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Addictive Behaviors

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30537655/differences-in-perceptions-of-e-cigarettes-across-daily-and-non-daily-users
#1
REVIEW
Nubia A Mayorga, Lorra Garey, Michael J Zvolensky
OBJECTIVE: E-cigarette use has increased significantly over the past decade. Among the growing population of e-cigarette users, several pattern-based subgroups have emerged, including daily and non-daily users. Daily users are at greater risk for experiencing negative health consequences from use. Yet, little is understood about underlying e-cigarette processes that may be related to daily use relative to non-daily use. METHOD: The present study sought to investigate differences in three clinically-relevant e-cigarette processes, including perceived risks (including both absolute and comparable risks to combustible cigarettes), benefits, and innovation of e-cigarettes between daily and non-daily users...
December 5, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30530299/retail-price-and-availability-of-illicit-cannabis-in-canada
#2
Syed Mahamad, David Hammond
INTRODUCTION: This study sought to estimate the number of illicit retailers and the average price of cannabis in the largest municipality in each province and territory in Canada by obtaining information from retailers. METHODS: Online search engines were used to identify retailers in each municipality. The advertised prices for various volumes of the least expensive, most expensive, and most popular dry herb were determined using the retailer's website, Weedmaps, or Leafly...
December 4, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30530298/a-test-of-dopamine-hyper-and-hyposensitivity-in-alcohol-use
#3
Heather E Soder, Troy A Webber, Marina A Bornovalova, Jong Y Park, Geoffrey F Potts
Biases in outcome processing, mediated by the mesocortical dopaminergic (DA) system, may predict individual differences in the frequency and quantity of alcohol use. We tested the hypothesis that genetic markers associated with increased DA neurotransmission contribute to reduced neural sensitivity to costs and increased alcohol use in an undergraduate sample. We created a DA transmission score using five genetic markers related to DA transmission and assessed neural sensitivity to cost using the feedback-related negativity (FRN), an event-related potential implicated in neural outcome evaluation, on both passive evaluative and active decision-making tasks...
December 4, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30529994/effects-of-prevention-and-harm-reduction-interventions-on-gambling-behaviours-and-gambling-related-harm-an-umbrella-review
#4
REVIEW
Naoimh McMahon, Katie Thomson, Eileen Kaner, Clare Bambra
BACKGROUND: Harms related to gambling have been found not only to affect problem gamblers, but also to occur amongst low- and moderate-risk gamblers. This has resulted in calls for a public health approach to address a possible 'prevention paradox' in gambling related harm. The aim of this study was to evaluate the systematic review evidence base on the effects of prevention and harm reduction interventions on gambling behaviours, and gambling related harm. We also aimed to examine differential effects of interventions across socio-demographic groups...
December 2, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30529993/response-to-campbell-et-al-2018-health-risk-perceptions-and-reasons-for-use-of-tobacco-products-among-clients-in-addictions-treatment
#5
Sharon Cox, Caitlin Notley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30529995/psychometric-properties-of-a-chinese-version-of-the-brief-young-adult-alcohol-consequences-questionnaire-b-yaacq
#6
Meng Xuan Zhang, Ivan Jacob Agaloos Pesigan, Christopher W Kahler, Michael C W Yip, Shu Yu, Anise M S Wu
AIM: This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Brief Young Adult Alcohol Consequences Questionnaire (B-YAACQ). METHOD: In this study, 1616 Chinese university students (male = 58.66%; Mage  = 19.88) reporting past-year drinking experience voluntarily completed an anonymous questionnaire. Rasch analysis, reliability analysis, and linear modeling were performed to examine the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of B-YAACQ...
November 30, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30503953/age-of-first-use-current-marijuana-use-and-driving-after-use-among-canadian-high-school-students
#7
Sunday Azagba, Mark Asbridge
Early exposure to marijuana may have lasting effects into adulthood given that adolescence is a critical period during which most substance use is initiated. Recreational marijuana recently became legal in Canada, with a legal age of purchase set as either 18 or 19 years, depending on the province. Historically, the mean age of onset for marijuana use among youth occurs at a much younger age. The current study examined the association between age at first use of marijuana with current marijuana use patterns and driving after use among high school students...
