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Journal of Veterinary Medical Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130834/the-relationship-between-intuitive-action-choices-and-moral-reasoning-on-animal-ethics-issues-in-students-of-veterinary-medicine-and-other-relevant-professions
#1
Joy M Verrinder, Clive J C Phillips
With growing understanding of animals' capabilities, and public and organizational pressures to improve animal welfare, moral action by veterinarians and other relevant professionals to address animal issues is increasingly important. Little is known about how their action choices relate to their moral reasoning on animal ethics issues. A moral judgment measure, the VetDIT, with three animal and three non-animal scenarios, was used to investigate the action choices of 619 students in five animal- and two non-animal-related professional programs in one Australian university, and how these related to their moral reasoning based on Personal Interest (PI), Maintaining Norms (MN), or Universal Principles (UP) schemas...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099322/student-perceptions-of-veterinary-anatomy-practical-classes-a-longitudinal-study
#2
Erica Gummery, Kate A Cobb, Liz H Mossop, Malcolm A Cobb
Using cadaveric material to teach veterinary students poses many challenges. However, little research exists on the contribution of this traditional approach to student learning. This longitudinal study aimed to investigate student perceptions of cadaver-based anatomy classes in a vertically integrated veterinary curriculum at the University of Nottingham's School of Veterinary Medicine and Science. Likert-scale statements and free-text boxes were used in a questionnaire distributed to second-year veterinary students (response rate 59%, 61/103)...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099321/clinical-reasoning-by-veterinary-students-in-the-first-opinion-setting-is-it-encouraged-is-it-practiced
#3
Karen R Humm, Stephen A May
A mixed-methods study was performed to investigate the perceived importance and efficacy of teaching clinical reasoning (CR) skills among students and faculty in a university first-opinion veterinary practice, as this has not previously been described. Qualitative analysis of interview data, discussing objectives and factors considered important for effective learning and the understanding of CR, was performed alongside quantitative analysis of the Preceptor Thinking-Promotion Scale (PTPS) and the Learner Thinking-Behavior Scale (LTBS) (assessing the level of CR encouraged by clinicians and displayed by students) in peri-consultation discussions...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099320/perceptions-of-the-veterinary-profession-among-human-health-care-students-before-an-inter-professional-education-course-at-midwestern-university
#4
Ryane E Englar, Alyssa Show-Ridgway, Donald L Noah, Erin Appelt, Ross Kosinski
Conflicts among health care professionals often stem from misperceptions about each profession's role in the health care industry. These divisive tendencies impede progress in multidisciplinary collaborations to improve human, animal, and environmental health. Inter-professional education (IPE) may repair rifts between health care professions by encouraging students to share their professional identities with colleagues in unrelated health care disciplines. An online survey was conducted at Midwestern University (MWU) to identify baseline perceptions about veterinary medicine among entry-level human health care students before their enrollment in an inter-professional course...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099319/effect-of-catheter-gauge-on-the-success-of-intravenous-catheter-placement-by-veterinary-students
#5
Erik H Hofmeister, Jane Quandt
The purposes of this study were to determine if senior veterinary students find it easier to place a smaller-bore catheter, and to relate patient variables with student success in catheter placement. For dogs between 10 kg and 20 kg, the catheter size options were 20 gauge or 22 gauge. For dogs larger than 20 kg, the catheter size options were 18 gauge or 20 gauge. Variables recorded included time for catheter placement, number of catheterization attempts, number of catheters used, number of legs used, difficulty of catheterization, student success, and patient characteristics including signalment, weight, body condition score, premedication drugs given, tentative diagnosis, and procedure...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099318/motivation-and-prior-animal-experience-of-newly-enrolled-veterinary-nursing-students-at-two-irish-third-level-institutions
#6
Karen Dunne, Bernadette Brereton, Vivienne Duggan, Deirdre Campion
Veterinary nurses report an intrinsic desire to work with animals. However, this motivation may be eroded by poor working conditions and low pay, resulting in the exit of experienced veterinary nurses from clinical practice. This study sought to quantify the level of animal-handling experience students possessed at the start of their training and to explore the factors motivating them to enter veterinary nurse training in two Irish third-level institutions. The authors had noted a tendency for veterinary nursing students to possess limited animal-handling skills, despite their obvious motivation to work with animals...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099317/virtual-microscopy-in-histopathology-training-changing-student-attitudes-in-3-successive-academic-years
#7
Christof A Bertram, Theresa Firsching, Robert Klopfleisch
