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Journal of Thermal Biology

Jing-Wen Bao, Jun Qiang, Yi-Fan Tao, Hong-Xia Li, Jie He, Pao Xu, De-Ju Chen
We investigated the effects of heat stress on genetically improved farmed tilapia, focusing on metabolic and immune responses. Differences in blood parameters, serum biochemistry, muscle fatty acid composition, and microRNA (miRNA) expression were analyzed in fish under heat stress. Fish were exposed to heat stress at 35 °C and sampled at 0, 6, 12, 24, and 48 h after exposure and compared with a control group maintained at 28 °C. The results showed that red and white blood cell counts, hemoglobin levels, and hematocrit values tended to increase (P < 0...
April 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
Michail E Keramidas, Roger Kölegård, Ola Eiken
Cold and hypoxia constitute the main environmental stressors encountered on the Antarctic Plateau. Hence, we examined whether central and/or peripheral acclimatisation to the combined stressors of cold and hypoxia would be developed in four men following an 11-day man-hauling expedition on this polar region. Before and after the journey, participants performed a static whole-body immersion in 21 °C water, during which they were breathing a hypoxic gas (partial pressure of inspired O2 : ~97 mmHg). To evaluate their local responses to cold, participants also immersed the hand into 8 °C water for 30 min, while they were whole-body immersed and mildly hypothermic [i...
April 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
Michael P Ryan, Lorin A Neuman-Lee, Susan L Durham, Geoffrey D Smith, Susannah S French
Behavioral fever in reptiles is often considered an adaptive response used to eliminate pathogens, yet empirical data showing the wide-spread use of this response is mixed. This behavioral change can be beneficial by enhancing the host's immune response and increasing the animal's chance of survival, but it can also be detrimental in terms of host energetic requirements and enzymatic performance. Thus, we examined whether captive-bred African house snakes (Lamprophis fuliginosus) employed behavioral fever in response to pathogen stimulus...
April 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
Agustín Camacho, Travis Rusch, Graham Ray, Rory S Telemeco, Miguel Trefaut Rodrigues, Michael J Angilletta
Understanding the impacts of anthropogenic climate change requires knowing how animals avoid heat stress, and the consequences of failing to do so. Animals primarily use behavior to avoid overheating, but biologists' means for measuring and interpreting behavioral signs of stress require more development. Herein, we develop the measurement of behavioral thermal tolerance using four species of lizards. First, we adapt the voluntary thermal maximum concept (VTM) to facilitate its measurement, interpretation, and comparison across species...
April 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
Oscar Aníbal Stellatelli, Agustina Villalba, Carolina Block, Laura Estela Vega, Juan Esteban Dajil, Félix Benjamín Cruz
Small lizards can accommodate to constraints imposed by temporal changes in ambient temperature through a combination of adaptive evolution and behavioral and physiological plasticity. Thermal physiology plasticity may compensate for climate variation and favor performance while minimizing behavioral costs in sub-optimal conditions. The Tandilia's lizard, Liolaemus tandiliensis, occurs in an isolated mountain range of the Argentinean temperate Pampas. In this study, we compared the thermal biology of L. tandiliensis between late spring (December) and mid-summer (February)...
April 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
Emerson Pontes-da-Silva, William E Magnusson, Barry Sinervo, Gabriel H Caetano, Donald B Miles, Guarino R Colli, Luisa M Diele-Viegas, Jessica Fenker, Juan C Santos, Fernanda P Werneck
Temperature increases can impact biodiversity and predicting their effects is one of the main challenges facing global climate-change research. Ectotherms are sensitive to temperature change and, although predictions indicate that tropical species are highly vulnerable to global warming, they remain one of the least studied groups with respect to the extent of physiological variation and local extinction risks. We model the extinction risks for a tropical heliothermic teiid lizard (Kentropyx calcarata) integrating previously obtained information on intraspecific phylogeographic structure, eco-physiological traits and contemporary species distributions in the Amazon rainforest and its ecotone to the Cerrado savannah...
