journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Veterinary Medical Education

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345551/quantifying-novice-and-expert-differences-in-visual-diagnostic-reasoning-in-veterinary-pathology-using-eye-tracking-technology
#1
Amy L Warren, Tyrone L Donnon, Catherine R Wagg, Heather Priest, Nicole J Fernandez
Visual diagnostic reasoning is the cognitive process by which pathologists reach a diagnosis based on visual stimuli (cytologic, histopathologic, or gross imagery). Currently, there is little to no literature examining visual reasoning in veterinary pathology. The objective of the study was to use eye tracking to establish baseline quantitative and qualitative differences between the visual reasoning processes of novice and expert veterinary pathologists viewing cytology specimens. Novice and expert participants were each shown 10 cytology images and asked to formulate a diagnosis while wearing eye-tracking equipment (10 slides) and while concurrently verbalizing their thought processes using the think-aloud protocol (5 slides)...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345550/an-anatomy-pre-course-predicts-student-performance-in-a-professional-veterinary-anatomy-curriculum
#2
Margaret A McNulty, Michelle D Lazarus
Little to no correlation has been identified between previous related undergraduate coursework or outcomes on standardized tests and performance in a veterinary curriculum, including anatomy coursework. Therefore, a relatively simplistic method to predict student performance before entrance would be advantageous to many. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether there is a correlation between performance in a veterinary anatomy pre-course and subsequent performance within a professional anatomy curriculum...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345549/veterinary-medical-students-motivations-for-exercise
#3
Kenneth D Royal, Suzanne A Hunt, Liara M Gonzalez, Gregory A Lewbart, Kate M Bailey
The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) declares exercise to be one of the most important activities one can do to improve health. The benefits of exercise are well documented and include both physiologic and psychological health. Given the current landscape of wellness issues in veterinary medical education, it is necessary that students engage in exercise activities to manage stress and increase overall health. Therefore, to develop targeted interventions with the greatest likelihood for success, it is first necessary to understand what motivates veterinary medical students to exercise given their unique situational and environmental factors...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185896/impact-of-expert-commentary-and-student-reflection-on-veterinary-clinical-decision-making-skills-in-an-innovative-electronic-learning-case-based-platform
#4
Kate E Creevy, Karen K Cornell, Chad W Schmiedt, Hyojin Park, Hui Rong, MaryAnn Radlinsky, Ikseon Choi
One challenge in veterinary education is bridging the divide between the nature of classroom examples (well-defined problem solving) and real world situations (ill-defined problem solving). Solving the latter often relies on experiential knowledge, which is difficult to impart to inexperienced students. A multidisciplinary team including veterinary specialists and learning scientists developed an interactive, e-learning case-based module in which students made critical decisions at five specific points (Decision Points [DPs])...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185895/training-method-and-other-factors-affecting-student-accuracy-in-bovine-pregnancy-diagnosis
#5
Annett Annandale, C Henry Annandale, Geoffrey T Fosgate, Dietmar E Holm
To optimize bovine pregnancy diagnosis (PD) training, factors influencing student performance were investigated. The objective was to determine whether training method, gender, background (farm, urban, or mixed), previous experience in bovine PD, and current career interest influenced the accuracy of bovine PD by trans-rectal palpation (TRP). Fourth-year (of a 6-year program) veterinary students (n=138) received one PD training session in groups using either simulator training on Breed'n Betsy (BB) or training on live cows (C)...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185894/student-perceptions-of-sectional-ct-mri-use-in-teaching-veterinary-anatomy-and-the-correlation-with-visual-spatial-ability-a-student-survey-and-mental-rotations-test
#6
Peter J Delisser, Darren Carwardine
Diagnostic imaging technology is becoming more advanced and widely available to veterinary patients with the growing popularity of veterinary-specific computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Veterinary students must, therefore, be familiar with these technologies and understand the importance of sound anatomic knowledge for interpretation of the resultant images. Anatomy teaching relies heavily on visual perception of structures and their function. In addition, visual spatial ability (VSA) positively correlates with anatomy test scores...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185893/milestone-educational-planning-initiatives-in-veterinary-medical-education-progress-and-pitfalls
#7
Elizabeth A Stone, Jessica Reimann, Lisa M Greenhill, Cate E Dewey
Three milestone educational planning initiatives engaged the veterinary medical profession in the United States and Canada between 1987 and 2011, namely the Pew National Veterinary Education Program, the Foresight Project, and the North American Veterinary Medical Education Consortium. In a quantitative study, we investigated the impact of these initiatives on veterinary medical education through a survey of academic leaders (deans, previous deans, and associate deans for academics from veterinary medical schools that are members of the Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges) to assess their perspectives on the initiatives and eight recommendations that were common to all three initiatives...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130834/the-relationship-between-intuitive-action-choices-and-moral-reasoning-on-animal-ethics-issues-in-students-of-veterinary-medicine-and-other-relevant-professions
