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Social Work in Health Care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622094/self-care-behavior-change-and-depression-among-low-income-predominantly-hispanic-patients-in-safety-net-clinics
#1
Hyunsung Oh, Kathleen Ell, Lawrence A Palinkas
This study examined whether changes in self-care behaviors during a 12-month period predicted the likelihood of screening positive for depression concurrently and prospectively among low-income Hispanic patients with diabetes. Secondary analyses were conducted with longitudinal data collected from a randomized controlled trial that had tested effectiveness of collaborative depression care. We examined whether changes in self-care behaviors observed during the 12 months after baseline predicted the likelihood of screening positive for depression at 12-, 18-, and 24-month follow-up...
June 16, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605297/social-work-interventions-in-sweden-for-patients-newly-diagnosed-with-type-1-or-type-2-diabetes
#2
Kristina Rane, Catharina Gåfvels
We evaluated psychosocial work with patients in ordinary clinical practice who were newly diagnosed with type 1 or type 2 diabetes and experienced psychosocial problems at disease onset. We examined types of psychosocial problems, causes of these problems, psychosocial interventions, extent of achievement of psychosocial treatment goals, and whether the patients felt they benefited from the treatment. Eighty-nine working-age (18-65-year-old) Swedish adults newly diagnosed with diabetes were included. Each was interviewed and responded to questionnaires at the beginning and end of the study period...
June 12, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605296/filling-out-the-forms-health-literacy-among-the-uninsured
#3
Sandra D Lane, Sally J Huntington, Lynn-Beth Satterly, Robert A Rubinstein, Robert H Keefe
This study addresses health literacy among patients at a free clinic in Syracuse, NY. Researchers conducted chart reviews of 600 patients and qualitative interviews with 22 patients and 7 providers. Most clinic patients had a high school, or higher, level education and no difficulty with reading comprehension. Nevertheless, a majority had at least some difficulty with comprehending and following through on health information. For many interviewees, the greatest difficulty was completing the required forms for entitlement programs...
June 12, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594601/a-parenting-education-program-for-women-in-treatment-for-opioid-use-disorder-at-an-outpatient-medical-practice
#4
Linda S Kahn, Whitney E Mendel, Kyla L Fallin, Elizabeth A Borngraber, Thomas H Nochajski, William E Rea, Richard D Blondell
Opioid use during pregnancy poses serious risks for the mother and the unborn child. Opioid-use disorder may be managed with medication-assisted treatment (MAT) in an outpatient setting, but few MAT practices specifically address the challenges faced by pregnant women. This article describes a medical office-based educational support group for women in MAT for opioid-use disorder who were pregnant and/or parenting young children. Focus groups were conducted to elicit patient feedback. Women indicated that they found the educational support groups beneficial and offered suggestions...
June 8, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594600/psychosocial-and-environmental-factors-in-the-prognosis-of-individuals-with-chronic-pain-and-comorbid-mental-health
#5
Valerie Hruschak, Gerald Cochran
Chronic pain has considerable medical, social, and economic implications as its high prevalence rate and negative societal burden provides justification that it is a major health issue. The value of understanding psychological, social, and environmental factors in chronic pain has become widely recognized and accepted as a biopsychosocial phenomenon in which the social work perspective offers a valuable lens. Through the critical application of systems theory and ecological perspective, accompanied with the diathesis stress model, this article examines psychosocial and environmental influences as being contributory factors in the prognosis of individuals with chronic pain and comorbid mental health disorders...
June 8, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506122/examining-transitions-from-youth-to-adult-services-for-young-persons-with-autism
#6
Mathew T Milen, David B Nicholas
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) presents pervasive challenges for individuals throughout their lifetime. Although some financial, community, and individual supports are available for children, there are fewer resources available for adults with ASD, their families, and/or caregivers. It is important to understand the multidimensional shifts associated with the transition from adolescence to adulthood for individuals with ASD. METHODS: To better understand the transitional process, a qualitative study comprised 11 semi-structured interviews with individuals with ASD and their families...
