journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sex Roles

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936028/social-support-and-postpartum-depression-revisited-the-traditional-female-role-as-moderator-among-mexican-women
#1
Analia F Albuja, M Asunción Lara, Laura Navarrete, Lourdes Nieto
Women who lack social support tend to have a higher risk of postpartum depression. The present study examined the traditional female role, understood here as the adoption of passive and submissive traits specific to Mexican women, as another risk factor for postpartum depressive symptomatology that interacts with social support. Using two waves of data from a longitudinal study of 210 adult Mexican women (20-44 years-old, Mage = 29.50 years, SD = 6.34), we found that lacking social support during the third trimester of their pregnancy was associated with greater depressive symptoms at 6 months in the postpartum, although this relationship depended on the level of endorsement of the traditional female role during pregnancy...
August 2017: Sex Roles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630528/description-and-evaluation-of-a-measurement-technique-for-assessment-of-performing-gender
#2
Paul J Fleming, Kathleen Mullan Harris, Carolyn Tucker Halpern
The influence of masculinity and femininity on behaviors and outcomes has been extensively studied in social science research using various measurement strategies. In the present paper, we describe and evaluate a measurement technique that uses existing survey items to capture the extent to which an individual behaves similarly to their same-gender peers. We use data from the first four waves of The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health), a nationally representative sample of adolescents (age 12-18) in the United States who were re-interviewed at ages 13-19, 18-26, and 24-32...
June 2017: Sex Roles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348454/division-of-household-and-childcare-labor-and-relationship-conflict-among-low-income-new-parents
#3
Katie Newkirk, Maureen Perry-Jenkins, Aline G Sayer
We examine the relationships among the division of housework and childcare labor, perceptions of its fairness for two types of family labor (housework and childcare), and parents' relationship conflict across the transition to parenthood. Perceived fairness is examined as a mediator of the relationships between change in the division of housework and childcare and relationship conflict. Working-class, dual-earner couples (n = 108) in the U.S Northeast were interviewed at five time points from the third trimester of pregnancy and across the first year of parenthood...
March 2017: Sex Roles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239228/doing-gender-online-new-mothers-psychological-characteristics-facebook-use-and-depressive-symptoms
#4
Sarah J Schoppe-Sullivan, Jill E Yavorsky, Mitchell K Bartholomew, Jason M Sullivan, Meghan A Lee, Claire M Kamp Dush, Michael Glassman
Online social networking sites, such as Facebook, have provided a new platform for individuals to produce and reproduce gender through social interactions. New mothers, in particular, may use Facebook to practice behaviors that align with their mothering identity and meet broader societal expectations, or in other words, to "do motherhood." Given that Facebook use may undermine well-being, it is important to understand the individual differences underlying new mothers' experiences with Facebook during the stressful first months of parenthood...
March 2017: Sex Roles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979062/intersectionality-at-work-south-asian-muslim-women-s-experiences-of-employment-and-leadership-in-the-united-kingdom
#5
Memoona Tariq, Jawad Syed
Drawing on qualitative interviews with 20 South Asian heritage, Muslim, female leaders, managers, and supervisors in the United Kingdom, we examine the multi-layered issues and challenges they face in pursuit of employment and leadership positions. The paper offers an intersectional perspective taking into account interconnected and overlapping factors (gender, ethnicity, religion, and family status) that affect not only the issues and challenges these women face in the labour market but also the individual agency and strategies they use to overcome any obstacles in the way of their employment and career...
2017: Sex Roles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979061/adolescents-involvement-in-cyber-bullying-and-perceptions-of-school-the-importance-of-perceived-peer-acceptance-for-female-adolescents
#6
Lucy R Betts, Karin A Spenser, Sarah E Gardner
Young people are spending increasing amounts of time using digital technology and, as such, are at great risk of being involved in cyber bullying as a victim, bully, or bully/victim. Despite cyber bullying typically occurring outside the school environment, the impact of being involved in cyber bullying is likely to spill over to school. Fully 285 11- to 15-year-olds (125 male and 160 female, Mage = 12.19 years, SD = 1.03) completed measures of cyber bullying involvement, self-esteem, trust, perceived peer acceptance, and perceptions of the value of learning and the importance of school...
2017: Sex Roles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845082/gender-representation-on-gender-targeted-television-channels-a-comparison-of-female-and-male-targeted-tv-channels-in-the-netherlands
#7
Serena Daalmans, Mariska Kleemans, Anne Sadza
The current study investigated the differences in the representation of gender on male- and female-targeted channels with regard to recognition (i.e., the actual presence of men and women) and respect (i.e., the nature of that representation or portrayal). To this end, the presence of men and women on two female- and two male-targeted Dutch channels (N = 115 programs, N = 1091 persons) were compared via content analysis. The expectation that men's channels would portray a less equal and more traditional image of gender than women's channels was generally supported by the results...