Several veterinary faculties have integrated virtual microscopy into their curricula in recent years to improve and refine their teaching techniques. The many advantages of this recent technology are described in the literature, including remote access and an equal and constant slide quality for all students. However, no study has analyzed the change of perception toward virtual microscopy at different time points of students' academic educations. In the present study, veterinary students in 3 academic years were asked for their perspectives and attitudes toward virtual microscopy and conventional light microscopy...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099316/use-of-extra-credit-questions-in-a-comparative-theriogenology-course
#8
Margaret V Root Kustritz, Scott Madill
There is little information in the literature about extra credit in undergraduate coursework and even less about professional schools, including colleges of veterinary medicine. For the present study, syllabi at one veterinary school were reviewed to determine availability of extra credit. Extra credit was offered in 13.0% of courses in the core curriculum (first five semesters), with number of points ranging from 1% to 4% of total course points. Students in a comparative theriogenology course in 1 year of the curriculum (year 1) were offered 12 extra-credit questions over the semester...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960129/development-of-veterinary-anesthesia-simulations-for-pre-clinical-training-design-implementation-and-evaluation-based-on-student-perspectives
#9
Jana L Jones, Jim Rinehart, Jacqueline Jordan Spiegel, Ryane E Englar, Brian K Sidaway, Joie Rowles
Anesthesia simulations have been used in pre-clinical medical training for decades to help learners gain confidence and expertise in an operating room environment without danger to a live patient. The authors describe a veterinary anesthesia simulation environment (VASE) with anesthesia scenarios developed to provide a re-creation of a veterinarian's task environment while performing anesthesia. The VASE uses advanced computer technology with simulator inputs provided from standard monitoring equipment in common use during veterinary anesthesia and a commercial canine training mannequin that allows intubation, ventilation, and venous access...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960128/dog-ownership-physical-activity-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-veterinary-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Virginia K Corrigan, Bess J Pierce, Kathy Hosig
The primary objective of this cross-sectional study was to examine the relationship between dog ownership and physical activity in veterinary students. The secondary objective was to gain an understanding of veterinary students' health-related quality of life (HRQOL), and whether dog ownership and/or physical activity were associated with HRQOL measures. Veterinary students were invited to complete surveys between September and November 2015. The primary outcome for multivariate analyses was self-reported physical activity...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960127/use-of-short-animal-themed-videos-to-enhance-veterinary-students-mood-attention-and-understanding-of-pharmacology-lectures
#11
Lori R Kogan, Pete Hellyer, Tod R Clapp, Erica Suchman, Jennifer McLean, Regina Schoenfeld-Tacher
Professional DVM training is inherently stressful and challenging for students. This study evaluated a simple intervention-short breaks during a veterinary pharmacology lecture course in the form of funny/cute animal videos (Mood Induction Procedures, or MIP)-to assess for potential impact on students' mood, interest in material, and perceived understanding of material. Ten YouTube video clips showing cats or dogs were selected to influence students' affective states. The videos were shown in a required pharmacology class offered during the fall semester of the second year of the DVM program at a large, land-grant institution in the Western US...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885874/impact-of-virtual-patients-as-optional-learning-material-in-veterinary-biochemistry-education
#12
Christin Kleinsorgen, Maren von Köckritz-Blickwede, Hassan Y Naim, Katja Branitzki-Heinemann, Marta Kankofer, Míra Mándoki, Martin Adler, Andrea Tipold, Jan P Ehlers
Biochemistry and physiology teachers from veterinary faculties in Hannover, Budapest, and Lublin prepared innovative, computer-based, integrative clinical case scenarios as optional learning materials for teaching and learning in basic sciences. These learning materials were designed to enhance attention and increase interest and intrinsic motivation for learning, thus strengthening autonomous, active, and self-directed learning. We investigated learning progress and success by administering a pre-test before exposure to the virtual patients (vetVIP) cases, offered vetVIP cases alongside regular biochemistry courses, and then administered a complementary post-test...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885873/bovine-reproductive-palpation-training-does-the-cow-make-a-difference
#13
Hilari M French, John J Dascanio, Gregory E Gilbert, James Q Robinson
Gaining experience and dexterity for trans-rectal cattle palpation requires substantial training. Simulation allows students to perform palpation without risks and to obtain feedback, but many believe live cattle palpation is essential. Limited research exists on the proper training method for live animal trans-rectal palpation. This study compared student improvement in laboratory palpation skills when assigned to the same cows versus choosing a cow at random. The hypothesis for the study was that students assigned the same cow, as compared to students choosing a cow at random, would be more accurate at palpation, would learn what structures are present on the ovaries and what size the reproductive tract measures, and would be able to follow the cyclicity of the cow...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885872/teaching-tip-simulated-tumors-as-an-aid-to-teaching-principles-of-surgical-oncology
