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Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27141690/echocardiographic-comparison-of-regional-wall-motion-abnormality-between-patients-with-acute-anteroseptal-and-acute-extensive-anteior-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#1
COMPARATIVE STUDY
T A Khan, A W Chowdhury, H I L R Khan, M G Amin, K M N Sabah, M Hossain
Post myocardial infarction (MI) short and long-term clinical outcome is largely determined by the size of the infarcted area. It is generally assumed that as the lead involvement in electrocardiography (ECG) is less in anteroseptal ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (AS-STEMI), where ST segment elevation (STE) is limited to leads V1 to V3, myocardial damage is likely to be less; and in extensive anterior STEMI (EA-STEMI), as the STE extends further upto V6, the myocardial damage is likely to be more...
April 2015: Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27089634/an-epidemiological-study-of-injury-in-a-rural-community-in-bangladesh
#2
S H Chowdhury, M N Karim, M R Rahman, M A Faiz, F Ahmed, S Selim
Injuries are a focus of public health practice because they pose a serious health threat, occur frequently and are preventable. The evidence regarding injury, its contributing factor and its consequence in rural population of Bangladesh is scarce. Present study aimed to assess the epidemiology of injury in a rural area. The study was conducted in the 'Bairag' Union of Anwara upazilla in Chittagong district of Bangladesh. Data of 6256 individuals were collected from 1016 households. Three structured and standardized questionnaires were used for data collection...
April 2015: Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27089633/initial-experience-with-endoscopic-ultrasound
#3
B C Shil, R K Banik, S K Saha, M O Faruque, A S M N Islam, M H Rahman
Since its introduction in early 1990s, endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) has become integral to the diagnosis and staging of various luminal, extraluminal gastrointestinal (GI) and certain non-GI lesions. There is no data on EUS experience in Bangladesh. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the initial recent experience and clinical impact of EUS. All EUS procedures data were recorded prospectively from July 2013 to December 2014. These included patients' demographics, referral details, provisional diagnosis, management plan before and after EUS & indications of procedures...
April 2015: Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27089632/risk-factors-of-hemorrhagic-and-ischemic-stroke-among-hospitalized-patients-in-bangladesh-a-case-control-study
#4
B K Riaz, S H Chowdhury, M N Karim, S Feroz, S Selim, M R Rahman
The risk factor profiles, management and outcome have significant difference between stroke subsets. Aim of this study was to investigate the risk for the two most common subtypes of stroke in Bangladeshi population. Seventy cases of hemorrhagic stroke (HS) and 105 cases of confirmed ischemic stroke (IS) were recruited from the Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College Hospital (ShSMCH) and Dhaka Medical College Hospital between January-June 2011. Total 171 age, sex matched controls were selected from the hospitalized patients with history of no stroke ever...
April 2015: Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27089631/identification-of-legionella-from-clinically-diagnosed-pneumonia-patients-and-environmental-samples
#5
R Jahan, S Tarafder, A A Saleh, M R A Miah
Legionnaires' disease is a multisystem disease with life-threatening acute and severe form of pneumonia which is responsible for 2-9% pneumonia with high mortality. Eighty six respiratory tract samples and urine were collected from clinically diagnosed pneumonia patients and 12 water samples were collected from different environment. Identification of Legionella was done by culture and Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) of respiratory tract samples and environmental samples and Legionella Antigen (Ag) in urine was detected by Immunochromatographic test (ICT)...
April 2015: Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27089630/risk-factors-of-tendo-achilles-injury-in-football-cricket-and-badminton-players-at-dhaka-bangladesh
#6
M J Khan, A S M Giasuddin, M I Khalil
Achilles tendon is the tendon connecting the heel with the calf muscles. Tendo-achilles injury (TAI) in players is common in games. The frequency of TAI is unknown and aetiology is controversial: The present descriptive cross-sectional study was done to determine the prevalence of TAI and associated factors contributing to it in football, cricket and badminton. From January to June 2012, male players (n = 131), age -17-35 years, were selected by purposive sampling technique from renowned sporting clubs at Dhaka, Bangladesh...
April 2015: Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27089629/a-community-study-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-osahs-in-middle-aged-bangladeshi-population
#7
A K M Mosharraf-Hossain, K Ahmed, M T Islam, R Chakrabortty
Obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is the occurrence of repetitive episodes of complete or partial upper airway obstruction during sleep in association with loud snoring and daytime sleepiness and is a risk factor for hypertension, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and more. The present study was performed to assess the prevalence as well as the clinical and anthropometric predictors of OSAHS in an urban community of middle aged Bangladeshi population. The study was a cross-sectional, community-based prevalence study which was performed in an urban community in Dhanmondi Thana Pourashava of Dhaka city from July 2007 to June 2008...
