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Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326609/bridging-the-gap-connecting-resident-assistants-and-suicidal-residents-through-gatekeeper-training
#1
Kate McLean, Martin A Swanbrow Becker
One hundred sixty-two resident assistants (RAs) at a large southeastern university were randomly assigned to attend either a specialized 1-hr training program in suicide prevention (intervention group) or a stress and time management skills training program (control group). The results failed to show the suicide prevention training program had any impact on RA intervention behaviors, resident help-seeking behaviors, or RA perceptions of resident distress and suicidality 4 months following training. Results are interpreted and discussed in relation to strengthening suicide prevention training programs on college campuses...
March 21, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326598/compassion-based-meditation-in-african-americans-self-criticism-mediates-changes-in-depression
#2
Suzanne B Johnson, Bradley L Goodnight, Huaiyu Zhang, Irene Daboin, Bobbi Patterson, Nadine J Kaslow
This study examines self-criticism as a mechanism through which compassion meditation reduces depressive symptoms in low-income African American men and women (N = 59) who had recently attempted suicide. After completing several measures, including the Levels of Self-Criticism Scale and Beck Depression Inventory-II, participants were randomly assigned to receive either a six-session compassion meditation (CM) group (Grady Compassion and Meditation Program) or a six-session support group. As predicted, path analysis results showed that treatment condition led to changes in self-criticism from pre- to posttreatment, with those receiving CM showing greater reductions in levels of self-criticism than those randomized to the support group...
March 21, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295524/the-impact-of-cannabis-use-disorder-on-suicidal-and-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-iraq-afghanistan-era-veterans-with-and-without-mental-health-disorders
#3
Nathan A Kimbrel, Eric C Meyer, Bryann B DeBeer, Suzy B Gulliver, Sandra B Morissette
The objective of this study was to assess the association between cannabis use disorder (CUD) and self-injury among veterans. As expected, after adjusting for sex, age, sexual orientation, combat exposure, traumatic life events, traumatic brain injury, posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, alcohol use disorder, and noncannabis drug use disorder, CUD was significantly associated with both suicidal (OR = 3.10, p = .045) and nonsuicidal (OR = 5.12, p = .009) self-injury. CUD was the only variable significantly associated with self-injury in all three models examined...
March 13, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294383/the-association-between-gun-ownership-and-statewide-overall-suicide-rates
#4
Michael D Anestis, Claire Houtsma
An extensive body of research has demonstrated an association between gun ownership and suicide that extends beyond the effects of a range of covariates. We aimed to expand on extant research by examining the extent to which gun ownership predicts statewide overall suicide rates beyond the effects of demographic, geographic, religious, psychopathological, and suicide-related variables. By extending the list of covariates utilized, considering those covariates simultaneously, and using more recent data, we sought to present a more stringent test...
March 13, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276601/accounting-for-diversity-in-suicide-research-sampling-and-sample-reporting-practices-in-the-united-states
#5
Christine B Cha, Katherine M Tezanos, Olivia M Peros, Mei Yi Ng, Jessica D Ribeiro, Matthew K Nock, Joseph C Franklin
Research on suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STB) has identified many risk factors, but whether these findings generalize to diverse populations remains unclear. We review longitudinal studies on STB risk factors over the past 50 years in the United States and evaluate the methodological practices of sampling and reporting sample characteristics. We found that articles frequently reported participant age and sex, less frequently reported participant race and ethnicity, and rarely reported participant veteran status or lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender status...
March 9, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276599/defeat-and-entrapment-in-bipolar-disorder-exploring-the-relationship-with-suicidal-ideation-from-a-psychological-theoretical-perspective
#6
Rebecca Owen, Robert Dempsey, Steven Jones, Patricia Gooding
Contemporary psychological theoretical models of suicide hypothesize that defeat and entrapment underlie the development of suicidal ideation. This hypothesis has never been tested in people who experience bipolar disorder. Regression analysis revealed that defeat and entrapment significantly predicted suicidal ideation at 4-month follow-up. The relationship between defeat and suicidal ideation was mediated by total entrapment and internal entrapment, but not external entrapment. Results suggest that perceived defeat and entrapment underlie the development of prospective suicidal ideation in bipolar disorder...
March 9, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261867/suicidal-ideation-depressive-symptomatology-and-self-concept-a-comparison-between-mexican-institutionalized-and-noninstitutionalized-children
#7
Ana-Maria Chavez-Hernandez, Fredi-Everardo Correa-Romero, Irma-Beatriz Acosta-Rojas, Karen-Viviana Cardoso-Espindola, Gustavo M Padilla-Gallegos, Isabel Valadez-Figueroa
Previous research reports a significant prevalence of child depression worldwide and self-concept as a predictor of depression and suicide behavior. Although suicide in children is an increasing problem in Mexico, there are scarce studies reporting risk factors and none of children in foster care institutions. This was a comparative, ex post facto study whose aim was to analyze associations between suicidal ideation, depression, and self-concept in two paired samples of Mexican children (83 institutionalized and 83 noninstitutionalized)...
