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Addictive Behaviors

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822322/caffeine-s-influence-on-gambling-behavior-and-other-types-of-impulsivity
#1
Jon E Grant, Samuel R Chamberlain
BACKGROUND: Young adulthood is a developmental period frequently associated with occurrence of impulsive behaviors including gambling. It is estimated that 73% of children and 87% of adults in the United States regularly use caffeine. Questions remain, however, concerning the role of caffeine in the development and maintenance of impulsive behaviors such as gambling. METHODS: Sixty-one young adults with at least some degree of disordered gambling were recruited from two Mid-Western university communities in the United States using media advertisements...
August 12, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822321/neurostimulation-techniques-in-the-treatment-of-cocaine-dependence-a-review-of-the-literature
#2
REVIEW
Fady Rachid
OBJECTIVE: Cocaine use disorder is a very common condition that represents a substantial public health problem, and no effective pharmacological or psychological therapies have been identified to date. Urgent therapeutic alternatives are therefore needed such as neurostimulation techniques. The purpose of this review is to describe and discuss studies that have evaluated the safety and efficacy of these techniques for the treatment of cocaine dependence. METHODS: The electronic literature on repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation, theta-burst stimulation, deep transcranial magnetic stimulation, transcranial direct current stimulation, magnetic seizure therapy, electroconvulsive therapy, cranial electro-stimulation, and deep brain stimulation in the treatment of cocaine addiction were reviewed...
August 10, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820970/utility-of-the-comprehensive-marijuana-motives-questionnaire-among-medical-cannabis-patients
#3
Kipling M Bohnert, Erin E Bonar, J Todd Arnedt, Deirdre A Conroy, Maureen A Walton, Mark A Ilgen
BACKGROUND: Little is known about motives for cannabis use among the population of adults using cannabis medically. Therefore, we evaluated the performance of the 12 factor, 36-item Comprehensive Marijuana Motives Questionnaire (CMMQ) among a sample of medical cannabis patients. METHODS: Study participants were adults ages 21years or older with scheduled appointments to obtain new or renewed medical cannabis certification from clinics in one Midwestern state (n=1116)...
August 3, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802179/prevalence-of-population-smoking-cessation-by-electronic-cigarette-use-status-in-a-national-sample-of-recent-smokers
#4
Daniel P Giovenco, Cristine D Delnevo
INTRODUCTION: Amid decreasing rates of cigarette smoking and a rise in e-cigarette use, there is a need to understand population patterns of use to inform tobacco control efforts and evaluate whether e-cigarettes may play a role in tobacco harm reduction. METHODS: This study merged data from the 2014 and 2015 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) and restricted the sample to recent smokers [i.e., current smokers and former smokers who quit in 2010 or later (n=15,532)]...
August 3, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800496/goal-commitment-predicts-treatment-outcome-for-adolescents-with-alcohol-use-disorder
#5
Yifrah Kaminer, Christine McCauley Ohannessian, James R McKay, Rebecca H Burke, Kaitlin Flannery
OBJECTIVE: Commitment to change is an innovative potential mediator and mechanism of behavior change (MOBC) that has not been examined in adolescents with substance use disorders (SUD). The Adolescent Substance Abuse Goal Commitment (ASAGC) questionnaire is a reliable and valid 2-scale measure developed to assess the adolescent's commitment to either abstinence or harm reduction (HR) that includes consumption reduction as a stated treatment goal. The objective of this study was to examine the ASAGC's ability to predict alcohol use treatment outcome...
July 31, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780356/then-and-now-consumption-and-dependence-in-e-cigarette-users-who-formerly-smoked-cigarettes
#6
Matthew Browne, Daniel G Todd
Electronic cigarette use, or vaping, continues to be a focus for regulators and policy makers in public health, particularly since it can compete with or be a substitute for smoking. This study investigated characteristics of nicotine dependence and consumption in a sample of vapers who formerly smoked cigarettes. We recruited 436 (80% male) vapers from several internet discussion forums; 95% of whom previously smoked, but ceased after commencing vaping. These participants completed a retrospective version of the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND-R), as well as a version modified to suit current vaping (FTND-V), along with measures of consumption...
