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Child: Care, Health and Development

Mary C Sullivan, Suzy Barcelos Winchester, Michael E Msall
BACKGROUND: Theories of early stress exposure and allostatic load offer a lifespan perspective to adult health after prematurity based on these early stressors affecting endocrine and metabolic systems. In this study, we examine cardiovascular and metabolic risk by comparing two groups of preterm infants who experienced a full spectrum of neonatal illness and a term-born group at age 23. METHODS: Of the 215 infants recruited at birth, 84% participated at age 23...
September 21, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
Stefanie Witt, Michaela Dellenmark-Blom, Sofie Flieder, Jens Dingemann, Kate Abrahamsson, Linus Jönsson, Vladimir Gatzinsky, John Eric Chaplin, Benno Ure, Carmen Dingemann, Monika Bullinger, Rachel Sommer, Julia Hannah Quitmann
BACKGROUND: Esophageal atresia (EA) is a rare malformation of the esophagus, which needs surgical treatment. Survival rates have reached 95%, but esophageal and respiratory morbidity during childhood is frequent. Child and parent perspectives and cultural and age-specific approaches are fundamental in understanding children's health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and when developing a pediatric HRQoL questionnaire. We aimed to increase the conceptual and cross-cultural understanding of condition-specific HRQoL experiences among EA children from Sweden and Germany and investigate content validity for an EA-specific HRQoL questionnaire...
September 16, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
Martie P Thompson, J B Kingree, Dorian Lamis
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a leading cause of death among adolescents and young adults. The current study extends the research linking adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) to suicidal behaviors by testing these associations using a nationally representative sample, assessing for suicide ideation and attempts in adulthood, controlling for established risk factors for suicidality, and measuring a broad array of ACEs. METHODS: The sample included 9,421 participants from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health who participated in four waves of assessments spanning 13 years...
September 2, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
F Babette Diepeveen, Paula van Dommelen, Anne Marie Oudesluys-Murphy, Paul H Verkerk
BACKGROUND: Delayed language development without an obvious cause is considered an isolated developmental disorder and is called specific language impairment (SLI). SLI is probably the most prevalent developmental disorder in childhood with a generally cited prevalence of 7%. This study aimed to investigate whether SLI is always an isolated disorder or if children with SLI also have delayed motor development. METHODS: We used data of an earlier study with a prospective nested case-control design in which developmental data were collected from child health care files...
August 29, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
Alisha Gulenc, Emma Butler, Anna Sarkadi, Harriet Hiscock
BACKGROUND: Child behaviour problems are common and can lead to later mental health problems. Poor maternal mental health and adverse parenting practices are known risk factors for child behaviour problems. Less is known about the association between paternal mental health and parenting, and child behaviour. We aimed to explore the association between paternal psychological distress and parenting (harsh discipline, low warmth, unreasonable expectations, and overinvolved/protectiveness) with children's internalising and externalising behaviour at 3 years of age...
August 29, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
Virginia Chaidez, Erik Fernandez Y Garcia, Lulu W Wang, Kathleen Angkustsiri, Paula Krakowiak, Irva Hertz-Picciotto, Robin L Hansen
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to describe parental perceptions of the causes of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in an ethnically diverse sample and explore whether these perceptions relate to treatment choices. METHODS: The sample consisted of White (n = 224), Hispanic (n = 85), and Asian (n = 21) mothers of a child with ASD. A mixed methods approach was used in this secondary analysis focusing on parental perceptions about the causes of ASD and the relationship of these to utilization of services and treatment...
August 22, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
Shelby A Wilson, Catherine C Peterson
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and their families may benefit from the provision of additional supports in health care settings, particularly when preparing for and attending medical appointments. This review examined literature that describes experiences in medical care settings from the perspective of patients under age 18 with ASD and their caregivers. A scoping review was conducted to examine the experiences of children with ASD and their families in medical care settings. Twenty-nine studies meeting inclusion criteria were identified and reviewed...
August 22, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
Jessica O Boyce, Nicky Kilpatrick, Angela T Morgan
BACKGROUND: Up to 80% of individuals with unrepaired submucous cleft palate (SMCP) experience speech difficulties secondary to velopharyngeal insufficiency. Language delays are reported in the broader cleft lip and/or palate population, suggesting that individuals with SMCP may also be at risk. However, contemporary understanding of this population remains limited as there has been no systematic examination of the literature. This review aims to systematically review and document the speech and language characteristics of individuals with nonsyndromic SMCP and, in addition, to identify factors reported to impact speech and language outcomes...
August 22, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
Penny Levickis, Sheena Reilly, Luigi Girolametto, Obioha C Ukoumunne, Melissa Wake
BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence that specific styles of parent-child interaction benefit child development, particularly child language development. Direct observational techniques help clarify the behaviours and styles within parent-child interactions that may influence child language outcomes; however, these techniques tend to be labour-intensive and costly. We report on the development of a replicable, low-burden mechanism for observing and coding specific maternal linguistic behaviours in a population-based cohort of 2-year-olds...
August 19, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
Liuhua Ying, Huayi Zhou, Shasha Yu, Chuansheng Chen, Xuji Jia, Yanli Wang, Chongde Lin
BACKGROUND: Previous research has paid little attention to the series mediating effect of parent-child communication and self-esteem in the relationship between interparental conflict and child outcomes, although several other mechanisms have been found to involve in this relationship. Thus, the purpose of the present study is to test these two factors' serial mediation of the relationship between interparental conflict and children's depressive symptoms in a sample of migrant children in China...
