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Child: Care, Health and Development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156014/time-use-of-parents-raising-children-with-severe-or-profound-intellectual-and-multiple-disabilities
#1
J Luijkx, A A J van der Putten, C Vlaskamp
BACKGROUND: Raising children with severe or profound intellectual and multiple disabilities (PIMD) is expected to put extreme pressure on parental time use patterns. The aim of this study was to examine the total time use of mothers and fathers raising children with PIMD and compare it with the time use of parents of typically developing children. METHOD: Twenty-seven fathers and 30 mothers raising children with PIMD completed a time use diary on a mobile phone or tablet app, as did 66 fathers and 109 mothers of typically developing children...
February 3, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105710/experiences-of-parents-of-children-with-special-needs-at-school-entry-a-mixed-method-approach
#2
A Siddiqua, M Janus
BACKGROUND: The transition from pre-school to kindergarten can be complex for children who need special assistance due to mental or physical disabilities (children with 'special needs'). We used a convergent mixed method approach to explore parents' experiences with service provision as their children transitioned to school. METHODS: Parents (including one grandparent) of 37 children aged 4 to 6 years completed measures assessing their perceptions of and satisfaction with services...
January 20, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105642/what-do-popular-youtube-tm-videos-say-about-vaccines
#3
C H Basch, P Zybert, R Reeves, C E Basch
BACKGROUND: The unregulated social network YouTube(TM) has become an increasingly popular source of information on health topics such as vaccine safety. With a reach of over one billion users per month, the potential for misinformation is significant. METHODS: Using the keywords 'vaccine safety' and 'vaccines and children', 87 of the most widely viewed YouTube(TM) videos were identified and analyzed for content, author status and view count. RESULTS: The range of view counts was 25 532 to 6 229 835, with a median of 62 075 views per video...
January 19, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101953/associations-between-participation-in-family-activities-and-adolescent-school-problems
#4
S S Goldfarb, J L Locher, J Preskitt, D Becker, S L Davies, B Sen
INTRODUCTION: Adolescent risk outcomes related to school issues are widespread, with about 20% parents reporting poor school engagement amongst their youth. Previous literature suggests that adolescents who report strong bonds with their parents are often identified as being less likely to engage in risky behaviours, such as substance use. The current study sought to examine the association between the frequencies of selected family activities and school problems amongst adolescents after adjustments for family connectedness and other characteristics...
January 18, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090667/children-and-young-people-s-conceptualizations-of-depression-a-systematic-review-and-narrative-meta-synthesis
#5
REVIEW
N Georgakakou-Koutsonikou, J M Williams
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing research interest in conceptualizations of mental illness, examined in association with help-seeking, stigma and treatment preferences. A recent focus on young people's concepts has been identified, with depression being one of the most examined conditions. METHODS: The purpose of this systematic review is to synthesize evidence on children and adolescents' conceptualizations of depression, adopting the model of illness representations...
January 15, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083952/family-oriented-services-in-pediatric-rehabilitation-a-scoping-review-and-framework-to-promote-parent-and-family-wellness
#6
REVIEW
G King, L Williams, S Hahn Goldberg
Family-oriented services are not as common as one would expect, given the widespread endorsement of family-centred care, the role of parents in supporting optimal child outcomes, and legislation and literature indicating that parent outcomes are important in their own right. There are no published service delivery frameworks describing the scope of services that could be delivered to promote parent and family wellness. A scoping review was conducted to identify types of family-oriented services for parents of children with physical disabilities and/or intellectual impairments...
January 12, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074491/parental-influences-on-weight-related-health-behaviors-in-western-and-eastern-cultures
#7
B S Niemeier, Y P Duan, B R Shang, J Yang
BACKGROUND: Excessive bodyweight contributes to a myriad of risk factors for chronic diseases, and multiple reports have demonstrated that parents influence the development of their children's behaviors that contribute to bodyweight. However, studies that include considerations for cultural influences are limited, and methodology that considers direct reports from young adults and their parents across cultures does not exist. METHODS: A sample of young adults (N = 327) and their parents in the U...
