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Women & Health

Fatemeh Effati-Daryani, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Mohsen Taghizadeh, Reza Bekhradi, Somayeh Zarei
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance and fatigue are frequent complaints during pregnancy and postpartum. We assessed the effectiveness of Lavender cream and footbath on sleep quality and fatigue in pregnancy and postpartum. METHODS: In this trial, 141 women with sleep disturbance at 25-28 weeks gestation were recruited from public health centers in Tabriz, Iran, from May 2013 until January 2014 and randomized into one of three groups receiving: Lavender and footbath, Lavender alone, or placebo cream...
May 22, 2018: Women & Health
Renata Fialho, Marco Pereira, Yvonne Gilleece, Jennifer Rusted, Richard Whale
In this prospective study conducted from October 2013 to June 2015 in Brighton, England, we examined differences between men and women in new-onset major depressive disorder (MDD) during interferon-alpha-based (IFN-α) therapy for hepatitis C virus (HCV). We included 155 HCV-infected patients (47 women), eligible to receive HCV therapy, including direct-acting antivirals. The Semi-Structured Clinical Interview (SCID-I) was used to assess MDD. Severity of depressive symptoms was assessed using the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale...
April 9, 2018: Women & Health
Anupam Bandyopadhyay, Mohd Irfan
This study examined gender differences in patterns of smokeless tobacco use among various socio-economic and demographic segments in Bangladesh and India, which are home to 80% of global smokeless tobacco users and share similar socio-cultural milieus. The objective was to provide evidence of whether gender-focused interventions and policies might be helpful for smokeless tobacco cessation programs. Data from the Global Adult Tobacco Survey were used for the analysis. In Bangladesh, data were collected between July and August 2009, and 9,629 individuals were successfully interviewed...
April 9, 2018: Women & Health
Eun-Ok Im, Sun Ju Chang, Eunice Chee, Wonshik Chee
The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationships of multiple factors to menopausal symptoms in different racial/ethnic groups of midlife women. This secondary analysis was conducted with the data from 980 midlife women that were collected from 2005 to 2013 using the Midlife Women's Symptom Index. Structural equation modeling was used to analyze the data. The model had the highest fit indices for Non-Hispanic (NH) White midlife women, and prominent racial/ethnic differences were observed in the relationships of multiple factors to menopausal symptoms...
April 9, 2018: Women & Health
Nivedita Som, Papiya Roy, Subha Ray
We aimed to determine whether socio-demographic and reproductive variables jointly or independently were associated with menopause-specific quality of life (MENQOL). A total of 250 Bengali-speaking Hindu women (peri- and postmenopausal) were recruited from West Bengal, India. Data on MENQOL (vasomotor, physical, psychosocial, sexual and quality of life domains), socio-demographic and reproductive variables were collected. Principal component analysis was used to identify principal components (PCs) for socio-demographic and/or reproductive variables: PC1 (socio-demographic), PC 2 (socio-demographic and reproductive), PC 3 and PC4 (reproductive)...
April 9, 2018: Women & Health
Hamideh Mahdaviazad, Leila Malekmakan, Mehrab Sayadi, Taraneh Tadayon
Marriage and related processes seem to show individual tendencies but are in fact social phenomena. The aim of this study was to identify, among women, trends in age at first marriage and its related factors. In this cross-sectional study, the target population was women in households in Fars Province, Iran. To identify main effects of variables associated with age at marriage, multiple linear regression modeling was used without interactions. Women's age, women's and their husbands' occupations and educational levels, and place of residence were included in multiple linear regression modeling...
April 9, 2018: Women & Health
Jennifer L Brown, Lisa B Haddad, Nicole K Gause, Sarah Cordes, Cecilia Bess, Caroline C King, Kendra Hatfield-Timajchy, Rana Chakraborty, Athena Kourtis
This study qualitatively examined factors that influenced contraceptive choices in a sample of young, HIV-infected women. Individual qualitative interviews were conducted among 30 vertically- and horizontally-HIV-infected women (n = 26 African American) from the ages of 14 to 24 years (Mean age = 20.9 years). We recruited sample groups with the following characteristics: (a) current contraceptive/condom use with ≥1 child (n = 11); (b) current contraceptive/condom use with no children (n = 12); and (c) no current contraceptive/condom use with no children (n = 7)...
