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Journal of Hand Surgery

Nikolas H Kazmers, Angela P Presson, Yizhe Xu, Abby Howenstein, Andrew R Tyser
PURPOSE: Carpal tunnel release (CTR) is a common surgical procedure, representing a financial burden to the health care system. The purpose of this study was to test whether the choice of CTR technique (open carpal tunnel release [OCTR] vs endoscopic carpal tunnel release [ECTR]), surgical setting (operating room vs procedure room [PR]), and anesthetic type (local, monitored anesthesia care [MAC], Bier block, general) affected costs or payments. METHODS: Consecutive adult patients undergoing isolated unilateral CTR between July 2014, and October 2017, at a single academic medical center were identified...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
Asher Kupperman, Ryan Breighner, Eliana Saltzman, Darryl Sneag, Scott Wolfe, Steve Lee
PURPOSE: To determine the screw starting point and trajectory for the dorsal approach to scaphoid fractures that provides a combination of length and compression at the fracture site. METHODS: Computed tomography scans were obtained of 10 scaphoid fractures for 3 common fracture types. A computerized model was generated for each scaphoid. Screw starting point, length, and angle to the fracture plane were analyzed for starting points and trajectories within a safe zone that protected against cortical penetration...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
Ryan J Hoel, Marcus J Mittelsteadt, S Andrew Samborski, Deborah C Bohn
PURPOSE: This study seeks to evaluate the need for preoperative antibiotics for wrist arthroscopy. METHODS: A retrospective review of 576 consecutive wrist arthroscopies was performed over a 10-year period at a single ambulatory surgery center. The chart of each included patient was reviewed for postoperative infections following the National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance criteria for diagnosis. RESULTS: Of the 576 wrist arthroscopies reviewed, 324 met the inclusion criteria...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
Alexander S Kuczmarski, Andrew P Harris, Joseph A Gil, Arnold-Peter C Weiss
Diabetics have a much greater prevalence of trigger finger than nondiabetics and are more likely to have severe symptoms. Diabetic trigger finger may be more accurately described on a spectrum of diabetic hand pathology alongside carpal tunnel syndrome and cheiroarthropathy. Recent publications have called into question the current treatment algorithm for diabetic trigger finger. Although some evidence supports the use of corticosteroid injections, a recent cost analysis reported that immediate surgical release of the A1 pulley in the clinic is the most cost-effective management of diabetic trigger finger...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
James S Lin, Julie Balch Samora
PURPOSE: Excessive flexion at the distal interphalangeal (DIP) joint disrupts the extensor mechanism, leading to mallet finger injuries. The goal of management is to restore active DIP joint extension. We sought to learn which variables (treatment technique, injury type, time to presentation, adherence to treatment) affect clinical outcomes of pediatric mallet finger injuries. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of patients who presented with mallet finger injuries during 2013 to 2017 at a large pediatric hospital...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
Jonathan Tsehaie, Kim R Spekreijse, Robbert M Wouters, Harm P Slijper, Reinier Feitz, Steven E R Hovius, Ruud W Selles
PURPOSE: Initial treatment for symptomatic carpometacarpal (CMC) osteoarthritis (OA) of the thumb is usually nonsurgical. However, evidence on the effect of a hand orthosis and hand therapy for mid- and long-term results is limited, and it is unknown how many patients undergo additional surgical treatment. Therefore, the aim of this study is to describe the outcome of a hand orthosis and hand therapy for CMC OA in a large cohort study, and to evaluate the conversion rate to surgical treatment...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
Garrett Steinmetz, Kenton Panas, William Puffinbarger
Nocardia species are aerobic gram-positive filamentous organisms that may cause cutaneous or pulmonary disease in humans. Primary cutaneous nocardiosis may manifest as an acute superficial pyogenic infection that can mimic more common organisms such as Staphylococcus or Streptococcus. Acute pyogenic Nocardia infection of the pediatric hand is a rare manifestation of this condition. We present a 17-month-old boy who presented with an acute abscess formation on his left fourth and fifth digits that was found to be secondary to Nocardia brasiliensis...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
Daniel Gould, David Kulber, Stuart Kuschner, Ryan Dellamaggiorra, Myles Cohen
Carpal tunnel release is one of the most common hand operations in the United States and every year approximately 500,000 patients undergo surgical release. In this article, we examine the argument for endoscopic carpal tunnel release versus open carpal tunnel release, as well as some of the literature on anatomical variants in the median nerve at the wrist. We further describe the experience of several surgeons in a large academic practice. The goals of this article are to describe key anatomic findings and to present several cases that have persuaded us to favor offering patients open carpal tunnel release...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
Mehmet Tapan, Murat İğde, Ali Rıza Yıldırım, Burak Yaşar, Hasan Murat Ergani, Çağdaş Duru
Reconstruction of large, full-thickness palmar and digital defects is challenging. The glabrous skin of the palm provides excellent color and texture match for palmar hand and digital defects. The reverse thenar perforator flap, which was previously infrequently used, provides a method for primary closure of large glabrous palmar skin defects. Because of the origin of the source vessels, the reverse thenar perforator flap is a good choice for larger radial-sided palmar and finger defects. This flap provides good aesthetic results for both the donor and the recipient...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
Robin N Kamal, Sarah E Lindsay, Sara L Eppler
The main tenet of value-based health care is delivering high-quality care that is centered on the patient, improving health, and minimizing cost. Collaborative decision-making frameworks have been developed to help facilitate delivering care based on patient preferences (patient-centered care). The current value-based health care model, however, focuses on improving population health and overlooks the individuality of patients and their preferences for care. We highlight the importance of eliciting patient preferences in collaborative decision making and describe a conceptual framework that incorporates individual patients' preferences when defining value...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
Beatrice L Grasu, Bruce S Wolock, Matthew D Sedgley, Michael S Murphy
Ultrasound is becoming more prevalent as physicians gain comfort in its diagnostic and therapeutic uses. It allows for both static and dynamic evaluation of conditions and assists in therapeutic injections of joints and tendons. Proper technique is necessary for successful use of this modality. Appropriate coding for physician reimbursement is required. We discuss common wrist and hand pathology for which ultrasound may be useful as an adjunct to diagnosis and treatment and provide an overview of technique and reimbursement codes when using ultrasound in a variety of situations...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
Pedro C Cavadas, Carlos Rubí, Alessandro Thione, Alberto Pérez-Espadero
PURPOSE: Ischemia time has been traditionally considered a critical factor in replantation survival rate. The objective of this study was to compare the survival rate between immediate and overnight-delayed digital replantation. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of all digital replantations performed at our clinic between 2005 and 2016. The survival rate was compared between the immediate digital replantation group (immediate replantation group) and those that were replanted the morning after they were admitted to the hospital (overnight-delayed replantation group)...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
Aakash Chauhan, Jakub Sikora-Klak, Reid Abrams
The purpose of this article is to discuss the indications and surgical techniques of "homemade" digital external fixators constructed from easily available and inexpensive hardware (K-wires and dental rubber bands).
