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Women & Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323550/birthweight-as-a-measure-of-holiday-stress
#1
Kitae Sohn
Young wives in South Korea often dread New Year's Day and Thanksgiving Day because they assume the burden of cooking, cleaning, and other household chores. We used their offspring's birthweight as an indicator of their stress levels. We included all Korean singletons born in hospitals during 1997-2014 (N = 8,589,426) and regressed birthweight on in utero holiday experience by trimester, along with covariates. Babies who experienced New Year's Day in the first trimester were 9.4 grams lighter than those who did not; the amount is equivalent to 120% of the reduced birthweight associated with experiencing landmine explosions during the first trimester in Colombia...
March 21, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318414/the-prevalence-of-self-reported-premenstrual-symptoms-and-evaluation-of-regular-exercise-with-premenstrual-symptoms-among-female-employees-in-taiwan
#2
Su-Ying Tsai, Fu-Chen Kuo, Hsin-Chih Kuo, Li-Ling Liao
Few studies have focused on premenstrual symptoms in employees. This study explored the prevalence of premenstrual symptoms in 7,193 female employees aged 18-55 years in a large electronics manufacturer in Taiwan from August 2014 to December 2014 and examined whether regular exercise was associated with premenstrual symptoms. Information was collected on demographics, lifestyle, menstrual history, menstrual pain, and premenstrual symptoms. Half of the participants reported irregular menstruation; 79.4% reported a moderate menstruation amount, and half reported little impact of menstrual pain at work...
March 20, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300484/factors-associated-with-general-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-menopausal-transition-among-women-from-serbia
#3
Jelena Dotlic, Ilma Kurtagic, Selmina Nurkovic, Nikolina Kovacevic, Sanja Radovanovic, Biljana Rancic, Branislav Milosevic, Milan Terzic, Tatjana Gazibara
This study assessed factors associated with quality of life (QOL) among Serbian peri- and postmenopausal women using two menopause-specific scales. This cross-sectional study included 500 women aged 40-65 years who had a gynecologic check-up in one of two Community Health Centers in Belgrade during February 2014 to January 2015. Women completed: a questionnaire about socio-demographics, habits and health status; a menopause-specific questionnaire, Utian's Quality of Life Scale (UQOL); a Women's Health Questionnaire (WHQ) and Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI)...
March 16, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296628/struggles-for-medical-legitimacy-among-women-experiencing-sexual-pain-a-qualitative-study
#4
Amy Braksmajer
Given the prominent role of medical institutions in defining what is "healthy" and "normal", many women turn to medicine when experiencing pain during intercourse (dyspareunia). The medical encounter can become a contest between patients and providers when physicians do not grant legitimacy to patients' claims of illness. Drawing on interviews conducted from 2007-2008 and 2011-2012 with 32 women with dyspareunia (ages 18-60 years) living in New York City and surrounding areas, this study examined women's and their physicians' claims regarding bodily expertise, particularly women's perceptions of physician invalidation, their understanding of this invalidation as gendered, and the consequences for women's pursuit of medicalization...
March 15, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296626/multiple-levels-of-social-influence-on-adolescent-sexual-and-reproductive-health-decision-making-and-behaviors-in-ghana
#5
Sneha Challa, Abubakar Manu, Emmanuel Morhe, Vanessa K Dalton, Dana Loll, Jessica Dozier, Melissa K Zochowski, Andrew Boakye, Richard Adanu, Kelli Stidham Hall
Little is known about the multi-level social determinants of adolescent sexual and reproductive health (SRH) that shape the use of family planning (FP) among young women in Africa. We conducted in-depth, semi-structured, qualitative interviews with 63 women aged 15-24 years in Accra and Kumasi, Ghana. We used purposive, stratified sampling to recruit women from community-based sites. Interviews were conducted in English or local languages, recorded, and transcribed verbatim. Grounded theory-guided thematic analysis identified salient themes...
March 15, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296580/the-pumpgate-incident-stigma-against-lactating-mothers-in-the-u-s-workplace
#6
Mary Bresnahan, Jie Zhuang, Jennifer Anderson, Yi Zhu, Joshua Nelson, Xiaodi Yan
Studies conclude that breastfeeding for six months is associated with better lifelong health for mother and child. Mothers in the U.S. returning to work after maternity leave report difficulty with the need to take frequent breaks to pump breastmilk so many stop breastfeeding. Factors discouraging pumping breastmilk in the workplace motivated a content analysis of public comments posted in response to a legal deposition that occurred in January of 2011 in which an attorney who was a new mother was challenged about taking a break to pump breastmilk...
