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European Journal of Pediatrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444452/ebola-virus-disease-in-children-during-the-2014-2015-epidemic-in-guinea-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#1
Mahamoud Sama Chérif, Nut Koonrungsesomboon, Diénaba Kassé, Sékou Ditinn Cissé, Saliou Bella Diallo, Fatoumata Chérif, Facély Camara, Alpha Koné, Eleonor Fundan Avenido, Mandiou Diakité, Mamadou Pathé Diallo, Edouard Le Gall, Mohamed Cissé, Juntra Karbwang, Kenji Hirayama
The most recent epidemic of Ebola virus disease (EVD) has resulted in more than 11,000 deaths in West Africa. It has threatened child health in the affected countries, including Guinea. This nationwide retrospective cohort study included all children under 20 years of age with laboratory-confirmed EVD in Guinea during the 2014-2015 Ebola outbreak for analysis. Of 8,448 children with probable or suspected EVD, 695 cases were laboratory-confirmed EVD. The overall case fatality rate (CFR) was 62.9%. Pediatric patients with younger age had a significantly higher rate of death (adjusted OR = 0...
April 25, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434051/evidence-of-a-link-between-fever-and-microscopic-hematuria-in-children
#2
Rama Schwartz, Rotem Distal, Arthur Shapiro, Yehezkel Waisman
Despite the common conception that febrile illnesses are associated with microscopic hematuria in children, a review of the literature failed to disclose supportive evidence. The aim of this study was to evaluate this relationship. Background data were collected for a convenience sample of children aged 4-18 years who presented to the emergency department (ED) of a tertiary pediatric medical center. Vital signs were measured and a midstream urine specimen was collected. Specimens positive for the presence of blood (>5 erythrocytes/μl; Combur 10 Test Strips) were examined microscopically...
April 22, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429117/a-comparison-of-mcgrath-mac%C3%A2-and-standard-direct-laryngoscopy-in-simulated-immobilized-cervical-spine-pediatric-intubation-a-manikin-study
#3
Marcin Madziala, Jacek Smereka, Marek Dabrowski, Steve Leung, Kurt Ruetzler, Lukasz Szarpak
Emergency airway management in children is generally considered to be challenging, and endotracheal intubation requires a high level of personal skills and experience. Immobilization of the cervical spine is indicated in all patients with the risk of any cervical spine injury but significantly aggravates endotracheal intubation. The best airway device in this setting has not been established yet, although the use of videolaryngoscopes is generally promising. Seventy-five moderately experienced paramedics of the Emergency Medical Service of Poland performed endotracheal intubations in a pediatric manikin in three airway scenarios: (A) normal airway, (B) manual in-line cervical immobilization, and (C) cervical immobilization using a Patriot cervical extrication collar and using two airway techniques: (1) McGrath videolaryngoscope and (2) Macintosh blade in a randomized sequence...
April 21, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429116/dutch-national-immunization-schedule-compliance-and-associated-characteristics-for-the-primary-series
#4
Elsemieke D Scheepers, Alies van Lier, Ingrid H Drijfhout, Guy Berbers, Nicoline A T van der Maas, Hester E de Melker, Mirjam J Knol
In the Netherlands, the recommended priming immunization schedule for diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis and polio (DTaP-IPV) is at 2, 3 and 4 months of age. We evaluated the compliance with the recommended schedule, as well as its characteristics. We included all infants born between 2007 and 2012 who received minimally one DTaP-IPV vaccination (n = 1,061,578). Infants complied with the schedule if they received the first vaccination between 6 and 9 weeks of age, and the second and third vaccination 2-6 weeks after the first and second vaccination...
April 20, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429115/comparison-of-the-tolerability-of-newly-introduced-childhood-vaccines-in-the-netherlands
#5
Jeanet M Kemmeren, Nicoline At van der Maas, Hester E de Melker
In 2011, the 7-valent conjugated pneumococcal vaccine (PCV7) was replaced by the 10-valent vaccine (PCV10) and universal hepatitis B vaccination has been introduced in the Netherlands. A questionnaire study was conducted to assess the tolerability of DTaP-IPV-Hib + PCV7 (PCV7-cohort), DTaP-IPV-Hib + PCV10 (PCV10-cohort), and DTaP-IPV-Hib-HepB + PCV10 (HepB-cohort). Parents were asked to report in questionnaires local reactions and systemic adverse events (AEs) before and after vaccination of their infant at 2, 3, 4, and 11 months of age...
April 20, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409285/urinary-calprotectin-kidney-injury-molecule-1-and-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-for-the-prediction-of-adverse-outcome-in-pediatric-acute-kidney-injury
#6
Jens H Westhoff, Felix S Seibert, Sina Waldherr, Frederic Bauer, Burkhard Tönshoff, Alexander Fichtner, Timm H Westhoff
Early identification of patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) being at high risk for adverse outcome can influence medical treatment. This study compares urinary calprotectin, kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) for their performance in predicting mortality and need for renal replacement therapy (RRT) in pediatric AKI patients. Urinary biomarker concentrations were assessed prospectively in 141 subjects aged 0-18 years including 55 patients with established AKI according to pediatric Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss, and End-stage kidney disease (pRIFLE) criteria, 27 patients without AKI, and 59 healthy children...
