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Journal of Fluency Disorders

Shelley B Brundage, James M Brinton, Adrienne B Hancock
PURPOSE: Virtual reality environments (VREs) allow for immersion in speaking environments that mimic real-life interactions while maintaining researcher control. VREs have been used successfully to engender arousal in other disorders. The purpose of this study was to investigate the utility of virtual reality environments to examine physiological reactivity and subjective ratings of distress in persons who stutter (PWS). METHOD: Subjective and objective measures of arousal were collected from 10PWS during four-minute speeches to a virtual audience and to a virtual empty room...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
Ewa Humeniuk, Zbigniew Tarkowski
PURPOSE: The aim of the research was to determine: (a) how parents react to their child's stuttering, (b) what stress coping strategies they utilise, as well as (c) whether stress coping style depends on parents' reaction to their child's stuttering. METHODS: The research involved 23 mothers and 23 fathers of children who stutter (CWS) at the age of three to six years old. The Reaction to Speech Disfluency Scale (RSDS), developed by the authors, was used in the research...
September 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
Joana Cholin, Sabrina Heiler, Alexander Whillier, Martin Sommer
Anticipation of stuttering events in persistent developmental stuttering is a frequent but inadequately measured phenomenon that is of both theoretical and clinical importance. Here, we describe the development and preliminary testing of a German version of the Premonitory Awareness in Stuttering Scale (PAiS): a 12-item questionnaire assessing immediate and prospective anticipation of stuttering that was translated and adapted from the Premonitory Urge for Tics Scale (PUTS) (Woods, Piacentini, Himle, & Chang, 2005)...
September 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
Etain Vong, Linda Wilson, Michelle Lincoln
PURPOSE: This study investigated the outcomes of implementing the Lidcombe Program, an evidence-based early intervention for stuttering, with four preschool children in Malaysia. Early stuttering intervention is currently underdeveloped in Malaysia, where stuttering treatment is often more assertion-based than evidence-based. Therefore, introducing an evidence-based early stuttering intervention is an important milestone for Malaysian preschoolers who stutter. METHOD: The participants ranged from 3 years 3 months to 4 years 9 months at the start of the study...
September 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
Lisa Iverach, Mark Jones, Lauren F McLellan, Heidi J Lyneham, Ross G Menzies, Mark Onslow, Ronald M Rapee
PURPOSE: Stuttering during adulthood is associated with a heightened rate of anxiety disorders, especially social anxiety disorder. Given the early onset of both anxiety and stuttering, this comorbidity could be present among stuttering children. METHOD: Participants were 75 stuttering children 7-12 years and 150 matched non-stuttering control children. Multinomial and binary logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratios for anxiety disorders, and two-sample t-tests compared scores on measures of anxiety and psycho-social difficulties...
September 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
Boaz M Ben-David, Maroof I Moral, Aravind K Namasivayam, Hadas Erel, Pascal H H M van Lieshout
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
Cheryl Andrews, Sue O'Brian, Mark Onslow, Ann Packman, Ross Menzies, Robyn Lowe
PURPOSE: A recent clinical trial (Andrews et al., 2012) showed Syllable Timed Speech (STS) to be a potentially useful treatment agent for the reduction of stuttering for school-age children. The present trial investigated a modified version of this program that incorporated parent verbal contingencies. METHODS: Participants were 22 stuttering children aged 6-11 years. Treatment involved training the children and their parents to use STS in conversation. Parents were also taught to use verbal contingencies in response to their child's stuttered and stutter-free speech and to praise their child's use of STS...
June 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
Ross Menzies, Sue O'Brian, Robyn Lowe, Ann Packman, Mark Onslow
PURPOSE: CBTPsych is an individualized, fully automated, standalone Internet treatment program that requires no clinical contact or support. It is designed specifically for those who stutter. Two preliminary trials demonstrated that it may be efficacious for treating the social anxiety commonly associated with stuttering. However, both trials involved pre- and post-treatment assessment at a speech clinic. This contact may have increased compliance, commitment and adherence with the program...
June 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
Milly Heelan, Jan McAllister, Jane Skinner
PURPOSE: Limited research has been published regarding the association between stuttering and substance use. An earlier study provided no evidence for such an association, but the authors called for further research to be conducted using a community sample. The present study used data from a community sample to investigate whether an association between stuttering and alcohol consumption or regular smoking exists in late adolescence and adulthood. METHODS: Regression analyses were carried out on data from a birth cohort study, the National Child Development Study (NCDS), whose initial cohort included 18,558 participants who have since been followed up until age 55...
June 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
Johanna Piispala, Mika Kallio, Risto Bloigu, Eira Jansson-Verkasalo
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The main aim of the study was to investigate the attentional and inhibitory abilities and their underlying processes of children who stutter by using behavioural measurement and event-related potentials (ERP) in a visual Go/Nogo paradigm. METHODS: Participants were 11 children who stutter (CWS; mean age 8.1, age range 6.3-9.5 years) and 19 typically developed children (TDC; mean age 8.1, age range 5.8-9.6 years). They performed a visual Go/Nogo task with simultaneous EEG recording to obtain ERP responses...