May 16, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486059/mindfulness-and-meditation-as-an-adjunctive-treatment-for-adolescents-involved-in-the-juvenile-justice-system-is-repairing-the-brain-and-nervous-system-possible
#7
Drew E Winters, Emily Beerbower
Adolescents involved in the juvenile justice system are prone to more traumatic events than other adolescents, leaving them in danger of developmental difficulties. Trauma exposure is predictive of poor outcomes including mental and physical health issues as well as criminal activity. Current treatment approaches either have a nominal effect on recidivism rates or increase the likelihood of future criminal offenses. This article explores adolescent brain development, the unique difficulties that juvenile justice youth face, and mindfulness meditation as an adjunctive treatment to system-based treatment...
May 9, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486058/a-nationwide-study-of-swedish-oncology-social-workers-characteristics-clinical-functions-and-perceived-barriers-to-optimal-functioning
#8
Joakim Isaksson, Sara Lilliehorn, Pär Salander
Oncology social workers (OSWs) play a key role in cancer services, but they have mainly been described from an Anglo-Saxon perspective. This study aims to widen the field by scrutinizing the role and function of OSWs in Sweden. By means of a nationwide questionnaire to Swedish OSWs, the professional characteristics of this group are described, as well as their descriptions and reflections on their clinical function and their experiences of barriers to optimal functioning. Our findings indicate that Swedish OSWs seem to have taken a different path than in other countries by mainly providing therapeutic treatment and counseling to the patients rather than working with discharge planning...
May 9, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463071/potential-of-mobile-technologies-and-applications-in-the-detection-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-among-older-generation-groups
#9
Blanka Klimova, Martin Valis, Kamil Kuca
At present, demographic changes result in the growing number of older people. This trend inevitably brings about serious social and economic issues, as well as occurrence of aging diseases. The purpose of this study is to discuss the potential of using mobile technologies and applications in the detection of aging disorders such as mild cognitive impairment. The methods used for this review study include a literature search in the world's acknowledged databases. The findings of this study indicate that mobile applications can serve as appropriate diagnostic tools for aging disorders such as mild cognitive impairment because they seem to provide better, faster, and less costly care for older people...
May 2, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513290/examining-the-relationship-between-encouragement-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-muslims
#10
David R Hodge, Tarek Zidan, Altaf Husain
This study examines the relationship between encouragement and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among a sample of American Muslims, in tandem with the potential mediating effects of depression and spirituality. To conduct this cross-sectional study, a model was developed and tested using structural equation modeling (SEM) with a community sample of Muslims (N = 284). The results indicate that encouragement has a direct, positive effect on HRQOL. Neither depression nor spirituality mediated the relationship between encouragement and HRQOL...
July 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509620/the-role-of-social-workers-in-addressing-nonmedical-needs-in-primary-health-care
#11
Jeannine M Rowe, Victoria M Rizzo, Matthew R Vail, Suk-Young Kang, Robyn Golden
Nonmedical needs are intricately linked to health. Unaddressed nonmedical needs often result in poorer health and increased healthcare costs. Although social workers are well positioned to address nonmedical needs, their role in healthcare environments to address nonmedical needs is limited. The limited role relates to a lack of reimbursement streams, which stems from poor articulation about their unique contributions. An analysis of a case study in which a social worker using AIMS, a protocolized care coordination model, was undertaken to highlight specific activities performed by social workers...
July 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486063/examining-the-inter-correlated-effects-of-low-income-life-stress-and-race-on-birth-outcomes-a-representative-state-study
#12
Tess Lefmann, Terri Combs-Orme, John G Orme
Programming of the stress response system during gestation has lifelong effects that put the infant at risk for multiple stress-related pathologies. Populations most vulnerable to prenatal stress are African-Americans and individuals of low socioeconomic status. The Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) research project, a collaboration between the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and individual state health departments, was employed for this study. Tennessee data from 2009 were compiled from individual birth certificates and PRAMS questionnaire responses to examine the influence of maternal stressors, race and low income on birth outcomes...
July 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398174/the-experiences-of-pediatric-social-workers-providing-end-of-life-care
#13
Barbara Muskat, David Brownstone, Andrea Greenblatt
Pediatric social workers working in acute care hospital settings may care for children and their families in end-of-life circumstances. This qualitative study is part of a larger study focusing on the experiences of health care providers working with dying children. This study consisted of 9 semi-structured interviews of acute care pediatric social workers who work with dying children and their families. Themes included the role of social work with dying children, the impact of their work and coping strategies...