April 14, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409284/development-prevention-and-treatment-of-feeding-tube-dependency
#7
REVIEW
Hilde Krom, J Peter de Winter, Angelika Kindermann
Enteral nutrition is effective in ensuring nutritional requirements and growth. However, when tube feeding lasts for a longer period, it can lead to tube dependency in the absence of medical reasons for continuation of tube feeding. Tube-dependent children are unable or refuse to start oral activities and they lack oral skills. Tube dependency has health-, psychosocial-, and economy-related consequences. Therefore, the transition to oral feeding is of great importance. However, this transition can be very difficult and needs a multidisciplinary approach...
April 13, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409283/body-composition-and-lung-function-in-children-with-cystic-fibrosis-and-meconium-ileus
#8
Artemis Doulgeraki, Argyri Petrocheilou, Glykeria Petrocheilou, George Chrousos, Stavros-Eleftherios Doudounakis, Athanasios G Kaditis
The aim of this study was to explore whether history of meconium ileus (MI) at birth in children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis (CF) adversely affects body composition and lung function in later life. Data of children and adolescents with CF who underwent spirometry and DXA as part of their routine care were analyzed. Associations between MI (explanatory variable) and areal bone mineral density (total body less head-TBLH aBMD), lean tissue mass (LTM), and fat mass (FM) (outcomes) were assessed using general linear models...
April 13, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401345/vitamin-d-in-european-children-statement-from-the-european-academy-of-paediatrics-eap
#9
Zachi Grossman, Adamos Hadjipanayis, Tom Stiris, Stefano Del Torso, Jean-Christophe Mercier, Arunas Valiulis, Raanan Shamir
Vitamin D is synthesized in human skin upon sun exposure and is also a nutrient. It regulates calcium and phosphate metabolism and is essential for the maintenance of bone health. Vitamin D supplementation during infancy, in order to prevent rickets, is universally accepted. Many human cell types carry vitamin D receptor, this being a drive for conducting studies on the possible association between vitamin D status and other diseases. Studies have affirmed that a considerable number of healthy European children may be vitamin D deficient, especially in high-risk groups (darker pigmented skin, living in areas with reduced sun exposure and other disorders)...
April 12, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401344/transanal-irrigation-is-effective-in-functional-fecal-incontinence
#10
Cecilie Siggaard Jørgensen, Konstantinos Kamperis, Line Modin, Charlotte Siggaard Rittig, Søren Rittig
Functional fecal incontinence (FFI) is divided into cases related to functional constipation (FC) and cases without concomitant constipation termed functional non-retentive fecal incontinence (FNRFI). Transanal irrigation (TAI) is widely used in children with neurogenic fecal incontinence but is less studied in children with functional defecation disorders. The aim was to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of TAI in the treatment of FFI. A retrospective study in 72 children (mean age 9.2 ± 2.2 years, 47 males) with treatment-resistant FFI was performed...
April 12, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401343/erratum-to-palatable-food-consumption-in-children-interplay-between-food-reward-motivation-and-the-home-food-environment
#11
Annelies De Decker, Sandra Verbeken, Isabelle Sioen, Wendy Van Lippevelde, Caroline Braet, Gabriele Eiben, Valeria Pala, Lucia A Reisch, Stefaan De Henauw
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401342/tuberculosis-in-children-with-sickle-cell-anaemia-a-retrospective-study-in-french-tertiary-care-centres
#12
Nina Droz, Agathe De Lauzanne, Laurent Holvoet, Florence Missud, Malika Benkerrou, Valentine Brousse, Marie-Hélène Odièvre, Albert Faye, Berengere Koehl
Tuberculosis (TB) and sickle cell anaemia (SCA) may affect the same population of patients, particularly in Africa but also in high-TB incidence areas in developed countries. However, few data are available from children with SCA who develop TB. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical features and outcome of TB diagnosed in children with SCA. We conducted a retrospective, descriptive study in three referral centre of Sickle Cell Disease in Paris, France. We included 11 patients with SCA who develop TB...
April 11, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382540/alcohol-and-cigarette-use-among-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#13
Anna M Hogendorf, Wojciech Fendler, Janusz Sierosławski, Katarzyna Bobeff, Krzysztof Węgrewicz, Kamila I Malewska, Maciej W Przudzik, Małgorzata Szmigiero-Kawko, Beata Sztangierska, Małgorzata Myśliwiec, Agnieszka Szadkowska, Wojciech M Młynarski
In this study, we compare the prevalence of alcohol and cigarette use among Polish adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) (n = 209), aged 15-18 years, with that of a large cohort of their healthy peers, using standardized questionnaire used in the European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Drugs (ESPAD). The lifetime, previous year, and past 30-day prevalence of alcohol consumption was high among adolescents with T1DM but lower than in the controls (82.8 vs 92.0%, 71.7 vs 85.6%, and 47.5 vs 69...
