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Social Work in Health Care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461938/use-of-a-self-reported-psychosocial-distress-screening-tool-as-a-predictor-of-need-for-psychosocial-intervention-in-a-general-medical-setting
#1
Schuyler C Cunningham, Jeasmine Aizvera, Paul Wakim, Lisa Felber
This study describes the development of a self-reported psychosocial distress screening tool for a general medical population and criteria to predict the need for psychosocial intervention. The objectives were to develop criteria to determine which patients need in-person screening and establish criteria identifying patients who are more likely to require psychosocial interventions. The outcomes have bearing on reducing initial psychosocial screening workload for medical social workers in high volume medical settings...
February 20, 2018: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436970/why-did-i-get-cancer-perceptions-of-childhood-cancer-survivors-in-korea
#2
Jaehee Yi, Min Ah Kim, Bridget G Parsons, Yelena P Wu
This study explored whether and how childhood cancer survivors in Korea ask and resolve the question of what may have caused their cancer. Thirty-one childhood cancer survivors participated in in-depth interviews about their self-questioning process in this regard. The findings indicate that Korean childhood cancer survivors pondered this question alone due to the stigma attached to cancer in the family and society. Their answers included internal factors (doing "bad things," having unhealthy eating habits, engaging in magical thinking, having a stress-prone personality, or having a biological susceptibility) or external factors (stressors, random events, the environment, or medical conditions)...
February 13, 2018: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432080/team-based-care-views-from-community-health-center-staff
#3
Kristi L Law, Jeannine M Rowe
Community health centers (CHC) provide quality care for vulnerable patients, and a potentially contributing factor to this quality is the integration of a patient-centered medical home (PCMH). PCMH relies on a team-based approach, a principle in which social workers are trained and research examines in primary care environments. Less is known about team-based care in CHCs. An exploratory qualitative study with 14 CHC staff was conducted to examine the current state of team-based care and secondarily, to examine the role of social workers...
February 12, 2018: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405882/factors-associated-with-the-use-of-social-workers-for-assistance-with-lifetime-and-12-month-behavioral-health-disorders
#4
Amanda Toler Woodward, Robert Joseph Taylor
This study examined the use of social workers for assistance with a behavioral health disorder. Data were from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys. The analytic sample included respondents who reported using professional services for assistance with a behavioral health disorder during their lifetime (n = 5,585). Logistic regression was used to examine the use of a social worker during the respondent's lifetime or 12 months prior to the interview. Ten percent of respondents visited a social worker for help with a behavioral health disorder during their lifetime and 3% did so in the 12 months prior to the interview...
February 6, 2018: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400622/a-retrospective-analysis-of-boarding-times-for-adolescents-in-psychiatric-crisis
#5
Michael Campbell, Jessica Pierce
The boarding of children and adolescents with identified psychiatric conditions at medical facilities has numerous negative effects on the patients and the systems that treat them. Efforts to minimize boarding times serves to increase patients' access to appropriate levels of care, redirect medical resources to patients who need them most, and reduce safety risks to people and property. This study explores the role Clinical Social Workers can play in facilitation of care and highlights the advantages of a coordinated data collection process facilitated by the effective use of the Electronic Medical Record...
February 5, 2018: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377778/bio-psycho-social-spiritual-needs-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-life-threatening-illnesses-implications-for-social-work-practice
#6
Emily Beerbower, Drew Winters, David Kondrat
This paper explores the biopsychosocial and spiritual needs of adolescents and young adults (AYA) with life-threatening or terminal illnesses. AYA are situated between childhood and adulthood (ages 15-25) and have distinct biopsychosocial and spiritual needs unique to their developmental stage. Having a life-threatening or terminal illness directly challenges normal AYA developmental tasks and identity formation. AYA experience more troubling physical symptoms during the dying process compared to other age groups, which leads to significant psychological distress and an increased need for pharmacological treatments...
January 29, 2018: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351505/helping-mediating-and-gaining-recognition-the-everyday-identity-work-of-romanian-health-social-workers
#7
Alexandra Ciocănel, Florin Lazăr, Shari Munch, Cara Harmon, Georgiana-Cristina Rentea, Daniela Gaba, Anca Mihai
Health social work is a field with challenges, opportunities, and ways of professing social work that may vary between different national contexts. In this article, we look at how Romanian health social workers construct their professional identity through their everyday identity work. Drawing on a qualitative study based on interviews with 21 health social workers working in various organizational contexts, we analyze what health social workers say they do and how this shapes their self-conception as professionals...
