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Addictive Behaviors

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410775/don-t-throw-smokeless-tobacco-users-under-the-bus
#1
Jesse Elias, Yogi Hendlin, Benjamin W Chaffee, Pamela M Ling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441572/trait-mindfulness-and-protective-strategies-for-alcohol-use-implications-for-college-student-drinking
#2
Emma I Brett, Thad R Leffingwell, Eleanor L Leavens
INTRODUCTION: The use of Protective Behavioral Strategies (PBS) has been strongly linked with decreased experience of alcohol-related consequences, making them a potential target for intervention. Additionally, mindfulness is associated with decreased experience of alcohol-related consequences. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate a model of PBS as a mediator of the effect of mindfulness on alcohol-related consequences. Additionally, mindfulness as a moderator of the relationship between PBS and alcohol use and consequences was examined...
April 8, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412327/place-over-traits-purchasing-edibles-from-medical-marijuana-dispensaries-in-los-angeles-ca
#3
Nancy Jo Kepple, Bridget Freisthler
OBJECTIVES: To examine discrete purchasing behaviors of marijuana-infused edibles from medical marijuana dispensaries with the aim to identify potential venue- and individual-level targets for prevention. METHODS: Two-stage, venue-based sampling approach was used to randomly select patrons exiting 16 medical marijuana dispensaries in Los Angeles, California during Spring 2013. Hierarchical generalized linear modeling was used to examine the likelihood of purchasing edibles among 524 patrons reporting a discrete purchase regressed on characteristics of the sampled dispensaries and their patrons...
April 7, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410776/do-not-damn-tobacco-users-to-ignorance-about-big-differences-in-deadly-products-because-you-disapprove-of-the-bus-they-are-on
#4
Lynn T Kozlowski, David T Sweanor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 6, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395247/drinking-motives-and-alcohol-consumption-behaviors-among-young-french-people
#5
Tianna Loose, Didier Acier
INTRODUCTION: Numerous studies suggest that social, enhancement, conformity and coping drinking motives each lead to unique behavioral patterns related to alcohol consumption. Recently it has been suggested to study specific coping motives that distinguish feelings of anxiety and depression. This study aims primarily to 1) psychometrically validate the recent five factor questionnaire of drinking motives among young French people, 2) explore differences in mean endorsements of motives across age and sex and 3) explore the concurrent validity of drinking motives by studying their associations with alcohol consumption behaviors...
April 5, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441573/the-role-of-negative-affect-and-message-credibility-in-perceived-effectiveness-of-smokeless-tobacco-health-warning-labels-in-navi-mumbai-india-and-dhaka-bangladesh-a-moderated-mediation-analysis
#6
Seema Mutti-Packer, Jessica L Reid, James F Thrasher, Daniel Romer, Geoffrey T Fong, Prakash C Gupta, Mangesh S Pednekar, Nigar Nargis, David Hammond
OBJECTIVE: There is strong evidence showing that pictorial health warnings are more effective than text-only warnings. However, much of this evidence comes from high-income countries and is limited to cigarette packaging. Moreover, few studies have identified mechanisms that might explain the impact of warnings. METHODS: The current study examined the potential mediating role of negative affect and the moderating influence of message credibility in perceived effectiveness of smokeless tobacco warnings in two low- and middle-income countries (LMICs)...
April 4, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399489/gender-differences-in-risk-factors-for-cigarette-smoking-initiation-in-childhood
#7
Marie-Pierre Sylvestre, Robert J Wellman, Erin K O'Loughlin, Erika N Dugas, Jennifer O'Loughlin
INTRODUCTION: We investigated whether established risk factors for initiating cigarette smoking during adolescence (parents, siblings, friends smoke; home smoking rules, smokers at home, exposure to smoking in cars, academic performance, susceptibility to smoking, depressive symptoms, self-esteem, school connectedness, use of other tobacco products) are associated with initiation in preadolescents, and whether the effects of these factors differ by gender. METHODS: In spring 2005, baseline data were collected in self-report questionnaires from 1801 5th grade students including 1553 never-smokers (mean age=10...
