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Social Work in Health Care

Fang Zhao, Juha Hämäläinen, Yu-Ting Chen
With the rapid development of the child welfare system in China over recent years, medical social work has been increasingly involved in providing child protection services in several hospitals in Shanghai. Focusing on five cases in this paper, the exploratory study aims to present a critical overview of current practices and effects of medical social work for child protection, based on a critical analysis of the multidimensional role of social work practitioners engaged in the provision of child protection services as well as potential challenges...
January 24, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
Maria Lúcia Teixeira Garcia, Edineia Figueira Dos Anjos Oliveira
This article analyzes spending on mental health by the Brazilian Ministry of Health between 2001 and 2014. It is documental research of the Brazilian Ministry of Health's databases. It analyzes the data using descriptive statistical analysis. Total spending on mental health for the period 2001 to 2014 shows a percentage increase in resources destined for outpatient care, but this increase is a reallocation from hospital services to community-based services and total resources for the mental health program remain at an average of 2...
January 24, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
Nguyen Trong Hoai, Thang Dang
This study examines the primary determinants of self-medications among urban citizens in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam using survey data. Employing logistic models, the article finds that the probability of self-medication is positively associated with the respondents' high school degree or vocational certificate, married status, and income while it is negatively related to employed status, the number of children, the geographical distance from home to the nearest hospital, doing exercise, and living in a central region...
January 23, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
Élise Milot, Anne-Claire Museux, Emmanuelle Careau
A facilitator training program (FTP) for interprofessional learning (IPL) facilitators has been developed at Université Laval. This article describes the impacts of this program as perceived by the 22 IPL facilitators involved and outlines recommendations. Two qualitative data collection strategies were used to document the facilitators' pedagogical needs and views of the program's impacts. Results suggest that the FTP's pedagogical approach was effective. The IPL facilitators became more aware of their challenges and identified concrete strategies to use...
January 19, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
Cheryl Zlotnick, Maayan Lawental, Dorit Pud
BACKGROUND: This study examined the profiles of symptoms and health-related quality of life (QOL) of women in substance abuse treatment, comparing those with higher versus lower histories of adverse childhood events (ACE), and those with versus without current pain. METHODS: Adult women in outpatient substance abuse treatment (n = 30) completed questionnaires (cross-sectional study) on topics including drug use, adverse childhood events (ACE), QOL, functional ability, current pain, and depression...
January 19, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
David Royse, Karen Badger
Survivors of large burns may face positive and negative psychological after-effects from close-to-death injuries. This study is the first to examine their near-death experiences (NDEs) and posttraumatic growth (PTG) and life satisfaction afterwards. With an available sample of 92 burn survivors, half met the criteria for an NDE using an objective scale. Those who indicated religion was a source of strength and comfort had high scores on life satisfaction, PTG, and the NDE Scale. Individuals with larger burns reported greater PTG than those with smaller total body surface area burned (TBSA)...
January 9, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
J P Morgan-Siebe
Many people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) do not know that they are infected. It is important for infected persons to get tested for HIV in order to be diagnosed and medically treated. HIV has no known cure, but it can be controlled and sometimes prevented with proper medical care. The social work profession has ideal positioning to be extraordinarily helpful in work that promotes HIV testing, leading to reducing then eliminating new HIV diagnoses. Social marketing interventions, along with audience segmenting are explained...
January 4, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
Sandra D Lane, Donna M Cashman, Robert H Keefe, Lutchmie Narine, Bradford Ducre, Sharon Chesna, Meghan Hall, David Oliver
The Affordable Care Act mandates that public health data be made available for community agency use. Having access to such data allows community agencies to tailor interventions, evaluations, and funding requests more effectively. This study, jointly undertaken by Syracuse University faculty and students with the New York State Perinatal Association, sought to understand community agencies' access to requests for governmental data, as well as to identify areas for improving data access. Results from this survey of administrators from 43 agencies in New York State found that only one-half of their requests for data were successful...
February 2017: Social Work in Health Care
Anna Olaison
Elder care has undergone a marketization in recent years in which various models for care management have been introduced with the aim of making assessments efficient. This article investigates the effects the care management model has on resource allocation for home care when handling the requests of older persons in the needs assessment process. Sixteen tape-recorded assessment conversations with associated case-file texts were analyzed through discourse analysis. The results show that a managerialist thinking has had a partial impact on the assessment process where the documentation requirements have entailed bureaucratization in terms of the transfer that occurs from talk to text...
February 2017: Social Work in Health Care
Frances Feltner, Sydney Thompson, William Baker, Melissa Slone
Community health workers (CHWs) play a key role in the emerging health infrastructure. They are successful in identifying individual or family needs and matching resources to help overcome the social determinants of health, and the lack of trust in the health care system. This study captures the CHW experience as research assistants and evaluates the effectiveness of CHWs' health coaching and support in improving diabetes health outcomes. By being immersed in the culture and values of the population, CHWs offer research support to assure more representative client samples, increased adherence to study protocols, and in reducing attrition rates...
