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Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique

M Barro, B Sanogo, A S Ouermi, B R Zio, A B I Ouattara, B Nacro
BACKGROUND: In order to contribute to the fight against the pediatric HIV infection, we have assessed, through a study in which we have systematically proposed to carry out children's testing, the rate of acceptability and the feasibility of children's HIV testing during the routine activities of the department. We have also analyzed the reasons for the acceptability or the refusal of the child's HIV testing by the accompanying person. METHODS: The study took place from May to September 2015 including all the parents/legal guardians of any child aged 0 to 14 years coming for a consultation or who was hospitalized in the Pediatric Department of Souro Sanou Teaching Hospital...
October 23, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
H Leroy, M Creutz-Leroy, J-M Boivin
BACKGROUND: Access to VTOP (Voluntary Termination of Pregnancy) is a national priority in France. Once legalized in 1975, several laws contributed to improve access to VTOP, such as the 2004 family planning law which enabled urban practitioners to carry out orthogenic work. This law was supplemented by the 2016 health care modernization act. On the whole, the organization for VTOP access in the Grand Est region, complies with legislation and recommendations. However, private practitioners contribute little to this activity...
October 20, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
T Gagné, A Y Omorou, J Kivits, F Alla, L Minary
BACKGROUND: Targeted interventions among vulnerable youth populations represent an important approach to the reduction of health inequalities. We must, however, ensure that impacts are not unequally distributed according to the range of resources available to them. We explore these concerns among youth in vocational training to be enrolled in a smoking cessation intervention by describing (1) their socio-economic profile and (2) the association between their socioeconomic characteristics, their smoking practices, and key factors that could be targeted in interventions...
October 16, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
S Sidibé, B S Camara, A Delamou, A Touré, P Bouedouno, A T Samake, A H Beavogui
BACKGROUND: Developing a more resilient health system to Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) is a necessity in Guinea. This implies having information on the knowledge and practices that health staffs had during the preceding the EVD outbreak. The objective of this study was to compare the knowledge, attitudes and practices of routine healthcare providers on suspected EVD cases in the affected and non-affected districts in Guinea. METHODS: A cross-sectional analytic study was conducted from December 6th to 30th, 2014 with health staffs and community health workers from 120 health facilities, in four health districts more affected by the EVD and four others less affected...
October 11, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
M Dugué, C Garncarzyk, F Dosseville
BACKGROUND: Student nurses have perceived stress higher than students taking other training courses. The objective of this work was to investigate psychological characteristics of nursing students in an attempt to understand why they are more subject to stress than others. METHODS: We carried out a self-administered questionnaire survey to compare students taking various training courses (i.e., sport sciences, psychology, medicine, and nursing). Perceived stress and health, high-risk behaviors, different psychological determinants of stress (i...
October 11, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
X Gocko, M Leclerq, C Plotton
BACKGROUND: The risk-benefit ratio of breast cancer organized screening is the focus of much scientific controversy, especially about overdiagnosis. The aim of this study was to relate methodological discrepancies to variations in rates of overdiagnosis to help build future decision aids and to better communicate with patients. METHODS: A systematic review of methodology was conducted by two investigators who searched Medline and Cochrane databases from 01/01/2004 to 12/31/2016...
October 10, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
C Blein, C Chamoux, D Reynaud, V Lepage
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to analyze and to compare data from 2015, focusing on hospital care for patients with multiple sclerosis from three French regions with different characteristics in terms of prevalence, size and number of multiple sclerosis competencies and resource centers. METHODS: All hospital admissions from the PMSI MCO 2015 database, with a principal or related diagnosis (PD-RD) of G35* ("multiple sclerosis") were extracted. We also extracted chemotherapy treatments administered in hospital, during admissions with a significant associated diagnosis (SAD) of G35*, if the PD or RD was coded Z512 ("non-tumor chemotherapy")...
October 8, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
B Derbez, Z El Haffaf, F Galactéros, S de Montgolfier
BACKGROUND: Information to kin is one of the major ethical problems of the new genetics. In France, the revised bioethics law in 2011 created the possibility for patients to authorize professionals, under certain conditions, to directly contact their relatives at risk. Beyond this, other actors, such as GPs, could however play a role in this process. METHODS: Our article is based on an ethnographic-type sociological study by observations and semi-structured interviews with patients (n=59) and genetic professionals (n=16) that took place from 2014 to 2016 in three genetic hospital wards in France and Canada...
September 12, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
V Berger, C Germain, R Lacomère, C Bader, O Gerbouin, A Bénard
BACKGROUND: Constipation is a frequent issue during hospitalization. Multiple causes such as the existence of irregular habits, lack of exercise as well as medical history have been identified. Drugs such as strong painkillers, central nervous system therapies and treatments of the digestive tract are a major cause of constipation. Additionally, unbalanced diet, fluid deficiency, and anxiety may aggravate constipation. The consideration of all these risk factors being under the responsibility of nurses...
September 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
H Titou, N Baba, J Kasouati, S Oumakir, R Frikh, M Boui, N Hjira
BACKGROUND: The purpose was to study factors associated with the survival of HIV-1 patients receiving antiretroviral therapy in Morocco. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This was a retrospective study of a cohort of 182 HIV-1 patients receiving antiretroviral therapy in the department of dermatology venereology at the Military Instruction Hospital Mohamed V in Rabat during the period from 1 January 2006 to 1 January 2017. Death of any cause during the study period was considered to be the result of HIV infection...
