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Indian Journal of Chest Diseases & Allied Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27164738/spirometry-changes-in-cold-climatic-conditions-of-antarctica
#1
Iyamanda B Udaya, Chettangada C Laxmi, Hulegar A Abhishekh, Trichur R Raju, Talakad N Sathyaprabha
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary function is one of the important physiological measures that is known to be affected during the changes in the altitude. There is dearth of literature on changes in the pulmonary function variables in the cold climate conditions of Antarctica. We carried out spirometry before, during and after one year stay at Antarctica in members of the Indian expedition. METHODS: Spirometry was carried out on 23 members of the XXVI Indian Scientific Expedition to Antarctica at baseline, after six months of expedition and at the end of one year, using standard guidelines...
October 2015: Indian Journal of Chest Diseases & Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27164737/mediastinal-gray-zone-lymphoma
#2
Mukesh Bhardwaj, Rajat Saha, Deepti Shuklia Misra, Veena Malhotra
A 50-year-old male presented with cough and breathlessness. A positron emissoin tomography scan revealed FDG (Fluorodeoxyglucose) avid mediastinal mass. Tru-cut biopsy showed fibrotic stromal tissue with cellular infiltrate consisting of abnormal lymphoid cells and few large cells with smudged nucleus. Immunohistochemistry revealed diffuse positivity with CD20, focal positivity for CD30 and rare CD15 positive cells. Histological picture and immune profile showed overlaping features of non-Hodgkin's as well as Hodgkin's lymphoma...
October 2015: Indian Journal of Chest Diseases & Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27164736/pulmonary-agenesis
#3
Rakesh K Chawla, Arun Madan, Aditya Chawla, Harsh Nandini Arora, Kiran Chawla
Unilateral opaque lung with ipsilateral mediastinal shift is an uncommon cause of respiratory distress in newborn which can be found on simple radiograph of the chest. Pulmonary agenesis is a rare cause of unilateral opaque lung in the newborn. Nearly 50% cases of pulmonary agenesis are associated with other congenital defects including cardiovascular, skeletal, gastrointestinal or genitourinary systems. We report an infant with agenesis of the right lung associated with other congenital anomalies.
October 2015: Indian Journal of Chest Diseases & Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27164735/a-case-of-good-s-syndrome-presenting-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#4
Arunabha Datta Chaudhuri, Sumit Roy Tapadar, Aparup Dhua, Palash Nandan Dhara, Saumen Nandi, Sabyasachi Choudhury
Adult onset immunodeficiency associated with thymoma is a rare condition. The combination of hypogammaglobulinemia, reduced number of peripheral B and CD4+ T cells, along with thymoma constitutes Good's syndrome (GS). This immunodeficiency condition is often complicated with opportunistic infection with organisms, like bacteria (Haemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus pneumonia etc), viruses (Cytomegalovirus, Herpes simplex etc), fungi and protozoa. We present an unusual case of Good's syndrome with pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB)...
October 2015: Indian Journal of Chest Diseases & Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27164734/bilateral-pleural-effusion-a-rare-case-report
#5
Rakesh K Chawla, Arun Madan, Aditya Chawla, Harsh Nandini Arora, Kiran Chawla
A 24-year-old female presented with complaints of distension of abdomen, lower limb swelling and shortness of breath. On examination, she had bilateral pedal oedema, tender mild hepatomegaly, bilateral pleural effusion and ascites. She had received treatment on lines of chronic liver disease, congestive heart failure but did not manifest any improvement. Laboratory investigations including haemogram, echocardiography and liver function testing were inconclusive. Ultrasonography and computed tomography of abdomen revealed obstruction at the junction of inferior vena cava and hepatic vein with pre-stenotic dilatation confirming the diagnosis of Budd-Chiari syndrome...
October 2015: Indian Journal of Chest Diseases & Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27164733/adenocarcinoma-of-lung-presenting-as-interstitial-lung-disease
#6
Prasanta R Mohapatra, Deepak Aggarwal, Rajpal S Punia, Ashok K Janmeja
Interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) presenting as lung cancer have been reported rarely from India. The present case describes a possibly primary lung cancer in a non-smoker who presented radiologically as a case of ILD. The possible mechanisms available in the literature are discussed.
October 2015: Indian Journal of Chest Diseases & Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27164732/pulmonary-tumourlets-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#7
Swati Agarwal, Kumud Gupta, Shalini Mullick, Aastha Chauhan, R K Dewan
We report a case of tumourlets of the lung associated with carcinoid and neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia, found incidentally in a 30-year-old woman, who underwent bullectomy for pneumothorax. These lesions are histologically similar to carcinoid, but differ in molecular pathogenesis about which little is known. Their nature and significance is debated. Here, we point out the importance of histological, clinical, and diagnostic aspects and follow-up to have evidence of eventual malignant evolution.
October 2015: Indian Journal of Chest Diseases & Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27164731/ischaemic-cavitation-in-conglomerate-silicosis
#8
Rajendra Prasad, Nitin Goel, Pawan Gupta, B Viswesvaran, Abhijeet Singh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: Indian Journal of Chest Diseases & Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27164730/pollutant-levels-at-cooking-place-and-their-association-with-respiratory-symptoms-in-women-in-a-rural-area-of-delhi-ncr
#9
Raj Kumar, Kamal Singh, Sumit Nagar, Manoj Kumar, Uday Kumar Mehto, Ganpat Rai, Nitesh Gupta
BACKGROUND: Household air pollution resulting from biomass and coal stoves is implicated in more than one-third cases of annual deaths from chronic lung diseases worldwide and nearly 3% of lung cancer deaths. This burden is borne largely by poor women in the developing countries. We carried out a study to evaluate its association with respiratory symptoms in women in a rural area. METHODS: The study was carried out using a standard questionnaire, in 92 households including 174 women...
