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Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique

P Vanhems, P Quenel, L R Salmi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 8, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
B Oneib, M Sabir, Y Otheman, A Ouanass
INTRODUCTION: Our aim was to determine the reason for consultation and the clinical features of depressive disorders according to the diagnostic and statistical manual (DSM) 4th edition IV R in primary care and to identify if there is an association between sociodemographic characteristics and depressive pattern. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a cross-sectional study conducted to determinate the prevalence of depressive disorders in primary care, at three urban centers in two cities Salé and Oujda by five physicians, we recruited primary care 396 patients of whom 58 were depressed, among these patients we screened for depressive disorders, their clinical features, the melancholic characteristics and suicidal ideation using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview...
June 1, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
T Rémen, B Lacour
BACKGROUND: In less than two decades, the wireless telecommunications sector has grown dramatically. While a large part of the world's population is now equipped with technologies from this sector (mobile phone, wireless residential telephone, Wi-Fi…), little data is available to quantify the use of these technologies. The purpose of this article is to present a description of these uses among young people, a population particularly receptive to these new telecommunication facilities...
May 30, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
R Mbusa-Kambale, M Mihigo-Akonkwa, N Francisca-Isia, S Zigabe-Mushamuka, J Bwija-Kasengi, A Nyakasane-Muhimuzi, O Battisti, B Mungo-Masumbuko
BACKGROUND: Low birth weight (LBW) is one of the leading causes of perinatal and infant morbidity and mortality, as well as of impaired growth and neurocognitive development. This study aimed to evaluate the evolution of anthropometric parameters and the nutritional status of LBW infants and to analyze factors influencing the growth failure during their first 6 months of life (or adjusted age). METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study for 6 months, including 100 infants born with LBW and 100 infants born at full-term and with normal weight...
May 29, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
J Laurent, N Dapzol, A Menu-Branthomme, M-C Clément, N Melin, J Dubois, A Buronfosse
BACKGROUND: French post-acute care and rehabilitation facilities describe and code their activity through the Program for Medicalization of Information Systems (PMSI). A new specific catalogue of rehabilitation procedures (CSARR) has been implemented to code rehabilitation acts since 2013. This study aimed to assess the coherence of the coding of the rehabilitation acts using the CSARR two years after its establishment through the analyze of 3 main items regarding patients and therapists...
May 29, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
A Touré, D Cissé, Kjjo Kadio, A Camara, F A Traoré, A Delamou, S Sididé, C Kouyaté, I S Bangoura, M M Diallo, T M Tounkara, F Traoré, M S Sow, N Khanafer, M Cissé
BACKGROUND: Late or inadequate therapeutic management increases the risk of mortality associated with HIV/AIDS. The aim of this study was to analyze the proportion and factors associated with loss of follow-up in HIV patients who receiving antiretroviral therapy at Conakry. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in HIV patients aged over 15 years and who receiving antiretroviral therapy. Between August 1, 2008 and July 31, 2015, all patients managed by the ambulatory treatment center of the Guinean Women Association against AIDS and sexually and transmissible infection were included...
May 25, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
P Gomez, S Boesen-Mariani, E Bruckert
BACKGROUND: Although combined changes in eating habits and physical activity are pivotal to hypercholesterolemia management and the prevention of cardiovascular disease, little is known about the factors influencing the adoption of both behaviors by adults with hypercholesterolemia. The goal of this study was to identify psychological factors that predict a combined adoption of dietary modification and physical activity among adults with hypercholesterolemia. METHODS: We recruited a sample of 1100 adults with hypercholesterolemia (56...
April 20, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
J Sawchik, J Hamdani, M Vanhaeverbeek
Randomized clinical trials are considered as the preferred design to assess the potential causal relationships between drugs or other medical interventions and intended effects. For this reason, randomized clinical trials are generally the basis of development programs in the life cycle of drugs and the cornerstone of evidence-based medicine. Instead, randomized clinical trials are not the design of choice for the detection and assessment of rare, delayed and/or unexpected effects related to drug safety. Moreover, the highly homogeneous populations resulting from restrictive eligibility criteria make randomized clinical trials inappropriate to describe comprehensively the safety profile of drugs...
May 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
G Rangé, S Chassaing, P Marcollet, C Saint-Étienne, P Dequenne, M Goralski, P Bardiére, F Beverilli, L Godillon, B Sabine, C Laure, S Gautier, R Hakim, F Albert, D Angoulvant, L Grammatico-Guillon
OBJECTIVES: To assess the reliability and low cost of a computerized interventional cardiology (IC) registry to prospectively and systematically collect high-quality data for all consecutive coronary patients referred for coronary angiogram or/and coronary angioplasty. BACKGROUND: Rigorous clinical practice assessment is a key factor to improve prognosis in IC. A prospective and permanent registry could achieve this goal but, presumably, at high cost and low level of data quality...
May 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
R Arnal, M Spodenkiewicz, J Lacoste, L Jehel, B Falissard
BACKGROUND: Prisoners' sociocultural backgrounds and prison environments have an influence on detainees' psychopathology; complex judicial and public policies are also to be taken into account in the dynamics of that environment. Scientific literature shows a wide range prison inmates' profiles across the world. However, very little data about the mental health of Caribbean jail inmates has been published. Martinique is a French overseas administrative district in the Caribbean, with a population of about 400,000 inhabitants...
