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Drug and Alcohol Dependence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107680/a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-buprenorphine-for-prisoners-findings-at-12-months-post-release
#1
Michael S Gordon, Timothy W Kinlock, Robert P Schwartz, Kevin E O'Grady, Terrence T Fitzgerald, Frank J Vocci
BACKGROUND: This study examined whether starting buprenorphine treatment prior to prison and after release from prison would be associated with better drug treatment outcomes and whether males and females responded differently to the combination of in-prison treatment and post-release service setting. METHODS: Study design was a 2 (In-Prison Treatment: Condition: Buprenorphine Treatment: vs. Counseling Only)×2 [Post-Release Service Setting Condition: Opioid Treatment: Program (OTP) vs...
January 11, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086176/short-communication-genetic-association-between-schizophrenia-and-cannabis-use
#2
Karin J H Verweij, Abdel Abdellaoui, Michel G Nivard, Alberto Sainz Cort, Lannie Ligthart, Harmen H M Draisma, Camelia C Minică
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Previous studies have shown a relationship between schizophrenia and cannabis use. As both traits are substantially heritable, a shared genetic liability could explain the association. We use two recently developed genomics methods to investigate the genetic overlap between schizophrenia and cannabis use. METHODS: Firstly, polygenic risk scores for schizophrenia were created based on summary statistics from the largest schizophrenia genome-wide association (GWA) meta-analysis to date...
January 10, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107679/meta-analysis-of-the-relationship-between-impulsivity-and-substance-related-cognitive-biases
#3
REVIEW
Daniel Leung, Petra K Staiger, Melissa Hayden, Jarrad A G Lum, Kate Hall, Victoria Manning, Antonio Verdejo-Garcia
BACKGROUND: Evidence indicates that substance-related cognitive biases (attentional, memory, and approach bias) contribute to the maintenance and development of substance misuse. Impulsivity has been suggested to influence how cognitive biases contribute to substance misuse, possibly by biasing incentive salience attribution processes. However, the strength and moderators of the relationship between impulsivity and substance-related cognitive biases has yet to be empirically examined...
January 5, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012714/erratum-to-prevalence-of-driving-under-the-influence-of-psychoactive-substances-and-road-traffic-crashes-among-brazilian-crack-using-drivers-drug-alcohol-depend-2016-255-262
#4
Juliana Nichterwitz Scherer, Roberta Silvestrin, Felipe Ornell, Vinícius Roglio, Tanara Rosangela Vieira Sousa, Lisia Von Diemen, Felix Henrique Paim Kessler, Flavio Pechansky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068563/a-review-fentanyl-and-non-pharmaceutical-fentanyls
#5
REVIEW
Joji Suzuki, Saria El-Haddad
BACKGROUND: Fentanyl and non-pharmaceutical fentanyls (NPFs) have been responsible for numerous outbreaks of overdoses all over the United States since the 1970s. However, there has been a growing concern in recent years that NPFs are contributing to an alarming rise in the number of opioid-related overdoses. METHODS: The authors conducted a narrative review of the published and grey literature on fentanyl and NPFs in PubMed, Google Scholar, and Google using the following search terms: "fentanyl", "non-pharmaceutical fentanyl", "fentanyl analogs", "fentanyl laced heroin" and "fentanyl overdose"...
December 16, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088032/oral-cannabidiol-does-not-produce-a-signal-for-abuse-liability-in-frequent-marijuana-smokers
#6
Shanna Babalonis, Margaret Haney, Robert J Malcolm, Michelle R Lofwall, Victoria R Votaw, Steven Sparenborg, Sharon L Walsh
BACKGROUND: Cannabidiol (CBD) is a naturally occurring constituent of the marijuana plant. In the past few years, there has been great interest in the therapeutic effects of isolated CBD and it is currently being explored for numerous disease conditions (e.g., pain, epilepsy, cancer, various drug dependencies). However, CBD remains a Schedule I drug on the U.S. Controlled Substances Act (CSA). Despite its status, there are no well-controlled data available regarding its abuse liability...
December 14, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086177/prescription-opioid-abuse-in-prison-settings-a-systematic-review-of-prevalence-practice-and-treatment-responses
#7
REVIEW
Zanib Bi-Mohammed, Nat M Wright, Philippa Hearty, Nigel King, Helen Gavin
BACKGROUND: To systematically review the quantitative and qualitative evidence base pertaining to the prevalence, practice of, and treatment response to the diversion of prescribed opiates in the prison setting. METHODS: Medline, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Google Scholar, ASSIA and Science Direct databases were searched for papers from 1995 to the present relevant to the abuse of prescribed opiate medication. Identified journals and their reference lists were hand searched for other relevant articles...