July 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398148/the-emotional-eating-and-negative-food-relationship-experiences-of-obese-and-overweight-adults
#14
Tasha Ford, HeeSoon Lee, MinJeong Jeon
Overweight and obesity pose serious public health problems, affecting 68.8% of Americans. Previous research indicated that psychological factors played important roles in an individual's motivation to consume food. In particular, emotional eating, defined as overeating in response to negative affect, has received particular attention as a risk factor for obesity. This study explored and addressed the emotional factors involved in the development of emotional eating. A total of 10 Midwestern American male and female adults, previously diagnosed as medically overweight and obese, were recruited via online and print advertisement using maximum variation and snowball sampling methods...
July 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398144/social-workers-experiences-as-the-family-support-person-during-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-attempts
#15
Janice Firn, Keli DeVries, Dawnielle Morano, Toni Spano-English
During inhospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation attempts, a designated family support person (FSP) may provide guidance and support to family members. Research on nurses and chaplains in this role has been published. Social workers also regularly fulfill this service, however, little is known about how they perceive and enact this role. To explore their experiences, qualitative interviews (n = 10) were conducted with FSP social workers. Critical realist thematic analysis identified five themes: walking in cold, promoting family presence, responding to the whole spectrum of grief, going beyond the family support role, and repercussions of bearing witness...
July 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323579/who-experiences-seclusion-an-examination-of-demographics-and-duration-in-a-public-acute-inpatient-mental-health-service
#16
Jacinta Chavulak, Melissa Petrakis
Restrictive interventions such as seclusion may occur during an acute mental health crisis. Such interventions are experienced by people as traumatic and counter to recovery. The current study aimed to investigate the use of seclusion and who was secluded amongst patients presenting with psychotic symptomology. All acute inpatient admissions were examined across a 12-month period January-December 2013. Electronic and paper records were accessed and audited for all 655 admissions. There were 91 admissions that included a seclusion and 200 seclusion events...
July 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300481/psychometrics-of-an-original-measure-of-barriers-to-providing-family-planning-information-implications-for-social-service-providers
#17
Melissa M Bell, Christina E Newhill
Social service professionals can face challenges in the course of providing family planning information to their clients. This article reports findings from a study that developed an original 27-item measure, the Reproductive Counseling Obstacle Scale (RCOS) designed to measure such obstacles based conceptually on Bandura's social cognitive theory (1986). We examine the reliability and factor structure of the RCOS using a sample of licensed social workers (N = 197). A 20-item revised version of the RCOS was derived using principal component factor analysis...
July 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379121/the-effect-of-poverty-influenced-food-related-consumer-behaviors-on-obesity-an-analysis-of-the-nhanes-flexible-consumer-behavioral-module
#18
Kellie O'Dare Wilson
Despite extensive research investigating obesity, the problem continues to increase, particularly in poor, minority, and under-resourced communities. However, the literature continues to demonstrate many obesity-predicating variables are outside of personal volitional control, such as food-related consumer behaviors, which are strongly influenced by income and environment. This cross-sectional study (n = 5,109) employed secondary data analysis to quantitatively examine the effect of food-related consumer variables on obesity while controlling for covariates...
May 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332947/mothers-with-substance-and-alcohol-abuse-support-through-pregnancy-and-early-infancy
#19
Monica Nordenfors, Ingrid Höjer
This article is about the support given to pregnant women and mothers, at an antenatal and child welfare team in Gothenburg (Sweden), specialised on working with mothers who abuse alcohol and/or other substances. The study consists of interviews with 17 women. The aim of the article is to account for how the women experienced the support they got and how they perceived the impact. The results show the importance for the staff of finding the balance between control and support and of creating a non-judgmental attitude in order to build trusting relationships with the women...
May 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271968/medical-social-work-positions-bsw-or-msw
#20
Doris M Grant, JoAnne S Toh
Acute care social work positions face budgetary scrutiny in the current climate of fiscal restraint in Canadian health care. Managers may be faced with the question of whether a new or vacant medical social work position should be filled by a BSW social worker or an MSW social worker. This question is further complicated when experienced and less costly BSW social workers are available while MSW social workers with medical or hospital experience may be limited in supply. This paper reviews the literature relevant to medical social work practice and hiring...
April 2017: Social Work in Health Care
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