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Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior

Aaron Min Kang
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated specific substances most commonly involved in suicidal poisonings, causing severe clinical effects, and leading to intensive treatments. METHOD: Suicidal poisoning cases for individuals ≥13 years old were obtained from the National Poison Data System for 2011-2015. The most common products involved in single and multiple-product poisonings were identified. Single product cases were used to calculate substances causing the largest numbers of serious clinical effects and leading to intensive treatments...
November 15, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Wei Song, Huanhuan Li, Ting Guo, Songyuan Jiang, Xiang Wang
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to explore the electrophysiological correlates involved in three-dimensional psychological pain and their relationship with suicide in patients with major depressive disorder. METHOD: The sample comprised 23 and nine patients with major depressive disorder with high and low risk for suicide, respectively, and 24 healthy controls. All participants completed the measurements and performed an event-related potential-based analogue of the affective incentive delay task...
November 2, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Sandra Pérez, Montserrat Cañabate Ros, Jose E Layron Folgado, Jose H Marco
OBJECTIVE: We aimed first to identificate psychopathological variables differentiating between suicide ideators, suicide attempters and patients without suicide ideation or attempts, and second to identificate better predictors of suicide attempts longitudinally. METHOD: We compared suicide ideation, hopelessness, borderline symptoms, frequency, types, number of different non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) methods, intrapersonal and interpersonal functionality of NSSI in a sample of 238 patients with Eating Disorders (1) with no history of suicide ideation or suicide attempts (n = 150); (2) with recent suicide ideation (n = 65); and (3) with suicide attempts in the previous year (n = 23)...
October 24, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Rachel L Martin, Brian W Bauer, Kathleen L Ramsey, Bradley A Green, Daniel W Capron, Michael D Anestis
OBJECTIVES: Despite the general suicide rate within the military being comparable to the general population when comparing peers, there are certain branches of the military that have elevated risk. Specifically, the U.S. National Guard has suicide rates that are constantly higher than other military branches and civilian peers. The National Guard are a unique military population in which they frequently transition between military and civilian life. With these unique experiences and heightened risk, military suicide prevention efforts may benefit from further research within this population...
October 23, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Elizabeth D Handley, Tangeria R Adams, Jody Todd Manly, Dante Cicchetti, Sheree L Toth
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate whether mother-daughter relationship quality and mother-daughter conflict represent mechanisms underlying the association between child maltreatment and adolescent passive or active suicide ideation. METHOD: The sample included 164 socioeconomically disadvantaged depressed adolescent girls and their mothers (adolescents: mean age = 14.00 years; 66.3% African-American, 21.3% white, 14.0% Latina). Structural equation modeling was used to test three simultaneous and distinct mediating pathways linking child maltreatment to adolescent suicide ideation: (1) mother-daughter relationship quality, (2) mother-daughter conflict, and 3) adolescent depressive symptoms...
October 17, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Christopher J Ferguson
BACKGROUND: For decades, policymakers and suicide prevention advocates have questioned whether exposure to media with suicide themes, whether television, movies, or music, could increase suicide risk among youth. To date, no clear picture has emerged, with data inconsistent AIMS: To access whether current evidence can support concerns that fictional media increases risk of viewer suicidal ideation. MATERIALS & METHODS: Two broad forms of data consider the issue, namely society-level aggregate data, and data from smaller correlational and experimental studies...
October 14, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Bao-Liang Zhong, Sandra Sau Man Chan, Tie-Bang Liu, Helen Fung-Kum Chiu
OBJECTIVE: To examine the attitude toward suicide (ATS) and its influence on nonfatal suicidal behaviors of Chinese rural-to-urban migrant workers (MWs). METHOD: Altogether, 3031 MWs completed the positive ATS Scale and structured questions regarding lifetime suicide ideation, plan, and attempt. Mental health help-seeking behaviors of MWs were also investigated. RESULTS: Overall, MWs held a more negative ATS than the Chinese general population...
