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Women & Health

Anna Muro, Natàlia Artero
Clinical research has shown the mental health benefits of dance practice. This has become a significant subject of inquiry in psychotherapeutic settings for the elderly and adolescents. However, the relationship between dance practice and correlates of psychological wellbeing, such as mindfulness and life satisfaction (LS), two relevant indicators of mental health has been explored relatively little in young women. The present study contrasted mindfulness and LS in young women (n = 81) who practiced dance regularly in three modern dance schools in the Province of Barcelona with a control group of non-practitioners (n = 120) studying at a university in Barcelona...
October 4, 2016: Women & Health
Cristiana Duarte, José Pinto-Gouveia
This study developed and established the psychometric properties of the Body Image Victimization Experiences Scale (BIVES). The BIVES retrospectively assesses the frequency (Part A-frequency) and effect (Part B-impact) of victimization experiences pertaining to body image, perpetrated by peers and parents/caregivers in childhood and adolescence. Distinct samples of Portuguese women were recruited in 2013-2014: two nonclinical samples of the general population (n = 1,177), aged 18-60 years, and a clinical sample of patients with Binge Eating Disorder (BED; n = 73), aged 19-59 years...
October 4, 2016: Women & Health
Gul Pinar, Sena Kaplan, Tevfik Pinar, Ayse Akalin, Halime Abay, Mesut Akyol, Nebahat Sezer, Selami Akkus, Salim Sariyildiz, Semra Dinc
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of osteoporosis and associated risk factors in Turkish women aged 18-49 years. A population-based, cross-sectional study was conducted between January and April 2014. The sample (n = 1,792) of women was aged 18-49 years, who resided in Cubuk, Ankara, Turkey and were selected by simple random sampling. The data were collected in face-to-face interviews using an Individual Information Form and an Osteoporosis Risk Estimation Scale. Bone mineral density was assessed using standard dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry...
October 4, 2016: Women & Health
Mira L Katz, Barret J Zimmermann, Deborah Moore, E D Paskett, Paul Reiter
Cervical cancer (CC) incidence and mortality rates are increased, and CC screening rates are low among Appalachian Ohio women. Mailing human papillomavirus (HPV) self-tests to women to complete at home is a potential new strategy to engage women in CC screening.We aimed to gain insights into the perceived acceptability of mailed HPV self-tests. We conducted focus groups (August 2014-January 2015) among providers (physicians, nurse practitioners, nurses) and women in Appalachian Ohio. Providers (n = 28) and women (n = 15; age range: 32-62 years) reported general acceptance of HPV self-tests, however, for different reasons...
October 4, 2016: Women & Health
Shiue-Shan Weng, Chen-Li Lin, Chen-Jei Tai, Li-Yin Chien
This study aimed to examine the association of social support, social factors, and maternal complications with cesarean deliveries in native and immigrant women, and to explore the association between acculturation and cesarean deliveries in immigrant women in Taiwan. This prospective panel study was conducted from August 2012 through April 2014 and included 222 native and 147 immigrant pregnant women in Taiwan. Cesarean rates did not differ significantly between native and immigrant women, including the overall cesarean rate (28...
October 4, 2016: Women & Health
Katarzyna Barczyk-Pawelec, Sipko Tomasz
Evidence is limited regarding the regional changes in spinal posture after self-correction. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether active self-correction improved standing and sitting spinal posture. Photogrammetry was used to assess regional spinal curvatures and vertical global spine orientation (GSO) in 42 asymptotic women aged 20-24 years. Upper thoracic spine angle and GSO increased in response to self-correction, while the thoracolumbar and lumbosacral angles decreased. Self-correction in the standing position resulted in decreased inclination of the upper thoracic and thoracolumbar spinal angles...
October 4, 2016: Women & Health
Adriana A E Biney, D Yaw Atiglo
This article draws on data from 552 women interviewed in the 2007 Ghana Maternal Health Survey to examine the association between motivations for women's pregnancy terminations and the safety of methods used. Women's reasons for induced abortions represented their vulnerability types at the critical time of decision making. Different motivations can result in taking various forms of action with the most vulnerable potentially resorting to the most harmful behaviors. Analysis of survey data pointed to spacing/delaying births as the main reason for abortion...
