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Journal of Veterinary Medical Education

Nicole J Fernandez, Catherine R Wagg, Amy L Warren
Veterinary students are challenged to develop new, nonlinear ways of thinking as they learn diagnostic reasoning skills. To support this process, we use real-life cases in our clinical pathology course. Changes in student perceptions regarding the use of cases and changes in study strategies over time have not been previously investigated or compared to student grades. Students participated in three voluntary online surveys that included 4-point Likert scale questions and open-ended questions on the helpfulness of cases for learning and study strategies used during the course...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Elizabeth Armitage-Chan, Stephen A May
Professional studies teaching in medical and veterinary education is undergoing a period of change. Traditional approaches, aiming to teach students professional values and behaviors, are being enhanced by curricula designed to support students' professional identity formation. This development offers the potential for improving student engagement and graduates' mental well-being. The veterinary professional identity associated with emotional resilience and success in practice incorporates complexity in professional decision making and the importance of context on behaviors and actions...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Despoina Iatridou, Zsuzsanna Nagy, Nancy De Briyne, Jimmy Saunders, Ana Bravo
Developing a common market and allowing free movement of goods, services, and people is one of the main objectives of the European Union (EU) and the European Free Trade Area. In the field of scientific research, Directive 2010/63/EU on the protection of animals used for scientific purposes aims to improve the welfare of laboratory animals by following the principle of the 3Rs (replacement, reduction, and refinement). Each breeder, supplier, and user must appoint a designated veterinarian to advise on the well-being and treatment of the animals...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Kenneth D Royal, Suzanne Hunt, Valery Scharf, Maria Correa, Christopher Mariani
Healthy eating is a challenge for most college students, and students in the field of veterinary medicine are no exception. Health experts have recommended that universities emphasize the importance of healthy eating and promote healthy eating habits among students. However, before we can begin offering targeted interventions to promote healthy eating strategies and behaviors, we must first understand students' current strategies used for making healthy eating choices, self-reported eating habits, and perceptions of diet quality...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Kenneth D Royal, Mari-Wells Hedgpeth
Many educators believe subscores offer an easy approach for (1) discerning what students know/can do, and (2) providing more analytical feedback to students. In addition, many educators use subscores as a tool for guiding targeted remediation in specific areas of study. Unfortunately, there are several significant problems associated with subscores, and such beliefs and practices may be problematic and ill-advised. The purpose of this article is to address some of the problems relating to subscores in classroom assessment scenarios and to encourage educators to be cautious of these often deceptive and problematic measures...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Bobbi J Conner, Linda S Behar-Horenstein, Yu Su
Universal guidelines for evaluating veterinary students' clinical clerkship performance are unavailable. At our institution, each service determines its own grading protocol. In this study, researchers compared clinician, staff, and student perceptions of a traditional and newly devised grading practice on the Emergency and Critical Care (ECC) clerkship. ECC clinicians and technicians were asked to assess the existing grading protocol for the clerkship. The system was then revised to better align with clerkship objectives...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Michiel H Hulsbergen, Petra Y Dop, Johannes C M Vernooij, Sara A Burt
As part of their training, Dutch veterinary students learn how to carry out the humane slaughter of livestock, which many students consider emotionally challenging. The aims of this study were to plot changes in self-reported emotions in veterinary students at different time points during an educational program on humane slaughter using emotion cards and to assess the change in reported emotions after adding a video and a short period of self-reflection to the program. Emotions were mapped in five groups of students at the beginning, middle, and end of the program by asking them to select from 40 cards depicting emotions in photo and text...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Kenneth Royal
Cumulative final examinations create a unique opportunity to investigate repeated-measures of an examinee's performance. This article outlines a framework for evaluating authentic learning evidence when presented with repeated measurement opportunities. The article explains how to apply the framework, including how to conduct the procedure using Microsoft Excel. Others are encouraged to adopt this framework when appropriate to evaluate authentic learning evidence.