November 28, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30537654/how-much-does-your-peer-group-really-drink-examining-the-relative-impact-of-overestimation-actual-group-drinking-and-perceived-campus-norms-on-university-students-heavy-alcohol-use
#8
Tara M Dumas, Jordan P Davis, Clayton Neighbors
INTRODUCTION: We had 3 aims for this study: (1) to explore the relative impact of perceived drinking group norms versus campus drinking norms on university students' heavy alcohol use, (2) to examine how students' overestimation of their drinking group norms predicts individual heavy alcohol use, while controlling for actual group drinking, and (3) to test if the interaction between overestimation and actual group drinking predicts increased student drinking. Further, we adopted a longitudinal design to tease apart within- and between-person effects in the aforementioned relationships...
November 27, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30529244/concurrent-treatment-of-substance-use-disorders-and-ptsd-using-prolonged-exposure-a-randomized-clinical-trial-in-military-veterans
#9
Sudie E Back, Therese Killeen, Christal L Badour, Julianne C Flanagan, Nicholas P Allan, Elizabeth Santa Ana, Brian Lozano, Kristina J Korte, Edna B Foa, Kathleen T Brady
OBJECTIVE: A substantial amount of individuals with substance use disorders (SUD) also meet criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Prolonged Exposure (PE) is an effective, evidence-based treatment for PTSD, but there is limited data on its use among individuals with current alcohol or drug use disorders. This study evaluated the efficacy of an integrated treatment that incorporates PE (Concurrent Treatment of PTSD and Substance Use Disorders Using Prolonged Exposure or COPE) among veterans...
November 27, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30522075/tobacco-and-cannabis-co-use-and-interrelatedness-among-adults
#10
Saima A Akbar, Rachel L Tomko, Claudia A Salazar, Lindsay M Squeglia, Erin A McClure
Cannabis and tobacco co-use is prevalent, but consensus regarding the reasons for co-use among adults and the degree of interrelatedness between these substances is lacking. Reasons for co-use have been explored with younger users, but little data exists for more experienced users with entrenched patterns of co-use. The goal of this study was to examine characteristics and patterns of cannabis-tobacco co-use among adults in the Southeastern United States (US), where there is a legal landscape of generally restrictive cannabis legislation coupled with more permissive tobacco control compared to other US regions...
November 27, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30513488/smoking-during-pregnancy-as-a-possible-risk-factor-for-pediatric-neoplasms-in-the-offspring-a-population-based-cohort-study
#11
Roy Kessous, Tamar Wainstock, Eyal Sheiner
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and future risk of childhood neoplasm risk. STUDY DESIGN: A population based cohort analysis comparing the risk for long-term childhood neoplasms in children born (1991-2014) to mothers that smoked during pregnancy vs. those that did not. Childhood neoplasms were pre-defined based on ICD-9 codes, as recorded in the hospital medical files. Children with congenital malformations and multiple gestations were excluded from the analysis...
November 27, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30508744/exclusive-versus-dual-use-of-tobacco-and-electronic-cigarettes-among-adolescents-in-poland-2010-2016
#12
Danielle M Smith, Michal Gawron, Lukasz Balwicki, Andrzej Sobczak, Monika Matynia, Maciej L Goniewicz
Globally, electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use among adolescents has increased, along with concerns about potential health implications from exclusive and concurrent tobacco and e-cigarette use (i.e., "dual use"). This study used data from a cross-sectional survey administered to 5708 students aged 15-19 in secondary and technical schools throughout two regions of Poland. Data from 2010-2011 (n = 1760); 2013-2014 (n = 1970) and 2015-2016 (n = 1978) were analyzed to assess changes in use of cigarettes and e-cigarettes from 2010-2016, and correlates of exclusive and dual use, daily use, and intensity of product use from 2013-2016...
November 26, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30503952/electronic-cigarette-use-after-the-adoption-of-a-tobacco-free-campus-policy
#13
Karla Llanes, José Alonso Cabriales, Nora Hernandez, Theodore V Cooper
Electronic (e)-cigarette use has increased markedly across groups in the past few years. For this reason, risk factors associated with e-cigarette use warrant further research. This study presents secondary data analyses on e-cigarette use from a large cross-sectional database assessing attitudes toward a tobacco-free campus (TFC) policy prior to policy implementation (n = 1188), one-month post policy (n = 1442), and one-year post policy(n = 1125). Students from a U.S. university located on the border with Mexico (Mage  = 25...
