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Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108113/anxiety-sensitivity-differentially-predicts-factors-of-interpersonal-psychological-suicide-risk-a-consideration-of-specificity
#1
Stephanie E Hudiburgh, Ashley M Shaw, Kimberly A Arditte Hall, Kiara R Timpano
Recent studies have identified anxiety sensitivity (AS) as a risk factor for suicidality; however, limited work has been performed to understand this risk within the context of the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide (IPTS; Joiner, 2005). The current study examined the relationship between overall AS, each AS subfactor (cognitive, social, and physical), and the three IPTS domains (perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness, and acquired capability). While each AS subfactor uniquely predicted one IPTS domain, greater overall AS only predicted greater acquired capability, suggesting that assessment of AS at the subfactor level may offer us more information about an individual's interpersonal suicide risk...
November 6, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108102/examining-proximal-risk-factors-for-suicide-in-a-sample-of-mexican-adults-in-rehabilitation-centers
#2
Gabriela Hurtado, Joseph D Hovey, Aubrey R Dueweke
The cross-cultural generalizability of the interpersonal theory of suicide was examined in this study. One hundred ninety-nine adults in an inpatient setting in Mexico completed the Personal Resources Questionnaire, Beck Hopelessness Scale, Interpersonal Needs Questionnaire, Acquired Capability for Suicide Scale, and Suicide Behaviors Questionnaire-Revised. Analyses revealed the interaction between perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness did not predict suicide ideation. The interactions between perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness and between perceived burdensomeness and acquired capacity significantly predicted suicidal behaviors, whereas the hypothesized three-way interaction did not...
November 6, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073344/similarities-and-differences-in-the-functions-of-nonsuicidal-self-injury-nssi-and-sex-as-self-injury-sasi
#3
Linda Sofia Jonsson, Carl Göran Svedin, Gisela Priebe, Cecilia Fredlund, Marie Wadsby, Maria Zetterqvist
Differences and similarities were studied in the functions of two different self-injurious behaviors (SIB): nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and sex as self-injury (SASI). Based on type of SIB reported, adolescents were classified in one of three groups: NSSI only (n = 910), SASI only (n = 41), and both NSSI and SASI (n = 76). There was support for functional equivalence in the two forms of SIB, with automatic functions being most commonly endorsed in all three groups. There were also functional differences, with adolescents in the SASI only group reporting more social influence functions than those with NSSI only...
October 26, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073324/is-it-rational-to-pursue-zero-suicides-among-patients-in-health-care
#4
Jan K Mokkenstorm, Ad J F M Kerkhof, Johannes H Smit, Aartjan T F Beekman
Suicide prevention is a major health care responsibility in need of new perspectives. This study reviews Zero Suicide, an emerging approach to suicide prevention that embraces the aspirational goal of zero suicides among patients treated in health care systems or organizations. Zero Suicide is gaining international momentum while at the same time evoking objections and concerns. Fundamental to Zero Suicide is a multilevel system view on suicide prevention, with three core elements: a direct approach to suicidal behaviors; continual improvement of the quality and safety of care processes; and an organizational commitment to the aspirational goal of zero suicides...
October 26, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068069/childhood-abuse-the-interpersonal-psychological-theory-of-suicide-and-the-mediating-role-of-depression
#5
Noelle B Smith, Lindsey L Monteith, David C Rozek, Alicia E Meuret
Although childhood abuse is a well-known risk factor for suicide, no studies have investigated the role of interpersonal-psychological (Joiner, 2005), constructs in this association. This study examined whether childhood physical, sexual, and emotional abuse were associated with IPTS constructs, and whether depressive symptoms mediated these associations. Ninety-one participants completed self-report measures. Emotional abuse predicted perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness, and depressive symptoms mediated these associations...
October 25, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044718/child-and-family-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-pediatric-bipolar-disorder-applications-for-suicide-prevention
#6
Sally M Weinstein, Rick A Cruz, Ashley R Isaia, Amy T Peters, Amy E West
Despite high rates of suicide ideation (SI) and behavior in youth with pediatric bipolar disorder (PBD), little work has examined how psychosocial interventions impact suicidality among this high-risk group. The current study examined SI outcomes in a randomized clinical trial comparing Child- and Family-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CFF-CBT) for PBD versus psychotherapy treatment-as-usual (TAU). Although not designed for suicide prevention, CFF-CBT addresses child and family factors related to suicide risk and thus was hypothesized to generalize to the treatment of suicidality...
October 16, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972302/the-sexual-harassment-suicide-connection-in-the-u-s-military-contextual-effects-of-hostile-work-environment-and-trusted-unit-leaders
#7
James Griffith
Sexual harassment has been associated with suicidal behaviors, and with the rise in suicides in the U.S. military, sexual harassment's role in suicide has been of growing interest. Lacking are studies that examine group- or unit-level variables in the relationship of sexual harassment to suicidal behaviors (thoughts, plans, and attempts). In this study, survey data from soldiers (12,567 soldiers in 180 company-sized units) who completed the Unit Risk Inventory administered during calendar year 2010 were analyzed using hierarchical linear modeling...
