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Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429385/risk-factors-proximate-to-suicide-and-suicide-risk-assessment-in-the-context-of-denied-suicide-ideation
#1
Alan L Berman
Health care providers have significant opportunities to identify individuals at near-term risk for suicide, but lack empirical data on near-term risk factors. This study aimed to identify dynamic, state-related risk factors observed by clinical practitioners within the last 30 days of life of 157 patients who died by suicide and to compare these near-term risk factors among patients who denied versus responded positively to having suicide ideation (SI) when last asked by a clinical practitioner prior to their death...
April 21, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370278/the-interpersonal-psychological-theory-of-suicide-in-adolescents-a-preliminary-report-of-changes-following-treatment
#2
Jessica D King, Sarah E Horton, Jennifer L Hughes, Michael Eaddy, Betsy D Kennard, Graham J Emslie, Sunita M Stewart
This study investigated change in suicide risk in the framework of the interpersonal theory of suicide. Fifty-four adolescents completed measures of interpersonal needs, acquired capability, depressive symptoms, and suicide risk at entry and exit from treatment. There was a significant drop following treatment in unmet interpersonal needs but not in acquired capability, consistent with the theory. Both change in the interaction between interpersonal needs and in depressive symptoms contributed unique prediction to change in suicide risk...
March 31, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370188/the-gender-specific-associations-between-religion-spirituality-and-suicide-risk-in-a-sample-of-austrian-psychiatric-inpatients
#3
Karl Kralovec, Sabine Kunrath, Clemens Fartacek, Eva-Maria Pichler, Martin Plöderl
Most studies have found religion/spirituality to be protective against suicide risk, with a stronger effect among women. To understand this effect, theories of suicide and clinical samples are needed, but related studies are lacking. We applied two established suicide models in 753 psychiatric inpatients. Religion/spirituality correlated protectively with components of the suicide models, with stronger associations among women. The protective effect emerged especially for the capability aspect of suicide among men and for the motivational aspect among women, suggesting very different causal mechanisms, but this has to be replicated with longitudinal studies...
March 31, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345178/letter-to-the-editor
#4
LETTER
Christine Moutier, Geoffrey L Ream
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 27, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345138/u-s-political-parties-and-support-for-suicide-prevention
#5
DeQuincy A Lezine
As a public health problem, suicidal behavior demands a community-level response, including government action. We aimed to test whether support for suicide prevention in the United States has been independent from political party affiliation (Democrat and Republican). Actions from both political parties have supported suicide prevention efforts. The only differences in support based on party affiliation showed greater support from the Democrat Party in one instance, and the Republican Party in the other. The results were consistent with the hypothesis that degree of support for suicide prevention cannot be predicted solely by political party...
March 27, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345134/the-association-between-political-violence-and-the-connection-between-bullying-and-suicidality-among-palestinian-youth
#6
Ziad Abdeen, Anat Brunstein-Klomek, Ora Nakash, Nabil Shibli, Maayan Nagar, Hazem Agha, Sameh Hallaq, Yaniv Kanat-Maymon, Hendrik Juerges, Itzhak Levav, Radwan Qasrawi
We examined the association between protracted political violence and the connection between bullying and suicidality among Palestinian adolescents. Data were collected from a representative sample of Palestinian students (N = 5,713) from 100 schools in the West Bank and East Jerusalem who completed an in-class survey. Students who were victims of bullying or bully victims who were exposed to political violence were at higher risk for suicide attempts compared to students who were victims of bullying or bully victims but not exposed to political violence...
March 27, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326609/bridging-the-gap-connecting-resident-assistants-and-suicidal-residents-through-gatekeeper-training
#7
Kate McLean, Martin A Swanbrow Becker
One hundred sixty-two resident assistants (RAs) at a large southeastern university were randomly assigned to attend either a specialized 1-hr training program in suicide prevention (intervention group) or a stress and time management skills training program (control group). The results failed to show the suicide prevention training program had any impact on RA intervention behaviors, resident help-seeking behaviors, or RA perceptions of resident distress and suicidality 4 months following training. Results are interpreted and discussed in relation to strengthening suicide prevention training programs on college campuses...
March 21, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326598/compassion-based-meditation-in-african-americans-self-criticism-mediates-changes-in-depression
#8
Suzanne B Johnson, Bradley L Goodnight, Huaiyu Zhang, Irene Daboin, Bobbi Patterson, Nadine J Kaslow
This study examines self-criticism as a mechanism through which compassion meditation reduces depressive symptoms in low-income African American men and women (N = 59) who had recently attempted suicide. After completing several measures, including the Levels of Self-Criticism Scale and Beck Depression Inventory-II, participants were randomly assigned to receive either a six-session compassion meditation (CM) group (Grady Compassion and Meditation Program) or a six-session support group. As predicted, path analysis results showed that treatment condition led to changes in self-criticism from pre- to posttreatment, with those receiving CM showing greater reductions in levels of self-criticism than those randomized to the support group...
