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Drug and Alcohol Dependence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157752/corrigendum-to-spousal-resemblance-for-smoking-underlying-mechanisms-and-effects-of-cohort-and-age-drug-alcohol-depend-153-2015-221-228
#1
Jorien L Treur, Jacqueline M Vink, Dorret I Boomsma, Christel M Middeldorp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154148/the-relationship-between-executive-functions-and-emotion-regulation-in-females-attending-therapeutic-community-treatment-for-substance-use-disorder
#2
Ely M Marceau, Peter J Kelly, Nadia Solowij
BACKGROUND: Difficulties in emotion regulation influence the development of substance use disorder (SUD), its severity, course, treatment outcomes, and relapse. Impaired executive functions (EFs) are common in SUD populations and may relate to emotion dysregulation. The current study tested whether performance on three basic EF tasks ('working memory', 'inhibition', and 'task-switching') and/or inventory-based assessment of EF were related to difficulties in emotion regulation in females attending residential SUD therapeutic community treatment...
November 12, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136566/treatment-for-opioid-use-and-outcomes-in-older-adults-a-systematic-literature-review
#3
REVIEW
Anne Marie Carew, Catherine Comiskey
BACKGROUND: Historically, issues relating to problem substance use among older people have received little attention, and have only recently been recognised. METHODS: A literature review of relevant material was conducted in November 2015 to assess current outcome research among older adults treated for opioid dependence. Multiple electronic databases were searched and results were supplemented by grey literature, library and online searches, and relevant references within selected articles...
November 7, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136564/frustration-stress-unexpected-loss-of-alternative-reinforcement-increases-opioid-self-administration-in-a-model-of-recovery
#4
Brett C Ginsburg, R J Lamb
PURPOSE: Engaging in alternative activities in the context where opioid use had occurred can constrain opioid use and helps to maintain recovery. However, "frustration stress" that occurs when contingencies on these alternative activities unexpectedly change (e.g., job loss or divorce) is thought to threaten recovery by prompting a return to drug use. Yet it remains unclear whether frustration stress can result in a return to drug use, and if so, whether it returns to prior levels or to even greater levels...
November 7, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132050/cannabinoid-hyperemesis-syndrome-review-of-the-literature-and-of-cases-reported-to-the-french-addictovigilance-network
#5
REVIEW
Benoît Schreck, Nicolas Wagneur, Pascal Caillet, Marie Gérardin, Jennyfer Cholet, Michel Spadari, Nicolas Authier, Juliana Tournebize, Marion Gaillard, Anais Serre, Louise Carton, Stéphanie Pain, Pascale Jolliet, Caroline Victorri-Vigneau
BACKGROUND: Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome is a variant of cyclical vomiting syndrome in a context of chronic cannabis usage. Our aim was to compare French cases to those identified in the international literature in order to further our knowledge of the clinical criteria, pathophysiology and treatments for cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome. METHODS: We analysed cases reported in the international literature up to 30 June 2017, obtained from the MEDLINE, PsycINFO and The Cochrane Library databases; we selected relevant articles based on title and abstract...
November 7, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120860/marijuana-use-among-adults-initiation-return-to-use-and-continued-use-versus-quitting-over-a-one-year-follow-up-period
#6
Namkee G Choi, Diana M DiNitto, C Nathan Marti
BACKGROUND: This study examined factors associated with marijuana use initiation among never users, prior-to-past year user who return to use, and users who continue use over a 12-month follow-up period. METHODS: Two waves (W1 and W2) of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study provided data (N=26,204 aged 18+). Multivariable logistic regression models were used to examine associations of W1 sociodemographic, health/mental health, and other substance use characteristics with W2 use status...
November 7, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150151/evaluating-short-and-long-term-impacts-of-a-medicaid-lock-in-program-on-opioid-and-benzodiazepine-prescriptions-dispensed-to-beneficiaries
#7
Rebecca B Naumann, Stephen W Marshall, Jennifer L Lund, Nisha C Gottfredson, Christopher L Ringwalt, Asheley C Skinner
BACKGROUND: Insurance-based "lock-in" programs (LIPs) have become a popular strategy to address controlled substance (CS) (e.g., opioid) misuse. However, little is known about their impacts. We examined changes in CS dispensing to beneficiaries in the 12-month North Carolina Medicaid LIP. METHODS: We analyzed Medicaid claims linked to Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP) records for beneficiaries enrolled in the LIP between October 2010 and September 2012 (n=2702)...
