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Addictive Behaviors

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227790/interpersonal-and-intrapersonal-emotional-processes-in-individuals-treated-for-alcohol-use-disorder-and-non-addicted-healthy-individuals
#1
Maciej Kopera, Elisa M Trucco, Andrzej Jakubczyk, Hubert Suszek, Aneta Michalska, Aleksandra Majewska, Natalia Szejko, Agata Łoczewska, Aleksandra Krasowska, Anna Klimkiewicz, Kirk J Brower, Robert A Zucker, Marcin Wojnar
INTRODUCTION: Prior work largely confirms the presence of various emotional processing deficits among individuals with an alcohol use disorder (AUD); however, their specificity and relevance still warrant investigation. The aim of the current study was to compare selected aspects of emotional processing (i.e., mental state recognition, alexithymia, and emotional intelligence) between individuals treated for an AUD and healthy individuals. METHODS: The AUD sample consisted of 92 abstinent men with AUD who were participating in an 8-week inpatient abstinence-based treatment program in Warsaw, Poland...
December 5, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227789/identifying-patterns-of-tobacco-use-among-us-middle-and-high-school-students-a-latent-class-analysis
#2
Mansoo Yu, Paul Sacco, Hye Jeong Choi, Jenna Wintemberg
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to (a) understand patterns of tobacco use among US middle and high school students based on their lifetime or current use of tobacco products: cigarettes, cigars, chewing tobacco, pipes, e-cigarettes, and hookah tobacco, and (b) examine differences in the underlying patterns by sociodemographic and tobacco-related characteristics (e.g., exposure to tobacco products, tobacco advertising, parental disapproval of tobacco use and feedback from healthcare providers)...
December 5, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232593/improvement-of-the-association-between-self-reported-pill-count-and-varenicline-levels-following-exclusion-of-participants-with-misreported-pill-count-a-commentary-on-peng-et-al-2017
#3
Annie R Peng, Bernard Le Foll, Mark Morales, Caryn Lerman, Robert Schnoll, Rachel F Tyndale
INTRODUCTION: We previously reported poor associations between salivary varenicline and pill counts, and a substantial overestimation of adherence by pill counts in "Measures and predictors of varenicline adherence in the treatment of nicotine dependence" (Peng et al., 2017). We have since conducted supplementary analyses characterizing, and then excluding, individuals with established inaccurate pill count recall. METHODS: Based on published varenicline pharmacokinetics (including drug levels, and the long half-life) and our detection limits, conservatively we should be able to detect varenicline in anyone who took at least one pill during the 48h prior to saliva collection; thus, those reporting 1 or more pills in this time frame but who had undetectable salivary varenicline were deemed to have inaccurate pill count recall...
December 2, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223025/the-intersection-between-response-inhibition-and-substance-use-among-adolescents
#4
Kristine Rømer Thomsen, Tine Blom Osterland, Morten Hesse, Sarah W Feldstein Ewing
Problems related to the capacity to successfully engage response inhibition are considered a risk factor for the development of substance use disorders (SUDs), but the evidence has been predominantly cross-sectional. In this commentary, we argue that recent longitudinal studies with multi-modal measures of response inhibition can improve understanding of how response inhibition may intersect with substance use among adolescents. Most Stop-Signal studies suggest that slower response inhibition predicts substance use progressions, with one multi-site study showing greater fronto-parietal activity indicative of risk...
November 29, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216571/negative-affectivity-as-a-mechanism-underlying-perceived-distress-tolerance-and-cannabis-use-problems-barriers-to-cessation-and-self-efficacy-for-quitting-among-urban-cannabis-users
#5
Kara Manning, Daniel J Paulus, Julianna B D Hogan, Julia D Buckner, Samantha G Farris, Michael J Zvolensky
Cannabis use rates continue to rise in the United States and currently cannabis is among the most widely used substances in the world. Cannabis use is associated with several mental health problems, low educational attainment, low income, and underemployment. The current study explored the tendency to experience negative affect (negative affectivity) as a factor accounting for the association between perceived distress tolerance and problems related to the use of cannabis. Participants included 203 urban adult daily cannabis users (29...