March 21, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295524/the-impact-of-cannabis-use-disorder-on-suicidal-and-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-iraq-afghanistan-era-veterans-with-and-without-mental-health-disorders
#9
Nathan A Kimbrel, Eric C Meyer, Bryann B DeBeer, Suzy B Gulliver, Sandra B Morissette
The objective of this study was to assess the association between cannabis use disorder (CUD) and self-injury among veterans. As expected, after adjusting for sex, age, sexual orientation, combat exposure, traumatic life events, traumatic brain injury, posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, alcohol use disorder, and noncannabis drug use disorder, CUD was significantly associated with both suicidal (OR = 3.10, p = .045) and nonsuicidal (OR = 5.12, p = .009) self-injury. CUD was the only variable significantly associated with self-injury in all three models examined...
March 13, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294383/the-association-between-gun-ownership-and-statewide-overall-suicide-rates
#10
Michael D Anestis, Claire Houtsma
An extensive body of research has demonstrated an association between gun ownership and suicide that extends beyond the effects of a range of covariates. We aimed to expand on extant research by examining the extent to which gun ownership predicts statewide overall suicide rates beyond the effects of demographic, geographic, religious, psychopathological, and suicide-related variables. By extending the list of covariates utilized, considering those covariates simultaneously, and using more recent data, we sought to present a more stringent test...
March 13, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276601/accounting-for-diversity-in-suicide-research-sampling-and-sample-reporting-practices-in-the-united-states
#11
Christine B Cha, Katherine M Tezanos, Olivia M Peros, Mei Yi Ng, Jessica D Ribeiro, Matthew K Nock, Joseph C Franklin
Research on suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STB) has identified many risk factors, but whether these findings generalize to diverse populations remains unclear. We review longitudinal studies on STB risk factors over the past 50 years in the United States and evaluate the methodological practices of sampling and reporting sample characteristics. We found that articles frequently reported participant age and sex, less frequently reported participant race and ethnicity, and rarely reported participant veteran status or lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender status...
March 9, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276599/defeat-and-entrapment-in-bipolar-disorder-exploring-the-relationship-with-suicidal-ideation-from-a-psychological-theoretical-perspective
#12
Rebecca Owen, Robert Dempsey, Steven Jones, Patricia Gooding
Contemporary psychological theoretical models of suicide hypothesize that defeat and entrapment underlie the development of suicidal ideation. This hypothesis has never been tested in people who experience bipolar disorder. Regression analysis revealed that defeat and entrapment significantly predicted suicidal ideation at 4-month follow-up. The relationship between defeat and suicidal ideation was mediated by total entrapment and internal entrapment, but not external entrapment. Results suggest that perceived defeat and entrapment underlie the development of prospective suicidal ideation in bipolar disorder...
March 9, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261867/suicidal-ideation-depressive-symptomatology-and-self-concept-a-comparison-between-mexican-institutionalized-and-noninstitutionalized-children
#13
Ana-Maria Chavez-Hernandez, Fredi-Everardo Correa-Romero, Irma-Beatriz Acosta-Rojas, Karen-Viviana Cardoso-Espindola, Gustavo M Padilla-Gallegos, Isabel Valadez-Figueroa
Previous research reports a significant prevalence of child depression worldwide and self-concept as a predictor of depression and suicide behavior. Although suicide in children is an increasing problem in Mexico, there are scarce studies reporting risk factors and none of children in foster care institutions. This was a comparative, ex post facto study whose aim was to analyze associations between suicidal ideation, depression, and self-concept in two paired samples of Mexican children (83 institutionalized and 83 noninstitutionalized)...
March 6, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261860/follow-up-with-callers-to-the-national-suicide-prevention-lifeline-evaluation-of-callers-perceptions-of-care
#14
Madelyn S Gould, Alison M Lake, Hanga Galfalvy, Marjorie Kleinman, Jimmie Lou Munfakh, James Wright, Richard McKeon
Continuity of care for suicidal individuals engaged with a variety of health and mental health care systems has become a national priority, and crisis hotlines are increasingly playing a part in the risk management and continuum of care for these individuals. The current study evaluated a national initiative to have crisis centers in the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline network provide follow-up care to suicidal callers. Data were obtained from 550 callers followed by 41 crisis counselors from 6 centers...