November 6, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136565/attentional-bias-toward-alcohol-stimuli-as-a-predictor-of-treatment-retention-in-cocaine-dependence-and-alcohol-user-patients
#8
Carmen Díaz-Batanero, Sara Domínguez-Salas, Enrique Moraleda, Fermín Fernández-Calderón, Oscar M Lozano
BACKGROUND: Attentional bias towards substance-related stimuli has shown to be involved in the development and maintenance of cocaine dependence. The relationship between alcohol use and cocaine dependence shown in literature justify the need of study these two substances jointly. METHODS: This paper analyzes patterns of attentional bias in 71 patients with cocaine dependence and compares these patterns according to whether occasional or problematic concurrent alcohol use is taken into account...
November 6, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120861/preventing-relapse-to-smoking-with-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-feasibility-and-potential-efficacy
#9
Christine E Sheffer, Warren K Bickel, Thomas H Brandon, Christopher T Franck, Darwin Deen, Luana Panissidi, Syed Amir Abdali, Jami C Pittman, Sara E Lunden, Neelam Prashad, Ria Malhotra, Antonio Mantovani
Many smokers attempt to quit every year, but 90% relapse within 12 months. Converging evidence suggests relapse is associated with insufficient activation of the prefrontal cortex. Delay discounting rate reflects relative activity in brain regions associated with relapse. High-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (LDLPFC) increases cortical excitability and reduces delay discounting rates, but little is known about feasibility, tolerability, and potential efficacy for smoking cessation...
November 4, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112827/incremental-validity-of-estimated-cannabis-grams-as-a-predictor-of-problems-and-cannabinoid-biomarkers-evidence-from-a-clinical-trial
#10
Rachel L Tomko, Nathaniel L Baker, Erin A McClure, Susan C Sonne, Aimee L McRae-Clark, Brian J Sherman, Kevin M Gray
BACKGROUND: Quantifying cannabis use is complex due to a lack of a standardized packaging system that contains specified amounts of constituents. A laboratory procedure has been developed for estimating physical quantity of cannabis use by utilizing a surrogate substance to represent cannabis, and weighing the amount of the surrogate to determine typical use in grams. METHOD: This secondary analysis utilized data from a multi-site, randomized, controlled pharmacological trial for adult cannabis use disorder (N=300), sponsored by the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network, to test the incremental validity of this procedure...
November 2, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107787/marijuana-use-during-pregnancy-a-comparison-of-trends-and-correlates-among-married-and-unmarried-pregnant-women
#11
Sehun Oh, Christopher P Salas-Wright, Michael G Vaughn, Diana M DiNitto
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: While recent evidence indicates increases in marijuana use among adult women in the United States (US), important questions remain with respect to marijuana use during pregnancy. This study examines trends and correlates of prenatal marijuana use and the effects of marijuana-specific risk/protective factors on marijuana use trends using a nationally representative sample. METHOD: Data were derived from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (2005-2014), a nationally representative survey that included 3640 married and 3987 unmarried pregnant women in the United States...
November 2, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121596/the-impact-of-long-term-moderate-and-heavy-alcohol-consumption-on-incident-atherosclerosis-among-persons-living-with-hiv
#12
N E Kelso-Chichetto, M Plankey, D S Sheps, A G Abraham, X Chen, S Shoptaw, R C Kaplan, W S Post, R L Cook
BACKGROUND: Level of alcohol consumption is associated with differential risk of atherosclerosis, but little research has investigated this association among HIV+ persons. We evaluated the association between long-term alcohol use and incident atherosclerosis among HIV+ persons. METHODS: We utilized data from HIV+ participants of the Women's Interagency HIV Study (n=483) and the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (n=305) without history of cardiovascular disease. Atherosclerosis was assessed two times by B-mode carotid artery ultrasound imaging from 2004 to 2013...
October 28, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107786/predictors-of-treatment-utilization-and-barriers-to-treatment-utilization-among-individuals-with-lifetime-cannabis-use-disorder-in-the-united-states
#13
Bradley T Kerridge, Pia M Mauro, S Patricia Chou, Tulshi D Saha, Roger P Pickering, Amy Z Fan, Bridget F Grant, Deborah S Hasin
OBJECTIVE: To present information on predictors of treatment utilization and barriers to treatment utilization among individuals with lifetime DSM-5 cannabis use disorder (CUD). METHOD: Face-to-face survey of a representative sample of the adult US general population (n=36,309). RESULTS: Treatment rates for CUD were low in this general population survey (13.7%). Severity of CUD and comorbidity of other lifetime drug use disorders were significant predictors of lifetime treatment utilization for CUD...
October 18, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096292/prescribing-patterns-of-buprenorphine-waivered-physicians
#14
Cindy Parks Thomas, Erin Doyle, Peter W Kreiner, Christopher M Jones, Joel Dubenitz, Alexis Horan, Bradley D Stein
BACKGROUND: DATA 2000 enabled physicians with approved training to be waivered to prescribe buprenorphine for the treatment of opioid use disorders (OUD) for a limited number of patients. A rule change in 2016 increased the patient limit for certain buprenorphine waivered physicians from 100 to 275. This study examines the prescribing patterns of buprenorphine prescribers by waiver limit status (30- or 100-patient limit). METHODS: Prescription Monitoring Program (PMP) data from Ohio, California, and Maine were used to identify prescriptions for buprenorphine for OUD from January 2010 to April 2015...