January 19, 2018: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324089/development-and-content-validation-of-a-questionnaire-to-assess-moral-distress-among-social-workers-in-long-term-care-facilities
#8
Sagit Lev, Liat Ayalon
OBJECTIVE: Despite the significance of ethical issues faced by social workers, research on moral distress among social workers has been extremely limited. The aim of the current study is to describe the development and content validation of a unique questionnaire to measure moral distress among social workers in long-term care facilities for older adults in Israel. METHODS: The construction of the questionnaire was based on a secondary analysis of a qualitative study that addressed the moral dilemma of social workers in nursing homes in Israel...
January 11, 2018: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236614/depression-among-older-japanese-americans-the-impact-of-functional-adl-iadl-and-cognitive-status
#9
Bum Jung Kim, Lin Liu, Susan Nakaoka, Sumi Jang, Colette Browne
PURPOSE: The objective of this article is to investigate the relationship between activities of daily living, instrumental activities of daily living, cognitive impairment, and depression among Japanese American elders. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 207 older Japanese Americans (68 years and older) was conducted in Los Angeles, California and Honolulu, Hawaii. Independent variables included activities of daily living, instrumental activities of daily living, and cognitive functioning...
December 13, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227740/women-s-strategies-for-coping-with-the-impacts-of-domestic-violence-in-kyrgyzstan-a-grounded-theory-study
#10
Saltanat Childress, Deborah Gioia, Jacquelyn C Campbell
This paper provides an account of the adverse impacts of domestic violence on women in Kyrgyzstan and develops a grounded theory of coping among survivors of abuse. The results indicate that women adopt a range of strategies to prevent, avert, and minimize anticipated violence. Two key aspects of coping appeared in the narratives: 1) maintaining the status quo and 2) developing agency to resist the abuse. The results suggest that Government and nongovernmental organizations must take additional action to draw women to formal violence prevention services...
December 11, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286877/where-the-rubber-hits-the-road-neuroscience-and-social-work
#11
J Yorke, T Bergère
Multidisciplinary scholarly dialogue can bring academics and researchers together and open up new areas of inquiry. This paper is a case study about how two scholars, one in social work and the other in science, have found common ground. It discusses their respective research projects and how 'the rubber hits the road' by exploring why the knowledge of science/neuroscience is important to non-science majors like social workers in their practice, using childhood trauma, to illustrate that. Finally, it makes recommendations regarding the inclusion of science education in social work curricula and offers some ideas for future research...
February 2018: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064772/reducing-diabetes-distress-and-improving-self-management-with-mindfulness
#12
Robin R Whitebird, Mary Jo Kreitzer, Gabriela Vazquez-Benitez, Chris J Enstad
Stress associated with diabetes makes managing diabetes harder. We investigated whether mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) could reduce diabetes distress and improve management. We recruited 38 participants to complete an MBSR program. Surveys and lab values were completed at baseline and post-intervention. Participants showed significant improvement in diabetes-related distress (Cohen's d -.71, p < .002), psychosocial self-efficacy (Cohen's d .80, p < .001), and glucose control (Cohen's d -...
January 2018: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135393/assessing-psychological-distress-in-cancer-patients-the-use-of-distress-thermometer-in-an-outpatient-cancer-hematology-treatment-center
#13
Kareen N Tonsing, Martha Vungkhanching
The purpose of this study is to assess the feasibility of the distress thermometer (DT) and the accompanying problem checklist (PC) as a screening tool for psychological distress and the sources of those distress at an outpatient cancer treatment center in Central California. Forty-three patients completed the DT and the PC. Based on a recommended DT cutoff score of 4, patients were classified as "distressed" (>4) and "not-distressed" (<4). Respondents ranged in age from 34 to 87 years (mean = 60.44, SD = 12...
November 14, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125408/improving-stroke-transitions-development-and-implementation-of-a-social-work-case-management-intervention
#14
Anne K Hughes, Amanda T Woodward, Michele C Fritz, Mathew J Reeves
Strokes impact over 800,000 people every year. Stroke care typically begins with inpatient care and then continues across an array of healthcare settings. These transitions are difficult for patients and caregivers, with psychosocial needs going unmet. Our team developed a case management intervention for acute stroke patients and their caregivers aimed at improving stroke transitions. The intervention focusses on four aspects of a successful care transition: support, preparedness, identifying and addressing unmet needs, and stroke education...
