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Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health

David Daniel Ebert, Fanny Kählke, Claudia Buntrock, Matthias Berking, Filip Smit, Elena Heber, Harald Baumeister, Burkhardt Funk, Heleen Riper, Dirk Lehr
Objective This study aimed to estimate and evaluate the cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit of a guided internet- and mobile-supported occupational stress-management intervention (iSMI) for employees from the employer's perspective alongside a randomized controlled trial. Methods A sample of 264 employees with elevated symptoms of perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale, PSS-10 ≥22) was randomly assigned either to the iSMI or a waitlist control (WLC) group with unrestricted access to treatment as usual. The iSMI consisted of seven sessions of problem-solving and emotion-regulation techniques and one booster session...
November 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
David M Hallman, Charlotte D Nørregaard Rasmussen, Marie Birk Jørgensen, Andreas Holtermann
Objectives The aims of this study were to (i) identify trajectories of neck-shoulder pain (NSP) over one year in an occupational population and (ii) determine whether these trajectories are predicted by NSP characteristics as well as personal and occupational factors at baseline. Methods This longitudinal study was conducted among Danish workers (N=748) from 2012-2014. Text messages were used to collect frequent data on NSP over one year (14 waves in total). Peak NSP intensity in the past month was rated on a 0-10 numeric scale...
November 9, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Nidhi Gupta, Christian Dyrlund Wåhlin-Jacobsen, Johan Simonsen Abildgaard, Louise Nøhr Henriksen, Karina Nielsen, Andreas Holtermann
Objectives The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a participatory physical and psychosocial workplace intervention (known as PIPPI) on work ability and recovery among industrial workers. Methods Eligible workers were cluster-randomized into intervention (N=193) and control (N=222) groups. Intervention group members participated in three workshops where they mapped positive and negative aspects of their physical and psychosocial work environment and developed action plans addressing the highlighted issues, which were subsequently implemented by the participants...
November 2, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Eivind Schjelderup Skarpsno, Paul Jarle Mork, Tom Ivar Lund Nilsen, Marie Birk Jørgensen, Andreas Holtermann
Objectives This study aimed to investigate (i) the associations between occupational physical activity (OPA) and leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) with insomnia symptoms and non-restorative sleep and (ii) the joint associations between OPA and LTPA with insomnia symptoms and non-restorative sleep, respectively. Methods Data were drawn from a cross-sectional study including 650 workers in the Danish PHysical ACTivity cohort with Objective measurements (DPhacto). OPA and LTPA were measured with accelerometers on the thigh and upper back for up to six consecutive days and subsequently divided into quartiles of "very low", "low", "medium" and "high" activity...
November 2, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Justine Klingelschmidt, Allison Milner, Imane Khireddine-Medouni, Katrina Witt, Evangelos C Alexopoulos, Susanna Toivanen, Anthony D LaMontagne, Jean-François Chastang, Isabelle Niedhammer
Objectives This review aimed to quantify suicide risk among agricultural, forestry, and fishery workers and study potential variations of risk within this population. Methods We conducted a systematic literature review and meta-analysis from 1995 to 2016 using MEDLINE and following the PRISMA guidelines. A pooled effect size of suicide risk among the population of interest was calculated using meta-analysis. Subgroup analyses were conducted to investigate whether effect size differed according to population or study characteristics...
October 31, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Mette Korshøj, David M Hallman, Svend Erik Mathiassen, Mette Aadahl, Andreas Holtermann, Marie Birk Jørgensen
Objectives Low-back pain (LBP) is a substantial health challenge due to the risk for long-term sickness absence and early retirement. Several biomechanical exposures at work, including sitting, have been suggested to increase the risk for LBP. The objectives of this study were to determine (i) the extent to which temporal patterns and total amount of objectively measured sitting is associated with LBP intensity and (ii) whether selected modifiers influence these associations. Methods This cross sectional study uses baseline data from the Danish PHysical ACTivity cohort with Objective measurements (DPhacto) of physical activities in the cleaning, transport and manufacturing sectors...