November 28, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216570/the-effects-of-alcohol-hangover-on-future-drinking-behavior-and-the-development-of-alcohol-problems
#6
Kelly E Courtney, Matthew Worley, Norma Castro, Susan F Tapert
INTRODUCTION: Alcohol hangover experiences in young adulthood have been shown to predict more subsequent alcohol problems. Hangover susceptibility appears to be partially heritable and related to family history of alcohol use disorders. However, very little is known about the developmental course of these associations and whether they are accounted for by an individual's drinking history. The goal of this study is to investigate the prospective and unique relationships between family history of alcohol use disorders, severity of alcohol hangover experiences in adolescence, and later alcohol use and related problems measured over 13years...
November 28, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220743/the-cigarette-dependence-scale-and-heaviness-of-smoking-index-as-predictors-of-smoking-cessation-after-10weeks-of-nicotine-replacement-therapy-and-at-6-month-follow-up
#7
Laurie Zawertailo, Sabrina Voci, Peter Selby
INTRODUCTION: The reliability and validity of the Cigarette Dependence Scale (CDS) has been tested in online studies and compared with other tobacco dependence measures. Findings regarding its ability to predict smoking cessation have been mixed. We examined whether the CDS predicted cessation among a sample that received nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) at a community workshop and assessed the incremental predictive validity of the CDS-5 and CDS-12 over the 2-item Heaviness of Smoking Index (HSI)...
November 27, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217132/mobile-phone-sensors-and-supervised-machine-learning-to-identify-alcohol-use-events-in-young-adults-implications-for-just-in-time-adaptive-interventions
#8
Sangwon Bae, Tammy Chung, Denzil Ferreira, Anind K Dey, Brian Suffoletto
BACKGROUND: Real-time detection of drinking could improve timely delivery of interventions aimed at reducing alcohol consumption and alcohol-related injury, but existing detection methods are burdensome or impractical. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether phone sensor data and machine learning models are useful to detect alcohol use events, and to discuss implications of these results for just-in-time mobile interventions. METHODS: 38 non-treatment seeking young adult heavy drinkers downloaded AWARE app (which continuously collected mobile phone sensor data), and reported alcohol consumption (number of drinks, start/end time of prior day's drinking) for 28days...
November 27, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216569/a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study-of-warm-handoff-versus-fax-referral-for-hospital-initiated-smoking-cessation-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids
#9
Laura M Mussulman, Babalola Faseru, Sharon Fitzgerald, Niaman Nazir, Vivek Patel, Kimber P Richter
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of smoking among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) remains higher than the general population. Life expectancy among PLWHA has increased over the past decade, however, PLWHA who smoke will die younger than their non-smoking peers. The primary aim of this pilot study was to examine the effects of warm handoff versus fax referral to the quitline for smoking cessation among hospitalized smokers living with HIV/AIDS. METHODS: 25 smokers with a diagnosis of HIV/AIDS hospitalized at a Midwestern academic medical center in 2012-2013 (19 male; mean age=47...
November 26, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202347/butt-why-exploring-factors-associated-with-cigarette-scavenging-behaviors-among-adult-smokers-enrolling-in-a-clinical-trial-for-smoking-cessation
#10
Ryan Lantini, Marie A Sillice, Joseph L Fava, Ernestine Jennings, Rochelle K Rosen, Santina M Horowitz, Bruce M Becker, Beth C Bock
INTRODUCTION: Cigarette smoking is associated with many adverse health effects and is an important public health concern. Increased understanding of smokers' behavior is central to developing effective interventions. Cigarette scavenging, a behavior that involves smoking shared or previously used cigarettes has thus far only been shown to be prevalent among homeless or incarcerated populations. The current study examines whether cigarette scavenging is prevalent in a more general population of adult smokers enrolling in a smoking cessation clinical trial, and whether engagement in this behavior is associated with demographic or smoking-related psychosocial factors...
