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Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique

G Broc, A Edjolo
Public health policies aim to diminish people's exposure to negative factors, behaviors or determinants of health. Despite awareness-raising campaigns, health recommendations are still not sufficiently followed. First, the article wondered the reasons behind this observation. In order to do this, we present a theoretical model incorporating: (a) the motivational theories of communication processing; (b) the theories of motivation and volition; (c) self-regulation and self-determination theories. In a second part, the paper describes five principles for improving communication...
January 10, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
K Dimassi, F Douik, M A Douzi, O Saidi, H Ben Romdhane
BACKGROUND: In Tunisia, the "Revolution" of January 2011 highlighted significant regional disparities and social inequalities in access to health care, including reproductive health services. The purpose of this study was to analyze the social determinants of the use of contraception in Tunisia. METHODS: A cross-sectional national study conducted in 2012; on a sample of 15 to 49-year married women (n=4374) drawn by a two levels random sampling. Prevalence of contraception and its association factors were assessed...
December 19, 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
M Rochoy, M Auffret, J Béné, S Gautier
OBJECTIVES: Observational retrospective studies have linked domperidone and prolonged QT interval, ventricular arrhythmias and risk of sudden death. Since then, antiemetic prescription was applied to other molecules (including metopimazine). The aim of this study was to evaluate the profile of adverse cardiac effects associated with QT prolongation for each antiemetic available in France. METHODS: We conducted disproportionality analyses (case/non-case method), based on the observations recorded consecutively in the French national pharmacovigilance database between 2004 and 2013...
December 14, 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
K Alouki, H Delisle, S Besançon
BACKGROUND: Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) is rapidly increasing in Africa, but it is still rather neglected. Demonstrating the medical costs for treating type 2 diabetes would be useful for improving awareness and proposing solutions. The purpose of this study was to compare the estimated medical costs for basic chronic treatment and the actual expenditures of diabetic patients, and to identify determinants of these expenditures. METHODS: The estimated medical costs were based on price data collected from three public hospitals and their pharmacies (one university and two district hospitals), as well as from three private clinics and three private pharmacies, in Bamako...
November 23, 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
H Méchin, F Mistretta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
S Grandcolin, M Lioni, M Jourdain, M Albouy-Llaty
BACKGROUND: The French health authorities recommend systematic screening for Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct) urogenital infections in dedicated sexual health centers (planning centers) for women under 25 years old and for women who have changed partners during the last year. The two main purposes of this study were to assess adherence to this recommendation in planning centers and to identify possible obstacles to this screening. METHODS: We conducted an observational prospective study from April to August 2013 in planning centers of Poitou-Charentes...
December 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
E Contal, A Putot, M Dipanda, S Perrin, S Asgassou, H Sordet-Guépet, P Manckoundia
BACKGROUND: Flu vaccinations for healthcare professionals seems to be one of the most effective preventive actions in the face of a disease that carries a high risk of a potentially serious nosocomial epidemic in a geriatric environment. The aim of this study was to take stock of the flu vaccination status among caregivers in the geriatric units and to understand the reasons for their reluctance to be vaccinated, in order to put forward proposals to improve vaccination coverage. METHOD: A literature search of articles published since 2000 in the area of geriatrics, infectious diseases or pneumology was mainly conducted on PubMed using the keywords "caregivers", "elderly", "flu", "influenza", "nosocomial" and "vaccination"...
December 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
M Villeval, M Carayol, S Lamy, B Lepage, T Lang
In the field of health, evidence-based medicine and associated methods like randomised controlled trials (RCTs) have become widely used. RCT has become the gold standard for evaluating causal links between interventions and health results. Originating in pharmacology, this method has been progressively expanded to medical devices, non-pharmacological individual interventions, as well as collective public health interventions. Its use in these domains has led to the formulation of several limits, and it has been called into question as an undisputed gold standard...
December 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
G Cadelis, O E Fayad Y Monteagudo
BACKGROUND: Few data exist on the prevalence of symptoms and risk of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) among professionals of a health facility, or they often work in shift schedule and night. Under these conditions, an undetected OSAS may affect alertness and attention in professional acts. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors of OSAS among professionals of a health facility. METHODS: It is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted among 773 participants working at the university hospital of Pointe-à-Pitre and volunteers to answer the Berlin questionnaire...
December 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
A Lachgar, M A Tazi, M Afif, A Er-Raki, T Kebdani, N Benjaafar
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is the most common cancer worldwide, but epidemiologic data from developing countries are lacking. This article reports lung cancer incidence and survival in Rabat, the capital of Morocco. METHODS: All lung cancer cases diagnosed between 2005 and 2008 were analyzed using data provided by the Rabat Cancer Registry. The standardized rate was reported using age adjustment with respect to the world standard population, and the observed survival rates were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method...