October 13, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Joshua T Jordan, Kristin W Samuelson, Quyen Q Tiet
OBJECTIVE: The Interpersonal Theory of Suicide (IPTS; Joiner, 2005. Why People Die by Suicide. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press) hypothesizes that repeated exposure to painful and provocative events (PPE) increases capability for suicide (CS), therefore facilitating the development of suicidal intent, and that impulsive individuals are more likely to experience these painful and provocative events, creating an indirect relationship between impulsivity and CS. Research to date largely supports this hypothesis but has not translated this theory to actual suicidal intent...
October 11, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Bridget B Matarazzo, Gregory K Brown, Barbara Stanley, Jeri E Forster, Melodi Billera, Glenn W Currier, Marjan Ghahramanlou-Holloway, Lisa A Brenner
OBJECTIVE: To examine the psychometric properties of the Columbia- Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS) among a cohort of veterans identified to be at risk for suicide. METHOD: Convergent, divergent, and predictive validity of the C-SSRS were examined using secondary data from a study of veterans who presented to the psychiatric emergency room (n = 237). Data were collected 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months following emergency room discharge. RESULTS: Results demonstrated good evidence for convergent and divergent validity...
October 9, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Julie Cerel, Blake Jones, Melissa Brown, David A Weisenhorn, Kyra Patel
OBJECTIVE: To examine occupational and personal suicide exposure among Law Enforcement Officers (LEOs) and related mental health outcomes. METHODS: Law Enforcement Officers (N = 813) completed an online survey about their suicide exposure, whether scenes stayed with them, and current symptoms of depression, anxiety, PTSD, and suicidal ideation. RESULTS: Almost all participants (95%) had responded to at least one suicide scene with an average of 30...
October 9, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Zimri S Yaseen, Nicolette Molina, Mariah Hawes, Shira Barzilay, Igor Galynker
BACKGROUND: There is need for deeper understanding of the processes by which suicidal thoughts lead to action. Examination of morbid ideation and the emotional sequelae of such ideation that may feed suicide ideation (SI) and attempts (SA) have been limited. METHOD: Adult psychiatric outpatients (N = 385) were administered the Response to Morbid Ideation Questionnaire (RMI-Q) and measures of SI, suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STB), and other psychiatric symptom severity...
October 9, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Rahel Eynan, Ravi Shah, Marnin Jori Heisel, David Eden, Reuven Jhirad, Paul S Links
OBJECTIVE: Only a minority of suicide decedents leave a suicide note. Typically, the notes are handwritten on paper; however, electronic suicide notes have been reported with increasing frequency. This emerging phenomenon remains generally under-researched. The aim of this study was to compare the psychosocial and clinical antecedents of suicide decedents who left E-notes with those who left paper notes or no notes. METHOD: The study was embedded in the Southwestern Ontario Suicide Study (SOSS)...
October 1, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Sean M Barnes, Lindsey L Monteith, Jeri E Forster, Sarra Nazem, Lauren M Borges, Kelly A Stearns-Yoder, Nazanin H Bahraini
The limitations of self-report confine clinicians' ability to accurately predict suicides and suicide attempts (SAs). Behavioral assessments (e.g., Death Implicit Association Test [IAT]) may be a means of supplementing self-report and clinician prediction. OBJECTIVE: The authors aimed to build and test a predictive model of SAs that included established risk factors and measures of suicide risk, and Death IAT scores. The authors also sought to test the predictive validity of the SA model among subgroups of Veterans with and without PTSD...
September 11, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Colin Palmer, Charlotte Connor, Sunita Channa, Anna Lavis, Newman Leung, Nick Parsons, Max Birchwood
OBJECTIVE: Self-harm remains a serious public health concern; however, identifying adolescents at risk is challenging. While self-harm has been linked with difficulties in emotional regulation postinjury, comparatively little is known about how such difficulties may impact on the future development of self-harm behavior. METHODS: A total of 318 pupils aged 14-15 years completed measures on history of direct self-injurious behavior (D-SIB), emotional regulation, depression, and anxiety at two time points across a six-month period...
