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Child: Care, Health and Development

E Courtney, G Kiernan, S Guerin, K Ryan, R McQuillan
BACKGROUND: This study explored mothers' perspectives of the experiences and impact on themselves and their family when their child has a life-limiting neurodevelopmental disability. METHODS: Twelve mothers were interviewed and topics included mothers' experiences of caring, the impact on themselves and their family of care provision, and the management of day-to-day life. Data were analysed using thematic analysis. RESULTS: Four themes were identified...
June 25, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
M Freeman, D Stewart, C E Cunningham, J W Gorter
BACKGROUND: Young people with cerebral palsy (CP) and their families have identified lack of information received during the transition to adulthood as a barrier to successful outcomes. To date, few studies have explored the information needs, preferences, timing, and method of provision from the perspective of individuals with CP. METHOD: The methodological approach to this qualitative study was interpretive description. Nine adults living with CP, between the ages of 20 and 40, were purposively recruited in Ontario, Canada, to explore, retrospectively, their information needs during the transition to adulthood...
June 11, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
A McLoughlin, C Matthews, T M Hickey
BACKGROUND: Due to medical advances, growing numbers of adolescents with congenital heart disease (CHD) survive into adulthood and transferring from paediatric to adult healthcare. This transfer is significant step in a young person's life, and this study examines the views of Irish healthcare professionals' on how best to manage this transition. METHODS: Purposeful sampling was used to invite participation by healthcare professionals (HCPs) from a variety of disciplines whose caseloads include adolescents and young adults with CHD...
June 7, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
C D Neshteruk, S Mazzucca, T Østbye, D S Ward
BACKGROUND: Family childcare homes (FCCHs) are the second largest provider of childcare in the United States, yet little is known about how this setting influences children's physical activity, particularly related to the physical environment. Thus, the purpose of this study was to determine what aspects of the FCCH physical environment facilitate or hinder children's physical activity. METHODS: Data were collected from 166 FCCH providers and 496 preschool-aged children in 2013-2014 as part of the Keys to Healthy FCCHs study...
June 6, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
J Kennedy, C Missiuna, N Pollock, S Wu, J Yost, W Campbell
BACKGROUND: Universal design for learning (UDL) is a framework that provides guidelines to support children with diverse needs in the classroom and promotes inclusion of all children. Although UDL is recognized as a promising approach for school-based rehabilitation health professionals (RHPs), there are no studies that synthesize evidence on the use of UDL by RHPs in the school setting. Therefore, the research question for this study is: How is UDL described and implemented in school settings by RHPs? This study specifically examined literature from occupational therapy, physiotherapy, and speech-language pathology...
June 5, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
M An, J G Kim, J Kim
BACKGROUND: The measure of processes of care (MPOC) is a widely used instrument to assess parents' perception of the extent to which healthcare services they and their child receive are family centred. The purpose of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of the Korean translation of the MPOC (Korean MPOC). METHODS: The Korean MPOC was completed by 198 parents of children receiving rehabilitation services in five provinces in South Korea. According to the Canadian validation procedures, analyses for internal consistency, construct and concurrent validity, and test-retest reliability were performed...
July 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
V Quick, L M Lipsky, T R Nansel
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to examine the psychometric properties of 2 adapted Self-Regulation Questionnaire (SRQ) measures assessing youth with type 1 diabetes motivation internalization for healthful eating and their parents motivation internalization for providing healthy meals for the family. METHODS: External validity of the adapted SRQ was evaluated with respect to healthy eating attitudes (healthful eating self-efficacy, barriers, and outcome expectations) assessed by questionnaire, diet quality (Healthy Eating Index-2005 [HEI-2005]; Nutrient-Rich Foods Index 9...
July 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
R Baiao, J Baptista, A Carneiro, R Pinto, C Toscano, P Fearon, I Soares, A R Mesquita
BACKGROUND: The preschool years are a period of great developmental achievements, which impact critically on a child's interactive skills. Having valid and reliable measures to assess interactive behaviour at this stage is therefore crucial. The aim of this study was to describe the adaptation and validation of the child coding of the Coding System for Mother-Child Interactions and discuss its applications and implications in future research and practice. METHODS: Two hundred twenty Portuguese preschoolers and their mothers were videotaped during a structured task...
July 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
K R Mehari, W Moore, T E Waasdorp, O Varney, K Berg, S S Leff
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify injunctive norms for cyberbullying prevention among youths, parents, and primary care providers, as well as barriers to preventive behaviours. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews on the topic of cyberbullying were conducted with 29 adolescents, 13 paediatricians, and 15 parents recruited from 3 primary care sites. Transcripts were coded for themes related to various stakeholders' perceived roles in cyberbullying prevention and barriers to preventive behaviours...
July 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
A C McPherson, T J Knibbe, M Oake, J A Swift, N Browne, G D C Ball, J Hamilton
BACKGROUND: Health care professionals play a critical role in preventing and managing childhood obesity, but the American Academy of Pediatrics recently stressed the importance of using sensitive and nonstigmatizing language when discussing weight with children and families. Although barriers to weight-related discussions are well known, there are few evidence-based recommendations around communication best practices. Disability populations in particular have previously been excluded from work in this area...
