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Journal of Fluency Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089147/mood-state-sub-types-in-adults-who-stutter-a-prospective-study
#1
Yvonne Tran, Elaine Blumgart, Ashley Craig
PURPOSE: Many adults who stutter have elevated negative mood states like anxiety and depressive mood. Little is known about how mood states change over time. The purpose of this study was to determine the trajectories or sub-types of mood states in adults who stutter over a 6 month period, and establish factors that contribute to these sub-types. METHOD: Participants included 129 adults who stutter who completed an assessment regimen at baseline, including a measure of mood states (Symptom Checklist-90-Revised)...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111141/self-stigma-and-its-associations-with-stress-physical-health-and-health-care-satisfaction-in-adults-who-stutter
#2
Michael P Boyle, Alison N Fearon
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify potential relationships between self-stigma (stigma awareness and stigma application) and stress, physical health, and health care satisfaction among a large sample of adults who stutter. It was hypothesized that both stigma awareness and stigma application would be inversely related to measures of physical health and health care satisfaction, and positively related to stress. Furthermore, it was anticipated that stress mediated the relationship between self-stigma and physical health...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985970/the-effects-of-actors-vocal-exercises-for-relaxation-on-fluency-a-preliminary-study
#3
Emily Monteagudo, Jean Sawyer, Alyssa Sivek-Eskra
PURPOSE: To determine the efficacy of treatment based on Kristin Linklater's technique for vocal preparation for performance for use with people who stutter. METHOD: A protocol for a treatment for stuttering involving breathing exercises, relaxation techniques, and focus on awareness was designed by the first author from Linklater's published exercises in her book Freeing the Natural Voice (2006). Four adults who stutter participated in a 12-week, single-case reversal design study...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050641/white-matter-pathways-in-persistent-developmental-stuttering-lessons-from-tractography
#4
Vered Kronfeld-Duenias, Oren Civier, Ofer Amir, Ruth Ezrati-Vinacour, Michal Ben-Shachar
PURPOSE: Fluent speech production relies on the coordinated processing of multiple brain regions. This highlights the role of neural pathways that connect distinct brain regions in producing fluent speech. Here, we aim to investigate the role of the white matter pathways in persistent developmental stuttering (PDS), where speech fluency is disrupted. METHODS: We use diffusion weighted imaging and tractography to compare the white matter properties between adults who do and do not stutter...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958627/assisted-and-unassisted-recession-of-functional-anomalies-associated-with-dysprosody-in-adults-who-stutter
#5
Katrin Neumann, Harald A Euler, Malte Kob, Alexander Wolff von Gudenberg, Anne-Lise Giraud, Tobias Weissgerber, Christian A Kell
PURPOSE: Speech in persons who stutter (PWS) is associated with disturbed prosody (speech melody and intonation), which may impact communication. The neural correlates of PWS' altered prosody during speaking are not known, neither is how a speech-restructuring therapy affects prosody at both a behavioral and a cerebral level. METHODS: In this fMRI study, we explored group differences in brain activation associated with the production of different kinds of prosody in 13 male adults who stutter (AWS) before, directly after, and at least 1 year after an effective intensive fluency-shaping treatment, in 13 typically fluent-speaking control participants (CP), and in 13 males who had spontaneously recovered from stuttering during adulthood (RAWS), while sentences were read aloud with 'neutral', instructed emotional (happy), and linguistically driven (questioning) prosody...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054456/from-locations-to-networks-can-brain-imaging-inform-treatment-of-stuttering
#6
EDITORIAL
Katrin Neumann, Anne L Foundas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870333/stuttering-generalization-self-measure-preliminary-development-of-a-self-measuring-tool
#7
Mohammad Alameer, Lotte Meteyard, David Ward
INTRODUCTION: Generalization of treatment is considered a difficult task for clinicians and people who stutter (PWS), and can constitute a barrier to long-term treatment success. To our knowledge, there are no standardized tests that collect measurement of the behavioral and cognitive aspects alongside the client's self-perception in real-life speaking situations. PURPOSE: This paper describes the preliminary development of a Stuttering Generalization Self-Measure (SGSM)...