September 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
J Coste, A Rouquette, J M Valderas, M Rose, A Leplège
BACKGROUND: PROMIS-29 is a new generic standardized questionnaire measuring self-reported health status. It was developed as part of the Patient Reported Outcome Measurement Information System (PROMIS) in the United States. The objective of this study was to carry out the psychometric validation of a French-language version of PROMIS-29 and to establish general population reference values for France. METHODS: Quota sampling was conducted by an independent polling company (Ipsos) to obtain a general population sample (n=1,501) representative with regards to: gender, age, occupation, region, and population density of the place of residence...
September 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
A Descatha, A Leclerc, M Goldberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
G Vanderperre, G Nguyen-Huy-Thui, P Marsan, G Desjeux, M Marcaillou
INTRODUCTION: The diurnal hypersomnia associated with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) affects soldier employment and deployability. In this study, we examined the impact of OSA on the employment of soldiers on continuous positive airways pressure (CPAP) therapy by measuring several items: work absenteeism using the Work Productivity and Activity Impairment (WPAI) questionnaire, diurnal hypersomnia, and career advancement. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent by regular mail to 940 soldiers with OSA on CPAP therapy who are insured by the French Military Healthcare Fund (Caisse Nationale Militaire de Sécurité Sociale)...
July 14, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
P Vanhems, P Quenel, L R Salmi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
B Oneib, M Sabir, Y Otheman, A Ouanass
INTRODUCTION: Our aim was to determine the reason for consultation and the clinical features of depressive disorders according to the diagnostic and statistical manual (DSM) 4th edition IV R in primary care and to identify if there is an association between sociodemographic characteristics and depressive pattern. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a cross-sectional study conducted to determinate the prevalence of depressive disorders in primary care, at three urban centers in two cities Salé and Oujda by five physicians, we recruited primary care 396 patients of whom 58 were depressed, among these patients we screened for depressive disorders, their clinical features, the melancholic characteristics and suicidal ideation using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview...
June 1, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
T Rémen, B Lacour
BACKGROUND: In less than two decades, the wireless telecommunications sector has grown dramatically. While a large part of the world's population is now equipped with technologies from this sector (mobile phone, wireless residential telephone, Wi-Fi…), little data is available to quantify the use of these technologies. The purpose of this article is to present a description of these uses among young people, a population particularly receptive to these new telecommunication facilities...
May 30, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
R Mbusa-Kambale, M Mihigo-Akonkwa, N Francisca-Isia, S Zigabe-Mushamuka, J Bwija-Kasengi, A Nyakasane-Muhimuzi, O Battisti, B Mungo-Masumbuko
BACKGROUND: Low birth weight (LBW) is one of the leading causes of perinatal and infant morbidity and mortality, as well as of impaired growth and neurocognitive development. This study aimed to evaluate the evolution of anthropometric parameters and the nutritional status of LBW infants and to analyze factors influencing the growth failure during their first 6 months of life (or adjusted age). METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study for 6 months, including 100 infants born with LBW and 100 infants born at full-term and with normal weight...
May 29, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
J Laurent, N Dapzol, A Menu-Branthomme, M-C Clément, N Melin, J Dubois, A Buronfosse
BACKGROUND: French post-acute care and rehabilitation facilities describe and code their activity through the Program for Medicalization of Information Systems (PMSI). A new specific catalogue of rehabilitation procedures (CSARR) has been implemented to code rehabilitation acts since 2013. This study aimed to assess the coherence of the coding of the rehabilitation acts using the CSARR two years after its establishment through the analyze of 3 main items regarding patients and therapists...
May 29, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
A Touré, D Cissé, Kjjo Kadio, A Camara, F A Traoré, A Delamou, S Sididé, C Kouyaté, I S Bangoura, M M Diallo, T M Tounkara, F Traoré, M S Sow, N Khanafer, M Cissé
BACKGROUND: Late or inadequate therapeutic management increases the risk of mortality associated with HIV/AIDS. The aim of this study was to analyze the proportion and factors associated with loss of follow-up in HIV patients who receiving antiretroviral therapy at Conakry. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in HIV patients aged over 15 years and who receiving antiretroviral therapy. Between August 1, 2008 and July 31, 2015, all patients managed by the ambulatory treatment center of the Guinean Women Association against AIDS and sexually and transmissible infection were included...
May 25, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
J Sawchik, J Hamdani, M Vanhaeverbeek
Randomized clinical trials are considered as the preferred design to assess the potential causal relationships between drugs or other medical interventions and intended effects. For this reason, randomized clinical trials are generally the basis of development programs in the life cycle of drugs and the cornerstone of evidence-based medicine. Instead, randomized clinical trials are not the design of choice for the detection and assessment of rare, delayed and/or unexpected effects related to drug safety. Moreover, the highly homogeneous populations resulting from restrictive eligibility criteria make randomized clinical trials inappropriate to describe comprehensively the safety profile of drugs...
May 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
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