July 28, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779651/the-effect-of-e-cigarette-warning-labels-on-college-students-perception-of-e-cigarettes-and-intention-to-use-e-cigarettes
#7
Hsiao-Yun Lee, Hsien-Chang Lin, Dong-Chul Seo, David K Lohrmann
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effect of two e-cigarette warning labels on college students' perceived advantages and risks of e-cigarette use, as well as students' intentions to use e-cigarettes. The company-produced e-cigarette warning label carries abundant information with small font size while the governmental warning label has only two sentences presented in large font size. The effect of both labels have not yet been examined and verified. METHODS: Data were collected in October 2015 from college students at a Midwestern university...
July 28, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772247/explicit-drinking-identity-and-alcohol-problems-the-mediating-role-of-drinking-to-cope
#8
Angelo M DiBello, Mary Beth Miller, Chelsie M Young, Clayton Neighbors, Kristen P Lindgren
Drinking identity, or the tendency to view one's self as a drinker, is a unique predictor of alcohol use and related consequences among young adults; yet the mechanism by which it leads to alcohol problems is poorly understood. Based on self-presentation and self-verification perspectives, we examined drinking to cope as a mediator of the association between explicit drinking identity and alcohol-related problems among two samples of young adults. Study data come from two large, longitudinal studies. Participants from Sample 1 and Sample 2 included undergraduates (55% and 59% female, respectively) who reported drinking in the previous three months...
July 27, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777973/predicting-risky-sexual-behaviors-among-college-student-drinkers-as-a-function-of-event-level-drinking-motives-and-alcohol-use
#9
Tess M Kilwein, Alison Looby
BACKGROUND: Risky sexual behaviors (e.g., sex without protection against pregnancy or sexually transmitted infections, sexual coercion, sex with unknown partners) are common among college students. To effectively decrease these behaviors, it is necessary to further understand factors associated with their occurrence. Drinking motives are a known predictor of both alcohol use and alcohol-related consequences, which may theoretically include risky sex. This study aimed to understand how drinking motivation interacts with alcohol use to predict risky sexual behaviors among college student drinkers...
July 25, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772246/early-alcohol-use-with-parental-permission-psychosocial-characteristics-and-drinking-in-late-adolescence
#10
Craig R Colder, Kathleen Shyhalla, Seth E Frndak
The earliest experiences with alcohol for many children occur in the family context with parental supervision. The current study examined individual and sociocultural characteristics associated with early (prior to age 13years) sipping and tasting alcohol with parental permission in two longitudinal community samples. Early sipping/tasting was also tested as a predictor of frequency and quantity of alcohol use, and alcohol-related problems seven years later in late adolescence. Early sipping/tasting with parental permission was associated with a sociocultural context supportive of alcohol use (e...
July 25, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755764/a-response-to-the-commentary-by-storch-and-kay-gaps-in-knowledge-on-the-treatment-of-cannabis-users-with-ocd
#11
EDITORIAL
Alexander Spradlin, Dakota Mauzay, Carrie Cuttler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 24, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756940/developing-a-scale-of-domains-of-negative-consequences-of-chronic-heroin-use
#12
Tabitha E H Moses, Eric A Woodcock, Jamey J Lister, Leslie H Lundahl, Mark K Greenwald
BACKGROUND: Chronic use of heroin typically leads to numerous negative life consequences and serious clinical impairment. Increased negative consequences can result in poor treatment outcomes as well as adverse health effects and impaired social functioning. Certain risk factors, including early substance use initiation, concurrent use of other illicit substances, and injection drug use are associated with an increase in negative consequences. This study examined whether there are unique domains of heroin consequences and, if so, whether these domains are related to specific substance use characteristics...
July 22, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755766/commentary-on-spradlin-et-al-is-marijuana-use-common-in-ocd
#13
EDITORIAL
Eric A Storch, Brian C Kay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 22, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806637/want-need-and-habit-as-drivers-of-smoking-behaviour-a-preliminary-analysis
#14
Luis Wehbe, Harveen Kaur Ubhi, Robert West
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Models of tobacco smoking behaviour propose that anticipated pleasure or satisfaction, the need to alleviate a nicotine-induced drive state and a stimulus-driven impulse potentially play an important role. This study aimed to provide a preliminary assessment of how far urges to smoke are reported by smokers and whether the strength of such urges prior to a quit attempt predicts short-term success at quitting. METHODS: In a prospective study, 566 smokers attending a treatment programme to help smokers quit completed a written questionnaire covering frequency of different types of urge to smoke (automatic impulse - 'automatic urges', anticipated pleasure - 'pleasure urges', and fulfilling a need - 'need urges')...
