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Addictive Behaviors

Zsolt Horváth, Róbert Urbán
BACKGROUND: Excessive alcohol use may harm not only the individual drinker, but also the lives of their family members. The stress-strain-coping-support (SSCS) model emphasizes that the stress experienced by family members could lead to the development of various physical and psychological symptoms. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study is to examine the possible moderating and mediating role of coping on the relationship between stress and strain among family members seeking help due to a relative's alcohol misuse...
October 9, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
Vicki Osborne, Catherine W Striley, Sara J Nixon, Almut G Winterstein, Linda B Cottler
BACKGROUND: Non-medical use (NMU) of prescription opioids is a public health concern and sex differences in prevalence of NMU have been observed previously. Little is known about how youth are obtaining and using these drugs. While any regular use could be problematic, NMU is particularly concerning. More information is needed on NMU patterns among youth and how these patterns might differ by sex. METHODS: The National Monitoring of Adolescent Prescription Stimulants Study (N-MAPSS) recruited youth 10-18 years of age from 10 US metropolitan areas from 2008 to 2011 with a final sample of 11,048 youth...
October 9, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
Alexandra Butler, Karen A Patte, Mark A Ferro, Scott T Leatherdale
AIMS: The objective of the study was to examine if depression or anxiety was associated with youth cannabis use; and investigate whether flourishing moderates these associations. METHODS: Students (N = 8179) were recruited from 10 secondary schools (grade 9-12) in Ontario and British Columbia, Canada Self-report questionnaires were used to assess symptoms of depression [CESD-R-10], anxiety [GAD-7], flourishing [Deiner's Flourishing Scale] and cannabis consumption using measures that assess cannabis ever use and frequency of use...
October 8, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
Lucy R Nichols, Diana R Samek, Leanna McConnell
BACKGROUND: Studies have consistently shown that low constraint and high negative emotionality are associated with higher levels of alcohol use and greater alcohol related problems. Less research has examined associations between these traits and alcohol use disorder (AUD) from the first to second year of college, when alcohol use increases rapidly, or has evaluated gender differences in these associations. METHODS: The longitudinal College Experiences Study (N = 209, 60% female, 90% white) was used to detangle antecedent vs...
October 6, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
Marina Cosenza, Maria Ciccarelli, Giovanna Nigro
This study aimed to first investigate the role that general impairment in mentalization plays in gambling disorder and to analyze the interplay among mentalizing, impulsivity, and time perspective in adolescent gambling. Four hundred and ten late adolescents took part in the study. Participants were administered the South Oaks Gambling Screen Revised for Adolescents (SOGS-RA), the Reflective Functioning Questionnaire (RFQ-8), the Functional and Dysfunctional Impulsivity Scale (FDIS), and the 14-item Consideration of Future Consequences scale (CFC-14)...
October 6, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
JuHan Lee, Catherine W Striley, Carlo Custodero, Harold A Rocha, Ramzi G Salloum
Approximately 20% of high school students and 7% of middle school students in the United States used tobacco products in 2016. One factor that may contribute to tobacco use is pleasant sensations - typically characterized as physiological reinforcement such as a dopamine response, or as social reinforcement such as social acceptance. In the present study, the Wave 1 (2013-2014) of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study was analyzed to examine the influence of pleasant sensations at cigarette smoking initiation on current use of other tobacco products among adolescents...
October 6, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
Bradley M Trager, Kimberly A Mallett, Rob Turrisi, Nichole M Sell, Brittney A Hultgren
The present study used a prospective longitudinal design to examine whether willingness to experience negative alcohol-related consequences mediated the effects of personality on consequences (e.g., blacking out, getting into a fight, and regretted sex). Students (N = 2024) were assessed at three time points: fall semester of the students' first year in college (baseline), 6-months post-baseline, and one-year post-baseline. Personality constructs were assessed at baseline (i.e., impulsivity, sensation seeking, self-regulation), willingness to experience negative alcohol-related consequences was assessed at baseline and 6-months, and negative alcohol-related consequences were examined at baseline and one-year post-baseline...
October 5, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
Stephanie A Spohr, Melvin D Livingston, Faye S Taxman, Scott T Walters
INTRODUCTION: A person's social environment greatly affects the likelihood of substance use, which in turn affects risk for criminal behavior. This study examined how people's social environment early in probation contributed to later substance use and treatment outcome, both of which predict probation success. METHODS: Data were analyzed from a randomized controlled trial of substance-using probationers (N = 316). Moderation analyses assessed the relationship between social support near the start of probation and substance use and treatment initiation after 2 and 6 months...
October 1, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
Kathryn Wouk, Anna E Bauer, Nisha C Gottfredson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 29, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
Joshua B Grubbs, Heather Chapman, Kathrine A Shepherd
Individuals with gambling disorder (GD) report much higher rates of post-traumatic stress symptoms and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSS/D) than the general population, and individuals with both PTSS/D and GD often report much greater distress and impairment in daily life in comparison to individuals with GD alone (Grubbs, Chapman, Milner, Gutierrez, & Bradley, 2018). Despite these associations, little is known about the specific ways in which PTSS/D and GD might influence each other. To address this gap in research, the present work sought to examine how PTSD might be related to the expression and experience of gambling related cognitions...