October 27, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Elisabeth Framke, Ole Henning Sørensen, Jacob Pedersen, Reiner Rugulies
Objectives We examined whether a cluster randomized controlled participatory organizational-level workplace intervention affected the level of unnecessary, unreasonable, and illegitimate tasks. Methods A cluster randomized controlled trial was implemented in municipal pre-schools. The intervention used a participatory approach and aimed improving the psychosocial working environment by focusing on core tasks. The sample consisted of 41 pre-schools with 404 employees in the intervention group and 30 pre-schools with 230 employees in the control group...
October 27, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Rahman Shiri, Markku Heliövaara, Kirsi Ahola, Leena Kaila-Kangas, Eija Haukka, Johanna Kausto, Peppiina Saastamoinen, Päivi Leino-Arjas, Tea Lallukka
Objective This study aimed to develop and validate a risk screening tool using a points system to assess the risk of future disability retirement due to musculoskeletal disorders (MSD). Methods The development population, the Health 2000 Survey, consisted of a nationally representative sample of Finnish employees aged 30-60 years (N=3676) and the validation population, the Helsinki Health Study, consisted of employees of the City of Helsinki aged 40-60 years (N=6391). Both surveys were linked to data on disability retirement awards due to MSD from national register for an 11-year follow-up...
October 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Anna Anund, Christer Ahlström, Carina Fors, Torbjörn Åkerstedt
Objective It is generally believed that professional drivers can manage quite severe fatigue before routine driving performance is affected. In addition, there are results indicating that professional drivers can adapt to prolonged night shifts and may be able to learn to drive without decreased performance under high levels of sleepiness. However, very little research has been conducted to compare professionals and non-professionals when controlling for time driven and time of day. Method The aim of this study was to use a driving simulator to investigate whether professional drivers are more resistant to sleep deprivation than non-professional drivers...
October 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Amy L Hall, Hugh W Davies, Mieke Koehoorn
Objectives Shift workers' increased risk of various adverse health outcomes has been linked to light-at-night (LAN) exposure, but few studies have measured LAN exposure in workplaces. To inform future research methods, this study aimed to (i) measure shift workers' exposures to LAN across industries, occupations, and work environments and (ii) assess components of variance across different exposure groupings and metrics. Methods Between October 2015 and March 2016, 152 personal full-shift measurements were collected from 102 night shift workers in emergency health services (paramedics, dispatchers) and healthcare industries (nurses, care aides, security guards, unit clerks, and laboratory, pharmacy, and respiratory therapy staff) in the province of British Columbia, Canada...
September 26, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Johnni Hansen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Riikka Niskanen, Ansku Holstila, Ossi Rahkonen, Tea Lallukka
Objectives We aimed to examine the association between changes in psychosocial working conditions and major weight gain among midlife women and men. Furthermore, we examined the associations separately among normal- and overweight participants. Methods We used survey data among employees of the City of Helsinki, Finland, from 2000-2002 (phase 1, N=8960), 2007 (phase 2, N=7332), and 2012 (phase 3, N=6814), with a final study sample of 4369 participants. We examined changes in job strain, job demands, and job control from phase 1 to 2...
November 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Alessandra Binazzi, Alessandro Marinaccio, Marisa Corfiati, Caterina Bruno, Lucia Fazzo, Roberto Pasetto, Roberta Pirastu, Annibale Biggeri, Dolores Catelan, Pietro Comba, Amerigo Zona
Objectives This study aimed to (i) describe mesothelioma incidence in the Italian national priority contaminated sites (NPCS) on the basis of data available from the Italian National Mesothelioma Registry (ReNaM) and (ii) profile NPCS using Bayesian rank analysis. Methods Incident cases of mesothelioma and standardized incidence ratios (SIR) were estimated for both genders in each of the 39 selected NPCS in the period 2000-2011. Age-standardized rates of Italian geographical macro areas were used to estimate expected cases...
