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Journal of Veterinary Medical Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885874/impact-of-virtual-patients-as-optional-learning-material-in-veterinary-biochemistry-education
#1
Christin Kleinsorgen, Maren von Köckritz-Blickwede, Hassan Y Naim, Katja Branitzki-Heinemann, Marta Kankofer, Míra Mándoki, Martin Adler, Andrea Tipold, Jan P Ehlers
Biochemistry and physiology teachers from veterinary faculties in Hannover, Budapest, and Lublin prepared innovative, computer-based, integrative clinical case scenarios as optional learning materials for teaching and learning in basic sciences. These learning materials were designed to enhance attention and increase interest and intrinsic motivation for learning, thus strengthening autonomous, active, and self-directed learning. We investigated learning progress and success by administering a pre-test before exposure to the virtual patients (vetVIP) cases, offered vetVIP cases alongside regular biochemistry courses, and then administered a complementary post-test...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885873/bovine-reproductive-palpation-training-does-the-cow-make-a-difference
#2
Hilari M French, John J Dascanio, Gregory E Gilbert, James Q Robinson
Gaining experience and dexterity for trans-rectal cattle palpation requires substantial training. Simulation allows students to perform palpation without risks and to obtain feedback, but many believe live cattle palpation is essential. Limited research exists on the proper training method for live animal trans-rectal palpation. This study compared student improvement in laboratory palpation skills when assigned to the same cows versus choosing a cow at random. The hypothesis for the study was that students assigned the same cow, as compared to students choosing a cow at random, would be more accurate at palpation, would learn what structures are present on the ovaries and what size the reproductive tract measures, and would be able to follow the cyclicity of the cow...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885872/teaching-tip-simulated-tumors-as-an-aid-to-teaching-principles-of-surgical-oncology
#3
Christopher Tan, Rachel Basa, Peter Bennett, Neil Hannan, William R Walsh, Christopher Bellenger
Tumors of the skin and subcutaneous tissues are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in small animals. In many cases, surgical excision is an essential component of successful therapy and it should be performed in a specific way based on the type and grade of the tumor. Students require adequate training to develop both clinical decision-making skills and technical surgical skills, which we believe contribute to optimal clinical results. We have developed an inexpensive and simple technique that aims to replicate a naturally occurring subcutaneous tumor and allows trainees to plan and perform three common surgical procedures: incisional biopsy, marginal excision, and wide surgical excision...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885871/using-the-virtual-world-of-second-life-in-veterinary-medicine-student-and-faculty-perceptions
#4
Mary M Pereira, Elpida Artemiou, Dee McGonigle, Anne Conan, Fortune Sithole, Kathleen Yvorchuk-St Jean
Virtual worlds are emerging technologies that can enhance student learning by encouraging active participation through simulation in immersive environments. At Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine (RUSVM), the virtual world of Second Life was piloted as an educational platform for first-semester students to practice clinical reasoning in a simulated veterinary clinical setting. Under the supervision of one facilitator, four groups of nine students met three times to process a clinical case using Second Life...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885870/a-natural-experiment-on-the-effect-of-time-given-for-quizzes-on-veterinary-student-performance-in-a-required-principles-of-anesthesia-course
#5
Erik H Hofmeister
Assessments can cause significant distress in veterinary students and are listed as some of the greatest causes of academic stress. The purpose of this natural experiment was to determine if there is a relationship between amount of time given to complete quizzes and the students' score on the quiz. The Principles of Anesthesia course is required of all students. Quizzes are administered at the start of a class period and spaced throughout the course to cover 2-4 lectures per quiz. Once the allotted time has passed (3-6 minutes), students are notified they have 2 minutes to return the quiz to the instructor...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885869/improving-student-engagement-in-veterinary-business-studies
#6
Elizabeth Armitage-Chan, Elizabeth Jackson
In a densely packed veterinary curriculum, students may find it particularly challenging to engage in the less overtly clinical subjects, yet pressure from industry and an increasingly competitive employment market necessitate improved veterinary student education in business and management skills. We describe a curriculum intervention (formative reflective assignment) that optimizes workplace learning opportunities and aims to provide better student scaffolding for their in-context business learning. Students were asked to analyze a business practice they experienced during a period of extra-mural studies (external work placement)...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862535/discipline-specific-compared-to-generic-training-of-teachers-in-higher-education
