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Women & Health

Carolina Silva, Cláudia Ferreira, Ana Laura Mendes, Joana Marta-Simões
Early affiliative experiences play an important role in social and emotional development. Several authors have suggested that early positive experiences may be recorded as memories of warmth and soothing. However, the relationship between such memories and current feelings of social safeness and connectedness remains scarcely studied. The current study examined the association between recall of early positive affiliative experiences (with family and peers) and women's social safeness. External shame and fear of others' compassion were hypothesized to be mediators in these associations...
October 11, 2018: Women & Health
Ângela Gabrielly Quirino Freitas, Mathias Weller
Knowledge about risk factors for breast cancer was identified as an important variable that affects women's avoidance behavior and their screening performance. The present study assessed women's knowledge about risk factors and associated socio-economic variables. Data from 417 women aged 20-86 years were obtained in Caicó, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. In agreement with the recognition of 26 potential risk factors and prevention behaviors, two groups with good (N = 203) and poor (N = 214) knowledge were formed, respectively...
October 4, 2018: Women & Health
Dana Loll, Kelli Stidham Hall
We explored whether abortion attitudes differed by respondents' sex and country-level abortion policy context. Data were collected between 2010 and 2014 from 69,901 respondents from 51 countries. Abortion attitudes were scored on a ten-point Likert scale (1 = "never justifiable"; 10 = "always justifiable"). Country-level abortion policy context was dichotomized as "less restrictive" or "more restrictive." We conducted linear regression modeling with cluster effects by country to assess whether respondents' sex and abortion policy context were associated with abortion attitudes, controlling for sociodemographic characteristics...
September 26, 2018: Women & Health
Rumi Rabha, Suraj Ghosh, Pratap Kumar Padhy
Wood smoke causes adverse effects on pulmonary function (PF) in women in developing countries. This study compared PF among rural tribal women in northeastern India among 266 wood users and 82 liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) users, all healthy nonsmoking women from April to July, 2014. PF measurements included FVC, FEV1 , FEV1 /FVC, PEF, and FEF25-75% . Information on participants' health status, demographic, and socioeconomic characteristics were collected by questionnaire. Multiple linear regressions were performed to compare PF between the two groups, adjusting for potential confounders...
August 1, 2018: Women & Health
Nichola Driver, Cynthia M Cready
This study examined the relations of nativity, language, and neighborhood context to pregnancy norms among U.S. Hispanic teens. We used data from a sample of 972 Hispanic females and 960 Hispanic males from Waves I and II (1994-1996) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) collected in eighty high schools and fifty-two middle schools across the country. Results indicated that nativity, language, and neighborhood context were related to Hispanic teen pregnancy norms, although these relationships varied by gender...
July 24, 2018: Women & Health
Shayesteh Shirzadi, Mohammad Asghari-Jafarabadi, Kamiar Kouzekanani, Hadi Hasankhani, Hamid Allahverdipour
Breast conflict may represent a woman's unpleasant feelings toward her breasts, which may adversely affect her decision to undertake the procedures for an early detection of breast cancer. The purpose of the present study was to examine the mediating role of breast conflict in cognitive factors, as suggested by the Health Belief Model (HBM), for adopting mammography. In this explanatory cross-sectional study, multistage cluster sampling was employed to recruit 738 women in the age range of 40 to 69 years in Iran...
July 24, 2018: Women & Health
D Yaw Atiglo, Samuel N A Codjoe
This study addressed a basic conceptual gap in research on the relationship between women's autonomy and contraceptive behavior and included intention to use while measuring the unmet demand for family planning. The study used data from the 2014 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey. The weighted sample included 2,017 sexually active, non-pregnant, fecund women in unions, aged 15-49 years, who wanted to delay conception for at least 2 years. The relation of household decision-making autonomy to current contraceptive use and intention was assessed, adjusting for women's socio-demographic, partner, and couple characteristics...
