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Social Work in Health Care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771089/cardiovascular-risk-screening-for-individuals-with-serious-mental-illness
#1
Denise R Black, Mary L Held
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a significant health risk for individuals with serious mental illness (SMI). Screening for CVD risk factors is a key strategy to reduce this health disparity. This study examined medical, lifestyle, and access predictors for comprehensive screening. Data on 1036 adults were analyzed from the 2015 National Health Interview Survey. Multivariate multinomial logistic regression was used to examine factors associated with individuals with SMI receiving CVD risk screening in the past 12 months...
August 3, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762891/coping-strategies-used-by-parents-of-children-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-cross-sectional-study-of-palestinians-and-israelis
#2
Wedad Masalha, Gail Auslander
This study examined the use and helpfulness of coping strategies and patterns among parents of children with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Participants were 122 Arab-Israeli, Jewish-Israeli, and Palestinian parents of 65 children with TBI following their discharge from pediatric rehabilitation hospital. Family-focused strategies were highly prevalent and most helpful among both mothers and fathers. Jewish mothers reported that support coping pattern (but not medical or family) was more helpful than did Arab-Israeli and Palestinian mothers...
August 1, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762884/the-effect-of-advocacy-for-overcoming-stigma-on-posttraumatic-growth-focusing-on-childhood-cancer-survivors
#3
Hee Jung Yi, Seok In Nam
The aim of this study was to investigate both strategies for coping with stigma and the effects of participating in advocacy. The participants were childhood cancer survivors who had been diagnosed before the age of 18 years who had completed treatment. An embedded-design mixed-methods approach was used with 30 interview scripts, and 145 survey results were collected. Coping strategies for the stigma of cancer were "secrecy, avoid stereotypes, and discrimination" and "disclosure of medical history." Participation in advocacy confirmed self-worth, helped in achievement, and promoted social skills...
August 1, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723309/moral-distress-as-experienced-by-hospital-social-workers-in-south-korea-and-australia
#4
Patricia Fronek, Lynne Briggs, Myung Hun Kim, Hye Bin Han, Quinn Val, Sungmin Kim, Donna McAuliffe
This exploratory, qualitative research explored the ethical problems faced by hospital social workers in South Korea and Australia, and what and who influenced their decision making using a focus group design. Although dilemmas of boundaries, confidentiality, self-determination, and other complex scenarios found in practice were identified, moral distress, a consequence of the unresolvable conflicts, dominated participants' narratives. This was particularly the case for the Korean social workers in this sample...
July 19, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715255/predicting-personal-self-care-in-informal-caregivers
#5
Natalie Pope, Jarod Giger, Jacquelyn Lee, Gretchen Ely
Caregiver research often focuses on negative health outcomes, yet little is known about the self-care practices of caregivers. The present study investigates self-care practices among family caregivers and the relationships between personal self-care, perceived stress, and other health variables. Data were collected from informal caregivers through self-administered Internet and paper surveys that included the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36-item Health Survey, Perceived Stress Scale, and Self-Care Practices Scale...
July 17, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708044/relationship-between-attachment-and-executive-dysfunction-in-the-homeless
#6
José M Rodríguez-Pellejero, Juan L Núñez
The executive functions of the homeless may be contributing to the success or failure of social integration processes. The goal of this study was to analyze the relationship between attachment and executive dysfunction in the homeless, specifically, to analyze the prevalence of adult attachment and executive dysfunction patterns, as well as the predictive power of different types of attachment for executive functioning. Participants were 107 homeless. Descriptive analysis revealed the prevalence of insecure attachment, and a high prevalence of clinically significant executive dysfunction...
July 14, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699843/social-workers-have-an-obligation-to-all-patients-regarding-confidentiality-%C3%A2-however-for-some-patients-the-obligation-is-greater
#7
Karlynn BrintzenhofeSzoc, Caitlyn Gilbert
Social workers are held to many ethical obligations regarding patients including maintaining patient confidentiality and staying up to date on confidentiality laws, statutes, and regulations. As the landscape of health care continues to change, including the increased use of technology to maintain patient records, highlights this need. The changes in the regulations on confidentiality of those who are receiving substance use treatment, 42 CFR Part 2, are presented. The other regulations and laws covered include HIPAA, HITECH, and the ACA...
