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Journal of Fluency Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865231/long-term-consequences-of-childhood-bullying-in-adults-who-stutter-social-anxiety-fear-of-negative-evaluation-self-esteem-and-satisfaction-with-life
#1
Gordon W Blood, Ingrid M Blood
PURPOSE: Psychosocial disorders have been reported in adults who stutter, especially social anxiety disorder. Social anxiety has been linked to childhood victimization. It is possible that recalled childhood victimization could be linked to psychosocial problems reported in some adults who stutter. METHOD: Participants were 36 adults who stutter and 36 adults who do not stutter (mean age=21.9 years). The Retrospective Bullying Questionnaire was completed for primary school, secondary school and university environments for physical, verbal, relational and cyber bullying...
December 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865230/impact-of-social-media-and-quality-life-of-people-who-stutter
#2
Akiko Fuse, Erika A Lanham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865229/a-comparison-of-three-strategies-for-reducing-the-public-stigma-associated-with-stuttering
#3
Michael P Boyle, Lauren Dioguardi, Julie E Pate
PURPOSE: The effects of three anti-stigma strategies for stuttering-contact (hearing personal stories from an individual who stutters), education (replacing myths about stuttering with facts), and protest (condemning negative attitudes toward people who stutter)-were examined on attitudes, emotions, and behavioral intentions toward people who stutter. METHOD: Two hundred and twelve adults recruited from a nationwide survey in the United States were randomly assigned to one of the three anti-stigma conditions or a control condition...
December 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865228/specific-subtype-of-fluency-disorder-affecting-french-speaking-children-a-phonological-analysis
#4
Nadia Brejon Teitler, Sandrine Ferré, Clémentine Dailly
PURPOSE: Clinicians working with fluency disorders sometimes see children whose word repetitions are mostly located at the end of words and do not induce physical tension. Prior studies on the topic have proposed several names for these disfluencies including "end word repetitions", "final sound repetitions" and "atypical disfluency". The purpose of this study was to use phonological analysis to explore the patterns of this poorly recognized fluency disorder in order to better understand its specific speech characteristics...
December 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865227/behavioural-emotional-and-social-development-of-children-who-stutter
#5
Jan McAllister
PURPOSE: Developmental stuttering may be associated with diminished psychological well-being which has been documented from late childhood onwards. It is important to establish the point at which behavioural, emotional and social problems emerge in children who stutter. METHODS: The study used data from the Millennium Cohort Study, whose initial cohort comprised 18,818 children. Analysis involved data collected when the cohort members were 3, 5 and 11 years old...
December 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865226/an-investigation-of-the-effects-of-a-speech-restructuring-treatment-for-stuttering-on-the-distribution-of-intervals-of-phonation
#6
Lisa Brown, Linda Wilson, Ann Packman, Mark Halaki, Mark Onslow, Ross Menzies
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether stuttering reductions following the instatement phase of a speech-restructuring treatment for adults were accompanied by reductions in the frequency of short intervals of phonation (PIs). The study was prompted by the possibility that reductions in the frequency of short PIs is the mechanism underlying such reductions in stuttering. METHOD: The distribution of PIs was determined for seven adults who stutter, before and immediately after the intensive phase of a speech-restructuring treatment program...
December 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865225/reactions-of-protective-service-workers-towards-people-who-stutter
#7
Jian Li, Hayley S Arnold, Ann Beste-Guldborg
PURPOSE: This study sought to assess whether protective service workers differ from people in non-protective services occupations in their intended reactions towards people who stutter (PWS). METHODS: Analyses were based on questionnaire responses regarding intended reactions toward PWS from 171 protective services workers and 2595 non-protective services workers in the United States. A propensity score matching procedure was used to identify a comparison group of non-protective services workers for the protective services workers...
