth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2014: Population and Development Review
Ronald Lee, Sang-Hyop Lee, Andrew Mason
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2014: Population and Development Review
Andrew Fenelon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2013: Population and Development Review
Máire Ní Bhrolcháin, Éva Beaujouan
Cohabitation is sometimes thought of as being inversely associated with education, but in Britain a more complex picture emerges. Educational group differences in cohabitation vary by age, time period, cohort, and indicator used. Well-educated women pioneered cohabitation in Britain in the 1970s and 1980s. In the most recent cohorts, however, the less educated have exceeded the best educated in the proportions ever having cohabited at young ages. But the main difference by education currently seems largely a matter of timing-that is, the less educated start cohabiting earlier than the best educated...
September 2013: Population and Development Review
Yong Cai
The paper provides an examination of China's 2010 census data to evaluate its quality and to assess China's demographic situation. The demographic trends revealed by the new census data suggest that China has entered a new demographic era characterized by prolonged low fertility, elevated sex ratios, rapid aging, fast urbanization and major geographic redistribution. How China responses to these demographic challenges will have profound implications for its social and economic future.
September 1, 2013: Population and Development Review
Christine A Bachrach, S Philip Morgan
We examine the use and value of fertility intentions against the backdrop of theory and research in the cognitive and social sciences. First, we draw on recent brain and cognition research to contextualize fertility intentions within a broader set of conscious and unconscious mechanisms that contribute to mental function. Next, we integrate this research with social theory. Our conceptualizations suggest that people do not necessarily have fertility intentions; they form them only when prompted by specific situations...
September 1, 2013: Population and Development Review
Sarah K Cowan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2013: Population and Development Review
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