March 6, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261860/follow-up-with-callers-to-the-national-suicide-prevention-lifeline-evaluation-of-callers-perceptions-of-care
#8
Madelyn S Gould, Alison M Lake, Hanga Galfalvy, Marjorie Kleinman, Jimmie Lou Munfakh, James Wright, Richard McKeon
Continuity of care for suicidal individuals engaged with a variety of health and mental health care systems has become a national priority, and crisis hotlines are increasingly playing a part in the risk management and continuum of care for these individuals. The current study evaluated a national initiative to have crisis centers in the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline network provide follow-up care to suicidal callers. Data were obtained from 550 callers followed by 41 crisis counselors from 6 centers...
March 6, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261858/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptom-clusters-and-acquired-capability-for-suicide-a-reexamination-using-dsm-5-criteria
#9
Elizabeth G Spitzer, Kelly L Zuromski, Margaret T Davis, Tracy K Witte, Frank Weathers
This study used the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide to explore the relationships among DSM-5 posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom clusters derived from the six-factor anhedonia model and facets of acquired capability for suicide (ACS). In a sample of 373 trauma-exposed undergraduates, most PTSD symptom clusters were negatively associated with facets of ACS in bivariate correlations, but the anhedonia cluster was positively associated with ACS in regression models. Structure coefficients and commonality analysis indicated that anhedonia served as a suppressor variable for the other symptom clusters...
March 6, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261856/suicidal-ideation-posttraumatic-stress-and-substance-abuse-based-on-forcible-and-drug-or-alcohol-facilitated-incapacitated-rape-histories-in-a-national-sample-of-women
#10
Amanda K Gilmore, Kate Walsh, Christal L Badour, Kenneth J Ruggiero, Dean G Kilpatrick, Heidi S Resnick
Mental health symptoms differ among women with forcible rape (FR) compared to drug- or alcohol-facilitated/incapacitated rape (DAFR/IR) histories, but differences in suicidal ideation are unknown. The differences in suicidal ideation based on FR and DAFR/IR history were examined in national samples of college (n = 2,000) and household-residing (n = 3,001) women. For both college women and household-residing women, FR and DAFR/IR were associated with recent suicidal ideation. Differences emerged when examined indirectly through recent posttraumatic stress disorder, drug abuse, and alcohol abuse...
March 6, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261853/suicidal-behavior-and-problems-with-emotion-regulation
#11
Andrada D Neacsiu, Caitlin M Fang, Marcus Rodriguez, M Zachary Rosenthal
We examined in two independent samples whether: (1) difficulties with emotion regulation predict suicide ideation and (2) depressed adults with a history of attempting suicide report and exhibit more emotion dysregulation compared to healthy and depressed controls. Difficulties with emotional clarity and relationship status were significant predictors of suicide ideation (Study 1). In Study 2, when compared to controls, depressed attempters reported significantly more difficulties with emotional clarity and emotional impulsivity...
March 6, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220963/the-association-between-gender-ethnicity-and-suicidality-among-vocational-students-in-israel
#12
Joy Benatov, Ora Nakash, Shai Chen-Gal, Anat Brunstein Klomek
Gender and ethnicity are significant factors when evaluating suicidal risk, especially among ethnically diverse populations. In the current study we explored the association between gender, ethnicity, and suicide ideation and attempts among Arab and Jewish vocational education and training high school students in Israel. Students (N = 3,554) completed a self-report survey evaluating suicide ideation and attempts, depression, anxiety, somatization, and sense of belonging. Hierarchical generalized linear modeling indicated that female Arab adolescents had elevated levels of suicide ideation, higher rates of suicide attempts, and greater psychological distress than Arab males and Jewish students...
February 21, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220516/risk-factors-for-suicide-and-suicidal-behavior-relevant-to-emergency-health-care-settings-a-systematic-review-of-post-2007-reviews
#13
Kirstie McClatchey, Jennifer Murray, Anne Rowat, Zoë Chouliara
Suicide is a global public health problem, and with recent economic and societal changes, there may be emerging risk factors unrecognized by health care professionals. The aim of this systematic review was to update existing suicide risk factor literature applicable to emergency health care settings. A total of 35 articles identified from PsycINFO, CINAHL, and Medline met the inclusion criteria. Results supported the significance of existing suicide risk factors and identified emerging risk factors. The review provides a high-quality update of risk factor literature that could be applied to emergency health care settings; however, further research is needed to confirm emerging risk factors...
