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Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health

Marine Azevedo Da Silva, Nadia Younès, Ariane Leroyer, Laurent Plancke, Cédric Lemogne, Marcel Goldberg, Mathieu Rivière, Maria Melchior
Objective Most suicides occur among individuals of working age. Risk is elevated in some occupational groups, however relations between long-term occupational trajectories and suicide are not well known. We describe career-long occupational trajectories and examine their influence on suicide. Methods Data come from GAZEL, a French cohort study set among employees of a large national utilities company. Occupational grade was obtained from company records from the time of hiring (1953‒1988). Group-based trajectory models were used to define occupational trajectories over a mean time period of 25...
September 16, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Jaana I Halonen, Tea Lallukka, Marianna Virtanen, Naja H Rod, Linda L Magnusson Hanson
Objectives Bi-directional associations between perceived effort‒reward imbalance (ERI) at work and neck-shoulder pain have been reported. There is also evidence of associations between ERI and depressive symptoms, and between depressive symptoms and pain while the links between ERI, depressive symptoms and pain have not been tested. We aimed to assess whether depressive symptoms mediate the association between ERI and neck-shoulder pain, as well as the association between neck-shoulder pain and ERI. Methods We used prospective data from three consecutive surveys of the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health (SLOSH) study...
September 10, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Evangelia Demou, Alice MacLean, Lismy J Cheripelli, Kate Hunt, Cindy M Gray
Objective Shift work is a risk factor for many chronic diseases and has been associated with unhealthy lifestyle behaviors. Workplaces have great potential for promoting and supporting behavior change. We conducted a systematic review of group-based lifestyle workplace interventions for shift workers to (i) identify adaptations and intervention components that accommodate shift working and (ii) assess their impact on weight, physical activity, sedentary behavior and healthy eating. Methods A systematic search was conducted in Scopus, Web of Knowledge, EBSCO and Ovid databases...
September 9, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Maaike van der Noordt, Suzan van der Pas, Theo G van Tilburg, Ardo van den Hout, Dorly Jh Deeg
Objectives Like other western countries, the Netherlands has abolished early retirement schemes and is currently increasing the statutory retirement age. It is likely that also older workers with disabilities will be required to work longer. We examine the change in working life expectancy (WLE) with disability of older workers by comparing data from three periods: 1992-1996, 2002-2006 and 2012-2016. Methods Data are from the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam (LASA). Respondents aged 55-65 with a paid job at baseline were included (N=1074)...
August 31, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Jennie A Jackson, David Olsson, Laura Punnett, Alex Burdorf, Bengt Järvholm, Jens Wahlström
Objectives The aim of this study was to determine the association between occupational biomechanical exposures and occurrence of surgically treated ulnar nerve entrapment (UNE). Methods A cohort of 229 689 male construction workers who participated in a national occupational health surveillance program (1971-1993) were examined prospectively over a 13-year case ascertainment period (2001-2013) for surgically treated UNE. Job title (construction trade), smoking status, height, weight and age were recorded on examination...
August 22, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Michelle Pereira, Tracy Comans, Gisela Sjøgaard, Leon Straker, Markus Melloh, Shaun O'Leary, Xiaoqi Chen, Venerina Johnston
Objectives Using an employer's perspective, this study aimed to compare the immediate and longer-term impact of workplace ergonomics and neck-specific exercise versus ergonomics and health promotion information on health-related productivity among a general population of office workers and those with neck pain. Methods A prospective one-year cluster randomized trial was conducted. Participants received an individualized workstation ergonomics intervention, combined with 12 weeks of either workplace neck-specific exercises or health promotion information...
August 22, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Johan Høy Jensen, Esben Meulengracht Flachs, Janne Skakon, Naja Hulvej Rod, Jens Peter Bonde
Objectives Organizational changes are associated with higher rates of subsequent employee exit from the workplace, but the mediating role of social capital is unknown. We examined the associations between organizational changes and subsequent employee exit from the work unit and mediation through social capital. Methods Throughout 2013, 14 059 healthcare employees worked in the Capital Region of Denmark. Data on work-unit changes (yes/no) from July‒December 2013 were collected via a survey distributed to all managers (merger, split-up, relocation, change of management, employee layoff, budget cuts)...
August 21, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Lisa Newington, Martin Stevens, David Warwick, Jo Adams, Karen Walker-Bone
Objectives The aim of this systematic review was to provide an overview of time to return to work (RTW) after carpal tunnel release (CTR), including return to different occupations and working patterns. Methods A systematic search from inception to 2016 was conducted using nine electronic databases, trial registries and grey literature repositories. Randomized controlled trials and observational studies reporting RTW times after CTR were included. Study risk of bias was assessed using Cochrane risk of bias assessment tools...
August 12, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Renata Vieira Souza, Roberta Aguiar Sarmento, Jussara Carnevale de Almeida, Raquel Canuto
Objective This systematic review aimed to evaluate the association between shift work and eating habits. Methods The protocol was registered in PROSPERO (number 42015024680). PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, and Web of Science were searched for published reports. Of 2432 identified articles, 33 observational studies met the inclusion criteria. Their methodological approaches were assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. Data were extracted using a standardized form. Studies were considered to have a low or a high risk of bias according to a percentage score of quality...
August 8, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Silje Endresen Reme, Karin Monstad, Tonje Fyhn, Vigdis Sveinsdottir, Camilla Løvvik, Stein Atle Lie, Simon Øverland
Objectives The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of individual placement and support (IPS) for people struggling with work participation due to moderate-to-severe mental illness. The study was conducted in Norway, a setting characterized by a comprehensive welfare system and strong employment protection legislation. Methods A randomized controlled multicenter trial including 410 participants was conducted. The intervention group received IPS according to the IPS manual. The control group received high-quality usual care...
