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Social Work in Health Care

Denise R Black, Tami H Wyatt, Mary L Held
Disseminating evidence-based knowledge and strengthening the education program of the healthcare workforce is an essential step toward achieving transformation of the U.S. healthcare delivery system to integrated healthcare. Computer applications may be an effective approach for social workers to learn integrated concepts. A feasibility study using an experimental research design was used to compare instructional approaches among MSW students (N = 15) composed of experimental (N = 7) and control (N = 8) group participants...
July 9, 2018: Social Work in Health Care
Els Evenboer, Anne-Marie Huyghen, Jolanda Tuinstra, Erik Knorth, Sijmen A Reijneveld
Behavioral and emotional problems can lead to severe restrictions in the functioning of children and to an impaired development. The types of support for children vary greatly between care providers. The aim of this study is to apply the Taxonomy of Care for Youth (TOCFY) and to make an inventory of the core elements and program elements of the various types of support for children with behavioral and emotional problems that were offered overall and per main types of providers in a delineated region. We assessed the types of support to children (N = 621) by applying TOCFY...
June 18, 2018: Social Work in Health Care
Emily B Peterson, Wen-Ying Sylvia Chou, Angela Falisi, Rebecca Ferrer, Michelle A Mollica
INTRODUCTION: Social workers collaborate with a wide range of healthcare providers in clinical trial teams, yet their roles may not always be understood or supported by team members. It is currently unknown how social workers and multidisciplinary team members perceive social workers' roles in the clinical trial context. METHODS: Using a group case-study approach, social workers, core medical team members, and allied healthcare workers (n = 19) completed in-depth interviews to discuss the roles of social workers in a cancer clinical trial setting...
June 1, 2018: Social Work in Health Care
Stephanie A Bryson, Harvey Bosma
Highlighting a strong human rights and social justice orientation underlying health social work in Canada, this paper describes recent contributions of Canadian health social work practitioners and scholars to five areas identified by Auslander (2001) in a delphi study of health social work in its first century. Five current 'trends' are discussed which correspond with Auslander's themes of professional legitimacy and scope, social causation, dissemination of knowledge, interventions, and cultural appropriateness...
May 30, 2018: Social Work in Health Care
Jessica L Liddell, Catherine E Burnette, Soonhee Roh, Yeon-Shim Lee
Although American Indian (AI) women continue to experience cancer at higher rates and have not seen the same decline in cancer prevalence as the general U.S. population, little research examines how interactions with health care providers may influence and exacerbate these health disparities. The purpose of the study was to understand the experiences of AI women who receive cancer treatment, which is integral for eradication of AI cancer disparities among women. A qualitative descriptive methodology was used with a sample of 43 AI women with breast, cervical, colon, and other types of cancer from the Northern Plains region of South Dakota...
May 18, 2018: Social Work in Health Care
Yao Ching-Teng, Lin Chia-Ju, Liu Hsiu-Yueh
Health issues common among older adults living in institution settings include poor life satisfaction and depression conditions. Engagement in appropriate group reminiscence therapy programs could alleviate these health issues among older adults in long-term care institutions. This study tested the effectiveness of a structured group reminiscence therapy protocol on the life satisfaction of institutionalized older adults. A quasi-experimental design was applied. A convenience sample of older adults was drawn from two nursing homes in southern Taiwan...
May 18, 2018: Social Work in Health Care
Nicole M Saint-Louis, Joretha N Bourjolly
This study examined the experiences of health care professionals who participated in monthly narrative oncology groups. Ten professionals participated in separate, semi-structured, face-to-face interviews. Using a qualitative research design, the transcriptions of the interviews were analyzed using a phenomenological approach. The analysis yielded descriptive information about the professionals' positive experiences of participating in narrative oncology sessions and provides insight into the importance of such a group through five themes: (1) Shared perspectives and bearing witness, (2) Comfort in confidentiality and a safe-space, (3) Group-care becomes self-care, (4) Writing gives structure, and (5) Patient stories...
May 17, 2018: Social Work in Health Care
Kylie Agllias
This paper describes a mixed method survey that was administered to a group of Australian palliative care social workers (n = 27). Specifically, it aimed to investigate the ways that social workers understood and worked with clients who were estranged from family at the end of life. Respondents suggested that estrangement potentially impacted clients emotionally, practically, and existentially. They were challenged to make clear assessments, provide emotional support, encourage news ways of thinking about estrangement, to manage practical issues, work with the client's family, and monitor their own professional role...
May 14, 2018: Social Work in Health Care
Heather Larkin, Eunju Lee, Nina Esaki, Mary DeMasi, Shawn Trifoso, Katharine Briar-Lawson, Erica Dean, Patricia Weldon, Jihyun Park, Lara Bowen, Deborah Benson, Anthony Cortese, William T Gettman, Timothy Hathaway, Thomas Hulihan, Audrey LaFrenier, Nicole MacFarland, Steven D Marcal, Harris Oberlander, David Wallace, Bill Wolff, Jaclyn A Yusko
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are linked to later life health problems such as behavioral health (BH) service use but less is known about how to counter this association. Using a population based sample of 807 adults, we examined the effects of protective factors in countering this association. ACEs were associated with increased BH service use while protective factors were associated with decreased BH service use. However, no significant interaction effect was found. Research is needed to develop a better measure of protective factors...
August 2018: Social Work in Health Care
Joann Lianekhammy, J Jay Miller, Jacquelyn Lee, Natalie Pope, Sheila Barnhart, Erlene Grise-Owens
Indubitably, the challenges facing health-care social workers are becoming increasingly complex. Whilst these problematic professional circumstances compound the need for self-compassion among health-care social workers, few studies, if any, have explicitly examined self-compassion among this practitioner group. This cross-sectional study explored self-compassion among a sample of practitioners (N = 138) in one southeastern state. Results indicate that health-care social workers in this sample engage in self-compassion only moderately...
