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Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique

B Derbez, Z El Haffaf, F Galactéros, S de Montgolfier
BACKGROUND: Information to kin is one of the major ethical problems of the new genetics. In France, the revised bioethics law in 2011 created the possibility for patients to authorize professionals, under certain conditions, to directly contact their relatives at risk. Beyond this, other actors, such as GPs, could however play a role in this process. METHODS: Our article is based on an ethnographic-type sociological study by observations and semi-structured interviews with patients (n=59) and genetic professionals (n=16) that took place from 2014 to 2016 in three genetic hospital wards in France and Canada...
September 12, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
G Vanderperre, G Nguyen-Huy-Thui, P Marsan, G Desjeux, M Marcaillou
INTRODUCTION: The diurnal hypersomnia associated with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) affects soldier employment and deployability. In this study, we examined the impact of OSA on the employment of soldiers on continuous positive airways pressure (CPAP) therapy by measuring several items: work absenteeism using the Work Productivity and Activity Impairment (WPAI) questionnaire, diurnal hypersomnia, and career advancement. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent by regular mail to 940 soldiers with OSA on CPAP therapy who are insured by the French Military Healthcare Fund (Caisse Nationale Militaire de Sécurité Sociale)...
July 14, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
V Berger, C Germain, R Lacomère, C Bader, O Gerbouin, A Bénard
BACKGROUND: Constipation is a frequent issue during hospitalization. Multiple causes such as the existence of irregular habits, lack of exercise as well as medical history have been identified. Drugs such as strong painkillers, central nervous system therapies and treatments of the digestive tract are a major cause of constipation. Additionally, unbalanced diet, fluid deficiency, and anxiety may aggravate constipation. The consideration of all these risk factors being under the responsibility of nurses...
September 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
H Titou, N Baba, J Kasouati, S Oumakir, R Frikh, M Boui, N Hjira
BACKGROUND: The purpose was to study factors associated with the survival of HIV-1 patients receiving antiretroviral therapy in Morocco. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This was a retrospective study of a cohort of 182 HIV-1 patients receiving antiretroviral therapy in the department of dermatology venereology at the Military Instruction Hospital Mohamed V in Rabat during the period from 1 January 2006 to 1 January 2017. Death of any cause during the study period was considered to be the result of HIV infection...
September 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
J Coste, A Rouquette, J M Valderas, M Rose, A Leplège
BACKGROUND: PROMIS-29 is a new generic standardized questionnaire measuring self-reported health status. It was developed as part of the Patient Reported Outcome Measurement Information System (PROMIS) in the United States. The objective of this study was to carry out the psychometric validation of a French-language version of PROMIS-29 and to establish general population reference values for France. METHODS: Quota sampling was conducted by an independent polling company (Ipsos) to obtain a general population sample (n=1,501) representative with regards to: gender, age, occupation, region, and population density of the place of residence...
September 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
A Descatha, A Leclerc, M Goldberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
P Vanhems, P Quenel, L R Salmi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
B Oneib, M Sabir, Y Otheman, A Ouanass
INTRODUCTION: Our aim was to determine the reason for consultation and the clinical features of depressive disorders according to the diagnostic and statistical manual (DSM) 4th edition IV R in primary care and to identify if there is an association between sociodemographic characteristics and depressive pattern. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a cross-sectional study conducted to determinate the prevalence of depressive disorders in primary care, at three urban centers in two cities Salé and Oujda by five physicians, we recruited primary care 396 patients of whom 58 were depressed, among these patients we screened for depressive disorders, their clinical features, the melancholic characteristics and suicidal ideation using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview...
June 1, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
T Rémen, B Lacour
BACKGROUND: In less than two decades, the wireless telecommunications sector has grown dramatically. While a large part of the world's population is now equipped with technologies from this sector (mobile phone, wireless residential telephone, Wi-Fi…), little data is available to quantify the use of these technologies. The purpose of this article is to present a description of these uses among young people, a population particularly receptive to these new telecommunication facilities...
May 30, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
R Mbusa-Kambale, M Mihigo-Akonkwa, N Francisca-Isia, S Zigabe-Mushamuka, J Bwija-Kasengi, A Nyakasane-Muhimuzi, O Battisti, B Mungo-Masumbuko
BACKGROUND: Low birth weight (LBW) is one of the leading causes of perinatal and infant morbidity and mortality, as well as of impaired growth and neurocognitive development. This study aimed to evaluate the evolution of anthropometric parameters and the nutritional status of LBW infants and to analyze factors influencing the growth failure during their first 6 months of life (or adjusted age). METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study for 6 months, including 100 infants born with LBW and 100 infants born at full-term and with normal weight...
May 29, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
J Laurent, N Dapzol, A Menu-Branthomme, M-C Clément, N Melin, J Dubois, A Buronfosse
BACKGROUND: French post-acute care and rehabilitation facilities describe and code their activity through the Program for Medicalization of Information Systems (PMSI). A new specific catalogue of rehabilitation procedures (CSARR) has been implemented to code rehabilitation acts since 2013. This study aimed to assess the coherence of the coding of the rehabilitation acts using the CSARR two years after its establishment through the analyze of 3 main items regarding patients and therapists...