April 2015: Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27089628/identifying-influence-of-perceived-quality-and-satisfaction-on-the-utilization-status-of-the-community-clinic-services-bangladesh-context
#8
R M Karim, M S Abdullah, A M Rahman, A M Alam
BACKGROUND: Bangladesh is one among the few countries of the world that provides free medical services at the community level through various public health facilities. It is now evident that, clients' perceived quality of services and their expectations of service standards affect health service utilization to a great extent. The aim of the study was to develop and validate the measures for perception and satisfaction of primary health care quality in Bangladesh context and to identify their aspects on the utilization status of the Community Clinic (CC) services...
April 2015: Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26402978/antibiotic-susceptibility-pattern-of-bacteria-isolated-from-corneal-ulcer-in-a-tertiary-level-eye-hospital
#9
LETTER
Nahar K Islam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2014: Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26402977/gamma-interferon-levels-among-bangladeshi-children-after-measles-vaccination
#10
S Sultana, S Tabassum, A Nessa, M Jahan
Gamma interferon (IFN-γ) plays an important role in the immune response to live measles virus vaccination. To study the immune response to measles vaccination, IFN-γ level was estimated in 30 children. Of these, 24 children vaccinated with a single dose of measles vaccine at nine months of age and 06 children vaccinated with a second dose during the Measles Catch-up Immunization campaign. Measles vaccine strain was cultured in Vero cell line and the Tissue Culture Infective Dose (TCID)50 was used as standard live virus...
December 2014: Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26402976/familial-social-and-environmental-risk-factors-in-autism-a-case-control-study
#11
A Jahan, S Z Rezina-Parvin, D Bugum
This case-control study was done to identify the correlation between the familial, social and environmental risk factors and autism. This hospital and specialized centre based study done from January 2002 to November, 2004. Thirty two children from the autism group and 14 children from the control group were enrolled. Mean age were 3.75 yrs. and 2.83 yrs. respectively. Significant proportion of children were in the highest birth orders, 68.8% in autism and 78.6% in the control group. Full-term children were 96...
December 2014: Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26402975/influence-of-psychological-empowerment-on-organizational-commitment-among-medical-employees-in-a-hospital-setting
#12
A Kebriaei, M Rakhshaninejad, M Mohseni
INTRODUCTION: People within organizations are a key factor for efficiency. Thus employee empowerment has become a popular management strategy. The study aimed to investigate the relationship between psychological empowerment and organizational commitment among medical staff of a hospital in Zahedan city. METHODS: This cross sectional study was carried out in 2013. A random sample of 172 medical employees in Khatam-ol-Anbia hospital at Zahedan city was selected and responded to items of the questionnaires using a 7-point Likert scale ranging from 1 to 7...
December 2014: Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26402974/hla-b27-antigen-frequency-among-suspected-spondyloarthropathy-patients-attaining-a-tertiary-level-hospital-of-bangladesh
#13
A Nessa, S Tabassum, S Sultana
Human leukocyte antigen B27 (HLA-B27), a class I molecules of the major histocompatibility complex has a strong disease association with different types of spondarthropathies (SpA). The strength of this disease association varies markedly among racial and ethnic populations. The present study aimed to identify the HLA-B27 antigen frequencies among suspected SpA patients as well as healthy Bangladeshi individuals. The frequency of HLA-B27 was determined in 1500 patients and 1000 healthy subjects attending the Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU)...
December 2014: Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26402973/elevated-serum-%C3%AE-hcg-and-dyslipidemia-in-second-trimester-as-predictors-of-subsequent-pregnancy-induced-hypertension
#14
M P Mallick, S Ray, R Medhi, S Bisai
OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that pregnant women with high serum βhCG level and serum dyslipidemia in second trimester are more prone to develop subsequent Pregnancy Induced Hypertension (PIH). MATERIALS & METHODS: One hundred pregnant women with singleton pregnancy between 14 and 20 weeks of gestation attending antenatal outpatient department (OPD) of SMCH were studied. Serum βhCG was estimated by two-site chemiluminescent-immunometric method. Serum lipid profile was evaluated by enzymatic colorimetric test with Lipid Clearing Factor (LCF)...
