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Addictive Behaviors

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728040/measures-and-predictors-of-varenicline-adherence-in-the-treatment-of-nicotine-dependence
#1
Annie R Peng, Mark Morales, E Paul Wileyto, Larry W Hawk, Paul Cinciripini, Tony P George, Neal L Benowitz, Nicole L Nollen, Caryn Lerman, Rachel F Tyndale, Robert Schnoll
INTRODUCTION: While adherence to medication in smoking cessation clinical trials is strongly associated with clinical outcome, very few studies have evaluated the validity of pill count as a measure of adherence relative to a biological assay, and evaluated a broad range of correlates of adherence. METHODS: In a smoking cessation clinical trial of varenicline, we compared pill counts collected over 4 different time periods to varenicline salivary levels taken after 2weeks of treatment, as well as evaluated predictors of adherence to varenicline...
July 12, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720303/internet-gaming-disorder-a-sign-of-the-times-or-time-for-our-attention
#2
Kyle A Faust, Judith J Prochaska
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 11, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728038/predictors-of-smoking-cessation-group-treatment-engagement-among-veterans-with-serious-mental-illness
#3
Letitia E Travaglini, Lan Li, Clayton H Brown, Melanie E Bennett
High prevalence rates of tobacco use, particularly cigarettes, pose a serious health threat for individuals with serious mental illness (SMI), and research has demonstrated the effectiveness of pharmacotherapy and psychosocial interventions to reduce tobacco use in this group. However, few studies have considered predictors of tobacco cessation treatment engagement among individuals with SMI. The current study examined predictors of engagement in smoking cessation groups among veterans with SMI engaged in mental health services at three VA medical centers...
July 10, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711748/do-personality-traits-related-to-affect-regulation-predict-other-tobacco-product-use-among-young-adult-non-daily-smokers
#4
Kristin Brikmanis, Angela Petersen, Neal Doran
INTRODUCTION: Understanding factors that influence non-cigarette tobacco use is important given these products' prevalence and health risks. The goal of this study was to test the hypothesis that personality traits related to affect regulation would be associated with greater frequency of other tobacco product (OTP) use in a sample of young adult non-daily smokers. METHODS: Participants (n=518, 51% male) aged 18-24 were non-daily cigarette smokers recruited from the community for a longitudinal study of tobacco use...
July 10, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715699/gambling-and-negative-life-events-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-uk-men
#5
Amanda Roberts, Stephen Sharman, Jeremy Coid, Raegan Murphy, Henrietta Bowden-Jones, Sean Cowlishaw, Jason Landon
INTRODUCTION: The links between gambling problems, trauma and life stressors are known to exist but understanding the extent of these relationships will allow for greater efficacy in early intervention and treatment. We investigated these relationships among men and sought to determine whether links were attenuated by alcohol and drug use problems. METHODS: A cross-sectional UK representative general population survey was conducted in 2009 with 3025 men aged 18-64years...
July 9, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711747/hookah-use-among-adolescents-differential-cognitions-about-hookah-and-cigarettes
#6
Tracey E Barnett, Melvin D Livingston
Background Hookah use is prevalent among adolescent and young adult populations. The study assessed how positive cognitions toward cigarettes moderate the impact of positive hookah cognitions on past 30day hookah use among a representative sample of youth. Understanding cognitions about products can contribute to effective interventions. Methods Data from the 2015 Florida Youth Tobacco Survey was used to determine cognitions and use patterns among high school students. Weighted means and proportions were used for demographic comparisons for cognitions about products...
July 9, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711746/problematic-internet-users-skin-conductance-and-anxiety-increase-after-exposure-to-the-internet
#7
Michela Romano, Alessandra Roaro, Federica Re, Lisa A Osborne, Roberto Truzoli, Phil Reed
INTRODUCTION: To examine the impact of cessation of an internet session on skin conductance responses and anxiety of higher and lower problem internet users, in order to explore possible physiological withdrawal effects. METHOD: Participants were measured in terms of their skin conductance before (15min), during (15min), and after (15min) an internet session, and completed self-report measures of state anxiety and problematic internet use. RESULTS: Higher, but not lower, problem users showed increased skin conductance after internet use was stopped, relative to before their internet session...
