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Journal of Veterinary Medical Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779922/intervention-mapping-to-develop-a-print-resource-for-dog-walking-promotion-in-canada
#1
Julia Campbell, John J M Dwyer, Jason B Coe
Promoting dog walking among dog owners is consistent with One Health, which focuses on the mutual health benefits of the human-animal relationship for people and animals. In this study, we used intervention mapping (a framework to develop programs and resources for health promotion) to develop a clearer understanding of the determinants of dog walking to develop curricular and educational resources for promoting regular dog walking among dog owners. Twenty-six adult dog owners in Ontario participated in a semi-structured interview about dog walking in 2014...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779921/an-interactive-teddy-bear-clinic-tour-teaching-veterinary-students-how-to-interact-with-young-children
#2
Jessica S Dalley, Patricia R Creary, Tiffany Durzi, C Meghan McMurtry
Although there are existing guidelines for teaching and learning skillful client communication, there remains a need to integrate a developmental focus into veterinary medical curricula to prepare students for interactions with children who accompany their companion animals. The objectives of this Teaching Tip are (1) to describe the use of a Teddy Bear Clinic Tour as an innovative, applied practice method for teaching veterinary students about clinical communication with children, and (2) to provide accompanying resources to enable use of this method to teach clinical communication at other facilities...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779920/formative-and-summative-assessment-in-veterinary-pathology-and-other-courses-at-a-mexican-veterinary-college
#3
Germán Valero, Paula Cárdenas
The Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) uses the Moodle learning management system for formative and summative computer assessment. The authors of this article-the teacher primarily responsible for Moodle implementation and a researcher who is a recent Moodle adopter-describe and discuss the students' and teachers' attitudes to summative and formative computer assessment in Moodle. Item analysis of quiz results helped us to identify and fix poorly performing questions, which greatly reduced student complaints and improved objective assessment...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779919/studying-to-become-a-veterinarian-a-course-for-student-support
#4
Mirja Ruohoniemi, Johanna Mikkonen, Riitta Salomäki, Laura Hänninen, Annamari Heikkilä, Sanna Ryhänen
During the last decade, concerns over veterinary students' stress have been expressed in several studies, and the need for student support has become evident. In addition, the importance of professional and personal identity development in veterinary curricula has been widely recognized. There is a need to integrate academic and professional skills instruction with training in personal-life balance. Even though tools for student support and stress management exist within universities, reports on active and creative practices in veterinary education are scarce...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779918/producing-interdisciplinary-competent-professionals-integrating-one-health-core-competencies-into-the-veterinary-curriculum-at-the-university-of-rwanda
#5
Hellen J Amuguni, Melissa Mazan, Robert Kibuuka
Infectious diseases of grave concern to human health are emerging from wildlife and livestock populations in multiple regions of the world. Responding effectively to these emerging pandemics requires engagement of multidisciplinary groups of professionals. Using a One Health approach, One Health Central and Eastern Africa (OHCEA), a network of seven schools of public health and seven veterinary schools, with the support of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), has engaged in curriculum review with the aim of building the skills of multidisciplinary groups of professionals to improve their capacity to respond to emerging infectious diseases...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779917/impact-of-checklist-use-on-wellness-and-post-elective-surgery-appointments-in-a-veterinary-teaching-hospital
#6
Rebecca Ruch-Gallie, Heather Weir, Lori R Kogan
Cognitive functioning is often compromised with increasing levels of stress and fatigue, both of which are often experienced by veterinarians. Many high-stress fields have implemented checklists to reduce human error. The use of these checklists has been shown to improve the quality of medical care, including adherence to evidence-based best practices and improvement of patient safety. Although it has been recognized that veterinary medicine would likely demonstrate similar benefits, there have been no published studies to date evaluating the use of checklists for improving quality of care in veterinary medicine...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689948/professional-veterinary-programs-perceptions-and-experiences-pertaining-to-emotional-support-animals-and-service-animals-and-recommendations-for-policy-development
