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Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health

Mette Korshøj, Marie Birk Jørgensen, David M Hallman, Julie Lagersted-Olsen, Andreas Holtermann, Nidhi Gupta
Objective Low-back pain (LBP) is a massive health problem. Sitting at work has been suggested to be both a risk and protective factor for LBP. Thus, the objective of this study was to investigate the association between total and temporal patterns of objectively measured sitting duration and individual time course of LBP. Methods The analysis was performed among 665 participants from the DPhacto cohort of mainly blue-collar workers. Sitting at work was measured by accelerometry at baseline, expressed in total duration and temporal pattern [% of working time spent in brief bursts (≤5 minutes), moderate (>5 - ≤20 minutes) and prolonged periods (>20 minutes)] of sitting...
March 15, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Hiske W Helleman, Hilde Eising, Jacqueline Limpens, Wouter A Dreschler
Objectives The objective of this systematic review was to compare otoacoustic emissions (OAE) with audiometry in their effectiveness to monitor effects of long-term noise exposure on hearing. Methods We conducted a systematic search of MEDLINE, Embase and the non-MEDLINE subset of PubMed up to March 2016 to identify longitudinal studies on effects of noise exposure on hearing as determined by both audiometry and OAE. Results This review comprised 13 articles, with 30-350 subjects in the longitudinal analysis...
March 15, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Tom J Armstrong, Alex Burdorf, Alexis Descatha, Andrea Farioli, Maggie Graf, Seichi Horie, William S Marras, Jim R Potvin, David Rempel, Giovanna Spatari, Esa-Pekka Takala, Jos Verbeek, Francesco S Violante
Among other purposes, companies and regulatory agencies from around the world often adopt International Standard Organization (ISO) standards to determine acceptable practices, equipment and criteria for preventing occupational injuries and illnesses. ISO standards are based on a consensus among individuals who participate in the process. This discussion paper examines the scientific process for the development of several ISO standards on biomechanical factors, comparing it with processes used by other professional organizations, including scientific committees working on the development of clinical guidelines...
February 27, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Mirta Milić, Monica Neri, Marcello Ceppi, Marco Bruzzone, Armelle Munnia, Donatella Ugolini, Alfonso Cristaudo, Alessandra Bonotti, Marco E Peluso, Stefano Bonassi
Objectives Despite an asbestos ban in the European Union, exposure to asbestos still represents an occupational risk. Biomarkers of DNA damage and genomic instability in groups exposed to asbestos may contribute to the identification of subgroups/subjects at higher risk. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted on 468 male individuals (80 working in occupational settings with potential exposure to asbestos fibers, 202 retired workers with past exposure, and 186 non-exposed controls) to compare genomic instability, cell proliferation and differentiation level using the non-invasive micronucleus buccal cytome assay...
February 19, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Isa Koranyi, Johanna Jonsson, Torkel Rönnblad, Leo Stockfelt, Theo Bodin
bjectives Precarious employment conditions have become more common in many countries over the last decades, and have been linked to various adverse health outcomes. The objective of this review was to collect and summarize existing scientific research of the relationship between dimensions of precarious employment and the rate of occupational injuries. Methods A protocol was developed in accordance with the PRISMA-P checklist for systematic literature reviews. We searched PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus for articles on observational studies from North America, Europe, Australia and New Zealand published in peer-reviewed journals 1990-2017...
February 14, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Tessa A Kouwenhoven-Pasmooij, Suzan Jw Robroek, Daan Nieboer, Pieter H Helmhout, Machteld F Wery, Myriam Hunink, Alex Burdorf
Objectives This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a "blended" workplace health-promotion intervention, alongside identification of key components beneficial for future implementation strategies. Methods Within a cluster randomized controlled trial, 491 employees at increased risk of cardiovascular disease were allocated to the limited (N=217; 9 clusters) or extensive (N=274; 8 clusters) intervention. The extensive intervention consisted of motivational interviewing (MI) within the framework of a web-based health risk assessment (HRA), a blended care approach...