November 10, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891780/the-role-of-social-work-in-free-healthcare-clinics-and-student-run-clinics
#15
Susan Warren, Erin Puryear, Megan Chapman, Tracey Marie Barnett, Lanita S White
BACKGROUND: The role of social work in free healthcare clinics and student-run clinics remains an understudied topic. METHOD: We conducted a literature review of the published studies through four online databases: Google Scholar, Social Work Abstracts, Academic Search Complete, and PsycInfo. RESULTS: The literature review revealed 449 possibly relevant studies, but only nine met the criteria for the final review. Based on these findings, social work is not fully utilized in free healthcare clinics and student-run clinics...
November 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880806/profound-barriers-to-basic-cancer-care-most-notably-experienced-by-uninsured-women-historical-note-on-the-present-policy-considerations
#16
Amy M Alberton, Kevin M Gorey
America is considering the replacement of Obamacare with Trumpcare. This historical cohort revisited pre-Obamacare colon cancer care among people living in poverty in California (N = 5,776). It affirmed a gender by health insurance hypothesis on nonreceipt of surgery such that uninsured women were at greater risk than uninsured men. Uninsured women were three times as likely as insured women to be denied access to such basic care. Similar men were two times as likely. America is bound to repeat such profound health care inequities if Obamacare is repealed...
November 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976296/a-review-of-mental-health-literacy-in-singapore
#17
Kareen N Tonsing
Mental health is a major concern throughout the world. The lifetime prevalence of mental health problems in Singapore for those aged 18 years and above was reported to be 12%. However, studies on mental health literacy are relatively scarce in Singapore. The aim of this paper is to provide a topical review of local studies on mental health literacy, people's knowledge of, and attitude toward mental illness, and beliefs about mental health treatment. A narrative review of studies on mental health literacy in Singapore covering the period from 1995 to 2016 highlights the findings from various local studies about attitudes toward mental illness, belief about the causes, and help-seeking behavior...
October 4, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945171/-and-when-a-certain-health-issue-happen-they-try-to-cover-it-stakeholder-perspectives-on-the-health-of-temporary-foreign-workers-and-their-families
#18
Bukola Salami, Kathleen Hegadoren, Anna Kirova, Salima Meherali, Christina Nsaliwa, Yvonne Chiu
This study examines stakeholders' perspectives on the health and well-being of temporary foreign workers (TFWs) and their families in Alberta, Canada. We used a critically informed qualitative methodology. We interviewed 13 stakeholders, including service providers and policy makers. Stakeholders involved in providing services to TFWs perceived that the workers experience (1) barriers in accessing mental health services, (2) mental health challenges, (3) family health challenges, (4) occupational health challenges, and (5) income and social status as a social determinant of health...
September 25, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937930/feasibility-of-a-multidisciplinary-caregiving-training-protocol-for-young-caregivers-in-families-with-als
#19
Melinda S Kavanaugh, Megan Howard, Lori Banker-Horner
Feasibility of a multidisciplinary caregiving training protocol for young caregivers in families with ALS. OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility of a multidisciplinary young caregiver group training protocol for children and youth who provide care to a family member with ALS. METHOD: Peer group experiential young caregiver model based on theories of self-management and self-efficacy. Training conducted by a multidisciplinary team of therapists in ALS (PT, OT, Speech and social work), as well as assistive device vendors...
September 22, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891758/effects-of-an-evidence-based-parenting-program-on-biobehavioral-stress-among-at-risk-mothers-for-child-maltreatment-a-pilot-study
#20
Ashwini Tiwari, Shannon Self-Brown, Betty S Lai, Colleen McCarty, Laura Carruth
Parental stress is an important risk factor for child maltreatment (CM) perpetration. Evidence-based, parent-training programs can decrease CM perpetration risk and reduce self-reported parental stress; however, little is known about how such programs impact physiological stress correlates. In this quasi-experimental pilot study, maternal biobehavioral responses were measured in response to SafeCare®, an evidence-based program targeting CM, often implemented by social workers in child welfare settings. Maternal participants (N = 18) were recruited to complete SafeCare and repeated within-subject assessments pre- and post-intervention...
September 11, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
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