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Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594308/atrazine-chlorpyrifos-and-iprodione-effect-on-the-biodiversity-of-bacteria-actinomycetes-and-fungi-in-a-pilot-biopurification-system-with-a-green-cover
#1
Sebastian Elgueta, Arturo Correa, Marco Campo, Felipe Gallardo, Dimitrios Karpouzas, Maria Cristina Diez
The use of biopurification systems can mitigate the effects of pesticide contamination on farms. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of pesticide dissipation on microbial communities in a pilot biopurification system. The pesticide dissipation of atrazine, chlorpyrifos and iprodione (35 mg kg(-1) active ingredient [a.i.]) and biological activity were determined for 40 days. The microbial communities (bacteria, actinomycetes and fungi) were analyzed using denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE)...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586286/optimization-of-a-methodology-for-the-simultaneous-determination-of-deltamethrin-permethrin-and-malathion-in-stored-wheat-samples-using-dispersive-liquid-liquid-microextraction-with-solidification-of-floating-organic-drop-and-hplc-uv
#2
Meghdad Pirsaheb, Mansour Rezaei, Nazir Fattahi, Mohammad Karami, Kiomars Sharafi, Hamid R Ghaffari
The purpose of this study was to investigate common pesticides in stored wheat at Kermanshah province's silos in Iran. A simple, inexpensive, reliable and environmentally friendly method based on dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction with solidification of floating organic drop was developed. The analytical characteristics of the method were determined. Also, various parameters such as the materials of the silos, types of ownerships of the silos, geographic orientation of silo locations and climatic conditions of silo locations on pesticide residues in studied wheat samples were investigated...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586282/remediation-capacity-of-cd-and-pb-ions-by-mycelia-of-imleria-badia-laetiporus-sulphureus-and-agaricus-bisporus-in-vitro-cultures
#3
Agata Kryczyk, Joanna Piotrowska, Magdalena Sito, Katarzyna Sulkowska-Ziaja, Konrad Dobosz, Włodzimierz Opoka, Bożena Muszyńska
The goal of this study was to evaluate cadmium and lead accumulation ability of in vitro cultures biomass containing selected edible mushroom species derived from the environment (Laetiporus sulphureus, Imleria badia) and those of commercial origin (Agaricus bisporus). Atomic absorption spectrometry was used to evaluate the content of Cd(II) and Pb(II) on the medium supplemented with Cd(II) or Pb(II), each of them at the same concentration of 5·10(-5) M. The highest concentration of Cd(II) ions was determined in the biomass from L...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586277/pilot-scale-biopesticide-production-by-bacillus-thuringiensis-subsp-kurstaki-using-starch-industry-wastewater-as-raw-material
#4
Adama Ndao, Balasubramanian Sellamuthu, Jean R Gnepe, Rajeshwar D Tyagi, Jose R Valero
Pilot-scale Bacillus thuringiensis based biopesticide production (2000 L bioreactor) was conducted using starch industry wastewater (SIW) as a raw material using optimized operational parameters obtained in 15 L and 150 L fermenters. In pilot scale fermentation process the oxygen transfer rate is a major limiting factor for high product yield. Thus, the volumetric mass transfer coefficient (KLa) remains a tool to determine the oxygen transfer capacity [oxygen utilization rate (OUR) and oxygen transfer rate (OTR)] to obtain better bacterial growth rate and entomotoxicity in new bioreactor process optimization and scale-up...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541776/enantioselective-apoptosis-and-oxidative-damage-induced-by-individual-isomers-of-profenofos-in-primary-hippocampal-neurons
#5
Xian T Lu, Yun Ma, Hang J Zhang, Mei Q Jin, Jun H Tang
