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Women & Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805535/if-when-and-how-to-discuss-available-abortion-services-in-the-primary-care-setting
#1
Megan Hatcher, Carie Muntifering Cox, Grace Shih
Many women prefer to receive abortion care with their primary care provider; yet, prior studies have suggested that women do not know or assume that their provider does not offer abortion care. Our objective was to explore if, when, and how women wish to be informed of available abortion services at their primary care clinics. We conducted interviews with 21 women at their primary care site during June-July 2014. Vignettes were used to identify clinic visit types in which information regarding abortion services would be welcome, and appropriate and inappropriate ways for providers to inform patients of these services...
August 14, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805534/health-behaviors-related-to-endocrine-disrupting-chemicals-and-the-associated-factors-of-adolescent-korean-girls
#2
SoMi Park, ChaeWeon Chung
In this cross-sectional study, we examined the relationships among knowledge about endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs), recognition of EDCs-related female reproductive illnesses, concern for the environment, perceived susceptibility to EDCs-related diseases, self- appraisal of exposure to EDCs and health behaviors related to EDCs in adolescent Korean girls. A convenience sample of 218 girls was recruited during July and August 2015 from middle and high schools located in a city in Korea. The self-administered questionnaire incorporated four characteristics of the participants, five related factors, and a dependent variable of health behaviors...
August 14, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805533/women-veterans-and-menopause-knowledge-and-preferences
#3
Noella A Dietz, Tatiana Mijares-Cantrell, Daisy Acevedo, Debra Annane, Remberto Rodriguez, Panagiota Caralis, Silvina Levis
BACKGROUND: The increasing number and older age of women Veterans receiving care at Veterans Health Administration (VHA) requires healthcare providers to adjust to their changing patient population. We explored women Veterans' self-reported knowledge of menopause, current/preferred sources of menopausal health information, and perceptions/barriers regarding treatment of menopausal symptoms. METHODS: Three focus groups were conducted at two South Florida VHA facilities in 2014, which included 30 women Veterans (aged 45-60 years) who visited VHA primary care clinics at least once in the past year...
August 14, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759344/women-s-autonomy-and-reproductive-health-care-seeking-behavior-in-ethiopia
#4
Yohannes Dibaba Wado
BACKGROUND: This paper investigated the potential importance of women's autonomy in reproductive healthcare-seeking behavior of women in Ethiopia. METHODS: Data from the 2011 Ethiopian Demographic and Health survey (DHS), that involved a total of 16,515 women, were analyzed. A weighted sub-sample of married women and women who had had a live birth were included in analyses on family planning and antenatal care. Women's autonomy was measured by participation in decision-making, attitudes toward wife beating and whether getting permission to seek medical care was a big problem...
July 31, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749734/comparison-of-the-effect-of-lavender-and-bitter-orange-on-sleep-quality-in-postmenopausal-women-a-triple-blind-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#5
Mahin Kamalifard, Azizeh Farshbaf Khalili, Mahsa Namadian, Yunes Ranjbar, Sepideh Herizchi
INTRODUCTION: This trial compared the effects of lavender and bitter orange on sleep quality in postmenopausal women. METHODS: This trial was conducted in 2015. Eligible postmenopausal women were allocated into one of two intervention groups or a control group (n = 52 per group) in a 1:1:1 ratio using a randomized block design. Intervention groups received 500 mg capsules containing only bitter orange or lavender flower powder, and the control group received 500 mg capsules containing starch...
July 27, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742991/sexual-inactivity-and-occurrence-of-stis-in-relation-to-weight-status-in-women-two-large-population-based-studies
#6
Vibeke B Gunge, Kirsten E Juul, Adriaan Jc van den Brule, Thomas Iftner, Susanne K Kjær
The aim of this study was to examine sexual inactivity and occurrence of selected sexually transmitted infections in relation to body mass index. We used data from two large Danish population-based cross-sectional studies conducted in 1991-1995 (HPV-study: 6869 women, aged 22-32 years) and in 2004-2005 (Liva-study: 19,484 women, aged 18-45 years). Data were collected using a structured interview and measured weight, height, high-risk human papillomavirus DNA, Chlamydia DNA for the HPV-study and a structured questionnaire for the Liva-study...
July 25, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742990/employment-status-gender-and-health-in-spanish-women
#7
Sara Esteban Gonzalo, Marta Aparicio, Laura Estaban-Gonzalo
The present study analyzed relationships between employment status, gender role conformity and health among adult Spanish women from a biopsychosocial approach. We first examined the potential relationship between employment status and conformity to feminine norms, second, the relationship between employment status and general and psychological health, and finally, the relationship between conformity to feminine norms and general and psychological health. Unemployed women (n = 103), employed women (n = 144) and full-time homemakers (n = 100) aged 18-70 years completed a survey, including measures of psychological health (GHQ-12), general health (self-rated health) and conformity to feminine norms (CFNI)...
