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Child: Care, Health and Development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910128/predictors-of-developmental-surveillance-completion-at-six-months-of-age-in-south-western-sydney
#1
B J Overs, S Woolfenden, K Williams, B Jalaludin, E L Axelsson, C Dissanayake, J Descallar, S Harvey, D Beasley, E Murphy, V Eapen
BACKGROUND: While developmental surveillance programs promote early identification of child developmental problems, evidence has indicated suboptimal uptake. This study aimed to identify predictors of developmental surveillance completion at 6 months postpartum. METHODS: Questionnaires were administered to the parents of 510 infants who were born in south western Sydney, Australia over a 22-month period. Attendance for developmental screening and completion of the Parents' Evaluation of Developmental Status (PEDS) at 6 months postpartum were modelled separately using multivariable logistic regression...
December 1, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896838/children-with-medical-complexity-a-scoping-review-of-interventions-to-support-caregiver-stress
#2
REVIEW
H Edelstein, J Schippke, S Sheffe, S Kingsnorth
BACKGROUND: Caring for children with chronic and complex medical needs places extraordinary stress on parents and other family members. A scoping review was undertaken to identify and describe the full range of current interventions for reducing caregiver stress. METHODS: Applying a broad definition of caregiver stress, a systematic search of three scientific databases (CINAHL, Embase and Ovid Medline), a general internet search and hand searching of key peer-reviewed articles were conducted...
November 29, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896832/leaving-foster-or-residential-care-a-participatory-study-of-care-leavers-experiences-of-health-and-social-care-transitions
#3
K Liabo, C McKenna, A Ingold, H Roberts
BACKGROUND: Young people in residential or foster care experience multiple transitions around their 18(th) birthday without the long term and consistent support from their family of origin that most of their peers can expect. We report a mixed methods qualitative study of transitions across health and social care services for children leaving care, providing narratives of what young people described as positive, and what they and professionals think might be improved. METHODS: Data were collected in participatory meetings and individual interviews between young people and researchers (n = 24) and individual interviews with practitioners (n = 11)...
November 29, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891656/the-early-intervention-message-perspectives-of-parents-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#4
A Edwards, C Brebner, P McCormack, C MacDougall
BACKGROUND: There is strong evidence that early intervention (EI) can improve outcomes for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and consequently, the importance of EI has been widely promoted to families of children with ASD. However, the perspectives of parents of children with ASD regarding the EI message have not been widely examined. METHODS: This study used qualitative methods to explore parental perspectives on the EI message. Semi-structured interviews were undertaken with 14 participants from 12 family units to explore the perspectives of parents of children with ASD on the EI message...
November 28, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891655/a-comparison-of-parent-and-childcare-provider-s-attitudes-and-perceptions-about-preschoolers-physical-activity-and-outdoor-time
#5
P S Tandon, B E Saelens, K A Copeland
BACKGROUND: Young children depend on adult caregivers to provide opportunities for physical activity. Research has focused on barriers and facilitators to children's physical activity while in childcare, but parental influences remain largely unknown. This study examines parent's attitudes about preschoolers' physical activity and outdoor time, compares them with those of childcare providers and determines the association between parental attitudes and preschoolers' measured activity...
November 28, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868227/associated-factors-of-behavioural-problems-in-children-at-preschool-age-the-hokkaido-study-on-environment-and-children-s-health
#6
M Minatoya, S Itoh, A Araki, N Tamura, K Yamazaki, S Nishihara, C Miyashita, R Kishi
BACKGROUND: Finding associated factors with childhood behavioural problems as early as preschool age is important. Studies have revealed several factors including socioeconomic factors, which may vary among different cultural background and population. However, investigation in general Japanese population of preschool age has not been well demonstrated. Thus, the objective of this study was to examine associated factors of childhood behavioural problems using Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) in a prospective birth cohort study...
November 20, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807874/peri-radiographic-guidelines-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-nationwide-survey-in-sweden
#7
B Björkman, I Gimbler Berglund, K Enskär, M Faresjö, K Huus
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of guidelines and routines used nationwide when children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are taken care of and examined in a radiology department during a peri-radiographic process. METHOD: A nationwide survey was compiled and distributed to 94 radiology departments throughout Sweden, i.e. those performing more than 100 000 radiographic examinations annually. The survey was designed as a web questionnaire with seven questions on possible guidelines and/or routines for the departments when preparing and taking care of children with ASD in conjunction with a radiographic procedure...
