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Journal of Veterinary Medical Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691867/an-international-survey-of-veterinary-students-to-assess-their-use-of-online-learning-resources
#1
Laura Gledhill, Vicki H M Dale, Sonya Powney, Gemma H L Gaitskell-Phillips, Nick R M Short
Today's veterinary students have access to a wide range of online resources that support self-directed learning. To develop a benchmark of current global student practice in e-learning, this study measured self-reported access to, and use of, these resources by students internationally. An online survey was designed and promoted via veterinary student mailing lists and international organizations, resulting in 1,070 responses. Analysis of survey data indicated that students now use online resources in a wide range of ways to support their learning...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657485/factors-associated-with-veterinary-clinical-faculty-attrition
#2
Martin Furr
Faculty attrition and recruitment for veterinary clinical faculty positions have been reported as significant problems in veterinary medical education. To investigate the factors that may be important in veterinary clinical faculty retention, the perceptions and views of veterinary clinical academic faculty were determined using a web-distributed electronic survey. Responses were dichotomized by whether the respondent had or had not left an academic position and were analyzed for their association with faculty attrition...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657484/teaching-veterinary-anesthesia-a-survey-based-evaluation-of-two-high-fidelity-models-and-live-animal-experience-for-undergraduate-veterinary-students
#3
Gabrielle C Musk, Teresa Collins, Giselle Hosgood
In veterinary medical education, reduction, replacement, and refinement (the three Rs) must be considered. Three clinical skills in anesthesia were identified as challenging to students: endotracheal intubation, intravenous catheterization, and drug dose calculations. The aims of this project were to evaluate students' perception of their level of confidence in performing these three clinical skills in veterinary anesthesia, to document the extent of students' previous experience in performing these three tasks, and to describe students' emotional states during this training...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657483/student-initiated-feedback-using-clinical-encounter-cards-during-clinical-rotations-in-veterinary-medicine-a-feasibility-study
#4
H H Florian Buchner, Daniel Nawrocik, Christoph Burger
Despite its critical role for successful student learning, providing adequate teacher feedback is still a major issue during clinical education. In human medical education, the implementation of clinical encounter cards (CECs) has led to more frequent, timely, and structured teacher feedback. The present study aimed to introduce student-initiated CECs in a veterinary medical setting (clinical rotations). A total of 24 students were randomly assigned to a control group (standard rotations) and an intervention group where they had to ask for teacher feedback using CECs...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657482/beyond-competence-why-we-should-talk-about-employability-in-veterinary-education
#5
Melinda A Bell, Martin A Cake, Caroline F Mansfield
The purpose of this article is to explore employability as a complement to competency in defining the overarching objectives of veterinary education. Although the working usage of the term competency has evolved and stretched in recent years, and contemporary competence frameworks have expanded to better reflect the range of capabilities required of a veterinary professional, the potential remains for the dominance of competency-lead discourse to obscure the aim of producing not only competent but also successful and satisfied veterinarians...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657481/effectiveness-of-a-radiographic-anatomy-software-application-for-enhancing-learning-of-veterinary-radiographic-anatomy
#6
Rachel Reiter, Matt Viehdorfer, Kimmy Hescock, Terri Clark, Sarah Nemanic
The goal of this study was to determine the effectiveness of an interactive radiology software application that we developed to enhance learning of normal canine radiographic anatomy. All first-year veterinary medical students were eligible to participate in this subject pre-test-post-test experimental design. When presented with the software application, all students had completed two terms of gross anatomy in which the complete anatomy of the dog had been taught using a combination of lectures and laboratory dissections, including radiographic examples...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581916/robust-and-ethical-educational-research-designs
#7
Kenneth Royal
Educational research can be quite confusing to individuals without formal training in educational research methods. Many educators trained in "high-consensus" fields such as the health and medical sciences often expect to utilize the same esteemed experimental and quasi-experimental designs in their educational research efforts, but are surprised to learn that this is often impossible for ethical reasons. This article presents five robust research designs that generally are compatible with education studies, and discusses how each design may be used in a variety of educational research scenarios...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581915/adaptive-comparative-judgment-a-tool-to-support-students-assessment-literacy
