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Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624289/molecular-characterization-and-resistance-profile-of-nosocomial-acinetobacter-baumannii-intensive-care-unit-of-tertiary-care-hospital-in-bangladesh
#1
M N Khatun, R Farzana, B S Lopes, S M Shamsuzzaman
This study was designed to investigate the resistance profile along with the genetic background of resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics among the nosocomial A. baumannii in Bangladesh. A. baumannii was confirmed by detecting blaoXA-51-like. Antibiotic susceptibility was determined by disk diffusion method. Agar dilution method was used to determine MIC of ceftazidime and imipenem. All A. baumannii were phenotypically screened for ampC, ESBL and MBL production. Genetic markers of antibiotic resistance. such as blaampC, blaOXA-51, 23, 40, 58 and 143, blaKPc, blaMp, blavi and blaNDM-j, genetic environment around blaADc and ISAbal upstream of blaoXA, were evaluated by PCR...
August 2015: Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624288/the-overview-of-cancer-patients-attending-in-a-specialized-hospital-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
T K Paul, P A Banu, M S S Alam, R Sharif, N Rukhsana, M M Monower
According to National Institute of Cancer Research and Hospital most frequently observed cancers in Bangladeshi population are lungs, breast, cervix, lymph node, esophagus, larynx and stomach. The point of epidemiological background, the rate of incidence and mortality are likely unavailable due to lack of population based cancer registry system in Bangladesh. This cross-sectional study was conducted from 2003 to 2012 with an aim to describe trends and pattern of cancer cases attended a specialized hospital in Dhaka city...
August 2015: Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624287/central-venous-catheter-related-bloodstream-infections-cvc-bsi-in-patients-of-clinically-suspected-septicemia
#3
Z Afroz, M Jobayer, S Ahmed, S Anwar, M R A Miah
Central venous catheter-related bloodstream infections (CVC-BSI) are associated with morbidity and mortality especially in critically ill patients. This study was performed to find out the rate of CVC-BSI and CVC colonization, causative organism and their antibiogram in patients of Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and Department of Nephrology of tertiary care hospitals. A total of 100 patients from Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) and Dhaka Medical College Hospital (DMCH) who had-CVC and clinically suspected of septicemia were included in the study...
August 2015: Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624286/role-of-ultrasonography-in-diagnosis-of-solid-space-occupying-lesion-in-the-liver-correlation-with-fnac
#4
S K Roy, S Sultana, N U Mollah, T Yasmin, A Sarker, M U Jahan
This cross sectional study was carried enrolling 47 subjects with suspected solid liver mass, in the Department of Radiology and Imaging, Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Dhaka, over a period of twelve months. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic usefulness of transabdominal ultrasonography in the diagnosis of solid SOL in the liver. Majority of the respondents (42.55%) were found between 41-60 years of age. Five (10.63%) subjects were found below 20 years of age. There were 31 men (65.95%) and 16 women (34...
August 2015: Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624285/silkworm-as-an-animal-infection-model-for-the-screening-of-environmental-clinical-and-veterinary-pathogens
#5
A Rahman, M Sultana, M A Uddin, M A Malek, M A Hossain
Silkworm, Bombyx mori, has passive immunity and can be infected by pathogenic bacteria. Therefore, it can be used as a robust bacterial infection model for screening of pathogenic isolates from various sources. In this work, 11 environmental, clinical and veterinary isolates were screened for pathogenicity using silkworm larvae by injecting bacterial suspension through their dorsal surface and observing response. Experimental conditions were established by using Bacillus thuringiensis SW_R_F_1, Escherichia coli 0157:H7, E...
August 2015: Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624284/detection-of-potential-pathogenic-aerobic-bacteria-from-egg-shell-and-egg-contents-of-hen-collected-from-poultry
#6
J Fardows, S M Shamsuzzaman
This study was done to identify different pathogenic aerobic bacteria from egg shell and egg contents of hen. Egg shells and egg contents of 150 eggs collected from poultry were tested. Of 150 egg shells, 130 (86.67%) yielded growth of bacteria and 60 (40%) Esch. coli,.25 (16.67%) Providencia rettgeri, 5 (3.33%) Providencia alkalifaciens, 20 (13.33%) Citrobacter freundii, 10 (6.67%) Salmonella spp, 10 (6.67%) Enterobacter aerogenes were isolated. No bacteria were isolated from 150 egg contents. Total 14 (9...
