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Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique

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September 1, 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
E Cléro, L Marie, C Challeton-De Vathaire, D Laurier, A Rannou
BACKGROUND: At the request of French public authorities, the Institute of Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety has assessed the radiological situation of a house built on uranium ore residues in Haute-Vienne and the health risks induced from exposure to radon for all occupants. Classified as a lung carcinogen by the World Health Organization, radon is a proven cause of lung cancer in case of regular inhalation over a long period, and the risk increases with cumulative exposure. METHODS: Radon exposure was reconstructed for various standard profiles of house occupancy...
September 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
P K Yanogo, J L Schmit, A S Fresse, C Andrejak, S Castelain, C Adjodah, O Ganry
AIM: To analyze the factors associated with the time to initiating tuberculosis contact investigations in the Somme department, France. METHODS: All reported tuberculosis cases and all their contacts screened between 2007 and 2011 were retrospectively included. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to determine the factors associated with a "system delay"≤1 month and a "contact delay"≤0 days. RESULTS: The mean time between the mandatory notification of a case of tuberculosis and the date set for the contact's screening (system delay) was 35...
September 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
S Baggio, M Mohler-Kuo, M Dupuis, Y Henchoz, J Studer, A A N'Goran, G Gmel
BACKGROUND: Social capital is described as a protective factor against youth substance use, but it may also be associated with behaviours that do not enhance health. The present study hypothesized that 'substance use capital', i.e. resources favourable to substance use, is a risk factor for substance use and misuse. METHODS: We used baseline data from the ongoing Cohort Study on Substance Use Risk Factors (C-SURF) that included a representative sample of young Swiss men (n=5623)...
September 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
M Schuers, M Timsit, A Gillibert, A Fred, N Griffon, J Bénichou, S J Darmoni, P Staccini
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the impact of the pharmaceutical patient record use in emergency, geriatric and anaesthesia and intensive care departments, an experimentation was launched in 2013 in 55 hospitals. The purpose of the study was to assess the opinions of physicians and pharmacists about the benefits and usability of the patient pharmaceutical record. METHODS: An e-mailed self-administered questionnaire was sent to all the pharmacists, anaesthesiologists, geriatricians and emergency physicians of the 55 hospitals involved in the patient pharmaceutical record experimentation...
September 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
C Ferdynus, L Huiart
AIM: Administrative health databases such as the French National Heath Insurance Database - SNIIRAM - are a major tool to answer numerous public health research questions. However the use of such data requires complex and time-consuming data management. Our objective was to develop and make available a tool to optimize cohort constitution within administrative health databases. METHODS: We developed a process to extract, transform and load (ETL) data from various heterogeneous sources in a standardized data warehouse...
September 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
J Vanhelst, L Béghin, E Drumez, J-B Baudelet, J Labreuche, D Chapelot, J Mikulovic, Z Ulmer
BACKGROUND: A high level of physical fitness is associated with cardiovascular health in adolescents. The aims of this study were to assess the levels of physical fitness of French adolescents and to determine the prevalence of these adolescents below the minimum level of cardiorespiratory fitness needed to guarantee future favorable cardiovascular profile. METHODS: Participants were 12,082 French children and adolescents (5975 boys, 6107 girls) aged to 9 from 16 years...
September 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
J-P Guthmann, M Ragot, M Ben Boutieb, C Bois, M-N Dufourg, D Lévy-Bruhl
BACKGROUND: In 2007, French authorities changed mandatory BCG vaccination for all children into a strong recommendation to vaccinate only children considered at high risk of tuberculosis. Vaccination coverage (VC) data are insufficient in France. We estimated VC at approximately two months of age and identified socioeconomic factors associated with BCG vaccination. METHODS: The Elfe study (Étude Longitudinale Française depuis l'Enfance) included a random sample of about 18 000 children born in 2011 selected at birth from 320 maternity wards from mainland France...
September 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
G Chêne, L Chambaud
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
M Goldberg, M Carton, J Gourmelen, M Genreau, M Montourcy, S Le Got, M Zins
BACKGROUND: In France, the national health database (SNIIRAM) is an administrative health database that collects data on hospitalizations and healthcare consumption for more than 60 million people. Although it does not record behavioral and environmental data, these data have a major interest for epidemiology, surveillance and public health. One of the most interesting uses of SNIIRAM is its linkage with surveys collecting data directly from persons. Access to the SNIIRAM data is currently relatively limited, but in the near future changes in regulations will largely facilitate open access...
September 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
T T E Dah, J Orne-Gliemann, J B Guiard-Schmid, R Becquet, J Larmarange
BACKGROUND: Like many African countries, the issue of sex between men in Burkina Faso remains taboo and sometimes result in social exclusion. This population which is vulnerable to HIV/AIDS is unknown, due to lack of scientific researches. AIM: Our study aimed to characterize knowledge, attitudes and sexual practices and to estimate HIV seroprevalence among men having sex with men (MSM) living in Ouagadougou. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in order to describe and analyze MSM living in Ouagadougou...
