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Addictive Behaviors

Breanne Hobden, Jamie Bryant, Mariko Carey, Rob Sanson-Fisher, Christopher Oldmeadow
OBJECTIVE: Both computerised and telephone surveys have potential advantages for research data collection. The current study aimed to determine the: (i) feasibility, (ii) acceptability, and (iii) cost per completed survey of computer tablet versus telephone data collection for clients attending an outpatient drug and alcohol treatment clinic. DESIGN: Two-arm randomised controlled trial. METHOD: Clients attending a drug and alcohol outpatient clinic in New South Wales, Australia, were randomised to complete a baseline survey via computer tablet in the clinic or via telephone interview within two weeks of their appointment...
March 10, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
Beniamino Leone, Marco Di Nicola, Lorenzo Moccia, Mauro Pettorruso, Luisa De Risio, Giuseppe Nucara, Lorenzo Zamboni, Antonino Callea, Luigi Janiri, Mauro Cibin, Fabio Lugoboni
AIMS: Gender and psychiatric comorbidity seem to influence patients' inter-individual response to Opioid Substitution Treatments (OST) in Opioid Use Disorder (OUD) management. The aim of the study was to assess psychopathological dimensions in an Italian sample of OUD individuals entering a methadone/buprenorphine maintenance program; secondary, we evaluated the possible gender-specific differences within the psychopathological profiles. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, we recruited 1052 (792 male; 260 female) OUD subjects receiving OST...
March 10, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
Elizabeth Brooks, Doris C Gundersen, Erin Flynn, Ashley Brooks-Russell, Sheana Bull
INTRODUCTION: Passage of voter-driven marijuana reform laws signals a shift in public attitudes for marijuana use. For providers, legalization may necessitate practice modifications, particularly regarding patient-provider conversations about use and risk. We examined healthcare providers' knowledge of marijuana laws and health implications, professional practice behaviors, and attitudes about training. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We surveyed 114 Colorado-based providers who care for children, adolescents, pregnant and breastfeeding women using a Venue-Day-Time survey methodology throughout Colorado...
March 10, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
Corry D Bondi, Clinton P Kassi, Erica L Loadman, Khalid M Kamal, Vincent J Giannetti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
Jermaine D Jones, Aimee Campbell, Verena E Metz, Sandra D Comer
INTRODUCTION: Some fear that distribution of naloxone to persons at risk of experiencing an opioid overdose may reduce the perceived negative consequences of drug use, leading to riskier patterns of use. This study assessed whether participation in naloxone/overdose training altered drug use frequency, quantity or severity among heroin users in and out of treatment. METHODS: Clinical interviews were performed assessing patterns of heroin and other drug use prior to, and at multiple timepoints after overdose education and naloxone training...
March 9, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
Alexis C Edwards, Sara L Lönn, Katherine J Karriker-Jaffe, Jan Sundquist, Kenneth S Kendler, Kristina Sundquist
BACKGROUND: Previous studies indicate that parental externalizing behavior (EB) is a robust risk factor for alcohol use disorder (AUD) in their children, and that this is due to both inherited genetic liability and environmental exposure. However, it remains unclear whether the effects of exposure to parental EB vary as a function of timing and/or chronicity. METHODS: We identified biological parents with an alcohol use disorder, drug abuse, or criminal behavior, during different periods of their child's upbringing, using Swedish national registries...
March 8, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
Trevor Steward, Gemma Mestre-Bach, Fernando Fernández-Aranda, Roser Granero, José C Perales, Juan Francisco Navas, Carles Soriano-Mas, Marta Baño, Jose A Fernández-Formoso, Virginia Martín-Romera, José M Menchón, Susana Jiménez-Murcia
BACKGROUND: Impulsivity is understood to be a multidimensional construct involving aspects such as impulsive choice and impulsive traits. Delay discounting, the tendency to place greater value in immediate rewards over larger, long-term rewards, has been associated with maladaptive choices in gambling disorder (GD). Delay discounting is known to evolve with age; though no study to date has evaluated the interactions between impulsivity, GD severity and age in treatment-seeking patients...
March 6, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
Vahid Khosravani, Farangis Sharifi Bastan, Fatemeh Ghorbani, Zoleikha Kamali
The aim of this study was to assess the mediating effects of difficulties in emotion regulation (DER) on the relations of negative and positive affects to craving in alcoholic patients. 205 treatment-seeking alcoholic outpatients were included. DER, positive and negative affects as well as craving were evaluated by the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS), the Positive/Negative Affect Scales, and the Obsessive Compulsive Drinking Scale (OCDS) respectively. Clinical factors including depression and severity of alcohol dependence were investigated by the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) and the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) respectively...
March 2, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
Jeroen Lammers, Ferry Goossens, Patricia Conrod, Rutger Engels, Reinout W Wiers, Marloes Kleinjan
AIM: To explore whether specific groups of adolescents (i.e., scoring high on personality risk traits, having a lower education level, or being male) benefit more from the Preventure intervention with regard to curbing their drinking behaviour. DESIGN: A clustered randomized controlled trial, with participants randomly assigned to a 2-session coping skills intervention or a control no-intervention condition. SETTING: Fifteen secondary schools throughout The Netherlands; 7 schools in the intervention and 8 schools in the control condition...
