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Women & Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537772/health-related-behaviors-moderate-the-association-between-age-and-self-reported-health-literacy-among-taiwanese-women
#1
Tuyen-Van Duong, Kristine Sørensen, Jürgen M Pelikan, Stephan Van den Broucke, I-Feng Lin, Ying-Chin Lin, Hsiao-Ling Huang, Peter Wushou Chang
The role of health-related behaviors in the association between age and health literacy has not been well-elucidated. The present cross-sectional study evaluated the interactions between age and health-related behaviors in a 942 women in Taiwan between February and October 2013. Women aged 18-78 years were randomly sampled and recruited from the national administrative system. Self-reported health literacy was measured by the European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire (HLS-EU-Q47) in Mandarin, asking about socio-demographics and essential health-related behaviors (watching health-related television, community involvement)...
May 24, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532342/development-and-testing-of-the-questionnaire-cec-61-knowledge-about-cervical-cancer-in-chilean-adolescents
#2
María Teresa Urrutia, Macarena Gajardo, Oslando Padilla
Despite a clear association between human papillomavirus and cervical cancer, knowledge in adolescent populations regarding the disease and methods for its detection and prevention is deficient. The aim of this study was to develop and test a new questionnaire concerning knowledge on cervical cancer. An instrument was developed and validated to measure knowledge in 226 Chilean adolescents between April and June 2011. Content validity, construct validity, and reliability analysis of the instrument were performed...
May 22, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532339/mediators-of-a-physical-activity-intervention-among-women-with-a-family-history-of-breast-cancer
#3
Catherine R Marinac, Shira I Dunsiger, Bess H Marcus, Rochelle K Rosen, Kim M Gans, Sheri J Hartman
The current study examined mediators of an efficacious physical activity intervention. Women with a mean age of 46.2 (range 23-61) years and a family history of breast cancer were randomized to either an Internet-based physical activity intervention (n = 28) or an active control condition (n = 27) for three months. Data were collected between November 2010 and August 2011. Hypothesized mediators were examined using a product of coefficients model with bootstrapped standard errors. Significant mediation was observed for both self-efficacy and behavioral processes...
May 22, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532334/cervical-cancer-prevention-related-knowledge-and-attitudes-among-female-undergraduate-students-from-different-ethnic-groups-within-china-a-survey-based-study
#4
Enqi Wu, Sarah M Tiggelaar, Tao Jiang, Huanhu Zhao, Ritu Wu, Rilige Wu, Fangmei Xu
The purpose of this study was to understand cervical cancer prevention-related knowledge and attitudes among female undergraduate students from different ethnic groups within China. We conducted a survey among ethnically diverse female students from the Minzu University of China, in Beijing in October, 2014. RESULTS: Questionnaires from 493 participants aged from 16 to 26 years old were included in the final database. The seven ethnic groups included in the final analysis were Han, Korean, Mongolian, Uyghur, Tibetan, Hui and Tujia...
May 22, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532261/abo-blood-types-and-postpartum-depression-among-chinese-women-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-tianjin-china
#5
Chunhua Song, Junhong Leng, Leishen Wang, Wei Li, Shuang Zhang, Wei Wang, Pingying Liu, Jing Zhang, Bin Xie, Weidong Li, Juliana Cn Chan, Xilin Yang
Postpartum depression is associated with adverse consequences for mother and offspring. The heritable ABO blood group has been associated with multiple diseases, including mental illness and diabetes. We explored the association of ABO blood group and postpartum depressive symptoms (PPDS) in a population-based cohort of pregnant Chinese women. From 2010 to August 2012, we recruited 8842 pregnant women with a mean age of 28.5 years (SD: 2.94) and mean body mass index of 22.4kg/m(2) (SD: 3.45) in Tianjin, China...
May 22, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448248/the-relationship-between-stressors-and-mental-health-among-japanese-middle-aged-women-in-urban-areas
#6
Junko Suzuki, Fumi Takeda, Kaori Kishi, Takafumi Monma
In middle age, some people may become mentally or emotionally unstable. Additionally, in Japan, mood disorders, such as depressive symptoms, occur mostly among middle-aged women (i.e., aged 40-49 years). However, few studies have examined stressors related to mental health. In the present study, we developed a stressor scale for middle-aged women and examined stressors correlated with middle-aged women's mental health. In January 2015, an anonymous, self-administered survey was mailed to 1,000 randomly selected women aged 45 through 64 years living in Tokyo, Japan...
April 27, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430082/a-community-based-survey-on-syrian-refugee-women-s-health-and-its-predictors-in-%C3%A5-anliurfa-turkey
#7
Zeynep Simsek, Nebiye Yentur Doni, Nese Gül Hilali, Gokhan Yildirimkaya
Reproductive characteristics, mental health symptoms, micronutrient deficiencies, and symptoms of sexually transmitted infections (STI) were determined among married Syrian refugee women aged 15-49 years who were living outside of camps in 2015, using probability sampling. Of the 458 participants, 51.3% married before the age of 18 years. Early-age marriages and number of desired children increased after the war. In multivariable analyses, education (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 1.2; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1...