September 3, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Sarah E Victor, Lori N Scott, Stephanie D Stepp, Tina R Goldstein
OBJECTIVE: To investigate near-term risk for self-injurious urges, we evaluated how within-person changes in internalizing and externalizing negative affect, as well as interpersonal rejection and criticism, impact subsequent nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicide urges in daily life. METHOD: Young adult women (N = 62) from an ongoing community cohort study with past-year self-injurious thoughts completed a 21-day ecological momentary assessment protocol. We used multilevel path analyses to model within-person effects of negative affect and interpersonal stress on subsequent suicide and NSSI urges within several hours...
August 29, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Brianna J Turner, J Sebastian Baglole, Alexander L Chapman, Kim L Gratz
OBJECTIVE: We used a daily diary to examine (1) the frequency of three types of NSSI thoughts and urges (fleeting thoughts, persistent thoughts, and intense urges), (2) the correlates of NSSI thought and urges within and across days, (3) strategies that aid in resisting NSSI thoughts and urges, and (4) the prospective association of daily NSSI thoughts and urges with NSSI behavior over 12 months. METHOD: Sixty adults (aged 18-35) completed a two-week daily diary and follow-ups every 3 months for one year...
August 26, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Noelle B Smith, Lindsey L Monteith, David C Rozek, Alicia E Meuret
Although childhood abuse is a well-known risk factor for suicide, no studies have investigated the role of interpersonal-psychological (Joiner, 2005), constructs in this association. This study examined whether childhood physical, sexual, and emotional abuse were associated with IPTS constructs, and whether depressive symptoms mediated these associations. Ninety-one participants completed self-report measures. Emotional abuse predicted perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness, and depressive symptoms mediated these associations...
October 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Kelly C Cukrowicz, Sarah L Brown, Sean M Mitchell, Jared F Roush, Jameson K Hirsch
Suicide in rural areas has not received significant attention in the research literature to this point, although suicide rates are higher among adults and older adults in rural areas than in urban areas. The aims of the study were as follows: (1) establish the feasibility of assessing suicide ideation and history of suicidal behavior; (2) determine preliminary estimates of the prevalence of suicide ideation, and history of suicide attempts; and (3) examine the effectiveness and acceptability of safety and referral plans for individuals whose responses indicated elevated suicide risk, in rural communities with limited access to referral care...
October 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Nathan A Kimbrel, Shaun P Thomas, Terrell A Hicks, Michael A Hertzberg, Carolina P Clancy, Eric B Elbogen, Eric C Meyer, Bryann B DeBeer, Georgina M Gross, Paul J Silvia, Sandra B Morissette, Kim L Gratz, Patrick S Calhoun, Jean C Beckham
The present research investigated wall/object punching as a form of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) among 1,143 veterans seeking treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Wall/object punching was remarkably common in this sample (43%), and its inclusion in the definition of NSSI increased estimated prevalence of recent NSSI by 14%. As expected, wall/object punching was strongly associated with other traditional forms of NSSI, post-NSSI relief, and suicide ideation. Male veterans and veterans with PTSD were significantly more likely to engage in wall/object punching than female veterans and veterans without PTSD...
October 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Brooks R Keeshin, Doug Gray, Chong Zhang, Angela P Presson, Hilary Coon
Death by suicide is a significant cause of mortality among youth. However, there is limited information on the demographic and clinical factors associated with youth suicide deaths. The objective of this study was to link large statewide databases to describe demographic, clinical, and cause of death characteristics among youth who died by suicide. We examined 1,218 decedents under age 26 who died by suicie between 2000 and 2014. Eighteen died before age 12, 53 died between ages 12 and 14, 292 died between ages 15 and 18, and 855 died between ages 19 and 25...
October 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
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