December 14, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063338/trends-and-correlates-of-marijuana-use-among-late-middle-aged-and-older-adults-in-the-united-states-2002-2014
#8
Christopher P Salas-Wright, Michael G Vaughn, Lenise A Cummings-Vaughn, Katherine J Holzer, Erik J Nelson, Millan AbiNader, Sehun Oh
BACKGROUND: Recent trend studies suggest that marijuana use is on the rise among the general population of adults ages 18 and older in the United States. However, little is known about the trends in marijuana use and marijuana-specific risk/protective factors among American adults during the latter part of adulthood. METHOD: Findings are based on repeated, cross-sectional data collected from late middle-aged (ages 50-64) and older adults (ages 65 and older) surveyed as part of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health between 2002 and 2014...
December 14, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013096/a-systematic-review-of-injecting-related-injury-and-disease-among-people-who-inject-drugs
#9
REVIEW
Sarah Larney, Amy Peacock, Bradley M Mathers, Matthew Hickman, Louisa Degenhardt
BACKGROUND: Non-viral injecting-related injuries and diseases (IRID), such as abscesses and vascular damage, can result in significant morbidity and mortality if untreated. There has been no systematic assessment of the prevalence of non-viral IRID among people who inject drugs; this review aimed to address this gap, as well as identify risk factors for experience of specific IRID. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Embase and CINAHL databases to identify studies on the prevalence of, or risk factors for, IRID directly linked to injecting in samples of people who inject illicit drugs...
December 8, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088084/correlates-of-anti-hepatitis-c-positivity-and-use-of-harm-reduction-services-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-two-cities-in-croatia
#10
Senad Handanagic, Sandra Sevic, Jelena Barbaric, Zoran Dominkovic, Oktavija Dakovic Rode, Josip Begovac, Ivana Bozicevic
BACKGROUND: We assessed correlates of anti-hepatitis C (anti-HCV) positivity and utilization of needle and syringe exchange programs (NSEP) and opioid agonist treatment (OAT) among people who inject drugs (PWID) in two Croatian cities. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study using respondent-driven (RDS) sampling among PWID in Rijeka (N=255) and Split (N=399). We used RDS-weighted population estimates and multivariable logistic regression to explore correlates of anti-HCV positivity and NSEP and OAT utilization...
December 7, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013098/toward-precision-smoking-cessation-treatment-i-moderator-results-from-a-factorial-experiment
#11
Megan E Piper, Tanya R Schlam, Jessica W Cook, Stevens S Smith, Daniel M Bolt, Wei-Yin Loh, Robin Mermelstein, Linda M Collins, Michael C Fiore, Timothy B Baker
BACKGROUND: The development of tobacco use treatments that are effective for all smokers is critical to improving clinical and public health. The Multiphase Optimization Strategy (MOST) uses highly efficient factorial experiments to evaluate multiple intervention components for possible inclusion in an optimized tobacco use treatment. Factorial experiments permit analyses of the influence of patient characteristics on main and interaction effects of multiple, relatively discrete, intervention components...
November 25, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012430/factors-associated-with-alcohol-drinking-behavior-of-cancer-survivors-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#12
Hyeonyoung Ko, Yun-Mi Song, Jin-Young Shin
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the factors associated with drinking behavior of cancer survivors after cancer diagnosis. METHODS: The study subjects were 906 adult cancer survivors who had reportedly drunk alcohol before cancer diagnosis and participated in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys conducted from 2007 to 2013. Among them, 360 abstained from alcohol drinking after cancer diagnosis. We categorized remaining 546 persistent drinkers into high-risk drinker (consuming≥7 glasses of alcohol for men and≥5 glasses of alcohol for women at one sitting at the frequency of at least once a month) or moderate drinker...
November 25, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033542/panic-attack-history-and-smoking-topography
#13
Samantha G Farris, Lily A Brown, Renee D Goodwin, Michael J Zvolensky
BACKGROUND: Little is known about panic attacks and puffing topography, a behavioral index of the value of smoking reinforcement. This study examined smoking style during the course of smoking of a single cigarette among adult daily smokers with and without a history of panic attacks. METHOD: Participants (n=124, Mage=43.9, SD=9.7; 44.4% female) were non-treatment seeking daily smokers. Lifetime panic attack history was assessed via diagnostic assessment; 28.2% (n=35) of the sample had a panic attack history...
November 24, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024188/longitudinal-patterns-of-marijuana-use-across-ages-18-50-in-a-us-national-sample-a-descriptive-examination-of-predictors-and-health-correlates-of-repeated-measures-latent-class-membership
#14
Yvonne M Terry-McElrath, Patrick M O'Malley, Lloyd D Johnston, Bethany C Bray, Megan E Patrick, John E Schulenberg
BACKGROUND: This descriptive study identified latent classes of longitudinal marijuana use from ages 18 through 50 among a national sample; examined covariate associations with class membership regarding use/non-use, use intensity, and use duration; and described associations between identified latent classes and age 50 health outcomes. METHODS: The study involved collection and primary analysis of data from 9831 individuals first surveyed as 12th graders in the national Monitoring the Future study and followed through modal age 50...