September 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
V Mongbo, E-M Ouendo, V De Brouwere, S Alexander, B Dujardin, M Makoutodé, W-H Zhang
BACKGROUND: Caesarean section (CS) is a major obstetric intervention, widely recognized as an effective means to reduce maternal and perinatal mortality, when appropriately performed. CS numbers and rates are regularly published but quality is rarely taken into account. This study aims to describe the quality of caesarean delivery in selected hospitals in Benin. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed among women who had undergone a CS between 18 December 2013 and 8 February 2014 in one randomly selected hospital in each of the 12 administrative districts of Benin...
September 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
L Weill-Barillet, J Pillonel, C Semaille, L Léon, Y Le Strat, X Pascal, F Barin, M Jauffret-Roustide
BACKGROUND: People who use drugs (PWUDs) are at a high risk for hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), but they have different characteristics depending on the local context. In France, seroprevalence, sociodemographic, and behavior information have only been studied at a national level rather than at a local level. The aim of this study was to describe and examine profile and drug use practice differences in seven French cities and departments and to assess whether these differences can explain HCV and HIV seroprevalence variations between French geographical areas...
September 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
C Dang, C Hamelin, C Salomon, F Lert
BACKGROUND: New Caledonia has one of the highest global rates of death from road accidents: 240 deaths per million inhabitants in 2011 with a majority of young people. However, research on driving behaviors has remained rare. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey based on face-to-face questionnaire with 1400 male and female youth aged 16 to 25 was conducted in 2007. It was used to measure the frequency of accidents and to compute a score of driving behaviors and their associations with socio-demographic characteristics, lifestyles as well as other health behaviors...
June 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
C Bossard, G Santin, V Lopez, E Imbernon, C Cohidon
BACKGROUND: Despite a large media coverage of the phenomenon, the number of work-related suicides is currently unknown in France. There are nevertheless some data available to document this important issue. The aim of this study was to explore the feasibility of an epidemiological surveillance system for work-related suicides designed to quantify and describe work-related suicides mainly according to economic sectors and occupational categories. METHODS: Existing data sources in France were identified and evaluated for their relevance and their potential use in a multi-sources surveillance system...
June 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
F Vié le Sage, J Gaudelus, F Lert, V Dufour, N Texier, M Pouriel, S Schück, B Tehard, G Bréart
BACKGROUND: The reimbursement of the hexavalent vaccine (Infanrix hexa™), comprising the DTPa-IPV-Hib components and the hepatitis B recombinant in a single vaccine, was approved in France in March of 2008. The impact of its reimbursement on physicians' decisions to vaccinate infants against hepatitis B was assessed in a study conducted with general practitioners and pediatricians. METHODS: The PRALINE study (NCT01777074) was a national, cross-sectional, repeated study with two measurement periods (T1 and T2) that measured the changes in physicians' acceptance of hepatitis B vaccination of infants before and for the 3 years after the approval of the hexavalent vaccine reimbursement...
June 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
A Filipovic-Pierucci, A Rigault, A Fagot-Campagna, P Tuppin
BACKGROUND: This study uses healthcare consumption to compare the health status of beneficiaries of the French national health insurance general scheme between individuals living in French overseas territories (FOT) and those living in metropolitan France. METHODS: Data were extracted from the French national health insurance database (Sniiram) for 2012, using algorithms, 56 groups of diseases and 27 groups of hospital activity were isolated. Standardized morbidity ratio for age and sex (SMR) were used to compare FOT to mainland France...
June 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
S Doat, S Samson, A Fagot-Campagna, P Tuppin, F Menegaux
AIM: The aim of this study was to compare incidence of breast, prostate, and colorectal cancer incidence estimated from a French administrative database with the incidences estimated from the cancer registry data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort of 426,410 people included in the general sample of health insurance beneficiaries (EGB) database as of January 1, 2007, was constituted. Several algorithms were developed to estimate cancer incidence between 2008 and 2012 using principal diagnosis (PD) of hospital discharge data (medical information systems program [PMSI]) and/or long-term disease (LTD) and together with a procedure necessary for histological diagnosis and indicating initial disease management...
June 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
L-M Paget, C Chan Chee, C Sauvage, L Saboni, N Beltzer, A Velter
BACKGROUND: Since the 1990s, several studies have found higher rates of suicide attempts in homosexuals and bisexuals than in heterosexuals. The current challenge is to identify risk factors for targeting prevention. The aim of this paper was to determine, for the first time in France, the prevalence of suicide attempts over a 12-month period and associated factors in a population of men and women who self-identified as homosexuals or bisexuals. METHODS: A convenience sample cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2011 using an anonymous self-administered questionnaire made available in the gay press, and Internet sites targeting the gay or lesbian community...
June 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
M M M Leye, A Faye, O Ka, I Seck, A Tal Dia
BACKGROUND: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is often a reason for consultation revealing the existence of cardiovascular risk factors. The objective of this study was to determine the cardiovascular risk factors associated with ED in the Dakar region. METHODS: A descriptive and analytical cross-sectional study was conducted from March 18 to June 2, 2013. The study population was composed of married male subjects who sought care at the Ouakam Geriatric and Gerontology Center and the Grand Yoff General Hospital...
June 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
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