Read by QxMD icon Read

European Journal of Pediatrics

Laura Longoni, Livio Provenzi, Anna Cavallini, Daniela Sacchi, Giunia Scotto di Minico, Renato Borgatti
The NOMAS is by far the most used tool to screen early oral-motor skills in newborns. Here we provide an updated review of scientific literature on the use of the Neonatal Oral Motor Assessment Scale (NOMAS) to screen early oral-motor skills in newborns. An integrative review has been carried out consistent with PRISMA guidelines and standardized qualitative appraisal. Data abstracting and synthesis were executed by two independent co-authors who solved disagreement in conference. Twenty records have been included and reviewed...
March 21, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
Nelson Nardo Junior, Josiane Aparecida Alves Bianchini, Danilo Fernandes da Silva, Zachary M Ferraro, Carlos Andres Lopera, Vanessa Drieli Seron Antonini
To propose a response criterion for analyzing the intervention success by verifying patient outcomes after a multidisciplinary obesity treatment program in Brazilian children and adolescents. Obese children and adolescents (n = 103) completed a 16-week multidisciplinary intervention (IG) and were compared to the control group (CG) (n = 66). A cluster of parameters (e.g. total domain of HRQoL; BMI z-score; cardiorespiratory fitness; body mass; waist circumference; fat mass; lean mass) were measured pre and post-intervention, and the sum of the median percentage variation and the percentile 25 and 75 were used from IG and CG to determine the responsiveness to the program...
March 19, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
Mery Munoz-Persy, Alfredo J Lucendo
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a unique form of non-IgE-mediated food allergy characterized by esophageal eosinophilic infiltration that commonly causes dysphagia and food impaction in children and adolescents. Assessing the efficacy of dietary restrictions or drug therapies to achieve clinical and histologic resolution of EoE through randomized controlled trials and meta-analyses has resulted in new evidence-based guidelines. Avoiding food triggers is the only therapy targeting the cause of the disease...
March 17, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
Marta Ivars, Ana Martin-Santiago, Eulalia Baselga, Laurent Guibaud, Juan Carlos López-Gutiérrez
Blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome (BRBNS) is a rare congenital vascular disease associated with important morbidity and non-insignificant risk of mortality in cases of severe gastrointestinal or neurological involvement. Early diagnosis in the neonatal period can be difficult as very often skin lesions appear progressively during childhood having no correlation with gastrointestinal lesion development. The appearance of one large venous malformation (VM) in the neonatal period has suggested a characteristic finding of this syndrome...
March 8, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
Murid Siawash, Rudi Roumen, Walther Tjon A Ten, Ernst van Heurn, Marc Scheltinga
Some children suffering from chronic abdominal pain may have an abdominal wall entity such as anterior cutaneous nerve entrapment syndrome. This syndrome is largely suspected on a combination of findings at history and physical examination. The aim is to obtain clues in history and physical examinations in a selected population of children with anterior cutaneous nerve entrapment syndrome. We analyzed all children with abdominal pain visiting our hospital between January 2013 and January 2015. A total of 71 cases were identified (median age 15 years, range 8-17, 77% female)...
March 7, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
Bikrant Bihari Lal, Seema Alam, Rajeev Khanna, Dinesh Rawat
There are no evidence-based recommendations on the ideal dose and regimen for supplementation of vitamin D in children with chronic liver disease (CLD). This study aimed to compare the safety and efficacy of weekly and stoss regimens for treatment of vitamin D deficiency in these children. Children between the ages of 1 to 18 years with CLD and hypovitaminosis D defined by 25-OH vitamin D (25(OH)D) < 30µg/l were included. They were randomized to receive either stoss regimen (600,000 IU on day 1) or weekly (60,000 IU weekly) regimen of vitamin D...
March 4, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
D Ophoff, M A Slaats, A Boudewyns, I Glazemakers, K Van Hoorenbeeck, S L Verhulst
Sleep disorders are a common problem during childhood. The consequences are variable, and sleep disorders can influence medical, psychological and developmental aspects of the growing child. It is important to recognize sleep disorders and to treat them correctly. We discuss common sleep disorders during childhood using the 3rd edition of the International Classification of Sleep Disorders. We analyze the different sleep disorders from a clinical approach and provide an overview of adequate treatment options...