September 16, 2016: Women & Health
Li Li, Chunqing Lin, Guoping Ji
Although studies have demonstrated that females experience more HIV-related stigma than males do, questions remain regarding the different dimensions of the stigma (i.e., perceived versus internalized) in China. The present study investigated gender differences in perceived and internalized HIV-related stigma, taking into account the potential influence of education. The study was conducted between October 2011 and March 2013. A total of 522 people living with HIV (PLH) were recruited from Anhui Province, China...
September 14, 2016: Women & Health
Jenny J Lin, Jennifer Chao, Nina A Bickell, Juan P Wisnivesky
Side effects from hormonal therapy (HT) for breast cancer treatment occur frequently and are associated with worse quality of life and HT non-adherence. Whether improved patient-physician communication is associated with patients' reporting of side effects is unknown. We undertook this study to assess factors associated with women's reports of HT side effects. Between December 2012 and April 2013, we conducted a cross-sectional survey of breast cancer patients undergoing HT in an urban medical center. Descriptive statistics, univariate analyses, and multivariate analyses were used to evaluate associations...
September 12, 2016: Women & Health
Michelle C Kegler, Regine Haardörfer, Iris Alcantara, Julie A Gazmararian, Alexandra Gemma, Pam Reynolds, Cecillia Morris
Ecologic models of physical activity identify multiple environmental domains that influence activity levels, including the home. This study examined aspects of the home environment associated with objective measures of physical activity in overweight and obese women. Study participants were recruited through three federally qualified health centers in rural southwest Georgia as part of a randomized controlled trial of a home-environment-focused weight gain prevention intervention. Data collected from February 2011 to December 2012 were from 301 participants who completed baseline interviews and wore accelerometers for 7 days...
September 12, 2016: Women & Health
Fatemeh Edalati Fard, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh Charandabi, Azizeh Farshbaf-Khalili, Yousef Javadzadeh, Hanieh Asgharian
Postpartum anxiety and depression are prevalent disorders. The authors of this study aimed to determine the effects of zinc and magnesium supplements on depressive symptoms and anxiety in postpartum women referred to three governmental, educational hospitals in Tabriz, Iran during 2014-2015. In this triple-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial, the participants were randomly assigned to the zinc sulfate, magnesium sulfate, and placebo groups (n = 33 per group). The intervention groups received a 27-mg zinc sulfate tablet or 320-mg magnesium sulfate tablet per day for 8 weeks, whereas the control group received a placebo tablet each day during the same period...
September 12, 2016: Women & Health
Magdalena Gibas-Dorna, Jacek Piątek, Justyna Kupsz, Malgorzata Bernatek, Hanna Krauss, Anna Sowińska, Paweł Kołodziejski, Alfred Owoc, Iwona Bojar
The aim of the authors of this study was to clarify the relationships among apolipoprotein E (ApoE) genotype, blood pressure, lipid profile, serum leptin, and adiponectin in healthy postmenopausal women. The study was conducted between March 2011 and December 2012 on 266 participants aged 50-65 years from the Institute of Rural Health in Lublin, Poland. Results showed that women had four combinations of genotypes: ɛ2/ɛ3, ɛ3/ɛ3, ɛ3/ɛ4, and ɛ4/ɛ4. Carriers of different genotypes did not differ in terms of age, body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, and adiponectin levels...
September 12, 2016: Women & Health
Negar Zamaninour, Khadijeh Mirzaei, Seyed Ali Keshavarz, Hastimansooreh Ansar, Arash Hossein-Nezhad
Adiposity and its metabolic disturbances could be regulated by adipocyte-specific peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma and fatty acid-binding protein4. Although, these two proteins are mainly expressed in adipose tissues, they can also be expressed in peripheral blood mononuclear cells which could be useful for predicting body composition and blood parameters. Thus, this cross-sectional study was performed during January 2013-January 2014 with 229 women (age range, 22-52 years) who were classified as obese or non-obese...