The purpose of this study was to investigate the apoptosis-related cytotoxic effects and molecular mechanisms of individual isomers of profenofos (PFF) on primary hippocampal neurons at 1.0 to 20 mg L(-1). The cell viability and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) efflux indicated that (-)-PFF exposure was associated with more toxic effects than (+)-PFF above the concentration of 5 mg L(-1) (P < 0.5). Flow cytometric results showed that the percentages of apoptotic cells incubated with 20 mg L(-1) (-)-PFF, (+)-PFF and rac-PFF for 24 h reached 23...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541126/oxidative-stress-and-hepatotoxicity-in-the-frog-rana-chensinensis-when-exposed-to-low-doses-of-trichlorfon
#6
Bo Li, Yu Ma, Yu H Zhang
Trichlorfon is an organophosphate insecticide that is widely used in aquaculture and agriculture against parasitic infestations and has caused aquatic toxicity to non-target organisms. To evaluate the effects of low doses of trichlorfon on the oxidative stress and hepatotoxicity in amphibians, Chinese brown frogs (Rana chensinensis) were exposed to trichlorfon at concentrations of 0, 0.01, 0.1, and 1.0 mg/L for 2 and 4 weeks. Then, the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione S-transferase (GST), and the content of malondialdehyde (MDA) in hepatic tissue were examined to evaluate the effects of oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541121/investigation-of-the-binding-and-simultaneous-quantifications-of-propanil-and-bromoxynil-herbicide-concentrations-in-human-serum-albumin
#7
Eric Appah, Brianda Elzey, Sayo O Fakayode
This study reported the use of UV-visible and fluorescence spectroscopy and partial-least-square (PLS) multivariate regression for accurate and simultaneous quantifications of two widely used herbicides, propanil, 3',4'-dichloropropionanilide (PPL) and bromoxynil, 3,5-dibromo-4-hydroxybenzonitrile (BXL) in human serum albumin (HSA) at physiological conditions. The binding affinity and thermodynamic properties of PPL-HSA and BXL-HSA complexes were also investigated. Partial-least-square (PLS) regression was used to collate the variability in the absorption or emission spectra of PPL-HSA and BXL-HSA complexes with PPL and/or BXL concentrations in HSA samples...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541098/the-impact-of-pesticides-on-oxidative-stress-level-in-human-organism-and-their-activity-as-an-endocrine-disruptor
#8
Agata Jabłońska-Trypuć, Elżbieta Wołejko, Urszula Wydro, Andrzej Butarewicz
Pesticides cause serious environmental and health problems both to humans and animals. The aim of this review is to discuss selected herbicides and fungicides regarding their mode of action and their influence on basic oxidative stress parameters and endocrine disruption properties tested in selected cell cultures in vitro. Because of numerous difficulties which animal studies are subject to, cell cultures are an excellent experimental model reflecting human exposure to different pesticides through all relevant routes...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541097/ozonation-of-whole-wheat-flour-and-wet-milling-effluent-degradation-of-deoxynivalenol-don-and-rheological-properties
#9
Allana P S Alexandre, Nanci Castanha, Maria A Calori-Domingues, Pedro E D Augusto
The objective of this study was to evaluate the reduction on the levels of the mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON) in whole wheat flour (WWF) with different moisture levels, on the wet milling effluent through ozone (O3) processing, as well as the impact of ozonation on the rheological properties of flour. The results have shown that the reduction of DON was improved with increasing moisture and exposure time of WWF and wet milling effluent to ozone. The maximum reduction was about 80%, proving that ozonation is an effective and promising technology in reducing mycotoxins in different products...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494222/distribution-and-incorporation-mode-of-the-herbicide-mcpa-in-soil-derived-organo-clay-complexes
#10
Patrick Riefer, Timm Klausmeyer, Burkhard Schmidt, Andreas Schäffer, Jan Schwarzbauer