July 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
D B Beavers, M B Holm, J C Rogers, T Plummer, M Schmeler
AIM: The aims of this study were to adapt an adult wheeled mobility outcome measure, the Functional Mobility Assessment, for use with children (FMA-Family Centred) and establish the new measure's content validity, test-retest reliability, and internal consistency. BACKGROUND: Although several tools exist to measure a child's ability to operate and move a wheeled mobility device, none focus on the ability of the wheeled mobility device to support children and their families as they perform daily activities...
July 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
I van Maren-Suir, M Ketelaar, B Brouns, K van der Sanden, M Verhoef
BACKGROUND: Family-centred services (FCS) is widely regarded as the best practice approach in early interventions. Creating a therapeutic environment, which also stimulates collaboration between parents and service professionals, is a way to conform to the principles of FCS. The present paper describes the project entitled @home, involving the implementation of home consultations by a specialized team working with children aged 0-5 years at our rehabilitation centre in the Netherlands...
July 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
H B Urke, M B Mittelmark, D A Amugsi, D J Matanda
BACKGROUND: The health and development potential of young children is dependent on nurturing care (NC) provided by primary caregivers. NC encompasses attention to nutrition; symptom management; early learning, attachment, and socialization; and security and safety. Despite the importance of NC to child health and development, the measurement and study of NC are neglected. This has become a point of major concern in the public health field in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) such as Colombia where many families are hard pressed for childcare resources...
July 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
S J Hossain, F Tofail, M I Hasan, S F Mehrin, S Aktar, J Hamadani
BACKGROUND: Little is known about whether and to what extent gender differences affect the stimulation children receive at home, which is crucial to child development. The aim of this study was to document the differences, if any, in the quality of psychosocial stimulation boys and girls receive at home in middle childhood in rural Bangladesh. METHODS: This study was done as a part of a long-term follow-up study of a cluster randomized controlled trial in 2015. The Middle Childhood-Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment (MC-HOME) was adapted and used to measure the quality of home stimulation...
July 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
M Mirza, A Krischer, M Stolley, S Magaña, M Martin
BACKGROUND: A large number of U.S. children are identified as having special health care needs (CSHCN). Despite parents' central role in managing their child's needs, many parents report difficulties in navigating service systems, finding information about their child's condition, and accessing health care and community resources. Therefore, there is a need for interventions that "activate" parents of children with special health care needs to increase their knowledge, skills, and confidence in managing, coordinating, and advocating for their child's needs...
May 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
A N Williams, B Mold, L Kilbey, P Naganna
AIMS: To explore 40 years of Child Development Centre (CDC) activity and outcomes at Northampton General Hospital 1974-2014. METHODS: The study comprises 3 data sets: a published report from 1974 to 1999, an internal audit from 2001 to 2004, and more recent data collected from 2005 to 2014. The medical notes of all children who were assessed by the CDC in 2014 were reviewed, along with referral data collected by the CDC manager from this year and the preceding 10 years...
May 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
N Morrison-Levy, J Knight-Madden, T Royal-Thomas, L King, M Asnani
BACKGROUND: Increasing knowledge and understanding of disease is known to improve outcomes in persons living with a chronic illness. In this paper, we aim to compare the disease knowledge of children with sickle cell disease (SCD), age 6-10 years, who received an intervention (an educational colouring book on SCD) geared towards improving disease knowledge, to those who did not received the colouring book. METHODS: A quasi-experimental study was conducted where disease knowledge was determined in 56 children who had received the colouring book and compared to 60 children who did not receive this intervention...
May 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
K-M Gilson, E Davis, S Johnson, J Gains, D Reddihough, K Williams
BACKGROUND: Mothers of children with a disability are at increased risk of poor mental health compared with mothers of typically developing children. The aim of the study was to describe the mental health care needs and preferences for support of mothers of children and young people aged 0-25 years with a disability. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was used, using an online survey with 294 mothers of children with a disability. Questions were asked about mental health, perceived need for support, barriers to accessing mental health care, and preferences for support...
May 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
V P Lopes, R M Malina, J A R Maia, L P Rodrigues
BACKGROUND: Given the concern for health-related consequences of an elevated body mass index (BMI; obesity), the potential consequences of a low BMI in children are often overlooked. The purpose was to evaluate the relationship between the BMI across its entire spectrum and motor coordination (MC) in children 6-10 years. METHODS: Height, weight, and MC (Körperkoordinationstest für Kinder, KTK test battery) were measured in 1,912 boys and 1,826 girls of 6-10 years of age...
May 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
J Harvey, E S Pearson, P Sanzo, A E Lennon
BACKGROUND: Research indicates that 91% of Canadian children are not engaging in enough physical activity (PA) to achieve health benefits. Physical education (PE) classes have been identified as a way to improve child health by facilitating engagement in movement-based activities. The daily physical activity (DPA) initiative was created with similar intentions and requires that students participate in at least 20 min of PA daily via PE classes and/or during instructional time for other subjects...
May 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
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