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Journal of Fluency Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216127/speaking-related-changes-in-cortical-functional-connectivity-associated-with-assisted-and-spontaneous-recovery-from-developmental-stuttering
#1
Christian A Kell, Katrin Neumann, Marion Behrens, Alexander W von Gudenberg, Anne-Lise Giraud
We previously reported speaking-related activity changes associated with assisted recovery induced by a fluency shaping therapy program and unassisted recovery from developmental stuttering (Kell et al., Brain 2009). While assisted recovery re-lateralized activity to the left hemisphere, unassisted recovery was specifically associated with the activation of the left BA 47/12 in the lateral orbitofrontal cortex. These findings suggested plastic changes in speaking-related functional connectivity between left hemispheric speech network nodes...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214015/anomalous-network-architecture-of-the-resting-brain-in-children-who-stutter
#2
Soo-Eun Chang, Michael Angstadt, Ho Ming Chow, Andrew C Etchell, Emily O Garnett, Ai Leen Choo, Daniel Kessler, Robert C Welsh, Chandra Sripada
PURPOSE: We combined a large longitudinal neuroimaging dataset that includes children who do and do not stutter and a whole-brain network analysis in order to examine the intra- and inter-network connectivity changes associated with stuttering. Additionally, we asked whether whole brain connectivity patterns observed at the initial year of scanning could predict persistent stuttering in later years. METHODS: A total of 224 high-quality resting state fMRI scans collected from 84 children (42 stuttering, 42 controls) were entered into an independent component analysis (ICA), yielding a number of distinct network connectivity maps ("components") as well as expression scores for each component that quantified the degree to which it is expressed for each child...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212721/an-exploration-of-the-mechanisms-of-change-following-an-integrated-group-intervention-for-stuttering-as-perceived-by-school-aged-children-who-stutter-cws
#3
Sarah Caughter, Sandra Dunsmuir
PURPOSE: To explore the process of change and role of resilience following an integrated group intervention for children who stutter (CWS). METHOD: Using an exploratory multiple case study design, this research sought to identify the most significant changes perceived by seven participants following therapy, the mechanisms of change, and the role of resilience in the process of change. Quantitative measurements of resilience were combined with qualitative analysis of semi-structured interviews...
March 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212720/the-japanese-version-of-the-overall-assessment-of-the-speaker-s-experience-of-stuttering-for-adults-oases-a-j-translation-and-psychometric-evaluation
#4
Naomi Sakai, Shin Ying Chu, Koichi Mori, J Scott Yaruss
PURPOSE: This study evaluates the psychometric performance of the Japanese version of the Overall Assessment of the Speaker's Experience of Stuttering for Adults (OASES-A), a comprehensive assessment tool of individuals who stutter. METHODS: The OASES-A-J was administered to 200 adults who stutter in Japan. All respondents also evaluated their own speech (SA scale), satisfaction of their own speech (SS scale) and the Japanese translation version of the Modified Erickson Communication Attitude scale (S-24)...
March 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212719/language-skills-of-children-during-the-first-12-months-after-stuttering-onset
#5
Amy Watts, Patricia Eadie, Susan Block, Fiona Mensah, Sheena Reilly
PURPOSE: To describe the language development in a sample of young children who stutter during the first 12 months after stuttering onset was reported. METHODS: Language production was analysed in a sample of 66 children who stuttered (aged 2-4 years). The sample were identified from a pre-existing prospective, community based longitudinal cohort. Data were collected at three time points within the first year after stuttering onset. Stuttering severity was measured, and global indicators of expressive language proficiency (length of utterances and grammatical complexity) were derived from the samples and summarised...
March 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212718/a-speech-and-psychological-profile-of-treatment-seeking-adolescents-who-stutter
#6
Lisa Iverach, Robyn Lowe, Mark Jones, Susan O'Brian, Ross G Menzies, Ann Packman, Mark Onslow
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between stuttering severity, psychological functioning, and overall impact of stuttering, in a large sample of adolescents who stutter. METHOD: Participants were 102 adolescents (11-17 years) seeking speech treatment for stuttering, including 86 boys and 16 girls, classified into younger (11-14 years, n=57) and older (15-17 years, n=45) adolescents. Linear regression models were used to evaluate the relationship between speech and psychological variables and overall impact of stuttering...
