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Social Work in Health Care

Alena Voseckova, Zuzana Truhlarova, Radka Janebová, Kamil Kuca
The ability to handle stress situations is essential to subjective well-being. The program "Life with diabetes" extends traditional educational approaches by a psycho-social level with emphasis on coping with the disease. It draws on the transtheoretical model of behavior change and Person-Centered Approach (PCA). Results confirm the effectiveness of group work. Values of the activation block have increased (subscales PE and A). An increase of values of positive psychological state was observed, along with a simultaneous decrease in nervousness, anxiety, depressive tendencies, and better compensation of diabetes...
November 15, 2016: Social Work in Health Care
Sara Tischler, Melissa Webster, Daniela Wittmann, Kathleen Wade
The future of hospital social work departments depends on their ability to demonstrate their effectiveness, efficiency, and consequently, their value to their host organizations. In order to demonstrate and enhance social work's contribution, research activities of various kinds must be encouraged. These include research consumption as well as production and utilization by clinicians, supervisors, managers, and administrators. The authors sought to develop a sustainable research environment in a large social work department of an academic health system...
November 7, 2016: Social Work in Health Care
Ga-Young Choi, Eun Koh, Sam Choi, Ji-Young Cho
This study examines the breast cancer screening behaviors of Korean American women focusing on their cultural beliefs and access to health care. A total of 111 Korean American women participated in the cross-sectional survey research. Korean American women who felt embarrassed about breast cancer screenings were less likely to have received clinical breast exams or mammograms. Implications to culturally competent social work practice in promoting their breast cancer screening behaviors are discussed.
October 25, 2016: Social Work in Health Care
Vijayan Pillai, Ya-Chien Wang, Arati Maleku
Globally, millions of people are affected by war and conflicts every year. However, women have increasingly suffered the greatest harm by war in more different ways than men. We conceptualize a reproductive rights approach toward examining the effects of war on women's reproductive health in developing countries. Given the rising concerns of exclusion to adequately address women's rights, sexual and gender-based violence, and post-conflict accountability, we specifically focus on the limitations of the Minimum Initial Service Package, a UN-sponsored reproductive health service program in conflict zones while offering a broad reproductive rights-based conceptual lens for examining reproductive health care services in war-torn areas...
October 18, 2016: Social Work in Health Care
Hannah Kia, Kinnon Ross MacKinnon, Melissa Marie Legge
Despite the emergence of research on microaggressions targeting lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer/questioning (LGBTQ) communities in recent years, there remains an insufficiency of theoretical literature in this area. In this article, we draw on the works of Michel Foucault to conceptualize the effects of microaggressive practices on LGBTQ people accessing health and other social services, and generate insight into strategies these groups use to resist these effects. We emphasize the need for social workers, particularly those in health care settings, to support these communities' ongoing attempts at challenging the effects of microaggression, and to this end, outline several implications of our analysis for social work practice...
September 27, 2016: Social Work in Health Care
Shauna P Acquavita, Sandra S Kauffman, Alexandra Talks, Kate Sherman
Pregnant women with substance use disorders face many obstacles, including obtaining evidence-based treatment and care. This article (1) briefly reviews the history of pregnant women in clinical trials and substance use disorders treatment research; (2) identifies current ethical issues facing researchers studying pregnant women with substance use disorders; (3) presents and describes an ethical framework to utilize; and (4) identifies future directions needed to develop appropriate research and treatment policies and practices...
September 27, 2016: Social Work in Health Care
Morgan Bunting, John G Cagle
Hospital social workers are often the fulcrum of communication between physicians, patients, and families especially when patients are facing life-threatening illness. This study aims to understand the impact of a brief training for hospital social workers. The training is designed to improve communication skills and self-efficacy, as well as lessen fears of death and dying. Repeated-measures tests were used to assess outcomes across three time points. Twenty-nine university-based hospital social workers participated...
September 23, 2016: Social Work in Health Care
Rainbow T H Ho, Cheuk Yan Sing, Venus P Y Wong
To examine the effectiveness of a body-mind-spirit (BMS) intervention program in improving the holistic well-being and work empowerment among helping professionals in continuous education. Forty-four helping professionals, who were in their first-year part-time postgraduate study, participated in the present study. All participants attended a 3-day BMS intervention program which emphasized a holistic approach to health and well-being. Ratings on their levels of physical distress, daily functioning, affect, spirituality, and psychological empowerment at work were compared before and immediately after the intervention...
November 2016: Social Work in Health Care
Michin Hong, Kyeongmo Kim, Banghwa Lee Casado
This study evaluated the psychometric properties of a Korean version of the Caregiver Self-Efficacy Scale (CSE-K). The sample included 145 Korean American caregivers. Confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) were conducted to examine the factor structure of the CSE-K. We tested convergent validity of the CSE-K by examining its relationships with caregiver depression and burden. Internal consistency reliability of the CSE-K was also tested. The initial model of CFA based upon the structure of the original CSE revealed the poor model fit; however, the revised model produced the excellent model fit...