August 2015: Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624283/sociocultural-and-host-factors-related-to-extra-pulmonary-tuberculosis-in-rural-bangladesh-a-case-control-study
#7
M R Karim, M A Alam, S A A Mamun, M A Rahman
Bangladesh ranks sixth among higher TB burden countries. Extra-pulmonary TB contributes 12% of all tuberculosis cases in 2008. Risk factors for EPTB in Bangladesh are hypothesized to be different from pulmonary tuberculosis as seen in other high-burden countries. A case control study was conducted to compare the sociodemographic, household condition and lifestyle characteristics between extra pulmonary and pulmonary tuberculosis. This case control study was conducted in thirteen sub districts of Pabna, Shirajgonj and Cox's Bazar districts from January to June 2013...
August 2015: Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624282/moving-beyond-cancer-immediate-impact-on-the-health-related-quality-of-life-of-breast-cancer-patients-after-mastectomy
#8
M M Rahman, A F M A Hossain, A Ahsan, N N Monalisa, K Rahman, S A Azad
During the last decade, survival rates for breast cancer have increased as a result of earlier detection and increased use of adjuvant therapy. Limited data exist on the post mastectomy quality of life in the process of transition from health to cancer in its different phases of treatment. The aim of current study was to evaluate the changes of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) after mastectomy and to measure their impression about future perspectives in Bangladeshi Breasts cancer patients. A group of 250 women with a diagnosis of primary breast cancer who was admitted in the department of surgical oncology in National Institute of Cancer Research and Hospital, Dhaka were enrolled in this study from January 2012 to March 2013...
August 2015: Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27141690/echocardiographic-comparison-of-regional-wall-motion-abnormality-between-patients-with-acute-anteroseptal-and-acute-extensive-anteior-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#9
COMPARATIVE STUDY
T A Khan, A W Chowdhury, H I L R Khan, M G Amin, K M N Sabah, M Hossain
Post myocardial infarction (MI) short and long-term clinical outcome is largely determined by the size of the infarcted area. It is generally assumed that as the lead involvement in electrocardiography (ECG) is less in anteroseptal ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (AS-STEMI), where ST segment elevation (STE) is limited to leads V1 to V3, myocardial damage is likely to be less; and in extensive anterior STEMI (EA-STEMI), as the STE extends further upto V6, the myocardial damage is likely to be more...
April 2015: Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27089634/an-epidemiological-study-of-injury-in-a-rural-community-in-bangladesh
#10
S H Chowdhury, M N Karim, M R Rahman, M A Faiz, F Ahmed, S Selim
Injuries are a focus of public health practice because they pose a serious health threat, occur frequently and are preventable. The evidence regarding injury, its contributing factor and its consequence in rural population of Bangladesh is scarce. Present study aimed to assess the epidemiology of injury in a rural area. The study was conducted in the 'Bairag' Union of Anwara upazilla in Chittagong district of Bangladesh. Data of 6256 individuals were collected from 1016 households. Three structured and standardized questionnaires were used for data collection...
April 2015: Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27089633/initial-experience-with-endoscopic-ultrasound
#11
B C Shil, R K Banik, S K Saha, M O Faruque, A S M N Islam, M H Rahman
Since its introduction in early 1990s, endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) has become integral to the diagnosis and staging of various luminal, extraluminal gastrointestinal (GI) and certain non-GI lesions. There is no data on EUS experience in Bangladesh. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the initial recent experience and clinical impact of EUS. All EUS procedures data were recorded prospectively from July 2013 to December 2014. These included patients' demographics, referral details, provisional diagnosis, management plan before and after EUS & indications of procedures...
April 2015: Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27089632/risk-factors-of-hemorrhagic-and-ischemic-stroke-among-hospitalized-patients-in-bangladesh-a-case-control-study
#12
B K Riaz, S H Chowdhury, M N Karim, S Feroz, S Selim, M R Rahman
The risk factor profiles, management and outcome have significant difference between stroke subsets. Aim of this study was to investigate the risk for the two most common subtypes of stroke in Bangladeshi population. Seventy cases of hemorrhagic stroke (HS) and 105 cases of confirmed ischemic stroke (IS) were recruited from the Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College Hospital (ShSMCH) and Dhaka Medical College Hospital between January-June 2011. Total 171 age, sex matched controls were selected from the hospitalized patients with history of no stroke ever...
