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Medical Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722157/matching-the-production-of-doctors-with-national-needs
#1
Des Gorman
CONTEXT: Matching the supply of health workers to need is necessary if a health system is to be sustainable, affordable and fit for purpose. On the 30th anniversary of the 1988 Edinburgh Declaration of the World Federation for Medical Education, levels of compliance with the 10th recommendation, 'Ensure admission policies that match the numbers of students trained with national needs for doctors', warrant review. There are two domains to such a review, concerning, respectively, how well these health needs are known, and whether workforce supply is well matched...
July 19, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722148/learning-from-dorothy-vaughan-artificial-intelligence-and-the-health-professions
#2
Brian D Hodges
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719136/comparing-alternative-and-traditional-dissemination-metrics-in-medical-education
#3
Aysah Amath, Kristin Ambacher, John J Leddy, Timothy J Wood, Christopher J Ramnanan
CONTEXT: The impact of academic scholarship has traditionally been measured using citation-based metrics. However, citations may not be the only measure of impact. In recent years, other platforms (e.g. Twitter) have provided new tools for promoting scholarship to both academic and non-academic audiences. Alternative metrics (altmetrics) can capture non-traditional dissemination data such as attention generated on social media platforms. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this exploratory study were to characterise the relationships among altmetrics, access counts and citations in an international and pre-eminent medical education journal, and to clarify the roles of these metrics in assessing the impact of medical education academic scholarship...
July 18, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699231/when-i-say-%C3%A2-narrative-competence
#4
Megan Yu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620982/novice-students-navigating-the-clinical-environment-in-an-early-medical-clerkship
#5
Jenny Barrett, Steve C Trumble, Geoff McColl
CONTEXT: The black box that is student learning in clinical environments is an ongoing research project. Our previous research showed that despite the time that students are given to learn with, about and from patients, some lack confidence for those encounters and see few patients. The study reported here investigated individual and environmental factors affecting medical students' self-directed learning time in hospital. METHODS: We studied second year students in the four-year postgraduate Melbourne Medical School programme as they undertook the first of their four 9-week hospital placements in medical wards...
June 16, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612407/pre-registration-interprofessional-clinical-education-in-the-workplace-a-realist-review
#6
Fiona Kent, Jacinta Hayes, Sharon Glass, Charlotte E Rees
CONTEXT: The inclusion of interprofessional education opportunities in clinical placements for pre-registration learners has recently been proposed as a strategy to enhance graduates' skills in collaborative practice. OBJECTIVES: A realist review was undertaken to ascertain the contexts, mechanisms and outcomes of formal interprofessional clinical workplace learning. METHODS: Initial scoping was carried out, after which Ovid MEDLINE, CINAHL and EMBASE were searched from 2005 to April 2016 to identify formal interprofessional workplace educational interventions involving pre-registration learners...
June 14, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612400/in-search-of-educational-efficiency-30-years-of-medical-education-s-top-cited-articles
#7
J Cristian Rangel, Carrie Cartmill, Maria Athina Martimianakis, Ayelet Kuper, Cynthia R Whitehead
CONTEXT: Academic journals represent shared spaces wherein the significance of thematic areas, methodologies and paradigms are debated and shaped through collective engagement. By studying journals in their historical and cultural contexts, the academic community can gain insight into the ways in which authors and audiences propose, develop, harness, revise and discard research subjects, methodologies and practices. METHODS: Thirty top-cited articles published in Medical Education between 1986 and 2014 were analysed in a two-step process...
June 14, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585351/representation-scaffolds-improve-diagnostic-efficiency-in-medical-students
#8
Leah T Braun, Jan M Zottmann, Christian Adolf, Christian Lottspeich, Cornelia Then, Stefan Wirth, Martin R Fischer, Ralf Schmidmaier
CONTEXT: Diagnostic efficiency is important in daily clinical practice as doctors have to face problems within a limited time frame. To foster the clinical reasoning of students is a major challenge in medical education research. Little is known about students' diagnostic efficiency. On the basis of current theories, scaffolds for case representation (statement of the case as far as it is summarised in the mind) could be a promising approach to make the diagnostic reasoning of intermediate medical students more efficient...
