journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816363/the-suicidal-inmate-a-comparison-of-inmates-who-attempt-versus-complete-suicide
#1
Emily A Boren, Johanna B Folk, Jennifer M Loya, June P Tangney, Sharen E Barboza, John S Wilson
The aim of this study was to identify risk factors distinguishing inmates who attempt suicide from inmates who complete suicide. Compared with attempters, completers tended to be older, male, more educated, and married or separated/divorced; pretrial, committed for a violent crime, incarcerated in jail, housed in an inpatient mental health unit or protective custody setting, living in a single cell, not on suicide precautions, not previously under close observation; and more likely to act during overnight hours and die by hanging/self-strangulation...
August 17, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782133/risk-factors-for-suicidal-behavior-depend-on-age-for-veterans-in-the-pacific-islands
#2
Barbara L Pitts, Julia M Whealin, Jackson Kato
We examined whether risk factors for suicidal behavior depend on age among military veterans in the Pacific Islands (N = 29,595). For veterans under 54 years old, having a diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder, borderline personality disorder, a drug use disorder, and having a service-related disability predicted suicidal behavior. For veterans 54 years old or older, having a mood disorder predicted suicidal behavior. Having a history of suicidal behavior and a high number of VA health care visits were associated with suicidal behavior for both age groups...
August 7, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782126/independent-effects-of-mental-disorders-on-suicidal-behavior-in-the-community
#3
Philip J Batterham, Alison L Calear, Helen Christensen, Natacha Carragher, Matthew Sunderland
This study assessed the independent contributions of nine common mental disorders on suicide ideation and suicide attempt. A community-based survey of Australian adults (N = 3,175) was conducted to identify common mental disorders associated with recent suicide attempt. Nine disorders were assessed using DSM-5 clinical criteria. Logistic regression models indicated that all disorders were significantly and independently associated with suicide ideation. However, only obsessive-compulsive disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder were significantly associated with suicide attempt among participants with ideation, independently of other disorders (OR = 2...
August 7, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762557/insights-from-cowichan-a-hybrid-approach-to-understanding-suicide-in-one-first-nations-collective
#4
Emma Elliott-Groves
Explanations for suicide are theorized primarily in terms of the individual, seldom considering the interdependent orientation of Indigenous communities. Drawing on the interpersonal theory of suicide and settler colonial theory, this study addresses Indigenous suicide on two levels: the individual and the collective. Twenty-one interviews were conducted with members of the Cowichan Tribes to understand reasons for suicide in one community. Qualitative analysis identified explanatory constructs proposed by the interpersonal theory as well as negative conditions stemming from colonialism, as proposed by settler colonial theory...
August 1, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758704/an-ecological-investigation-of-the-emotional-context-surrounding-nonsuicidal-self-injurious-thoughts-and-behaviors-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#5
Amy Kranzler, Kara B Fehling, Janne Lindqvist, Julia Brillante, Fengpeng Yuan, Xianyi Gao, Alec L Miller, Edward A Selby
Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) methodology was used to examine the emotional context of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI). Forty-seven adolescents and young adults used a novel smartphone app to monitor their emotional experiences, NSSI thoughts, and NSSI behaviors for 2 weeks. Momentary changes in both negative and positive emotions predicted greater intensity of NSSI thoughts at the subsequent assessment, while only increases in negative emotion predicted NSSI behaviors. Immediately following NSSI behaviors participants reported reduced high-arousal negative emotions and increased low-arousal positive emotions, suggesting that NSSI may be an efficient and effective method of regulating emotion...
July 31, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752655/predictors-of-emerging-suicide-death-among-military-personnel-on-social-media-networks
#6
Craig J Bryan, Jonathan E Butner, Sungchoon Sinclair, Anna Belle O Bryan, Christina M Hesse, Andree E Rose
Suicide is a leading cause of death in the United States and is the second leading cause of death in the U.S. military. Previous research suggests that data obtained from social media networks may provide important clues for identifying at-risk individuals. To test this possibility, the social media profiles from 315 military personnel who died by suicide (n = 157) or other causes (n = 158) were coded for the presence of stressful life situations (i.e., triggers), somatic complaints or health issues (i...
July 28, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731200/suicidal-self-directed-violence-among-homeless-us-veterans-a-systematic-review
#7
Adam S Hoffberg, Elizabeth Spitzer, Jessica L Mackelprang, Samantha A Farro, Lisa A Brenner
A systematic review of the literature was conducted to investigate suicidal self-directed violence and homelessness among US military veterans, and identify existing suicide prevention strategies. In November 2015, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycInfo, CINAHL, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Google, and Google Scholar were searched. Articles published since 1990 investigating self-directed violence among homeless veterans were identified. Data were extracted and synthesized qualitatively. Nineteen observational studies were included...