February 13, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Marianna Virtanen, Markus Jokela, Ida Eh Madsen, Linda L Magnusson Hanson, Tea Lallukka, Solja T Nyberg, Lars Alfredsson, David Batty, Jakob B Bjorner, Marianne Borritz, Hermann Burr, Nico Dragano, Raimund Erbel, Jane E Ferrie, Katriina Heikkilä, Anders Knutsson, Markku Koskenvuo, Eero Lahelma, Martin L Nielsen, Tuula Oksanen, Jan H Pejtersen, Jaana Pentti, Ossi Rahkonen, Reiner Rugulies, Paula Salo, Jürgen Schupp, Martin J Shipley, Johannes Siegrist, Archana Singh-Manoux, Sakari B Suominen, Töres Theorell, Jussi Vahtera, Gert G Wagner, Jian Li Wang, Vasoontara Yiengprugsawan, Hugo Westerlund, Mika Kivimäki
Objectives This systematic review and meta-analysis combined published study-level data and unpublished individual-participant data with the aim of quantifying the relation between long working hours and the onset of depressive symptoms. Methods We searched PubMed and Embase for published prospective cohort studies and included available cohorts with unpublished individual-participant data. We used a random-effects meta-analysis to calculate summary estimates across studies. Results We identified ten published cohort studies and included unpublished individual-participant data from 18 studies...
February 8, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Nasser Laouali, Corinne Pilorget, Diane Cyr, Monica Neri, Linda Kaerlev, Svend Sabroe, Giuseppe Gorini, Lorenzo Richiardi, Maria Morales-Suárez-Varela, Agustin Llopis-Gonzalez, Wolfgang Ahrens, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Noemia Afonso, Mikael Eriksson, Eriksson Merletti, Jørn Olsen, Elsebeth Lynge, Pascal Guénel
Objectives The etiology of male breast cancer (MBC) is largely unknown but a causal role of exposure to organic solvents has been suggested. Previous studies on occupational risk factors of breast cancer were often restricted to women who are frequently exposed to lower levels and at a lower frequency than men. We investigated the association between MBC and occupational exposure to petroleum and oxygenated and chlorinated solvents in a multicenter case-control study of rare cancers in Europe. Methods The study included 104 MBC cases and 1901 controls...
February 6, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Jonas Steel, Lode Godderis, Jeroen Luyten
Objectives Occupational health and safety (OHS) interventions` effect on worker productivity is an essential, but complex element of the value of these programs. The trustworthiness of economic evaluation studies, aiming to provide guidance to decision-makers in the field of OHS, depends at least partly on how accurately productivity changes are measured. We aim to review the methods used to estimate productivity changes in recently published economic evaluations of OHS interventions. Methods We performed systematic searches of economic evaluations of OHS programs published between 2007 and 2017 and reviewed these studies` methods to quantify the programs` impact on worker productivity Results Of the 90 identified studies, 44 used a human capital approach, 17 a friction cost approach, 13 stated productivity in natural units (eg, a cost-per-absence-day-avoided), 7 made use of compensation expenses, 4 used output-based methods, 4 an "ad hoc" approach, and 1 study did not state its method...
February 6, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Sung-Shil Lim, Byurira Kim, Jin-Ha Yoon, Je Seon Song, Eun-Cheol Park, Sung-In Jang
Objectives We investigated the association between parents' occupational characteristics and untreated dental caries in their children. Methods We analyzed the data of 4764 and 5862 children merged with data of their mothers and fathers, respectively, derived from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2008-2015. Dentists assessed untreated dental caries, and occupational characteristics were self-reported. The associations between untreated dental caries in children and their parents' occupational characteristics were assessed with logistic regression analysis...
February 2, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Jaakko Airaksinen, Markus Jokela, Marianna Virtanen, Tuula Oksanen, Markku Koskenvuo, Jaana Pentti, Jussi Vahtera, Mika Kivimäki
Objectives This study aimed to develop and validate a risk prediction model for long-term sickness absence. Methods Survey responses on work- and lifestyle-related questions from 65 775 public-sector employees were linked to sickness absence records to develop a prediction score for medically-certified sickness absence lasting >9 days and ≥90 days. The score was externally validated using data from an independent population-based cohort of 13 527 employees. For both sickness absence outcomes, a full model including 46 candidate predictors was reduced to a parsimonious model using least-absolute-shrinkage-and-selection-operator (LASSO) regression...
January 24, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Alice Freiberg, Christiane Schefter, Maria Girbig, Vanise Cleto Murta, Andreas Seidler
Objectives The wind industry is a growing economic sector, yet there is no overview summarizing all exposures emanating from wind turbines throughout their life cycle that may pose a risk for workers` health. The aim of this scoping review was to survey and outline the body of evidence around the health effects of wind turbines in working environments in order to identify research gaps and to highlight the need for further research. Methods A scoping review with a transparent and systematic procedure was conducted using a comprehensive search strategy...