February 2017: Social Work in Health Care
Gretchen E Ely, Travis Hales, D Lynn Jackson, Eugene Maguin, Greer Hamilton
The results of a secondary data analysis of 3,999 administrative cases from a national abortion fund, representing patients who received pledges for financial assistance to pay for an abortion from 2010 to 2015, are presented. Case data from the fund's national call center was analyzed to assess the impact of the fund and examine sample demographics which were compared to the demographics of national abortion patients. Procedure costs, patient resources, funding pledges, additional aid, and changes over time in financial pledges for second-trimester procedures were also examined...
February 2017: Social Work in Health Care
Tamara J Cadet, Kathleen Stewart, Tenial Howard
Early detection through screening can reduce mortality rates of cervical cancer, and yet Hispanic women who have incidence rates higher than their non-Hispanic White counterparts are least likely to participate in cancer screening initiatives. This study utilized data from the 2008 wave of the Health and Retirement Study to investigate the psychosocial correlates associated with older Hispanic women's participation in cervical cancer screening services. Logistic regression models were used. Findings indicated that greater life satisfaction and religiosity were associated with a greater likelihood of participating in cervical cancer screening...
February 2017: Social Work in Health Care
Alena Voseckova, Zuzana Truhlarova, Radka Janebová, Kamil Kuca
The ability to handle stress situations is essential to subjective well-being. The program "Life with diabetes" extends traditional educational approaches by a psycho-social level with emphasis on coping with the disease. It draws on the transtheoretical model of behavior change and Person-Centered Approach (PCA). Results confirm the effectiveness of group work. Values of the activation block have increased (subscales PE and A). An increase of values of positive psychological state was observed, along with a simultaneous decrease in nervousness, anxiety, depressive tendencies, and better compensation of diabetes...
January 2017: Social Work in Health Care
Sara Tischler, Melissa Webster, Daniela Wittmann, Kathleen Wade
The future of hospital social work departments depends on their ability to demonstrate their effectiveness, efficiency, and consequently, their value to their host organizations. In order to demonstrate and enhance social work's contribution, research activities of various kinds must be encouraged. These include research consumption as well as production and utilization by clinicians, supervisors, managers, and administrators. The authors sought to develop a sustainable research environment in a large social work department of an academic health system...
January 2017: Social Work in Health Care
Ga-Young Choi, Eun Koh, Sam Choi, Ji-Young Cho
This study examines the breast cancer screening behaviors of Korean American women focusing on their cultural beliefs and access to health care. A total of 111 Korean American women participated in the cross-sectional survey research. Korean American women who felt embarrassed about breast cancer screenings were less likely to have received clinical breast exams or mammograms. Implications to culturally competent social work practice in promoting their breast cancer screening behaviors are discussed.
January 2017: Social Work in Health Care
Vijayan Pillai, Ya-Chien Wang, Arati Maleku
Globally, millions of people are affected by war and conflicts every year. However, women have increasingly suffered the greatest harm by war in more different ways than men. We conceptualize a reproductive rights approach toward examining the effects of war on women's reproductive health in developing countries. Given the rising concerns of exclusion to adequately address women's rights, sexual and gender-based violence, and post-conflict accountability, we specifically focus on the limitations of the Minimum Initial Service Package, a UN-sponsored reproductive health service program in conflict zones while offering a broad reproductive rights-based conceptual lens for examining reproductive health care services in war-torn areas...
January 2017: Social Work in Health Care
Rainbow T H Ho, Cheuk Yan Sing, Venus P Y Wong
To examine the effectiveness of a body-mind-spirit (BMS) intervention program in improving the holistic well-being and work empowerment among helping professionals in continuous education. Forty-four helping professionals, who were in their first-year part-time postgraduate study, participated in the present study. All participants attended a 3-day BMS intervention program which emphasized a holistic approach to health and well-being. Ratings on their levels of physical distress, daily functioning, affect, spirituality, and psychological empowerment at work were compared before and immediately after the intervention...
November 2016: Social Work in Health Care
Michin Hong, Kyeongmo Kim, Banghwa Lee Casado
This study evaluated the psychometric properties of a Korean version of the Caregiver Self-Efficacy Scale (CSE-K). The sample included 145 Korean American caregivers. Confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) were conducted to examine the factor structure of the CSE-K. We tested convergent validity of the CSE-K by examining its relationships with caregiver depression and burden. Internal consistency reliability of the CSE-K was also tested. The initial model of CFA based upon the structure of the original CSE revealed the poor model fit; however, the revised model produced the excellent model fit...
November 2016: Social Work in Health Care
Janella Melius, Colin Cannonier
The 2009 California Health Interview Survey was used to examine effects of Hispanic immigrant parents' length of stay (less or more than 10 years) in the United States on the overweight and obesity outcomes among their children (N = 956, aged 6-11). The socio-ecological model of health was used to conceptualize health risk behaviors and associations with overweight/obesity outcomes among children. Weight (using body mass index) among children was influenced by parents' length of stay, country of origin, income, and urban/rural residence...
November 2016: Social Work in Health Care
Melissa Bird, Rachel L Wright, Caren J Frost
This article presents a critical synthesis of the social work empirical literature on women's health. In light of recent policy changes that directly affect women's health and social work, the authors conducted a literature review of recent publications (2010-2015) regarding social work and women's health nationally. Despite frequent accounts cited in the literature, there has been no comprehensive review of issues involving women's health and social work in the United States. The purpose of this review is to examine the current social work literature addressing women's health at the national (U...
October 2016: Social Work in Health Care
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