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Journal of Thermal Biology

Hui Li, Roland K Chen, Yong Tang, William Meurer, Albert J Shih
Reducing brain temperature by head and neck cooling is likely to be the protective treatment for humans when subjects to sudden cardiac arrest. This study develops the experimental validation model and finite element modeling (FEM) to study the head and neck cooling separately, which can induce therapeutic hypothermia focused on the brain. Anatomically accurate geometries based on CT images of the skull and carotid artery are utilized to find the 3D geometry for FEM to analyze the temperature distributions and 3D-printing to build the physical model for experiment...
January 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
Jaspreet Singh, Ajat Shatru Arora
Segmentation of characteristic facial regions has often been an initial step of thermographic analysis in face recognition and clinical diagnosis. Moreover, fast and accurate thermographic analysis on characteristic areas is highly reliant on segmentation approach. Usually, frontal and lateral projections are used to capture the facial thermograms. The significant role of lateral facial thermography to diagnose the various problems associated with orofacial regions has been remarkable in many studies. So far, no study has presented an automatic approach for the segmentation of characteristic areas in lateral facial thermograms...
January 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
Meghan J Camp, Lisa A Shipley, Charlotte R Milling, Janet L Rachlow, Jennifer S Forbey
Both temperature and diet quality play an important role in the time and energy budgets of small mammalian herbivores. However, little is known about how temperature and diet quality interact to influence diet selection, nutrient extraction, and energetics, and how these effects might differ among species. Therefore, we examined the effects of diet quality and temperature on aspects of the foraging ecology of two species of lagomorphs, pygmy rabbits (Brachylagus idahoensis), which are small dietary specialists, and mountain cottontail rabbits (Sylvilagus nuttallii), which are larger dietary and habitat generalists...
January 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
Guofeng Han, Hui Yang, Takashi Bungo, Hiromi Ikeda, Yunhao Wang, Linh T N Nguyen, Hatem M Eltahan, Mitsuhiro Furuse, Vishwajit S Chowdhury
Thermal manipulation declined embryonic brain and liver concentrations of leucine (Leu). L-Leu in ovo injection afforded thermotolerance in male broiler chicks. This study aimed to examine the role of in ovo injection of L-Leu in metabolic functions, and differences between male and female broiler chicks in thermotolerance. L-Leu injection was performed in ovo on embryonic day (ED) 7 to reveal its role in metabolic activity in embryos and in post-hatch male and female broiler chicks under heat stress. To examine the metabolic activity of embryos, oxygen (O2) consumption, carbon dioxide (CO2) production, heat production and plasma metabolites were analyzed...
January 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
Marcos Roberto Dias Batista, Felipe Bastos Rocha, Louis Bernard Klaczko
Variation of ecophysiological traits may help to explain geographic distribution patterns of Drosophila sibling species. Many traits in ectotherms have optimal performance within specific temperature ranges. Altitudinal gradients are potentially informative for characterizing differences of sibling species distributions. We collected two sibling species of the tripunctata group - Drosophila mediopunctata (MPT) and D. unipunctata (UNI) - at eight altitudes (ranging from 593 to 1185m above sea level) located at a continuous Atlantic Rainforest reserve in consecutive years (2009-2011), with two collections at the hot-rainy season and two at the cold-dry season...
January 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
Victor J T Loehr
Ectotherms have various means of dealing with low environmental temperatures, but relatively few species have been rigorously investigated. Consequently, we have little information to predict how ectotherm populations might respond to global temperature changes. Tortoises from temperate and subtropical regions often overcome periodically cool conditions by hibernation, but speckled dwarf tortoises (Chersobius signatus) need to remain active to exploit ephemeral resources in their arid winter-rainfall habitat...
January 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
Abdelmajid Bousselham, Omar Bouattane, Mohamed Youssfi, Abdelhadi Raihani
The aim of this paper is to present a GPU parallel algorithm for brain tumor detection to estimate its size and location from surface temperature distribution obtained by thermography. The normal brain tissue is modeled as a rectangular cube including spherical tumor. The temperature distribution is calculated using forward three dimensional Pennes bioheat transfer equation, it's solved using massively parallel Finite Difference Method (FDM) and implemented on Graphics Processing Unit (GPU). Genetic Algorithm (GA) was used to solve the inverse problem and estimate the tumor size and location by minimizing an objective function involving measured temperature on the surface to those obtained by numerical simulation...