#7
Regina Schoenfeld-Tacher, Lori R Kogan
Given the unique nature of programs in professional veterinary medicine (PVM), the increasing numbers of students requesting accommodations for emotional support animals (ESAs) in higher education settings is of growing interest to student affairs and administrative staff in PVM settings. Since the legislation pertaining to this type of support animal differs from the laws governing disability service animals, colleges and universities now need to develop new policies and guidelines. Representatives from a sample of 28 PVM programs completed a survey about the prevalence of student requests for ESAs and service animals...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689947/patients-without-borders-using-telehealth-to-provide-an-international-experience-in-veterinary-global-health-for-veterinary-students
#8
Melissa R Mazan, Gigi Kay, Mohammed Larbi Souhail, Kirstin Bubeck, Thomas Jenei, Jay Merriam
There is an increasing need to produce veterinarians with knowledge and critical thinking skills that will allow them to participate in veterinary global health equity delivery, particularly in the developing world, where many people remain dependent on animal-based agriculture for a living. This need for veterinarians trained in global health is reflected by the demand among students for greater exposure and education. At the same time, many students are held back from on-site training in global health due to constraints of cost, time, or family obligations...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689946/expectations-of-graduate-communication-skills-in-professional-veterinary-practice
#9
Sarah Haldane, Kenneth Hinchcliff, Peter Mansell, Chi Baik
Good communication skills are an important entry-level attribute of graduates of professional degrees. The inclusion of communication training within the curriculum can be problematic, particularly in programs with a high content load, such as veterinary science. This study examined the differences between the perceptions of students and qualified veterinarians with regards to the entry-level communication skills required of new graduates in clinical practice. Surveys were distributed to students in each of the four year levels of the veterinary science degree at the University of Melbourne and to recent graduates and experienced veterinarians registered in Victoria, Australia...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487114/prohibiting-students-from-asking-questions-during-exams-a-guideline-for-promoting-fairness-and-preserving-score-validity
#10
Kenneth D Royal, Karen R Munana, Jennifer A Neel
Many medical and professional programs implement policies that prohibit students from asking questions during examinations. The reasoning behind these policies remains unclear to some, as there is a lack of literature addressing this topic. The purpose of this article is to present the rationale behind such policies and to discuss why these policies may help promote fairness and preserve score validity.
August 3, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487113/use-of-examination-wrappers-to-direct-student-self-assessment-of-examination-preparation-a-pilot-study
#11
Margaret V Root Kustritz, Christina E Clarkson
Metacognition is the act of thinking about one's own thought processes. There are long-term gains in learning among students who are trained to understand how the brain works and how they can control their own learning. Wrappers are short questionnaires provided at or near the time of completion of a lecture, assignment, or assessment to coach the student in thinking through the steps of metacognition (planning, monitoring, and adapting). As students completed the second and third of four examinations in a first-year veterinary anatomy course, they were invited to fill out an examination wrapper that asked them questions about examination preparation, where they felt they had had the most trouble with the examination, and what they might do differently before the next examination...
August 3, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487112/a-guide-for-making-valid-interpretations-of-student-evaluation-of-teaching-set-results
#12
Kenneth Royal
Student evaluations of teaching (SETs) are conducted in virtually every veterinary medical school in the world. Results of these evaluations are typically used to evaluate faculty performance and often serve as the primary basis for promotion and tenure decisions. However, given the high-stakes nature of these evaluations, it is critical that stakeholders (faculty, curriculum committees, department chairs, deans, etc.) be able to identify the extent to which the scores are likely to be valid or not. Thus, the purpose of this paper was to develop a guide for faculty and administrators to assess the interpretative validity of SET scores given an array of sample size, response rate, and score standard deviation possibilities...
