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Women & Health

Dilek Bilgic, Sule Gokyildiz, Nezihe Kizilkaya Beji, Onay Yalcin, Funda Gungor Ugurlucan
This prospective study was conducted in the urogynecology and gynecology outpatient clinics of Istanbul Faculty of Medicine from December 2014 to March 2015. The objective was to identify the association between obesity and sexual function and quality of life in women with pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD). A total of 387 sexually active women diagnosed with urinary incontinence and/or pelvic organ prolapse were included and categorized as obese (n = 200) or non-obese (n = 187). Mean body mass indexes were 25...
July 6, 2018: Women & Health
Hani Nouman, Yael Benyamini
The community is often considered a resource for coping with health-related stress but has potential for negative effects when coping with fertility problems. In this study, we examined the associations between the social-environmental variables (seeking the support of the community, perception of pressure from the community, and perception of spouse support as a possible moderator of this pressure) and emotional adjustment to fertility problems among religious Jewish women in Israel, a highly pronatalist society...
July 6, 2018: Women & Health
Agnieszka Żelaźniewicz, Tomasz Bielawski, Judyta Nowak, Bogusław Pawłowski
Fluctuating asymmetry (FA), a morphological marker of developmental stability, may be related to an individual's biological condition, e.g., health or fertility. The aim of this study was to test if the level of a woman's FA was related to her fertility and reproductive potential as measured by reproductive hormone levels. Fifty-three healthy, non-pregnant, naturally cycling women (mean age = 23.42, SD = 1.85 years), participated in the study, conducted in Wrocław (Poland) in May 2015. Early-follicular phase serum levels of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), and estradiol (E2) were measured...
July 6, 2018: Women & Health
Chunhua Song, Wei Li, Junhong Leng, Leishen Wang, Weiqin Li, Fenglan Shi, Guifeng Liu, Juan Zhou, Xilin Yang
BACKGROUND: Smoking has been associated with depression in the general population. Whether passive smoking is also associated with postpartum depression (PPD) is uncertain. METHODS: From 2010 to 2012, we recruited 8842 pregnant women in Tianjin, China. The mainland Chinese version of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale was used to evaluate postpartum depressive symptoms after birth, with a score of >9 defining postpartum depression. Data were collected using specially-designed questionnaires or data from the electronic database of Tianjin Maternal and Child Health Information System...
June 20, 2018: Women & Health
Buffie Longmire-Avital, Chelsea McQueen
Four out of five Black women in the US, over the age of 20 years meet criteria for obesity. A critical determinant of pervasive health disparities, such as obesity, may be the Black woman's sociocultural experience. One part of this experience is the stress that results from daily encounters with microaggressions. Research has been limited on the association of race-related stress with maladaptive health behaviors among Black women and at what age this association is visible. The aim of this exploratory cross-sectional study was to investigate whether perceived race-related stress was associated with an obesity risk behavior, emotional eating...
June 19, 2018: Women & Health
Sharon Keesing, Lorna Rosenwax, Beverley McNamara
AIM: Survivorship is an under-recognized period in the care of women with breast cancer. This paper aimed to determine if supports provided by health services were adequate in meeting the expressed needs of women and partners during survivorship. METHODS: A mixed method study consisted of: (1) in-depth interviews with women (n = 18) and partners (n = 8), (completed June 2014-November 2014) and (2) a questionnaire with health providers (n = 34) (completed April 2015) regarding services offered, needs addressed and barriers to service delivery...
June 19, 2018: Women & Health
Amir Erfani, Hatam Hosseini, Marzieh Nojomi
The recent limitation in the provision of publicly-funded family planning services in Iran has concerned stakeholders in reproductive health about the incidence of unintended pregnancies. This study used data from Hamedan Survey of Fertility, conducted in April-June 2015 among a representative sample of 3,000 married women aged 15-49 years living in the city of Hamedan (Iran), to estimate levels of unintended pregnancies and examine factors related to pregnancy intentions for the most recent birth, using multinomial logistic regression analyses...