March 3, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
Maria-Raquel G Silva, Hugo-Henrique Silva, Teresa Paiva
Sleep, body composition and dietary intake are crucial for athletes' health and performance but have never been investigated in acrobatic gymnasts. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate sleep, body composition, dietary intake and eating behaviours of acrobatic gymnasts. Using a cross-sectional study, 82 Portuguese acrobatic gymnasts (12.8 ± 3.1 years, 61 females and 21 males) were evaluated during the competitive period to collect training data, sleep duration, body composition, dietary intake and eating behaviours before, during and after practices...
March 3, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
Kotb Abbass Metwalley, Sherifa Ahmed Hamed, Hekma Saad Farghaly
Cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN) is a major complication of type 1 diabetes (T1D). This study aimed to evaluate cardiac autonomic nervous system (ANS) function in children with T1D and its relation to different demographic, clinical and laboratory variable. This cross-sectional study included 60 children with T1D (mean age = 15.1 ± 3.3 years; duration of diabetes = 7.95 ± 3.83 years). The following 8 non-invasive autonomic testing were used for evaluation: heart rate at rest and in response to active standing (30:15 ratio), deep breathing and Valsalva maneuver (indicating parasympathetic function); blood pressure response to standing (orthostatic hypotension or OH), sustained handgrip and cold; and heart rate response to standing or positional orthostatic tachycardia syndrome or POTs (indicating sympathetic function)...
March 2, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
Robrecht J H Logjes, Maartje Haasnoot, Petra M A Lemmers, Mike F A Nicolaije, Marie-José H van den Boogaard, Aebele B Mink van der Molen, Corstiaan C Breugem
Although Robin sequence (RS) is a well-known phenomenon, it is still associated with considerable morbidity and even mortality. The purposes of this study were to gain greater insight into the mortality rate and identify risk factors associated with mortality in RS. We retrospectively reviewed all RS infants followed at the Wilhelmina Children's Hospital from 1995 to 2016. Outcome measurements were death and causes of death. The authors identified 103 consecutive RS infants with a median follow-up of 8.6 years (range 0...
February 28, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
Aris Giannakopoulos, Anni Katelaris, Maria Noni, Theodore Karakonstantakis, Christina Kanaka-Gantenbein, Stavros Doudounakis
Patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) commonly present with an elevated TSH concentration, suggesting subclinical hypothyroidism. Its relation to concomitant pancreatic insufficiency and its natural course upon initiation of enzyme replacement have not been adequately studied. Herein, we investigated the thyroid function in newly diagnosed infants with CF and monitored the course of thyroid function response to pancreatic enzyme substitution treatment. Fourteen, newly diagnosed infants with CF and pancreatic insufficiency, were followed every 6-8 weeks for 6 months ensuing onset of pancreatic enzyme substitution therapy...
February 27, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
Senem Simsek, Deniz Inal-Ince, Aslihan Cakmak, Nagehan Emiralioglu, Ebru Calik-Kutukcu, Melda Saglam, Naciye Vardar-Yagli, Hayriye Ugur Ozcelik, Hazal Sonbahar-Ulu, Cemile Bozdemir-Ozel, Nural Kiper, Hulya Arikan
Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) restricts lifestyle and increases morbidity. The aim of the study was to investigate anaerobic and aerobic performance in children with PCD and their healthy counterparts. Thirty-one children with PCD and 29 age- and sex-matched healthy subjects were studied. Pulmonary function, hand grip strength (HGS), quadriceps strength (QMS), physical activity, anaerobic capacity (muscle power sprint test), and aerobic performance (modified shuttle walk test (MSWT)) were determined. Pulmonary function, HGS, QMS, mean anaerobic power (MAP), and MSWT distance in PCD were significantly lower than those of healthy subjects (p < 0...
February 27, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
Joël Israëls, Ad F Nagelkerke, Dick G Markhorst, Marc van Heerde
The number of children on commercial aircrafts is rising steeply and poses a need for their treating physicians to be aware of the physiologic effects and risks of air travel. The most important risk factors while flying are a decrease in partial oxygen pressure, expansion of trapped air volume, low cabin humidity, immobility, recirculation of air and limited options for medical emergencies. Because on-board medical emergencies mostly concern exacerbations of chronic disease, the medical history, stability of current disease and previous flight experience should be assessed before flight...
