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Social Work in Health Care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135393/assessing-psychological-distress-in-cancer-patients-the-use-of-distress-thermometer-in-an-outpatient-cancer-hematology-treatment-center
#1
Kareen N Tonsing, Martha Vungkhanching
The purpose of this study is to assess the feasibility of the distress thermometer (DT) and the accompanying problem checklist (PC) as a screening tool for psychological distress and the sources of those distress at an outpatient cancer treatment center in Central California. Forty-three patients completed the DT and the PC. Based on a recommended DT cutoff score of 4, patients were classified as "distressed" (>4) and "not-distressed" (<4). Respondents ranged in age from 34 to 87 years (mean = 60.44, SD = 12...
November 14, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125408/improving-stroke-transitions-development-and-implementation-of-a-social-work-case-management-intervention
#2
Anne K Hughes, Amanda T Woodward, Michele C Fritz, Mathew J Reeves
Strokes impact over 800,000 people every year. Stroke care typically begins with inpatient care and then continues across an array of healthcare settings. These transitions are difficult for patients and caregivers, with psychosocial needs going unmet. Our team developed a case management intervention for acute stroke patients and their caregivers aimed at improving stroke transitions. The intervention focusses on four aspects of a successful care transition: support, preparedness, identifying and addressing unmet needs, and stroke education...
November 10, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064772/reducing-diabetes-distress-and-improving-self-management-with-mindfulness
#3
Robin R Whitebird, Mary Jo Kreitzer, Gabriela Vazquez-Benitez, Chris J Enstad
Stress associated with diabetes makes managing diabetes harder. We investigated whether mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) could reduce diabetes distress and improve management. We recruited 38 participants to complete an MBSR program. Surveys and lab values were completed at baseline and post-intervention. Participants showed significant improvement in diabetes-related distress (Cohen's d -.71, p < .002), psychosocial self-efficacy (Cohen's d .80, p < .001), and glucose control (Cohen's d -...
October 24, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976296/a-review-of-mental-health-literacy-in-singapore
#4
Kareen N Tonsing
Mental health is a major concern throughout the world. The lifetime prevalence of mental health problems in Singapore for those aged 18 years and above was reported to be 12%. However, studies on mental health literacy are relatively scarce in Singapore. The aim of this paper is to provide a topical review of local studies on mental health literacy, people's knowledge of, and attitude toward mental illness, and beliefs about mental health treatment. A narrative review of studies on mental health literacy in Singapore covering the period from 1995 to 2016 highlights the findings from various local studies about attitudes toward mental illness, belief about the causes, and help-seeking behavior...
October 4, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945171/-and-when-a-certain-health-issue-happen-they-try-to-cover-it-stakeholder-perspectives-on-the-health-of-temporary-foreign-workers-and-their-families
#5
Bukola Salami, Kathleen Hegadoren, Anna Kirova, Salima Meherali, Christina Nsaliwa, Yvonne Chiu
This study examines stakeholders' perspectives on the health and well-being of temporary foreign workers (TFWs) and their families in Alberta, Canada. We used a critically informed qualitative methodology. We interviewed 13 stakeholders, including service providers and policy makers. Stakeholders involved in providing services to TFWs perceived that the workers experience (1) barriers in accessing mental health services, (2) mental health challenges, (3) family health challenges, (4) occupational health challenges, and (5) income and social status as a social determinant of health...
September 25, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937930/feasibility-of-a-multidisciplinary-caregiving-training-protocol-for-young-caregivers-in-families-with-als
#6
Melinda S Kavanaugh, Megan Howard, Lori Banker-Horner
Feasibility of a multidisciplinary caregiving training protocol for young caregivers in families with ALS. OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility of a multidisciplinary young caregiver group training protocol for children and youth who provide care to a family member with ALS. METHOD: Peer group experiential young caregiver model based on theories of self-management and self-efficacy. Training conducted by a multidisciplinary team of therapists in ALS (PT, OT, Speech and social work), as well as assistive device vendors...
September 22, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891780/the-role-of-social-work-in-free-healthcare-clinics-and-student-run-clinics
#7
Susan Warren, Erin Puryear, Megan Chapman, Tracey Marie Barnett, Lanita S White
BACKGROUND: The role of social work in free healthcare clinics and student-run clinics remains an understudied topic. METHOD: We conducted a literature review of the published studies through four online databases: Google Scholar, Social Work Abstracts, Academic Search Complete, and PsycInfo. RESULTS: The literature review revealed 449 possibly relevant studies, but only nine met the criteria for the final review. Based on these findings, social work is not fully utilized in free healthcare clinics and student-run clinics...