July 12, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696906/assessment-of-recent-hiv-testing-among-older-adults-in-the-united-states
#8
Yuqi Guo, Omar T Sims
Older adults are the fastest growing segment of people living with HIV, and unfortunately many are unaware of their HIV status. Many providers are reluctant to ask older adults about their sexual histories, evaluate their risk factors, and test for HIV, and older adults have low perception of HIV risk. Using data from the 2013 to 2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, this study assessed the prevalence of recent HIV testing among older adults in the United States (n = 1,056) and identified predictors and barriers to recent HIV testing...
July 11, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696860/-si-dios-quiere-fatalismo-and-use-of-mental-health-services-among-latinos-with-a-history-of-depression
#9
Robert Rosales, Rocío Calvo
Latinos are less likely to seek professional mental health care than other groups in the United States. While fatalismo has long been hypothesized to be responsible for this behavior, there is little evidence on this assumption. Using an adapted version of the Behavioral Model of Health Service Use (BMHSU), and a nationally representative sample, this study examined the association between fatalismo and mental health service use among Latinos with a history of depression. Participants (n = 703) were drawn from the 2007 Pew Hispanic Healthcare survey...
July 11, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696840/health-social-workers-sources-of-knowledge-for-decision-making-in-practice
#10
Fiona McDermott, Annabel Henderson, Carol Quayle
This article presents findings from research examining knowledge social workers in a health network in Victoria, Australia identified as informing their decision-making. Data for 13 patients, and in-depth interviews with six social workers who worked with these patients, were studied. A thematic analysis of interviews revealed that participants identified reliance on past experience and contextual/situational information as underpinning their decisions, demonstrating their commitment to person-in-environment perspectives...
July 11, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696836/complex-families-the-social-determinants-of-health-and-psychosocial-interventions-deconstruction-of-a-day-in-the-life-of-hospital-social-workers
#11
Barbara Muskat, Shelley L Craig, Biju Mathai
The roles of hospital social workers are delineated in the literature; however, their daily interventions have only been described anecdotally. This study analyzes the daily work of social workers in a pediatric hospital through a survey completed which examined factors related to interventions utilized and time spent per case over a 1-day period. Length and types of interventions were associated with the social determinants of health, time since diagnosis, biopsychosocial issues, and perception of complexity...
July 11, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696833/the-intersecting-cognitive-and-aging-needs-of-hiv-positive-older-adults-implications-for-social-work-practice
#12
Andrew David Eaton, Shelley L Craig, Robert Wallace
Cognitive impairment is a significant health concern for people aging with HIV/AIDS. Using a community-based participatory research (CBPR) framework, we surveyed (n = 108) and interviewed (n = 20) people living with HIV who were over age 50 about their cognitive concerns and recommendations for social work intervention development. Quantitative findings indicate that our sample was greatly engaged in their HIV care, yet participants had many cognitive concerns. Qualitative findings highlighted fear, shame, and uncertainty concerning HIV and aging alongside a need for increased social work support...
July 11, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622094/self-care-behavior-change-and-depression-among-low-income-predominantly-hispanic-patients-in-safety-net-clinics
#13
Hyunsung Oh, Kathleen Ell, Lawrence A Palinkas
This study examined whether changes in self-care behaviors during a 12-month period predicted the likelihood of screening positive for depression concurrently and prospectively among low-income Hispanic patients with diabetes. Secondary analyses were conducted with longitudinal data collected from a randomized controlled trial that had tested effectiveness of collaborative depression care. We examined whether changes in self-care behaviors observed during the 12 months after baseline predicted the likelihood of screening positive for depression at 12-, 18-, and 24-month follow-up...
June 16, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605297/social-work-interventions-in-sweden-for-patients-newly-diagnosed-with-type-1-or-type-2-diabetes
#14
Kristina Rane, Catharina Gåfvels
We evaluated psychosocial work with patients in ordinary clinical practice who were newly diagnosed with type 1 or type 2 diabetes and experienced psychosocial problems at disease onset. We examined types of psychosocial problems, causes of these problems, psychosocial interventions, extent of achievement of psychosocial treatment goals, and whether the patients felt they benefited from the treatment. Eighty-nine working-age (18-65-year-old) Swedish adults newly diagnosed with diabetes were included. Each was interviewed and responded to questionnaires at the beginning and end of the study period...