March 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212717/japanese-normative-data-for-the-unhelpful-thoughts-and-beliefs-about-stuttering-utbas-scales-for-adults-who-stutter
#7
Shin Ying Chu, Naomi Sakai, Koichi Mori, Lisa Iverach
PURPOSE: This study reports Japanese normative data for the Unhelpful Thoughts and Beliefs about Stuttering (UTBAS) scales. We outline the translation process, and evaluate the psychometric properties of the Japanese version of the UTBAS scales. METHODS: The translation of the UTBAS scales into Japanese (UTBAS-J) was completed using the standard forward-backward translation process, and was administered to 130 Japanese adults who stutter. To validate the UTBAS-J scales, scores for the Japanese and Australian cohorts were compared...
March 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159356/a-real-time-phoneme-counting-algorithm-and-application-for-speech-rate-monitoring
#8
Vered Aharonson, Eran Aharonson, Katia Raichlin-Levi, Aviv Sotzianu, Ofer Amir, Zehava Ovadia-Blechman
Adults who stutter can learn to control and improve their speech fluency by modifying their speaking rate. Existing speech therapy technologies can assist this practice by monitoring speaking rate and providing feedback to the patient, but cannot provide an accurate, quantitative measurement of speaking rate. Moreover, most technologies are too complex and costly to be used for home practice. We developed an algorithm and a smartphone application that monitor a patient's speaking rate in real time and provide user-friendly feedback to both patient and therapist...
March 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865231/long-term-consequences-of-childhood-bullying-in-adults-who-stutter-social-anxiety-fear-of-negative-evaluation-self-esteem-and-satisfaction-with-life
#9
Gordon W Blood, Ingrid M Blood
PURPOSE: Psychosocial disorders have been reported in adults who stutter, especially social anxiety disorder. Social anxiety has been linked to childhood victimization. It is possible that recalled childhood victimization could be linked to psychosocial problems reported in some adults who stutter. METHOD: Participants were 36 adults who stutter and 36 adults who do not stutter (mean age=21.9 years). The Retrospective Bullying Questionnaire was completed for primary school, secondary school and university environments for physical, verbal, relational and cyber bullying...
December 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865230/impact-of-social-media-and-quality-life-of-people-who-stutter
#10
Akiko Fuse, Erika A Lanham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865229/a-comparison-of-three-strategies-for-reducing-the-public-stigma-associated-with-stuttering
#11
Michael P Boyle, Lauren Dioguardi, Julie E Pate
PURPOSE: The effects of three anti-stigma strategies for stuttering-contact (hearing personal stories from an individual who stutters), education (replacing myths about stuttering with facts), and protest (condemning negative attitudes toward people who stutter)-were examined on attitudes, emotions, and behavioral intentions toward people who stutter. METHOD: Two hundred and twelve adults recruited from a nationwide survey in the United States were randomly assigned to one of the three anti-stigma conditions or a control condition...
December 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865228/specific-subtype-of-fluency-disorder-affecting-french-speaking-children-a-phonological-analysis
#12
Nadia Brejon Teitler, Sandrine Ferré, Clémentine Dailly
PURPOSE: Clinicians working with fluency disorders sometimes see children whose word repetitions are mostly located at the end of words and do not induce physical tension. Prior studies on the topic have proposed several names for these disfluencies including "end word repetitions", "final sound repetitions" and "atypical disfluency". The purpose of this study was to use phonological analysis to explore the patterns of this poorly recognized fluency disorder in order to better understand its specific speech characteristics...
December 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865227/behavioural-emotional-and-social-development-of-children-who-stutter
#13
Jan McAllister
PURPOSE: Developmental stuttering may be associated with diminished psychological well-being which has been documented from late childhood onwards. It is important to establish the point at which behavioural, emotional and social problems emerge in children who stutter. METHODS: The study used data from the Millennium Cohort Study, whose initial cohort comprised 18,818 children. Analysis involved data collected when the cohort members were 3, 5 and 11 years old...
