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Journal of Veterinary Medical Education

Regina Schoenfeld-Tacher, Lori R Kogan
Given the unique nature of programs in professional veterinary medicine (PVM), the increasing numbers of students requesting accommodations for emotional support animals (ESAs) in higher education settings is of growing interest to student affairs and administrative staff in PVM settings. Since the legislation pertaining to this type of support animal differs from the laws governing disability service animals, colleges and universities now need to develop new policies and guidelines. Representatives from a sample of 28 PVM programs completed a survey about the prevalence of student requests for ESAs and service animals...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Melissa R Mazan, Gigi Kay, Mohammed Larbi Souhail, Kirstin Bubeck, Thomas Jenei, Jay Merriam
There is an increasing need to produce veterinarians with knowledge and critical thinking skills that will allow them to participate in veterinary global health equity delivery, particularly in the developing world, where many people remain dependent on animal-based agriculture for a living. This need for veterinarians trained in global health is reflected by the demand among students for greater exposure and education. At the same time, many students are held back from on-site training in global health due to constraints of cost, time, or family obligations...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Sarah Haldane, Kenneth Hinchcliff, Peter Mansell, Chi Baik
Good communication skills are an important entry-level attribute of graduates of professional degrees. The inclusion of communication training within the curriculum can be problematic, particularly in programs with a high content load, such as veterinary science. This study examined the differences between the perceptions of students and qualified veterinarians with regards to the entry-level communication skills required of new graduates in clinical practice. Surveys were distributed to students in each of the four year levels of the veterinary science degree at the University of Melbourne and to recent graduates and experienced veterinarians registered in Victoria, Australia...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Kenneth D Royal, Karen R Munana, Jennifer A Neel
Many medical and professional programs implement policies that prohibit students from asking questions during examinations. The reasoning behind these policies remains unclear to some, as there is a lack of literature addressing this topic. The purpose of this article is to present the rationale behind such policies and to discuss why these policies may help promote fairness and preserve score validity.
August 3, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Margaret V Root Kustritz, Christina E Clarkson
Metacognition is the act of thinking about one's own thought processes. There are long-term gains in learning among students who are trained to understand how the brain works and how they can control their own learning. Wrappers are short questionnaires provided at or near the time of completion of a lecture, assignment, or assessment to coach the student in thinking through the steps of metacognition (planning, monitoring, and adapting). As students completed the second and third of four examinations in a first-year veterinary anatomy course, they were invited to fill out an examination wrapper that asked them questions about examination preparation, where they felt they had had the most trouble with the examination, and what they might do differently before the next examination...
August 3, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Kenneth Royal
Student evaluations of teaching (SETs) are conducted in virtually every veterinary medical school in the world. Results of these evaluations are typically used to evaluate faculty performance and often serve as the primary basis for promotion and tenure decisions. However, given the high-stakes nature of these evaluations, it is critical that stakeholders (faculty, curriculum committees, department chairs, deans, etc.) be able to identify the extent to which the scores are likely to be valid or not. Thus, the purpose of this paper was to develop a guide for faculty and administrators to assess the interpretative validity of SET scores given an array of sample size, response rate, and score standard deviation possibilities...
August 3, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Elizabeth Armitage-Chan
Although widely accepted as an important graduate competence, professionalism is a challenging outcome to define and assess. Clinical rotations provide an excellent opportunity to develop student professionalism through the use of experiential learning and effective feedback, but without appropriate theoretical frameworks, clinical teachers may find it difficult to identify appropriate learning outcomes. The adage "I know it when I see it" is unhelpful in providing feedback and guidance for student improvement, and criteria that are more specifically defined would help students direct their own development...
August 3, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Märit Badman, Marja Tullberg, Odd V Höglund, Ragnvi Hagman
Lack of confidence and self-efficacy are the main causes of negative emotions experienced by veterinary students when performing surgery. A surgical training model (STM) was developed to test the hypothesis that practical training on an STM before performing live surgery would enhance the students' confidence. In addition, low-cost and easily accessible materials were used for the construction. In the STM, neodymium magnets that were detached if too much traction was applied were used to ensure careful tissue handling during ligation of the ovarian pedicles and cervix...
August 3, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Rafael Freire, Clive J C Phillips, Joy M Verrinder, Teresa Collins, Chris Degeling, Anne Fawcett, Andrew D Fisher, Susan Hazel, Jennifer Hood, Jane Johnson, Janice K F Lloyd, Kevin Stafford, Vicky Tzioumis, Paul D McGreevy
The study of animal welfare and ethics (AWE) as part of veterinary education is important due to increasing community concerns and expectations about this topic, global pressures regarding food security, and the requirements of veterinary accreditation, especially with respect to Day One Competences. To address several key questions regarding the attitudes to AWE of veterinary students in Australia and New Zealand (NZ), the authors surveyed the 2014 cohort of these students. The survey aimed (1) to reveal what AWE topics veterinary students in Australia and NZ consider important as Day One Competences, and (2) to ascertain how these priorities align with existing research on how concern for AWE relates to gender and stage of study...
July 21, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Suzanne Shurtz, Virginia Fajt, Erla P Heyns, Hannah F Norton, Sandra Weingart
There is no comprehensive review of the extent to which evidence-based veterinary medicine (EBVM) is taught in AVMA-accredited colleges of veterinary medicine in the US and Canada. We surveyed teaching faculty and librarians at these institutions to determine what EBVM skills are currently included in curricula, how they are taught, and to what extent librarians are involved in this process. Librarians appear to be an underused resource, as 59% of respondents did not use librarians/library resources in teaching EBVM...