November 2016: Social Work in Health Care
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November 2016: Social Work in Health Care
Janella Melius, Colin Cannonier
The 2009 California Health Interview Survey was used to examine effects of Hispanic immigrant parents' length of stay (less or more than 10 years) in the United States on the overweight and obesity outcomes among their children (N = 956, aged 6-11). The socio-ecological model of health was used to conceptualize health risk behaviors and associations with overweight/obesity outcomes among children. Weight (using body mass index) among children was influenced by parents' length of stay, country of origin, income, and urban/rural residence...
November 2016: Social Work in Health Care
Melissa Bird, Rachel L Wright, Caren J Frost
This article presents a critical synthesis of the social work empirical literature on women's health. In light of recent policy changes that directly affect women's health and social work, the authors conducted a literature review of recent publications (2010-2015) regarding social work and women's health nationally. Despite frequent accounts cited in the literature, there has been no comprehensive review of issues involving women's health and social work in the United States. The purpose of this review is to examine the current social work literature addressing women's health at the national (U...
October 2016: Social Work in Health Care
Nicole Dubus, Heather Howard
This article shares findings from an interprofessional symposium that took place in Boston in the spring of 2015. Educators and practitioners from various disciplines shared challenges, successes, and ideas on best interprofessional collaboration (IPC) and curricula development. The findings include the importance of patient-and-family-centered care, which includes the patient and his/her family in the decision-making process; increased education regarding IPC in universities and major hospitals; and educational opportunities within health care systems...
October 2016: Social Work in Health Care
Sean Lynch, Catherine Greeno, Judith Teich, Peter Delany
The Affordable Care Act (ACA) has profoundly restructured American health care. Numerous social work authors have commented on the importance of the ACA's reforms to social work practice, education, and research. This article summarizes the literature, adds relevant information, and makes recommendations for future actions. The policy, opinion, and peer-reviewed literatures were systematically reviewed. Sixty-three publications appeared between 2010 and 2015 are included. Five themes emerged, as follows: 1) the crucial provisions of the ACA, 2) the natural affinity of social work and the ACA reforms, 3) curricular adaptations needed to address changing workforce needs, 4) areas for continued social work advocacy, and 5) opportunities for high-impact social work research...
October 2016: Social Work in Health Care
David B Nicholas, Bernadette Dodd, Simon Urschel, Amber Young, Lori J West
Given the arduous course of heart transplantation and follow-up care, recipients and their families face complex challenges and stressors warranting supportive interventions. This study explored the impact of a family camp as an intervention of education and social support for pediatric transplant recipients and their families. A total of 49 individuals participated in this evaluation, including eight children and nine youth with heart transplants, five siblings, 19 parents, and 13 health care providers. Participants ranked and described the 3-day family camp experience...
October 2016: Social Work in Health Care
Micki Washburn, Patrick Bordnick, Albert Skip Rizzo
This study presents preliminary feasibility and acceptability data on the use of virtual patient (VP) simulations to develop brief assessment skills within an interdisciplinary care setting. Results support the acceptability of technology-enhanced simulations and offer preliminary evidence for an association between engagement in VP practice simulations and improvements in diagnostic accuracy and clinical interviewing skills. Recommendations and next steps for research on technology-enhanced simulations within social work are discussed...
October 2016: Social Work in Health Care
Alys-Marie Manguy, Lynette Joubert, Leah Bansemer
The objectives in this article are the exploration of demographic and service usage data gained through clinical data mining audit and suggesting recommendations for social work service delivery model and future research. The method is clinical data-mining audit of 100 sequentially sampled cases gathering quantitative demographic and service usage data. Descriptive analysis of file audit data raised interesting trends with potential to inform service delivery and usage; the key areas of the results included patient demographics, family involvement and impact, and child safety and risk issues...
September 2016: Social Work in Health Care
Andrew Mantulak, David B Nicholas
Advances in the surgical and immunological aspects of pediatric kidney transplantation have resulted in significant improvements in long-term outcome and survival rates. However, there continues to be a negative impact reported on overall family functioning despite the reported good health and quality of life for the transplanted child. This research utilizes a phenomenological approach to examine the lived experiences of seven mothers of children who had undergone kidney transplantation. Findings of the study illuminate that the experience of mothering in the context of pediatric kidney transplantation is reflected in (1) the significance of relationships to the experience of self; (2) the lived experience of time; and (3) opportunities for growth and personal development...
September 2016: Social Work in Health Care
Yok-Fong Paat, Christine Margaret Markham
Using data from the Relationship Dynamics and Social Life Study, this study examined the association of peer, family, attitudinal, aspirational, and attainment factors relevant to 820 young women's (aged 18-19) number of sexual partners. Overall, this study found that perceived peer norms and early onset of sexual initiation had a positive and statistically significant association with the respondents' number of lifetime sexual partners. While high school performance and college aspirations were inversely associated with the number of lifetime partners, their current level of educational attainment was not...
September 2016: Social Work in Health Care
Shanna K Kattari, N Eugene Walls, Stephanie Rachel Speer, Leonardo Kattari
Using a statewide survey of transgender and gender variant individuals (N = 417), this study examines the association between having a transgender-inclusive provider and three mental health concerns: current experience of depression, lifetime experience of anxiety disorder, and suicidality within the last year. Findings suggest that having a transgender-inclusive provider is associated with decreased rates of depression and suicidality, but not with lifetime experience of having anxiety. Implications for future research and education of providers are discussed...
September 2016: Social Work in Health Care
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