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Azmath Unnisa Begum, Sama Venkatesh, Jaya Prakash, Ravi Alvala
Introduction: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease characterized by high blood glucose levels due to absolute or relative circulating insulin levels. Plants represent a major potential source of drugs for treating diabetes. The study of plants having antidiabetic activity may give a new approach in the treatment of DM. Aim: This study was aimed to investigate the glucose utilization capacity of bioactivity-guided fractions of Barleria prionitis and Hyptis suaveolens...
April 2016: Ayu
Shweta Vekariya, K Nishteswar, Bhupesh R Patel, Mukesh Nariya
Introduction: Mahanimba (Melia azedarach Linn.) is a deciduous tree of family Meliaceae and its root is mainly used in painful condition such as Gridhrasi (sciatica) in Ayurveda. Ethnomedicinal claims indicate that its leaves are used to treat fever, but its medicinal activities have not been proven by research. Aim: This study was aimed to evaluate the potential analgesic and antipyretic activities of M. azedarach L. leaf powder (MLP) and M. azedarach L. root powder (MRP)...
April 2016: Ayu
M D Subramanya, Sandeep R Pai, Gireesh M Ankad, Harsha V Hegde, Subarna Roy, S L Hoti
Introduction: Sida L. is a medicinally important genus widely used in conventional systems of medicine in India. Aim: The present study aims toward simultaneous determination of two bioactive compounds vasicine and vasicinone in root extracts of eight Sida spp. from Western Ghats, India. Materials and Methods: Determination of vasicine and vasicinone was undertaken in methanolic root extracts (10% w/v) of Sida acuta, Sida cordata, Sida cordifolia, Sida rhombifolia, Sida spinosa, Sida indica, Sida retusa and Sida mysorensis by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method...
April 2016: Ayu
K S Dhiman, Veeranagouda S Adhoor, Riju Agarwal, Amit J Mehta
Introduction: Primary open angle glaucoma is an insidious and chronic vision-threatening eye ailment due to neuro-retino-optic nerve degeneration, which may be due to the raised intraocular pressure (IOP) or due to independent factors. Management of glaucoma is mainly concentrated on lowering IOP that requires lifetime topical medication, different ocular medicaments for lowering of IOP, and surgical interventions, but it has its own limitations to control the progression of glaucomatous optic neuropathy (GON), and this is the reason behind the use of alternative neuroprotective adjuvants...
April 2016: Ayu
Vandana Gupta, Bipin Bihari Keshari, S K Tiwari, K H H V S S Narasimha Murthy
Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is becoming an alarming problem for society nowadays causing impediment in normal life. Diabetes and its complications impose a major burden upon health-care facilities. Materials and Methods: In this study, 90 patients of Madhumeha (type-2 diabetes mellitus) were registered and randomly divided into two groups. Out of 90 registered patients, 80 patients completed the treatment. In Group A, cap. Shilajatu (500 mg twice daily) was given for 3 months and in Group B, Asanadi Ghana Vati (2 Vati twice daily) was given for 3 months...
April 2016: Ayu
Jitendra Nathabhai Varsakiya, Mandip Goyal, Anup Thakar, Bhupesh Patel
Background: Infertility is the inability of a sexually active, noncontracepting couple to achieve spontaneous pregnancy in 1 year. Low sperm count (oligozoospermia) is one of the main causes of male infertility and is correlated with Ksheena Shukra (oligozoospermia). Shodhana procedures are to be performed before the administration of Vajikarana drugs, especially Virechana Karma has been indicated in the cases of Shukra Dushti. The fruit of Ashwatha (Ficus religiosa Linn.) has been indicated in premature ejaculation and low sperm count...