#7
Ayona Silva-Fletcher, Stephen A May
A recurrent theme arising in the higher education sector is the suitability and effectiveness of generic versus discipline-specific training of university teachers, who are often recruited based on their disciplinary specialties to become teachers in higher education. We compared two groups of participants who had undergone training using a generic post-graduate certificate in higher education (PGCertGeneric) versus a discipline-specific course in veterinary education (PGCertVetEd). The study was conducted using a survey that allowed comparison of participants who completed PGCertGeneric (n=21) with PGCertVetEd (n=22)...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862534/a-novel-model-for-teaching-primary-care-in-a-community-practice-setting-tufts-at-tech-community-veterinary-clinic
#8
Emily McCobb, Elizabeth A Rozanski, Elizabeth A Malcolm, Gregory Wolfus, John E Rush
Providing veterinary students with opportunities to develop clinical skills in a realistic, hands-on environment remains a challenge for veterinary education. We have developed a novel approach to teaching clinical medicine to fourth-year veterinary students and technical high school students via development of a primary care clinic embedded within a technical high school. The primary care clinic targets an underserved area of the community, which includes many of the participating high school students. Support from the veterinary community for the project has been strong as a result of communication, the opportunity for veterinarians to volunteer in the clinic, and the careful targeting of services...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813173/development-of-a-dermatology-diagnostic-techniques-teaching-session-a-nine-step-approach
#9
Robin M Farrell, Linda G Shell
Creating effective learning experiences for veterinary clinical skills and procedures can be a challenging task. Drawing from both medical and veterinary education literature and personal experiences as practicing veterinarians and educators, the authors share nine key steps that describe the development process of a pre-clinical veterinary clinical skills teaching session. Relevant research and pedagogical principles supporting the effectiveness of the proposed nine-step process were identified and discussed...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813172/rabbit-neutering-in-primary-care-education-insights-from-a-surgical-clinic
#10
Livia Benato, Jennifer Hammond
Involvement in canine and feline surgical neutering clinics is generally considered to be a key element of primary-care veterinary education, yet opportunities for veterinary students to develop their surgical skills with rabbit patients are uncommon. This is despite the fact that rabbits are currently estimated to be the third-most popular companion animal species and the fact that the British Small Animal Veterinary Association (BSAVA) recommends that all non-breeding rabbits be neutered soon after they attain sexual maturity...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795905/challenges-in-preparing-veterinarians-for-global-animal-health-understanding-the-public-sector
#11
Paul J Hollier, Kaylee A Quinn, Corrie C Brown
Understanding of global systems is essential for veterinarians seeking to work in realms outside of their national domain. In the global system, emphasis remains on the public sector, and the current curricular emphasis in developed countries is on private clinical practice for the domestic employment market. There is a resulting lack of competency at graduation for effective engagement internationally. The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) has created standards for public sector operations in animal health, which must be functional to allow for sustainable development...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795904/evaluation-of-fourth-year-veterinary-students-client-communication-skills-recommendations-for-scaffolded-instruction-and-practice
#12
Brenda J Stevens, April A Kedrowicz
Effective client communication is important for success in veterinary practice. The purpose of this project was to describe one approach to communication training and explore fourth-year veterinary students' communication skills through an evaluation of their interactions with clients during a general practice rotation. Two raters coded 20 random videotaped interactions simultaneously to assess students' communication, including their ability to initiate the session, incorporate open-ended questions, listen reflectively, express empathy, incorporate appropriate nonverbal communication, and attend to organization and sequencing...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745546/using-a-modified-bookmark-procedure-to-help-identify-reasonable-consequences-for-academic-integrity-violations
#13
Kenneth D Royal, Jennifer A Neel, Karen R Munana, Keven Flammer
It is recommended that institutions develop academic conduct policies to help preserve academic integrity, enforce compliance, and aid in legal defensibility. These policies should also articulate reasonable consequences for persons found in violation. The problem, however, is that all academic misconduct offenses are not created equal, and determining reasonable consequences for these violations can be particularly challenging due to their subjective nature. Thus, the purpose of this study was to introduce a novel method for more objectively determining reasonable sanctions for several academic misconduct offenses of varying degrees of severity...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691867/an-international-survey-of-veterinary-students-to-assess-their-use-of-online-learning-resources