The incorporation of xenobiotics into soil, especially via covalent bonds or sequestration has a major influence on the environmental behavior including toxicity, mobility, and bioavailability. The incorporation mode of 4-chloro-2-methylphenoxyacetic acid (MCPA) into organo-clay complexes has been investigated under a low (8.5 mg MCPA/kg soil) and high (1000 mg MCPA/kg soil) applied concentration, during an incubation period of up to 120 days. Emphasis was laid on the elucidation of distinct covalent linkages between non-extractable MCPA residues and humic sub-fractions (humic acids, fulvic acids, and humin)...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494209/antibiotic-resistance-virulence-factors-and-biofilm-formation-ability-in-escherichia-coli-strains-isolated-from-chicken-meat-and-wildlife-in-the-czech-republic
#11
Silvie Pavlickova, Anja Klancnik, Magda Dolezalova, Sonja Smole Mozina, Ivan Holko
Attachment of pathogenic bacteria to food contact surfaces and the subsequent biofilm formation represent a serious threat for the food industry, since these bacteria are more resistant to antimicrobials or possess more virulence factors. The main aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between antibiotic resistance against 13 antibiotics, distribution of 10 virulence factors and biofilm formation in 105 Escherichia coli strains according to their origin. The high prevalence of antibiotic resistance that we have found in wildlife isolates could be acquired by horizontal transfer of resistance genes from human or domestic or farm animals...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494204/bio-and-toxic-elements-in-mushrooms-from-the-city-of-ume%C3%A3-and-outskirts-sweden
#12
Małgorzata Mędyk, Małgorzata Grembecka, Justyna Brzezicha-Cirocka, Jerzy Falandysz
Edible mushrooms (Albatrellus ovinus, Boletus edulis, Clitocybe odora, Gomphidius glutinosus, Leccinum scabrum, Leccinum versipelle, Lycoperdon perlatum, Suillus bovinus, Suillus luteus, and Xerocomus subtomentosus) collected from unpolluted areas of the city of Umeå and its outskirts in the northern part of Sweden were examined for contents of toxic metallic elements (Cd, Pb, and Ag) and essential macro- and microelements (K, Na, Ca, Mg, Cu, Fe, Mn, and Zn) using a validated method and a final measurement by flame atomic absorption spectroscopy (F-AAS)...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494203/carbofuran-degraded-by-iron-doped-anatase-weakening-the-cholinesterase-inhibitory-activity-in-the-photoproducts-mixture
#13
Martín M Dávila-Jiménez, María P Elizalde-González, Esmeralda García-Díaz, Miguel González, M E Mendoza, M J Robles-Águila
Carbofuran is a toxic carbamate pesticide, and its use has increased in recent years. While marketing information indicates stability in different chemical media, carbofuran exhibits relative photolability. The aim of this research was to decompose carbofuran and to identify the photoproducts achieved when two different doped titania photocatalysts were employed under UV irradiation. The iron-doped TiO2 materials were obtained (a) via a hydrothermal method and (b) by an ultrasound-assisted sol-gel method. The precursors were TiOSO4⋅xH2O and Fe3(NO3)·9H2O...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494194/17%C3%AE-estradiol-mineralization-under-field-and-laboratory-incubations
#14
Annemieke Farenhorst, Inoka Amarakoon, Lindsey Andronak
Mineralization studies of natural steroid hormones (e.g., 17β-estradiol, E2) are performed in environmental incubators, usually under a constant temperature such as 20°C. In this paper, we present a microcosm protocol that quantified the mineralization of E2 in soils under field temperatures. The nine agricultural soils tested had a wide range of soil organic carbon (1.1 to 5.2%) and clay (9 to 57%) contents. The calculated time over which half of the applied E2 was mineralized (E2-½) ranged from 299 to 910 d, and total E2 mineralization at 48 d (E2-TOT48) ranged from 4 to 13%...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489978/sodium-bisulfate-and-a-sodium-bisulfate-tannin-mixture-decreases-ph-when-added-to-an-in-vitro-incubated-poultry-cecal-or-fecal-contents-while-reducing-salmonella-typhimurium-marker-strain-survival-and-altering-the-microbiome
#15
Peter M Rubinelli, Sun Ae Kim, Si Hong Park, Stephanie M Roto, Steven C Ricke