June 12, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605296/filling-out-the-forms-health-literacy-among-the-uninsured
#15
Sandra D Lane, Sally J Huntington, Lynn-Beth Satterly, Robert A Rubinstein, Robert H Keefe
This study addresses health literacy among patients at a free clinic in Syracuse, NY. Researchers conducted chart reviews of 600 patients and qualitative interviews with 22 patients and 7 providers. Most clinic patients had a high school, or higher, level education and no difficulty with reading comprehension. Nevertheless, a majority had at least some difficulty with comprehending and following through on health information. For many interviewees, the greatest difficulty was completing the required forms for entitlement programs...
June 12, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594601/a-parenting-education-program-for-women-in-treatment-for-opioid-use-disorder-at-an-outpatient-medical-practice
#16
Linda S Kahn, Whitney E Mendel, Kyla L Fallin, Elizabeth A Borngraber, Thomas H Nochajski, William E Rea, Richard D Blondell
Opioid use during pregnancy poses serious risks for the mother and the unborn child. Opioid-use disorder may be managed with medication-assisted treatment (MAT) in an outpatient setting, but few MAT practices specifically address the challenges faced by pregnant women. This article describes a medical office-based educational support group for women in MAT for opioid-use disorder who were pregnant and/or parenting young children. Focus groups were conducted to elicit patient feedback. Women indicated that they found the educational support groups beneficial and offered suggestions...
August 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594600/psychosocial-and-environmental-factors-in-the-prognosis-of-individuals-with-chronic-pain-and-comorbid-mental-health
#17
Valerie Hruschak, Gerald Cochran
Chronic pain has considerable medical, social, and economic implications as its high prevalence rate and negative societal burden provides justification that it is a major health issue. The value of understanding psychological, social, and environmental factors in chronic pain has become widely recognized and accepted as a biopsychosocial phenomenon in which the social work perspective offers a valuable lens. Through the critical application of systems theory and ecological perspective, accompanied with the diathesis stress model, this article examines psychosocial and environmental influences as being contributory factors in the prognosis of individuals with chronic pain and comorbid mental health disorders...
August 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506122/examining-transitions-from-youth-to-adult-services-for-young-persons-with-autism
#18
Mathew T Milen, David B Nicholas
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) presents pervasive challenges for individuals throughout their lifetime. Although some financial, community, and individual supports are available for children, there are fewer resources available for adults with ASD, their families, and/or caregivers. It is important to understand the multidimensional shifts associated with the transition from adolescence to adulthood for individuals with ASD. To better understand the transitional process, a qualitative study comprised 11 semi-structured interviews with individuals with ASD and their families...
August 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486059/mindfulness-and-meditation-as-an-adjunctive-treatment-for-adolescents-involved-in-the-juvenile-justice-system-is-repairing-the-brain-and-nervous-system-possible
#19
Drew E Winters, Emily Beerbower
Adolescents involved in the juvenile justice system are prone to more traumatic events than other adolescents, leaving them in danger of developmental difficulties. Trauma exposure is predictive of poor outcomes including mental and physical health issues as well as criminal activity. Current treatment approaches either have a nominal effect on recidivism rates or increase the likelihood of future criminal offenses. This article explores adolescent brain development, the unique difficulties that juvenile justice youth face, and mindfulness meditation as an adjunctive treatment to system-based treatment...
August 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486058/a-nationwide-study-of-swedish-oncology-social-workers-characteristics-clinical-functions-and-perceived-barriers-to-optimal-functioning
#20
Joakim Isaksson, Sara Lilliehorn, Pär Salander
Oncology social workers (OSWs) play a key role in cancer services, but they have mainly been described from an Anglo-Saxon perspective. This study aims to widen the field by scrutinizing the role and function of OSWs in Sweden. By means of a nationwide questionnaire to Swedish OSWs, the professional characteristics of this group are described, as well as their descriptions and reflections on their clinical function and their experiences of barriers to optimal functioning. Our findings indicate that Swedish OSWs seem to have taken a different path than in other countries by mainly providing therapeutic treatment and counseling to the patients rather than working with discharge planning...
August 2017: Social Work in Health Care
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