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Women & Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816634/disability-benefits-as-an-incentive-for-hysterectomy-uterine-fibroid-patients-in-taiwan
#1
Ya-Lee Ho, Chu-Shiu Li, Chwen-Chi Liu, Che-Chen Lin, Chih-Jen Hung, Chia-Hung Kao
OBJECTIVE: Worker compensation insurance in Taiwan ensures that a woman under the age of 45 years who has her uterus removed can receive disability compensation benefits. The present study investigated whether such a compensation policy was related to a woman's inclination to have a hysterectomy. METHODS: We extracted the records of 16,030 women diagnosed with uterine fibroids (UF) between 2000 and 2010 from the Longitudinal Taiwan Health Insurance Database. RESULTS: Each younger and older age group had a significantly lower hysterectomy rate compared to that of the 44-year-old age group...
August 17, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816613/smoking-habits-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-women
#2
Lina Radzeviciene, Rytas Ostrauskas
The purpose of this case-control study was to evaluate the relationship between smoking and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in adult females. A total of 168 women in Kaunas, Lithuania with newly diagnosed T2DM during the year 2001 and 336 controls who were women without diabetes were recruited. Participants were asked about their duration of smoking, the number of cigarettes smoked per day, pack-years, and smoking cessation. Odds ratios (OR), 95% confidence intervals (CI) for T2DM were calculated using conditional logistic regression...
August 17, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805535/if-when-and-how-to-discuss-available-abortion-services-in-the-primary-care-setting
#3
Megan Hatcher, Carie Muntifering Cox, Grace Shih
Many women prefer to receive abortion care with their primary care provider; yet, prior studies have suggested that women do not know or assume that their provider does not offer abortion care. Our objective was to explore if, when, and how women wish to be informed of available abortion services at their primary care clinics. We conducted interviews with 21 women at their primary care site during June-July 2014. Vignettes were used to identify clinic visit types in which information regarding abortion services would be welcome, and appropriate and inappropriate ways for providers to inform patients of these services...
August 14, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805534/health-behaviors-related-to-endocrine-disrupting-chemicals-and-the-associated-factors-of-adolescent-korean-girls
#4
SoMi Park, ChaeWeon Chung
In this cross-sectional study, we examined the relationships among knowledge about endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs), recognition of EDCs-related female reproductive illnesses, concern for the environment, perceived susceptibility to EDCs-related diseases, self- appraisal of exposure to EDCs, and health behaviors related to EDCs in adolescent Korean girls. A convenience sample of 218 girls was recruited during July and August 2015 from middle and high schools located in a city in Korea. The self-administered questionnaire incorporated four characteristics of the participants, five related factors, and a dependent variable of health behaviors...
August 14, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805533/women-veterans-and-menopause-knowledge-and-preferences
#5
Noella A Dietz, Tatiana Mijares-Cantrell, Daisy Acevedo, Debra Annane, Remberto Rodriguez, Panagiota Caralis, Silvina Levis
BACKGROUND: The increasing number and older age of women Veterans receiving care at Veterans Health Administration (VHA) requires health-care providers to adjust to their changing patient population. We explored women Veterans' self-reported knowledge of menopause, current/preferred sources of menopausal health information, and perceptions/barriers regarding treatment of menopausal symptoms. METHODS: Three focus groups were conducted at two South Florida VHA facilities in 2014, which included 30 women Veterans (aged 45-60 years) who visited VHA primary care clinics at least once in the past year...
August 14, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759344/women-s-autonomy-and-reproductive-health-care-seeking-behavior-in-ethiopia
#6
Yohannes Dibaba Wado
BACKGROUND: This paper investigated the potential importance of women's autonomy in reproductive healthcare-seeking behavior of women in Ethiopia. METHODS: Data from the 2011 Ethiopian Demographic and Health survey (DHS), that involved a total of 16,515 women, were analyzed. A weighted sub-sample of married women and women who had had a live birth were included in analyses on family planning and antenatal care. Women's autonomy was measured by participation in decision-making, attitudes toward wife beating and whether getting permission to seek medical care was a big problem...
July 31, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749734/comparison-of-the-effect-of-lavender-and-bitter-orange-on-sleep-quality-in-postmenopausal-women-a-triple-blind-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#7
Mahin Kamalifard, Azizeh Farshbaf Khalili, Mahsa Namadian, Yunes Ranjbar, Sepideh Herizchi
INTRODUCTION: This trial compared the effects of lavender and bitter orange on sleep quality in postmenopausal women. METHODS: This trial was conducted in 2015. Eligible postmenopausal women were allocated into one of two intervention groups or a control group (n = 52 per group) in a 1:1:1 ratio using a randomized block design. Intervention groups received 500 mg capsules containing only bitter orange or lavender flower powder, and the control group received 500 mg capsules containing starch...