April 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
Stephanie S Bauerfeind, Jesper G Sørensen, Volker Loeschcke, David Berger, E Dale Broder, Madeleine Geiger, Manuela Ferrari, Wolf U Blanckenhorn
Climatic conditions can be very heterogeneous even over small geographic scales, and are believed to be major determinants of the abundance and distribution of species and populations. Organisms are expected to evolve in response to the frequency and magnitude of local thermal extremes, resulting in local adaptation. Using replicate yellow dung fly (Scathophaga stercoraria; Diptera: Scathophagidae) populations from cold (northern Europe) and warm climates (southern Europe), we compared 1) responses to short-term heat and cold shocks in both sexes, 2) heat shock protein (Hsp70) expression in adults and eggs, and 3) female reproductive traits when facing short-term heat stress during egg maturation...
April 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
Marc Girondot, Jonathan Monsinjon, Jean-Michel Guillon
The sexual phenotype of the gonad is dependent on incubation temperature in many turtles, all crocodilians, and some lepidosaurians. At hatching, identification of sexual phenotype is impossible without sacrificing the neonates. For this reason, a general method to infer sexual phenotype from incubation temperatures is needed. Temperature influences sex determination during a specific period of the embryonic development, starting when the gonad begins to form. At constant incubation temperatures, this thermosensitive period for sex determination (TSP) is located at the middle third of incubation duration (MTID)...
April 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
Rasool Mohammadi, Hamid Soori, Abbas Alipour, Ehsan Bitaraf, Soheila Khodakarim
While the effect of temperature on risk of cardiovascular events is well documented, few studies report evidence from the Middle East. In this study, we investigate the short-term effect of ambient temperature on admissions for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in Tehran, Iran. We used a case-crossover design combined with a distributed lag non-linear model to examine nonlinear and delayed associations between ambient temperature and AMI admissions from 2013 to 2016. We also examined hot and cold effects on AMI admission by gender and age categories (≤ 65 years old and > 65 years old)...
April 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
Silas C Principe, Alessandra Augusto, Tânia Marcia Costa
Temperature is one of the main environmental constraints to organism distribution, affecting physiology and survival. Organisms that inhabit the intertidal zone are exposed to temperature variation and, with climate change, they should face different conditions which include higher temperatures, leading to higher rates of water loss through evaporation and then fitness reduction or mortality. Here we tested the effects of desiccation and increased temperature in two fiddler crabs species that occupy distinct habitats in regard to vegetation cover and position on the intertidal zone and thus may respond differently to these stressors...
April 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
Jéssica Ks Pachú, José B Malaquias, Wesley Ac Godoy, Francisco de S Ramalho, Bruna R Almeida, Fabrício Rossi
Precise estimates of the lower (Tmin ) and higher (Tmax ) thermal thresholds as well as the temperature range that provides optimum performance (Topt ) enable to obtain the desired number of individuals in conservation systems, rearing and release of natural enemies. In this study, the relationship between the development rates of Cycloneda sanguinea L. (Coleoptera: Coccinelidae) and temperature was described using non-linear models developed by Analytis, Brière, Lactin, Lamb, Logan and Sharpe & DeMichele...
April 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
Qiong Zhang, Xingzhi Han, Xin Hao, Liang Ma, Shuran Li, Yang Wang, Weiguo Du
Understanding how organisms respond to warming contributes important information to the conservation of biodiversity that is threatened by climate warming. Here, we conducted experiments on a desert agama (Phrynocephalus przewalskii) to test the hypothesis that climate warming (an increase in both mean temperature and heat waves) would induce oxidative stress, shortening telomere length, and thereby decreasing survival. Our results demonstrated that one week of exposure to a simulated heat wave significantly shortened telomere length, and decreased the overwinter survival of lizards, but mean temperature increase did not affect the survival of lizards...
February 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
M Hassanalian, S Ben Ayed, M Ali, P Houde, C Hocut, A Abdelkefi
The thermal effects of wing color in flight is investigated in four species of birds with respect to their flight routes, migration time, and geometric and behavioral characteristics. Considering the marine and atmospheric characteristics of these flight routes, a thermal analysis of the birds' wings is performed during their migration. The surrounding fluxes including the ocean flux and the solar irradiance are considered in an energy balance in order to determine the skin temperature of both sides of the wing...
