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Women & Health

Leila Freidoony, Chhabi Lal Ranabhat, Chhun Bae Kim, Chang Soo Kim, Dong Won Ahn, Young Ah Doh
Use of institutional delivery services can be effective in reducing maternal and infant mortality. In Nepal, however, the majority of women deliver at home. Using Andersen's behavioral model of use of health care services, this cross-sectional study aimed to identify factors associated with use of institutional delivery services in four villages and one municipality in Kailali district, Nepal. Mothers (N = 500) who had given birth in the 5 years preceding the survey (conducted between January and February 2015) were randomly selected by cluster sampling and interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire...
December 8, 2016: Women & Health
Inês A Trindade, Cláudia Ferreira, José Pinto-Gouveia
The current study aimed to test whether the associations of body mass index, body image discrepancy, and social comparison based on physical appearance with women's psychological quality of life (QoL) would be explained by the mechanisms of body image-related experiential avoidance and patterns of uncommitted living. The sample was collected from October 2014 to March 2015 and included 737 female college students (aged between 18 and 25 years) who completed validated self-report measures. Results demonstrated that the final path model explained 43% of psychological QoL and revealed an excellent fit...
December 7, 2016: Women & Health
Paola Gremigni, Giulia Casu, Victor Mantoani Zaia, Maria Geralda Viana Heleno, Ciro Conversano, Caio Parente Barbosa
Infertility has been negatively associated with sexual satisfaction. This study aimed to estimate the relation of infertility to sexual satisfaction from a cross-cultural perspective, comparing Italian and Brazilian women. Between June 2012 and January 2013, 528 women seeking Assisted Reproduction Technology (ART) treatment in Italy (39%) or Brazil (61%) completed self-reports of sexual satisfaction (ISS) and infertility-related stress in the marital domain (IRS). IRS was the same across countries, ISS differed, with 34...
December 6, 2016: Women & Health
Ginna Porat-Zyman, Orit Taubman Ben-Ari, Iris Morag, Jacob Kuint
We aimed to identify mothers at risk for poorer maternal mental health (MMH) one month post-partum and to determine changes in MMH over four years in relation to birth circumstances (singleton/twins, full-term/pre-term infant/s, first/non-first child), internal resources (adult attachment styles), and external resources (marital quality and maternal grandmother's support) at one month post-partum. The mediating effects of external resources were also investigated. Questionnaires were completed between 2001 and 2012 by 561 Israeli mothers...
December 5, 2016: Women & Health
Johanna N Kues, Carolyn Janda, Clara Krzikalla, Gerhard Andersson, Cornelia Weise
Although women predominantly report negative premenstrual changes, a substantial portion of women also reports positive changes. Little is known about factors related to report of positive and negative premenstrual changes. The aim of this experimental study at the [deleted for blind review process] from January and February 2015 was to investigate the effect of manipulated information about premenstrual changes on the retrospective report of premenstrual changes. A total of 241 healthy women were randomly assigned either to a experimental group (EG) reading: (1) text focusing on negative and positive premenstrual changes (EG1 (±)), (2) text focusing on negative changes (EG2 (-)), or (3) control group (CG) text...
November 28, 2016: Women & Health
Miriam Mutambudzi
Research evaluating the relation of workplace psychosocial factors to mental health among US women of different racial/ethnic backgrounds is limited. This study investigated the relationship between work-related psychosocial factors and mental health among Black, Hispanic, and White women, using data from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). Independent variables of interest included job insecurity, workplace harassment, and work-family conflict (WFC). Multiple Poisson regression models were used to examine the associations between the outcome and independent variables...
November 23, 2016: Women & Health
Yodi Christiani, Meredith Tavener, Julie E Byles
Big cities can offer great opportunities for women to have a better life. At the same time, however, the physical and social environment in cities can negatively affect their health. We conducted focus groups with 24 women (aged 18-72 years) living in Jakarta, Indonesia from October to November 2014. Our aim was to elicit women's experiences of living in Jakarta, including their health and accessing health care. The most frequent health problems reported by women in this study were hypertension and arthritis...
November 23, 2016: Women & Health
Elnaz Saffari, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi, Mohammad Adibpour, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Yousef Javadzadeh
This triple-blind trial examined the effects of Calendula officinalis vaginal cream on the treatment of vaginal Candidiasis (primary outcome) and sexual function (secondary outcome). Married women aged 18-45 years with vaginal Candidiasis (n = 150) were recruited from April to October 2014 and randomized into Calendula and clotrimazole groups, using 5-gram vaginal cream every night for 7 nights. Clinical and laboratory assessments were conducted at 10-15 and 30-35 days after intervention and the female sexual function index was assessed at 30-35 days...
November 23, 2016: Women & Health
Ygnacio Lopez, Daniel P O' Connor, Tracey A Ledoux, Rebecca E Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2016: Women & Health
Anna Muro, Natàlia Artero
Clinical research has shown the mental health benefits of dance practice. This has become a significant subject of inquiry in psychotherapeutic settings for the elderly and adolescents. However, the relationship between dance practice and correlates of psychological well-being, such as mindfulness and life satisfaction (LS)-two relevant indicators of mental health, has been explored relatively little in young women. The present study contrasted mindfulness and LS in young women (n = 81) who practiced dance regularly in three modern dance schools in the Province of Barcelona with a control group of non-practitioners (n = 120) studying at a university in Barcelona...