April 2016: Ayu
Prashant Sasane, Udai Raj Saroj, Ram Kishor Joshi
The clinical presentation of Amavata closely mimics with the special variety of rheumatologic disorders called rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The Ayurvedic approach toward the treatment of Amavata is the need of present era as no system is successful in providing the complete cure to this disease. Amavata is a challenging and a burning problem of medical science. Prevalence of RA is approximately 0.8% of the population. Due to wide spectrum of disease, much prevalence in the society, and lack of effective medicine, the disease had been chosen for the study...
April 2016: Ayu
Nilofar Mohamad Shafi Shaikh, Laxmipriya Dei, Shilpa Donga
Background: Pregnant women are more prone to vulvovaginitis which is a great challenge for obstetricians today. In Ayurveda, Upapluta Yonivyapad described by Acharya Charaka, Sharangadhara, and both Vagbhata can be compared to vulvovaginitis during pregnancy. Aims: The present study aimed to evaluate efficacy of Dhatakyadi Varti in the management of Upapluta Yonivyapad (vulvovaginitis during pregnancy). Materials and Methods: A total of 80 female patients in the age group of 19-40 years were registered and divided into two groups...
April 2016: Ayu
Neera Vyas, Rakhi Mehra, Renu Makhija
Salacia species plant has been used traditionally as an Ayurvedic medicine for diabetes mellitus. Studies over the past decades have shown its multi-targeted role in diabetics. In the present review article, various mechanisms of action of Salacia on diabetics are discussed in detail. Apart from the well-known action of decreasing postprandial glucose sugar by inhibiting α-glucosidase and α-pancreatic amylase, it also inhibits aldose reductase which otherwise results in microvascular complications. Importantly, its peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-γ agonist (such as thiazolidinediones, the insulin sensitizers) action increases the uptake of free fatty acid (FFA) and facilitates their storage in subcutaneous fat rather than the visceral fat...
April 2016: Ayu
Hari Sharma
Ayurveda is a traditional system of medicine originated in the ancient Vedic times of India. This body of knowledge is found in well-documented texts such as the Charaka Samhita and Sushruta Samhita, and describes physiology and interrelated systems of the body, variations in human constitution, surgery, herbal use, and health-promoting recommendations. Ayurveda is translated as the "Science of Life;" Ayus = Life, and Veda = knowledge/science. The principles and treatment modalities have endured over time. For Ayurveda to be appreciated by Western medical researchers, this traditional system of medicine needs to be understood in terms of modern science...
April 2016: Ayu
Mahesh Kumar Vyas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Ayu
Anjan Adhikari, Moumita Ray, Anup Kumar Das, Tapas Kumar Sur
BACKGROUND: Rhizophora mucronata is a salt-tolerant true mangrove which is widely distributed in Indian mangrove forest and traditionally used to treat diabetes and other health ailments. AIM: The aim of this study is to elucidate the role of Indian variety of R. mucronata leaves on glucose impairing metabolism during diabetes by in vitro and in vivo methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The ethanolic fraction of R. mucronata leaves extract (RHE) was assessed for DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl) radical scavenging and in vitro anti-diabetic action through α-amylase and α-glucosidase activity assessment...
January 2016: Ayu
Revati Sharma, Ahsan Bhatt, Mansee Thakur
INTRODUCTION: Bhasma, an Ayurvedic metallo-mineral preparation, is claimed to be biologically produced nanoparticles. Rajata (silver) is a noble metal known for its antimicrobial activity. Rajata Bhasma (RB) is expected to be composed of nanoparticles. With all these facts in place, this study was conducted to evaluate RB for the presence of silver nanoparticle (SNP) and its antimicrobial effect. AIM: The aim of this study is to analyze the physicochemical characterization, antibacterial activity of RB, and SNP...
January 2016: Ayu
Pankaj Pathak, Mahesh Vyas, Hitesh Vyas, Mukesh Naria
INTRODUCTION: The Drosophila melanogaster is one of the most extensively studied animal models for understanding the process of aging and longevity. This fly is being used for genetic studies since almost a century. Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia [Wild.] Miers.) is an Ayurvedic drug used as Rasayana (rejuvenation) due to its antiaging effect. AIM: To explore the potential of Guduchi Churna (powder of T. cordifolia) on the life span of D. melanogaster using adult feeding method...