June 6, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523743/applying-lessons-from-social-psychology-to-transform-the-culture-of-error-disclosure
#9
Jason Han, Denise LaMarra, Neha Vapiwala
CONTEXT: The ability to carry out prompt and effective error disclosure has been described in the literature as an essential skill among physicians that can lead to improved patient satisfaction, staff well-being and hospital outcomes. However, few studies have addressed the social psychology principles that may influence physician behaviour. METHODS: The authors provide an overview of recent administrative measures designed to encourage physicians to disclose error, but note that deliberate practice, buttressed with lessons from social psychology, is needed to implement further productive behavioural changes...
May 18, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517108/goals-of-medical-students-participating-in-scholarly-concentration-programmes
#10
Kurt Alberson, Vineet M Arora, Karen Zier, Rachel K Wolfson
OBJECTIVES: Scholarly concentration (SC) programmes are increasingly common in medical school curricula, fostering student participation in mentored research. Endpoints including publication rates and impact on career path have been reported, but student goals have not been described. We describe how career plans and gender impact the importance of students' SC-related goals. Understanding student goals may enhance mentorship of professional development and self-directed learning skills...
May 18, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497511/effects-of-medical-trainees-weight-loss-history-on-perceptions-of-patients-with-obesity
#11
Rebecca L Pearl, Dallas Argueso, Thomas A Wadden
CONTEXT: Medical professionals often express weight-biased attitudes. Prior research suggests that people who overcome a challenge are critical of individuals who struggle to overcome the same challenge. Thus, medical trainees who have successfully achieved and maintained weight loss may express greater weight bias and more critical attitudes toward patients with obesity who fail to overcome these challenges. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to determine the effects of medical trainees' weight-loss history on weight-biased attitudes and responses to patients with varying weight-loss outcomes...
May 11, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493429/trust-and-risk-a-model-for-medical-education
#12
Arvin Damodaran, Boaz Shulruf, Philip Jones
CONTEXT: Health care delivery, and therefore medical education, is an inherently risky business. Although control mechanisms, such as external audit and accreditation, are designed to manage risk in clinical settings, another approach is 'trust'. The use of entrustable professional activities (EPAs) represents a deliberate way in which this is operationalised as a workplace-based assessment. Once engaged with the concept, clinical teachers and medical educators may have further questions about trust...
May 10, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485074/integrated-and-implicit-how-residents-learn-canmeds-roles-by-participating-in-practice
#13
Nienke Renting, A N Janet Raat, Tim Dornan, Etienne Wenger-Trayner, Martha A van der Wal, Jan C C Borleffs, Rijk O B Gans, A Debbie C Jaarsma
CONTEXT: Learning outcomes for residency training are defined in competency frameworks such as the CanMEDS framework, which ultimately aim to better prepare residents for their future tasks. Although residents' training relies heavily on learning through participation in the workplace under the supervision of a specialist, it remains unclear how the CanMEDS framework informs practice-based learning and daily interactions between residents and supervisors. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore how the CanMEDS framework informs residents' practice-based training and interactions with supervisors...
May 9, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474372/celebrating-asme-s-diamond-anniversary-60%C3%A2-years-at-the-forefront-of-medical-education
#14
EDITORIAL
Jennifer Cleland, Clive Gibson, John Jenkins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 4, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699295/effective-teaching-of-manual-skills-to-physiotherapy-students-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#15
Giacomo Rossettini, Angie Rondoni, Alvisa Palese, Simone Cecchetto, Marco Vicentini, Fernanda Bettale, Laura Furri, Marco Testa
CONTEXT: To date, despite the relevance of manual skills laboratories in physiotherapy education, evidence on the effectiveness of different teaching methods is limited. OBJECTIVES: Peyton's four-step and the 'See one, do one' approaches were compared for their effectiveness in teaching manual skills. METHODS: A cluster randomised controlled trial was performed among final-year, right-handed physiotherapy students, without prior experience in manual therapy or skills laboratories...
August 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699294/plaudits-and-bouquets
#16
EDITORIAL
Susan E Symons
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699293/going-from-good-to-great-explicating-norms-through-continuity-in-the-clinical-workplace
#17
Ann Poncelet, Cindy J Lai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699292/in-this-issue
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699291/trainees-experiences-and-attitudes-and-the-delivery-of-patient-centred-care-for-obesity
#19
Sean M Phelan, Tamim I Rajjo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699290/choice-in-medical-education
#20
Ian Scott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Medical Education
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