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Journal of Veterinary Medical Education

Özgül Küçükaslan, Serkan Erdoğan, İlhami Bulut
This study aimed to investigate the views of first-year veterinary students in Turkey from six veterinary faculties on their anatomy courses and to evaluate their perceptions of the uses of animals and other teaching alternatives from an ethical perspective. The study sample included a total of 293 veterinary students studying in the provinces of Ankara, Burdur, Diyarbakır, Kars, Konya, and Tekirdağ. The 38-item instrument tool developed by the researchers consisted of three sections and was administered to volunteer student participants...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Elizabeth C Hiebert, Robert W Wills, Patty Lathan
A colorimetric scale has the potential to be very useful as a training tool for students in veterinary training programs. The authors of this report hypothesized that clinically active, graduate level veterinary students would assess mucous membrane color with greater consistency using an image-based system than with traditional word-based techniques. Third- and fourth-year veterinary students were asked to evaluate 10 canine gingival mucosa images and rate them with either an image-based scale designed by the authors or a word-based system...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Anna Suñol, Vicente Aige, Carles Morales, Marta López-Beltran, Alejandro Luján Feliu-Pascual, Jordi Puig
Vertebral fractures and luxations are common causes of neurological emergencies in small-animal patients. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of three-dimensional printing (3Dp) models on how veterinary students understand and learn to identify canine spinal fractures and to compare 3Dp models to computed tomography (CT) images and three-dimensional CT (3D-CT) reconstructions. Three spinal fracture models were generated by 3Dp. Sixty first-year veterinary students were randomized into three teaching module groups (CT, 3D-CT, or 3Dp) and asked to answer a multiple-choice questionnaire with 12 questions that covered normal spinal anatomy and the identification of vertebral fractures...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Sandra F San Miguel
Mentoring, assessing, and rewarding faculty who have clinical service responsibilities with promotion and tenure can be challenging in many respects. Clinical service responsibilities can limit the time that faculty have available to participate in scholarly activities, especially if the scholarship required for promotion is restricted to traditional research efforts where an individual faculty member is assessed in terms of the number of scientific publications in high-tiered journals with senior authorship and the amount of extramural funding garnered...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Fawzy A Elnady
Plastination is a valuable tool for the teaching of neuroanatomy. However, the high cost of the process and the complexity of sheet plastination for brain slices remains a challenge. This article describes an innovative, simple, and inexpensive method, called the Elnady Technique, to develop brain slices of various domestic animals. The slices are either enveloped in lamination sheets using an electric iron, or enveloped in transparent plastic using an impulse sealer. This fast, effortless process results in realistic, durable, odorless, soft, flexible slices...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Christopher P Ober
Radiographic lesion identification and differential diagnosis list generation can be difficult for veterinary students; thus, a novel means of distributing cases for study could improve students' engagement and learning. The goal of this study was to determine whether using Twitter as an adjunct means of studying diagnostic imaging would improve student outcomes on the final exam for a radiology course. A secondary goal was to determine students' preferred means of accessing additional cases for study. Twitter was used in a third-year veterinary radiology course to provide additional optional radiographic cases that were relevant to the topics covered in the course...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Zarah N Hedge, Frank Bossong, Paul N Gordon-Ross, Suzie J Kovacs
With the recognition of shelter medicine as sub-discipline of veterinary medicine, many veterinary programs are including clinical shelter experiences in their curricula. A concurrent mixed-methods study was designed with the aim to determine the effectiveness of a 4-week clinical shelter medicine program on students' perception of canine and feline surgical proficiency and shelter medicine knowledge as well as gain information on student attitudes toward shelter medicine and interest in pursuing this career path...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Anne Fawcett, Susan Hazel, Teresa Collins, Christopher Degeling, Andrew Fisher, Rafael Freire, Jeni Hood, Jane Johnson, Janice Lloyd, Clive Phillips, Kevin Stafford, Vicky Tzioumis, Paul McGreevy
Animals used for sport, recreation and display are highly visible and can divide community attitudes. The study of animal welfare and ethics (AWE) as part of veterinary education is important because it is the responsibility of veterinarians to use their scientific knowledge and skills to promote animal welfare in the context of community expectations. To explore the attitudes of veterinary students in Australia and New Zealand to AWE, a survey of the current cohort was undertaken. The survey aimed to reveal how veterinary students in Australia and New Zealand rate the importance of five selected AWE topics for Day One Competences in animals used in sport, recreation and display and to establish how veterinary students' priorities were associated with gender and stage of study...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Amanda Hanley, April A Kedrowicz, Sarah Hammond, Elizabeth M Hardie
Collaboration and teamwork are important skills for veterinary professionals that affect relationship development, health and well-being, financial success, and clinical outcomes. This study explores the impact of team communication training on performance and assessment of team functioning during second-year surgery by comparing two different classes. The class of 2017 (control group) received no formal training in team communication before their participation in surgery, and the class of 2018 (treatment group) participated in training offered through a dedicated team communication course...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Michael S Wilkes, Patricia A Conrad, Jenna N Winer
Physicians and veterinarians are increasingly expected to collaborate across disciplines; however, in most cases their education and training remain isolated within their respective professions. Medical and veterinary students are rarely provided with opportunities for inter-professional learning during their coursework and clinical training. One Health serves as an ideal framework for developing problem-focused curricula that promote inter-professional teamwork. One Health issues (e.g., zoonotic diseases, water pollution, toxic waste, impact of climate change, food safety and security) not only engage students across disciplines, but require faculty and senior leadership across various health-related fields to share knowledge and balance perspectives throughout curriculum development and implementation...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Rafael M Leandro, Roberto P P Foz Filho, Mauricio M De Silvio, Ana P Quilici, Mariana M Sattin, Barbara F Paretsis, Vanessa A Souza