April 2015: Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27089631/identification-of-legionella-from-clinically-diagnosed-pneumonia-patients-and-environmental-samples
#13
R Jahan, S Tarafder, A A Saleh, M R A Miah
Legionnaires' disease is a multisystem disease with life-threatening acute and severe form of pneumonia which is responsible for 2-9% pneumonia with high mortality. Eighty six respiratory tract samples and urine were collected from clinically diagnosed pneumonia patients and 12 water samples were collected from different environment. Identification of Legionella was done by culture and Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) of respiratory tract samples and environmental samples and Legionella Antigen (Ag) in urine was detected by Immunochromatographic test (ICT)...
April 2015: Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27089630/risk-factors-of-tendo-achilles-injury-in-football-cricket-and-badminton-players-at-dhaka-bangladesh
#14
M J Khan, A S M Giasuddin, M I Khalil
Achilles tendon is the tendon connecting the heel with the calf muscles. Tendo-achilles injury (TAI) in players is common in games. The frequency of TAI is unknown and aetiology is controversial: The present descriptive cross-sectional study was done to determine the prevalence of TAI and associated factors contributing to it in football, cricket and badminton. From January to June 2012, male players (n = 131), age -17-35 years, were selected by purposive sampling technique from renowned sporting clubs at Dhaka, Bangladesh...
April 2015: Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27089629/a-community-study-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-osahs-in-middle-aged-bangladeshi-population
#15
A K M Mosharraf-Hossain, K Ahmed, M T Islam, R Chakrabortty
Obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is the occurrence of repetitive episodes of complete or partial upper airway obstruction during sleep in association with loud snoring and daytime sleepiness and is a risk factor for hypertension, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and more. The present study was performed to assess the prevalence as well as the clinical and anthropometric predictors of OSAHS in an urban community of middle aged Bangladeshi population. The study was a cross-sectional, community-based prevalence study which was performed in an urban community in Dhanmondi Thana Pourashava of Dhaka city from July 2007 to June 2008...
April 2015: Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27089628/identifying-influence-of-perceived-quality-and-satisfaction-on-the-utilization-status-of-the-community-clinic-services-bangladesh-context
#16
R M Karim, M S Abdullah, A M Rahman, A M Alam
BACKGROUND: Bangladesh is one among the few countries of the world that provides free medical services at the community level through various public health facilities. It is now evident that, clients' perceived quality of services and their expectations of service standards affect health service utilization to a great extent. The aim of the study was to develop and validate the measures for perception and satisfaction of primary health care quality in Bangladesh context and to identify their aspects on the utilization status of the Community Clinic (CC) services...
April 2015: Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26402978/antibiotic-susceptibility-pattern-of-bacteria-isolated-from-corneal-ulcer-in-a-tertiary-level-eye-hospital
#17
LETTER
Nahar K Islam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2014: Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26402977/gamma-interferon-levels-among-bangladeshi-children-after-measles-vaccination
#18
S Sultana, S Tabassum, A Nessa, M Jahan
Gamma interferon (IFN-γ) plays an important role in the immune response to live measles virus vaccination. To study the immune response to measles vaccination, IFN-γ level was estimated in 30 children. Of these, 24 children vaccinated with a single dose of measles vaccine at nine months of age and 06 children vaccinated with a second dose during the Measles Catch-up Immunization campaign. Measles vaccine strain was cultured in Vero cell line and the Tissue Culture Infective Dose (TCID)50 was used as standard live virus...
December 2014: Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26402976/familial-social-and-environmental-risk-factors-in-autism-a-case-control-study
#19
A Jahan, S Z Rezina-Parvin, D Bugum
This case-control study was done to identify the correlation between the familial, social and environmental risk factors and autism. This hospital and specialized centre based study done from January 2002 to November, 2004. Thirty two children from the autism group and 14 children from the control group were enrolled. Mean age were 3.75 yrs. and 2.83 yrs. respectively. Significant proportion of children were in the highest birth orders, 68.8% in autism and 78.6% in the control group. Full-term children were 96...
December 2014: Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26402975/influence-of-psychological-empowerment-on-organizational-commitment-among-medical-employees-in-a-hospital-setting
#20
A Kebriaei, M Rakhshaninejad, M Mohseni
INTRODUCTION: People within organizations are a key factor for efficiency. Thus employee empowerment has become a popular management strategy. The study aimed to investigate the relationship between psychological empowerment and organizational commitment among medical staff of a hospital in Zahedan city. METHODS: This cross sectional study was carried out in 2013. A random sample of 172 medical employees in Khatam-ol-Anbia hospital at Zahedan city was selected and responded to items of the questionnaires using a 7-point Likert scale ranging from 1 to 7...
December 2014: Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
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