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Journal of Veterinary Medical Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534723/evaluation-of-a-jugular-venipuncture-alpaca-model-to-teach-the-technique-of-blood-sampling-in-adult-alpacas
#1
Marjolaine Rousseau, Guy Beauchamp, Sylvain Nichols
The effectiveness of teaching aids in veterinary medical education is not often assessed rigorously. The objective in the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a commercially available jugular venipuncture alpaca model as a complementary tool to teach veterinary students how to perform venipuncture in adult alpacas. We hypothesized that practicing on the model would allow veterinary students to draw blood in alpacas more rapidly with fewer attempts than students without previous practice on the model...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534722/a-survey-of-established-veterinary-clinical-skills-laboratories-from-europe-and-north-america-present-practices-and-recent-developments
#2
Marc Dilly, Emma K Read, Sarah Baillie
Developing competence in clinical skills is important if graduates are to provide entry-level care but it is dependent on having had sufficient hands-on practice. Clinical skills laboratories provide opportunities for students to learn on simulators and models in a safe environment and to supplement training with animals. Interest in facilities for developing veterinary clinical skills has increased in recent years as many veterinary colleges face challenges in training their students with traditional methods alone...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534721/evaluation-of-3d-additively-manufactured-canine-brain-models-for-teaching-veterinary-neuroanatomy
#3
Regina M Schoenfeld-Tacher, Timothy J Horn, Tyler A Scheviak, Kenneth D Royal, Lola C Hudson
Physical specimens are essential to the teaching of veterinary anatomy. While fresh and fixed cadavers have long been the medium of choice, plastinated specimens have gained widespread acceptance as adjuncts to dissection materials. Even though the plastination process increases the durability of specimens, these are still derived from animal tissues and they require periodic replacement if used by students on a regular basis. This study investigated the use of three-dimensional additively manufactured (3D AM) models (colloquially referred to as 3D-printed models) of the canine brain as a replacement for plastinated or formalin-fixed brains...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534720/spatial-and-visual-reasoning-do-these-abilities-improve-in-first-year-veterinary-medical-students-exposed-to-an-integrated-curriculum
#4
J Claudio Gutierrez, Munashe Chigerwe, Jan E Ilkiw, Patricia Youngblood, Steven D Holladay, Sakti Srivastava
Spatial visualization ability refers to the human cognitive ability to form, retrieve, and manipulate mental models of spatial nature. Visual reasoning ability has been linked to spatial ability. There is currently limited information about how entry-level spatial and visual reasoning abilities may predict veterinary anatomy performance or may be enhanced with progression through the veterinary anatomy content in an integrated curriculum. The present study made use of two tests that measure spatial ability, and one test that measures visual reasoning ability in veterinary students: Guay's Visualization of Views Test, adapted version (GVVT), the Mental Rotations Test (MRT), and Raven's Advanced Progressive Matrices Test, short form (RavenT)...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474960/getting-started-with-peer-assisted-learning-in-a-veterinary-curriculum
#5
Catriona E Bell, Susan M Rhind, Nigel H Stansbie, Neil P H Hudson
Peer-Assisted Learning (PAL) methodologies that involve students teaching other students have been shown to be valid and effective in a variety of disciplines, and are gaining increasing interest within veterinary medical education. PAL has been formally embedded within the undergraduate veterinary clinical skills curriculum at the Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies (R(D)SVS), Edinburgh since 2009 (and informally for several years before this), and has been delivered successfully to over one thousand first-year tutees by over one thousand fourth-year tutors (in their penultimate clinical year)...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375072/evaluating-the-quality-of-veterinary-students-experiences-of-learning-in-clinics
#6
Susan M Matthew, Robert A Ellis, Rosanne M Taylor
Educators seeking to evaluate the quality of students' experiences of clinic-based learning (CBL) face a challenging task. CBL programs provide multiple opportunities for learning and aim to develop a wide range of skills, knowledge, and capacities. While direct observation of learners provides important information about students' proficiency in performing various clinical tasks, more comprehensive measures are required to unpack and identify factors relating to practice readiness as a whole. This study identified variables that have a logical and statistically significant association with learning outcomes across the broad range of attributes expected of new graduate veterinarians...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375071/assessing-communications-competencies-through-reviews-of-client-interactions-and-comprehensive-rotation-assessment-a-comparison-of-methods
#7
Margaret V Root Kustritz, Susan Lowum, Kristi Flynn, Heather Fairbairn, Athena Diesch-Chham