March 15, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278012/reproductive-health-rights-and-survival-the-voices-of-mothers-experiencing-homelessness
#7
Courtney Cronley, Kris Hohn, Shamsun Nahar
Women experiencing homelessness report higher rates of reproductive health-related traumas, including unplanned pregnancy, miscarriage, and abortion than their non-homeless peers. Using phenomenological hermeneutic methods, we sought to understand the reproductive health histories of women currently experiencing homelessness (N = 20, 25-61 years old, Mage = 38.33, SDage = 9.33) analyzing data collected between June 2014 and July 2015 in north central Texas. Three key themes highlight the essence of the women's experiences: (1) unexpected pregnancy-pregnancy just happened, (2) loss of reproductive health rights-I was broken, and (3) resilience-giving back and looking forward to good things...
February 16, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278011/evaluation-of-trait-and-state-anxiety-levels-in-a-group-of-peri-and-postmenopausal-women
#8
Mónica Flores-Ramos PhD, Roberto Silvestri Tomassoni, José Benjamín Guerrero-López, Margus Salinas
Our objective was to evaluate levels of trait and state anxiety in a group of peri- and postmenopausal women and to explore the relation of hormonal therapy to levels of anxiety. Peri- (n = 63) and postmenopausal (n = 236) women were evaluated between March and September 2013. The assessed variables were menopausal status, anxiety (using the state and trait anxiety inventory), and sociodemographic and clinical variables. Use of psychotropic medications and hormone therapy was also ascertained. The mean age of the participants was 51...
February 16, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278010/the-effect-of-valerian-on-the-severity-and-frequency-of-hot-flashes-a-triple-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Ensiyeh Jenabi, Fatemeh Shobeiri, Seyyed Mohammad Mahdi Hazavehei, Ghodratollah Roshanaei
Valerian is one of the most widely used herbal supplements and a phytoestrogenic herb. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of Valerian on the severity and frequency of hot flashes. This triple-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial was conducted during a three-month period in Hamadan, Iran, in 60 postmenopausal women aged 45-55 years. Participants were randomly assigned to one of two groups- either placebo or Valerian. An oral Valerian 530 mg capsule was given twice per day for two months...
February 16, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278009/ecological-analysis-of-college-women-s-physical-activity-and-health-related-quality-of-life
#10
Tao Zhang, Jacqueline Dunn, James Morrow, Christy Greenleaf
Despite significant health benefits of regular physical activity, over 60 percent of college women do not meet recommended physical activity guidelines to promote their health and health-related quality of life (HRQoL), a comprehensive construct including physical and psychosocial health functioning. The major purpose of this study was to examine the influences of individual (e.g., self-efficacy, enjoyment), social (e.g., family and friend support), and physical environmental factors (e.g., crime safety) on college women's physical activity and HRQoL...
February 16, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277155/starving-for-a-drink-sexual-objectification-is-associated-with-food-restricted-alcohol-consumption-among-college-women-but-not-among-men
#11
Miriam H Eisenberg, Caroline C Johnson, Alyssa N Zucker
Interpersonal sexual objectification, or being treated as an object by others, is linked to poorer body image and, in turn, engagement in weight management behaviors that promote conformity to unrealistic appearance standards while simultaneously undermining health. Although these associations emerge consistently among women, the evidence has been less clear among men. The present study introduced a novel weight control behavior, food-restricted alcohol consumption (i.e., limiting food intake prior to alcohol consumption), and examined whether sexual objectification was associated with this phenomenon and whether this association differed among women and men...
February 10, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278014/muslim-women-s-perspectives-on-designing-mosque-based-women-s-health-interventions-an-exploratory-qualitative-study
#12
Milkie Vu, Hadiyah Muhammad, Monica E Peek, Aasim I Padela
Mosques could serve as a promising setting for health interventions. However, little empirical data are available to guide the development of mosque-based health interventions, especially for women. We aimed to assess Muslim women's views on effective strategies for mosque-based educational interventions to promote women's health. A sample of Muslim women of diverse ethnicity and race were recruited from mosques in Chicago to participate in semi-structured interviews. In interviews, 19 participants (aged 41-67 years) discussed characteristics of the imam and peer educator, aspects of the intervention modality, and content of health messaging that would be effective mosque-based health programs...
February 7, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278013/improving-postnatal-check-ups-for-mothers-in-west-africa-a-multilevel-analysis
#13
Bola Lukman Solanke, Emmanuel O Amoo, Adenike Esther Idowu
This study examined multilevel factors related to postnatal check-ups for mothers in selected West African countries. The study analyzed data from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) for five West African countries: Sierra Leone (2013), Cote d'Ivoire (2012), Guinea (2012), Niger (2012) and Liberia (2013). The weighted sample sizes were 2125 (Cote d'Ivoire), 2908 (Guinea), 1905 (Liberia), 5660 (Niger) and 3754 (Sierra Leone). The outcome variable was maternal postnatal check-ups. The explanatory variables were community and individual/household characteristics...