August 2, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Leidjaira Lopes Juvanhol, Enirtes Caetano Prates Melo, Dóra Chor, Maria de Jesus Mendes Fonseca, Lúcia Rotenberg, Leonardo Soares Bastos, José Geraldo Mill, Rosane Härter Griep
Objectives This study aimed to investigate which components of the demand-control model (DCM) are associated with blood pressure (BP) and ascertain whether these associations vary over the BP distribution. Methods We evaluated the baseline date of 11 647 current workers enrolled in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) (2008-2010), a multicenter cohort study of 35-74-year-old civil servants. Job demands, skill discretion and decision authority were measured using the Brazilian version of the Demand-Control-Support Questionnaire...
July 25, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Bo M Havermans, Cécile Rl Boot, Evelien Pm Brouwers, Irene Ld Houtman, Yvonne F Heerkens, Moniek C Zijlstra-Vlasveld, Jos Wr Twisk, Johannes R Anema, Allard J van der Beek
Objectives Healthcare workers frequently deal with work stress. This is a risk factor for adverse mental and physical health effects. The objective of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a digital platform-based implementation strategy - compared to a control group - on stress, work stress determinants (ie. psychosocial work factors) and the level of implementation among healthcare workers. Methods By way of matching, 30 teams from a healthcare organization were assigned to the experimental (15 teams; N=252) or wait-list control (15 teams; N=221) group...
July 23, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Vasiliki Panou, Mogens Vyberg, Christos Meristoudis, Johnni Hansen, Martin Bøgsted, Øyvind Omland, Ulla Møller Weinreich, Oluf Dimitri Røe
Objectives Diffuse malignant mesothelioma (MM) is mainly caused by asbestos inhalation. The malignancy is rare among women and studies of the prevalence and causative role of non-occupational asbestos exposure among women with MM are scarce. This observational study aimed to elucidate the asbestos exposure patterns among women with MM. Methods All histological and cytological specimens from women diagnosed with MM between 1974-2015 at the Institute of Pathology, Aalborg University Hospital in Denmark, were re-evaluated...
July 19, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Andreas Holtermann, Svend Erik Mathiassen, Leon Straker
Objectives In spite of preventive efforts, organizations and employees face several challenges related to working life and occupational health, such as a substantial prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders, social inequality in health and physical capacity, multi-morbidity, an obesity epidemic and an aging workforce. We argue that a new approach to occupational ergonomics and health is required, going beyond prevention of harm caused by work. We propose the "Goldilocks Principle" for how productive work can be designed to promote health and physical capacity...
July 18, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Hiroki Ikeda, Xinxin Liu, Fuyuki Oyama, Keiko Wakisaka, Masaya Takahashi
Objectives The present study examined hemodynamic responses of normotensive and untreated hypertensive participants under simulated long working hours (LWH) - 13 hours - in an experimental laboratory study. Methods Thirty-five men participated in this study. Twenty-two of these participants were categorized into the normotensive group (systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≤140 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) ≤90 mmHg); one participant was excluded due to missing data, leaving twenty-one participants with a mean age of 49...
July 8, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Jean-Francois Gehanno, Aurore Postel, Mathieu Schuers, Laetitia Rollin
Objectives The purpose of this study was to provide an analysis of scientific production on occupational diseases (OD) during the period 1945-2015 in order to describe publication trends on that topic and identify the major diseases as well as the predominant actors (journals, countries) involved in this field. Methods A PubMed search was carried out to extract articles related to occupational diseases during the period 1 January 1945 to 31 December 2015 using a specific query. Data were downloaded from PubMed in Extensible Markup Language (XML) and processed through a dedicated parser...
July 8, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Jos Verbeek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Lan Gao, Anna Flego, David W Dunstan, Elisabeth Ah Winkler, Genevieve N Healy, Elizabeth G Eakin, Lisa Willenberg, Neville Owen, Anthony D LaMontagne, Anita Lal, Glen H Wiesner, Nyssa T Hadgraft, Marj L Moodie
Objectives This study aimed to assess the economic credentials of a workplace-delivered intervention to reduce sitting time among desk-based workers. Methods We performed within-trial cost-efficacy analysis and long-term cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) and recruited 231 desk-based workers, aged 24-65 years, across 14 worksites of one organization. Multicomponent workplace-delivered intervention was compared to usual practice. Main outcome measures including total device-measured workplace sitting time, body mass index (BMI), self-reported health-related quality of life (Assessment of Quality of Life-8D, AQoL-8D), and absenteeism measured at 12 months...
September 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Pieter Coenen, Anne Smith, Peter Kent, Mark Harris, Steven J Linton, Glenn Pransky, Darren Beales, Peter O'Sullivan, Leon Straker
Objectives Spinal (ie, back and neck) pain often develops as early as during adolescence and can set a trajectory for later life. However, whether early-life spinal-pain-related behavioral responses of missing school/work are predictive of future work absenteeism is yet unknown. We assessed the association of adolescent spinal-pain-related work or school absenteeism with early adulthood work absenteeism in a prospective population-based cohort. Methods Six year follow-up data from the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) study were used (N=476; with a 54% response rate)...
September 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Bram Pi Fleuren, Ludovic Gpm van Amelsvoort, Andries de Grip, Fred Rh Zijlstra, IJmert Kant
Objectives Various cognitive and physical abilities decline with age. Consequently, sustainable employability research has focused on the labor market participation of older employees. However, it remains unclear whether age actually affects employees' work and labor-market functioning. A major complicating factor is that age effects can be distorted by time effects. That is, changes over time may not be due to aging but to some structural difference between the times of measurement. The present article aims to provide clarity by estimating age effects on sustainable employability while controlling for potential time effects...
September 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
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