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Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310987/a-retrospective-study-of-complaint-letters-sent-to-a-swiss-emergency-department-between-2009-and-2014
#1
M-N Pfeil, B Yersin, L Trueb, A-S Feiner, P-N Carron
OBJECTIVE: Patient complaints are a valuable resource for monitoring and improving patient safety and quality of care. The purpose of this study was to analyze the complaint letters received at a Swiss academic emergency department (ED) over six years. METHODS: A retrospective study of all complaint letters sent to a Swiss academic ED between 2009 and 2014 was conducted. The following data were extracted: epidemiology items, reasons for complaints, hospital responses, follow-up, and severity of the events mentioned in the complaints...
January 5, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290454/-teacher-sick-leave-prevalence-duration-reasons-and-covariates
#2
M-N Vercambre-Jacquot, F Gilbert, N Billaudeau
BACKGROUND: Absences from work have considerable social and economic impact. In the education sector, the phenomenon is particularly worrying since teacher sick leave has an impact on the overall performance of the education system. Yet, available data are scarce. METHODS: In April-June 2013, 2653 teachers responded to a population-based postal survey on their quality of life (enquête Qualité de vie des enseignants, MGEN Foundation/Ministry of education, response rate 53 %)...
December 28, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249573/cervical-cancer-screening-among-lebanese-women
#3
I R Bou-Orm, R E Sakr, S M Adib
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is a very common malignancy amongst women worldwide. Pap smear is an effective and inexpensive screening test in asymptomatic women. The aim of this paper was to assess the prevalence of Pap smear screening for cervical cancer among Lebanese women and to determine associated sociodemographic and psychosocial characteristics. METHODS: This national survey included 2255 women, selected by multi-stage random cluster sampling across Lebanon...
December 14, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248246/-children-exposure-to-pm10-on-the-way-to-school-regulatory-impact-of-speed-regulation-under-30km-h
#4
J Prud'homme
BACKGROUND: In Paris, air pollution is now a persistent environmental problem, especially linked to diesel cars in circulation. Exposure of children to air pollution during the journey from home to school, which takes place during peak hours of traffic, is poorly documented. METHODS: The purpose of this work was to identify spaces less exposed to PM10 pollution. We identified spatial recurrences in the relative distribution of air pollution levels using PM10 geolocated measures taken along a fixed circuit, crossing, among others, a speed regulation zone (<30km/h)...
December 13, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233572/hospitalization-of-hiv-positive-patients-significant-demand-affecting-all-hospital-sectors
#5
R Seng, P Mutuon, J Riou, C Duvivier, L Weiss, J D Lelievre, L Meyer, D Vittecoq, O Zak Dit Zbar, J Frenkiel, M Frank-Soltysiak, F Boue, C Rapp, A Sobel, G Brucker, C Goujard, D Salmon
BACKGROUND: In a context of the evolution of severe morbidities in patients living with HIV (PLWH), the aim of this study was to describe reasons for hospitalization and the mode of care for the patients requiring hospitalization. METHODS: All admissions (≥24h) of PLWH to 10 hospitals in the south of Paris (COREVIH Ile-de-France Sud) between 1/1/2011 and 12/31/2011 were identified. The hospital database and the file of patients followed in the HIV referral department of each hospital were matched...
December 9, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223515/-patients-assaulted-in-psychiatric-institutions-literature-review-and-clinical-implications
#6
A Ladois-Do Pilar Rei, S Chraïbi
BACKGROUND: The psychiatric ward is a place where all forms of violence are treated. Occasionally, this violence involves acts of aggression between patients in emergency psychiatric units or hospital wards. Such events can lead to the development or worsening of posttraumatic stress disorder. METHODS: To establish the context, we first examined the epidemiology data concerning posttraumatic stress disorder in psychiatric patients who were frequently exposed to assaults...
December 6, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223514/need-for-integrative-thinking-to-fight-against-emerging-infectious-diseases-proceedings-of-the-5th-seminar-on-emerging-infectious-diseases-march-22-2016-%C3%A2-current-trends-and-proposals
#7
C Burdet, J-F Guégan, X Duval, M Le Tyrant, H Bergeron, J-C Manuguerra, J Raude, C Leport, P Zylberman
We present here the proceedings of the 5th seminar on emerging infectious diseases, held in Paris on March 22nd, 2016, with seven priority proposals that can be outlined as follows: encourage research on the prediction, screening and early detection of new risks of infection; develop research and surveillance concerning transmission of pathogens between animals and humans, with their reinforcement in particular in intertropical areas ("hot-spots") via public support; pursue aid development and support in these areas of prevention and training for local health personnel, and foster risk awareness in the population; ensure adapted patient care in order to promote adherence to treatment and to epidemic propagation reduction measures; develop greater awareness and better education among politicians and healthcare providers, in order to ensure more adapted response to new types of crises; modify the logic of governance, drawing from all available modes of communication and incorporating new information-sharing tools; develop economic research on the fight against emerging infectious diseases, taking into account specific driving factors in order to create a balance between preventive and curative approaches...
