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Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685700/randomized-clinical-trials-and-observational-studies-in-the-assessment-of-drug-safety
#1
J Sawchik, J Hamdani, M Vanhaeverbeek
Randomized clinical trials are considered as the preferred design to assess the potential causal relationships between drugs or other medical interventions and intended effects. For this reason, randomized clinical trials are generally the basis of development programs in the life cycle of drugs and the cornerstone of evidence-based medicine. Instead, randomized clinical trials are not the design of choice for the detection and assessment of rare, delayed and/or unexpected effects related to drug safety. Moreover, the highly homogeneous populations resulting from restrictive eligibility criteria make randomized clinical trials inappropriate to describe comprehensively the safety profile of drugs...
April 20, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685699/the-crac-cohort-model-a-computerized-low-cost-registry-of-interventional-cardiology-with-daily-update-and-long-term-follow-up
#2
G Rangé, S Chassaing, P Marcollet, C Saint-Étienne, P Dequenne, M Goralski, P Bardiére, F Beverilli, L Godillon, B Sabine, C Laure, S Gautier, R Hakim, F Albert, D Angoulvant, L Grammatico-Guillon
OBJECTIVES: To assess the reliability and low cost of a computerized interventional cardiology (IC) registry to prospectively and systematically collect high-quality data for all consecutive coronary patients referred for coronary angiogram or/and coronary angioplasty. BACKGROUND: Rigorous clinical practice assessment is a key factor to improve prognosis in IC. A prospective and permanent registry could achieve this goal but, presumably, at high cost and low level of data quality...
April 20, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685698/psychological-predictors-of-the-combined-adoption-of-physical-exercise-and-dietary-change-among-adults-with-hypercholesterolemia
#3
P Gomez, S Boesen-Mariani, E Bruckert
BACKGROUND: Although combined changes in eating habits and physical activity are pivotal to hypercholesterolemia management and the prevention of cardiovascular disease, little is known about the factors influencing the adoption of both behaviors by adults with hypercholesterolemia. The goal of this study was to identify psychological factors that predict a combined adoption of dietary modification and physical activity among adults with hypercholesterolemia. METHODS: We recruited a sample of 1100 adults with hypercholesterolemia (56...
April 20, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685697/mental-health-of-jail-inmates-within-the-prison-of-ducos-martinique-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-study
#4
R Arnal, M Spodenkiewicz, J Lacoste, L Jehel, B Falissard
BACKGROUND: Prisoners' sociocultural backgrounds and prison environments have an influence on detainees' psychopathology; complex judicial and public policies are also to be taken into account in the dynamics of that environment. Scientific literature shows a wide range prison inmates' profiles across the world. However, very little data about the mental health of Caribbean jail inmates has been published. Martinique is a French overseas administrative district in the Caribbean, with a population of about 400,000 inhabitants...
April 20, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661651/-preferences-of-general-practitioners-in-metropolitan-france-with-regard-to-the-delegation-of-medico-administrative-tasks-to-secretaries-assisting-medico-social-workers-study-in-conjoint-analysis
#5
A Chanu, A Caron, G Ficheur, C Berkhout, A Duhamel, M Rochoy
BACKGROUND: A general practitioner's office is an economic unit where task delegation is an essential component in improving the quality and performance of work. AIM: To classify the preferences of general practitioners regarding the delegation of medical-administrative tasks to assistant medical-social secretaries. METHOD: Conjoint analysis was applied to a random sample of 175 general practitioners working in metropolitan France. Ten scenarios were constructed based on seven attributes: training for medical secretaries, logistical support during the consultation, delegation of management planning, medical records, accounting, maintenance, and taking initiative on the telephone...
