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Child: Care, Health and Development

J McAnuff, R Brooks, C Duff, M Quinn, J Marshall, N Kolehmainen
There is an urgent, agreed need to improve participation outcomes and interventions for children and young people with neurodisability. We worked together with service users and providers to design research into participation outcomes and interventions in neurodisability. We built on existing evidence about participation outcomes and interventions and the WHO International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. We: (1) specified seven participation outcome categories for measurement; (2) prioritized these for improvement: self-care, friends and social, and physical activity ranked the highest; (3) identified 11 potential intervention categories for targeting the top priority, self-care, through eight hypothesized change mechanisms and agreed for the interventions to be delivered as a 'Menu of Interventions' for personalized self-care support; and (4) designed a before-and-after mixed methods feasibility study to evaluate the Menu with children and young people (0-12 years) and their parents and therapists...
October 21, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
K E Williams, D Berthelsen, M Viviani, J M Nicholson
BACKGROUND: Playgroups are a relatively unique form of family support programme that is common in Australia which has high community acceptance and significant government investment. However, limited evidence exists regarding the effectiveness of playgroups to achieve better outcomes for children and their parents. This study describes patterns of playgroup participation for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander families with young children and examines the extent to which participation from birth to three years is associated with subsequent child, parent and community outcomes...
October 13, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
L Ezpeleta, R Pérez-Robles, K A Fanti, V Karveli, E Katsimicha, G Nikolaidis, M Z Hadjicharalambous, K Hatzinikolaou
BACKGROUND: Child abuse is a health and social problem, and few screening instruments are available for the detection of risk in primary health care. The aim was to develop a screening instrument to be used by professionals in the public health care sector, thus enabling the detection of infants and toddlers at risk of emotional and physical abuse and neglect, and to provide evidence for the feasibility of the instrument in Cyprus, Greece and Spain. METHOD: A total of 50 health professionals from paediatric public health-care centres in the three countries were involved in a three-step process for guiding the development of the screening tool and its application...
October 11, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
C Hsiao, L Richter, T Makusha, B Matafwali, A van Heerden, M Mabaso
BACKGROUND: There are few readily available, relatively easy to use and culturally adaptable developmental assessment tools for young children in southern Africa. The overarching aim of this study is to test the psychometric properties, contextual appropriateness and cut-off scores across 21 age groups of the Ages and Stages Questionnaire Third Edition (Squires & Bricker, ) among a group of typically developing children in South Africa and Zambia through a combination of both caregiver-report and direct observations, and to compare children's performance across sociodemographic variables...
October 5, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
M I Bal, J N T Sattoe, N R van Schaardenburgh, M C S G Floothuis, M E Roebroeck, H S Miedema
BACKGROUND: Finding and maintaining employment is a major challenge for young adults with physical disabilities and their work participation rate is lower than that of healthy peers. This paper is about a program that supports work participation amongst young adults with chronic physical disabilities. The study aims to explore their experienced barriers and facilitators for finding and maintaining employment after starting this program, the participant-perceived beneficial attributes of the program and participants' recommendations for additional intervention components...
October 5, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
J Hutchings, N Griffith, T Bywater, M E Williams
BACKGROUND: Early risk factors for poor child outcomes are well established, and some group parenting programmes have demonstrated good outcomes for children under 3 years of age. This randomized controlled trial evaluated the effectiveness of the Incredible Years® Toddler Parenting Programme with parents of 1-year-old and 2-year-old children recruited by staff in disadvantaged Flying Start areas across Wales. METHODS: Eighty-nine families with a child aged between 12 and 36 months at baseline participated in a pragmatic community-based trial of the programme in eight Flying Start areas...
October 5, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
A Williams, D Sell, K Oulton, N Wilson, J Wray, F Gibson
AIM: The objective of this study was to undertake a research priority setting exercise with the aim of maximizing efficiency and impact in research activity undertaken by nurses at one children's tertiary healthcare institution by ensuring the clinical staff directly shaped a coherent, transparent and consensus driven nurse-led research agenda. BACKGROUND: In Round 1, the research topics of 147 nurses were elicited using a modified nominal group technique as the consensus method...
October 4, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
A E Mitchell, A Morawska, J A Fraser, K Sillar
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Children with atopic dermatitis are at increased risk of both general behaviour problems, and those specific to the condition and its treatment. This can hamper the ability of parents to carry out treatment and manage the condition effectively. To date, there is no published instrument available to assess child behaviour difficulties in the context of atopic dermatitis management. Our aim was to develop a reliable and valid instrument to assess atopic dermatitis-specific child behaviour problems, and parents' self-efficacy (confidence) for managing these behaviours...
October 2, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
L Wang, C Fan, T Tao, W Gao
BACKGROUND: Few studies have been conducted in people of Asian descent that have reported to demonstrate the distinct developmental trends in good self-control and poor control. To fill this gap, we conducted a national cross-sectional survey among adolescents and young adults in China to further clarify the age and gender differences in self-control from a dual-systems perspective. METHODS: A total of 2910 adolescents (female, n = 1698) and their parents from five different provinces in China were surveyed using the Dual-Modes of Self-Control Scale (DMSC-S) and the Parents' Perceived Self-Control Scale...