December 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865226/an-investigation-of-the-effects-of-a-speech-restructuring-treatment-for-stuttering-on-the-distribution-of-intervals-of-phonation
#14
Lisa Brown, Linda Wilson, Ann Packman, Mark Halaki, Mark Onslow, Ross Menzies
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether stuttering reductions following the instatement phase of a speech-restructuring treatment for adults were accompanied by reductions in the frequency of short intervals of phonation (PIs). The study was prompted by the possibility that reductions in the frequency of short PIs is the mechanism underlying such reductions in stuttering. METHOD: The distribution of PIs was determined for seven adults who stutter, before and immediately after the intensive phase of a speech-restructuring treatment program...
December 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865225/reactions-of-protective-service-workers-towards-people-who-stutter
#15
Jian Li, Hayley S Arnold, Ann Beste-Guldborg
PURPOSE: This study sought to assess whether protective service workers differ from people in non-protective services occupations in their intended reactions towards people who stutter (PWS). METHODS: Analyses were based on questionnaire responses regarding intended reactions toward PWS from 171 protective services workers and 2595 non-protective services workers in the United States. A propensity score matching procedure was used to identify a comparison group of non-protective services workers for the protective services workers...
December 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720393/utility-of-virtual-reality-environments-to-examine-physiological-reactivity-and-subjective-distress-in-adults-who-stutter
#16
Shelley B Brundage, James M Brinton, Adrienne B Hancock
PURPOSE: Virtual reality environments (VREs) allow for immersion in speaking environments that mimic real-life interactions while maintaining researcher control. VREs have been used successfully to engender arousal in other disorders. The purpose of this study was to investigate the utility of virtual reality environments to examine physiological reactivity and subjective ratings of distress in persons who stutter (PWS). METHOD: Subjective and objective measures of arousal were collected from 10PWS during four-minute speeches to a virtual audience and to a virtual empty room...
December 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638192/parents-reactions-to-children-s-stuttering-and-style-of-coping-with-stress
#17
Ewa Humeniuk, Zbigniew Tarkowski
PURPOSE: The aim of the research was to determine: (a) how parents react to their child's stuttering, (b) what stress coping strategies they utilise, as well as (c) whether stress coping style depends on parents' reaction to their child's stuttering. METHODS: The research involved 23 mothers and 23 fathers of children who stutter (CWS) at the age of three to six years old. The Reaction to Speech Disfluency Scale (RSDS), developed by the authors, was used in the research...
September 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638191/premonitory-awareness-in-stuttering-scale-pais
#18
Joana Cholin, Sabrina Heiler, Alexander Whillier, Martin Sommer
Anticipation of stuttering events in persistent developmental stuttering is a frequent but inadequately measured phenomenon that is of both theoretical and clinical importance. Here, we describe the development and preliminary testing of a German version of the Premonitory Awareness in Stuttering Scale (PAiS): a 12-item questionnaire assessing immediate and prospective anticipation of stuttering that was translated and adapted from the Premonitory Urge for Tics Scale (PUTS) (Woods, Piacentini, Himle, & Chang, 2005)...
September 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638190/the-lidcombe-program-of-early-stuttering-intervention-for-malaysian-families-four-case-studies
#19
Etain Vong, Linda Wilson, Michelle Lincoln
PURPOSE: This study investigated the outcomes of implementing the Lidcombe Program, an evidence-based early intervention for stuttering, with four preschool children in Malaysia. Early stuttering intervention is currently underdeveloped in Malaysia, where stuttering treatment is often more assertion-based than evidence-based. Therefore, introducing an evidence-based early stuttering intervention is an important milestone for Malaysian preschoolers who stutter. METHOD: The participants ranged from 3 years 3 months to 4 years 9 months at the start of the study...
September 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638189/prevalence-of-anxiety-disorders-among-children-who-stutter
#20
Lisa Iverach, Mark Jones, Lauren F McLellan, Heidi J Lyneham, Ross G Menzies, Mark Onslow, Ronald M Rapee
PURPOSE: Stuttering during adulthood is associated with a heightened rate of anxiety disorders, especially social anxiety disorder. Given the early onset of both anxiety and stuttering, this comorbidity could be present among stuttering children. METHOD: Participants were 75 stuttering children 7-12 years and 150 matched non-stuttering control children. Multinomial and binary logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratios for anxiety disorders, and two-sample t-tests compared scores on measures of anxiety and psycho-social difficulties...
September 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
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