June 19, 2018: Women & Health
Serkan Pekçetin, Sevgi Özdinç, Hilal Ata, Hilal Başak Can, Koray Elter
This study investigated the effect of telephone-supported ergonomic education on pregnancy-related low back pain. This study was performed at Trakya University Hospital in Edirne, Turkey between December 15, 2016 and April 4, 2017. One hundred ten pregnant women were included in the study and randomly assigned to one of two groups. Sixty pregnant women received one face-to-face session of ergonomic education followed by three weekly sessions of telephone-supported ergonomic education (intervention group). Fifty pregnant women received only one session of standard face-to-face ergonomic education...
June 19, 2018: Women & Health
Ellen J Schafer, Elana Buch, Shelly Campo, Sato Ashida
While most mothers initiate breastfeeding, many do not continue for recommended durations. This study aimed to understand the gap between breastfeeding initiation and duration through an in-depth exploration of first-time mothers' breastfeeding experiences. Contextual factors that may facilitate or deter breastfeeding maintenance were explored by identifying common turning points (significant events or periods promoting a change in thoughts/behaviors or facilitating maintenance) described by mothers with varied breastfeeding durations...
June 19, 2018: Women & Health
Anu Rammohan, Srinivas Goli, Deepti Singh, Dibyasree Ganguly, Uma Singh
India has the highest proportion of low birth weight (LBW) babies born in the developing world. Poor maternal nutrition during pregnancy is associated with adverse infant health outcomes. The main objective of this paper was to assess the socioeconomic factors associated with dietary diversity among pregnant women and to investigate the association between maternal dietary diversity and LBW among their babies. The data for these analyses were derived from a survey conducted in November and December, 2014 among 230 women who had newly delivered in hospitals in Uttar Pradesh, the largest Indian state which has the poorest maternal outcomes in the country...
June 19, 2018: Women & Health
Holly M Burke, Catherine A Packer, Hannah L Spector, David Hubacher
INTRODUCTION: Increased use of long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) can reduce unintended pregnancies. However, significant barriers exist to LARC uptake, particularly high up-front costs. METHODS: In North Carolina in 2014, we interviewed 34 purposively-selected participants (aged 20-30 years) enrolled in a partially randomized patient preference trial to learn about their experiences with and attitudes toward contraception in this unique trial context...
June 19, 2018: Women & Health
Alia Moore, Sarah Ryan, Carol Stamm
Federal regulations governing access to levonorgestrel (LNG) emergency contraception (EC) have evolved since its introduction in the 1990s. LNG EC was initially available by prescription only, but is now available over-the-counter to consumers of all ages. Nonetheless, consumers seeking EC in their communities may face ongoing barriers to access including low stock and inaccurate information provided by pharmacy staff. We conducted a review of LNG EC secret shopper studies to describe changes in EC access and barriers over time...
June 19, 2018: Women & Health
Fatemeh Effati-Daryani, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Mohsen Taghizadeh, Reza Bekhradi, Somayeh Zarei
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance and fatigue are frequent complaints during pregnancy and postpartum. We assessed the effectiveness of Lavender cream and footbath on sleep quality and fatigue in pregnancy and postpartum. METHODS: In this trial, 141 women with sleep disturbance at 25-28 weeks gestation were recruited from public health centers in Tabriz, Iran, from May 2013 until January 2014 and randomized into one of three groups receiving: Lavender and footbath, Lavender alone, or placebo cream...
May 22, 2018: Women & Health
Renata Fialho, Marco Pereira, Yvonne Gilleece, Jennifer Rusted, Richard Whale
In this prospective study conducted from October 2013 to June 2015 in Brighton, England, we examined differences between men and women in new-onset major depressive disorder (MDD) during interferon-alpha-based (IFN-α) therapy for hepatitis C virus (HCV). We included 155 HCV-infected patients (47 women), eligible to receive HCV therapy, including direct-acting antivirals. The Semi-Structured Clinical Interview (SCID-I) was used to assess MDD. Severity of depressive symptoms was assessed using the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale...