August 3, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27442230/the-importance-of-animal-welfare-science-and-ethics-to-veterinary-students-in-australia-and-new-zealand
#13
Rafael Freire, Clive J C Phillips, Joy M Verrinder, Teresa Collins, Chris Degeling, Anne Fawcett, Andrew D Fisher, Susan Hazel, Jennifer Hood, Jane Johnson, Janice K F Lloyd, Kevin Stafford, Vicky Tzioumis, Paul D McGreevy
The study of animal welfare and ethics (AWE) as part of veterinary education is important due to increasing community concerns and expectations about this topic, global pressures regarding food security, and the requirements of veterinary accreditation, especially with respect to Day One Competences. To address several key questions regarding the attitudes to AWE of veterinary students in Australia and New Zealand (NZ), the authors surveyed the 2014 cohort of these students. The survey aimed (1) to reveal what AWE topics veterinary students in Australia and NZ consider important as Day One Competences, and (2) to ascertain how these priorities align with existing research on how concern for AWE relates to gender and stage of study...
July 21, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27415038/teaching-evidence-based-veterinary-medicine-in-the-us-and-canada
#14
Suzanne Shurtz, Virginia Fajt, Erla P Heyns, Hannah F Norton, Sandra Weingart
There is no comprehensive review of the extent to which evidence-based veterinary medicine (EBVM) is taught in AVMA-accredited colleges of veterinary medicine in the US and Canada. We surveyed teaching faculty and librarians at these institutions to determine what EBVM skills are currently included in curricula, how they are taught, and to what extent librarians are involved in this process. Librarians appear to be an underused resource, as 59% of respondents did not use librarians/library resources in teaching EBVM...
July 14, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27415037/the-state-of-veterinary-dental-education-in-north-america-canada-and-the-caribbean-a-descriptive-study
#15
Jamie G Anderson, Gary Goldstein, Karen Boudreaux, Jan E Ilkiw
Dental disease is important in the population of pets seen by veterinarians. Knowledge and skills related to oral disease and dentistry are critical entry-level skills expected of graduating veterinarians. A descriptive survey on the state of veterinary dental education was sent to respondents from 35 veterinary schools in the United States, Canada, and the Caribbean. Using the online SurveyMonkey application, respondents answered up to 26 questions. Questions were primarily designed to determine the breadth and depth of veterinary dental education from didactic instruction in years 1-3 to the clinical year programs...
July 14, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27415036/the-role-of-veterinary-education-in-safety-policies-for-animal-assisted-therapy-and-activities-in-hospitals-and-nursing-homes
#16
Deborah E Linder, Megan K Mueller, Debra M Gibbs, Hannah C Siebens, Lisa M Freeman
Animal-assisted activities (AAA) and animal-assisted therapy (AAT) programs are increasing in popularity, but current programs vary in their safety and health policies. Veterinarians can have an important role in ensuring the safety of both the animals and humans involved, but it is unclear how best to educate veterinary students to serve effectively in this role. Therefore, the goal of this study was to assess the knowledge gaps and perceptions of first-year veterinary students on health and safety aspects of AAA/AAT programs by administering a survey...
July 14, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860938/a-welcome-to-new-editorial-board-members
#17
Daryl D Buss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632405/animal-welfare-in-science-depends-on-veterinarians
#18
Heather Rally
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487111/assessing-professionalism-a-theoretical-framework-for-defining-clinical-rotation-assessment-criteria
#19
Elizabeth Armitage-Chan
Although widely accepted as an important graduate competence, professionalism is a challenging outcome to define and assess. Clinical rotations provide an excellent opportunity to develop student professionalism through the use of experiential learning and effective feedback, but without appropriate theoretical frameworks, clinical teachers may find it difficult to identify appropriate learning outcomes. The adage "I know it when I see it" is unhelpful in providing feedback and guidance for student improvement, and criteria that are more specifically defined would help students direct their own development...
2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487110/veterinary-student-confidence-after-practicing-with-a-new-surgical-training-model-for-feline-ovariohysterectomy
#20
Märit Badman, Marja Tullberg, Odd V Höglund, Ragnvi Hagman
Lack of confidence and self-efficacy are the main causes of negative emotions experienced by veterinary students when performing surgery. A surgical training model (STM) was developed to test the hypothesis that practical training on an STM before performing live surgery would enhance the students' confidence. In addition, low-cost and easily accessible materials were used for the construction. In the STM, neodymium magnets that were detached if too much traction was applied were used to ensure careful tissue handling during ligation of the ovarian pedicles and cervix...
2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
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