November 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880806/profound-barriers-to-basic-cancer-care-most-notably-experienced-by-uninsured-women-historical-note-on-the-present-policy-considerations
#8
Amy M Alberton, Kevin M Gorey
America is considering the replacement of Obamacare with Trumpcare. This historical cohort revisited pre-Obamacare colon cancer care among people living in poverty in California (N = 5,776). It affirmed a gender by health insurance hypothesis on nonreceipt of surgery such that uninsured women were at greater risk than uninsured men. Uninsured women were three times as likely as insured women to be denied access to such basic care. Similar men were two times as likely. America is bound to repeat such profound health care inequities if Obamacare is repealed...
November 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891758/effects-of-an-evidence-based-parenting-program-on-biobehavioral-stress-among-at-risk-mothers-for-child-maltreatment-a-pilot-study
#9
Ashwini Tiwari, Shannon Self-Brown, Betty S Lai, Colleen McCarty, Laura Carruth
Parental stress is an important risk factor for child maltreatment (CM) perpetration. Evidence-based, parent-training programs can decrease CM perpetration risk and reduce self-reported parental stress; however, little is known about how such programs impact physiological stress correlates. In this quasi-experimental pilot study, maternal biobehavioral responses were measured in response to SafeCare®, an evidence-based program targeting CM, often implemented by social workers in child welfare settings. Maternal participants (N = 18) were recruited to complete SafeCare and repeated within-subject assessments pre- and post-intervention...
September 11, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876199/self-care-among-healthcare-social-workers-an-exploratory-study
#10
J Jay Miller, Joann Lianekhammy, Natalie Pope, Jacquelyn Lee, Erlene Grise-Owens
Despite growing interest in self-care, few studies have explicitly examined the self-care practices of healthcare social workers. This exploratory study investigated self-care among practitioners (N = 138) in one southeastern state. Overall, data suggest that healthcare social workers only moderately engaged in self-care. Additionally, analyses revealed significant differences in self-care practices by financial stability, overall health, and licensure status, respectively. Interestingly, perceived health status and current financial situation were significant predictors for overall self-care practices...
September 6, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862917/preparing-the-workforce-for-integrated-healthcare-a-systematic-review
#11
Denise R Black
Integrated healthcare is recommended to deliver care to individuals with co-occurring medical and mental health conditions. This literature review was conducted to identify the knowledge and skills required for behavioral health consultants in integrated settings. A review from 1999 to 2015 identified 68 articles. Eligible studies examined care to the U.S. adult population at the highest level of integration. The results provide evidence of specific knowledge of medical and mental health diagnoses, screening instruments, and intervention skills in integrated primary care, specialty medical, and specialty mental health...
September 1, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862916/supporting-female-survivors-of-intimate-partner-violence-with-disabilities-recommendations-for-social-workers-in-the-emergency-department
#12
Michelle S Ballan, Molly Burke Freyer
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a pervasive problem with grave consequences. Women with disabilities are among the most vulnerable groups disproportionately affected, with higher IPV rates than either women without disabilities or men with disabilities. The emergency department (ED) in particular affords a gateway into health services for female survivors of IPV, placing ED social workers in a prime position to observe potential signs of IPV and connect survivors to further assistance. This article explores the critical role ED social workers can fill in addressing the needs of female survivors of IPV with disabilities...
September 1, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841127/new-ways-of-seeing-health-social-work-leadership-and-research-capacity-building
#13
Fiona McDermott, Glenda Bawden
Building research capacity amongst social work practitioners is critically important for leaders in the social work profession. To reverse an apparent reluctance to use evidence and engage in research, strong social work leadership in practice organisations is needed. The literature on leadership in health social work is relatively silent regarding research capacity building as a leadership attribute but it is argued in this paper that leadership is crucial. A programme of research capacity building and its outcomes in a health social work department is described, identifying key principles guiding its establishment and tasks undertaken...