July 19, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738220/adolescent-peer-networks-and-the-moderating-role-of-depressive-symptoms-on-developmental-trajectories-of-cannabis-use
#15
Michael S Pollard, Joan S Tucker, Harold D Green, Kayla de la Haye, Dorothy L Espelage
This paper investigated how depressive symptoms moderate the role of peer cannabis use on developmental patterns of individual cannabis use from adolescence to young adulthood, controlling for a broad set of individual and family factors. Data from two sources were analyzed separately: two saturated schools in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health Waves I-III (N=1550) covering 1994-2001; and three schools in the CARBIN study, covering 2012-2014. Discrete mixture models identified developmental trajectories of cannabis use in each data source, and logit models linked network and depressive symptom information to the trajectories...
July 19, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746883/comparing-undergraduate-and-community-recruited-adult-non-gamblers-motives-for-not-gambling-do-they-differ
#16
Christina L Rash, Hyoun S Kim, David C Hodgins, Daniel S McGrath
The field of gambling studies has extensively focused on isolating risk factors for developing a gambling disorder. Conversely, little attention has been paid to identifying protective factors against gambling disorder among people who choose to not gamble at all. Moreover, the limited number of studies that have focused on non-gamblers have neglected to differentiate current from lifetime non-gamblers. The purpose of the present study was to examine motives for not gambling among a diverse sample of adult lifetime non-gamblers recruited from the community and to compare these motives to an undergraduate student sample of non-gamblers from a previous study...
July 18, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735037/injection-drug-use-and-overdose-among-young-adults-who-use-prescription-opioids-non-medically
#17
Elliott J Liebling, Traci C Green, Scott E Hadland, Brandon D L Marshall
INTRODUCTION: Non-medical prescription opioid (NMPO) use is a critical public health problem in the United States, with 2.1 million new initiates annually. Young adult NMPO users are at high risk for initiating injection drug use. We assessed correlates of injection drug use among young adult NMPO users in Rhode Island, a state heavily impacted by opioid overdose. METHODS: We used data from the Rhode Island Young Adult Prescription Drug Study (RAPiDS), which recruited 199 residents aged 18-29 who reported past-30-day NMPO use (65...
July 18, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756041/positive-and-negative-affect-following-marijuana-use-in-naturalistic-settings-an-ecological-momentary-assessment-study
#18
Craig S Ross, Daniel R Brooks, Ann Aschengrau, Michael B Siegel, Janice Weinberg, Lydia A Shrier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 15, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735036/proactive-tobacco-treatment-for-individuals-with-and-without-a-mental-health-diagnosis-secondary-analysis-of-a-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Sandra J Japuntich, Scott E Sherman, Anne M Joseph, Barbara Clothier, Siamak Noorbaloochi, Elisheva Danan, Diana Burgess, Erin Rogers, Steven S Fu
INTRODUCTION: Individuals with (vs. without) mental illness use tobacco at higher rates and have more difficulty quitting. Treatment models for smokers with mental illness are needed. METHODS: This secondary analysis of the Victory Over Tobacco study [a pragmatic randomized clinical trial (N=5123) conducted in 2009-2011 of Proactive Care (proactive outreach plus connection to smoking cessation services) vs. Usual Care] tests the effectiveness of treatment assignment in participants with and without a mental health diagnosis on population-level, 6month prolonged abstinence at one year follow-up...
July 15, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734192/trajectories-of-risk-behaviors-across-adolescence-and-young-adulthood-the-role-of-race-and-ethnicity
#20
Eunhee Park, Thomas P McCoy, Jennifer Toller Erausquin, Robin Bartlett
INTRODUCTION: Despite important advances of longitudinal research in substance use behaviors, most studies stratify analyses by gender or race, which limits the ability to directly compare the likelihood of a particular developmental pathway across demographic groups. Thus, there is critical need for well-designed research to examine the associations of race/ethnicity with developmental trajectories of substance use behaviors across adolescence through adulthood. METHODS: Using an accelerated longitudinal design, we examined behaviors across ages 12-31 from Waves I-IV of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health...
July 15, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
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