October 4, 2016: Women & Health
Cristiana Duarte, José Pinto-Gouveia
This study developed and established the psychometric properties of the Body Image Victimization Experiences Scale (BIVES). The BIVES retrospectively assesses the frequency (Part A-frequency) and effect (Part B-impact) of victimization experiences pertaining to body image, perpetrated by peers and parents/caregivers in childhood and adolescence. Distinct samples of Portuguese women were recruited in 2013-2014: two nonclinical samples of the general population (n = 1,177), aged 18-60 years, and a clinical sample of patients with Binge Eating Disorder (BED; n = 73), aged 19-59 years...
October 4, 2016: Women & Health
Gul Pinar, Sena Kaplan, Tevfik Pinar, Ayse Akalin, Halime Abay, Mesut Akyol, Nebahat Sezer, Selami Akkus, Salim Sariyildiz, Semra Dinc
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of osteoporosis and associated risk factors in Turkish women aged 18-49 years. A population-based, cross-sectional study was conducted between January and April 2014. The sample (n = 1,792) of women was aged 18-49 years, who resided in Cubuk, Ankara, Turkey and were selected by simple random sampling. The data were collected in face-to-face interviews using an Individual Information Form and an Osteoporosis Risk Estimation Scale. Bone mineral density was assessed using standard dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry...
October 4, 2016: Women & Health
Mira L Katz, Barret J Zimmermann, Deborah Moore, E D Paskett, Paul Reiter
Cervical cancer (CC) incidence and mortality rates are increased, and CC screening rates are low among Appalachian Ohio women. Mailing human papillomavirus (HPV) self-tests to women to complete at home is a potential new strategy to engage women in CC screening.We aimed to gain insights into the perceived acceptability of mailed HPV self-tests. We conducted focus groups (August 2014-January 2015) among providers (physicians, nurse practitioners, nurses) and women in Appalachian Ohio. Providers (n = 28) and women (n = 15; age range: 32-62 years) reported general acceptance of HPV self-tests, however, for different reasons...
October 4, 2016: Women & Health
Shiue-Shan Weng, Chen-Li Lin, Chen-Jei Tai, Li-Yin Chien
This study aimed to examine the association of social support, social factors, and maternal complications with cesarean deliveries in native and immigrant women, and to explore the association between acculturation and cesarean deliveries in immigrant women in Taiwan. This prospective panel study was conducted from August 2012 through April 2014 and included 222 native and 147 immigrant pregnant women in Taiwan. Cesarean rates did not differ significantly between native and immigrant women, including the overall cesarean rate (28...
October 4, 2016: Women & Health
Katarzyna Barczyk-Pawelec, Sipko Tomasz
Evidence is limited regarding the regional changes in spinal posture after self-correction. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether active self-correction improved standing and sitting spinal posture. Photogrammetry was used to assess regional spinal curvatures and vertical global spine orientation (GSO) in 42 asymptotic women aged 20-24 years. Upper thoracic spine angle and GSO increased in response to self-correction, while the thoracolumbar and lumbosacral angles decreased. Self-correction in the standing position resulted in decreased inclination of the upper thoracic and thoracolumbar spinal angles...
October 4, 2016: Women & Health
Adriana A E Biney, D Yaw Atiglo
This article draws on data from 552 women interviewed in the 2007 Ghana Maternal Health Survey to examine the association between motivations for women's pregnancy terminations and the safety of methods used. Women's reasons for induced abortions represented their vulnerability types at the critical time of decision making. Different motivations can result in taking various forms of action with the most vulnerable potentially resorting to the most harmful behaviors. Analysis of survey data pointed to spacing/delaying births as the main reason for abortion...
September 16, 2016: Women & Health
Li Li, Chunqing Lin, Guoping Ji
Although studies have demonstrated that females experience more HIV-related stigma than males do, questions remain regarding the different dimensions of the stigma (i.e., perceived versus internalized) in China. The present study investigated gender differences in perceived and internalized HIV-related stigma, taking into account the potential influence of education. The study was conducted between October 2011 and March 2013. A total of 522 people living with HIV (PLH) were recruited from Anhui Province, China...
September 14, 2016: Women & Health
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Women & Health
Sanaz Sohrabizadeh, Sogand Tourani PhD, Hamid Reza Khankeh
Disasters do not affect people equally; the impact of disasters on the lives of women is different from other groups of a community. Women's fundamental rights to health and safety are violated after disasters. The authors of this study aimed to explore various factors of women's health with reference to previous natural disasters in Iran. A qualitative approach using in-depth unstructured interviews and field observations was employed to explore women's health factors in the affected regions. A total of 22 participants affected by disasters, as well as key informants, were interviewed applying the purposeful sampling method...
November 2016: Women & Health
Danijela Djonic, Djurdja Bracanovic, Zoran Rakocevic, Miomira Ivovic, Slobodan Nikolic, Vladimir Zivkovic, Marija Djuric
To improve our understanding of hyperostosis frontalis interna (HFI), we investigated whether HFI was accompanied by changes in the postcranial skeleton. Based on head CT scan analyses, 103 postmenopausal women were divided into controls without HFI and those with HFI, in whom we measured the thickness of frontal, occipital, and parietal bones. Women in the study underwent dual energy x-ray absorptiometry to analyze the bone density of the hip and vertebral region and external geometry of the proximal femora...
November 2016: Women & Health
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