November 26, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221928/momentary-assessment-of-impulsive-choice-and-impulsive-action-reliability-stability-and-correlates
#11
Danielle E McCarthy, Haruka Minami, Krysten W Bold, Vivian M Yeh, Gretchen Chapman
Impulsivity is associated with substance use, including tobacco use. The degree to which impulsivity fluctuates over time within persons, and the degree to which such intra-individual changes can be measured reliably and validly in ambulatory assessments is not known, however. The current study evaluated two novel ambulatory measures of impulsive choice and impulsive action. Impulsive choice was measured with an eight-item delay discounting task designed to estimate the subjective value of delayed monetary rewards...
November 22, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198489/opiate-use-disorders-and-overdose-medical-students-experiences-satisfaction-with-learning-and-attitudes-toward-community-naloxone-provision
#12
H Tobin, J Klimas, T Barry, M Egan, G Bury
INTRODUCTION: Opiate use disorder is a common condition in healthcare services in Ireland, where over 200 opiate overdose deaths occur annually. There is limited addiction medicine education at undergraduate level and medical graduates may not be adequately prepared to diagnose and manage opioid use disorders and emergency drug overdose presentations. Therefore, we examined final-year medical students' learning experiences and attitudes toward opioid use disorder, overdose and community naloxone provision as an emerging overdose treatment...
November 22, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175290/trends-and-key-correlates-of-prescription-opioid-injection-misuse-in-the-united-states
#13
Christopher M Jones
BACKGROUND: Despite concerns over increasing harms associated with prescription opioid injection misuse, there is a paucity of research on the magnitude, characteristics, injection practices, and syringe sources for people who inject prescription opioids; limiting the implementation of targeted policy and programmatic initiatives. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from the 2003 through 2014 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health were used to estimate prescription opioid injection trends and examine risky injection practices and syringe sources for people who inject prescription opioids...
November 22, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174664/measuring-e-cigarette-dependence-initial-guidance
#14
Krysten W Bold, Steve Sussman, Stephanie S O'Malley, Rachel Grana, Jonathan Foulds, Howard Fishbein, Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin
E-cigarette use rates are increasing among youth and adults, despite limited knowledge about the safety, risks, and potential for this product in substituting for or reducing other tobacco use. Understanding how to characterize and assess e-cigarette dependence will be important for evaluating the public health impact of e-cigarettes and considering prevention and intervention strategies. To provide an initial review of constructs to consider when assessing e-cigarette dependence, a content expert group within the Tobacco Center for Regulatory Science (TCORS) Measurement Workgroup engaged in a review of published manuscripts and 12 tobacco dependence measures, followed by review of suggested dependence domains by a 10-person external subject-matter expert panel...
November 22, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175027/measuring-perceptions-related-to-e-cigarettes-important-principles-and-next-steps-to-enhance-study-validity
#15
REVIEW
Laura A Gibson, MeLisa R Creamer, Alison B Breland, Aida Luz Giachello, Annette Kaufman, Grace Kong, Terry F Pechacek, Jessica K Pepper, Eric K Soule, Bonnie Halpern-Felsher
Measuring perceptions associated with e-cigarette use can provide valuable information to help explain why youth and adults initiate and continue to use e-cigarettes. However, given the complexity of e-cigarette devices and their continuing evolution, measures of perceptions of this product have varied greatly. Our goal, as members of the working group on e-cigarette measurement within the Tobacco Centers of Regulatory Science (TCORS) network, is to provide guidance to researchers developing surveys concerning e-cigarette perceptions...
