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Child: Care, Health and Development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929582/the-effectiveness-of-a-psychoeducation-intervention-delivered-via-whatsapp-for-mothers-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd-in-the-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
A Hemdi, D Daley
BACKGROUND: Mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) report high levels of stress and lower levels of well-being than parents of typically developing children. Current interventions for ASD typically focus on working with the child rather than delivering strategies to help support parents. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a psychoeducation intervention developed to support mothers of children with ASD in Saudi Arabia. METHOD: Sixty-two mothers (23-52 years) of children (26-78 months) were recruited to a multisite randomized controlled trials of the intervention...
September 20, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929518/reliability-and-validity-of-the-korean-language-version-of-the-communication-function-classification-system-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#2
J Y Choi, E H Hwang, D Rha, E S Park
PURPOSE: The Communication Function Classification System (CFCS) and Viking Speech Scale (VSS) are useful systems for describing the broad communication function and speech intelligibility, respectively, of children with cerebral palsy (CP). The aims of this study were to determine the reliability and validity of the Korean version of the CFCS and also to investigate the association between the CFCS and the VSS and other functional classifications for children with CP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were 50 children with CP (33 males, 17 females; mean age 7...
September 20, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913967/the-variation-in-quality-and-content-of-patient-focused-health-information-on-the-internet-for-otitis-media
#3
A Joury, A Joraid, F Alqahtani, A Alghamdi, A Batwa, J M Pines
BACKGROUND: When symptoms of otitis media appear, parents and patients often access the Internet for health information. We study the content and quality of health information in parent-patient-focused websites for otitis media. METHODS: We searched the 3 search engines (Google, Yahoo, and Bing) using "otitis media" and "middle ear infection" then reviewed the top 30 hits for each search. We included sites that were focused on providing patient-patient information about otitis media...
September 14, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913834/which-children-and-young-people-are-excluded-from-school-findings-from-a-large-british-birth-cohort-study-the-avon-longitudinal-study-of-parents-and-children-alspac
#4
A Paget, C Parker, J Heron, S Logan, W Henley, A Emond, T Ford
BACKGROUND: Exclusion from school is increasingly recognized as pertinent to child health. National educational data reveal that boys, children who are looked-after, living in poverty, have special educational needs, or from certain ethnic minorities, are disproportionately excluded from school. As population-based data on the wider characteristics of excluded children are scarce, we aimed to describe predictors of school exclusion in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children...
September 14, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905445/the-meaning-of-play-for-children-and-young-people-with-physical-disabilities-a-systematic-thematic-synthesis
#5
REVIEW
N Graham, C Nye, A Mandy, C Clarke, C Morriss-Roberts
BACKGROUND: Children and young people with physical disabilities are often reported to play less than their typically developing peers. Few studies explore the meaning of play from the child's perspective; this study carried out a thematic synthesis of the findings of qualitative studies about the meaning of play following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. METHODS: A search of CINAHL, AHMED, PsycINFO, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and ERIC was undertaken between September 2015 and March 2016...
September 14, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895183/self-concept-in-institutionalized-children-with-disturbed-attachment-the-mediating-role-of-exploratory-behaviours
#6
V S Vacaru, P S Sterkenburg, C Schuengel
BACKGROUND: Self-concept is seen as both an outcome of sociocognitive and emotional development, and a factor in social and mental health outcomes. Although the contribution of attachment experiences to self-concept has been limited to quality of primary attachment relationships, little is known of the effects of disturbed attachment on self-concept in institutionalized children. Thus, the current study examined associations between disturbed attachment behaviours in institutionalized children and self-concept, testing limited exploration as an explanatory factor...
September 11, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891117/the-sleeping-patterns-of-head-start-children-and-the-influence-on-developmental-outcomes
#7
M Schlieber, J Han
BACKGROUND: Sleep has a significant influence on children's development. The objective of this study was to investigate Head Start children's sleeping patterns and the impact on cognitive and behavioural outcomes. METHODS: Using the 2009 cohort of the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (N = 2,868), information on sleeping patterns was assessed through parent interviews. Cognitive outcomes were assessed using direct assessments (Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-IV, the Expressive One-Word Picture Vocabulary Test, and Subtests of the Woodcock-Johnson III) in addition to teacher report...