April 13, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655619/%C3%A3-ditorial
#6
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625861/-targeted-newborn-screening-for-sickle-cell-anemia-sickling-test-emmel-test-boundaries-in-the-prenatal-assessment-in-west-african-area
#7
D A Diallo, A Guindo, B A Touré, Y S Sarro, M Sima, O Tessougué, M A Baraika, P Guindo, M Traoré, M Diallo, A Dorie
BACKGROUND: Newborn screening for sickle cell anemia is necessary in Africa where the disease is more frequent. Hemoglobin electrophoresis is used for screening, but is limited by a high cost and difficult access. Sickling test (Emmel test), which is more affordable and technically more accessible, is often requested for prenatal assessment of pregnant women in West African areas to reserve screening for newborns from mothers in whom the positive sickling test attests the presence of hemoglobin S...
April 3, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625860/-the-confusion-assessment-method-transcultural-adaptation-of-a-french-version
#8
V Antoine, J Belmin, H Blain, S Bonin-Guillaume, L Goldsmith, O Guerin, M-J Kergoat, P Landais, R Mahmoudi, J A Morais, P Rataboul, A Saber, S Sirvain, G Wolfklein, B de Wazieres
INTRODUCTION: The Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) is a validated key tool in clinical practice and research programs to diagnose delirium and assess its severity. There is no validated French version of the CAM training manual and coding guide (Inouye SK). The aim of this study was to establish a consensual French version of the CAM and its manual. METHODS: Cross-cultural adaptation to achieve equivalence between the original version and a French adapted version of the CAM manual...
April 3, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544981/-state-of-addiction-care-by-general-practitioners-in-north-paris
#9
V Clergue-Duval, E Pot, J Azuar
BACKGROUND: General practitioners (GPs) are fully concerned with the care of patients suffering from addiction and must have the support of a specialized network. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of the addict follow-up care by GPs, their use of addictological care facilities and their needs in communicating with specialists. METHODS: Private and salaried GPs working in the 9th, 10th, 18th and 19th districts of Paris were contacted by phone, and a questionnaire was sent to those who agreed to respond...
March 12, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544980/-update-on-microbiological-quality-assurance-meat-and-meat-products-in-morocco
#10
H Rachidi, H Latrache
BACKGROUND: Food safety has become an absolute necessity in all countries. As a result, Morocco has taken several measures and actions to develop food safety and food-borne disease control. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to highlight the level of improvement in the quality assurance of meat and meat products in Morocco. METHOD: It is based on a non-exhaustive review of the regulatory texts governing food safety in the country, as well as a statistical study on establishments of meat and meat products adopting a self-checking system and approved by the National Office of Sanitary Safety of Food...
March 12, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530442/-methods-for-the-analysis-and-treatment-of-cost-data-by-micro-and-gross-costing-approaches
#11
REVIEW
M Morelle, M Plantier, B Dervaux, A Pagès, F Deniès, N Havet, L Perrier
This work addresses the analysis of individual cost data in the setting of interventional or observational studies using statistical analysis software once the costs per patient have been estimated. It is in fact necessary to be able to present and describe data in an appropriate manner in each of the studied health strategies and to test whether the difference in costs observed between treatment groups is due to chance or not. Furthermore, cost analysis differs from conventional statistical analysis in that cost data have a certain number of specific properties, including their use by health decision-makers...
March 9, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530441/-an-assessment-of-the-direct-costs-of-healthcare-for-victims-of-sexual-assaults-in-hospital-emergency-units
#12
J Hiquet, E Christin, F Tovagliaro, J Fougas, O Dubourg, C Chevalier, F Abel, M Ebouat, M-E Ploquin, M Malo, S Gromb-Monnoyeur
BACKGROUND: The Forensic medicine reform in 2011 enabled the development of forensic units specialized in multidisciplinary care of victims of criminal offences. Thanks to an annual budgetary allocation, the Ministry of Justice handles the financing of judicial acts, while the health care facilities assume the medical, psychological and social aspects. The objective of this study was to determine the direct costs of medical care provided to rape victims (such as defined in the article 222-23 of the Penal Code) in order to see how its funding could be reconsidered to prevent any additional cost that could be caused by non-sufficient medical, psychological and social care...