November 26, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30503951/gambling-related-cognitive-distortions-mediate-the-relationship-between-depression-and-disordered-gambling-severity
#14
Magdalen G Schluter, Hyoun S Kim, Julia C Poole, David C Hodgins, Daniel S McGrath, Keith S Dobson, Hermano Taveres
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Symptoms of depression are highly prevalent among individuals with gambling disorder, and severity of depression is associated with severity of gambling problem. Yet, little is known about the psychological mechanisms by which symptoms of depression lead to greater gambling severity. In this study, we tested whether cognitive distortions represent one such mechanism, as cognitive distortions are key characteristics in both depression and gambling disorder and have been shown to be associated with gambling severity...
November 26, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30502741/alcohol-related-attentional-bias-in-a-gaze-contingency-task-comparing-appetitive-and-non-appetitive-cues
#15
Adam Qureshi, Rebecca L Monk, Charlotte R Pennington, Thomas D W Wilcockson, Derek Heim
BACKGROUND: Non-problem drinkers attend automatically to alcohol-related cues compared to non-alcohol related cues on tests of inhibitory control. Moreover, attentional bias for alcohol-related cues varies between problem and non-problem drinkers. AIM: To examine attentional bias towards alcoholic and non-alcoholic appetitive cues between problem and non-problem drinkers. METHOD: Forty-one university students (9 male, 32 female; Mage = 21...
November 24, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30522076/investigating-associations-between-caffeinated-beverage-consumption-and-later-alcohol-consumption-among-early-adolescents
#16
Naomi R Marmorstein
Previous research has demonstrated that caffeinated beverage consumption predicts alcohol consumption among early adolescents. This study aimed to investigate this association in two ways: (1) by examining if this association remained significant once other established risk factors for alcohol were adjusted for statistically; and (2) by considering three possible moderators of this association: gender, sensation-seeking, and parental monitoring. Data from the Camden Youth Development Study, a longitudinal, community-based study of middle-school students, were used...
November 23, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30508743/dimensions-of-impulsive-behavior-predicting-contingency-management-treatment-outcomes-for-adolescent-smokers
#17
Arit M Harvanko, Justin C Strickland, Stacey A Slone, Brent J Shelton, Brady A Reynolds
BACKGROUND: Behavioral measures of impulsive behavior include the dimensions of behavioral disinhibition, decision-making, and lapses of attention. These behaviors are associated with a range of risky activities during adolescence, including cigarette smoking; however, few studies have evaluated their associations with tobacco treatment outcomes. The current study examined the relationship between impulsive behavior and contingency management treatment outcomes for adolescent smokers...
November 23, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30502928/quantifying-the-impact-of-partial-measurement-invariance-in-diagnostic-research-an-application-to-addiction-research
#18
Mark H C Lai, George B Richardson, Hio Wa Mak
Establishing measurement invariance, or that an instrument measures the same construct(s) in the same way across subgroups of respondents, is crucial in efforts to validate social and behavioral instruments. Although substantial previous research has focused on detecting the presence of noninvariance, less attention has been devoted to its practical significance and even less has been paid to its possible impact on diagnostic accuracy. In this article, we draw additional attention to the importance of measurement invariance and advance diagnostic research by introducing a novel approach for quantifying the impact of noninvariance with binary items (e...
November 22, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30476896/perceived-addiction-to-smoking-and-associations-with-motivation-to-stop-quit-attempts-and-quitting-success-a-prospective-study-of-english-smokers
#19
Olga Perski, Natalie Herd, Robert West, Jamie Brown
AIMS: Some argue that perceived addiction to smoking (PAS) might undermine motivation to stop. We examined the association of PAS with motivation to stop in a population sample and assessed its association with past and future quit attempts and future quit success. METHOD: 12,700 smokers in England were surveyed between September 2009-March 2012 as part of the Smoking Toolkit Study. 2796 smokers were followed up after 6 months. PAS was assessed at baseline by a single self-report item...
November 22, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30538054/developmental-considerations-in-survival-models-as-applied-to-substance-use-research
#20
Kristina M Jackson, Tim Janssen
Survival analysis is a class of models that are ideal for evaluating questions of timing of events, which makes them well-suited for modeling the development of a process such as initiation of substance use, development of addiction, or post-treatment recovery. The focus of this review paper is to demonstrate how survival models operate in a broader developmental framework and to offer guidance on selecting the appropriate model on the basis of the research question at hand. We provide a basic overview of survival models and then identify several key issues, explain how they pertain to research in the addiction field, and describe studies that utilize survival models to address questions about timing...
November 20, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
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