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Social Work in Health Care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323579/who-experiences-seclusion-an-examination-of-demographics-and-duration-in-a-public-acute-inpatient-mental-health-service
#1
Jacinta Chavulak, Melissa Petrakis
Restrictive interventions such as seclusion may occur during an acute mental health crisis. Such interventions are experienced by people as traumatic and counter to recovery. The current study aimed to investigate the use of seclusion and who was secluded amongst patients presenting with psychotic symptomology. All acute inpatient admissions were examined across a 12-month period January-December 2013. Electronic and paper records were accessed and audited for all 655 admissions. There were 91 admissions that included a seclusion and 200 seclusion events...
March 21, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323553/examining-pediatric-care-for-newly-immigrated-families-perspectives-of-health-care-providers
#2
David Nicholas, Bonnie Fleming-Carroll, Michele Durrant, Jonathan Hellmann
Respect for the ethnicity and cultural background of families are important components of health care delivery. However, the needs of new immigrants in pediatric care systems remain under-addressed in the literature. This study utilized a qualitative approach of interpretive description to elicit the pediatric health care experiences and needs of new immigrants to Canada, from the perspective of health care providers who worked extensively with newcomers. Two focus groups of multidisciplinary health care providers were conducted in a tertiary-level pediatric hospital...
March 21, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323548/referral-to-treatment-for-hospitalized-medical-patients-with-an-alcohol-use-disorder-a-proof-of-concept-brief-intervention-study
#3
Lisa Berger, Jennifer Hernandez-Meier, John Hyatt, Michael Brondino
Substance misuse intervention in healthcare settings is becoming a US national priority, especially in the dissemination and implementation of Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT). Yet, the referral to treatment component of SBIRT is understudied. This proof-of-concept investigation tested an enhanced coordinated hospital-community two session brief intervention designed to facilitate the referral to treatment of hospitalized medical patients with an alcohol use disorder. Participants (N = 9) attended the second session of the brief intervention held in the community in most cases (56%), while one out of three (33%) received some level of post-brief intervention alcohol and/or other drug treatment...
March 21, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300502/strategies-to-destigmatize-mental-illness-in-south-africa-social-work-perspective
#4
Thabisa Coleen Matsea
Stigma is a contributing factor to non-help-seeking behavior and social isolation of mental health-care users. The study examined social workers' perspective regarding strategies that can be implemented to destigmatize mental illness in South Africa. A qualitative study method was adopted. Data were sourced through focus group discussions with social work students and telephone interviews with social workers working in hospitals. Data were analyzed using a thematic approach. Active involvement, education, and awareness campaigns, creating opportunities for improved well-being and constant support, were identified as relevant strategies...
March 16, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300489/a-postgraduation-follow-up-of-social-work-students-trained-in-sbirt-rates-of-usage-and-perceptions-of-effectiveness
#5
Evan Senreich, Lydia P Ogden, Joy Pastan Greenberg
Screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) is an evidence-based modality that can help social workers work with substance-using clients as part of an integrated health care approach. This study reports the findings of a post-graduation one-year follow-up survey of 193 master's and bachelor's social work students trained in SBIRT in practice courses at a Northeast urban college. Forty-three percent of the trainees who were practicing social work after graduation were using SBIRT. A content analysis of participants' comments found that the vast majority found SBIRT to be a valuable practice modality, with barriers to utilization of SBIRT identified...
March 16, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300481/psychometrics-of-an-original-measure-of-barriers-to-providing-family-planning-information-implications-for-social-service-providers
#6
Melissa M Bell, Christina E Newhill
Social service professionals can face challenges in the course of providing family planning information to their clients. This article reports findings from a study that developed an original 27-item measure, the Reproductive Counseling Obstacle Scale (RCOS) designed to measure such obstacles based conceptually on Bandura's social cognitive theory (1986). We examine the reliability and factor structure of the RCOS using a sample of licensed social workers (N = 197). A 20-item revised version of the RCOS was derived using principal component factor analysis...