February 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
Shanthi Ganesan, Sarah C Pearce, Nicholas K Gabler, Lance H Baumgard, Robert P Rhoads, Joshua T Selsby
Prolonged environment-induced hyperthermia causes morbidities and mortality in humans and animals and appears to cause organ-specific injury and dysfunction. We have previously determined autophagic dysfunction and apoptotic signaling in oxidative skeletal muscle following prolonged hyperthermia. The aim of this investigation was to extend our knowledge regarding the early chronology of heat stress-mediated apoptotic and autophagic signaling in oxidative skeletal muscle. We hypothesized that 2, 4, and 6 h of hyperthermia would increase apoptosis and autophagy in oxidative skeletal muscle compared to thermoneutral (TN) conditions...
February 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
Roberto Refinetti, G J Kenagy
We studied circadian rhythms of body temperature and locomotor activity in antelope ground squirrels (Ammospermophilus leucurus) under laboratory conditions of a 12L:12D light-dark cycle and in constant darkness. Antelope ground squirrels are diurnally active and, exceptionally among ground squirrels and other closely related members of the squirrel family in general, they do not hibernate. Daily oscillations in body temperature consisted of a rise in temperature during the daytime activity phase of the circadian cycle and a decrease in temperature during the nighttime rest phase...
February 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
Tae-Sung Kwon
Living organisms have been moving rapidly toward their favorable thermal regions as climate warms. Their competitive interactions will change significantly as a result of changes in distribution, abundance, and species composition. This study examines the relationship of competition intensity (frequency of competitive interactions) with temperature and the influence of competition on the occurrence of ant species. Competition between ants was surveyed at six different temperature sites using baits and the abundance of ants was surveyed using pitfall traps...
February 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
Vincenzo Trotta, Pierluigi Forlano, Patrizia Falabella, Donatella Battaglia, Paolo Fanti
The pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum is a common pest of many species of legumes and its parasitoid Aphidius ervi is regarded as a successful biocontrol agent. In this study, we report a greater survival rate of parasitized aphids compared with unparasitized ones, after exposure to a very high temperature (39°C for 30min). After the heat shock, the survival of unparasitized aphids decreases according to their age at the heat shock treatment, suggesting a different adaptation of the aphid life stage to the different microclimatic conditions they experience...
February 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
Alexander P Welles, Mark J Buller, David P Looney, William V Rumpler, Andrei V Gribok, Reed W Hoyt
Human metabolic energy expenditure is critical to many scientific disciplines but can only be measured using expensive and/or restrictive equipment. The aim of this work is to determine whether the SCENARIO thermoregulatory model can be adapted to estimate metabolic rate (M) from core body temperature (TC ). To validate this method of M estimation, data were collected from fifteen test volunteers (age = 23 ± 3yr, height = 1.73 ± 0.07m, mass = 68.6 ± 8.7kg, body fat = 16.7 ± 7.3%; mean ± SD) who wore long sleeved nylon jackets and pants (Itot,clo = 1...
February 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
Carla S Pimentel, Matthew P Ayres
Direct effects of temperature on plant pathogens can be crucial to determine the onset and epidemiology of disease. The pinewood nematode Bursaphelenchus xylophilus, the causal agent of the pine wilt disease (PWD), has a wide geographical distribution in Eurasia and East Asia, and local temperatures are considered determinant for the onset of the PWD. However, direct effects of temperature on this pathogen are never considered when forecasting its distribution and impact. In the present study we assessed: 1) at which temperatures is the development of wild populations of the pinewood nematode optimized; 2) if there is niche divergence on different populations from its wide distribution area...
February 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
Anne J Carter, Emily J Hall
Increasing numbers of people are running with their dogs, particularly in harness through the sport canicross. Whilst canicross races are typically held in the winter months, some human centred events are encouraging running with dogs in summer months, potentially putting dogs at risk of heat related injuries, including heatstroke. The aim of this project was to investigate the effects of ambient conditions and running speed on post-race temperature of canicross dogs in the UK, and investigate the potential risk of heatstroke to canicross racing dogs...
February 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
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