May 14, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Caitlyn R Mullins, Monique D Pairis-Garcia, Magnus R Campler, Raymond Anthony, Anna K Johnson, Grahame J Coleman, Jean-Loup Rault
With extensive knowledge and training in the prevention, management, and treatment of disease conditions in animals, veterinarians play a critical role in ensuring good welfare on swine farms by training caretakers on the importance of timely euthanasia. To assist veterinarians and other industry professionals in training new and seasoned caretakers, an interactive computer-based training program was created. It consists of three modules, each containing five case studies, which cover three distinct production stages (breeding stock, piglets, and wean to grower-finisher pigs)...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Richard A Feinberg, Daniel Jurich, Jennifer Lord, Heather Case, Janine Hawley
Individuals who want to become licensed veterinarians in North America must complete several qualifying steps including obtaining a passing score on the North American Veterinary Licensing Examination (NAVLE). Given the high-stakes nature of the NAVLE, it is essential to provide evidence supporting the validity of the reported test scores. One important way to assess validity is to evaluate the degree to which scores are impacted by the allotted testing time which, if inadequate, can hinder examinees from demonstrating their true level of proficiency...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Michelle Sinclair, Clive Phillips
Research at veterinary schools is usually driven by post-graduate students, yet there has been little or no study of how these students are selected. We undertook a review of the challenges faced in enlisting research higher degree (RHD) students at a long-established veterinary school, the School of Veterinary Science at the University of Queensland. Our aim was to identify the best methods of developing a strategic recruitment program that would enhance veterinary research in the school. A total of 21 academic research supervisors completed a quantitative survey assessing the associated importance placed on a variety of selection criteria and the level of potential challenges presented in recruiting suitable RHD students...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Munashe Chigerwe, Karen A Boudreaux, Jan E Ilkiw
Depression and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) are major concerns affecting veterinary students' well-being. Shorter versions of instruments to assess depression and HRQOL are timesaving and preferable. To the authors' knowledge there are no studies available that assess HRQOL in veterinary students. The objectives of this study were to screen veterinary students for depression during two semesters using a 2-item Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders Procedure Health Questionnaire (PRIME-MD PHQ), and to assess HRQOL over two semesters using the Optum Short Form-8 (SF-8) Health Survey...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Clare MacMartin, Hannah C Wheat, Jason B Coe, Cindy L Adams
Nutritional changes recommended by veterinarians to clients can have a major role in animal-patient health. Although there is literature on best practices that can inform veterinary communication training, little is known specifically about how veterinarians communicate their recommendations to clients in real-life interactions. This study used the qualitative research method of conversation analysis to investigate the form and content of veterinarian-initiated proposals for long-term dietary change in canine and feline patients to further inform veterinary communication training...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Amy L Warren, Tyrone L Donnon, Catherine R Wagg, Heather Priest, Nicole J Fernandez
Visual diagnostic reasoning is the cognitive process by which pathologists reach a diagnosis based on visual stimuli (cytologic, histopathologic, or gross imagery). Currently, there is little to no literature examining visual reasoning in veterinary pathology. The objective of the study was to use eye tracking to establish baseline quantitative and qualitative differences between the visual reasoning processes of novice and expert veterinary pathologists viewing cytology specimens. Novice and expert participants were each shown 10 cytology images and asked to formulate a diagnosis while wearing eye-tracking equipment (10 slides) and while concurrently verbalizing their thought processes using the think-aloud protocol (5 slides)...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Margaret A McNulty, Michelle D Lazarus
Little to no correlation has been identified between previous related undergraduate coursework or outcomes on standardized tests and performance in a veterinary curriculum, including anatomy coursework. Therefore, a relatively simplistic method to predict student performance before entrance would be advantageous to many. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether there is a correlation between performance in a veterinary anatomy pre-course and subsequent performance within a professional anatomy curriculum...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Kenneth D Royal, Suzanne A Hunt, Liara M Gonzalez, Gregory A Lewbart, Kate M Bailey
The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) declares exercise to be one of the most important activities one can do to improve health. The benefits of exercise are well documented and include both physiologic and psychological health. Given the current landscape of wellness issues in veterinary medical education, it is necessary that students engage in exercise activities to manage stress and increase overall health. Therefore, to develop targeted interventions with the greatest likelihood for success, it is first necessary to understand what motivates veterinary medical students to exercise given their unique situational and environmental factors...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Erica Gummery, Kate A Cobb, Liz H Mossop, Malcolm A Cobb
Using cadaveric material to teach veterinary students poses many challenges. However, little research exists on the contribution of this traditional approach to student learning. This longitudinal study aimed to investigate student perceptions of cadaver-based anatomy classes in a vertically integrated veterinary curriculum at the University of Nottingham's School of Veterinary Medicine and Science. Likert-scale statements and free-text boxes were used in a questionnaire distributed to second-year veterinary students (response rate 59%, 61/103)...
2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Peter Eyre
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Jana L Jones, Jim Rinehart, Jacqueline Jordan Spiegel, Ryane E Englar, Brian K Sidaway, Joie Rowles
Anesthesia simulations have been used in pre-clinical medical training for decades to help learners gain confidence and expertise in an operating room environment without danger to a live patient. The authors describe a veterinary anesthesia simulation environment (VASE) with anesthesia scenarios developed to provide a re-creation of a veterinarian's task environment while performing anesthesia. The VASE uses advanced computer technology with simulator inputs provided from standard monitoring equipment in common use during veterinary anesthesia and a commercial canine training mannequin that allows intubation, ventilation, and venous access...
2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Joy M Verrinder, Clive J C Phillips
With growing understanding of animals' capabilities, and public and organizational pressures to improve animal welfare, moral action by veterinarians and other relevant professionals to address animal issues is increasingly important. Little is known about how their action choices relate to their moral reasoning on animal ethics issues. A moral judgment measure, the VetDIT, with three animal and three non-animal scenarios, was used to investigate the action choices of 619 students in five animal- and two non-animal-related professional programs in one Australian university, and how these related to their moral reasoning based on Personal Interest (PI), Maintaining Norms (MN), or Universal Principles (UP) schemas...
2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
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