October 2015: Indian Journal of Chest Diseases & Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27164729/clinical-profile-of-spontaneous-pneumothorax-in-adults-a-retrospective-study
#10
Yellapu Gayatridevi, Namballa Usharani, Allena Premkumar, Gorantla Sambasivarao, Vipparthi Surya Kumari, Sarella Joshua
BACKGROUND: Pneumothorax is an important cause of morbidity and mortality, but limited data are available regarding the aetiology, clinical profile, management and outcome of spontaneous pneumothorax from India in recent times. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study conducted at a Government chest hospital which included patients with the diagnosis of spontaneous pneumothorax seen over a period of one year. Demographic, clinical, radiological and treatment data were collected from hospital records and analysed...
October 2015: Indian Journal of Chest Diseases & Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27164728/medical-education-in-india-critical-challenges-and-solutions
#11
EDITORIAL
Gautam Ahluwalia, Gurinder Singh Grewal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: Indian Journal of Chest Diseases & Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26749924/the-author-s-reply
#12
LETTER
Vinita Rathi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2015: Indian Journal of Chest Diseases & Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26749923/chest-sonography-in-the-diagnosis-of-pneumothorax
#13
LETTER
Uday Aditya Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2015: Indian Journal of Chest Diseases & Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26749922/poncet-s-arthritis-in-a-patient-with-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis
#14
Pavankumar R Biraris, Vikram M Rathi, Zarir F Udwadia
A 17-year-old female diagnosed to have multidrug-resistant pulmonary tuberculosis (MDR-TB), presented with Poncet's arthritis which responded to second-line anti-TB treatment. Poncet's disease is more commonly present in association with extra-pulmonary TB and involves large and small joints. However, our patient had pulmonary MDR-TB and small joint involvement.
July 2015: Indian Journal of Chest Diseases & Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26749921/hydatid-cyst-presenting-with-endobronchial-rupture
#15
Sameer Adwani, Vinaya S Karkhanis, J M Joshi
Diagnosis of lung hydatidosis becomes difficult with unusual radiographic findings especially with rupture of hydatid cyst. Here we present the case of a patient who presented with hydatid cyst with endobronchial rupture. A 40-year-old woman presented with a 3-year history of cough with mucoid expectoration, breathlessness on exertion, intermittent fever and left-sided chest pain. Chest radiograph and computed tomography of chest showed a mass obstructing the left main bronchus and post-obstructive cavity formation...
July 2015: Indian Journal of Chest Diseases & Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26749920/rare-mediastinal-hydatid-cyst
#16
M Rajender, A Raghu Kanth, A Vinay Kumar, Renuka Rao
Hydatid disease is a parasitic disease caused by the larval form of Echinococcus granulosus. Most common sites are liver, lungs, and brain. The disease is rarely present in the mediastinum. We report the rare instance of a 52-year-old female who presented with hydatid disease in the uncommon location of posterior mediastinum.
July 2015: Indian Journal of Chest Diseases & Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26749919/co-existence-of-carcinoma-tongue-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#17
S K Verma, Anubhuti, Madhu Kumar, Ashwini Kumar Mishra
We present the case of a 45-year-old male diagnosed to have carcinoma base of tongue, whose chest radiograph showed bilateral lung infiltrates and was referred for evaluation of suspected pulmonary metastases. Diagnostic evaluation confirmed the diagnosis of smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis.
July 2015: Indian Journal of Chest Diseases & Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26749918/primary-malignant-melanoma-of-the-lung-case-report-and-literature-review
#18
REVIEW
Ayush Gupta, Dipak Bhattacharya, Sudhir Jain, J C Suri
Primary malignant melanoma of the lung (PMML) is an extremely rare tumour with only sporadic case reports. We report the occurrence of PMML in a 58-year-old female. Although extremely rare, it must be considered in the differential diagnosis of bronchogenic carcinoma and a detailed systemic examination must be done to rule out any primary skin or eye involvement.
July 2015: Indian Journal of Chest Diseases & Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26749917/an-unusual-cause-of-a-pulmonary-mass-actinomycosis
#19
Pawan Gupta, Vikas Dogra, Nitin Goel, Anuradha Chowdhary, Rajendra Prasad, S N Gaur
We present the case of a 62-year-old male with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and poorly controlled diabetes mellitus who presented with haemoptysis. A radiograph of the chest showed a right lower parahilar opacity which on the contrast enhanced computed tomography was seen to be an irregular, spiculated mass localised to the middle lobe. Considering malignancy as the most probable diagnosis, a bronchoscopic endobronchial biopsy was performed which surprisingly established pulmonary actinomycosis as the diagnosis...
July 2015: Indian Journal of Chest Diseases & Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26749916/an-unusual-cause-of-calcific-thoracic-metastases
#20
S Raghu, C Padmavathi Devi, C H Hanumantha Rao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2015: Indian Journal of Chest Diseases & Allied Sciences
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