January 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
Jaideep Dutta, Balaram Kundu
This research article determines an exact analytical expression for 2-D thermal field in single layer living tissues under a therapeutic condition by means of Fourier and non-Fourier heat transfer approaches. An actual spatially dependent initial condition has been adopted to analyze the heat propagation in tissues. The exact analytical determination for this actual initial condition for temperature may be difficult. However, in this study, an approximate analytical method has newly been established for an appropriate initial condition...
January 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
Soma Halder, Mrinmoy Sarkar, Sananda Dey, Sujay Kumar Bhunia, Alok Ranjan Koley, Biplab Giri
Ability of red grape juice (RGJ), a known antioxidant, on testis of adult Wister rat to protect from oxidative stress induced damages by heat stress has been investigated in this study. Heat stress was induced maintaining body and testicular temperature at 43°C for 30min/day for 15 days using a hyperthermia induction chamber. Four groups of rats (n=6 per group) comprising of Group-I (control) -kept at 32°C, Group-II -exposed to heat stress alone, Group-III received RGJ (0.8ml/rat/day) alone and Group-IV -exposed to heat stress and received RGJ at same dose...
January 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
M Mohammadzadeh, H Izadi
Trogoderma granarium Everts (Coleoptera: Dermestidae) is an important insect pest of stored products. In this study, the survival strategies of T. granarium fourth instar larvae were investigated at different sub-zero temperatures following different cooling rates, acclimation to different relative humidity (RH) and different starvation times. Our results show that larvae of T. granarium are freeze-intolerant. There was a strong link between cooling rates and supercooling point, which means the slower the decrease in temperature, the lower the supercooling point...
January 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
Michael J Buono, Mark Kolding, Eric Leslie, Daniel Moreno, Sarah Norwood, Andrew Ordille, Rebecca Weller
The purpose of this study was to determine the time course for the previously reported reduction in sweat sodium ion concentration during heat acclimation. Four healthy volunteers completed 7 consecutive days of heat acclimation which included 2h of treadmill walking in a 40°C and 40% relative humidity environment. A modified constant hyperthermia protocol was used as workloads were increased each day to maintain a constant core temperature over the 7 days of heat acclimation. Forearm sweat was collected 3 times during each 2h exercise bout on days 1, 3, 5, and 7 of heat acclimation...
January 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
Christian L Cox, Michael L Logan, Olivia Bryan, Darshdeep Kaur, Evan Leung, John McCormack, John McGinn, Lauren Miller, Caroline Robinson, Jena Salem, Jessica Scheid, Tatiana Warzinski, Albert K Chung
Biochemical reaction rates are highly sensitive to temperature, and the body temperatures of ectotherms covary with their immediate environment. Therefore, ectotherms should choose microhabitats that permit the maintenance of physiological function. While some previous studies have found that squamate reptiles choose retreat sites that allow them to maintain physiologically optimal body temperatures, this research has been limited in context and taxonomic scope. We sought to test these empirical patterns by studying the properties of retreat sites in the context of physiological preferences and tolerances in a population of semifossorial ring-necked snakes (Diadophis punctatus)...
January 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
Kamylla Balbuena Michelutti, Eva Ramona Pereira Soares, Denise Sguarizi-Antonio, Raul Cremonezi Piva, Yzel Rondon Súarez, Claudia Andrea Lima Cardoso, William Fernando Antonialli-Junior
The cuticle of social insects is a barrier against desiccation and a channel for chemical communication, two characteristics fundamental to the success of this group. The compounds present in the cuticle interact dynamically in order to achieve a balance between these two functions. Thus, viscosity correlates with waterproofing, whereas fluidity correlates with effective communication. Temperature variation can cause the cuticular hydrocarbon (CHC) layer of the cuticle to change in order to maintain body homeostasis...