March 9, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530440/-integrating-the-touch-screen-into-oral-health-prevention-programs-for-people-with-cognitive-disabilities-an-exploratory-study-in-children
#13
M Althuizius, G Lefer, P Bourdon, S Lopez Cazaux
BACKGROUND: The oral diseases of people with disabilities are the same as those observed in the general population but occur earlier and more intensely. Primary prevention, especially toothbrushing, is at the forefront of the appropriate management of these patients. The aim of this study is to evaluate the use of a digital application on iPad® as mediator for learning toothbrushing in children with disabilities. METHODS: Twelve children from a care-center were included in this preliminary study...
March 9, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530439/-data-sources-the-data-used-and-the-modality-for-collection
#14
REVIEW
G Mercier, N Costa, C Dutot, V-P Riche
The hospital costing process implies access to various sources of data. Whether a micro-costing or a gross-costing approach is used, the choice of the methodology is based on a compromise between the cost of data collection, data accuracy, and data transferability. This work describes the data sources available in France and the access modalities that are used, as well as the main advantages and shortcomings of: (1) the local unit costs, (2) the hospital analytical accounting, (3) the Angers database, (4) the National Health Cost Studies, (5) the INTER CHR/U databases, (6) the Program for Medicalizing Information Systems, and (7) the public health insurance databases...
March 9, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526356/-standard-or-specific-unit-costs-which-criteria-for-choosing-an-economic-evaluation-of-health-strategies-in-multicentric-studies
#15
REVIEW
J Margier, S Baffert, A-G Le Corroller-Soriano
The question of what monetary value should be assigned to consumed resources, that is to say the choice of the unit cost, is a major consideration in terms of impact on the cost analysis results. To date, no agreement has been reached regarding this methodological question. The choices made by methodologists and the subsequent impact on the results of the analysis are only rarely put forward. This work addresses the theoretical framework of health strategy evaluations that can be carried out either in the normative framework of the conventional economic approach of well-being, referred to as welfarist, or in that of an approach referred to as extra-welfarist...
March 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525184/-hospital-costs-estimation-by-micro-and-gross-costing-approaches
#16
REVIEW
P Guerre, N Hayes, A-C Bertaux
Cost analysis has become increasingly commonplace in healthcare facilities in recent years. Regardless of the aim, the first consideration for a hospital costing process is to determine the point of view, or perspective, to adopt. Should the cost figures reflect the healthcare facility's point of view or enlighten perspectives for the public health insurance system? Another consideration is in regard to the method to adopt, as there are several. The two most widely used methods to determine the costs of hospital treatments in France are the micro-costing method and the gross-costing method...
March 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487012/-editorial
#17
EDITORIAL
L Perrier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439888/-editorial
#18
EDITORIAL
C Quantin, C Le Goaster, G Mercier, F Seguret
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429602/-characteristics-and-health-status-of-homeless-women-born-in-france-and-abroad-results-of-insee-ined-2012-survey
#19
M-E Gomes do Espirito Santo, A-L Perrine, C Bonaldi, I Guseva-Canu
BACKGROUND: French national surveys among the homeless population in 2001 and 2012 provided a general description of the homeless beneficiaries of medical and social aids. However, given the increasing number of women in this population, mostly born abroad and accompanied by their children, a descriptive study of homeless women according to the fact of being born in France or abroad was conducted. METHODS: A probability sample of 1470 French-speaking homeless women was recruited for the Insee-Ined 2012 survey...
March 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371034/-the-cost-of-obstetric-and-neonatal-care-case-study-of-the-jason-sendwe-hospital-maternity-in-lubumbashi-democratic-republic-of-congo-in-2015
#20
N A Musau, M A Ntambue, K S Ilunga, M C Matungulu, M T Ilunga, T H Mundongo, K F Malonga
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the user cost for obtaining obstetric and neonatal care during childbirth in the Jason Sendwe hospital in the city of Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of Congo. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study at the maternity of the Jason Sendwe hospital in Lubumbashi, reviewing charts and using a questionnaire given to 145 women who gave birth from 1st August to 30th September 2015. We calculated the cost based on the amounts paid by users for obtaining care, expressed in US dollars ($) at an exchange rate of 900 Congolese Francs (CDF) for $1...
March 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
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