May 29, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
A Touré, D Cissé, Kjjo Kadio, A Camara, F A Traoré, A Delamou, S Sididé, C Kouyaté, I S Bangoura, M M Diallo, T M Tounkara, F Traoré, M S Sow, N Khanafer, M Cissé
BACKGROUND: Late or inadequate therapeutic management increases the risk of mortality associated with HIV/AIDS. The aim of this study was to analyze the proportion and factors associated with loss of follow-up in HIV patients who receiving antiretroviral therapy at Conakry. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in HIV patients aged over 15 years and who receiving antiretroviral therapy. Between August 1, 2008 and July 31, 2015, all patients managed by the ambulatory treatment center of the Guinean Women Association against AIDS and sexually and transmissible infection were included...
May 25, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
J Sawchik, J Hamdani, M Vanhaeverbeek
Randomized clinical trials are considered as the preferred design to assess the potential causal relationships between drugs or other medical interventions and intended effects. For this reason, randomized clinical trials are generally the basis of development programs in the life cycle of drugs and the cornerstone of evidence-based medicine. Instead, randomized clinical trials are not the design of choice for the detection and assessment of rare, delayed and/or unexpected effects related to drug safety. Moreover, the highly homogeneous populations resulting from restrictive eligibility criteria make randomized clinical trials inappropriate to describe comprehensively the safety profile of drugs...
May 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
G Rangé, S Chassaing, P Marcollet, C Saint-Étienne, P Dequenne, M Goralski, P Bardiére, F Beverilli, L Godillon, B Sabine, C Laure, S Gautier, R Hakim, F Albert, D Angoulvant, L Grammatico-Guillon
OBJECTIVES: To assess the reliability and low cost of a computerized interventional cardiology (IC) registry to prospectively and systematically collect high-quality data for all consecutive coronary patients referred for coronary angiogram or/and coronary angioplasty. BACKGROUND: Rigorous clinical practice assessment is a key factor to improve prognosis in IC. A prospective and permanent registry could achieve this goal but, presumably, at high cost and low level of data quality...
May 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
R Arnal, M Spodenkiewicz, J Lacoste, L Jehel, B Falissard
BACKGROUND: Prisoners' sociocultural backgrounds and prison environments have an influence on detainees' psychopathology; complex judicial and public policies are also to be taken into account in the dynamics of that environment. Scientific literature shows a wide range prison inmates' profiles across the world. However, very little data about the mental health of Caribbean jail inmates has been published. Martinique is a French overseas administrative district in the Caribbean, with a population of about 400,000 inhabitants...
May 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
A Chanu, A Caron, G Ficheur, C Berkhout, A Duhamel, M Rochoy
BACKGROUND: A general practitioner's office is an economic unit where task delegation is an essential component in improving the quality and performance of work. AIM: To classify the preferences of general practitioners regarding the delegation of medical-administrative tasks to assistant medical-social secretaries. METHOD: Conjoint analysis was applied to a random sample of 175 general practitioners working in metropolitan France. Ten scenarios were constructed based on seven attributes: training for medical secretaries, logistical support during the consultation, delegation of management planning, medical records, accounting, maintenance, and taking initiative on the telephone...
May 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
D A Diallo, A Guindo, B A Touré, Y S Sarro, M Sima, O Tessougué, M A Baraika, P Guindo, M Traoré, M Diallo, A Dorie
BACKGROUND: Newborn screening for sickle cell anemia is necessary in Africa where the disease is more frequent. Hemoglobin electrophoresis is used for screening, but is limited by a high cost and difficult access. Sickling test (Emmel test), which is more affordable and technically more accessible, is often requested for prenatal assessment of pregnant women in West African areas to reserve screening for newborns from mothers in whom the positive sickling test attests the presence of hemoglobin S...
May 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
V Antoine, J Belmin, H Blain, S Bonin-Guillaume, L Goldsmith, O Guerin, M-J Kergoat, P Landais, R Mahmoudi, J A Morais, P Rataboul, A Saber, S Sirvain, G Wolfklein, B de Wazieres
INTRODUCTION: The Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) is a validated key tool in clinical practice and research programs to diagnose delirium and assess its severity. There is no validated French version of the CAM training manual and coding guide (Inouye SK). The aim of this study was to establish a consensual French version of the CAM and its manual. METHODS: Cross-cultural adaptation to achieve equivalence between the original version and a French adapted version of the CAM manual...
May 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
V Clergue-Duval, E Pot, J Azuar
BACKGROUND: General practitioners (GPs) are fully concerned with the care of patients suffering from addiction and must have the support of a specialized network. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of the addict follow-up care by GPs, their use of addictological care facilities and their needs in communicating with specialists. METHODS: Private and salaried GPs working in the 9th, 10th, 18th and 19th districts of Paris were contacted by phone, and a questionnaire was sent to those who agreed to respond...
May 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
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