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Journal of Thermal Biology

Mamta Agrawal, K R Pardasani
The temperature of body tissues is viewed as an indicator of tissue response in clinical applications since ancient times. The tissue temperature depends on various physical and physiological parameters like blood flow, metabolic heat generation, thermal conductivity of tissues, shape and size of organs etc. In this paper a finite element model has been proposed to study temperature distribution in skin and deep tissues of human limbs. The geometry of human limb is taken as elliptical tapered shape. It is assumed that outer surface of the limb is exposed to the environment...
December 2016: Journal of Thermal Biology
Devashish Shrivastava, Subhash C Mishra, Christopher J Gordon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Thermal Biology
A McBride, S Bargmann, D Pond, G Limbert
The modelling and computation of the coupled thermal and mechanical response of human skin at finite deformations is considered. The model extends current thermal models to account for thermally- and mechanically-induced deformations. Details of the solution of the highly nonlinear system of governing equations using the finite element method are presented. A representative numerical example illustrates the importance of considering the coupled response for the problem of a rigid, hot indenter in contact with the skin...
December 2016: Journal of Thermal Biology
Ming Fu, Wenguo Weng, Weiwang Chen, Na Luo
Several mathematical models of human thermoregulation have been developed, contributing to a deep understanding of thermal responses in different thermal conditions and applications. In these models, the human body is represented by two interacting systems of thermoregulation: the controlling active system and the controlled passive system. This paper reviews the recent research of human thermoregulation models. The accuracy and scope of the thermal models are improved, for the consideration of individual differences, integration to clothing models, exposure to cold and hot conditions, and the changes of physiological responses for the elders...
December 2016: Journal of Thermal Biology
Maedeh Mohajer, Mohammad B Ayani, Hassan Basirat Tabrizi
Laser interstitial thermal therapy is one of the best methods for tumor treatment. Quality of treatment is highly influenced by the way of temperature control that depends strongly upon the living tissue thermal properties. One-dimensional dual-phase-lag (DPL) in spherical coordinate system numerically has been investigated for bioheat transfer during laser treatment in living biological tissues, which contain tumoral and normal layers. Various behaviors of heat transfer models such as wave, wavelike and diffusion are studied by adjusting the relaxation parameters...
December 2016: Journal of Thermal Biology
Dinesh Kumar, K N Rai
Hyperthermia is a process that uses heat from the spatial heat source to kill cancerous cells without damaging the surrounding healthy tissues. Efficacy of hyperthermia technique is related to achieve temperature at the infected cells during the treatment process. A mathematical model on heat transfer in multilayer tissues in finite domain is proposed to predict the control temperature profile at hyperthermia position. The treatment technique uses dual-phase-lag model of heat transfer in multilayer tissues with modified Gaussian distribution heat source subjected to the most generalized boundary condition and interface at the adjacent layers...
December 2016: Journal of Thermal Biology
Carina Barbosa Pereira, Konrad Heimann, Michael Czaplik, Vladimir Blazek, Boudewijn Venema, Steffen Leonhardt
PURPOSE: In 2010, approximately 14.9 million babies (11.1%) were born preterm. Because preterm infants suffer from an immature thermoregulatory system they have difficulty maintaining their core body temperature at a constant level. Therefore, it is essential to maintain their temperature at, ideally, around 37°C. For this, mathematical models can provide detailed insight into heat transfer processes and body-environment interactions for clinical applications. METHODS: A new multi-node mathematical model of the thermoregulatory system of newborn infants is presented...
December 2016: Journal of Thermal Biology
Saeid Hassanpour, Ahmad Saboonchi
This paper aims to evaluate the role of small vessels in heat transfer mechanisms of a tissue-like medium during local intensive heating processes, for example, an interstitial hyperthermia treatment. To this purpose, a cylindrical tissue with two co- and counter-current vascular networks and a central heat source is introduced. Next, the energy equations of tissue, supply fluid (arterial blood), and return fluid (venous blood) are derived using porous media approach. Then, a 2D computer code is developed to predict the temperature of blood (fluid phase) and tissue (solid phase) by conventional volume averaging method and a more realistic solution method...
December 2016: Journal of Thermal Biology
Purbarun Dhar, Anup Paul, Arunn Narasimhan, Sarit K Das
Knowledge of thermal history and/or distribution in biological tissues during laser based hyperthermia is essential to achieve necrosis of tumour/carcinoma cells. A semi-analytical model to predict sub-surface thermal distribution in translucent, soft, tissue mimics has been proposed. The model can accurately predict the spatio-temporal temperature variations along depth and the anomalous thermal behaviour in such media, viz. occurrence of sub-surface temperature peaks. Based on optical and thermal properties, the augmented temperature and shift of the peak positions in case of gold nanostructure mediated tissue phantom hyperthermia can be predicted...
December 2016: Journal of Thermal Biology
Aasma Rafiq, M A Khanday
Extreme environmental and physiological conditions present challenges for thermal processes in body tissues including multi-layered human eye. A mathematical model has been formulated in this direction to study the thermal behavior of the human eye in relation with the change in blood perfusion, porosity, evaporation and environmental temperatures. In this study, a comprehensive thermal analysis has been performed on the multi-layered eye using Pennes' bio-heat equation with appropriate boundary and interface conditions...
December 2016: Journal of Thermal Biology
Alexander LeBrun, Ronghui Ma, Liang Zhu
OBJECTIVES: The objective is to design heating protocols to completely damage PC3 tumors after a single magnetic nanoparticle hyperthermia session with minimal collateral thermal damage, based on microCT image generated tumor and mouse models. METHODS: Tumor geometries and volumetric heat generation rate distributions that are generated from microCT scans in our previous study are imported into COMSOL 4.3® multiphysics for heat transfer simulations and heating protocol design using the Arrhenius damage model...
