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Medical Education

David Prideaux
CONTEXT: Medical education has not been immune from forces for globalisation in the contemporary world. At the same time the social accountability of medical schools in addressing local health priorities has been emphasised. This paper explores the global-local tension in medical education through a careful selection of key overview papers. GLOBALISATION: Globalisation in medical education has taken two main forms: economic and altruistic. The former includes licensing curricula, recruiting internationally and establishing 'offshore' schools or campuses...
July 4, 2018: Medical Education
Paul A Tiffin, Kirsty Alexander, Jennifer Cleland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 4, 2018: Medical Education
Martina Kelly, Tim Dornan, Tinu Ruparell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2018: Medical Education
Michael Hessler, Daniel M Pöpping, Hanna Hollstein, Hendrik Ohlenburg, Philip H Arnemann, Christina Massoth, Laura M Seidel, Alexander Zarbock, Manuel Wenk
OBJECTIVES: Results from end-of-course student evaluations of teaching (SETs) are taken seriously by faculties and form part of a decision base for the recruitment of academic staff, the distribution of funds and changes to curricula. However, there is some doubt as to whether these evaluation instruments accurately measure the quality of course content, teaching and knowledge transfer. We investigated whether the provision of chocolate cookies as a content-unrelated intervention influences SET results...
June 29, 2018: Medical Education
Renate Kahlke, Joanna Bates, Laura Nimmon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 25, 2018: Medical Education
Maaike A van Houten-Schat, Joris J Berkhout, Nynke van Dijk, Maaike D Endedijk, A Debbie C Jaarsma, Agnes D Diemers
OBJECTIVES: Research has suggested beneficial effects of self-regulated learning (SRL) for medical students' and residents' workplace-based learning. Ideally, learners go through a cyclic process of setting learning goals, choosing learning strategies and assessing progress towards goals. A clear overview of medical students' and residents' successful key strategies, influential factors and effective interventions to stimulate SRL in the workplace is missing. This systematic review aims to provide an overview of and a theoretical base for effective SRL strategies of medical students and residents for their learning in the clinical context...
June 25, 2018: Medical Education
Kuo-Su Chen, Lynn Monrouxe, Yi-Hsuan Lu, Chang-Chyi Jenq, Yeu-Jhy Chang, Yu-Che Chang, Pony Yee-Chee Chai
CONTEXT: The flipped classroom (FC), reversing lecture and homework elements of a course, is popular in medical education. The FC uses technology-enhanced pre-class learning to transmit knowledge, incorporating in-class interaction to enhance higher cognitive learning. However, the FC model is expensive and research on its effectiveness remains inconclusive. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of the FC model over traditional lecture-based (LB) learning by meta-analysis...
June 25, 2018: Medical Education
Andrea Gingerich, Vijay Daniels, Laura Farrell, Sharla-Rae Olsen, Tara Kennedy, Rose Hatala
CONTEXT: The concept of entrustment has garnered significant attention in medical specialties, despite variability in supervision styles and entrustment decisions. There is a need to further study the enactment of supervision on inpatient wards to inform competency-based assessment design. METHODS: Attending physicians, while supervising on clinical teaching inpatient wards, were invited to describe a recent moment of enacting supervision with an internal medicine resident...
June 25, 2018: Medical Education
Marianne Mak-van der Vossen, Arianne Teherani, Walther N K A van Mook, Gerda Croiset, Rashmi A Kusurkar
CONTEXT: As unprofessional behaviour in physicians can compromise patient safety, all physicians should be willing and able to respond to lapses in professionalism. Although students endorse an obligation to respond to lapses, they experience difficulties in doing so. If medical educators knew how students respond and why they choose certain responses, they could support students in responding appropriately. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe medical students' responses to professionalism lapses in peers and faculty staff, and to understand students' motivation for responding or not responding...
June 25, 2018: Medical Education
Lorraine Hawick, Jennifer Cleland, Simon Kitto
CONTEXT: Buildings and learning spaces contribute in crucial ways to people's experiences of these spaces. However, this aspect of context has been under-researched in medical education. We addressed this gap in knowledge by using the conceptual notions of space and place as heuristic lenses through which to explore the impact of a new medical school building on student experiences. METHODS: We carried out an exploratory case study to explore the impact of a new medical school building on student experiences...
June 22, 2018: Medical Education
Suzanne G Pitama, Suetonia C Palmer, Tania Huria, Cameron Lacey, Tim Wilkinson
CONTEXT: The effectiveness of cultural competency education in improving health practitioner proficiency and addressing health inequities for minoritised patient groups is uncertain. Identification of institutional factors that shape or constrain development of indigenous health curricula may provide insights into the impact of these factors on the broader cultural competency curricula. METHODS: We undertook a systematic review using actor-network theory to inform our interpretive synthesis of studies that reported indigenous health curricula evaluated within medical, nursing and allied health education...
June 22, 2018: Medical Education
Nathan Hodson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2018: Medical Education
Karen Kelly-Blake, Nanibaa' A Garrison, Faith E Fletcher, Brittany Ajegba, Nichole Smith, Morgann Brafford, Elizabeth Bogdan-Lovis
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to conduct a scoping review of the literature and to categorically map a 15-year trajectory of US undergraduate medical education rationales for and approaches to expanding under-represented minority (URM) physician representation in the medical workforce. Further aims were to comparatively examine related justifications and to consider international implications. METHODS: From 1 June to 31 July 2015, the authors searched the Cochrane Library, ERIC, PsycINFO, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and Google Scholar for articles published between 2000 and 2015 reporting rationales for and approaches to increasing the numbers of members of URMs in undergraduate medical school...
June 22, 2018: Medical Education
Neville Chiavaroli, Stephen Trumble
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 5, 2018: Medical Education
Wolf E Hautz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 4, 2018: Medical Education
Adam D Baim
OBJECTIVES: Visual interpretation is essential in many fields of health care. Although diagnostic competency can be measured as an educational outcome, few accounts have addressed tacit aspects of visual interpretation in clinical training; these include the disciplining of the trainee's attentions and the trainee's acculturation into expected styles of communicating visual interpretations to others. This paper describes values and dispositions that are taught to ophthalmology trainees as they learn to reason through visual information, and explores how these qualities are evaluated during residency training...
May 21, 2018: Medical Education
Alexander M Greiner, Lauris C Kaldjian
OBJECTIVE: Medical oaths express ethical values that are essential to the trust within the patient-physician relationship and medicine's commitment to society. However, the contents of oaths vary between medical schools and therefore raise questions about which ethical values should be included in a medical oath. More than a decade has passed since this variability was last analysed in North America, and since that time the Physician Charter on Medical Professionalism has gained considerable attention, raising the possibility that the Charter may be influencing medical oaths and making them more consistent...
April 27, 2018: Medical Education
HsingChi von Bergmann, Ruth A Childs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2018: Medical Education
Rune Dall Jensen, Mikkel Seyer-Hansen, Sayra M Cristancho, Mette Krogh Christensen
CONTEXT: A key concern for surgical educators is to prepare students to perform in the operating room while ensuring patient safety. Recent years have seen a renewed discussion of medical education through practice theoretical and sociomaterial lenses. These lenses are introduced to understand and prepare the learner to perform in the given context. This paper takes its point of departure from practice theory by introducing a lens through which to understand learning environments in surgery...
August 2018: Medical Education
Lisa Graves
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Medical Education
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