The primary purpose of this study was to compare two methods for assessing student communication skills: a labor-intensive review of video-recorded interactions and global communications assessment using a comprehensive rotation-assessment tool. Secondary goals of the study were to evaluate student strengths and weaknesses to inform the pre-clinical communications curriculum and to evaluate for consistency between types of reviewers. Video recordings of 43 student encounters with clients presenting their animals for wellness or diagnostic appointments to the primary care service at a veterinary teaching hospital were reviewed by one of three primary care clinicians, a social worker, and a clinical communications instructor, using a common rubric...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375070/teaching-tip-improving-students-email-communication-through-an-integrated-writing-assignment-in-a-third-year-toxicology-course
#8
April A Kedrowicz, Sarah Hammond, David C Dorman
Client communication is important for success in veterinary practice, with written communication being an important means for veterinarian-client information sharing. Effective communication is adapted to clients' needs and wants, and presents information in a clear, understandable manner while accounting for varying degrees of client health literacy. This teaching tip describes the use of a mock electronic mail assignment as one way to integrate writing into a required veterinary toxicology course. As part of this project, we provide baseline data relating to students' written communication that will guide further development of writing modules in other curricula...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346050/perception-of-canine-welfare-concerns-among-veterinary-students-practitioners-and-behavior-specialists-in-spain
#9
Isabel Luño, Jorge Palacio, Sylvia García-Belenguer, Ángela González-Martínez, Belén Rosado
Veterinarians are well placed to supervise and ensure canine welfare. However, the perception of animal welfare among veterinarians may vary depending on the level of training and professional practice, including the specialization in animal behavior and welfare. The aim of this study was to survey the perception of canine welfare among veterinarians, including students, practitioners, and behavior specialists. A scale-based questionnaire including 12 issues affecting canine welfare was adapted from Yeates and Main and distributed to first-year (n=50) and fifth-year veterinary students (n=50), as well as veterinary practitioners (n=260) and specialists in behavioral medicine (n=50)...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346049/adverse-childhood-experiences-among-veterinary-medical-students-a-multi-site-study
#10
Elizabeth B Strand, Jennifer Brandt, Kenita Rogers, Laurie Fonken, Ruthanne Chun, Peter Conlon, Linda Lord
This research explores Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) among veterinary medical students across six academic institutions of veterinary medicine, and their relationship with depression, stress, and desire to become a veterinarian. Between April 1, 2016 and May 23, 2016, 1,118 veterinary medical students in all 4 years of the curriculum (39% response rate) completed an anonymous web-based questionnaire about ACEs, depression using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale (CESD), stress using the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), and the age at which they wanted to become a veterinarian...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332906/undergraduate-rigor-scores-do-they-predict-achievement-in-veterinary-school
#11
Rebecca G Burzette, Jared A Danielson, Tsui-Feng Wu, Amanda J Fales-Williams, Kathryn H Kuehl
The relations between potential indicators of undergraduate rigor and subsequent achievement in professional school are not clear; some studies have shown that greater undergraduate selectivity is associated with greater achievement in medical science programs, while others have not. We sought to determine the extent to which indicators of undergraduate rigor were associated with achievement in veterinary school. Participants were graduates from three cohorts. The predictors were undergraduate GPA (UGPA), plus five rigor scores-degree or number of undergraduate credits, number of honors courses, number of withdrawals from or repeats of prerequisite science courses, number of part-time semesters, and ratio of community college credits to total college credits...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332905/teaching-tip-teaching-animal-welfare-through-competitive-judging-contests
#12
Chelsey B Shivley, Franklyn B Garry, Temple Grandin
Animal welfare is an important aspect of veterinary responsibility, yet the current curriculum at many US veterinary schools provides little training in this field. The Animal Welfare Judging and Assessment Contest provides an opportunity for students to learn about general principles of animal welfare, challenging them to apply critical reasoning skills in a competitive environment. Here we provide an overview of the contest and an example of how Colorado State University educates and prepares its students...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045329/why-veterinary-medical-educators-should-embrace-cumulative-final-exams
#13
Kenneth D Royal
The topic of cumulative final examinations often elicits polarizing opinions from veterinary medical educators. While some faculty prefer cumulative finals, there are many who perceive these types of examinations as problematic. Specifically, faculty often cite cumulative examinations are more likely to cause students' greater stress, which may in turn result in negative student evaluations of teaching. Cumulative finals also restrict the number of items one may present to students on most recent material. While these cited disadvantages may have some merit, the advantages of cumulative examinations far exceed the disadvantages...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045328/applicability-of-progress-testing-in-veterinary-medical-education