July 25, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682221/factors-related-to-unwanted-pregnancies-and-abortion-in-the-northern-district-of-the-city-of-tehran-iran
#8
Masoumeh Mirzamoradi, Masoumeh Saleh, Marzieyeh Jamali, Mahmood Bakhtiyari, Parichehr Pooransari, Soraya Saleh Gargari
The aim of this study was to investigate the levels and determinants of unwanted pregnancies and therapeutic and elective induced abortions in an Iranian sample of women. This study was conducted from the beginning of 2013 to the end of July 2013, using data from 950 women aged 15-45 years. To evaluate the relationship of independent variables to the number of unwanted pregnancies, a negative binomial regression model was used. A multinomial logistic model was used to investigate the relationship of the history of at least one unwanted pregnancy to therapeutic and elective induced abortion...
July 6, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682194/interpersonal-and-structural-contexts-of-intimate-partner-violence-among-female-sex-workers-in-conflict-affected-northern-uganda
#9
Margaret Erickson, Shira M Goldenberg, Aditi Master, Godfrey Muzaaya, Monica Akello, Melissa Braschel, Josephine Birungi, Kate Shannon
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is the most prevalent form of violence against women, yet remains under-researched among sex workers in Sub-Saharan Africa. We explored interpersonal and structural determinants of recent IPV among female sex workers in northern Uganda. METHODS: This analysis drew on data from a community-based cross-sectional study (conducted May 2011-January 2012), involving 379 female sex workers in Gulu, northern Uganda. Using logistic regression and multivariable modeling, we examined correlates of recent male-perpetrated physical or sexual IPV...
July 6, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682191/blood-zinc-levels-in-nursing-women-from-different-regions-of-the-west-bank-of-palestine
#10
Ramzi Shawahna, Ahed Zyoud, Donia Jallad, Labebah Hadwan, Neeran Ihssan, Hikmat Hilal
Pregnant and nursing women are at higher risk of zinc deficiency which can have detrimental consequences on health. We assessed blood zinc levels in 72 nursing women from the West Bank of Palestine and investigated the association between sociodemographic variables and blood zinc levels. Blood samples were analyzed for their zinc contents using graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Blood and data collection were performed between July and December 2016. The median blood zinc level was 4.53 mg/L (IQR of 0...
July 6, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682189/perspectives-of-young-chinese-singaporean-women-on-seeking-and-processing-information-to-decide-about-vaccinating-against-human-papillomavirus-hpv
#11
Iccha Basnyat, Cheryl Lim
Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination uptake in Singapore is low among young women. Low uptake has been found to be linked to low awareness. Thus, this study aimed to understand active and passive vaccine information-seeking behavior. Furthermore, guided by the Elaboration Likelihood Model (ELM), this study examined young women's (aged 21-26 years) processing of information they acquired in their decision to get vaccinated. ELM postulates that information processing could be through the central (i.e., logic-based) or peripheral (i...
July 6, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682185/irregular-menstruation-according-to-occupational-status
#12
Yeunhee Kwak, Yoonjung Kim
This cross-sectional study explored associations of irregular menstruation with occupational characteristics, using secondary analyses of data from 4,731 women aged 19-54 years, collected from a nationally representative sample, the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey-V during 2010-2012. The associations between irregular menstruation and occupation were explored using multiple logistic regression. Compared to non-manual workers, service/sales workers had a greater odds of irregular menstruation (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]: 1...
July 6, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682184/-women-and-active-life-an-extended-tpb-based-multimedia-software-to-boost-and-sustain-physical-activity-and-fitness-of-iranian-women
#13
Zeinab Gholamnia-Shirvani, Fazlollah Ghofranipour, Reza Gharakhanlou, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad
Inactivity is prevalent in women, although regular physical activity (PA) has significant health benefits. Health education interventions based on multimedia software and the extended Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) with planning may be efficacious in promoting PA. This randomized controlled trial, conducted in 2014, aimed to evaluate theory-based multimedia for increasing and maintaining PA and fitness of 130 military personnel's wives in Tehran, Iran. We randomly selected respondents by multi-stage cluster sampling...
July 6, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537772/health-related-behaviors-moderate-the-association-between-age-and-self-reported-health-literacy-among-taiwanese-women
#14
Tuyen-Van Duong, Kristine Sørensen, Jürgen M Pelikan, Stephan Van den Broucke, I-Feng Lin, Ying-Chin Lin, Hsiao-Ling Huang, Peter Wushou Chang
The role of health-related behaviors in the association between age and health literacy has not been well-elucidated. The present cross-sectional study evaluated the interactions between age and health-related behaviors in a 942 women in Taiwan between February and October 2013. Women aged 18-78 years were randomly sampled and recruited from the national administrative system. Self-reported health literacy was measured by the European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire (HLS-EU-Q47) in Mandarin, asking about socio-demographics and essential health-related behaviors (watching health-related television, community involvement)...