July 24, 2018: Women & Health
Polly H X Ma, Zenobia C Y Chan, Alice Yuen Loke
Being a mother is a traditional and central role for women. However, due to criminalization, social stigma and marginalized lifestyles, female sex workers (FSWs) may encounter disadvantages and social inequality. The aim of this review was to synthesize the results of studies focused on the challenges that FSWs face in negotiating their maternal identity with their stigmatized identity as sex workers. A total of 21 studies published from 2002 to 2016 were included in this review. Textual narrative and a thematic synthesis approach were adopted to synthesize key themes...
July 24, 2018: Women & Health
Natalie L Flath, Meredith Reilly Brantley, Wendy W Davis, Sahnah Lim, Susan G Sherman
Female exotic dancers (FEDs) are often exposed to violence-, sex- and drug-related occupational harms and are precluded from employer-based health insurance. We examined access to primary health-care resources, correlates of use, and service needs among a sample of new FEDs (N = 117) working in 22 exotic dance clubs (EDCs) in Baltimore, MD. Self-administered surveys were completed between May and October 2014. Health care measures were aggregated and described, and correlates of use were evaluated using Fisher Exact and Poisson regression with robust variance, adjusting for race/ethnicity...
July 24, 2018: Women & Health
Marisa J Perera, Samantha A Reina, Tali Elfassy, JoNell E Potter, Daniela Sotres Alvarez, Melissa A Simon, Carmen R Isasi, Alison M Stuebe, Neil Schneiderman, Maria M Llabre
To compare cardiovascular risk and disease prevalence in U.S. Hispanics/Latinas with and without a history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Cross-sectional data from 2008 to 2011 were analyzed for 8,262 (305 with GDM history) parous women, aged 20-73 years, from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL). Women with and without a history of GDM were compared on sociodemographic, cardiovascular risk factor, and disease data from standardized interviews and fasting blood tests, using chi-square tests, t-tests, and logistic regressions to determine odds ratios (ORs) and 95 percent confidence intervals (CIs)...
July 24, 2018: Women & Health
Kyra Hamilton, Lena Fleig, Joanna Henderson, Martin S Hagger
Although regular physical activity is recommended for pregnant women, compared to pre-pregnancy, antenatal physical activity often reduces or ceases completely. Drawing from the theory of planned behavior, self-determination theory, and theory on self-control, we aimed to test an integrative model of physical activity in a sample of pregnant women. The current study was conducted in Brisbane, Australia, in 2014-2015 using a prospective-correlational design with a one-week follow-up. Participants (N = 207, Time 1; Meanage  = 30...
July 24, 2018: Women & Health
Sanaa K Bardaweel, Amal A Akour, Aseel ALkhawaldeh
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess factors related to oral contraceptive (OC) use among refugee married women in the age range 18-50 years, residing in refugee camps in Jordan. METHODS: A face-to-face questionnaire was completed by 425 women, who had used OCs at least once in their lifetime as a contraceptive method. Data were collected between November 2016 and January 2017. RESULTS: About 45 percent of women preferred OCs as a contraceptive method...
July 24, 2018: Women & Health
Dilek Bilgic, Sule Gokyildiz, Nezihe Kizilkaya Beji, Onay Yalcin, Funda Gungor Ugurlucan
This prospective study was conducted in the urogynecology and gynecology outpatient clinics of Istanbul Faculty of Medicine from December 2014 to March 2015. The objective was to identify the association between obesity and sexual function and quality of life in women with pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD). A total of 387 sexually active women diagnosed with urinary incontinence and/or pelvic organ prolapse were included and categorized as obese (n = 200) or nonobese (n = 187). Mean body mass indexes were 25...
July 6, 2018: Women & Health
Hani Nouman, Yael Benyamini
The community is often considered a resource for coping with health-related stress but has potential for negative effects when coping with fertility problems. In this study, we examined the associations between the social-environmental variables (seeking the support of the community, perception of pressure from the community, and perception of spouse support as a possible moderator of this pressure) and emotional adjustment to fertility problems among religious Jewish women in Israel, a highly pronatalist society...