August 26, 2016: Women & Health
H Khaironisak, S Zaridah, F G Hasanain, M I Zaleha
Violence against women is a worldwide public health problem and becomes more crucial when it involves pregnant women. The primary aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of violence against pregnant women (VAPW), while the secondary aim was to identify the factors associated with violence and complications of violence during pregnancy. This was a cross-sectional study conducted in 1,200 postnatal women from March 1, 2015 through August 31, 2015 using a validated Malay Version of the WHO Women's Health and Life Experiences Questionnaire...
August 11, 2016: Women & Health
Ya-Ching Wang, Jane Griffiths, Gunn Grande
This article presents the qualitative findings of a mixed-methods study that explored factors influencing lesbians' breast health-care behavior and intentions. A total of 37 semi-structured face-to-face interviews were conducted among women who self-identified as lesbians or women who partnered with the same gender who were aged 20 years or above in four areas of Taiwan (North, Central, South, and East Taiwan) between August 2012 and October 2012. Interviews were audio recorded with participants' consent. The interviews were analyzed using constant comparative analysis with Nvivo audio-coding support...
August 11, 2016: Women & Health
Patrick Opiyo Owili, Miriam Adoyo Muga, Yiing-Jenq Chou, Yi-Hsin Elsa Hsu, Nicole Huang, Li-Yin Chien
The objective of this study was to understand and estimate the complex relationships in the continuum of care for maternal health to provide information to improve maternal and newborn health outcomes. Women (n = 4,082) aged 15-49 years in the 2008/2009 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey data were used to explore the complex relationships in the continuum of care for maternal health (i.e., before, during, and after delivery) using structural equation modeling. Results showed that the use of antenatal care was significantly positively related to the use of delivery care (β = 0...
August 11, 2016: Women & Health
Enyew Assefa, Mekonnen Tadesse
The major causes for poor health in developing countries are inadequate access and under-use of modern health care services. The objective of this study was to identify and examine factors related to the use of antenatal care services using the 2011 Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey data. The number of antenatal care visits during the last pregnancy by mothers aged 15 to 49 years (n = 7,737) was analyzed. More than 55% of the mothers did not use antenatal care (ANC) services, while more than 22% of the women used antenatal care services less than four times...
August 11, 2016: Women & Health
Eun Jung Oh, Jaekyung Choi, Seonah Kim, Aleum Ahn, Chang Kyu Park
Body volume by three-dimensional body scanning (3DBS) may be an alternative index for evaluating body fatness. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of body volume with body fatness and metabolic syndrome. This study included 38 Korean women whose body volume was measured using 3DBS. We measured body fatness using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and computed tomography. Participants with metabolic syndrome were defined as having three or more of the following components: high blood pressure (≥130/85 mmHg), elevated fasting glucose (≥100 mg/dl), hypertriglyceridemia (≥150 mg/dl), low high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (<50 mg/dl), and abdominal obesity measured by waist circumference ≥80 cm...
August 11, 2016: Women & Health
Ying-Hua Tseng, Noreen Esposito, Shih-Hsien Kuo, Fan-Hao Chou, Mei-Li Cheng
This study was designed to understand young Taiwanese women's perception of sexually explicit materials (SEMs). Researchers conducted six focus group discussions with 38 young women between the ages of 18 and 22 in Taiwan in 2009-2010 and used content analysis to analyze the data based on the push-pull theory. The results showed that the exposure of young women to SEMs was a sexual exploration process from no sexual activity to future sexual activity. This process was affected by the interactions of three powers: push power, pull power, and personal factors...
August 11, 2016: Women & Health
Sook Ja Yang, Yeon Kyung Chee
This study aimed to develop and examine the psychometric properties of the Health Literacy Index for Female Marriage Immigrants (HLI-FMI). Study participants were 282 women who migrated to Korea from Asian countries to marry and had a mean age of 33.24 years and had immigrated a mean of 5.58 years ago. Data were collected between March 2013 and May 2013. An initial 31 preliminary items were developed based on literature reviews and focus group interviews, including three constructs of health literacy: skills (print, numeracy), tasks (access, understand, appraise, apply), and health contexts (health promotion and disease prevention, health care maintenance and treatment, health system navigation)...
August 11, 2016: Women & Health
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