#8
Susan M Rhind, Kirsty J Hughes, Donald Yool, Darren Shaw, Wesley Kerr, Nicki Reed
Comparative judgment in assessment is a process whereby repeated comparison of two items (e.g., assessment answers) can allow an accurate ranking of all the submissions to be achieved. In adaptive comparative judgment (ACJ), technology is used to automate the process and present pairs of pieces of work over iterative cycles. An online ACJ system was used to present students with work prepared by a previous cohort at the same stage of their studies. Objective marks given to the work by experienced faculty were compared to the rankings given to the work by a cohort of veterinary students (n=154)...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581914/technical-skills-training-for-veterinary-students-a-comparison-of-simulators-and-video-for-teaching-standardized-cardiac-dissection
#9
Rachel E Allavena, Andrea B Schaffer-White, Hanna Long, John I Alawneh
The goal of the study was to evaluate alternative student-centered approaches that could replace autopsy sessions and live demonstration, and to explore refinements in assessment procedures for standardized cardiac dissection. Simulators and videos were identified as feasible, economical, student-centered teaching methods for technical skills training in medical contexts, and a direct comparison was undertaken. A low-fidelity anatomically correct simulator approximately the size of a horse's heart with embedded dissection pathways was constructed and used with a series of laminated photographs of standardized cardiac dissection...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581913/evaluation-of-an-immersive-farm-experience-to-teach-and-attract-veterinary-students-to-food-animal-medicine
#10
Derek M Foster, Hannah J Sylvester, Regina M Schoenfeld-Tacher
The Bovine Educational Symposium (BES) is a unique opportunity for North Carolina State University (NCSU) veterinary students to visit dairy farms, feedlots, cow-calf operations, and processing facilities, and to meet local bovine veterinarians. We hypothesized that this active learning opportunity would increase knowledge, change perceptions of animal agriculture and food-animal medicine, and provide skills that persist beyond graduation. Pre- and post-trip surveys were administered to 124 first-, second-, and third-year veterinary students attending BES over 3 years...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581912/use-of-a-garment-as-an-alternative-to-body-painting-in-equine-musculoskeletal-anatomy-teaching
#11
Mariana M Sattin, Vickitoriana K A Silva, Rafael M Leandro, Roberto P P Foz Filho, Mauricio M De Silvio
Living anatomy is gaining increasing popularity as an alternative to the use of preserved cadaver specimens in musculoskeletal anatomy teaching. This article describes the development of a garment painted with musculoskeletal structures as an alternative to body painting. Garments offer some advantages over traditional body painting in anatomy teaching. The technique can be used across different disciplines, enhances students' ability to identify anatomic structures in living bodies, and provides insights into the topography of one or more body systems at the same time...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581911/evaluation-of-a-cat-database-and-expert-appraisal-of-cats-developed-by-students
#12
Cindy Kasch, Peggy Haimerl, Wolfgang Heuwieser, Sebastian Arlt
Five steps have been recommended to provide evidence-based patient care: formulating a clinical question, searching for literature, evaluating the validity and applicability of results, implementing results into practice, and assessing if the new evidence has led to improved health care. Students can be trained in these steps by the development of knowledge summaries such as critically appraised topics (CATs). The aim of the present project was the development, use, and evaluation of a German-language CAT database and an appraisal of the quality of CATs developed by students...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534723/evaluation-of-a-jugular-venipuncture-alpaca-model-to-teach-the-technique-of-blood-sampling-in-adult-alpacas
#13
Marjolaine Rousseau, Guy Beauchamp, Sylvain Nichols
The effectiveness of teaching aids in veterinary medical education is not often assessed rigorously. The objective in the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a commercially available jugular venipuncture alpaca model as a complementary tool to teach veterinary students how to perform venipuncture in adult alpacas. We hypothesized that practicing on the model would allow veterinary students to draw blood in alpacas more rapidly with fewer attempts than students without previous practice on the model...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534722/a-survey-of-established-veterinary-clinical-skills-laboratories-from-europe-and-north-america-present-practices-and-recent-developments
#14
Marc Dilly, Emma K Read, Sarah Baillie
Developing competence in clinical skills is important if graduates are to provide entry-level care but it is dependent on having had sufficient hands-on practice. Clinical skills laboratories provide opportunities for students to learn on simulators and models in a safe environment and to supplement training with animals. Interest in facilities for developing veterinary clinical skills has increased in recent years as many veterinary colleges face challenges in training their students with traditional methods alone...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534721/evaluation-of-3d-additively-manufactured-canine-brain-models-for-teaching-veterinary-neuroanatomy