May 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
A Chanu, A Caron, G Ficheur, C Berkhout, A Duhamel, M Rochoy
BACKGROUND: A general practitioner's office is an economic unit where task delegation is an essential component in improving the quality and performance of work. AIM: To classify the preferences of general practitioners regarding the delegation of medical-administrative tasks to assistant medical-social secretaries. METHOD: Conjoint analysis was applied to a random sample of 175 general practitioners working in metropolitan France. Ten scenarios were constructed based on seven attributes: training for medical secretaries, logistical support during the consultation, delegation of management planning, medical records, accounting, maintenance, and taking initiative on the telephone...
May 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
D A Diallo, A Guindo, B A Touré, Y S Sarro, M Sima, O Tessougué, M A Baraika, P Guindo, M Traoré, M Diallo, A Dorie
BACKGROUND: Newborn screening for sickle cell anemia is necessary in Africa where the disease is more frequent. Hemoglobin electrophoresis is used for screening, but is limited by a high cost and difficult access. Sickling test (Emmel test), which is more affordable and technically more accessible, is often requested for prenatal assessment of pregnant women in West African areas to reserve screening for newborns from mothers in whom the positive sickling test attests the presence of hemoglobin S...
May 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
V Antoine, J Belmin, H Blain, S Bonin-Guillaume, L Goldsmith, O Guerin, M-J Kergoat, P Landais, R Mahmoudi, J A Morais, P Rataboul, A Saber, S Sirvain, G Wolfklein, B de Wazieres
INTRODUCTION: The Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) is a validated key tool in clinical practice and research programs to diagnose delirium and assess its severity. There is no validated French version of the CAM training manual and coding guide (Inouye SK). The aim of this study was to establish a consensual French version of the CAM and its manual. METHODS: Cross-cultural adaptation to achieve equivalence between the original version and a French adapted version of the CAM manual...
May 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
V Clergue-Duval, E Pot, J Azuar
BACKGROUND: General practitioners (GPs) are fully concerned with the care of patients suffering from addiction and must have the support of a specialized network. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of the addict follow-up care by GPs, their use of addictological care facilities and their needs in communicating with specialists. METHODS: Private and salaried GPs working in the 9th, 10th, 18th and 19th districts of Paris were contacted by phone, and a questionnaire was sent to those who agreed to respond...
May 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
H Rachidi, H Latrache
BACKGROUND: Food safety has become an absolute necessity in all countries. As a result, Morocco has taken several measures and actions to develop food safety and food-borne disease control. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to highlight the level of improvement in the quality assurance of meat and meat products in Morocco. METHOD: It is based on a non-exhaustive review of the regulatory texts governing food safety in the country, as well as a statistical study on establishments of meat and meat products adopting a self-checking system and approved by the National Office of Sanitary Safety of Food...
March 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
M Morelle, M Plantier, B Dervaux, A Pagès, F Deniès, N Havet, L Perrier
This work addresses the analysis of individual cost data in the setting of interventional or observational studies using statistical analysis software once the costs per patient have been estimated. It is in fact necessary to be able to present and describe data in an appropriate manner in each of the studied health strategies and to test whether the difference in costs observed between treatment groups is due to chance or not. Furthermore, cost analysis differs from conventional statistical analysis in that cost data have a certain number of specific properties, including their use by health decision-makers...
March 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
J Hiquet, E Christin, F Tovagliaro, J Fougas, O Dubourg, C Chevalier, F Abel, M Ebouat, M-E Ploquin, M Malo, S Gromb-Monnoyeur
BACKGROUND: The Forensic medicine reform in 2011 enabled the development of forensic units specialized in multidisciplinary care of victims of criminal offences. Thanks to an annual budgetary allocation, the Ministry of Justice handles the financing of judicial acts, while the health care facilities assume the medical, psychological and social aspects. The objective of this study was to determine the direct costs of medical care provided to rape victims (such as defined in the article 222-23 of the Penal Code) in order to see how its funding could be reconsidered to prevent any additional cost that could be caused by non-sufficient medical, psychological and social care...
March 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
M Althuizius, G Lefer, P Bourdon, S Lopez Cazaux
BACKGROUND: The oral diseases of people with disabilities are the same as those observed in the general population but occur earlier and more intensely. Primary prevention, especially toothbrushing, is at the forefront of the appropriate management of these patients. The aim of this study is to evaluate the use of a digital application on iPad® as mediator for learning toothbrushing in children with disabilities. METHODS: Twelve children from a care-center were included in this preliminary study...
March 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
G Mercier, N Costa, C Dutot, V-P Riche
The hospital costing process implies access to various sources of data. Whether a micro-costing or a gross-costing approach is used, the choice of the methodology is based on a compromise between the cost of data collection, data accuracy, and data transferability. This work describes the data sources available in France and the access modalities that are used, as well as the main advantages and shortcomings of: (1) the local unit costs, (2) the hospital analytical accounting, (3) the Angers database, (4) the National Health Cost Studies, (5) the INTER CHR/U databases, (6) the Program for Medicalizing Information Systems, and (7) the public health insurance databases...
March 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
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