April 9, 2018: Women & Health
Anupam Bandyopadhyay, Mohd Irfan
This study examined gender differences in patterns of smokeless tobacco use among various socio-economic and demographic segments in Bangladesh and India, which are home to 80% of global smokeless tobacco users and share similar socio-cultural milieus. The objective was to provide evidence of whether gender-focused interventions and policies might be helpful for smokeless tobacco cessation programs. Data from the Global Adult Tobacco Survey were used for the analysis. In Bangladesh, data were collected between July and August 2009, and 9,629 individuals were successfully interviewed...
April 9, 2018: Women & Health
Eun-Ok Im, Sun Ju Chang, Eunice Chee, Wonshik Chee
The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationships of multiple factors to menopausal symptoms in different racial/ethnic groups of midlife women. This secondary analysis was conducted with the data from 980 midlife women that were collected from 2005 to 2013 using the Midlife Women's Symptom Index. Structural equation modeling was used to analyze the data. The model had the highest fit indices for Non-Hispanic (NH) White midlife women, and prominent racial/ethnic differences were observed in the relationships of multiple factors to menopausal symptoms...
April 9, 2018: Women & Health
Nivedita Som, Papiya Roy, Subha Ray
We aimed to determine whether socio-demographic and reproductive variables jointly or independently were associated with menopause-specific quality of life (MENQOL). A total of 250 Bengali-speaking Hindu women (peri- and postmenopausal) were recruited from West Bengal, India. Data on MENQOL (vasomotor, physical, psychosocial, sexual and quality of life domains), socio-demographic and reproductive variables were collected. Principal component analysis was used to identify principal components (PCs) for socio-demographic and/or reproductive variables: PC1 (socio-demographic), PC 2 (socio-demographic and reproductive), PC 3 and PC4 (reproductive)...
April 9, 2018: Women & Health
Hamideh Mahdaviazad, Leila Malekmakan, Mehrab Sayadi, Taraneh Tadayon
Marriage and related processes seem to show individual tendencies but are in fact social phenomena. The aim of this study was to identify, among women, trends in age at first marriage and its related factors. In this cross-sectional study, the target population was women in households in Fars Province, Iran. To identify main effects of variables associated with age at marriage, multiple linear regression modeling was used without interactions. Women's age, women's and their husbands' occupations and educational levels, and place of residence were included in multiple linear regression modeling...
April 9, 2018: Women & Health
Jennifer L Brown, Lisa B Haddad, Nicole K Gause, Sarah Cordes, Cecilia Bess, Caroline C King, Kendra Hatfield-Timajchy, Rana Chakraborty, Athena Kourtis
This study qualitatively examined factors that influenced contraceptive choices in a sample of young, HIV-infected women. Individual qualitative interviews were conducted among 30 vertically- and horizontally-HIV-infected women (n = 26 African American) from the ages of 14 to 24 years (Mean age = 20.9 years). We recruited sample groups with the following characteristics: (a) current contraceptive/condom use with ≥1 child (n = 11); (b) current contraceptive/condom use with no children (n = 12); and (c) no current contraceptive/condom use with no children (n = 7)...
April 6, 2018: Women & Health
Sarah J Howcutt, Anna L Barnett, Sofia Barbosa-Boucas, Lesley A Smith
Women are an important public health focus, because they are more likely to experience some social determinants of disease, and they influence family health. Little research has explored the sociodemographic representativeness of women in research studies. We examined the representativeness of female respondents across four sociodemographic factors in UK population surveys and cohort studies. Six UK population-based health surveys (from 2009-2013) and eight Medical Research Council cohort studies (from 1991 to 2014) were included...
April 2018: Women & Health
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