March 16, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118100/medical-social-work-practice-in-child-protection-in-china-a-multiple-case-study-in-shanghai-hospitals
#7
Fang Zhao, Juha Hämäläinen, Yu-Ting Chen
With the rapid development of the child welfare system in China over recent years, medical social work has been increasingly involved in providing child protection services in several hospitals in Shanghai. Focusing on five cases in this paper, the exploratory study aims to present a critical overview of current practices and effects of medical social work for child protection, based on a critical analysis of the multidimensional role of social work practitioners engaged in the provision of child protection services as well as potential challenges...
January 24, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118099/an-analysis-of-the-federal-funding-for-mental-health-care-in-brazil
#8
Maria Lúcia Teixeira Garcia, Edineia Figueira Dos Anjos Oliveira
This article analyzes spending on mental health by the Brazilian Ministry of Health between 2001 and 2014. It is documental research of the Brazilian Ministry of Health's databases. It analyzes the data using descriptive statistical analysis. Total spending on mental health for the period 2001 to 2014 shows a percentage increase in resources destined for outpatient care, but this increase is a reallocation from hospital services to community-based services and total resources for the mental health program remain at an average of 2...
January 24, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113003/the-determinants-of-self-medication-evidence-from-urban-vietnam
#9
Nguyen Trong Hoai, Thang Dang
This study examines the primary determinants of self-medications among urban citizens in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam using survey data. Employing logistic models, the article finds that the probability of self-medication is positively associated with the respondents' high school degree or vocational certificate, married status, and income while it is negatively related to employed status, the number of children, the geographical distance from home to the nearest hospital, doing exercise, and living in a central region...
January 23, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103154/facilitator-training-program-the-universit%C3%A3-laval-interprofessional-initiative
#10
Élise Milot, Anne-Claire Museux, Emmanuelle Careau
A facilitator training program (FTP) for interprofessional learning (IPL) facilitators has been developed at Université Laval. This article describes the impacts of this program as perceived by the 22 IPL facilitators involved and outlines recommendations. Two qualitative data collection strategies were used to document the facilitators' pedagogical needs and views of the program's impacts. Results suggest that the FTP's pedagogical approach was effective. The IPL facilitators became more aware of their challenges and identified concrete strategies to use...
January 19, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103148/double-whammy-adverse-childhood-events-and-pain-reflect-symptomology-and-quality-of-life-in-women-in-substance-abuse-treatment
#11
Cheryl Zlotnick, Maayan Lawental, Dorit Pud
BACKGROUND: This study examined the profiles of symptoms and health-related quality of life (QOL) of women in substance abuse treatment, comparing those with higher versus lower histories of adverse childhood events (ACE), and those with versus without current pain. METHODS: Adult women in outpatient substance abuse treatment (n = 30) completed questionnaires (cross-sectional study) on topics including drug use, adverse childhood events (ACE), QOL, functional ability, current pain, and depression...
January 19, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067605/near-death-experiences-posttraumatic-growth-and-life-satisfaction-among-burn-survivors
#12
David Royse, Karen Badger
Survivors of large burns may face positive and negative psychological after-effects from close-to-death injuries. This study is the first to examine their near-death experiences (NDEs) and posttraumatic growth (PTG) and life satisfaction afterwards. With an available sample of 92 burn survivors, half met the criteria for an NDE using an objective scale. Those who indicated religion was a source of strength and comfort had high scores on life satisfaction, PTG, and the NDE Scale. Individuals with larger burns reported greater PTG than those with smaller total body surface area burned (TBSA)...
January 9, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051925/a-social-work-plan-to-promote-hiv-testing-a-social-marketing-approach
#13
J P Morgan-Siebe
Many people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) do not know that they are infected. It is important for infected persons to get tested for HIV in order to be diagnosed and medically treated. HIV has no known cure, but it can be controlled and sometimes prevented with proper medical care. The social work profession has ideal positioning to be extraordinarily helpful in work that promotes HIV testing, leading to reducing then eliminating new HIV diagnoses. Social marketing interventions, along with audience segmenting are explained...
January 4, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271968/medical-social-work-positions-bsw-or-msw
#14
Doris M Grant, JoAnne S Toh
Acute care social work positions face budgetary scrutiny in the current climate of fiscal restraint in Canadian health care. Managers may be faced with the question of whether a new or vacant medical social work position should be filled by a BSW social worker or an MSW social worker. This question is further complicated when experienced and less costly BSW social workers are available while MSW social workers with medical or hospital experience may be limited in supply. This paper reviews the literature relevant to medical social work practice and hiring...