September 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870332/rethinking-covert-stuttering
#8
Christopher Dominick Constantino, Walter H Manning, Susan Naomi Nordstrom
PURPOSE: The experience of passing as fluent, also called covert stuttering, has been uncritically framed as an inherently negative pursuit. Historically passing has been understood as a repression of one's true, authentic self in response to either psychological distress or social discrimination. The authors of this paper seek a more nuanced understanding of passing. We ask, how must a person relate to herself in order to pass as fluent? METHODOLOGY: This is a qualitative research study in which the authors utilized the ethical theories of philosopher Michel Foucault to contextualize data obtained from semi-structured interviews with nine participants who pass as fluent...
September 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870331/atypical-non-verbal-sensorimotor-synchronization-in-adults-who-stutter-may-be-modulated-by-auditory-feedback
#9
Robert van de Vorst, Vincent L Gracco
PURPOSE: To investigate if non-verbal sensorimotor synchronization abilities in adult individuals who stutter (IWS) differ from non-stuttering controls (NS) under various performance conditions (tempo, auditory feedback, use of hands [single/both] and rhythm). METHODS: Participants were 11 IWS (5 males, 6 females, Mean age=25.8, SD=8.7) and 11 age- and gender-matched controls (Mean age=24.4, SD=8.4). During the experiment, participants were asked to prepare three melodies and subsequently perform them with a metronome at different rates and auditory feedback modalities (non-altered and suppressed)...
September 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870330/evidence-based-guidelines-for-being-supportive-of-people-who-stutter-in-north-america
#10
Kenneth O St Louis, Farzan Irani, Rodney M Gabel, Stephanie Hughes, Marilyn Langevin, Midori Rodriguez, Kathleen Scaler Scott, Mary E Weidner
While many resources, particularly those available on the Internet, provide suggestions for fluent speakers as they interact with people who stutter (PWS), little evidence exists to support these suggestions. Thus, the purpose of this study was to document the supportiveness of common public reactions, behaviors, or interventions to stuttering by PWS.Methods 148 PWS completed the Personal Appraisal of Support for Stuttering-Adults. Additionally, a comparison of the opinions of adults who stutter based on gender and their involvement in self-help/support groups was undertaken...
September 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673438/comments-on-brown-et-al-2016
#11
LETTER
Jason H Davidow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 27, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648465/planum-temporale-asymmetry-in-people-who-stutter
#12
Patricia M Gough, Emily L Connally, Peter Howell, David Ward, Jennifer Chesters, Kate E Watkins
PURPOSE: Previous studies have reported that the planum temporale - a language-related structure that normally shows a leftward asymmetry - had reduced asymmetry in people who stutter (PWS) and reversed asymmetry in those with severe stuttering. These findings are consistent with the theory that altered language lateralization may be a cause or consequence of stuttering. Here, we re-examined these findings in a larger sample of PWS. METHODS: We evaluated planum temporale asymmetry in structural MRI scans obtained from 67 PWS and 63 age-matched controls using: 1) manual measurements of the surface area; 2) voxel-based morphometry to automatically calculate grey matter density...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645624/response-to-letter-to-the-editor
#13
LETTER
Lisa Brown, Mark Halaki, Ann Packman, Mark Onslow, Linda Wilson, Ross Menzies
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576293/the-relationship-between-the-experience-of-stuttering-and-demographic-characteristics-of-adults-who-stutter
#14
Debora Freud, Marina Kichin-Brin, Ruth Ezrati-Vinacour, Ilan Roziner, Ofer Amir
PURPOSE: This study aims to examine the association between adults' experience of stuttering and their age, gender and marital status, as well as to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Hebrew version of the OASES-A. METHODS: The Hebrew version of the OASES-A was administered to 91 adults-who-stutter. The validity of the translated version was evaluated using a subset of 43 participants, who also completed three additional instruments: (a) a Perceived Stuttering Severity (PSS) self-rating scale, (b) the Situation Avoidance Behavior Checklist (SABC), (c) the Students Life Satisfaction scale (SLSS)...
