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Child: Care, Health and Development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620959/parental-disease-prevention-health-beliefs-and-triggers-for-keeping-children-home-from-childcare-a-qualitative-study-in-sydney-australia
#1
C L King, J Leask
BACKGROUND: Infectious diseases cause considerable morbidity and mortality in children less than 5 years of age. Children attending childcare centres are at increased risk of contracting infections. It is of public health interest to understand what triggers and underpins parental decisions to send an unwell child to childcare, with the obvious attendant risks to other children and childcare staff as well as the affected child. This study aimed to examine parents' disease prevention health beliefs and practices with a particular focus on how these factors influence childcare attendance decisions...
June 15, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612455/influence-of-eating-quickly-and-eating-until-full-on-anthropometric-gains-in-girls-a-population-based-longitudinal-study
#2
H Ochiai, T Shirasawa, H Nanri, R Nishimura, H Hoshino, A Kokaze
BACKGROUND: In examining childhood overweight/obesity, there is a need to consider both eating quickly and eating until full. This longitudinal study investigated the influence of eating quickly and/or eating until full on anthropometric variables and becoming overweight/obese among Japanese schoolgirls. METHODS: Study participants were fourth-grade schoolgirls (aged 9 or 10 years) in Ina Town, Japan. Physical examinations and a questionnaire survey were performed at baseline (fourth grade) and after 3 years (seventh grade)...
June 14, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612343/mild-moderate-congenital-hearing-loss-secular-trends-in-outcomes-across-four-systems-of-detection
#3
P Carew, F K Mensah, G Rance, T Flynn, Z Poulakis, M Wake
BACKGROUND: Universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) targets moderate or greater hearing loss. However, UNHS also frequently detects children with mild loss that results in many receiving early treatment. The benefits of this approach are not yet established. We aimed to (i) compare language and psychosocial outcomes between four hearing loss detection systems for children aged 5-8 years with congenital mild-moderate hearing loss; (ii) determine whether age of detection predicts outcomes; and (iii) compare outcomes between children identified via well-established UNHS and the general population...
June 14, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557011/costs-and-savings-of-parenting-interventions-results-of-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
K M Duncan, S MacGillivray, M J Renfrew
BACKGROUND: This systematic review of economic evaluations of universal preventative or targeted treatment parenting interventions that aim to enhance parent-infant interaction is primarily intended to inform decision makers who have to make difficult spending decisions, especially at a time of reduced spending allocations. A synthesis of available costs and savings about parenting interventions that set out to enhance parent-infant interaction is presented. This topic is important specifically in view of the UK Governments' emphasis on the equalities agenda and the early years...
May 30, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547806/examining-the-psychological-and-social-impact-of-relative-age-in-primary-school-children-a-cross-sectional-survey
#5
A Price, K Allen, O C Ukoumunne, R Hayes, T Ford
BACKGROUND: A number of studies demonstrate that children who are younger within their school year have poorer academic attainment and are more likely to have special educational needs. Few, however, have considered the impact relative age may have on child mental health, behaviour and happiness in school. METHODS: This paper utilized data from the Supporting Teachers and Children in Schools study (2075 pupils aged 5 to 9 years from 80 primary schools) to explore the relationship among relative age, behaviour and happiness in school...
May 25, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547746/the-support-needs-of-parents-having-a-child-with-a-chronic-kidney-disease-a-focus-group-study
#6
W W Geense, B G I van Gaal, J L Knoll, E A M Cornelissen, T van Achterberg
BACKGROUND: Parents of children with a chronic kidney disease (CKD) have a crucial role in the management of their child's disease. The burden on parents is high: they are often exhausted, depressed and experience high levels of stress and a low quality of life, which could have a negative impact on their child's health outcomes. Support aiming at preventing and reducing parental stress is essential. Therefore, it is necessary to have insight in the problems and support needs among these parents...
May 25, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543609/understanding-the-school-experiences-of-children-and-adolescents-with-serious-chronic-illness-a-systematic-meta-review
#7
REVIEW
A Lum, C E Wakefield, B Donnan, M A Burns, J E Fardell, G M Marshall
BACKGROUND: Serious chronic illness can have a detrimental effect on school attendance, participation and engagement, leaving affected students at risk of failing to meet their developmental potential. An improved understanding of factors that help to explain or mitigate this risk can help educators and health professionals deliver the most effective support. This meta-review critiqued the available evidence examining the link between six chronic illnesses (asthma, cancer, chronic kidney diseases, heart diseases, cystic fibrosis and gastrointestinal diseases) and children's and adolescents' school experiences and outcomes, as well as investigating the medical, school, psychosocial and sociodemographic factors that are linked to poorer or better school outcomes...