February 26, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
Ioannis Bellos, Georgia Fitrou, Vasilios Pergialiotis, Nikolaos Thomakos, Despina N Perrea, Georgios Daskalakis
There is growing evidence that presepsin is a promising biomarker in the diagnosis of sepsis in adults. The objective of our study is to investigate current evidence related to the diagnostic accuracy of presepsin in neonatal sepsis. To accomplish this, we searched the Medline (1966-2017), Scopus (2004-2017), (2008-2017), EMBASE (1980-2017), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials CENTRAL (1999-2017), and Google Scholar (2004-2017) databases. Eleven studies were included in the present meta-analysis, with a total number of 783 neonates...
February 23, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
Yusheng Zhou, Thomas von Lengerke, Ulla Walter, Maren Dreier
Overweight and obesity constitute a global epidemic with rates that are increasing rapidly in children. The aim of the present study was to examine ethnic differences in the prevalence of overweight in pre-school children in a multicultural context. Data were collected from a compulsory school entry examination in the Hannover Region, Germany (n = 50,716) from 2010 to 2014. The prevalence of overweight (including pre-obesity and obesity status) and obesity was estimated using a German national reference...
February 22, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
Dora Wood, Sophie Geoghegan, Padmanabhan Ramnarayan, Peter J Davis, John V Pappachan, Sarah Goodwin, Jo Wray
Critically ill adolescents are usually treated on intensive care units optimised for much older adults or younger children. The way they access and experience health services may be very different to most adolescent service users, and existing quality criteria may not apply to them. The objectives of this pilot study were, firstly, to determine whether adolescents and their families were able to articulate their experiences of their critical care admission and secondly, to identify the factors that are important to them during their intensive care unit (ICU) or high dependency unit (HDU) stay...
February 21, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
Niek B Achten, J Wendelien Dorigo-Zetsma, Paul D van der Linden, Monique van Brakel, Frans B Plötz
Significant overtreatment with antibiotics for suspected early onset sepsis (EOS) constitutes a persisting clinical problem, generating unnecessary risks, harms, and costs for many newborns. We aimed to study feasibility and impact of a sepsis calculator to help guide antibiotic for suspected EOS in a European setting. In this single-center study, the sepsis calculator was implemented as an addition to and in accordance with existing protocols. One thousand eight hundred seventy-seven newborns ≥ 35 weeks of gestational age were prospectively evaluated; an analogous retrospective control group (n = 2076) was used for impact analysis...
February 18, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
Sebastiano A G Lava, Valéry Elie, Phuong Thi Viet Ha, Evelyne Jacqz-Aigrain
As more new drugs are discovered, traditional designs come at their limits. Ten years after the adoption of the European Paediatric Regulation, we performed a systematic review on the US National Library of Medicine and Excerpta Medica database of sequential trials involving newborns. Out of 326 identified scientific reports, 21 trials were included. They enrolled 2832 patients, of whom 2099 were analyzed: the median number of neonates included per trial was 48 (IQR 22-87), median gestational age was 28.7 (IQR 27...
February 16, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
Nalin Choudhary, Kenneth Tan, Atul Malhotra
Neonatal units have started to switch from using conventional soy-based to alternate lipid emulsions, like SMOFlipid. SMOFlipid has been associated with an improvement in biochemical parameters and delays progression of parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease (PNALD). This retrospective epoch study aimed to compare clinically relevant neonatal outcomes in preterm infants (< 32 weeks), receiving SMOFlipid versus Intralipid. We compared clinical outcomes in two epochs-epoch 1 (Intralipid, October 2013-June 2015) versus epoch 2 (SMOFlipid, July 2015-March 2017)...
February 14, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
Annina E Zysset, Tanja H Kakebeeke, Nadine Messerli-Bürgy, Andrea H Meyer, Kerstin Stülb, Claudia S Leeger-Aschmann, Einat A Schmutz, Amar Arhab, Valentina Ferrazzini, Susi Kriemler, Simone Munsch, Jardena J Puder, Oskar G Jenni
Motor skills are interrelated with essential domains of childhood such as cognitive and social development. Thus, the evaluation of motor skills and the identification of atypical or delayed motor development is crucial in pediatric practice (e.g., during well-child visits). Parental reports on motor skills may serve as possible indicators to decide whether further assessment of a child is necessary or not. We compared parental reports on fundamental motor skills performance level (e.g., hopping, throwing), based on questions frequently asked in pediatric practice, with a standardized motor test in 389 children (46...
February 9, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"