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Women & Health

Fatemeh Abdollahi, Jamshid Yazdani Cherati
The use of herbal medicines (HM) has been increasing worldwide. This cross-sectional study investigated the prevalence of and characteristics related to use of HM among 320 pregnant women. Participants were admitted to Mazandaran-based hospitals' postnatal wards from March to June 2015. Data were collected via a self-report questionnaire, including herbs used during pregnancy and demographic, socioeconomic and pregnancy-related factors. Nearly half (48.4%) of the women reported taking one or more HM during pregnancy...
January 16, 2018: Women & Health
Vilija Malinauskiene, Romualdas Malinauskas, Mindaugas Malinauskas
Poor mental health, manifesting as psychological distress, has become a leading problem recently; therefore, determining associated factors is important, especially in female-dominated occupations, as women are more prone to psychological distress than men, in part due to demands of both professional and domestic tasks. The objective of the present study was to investigate associations between leisure time physical inactivity and psychological distress, accounting for the possible relation of psychosocial factors at work (job demands, job control, social support at work, workplace bullying) and life events in representative samples of family physicians, internal medicine department nurses and secondary school teachers in Lithuania...
December 27, 2017: Women & Health
Rena Bina, Saralee Glasser
Attitudes toward seeking mental health treatment are a major predictor of seeking such treatment. Rates of seeking mental health treatment for postpartum depression are low despite contacts with health care providers and available treatment. This study examined factors associated with four dimensions of attitude toward seeking mental health treatment among Israeli women in the postpartum period. Women (N = 1,059) were recruited (June, 2008- February, 2009) from a medical center's maternity department within the first two days following delivery and completed a socio-demographic survey and the Attitudes Toward Seeking Professional Psychological Help Scale...
December 27, 2017: Women & Health
Kim Madden, Kerry Tai, Zak Ali, Patricia Schneider, Mahip Singh, Michelle Ghert, Mohit Bhandari
INTRODUCTION: Registering study protocols in a trial registry is important for methodologic transparency and reducing selective reporting bias. The objective of this investigation was to determine whether published studies of intimate partner violence (IPV) that had been registered matched the registration record on key study design elements. METHODS: We systematically searched three trial registries to identify registered IPV studies and the published literature for the associated publication...
December 27, 2017: Women & Health
Joseph T F Lau, Jing Gu, Hi Yi Tsui, Hongyao Chen, Zixin Wang, Wangnan Cao
In China, female injection drug users who are also sex workers (IDUFSW) have a high prevalence of HIV and low prevalence of HIV testing. They are concerned about HIV infection and may be subjected to the risk of suicidal ideation if they become infected, due to stress and discrimination. During 2005-2006, we recruited 199 IDUFSW who self-reported negative/unknown HIV sero-status in Dazhou, Sichuan, China, to investigate the prevalence of and factors associated with suicidal ideation if they became HIV positive...
December 20, 2017: Women & Health
Sheila Sprague, Aparna Swaminathan, Gerard P Slobogean, Hayley Spurr, Erika Arseneau, Lucshman Raveendran, Muzammil Memon, Taryn Scott, Gina Agarwal, Mohit Bhandari
BACKGROUND: Multiple intimate partner violence (IPV) educational programs have been developed for health care professionals (HCPs); however, program content and effectiveness vary substantially. The purpose of this scoping review was to identify and synthesize the literature evaluating IPV education programs for HCPs to identify key areas for potential evidence-based recommendations and focus future research priorities. METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature search using broad eligibility criteria to identify studies published between January 2000 and July 2015 that evaluated the effectiveness of IPV education programs in health care settings...
December 18, 2017: Women & Health
Soheila Nazarpour, Masoumeh Simbar, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani, Hamid Alavi Majd
Sexual function could be affected by several factors in postmenopausal women. This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the relationship between the severity of menopausal symptoms and sexual function. The study was conducted among 405 postmenopausal women aged 40 to 65 years, in Chalus and Noshahr, Iran, from October 2013 to May 2014. The participants were selected using a multi-stage sampling method. The instruments used for data collection were the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), the Menopause Rating Scale (MRS), and a demographics questionnaire...