The objective of the present study was to investigate the ability of animal feed-grade sodium bisulfate (SBS) and a mixture of sodium bisulfate/tannin to inhibit the growth of Salmonella using an anerobic in vitro mixed cecal culture to mimic the conditions within the chicken cecum. An initial inoculum of Salmonella Typhimurium was introduced to an anerobic dilution solution containing 1/3000 diluted cecal bacteria and solids consisting of ground chicken feed and different percentages of solid SBS or SBS/tannin, and surviving organisms were enumerated...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489977/distribution-of-pesticide-residues-in-soil-and-uncertainty-of-sampling
#16
Gabriela K Suszter, Árpád Ambrus
Pesticide residues were determined in about 120 soil cores taken randomly from the top 15 cm layer of two sunflower fields about 30 days after preemergence herbicide treatments. Samples were extracted with acetone-ethyl acetate mixture and the residues were determined with GC-TSD. Residues of dimethenamid, pendimethalin, and prometryn ranged from 0.005 to 2.97 mg/kg. Their relative standard deviations (CV) were between 0.66 and 1.13. The relative frequency distributions of residues in soil cores were very similar to those observed in root and tuber vegetables grown in pesticide treated soils...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489976/testing-the-efficiency-of-extraction-of-incurred-residues-from-soil-with-optimized-multi-residue-method
#17
Gabriella K Suszter, Árpád Ambrus
The reproducibility of extraction of residues from spiked soil samples and from soils containing incurred residues was tested with (14)C-labeled test compounds of different physical-chemical properties. Nearly 100% of the compounds added to the sample before extraction could be recovered with an average reproducibility relative standard deviation (CV) of 5.4%. The additional steps of the determination process (cleanup, evaporation, etc.) contributed to the major part of the variability of the results (CV = 10-20%)...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489970/photostability-study-of-cis-configuration-neonicotinoid-insecticide-cycloxaprid-in-water
#18
Shuang Hou, Yingying Zhuang, Yayun Deng, Xiaoyong Xu
Cycloxaprid (CYC) is a new cis-configuration neonicotinoid insecticide, which is currently under development in China for agricultural pest control. Considering the photodegradation of CYC is important for the application of CYC in the future, the photochemical behavior of CYC in aqueous solution was herein investigated in a "merry-go-round" reactor under a 300 W high-pressure mercury lamp. Twenty-five photodegradation products were identified via UPLC-TOF-ESI-MS/MS. The results suggested that NTN32692, the precursor of CYC was the predominant photodegradation product...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489966/acrylamide-induced-disturbance-of-the-redox-balance-in-the-chick-embryonic-brain
#19
Marta Batoryna, Marcin Lis, Grzegorz Formicki
This study was undertaken to determine the redox balance in the developing brain after exposure to acrylamide (ACR), a potent neurotoxin. The studies were performed using an in ovo chick embryo model. The antioxidant enzymes SOD, GPx, CAT, and reduced glutathione (GSH) were used as indicators of the redox balance. Eggs were injected with ACR doses of 40 mg kg(-1) egg mass (2.4 mg egg(-1)) on embryonic day 17 (E17). The activity of the antioxidant enzymes and the concentration of GSH were measured at E17, E18, and E19 in the medulla oblongata, cerebrum, cerebellum, and optic lobe...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277086/combined-uv-c-h2o2-vuv-processes-for-the-treatment-of-an-actual-slaughterhouse-wastewater
#20
Kambiz Vaezzadeh Naderi, Ciro Fernando Bustillo-Lecompte, Mehrab Mehrvar, Mohammad Jafar Abdekhodaie
In this study, a three-factor, three-level Box-Behnken design with response surface methodology were used to maximize the TOC removal and minimize the H2O2 residual in the effluent of the combined UV-C/H2O2-VUV system for the treatment of an actual slaughterhouse wastewater (SWW) collected from one of the meat processing plants in Ontario, Canada. The irradiation time and the initial concentrations of total organic carbon (TOCo) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2o) were the three predictors, as independent variables, studied in the design of experiments...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
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