July 27, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742991/sexual-inactivity-and-occurrence-of-stis-in-relation-to-weight-status-in-women-two-large-population-based-studies
#8
Vibeke B Gunge, Kirsten E Juul, Adriaan Jc van den Brule, Thomas Iftner, Susanne K Kjær
The aim of this study was to examine sexual inactivity and occurrence of selected sexually transmitted infections in relation to body mass index. We used data from two large Danish population-based cross-sectional studies conducted in 1991-1995 (HPV-study: 6869 women, aged 22-32 years) and in 2004-2005 (Liva-study: 19,484 women, aged 18-45 years). Data were collected using a structured interview and measured weight, height, high-risk human papillomavirus DNA, Chlamydia DNA for the HPV-study and a structured questionnaire for the Liva-study...
July 25, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742990/employment-status-gender-and-health-in-spanish-women
#9
Sara Esteban Gonzalo, Marta Aparicio, Laura Estaban-Gonzalo
The present study analyzed relationships between employment status, gender role conformity and health among adult Spanish women from a biopsychosocial approach. We first examined the potential relationship between employment status and conformity to feminine norms, second, the relationship between employment status and general and psychological health, and finally, the relationship between conformity to feminine norms and general and psychological health. Unemployed women (n = 103), employed women (n = 144) and full-time homemakers (n = 100) aged 18-70 years completed a survey, including measures of psychological health (GHQ-12), general health (self-rated health) and conformity to feminine norms (CFNI)...
July 25, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682221/factors-related-to-unwanted-pregnancies-and-abortion-in-the-northern-district-of-the-city-of-tehran-iran
#10
Masoumeh Mirzamoradi, Masoumeh Saleh, Marzieyeh Jamali, Mahmood Bakhtiyari, Parichehr Pooransari, Soraya Saleh Gargari
The aim of this study was to investigate the levels and determinants of unwanted pregnancies and therapeutic and elective induced abortions in an Iranian sample of women. This study was conducted from the beginning of 2013 to the end of July 2013, using data from 950 women aged 15-45 years. To evaluate the relationship of independent variables to the number of unwanted pregnancies, a negative binomial regression model was used. A multinomial logistic model was used to investigate the relationship of the history of at least one unwanted pregnancy to therapeutic and elective induced abortion...
July 6, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682194/interpersonal-and-structural-contexts-of-intimate-partner-violence-among-female-sex-workers-in-conflict-affected-northern-uganda
#11
Margaret Erickson, Shira M Goldenberg, Aditi Master, Godfrey Muzaaya, Monica Akello, Melissa Braschel, Josephine Birungi, Kate Shannon
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is the most prevalent form of violence against women, yet remains under-researched among sex workers in sub-Saharan Africa. We explored the interpersonal and structural determinants of recent IPV among female sex workers in northern Uganda. METHODS: This analysis drew on data from a community-based cross-sectional study (conducted May 2011-January 2012), involving 379 female sex workers in Gulu, northern Uganda. Using logistic regression and multivariable modeling, we examined the correlates of recent male-perpetrated physical or sexual IPV...
July 6, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682191/blood-zinc-levels-in-nursing-women-from-different-regions-of-the-west-bank-of-palestine
#12
Ramzi Shawahna, Ahed Zyoud, Donia Jallad, Labebah Hadwan, Neeran Ihssan, Hikmat Hilal
Pregnant and nursing women are at higher risk of zinc deficiency which can have detrimental consequences on health. We assessed blood zinc levels in 72 nursing women from the West Bank of Palestine and investigated the association between sociodemographic variables and blood zinc levels. Blood samples were analyzed for their zinc contents using graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Blood and data collection were performed between July and December 2016. The median blood zinc level was 4.53 mg/L (IQR of 0...
July 6, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682189/perspectives-of-young-chinese-singaporean-women-on-seeking-and-processing-information-to-decide-about-vaccinating-against-human-papillomavirus-hpv
#13
Iccha Basnyat, Cheryl Lim
Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination uptake in Singapore is low among young women. Low uptake has been found to be linked to low awareness. Thus, this study aimed to understand active and passive vaccine information-seeking behavior. Furthermore, guided by the Elaboration Likelihood Model (ELM), this study examined young women's (aged 21-26 years) processing of information they acquired in their decision to get vaccinated. ELM postulates that information processing could be through the central (i.e., logic-based) or peripheral (i...