December 14, 2017: Women & Health
Nisha Rao, Allahna Esber, Abigail Turner, Gladson Mopiwa, Joana Banda, Alison Norris
BACKGROUND: Infertility is prevalent and stigmatized in sub-Saharan Africa. Self-rated health, a subjective indicator that has been consistently related to objectively measured health, may be useful in evaluating the relationship between women's infertility and health. METHODS: Data were from surveys conducted from July 2014 to January 2015 with women aged 15 to 39 years (n = 915) as part of the initial assessment in a cohort study in Lilongwe district, Malawi...
December 14, 2017: Women & Health
Karim N Daou, Ibrahim R Bou-Orm, Salim M Adib
INTRODUCTION: Waterpipe tobacco smoking (WTS) has become a serious public health threat in the Middle-East and beyond. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence rates of cigarette and WTS among Lebanese women and describe characteristics associated with each behavior. METHODS: Secondary analysis of women's health data obtained in a national survey in 2010. RESULTS: Of 2255 selected women, 78% reported no or past long-term WTS...
December 14, 2017: Women & Health
Whitney S Rice, Bulent Turan, Kari White, Janet M Turan
BACKGROUND: The role of unintended pregnancy norms and stigma in contraceptive use among young women is understudied. This study investigated relationships between anticipated reactions from others, perceived stigma, and endorsed stigma concerning unintended pregnancy, with any and dual contraceptive use in this population. METHODS: From November 2014 to October 2015, young women aged 18-24 years (n = 390) and at risk for unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections participated in a survey at a university and public health clinics in Alabama...
December 14, 2017: Women & Health
Rocío Olmedo-Requena, Julia Gómez-Fernández, Juan Mozas-Moreno, Anne-Mary Lewis-Mikhael, Aurora Bueno-Cavanillas, José-Juan Jiménez-Moleón
Several epidemiologic studies and clinical trials have demonstrated the value of balanced nutrition during pregnancy. This study aimed to examine the degree of adherence to nutritional recommendations among 1,175 pregnant Spanish women and factors associated with such adherence pre-pregnancy and during the first half of pregnancy. Data were collected during June 2004 to March 2007 and included socio-demographic and lifestyle factors. Crude and adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were computed using logistic regression models to identify factors associated with adherence to dietary recommendations...
November 9, 2017: Women & Health
Comfort Z Olorunsaiye, Hannah M Degge, Sunday J Lengmang
With 814 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births, maternal mortality remains a significant public health problem in Nigeria. We examined associations between maternal age and institutional delivery among 9,485 women, using data from the 2011 Nigeria Multiple Indicators Cluster Survey. We used multiple logistic regression to identify enabling factors and barriers to institutional delivery. Older maternal age was positively associated with institutional delivery. In age-stratified, adjusted analyses, secondary/higher education and living in wealthy households were consistently associated with increased odds of institutional delivery among the youngest (15-19 years) and the oldest (40-49 years) women...
November 7, 2017: Women & Health
Yohannes Dibaba Wado, Sally Dijkerman, Tamara Fetters, Dereje Wondimu, Demeke Desta
BACKGROUND: The aim of this post-intervention assessment was to measure the effects of community intervention on the knowledge and attitudes of women regarding safe abortion in Ethiopia. METHODS: In 2014, following implementation of an educational intervention on sexual and reproductive health from December 2012 to December 2013, 800 women were interviewed about their knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding abortion. Multivariate regression analyses of respondents' demographics, sources of abortion information, knowledge and attitudes about safe abortion were conducted...