December 6, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221606/-medical-information-system-pmsi-does-not-adequately-identify-severe-trauma
#8
A Perozziello, T Gauss, A Diop, M Frank-Soltysiak, P Rufat, M Raux, S Hamada, B Riou
BACKGROUND: Resource allocation to hospitals is highly dependent on appropriate case coding. For trauma victims, the major diagnosis-coding category (DCC) is multiple trauma (DCC26), which triggers higher funding. We hypothesized that DCC26 has limited capacity for appropriate identification of severe trauma victims. METHODS: We studied Injury Severity Score (ISS), Trauma Related Injury Severity Score (TRISS) and in-hospital mortality using data recorded in three level 1 trauma centers over a 2-year period...
December 5, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217324/-medical-human-resources-planning-in-europe-a-literature-review-of-the-forecasting-models
#9
N Benahmed, D Deliège, A De Wever, M Pirson
BACKGROUND: Healthcare is a labor-intensive sector in which half of the expenses are dedicated to human resources. Therefore, policy makers, at national and internal levels, attend to the number of practicing professionals and the skill mix. This paper aims to analyze the European forecasting model for supply and demand of physicians. METHODS: To describe the forecasting tools used for physician planning in Europe, a grey literature search was done in the OECD, WHO, and European Union libraries...
December 4, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203132/deaths-in-france-characteristics-place-of-death-hospitalisations-and-use-of-palliative-care-during-the-year-before-death
#10
C Poulalhon, L Rotelli-Bihet, C Raso, R Aubry, A Fagot-Campagna, P Tuppin
AIM: Only limited data are available concerning the diseases managed and the hospital pathway before death. The aim of this study was to describe diseases, hospitalisations, and use of palliative care one year before death as well as place of death in France. METHODS: French health insurance general scheme beneficiaries who died in 2013 were identified in the National Health Insurance Information System (SNIIRAM) with a selection of information concerning their various hospital stays, including hospital palliative care (HPC) and nursing home care...
December 2, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203133/-primary-care-a-definition-of-the-field-to-develop-research
#11
M Afonso, A Bénard, A Chapron, K Chau, E Doussiet, F Guillemin, S Guillo, D Gonthier, S Lafarge, M Lapeyre-Mestre, M Oriol, F Tubach, A Verga-Gérard
BACKGROUND: Research in the field of primary care has dramatically increased in France in recent years, especially since 2013 with the introduction of primary care as a thematic priority for research proposals launched by the Ministry of Health (Direction générale de l'offre de soins). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The RECaP (Research in Clinical Epidemiology and Public Health) network is a French research network supported by Inserm, which recently implemented a specific working group focusing on research in primary care, based on a multidisciplinary approach...
December 1, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110959/-taxation-of-traditional-rums-in-french-overseas-territories-and-public-health-the-example-of-reunion-island
#12
D Mété
BACKGROUND: France has a complex system for the taxation of alcoholic beverages. In the French overseas territories (FOT), the system includes little-known specificities whose purpose is to preserve the sugar-cane-rum sector, a pillar for the weak economies in these territories. Taxes are reduced for traditional rums produced and sold locally. This favors the marketing of alcoholic spirits at low prices. In metropolitan France, on the contrary, spirits are heavily taxed drinks and their share in consumption is minor...
November 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110958/low-level-arsenic-exposure-during-pregnancy-and-its-association-with-postpartum-depression-a-cohort-study-of-women-from-arica-chile
#13
M Valdés, A Hanchey, M P Muñoz, B Baumert, V Iglesias
BACKGROUND: While the relationship between inorganic arsenic exposure and psychological impairment has been studied previously, the association between low-level arsenic exposure during pregnancy and postpartum depression has not yet been examined. The objective is to estimate the association between low-level arsenic exposure during pregnancy and the Edinburgh score. METHODS: A sample of 223 women was collected from five public health services in Arica, Chile. Participation was voluntary and written consent was mandatory...