September 11, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872218/adolescents-self-perceived-and-actual-weight-which-plays-a-dominant-role-in-weight-loss-behaviour-in-lebanon
#8
S Assaad, S Anouti, F Naja, L Nasreddine, N Hwalla, A M Sibai
BACKGROUND: The decision to lose weight among adolescents is complex and is guided by a number of body-related factors. This study examined the extent of agreement between actual weight, measured as body mass index, and self-perceived weight and assessed their relative importance in weight loss behaviour among Lebanese adolescents. METHODS: Data on 278 adolescents aged 13-17 years were drawn from the nationwide Nutrition and Non-Communicable Disease Risk Factor Survey (Lebanon, 2009)...
September 4, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871592/bangladeshi-school-age-children-s-experiences-and-perceptions-on-child-maltreatment-a-qualitative-interview-study
#9
M Atiqul Haque, S Janson, S Moniruzzaman, A K M F Rahman, S R Mashreky, U-B Eriksson
BACKGROUND: Child maltreatment (CM) is a public health problem and is recognized as a huge barrier for child development. Most of the research and definitions on CM are from the perspective of high-income western countries. Because no major studies have been conducted on CM in Bangladesh, the aim of the current study was to explore the experiences of and perceptions on CM in school-age children in rural and urban Bangladesh in order to understand maltreatment in a local context and from a child perspective...
September 4, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868634/effects-of-video-feedback-intervention-on-harmonious-parent-child-interaction-and-sensitive-discipline-of-parents-with-intellectual-disabilities-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
M W Hodes, M Meppelder, M de Moor, S Kef, C Schuengel
BACKGROUND: This study tested whether video-feedback intervention based on attachment and coercion theory increased harmonious parent-child interaction and sensitive discipline of parents with mild intellectual disabilities or borderline intellectual functioning. METHODS: Observer ratings of video-recorded structured interaction tasks at home formed pretest, post-test, and 3-month follow-up outcome data in a randomized controlled trial with 85 families. Repeated measures analyses of variance and covariance were conducted to test for the intervention effect and possible moderation by IQ and adaptive functioning...
September 3, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857237/what-the-child-said-to-the-dentist-a-uk-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
R Yee, L M Jones, M T Hosey
BACKGROUND: The electronic Survey of Anxiety and Information for Dentists (eSAID) allows children to tell dentists about their feelings and coping preferences. It is a computer "quiz" with 26 questions and free-text responses that produces a report for the children that they can then hand to their dentist. This is the first study to report the use of eSAID in a hospital paediatric dental clinic. METHODS: This was a randomized controlled trial to evaluate whether children thought that eSAID benefitted them, made them less anxious, and improved cooperation and their treatment satisfaction...
August 30, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833334/parents-voices-our-process-of-advocating-for-our-child-with-autism-a-meta-synthesis-of-parents-perspectives
#12
REVIEW
K Boshoff, D Gibbs, R L Phillips, L Wiles, L Porter
BACKGROUND: Advocacy has been described by parents of children with autism as an important coping strategy, enabling them to move forward by redirecting emotions into actions. A key factor in the development of collaborative and constructive partnerships between service providers and parents is having an understanding of how parents engage in advocacy and the support needed to do so. This meta-synthesis was undertaken to consolidate in-depth qualitative data from parents' perspectives of the process that they use to advocate for their children with autism...
August 23, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809059/knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviours-of-healthcare-professionals-regarding-child-maltreatment-in-china
#13
X Li, Q Yue, S Wang, H Wang, J Jiang, L Gong, W Liu, X Huang, T Xu
BACKGROUND: A new, recently issued national law and regulation in China conferred the responsibility of healthcare professionals in child maltreatment intervention. However, few studies have reported on the recognition and reporting of child maltreatment by healthcare professionals in China. The aim of this study was to assess healthcare professionals' knowledge, attitudes, and self-perceived behaviour in terms of identifying, assessing, and reporting child maltreatment cases in China...