December 2014: Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26402972/hepatic-necroinflammation-and-severe-liver-fibrosis-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-b-with-undetectable-hbv-dna-and-persistently-normal-alanine-aminotransferase
#15
M M Alam, M A Mahtab, S M F Akbar, M Kamal, S Rahman
Both consensus and controversy remains regarding surrogacy of hepatitis B virus (HBV) deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT), however, these markers are used to ascertain the extent of liver damages and to guide therapeutic options in patients with chronic hepatitis B. However, little is known about liver histology of patients with chronic hepatitis B with undetectable HBV DNA and persistently normal ALT. Thirty-five incidentally-detected patients with chronic HBV infection (assessed by expression of hepatitis B surface antigen for more than 6 months) with undetectable HBV DNA and normal serum ALT were enrolled in this study...
December 2014: Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26402971/role-of-ascitic-fluid-adenosine-deaminase-ada-and-serum-ca-125-in-the-diagnosis-of-tuberculous-peritonitis
#16
N Ali, N C Nath, R Parvin, A Rahman, T M Bhuiyan, M Rahman, Mohsin M N
This cross sectional study was carried out in the department of gastroenterology, BIRDEM, Dhaka from January 2010 to May 2011 to determine the role of ascitic fluid ADA and serum CA-125 in the diagnosis of clinically suspected tubercular peritonitis. Total 30 patients (age 39.69 ± 21.26, 18M/12F) with clinical suspicion of tuberculosis peritonitis were included in this study after analyzing selection criteria. Laparoscopic peritoneal biopsy with 'histopathological diagnosis' was considered gold standard against which accuracics of two biomarkers (ADA & CA-125) were compared...
December 2014: Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26415346/fingerprints-a-simple-method-for-screening-hemophilic-patients
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
M Jamalian, M Mesri, H R K Vishteh, H Solhi, R Salehpour
BACKGROUND: The present study aims to compare hemophilic patients' fingerprint types with the normal people to help diagnose the disease, particularly new occurrences of the disease. METHOD: This case-control study was conducted in 2012. Sixty two patients with hemophilia type A and 62 normal healthy people were selected. The type of fingerprint was determined by a forensic specialist who was kept unaware of the participants' group. Using advanced Henry method, the main types of fingerprints were classified as arch, loop, whorl, as well as other types...
August 2014: Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26415345/study-on-oxidative-stress-and-antioxidant-level-in-patients-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-before-and-after-regular-treatment
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
T Bashar, N Akhter
In acute myocardial infarction (AMI), lack of oxygen delivery to myocardium leads to generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) which play an important role in the pathogenesis of AMI. Endogenous anti-oxidants protect the myocardial tissues from the deleterious effect of free radical mediate injury. The study evaluates the extent of oxidative stress and antioxidant status against ROS in AMI patients and amelioration of oxidative stress after regular treatment and also assesses the association between oxidative stress and risk factors for atherosclerosis like dyslipidemia and diabetes mellitus (DM)...
August 2014: Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26415344/association-of-immunofluorescence-pattern-of-antinuclear-antibody-with-specific-autoantibodies-in-the-bangladeshi-population
#19
S Sharmin, S Ahmed, A Abu Saleh, F Rahman, M R Choudhury, M M Hassan
Antinuclear antibody (ANA) is useful in the diagnosis of connective tissue disorder (CTD). Association of specific autoantibodies with the immunofluorescence pattern of ANA in CTD, noted in western literature has been considered as reference in all over the world. However, in Bangladesh no such research work or data correlating the autoantibodies and their ANA patterns is found. Objective of the study was to identify an association between immunofluorescence patterns of antinuclear antibody on HEp-2 cell and more specific antinuclear reactivities (e...
August 2014: Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26415343/reference-values-of-6-minutes-walk-test-6-mwt-in-bangladeshi-healthy-subjects-aged-25-55-years
#20
Mosharraf-Hossain A K M, R Chakrabortty
INTRODUCTION: The six minute walk test (6MWT) is increasingly accepted worldwide to assess functional exercise capacity of cardiac and pulmonary diseases for its simplicity. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to provide reference values for 6 Minute Walk Distance (6MWD) and other primary variables such as oxygen saturation (SaO2), pulse rate (PR) and breathlessness perception done in 6MWT. METHODS: We studied a sample of 190 healthy subjects (53 females) of age between 25-55 years (37...
August 2014: Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
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