March 6, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261858/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptom-clusters-and-acquired-capability-for-suicide-a-reexamination-using-dsm-5-criteria
#15
Elizabeth G Spitzer, Kelly L Zuromski, Margaret T Davis, Tracy K Witte, Frank Weathers
This study used the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide to explore the relationships among DSM-5 posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom clusters derived from the six-factor anhedonia model and facets of acquired capability for suicide (ACS). In a sample of 373 trauma-exposed undergraduates, most PTSD symptom clusters were negatively associated with facets of ACS in bivariate correlations, but the anhedonia cluster was positively associated with ACS in regression models. Structure coefficients and commonality analysis indicated that anhedonia served as a suppressor variable for the other symptom clusters...
March 6, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261856/suicidal-ideation-posttraumatic-stress-and-substance-abuse-based-on-forcible-and-drug-or-alcohol-facilitated-incapacitated-rape-histories-in-a-national-sample-of-women
#16
Amanda K Gilmore, Kate Walsh, Christal L Badour, Kenneth J Ruggiero, Dean G Kilpatrick, Heidi S Resnick
Mental health symptoms differ among women with forcible rape (FR) compared to drug- or alcohol-facilitated/incapacitated rape (DAFR/IR) histories, but differences in suicidal ideation are unknown. The differences in suicidal ideation based on FR and DAFR/IR history were examined in national samples of college (n = 2,000) and household-residing (n = 3,001) women. For both college women and household-residing women, FR and DAFR/IR were associated with recent suicidal ideation. Differences emerged when examined indirectly through recent posttraumatic stress disorder, drug abuse, and alcohol abuse...
March 6, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261853/suicidal-behavior-and-problems-with-emotion-regulation
#17
Andrada D Neacsiu, Caitlin M Fang, Marcus Rodriguez, M Zachary Rosenthal
We examined in two independent samples whether: (1) difficulties with emotion regulation predict suicide ideation and (2) depressed adults with a history of attempting suicide report and exhibit more emotion dysregulation compared to healthy and depressed controls. Difficulties with emotional clarity and relationship status were significant predictors of suicide ideation (Study 1). In Study 2, when compared to controls, depressed attempters reported significantly more difficulties with emotional clarity and emotional impulsivity...
March 6, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220963/the-association-between-gender-ethnicity-and-suicidality-among-vocational-students-in-israel
#18
Joy Benatov, Ora Nakash, Shai Chen-Gal, Anat Brunstein Klomek
Gender and ethnicity are significant factors when evaluating suicidal risk, especially among ethnically diverse populations. In the current study we explored the association between gender, ethnicity, and suicide ideation and attempts among Arab and Jewish vocational education and training high school students in Israel. Students (N = 3,554) completed a self-report survey evaluating suicide ideation and attempts, depression, anxiety, somatization, and sense of belonging. Hierarchical generalized linear modeling indicated that female Arab adolescents had elevated levels of suicide ideation, higher rates of suicide attempts, and greater psychological distress than Arab males and Jewish students...
February 21, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220516/risk-factors-for-suicide-and-suicidal-behavior-relevant-to-emergency-health-care-settings-a-systematic-review-of-post-2007-reviews
#19
Kirstie McClatchey, Jennifer Murray, Anne Rowat, Zoë Chouliara
Suicide is a global public health problem, and with recent economic and societal changes, there may be emerging risk factors unrecognized by health care professionals. The aim of this systematic review was to update existing suicide risk factor literature applicable to emergency health care settings. A total of 35 articles identified from PsycINFO, CINAHL, and Medline met the inclusion criteria. Results supported the significance of existing suicide risk factors and identified emerging risk factors. The review provides a high-quality update of risk factor literature that could be applied to emergency health care settings; however, further research is needed to confirm emerging risk factors...
February 21, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211201/nonsuicidal-self-injury-is-predictive-of-suicide-attempts-among-individuals-with-mood-disorders
#20
Megan S Chesin, Hanga Galfavy, Cemile Ceren Sonmez, Amanda Wong, Maria A Oquendo, J John Mann, Barbara Stanley
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) prior to age 18 was evaluated as a risk factor for adulthood suicide attempt (SA). Archival data from 222 mood-disordered participants were analyzed using multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis. Participants with a youth SA were excluded. The hazards of SA among adult participants with a history of youth NSSI were twice than those of mood-disordered participants without youth NSSI (hazard ratio = 2.00, 95% confidence interval = 1.16-3.44, p = .01). Moreover, participants who had both youth and adult NSSI attempted suicide significantly earlier than participants who began NSSI as an adult...
February 17, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
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