August 25, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771089/cardiovascular-risk-screening-for-individuals-with-serious-mental-illness
#14
Denise R Black, Mary L Held
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a significant health risk for individuals with serious mental illness (SMI). Screening for CVD risk factors is a key strategy to reduce this health disparity. This study examined medical, lifestyle, and access predictors for comprehensive screening. Data on 1036 adults were analyzed from the 2015 National Health Interview Survey. Multivariate multinomial logistic regression was used to examine factors associated with individuals with SMI receiving CVD risk screening in the past 12 months...
August 3, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762891/coping-strategies-used-by-parents-of-children-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-cross-sectional-study-of-palestinians-and-israelis
#15
Wedad Masalha, Gail Auslander
This study examined the use and helpfulness of coping strategies and patterns among parents of children with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Participants were 122 Arab-Israeli, Jewish-Israeli, and Palestinian parents of 65 children with TBI following their discharge from pediatric rehabilitation hospital. Family-focused strategies were highly prevalent and most helpful among both mothers and fathers. Jewish mothers reported that support coping pattern (but not medical or family) was more helpful than did Arab-Israeli and Palestinian mothers...
August 1, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762884/the-effect-of-advocacy-for-overcoming-stigma-on-posttraumatic-growth-focusing-on-childhood-cancer-survivors
#16
Hee Jung Yi, Seok In Nam
The aim of this study was to investigate both strategies for coping with stigma and the effects of participating in advocacy. The participants were childhood cancer survivors who had been diagnosed before the age of 18 years who had completed treatment. An embedded-design mixed-methods approach was used with 30 interview scripts, and 145 survey results were collected. Coping strategies for the stigma of cancer were "secrecy, avoid stereotypes, and discrimination" and "disclosure of medical history." Participation in advocacy confirmed self-worth, helped in achievement, and promoted social skills...
August 1, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594601/a-parenting-education-program-for-women-in-treatment-for-opioid-use-disorder-at-an-outpatient-medical-practice
#17
Linda S Kahn, Whitney E Mendel, Kyla L Fallin, Elizabeth A Borngraber, Thomas H Nochajski, William E Rea, Richard D Blondell
Opioid use during pregnancy poses serious risks for the mother and the unborn child. Opioid-use disorder may be managed with medication-assisted treatment (MAT) in an outpatient setting, but few MAT practices specifically address the challenges faced by pregnant women. This article describes a medical office-based educational support group for women in MAT for opioid-use disorder who were pregnant and/or parenting young children. Focus groups were conducted to elicit patient feedback. Women indicated that they found the educational support groups beneficial and offered suggestions...
August 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594600/psychosocial-and-environmental-factors-in-the-prognosis-of-individuals-with-chronic-pain-and-comorbid-mental-health
#18
Valerie Hruschak, Gerald Cochran
Chronic pain has considerable medical, social, and economic implications as its high prevalence rate and negative societal burden provides justification that it is a major health issue. The value of understanding psychological, social, and environmental factors in chronic pain has become widely recognized and accepted as a biopsychosocial phenomenon in which the social work perspective offers a valuable lens. Through the critical application of systems theory and ecological perspective, accompanied with the diathesis stress model, this article examines psychosocial and environmental influences as being contributory factors in the prognosis of individuals with chronic pain and comorbid mental health disorders...
August 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506122/examining-transitions-from-youth-to-adult-services-for-young-persons-with-autism
#19
Mathew T Milen, David B Nicholas
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) presents pervasive challenges for individuals throughout their lifetime. Although some financial, community, and individual supports are available for children, there are fewer resources available for adults with ASD, their families, and/or caregivers. It is important to understand the multidimensional shifts associated with the transition from adolescence to adulthood for individuals with ASD. To better understand the transitional process, a qualitative study comprised 11 semi-structured interviews with individuals with ASD and their families...
August 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486059/mindfulness-and-meditation-as-an-adjunctive-treatment-for-adolescents-involved-in-the-juvenile-justice-system-is-repairing-the-brain-and-nervous-system-possible
#20
Drew E Winters, Emily Beerbower
Adolescents involved in the juvenile justice system are prone to more traumatic events than other adolescents, leaving them in danger of developmental difficulties. Trauma exposure is predictive of poor outcomes including mental and physical health issues as well as criminal activity. Current treatment approaches either have a nominal effect on recidivism rates or increase the likelihood of future criminal offenses. This article explores adolescent brain development, the unique difficulties that juvenile justice youth face, and mindfulness meditation as an adjunctive treatment to system-based treatment...
August 2017: Social Work in Health Care
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