September 28, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
Andrea M Stroup, Steven A Branstetter
Despite the associated negative health outcomes, waterpipe smoking remains a popular method of tobacco consumption, specifically in young adults. While there have been expanding efforts to decrease waterpipe use, there is a new, non-combustible waterpipe device on the market, the electronic waterpipe (e-waterpipe), that could serve as an alternative to traditional, combustible waterpipe smoking. There is currently no known literature evaluating the e-waterpipe including prevalence of use or its health risks...
September 27, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
Nisha C Gottfredson
Longitudinal studies enable researchers to distinguish within-person (i.e., time-varying) from between-person (i.e., time invariant) effects by using the person mean to model between-person effects and person-mean centering to model within-person effects using multilevel models (MLM). However, with some exceptions, the person mean tends to be based on a relatively small number of observations available for each participant in longitudinal studies. Unreliability inherent in person means generated with few observations results in downwardly biased between-person and cross-level interaction effect estimates...
September 26, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
Jennifer Fillo, Kimberly E Kamper-DeMarco, Whitney C Brown, Paul R Stasiewicz, Clara M Bradizza
Approximately 15% of US women currently smoke during pregnancy. An important step toward providing effective smoking cessation interventions during pregnancy is to identify individuals who are more likely to encounter difficulty quitting. Pregnant smokers frequently report smoking in response to intrapersonal factors (e.g., negative emotions), but successful cessation attempts can also be influenced by interpersonal factors (i.e., influence from close others). This study examined the association between emotion regulation difficulties, positive and negative social control (e...
September 26, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
Rachel L Tomko, Amanda K Gilmore, Kevin M Gray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
Jennifer L Maggs, Jeremy Staff, Megan E Patrick, Laura Wray-Lake
While it is not normative to initiate alcohol use prior to adolescence, substantial numbers of children do so. However, relatively little is known about the prevalence or predictors of alcohol initiation in childhood, compared to extensive research on adolescent initiation and alcohol use. The present study examines patterns and predictors of very early drinking initiation in childhood, focusing on child behavioral undercontrol and parent alcohol and drug use as time-varying risk factors across childhood, independent of sociodemographic background variables...
September 25, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
Veronica C Boland, Richard P Mattick, Mohammad Siahpush, Daniel Barker, Christopher M Doran, Kristy A Martire, Billie Bonevski, Hayden McRobbie, Ron Borland, Michael Farrell, Robert West, Ryan J Courtney
AIMS: To examine factors associated with Quitline and pharmacotherapy utilisation in low socioeconomic status (low-SES) smokers enrolled in a smoking cessation trial. METHODS: Baseline data was used from a large-scale smoking cessation randomised controlled trial (RCT). Logistic regression models were used to examine predictors of treatment utilisation prior to entering the RCT and perceived effectiveness of past and future use. RESULTS: A total of 1047 smokers consented and prior to enrolment 92% had previously tried to quit smoking, 86% had ever used quit support, 83% had used pharmacotherapy at least once and 38% had ever utilised Quitline...
September 25, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
Amanda G Wills, Christian Hopfer
In addition to the health hazards posed individually by cigarette smoking and obesity, the combination of these conditions poses a particular impairment to health. Genetic factors have been shown to influence both traits and, to understand the connection between these conditions, we examined both the observed and genetic relationship between adiposity (an electrical impedance measure of body mass index (BMI)) and cigarettes smoked per day (CPD) in a large sample of current, former, and never smokers in the United Kingdom...
September 25, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
Hai V Nguyen, Aziz Sheikh
INTRODUCTION: Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) from combustible tobacco products causes various diseases and makes quitting smoking more difficult. However, little is known about exposure of e-cigarette users to ETS from combustible tobacco products. This study aimed to investigate e-cigarette users' exposure to ETS from tobacco smokers. METHODS: The association between ETS exposure frequency and different types of smokers including e-cigarette users was examined using ordered logistic regression analysis and nationally representative survey data on 28,765 individuals who were interviewed in the Canadian Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs Surveys conducted during 2013 and 2015...
September 25, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
Katherine M Waye, Jonathan Goyer, Debra Dettor, Linda Mahoney, Elizabeth A Samuels, Jesse L Yedinak, Brandon D L Marshall
BACKGROUND: Rhode Island has the tenth highest rate of accidental drug overdose deaths in the United States. In response to this crisis, Anchor Recovery Center, a community-based peer recovery program, developed programs deploying certified Peer Recovery Specialists to emergency departments (AnchorED) and communities with high rates of accidental opioid overdoses (AnchorMORE). OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this paper is to describe AnchorED and AnchorMORE's activities and implementation process...
September 25, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
Lucy E Napper
Past cross-sectional research suggests that zero-tolerance messaging by parents of college students may be more effective than harm-reduction communication at reducing student alcohol risk. The current study employs longitudinal data to examine whether communication type interacts with student alcohol use to predict subsequent drinking outcomes. U.S. college students reported on their own exposure to zero-tolerance and harm-reduction maternal communication. Approximately seven months later, students completed measures of maternal alcohol approval and their own alcohol behaviors...
September 22, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
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