July 21, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726336/mass-killings-in-the-united-states-from-2006-to-2013-social-contagion-or-random-clusters
#8
Adam Lankford, Sara Tomek
In line with previous research on suicide and social contagion, there has been widespread speculation that mass killings-which often involve suicidal offenders-are socially contagious for up to 14 days. This study tested these claims by making comparisons (i) between observed chronological clusters of mass killings in the United States from 2006 to 2013 and clusters in 500 simulations containing 116,000 randomly generated dates, and then (ii) between observed mass killings receiving varying levels of public attention...
July 20, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726309/religion-sexual-orientation-and-suicide-attempts-among-a-sample-of-suicidal-adolescents
#9
Annie Shearer, Jody Russon, Joanna Herres, Amanda Wong, Carrie Jacobs, Gary M Diamond, Guy S Diamond
Despite condemnation of same-sex attraction by certain religious groups, few studies have explored the relationship between religion, same-sex attraction, and suicidality. This study examined the moderating effect of same-sex attraction on the relationship between parent/adolescent religiosity and suicide ideation/attempts in a suicidal adolescent sample (N = 129). Linear and negative binomial regressions tested the effects of a two-way dichotomous (same-sex attraction, yes/no) by continuous (religiosity) interaction on ideation and attempts, respectively...
July 20, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678380/on-the-iatrogenic-risk-of-assessing-suicidality-a-meta-analysis
#10
Christopher R DeCou, Matthew E Schumann
Previous studies have failed to detect an iatrogenic effect of assessing suicidality. However, the perception that asking about suicide may induce suicidality persists. This meta-analysis quantitatively synthesized research concerning the iatrogenic risks of assessing suicidality. This review included studies that explicitly evaluated the iatrogenic effects of assessing suicidality via prospective research methods. Thirteen articles were identified that met inclusion criteria. Evaluation of the pooled effect of assessing suicidality with regard to negative outcomes did not demonstrate significant iatrogenic effects...
July 5, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677867/thwarted-belongingness-in-relation-to-face-to-face-and-online-interactions
#11
Fallon B Ringer, Michael D Anestis
Suicide is ranked as the tenth leading cause of death for all ages in the United States (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2012). Joiner's (2005) interpersonal theory of suicide stated thwarted belongingness-the feeling of being alienated from others-and perceived burdensomeness-the feeling of being a liability to others-are the primary proximal factors leading to suicidal desire. The current study focused on thwarted belongingness and examined its relationship to face-to-face interactions and online interactions in both an undergraduate and community sample...
July 5, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650105/psychological-symptoms-in-late-adolescence-and-long-term-risk-of-suicide-and-suicide-attempt
#12
Carl Hogstedt, Yvonne Forsell, Tomas Hemmingsson, Ingvar Lundberg, Andreas Lundin
Mental disorders in the general population are associated with increased risk of suicidality, but less is known about the independent predictive ability of self-reported psychological symptoms. We followed 49,321 screened and interviewed Swedish conscripts through 36-year follow-up to test whether psychological symptoms predicted suicide and hospitalization for suicide attempts. There were 619 suicides and 1,230 suicide attempts during the follow-up period. After excluding subjects with any psychiatric diagnoses (n = 5,691, 12%) and controlling for other psychological symptoms, severe symptoms of anger, trouble falling asleep, and feeling down predicted suicide...
June 26, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640962/awareness-of-suicide-risk-and-communication-between-health-care-professionals-and-next-of-kin-of-suicides-in-the-month-before-suicide
#13
Brian Draper, Karolina Krysinska, John Snowdon, Diego De Leo
Based on psychological autopsy data, the study compared awareness of suicide risk in the deceased among next-of-kin (NOK) and health care professionals (HCPs), and communication between these two groups in the month before death. The NOKs had significantly more knowledge about the decedent's suicide warning signs than the HCPs (90.5% vs. 44.6%). Contact between NOK and HCP was initiated more often by the family than the HCPs (29.4% vs. 5.9%). The study found communication gaps between HCPs and NOK and stresses the need for suicide prevention strategies strengthening communication between these two groups...
June 22, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631262/lifetime-suicidal-behaviors-and-career-characteristics-among-u-s-army-soldiers-results-from-the-army-study-to-assess-risk-and-resilience-in-servicemembers-army-starrs
#14
Alexander J Millner, Robert J Ursano, Irving Hwang, Andrew J King, James A Naifeh, Nancy A Sampson, Alan M Zaslavsky, Murray B Stein, Ronald C Kessler, Matthew K Nock
The current report presents data on lifetime prevalence of suicide ideation and nonfatal attempts as reported by the large representative sample of U.S. Army soldiers who participated in the Consolidated All-Army Survey of the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (N = 29,982). We also examine associations of key Army career characteristics with these outcomes. Prevalence estimates for lifetime suicide ideation are 12.7% among men and 20.1% among women, and for lifetime suicide attempts are 2...