July 6, 2018: Women & Health
Agnieszka Żelaźniewicz, Tomasz Bielawski, Judyta Nowak, Bogusław Pawłowski
Fluctuating asymmetry (FA), a morphological marker of developmental stability, may be related to an individual's biological condition, e.g., health or fertility. The aim of this study was to test if the level of a woman's FA was related to her fertility and reproductive potential as measured by reproductive hormone levels. Fifty-three healthy, non-pregnant, naturally cycling women (mean age = 23.42, SD = 1.85 years), participated in the study, conducted in Wrocław (Poland) in May 2015. Early-follicular phase serum levels of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), and estradiol (E2) were measured...
July 6, 2018: Women & Health
Masoumeh Mirzamoradi, Masoumeh Saleh, Marzieyeh Jamali, Mahmood Bakhtiyari, Parichehr Pooransari, Soraya Saleh Gargari
The aim of this study was to investigate the levels and determinants of unwanted pregnancies and therapeutic and elective induced abortions in an Iranian sample of women. This study was conducted from the beginning of 2013 to the end of July 2013, using data from 950 women aged 15-45 years. To evaluate the relationship of independent variables to the number of unwanted pregnancies, a negative binomial regression model was used. A multinomial logistic model was used to investigate the relationship of the history of at least one unwanted pregnancy to therapeutic and elective induced abortion...
July 2018: Women & Health
Tuyen-Van Duong, Kristine Sørensen, Jürgen M Pelikan, Stephan Van den Broucke, I-Feng Lin, Ying-Chin Lin, Hsiao-Ling Huang, Peter Wushou Chang
The role of health-related behaviors in the association between age and health literacy has not been well-elucidated. The present cross-sectional study evaluated the interactions between age and health-related behaviors in 942 women in Taiwan between February and October 2013. Women aged 18-78 years were randomly sampled and recruited from the national administrative system. Self-reported health literacy was measured by the European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire (HLS-EU-Q47) in Mandarin, asking about sociodemographics and essential health-related behaviors (watching health-related television, community involvement)...
July 2018: Women & Health
María Teresa Urrutia, Macarena Gajardo, Oslando Padilla
Despite a clear association between human papillomavirus and cervical cancer, knowledge in adolescent populations regarding the disease and methods for its detection and prevention is deficient. The aim of this study was to develop and test a new questionnaire concerning knowledge on cervical cancer. An instrument was developed and validated to measure knowledge in 226 Chilean adolescents between April and June 2011. Content validity, construct validity, and reliability analysis of the instrument were performed...
July 2018: Women & Health
Catherine R Marinac, Shira I Dunsiger, Bess H Marcus, Rochelle K Rosen, Kim M Gans, Sheri J Hartman
The current study examined mediators of an efficacious physical activity intervention. Women with a mean age of 42.6 (range 23-61) years and a family history of breast cancer were randomized to either an Internet-based physical activity intervention (n = 28) or an active control condition (n = 27) for three months. Data were collected between November 2010 and August 2011. Hypothesized mediators were examined using a product of coefficients model with bootstrapped standard errors. Significant mediation was observed for both self-efficacy and behavioral processes...
July 2018: Women & Health
Enqi Wu, Sarah M Tiggelaar, Tao Jiang, Huanhu Zhao, Ritu Wu, Rilige Wu, Fangmei Xu
The purpose of this study was to understand cervical cancer prevention-related knowledge and attitudes among female undergraduate students from different ethnic groups within China. We conducted a survey among ethnically diverse female students from the Minzu University of China, in Beijing in October, 2014. RESULTS: Questionnaires from 493 participants aged from 16 to 26 years were included in the final database. The seven ethnic groups included in the final analysis were Han, Korean, Mongolian, Uyghur, Tibetan, Hui, and Tujia...
July 2018: Women & Health
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