June 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576292/a-country-wide-probability-sample-of-public-attitudes-toward-stuttering-in-portugal
#15
Ana Rita S Valente, Kenneth O St Louis, Margaret Leahy, Andreia Hall, Luis M T Jesus
BACKGROUND: Negative public attitudes toward stuttering have been widely reported, although differences among countries and regions exist. Clear reasons for these differences remain obscure. PURPOSE: Published research is unavailable on public attitudes toward stuttering in Portugal as well as a representative sample that explores stuttering attitudes in an entire country. This study sought to (a) determine the feasibility of a country-wide probability sampling scheme to measure public stuttering attitudes in Portugal using a standard instrument (the Public Opinion Survey of Human Attributes-Stuttering [POSHA-S]) and (b) identify demographic variables that predict Portuguese attitudes...
June 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576291/a-pilot-study-into-a-possible-relationship-between-diet-and-stuttering
#16
Jean Hum, Toni Rietveld, Piet Wiedijk, Pascal van Lieshout
PURPOSE: There are theoretical and empirical reasons to consider a potential role for copper metabolism in the brain in how it could influence stuttering. However, a link between stuttering and dietary intake has never been researched in a systematic way. This pilot study therefore aimed to explore a possible association between ingested amounts of copper and thiamine (vitamin B1) with stuttering frequency using a double blind cross-over longitudinal paradigm. METHODS: 19 adults who stutter between 20 and 51 years old filled out an online survey for 9 consecutive weeks...
June 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576290/comparing-acceptance-and-rejection-in-the-classroom-interaction-of-students-who-stutter-and-their-peers-a-social-network-analysis
#17
Stefanie Adriaensens, Sara Van Waes, Elke Struyf
PURPOSE: Recent work has reported adverse effects of students' stuttering on their social and emotional functioning at school. Yet, few studies have provided an in-depth examination of classroom interaction of students who stutter (SWS). The current study uses a network perspective to compare acceptance and rejection in the classroom interaction between SWS and their peers in secondary education. METHODS: The sample comprised 22 SWS and 403 non-stuttering peers (22 classes) of secondary education in Flanders (Belgium)...
June 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576289/psychological-counseling-as-an-adjunct-to-stuttering-treatment-clients-experiences-and-perceptions
#18
Alanna Lindsay, Marilyn Langevin
PURPOSE: Stuttering can trigger anxiety and other psychological and emotional reactions, and limit participation in society. It is possible that psychological counseling could enhance stuttering treatment outcomes; however, little is known about how clients view such counseling. The purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of clients' experiences with, and perceptions of, a psychological counseling service that was offered as an optional adjunct to speech therapy for stuttering...
June 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595893/altered-morphology-of-the-nucleus-accumbens-in-persistent-developmental-stuttering
#19
Nicole E Neef, Christoph B├╝tfering, Tibor Auer, F Luise Metzger, Harald A Euler, Jens Frahm, Walter Paulus, Martin Sommer
PURPOSE: Neuroimaging studies in persistent developmental stuttering repeatedly report altered basal ganglia functions. Together with thalamus and cerebellum, these structures mediate sensorimotor functions and thus represent a plausible link between stuttering and neuroanatomy. However, stuttering is a complex, multifactorial disorder. Besides sensorimotor functions, emotional and social-motivational factors constitute major aspects of the disorder. Here, we investigated cortical and subcortical gray matter regions to study whether persistent developmental stuttering is also linked to alterations of limbic structures...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577876/a-preliminary-study-on-the-neural-oscillatory-characteristics-of-motor-preparation-prior-to-dysfluent-and-fluent-utterances-in-adults-who-stutter
#20
Anna Mersov, Douglas Cheyne, Cecilia Jobst, Luc De Nil
PURPOSE: Recent literature on speech production in adults who stutter (AWS) has begun to investigate the neural mechanisms characterizing speech-motor preparation prior to speech onset. Compelling evidence has suggested that stuttering is associated with atypical processing within cortical and sub-cortical motor networks, particularly in the beta frequency range, that is effective before speech production even begins. Due to low stuttering frequency in experimental settings, however, the literature has so far predominantly reported on fluent speech production in AWS...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
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