May 23, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509364/how-do-caregivers-understand-and-respond-to-unsettled-infant-behaviour-in-vietnam-a-qualitative-study
#8
L Murray, T Tran, V V Thang, L Cass, J Fisher
BACKGROUND: Unsettled infant behaviours are a common source of concern for new parents and have been associated with perinatal common mental disorders amongst women in high-income settings. There is little evidence about how unsettled infant behaviours are understood and managed in low and lower-middle income countries. This study aimed to describe caregivers' understandings of, and responses to, unsettled infant behaviours in Vietnam and their family caregiving contexts. METHODS: Women who were mothers of infants aged 0-6 months were purposively recruited from two sites in Thua Thien Hue Province, Vietnam (one urban and one rural)...
May 16, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497475/quality-of-life-of-primary-caregivers-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-comparison-between-mother-and-grandmother-caregivers-in-anhui-province-of-china
#9
J Wu, J Zhang, Y Hong
BACKGROUND: The aims of the study are to evaluate the quality of life of mother and grandmother primary caregivers of children with cerebral palsy (CP) and to compare the difference between these two groups of caregivers. METHODS: We recruited 125 mother and 52 grandmother primary caregivers of children with CP. All the primary caregivers were interviewed with the short-form 36 (SF-36) health survey version 2.0 and with researcher-designed questionnaires for family background...
May 11, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488265/the-potential-role-of-attitudes-towards-suicide-between-mental-health-status-and-suicidal-ideation-among-chinese-children-and-adolescents
#10
L Tan, Q H Yang, J L Chen, H X Zou, T S Xia, Y Liu
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to investigate the contributions of mental health status and attitudes towards suicide on suicidal ideation in a sample of 6568 Chinese children and adolescents in China. Attitudes towards suicide were investigated as a possible moderator and mediator of the influence of mental health status on suicidal ideation. METHODS: Descriptive statistical analyses, Pearson correlation analyses and hierarchical regression analyses were adopted as methods of data analyses...
May 9, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480578/protecting-children-and-families-from-tobacco-and-tobacco-related-ncds-in-the-western-pacific-good-practice-examples-from-malaysia-philippines-and-singapore
#11
A M David, S P Mercado, J D Klein, M S/O K Kaundan, H N Koong, E Garcia
BACKGROUND: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are generally considered diseases of adulthood, but NCD risk factors like tobacco use often are taken up during childhood and adolescence, and second-hand smoke exposure affects child survival and development. METHODS: At a regional meeting of the Asia Pacific Child and Family Health Alliance for Tobacco Control, members reviewed existing good practices of child-focused tobacco control approaches using health promotion strategies...
May 7, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480514/maternal-care-mediates-the-effects-of-nutrition-and-responsive-stimulation-interventions-on-young-children-s-growth
#12
N Brown, J E Finch, J Obradović, A K Yousafzai
BACKGROUND: Undernutrition contributes to at least half the estimated six million annual childhood deaths worldwide. Furthermore, one in three children fails to meet their developmental potential because of risks including stunting, illness, under-stimulation, poor responsive interactions and maternal depressive symptoms. Our study investigates the role of caregiving processes on children's height-for-age at 2 and 4 years. METHODS: The Pakistan Early Child Development Scale-up study assessed the longitudinal effectiveness of early nutrition and responsive stimulation interventions on growth and development at 4 years of age...
May 7, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480511/asq-3-scores-are-sensitive-to-small-differences-in-age-in-a-peruvian-infant-population
#13
K C Chong, V L Zhou, D Tarazona, H Tuesta, J E Velásquez-Hurtado, R Sadeghi, F Llanos
OBJECTIVE: The Ages and Stages Questionnaires Edition 3 (ASQ-3) are a well-validated international screen for developmental delays in young children. However, previous studies demonstrate variable scores between children eligible to take the same ASQ-3 interval. This study aimed to determine a relationship between age and ASQ-3 score for each screening interval. METHODS: This was a baseline exploratory cross-sectional study of infants under 2 years old evaluated for the Peruvian social programme Cuna Más...