January 2016: Ayu
Suman G Singh, K Nishteswar, Bhupesh R Patel, Mukesh Nariya
BACKGROUND: Cissampelos pareira Linn. is considered as an established source of Patha, whereas Cyclea peltata (Lam.) Hook. F. & Thomas is used as a source plant of Patha in the southern part of India. In classical texts, two different varieties of Patha, i.e. Rajpatha (C. peltata) and Laghupatha (C. pareira), are mentioned which possess almost similar properties. OBJECTIVE: To compare antipyretic and analgesic activities of C. pareira and C. peltata in suitable experimental model...
January 2016: Ayu
Kshirod Kumar Ratha, Laxmidhar Barik, Ashok Kumar Panda, Jayram Hazra
Ayurvedic medicines are often considered effective for chronic and lifestyle disorders. Hypertrophic lichen planus (HLP) is a rare inflammatory skin condition and develops into squamous cell carcinoma in few cases. It has resemblance with Charma Kushtha mentioned in Ayurvedic classics. Conventional therapy used in this condition is unsatisfactory and is not free from side effects. A case of long-standing systemic steroid-dependent HLP is presented here which was intervened successfully with Ayurvedic modalities...
January 2016: Ayu
Saylee Deshmukh, Mahesh K Vyas, R R Dwivedi, Hitesh A Vyas
BACKGROUND: Non-communicable diseases are expected to kill more people in the 21(st) century which are the resultant of deranged lifestyle such as unhealthy dietary habits and wrong behavioral pattern. In Ayurveda, Ahara Vidhi (dietary rules) and Vihara (conducts) are described in detail which can be included under the heading of lifestyle. Agnimandya (indigestion) is considered as the root cause of all diseases like diabetes mellitus, obesity etc., which are few among the top ten lifestyle disorders...
January 2016: Ayu
Aneesh Vasudeva Sharma, Tukaram Sambhaji Dudhamal, Sanjay Kumar Gupta, Vyasadeva Mahanta
BACKGROUND: Sandhivata is a disease described under Vatavyadhi and resembles osteoarthritis (OA) in respect to etiology, pathology, and clinical features. Knee joints are more prone to be affected by this disease because it is the most frequently involved joint in daily works. Acharya Sushruta has indicated Agnikarma, when severe pain occurs in Twak, Mamsa, Sira, Snayu, Sandhi, and Asthi due to Vata Prakopa. Panchatikta Guggulu is a formulation mentioned in Chakradatta and Bhaishajya Ratnavali in the context of Kushtha Roga where it is also indicated for Sandhigata Vata and Asthigata Vata...
January 2016: Ayu
B A Pooja, Santosh Kumar Bhatted
BACKGROUND: Dyslipidemia, a major risk factor of coronary heart disease, is the leading single cause of death in the world. Currently available hypolipidemic agents have been associated with a large number of side effects. The radical Ayurveda Samshodhana Chikitsa as a treatment protocol can provide better effect. Therefore, the present study was designed to evaluate the effect of Virechana Karma and Lekhana Basti in dyslipidemia. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of Virechana Karma and Lekhana Basti in the management of dyslipidemia (Medoroga)...
January 2016: Ayu
Minakshi Kumbhare-Patil, Dhanraj B Gahukar, Swapnil N Patil
INTRODUCTION: The incidence rate of Gridhrasi (sciatica) is quite significant as more than three-quarters of the world's population are affected by the disease. It is characterized by the onset of Ruja (pain), Toda (pricking), and Stambha (stiffness), initially in Sphika (gluteal region) and then radiating distally to Kati-Prishtha (low back), Janu (knee), Jangha (thigh) till Pada (feet). The patients suffering from Gridhrasi have restricted movements due to painful limb, affecting the daily routine activities...
January 2016: Ayu
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