February 21, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211201/nonsuicidal-self-injury-is-predictive-of-suicide-attempts-among-individuals-with-mood-disorders
#14
Megan S Chesin, Hanga Galfavy, Cemile Ceren Sonmez, Amanda Wong, Maria A Oquendo, J John Mann, Barbara Stanley
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) prior to age 18 was evaluated as a risk factor for adulthood suicide attempt (SA). Archival data from 222 mood-disordered participants were analyzed using multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis. Participants with a youth SA were excluded. The hazards of SA among adult participants with a history of youth NSSI were twice than those of mood-disordered participants without youth NSSI (hazard ratio = 2.00, 95% confidence interval = 1.16-3.44, p = .01). Moreover, participants who had both youth and adult NSSI attempted suicide significantly earlier than participants who began NSSI as an adult...
February 17, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211091/friendship-depression-and-suicide-attempts-in-adults-exploratory-analysis-of-a-longitudinal-follow-up-study
#15
Julia E Marver, Hanga C Galfalvy, Ainsley K Burke, M Elizabeth Sublette, Maria A Oquendo, J John Mann, Michael F Grunebaum
Social support is thought to protect against the risk of suicidal behavior in young people and late life, but less is known about the role of friendship in adults. We explored the effect of friendship on suicide attempt risk during 1-year follow-up of 132 adults presenting with major depressive episode (MDE). Items from the Social Adjustment Scale-Self-Report were used as an index of frequency and quality of recent friendship contacts. Survival methods tested associations of friendship with risk of suicide attempt, recurrent MDE, and related outcomes during follow-up...
February 17, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160318/the-relationship-between-nonsuicidal-self-injury-age-of-onset-and-severity-of-self-harm
#16
Brooke A Ammerman, Ross Jacobucci, Evan M Kleiman, Lauren L Uyeji, Michael S McCloskey
This study examined how age of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) onset relates to NSSI severity and suicidality using decision tree analyses (nonparametric regression models that recursively partition predictor variables to create groupings). Those with an earlier age of NSSI onset reported greater NSSI frequency, NSSI methods, and NSSI-related hospital visits. No significant splits were found for suicide ideation or attempts, although those with an earlier onset were more likely to have a suicide plan. Overall, findings suggest that onset of NSSI before age 12 is associated with more severe NSSI and may be a crucial age for prevention efforts...
February 3, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150463/hopelessness-predicts-suicide-ideation-but-not-attempts-a-10-year-longitudinal-study
#17
Tianyou Qiu, E David Klonsky, Daniel N Klein
Hopelessness is one of the most commonly cited risk factors for suicidal behaviors. However, several retrospective studies suggest that hopelessness, while strongly correlated with suicide ideation, does not distinguish attempters from ideators without attempts. This study is the first to utilize a prospective design to disambiguate the relationship of hopelessness to ideation versus attempts. Participants were 142 depressed patients followed up over 10 years. Hopelessness and suicidality (ideation and attempts) were assessed using validated questionnaires and structured interviews...
February 2, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150414/suicide-exposure-in-the-population-perceptions-of-impact-and-closeness
#18
Julie Cerel, Myfanwy Maple, Judy van de Venne, Melissa Brown, Melinda Moore, Chris Flaherty
Recent studies of people exposed to suicide point to a continuum of effects moderated by a perception of closeness to the deceased. We investigated the importance of perception of impact of the death on mental health outcomes of those exposed to suicide. Female sex, younger age, and multiple exposures to suicide were associated with greater risk for poorer outcomes. Suicide exposed with high impact was more likely to have depression, anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder, prolonged grief, and suicide ideation...
February 2, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150329/connecting-veterans-at-risk-for-suicide-to-care-through-the-home-program
#19
Bridget B Matarazzo, Samantha A Farro, Melodi Billera, Jeri E Forster, Janet E Kemp, Lisa A Brenner
The Home-Based Mental Health Evaluation (HOME) program, which engages veterans in care following psychiatric hospitalization, was evaluated. Thirty-four veterans who participated in the HOME program were compared to 34 veterans from a matched archival control group on treatment engagement and implementation outcomes. Veterans who participated in the HOME program were significantly more likely to engage in care, engaged in care more quickly, and attended significantly more individual mental health appointments...
February 2, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093796/the-role-of-perceived-burden-and-social-support-in-suicide-and-depression
#20
Christopher M Bell, Josephine A Ridley, James C Overholser, Kevin Young, Alison Athey, Jennifer Lehmann, Kristie Phillips
In a sample of 114 military veterans with depression histories, perceived burden was related to depression symptoms and suicide attempt history. After accounting for perceived burden, sense of belonging was negatively related to depression. Among the areas of social support, family support was inversely related to both depression and suicide history. After accounting for family support, personal meaning from relationships and friend support were related to depression. The results of this study suggest that perceived burdensomeness may be a stronger determinant of suicidality than sense of belonging or social support...
January 17, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
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