February 7, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277157/interactive-associations-of-physical-activity-adiposity-and-oral-contraceptive-use-on-c-reactive-protein-levels-in-young-women
#14
Michael V Fedewa, Elizabeth D Hathaway, Simon Higgins, Bhibha M Das, Ronald L Forehand, Michael D Schmidt, Ellen M Evans
Oral contraceptives (OCs) are the most frequently used type of birth control among young women. OC-users have higher C-reactive protein (CRP) values, an indicator of systemic inflammation, than do non-OC-users. In addition, adiposity (percent fat) is positively associated with CRP, and physical activity (PA) is inversely associated with CRP. The present study determined the interactive associations of PA, percent fat, and OC-use with CRP. Data were collected during 2012-2015 at the University of Georgia. Objective PA was measured via pedometers...
February 7, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277156/maternal-self-efficacy-postpartum-depression-and-their-relationship-with-functional-status-in-iranian-mothers
#15
Fahimeh Fathi, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi, Mojgan Mirghafourvand
Readiness to care for family, infant, and self are important during the postpartum period. The objective of this study was to determine the relationships of self-efficacy and postpartum depressive symptoms with functional status in randomly sampled Iranian mothers (n = 437). The study was cross-sectional and conducted in 2015. The mean (SD) of the total functional status score was 2.3 (0.2) out of a possible score of 1-4. The maximum and minimum scores in infant care were 4.0 and 2.2 and, in social and community activity, levels were 3...
February 7, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103153/agreeableness-and-pregnancy-relations-with-coping-and-psychiatric-symptoms-a-longitudinal-study-on-spanish-pregnant-women
#16
Cecilia Peñacoba, Laura Rodríguez, Javier Carmona, Dolores Marín
Agreeableness is associated with good mental health during pregnancy. Although different studies have indicated that agreeableness is related to adaptive coping, this relation has scarcely been studied in pregnant women. The aim of this study was to analyze the possible differences between high and low agreeableness in relation to coping strategies and psychiatric symptoms in pregnant women. We conducted a longitudinal prospective study between October 2009 and January 2013. Pregnant women (n = 285) were assessed in the first trimester of pregnancy, and 122 of them were assessed during the third...
January 19, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095254/maternal-psychological-distress-during-pregnancy-does-not-increase-the-risk-for-adverse-birth-outcomes
#17
Aleksandra Staneva, Alina Morawska, Fiona Bogossian, Anja Wittkowski
Maternal psychological distress during pregnancy is a potential risk factor for various birth complications. This study aimed to explore psychological factors associated with adverse birth outcomes. Symptoms of psychological distress, individual characteristics, and medical complications were assessed at two time points antenatally in 285 women from Australia and New Zealand; birth outcomes were assessed postpartum, between January 2014 and September 2015. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were conducted to examine the relation of psychological distress to adverse birth outcomes...
January 17, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095209/psychological-factors-influence-the-overlap-syndrome-in-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-fgids-among-middle-aged-women-in-south-korea
#18
Seung-Ho Jang, Han-Seung Ryu, Suck-Chei Choi, Hye-Jin Lee, Sang-Yeol Lee
This study investigated psychological factors related to the overlap syndrome i.e., multiple gastrointestinal conditions that are part of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGID) in the same individual and potentially related to quality of life (QOL) among women aged 45-60 years (n = 627) in South Korea. The study was undertaken between July 2014 and March 2015. Depressive and anxiety symptoms were ascertained using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale (CES-D) and Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), respectively...
January 17, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095137/diabetes-mellitus-and-obesity-in-the-french-caribbean-a-special-vulnerability-for-women
#19
Philippe Carrère, Cédric Fagour, Dan Sportouch, Franciane Gane-Troplent, Jeannie Hélène-Pelage, Thierry Lang, Jocelyn Inamo
The objective of this study was to analyze the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of diabetes and its risk factors among French Caribbean adults. This cross-sectional study included 18-74-year-olds (N = 2252; 56.5% women) who underwent a heath examination in Guadeloupe during July-December 2014. Diabetes was defined as using antidiabetic treatment, or fasting glucose ≥7 mmol/l, and HbA1c ≥6.5%; diabetes control was defined as HbA1c <7%. Multilevel logistic regression was used. Diabetes prevalence was 8...
January 17, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095133/trauma-exposure-and-disordered-eating-a-qualitative-study
#20
Jessica Y Breland, Rosemary Donalson, Julie V Dinh, Shira Maguen
Quantitative studies have demonstrated a positive association between trauma exposure and disordered eating. However, reasons for this relationship are unclear. We used qualitative methods to understand why some individuals exposed to trauma report disordered eating. We conducted five focus groups and two dyadic interviews between Spring 2013 and Fall 2014 with women at a Veterans Health Administration medical center (N = 20). Most participants were recruited from outpatient mental health clinics. Participants completed demographic and psychological questionnaires...
January 17, 2017: Women & Health
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