December 2016: Journal of Thermal Biology
Kuo-Chi Liu, Han-Taw Chen, Po-Jen Cheng
This paper attempts to describe the heat conduction in tissue using the dual-phase-lag mode. Evaluating the thermo-physical parameters is one of the ways to certify the thermal behavior. As a result, the paper simultaneously and inversely estimates the values of τq, τT and α for bologna based on the dual-phase-lag mode with the measurement data in the literature. The inconsistence in theory discovered in the literatures is eliminated. The calculated results of temperature variation with the estimated values of τq, τT and α at the measurement location are very close to the experimental data and address the rationality of the present results...
December 2016: Journal of Thermal Biology
Hugo F M Milan, Kifle G Gebremedhin
Transmission-Line Modeling (TLM) is a numerical method used to solve complex and time-domain bio-heat transfer problems. In TLM, rectangles are used to discretize two-dimensional problems. The drawback in using rectangular shapes is that instead of refining only the domain of interest, a large additional domain will also be refined in the x and y axes, which results in increased computational time and memory space. In this paper, we developed a triangular node for TLM applied to bio-heat transfer that does not have the drawback associated with the rectangular nodes...
December 2016: Journal of Thermal Biology
Catherine Bartgis, Alexander M LeBrun, Ronghui Ma, Liang Zhu
This study is focused on developing a whole body heat transfer model to accurately simulate temperature decay in a body postmortem. The initial steady state temperature field is simulated first and the calculated weighted average body temperature is used to determine the overall heat transfer coefficient at the skin surface, based on thermal equilibrium before death. The transient temperature field postmortem is then simulated using the same boundary condition and the temperature decay curves at several body locations are generated for a time frame of 24h...
December 2016: Journal of Thermal Biology
Srđan Jović, Nebojša Arsić, Jovana Vilimonović, Dalibor Petković
Thermal comfort in open urban areas is very factor based on environmental point of view. Therefore it is need to fulfill demands for suitable thermal comfort during urban planning and design. Thermal comfort can be modeled based on climatic parameters and other factors. The factors are variables and they are changed throughout the year and days. Therefore there is need to establish an algorithm for thermal comfort prediction according to the input variables. The prediction results could be used for planning of time of usage of urban areas...
December 2016: Journal of Thermal Biology
Frederico M Barroso, Miguel A Carretero, Francisco Silva, Marco Sannolo
For many years lizard thermal ecology studies have relied on the use of contact thermometry to obtain internal body temperature (Tb) of the animals. However, with progressing technology, an interest grew in using new, less invasive methods, such as InfraRed (IR) pyrometry and thermography, to infer Tb of reptiles. Nonetheless few studies have tested the reliability of these new tools. The present study tested the use of IR cameras as a non-invasive tool to infer Tb of lizards, using three differently body-sized lacertid species (Podarcis virescens, Lacerta schreiberi and Timon lepidus)...
December 2016: Journal of Thermal Biology
Jaber Beik, Ziaeddin Abed, Ali Ghadimi-Daresajini, Mitra Nourbakhsh, Ali Shakeri-Zadeh, Mohamad Sadegh Ghasemi, Mohammad Bagher Shiran
Hyperthermia is considered as a new approach for cancer therapy. Non-selectivity of tissue heating in conventional hyperthermia methods results in collateral damages to healthy tissues and this is the greatest obstacle against hyperthermia in clinic. Herein, to promote the efficiency of conventional hyperthermia methods, nanoparticle-enhanced heating from 1MHz ultrasound was investigated in vitro and in vivo. The experiments were conducted on two mediums; (1) various colloidal nano-solutions (in vitro section) and (2) CT26 mouse colon carcinoma tumor loaded by various nanoparticles (in vivo section)...
December 2016: Journal of Thermal Biology
Nikita L Cooley, Douglas J Emlen, H Arthur Woods
Do insect larvae ever self-heat significantly from their own metabolic activity and, if so, under what sets of environmental temperatures and across what ranges of body size? We examine these questions using larvae of the Japanese rhinoceros beetle (Trypoxylus dichotomus), chosen for their large size (>20g), simple body plan, and underground lifestyle. Using CO2 respirometry, we measured larval metabolic rates then converted measured rates of gas exchange into rates of heat production and developed a mathematical model to predict how much steady state body temperatures of underground insects would increase above ambient depending on body size...
December 2016: Journal of Thermal Biology
Beata Irena Cejko, Sylwia Judycka, Roman Kujawa
Reproductive performance (ovulation/spermation rate and relative fecundity of females) of adult river lamprey (Lampetrafluviatilis) was compared among adults held under three different controlled thermal regimes (7, 10 and 14°C). The quantity of semen (volume of semen, sperm concentration, total sperm production and total number of sperm) and the weight of the eggs as well as the semen quality (sperm motility, seminal plasma osmolality and pH, sperm pH and total protein content) were determined. Housing temperature had no apparent effect on quality or quantity of eggs produced, but did influence time of ovulation...
December 2016: Journal of Thermal Biology
Maria Stefania Przybylska, Felipe Alves de Brito, Rosana Tidon
Several authors have called attention to the evolutionary importance of phenotypic plasticity and niche construction, because such phenomena require a new status and a new perspective. Drosophila species are traditionally used as models in investigations of phenotypic plasticity, although the majority of such research has been conducted with species of the subgenus Sophophora, primarily Drosophila melanogaster. In this study, we investigated the phenotypic plasticity of Drosophila cardini, a Neotropical species of the subgenus Drosophila, and focused on the wing size, wing shape, thorax length and wing: thorax ratio of lines that were collected in the Brazilian savanna and exposed to different temperatures during growth...
December 2016: Journal of Thermal Biology
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