December 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
T-T-E Dah, J Orne-Gliemann, J-B Guiard-Schmid, R Becquet, J Larmarange
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
R Giorgi
BACKGROUND: Net survival, the survival probability that would be observed, in a hypothetical world, where the cancer of interest would be the only possible cause of death, is a key indicator in population-based cancer studies. Accounting for mortality due to other causes, it allows cross-country comparisons or trends analysis and provides a useful indicator for public health decision-making. The objective of this study was to show how the creation and formalization of a network comprising established research teams, which already had substantial and complementary experience in both cancer survival analysis and methodological development, make it possible to meet challenges and thus provide more adequate tools, to improve the quality and the comparability of cancer survival data, and to promote methodological transfers in areas of emerging interest...
October 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
A Leclerc, J-F Chastang, R Taiba, P Pascal, D Cyr, S Plouvier, A Descatha
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of musculoskeletal pain according to sites of pain and associated factors in the community has not been thoroughly documented. The association between pain and socioeconomic position has been studied by several authors, but without details in most studies regarding sites of pain, whereas the relations with social position could differ according to the site of pain. The objective of this study was to explore these differences in the community in France. METHODS: The national Health and Occupational History survey was conducted in France in 2006 in subjects aged 20-74 years...
October 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
E Cléro, L Marie, C Challeton-De Vathaire, D Laurier, A Rannou
BACKGROUND: At the request of French public authorities, the Institute of Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety has assessed the radiological situation of a house built on uranium ore residues in Haute-Vienne and the health risks induced from exposure to radon for all occupants. Classified as a lung carcinogen by the World Health Organization, radon is a proven cause of lung cancer in case of regular inhalation over a long period, and the risk increases with cumulative exposure. METHODS: Radon exposure was reconstructed for various standard profiles of house occupancy...
September 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
P K Yanogo, J L Schmit, A S Fresse, C Andrejak, S Castelain, C Adjodah, O Ganry
AIM: To analyze the factors associated with the time to initiating tuberculosis contact investigations in the Somme department, France. METHODS: All reported tuberculosis cases and all their contacts screened between 2007 and 2011 were retrospectively included. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to determine the factors associated with a "system delay"≤1 month and a "contact delay"≤0 days. RESULTS: The mean time between the mandatory notification of a case of tuberculosis and the date set for the contact's screening (system delay) was 35...
September 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
S Baggio, M Mohler-Kuo, M Dupuis, Y Henchoz, J Studer, A A N'Goran, G Gmel
BACKGROUND: Social capital is described as a protective factor against youth substance use, but it may also be associated with behaviours that do not enhance health. The present study hypothesized that 'substance use capital', i.e. resources favourable to substance use, is a risk factor for substance use and misuse. METHODS: We used baseline data from the ongoing Cohort Study on Substance Use Risk Factors (C-SURF) that included a representative sample of young Swiss men (n=5623)...
September 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
M Schuers, M Timsit, A Gillibert, A Fred, N Griffon, J Bénichou, S J Darmoni, P Staccini
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the impact of the pharmaceutical patient record use in emergency, geriatric and anaesthesia and intensive care departments, an experimentation was launched in 2013 in 55 hospitals. The purpose of the study was to assess the opinions of physicians and pharmacists about the benefits and usability of the patient pharmaceutical record. METHODS: An e-mailed self-administered questionnaire was sent to all the pharmacists, anaesthesiologists, geriatricians and emergency physicians of the 55 hospitals involved in the patient pharmaceutical record experimentation...
September 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
C Ferdynus, L Huiart
AIM: Administrative health databases such as the French National Heath Insurance Database - SNIIRAM - are a major tool to answer numerous public health research questions. However the use of such data requires complex and time-consuming data management. Our objective was to develop and make available a tool to optimize cohort constitution within administrative health databases. METHODS: We developed a process to extract, transform and load (ETL) data from various heterogeneous sources in a standardized data warehouse...
September 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
J Vanhelst, L Béghin, E Drumez, J-B Baudelet, J Labreuche, D Chapelot, J Mikulovic, Z Ulmer
BACKGROUND: A high level of physical fitness is associated with cardiovascular health in adolescents. The aims of this study were to assess the levels of physical fitness of French adolescents and to determine the prevalence of these adolescents below the minimum level of cardiorespiratory fitness needed to guarantee future favorable cardiovascular profile. METHODS: Participants were 12,082 French children and adolescents (5975 boys, 6107 girls) aged to 9 from 16 years...
September 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
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