December 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720393/utility-of-virtual-reality-environments-to-examine-physiological-reactivity-and-subjective-distress-in-adults-who-stutter
#8
Shelley B Brundage, James M Brinton, Adrienne B Hancock
PURPOSE: Virtual reality environments (VREs) allow for immersion in speaking environments that mimic real-life interactions while maintaining researcher control. VREs have been used successfully to engender arousal in other disorders. The purpose of this study was to investigate the utility of virtual reality environments to examine physiological reactivity and subjective ratings of distress in persons who stutter (PWS). METHOD: Subjective and objective measures of arousal were collected from 10PWS during four-minute speeches to a virtual audience and to a virtual empty room...
December 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638192/parents-reactions-to-children-s-stuttering-and-style-of-coping-with-stress
#9
Ewa Humeniuk, Zbigniew Tarkowski
PURPOSE: The aim of the research was to determine: (a) how parents react to their child's stuttering, (b) what stress coping strategies they utilise, as well as (c) whether stress coping style depends on parents' reaction to their child's stuttering. METHODS: The research involved 23 mothers and 23 fathers of children who stutter (CWS) at the age of three to six years old. The Reaction to Speech Disfluency Scale (RSDS), developed by the authors, was used in the research...
September 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638191/premonitory-awareness-in-stuttering-scale-pais
#10
Joana Cholin, Sabrina Heiler, Alexander Whillier, Martin Sommer
Anticipation of stuttering events in persistent developmental stuttering is a frequent but inadequately measured phenomenon that is of both theoretical and clinical importance. Here, we describe the development and preliminary testing of a German version of the Premonitory Awareness in Stuttering Scale (PAiS): a 12-item questionnaire assessing immediate and prospective anticipation of stuttering that was translated and adapted from the Premonitory Urge for Tics Scale (PUTS) (Woods, Piacentini, Himle, & Chang, 2005)...
September 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638190/the-lidcombe-program-of-early-stuttering-intervention-for-malaysian-families-four-case-studies
#11
Etain Vong, Linda Wilson, Michelle Lincoln
PURPOSE: This study investigated the outcomes of implementing the Lidcombe Program, an evidence-based early intervention for stuttering, with four preschool children in Malaysia. Early stuttering intervention is currently underdeveloped in Malaysia, where stuttering treatment is often more assertion-based than evidence-based. Therefore, introducing an evidence-based early stuttering intervention is an important milestone for Malaysian preschoolers who stutter. METHOD: The participants ranged from 3 years 3 months to 4 years 9 months at the start of the study...
September 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638189/prevalence-of-anxiety-disorders-among-children-who-stutter
#12
Lisa Iverach, Mark Jones, Lauren F McLellan, Heidi J Lyneham, Ross G Menzies, Mark Onslow, Ronald M Rapee
PURPOSE: Stuttering during adulthood is associated with a heightened rate of anxiety disorders, especially social anxiety disorder. Given the early onset of both anxiety and stuttering, this comorbidity could be present among stuttering children. METHOD: Participants were 75 stuttering children 7-12 years and 150 matched non-stuttering control children. Multinomial and binary logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratios for anxiety disorders, and two-sample t-tests compared scores on measures of anxiety and psycho-social difficulties...
September 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638188/linguistic-and-emotional-valence-characteristics-of-reading-passages-for-clinical-use-and-research
#13
Boaz M Ben-David, Maroof I Moral, Aravind K Namasivayam, Hadas Erel, Pascal H H M van Lieshout
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498894/phase-ii-trial-of-a-syllable-timed-speech-treatment-for-school-age-children-who-stutter
#14
Cheryl Andrews, Sue O'Brian, Mark Onslow, Ann Packman, Ross Menzies, Robyn Lowe
PURPOSE: A recent clinical trial (Andrews et al., 2012) showed Syllable Timed Speech (STS) to be a potentially useful treatment agent for the reduction of stuttering for school-age children. The present trial investigated a modified version of this program that incorporated parent verbal contingencies. METHODS: Participants were 22 stuttering children aged 6-11 years. Treatment involved training the children and their parents to use STS in conversation. Parents were also taught to use verbal contingencies in response to their child's stuttered and stutter-free speech and to praise their child's use of STS...