2017: Sex Roles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725103/will-i-fit-in-and-do-well-the-importance-of-social-belongingness-and-self-efficacy-for-explaining-gender-differences-in-interest-in-stem-and-heed-majors
#8
Una Tellhed, Martin Bäckström, Fredrik Björklund
Throughout the world, the labor market is clearly gender segregated. More research is needed to explain women's lower interest in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) majors and particularly to explain men's lower interest in HEED (Health care, Elementary Education, and the Domestic spheres) majors. We tested self-efficacy (competence beliefs) and social belongingness expectations (fitting in socially) as mediators of gender differences in interest in STEM and HEED majors in a representative sample of 1327 Swedish high school students...
2017: Sex Roles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356612/contact-with-counter-stereotypical-women-predicts-less-sexism-less-rape-myth-acceptance-less-intention-to-rape-in-men-and-less-projected-enjoyment-of-rape-in-women
#9
Miriam Taschler, Keon West
Intergroup contact-(positive) interactions with people from different social groups-is a widely researched and strongly supported prejudice-reducing mechanism shown to reduce prejudice against a wide variety of outgroups. However, no known previous research has investigated whether intergroup contact can also reduce sexism against women. Sexism has an array of negative outcomes. One of the most detrimental and violent ones is rape, which is both justified and downplayed by rape myth acceptance. We hypothesised that more frequent, higher quality contact with counter-stereotypical women would predict lower levels of sexism and thus less rape myth acceptance (in men) and less sexualised projected responses to rape (in women)...
2017: Sex Roles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133410/the-construction-of-physics-as-a-quintessentially-masculine-subject-young-people-s-perceptions-of-gender-issues-in-access-to-physics
#10
Becky Francis, Louise Archer, Julie Moote, Jen DeWitt, Emily MacLeod, Lucy Yeomans
The present article investigates explanations for gendered trends in Physics and Engineering access, reporting findings from a large-scale study funded by the UK Economic and Social Research Council and drawing primarily on data from interviews with 132 15-16 year-old adolescents and their parents. Survey results in our study and elsewhere show strong gender disparities in anticipated pursuit of Physics after completion of compulsory education. In order to explore the constructions of gender and Physics underlying these trends, we focus on qualitative interview data, applying Foucaultian analysis of discourse to investigate gendered narratives underpinning adolescents' and their parents' articulations...
2017: Sex Roles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833252/the-double-standard-at-sexual-debut-gender-sexual-behavior-and-adolescent-peer-acceptance
#11
Derek A Kreager, Jeremy Staff, Robin Gauthier, Eva S Lefkowitz, Mark E Feinberg
A sexual double standard in adolescence has important implications for sexual development and gender inequality. The present study uses longitudinal social network data (N = 914; 11-16 years of age) to test if gender moderates associations between adolescents' sexual behaviors and peer acceptance. Consistent with a traditional sexual double standard, female adolescents who reported having sex had significant decreases in peer acceptance over time, whereas male adolescents reporting the same behavior had significant increases in peer acceptance...
October 2016: Sex Roles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445431/parents-gender-ideology-and-gendered-behavior-as-predictors-of-children-s-gender-role-attitudes-a-longitudinal-exploration
#12
Hillary Paul Halpern, Maureen Perry-Jenkins
The current study utilized longitudinal, self-report data from a sample of 109 dual-earner, working-class couples and their 6-year-old children living in the northeastern United States. Research questions addressed the roles of parents' gender ideology and gendered behaviors in predicting children's development of gender-role attitudes. It was hypothesized that parents' behavior would be more influential than their ideology in the development of their children's attitudes about gender roles. Parents responded to questionnaires assessing their global beliefs about women's and men's "rightful" roles in society, work preferences for mothers, division of household and childcare tasks, division of paid work hours, and job traditionality...
May 2016: Sex Roles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27152062/do-they-stay-or-do-they-go-the-switching-decisions-of-individuals-who-enter-gender-atypical-college-majors
#13
Catherine Riegle-Crumb, Barbara King, Chelsea Moore
Drawing on prior theoretical and empirical research on gender segregation within educational fields as well as occupations, we examine the pathways of college students who at least initially embark on a gender-atypical path. Specifically, we explore whether women who enter fields that are male-dominated are more likely to switch fields than their female peers who have chosen other fields, as well as whether men who enter female-dominated majors are more likely to subsequently switch fields than their male peers who have chosen a more normative field...