July 14, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Jamie G Anderson, Gary Goldstein, Karen Boudreaux, Jan E Ilkiw
Dental disease is important in the population of pets seen by veterinarians. Knowledge and skills related to oral disease and dentistry are critical entry-level skills expected of graduating veterinarians. A descriptive survey on the state of veterinary dental education was sent to respondents from 35 veterinary schools in the United States, Canada, and the Caribbean. Using the online SurveyMonkey application, respondents answered up to 26 questions. Questions were primarily designed to determine the breadth and depth of veterinary dental education from didactic instruction in years 1-3 to the clinical year programs...
July 14, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Deborah E Linder, Megan K Mueller, Debra M Gibbs, Hannah C Siebens, Lisa M Freeman
Animal-assisted activities (AAA) and animal-assisted therapy (AAT) programs are increasing in popularity, but current programs vary in their safety and health policies. Veterinarians can have an important role in ensuring the safety of both the animals and humans involved, but it is unclear how best to educate veterinary students to serve effectively in this role. Therefore, the goal of this study was to assess the knowledge gaps and perceptions of first-year veterinary students on health and safety aspects of AAA/AAT programs by administering a survey...
July 14, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Ramona Zeimet, Lothar Kreienbrock, Marcus G Doherr
In a thematically broad and highly condensed curriculum like veterinary medicine, it is essential to pay close attention to the didactic and methodical approaches used to deliver that content. The course topics ideally should be selected for their relevance but also for the target audience and their previous knowledge. The overall objective is to improve the long-term availability of what has been learned. For this reason, an evaluation among lecturers of German-speaking veterinary schools was carried out in 2012 to consider which topics in biometry and epidemiology they found relevant to other subject areas...
July 12, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Elizabeth Armitage-Chan, Martin Whiting
For a constructively aligned curriculum in veterinary professionalism, there is a need for well-designed higher order learning outcomes to support students' professional identity formation. A lack of uniformly accepted definitions of veterinary professionalism necessitates the defining and refining of current concepts of professionalism to inform teaching and assessment. A potential method for achieving such learning outcomes is to generate these from simulated professionalism teaching scenarios. A workshop was designed in which veterinary educators used role play to resolve a professional dilemma...
July 12, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Avelina Sotres-Vega, Jaime Villalba-Caloca, Shely Azrad-Daniel, Jazmín A García-Montes, J Luis Torre-Jaime, Isabel Guadarrama-Sánchez, Diana Pérez-Covarrubias, J Alfredo Santibañez-Salgado
The objective of this study is to present a high-fidelity bench model of cryopreserved stomachs that can be used while learning surgical skills. Thirty stomachs were harvested from Wistar rats at the end of non-abdominal research studies. The stomachs were washed with cold saline solution and filled with hyaluronic acid solution. The organs were then placed into cryovials and cryopreserved at -30 °C for 60 days. The stomachs were thawed to room temperature on the day of the surgical skills practice and two full-thickness incisions were made...
July 12, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Lucy S W Bates, Sheena Warman, Zoe Pither, Sarah Baillie
Based on an idea from a final-year student, Bristol Veterinary School introduced vetPAL, a student-led, peer-assisted learning program. The program involved fifth-year (final-year) students acting as tutors and leading sessions for fourth-year students (tutees) in clinical skills and revision (review) topics. The initiative aimed to supplement student learning while also providing tutors with opportunities to further develop a range of skills. All tutors received training and the program was evaluated using questionnaires collected from tutees and tutors after each session...
July 12, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Lena G DeTar, Julia M Alber, Linda S Behar-Horenstein, Terry G Spencer
Maddie's Shelter Medicine Program at the University of Florida College of Veterinary Medicine offers comprehensive training in shelter medicine to veterinary students based on a set of core job skills identified by the Association of Shelter Veterinarians. In 2012, this program began teaching online distance education courses to students and practicing veterinarians worldwide who sought additional training in this newly recognized specialty area. Distance learning is a novel educational strategy in veterinary medicine; most instruction at veterinary medical schools is classroom based...
July 12, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Jordan D Tayce, Suzanne Burnham, Glennon Mays, Juan Carlos Robles, Donald J Brightsmith, Virginia R Fajt, Dan Posey
The AAVMC has prioritized diversity as one of its core values. Its DiVersity Matters initiative is helping veterinary medicine prepare for the changing demographics of the United States. One example of the changing demographics is the growing Hispanic population. In 2013, the Texas A&M University College of Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences responded to the needs of this growing sector by introducing medical Spanish into the core curriculum for Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM) students. The medical Spanish course takes place over 5 weeks during the second year of the curriculum, and is composed of lectures and group learning...
June 14, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Catrin S Rutland, Heidi Dobbs, Sabine Tötemeyer
The first year of university is critical in shaping persistence decisions (whether students continue with and complete their degrees) and plays a formative role in influencing student attitudes and approaches to learning. Previous educational experiences, especially previous university education, shape the students' ability to adapt to the university environment and the study approaches they require to perform well in highly demanding professional programs such as medicine and veterinary medicine. The aim of this research was to explore the support mechanisms, academic achievements, and perception of students with different educational backgrounds in their first year of veterinary school...
June 13, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Iveta Becvarova, Daniel Prochazka, Marjorie L Chandler, Hein Meyer
Knowledge of nutrition is vital for veterinarians to inform owners about care of healthy pets and management of disease. Owners wish to have information from the veterinary health care team (VHT), and graduate veterinarians should be sufficiently educated to provide evidence-based information. Many veterinary practitioners feel that their veterinary school education in small-animal nutrition was insufficient. This survey presents the information on nutrition education in 63 European veterinary schools, including attitudes about teaching of nutrition, importance of nutrition, satisfaction of graduate performance and skills in nutrition, existing and required curriculum hours in nutrition, existing and required teaching staff, and barriers to achieving adequate teaching...
June 13, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
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