#8
Joy M Verrinder, Clive J C Phillips
With growing understanding of animals' capabilities, and public and organizational pressures to improve animal welfare, moral action by veterinarians and other relevant professionals to address animal issues is increasingly important. Little is known about how their action choices relate to their moral reasoning on animal ethics issues. A moral judgment measure, the VetDIT, with three animal and three non-animal scenarios, was used to investigate the action choices of 619 students in five animal- and two non-animal-related professional programs in one Australian university, and how these related to their moral reasoning based on Personal Interest (PI), Maintaining Norms (MN), or Universal Principles (UP) schemas...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099322/student-perceptions-of-veterinary-anatomy-practical-classes-a-longitudinal-study
#9
Erica Gummery, Kate A Cobb, Liz H Mossop, Malcolm A Cobb
Using cadaveric material to teach veterinary students poses many challenges. However, little research exists on the contribution of this traditional approach to student learning. This longitudinal study aimed to investigate student perceptions of cadaver-based anatomy classes in a vertically integrated veterinary curriculum at the University of Nottingham's School of Veterinary Medicine and Science. Likert-scale statements and free-text boxes were used in a questionnaire distributed to second-year veterinary students (response rate 59%, 61/103)...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099321/clinical-reasoning-by-veterinary-students-in-the-first-opinion-setting-is-it-encouraged-is-it-practiced
#10
Karen R Humm, Stephen A May
A mixed-methods study was performed to investigate the perceived importance and efficacy of teaching clinical reasoning (CR) skills among students and faculty in a university first-opinion veterinary practice, as this has not previously been described. Qualitative analysis of interview data, discussing objectives and factors considered important for effective learning and the understanding of CR, was performed alongside quantitative analysis of the Preceptor Thinking-Promotion Scale (PTPS) and the Learner Thinking-Behavior Scale (LTBS) (assessing the level of CR encouraged by clinicians and displayed by students) in peri-consultation discussions...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099320/perceptions-of-the-veterinary-profession-among-human-health-care-students-before-an-inter-professional-education-course-at-midwestern-university
#11
Ryane E Englar, Alyssa Show-Ridgway, Donald L Noah, Erin Appelt, Ross Kosinski
Conflicts among health care professionals often stem from misperceptions about each profession's role in the health care industry. These divisive tendencies impede progress in multidisciplinary collaborations to improve human, animal, and environmental health. Inter-professional education (IPE) may repair rifts between health care professions by encouraging students to share their professional identities with colleagues in unrelated health care disciplines. An online survey was conducted at Midwestern University (MWU) to identify baseline perceptions about veterinary medicine among entry-level human health care students before their enrollment in an inter-professional course...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099319/effect-of-catheter-gauge-on-the-success-of-intravenous-catheter-placement-by-veterinary-students
#12
Erik H Hofmeister, Jane Quandt
The purposes of this study were to determine if senior veterinary students find it easier to place a smaller-bore catheter, and to relate patient variables with student success in catheter placement. For dogs between 10 kg and 20 kg, the catheter size options were 20 gauge or 22 gauge. For dogs larger than 20 kg, the catheter size options were 18 gauge or 20 gauge. Variables recorded included time for catheter placement, number of catheterization attempts, number of catheters used, number of legs used, difficulty of catheterization, student success, and patient characteristics including signalment, weight, body condition score, premedication drugs given, tentative diagnosis, and procedure...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099318/motivation-and-prior-animal-experience-of-newly-enrolled-veterinary-nursing-students-at-two-irish-third-level-institutions
#13
Karen Dunne, Bernadette Brereton, Vivienne Duggan, Deirdre Campion
Veterinary nurses report an intrinsic desire to work with animals. However, this motivation may be eroded by poor working conditions and low pay, resulting in the exit of experienced veterinary nurses from clinical practice. This study sought to quantify the level of animal-handling experience students possessed at the start of their training and to explore the factors motivating them to enter veterinary nurse training in two Irish third-level institutions. The authors had noted a tendency for veterinary nursing students to possess limited animal-handling skills, despite their obvious motivation to work with animals...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099317/virtual-microscopy-in-histopathology-training-changing-student-attitudes-in-3-successive-academic-years
#14
Christof A Bertram, Theresa Firsching, Robert Klopfleisch