October 2, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
A E While, E Heery, A M Sheehan, I Coyne
BACKGROUND: The numbers of children with long-term illnesses surviving into adulthood and transferring from child to adult services has increased dramatically in the last 30 years. This study aimed to examine health-related quality of life pre- and post-transfer from child to adult healthcare for young people with three long-term illnesses. METHODS: A total of 217 young people with cystic fibrosis, congenital heart defects or diabetes attending child and adult hospital services in Dublin, Ireland completed a questionnaire survey...
September 27, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
J M Gil, S Takourabt
BACKGROUND: In 2012, the prevalence of obesity and overweight statuses among children in Spain was 9% and 26%, respectively. Concerns about childhood obesity have increased over the past few years, as obesity developed during childhood can persist throughout an individual's lifetime (cohort effect). This study aims to develop a better understanding of the factors influencing the prevalence of obesity in Spain. METHODS: Microdata from the 2012 National Health Survey are used, and the methodological framework is based on the estimation of a sample selection model...
September 27, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
P Á Latorre Román, R Moreno Del Castillo, M Lucena Zurita, J Salas Sánchez, F García-Pinillos, D Mora López
BACKGROUND: Because fitness level is a potent biomarker of health from an early age, the improvements of physical fitness performance through the promotion of physical activity could be important for the health of preschool children, particularly in obesity prevention. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to determine the physical fitness in children aged 3-6 years, discriminating performance by sex, age and body mass index (BMI). METHOD: A total of 3868 children from 3 to 6 years agreed voluntarily to participate...
September 25, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
M Vuori, I Autti-Rämö, N Junttila, M Vauras, A Tuulio-Henriksson
BACKGROUND: The present study examines discrepancies between self- and adult-perceptions of social competence in children with attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and possible co-morbid disruptive behaviour disorders (DBD). METHOD: Self-reported questionnaires were collected from multiple informants at the baseline of a multi-systemic family intervention programme for children (aged 5-12) with ADHD, ASD and possible co-morbid DBD...
September 19, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
K Liljenquist, W Coster, J Kramer, Z Rossetti
BACKGROUND: Participation by youth with disabilities in recreational activities has been shown to promote the development of important skills needed for transition to adulthood. The Participatory Experience Survey (PES) and the Setting Affordances Survey (SAS) were developed for use by recreational programmes serving youth with significant intellectual and developmental disabilities (SIDD) to assess participant experiences and ensure that participants are afforded optimal opportunities to develop these skills...
September 15, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
Y Bjereld, K Daneback, P Löfstedt, T Bjarnason, J Tynjälä, R Välimaa, M Petzold
BACKGROUND: Friends are important in childhood and adolescence, especially to bullied children. Technology mediated communication (TMC) could be used both to develop and maintain friendship. The present study examined (1) trends in the use of TMC with friends between 2001 and 2010; (2) possible differences between bullied and not bullied children and (3) differences between children with few close friends and children with several close friends. METHODS: Data were obtained from three waves of the serial cross-sectional Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children survey conducted in Denmark, Finland, Iceland and Sweden during 2001/2002, 2005/2006 and 2009/2010...
September 13, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
J-C Suris, J-P Larbre, M Hofer, M Hauschild, Y Barrense-Dias, A Berchtold, C Akre
OBJECTIVE: To assess differences between parents of adolescents with chronic illness (CI) going through a self-reported easy or difficult transfer. METHODS: Seventy-two parents of CI youths who had already transferred to adult care were divided according to whether they considered that the transfer had been easy (n = 45) or difficult (n = 27). We performed a bivariate analysis comparing both groups and variables with a significance level < .1 were included in a logistic regression...
September 13, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
S Hodgetts, D McConnell, L Zwaigenbaum, D Nicholas
BACKGROUND: Families with a child diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often utilize a variety of professional services. The provision of these services has many potential benefits for families; however, these services also place demands on parents, particularly mothers, to access, navigate and participate. Little is known about how involvement with these services and service systems influences the psychological wellbeing of mothers of children diagnosed with ASD. We examined the relationship between professional services and psychological wellbeing for mothers of children diagnosed with ASD...
September 12, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
C Schulze, J Page, M Lilja, A Kottorp
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the cross-cultural validity of the German version of the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI-G) when used in Austria, Germany and Switzerland. METHOD: A total of 118 girls and 144 boys participated in this study; 198 of the children (75.6%) had a developmental disability and 64 (24.4%) were without a known disability. The mean age was four years (range 11 months to 10 years and six months, SD 1.91). Item goodness of fit, differential item functioning (DIF) and differential test functioning (DTF) were evaluated by use of a Rasch model...
September 4, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
M H Pesch, A L Miller, D P Appugliese, N Kaciroti, K L Rosenblum, J C Lumeng
BACKGROUND: Mothers' goals are important for health behavior change, and engagement in child obesity interventions. It is unknown if maternal feeding goals are associated with observed home mealtime or feeding practices. The objective of this study was to examine the association of four common feeding goals (restrict junk food, promote fruit or vegetable intake, promote autonomy in eating and prevent obesity) with mothers' observed home mealtime and feeding practices. METHODS: Low-income mothers (N = 265) of children (mean child age 70...
August 24, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
C E Holley, C Farrow, E Haycraft
BACKGROUND: Research into the methods which caregivers use to encourage children to eat vegetables is limited, with minimal evidence about what the barriers are to offering these foods. Vegetable consumption in children is typically low, and so gaining information on these factors is vital in order to develop further caregiver-centred interventions to increase children's vegetable consumption. This study aimed to investigate the methods caregivers use to offer vegetables to preschool aged children, as well as the factors which influence whether and how caregivers present vegetables to their children...
August 24, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
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