April 21, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430032/sociocultural-hegemony-gendered-identity-and-use-of-traditional-and-complementary-medicine-in-ghana
#8
Razak Mohammed Gyasi, Daniel Buor, Samuel Adu-Gyamfi, Prince Osei-Wusu Adjei, Padmore Adusei Amoah
This study investigated gender differences in the use of traditional and complementary medicine (TCM) in Ghana. Using an interviewer-administered questionnaire, we collected data from March to June 2013 from 324 randomly sampled adults in the Ashanti region. The prevalence of TCM use in the prior 12 months was 86 percent. Females constituted the majority (61 percent) of TCM users. Female TCM users were more likely than male users to have had only a basic education, been traders (p ˂ .0001), and have health insurance (p ˂ ...
April 21, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426342/perceived-ideal-body-size-of-ghanaian-women-not-too-skinny-but-not-too-fat
#9
Derek Anamaale Tuoyire, Akwasi Kumi-Kyereme, David Teye Doku, Joshua Amo-Adjei
Body size issues are gaining public health attention because of the fast rising epidemic of overweight and obesity across the globe. This study explored Ghanaian women's subjective perceptions regarding ideal body size for women. A purposive sampling strategy was employed in recruiting 36 women across the body weight spectrum from Tamale (n = 17) and Accra (n = 19) in Ghana. Qualitative data were obtained from in-depth interviews using a semi-structured interview guide. Data from the interviews were analyzed deductively...
April 20, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402194/words-can-hurt-the-effects-of-physical-and-psychological-partner-violence-on-condom-negotiation-and-condom-use-among-young-women
#10
Courtney Peasant, Tami P Sullivan, Tiarney D Ritchwood, Gilbert R Parra, Nicole H Weiss, Jaimie P Meyer, James G Murphy
Physical and psychological intimate partner violence (IPV) are prevalent on college campuses and may affect young women's condom use behavior. This study explored condom negotiation as a mediator of the relation of physical and psychological IPV to condom use among college women. A total of 235 heterosexual college women were recruited during September 2012-May 2013. Participants completed online questionnaires assessing lifetime history of IPV, frequency of condom negotiation, and use of condoms during the last 30 days...
April 12, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388352/health-related-quality-of-life-and-receipt-of-women-centered-hiv-care-among-women-living-with-hiv-in-canada
#11
Allison Carter, Mona Loutfy, Alexandra de Pokomandy, Guillaume Colley, Wendy Zhang, Paul Sereda, Nadia O'Brien, Karène Proulx-Boucher, Valerie Nicholson, Kerrigan Beaver, Angela Kaida
We measured health-related quality of life (HRQOL) using the SF-12 among women living with HIV (WLWH) in Canada between August 2013 and May 2015. We investigated differences by perceived receipt of women-centered HIV care (WCHC), assessed using an evidence-based definition with a 5-point Likert item: "Overall, I think that the care I have received from my HIV clinic in the last year has been women-centered" (dichotomized into agree vs. disagree/neutral). Of 1308 participants, 26.3 percent were from British Columbia, 48...
April 7, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388338/lessons-from-the-field-a-mixed-methods-analysis-of-hair-stylists-reflections-on-their-experience-as-lay-health-educators
#12
Addie Rasmusson, Susan Roberts-Dobie, Mary E Losch
Beauty salons are unique settings to provide community-based health education. The Speak UP! Salon Project trained hair stylists to deliver health messages related to reducing unintended pregnancy to female clients in the 18-30-year age range. The project ran from 2009 through 2011. Midway through the project, we held focus groups with stylists and administered a questionnaire as concurrent process evaluation measures. Forty-seven of the ninety-three stylists then active in the project attended one of eleven focus groups...
April 7, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379114/stress-of-home-life-and-gender-role-socializations-family-cohesion-and-symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression
#13
Frederick Anyan, Odin Hjemdal
This cross-sectional study investigated the relation of sociocultural prescriptions of gender role socializations to differences in stress at home and to anxiety and depressive symptoms for adolescent girls and boys, with family cohesion as a mediator. A total of 244 boys and 285 girls aged 13-17 years recruited from Accra, Ghana completed the Short Mood Feeling Questionnaire, Spielberger State Anxiety Inventory, Stress of Home Life and Family Cohesion self-report scales in April 2015. In each sample, two mediation analyses were conducted using Structural Equation Modelling...