January 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
Arda Cem Kuyucu, Mehmet Kursat Sahin, Selim Sualp Caglar
According to the thermal melanism hypothesis, darker coloured melanic individuals heat up faster and to higher temperatures than lighter coloured individuals due to lower skin reflectance. Consequently, it is assumed that darker melanic types may be advantageous compared to light coloured types in colder regions. As temperature gradually decreases with elevation and latitude the degree of melanism is expected to increase along these gradients in ectothermic species. Isophya rizeensis, a colour polymorphic bush cricket species endemic to Northeastern Turkey is an interesting case since the degree of melanism decreases with elevation, contrary to the thermal melanism hypothesis...
January 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
C L Shecaira, C H Seino, J A Bombardelli, G A Reis, E J Fusada, M R Azedo, F J Benesi
The objective was to verify if thermography is able to detect inflammatory signs on the skin surface by comparing the umbilical region of healthy calves and calves presenting omphalitis. Twenty healthy calves (control group) had their lateral umbilical region and abdominal region examined with a thermal imaging camera in order to obtain a regional thermograph. The thermographic examination was then performed on 27 calves (Omphalitis group) presenting omphalitis diagnosed by physical examination. The maximum temperature of the lateral umbilical region in calves (aged < 30 days) was 35...
January 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
Guadalupe López Juri, Margarita Chiaraviglio, Gabriela Cardozo
Reproduction is an energetically costly activity that can alter thermal requirements in Squamata. This phenomenon has been largely studied in many viviparous species; however, little is known about the role of oviparous females in controlling temperature during vitellogenesis and embryo development before oviposition. Diversity of female phenotypes could be associated with diversity of thermoregulatory performance, since thermal requirements are frequently influenced by body shape. Furthermore, studying the thermoregulatory behaviour is fundamental to understand how females regulate their body temperature...
January 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
Rahim Sharafkhani, Narges Khanjani, Bahram Bakhtiari, Yunes Jahani, Jafar Sadegh Tabrizi
There are few epidemiological studies about climate change and the effect of temperature variation on health using human thermal indices such as the Physiological Equivalent Temperature (PET) Index in Iran. This study was conducted in Tabriz, the northwest of Iran and Distributed Lag Non-linear Models (DLNM) combined with quasi-Poisson regression models were used to assess the impacts of PET on mortality by using the DLNM Package in R Software. The effect of air pollutants, time trend, day of the week and holidays were controlled as confounders...
January 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
Qing-Sheng Chi, Xiu-Juan Li, De-Hua Wang
The initiation of torpor is supposed to be related to the availability of metabolic fuels. Studies on metabolic fuel inhibition of glucose by using 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2DG) or fatty acid by mercaptoacetate (MA) in heterothermic mammals produced mixed outcomes. To examine the roles of availability of glucose and fatty acid in the initiation of torpor in desert hamsters (Phodopus roborovskii), we intraperitoneally administrated 2DG and MA to summer-acclimated male hamsters while body temperature (Tb), metabolic rate (MR) and respiratory quotient (RQ) were simultaneously recorded to monitor their thermoregulatory response...
January 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
Shashwat Singh, Geetanjali Mishra, Omkar
All organisms are exposed to daily as well as seasonal variation in temperature in nature. However, ectotherms are strongly affected by temperature and its variations. Most laboratory studies on effect of temperature on life history traits employ constant instead of fluctuating temperature regimes, though the latter is more reflective of nature. We conducted investigations on the effect of constant, fluctuating and alternate temperature regimes on reproductive and developmental attributes of a biocontrol agent ladybird, Menochilus sexmaculatus (Fabricius) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae)...
January 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
Elena Radugina, Eleonora Grigoryan
Regenerating newt tail has recently been found to react to hypergravity in a stable and reproducible way - by curving downwards. Such morphogenetic effect of non-specific physical factor applied to a complex structure of an adult animal is a rare phenomenon with unknown molecular basis. For the first steps of unraveling this basis we've chosen heat shock proteins (HSPs) as promising candidates. Morphometrical analysis of tail regeneration was performed in aquarium (control), on substrate (relative hypergravity) and in aquarium under weekly application of heat shock...
January 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
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