April 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271967/community-food-environments-and-healthy-food-access-among-older-adults-a-review-of-the-evidence-for-the-senior-farmers-market-nutrition-program-sfmnp
#15
Kellie O'Dare Wilson
Although an array of federal, state, and local programs exist that target food insecurity and the specific nutritional needs of seniors, food insecurity among older adults in the United States remains a persistent problem, particularly in minority and rural populations. Food insecurity is highly predictive of inadequate fresh fruit and vegetable (FFV) consumption in particular. The Senior Farmers' Market Nutrition Program (SFMNP) is a community-based program to help seniors purchase FFVs at farmer's markets in their neighborhoods...
April 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271966/a-national-survey-of-attitudes-toward-intimate-partner-violence-among-married-women-in-kazakhstan-kyrgyzstan-and-tajikistan-implications-for-health-prevention-and-intervention
#16
Manisha Joshi, Saltanat Childress
Attitudes toward intimate partner violence (IPV) can affect the prevalence of IPV, response of victims' to IPV (e.g., whether to seek help), and the response of professionals (e.g., police, social workers, health care professionals) to IPV. Knowledge about IPV-related attitudes is essential for developing effective social work and violence-related programs. Using data from the 2005-2006 Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys, this study examines attitudes toward IPV and socio-demographic predictors of these attitudes among married women in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan...
April 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271965/application-of-salutogenic-concept-in-social-work-with-diabetic-patients
#17
Alena Voseckova, Zuzana Truhlarova, Jana Levicka, Blanka Klimova, Kamil Kuca
In the context of salutogenesis, coping with diabetes is perceived as a dynamic process of changes in all aspects of biopsychosocial model of health/disease. Understanding of salutoprotective factors allows for estimation of client's extent of vulnerability and ability to cope with the disease. The objective of the study is to assess selected salutoprotective factors in diabetic clients (SOC-type hardiness, well-being-subjective feelings and states scale [SUPOS], perceived social support scale [PSSS]). Low values of SOC, PSSS, and SUPOS suggest an increased need in psychosocial care...
April 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271964/health-literacy-in-suriname
#18
Frederieke S Diemer, Yentl C Haan, Rani V Nannan Panday, Gert A van Montfrans, Glenn P Oehlers, Lizzy M Brewster
BACKGROUND: Low health literacy is an independent predictor of cardiovascular mortality. However, data on health literacy in low- and middle-income countries are scarce. Therefore, we assessed the level of health literacy in Suriname, a middle-income country with a high cardiovascular mortality. METHODS: We estimated health literacy in a convenience sample at an urban outpatient center in the capital and at a semirural health center, using the validated Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine adapted for the Dutch language (REALM-D) instrument...
April 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212062/community-health-agency-administrators-access-to-public-health-data-for-program-planning-evaluation-and-grant-preparation
#19
Sandra D Lane, Donna M Cashman, Robert H Keefe, Lutchmie Narine, Bradford Ducre, Sharon Chesna, Meghan Hall, David Oliver
The Affordable Care Act mandates that public health data be made available for community agency use. Having access to such data allows community agencies to tailor interventions, evaluations, and funding requests more effectively. This study, jointly undertaken by Syracuse University faculty and students with the New York State Perinatal Association, sought to understand community agencies' access to requests for governmental data, as well as to identify areas for improving data access. Results from this survey of administrators from 43 agencies in New York State found that only one-half of their requests for data were successful...
February 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076206/processing-older-persons-as-clients-in-elderly-care-a-study-of-the-micro-processes-of-care-management-practice
#20
Anna Olaison
Elder care has undergone a marketization in recent years in which various models for care management have been introduced with the aim of making assessments efficient. This article investigates the effects the care management model has on resource allocation for home care when handling the requests of older persons in the needs assessment process. Sixteen tape-recorded assessment conversations with associated case-file texts were analyzed through discourse analysis. The results show that a managerialist thinking has had a partial impact on the assessment process where the documentation requirements have entailed bureaucratization in terms of the transfer that occurs from talk to text...
February 2017: Social Work in Health Care
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