November 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096995/-suicide-mental-health-and-substance-uses-among-french-adolescents-in-2014
#14
E Janssen, S Spilka, F Beck
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to describe potential associations between suicidal behaviors and psychoactive substance uses among adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional, national survey representative of adolescents aged 17, living in continental France, was conducted in 2014. A total of 22,023 adolescents answered an anonymous, self-administered questionnaire about their health and their use of psychoactive substances. Suicidal risk was assessed by means of a 4-level indicator [1...
November 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096994/-primary-and-secondary-prevention-of-cancer-in-women-how-can-awareness-be-improved-a-literature-review
#15
REVIEW
K Lamore, J Foucaud, L Cambon, A Untas
BACKGROUND: Cancer in women is a major public health concern especially since primary and secondary prevention can reduce mortality. Institutional interventions could play an important role by working directly with healthcare providers. Thus, the objective of this literature review is to draw up an inventory of the interventions proposed to promote the prevention of breast and cervical cancer and to analyze their feasibility or applicability in the French institutional context. METHODS: The literature review was conducted on Cairn, Cochrane, PubMed and ScienceDirect databases with relevant keywords...
November 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089164/-pertussis-immunization-within-three-adult-populations-concerned-by-cocoon-strategy-in-%C3%A3-le-de-france
#16
M-C Lempereur de Guerny, M Scauflaire, D Crabot, C Le Cossec, H Partouche
BACKGROUND: Pertussis is a highly contagious respiratory tract infection with a high morbi-mortality in non or insufficiently immunized infants. Cocoon strategy was implemented in France in 2004 in order to reduce the disease incidence. The main objective of the study was to estimate immunization coverage according to cocoon strategy among eligible adults in three different settings in Île-de-France. METHODS: A descriptive survey was carried out by means of the same questionnaire addressed to relatives of children hospitalized in pediatric wards, to adults living under the same roof as children enrolled in nursery school, and to grandparents who consulted general practitioners...
November 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066256/-treatment-outcome-survival-and-their-risk-factors-among-new-tuberculosis-patients-co-infected-with-hiv-during-the-ebola-outbreak-in-conakry
#17
A Camara, M S Sow, A Touré, O H Diallo, I Kaba, B Bah, T H Diallo, M S Diallo, T Guilavogui, O Y Sow
BACKGROUND: Mortality among TB/HIV co-infected patients remains high in Africa. The study aimed to estimate survival and associated factors in a cohort of TB/HIV co-infected patients who started tuberculosis treatment during the Ebola outbreak in Conakry, Guinea. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted from April 2014 to December 2015. TB patients with HIV co-infection were enrolled at the University Hospital of Conakry. Survival and risk factors were analyzed according to Kaplan-Meier's method, log-rank test and Cox's regression...
November 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066032/-night-workers-exposure-to-harshness-factors-in-france-lessons-learned-from-the-2010%C3%A2-sumer-survey
#18
N Havet, M Huguet, J Tonietta
BACKGROUND: Despite the fact that French laws state that night work should be exceptional, the number of night workers has sharply increased in the past 20 years. At the same time, empirical and epidemiological studies indicate that night work has negative effects on workers' health. This is why the 2010 French pension act considered night work to be a drudgery. The aim of this study is to investigate whether night workers are more subject to other factors defined as contributing to the drudgery of work than are day workers...
November 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050813/changes-in-prevalence-of-hepatitis-a-and-associated-factors-in-setif-algeria
#19
W Guenifi, S Laouamri, A Lacheheb
Hepatitis A, a waterborne disease associated with fecal contamination, remains the most common acute hepatitis worldwide. Generally considered to be a disease affecting children living in poor sanitary conditions, hepatitis A affects the adult population if hygiene improves. Studies conducted during the 1980s ranked Algeria as a highly endemic area. Thirty years on, we conducted this cross-sectional epidemiological study with the main objective of estimating the seroprevalence of hepatitis A virus infection in the district of Setif, Algeria...
November 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847678/-perinatal-health-and-medical-administrative-data-what-uses-which-stakeholders-what-the-issues-for-birth-data-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-special-redsiam
#20
A Serfaty, S Baron, C Crenn-Hebert, Y Barry, S Tala
BACKGROUND: The uses of medical administrative data (MAD/BDMA) emerged in perinatal health following the work on regionalization of very pre-term birth. They have become more numerous since the late 2000s. The objective of this article is to take stock of the existing work carried out within the REDSIAM-perinatality group, on MAD/BDMA and their uses for the period of "birth". METHODS: The studied MADs are the Hospital Discharge Data (PMSI) and the French national health database (SNIIRAM)...
October 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
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