June 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498893/international-phase-ii-clinical-trial-of-cbtpsych-a-standalone-internet-social-anxiety-treatment-for-adults-who-stutter
#15
Ross Menzies, Sue O'Brian, Robyn Lowe, Ann Packman, Mark Onslow
PURPOSE: CBTPsych is an individualized, fully automated, standalone Internet treatment program that requires no clinical contact or support. It is designed specifically for those who stutter. Two preliminary trials demonstrated that it may be efficacious for treating the social anxiety commonly associated with stuttering. However, both trials involved pre- and post-treatment assessment at a speech clinic. This contact may have increased compliance, commitment and adherence with the program...
June 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498892/stuttering-alcohol-consumption-and-smoking
#16
Milly Heelan, Jan McAllister, Jane Skinner
PURPOSE: Limited research has been published regarding the association between stuttering and substance use. An earlier study provided no evidence for such an association, but the authors called for further research to be conducted using a community sample. The present study used data from a community sample to investigate whether an association between stuttering and alcohol consumption or regular smoking exists in late adolescence and adulthood. METHODS: Regression analyses were carried out on data from a birth cohort study, the National Child Development Study (NCDS), whose initial cohort included 18,558 participants who have since been followed up until age 55...
June 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498891/delayed-n2-response-in-go-condition-in-a-visual-go-nogo-erp-study-in-children-who-stutter
#17
Johanna Piispala, Mika Kallio, Risto Bloigu, Eira Jansson-Verkasalo
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The main aim of the study was to investigate the attentional and inhibitory abilities and their underlying processes of children who stutter by using behavioural measurement and event-related potentials (ERP) in a visual Go/Nogo paradigm. METHODS: Participants were 11 children who stutter (CWS; mean age 8.1, age range 6.3-9.5 years) and 19 typically developed children (TDC; mean age 8.1, age range 5.8-9.6 years). They performed a visual Go/Nogo task with simultaneous EEG recording to obtain ERP responses...
June 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498890/formant-transitions-in-the-fluent-speech-of-farsi-speaking-people-who-stutter
#18
Ali Dehqan, Fariba Yadegari, Michael Blomgren, Ronald C Scherer
PURPOSE: Second formant (F2) transitions can be used to infer attributes of articulatory transitions. This study compared formant transitions during fluent speech segments of Farsi (Persian) speaking people who stutter and normally fluent Farsi speakers. METHODS: Ten Iranian males who stutter and 10 normally fluent Iranian males participated. Sixteen different "CVt" tokens were embedded within the phrase "Begu CVt an". Measures included overall F2 transition frequency extents, durations, and derived overall slopes, initial F2 transition slopes at 30ms and 60ms, and speaking rate...
June 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26897497/speech-pathology-student-clinician-attitudes-and-beliefs-towards-people-who-stutter-a-mixed-method-pilot-study
#19
Ellen Koutsodimitropoulos, Melissa Buultjens, Kenneth O St Louis, Melissa Monfries
PURPOSE: Stuttering is a disorder of fluency that extends beyond its physical nature and has social, emotional and vocational impacts. Research shows that individuals often exhibit negative attitudes towards people who stutter; however, there is limited research on the attitudes and beliefs of speech pathology students towards people who stutter in Australia. Existing research is predominantly quantitative; whereas this mixed-method study placed an emphasis on the qualitative component...
March 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26897496/associations-between-beliefs-about-and-reactions-toward-people-who-stutter
#20
Hayley S Arnold, Jian Li
PURPOSE: This study sought to assess whether beliefs about people who stutter (PWS) predict intended behavioral and affective reactions toward them in a large and varied sample of respondents while taking into account familiarity with PWS and the demographic variables of age, education, and gender. METHODS: Analyses were based on 2206 residents of the United States of America. The seemingly unrelated regression (SUR) technique was used to test the relationship between beliefs about PWS and behavioral and affective reactions toward PWS...
March 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
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