April 4, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399488/intentional-cannabis-use-to-reduce-crack-cocaine-use-in-a-canadian-setting-a-longitudinal-analysis
#8
M Eugenia Socías, Thomas Kerr, Evan Wood, Huiru Dong, Stephanie Lake, Kanna Hayashi, Kora DeBeck, Didier Jutras-Aswad, Julio Montaner, M-J Milloy
BACKGROUND: No effective pharmacotherapies exist for the treatment of crack cocaine use disorders. Emerging data suggests that cannabinoids may play a role in reducing cocaine-related craving symptoms. This study investigated the intentional use of cannabis to reduce crack use among people who use illicit drugs (PWUD). METHODS: Data were drawn from three prospective cohorts of PWUD in Vancouver, Canada. Using data from participants reporting intentional cannabis use to control crack use, we used generalized linear mixed-effects modeling to estimate the independent effect of three pre-defined intentional cannabis use periods (i...
April 4, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395248/the-indirect-effect-of-panic-disorder-on-smoking-cognitions-via-difficulties-in-emotion-regulation
#9
Min-Jeong Yang, Michael J Zvolensky, Teresa M Leyro
Panic disorder (PD) and cigarette smoking are highly comorbid and associated with worse panic and smoking outcomes. Smoking may become an overlearned automatized response to relieve panic-like withdrawal distress, leading to corresponding smoking cognitions, which contribute to its reinforcing properties and difficultly abstaining. Difficulties in emotion regulation (ER) may underlie this relation such that in the absence of adaptive emotion regulatory strategies, smokers with PD may more readily rely upon smoking to manage affective distress...
April 4, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431293/cigarette-dependence-and-depressive-symptoms-as-predictors-of-smoking-status-at-five-year-follow-up-after-a-workplace-smoking-cessation-program
#10
Gemma Nieva, Marina Comín, Sergi Valero, Eugeni Bruguera
Workplace smoking cessation interventions increase quit rates compared to no treatment or minimal interventions. However, most studies report data up to one year. This study aims to evaluate long-term effects of a worksite smoking cessation intervention based on cognitive behavioral cessation groups combined with first-line medications, and determine to what extent cigarette dependence (FTCD) and depressive symptoms may influence results at five-year follow-up. Participants were invited to answer a short survey five years after starting the program...
April 3, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390232/media-exposure-and-tobacco-product-addiction-beliefs-findings-from-the-2015-health-information-national-trends-survey-hints-fda-2015
#11
Elisabeth A Donaldson, Allison C Hoffman, Izabella Zandberg, Kelly D Blake
BACKGROUND: Addiction beliefs about tobacco use are associated with intentions to use and use of tobacco products. Exposure to information about tobacco products in media sources may affect addiction beliefs. PURPOSE: To examine the relationship between media exposure and tobacco product addiction beliefs. METHODS: A nationally representative sample of US adults (n=3738) from the 2015 National Cancer Institute's Health Information National Trends Survey was used to examine addiction beliefs about cigarettes, cigars, smokeless tobacco, electronic cigarettes, hookah/waterpipe tobacco, and roll-your-own cigarettes...
April 3, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453999/symptoms-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-predict-cannabis-misuse
#12
Alexander Spradlin, Dakota Mauzay, Carrie Cuttler
INTRODUCTION: Cannabis use has been linked to many psychological disorders. There is, however, a paucity of research investigating the link between cannabis use and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The present study sought to examine this link by exploring associations between severity of OCD symptoms, cannabis use, and cannabis misuse; determining whether these associations exist above and beyond symptoms of anxiety, depression, and stress; and testing the mediating role of cannabis coping motives (i...
March 31, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411424/drug-use-among-transgender-people-in-ontario-canada-disparities-and-associations-with-social-exclusion
#13
Ayden I Scheim, Greta R Bauer, Mostafa Shokoohi
INTRODUCTION: We identified the prevalence and correlates of past-year illicit drug use among transgender people in Ontario, Canada, and disparities with the age-standardized non-transgender population. METHODS: Data on transgender persons aged 16+ (n=406) were obtained from Trans PULSE, a respondent-driven sampling (RDS) survey (2009-2010). Overall and sex-specific estimates of past-year drug use (cocaine and amphetamines, based on data availability) in the reference population were obtained from Ontario residents aged 16+ (n=39, 980) in the Canadian Community Health Survey (2009-2010), and standardized to the overall and gender-specific transgender age distributions...