August 15, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809057/understanding-frames-a-uk-survey-of-parents-and-professionals-regarding-the-use-of-standing-frames-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#14
J Goodwin, A Colver, A Basu, S Crombie, D Howel, J R Parr, E McColl, N Kolehmainen, A Roberts, J Lecouturier, J Smith, K Miller, J Cadwgan
BACKGROUND: Standing frames are used for children with cerebral palsy (CP). They may improve body structure and function (e.g., reducing risk of hip subluxation, and improving bladder and bowel function), improving activity (e.g., motor abilities) and participation (e.g., interaction with peers), but there is little evidence that they do. We aimed to identify current UK standing frame practice for children with CP and to understand stakeholder views regarding their clinical benefits and challenges to use...
August 15, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795422/the-participation-of-parents-of-disabled-children-and-young-people-in-health-and-social-care-decisions
#15
P McNeilly, G Macdonald, B Kelly
BACKGROUND: There is widespread acceptance that parents should be fully involved in decisions about their son or daughter's health and social care. This is reflected in partnership models of practice as well as local and national policy across the United Kingdom. Previous research indicates that parents' experiences of decision making with professionals are mixed. AIM: The research reported here aimed to explore parents' experiences of participating in decisions made with professionals about their disabled son or daughter's care...
August 9, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776722/exposure-to-overprotective-parenting-and-psychopathology-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-survivors
#16
K L Day, K G Dobson, L A Schmidt, M A Ferro, S Saigal, M H Boyle, R J Van Lieshout
BACKGROUND: Extremely low birth weight (ELBW; <1,000 g) infants are the most vulnerable babies and are at higher risk for experiencing overprotective (i.e., controlling and intrusive) parenting, which is hypothesized to contribute to the risk for mental disorders. Despite the increased risk for anxiety disorders and decreased risk for alcohol or substance use disorders seen in ELBW survivors, no research has examined the impact of parenting. This study investigated if overprotective parenting mediates links between ELBW birth status and psychiatric disorders in adulthood...
August 4, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776756/longitudinal-vocabulary-development-in-australian-urban-aboriginal-children-protective-and-risk-factors
#17
K Short, P Eadie, J Descallar, E Comino, L Kemp
BACKGROUND: Vocabulary is a key component of language that can impact on children's future literacy and communication. The gap between Australian Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal children's reading and academic outcomes is well reported and similar to Indigenous/non-Indigenous gaps in other nations. Determining factors that influence vocabulary acquisition over time and may be responsive to treatment is important for improving Aboriginal children's communication and academic outcomes. AIM: To determine what factors influence Australian urban Aboriginal children's receptive vocabulary acquisition and whether any of these are risks or protective for vocabulary development...
August 3, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776749/psychosocial-functioning-self-image-and-quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#18
S Cipolletta, G Spina, A Spoto
BACKGROUND: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a genetic disorder associated with neurocutaneus manifestations, as well as attention and learning problems. The aim of this study was to examine the psychosocial functioning, quality of life, and self-image of children with NF1. METHOD: Two hundred forty participants were recruited, comprising 60 children and adolescents with NF1, 60 parents of children with NF1, 60 children and adolescents without NF1, and 60 parents of children without NF1...
August 3, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752669/behaviour-of-4-to-5-year-old-nondisabled-elbw-children-outcomes-following-group-based-physiotherapy-intervention
#19
L Brown, Y R Burns, P Watter, P H Gray, K S Gibbons
BACKGROUND: Extreme prematurity or extremely low birth weight (ELBW) can adversely affect behaviour. Nondisabled ELBW children are at risk of behavioural problems, which may become a particular concern after commencement of formal education. This study explored the frequency of behavioural and emotional problems amongst nondisabled ELBW children at 4 to 5 years of age and whether intervention had a positive influence on behaviour. The relationship between behaviour, gender, and other areas of performance at 5 years was explored...
July 28, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752588/psychological-adjustment-and-behaviours-in-children-of-migrant-workers-in-china
#20
F Wang, X Zhou, T Hesketh
BACKGROUND: In China, there are around 274 million rural-urban migrants, an estimated 61 million children left behind in rural areas by parents, and 29 million children who accompany their parents to cities. The aim of this study was to compare the psychosocial adjustment and behaviours of left-behind children and migrant children. METHODS: Full data were available for 761 left-behind children and 1,392 migrant children aged 11 to 17 in Zhejiang Province, eastern China...
July 28, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
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