July 9, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728039/cognitive-restructuring-of-gambling-related-thoughts-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Maxime Chrétien, Isabelle Giroux, Annie Goulet, Christian Jacques, Stéphane Bouchard
Gamblers' thoughts have a fundamental influence on their gambling problem. Cognitive restructuring is the intervention of choice to correct those thoughts. However, certain difficulties are noted in the application of cognitive restructuring techniques and the comprehension of their guidelines. Furthermore, the increase of skill game players (e.g. poker) entering treatment creates a challenge for therapists, as these gamblers present with different thoughts than those of the gamblers usually encountered in treatment (e...
July 8, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692954/process-variables-predicting-changes-in-adolescent-alcohol-consumption-and-mental-health-symptoms-following-personality-targeted-interventions
#9
Maeve O'Leary-Barrett, Robert O Pihl, Patricia J Conrod
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to identify key process variables that are associated with changes in alcohol consumption and mental health symptoms over 12months following personality-targeted interventions in youth. METHOD: 154 high-risk youth (aged 12-13years) in 7 Montreal high schools were identified using the Substance Use Risk Profile Scale and participated in personality-matched interventions. Preliminary process variables were identified using a combination of psychotherapy process variables and youth-generated (qualitative) feedback immediately post-intervention...
July 4, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704711/insomnia-moderates-the-association-between-alcohol-use-and-consequences-among-young-adult-veterans
#10
Mary Beth Miller, Angelo M DiBello, Kate B Carey, Eric R Pedersen
OBJECTIVE: Symptoms of insomnia and heavy alcohol use tend to co-occur among military and veteran samples. The current study examined insomnia as a moderator of the association between alcohol use and related consequences among young adult veterans in an effort to extend and replicate findings observed in samples of civilian young adults. METHOD: Young adult veterans (N=622; 83% male; age M=29.0, SD=3.4) reporting alcohol use in the past year completed measures of insomnia severity, alcohol use, and alcohol-related consequences as part of a larger intervention trial...
July 1, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692952/translation-and-psychometric-properties-of-a-spanish-version-of-the-college-alcohol-problems-scale
#11
Brian E McCabe, Ernesto R Escoto, Luis G Cruz-Ortega, Derby Munoz-Rojas, Karina Gattamorta
Hispanic and Spanish-speaking college students are under-represented in alcohol intervention and prevention research. There is a need for brief, empirically validated Spanish versions of measures related to alcohol use and consequences. The objective of this study was to translate the 8-item College Alcohol Problems Scale (CAPS) into Spanish and evaluate the psychometric properties of this measure compared to the original English. Bilingual experts in interventions for Hispanic college students and youth used a translation back-translation process...
July 1, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715698/acculturative-stress-as-a-moderator-of-the-effect-of-drinking-motives-on-alcohol-use-and-problems-among-young-adults
#12
Bridgid Mariko Conn, Kida Ejesi, Dawn W Foster
BACKGROUND: Research has demonstrated a strong relationship between drinking motives and alcohol use among young adult populations. Further, there is substantial evidence of the association between psychosocial stressors and greater alcohol consumption. In the present study, we examined whether acculturative stress would moderate the relationship between major drinking motives and alcohol use behaviors and alcohol-related problems, and whether this relationship differs by racial/ethnic group...
June 30, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711745/child-maltreatment-and-age-of-alcohol-and-marijuana-initiation-in-high-risk-youth
#13
Laura J Proctor, Terri Lewis, Scott Roesch, Richard Thompson, Alan J Litrownik, Diana English, Amelia M Arria, Patricia Isbell, Howard Dubowitz
INTRODUCTION: Youth with a history of child maltreatment use substances and develop substance use disorders at rates above national averages. Thus far, no research has examined pathways from maltreatment to age of substance use initiation for maltreated youth. We examined the longitudinal impact of maltreatment in early childhood on age of alcohol and marijuana use initiation, and whether internalizing and externalizing behaviors at age 8 mediates the link between maltreatment and age of substance use initiation...
June 30, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692953/motivations-for-reducing-alcohol-consumption-an-international-survey-exploring-experiences-that-may-lead-to-a-change-in-drinking-habits
#14
Emma L Davies, Dominic Conroy, Adam R Winstock, Jason Ferris
AIMS: Brief interventions delivered by doctors and other healthcare practitioners might be meaningfully enhanced by understanding what individual experiences might lead patients to cut down. The aim of the current paper was to explore the experiences that might lead people to reduce their alcohol consumption and to compare these findings between respondents from 21 different countries. METHODS: Global Drug Survey is an online cross sectional, opportunistic anonymous survey...