November 24, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013097/toward-precision-smoking-cessation-treatment-ii-proximal-effects-of-smoking-cessation-intervention-components-on-putative-mechanisms-of-action
#15
Megan E Piper, Jessica W Cook, Tanya R Schlam, Stevens S Smith, Daniel M Bolt, Linda M Collins, Robin Mermelstein, Michael C Fiore, Timothy B Baker
BACKGROUND: Understanding how smoking cessation treatments exert their effects can inform treatment development and use. Factorial designs allow researchers to examine whether multiple intervention components affect hypothesized change mechanisms, and whether the affected mechanisms are related to cessation. METHODS: This is a secondary data analysis of smokers recruited during primary care visits (N=637, 55% women, 87% white) who were motivated to quit. Participants in this fractional factorial experiment were randomized to one level of each of six intervention factors: Prequit Nicotine Patch vs None, Prequit Nicotine Gum vs None, Preparation Counseling vs None, Intensive In-Person Counseling vs Minimal, Intensive Phone Counseling vs Minimal, and 16 vs 8 Weeks of Combination Nicotine Replacement (nicotine patch+nicotine gum)...
November 24, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012429/excess-mortality-among-people-who-report-lifetime-use-of-illegal-drugs-in-the-united-states-a-20-year-follow-up-of-a-nationally-representative-survey
#16
Elizabeth Reisinger Walker, Laura A Pratt, Charlotte A Schoenborn, Benjamin G Druss
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the mortality risks, over 20 years of follow-up in a nationally representative sample, associated with illegal drug use and to describe risk factors for mortality. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 1991 National Health Interview Survey, which is a nationally representative household survey in the United States, linked to the National Death Index through 2011. This study included 20,498 adults, aged 18-44 years in 1991, with 1047 subsequent deaths...
November 24, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988403/asian-american-and-pacific-islander-substance-use-treatment-admission-trends
#17
Ethan Sahker, Chi W Yeung, Yunkyoung L Garrison, Soeun Park, Stephan Arndt
BACKGROUND: A national analysis of Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPI) substance use treatment admissions has yet to be studied. We sought to explore admission trends for AAPI, demographic and treatment variable change, and individual state admission change over time. METHODS: We used retrospective time-series logistic regression treating year as a predictor of yearly treatment admission trends, between-state test for heterogeneity of treatment effects among states' AAPI admissions, and percent-changes of AAPI demographic and treatment characteristics...
November 24, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104541/does-the-biopsychosocial-spiritual-model-of-addiction-apply-in-an-islamic-context-a-qualitative-study-of-jordanian-addicts-in-treatment
#18
Hamad Al Ghaferi, Christine Bond, Catriona Matheson
BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of research in the published literature on substance use and addiction in the Middle East and Islamic countries. This study was the first to explore whether the biopsychosocial-spiritual model of addiction was relevant to an addicted treatment population in Jordan, an Islamic country. METHODS: A qualitative study design using semi-structured, face-to-face interviews were conducted with a sample of 25 males in addiction treatment. The sample was drawn from a cohort of in-patients at a treatment centre in Amman, Jordan who had already participated in a quantitative survey...
November 23, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081515/distinguishing-subpopulations-of-marijuana-users-with-latent-profile-analysis
#19
Matthew R Pearson, Adrian J Bravo, Bradley T Conner
BACKGROUND: Although marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug in the United States, little is known about the effects of typical marijuana use patterns and whether there are distinct subgroups of marijuana users. METHODS: The present study used latent profile analysis to determine the number of distinct subgroups of marijuana users in a large sample of college students (n=2129 past month marijuana users across 11 universities). We also examined how these distinct groups differ on several putative risk/protective factors (e...
November 23, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012427/spousal-concordance-in-the-use-of-alternative-tobacco-products-a-multi-country-investigation
#20
Megan E Roberts, Rainer Banse, Christine Ebbeler, Amy K Ferketich
BACKGROUND: Married couples often share similar health-related characteristics and behaviors, including cigarette smoking status. Despite their rising popularity in the U.S., little research has examined the patterns of spousal concordance (SC) for alternative tobacco products (ATPs), such as e-cigarettes, cigars, and hookah. METHODS: The purpose of this project was to examine the roles of age, gender, and culture in the strength of SC for these ATPs. Analyses focused on a diverse community sample of married individuals in Ohio, U...
November 23, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
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