October 3, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972296/adolescent-predictors-of-incidence-and-persistence-of-suicide-related-outcomes-in-young-adulthood-a-longitudinal-study-of-mexican-youth
#8
Corina Benjet, David Menendez, Yesica Albor, Guilherme Borges, Ricardo Orozco, Maria Elena Medina-Mora
In recent years, Mexico has seen one of the largest increases in suicide rates worldwide, especially among adolescents and young adults. This study uses data from the 1,071 respondents who participated in a two-wave longitudinal study when they were between 12 and 17 years of age, and again when they were between 19 and 26 years of age. The World Mental Health Composite International Diagnostic Interview assessed suicidal behavior and DSM-IV mental disorders. We used Cox regressions to evaluate which sociodemographic and psychiatric factors and life events predicted the incidence and remission of suicide ideation, plan, and attempt throughout the 8-year span...
October 3, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972271/accuracy-of-clinician-predictions-of-future-self-harm-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-predictive-studies
#9
Rachel Woodford, Matthew J Spittal, Allison Milner, Katie McGill, Navneet Kapur, Jane Pirkis, Alex Mitchell, Gregory Carter
Assessment of a patient after hospital-treated self-harm or psychiatric hospitalization often includes a risk assessment, resulting in a classification of high risk versus low risk for a future episode of self-harm. Through systematic review and a series of meta-analyses looking at unassisted clinician risk classification (eight studies; N = 22,499), we found pooled estimates for sensitivity 0.31 (95% CI: 0.18-0.50), specificity 0.85 (0.75-0.92), positive predictive value 0.22 (0.21-0.23), and negative predictive value 0...
October 3, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960505/experience-of-health-care-services-after-a-suicide-attempt-results-from-an-online-survey
#10
Fiona L Shand, Philip J Batterham, Jade K Y Chan, Jane Pirkis, Matthew J Spittal, Alan Woodward, Helen Christensen
Failure to provide follow-up care after a suicide attempt is associated with increased risk of reattempt. This online survey examined the experiences of patients of the Australian health system after a suicide attempt. Just over half of the participants had a psychiatric assessment within 1 week of their attempt. Fewer than half believed they had been offered enough help. Low service satisfaction was associated with lower help-seeking intentions. Support for individuals who have made a suicide attempt needs to be enhanced, and an integrated approach to care is required, including improved referral pathways and staff attitudinal change...
September 28, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960422/a-content-analysis-of-online-suicide-notes-attempted-suicide-versus-attempt-resulting-in-suicide
#11
John Synnott, Maria Ioannou, Angela Coyne, Siobhan Hemingway
Fifty suicide notes of those who died by suicide and 50 suicide notes of those who survived their suicide attempt were analyzed using Smallest Space Analysis. The core of all suicide notes was discovered to be constructed with the use of four variables: saying goodbye to their audience, feelings of loneliness, method used to attempt suicide, and negative self-image. Furthermore, three different suicide note themes of those who died and three suicide note themes from those who survived were also identified. The analysis revealed that suicide note writers who died by their attempt were more likely to combine a dislike of themselves and a concern for loved ones...
September 28, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960421/circulating-levels-of-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-and-history-of-suicide-attempts-in-women
#12
Anastacia Y Kudinova, Terrence Deak, Molly M Deak, Brandon E Gibb
A growing body of research examining biological factors associated with suicidal behaviors highlights the role of brain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF), involved in neurogenesis and synaptic plasticity. There is evidence suggesting that suicide attempters have lower BDNF levels than those with no history of suicide attempts. The key question addressed in the current investigation is whether differences in circulating BDNF levels persist beyond the current suicidal episode and would be observed in those with a past history of suicide attempts (SA)...
September 28, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960406/exploring-thematic-nightmare-content-and-associated-self-harm-risk
#13
Kevin D Hochard, Sam Ashcroft, Janine Carroll, Nadja Heym, Ellen Townsend
Nightmares have been shown to be robust predictors of self-harm risk, beyond depressive symptoms and hopelessness at times. However, few studies have investigated associations between nightmare content and increased self-harm risk. This study explored associations of thematic nightmare content with history of self-harm, and risk of self-harm phenomena the morning following a nightmare. A mixed-method diary study was performed. Prospective nightmare reports were obtained from 72 participants. A total of 47 nightmare reports met inclusion criteria and were analyzed for themes using inductive thematic analysis...