November 20, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198490/overdose-and-adverse-drug-event-experiences-among-adult-patients-in-the-emergency-department
#16
Amy S B Bohnert, Maureen A Walton, Rebecca M Cunningham, Mark A Ilgen, Kristen Barry, Stephen T Chermack, Frederic C Blow
INTRODUCTION: Overdose is a leading cause of injury and death in the United States. Emergency Department (ED) patients have an elevated prevalence of substance use. This study describes overdose/adverse drug event experiences among adult ED patients to inform strategies to address overdose risk. METHODS: Patients seeking care at a large ED in the city of Flint, Michigan participated in a computerized self-assessment during 2011-2013 (n=4571). Overdose was assessed with a broad definition and included occurrences that could be considered adverse drug events...
November 16, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175294/parachuting-psychoactive-substances-pharmacokinetic-clues-for-harm-reduction
#17
Amélie Daveluy, Hélène Géniaux, Marie Baumevieille, Louis Létinier, Marie-Noëlle Matta, Aurélie Lazès-Charmetant, Françoise Haramburu, Pascale Guéroult
BACKGROUND: Parachuting, also called bombing, is a way to ingest psychoactive substances wrapped into cigarette paper, toilet paper, etc. There is little data describing parachuting in terms of substances use, context of use and, most importantly, the motivations for using such wrappers, although some authors hypothesized that parachute could be used for pharmacokinetic reason. However, inconsistently, some authors report that parachutes are used for sustained-release whereas others report that users are looking for an immediate effect...
November 16, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175025/witnessed-overdoses-and-naloxone-use-among-visitors-to-rikers-island-jails-trained-in-overdose-rescue
#18
Zina Huxley-Reicher, Lara Maldjian, Emily Winkelstein, Anne Siegler, Denise Paone, Ellenie Tuazon, Michelle L Nolan, Alison Jordan, Ross MacDonald, Hillary V Kunins
With the opioid overdose mortality rates rising nationally, The New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (NYC DOHMH) has worked to expand overdose rescue training (ORT) and naloxone distribution. This study sought to determine rates of overdose witnessing and naloxone use among overdose rescue-trained visitors to the NYC jails on Rikers Island. We conducted a six-month prospective study of visitors to NYC jails on Rikers Island who received ORT. We collected baseline characteristics of study participants, characteristics of overdose events, and responses to witnessed overdose events, including whether the victim was the incarcerated individual the participant was visiting on the day of training...
November 16, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174666/combining-ecological-momentary-assessment-with-objective-ambulatory-measures-of-behavior-and-physiology-in-substance-use-research
#19
Jeremiah W Bertz, David H Epstein, Kenzie L Preston
Whereas substance-use researchers have long combined self-report with objective measures of behavior and physiology inside the laboratory, developments in mobile/wearable electronic technology are increasingly allowing for the collection of both subjective and objective information in participants' daily lives. For self-report, ecological momentary assessment (EMA), as implemented on contemporary smartphones or personal digital assistants, can provide researchers with near-real-time information on participants' behavior and mood in their natural environments...
November 16, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173942/establishing-consensus-on-survey-measures-for-electronic-nicotine-and-non-nicotine-delivery-system-use-current-challenges-and-considerations-for-researchers
#20
REVIEW
Scott R Weaver, Hyoshin Kim, Allison M Glasser, Erin L Sutfin, Jessica Barrington-Trimis, Thomas J Payne, Megan Saddleson, Alexandra Loukas
The development and validation of survey measures for electronic nicotine and non-nicotine delivery system (ENDS) use has not kept pace with the burgeoning research on them. This, along with the diverse and evolving nature of ENDS, presents several unique measurement challenges and hampers surveillance and tobacco regulatory research efforts. In this commentary, we identify four important areas related to ENDS use (describing ENDS products; defining current use; evaluating frequency and quantity of use; and characterizing devices and e-liquids) and summarize a selective review of the measurement and definitions of these constructs across prominent national tobacco use surveys and 30 projects within the 14 federally-funded Tobacco Centers of Regulatory Science...
November 16, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
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