May 2016: Sex Roles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909383/the-nation-and-the-family-the-impact-of-national-identification-and-perceived-importance-of-family-values-on-homophobic-attitudes-in-lithuania-and-scotland
#14
Juliet R H Wakefield, Monika Kalinauskaite, Nick Hopkins
The meanings attached to the nation can be consequential for group members' attitudes and beliefs. We examined how national identity definition can influence the extent of individuals' homophobia with 159 Lithuanian and 176 Scottish university students who completed a questionnaire which measured their national identification, homophobia, and the extent to which they felt traditional family values were central to their nation's identity. Consistent with nation-wide differences in the significance given to the family, Lithuanian participants perceived family values to be more important for their national identity and expressed higher levels of homophobia than did Scottish participants...
2016: Sex Roles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909382/gender-differences-in-empathic-sadness-towards-persons-of-the-same-versus-other-sex-during-adolescence
#15
Suzannah Stuijfzand, Minet De Wied, Maaike Kempes, Jolien Van de Graaff, Susan Branje, Wim Meeus
Although gender differences in affective empathy are well established, evidence of gender differences in the development of affective empathy is inconsistent. Consideration of same-sex versus other-sex affective empathy may assist in elucidating these inconsistencies. Gender differences were investigated in the experience of empathic sadness towards same- versus other-sex targets. The relationships were studied cross-sectionally (N = 730) and longitudinally (N = 318) with Dutch adolescents using the empathic sadness scale of the Index of Empathy for Children and Adolescents (IECA; Bryant 1982)...
2016: Sex Roles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688527/the-relationship-between-endorsement-of-the-sexual-double-standard-and-sexual-cognitions-and-emotions
#16
Peggy M J Emmerink, Regina J J M van den Eijnden, Ine Vanwesenbeeck, Tom F M Ter Bogt
Sexual gender norms promoting sexual prowess for men, but sexual modesty for women have been shown to negatively affect sexual and mental health in both men and women. Knowledge about the relationship between gender norms and sexual cognitions and emotions might further the understanding of continued gender-norm conformity. In the present study, we investigated whether and how gendered sexual attitudes are related to (positive and negative) sex-related emotions, via sexual cognitions (autonomy, body esteem, and approach/avoidance motives for sex)...
2016: Sex Roles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688526/gender-role-portrayals-in-television-advertising-across-the-globe
#17
Jörg Matthes, Michael Prieler, Karoline Adam
Although there are numerous studies on gender-role portrayals in television advertising, comparative designs are clearly lacking. With content analytical data from a total of 13 Asian, American, and European countries, we study the stereotypical depiction of men and women in television advertisements. Our sample consists of 1755 ads collected in May 2014. Analyzing the gender of the primary character and voiceover, as well as the age, associated product categories, home- or work setting, and the working role of the primary character, we concluded that gender stereotypes in TV advertising can be found around the world...
2016: Sex Roles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26594085/objectification-in-virtual-romantic-contexts-perceived-discrepancies-between-self-and-partner-ideals-differentially-affect-body-consciousness-in-women-and-men
#18
Nicole M Overstreet, Diane M Quinn, Kerry L Marsh
The current study examined whether exposure to sexually objectifying images in a potential romantic partner's virtual apartment affects discrepancies between people's perception of their own appearance (i.e., self-perceptions) and their perception of the body ideal that is considered desirable to a romantic partner (i.e., partner-ideals). Participants were 114 heterosexual undergraduate students (57 women and 57 men) from a northeastern U.S. university. The study used a 2 (Participant Gender) x 2 (Virtual Environment: Sexualized vs...
November 1, 2015: Sex Roles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26973377/the-role-of-body-size-in-mate-selection-among-african-american-young-adults
#19
Ellen M Granberg, Leslie G Simons, Ronald L Simons
A profusion of studies have demonstrated that body size is a major factor in mate selection for both men and women. The particular role played by weight, however, has been subject to some debate, particularly with respect to the types of body sizes deemed most attractive, and scholars have questioned the degree to which body size preferences are constant across groups. In this paper, we drew from two perspectives on this issue, Sexual Strategies Theory and what we termed the cultural variability perspective, and used survey data to examine how body size was associated with both casual dating and serious romantic relationships...
October 1, 2015: Sex Roles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26508808/gender-emotion-work-and-relationship-quality-a-daily-diary-study
#20
Melissa A Curran, Brandon T McDaniel, Amanda M Pollitt, Casey J Totenhagen
We use the gender relations perspective from feminist theorizing to investigate how gender and daily emotion work predict daily relationship quality in 74 couples (148 individuals in dating, cohabiting, or married relationships) primarily from the southwest U.S. Emotion work is characterized by activities that enhance others' emotional well-being. We examined emotion work two ways: trait (individuals' average levels) and state (individuals' daily fluctuations). We examined actor and partner effects of emotion work and tested for gender differences...
August 2015: Sex Roles
journal
journal
26472
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"