June 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
Ali Dehqan, Fariba Yadegari, Michael Blomgren, Ronald C Scherer
PURPOSE: Second formant (F2) transitions can be used to infer attributes of articulatory transitions. This study compared formant transitions during fluent speech segments of Farsi (Persian) speaking people who stutter and normally fluent Farsi speakers. METHODS: Ten Iranian males who stutter and 10 normally fluent Iranian males participated. Sixteen different "CVt" tokens were embedded within the phrase "Begu CVt an". Measures included overall F2 transition frequency extents, durations, and derived overall slopes, initial F2 transition slopes at 30ms and 60ms, and speaking rate...
June 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
Ellen Koutsodimitropoulos, Melissa Buultjens, Kenneth O St Louis, Melissa Monfries
PURPOSE: Stuttering is a disorder of fluency that extends beyond its physical nature and has social, emotional and vocational impacts. Research shows that individuals often exhibit negative attitudes towards people who stutter; however, there is limited research on the attitudes and beliefs of speech pathology students towards people who stutter in Australia. Existing research is predominantly quantitative; whereas this mixed-method study placed an emphasis on the qualitative component...
March 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
Hayley S Arnold, Jian Li
PURPOSE: This study sought to assess whether beliefs about people who stutter (PWS) predict intended behavioral and affective reactions toward them in a large and varied sample of respondents while taking into account familiarity with PWS and the demographic variables of age, education, and gender. METHODS: Analyses were based on 2206 residents of the United States of America. The seemingly unrelated regression (SUR) technique was used to test the relationship between beliefs about PWS and behavioral and affective reactions toward PWS...
March 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
Michelle C Swift, Mark Jones, Sue O'Brian, Mark Onslow, Ann Packman, Ross Menzies
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to document parent presentation of the Lidcombe Program verbal contingencies and model potential relationships between contingency provision and treatment duration. METHODS: Forty parent-child pairs undertaking the Lidcombe Program participated, 26 of whom completed Stage 1. All participants were included in the analyses. Parents completed weekly audio-recordings of treatment during practice sessions and a diary of treatment during natural conversations...
March 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
Hope Gerlach, Anu Subramanian
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of bibliotherapy as a therapeutic tool for adults who stutter (AWS) and as an educational tool for graduate students in speech-language pathology. Bibliotherapy refers to the process of reading, reflecting upon, and discussing literature, often first person illness or disability narratives, to promote cognitive shifts in the way clients and clinicians conceptualize the experience of disability. METHOD: Five AWS and six graduate students participated in supervised bibliotherapy using a stuttering memoir during therapy sessions...
March 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
Geoffrey A Coalson, Courtney T Byrd
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to analyze phonetic complexity in the speech of children who stutter in a manner distinct from previous research with specific emphasis on three methodological considerations: (1) analysis of the word immediately following the initial word in the utterance; (2) accounting for other additional linguistic and lexical factors; and (3) discrimination of disfluency types produced. METHODS: Parent-child conversations were transcribed for 14 children who stutter (mean age=3 years, 7 months; SD=11...
March 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
Linn Stokke Guttormsen, Elaina Kefalianos, Kari-Anne B Næss
BACKGROUND: This article presents a meta-analytic review of differences in communication attitudes between children who stutter (CWS) and children who do not stutter (CWNS). METHOD: To be included in this review, the studies had to include a group of CWS and CWNS between the ages of 3-18 years and a measurement of communication attitudes. The journal articles were identified by using the key words stutter*, speech disfluenc*, fluency disorder*, and stammer* cross-referenced to awareness*, reaction*, attitude*, KiddyCAT, CAT, A-19 Scale, PASS and OASES...
December 2015: Journal of Fluency Disorders
Hatun Zengin-Bolatkale, Edward G Conture, Tedra A Walden
PURPOSE: The purpose of the current study was to investigate sympathetic arousal of young children who do and do not stutter during a stressful picture-naming task under instructions to name pictures as rapidly as possible. METHOD: Thirty-seven young children who stutter (CWS) and 39 young children who do not stutter (CWNS) served as participants. Dependent measures consisted of tonic skin conductance during a pretask baseline, a stress-inducing rapid picture-naming task, and post-picture-naming task condition...
December 2015: Journal of Fluency Disorders
Jin Park, Kenneth J Logan
PURPOSE: Adults who stutter speak more fluently during choral speech contexts than they do during solo speech contexts. The underlying mechanisms for this effect remain unclear, however. In this study, we examined the extent to which the choral speech effect depended on presentation of intact temporal speech cues. We also examined whether speakers who stutter followed choral signals more closely than typical speakers did. METHOD: 8 adults who stuttered and 8 adults who did not stutter read 60 sentences aloud during a solo speaking condition and three choral speaking conditions (240 total sentences), two of which featured either temporally altered or indeterminate word duration patterns...
December 2015: Journal of Fluency Disorders
Michelle Messenger, Ann Packman, Mark Onslow, Ross Menzies, Sue O'Brian
PURPOSE: Despite the greatly increased risk of social anxiety disorder in adults who stutter, there is no clear indication of the time of onset of this disorder in childhood and adolescence. The purpose of this study was to explore this issue further using the Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale (RCMAS), so that appropriate interventions can be developed prior to adulthood. This is the first time the RCMAS has been completed by children younger than 11 years. Using the same test for both school-age children and adolescents can potentially identify when anxiety starts to develop from age 6 years through to adulthood...
December 2015: Journal of Fluency Disorders
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