March 31, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395249/opioid-users-with-comorbid-hepatitis-c-spent-more-time-in-agonist-therapy-a-6-year-observational-study-in-taiwan
#14
Horng-Maw Chen, Tsung-Hsueh Lu, Kun-Chia Chang, Kuan-Ying Lee, Ching-Ming Cheng
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is highly prevalent among opioid agonist therapy (OAT) patients, but little is known about long-term OAT use among this population. METHODS: Subjects diagnosed as opioid dependence were recruited from Mar. 2006 to Jul. 2008 in a psychiatry center in southern Taiwan with the OAT censored in 2012, and their socio-demographics, drug use characteristics, and markers of blood-borne infection were assessed at entry. Correlates with HCV infection and OAT retention were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression...
March 31, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391071/non-medical-opioid-use-in-youth-gender-differences-in-risk-factors-and-prevalence
#15
Vicki Osborne, Mirsada Serdarevic, Hannah Crooke, Catherine Striley, Linda B Cottler
BACKGROUND: Non-medical use (NMU) of prescription opioids in youth is of concern since they may continue this pattern into adulthood and become addicted or divert medications to others. Research into risk factors for NMU can help target interventions to prevent non-medical use of opioids in youth. METHOD: The National Monitoring of Adolescent Prescription Stimulants Study (N-MAPSS) was conducted from 2008 to 2011. Participants 10-18years of age were recruited from entertainment venues in urban, rural and suburban areas of 10 US cities...
March 31, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390231/funder-interference-in-addiction-research-an-international-survey-of-authors
#16
Peter Miller, Florentine Martino, Samantha Gross, Ashlee Curtis, Richelle Mayshak, Nicolas Droste, Kypros Kypri
OBJECTIVE: Scientific research is essential to the development of effective addiction treatment and drug policy. Actions that compromise the integrity of addiction science need to be understood. The aim of this study is to investigate funder (e.g. industry, government or charity) interference in addiction science internationally. METHOD: Corresponding authors of all 941 papers published in an international specialist journal July 2004 to June 2009 were invited to complete a web questionnaire...
March 31, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388493/pathways-linking-marijuana-use-to-substance-use-problems-among-emerging-adults-a-prospective-analysis-of-young-black-men
#17
Steven M Kogan, Junhan Cho, Gene H Brody, Steven R H Beach
OBJECTIVES: Marijuana use rates peak during emerging adulthood (ages 18 to 25years). Although marijuana use quantity reliably predicts substance-related problems, considerable individual differences characterize this association. The aims of the present study were to examine the influence of community disadvantage in amplifying the effects of marijuana use on downstream substance use problems, as well as the mediating influence of social disengagement in the path linking marijuana use frequency to related problems...
March 31, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431292/cannabis-and-cue-induced-craving-in-cocaine-dependent-individuals-a-pilot-study
#18
K Giasson-Gariépy, S Potvin, M Ghabrash, J Bruneau, D Jutras-Aswad
BACKGROUND: Cannabis consumption is common among cocaine users; however, little is known about its effect on cocaine craving. The objective of this study was to assess whether cannabis co-use is associated with lower cue-induced cocaine craving in non-treatment-seeking cocaine-dependent individuals. METHODS: Data from twenty-eight cocaine-dependent men were analyzed in this pilot study. Cocaine-dependent subjects (n=12) were compared with cocaine-dependent subjects who also abused or were dependent on cannabis (n=16)...
March 30, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392006/putting-multisite-college-alcohol-research-into-context-a-call-to-assess-the-drinking-culture-on-college-campuses
#19
Jessica L Martin, Byron L Zamboanga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 28, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384607/latent-class-analysis-of-gambling-subtypes-and-impulsive-compulsive-associations-time-to-rethink-diagnostic-boundaries-for-gambling-disorder
#20
Samuel R Chamberlain, Jan Stochl, Sarah A Redden, Brian L Odlaug, Jon E Grant
BACKGROUND: Gambling disorder has been associated with cognitive dysfunction and impaired quality of life. The current definition of non-pathological, problem, and pathological types of gambling is based on total symptom scores, which may overlook nuanced underlying presentations of gambling symptoms. The aims of the current study were (i) to identify subtypes of gambling in young adults, using latent class analysis, based on individual responses from the Structured Clinical Interview for Gambling Disorder (SCI-GD); and (ii) to explore relationships between these gambling subtypes, and clinical/cognitive measures...
March 28, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
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