May 8, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
Jack Burns, Evan Moore, Jacob Maus, Brian Rinker
Osteomyelitis of the carpal bones is rare and usually occurs in the setting of penetrating wounds or immune compromise. A case of hardware-associated scaphoid osteomyelitis is reported in a 33-year-old man who underwent screw fixation of a scaphoid fracture more than 20 years prior to presentation. The patient was treated with operative debridement including a total scaphoidectomy as well as intravenous antibiotics. Methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus was isolated from intraoperative cultures. A secondary proximal row carpectomy was performed to provide a stable wrist...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
Chung-Chen Hsu, James Tseng, Yu-Te Lin
When faced with reconstructing metacarpal defects, various options have been described. We describe a chimeric medial femoral condyle osteocutaneous flap as a new method for providing multiple bone grafts as well as soft tissue coverage in a single stage. The medial femoral condyle has become an area of increased interest given the versatility it allows in harvesting the bone. This osteocutaneous flap is useful when reconstructing small- to medium-sized adjacent metacarpal bone defects. The chimeric design of the flap lends flexibility at the time of inset that is absent for other options of vascularized bone grafts...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
Andrew P Harris, Avi D Goodman, Joseph A Gil, Andrew D Sobel, Neill Y Li, Jeremy E Raducha, Grayson L Baird, Julia A Katarincic
PURPOSE: Primary revision amputation is the most common treatment method for traumatic digit amputations in the United States. Few studies have reported secondary revision rates after primary revision amputation. The primary aim of our study was to identify risk factors for secondary revision within 1 year of the index procedure. Secondarily, we describe the incidence and timing of complications requiring secondary revision. METHODS: Our institution's emergency department (ED) database was reviewed for traumatic digit amputations over a 6-year period...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
Marc D Lipman, Trenton M Gause, Victor A Teran, A Bobby Chhabra, D Nicole Deal
Radial head and neck fractures are one of the most common elbow fractures, comprising 2% to 5% of all fractures, and 30% of elbow fractures. Although uncomplicated Mason type I fractures can be managed nonsurgically, Mason type II-IV fractures require additional intervention. Mason type II-III fractures with 3 or fewer fragments are typically treated with open reduction and internal fixation using 2 to 3 lag screws. Transverse radial neck involvement or axial instability with screw-only fixation has historically required the additional use of a mini fragment T-plate or locking proximal radius plate...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
Ignacio Roger de Oña, Andrea Garcia Villanueva, Alexis Studer de Oya
Thumb amputation at the carpometacarpal level is very incapacitating. Pollicization may be considered. We describe an alternate technique for thumb reconstruction at the level of the metacarpal base using a trimmed great toe along with a vascularized second metatarsophalangeal joint, including the second metatarsal, all supplied on a single vascular pedicle. Two patients who had a combined soft tissue defect and amputation of the thumb close to the carpometacarpal joint were reconstructed with this method. A transposition of the second toe was performed on top of the remaining proximal phalanx of the great toe to decrease donor site morbidity...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
Loree K Kalliainen, Ian Wisecarver, Allison Cummings, Jennifer Stone
It has been long recognized that sex-based biases related to participant inclusion exist in research. To help address inequities in research participation, the National Institutes of Health Revitalization Act was passed into law in 1993. Although this act was primarily designed to increase inclusion of females and minorities in research funded by National Institutes of Health, it has also helped raise global awareness of the value of routinely including females and minority groups in research. Subsequent work has demonstrated a continued gap in inclusion of females in medical and surgical research and female animals and cell lines in basic science research...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
Taku Suzuki, Takuji Iwamoto, Kazuki Sato
A variety of surgical options for chronic tendon mallet fingers have been reported. There are advantages and disadvantages to current surgical approaches. We introduce a surgical treatment for chronic tendon mallet injury that involves anatomical reconstruction of the terminal tendon and lateral band with palmaris longus (PL) tendon grafting. Harvested PL tendon is folded in 2 or divided into 2 slips. The graft is attached to a remnant of the original terminal tendon at the distal interphalangeal joint. Both half-slip tendons are passed under the transverse retinacular ligament and sutured side to side to the lateral band at the level of the proximal phalanx...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
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