April 6, 2018: Women & Health
Sarah J Howcutt, Anna L Barnett, Sofia Barbosa-Boucas, Lesley A Smith
Women are an important public health focus, because they are more likely to experience some social determinants of disease, and they influence family health. Little research has explored the sociodemographic representativeness of women in research studies. We examined the representativeness of female respondents across four sociodemographic factors in UK population surveys and cohort studies. Six UK population-based health surveys (from 2009-2013) and eight Medical Research Council cohort studies (from 1991 to 2014) were included...
April 2018: Women & Health
Andrea Di Blasio, Pascal Izzicupo, Angela Di Baldassarre, Sabina Gallina, Ines Bucci, Cesidio Giuliani, Serena Di Santo, Angelo Di Iorio, Patrizio Ripari, Giorgio Napolitano
The literature indicates that the plasma cortisol-to-dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate (DHEA-S) ratio is a marker of health status after menopause, when a decline in both estrogen and DHEA-S and an increase in cortisol occur. An increase in the cortisol-to-DHEA-S ratio has been positively correlated with metabolic syndrome, all-cause mortality, cancer, and other diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a walking program on the plasma cortisol-to-DHEA-S ratio in postmenopausal women. Fifty-one postmenopausal women participated in a 13-week supervised walking program, in the metropolitan area of Pescara (Italy), from June to September 2013...
April 2018: Women & Health
Devashri Salvi, Aarti Nagarkar
In India, the prevalence of smoking among women is increasing, and the reasons behind this are unclear. We aimed to study the factors leading to initiation and maintenance of the smoking habit in women in Pune, India. Twenty-seven urban women smokers, ranging from 21 to 60 years of age (31.96 ± 10.70 years), were interviewed between September 2015 and February 2016. The in-depth interviews consisted of questions on pre-decided categories, including initiation, motivation to continue smoking, and risk perception...
April 2018: Women & Health
Maria Teresa Brown, Jane A McElroy
Sexual and gender minority (SGM) breast cancer patients have begun embracing the choice to "go flat" or opt out of reconstruction after bilateral mastectomy, though little is known about this population. SGM breast cancer survivors were identified through purposive and referral sampling and invited to participate in a web-based survey containing both closed- and open-ended items. Of the sixty-eight SGM breast cancer survivors aged 18-75 years who completed the survey between May 2015 and January 2016, 25 percent reported "going flat" (flattoppers®)...
April 2018: Women & Health
Amy Braksmajer
Given the prominent role of medical institutions in defining what is "healthy" and "normal," many women turn to medicine when experiencing pain during intercourse (dyspareunia). The medical encounter can become a contest between patients and providers when physicians do not grant legitimacy to patients' claims of illness. Drawing on interviews conducted from 2007 to 2008 and 2011 to 2012 with 32 women experiencing dyspareunia (ages 18-60 years) and living in New York City and its surrounding areas, this study examined women's and their physicians' claims regarding bodily expertise, particularly women's perceptions of physician invalidation, their understanding of this invalidation as gendered, and the consequences for women's pursuit of medicalization...
April 2018: Women & Health
Sneha Challa, Abubakar Manu, Emmanuel Morhe, Vanessa K Dalton, Dana Loll, Jessica Dozier, Melissa K Zochowski, Andrew Boakye, Richard Adanu, Kelli Stidham Hall
Little is known about the multilevel social determinants of adolescent sexual and reproductive health (SRH) that shape the use of family planning (FP) among young women in Africa. We conducted in-depth, semi-structured, qualitative interviews with 63 women aged 15-24 years in Accra and Kumasi, Ghana. We used purposive, stratified sampling to recruit women from community-based sites. Interviews were conducted in English or local languages, recorded, and transcribed verbatim. Grounded theory-guided thematic analysis identified salient themes...
April 2018: Women & Health
Mary Bresnahan, Jie Zhuang, Jennifer Anderson, Yi Zhu, Joshua Nelson, Xiaodi Yan
Studies conclude that breastfeeding for six months is associated with better lifelong health for the mother and the child. Mothers in the U.S. returning to work after maternity leave report difficulty with the need to take frequent breaks to pump breastmilk so many stop breastfeeding. Factors discouraging pumping breastmilk in the workplace motivated a content analysis of public comments posted in response to a legal deposition that occurred in January of 2011 in which an attorney who was a new mother was challenged about taking a break to pump breastmilk...