August 2018: Social Work in Health Care
Hyunsook Yoon, Yojin Kim, Yeon Ok Lim, Kyoungwon Choi
This study examines the quality of life (QoL) of older adults with cancer (N = 176), by comparing them with age- and gender-matched groups without cancer (N = 176), and investigates factors associated with their QoL. The results of Medical Outcome Study Short Form-36 (MOS SF-36) showed that the study group had significantly lower scores than the noncancer group on all eight scales and on the Physical Component Summary and the Mental Component Summary. Comparison with gender and age groups revealed some differences...
August 2018: Social Work in Health Care
Kristie L Seelman, Jordan F Miller, Zoe E R Fawcett, Logan Cline
Using 2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data, this study investigates whether transgender men have equal access to health care and engagement in preventive health behaviors compared to cisgender adults in the U.S. and whether race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and rural residence moderate these relationships. Once controlling for sociodemographic factors, we do not find differences for transgender men. Rural transgender men were less likely to have a personal doctor or receive a blood cholesterol screening than their urban peers; transgender men with less education were more likely to have a cholesterol screening...
August 2018: Social Work in Health Care
Elisa Gordon, Karen Green, Louisa Whitwam, Irwin Epstein, Susan Bernstein
Developed in 1988, the Mount Sinai International Enhancement of Social Work Leadership Program brings 4-6 social workers from several countries each year to the Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City, where they meet with leaders from the hospital, community based organizations and graduate schools of social work, to enhance their leadership ability, strengthen management and research skills, and build upon global social work relationships. This article reviews the results of a survey conducted in 2016 to assess whether the visiting scholars met established learning objectives of the Program...
July 2018: Social Work in Health Care
Nancy Xenakis
Since U.S. Congress' 2010 passing of the Affordable Care Act and the creation of numerous care coordination programs, Mount Sinai Hospital's Department of Social Work Services has experienced exponential growth. The Department is deeply committed to recruiting and developing the most talented social workers to best meet the needs of patients and family caregivers and to serve as integral, valued members of interdisciplinary care teams. Traditional learning methods are insufficient for a staff of hundreds, given the changes in health care and the complexity of the work...
July 2018: Social Work in Health Care
Meagan Cusack, Ann Elizabeth Montgomery
Though the U.S. Departments of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and Veterans Affairs (VA) supportive housing (HUD-VASH) program endeavors to address barriers to Veterans accessing and maintaining housing, participants report challenges that lead to program exits. This study aims to understand participants' views on the factors contributing to their exits from HUD-VASH, as well as how program staff may respond to challenges. This mixed methods study includes four sources of data: (1) surveys with Veterans, (2) semi-structured interviews with a subsample of surveyed Veterans, (3) Veterans' administrative data from VA electronic data systems, and (4) focus groups with staff from local public housing authorities and VA case management teams...
July 2018: Social Work in Health Care
Michael Campbell, Jessica Pierce
The boarding of children and adolescents with identified psychiatric conditions at medical facilities has numerous negative effects on the patients and the systems that treat them. Efforts to minimize boarding times serves to increase patients' access to appropriate levels of care, redirect medical resources to patients who need them most, and reduce safety risks to people and property. This study explores the role Clinical Social Workers can play in facilitation of care and highlights the advantages of a coordinated data collection process facilitated by the effective use of the Electronic Medical Record...
July 2018: Social Work in Health Care
Patricia Stoddard-Dare, LeaAnne DeRigne, Christopher Mallett, Linda Quinn
Secondary data analysis on the 2015 National Health Interview Survey was conducted to determine if having paid sick leave increases the odds of being able to afford specific health care goods and services, and not having access to paid sick leave increases the odds of being in poverty, being food insecure and having elevated medical costs among a representative sample of US workers age 18-64. We found a statistically significant association between paid sick leave and ability to afford dental care, eyeglasses and prescription medication...
May 2018: Social Work in Health Care
Nancy Kusmaul, Keith Anderson
Traumatic events are widely acknowledged to have long-term impacts on individuals, yet only recently have health-care professionals begun to assess for and gain an understanding of trauma in the lives of older adults. For many older adults, trauma is often disenfranchised and overlooked as being either a distant past event (e.g., child abuse) or a normal part of aging (e.g., widowhood). Trauma-informed care, on the other hand, calls for health-care professionals to acknowledge that past and recent events may have been traumatic for older adults and to assess and care plan to reduce or prevent re-traumatization...
May 2018: Social Work in Health Care
Judith Chew, John Carpenter, Anne M Haase
OBJECTIVE: Young people with chronic illnesses, such as epilepsy, tend to have poorer psychosocial outcomes compared to their peers. Nevertheless, not all young people experience difficulties adapting to living with epilepsy. The aim of this study was to examine family processes, as little is known about their impact on young people's adaptation to the condition. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 15 young people, aged between 13 and 16 years old, to explore their experiences of living with epilepsy from the perspective of family resilience...
May 2018: Social Work in Health Care
Schuyler C Cunningham, Jeasmine Aizvera, Paul Wakim, Lisa Felber
This study describes the development of a self-reported psychosocial distress screening tool for a general medical population and criteria to predict the need for psychosocial intervention. The objectives were to develop criteria to determine which patients need in-person screening and establish criteria identifying patients who are more likely to require psychosocial interventions. The outcomes have bearing on reducing initial psychosocial screening workload for medical social workers in high volume medical settings...
May 2018: Social Work in Health Care
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