May 24, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532342/development-and-testing-of-the-questionnaire-cec-61-knowledge-about-cervical-cancer-in-chilean-adolescents
#15
María Teresa Urrutia, Macarena Gajardo, Oslando Padilla
Despite a clear association between human papillomavirus and cervical cancer, knowledge in adolescent populations regarding the disease and methods for its detection and prevention is deficient. The aim of this study was to develop and test a new questionnaire concerning knowledge on cervical cancer. An instrument was developed and validated to measure knowledge in 226 Chilean adolescents between April and June 2011. Content validity, construct validity, and reliability analysis of the instrument were performed...
May 22, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532339/mediators-of-a-physical-activity-intervention-among-women-with-a-family-history-of-breast-cancer
#16
Catherine R Marinac, Shira I Dunsiger, Bess H Marcus, Rochelle K Rosen, Kim M Gans, Sheri J Hartman
The current study examined mediators of an efficacious physical activity intervention. Women with a mean age of 42.6 (range 23-61) years and a family history of breast cancer were randomized to either an Internet-based physical activity intervention (n = 28) or an active control condition (n = 27) for three months. Data were collected between November 2010 and August 2011. Hypothesized mediators were examined using a product of coefficients model with bootstrapped standard errors. Significant mediation was observed for both self-efficacy and behavioral processes...
May 22, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532334/cervical-cancer-prevention-related-knowledge-and-attitudes-among-female-undergraduate-students-from-different-ethnic-groups-within-china-a-survey-based-study
#17
Enqi Wu, Sarah M Tiggelaar, Tao Jiang, Huanhu Zhao, Ritu Wu, Rilige Wu, Fangmei Xu
The purpose of this study was to understand cervical cancer prevention-related knowledge and attitudes among female undergraduate students from different ethnic groups within China. We conducted a survey among ethnically diverse female students from the Minzu University of China, in Beijing in October, 2014. RESULTS: Questionnaires from 493 participants aged from 16 to 26 years old were included in the final database. The seven ethnic groups included in the final analysis were Han, Korean, Mongolian, Uyghur, Tibetan, Hui and Tujia...
May 22, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532261/abo-blood-types-and-postpartum-depression-among-chinese-women-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-tianjin-china
#18
Chunhua Song, Junhong Leng, Leishen Wang, Wei Li, Shuang Zhang, Wei Wang, Pingying Liu, Jing Zhang, Bin Xie, Weidong Li, Juliana Cn Chan, Xilin Yang
Postpartum depression is associated with adverse consequences for mother and offspring. The heritable ABO blood group has been associated with multiple diseases, including mental illness and diabetes. We explored the association of ABO blood group and postpartum depressive symptoms (PPDS) in a population-based cohort of pregnant Chinese women. From 2010 to August 2012, we recruited 8842 pregnant women with a mean age of 28.5 years (SD: 2.94) and mean body mass index of 22.4kg/m(2) (SD: 3.45) in Tianjin, China...
May 22, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27379612/risk-factors-for-hiv-positivity-among-more-than-3-400-tanzanian-women
#19
Mette Tuxen Faber, Christian Munk, Julius Mwaiselage, Myassa Dartell, Crispin Kahesa, Thomas Iftner, Vibeke Rasch, Susanne K Kjaer
In a cross-sectional study of 3,424 women from urban (Dar es Salaam) and rural (Pwani, Mwanza, and Mtwara) Tanzania, conducted in 2008-2009, we investigated risk factors for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and the association between different measures of human papillomavirus (HPV) and HIV positivity. Study participants were interviewed about socio-demographic and reproductive factors and sexual behavior. Blood samples were tested for HIV, and the women underwent a gynecological examination. HPV status was determined by Hybrid Capture 2, and HPV genotyping was performed using the LiPA Extra test...
July 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27322518/is-physician-patient-concordance-associated-with-greater-trust-for-women-of-low-socioeconomic-status
#20
Teresa L Scheid, Galen H Smith
The authors examined the association between physician-patient concordance and patient trust for low socio-economic status women who were enrolled in Medicaid case management. The data were collected from October 2006 through March 2007 from a stratified random sample of 2,815 adult beneficiaries enrolled in North Carolina Medicaid's primary care case management delivery system. We limited our analyses to women enrolled in primary care, hence controlling for gender and social class as well as access to care...
July 2017: Women & Health
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