June 20, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612472/federation-internationale-de-football-association-fifa-2014-world-cup-impact-on-hospital-treated-suicide-attempt-overdose-in-tehran
#15
Hossein Hassanian-Moghaddam, Fatemeh Ghorbani, Afsaneh Rahimi, Tayyebeh Farmahini Farahani, Parvane Sadat Vafaei Sani, Terry J Lewin, Gregory L Carter
Social influences on suicidal behaviors may be important but are less frequently studied than the influences of mental illness, physical illness, and demographic variables. Major international sporting events may have an impact on suicidal behaviors at the national and local level, an effect possibly mediated by gender and age. We examined the association of hospital-treated deliberate self-poisoning episodes (by gender and by age) in Tehran: before, during, and after the 2014 FIFA World Cup held in Brazil, in which the Iranian national team participated and was eliminated after the pool games...
June 13, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597959/nonlinear-change-processes-during-psychotherapy-characterize-patients-who-have-made-multiple-suicide-attempts
#16
Craig J Bryan, M David Rudd
Research suggests that multiple suicide attempters experience considerable variability in suicide ideation and longer-duration suicidal crises, which suggests the possibility of two states of stability (one low risk and one high risk). To date, however, few studies have examined nonlinear change processes in suicide ideation among patients. In a sample of 76 active duty U.S. Army soldiers receiving brief cognitive behavioral therapy for acute suicide risk, we examined differences in the ebb and flow of suicide ideation among multiple attempters, first-time attempters, and ideators...
June 9, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591462/preliminary-validation-of-a-korean-version-of-the-acquired-capability-for-suicide-scale-fearlessness-about-death
#17
Jang-Won Seo, Seok-Man Kwon
The interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide proposes that the desire for suicide must be accompanied by the capability to do so in order for an individual to engage in suicidal behavior. The Acquired Capability for Suicide Scale-Fearlessness about Death (ACSS-FAD) measures fearlessness about death, a core component of the capability for suicide. This study aimed to validate a Korean version of the ACSS-FAD in a college student sample. We administered the ACSS-FAD and measures of suicide ideation, fear of suicide, death anxiety, pain anxiety, and depression in a sample of Korean college students (N = 301) and analyzed its reliability, factor structure, invariance across genders, convergent validity, and discriminant validity...
June 7, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581700/the-longitudinal-association-of-being-bullied-and-gender-with-suicide-ideations-self-harm-and-suicide-attempts-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood-a-cohort-study
#18
Johannes Foss Sigurdson, Anne Mari Undheim, Jan Lance Wallander, Stian Lydersen, Anne Mari Sund
Longitudinal associations between being bullied during adolescence and suicide ideations, self-harm, and suicide attempts into young adulthood were examined. A large representative sample was examined in 1998 (N = 2,464, MA 13.7), 1999/2000, and 2012 to reassess the outcome measures. At all ages, bullied participants showed more suicide ideation, self-harm, and suicide attempts, regardless of gender. Bullied females showed a decrease in suicide ideation from adolescence to adulthood, while bullied males showed an increase in suicide attempts in the same time period...
June 5, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543405/residential-transience-and-substance-use-disorder-are-independently-associated-with-suicidal-thoughts-plans-and-attempts-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-u-s-adults
#19
Valerie L Forman-Hoffman, Cristie Glasheen, Ty A Ridenour
This study tests the association between past-year residential transience (RT), substance use disorder (SUD), major depressive episode (MDE), and suicidal outcomes in a nationally representative sample of noninstitutionalized, civilian, community-dwelling adults who participated in the 2008-2013 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health. RT, SUD, and MDE were each significantly associated with suicidal thoughts, plans, and attempts in models adjusted for each other and sociodemographic covariates. Because RT is independently associated with each suicidal outcome, even when there is no co-occurring SUD or MDE, assessment of RT should occur when screening for suicide...
May 24, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935103/concerns-of-older-veteran-callers-to-the-veterans-crisis-line
#20
Kathy A Rasmussen, Deborah A King, Madelyn S Gould, Wendi Cross, Wan Tang, Kimberly Kaukeinen, Xin Tu, Kerry L Knox
When the Veterans Crisis Line (VCL) was implemented, it was uncertain if veterans, and particularly older male veterans, would utilize the service. We examined VCL use by a growing group of veterans at increased risk for suicide: those aged 60 and older. Real-time clinical data were gathered from a weekly random sampling of calls. Approximately 25% of calls were from veterans aged 60 or older; over 80% reported benefit from the call. Several significant differences in presenting concerns between older and younger callers were found...
August 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
journal
journal
26756
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"