September 28, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950402/transgender-women-s-experiences-with-stigma-trauma-and-attempted-suicide-in-the-dominican-republic
#14
Henna Budhwani, Kristine R Hearld, Adrienne N Milner, Rebecca Charow, Elaine M McGlaughlin, Mayra Rodriguez-Lauzurique, Santo Rosario, Robert Paulino-Ramirez
Studies on attempted suicide in transgender populations, particularly those in resource-limited settings, are scarce. We examined the relationships between stigma, trauma, and suicide attempts in a national sample of transgender women from the Dominican Republic. Bivariate analysis examined differences between suicide attempters and nonattempters (n = 298). Multivariate analysis reported odds ratios with attempted suicide as the outcome (n = 260). About a quarter of respondents (23.9%) experienced sexual abuse, 12...
September 26, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940745/feasibility-of-assessing-suicide-ideation-and-history-of-suicidal-behavior-in-rural-communities
#15
Kelly C Cukrowicz, Sarah L Brown, Sean M Mitchell, Jared F Roush, Jameson K Hirsch
Suicide in rural areas has not received significant attention in the research literature to this point, although suicide rates are higher among adults and older adults in rural areas than in urban areas. The aims of the study were as follows: (1) establish the feasibility of assessing suicide ideation and history of suicidal behavior; (2) determine preliminary estimates of the prevalence of suicide ideation, and history of suicide attempts; and (3) examine the effectiveness and acceptability of safety and referral plans for individuals whose responses indicated elevated suicide risk, in rural communities with limited access to referral care...
September 22, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940747/rural-urban-disparities-in-adolescent-nonfatal-suicidal-ideation-and-suicide-attempt-a-population-based-study
#16
Sidra Goldman-Mellor, Kristina Allen, Mark S Kaplan
Adolescent suicide rates exhibit stark geographic disparities, with rates highest in rural areas. The causes of this disparity remain unclear. We investigated whether adolescent nonfatal suicidal ideation and attempt-leading risk factors for suicide-demonstrate the same rural/urban disparity. Using adolescent data from the 2011-2014 waves of the population-representative California Health Interview Survey (CHIS; N = 4,616), we estimated associations between residence in a rural area and suicidal ideation and suicide attempt, as well as access to psychological care...
September 21, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926675/personal-technology-use-and-thwarted-belongingness-among-suicidal-active-duty-military-personnel
#17
Samantha A Chalker, Katherine Anne Comtois
This study (a) provides descriptive information about the personal technology use of a suicide sample of active-duty military personnel and (b) uses a traditional and a technology-based measure of social connectedness to examine their relation to suicide ideation and behaviors. Higher thwarted belongingness, and therefore lower perceived social connectedness, was associated with higher current and worst suicide ideation and a greater lifetime self-directed violence regardless of intent to die. Higher social connectedness based on personal technology usage was associated with higher current suicide ideation and a higher number of lifetime self-directed violence and suicide attempts...
September 19, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926674/prior-mental-disorders-and-lifetime-suicidal-behaviors-among-us-army-soldiers-in-the-army-study-to-assess-risk-and-resilience-in-servicemembers-army-starrs
#18
Alexander J Millner, Robert J Ursano, Irving Hwang, Andrew J King, James A Naifeh, Nancy A Sampson, Alan M Zaslavsky, Murray B Stein, Ronald C Kessler, Matthew K Nock
We report on associations of retrospectively reported temporally prior mental disorders and Army career characteristics with subsequent first onset of suicidal behaviors in a large, representative sample of US Army soldiers who participated in the Consolidated All-Army Survey of the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (N = 29,982). Results reveal that among men and women, all self-reported lifetime disorders measured (some assessed with screening scales) are associated with subsequent onset of suicide ideation...
September 19, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925016/wall-object-punching-an-important-but-under-recognized-form-of-nonsuicidal-self-injury
#19
Nathan A Kimbrel, Shaun P Thomas, Terrell A Hicks, Michael A Hertzberg, Carolina P Clancy, Eric B Elbogen, Eric C Meyer, Bryann B DeBeer, Georgina M Gross, Paul J Silvia, Sandra B Morissette, Kim L Gratz, Patrick S Calhoun, Jean C Beckham
The present research investigated wall/object punching as a form of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) among 1,143 veterans seeking treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Wall/object punching was remarkably common in this sample (43%), and its inclusion in the definition of NSSI increased estimated prevalence of recent NSSI by 14%. As expected, wall/object punching was strongly associated with other traditional forms of NSSI, post-NSSI relief, and suicide ideation. Male veterans and veterans with PTSD were significantly more likely to engage in wall/object punching than female veterans and veterans without PTSD...
September 19, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914968/neighborhood-characteristics-and-adolescent-suicidal-behavior-evidence-from-a-population-based-study
#20
Kristina Allen, Sidra Goldman-Mellor
Research on the relationship between neighborhood characteristics and adolescents' risk of nonfatal suicidal behavior is scarce. We used California survey data to examine associations between measures of objective neighborhood quality (levels of violent crime, property crime, and socioeconomic disadvantage) and subjective neighborhood quality (perceptions of neighborhood safety and social cohesion) and adolescents' self-reported suicidal ideation and suicide attempt. Objective measures of neighborhood quality were unrelated to adolescents' risk of suicidal behavior...
September 15, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
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