January 10, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074484/how-to-define-successful-transition-an-exploration-of-consensus-indicators-and-outcomes-in-young-adults-with-chronic-conditions
#8
J N T Sattoe, S R Hilberink, A van Staa
BACKGROUND: In this short report, we use data from a previous cohort study to explore the relationship between five out of eight consensus indicators for successful transition and patient-reported outcomes in young adulthood. METHODS: Data came from a 6-year cohort study that consisted of a survey among 518 young adults with various chronic conditions and a review of their electronic patient records. Associations between five indicators for successful transition and background variables and patient-reported outcomes were explored with Spearman's r...
January 10, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035694/a-narrative-meta-review-of-a-series-of-systematic-and-meta-analytic-reviews-on-the-intervention-outcome-for-children-with-developmental-co-ordination-disorder
#9
M Miyahara, M Lagisz, S Nakagawa, S E Henderson
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews and meta-analyses are considered to be the 'gold standards' for synthesizing research evidence in particular areas of enquiry. However, such reviews are only useful if they themselves are conducted to a sufficiently high standard. The aim of this study was to conduct a narrative meta-review of existing analyses of the effectiveness of interventions designed for children with developmental co-ordination disorder (DCD). METHODS: A narrative meta-review of systematic and meta-analytic reviews aimed at evaluating the effectiveness of intervention for children with DCD was conducted on studies published between 1950 and 2014...
December 30, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019016/talking-with-young-children-about-concussions-an-exploratory-study
#10
E Kroshus, D Gillard, J Haarbauer-Krupa, R E Goldman, D S Bickham
BACKGROUND: Concussion education for children early in their participation in organized sport may help shape lasting attitudes about concussion safety. However, existing programming and research focus on older ages. METHODS: Qualitative interviews about concussions were conducted with twenty children between the ages of six and eight. Structural, descriptive and pattern coding were used to organize the transcribed interviews and identify emergent themes. RESULTS: Eighteen of the participants indicated that they had heard of the word concussion, with 12 describing the injury as related to the brain or head...
December 25, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991690/associations-between-mothers-active-engagement-with-infants-at-6%C3%A2-months-and-children-s-adjustment-to-school-life-at-ages-5-5-and-11%C3%A2-years
#11
T Kato, T Fujiwara, I Kawachi
BACKGROUND: In Japan, students' poor adjustment to school life such as school refusals has been recognized as a nation-wide problem. In this study, we examined the link between the absence of mothers' active engagement with their infants at 6 months and children's risks of poor adjustment toward elementary school life at the ages of 5.5 and 11. METHODS: We used a Japanese national longitudinal survey (n = 43 132) with 11 years of follow-up. Because of social patterning in how mothers engage with their infants, we employed propensity score matching analyses to control for confounding by socio-economic and other factors...
December 19, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910128/predictors-of-developmental-surveillance-completion-at-six-months-of-age-in-south-western-sydney
#12
B J Overs, S Woolfenden, K Williams, B Jalaludin, E L Axelsson, C Dissanayake, J Descallar, S Harvey, D Beasley, E Murphy, V Eapen
BACKGROUND: While developmental surveillance programs promote early identification of child developmental problems, evidence has indicated suboptimal uptake. This study aimed to identify predictors of developmental surveillance completion at 6 months postpartum. METHODS: Questionnaires were administered to the parents of 510 infants who were born in south western Sydney, Australia over a 22-month period. Attendance for developmental screening and completion of the Parents' Evaluation of Developmental Status (PEDS) at 6 months postpartum were modelled separately using multivariable logistic regression...