August 19, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
Helen O Pitchik, Wafaie W Fawzi, Dana Charles McCoy, Anne Marie Darling, Ajibola I Abioye, Florence Tesha, Emily R Smith, Ferdinand Mugusi, Christopher R Sudfeld
BACKGROUND: Despite growing evidence that early life experiences and exposures can impact child development, there is limited research on how prenatal and early life nutrition and early life parenting practices predict specific domains of child development in resource-limited settings. This study examines the association between prenatal factors, birth outcomes, and early life characteristics with motor, cognitive/language, and socioemotional development in Tanzania. METHODS: We assessed motor, cognitive/language, and socioemotional development among a cohort of 198 children aged 20-39 months in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, whose mothers were previously enrolled in a randomized, placebo-controlled trial of prenatal vitamin A and zinc supplementation...
August 19, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
Annemarie Bexelius, Eva Brogren Carlberg, Kristina Löwing
BACKGROUND: Setting goals for treatment is often the core of the rehabilitation process. The quality of the set goals has however rarely been evaluated. The aims of this study were therefore to assess the quality of goals set in clinical practice of pediatric rehabilitation using SMART criteria (Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, and Timed) and to assess if the goals were considered relevant from both a client perspective and expertise perspective. METHODS: In a retrospective multicase study, a total of 161 goals from 42 children with disabilities (cerebral palsy, n = 22; Down syndrome, n = 16; and developmental disability, n = 4) were assessed...
August 15, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
Ken J Rotenberg, Serena Petrocchi
OBJECTIVE: The study examined the relations between trust beliefs in physicians, adherence to prescribed medical regimes, and quality of life for children with asthma and their mothers. METHODS: One hundred forty-three children with asthma (116 males, M = 12 years-7 months) and their mothers were tested twice (Time 1/T1 and Time 2/T2) across a 1-year period. Standardized measures were administered that assessed the children's and mothers' trust beliefs in physicians, the children's quality of life, and children's adherence to prescribed medical regimes (adherence)...
August 15, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
Guido Veronese, Federica Cavazzoni, Silvia Antenucci
BACKGROUND: In light of critical and socioconstructionist theories, the aim of our research was to analyze source of agency, psychological adjustment to trauma as protective factors against political violence in children living in three different refugee camps in Palestine, as well as exploring the risks to which these children are exposed. METHODS: Thematic content analysis was applied to children's written and drawn productions in order to extract the main categories and themes...
August 7, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
Luciana Ferreira, Ignacio Godinez, Carl Gabbard, José Luiz Lopes Vieira, Priscila Caçola
The aim of the present study was to examine how the home environment, including socioeconomic status (SES), affects motor development in school-age children. Seven hundred seven children (332 boys and 375 girls) aged between 6 and 10 years participated in the study. Motor Development was determined using the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency-Second Edition. Parents answered the Middle Childhood Home Observation Measurement of the Environment (HOME) Inventory, and Brazilian Association of Market Research Institutes Questionnaire (for SES)...
July 31, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
Sara Scrimin, Gabriele Osler, Tiziana Pozzoli, Ughetta Moscardino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 27, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
Vibhore Prasad, Joe West, Kapil Sayal, Denise Kendrick
BACKGROUND: Injuries commonly cause morbidity and mortality in children and young people (CYP). Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the commonest neurobehavioural disorder in CYP and is associated with increased injury risk. However, large, population-based estimates of the risk of specific injuries are lacking. We aimed to provide estimates of the risk of fractures, thermal injuries, and poisonings in CYP with and without ADHD. METHODS: In this population-based cohort study, we used primary and secondary care medical records from England from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink...
July 24, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
Tony Barnett, Rebecca Giallo, Margaret Kelaher, Sharon Goldfeld, Jon Quach
BACKGROUND: Chronically ill children are at increased risk of poor learning outcomes. Knowledge of the predictors of learning outcomes for this group of people is important to inform the development of education supports that stand the best chance of being effective. This study explored the child, family, and school risk and protective factors during the child's transition to elementary school (aged 6-7 years) that were associated with learning outcomes when children were aged 10-11 years for both children with and without a chronic illness...
July 23, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
Ana Beato, Luísa Barros, Ana Isabel Pereira
BACKGROUND: Previous research has focused on parenting styles and parental behaviors associated with children's anxiety. Parental beliefs about their child's anxiety have scarcely been studied, in spite of their probable influence in parents seeking help. The present study intended to fil that gap, by exploring what parents think about their children's anxiety and whether these cognitions are related or not to their use of professional help. METHOD: In-depth semistructured interviews were conducted with 48 parents (50% fathers) of children (9-12 years old) with anxiety problems...
September 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
Kim-Michelle Gilson, Shae Johnson, Elise Davis, Susan Brunton, Elena Swift, Dinah Reddihough, Katrina Williams
BACKGROUND: Mothers of children with a disability have a higher risk of mental health difficulties than mothers of typically developing children. Very little is known about how health professionals perceive their role in supporting mothers' mental health. We aimed to explore the perspectives of health professionals working with families of children with a disability about how they provide support for maternal mental health in their roles. Specifically, whether professionals consider it their role and responsibility to provide support, the types of actions that they engage in to do this, and the challenges that they experience...
September 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
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