#14
Laura Gledhill, Vicki H M Dale, Sonya Powney, Gemma H L Gaitskell-Phillips, Nick R M Short
Today's veterinary students have access to a wide range of online resources that support self-directed learning. To develop a benchmark of current global student practice in e-learning, this study measured self-reported access to, and use of, these resources by students internationally. An online survey was designed and promoted via veterinary student mailing lists and international organizations, resulting in 1,070 responses. Analysis of survey data indicated that students now use online resources in a wide range of ways to support their learning...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657485/factors-associated-with-veterinary-clinical-faculty-attrition
#15
Martin Furr
Faculty attrition and recruitment for veterinary clinical faculty positions have been reported as significant problems in veterinary medical education. To investigate the factors that may be important in veterinary clinical faculty retention, the perceptions and views of veterinary clinical academic faculty were determined using a web-distributed electronic survey. Responses were dichotomized by whether the respondent had or had not left an academic position and were analyzed for their association with faculty attrition...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657484/teaching-veterinary-anesthesia-a-survey-based-evaluation-of-two-high-fidelity-models-and-live-animal-experience-for-undergraduate-veterinary-students
#16
Gabrielle C Musk, Teresa Collins, Giselle Hosgood
In veterinary medical education, reduction, replacement, and refinement (the three Rs) must be considered. Three clinical skills in anesthesia were identified as challenging to students: endotracheal intubation, intravenous catheterization, and drug dose calculations. The aims of this project were to evaluate students' perception of their level of confidence in performing these three clinical skills in veterinary anesthesia, to document the extent of students' previous experience in performing these three tasks, and to describe students' emotional states during this training...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657483/student-initiated-feedback-using-clinical-encounter-cards-during-clinical-rotations-in-veterinary-medicine-a-feasibility-study
#17
H H Florian Buchner, Daniel Nawrocik, Christoph Burger
Despite its critical role for successful student learning, providing adequate teacher feedback is still a major issue during clinical education. In human medical education, the implementation of clinical encounter cards (CECs) has led to more frequent, timely, and structured teacher feedback. The present study aimed to introduce student-initiated CECs in a veterinary medical setting (clinical rotations). A total of 24 students were randomly assigned to a control group (standard rotations) and an intervention group where they had to ask for teacher feedback using CECs...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657482/beyond-competence-why-we-should-talk-about-employability-in-veterinary-education
#18
Melinda A Bell, Martin A Cake, Caroline F Mansfield
The purpose of this article is to explore employability as a complement to competency in defining the overarching objectives of veterinary education. Although the working usage of the term competency has evolved and stretched in recent years, and contemporary competence frameworks have expanded to better reflect the range of capabilities required of a veterinary professional, the potential remains for the dominance of competency-lead discourse to obscure the aim of producing not only competent but also successful and satisfied veterinarians...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657481/effectiveness-of-a-radiographic-anatomy-software-application-for-enhancing-learning-of-veterinary-radiographic-anatomy
#19
Rachel Reiter, Matt Viehdorfer, Kimmy Hescock, Terri Clark, Sarah Nemanic
The goal of this study was to determine the effectiveness of an interactive radiology software application that we developed to enhance learning of normal canine radiographic anatomy. All first-year veterinary medical students were eligible to participate in this subject pre-test-post-test experimental design. When presented with the software application, all students had completed two terms of gross anatomy in which the complete anatomy of the dog had been taught using a combination of lectures and laboratory dissections, including radiographic examples...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581916/robust-and-ethical-educational-research-designs
#20
Kenneth Royal
Educational research can be quite confusing to individuals without formal training in educational research methods. Many educators trained in "high-consensus" fields such as the health and medical sciences often expect to utilize the same esteemed experimental and quasi-experimental designs in their educational research efforts, but are surprised to learn that this is often impossible for ethical reasons. This article presents five robust research designs that generally are compatible with education studies, and discusses how each design may be used in a variety of educational research scenarios...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
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