#15
Regina M Schoenfeld-Tacher, Timothy J Horn, Tyler A Scheviak, Kenneth D Royal, Lola C Hudson
Physical specimens are essential to the teaching of veterinary anatomy. While fresh and fixed cadavers have long been the medium of choice, plastinated specimens have gained widespread acceptance as adjuncts to dissection materials. Even though the plastination process increases the durability of specimens, these are still derived from animal tissues and they require periodic replacement if used by students on a regular basis. This study investigated the use of three-dimensional additively manufactured (3D AM) models (colloquially referred to as 3D-printed models) of the canine brain as a replacement for plastinated or formalin-fixed brains...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534720/spatial-and-visual-reasoning-do-these-abilities-improve-in-first-year-veterinary-medical-students-exposed-to-an-integrated-curriculum
#16
J Claudio Gutierrez, Munashe Chigerwe, Jan E Ilkiw, Patricia Youngblood, Steven D Holladay, Sakti Srivastava
Spatial visualization ability refers to the human cognitive ability to form, retrieve, and manipulate mental models of spatial nature. Visual reasoning ability has been linked to spatial ability. There is currently limited information about how entry-level spatial and visual reasoning abilities may predict veterinary anatomy performance or may be enhanced with progression through the veterinary anatomy content in an integrated curriculum. The present study made use of two tests that measure spatial ability, and one test that measures visual reasoning ability in veterinary students: Guay's Visualization of Views Test, adapted version (GVVT), the Mental Rotations Test (MRT), and Raven's Advanced Progressive Matrices Test, short form (RavenT)...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474960/getting-started-with-peer-assisted-learning-in-a-veterinary-curriculum
#17
Catriona E Bell, Susan M Rhind, Nigel H Stansbie, Neil P H Hudson
Peer-Assisted Learning (PAL) methodologies that involve students teaching other students have been shown to be valid and effective in a variety of disciplines, and are gaining increasing interest within veterinary medical education. PAL has been formally embedded within the undergraduate veterinary clinical skills curriculum at the Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies (R(D)SVS), Edinburgh since 2009 (and informally for several years before this), and has been delivered successfully to over one thousand first-year tutees by over one thousand fourth-year tutors (in their penultimate clinical year)...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375072/evaluating-the-quality-of-veterinary-students-experiences-of-learning-in-clinics
#18
Susan M Matthew, Robert A Ellis, Rosanne M Taylor
Educators seeking to evaluate the quality of students' experiences of clinic-based learning (CBL) face a challenging task. CBL programs provide multiple opportunities for learning and aim to develop a wide range of skills, knowledge, and capacities. While direct observation of learners provides important information about students' proficiency in performing various clinical tasks, more comprehensive measures are required to unpack and identify factors relating to practice readiness as a whole. This study identified variables that have a logical and statistically significant association with learning outcomes across the broad range of attributes expected of new graduate veterinarians...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375071/assessing-communications-competencies-through-reviews-of-client-interactions-and-comprehensive-rotation-assessment-a-comparison-of-methods
#19
Margaret V Root Kustritz, Susan Lowum, Kristi Flynn, Heather Fairbairn, Athena Diesch-Chham
The primary purpose of this study was to compare two methods for assessing student communication skills: a labor-intensive review of video-recorded interactions and global communications assessment using a comprehensive rotation-assessment tool. Secondary goals of the study were to evaluate student strengths and weaknesses to inform the pre-clinical communications curriculum and to evaluate for consistency between types of reviewers. Video recordings of 43 student encounters with clients presenting their animals for wellness or diagnostic appointments to the primary care service at a veterinary teaching hospital were reviewed by one of three primary care clinicians, a social worker, and a clinical communications instructor, using a common rubric...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375070/teaching-tip-improving-students-email-communication-through-an-integrated-writing-assignment-in-a-third-year-toxicology-course
#20
April A Kedrowicz, Sarah Hammond, David C Dorman
Client communication is important for success in veterinary practice, with written communication being an important means for veterinarian-client information sharing. Effective communication is adapted to clients' needs and wants, and presents information in a clear, understandable manner while accounting for varying degrees of client health literacy. This teaching tip describes the use of a mock electronic mail assignment as one way to integrate writing into a required veterinary toxicology course. As part of this project, we provide baseline data relating to students' written communication that will guide further development of writing modules in other curricula...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
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