October 18, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080406/exploring-the-perils-of-cross-national-comparisons-of-drug-prevalence-the-effect-of-survey-modality
#15
Luca Giommoni, Peter Reuter, Beau Kilmer
BACKGROUND: There is significant interest in comparing countries on many different indicators of social problems and policies. Cross-national comparisons of drug prevalence and policies are often hampered by differences in the approach used to reach respondents and the methods used to obtain information in national surveys. The paper explores how much these differences could affect cross-country comparisons. METHODS: This study reports prevalence of drug use according to the most recent national household survey and then adjusts estimates as if all national surveys used the same methodology...
October 18, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055822/anabolic-steroid-use-among-gay-and-bisexual-men-living-in-australia-and-new-zealand-associations-with-demographics-body-dissatisfaction-eating-disorder-psychopathology-and-quality-of-life
#16
Scott Griffiths, Stuart B Murray, Matthew Dunn, Aaron J Blashill
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Gay and bisexual men may be at heightened risk for using anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS). Few studies, however, have examined AAS use among gay and bisexual men living in countries outside the United States. In addition, few studies have explored the potential associations of AAS use with body image concerns beyond muscularity, including height and genitals, or with eating disorder symptoms and quality of life. Thus, we examined the associations of AAS use, and of thoughts about using AAS, with body image, eating disorder symptoms, and quality of life among gay and bisexual men living in Australia and New Zealand...
October 18, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055821/prevalence-and-pathways-of-recovery-from-drug-and-alcohol-problems-in-the-united-states-population-implications-for-practice-research-and-policy
#17
John F Kelly, Brandon Bergman, Bettina B Hoeppner, Corrie Vilsaint, William L White
BACKGROUND: Alcohol and other drug (AOD) problems confer a global, prodigious burden of disease, disability, and premature mortality. Even so, little is known regarding how, and by what means, individuals successfully resolve AOD problems. Greater knowledge would inform policy and guide service provision. METHOD: Probability-based survey of US adult population estimating: 1) AOD problem resolution prevalence; 2) lifetime use of "assisted" (i.e., treatment/medication, recovery services/mutual help) vs...
October 18, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054033/hepatitis-c-antibody-prevalence-among-mexico-city-prisoners-injecting-legal-and-illegal-substances
#18
Omar Silverman-Retana, Edson Serván-Mori, Sandra I McCoy, Sarah Larney, Sergio Bautista-Arredondo
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is highly prevalent among prisoners and this prevalence estimates reach 64% among prisoners who inject illicit drugs. Prisons are important sites for HCV transmission in the absence of access to sterile injecting equipment; hence, it can be transmitted between prisoners who share contaminated needles and syringes. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of risk factors for anti-HCV prevalence, with particular interest on injecting behavior, and to assess correlates of anti-HCV positivity among Mexico City prisoners...
October 14, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054032/constipation-and-other-common-symptoms-reported-by-women-and-men-in-methadone-and-buprenorphine-maintenance-treatment
#19
Paul S Haber, Mahmoud Elsayed, David Espinoza, Nicholas Lintzeris, Anne-Sophie Veillard, Richard Hallinan
BACKGROUND: Opioid substitution treatment (OST) is often continued long-term and, therefore, opioid-associated symptoms are of interest. Symptoms associated with methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) in men are well described, but there are fewer reports concerning symptoms associated with buprenorphine maintenance treatment (BMT) and very few reports among women. METHOD: Recipients of BMT (n=113) and MMT (n=184), non-opioid users (n=105) and opioid users not receiving OST (n=87) completed the Patient Assessment of Constipation (PAC-SYM) and a general symptom checklist...
October 13, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065390/improving-tobacco-dependence-treatment-outcomes-for-smokers-of-lower-socioeconomic-status-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Christine E Sheffer, Warren K Bickel, Christopher T Franck, Luana Panissidi, Jami C Pittman, Helen Stayna, Shenell Evans
INTRODUCTION: Evidence-based treatments for tobacco dependence are significantly less effective for smokers of lower socioeconomic status which contributes to socioeconomic disparities in smoking prevalence rates and health. We aimed to reduce the socioeconomic gradient in treatment outcomes by systematically adapting evidence-based, cognitive-behavioral treatment for tobacco dependence for diverse lower socioeconomic smokers. METHODS: Participants were randomized to adapted or standard treatment, received six 1-h group treatment sessions, and were followed for six months...
October 12, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
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