November 2, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807865/the-meaning-of-participation-for-children-in-malawi-insights-from-children-and-caregivers
#8
F Nelson, C Masulani-Mwale, E Richards, S Theobald, M Gladstone
BACKGROUND: Global rates of childhood disability are high and are estimated through tools that focus on impairment, functioning and activity. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health has promoted a framework to define disability more broadly and to include participation. New outcome measures have now been created to assess participation of children with disabilities for use in research and clinical practice. In order to use these in other cultural contexts, the validity of concepts and tools developed should be evaluated prior to use...
November 2, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804155/birth-interval-and-stunting-in-children-under-five-years-of-age-in-peru-1996-2014
#9
M Sobrino, C Gutiérrez, J Alarcón, M Dávila, A J Cunha
BACKGROUND: Examine the evolution of stunting in <5 years of age in Peru and its relationship with birth interval (BI), and associated factors from 1996 to 2014. METHODS: Data were extracted from the National Demographic and Health Survey of Peru (DHS) for the years 1996, 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2014 on children <5 years of age for stunting (height / age ≤ 2DS). The main independent variable of interest was BI dichotomized by interval between date of last and penultimate birth (≤24 months vs...
November 1, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804151/siblings-of-children-with-life-limiting-conditions-psychological-adjustment-and-sibling-relationships
#10
J M Fullerton, V Totsika, R Hain, R P Hastings
BACKGROUND: This study explored psychological adjustment and sibling relationships of siblings of children with life-limiting conditions (LLCs), expanding on previous research by defining LLCs using a systematic classification of these conditions. METHODS: Thirty-nine siblings participated, aged 3-16 years. Parents completed measures of siblings' emotional and behavioural difficulties, quality of life, sibling relationships and impact on families and siblings...
November 1, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781327/developing-tailored-positive-parenting-messages-for-a-clinic-based-communication-programme
#11
N L Weaver, T L Weaver, S E Nicks, K A Jupka, H Sallee, H Jacobsen, W Henley, M Jaques
BACKGROUND: Health care providers fill a central role in the prevention of both child abuse and neglect (CA/N) and unintentional childhood injury. Health communication interventions hold promise for promoting attitudes and behaviours among parents that increase positive parenting practices, which may be linked to decreased rates of intentional and unintentional childhood injuries. This manuscript describes the development of 'RISE Up', an ambulatory clinic-based childhood injury prevention programme that provides tailored, injury prevention print materials to parents of children ages 0-5...
October 25, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781298/why-chronically-ill-children-face-challenges-in-regular-classrooms-perspectives-from-nursing-teachers-in-japan
#12
Y Seki, A Kakinuma, T Kuchii, K Ohira
BACKGROUND: Chronically ill children are increasingly expected to join their peers in regular classrooms. However, sometimes schools do not provide adequate assistance. This study explores nursing teachers' thoughts and experiences on integrating such students into regular classrooms in Japan. METHODS: We analysed 79 essays written by nursing teachers collectively titled 'The challenges of having chronically ill children in regular classrooms'. We conducted a qualitative study using Kinoshita's Modified Grounded Theory Approach...
October 25, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774638/psychosocial-problems-of-children-whose-parents-visit-the-emergency-department-due-to-intimate-partner-violence-substance-abuse-or-a-suicide-attempt
#13
E M M Hoytema van Konijnenburg, J H van der Lee, A H Teeuw, R Lindeboom, S N Brilleslijper-Kater, T Sieswerda-Hoogendoorn, J B van Goudoever, R J L Lindauer
BACKGROUND: High levels of maltreatment are found in children who are identified because their parents visit the emergency department due to partner violence, substance abuse or suicide attempt. However, it is unknown if these children experience psychosocial problems. This study aims to assess their levels of post-traumatic stress, anxiety, depression, behavioural problems and health-related quality of life. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in six hospitals...
October 23, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766678/improving-participation-outcomes-and-interventions-in-neurodisability-co-designing-future-research
#14
J McAnuff, R Brooks, C Duff, M Quinn, J Marshall, N Kolehmainen
There is an urgent, agreed need to improve participation outcomes and interventions for children and young people with neurodisability. We worked together with service users and providers to design research into participation outcomes and interventions in neurodisability. We built on existing evidence about participation outcomes and interventions and the WHO International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. We: (1) specified seven participation outcome categories for measurement; (2) prioritized these for improvement: self-care, friends and social, and physical activity ranked the highest; (3) identified 11 potential intervention categories for targeting the top priority, self-care, through eight hypothesized change mechanisms and agreed for the interventions to be delivered as a 'Menu of Interventions' for personalized self-care support; and (4) designed a before-and-after mixed methods feasibility study to evaluate the Menu with children and young people (0-12 years) and their parents and therapists...