Anatomy is traditionally regarded as a difficult, non-motivating course involving a large body of theoretical and practical content, and it is often associated with high levels of dropout and failure. Given the relevance of the topic, we propose an alternative active multisensory teaching tool consisting of the construction of a low-fidelity anatomical model assembled into an articulated equine skeleton. Model construction and assembly assists students in the recognition of the topography and anatomical boundaries of the equine abdominal digestive system...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Susan M Matthew, Regina M Schoenfeld-Tacher, Jared A Danielson, Sheena M Warman
Active teaching approaches such as the flipped classroom are linked to better quality student learning outcomes across healthcare disciplines, with the potential to support students' preparedness for practice. In the flipped classroom instructional approach, students engage in significant pre-class preparation to learn foundational knowledge and skills, then undertake instructional activities in the classroom which require them to integrate, apply and extend their learning to new contexts. This study reports the results of a multinational survey of flipped classroom use in veterinary education...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Fabienne D Uehlinger, Douglas A Freeman, Cheryl L Waldner
Competency in One Health (OH) leadership was emphasized in the Roadmap for Veterinary Medical Education in the 21st Century in 2011. Since then, several educational interventions have been aimed at increasing awareness and capacity for inter-professional collaboration. At the University of Saskatchewan, Canada, a 3-day event, the One Health Leadership Experience (OHLE), was initiated in 2012 and continues to the present. The event targets students entering their first year of a health professional program and consists of presentations by invited OH guest speakers, networking sessions, small-group case discussions of OH scenarios, and leadership development through panel discussions and interactive small-group dialogues...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Kathleen E Burns, John J M Dwyer, Jason B Coe, Gloriana C Y Tam, Samantha N R Wong
Dog wal king is beneficial to dogs and their owners, and it supports One Health, an initiative devoted to improving the health of animals and humans. Despite the benefits of dog walking, many dogs and their owners are not engaging in adequate dog-walking exercise. One way to encourage dog walking is for veterinarians to counsel owners on dog walking during veterinary appointments. This pilot study used individual in-person or telephone interviews to understand veterinarians' perceptions of and experiences with counseling about dog walking in companion animal practice...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Claire Card, Tasha Epp, Michelle Lem
An understanding of the One Health and EcoHealth concepts by students is dependent on medical pedagogy and veterinary medical pedagogy having similarities that allow a common discourse. Medical pedagogy includes a focus on the social, political, and economic forces that affect human health, while this discourse is largely absent from veterinary medical pedagogy. There is, however, a gradient in health that human and animal populations experience. This health gradient in human populations, which runs from low to high according to the World Health Organization, is largely explained by "the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work, and age...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
E Englar Ryane
The American Veterinary Medical Association's Council on Education mandates that veterinary students graduate with competence in clinical communication. Communication competence facilitates the successful transition of students into clinical practice by improving veterinary client satisfaction and reducing the risk of litigation. Curricular experimentation with communications training has led to innovative approaches to this content area, including the adoption of standardized patients from human health care education...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Ryane E Englar
Animal cruelty is the antithesis of animal welfare. Because veterinarians take an oath to protect animal welfare, they are professionally obligated to report animal cruelty. Several US states have mandatory reporting laws for veterinarians, and both the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) and the American Animal Hospital Association support reporting. Some state veterinary practice acts, such as Arizona's, also require reporting. Despite this, animal cruelty is not always emphasized in veterinary curricula...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Eva King, Joerg Henning, Wendy J Green, Merrill J Turpin, Daniel N Schull
During clinical workplace learning, effective communication between veterinary students and clinical staff is of paramount importance to facilitating learning, assessment, and patient care. Although studies in health sciences education have indicated that students may experience communication difficulties as a result of linguistic, cultural, and other factors and that these difficulties can affect clinical learning and academic outcomes, this has not yet been explored in veterinary clinical educational contexts...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Virginia K Corrigan, Michael T Nappier, Lara Bartl-Wilson, Mark Freeman, Stephen R Werre, Eric Tempel
Preventive healthcare visits to primary care veterinary practices in the United States have been on the decline over the past decade. One of the main factors that has been identified is a lack of understanding by pet owners regarding the importance of preventive care. The Partners for Healthy Pets Opportunity Survey was adapted for use in this study to determine whether there were differences in perceptions of a veterinary healthcare team between team members and clients, specifically regarding preventive care within the Community Practice service of the Virginia-Maryland College of Veterinary Medicine...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Rachel B Davy, Philip E Hamel, Yu Su, Clifford R Berry, Bobbi J Conner
Ultrasound techniques, including focused assessment with sonography for trauma (FAST) examinations, are commonly used in veterinary practice, making inclusion of ultrasound in veterinary curricula increasingly important. The best approach for teaching ultrasound techniques in veterinary medicine has not been evaluated. This study compared the results of two training techniques, live-animal training and online video instruction, on students' performance during abdominal FAST (A-FAST) examinations. Thirty-eight first- and second-year veterinary students were randomly assigned to learn A-FAST via a live-animal laboratory or an instructional video...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
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