April 5, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379071/maternal-life-stress-and-health-during-the-first-3-years-postpartum
#14
Hui-Chin Hsu, Kandauda A S Wickrama
Health problems may occur in mothers and can persist during the postpartum. Life event stress (LES) is a risk factor for poor maternal health. We examined the relations of LES and rise in LES over time to maternal health during the first three years postpartum. We used data from 1,364 mothers obtained between 1991 and 2007 in the U.S. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development. Information on maternal sociodemographics and early postpartum health was collected 1 month after childbirth...
April 5, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332953/patterns-of-response-by-sociodemographic-characteristics-and-recruitment-methods-for-women-in-uk-population-surveys-and-cohort-studies
#15
Sarah J Howcutt, Anna L Barnett, Sofia Barbosa Boucas, Lesley A Smith
Women are an important public health focus, because they are more likely to experience some social determinants of disease, and they influence family health. Little research has explored the sociodemographic representativeness of women in research studies. We examined the representativeness of female respondents across four sociodemographic factors in UK population surveys and cohort studies. Six UK population-based health surveys (from 2009-2013) and eight Medical Research Council cohort studies (from 1991 to 2014) were included...
March 23, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328386/walking-training-and-cortisol-to-dhea-s-ratio-in-postmenopause-an-intervention-study
#16
Andrea Di Blasio, Pascal Izzicupo, Angela Di Baldassarre, Sabina Gallina, Ines Bucci, Cesidio Giuliani, Serena Di Santo, Angelo Di Iorio, Patrizio Ripari, Giorgio Napolitano
The literature indicates that the plasma cortisol-to-dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate (DHEA-S) ratio is a marker of health status after menopause, when a decline in both estrogen and DHEA-S and an increase in cortisol occur. An increase in the cortisol-to-DHEA-S ratio has been positively correlated with metabolic syndrome, all-cause mortality, cancer, and other diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a walking program on the plasma cortisol-to-DHEA-S ratio in postmenopausal women. Fifty-one postmenopausal women participated in a 13-week supervised walking program, in the metropolitan area of Pescara (Italy), from June to September 2013...
March 22, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328385/a-qualitative-study-exploring-women-s-journeys-to-becoming-smokers-in-the-social-context-of-urban-india
#17
Devashri Salvi, Aarti Nagarkar
In India, the prevalence of smoking among women is increasing, and the reasons behind this are unclear. We aimed to study the factors leading to initiation and maintenance of the smoking habit in women in Pune, India. Twenty-seven urban women smokers, ranging from 21 to 60 years of age (31.96 ± 10.70 years), were interviewed between September 2015 and February 2016. The in-depth interviews consisted of questions on pre-decided categories, including initiation, motivation to continue smoking, and risk perception...
March 22, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328308/sexual-and-gender-minority-breast-cancer-patients-choosing-bilateral-mastectomy-without-reconstruction-i-now-have-a-body-that-fits-me
#18
Maria Teresa Brown, Jane A McElroy
Sexual and gender minority (SGM) breast cancer patients have begun embracing the choice to "go flat" or opt out of reconstruction after bilateral mastectomy, though little is known about this population. SGM breast cancer survivors were identified through purposive and referral sampling and invited to participate in a web-based survey containing both closed- and open-ended items. Of the sixty-eight SGM breast cancer survivors aged 18-75 years who completed the survey between May 2015 and January 2016, 25 percent reported "going flat" (flattoppers®)...
March 22, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323550/birthweight-as-a-measure-of-holiday-stress
#19
Kitae Sohn
Young wives in South Korea often dread New Year's Day and Thanksgiving Day because they assume the burden of cooking, cleaning, and other household chores. We used their offspring's birthweight as an indicator of their stress levels. We included all Korean singletons born in hospitals during 1997-2014 (N = 8,589,426) and regressed birthweight on in utero holiday experience by trimester, along with covariates. Babies who experienced New Year's Day in the first trimester were 9.4 grams lighter than those who did not; the amount is equivalent to 120% of the reduced birthweight associated with experiencing landmine explosions during the first trimester in Colombia...
March 21, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318414/the-prevalence-of-self-reported-premenstrual-symptoms-and-evaluation-of-regular-exercise-with-premenstrual-symptoms-among-female-employees-in-taiwan
#20
Su-Ying Tsai, Fu-Chen Kuo, Hsin-Chih Kuo, Li-Ling Liao
Few studies have focused on premenstrual symptoms in employees. This study explored the prevalence of premenstrual symptoms in 7,193 female employees aged 18-55 years in a large electronics manufacturer in Taiwan from August 2014 to December 2014 and examined whether regular exercise was associated with premenstrual symptoms. Information was collected on demographics, lifestyle, menstrual history, menstrual pain, and premenstrual symptoms. Half of the participants reported irregular menstruation; 79.4% reported a moderate menstruation amount, and half reported little impact of menstrual pain at work...
March 20, 2017: Women & Health
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