November 7, 2017: Women & Health
Gudrun Kaiser, Johanna N Kues, Maria Kleinstäuber, Gerhard Andersson, Cornelia Weise
During the premenstrual phase, psychological and physiological changes can occur, which are associated with different levels of disability. When they appear with Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD), different coping strategies may be used by women to deal with premenstrual changes. Currently no German measure exists for assessing premenstrual symptom-related coping strategies. Therefore, we developed the Premenstrual Change Coping Inventory (PMS-Cope). First, the 33-item questionnaire was tested with an exploratory factor analytic approach (EFA) in a sample of 150 women prospectively diagnosed with PMDD or severe Premenstrual Syndrome from August 2013 until March 2016...
November 7, 2017: Women & Health
Fentanesh Nibret Tiruneh, Kun-Yang Chuang, Peter A M Ntenda, Ying-Chih Chuang
The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has one of the highest rates of violence against women in the world; however, few studies have focused on this issue. In this study, we assessed the interrelationship among intimate partner violence (IPV), unintended pregnancy, pregnancy loss, and other sociodemographic factors in the DRC. Our analyses were based on data from the DRC Demographic and Health Survey, conducted from November 2013 to February 2014. We constructed generalized estimating equation models to analyze the data from a sample of 5,120 married women...
November 7, 2017: Women & Health
Hossien Izadirad, Shamsoddin Niknami, Iraj Zareban, Alireza Hidarnia
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of an education-based intervention on receiving adequate prenatal care. METHODS: This randomized, controlled trial was conducted on 90 primiparous pregnant women, referred in Iranshahr, Iran for prenatal care (intervention = 45, control group = 45). The data were collected from February to June 2016 using a questionnaire developed based on the Health Belief Model (HBM). The intervention group received three intervention sessions during the second trimester of pregnancy, and 3 months after intervention, both groups completed a questionnaire...
November 7, 2017: Women & Health
Anna Muro, Natàlia Artero
Clinical research has shown the mental health benefits of dance practice. This has become a significant subject of inquiry in psychotherapeutic settings for the elderly and adolescents. However, the relationship between dance practice and correlates of psychological well-being, such as mindfulness and life satisfaction (LS)-two relevant indicators of mental health, has been explored relatively little in young women. The present study contrasted mindfulness and LS in young women (n = 81) who practiced dance regularly in three modern dance schools in the Province of Barcelona with a control group of non-practitioners (n = 120) studying at a university in Barcelona...
November 2017: Women & Health
Mira L Katz, Barret J Zimmermann, Deborah Moore, Electra D Paskett, Paul L Reiter
Cervical cancer (CC) incidence and mortality rates are increased, and CC screening rates are low among Appalachian Ohio women. Mailing human papillomavirus (HPV) self-tests to women to complete at home is a potential new strategy to engage women in CC screening. The authors aimed to gain insights into the perceived acceptability of mailed HPV self-tests. Focus groups were conducted (August 2014-January 2015) among providers (physicians, nurse practitioners, nurses) and women in Appalachian Ohio. Providers (n = 28) and women (n = 15; age range: 32-62 years) reported general acceptance of HPV self-tests, however, for different reasons...
November 2017: Women & Health
Shiue-Shan Weng, Chen-Li Lin, Chen-Jei Tai, Li-Yin Chien
This study aimed to examine the association of social support, social factors, and maternal complications with caesarean deliveries in native and immigrant women, and to explore the association between acculturation and caesarean deliveries in immigrant women in Taiwan. This prospective panel study was conducted from August 2012 through April 2014 and included 222 native and 147 immigrant pregnant women in Taiwan. Caesarean rates did not differ significantly between native and immigrant women, including the overall caesarean rate (28...
November 2017: Women & Health
Cristiana Duarte, José Pinto-Gouveia
This study developed and established the psychometric properties of the Body Image Victimization Experiences Scale (BIVES). The BIVES retrospectively assesses the frequency (Part A-frequency) and effect (Part B-impact) of victimization experiences pertaining to body image, perpetrated by peers and parents/caregivers in childhood and adolescence. Distinct samples of Portuguese women were recruited in 2013-2014: two nonclinical samples of the general population (n = 1,177), aged 18-60 years, and a clinical sample of patients with Binge Eating Disorder (BED; n = 73), aged 19-59 years...
October 2017: Women & Health
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