#14
Robert P Favier, Cees P M van der Vleuten, Stephan P J Ramaekers
A substantial part of graduate education in veterinary medicine is spent in clinical practice. During the clinical experiential phase, it is difficult to monitor students' actual knowledge development: they build individual records of experiences based on the cases they have to deal with, while mainly focusing on knowledge that is of direct, clinical relevance to them. As a result, students' knowledge bases may differ to such a degree that a single test alone may not be able to provide an adequate reflection of progress made...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206849/stress-and-depression-among-veterinary-medical-students
#15
Stacy L Killinger, Sean Flanagan, Eleanor Castine, Kimberly A S Howard
While existing literature suggests that professional students (e.g., medical, dental, law, nursing, etc.) experience high levels of stress and depression, the experiences of veterinary medical students have been less well examined. The purpose of this study was to explore the levels of stress and depression among veterinary medical students and to examine the relationship between these variables. Study participants were 1,245 veterinary medical students from North America. The findings provide support for the assertion that veterinary medical students experience high levels of stress and depression...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206848/the-prevalence-of-compassion-fatigue-among-veterinary-students-in-australia-and-the-associated-psychological-factors
#16
Michelle L McArthur, Jena R Andrews, Conor Brand, Susan J Hazel
Compassion fatigue, compassion satisfaction, and other characteristics such as mindfulness and mental health stigma have not been investigated in veterinary students. The aims of this study were twofold: first to determine the prevalence of compassion, satisfaction, burnout, and secondary traumatic stress among Australian veterinary students and second to investigate the association between these factors and self-stigma, coping, empathy, and mindfulness. A cross-sectional online survey consisting of demographic questions and four validated psychological measures sampled 828 students, with a response rate of 31% (255/828)...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206847/vocation-belongingness-and-balance-a-qualitative-study-of-veterinary-student-well-being
#17
Jacqueline M Cardwell, Elisa G Lewis
An elevated risk for suicide among veterinarians has stimulated research into the mental health of the veterinary profession, and more recently attention has turned to the veterinary student population. This qualitative study sought to explore UK veterinary students' perceptions and experiences of university life, and to consider how these may affect well-being. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 18 students from a single UK school who were purposively selected to include perspectives from male, female, graduate-entry, standard-entry (straight from high school), and widening participation students across all 5 years of the program...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206846/the-healer-s-art-hart-veterinary-students-connecting-with-self-peers-and-the-profession
#18
Beatrice Meyer-Parsons, Sarah Van Etten, Jane R Shaw
This case study sought to understand veterinary students' perceptions and experiences of the Healer's Art (HART) elective to support well-being and resilience. Students' "mindful attention" was assessed using the MAAS-State scale. Course evaluations and written materials for course exercises (artifacts) across the 2012-2015 cohorts of Colorado State University's HART veterinary students (n=99) were analyzed for themes using a grounded theory approach, followed by thematic comparison with analyses of HART medical student participants...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206845/changes-in-affective-and-cognitive-empathy-among-veterinary-practitioners
#19
Regina M Schoenfeld-Tacher, Jane R Shaw, Beatrice Meyer-Parsons, Lori R Kogan
Clinical empathy is a multi-dimensional concept characterized by four dimensions: (1) affective-the ability to experience patients' or clients' emotions and perspectives, (2) moral-the internal motivation to empathize, (3) cognitive-the intellectual ability to identify and comprehend others' perspective and emotions, and (4) behavioral-the ability to convey understanding of those emotions and perspectives back to the patient or client. The Davis Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) was used to examine the affective and cognitive facets of empathy in veterinary practitioners...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206844/the-effect-of-personality-on-occupational-stress-in-veterinary-surgeons
#20
Briony F Y Dawson, Neill J Thompson
Statistics show that veterinary surgeons are in one of the professions with the highest suicide rates. This indicates the sector has significant well-being issues, with high levels of occupational stress and burnout. Previous research has focused on environmental factors in isolation, overlooking the influence of personality. This study aimed to establish that personality is a better predictor of occupational stress than environment. UK veterinary surgeons (n=311) completed an online survey composed of three questionnaires; the NEO Five-Factor Inventory, the Maslach Burnout Inventory, and the Job Stress Survey...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
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