Several veterinary faculties have integrated virtual microscopy into their curricula in recent years to improve and refine their teaching techniques. The many advantages of this recent technology are described in the literature, including remote access and an equal and constant slide quality for all students. However, no study has analyzed the change of perception toward virtual microscopy at different time points of students' academic educations. In the present study, veterinary students in 3 academic years were asked for their perspectives and attitudes toward virtual microscopy and conventional light microscopy...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099316/use-of-extra-credit-questions-in-a-comparative-theriogenology-course
#15
Margaret V Root Kustritz, Scott Madill
There is little information in the literature about extra credit in undergraduate coursework and even less about professional schools, including colleges of veterinary medicine. For the present study, syllabi at one veterinary school were reviewed to determine availability of extra credit. Extra credit was offered in 13.0% of courses in the core curriculum (first five semesters), with number of points ranging from 1% to 4% of total course points. Students in a comparative theriogenology course in 1 year of the curriculum (year 1) were offered 12 extra-credit questions over the semester...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960129/development-of-veterinary-anesthesia-simulations-for-pre-clinical-training-design-implementation-and-evaluation-based-on-student-perspectives
#16
Jana L Jones, Jim Rinehart, Jacqueline Jordan Spiegel, Ryane E Englar, Brian K Sidaway, Joie Rowles
Anesthesia simulations have been used in pre-clinical medical training for decades to help learners gain confidence and expertise in an operating room environment without danger to a live patient. The authors describe a veterinary anesthesia simulation environment (VASE) with anesthesia scenarios developed to provide a re-creation of a veterinarian's task environment while performing anesthesia. The VASE uses advanced computer technology with simulator inputs provided from standard monitoring equipment in common use during veterinary anesthesia and a commercial canine training mannequin that allows intubation, ventilation, and venous access...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960128/dog-ownership-physical-activity-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-veterinary-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Virginia K Corrigan, Bess J Pierce, Kathy Hosig
The primary objective of this cross-sectional study was to examine the relationship between dog ownership and physical activity in veterinary students. The secondary objective was to gain an understanding of veterinary students' health-related quality of life (HRQOL), and whether dog ownership and/or physical activity were associated with HRQOL measures. Veterinary students were invited to complete surveys between September and November 2015. The primary outcome for multivariate analyses was self-reported physical activity...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960127/use-of-short-animal-themed-videos-to-enhance-veterinary-students-mood-attention-and-understanding-of-pharmacology-lectures
#18
Lori R Kogan, Pete Hellyer, Tod R Clapp, Erica Suchman, Jennifer McLean, Regina Schoenfeld-Tacher
Professional DVM training is inherently stressful and challenging for students. This study evaluated a simple intervention-short breaks during a veterinary pharmacology lecture course in the form of funny/cute animal videos (Mood Induction Procedures, or MIP)-to assess for potential impact on students' mood, interest in material, and perceived understanding of material. Ten YouTube video clips showing cats or dogs were selected to influence students' affective states. The videos were shown in a required pharmacology class offered during the fall semester of the second year of the DVM program at a large, land-grant institution in the Western US...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885874/impact-of-virtual-patients-as-optional-learning-material-in-veterinary-biochemistry-education
#19
Christin Kleinsorgen, Maren von Köckritz-Blickwede, Hassan Y Naim, Katja Branitzki-Heinemann, Marta Kankofer, Míra Mándoki, Martin Adler, Andrea Tipold, Jan P Ehlers
Biochemistry and physiology teachers from veterinary faculties in Hannover, Budapest, and Lublin prepared innovative, computer-based, integrative clinical case scenarios as optional learning materials for teaching and learning in basic sciences. These learning materials were designed to enhance attention and increase interest and intrinsic motivation for learning, thus strengthening autonomous, active, and self-directed learning. We investigated learning progress and success by administering a pre-test before exposure to the virtual patients (vetVIP) cases, offered vetVIP cases alongside regular biochemistry courses, and then administered a complementary post-test...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885873/bovine-reproductive-palpation-training-does-the-cow-make-a-difference
#20
Hilari M French, John J Dascanio, Gregory E Gilbert, James Q Robinson
Gaining experience and dexterity for trans-rectal cattle palpation requires substantial training. Simulation allows students to perform palpation without risks and to obtain feedback, but many believe live cattle palpation is essential. Limited research exists on the proper training method for live animal trans-rectal palpation. This study compared student improvement in laboratory palpation skills when assigned to the same cows versus choosing a cow at random. The hypothesis for the study was that students assigned the same cow, as compared to students choosing a cow at random, would be more accurate at palpation, would learn what structures are present on the ovaries and what size the reproductive tract measures, and would be able to follow the cyclicity of the cow...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
journal
journal
26836
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"