May 7, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464352/maternal-experience-raising-girls-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-qualitative-study
#14
N Navot, A G Jorgenson, S J Webb
BACKGROUND: A growing line of research has sought to characterize the different presentations of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) among boys and girls. Much less is known about maternal experience and mother-child relationship in children with ASD based on child gender. The present qualitative study aimed to investigate the mother-daughter relationship from the perspective of mothers who are raising girls with ASD with normal intelligence and functional verbal communication. METHODS: Eleven in-depth interviews were conducted with mothers of girls with ASD, ages 10-19 years...
May 2, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436053/measuring-family-centred-practices-of-professionals-in-early-intervention-services-in-taiwan
#15
L-J Kang, R J Palisano, R J Simeonsson, A-W Hwang
BACKGROUND: Family-centred practices emphasize professional supports for forming partnerships with families in early intervention. The Measure of Processes of Care for Service Providers (MPOC-SP) measures the perceptions of paediatric service providers in supporting children and families. This study aimed to establish reliability of the Chinese version of the MPOC-SP (C-MPOC-SP) and to examine professional perceptions of family-centred practices in relation to professional discipline and years of experience...
April 23, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419501/stakeholders-views-of-the-introduction-of-assistive-technology-in-the-classroom-how-family-centred-is-australian-practice-for-students-with-cerebral-palsy
#16
P Karlsson, C Johnston, K Barker
BACKGROUND: With family-centred care widely recognized as a cornerstone for effective assistive technology service provision, the current study was undertaken to investigate to what extent such approaches were used by schools when assistive technology assessments and implementation occurred in the classroom. METHOD: In this cross-sectional study, we compare survey results from parents (n = 76), school staff (n = 33) and allied health professionals (n = 65) with experience in the use of high-tech assistive technology...
April 17, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402040/decision-making-and-future-planning-for-children-with-life-limiting-conditions-a-qualitative-systematic-review-and-thematic-synthesis
#17
E Popejoy, K Pollock, K Almack, J C Manning, B Johnston
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, the number of children with life-limiting and life-threatening conditions in England has almost doubled, and it is estimated that worldwide, there are 1.2 million children with palliative care needs. Families and professionals caring for children with life-limiting conditions are likely to face a number of difficult treatment decisions and develop plans for future care over the course of the child's life, but little is known about the process by which these decisions and plans are made...
April 12, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393382/-maybe-i-will-give-some-help%C3%A2-maybe-not-to-help-the-eyes-but-different-help-an-analysis-of-care-and-support-of-children-with-visual-impairment-in-community-settings-in-malawi
#18
M Gladstone, M McLinden, G Douglas, E Jolley, E Schmidt, J Chimoyo, H Magombo, P Lynch
BACKGROUND: Visual impairment in children is common in low and middle-income settings. Whilst visual impairment (VI) can impact on the development of children, many reach full potential with appropriate early intervention programmes. Although there is increased emphasis on early child development globally, it is not yet clear how to provide specific programmes for children with VI in low and middle-income settings. This study aims to identify facilitators and barriers to the provision of a developmental stimulation programme for children with VI in rural and urban Malawi...
April 9, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386948/developmental-pathways-in-infants-from-4-to-24%C3%A2-months
#19
L Valla, M S Birkeland, D Hofoss, K Slinning
BACKGROUND: There has been limited epidemiological research describing population-based samples regarding developmental pathways throughout infancy, and the research that exists has revealed substantial diversity. Identifying predictors for developmental pathways can inform early intervention services. METHODS: The Ages and Stages Questionnaire was used to measure communication, gross motor, fine motor, problem-solving and personal-social skills longitudinally in a large, population-based sample of 1555 infants recruited from well-baby clinics in five municipalities in southeast Norway...
April 7, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370174/parents-early-healthcare-transition-experiences-with-preterm-and-acutely-ill-infants-a-scoping-review
#20
REVIEW
M Ballantyne, T Orava, S Bernardo, A C McPherson, P Church, D Fehlings
BACKGROUND: Parents undergo multiple transitions following the birth of an ill infant: their infant's illness-health trajectory, neonatal intensive care unit hospitalization and transfers from one healthcare setting to another, while also transitioning to parenthood. The objective of this review was to map and synthesize evidence on the experiences and needs of parents of preterm or ill infants as they transition within and between healthcare settings following birth. METHODS: The scoping review followed Arskey and O'Malley's () framework, enhanced by Levac et al...
March 30, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
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