December 1, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896838/children-with-medical-complexity-a-scoping-review-of-interventions-to-support-caregiver-stress
#13
REVIEW
H Edelstein, J Schippke, S Sheffe, S Kingsnorth
BACKGROUND: Caring for children with chronic and complex medical needs places extraordinary stress on parents and other family members. A scoping review was undertaken to identify and describe the full range of current interventions for reducing caregiver stress. METHODS: Applying a broad definition of caregiver stress, a systematic search of three scientific databases (CINAHL, Embase and Ovid Medline), a general internet search and hand searching of key peer-reviewed articles were conducted...
November 29, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896832/leaving-foster-or-residential-care-a-participatory-study-of-care-leavers-experiences-of-health-and-social-care-transitions
#14
K Liabo, C McKenna, A Ingold, H Roberts
BACKGROUND: Young people in residential or foster care experience multiple transitions around their 18(th) birthday without the long term and consistent support from their family of origin that most of their peers can expect. We report a mixed methods qualitative study of transitions across health and social care services for children leaving care, providing narratives of what young people described as positive, and what they and professionals think might be improved. METHODS: Data were collected in participatory meetings and individual interviews between young people and researchers (n = 24) and individual interviews with practitioners (n = 11)...
November 29, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891656/the-early-intervention-message-perspectives-of-parents-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#15
A Edwards, C Brebner, P McCormack, C MacDougall
BACKGROUND: There is strong evidence that early intervention (EI) can improve outcomes for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and consequently, the importance of EI has been widely promoted to families of children with ASD. However, the perspectives of parents of children with ASD regarding the EI message have not been widely examined. METHODS: This study used qualitative methods to explore parental perspectives on the EI message. Semi-structured interviews were undertaken with 14 participants from 12 family units to explore the perspectives of parents of children with ASD on the EI message...
November 28, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891655/a-comparison-of-parent-and-childcare-provider-s-attitudes-and-perceptions-about-preschoolers-physical-activity-and-outdoor-time
#16
P S Tandon, B E Saelens, K A Copeland
BACKGROUND: Young children depend on adult caregivers to provide opportunities for physical activity. Research has focused on barriers and facilitators to children's physical activity while in childcare, but parental influences remain largely unknown. This study examines parent's attitudes about preschoolers' physical activity and outdoor time, compares them with those of childcare providers and determines the association between parental attitudes and preschoolers' measured activity...
November 28, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990699/current-literature
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807874/peri-radiographic-guidelines-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-nationwide-survey-in-sweden
#18
B Björkman, I Gimbler Berglund, K Enskär, M Faresjö, K Huus
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of guidelines and routines used nationwide when children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are taken care of and examined in a radiology department during a peri-radiographic process. METHOD: A nationwide survey was compiled and distributed to 94 radiology departments throughout Sweden, i.e. those performing more than 100 000 radiographic examinations annually. The survey was designed as a web questionnaire with seven questions on possible guidelines and/or routines for the departments when preparing and taking care of children with ASD in conjunction with a radiographic procedure...
January 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807865/the-meaning-of-participation-for-children-in-malawi-insights-from-children-and-caregivers
#19
F Nelson, C Masulani-Mwale, E Richards, S Theobald, M Gladstone
BACKGROUND: Global rates of childhood disability are high and are estimated through tools that focus on impairment, functioning and activity. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health has promoted a framework to define disability more broadly and to include participation. New outcome measures have now been created to assess participation of children with disabilities for use in research and clinical practice. In order to use these in other cultural contexts, the validity of concepts and tools developed should be evaluated prior to use...
January 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804155/birth-interval-and-stunting-in-children-under-five-years-of-age-in-peru-1996-2014
#20
M Sobrino, C Gutiérrez, J Alarcón, M Dávila, A J Cunha
BACKGROUND: Examine the evolution of stunting in <5 years of age in Peru and its relationship with birth interval (BI), and associated factors from 1996 to 2014. METHODS: Data were extracted from the National Demographic and Health Survey of Peru (DHS) for the years 1996, 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2014 on children <5 years of age for stunting (height / age ≤ 2DS). The main independent variable of interest was BI dichotomized by interval between date of last and penultimate birth (≤24 months vs...
January 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
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