June 30, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683343/impact-of-the-spanish-smoking-laws-on-tobacco-consumption-and-secondhand-smoke-exposure-a-longitudinal-population-study
#15
Cristina Lidón-Moyano, Marcela Fu, Montse Ballbè, Juan Carlos Martín-Sánchez, Nuria Matilla-Santander, Cristina Martínez, Esteve Fernández, Jose M Martínez-Sánchez
BACKGROUND: In Spain, two smoke-free laws have been passed after the approval of the WHO-FCTC. This study assesses the impact of these Spanish smoking legislations on the active and passive smoking through a population cohort in Barcelona (Spain). METHODS: This is a longitudinal study before and after the implementation of two national smoking bans in Spain in a representative sample (n=1245) of adults (≥16years old) from Barcelona (Spain) surveyed in 2004-2005 and followed-up in 2013-2014...
June 28, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666154/respiratory-problems-and-anxiety-sensitivity-in-smoking-lapse-among-treatment-seeking-smokers
#16
Michael J Zvolensky, Rubén Rodríguez-Cano, Daniel J Paulus, Roman Kotov, Evelyn Bromet, Adam Gonzalez, Kara Manning, Benjamin J Luft
PURPOSE: The current study examined whether the interaction of lower respiratory symptoms and anxiety sensitivity is related to smoking lapse in the context of smoking cessation. METHOD: Participants were adult daily smokers (N=60) exposed to the World Trade Center (WTC) disaster who were in a smoking cessation treatment program (75.0% male, 50.6years old [SD=9.2], and current smoking rate was 17.6 cigarettes per day (SD=10.6). RESULTS: Results indicated that the interaction between lower respiratory symptoms and anxiety sensitivity was a significant predictor of greater risk for lapse (i...
June 23, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662437/parental-monitoring-protects-against-the-effects-of-parent-and-adolescent-depressed-mood-on-adolescent-drinking
#17
Lourah M Kelly, Sara J Becker, Anthony Spirito
OBJECTIVE: Parental monitoring is a well-established protective factor for adolescent drinking. This study examined whether parental monitoring protected against three common risk factors for alcohol use in a sample of high-risk adolescents: parental depressed mood, adolescent depressed mood, and parental alcohol use. METHODS: Participants included 117 adolescents (mean age=15.5; 52% female) who presented to the hospital emergency department due to an alcohol-related event and their primary parent/guardian...
June 21, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662435/comparison-of-internet-and-mailing-methods-to-recruit-couples-into-research-on-unaided-smoking-cessation
#18
Jaye L Derrick, Rebecca K Eliseo-Arras, Courtney Hanny, Maggie Britton, Sana Haddad
In smoking cessation studies with restrictive criteria (e.g., single-smoker couples), thousands of potential participants might need to be screened to obtain a reasonable sample size. Consideration of recruitment methodology is critical because recruitment methods influence both the success and cost effectiveness of recruitment. Although traditional recruitment methods are often used to recruit participants into smoking cessation research, newer technologies, such as paid Facebook advertising, might offer more cost-effective alternatives for recruitment...
June 21, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654824/visceral-sensitivity-anxiety-and-smoking-among-treatment-seeking-smokers
#19
Michael J Zvolensky, Jafar Bakhshaie, Peter J Norton, Jasper A J Smits, Julia D Buckner, Lorra Garey, Kara Manning
It is widely recognized that smoking is related to abdominal pain and discomfort, as well as gastrointestinal disorders. Research has shown that visceral sensitivity, experiencing anxiety around gastrointestinal sensations, is associated with poorer gastrointestinal health and related health outcomes. Visceral sensitivity also increases anxiety symptoms and mediates the relation with other risk factors, including gastrointestinal distress. No work to date, however, has evaluated visceral sensitivity in the context of smoking despite the strong association between smoking and poor physical and mental health...
June 20, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648992/the-association-between-indoor-smoke-free-home-rules-and-the-use-of-cigar-and-smokeless-tobacco-a-longitudinal-study
#20
Xiao Zhang
INTRODUCTION: The existence of an indoor smoke-free home rule is associated with lower use of cigar and smokeless tobacco. This study aims to use a longitudinal sample to examine the association between smoke-free home rules and the cessation and uptake of these two types of tobacco products. METHOD: The Tobacco Use Supplement of the Current Population Survey surveyed 28,153 adults in May 2010 and then followed them up 12months later. Data from these two surveys and multiple logistic regressions were used to examine the association between overtime smoke-free home rule status and the use of cigar and smokeless tobacco...
June 20, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
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