July 6, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682185/irregular-menstruation-according-to-occupational-status
#14
Yeunhee Kwak, Yoonjung Kim
This cross-sectional study explored associations of irregular menstruation with occupational characteristics, using secondary analyses of data from 4,731 women aged 19-54 years, collected from a nationally representative sample, the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey-V during 2010-2012. The associations between irregular menstruation and occupation were explored using multiple logistic regression. Compared to non-manual workers, service/sales workers had a greater odds of irregular menstruation (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]: 1...
July 6, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682184/-women-and-active-life-an-extended-tpb-based-multimedia-software-to-boost-and-sustain-physical-activity-and-fitness-of-iranian-women
#15
Zeinab Gholamnia-Shirvani, Fazlollah Ghofranipour, Reza Gharakhanlou, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad
Inactivity is prevalent in women, although regular physical activity (PA) has significant health benefits. Health education interventions based on multimedia software and the extended theory of planned behavior (TPB) with planning may be efficacious in promoting PA. This randomized controlled trial, conducted in 2014, aimed to evaluate theory-based multimedia for increasing and maintaining PA and fitness of 130 military personnel's wives in Tehran, Iran. We randomly selected respondents by multistage cluster sampling...
July 6, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636717/prevalence-risk-factors-and-complications-of-violence-against-pregnant-women-in-a-hospital-in-peninsular-malaysia
#16
H Khaironisak, S Zaridah, F G Hasanain, M I Zaleha
Violence against women is a worldwide public health problem and becomes more crucial when it involves pregnant women. The primary aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of violence against pregnant women (VAPW), while the secondary aim was to identify the factors associated with violence and complications of violence during pregnancy. This was a cross-sectional study conducted in 1,200 postnatal women from March 1, 2015 through August 31, 2015 using a validated Malay Version of the WHO Women's Health and Life Experiences Questionnaire...
September 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633929/factors-associated-with-taiwanese-lesbians-breast-health-care-behavior-and-intentions-qualitative-interview-findings
#17
Ya-Ching Wang, Jane Griffiths, Gunn Grande
This article presents the qualitative findings of a mixed-methods study that explored factors influencing lesbians' breast health-care behavior and intentions. A total of 37 semi-structured face-to-face interviews were conducted among women who self-identified as lesbians or women who partnered with the same gender who were aged 20 years or above in four areas of Taiwan (North, Central, South, and East Taiwan) between August 2012 and October 2012. Interviews were audio recorded with participants' consent. The interviews were analyzed using constant comparative analysis with Nvivo audio-coding support...
September 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618729/patient-provider-communication-and-hormonal-therapy-side-effects-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#18
Jenny J Lin, Jennifer Chao, Nina A Bickell, Juan P Wisnivesky
Side effects from hormonal therapy (HT) for breast cancer treatment occur frequently and are associated with worse quality of life and HT non-adherence. Whether improved patient-physician communication is associated with patients' reporting of side effects is unknown. We undertook this study to assess factors associated with women's reports of HT side effects. Between December 2012 and April 2013, we conducted a cross-sectional survey of breast cancer patients undergoing HT in an urban medical center. Descriptive statistics, univariate analyses, and multivariate analyses were used to evaluate associations...
September 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617594/home-environments-physical-activity-and-energy-expenditure-among-low-income-overweight-and-obese-women
#19
Michelle C Kegler, Regine Haardörfer, Iris Alcantara, Julie A Gazmararian, Alexandra Gemma, Pam Reynolds, Cecillia Morris
Ecologic models of physical activity identify multiple environmental domains that influence activity levels, including the home. This study examined aspects of the home environment associated with objective measures of physical activity in overweight and obese women. Study participants were recruited through three federally qualified health centers in rural southwest Georgia as part of a randomized controlled trial of a home-environment-focused weight gain prevention intervention. Data collected from February 2011 to December 2012 were from 301 participants who completed baseline interviews and wore accelerometers for 7 days...
September 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617395/relationship-between-adipokines-and-lipid-profile-in-postmenopausal-women-with-different-apolipoprotein-e-genotypes
#20
Magdalena Gibas-Dorna, Jacek Piątek, Justyna Kupsz, Malgorzata Bernatek, Hanna Krauss, Anna Sowińska, Paweł Kołodziejski, Alfred Owoc, Iwona Bojar
The aim of the authors of this study was to clarify the relationships among apolipoprotein E (ApoE) genotype, blood pressure, lipid profile, serum leptin, and adiponectin in healthy postmenopausal women. The study was conducted between March 2011 and December 2012 on 266 participants aged 50-65 years from the Institute of Rural Health in Lublin, Poland. Results showed that women had four combinations of genotypes: ɛ2/ɛ3, ɛ3/ɛ3, ɛ3/ɛ4, and ɛ4/ɛ4. Carriers of different genotypes did not differ in terms of age, body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, and adiponectin levels...
September 2017: Women & Health
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