February 28, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
Nicolas Droste, Amy Peacock, Raimondo Bruno, Amy Pennay, Lucy Zinkiewicz, Dan I Lubman, Peter Miller
BACKGROUND: Negative physiological stimulation and sedation side effects are experienced by a significant proportion of consumers who consume alcohol mixed with energy drinks (AmED). Few studies have compared the frequency of side effects between sessions of AmED and sessions of alcohol only within-subject, and none have explored a dose relationship. OBJECTIVES: Explore the occurrence of self-reported physiological stimulant and sedative side effects between sessions of AmED and alcohol only, and at varying ED dosage levels within AmED sessions...
February 28, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
Randi M Schuster, Corinne Cather, Gladys N Pachas, Haiyue Zhang, Kristina M Cieslak, Susanne S Hoeppner, David Schoenfeld, A Eden Evins
BACKGROUND: The estimated mortality gap between those with and without serious mental illness (SMI) is increasing, now estimated at 28years, which is largely due to smoking-related diseases. AIMS: We sought to identify predictors of 14-day continuous abstinence in stable outpatient smokers with SMI. METHOD: Adult smokers with schizophrenia spectrum (n=130) or bipolar disorder (n=23) were enrolled in a 12-week course of varenicline and cognitive-behavioral therapy for smoking cessation...
February 24, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
Evangelia Argyriou, Christopher B Davison, Tayla T C Lee
Previous research has demonstrated that Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) has multiple negative effects in psychological functioning and health. This makes the identification of its underpinnings, such as response inhibition, essential for the development of relevant interventions that target these core features of the disorder resulting in more effective treatment. Several empirical studies have evaluated the relationship between response inhibition deficits and IGD using neurocognitive tasks, but provided mixed results...
February 24, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
Jennifer K Bernat, Rebecca A Ferrer, Katherine A Margolis, Kelly D Blake
INTRODUCTION: Harm perceptions about tobacco products may influence initiation, continued use, and cessation efforts. We assessed associations between adult traditional tobacco product use and absolute harm perceptions of traditional and alternative tobacco products. We also described the topics individuals looked for during their last search for information, their beliefs about chemicals in cigarettes/cigarette smoke, and how both relate to harm perceptions. METHODS: We ran multivariable models with jackknife replicate weights to analyze data from the 2015 administration of the National Cancer Institute's Health Information National Trends Survey (N=3376)...
February 24, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
Yiqi Zhang, Changxu Wu, Jingyan Wan
OBJECTS: To date, multiple models have been developed to estimate blood or breath alcohol concentration (BAC/BrAC). Several factors have been identified that affect the discrepancy between BACs/BrACs and retrospective estimation (eBAC) with existing equations. To the best of our knowledge, a model to quantify the effects of factors on the discrepancy between BAC/BrAC and eBAC is still nonexistent. The goal of this work was to develop a model to provide a more accurate retrospective estimation of breath alcohol concentration (eBAC)...
February 17, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
Amy L Copeland, MacKenzie R Peltier, Krystal Waldo
Recent data demonstrates that the use of e-cigarettes is growing, especially among college students and young adults. This trend is increasingly problematic, as many of these individuals report never using traditional tobacco cigarettes, but nevertheless are using e-cigarettes. The present study sought to develop the Risks and Benefits of E-cigarettes (RABE) questionnaire to assess the perceptions about e-cigarette use among college students. College students (N=734) completed the RABE via online survey. Principal components analysis yielded two reliable scales representing perceptions about e-cigarette use...
February 17, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
Daniela Becker, Nils B Jostmann, Rob W Holland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
Naomi Kakoschke, Eva Kemps, Marika Tiggemann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
Yifrah Kaminer, Christine McCauley Ohannessian, Rebecca H Burke
OBJECTIVE: Treatment response as measured by both retention and abstinence attainment rates for adolescents with cannabis use disorders (CUD) has been unsatisfactory. This study tested the hypothesis that adaptive treatment (AT) will improve outcomes for poor responders (PR) to evidence-based practice interventions. METHOD: A total of 161 adolescents, 13-18years of age, diagnosed with DSM-IV CUD, enrolled in this outpatient, randomized, AT study. Following a 7-session weekly motivational enhancement and cognitive behavioral therapy intervention (MET/CBT-7) only poor responders (defined as failing to achieve abstinence at week seven for any reason) were randomized into a 10-week AT phase of either an individualized enhanced CBT or an Adolescent Community Reinforcement Approach (ACRA) intervention...
February 16, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
V Dale, N Heather, S Adamson, S Coulton, A Copello, C Godfrey, R Hodgson, J Orford, D Raistrick, G Tober
AIMS: To explore client characteristics that predict drinking outcomes using data from the UK Alcohol Treatment Trial (UKATT). METHODS: Multiple linear regression was used to determine if there were any characteristics, measured before the start of treatment, that could predict drinking outcomes at three and 12months, as measured by percent day abstinent (PDA) and drinks per drinking day (DDD) over the preceding 90days. RESULTS: Lower baseline DDD score and greater confidence to resist drinking predicted lower DDD at both three and twelve months following entry to treatment...
February 15, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
Irene Markman Geisner, Isaac C Rhew, Jason J Ramirez, Melissa E Lewis, Mary E Larimer, Christine M Lee
Alcohol expectancies are a central construct in understanding college student typical alcohol use. However, to our knowledge, there is no research addressing how alcohol expectancies for specific events (i.e. 21st birthday) are different from expectancies regarding typical drinking. We examine the extent to which 21st birthday alcohol expectancies differ from general alcohol expectancies and how 21st birthday expectancies are associated with actual alcohol use and consequences experienced on 21st birthdays, above and beyond expectancies for typical drinking...
February 13, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
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