October 21, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739085/participation-of-australian-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-families-in-a-parent-support-programme-longitudinal-associations-between-playgroup-attendance-and-child-parent-and-community-outcomes
#15
K E Williams, D Berthelsen, M Viviani, J M Nicholson
BACKGROUND: Playgroups are a relatively unique form of family support programme that is common in Australia which has high community acceptance and significant government investment. However, limited evidence exists regarding the effectiveness of playgroups to achieve better outcomes for children and their parents. This study describes patterns of playgroup participation for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander families with young children and examines the extent to which participation from birth to three years is associated with subsequent child, parent and community outcomes...
October 13, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726157/development-of-a-screening-tool-enabling-identification-of-infants-and-toddlers-at-risk-of-family-abuse-and-neglect-a-feasibility-study-from-three-south-european-countries
#16
L Ezpeleta, R Pérez-Robles, K A Fanti, V Karveli, E Katsimicha, G Nikolaidis, M Z Hadjicharalambous, K Hatzinikolaou
BACKGROUND: Child abuse is a health and social problem, and few screening instruments are available for the detection of risk in primary health care. The aim was to develop a screening instrument to be used by professionals in the public health care sector, thus enabling the detection of infants and toddlers at risk of emotional and physical abuse and neglect, and to provide evidence for the feasibility of the instrument in Cyprus, Greece and Spain. METHOD: A total of 50 health professionals from paediatric public health-care centres in the three countries were involved in a three-step process for guiding the development of the screening tool and its application...
October 11, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709653/use-of-the-ages-and-stages-questionnaire-adapted-for-south-africa-and-zambia
#17
C Hsiao, L Richter, T Makusha, B Matafwali, A van Heerden, M Mabaso
BACKGROUND: There are few readily available, relatively easy to use and culturally adaptable developmental assessment tools for young children in southern Africa. The overarching aim of this study is to test the psychometric properties, contextual appropriateness and cut-off scores across 21 age groups of the Ages and Stages Questionnaire Third Edition (Squires & Bricker, ) among a group of typically developing children in South Africa and Zambia through a combination of both caregiver-report and direct observations, and to compare children's performance across sociodemographic variables...
October 5, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704596/a-vocational-rehabilitation-intervention-for-young-adults-with-physical-disabilities-participants-perception-of-beneficial-attributes
#18
M I Bal, J N T Sattoe, N R van Schaardenburgh, M C S G Floothuis, M E Roebroeck, H S Miedema
BACKGROUND: Finding and maintaining employment is a major challenge for young adults with physical disabilities and their work participation rate is lower than that of healthy peers. This paper is about a program that supports work participation amongst young adults with chronic physical disabilities. The study aims to explore their experienced barriers and facilitators for finding and maintaining employment after starting this program, the participant-perceived beneficial attributes of the program and participants' recommendations for additional intervention components...
October 5, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704590/evaluating-the-incredible-years-toddler-parenting-programme-with-parents-of-toddlers-in-disadvantaged-flying-start-areas-of-wales
#19
J Hutchings, N Griffith, T Bywater, M E Williams
BACKGROUND: Early risk factors for poor child outcomes are well established, and some group parenting programmes have demonstrated good outcomes for children under 3 years of age. This randomized controlled trial evaluated the effectiveness of the Incredible Years® Toddler Parenting Programme with parents of 1-year-old and 2-year-old children recruited by staff in disadvantaged Flying Start areas across Wales. METHODS: Eighty-nine families with a child aged between 12 and 36 months at baseline participated in a pragmatic community-based trial of the programme in eight Flying Start areas...
October 5, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704589/identifying-research-priorities-with-nurses-at-a-tertiary-children-s-hospital-in-the-united-kingdom
#20
A Williams, D Sell, K Oulton, N Wilson, J Wray, F Gibson
AIM: The objective of this study was to undertake a research priority setting exercise with the aim of maximizing efficiency and impact in research activity undertaken by nurses at one children's tertiary healthcare institution by ensuring the clinical staff directly shaped a coherent, transparent and consensus driven nurse-led research agenda. BACKGROUND: In Round 1, the research topics of 147 nurses were elicited using a modified nominal group technique as the consensus method...
October 4, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
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