#14
Christopher Tan, Rachel Basa, Peter Bennett, Neil Hannan, William R Walsh, Christopher Bellenger
Tumors of the skin and subcutaneous tissues are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in small animals. In many cases, surgical excision is an essential component of successful therapy and it should be performed in a specific way based on the type and grade of the tumor. Students require adequate training to develop both clinical decision-making skills and technical surgical skills, which we believe contribute to optimal clinical results. We have developed an inexpensive and simple technique that aims to replicate a naturally occurring subcutaneous tumor and allows trainees to plan and perform three common surgical procedures: incisional biopsy, marginal excision, and wide surgical excision...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885871/using-the-virtual-world-of-second-life-in-veterinary-medicine-student-and-faculty-perceptions
#15
Mary M Pereira, Elpida Artemiou, Dee McGonigle, Anne Conan, Fortune Sithole, Kathleen Yvorchuk-St Jean
Virtual worlds are emerging technologies that can enhance student learning by encouraging active participation through simulation in immersive environments. At Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine (RUSVM), the virtual world of Second Life was piloted as an educational platform for first-semester students to practice clinical reasoning in a simulated veterinary clinical setting. Under the supervision of one facilitator, four groups of nine students met three times to process a clinical case using Second Life...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885870/a-natural-experiment-on-the-effect-of-time-given-for-quizzes-on-veterinary-student-performance-in-a-required-principles-of-anesthesia-course
#16
Erik H Hofmeister
Assessments can cause significant distress in veterinary students and are listed as some of the greatest causes of academic stress. The purpose of this natural experiment was to determine if there is a relationship between amount of time given to complete quizzes and the students' score on the quiz. The Principles of Anesthesia course is required of all students. Quizzes are administered at the start of a class period and spaced throughout the course to cover 2-4 lectures per quiz. Once the allotted time has passed (3-6 minutes), students are notified they have 2 minutes to return the quiz to the instructor...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885869/improving-student-engagement-in-veterinary-business-studies
#17
Elizabeth Armitage-Chan, Elizabeth Jackson
In a densely packed veterinary curriculum, students may find it particularly challenging to engage in the less overtly clinical subjects, yet pressure from industry and an increasingly competitive employment market necessitate improved veterinary student education in business and management skills. We describe a curriculum intervention (formative reflective assignment) that optimizes workplace learning opportunities and aims to provide better student scaffolding for their in-context business learning. Students were asked to analyze a business practice they experienced during a period of extra-mural studies (external work placement)...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862535/discipline-specific-compared-to-generic-training-of-teachers-in-higher-education
#18
Ayona Silva-Fletcher, Stephen A May
A recurrent theme arising in the higher education sector is the suitability and effectiveness of generic versus discipline-specific training of university teachers, who are often recruited based on their disciplinary specialties to become teachers in higher education. We compared two groups of participants who had undergone training using a generic post-graduate certificate in higher education (PGCertGeneric) versus a discipline-specific course in veterinary education (PGCertVetEd). The study was conducted using a survey that allowed comparison of participants who completed PGCertGeneric (n=21) with PGCertVetEd (n=22)...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862534/a-novel-model-for-teaching-primary-care-in-a-community-practice-setting-tufts-at-tech-community-veterinary-clinic
#19
Emily McCobb, Elizabeth A Rozanski, Elizabeth A Malcolm, Gregory Wolfus, John E Rush
Providing veterinary students with opportunities to develop clinical skills in a realistic, hands-on environment remains a challenge for veterinary education. We have developed a novel approach to teaching clinical medicine to fourth-year veterinary students and technical high school students via development of a primary care clinic embedded within a technical high school. The primary care clinic targets an underserved area of the community, which includes many of the participating high school students. Support from the veterinary community for the project has been strong as a result of communication, the opportunity for veterinarians to volunteer in the clinic, and the careful targeting of services...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813173/development-of-a-dermatology-diagnostic-techniques-teaching-session-a-nine-step-approach
#20
Robin M Farrell, Linda G Shell
Creating effective learning experiences for veterinary clinical skills and procedures can be a challenging task. Drawing from both medical and veterinary education literature and personal experiences as practicing veterinarians and educators, the authors share nine key steps that describe the development process of a pre-clinical veterinary clinical skills teaching session. Relevant research and pedagogical principles supporting the effectiveness of the proposed nine-step process were identified and discussed...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
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