April 2018: Women & Health
Kitae Sohn
Young wives in South Korea often dread New Year's Day and Thanksgiving Day because they assume the burden of cooking, cleaning, and other household chores. We used their offspring's birthweight as an indicator of their stress levels. We included all Korean singletons born in hospitals during 1997-2014 (N = 8,589,426) and regressed birthweight on in utero holiday experience by trimester, along with covariates. Babies who experienced New Year's Day in the first trimester were 9.4 grams lighter than those who did not; the amount is equivalent to 120% of the reduced birthweight associated with experiencing landmine explosions during the first trimester in Colombia...
March 2018: Women & Health
Su-Ying Tsai, Fu-Chen Kuo, Hsin-Chih Kuo, Li-Ling Liao
Few studies have focused on premenstrual symptoms in employees. This study explored the prevalence of premenstrual symptoms in 7,193 female employees aged 18-55 years in a large electronics manufacturer in Taiwan from August 2014 to December 2014 and examined whether regular exercise was associated with premenstrual symptoms. Information was collected on demographics, lifestyle, menstrual history, menstrual pain, and premenstrual symptoms. Half of the participants reported irregular menstruation; 79.4% reported a moderate menstruation amount, and half reported little impact of menstrual pain at work...
March 2018: Women & Health
Jelena Dotlic, Ilma Kurtagic, Selmina Nurkovic, Nikolina Kovacevic, Sanja Radovanovic, Biljana Rancic, Branislav Milosevic, Milan Terzic, Tatjana Gazibara
This study assessed factors associated with quality of life (QOL) among Serbian peri- and postmenopausal women using two menopause-specific scales. This cross-sectional study included 500 women aged 40-65 years who had a gynecologic check-up in one of two Community Health Centers in Belgrade during February 2014 to January 2015. Women completed: a questionnaire about socio-demographics, habits, and health status; a menopause-specific questionnaire, Utian's Quality of Life Scale (UQOL); and a Women's Health Questionnaire (WHQ) and Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI)...
March 2018: Women & Health
Milkie Vu, Hadiyah Muhammad, Monica E Peek, Aasim I Padela
Mosques could serve as a promising setting for health interventions. However, little empirical data are available to guide the development of mosque-based health interventions, especially for women. We aimed to assess Muslim women's views on effective strategies for mosque-based educational interventions to promote women's health. A sample of Muslim women of diverse ethnicity and race was recruited from mosques in Chicago to participate in semi-structured interviews. In interviews, nineteen participants (aged 41-67 years) discussed characteristics of the imam and peer educator, aspects of the intervention modality, and content of health messaging that would be effective in mosque-based health programs...
March 2018: Women & Health
Courtney Cronley, Kris Hohn, Shamsun Nahar
Women experiencing homelessness report higher rates of reproductive health-related traumas, including unplanned pregnancy, miscarriage, and abortion than their non-homeless peers. Using phenomenological hermeneutic methods, we sought to understand the reproductive health histories of women currently experiencing homelessness (N = 20, 25-61 years old, Mage = 38.33, SDage = 9.33) analyzing data collected between June 2014 and July 2015 in north central Texas. Three key themes highlight the essence of the women's experiences: (1) unexpected pregnancy-pregnancy just happened, (2) loss of reproductive health rights-I was broken, and (3) resilience-giving back and looking forward to good things...
March 2018: Women & Health
Mónica Flores-Ramos, Roberto Silvestri Tomassoni, José Benjamín Guerrero-López, Margus Salinas
Our objective was to evaluate levels of trait and state anxiety in a group of peri- and postmenopausal women and to explore the relation of hormonal therapy to levels of anxiety. Peri- (n = 63) and postmenopausal (n = 236) women were evaluated between March and September 2013. The assessed variables were menopausal status, anxiety (using the state and trait anxiety inventory), and sociodemographic and clinical variables. Use of psychotropic medications and hormone therapy was also ascertained. The mean age of the participants was 51...
March 2018: Women & Health
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