April 5, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382539/air-pollution-and-children-s-asthma-related-emergency-hospital-visits-in-southeastern-france
#14
Julie Mazenq, Jean-Christophe Dubus, Jean Gaudart, Denis Charpin, Antoine Nougairede, Gilles Viudes, Guilhem Noel
Children's asthma is multifactorial. Environmental factors like air pollution exposure, meteorological conditions, allergens, and viral infections are strongly implicated. However, place of residence has rarely been investigated in connection with these factors. The primary aim of our study was to measure the impact of particulate matter (PM), assessed close to the children's homes, on asthma-related pediatric emergency hospital visits within the Bouches-du-Rhône area in 2013. In a nested case-control study on 3- to 18-year-old children, each control was randomly matched on the emergency room visit day, regardless of hospital...
April 5, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365828/health-integrity-and-doping-in-sports-for-children-and-young-adults-a-resolution-of-the-european-academy-of-paediatrics
#15
Francis P Crawley, Peter Hoyer, Artur Mazur, Liesbeth Siderius, Stefan Grosek, Tom Stiris, David Neubauer
The European Academy of Paediatrics (EAP) is dedicated to promoting healthy lifestyles for children from birth into young adulthood. Physical exercise and leisure are essential to the development of healthy bodies, strong minds, and social skills. All children, without regard to their physical or mental capacities, should be provided with the time, the leadership, the facilities, and the equipment needed to exercise through sports while enjoying playing, even competing, in an environment appropriate to their capacities and aspirations...
April 1, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364286/adult-height-after-spontaneous-pubertal-growth-or-gnrh-analog-treatment-in-girls-with-early-puberty-a-meta-analysis
#16
Silvano Bertelloni, Francesco Massart, Mario Miccoli, Giampiero I Baroncelli
Early puberty (EP) has been defined as the onset of puberty in the low-normal range; it may be a cause for concern regarding a possible impairment of adult height (AH). This paper meta-analysed data on AH after spontaneous growth or after gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analog treatment in girls with EP. A computerized literature search was conducted from 1980 to June 30, 2016. Only published studies in English were considered. Eight papers were selected (483 cases). In untreated girls (n = 300), predicted adult height (PAH) at start of follow-up (-0...
April 1, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343322/coulrophobia-how-irrational-is-fear-of-clowns
#17
LETTER
Lennard T van Venrooij, Pieter C Barnhoorn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 25, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343321/a-risk-score-based-on-admission-characteristics-to-predict-progressive-hemorrhagic-injury-from-traumatic-brain-injury-in-children
#18
Guo-Wen Hu, Hai-Li Lang, Hua Guo, Lei Wu, Pei Zhang, Wei Kuang, Xin-Gen Zhu
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the leading causes of death and disability in children, and progressive hemorrhagic injury (PHI) post TBI is associated with poor outcomes. Therefore, the objective of this study was to develop and validate a prognostic model that uses the information available at admission to determine the likelihood of PHI occurrence after TBI in children. The identified demographic data, cause of injury, clinical predictors on admission, computed tomography scan characteristics, and routine laboratory parameters were collected and used to develop a PHI prognostic model with logistic regression analysis, and the prediction model was validated in 68 children...
March 25, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331972/safe-sleeping-positions-practice-and-policy-for-babies-with-cleft-palate
#19
Karen Davies, Iain A Bruce, Patricia Bannister, Peter Callery
Guidance recommends 'back to sleep' positioning for infants from birth in order to reduce the risk of sudden infant death. Exceptions have been made for babies with severe respiratory difficulties where lateral positioning may be recommended, although uncertainty exists for other conditions affecting the upper airway structures, such as cleft palate. This paper presents research of (i) current advice on sleep positioning provided to parents of infants with cleft palate in the UK; and (ii) decision making by clinical nurse specialists when advising parents of infants with cleft palate...
March 22, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303389/variability-of-diagnostic-criteria-and-treatment-of-idiopathic-nephrotic-syndrome-across-european-countries
#20
Georges Deschênes, Marina Vivarelli, Licia Peruzzi
The aim of the surveys conducted by the Idiopathic Nephrotic Syndrome Working Group of the ESPN was to study the possible variability of treatment in Europe at different stages of the disease by means of questionnaires sent to members of the Working Group. Four surveys have been completed: treatment of the first flare, treatment of the first relapse and the issue of steroid dependency, use of rituximab, and the management of steroid-resistant patients. A uniform treatment of the first flare was applied in only three countries, and ten additional centers have adopted one of the three main protocols...
March 16, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
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