January 23, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Bette Loef, Allard J van der Beek, Andreas Holtermann, Gerben Hulsegge, Debbie van Baarle, Karin I Proper
Objectives Shift work may alter workers' leisure-time and occupational physical activity (PA) levels, which might be one of the potential underlying mechanisms of the negative health effects of shift work. Therefore, we compared objectively measured PA levels between hospital shift and non-shift workers. Methods Data were used from Klokwerk+, a cohort study examining the health effects of shift work among healthcare workers employed in hospitals. In total, 401 shift workers and 78 non-shift workers were included, all of whom wore Actigraph GT3X accelerometers for up to seven days...
January 22, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Esa-Pekka Takala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 22, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Tobias Otterbring, Jörg Pareigis, Erik Wästlund, Alexander Makrygiannis, Anton Lindström
Objectives This cross-sectional study investigated the associations between office type (cellular, shared-room, small open-plan, and medium-sized open-plan) and employees' ease of interaction with coworkers, subjective well-being, and job satisfaction. Methods A brief survey including measures of office type, ease of interaction with coworkers, subjective well-being, and job satisfaction was sent electronically to 1500 Swedish real-estate agents, 271 of whom returned usable surveys. The data were analyzed using a regression-based serial multiple mediation model (PROCESS Model 6), which tested whether the relationship between office type and job satisfaction would be mediated by ease of interaction and, in turn, subjective well-being...
January 15, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Jan Olav Christensen, Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Live Bakke Finne, Stein Knardahl
Objective Despite the multifactoriality of work and health, studies of psychosocial work factors with pain are typically limited to a few factors. This study examined a wide range of factors to determine (i) typical combinations of work factor levels ("work situations") and (ii) whether "work situations" predicted pain complaints of six anatomic regions. Methods Questionnaires were distributed to 6175 employees twice over a two-year period. Latent profile analysis was conducted to group employees into profiles of work factor levels...
January 11, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Madar Talibov, Eero Pukkala, Jan Ivar Martinsen, Laufey Tryggvadottir, Elisabete Weiderpass, Johnni Hansen
Objective The aim of this case-control study was to assess the effect of night-shift work on the risk of hematological cancers. Methods The study included 39 371 leukemia, 56 713 non-Hodgkin lymphoma, 9322 Hodgkin lymphoma, and 26 188 multiple myeloma cases diagnosed between 1961 and 2005 in Finland, Sweden, and Iceland. Five controls for each case were selected from the Nordic Occupational Cancer Study (NOCCA) cohort, matched by year of birth, sex and country. Night-shift exposure was assessed by using the NOCCA job-exposure matrix (JEM)...
January 11, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Daniel Pitz Jacobsen, Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Ståle Einarsen, Johannes Gjerstad
Objectives Long-term exposure to systematic negative acts at work, usually labeled workplace bullying, is a prevalent problem at many workplaces. The adverse effects of such exposure may range from psychological symptoms, such as depression and anxiety to somatic ailments like cardiovascular disease and musculoskeletal complaints. In this study, we examined the relationships among exposure to negative acts, genetic variability in the 5-HTT gene SLC6A4 and pain. Methods The study was based on a nationally representative survey of 987 Norwegian employees drawn from the Norwegian Central Employee Register by Statistics Norway...
January 9, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Hogne Vikanes Buchvold, Ståle Pallesen, Siri Waage, Bjørn Bjorvatn
Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate changes in body mass index (BMI) between different work schedules and different average number of yearly night shifts over a four-year follow-up period. Methods A prospective study of Norwegian nurses (N=2965) with different work schedules was conducted: day only, two-shift rotation (day and evening shifts), three-shift rotation (day, evening and night shifts), night only, those who changed towards night shifts, and those who changed away from schedules containing night shifts...
January 7, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Lisa C Bosman, Lyan Dijkstra, Catelijne I Oling, Martijn W Heymans, Jos Wr Twisk, Corné Am Roelen
Objective The aim of this study was to develop a prediction model based on variables measured in occupational health checks to identify non-sick listed workers at risk of sick leave due to non-specific low-back pain (LBP). Methods This cohort study comprised manual (N=22 648) and non-manual (N=9735) construction workers who participated in occupational health checks between 2010 and 2013. Occupational health check variables were used as potential predictors and LBP sick leave was recorded during 1-year follow-up...
January 7, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
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