November 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Merel Schuring, Suzan Jw Robroek, Alex Burdorf
Objectives The aims of this study were to (i) investigate the impact of paid employment on self-rated health, self-esteem, mastery, and happiness among previously unemployed persons with common mental health problems, and (ii) determine whether there are educational inequalities in these effects. Methods A quasi-experimental study was performed with a two-year follow-up period among unemployed persons with mental health problems. Eligible participants were identified at the social services departments of five cities in The Netherlands when being diagnosed with a common mental disorder, primarily depression and anxiety disorders, in the past 12 months by a physician (N=749)...
November 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Allard J van der Beek, Jack T Dennerlein, Maaike A Huysmans, Svend Erik Mathiassen, Alex Burdorf, Willem van Mechelen, Jaap H van Dieën, Monique Hw Frings-Dresen, Andreas Holtermann, Prawit Janwantanakul, Henk F van der Molen, David Rempel, Leon Straker, Karen Walker-Bone, Pieter Coenen
Objectives Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) are highly prevalent and put a large burden on (working) society. Primary prevention of work-related MSD focuses often on physical risk factors (such as manual lifting and awkward postures) but has not been too successful in reducing the MSD burden. This may partly be caused by insufficient knowledge of etiological mechanisms and/or a lack of adequately feasible interventions (theory failure and program failure, respectively), possibly due to limited integration of research disciplines...
November 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Ann D Larsen, Harald Hannerz, Simone V Møller, Johnny Dyreborg, Jens Peter Bonde, Johnni Hansen, Henrik A Kolstad, Åse Marie Hansen, Anne Helene Garde
Objectives The aims of this study were to (i) investigate the association between night work or long work weeks and the risk of accidental injuries and (ii) test if the association is affected by age, sex or socioeconomic status. Methods The study population was drawn from the Danish version of the European Labour Force Survey from 1999-2013. The current study was based on 150 438 participants (53% men and 47% women). Data on accidental injuries were obtained at individual level from national health registers...
November 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Thomas Behrens, Sylvia Rabstein, Katharina Wichert, Raimund Erbel, Lewin Eisele, Marina Arendt, Nico Dragano, Thomas Brüning, Karl-Heinz Jöckel
Objectives We investigated the association of shift and night work with the incidence of prostate cancer using data of the population-based prospective Heinz Nixdorf Recall Study from the highly industrialized Ruhr area in Germany. Methods Participants of the baseline survey were recruited between 2000-2003. A follow-up survey including, a detailed interview on shift and night work, was conducted from 2011-2014. We included 1757 men who did not report a history of prostate cancer at baseline. We assessed shift- and night-work exposure up to time of the baseline interview...
November 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Janice Hegewald, Melanie Schubert, Mandy Wagner, Patrik Dröge, Ursel Prote, Enno Swart, Ulrich Möhler, Hajo Zeeb, Andreas Seidler
Objectives Aircraft, road, and rail traffic noise can cause sleep disturbances. Since night work and shorter sleep durations have been linked to increased risks of breast cancer, we examined if 24-hour, or day- or night-time traffic noise exposure may also increase the risk of breast cancer. Methods To investigate the noise-related risks of breast cancer, the pseudonymized insurance records of three large statutory health companies (2005-2010) for women aged ≥40 years living in the region surrounding the Frankfurt international airport were analyzed with address-specific acoustic data representing aircraft, road, and rail-traffic noise...
November 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Kirsten Nabe-Nielsen, Anne Helene Garde, Kazi Ishtiak-Ahmed, Finn Gyntelberg, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Thien Kieu Thi Phung, Naja Hulvej Rod, Gunhild Waldemar, Rudi Gj Westendorp, Åse Marie Hansen
Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of shift work and long working hours in midlife on the risk of dementia in old age. Methods The present study comprised 4766 participants from the Copenhagen Male Study. We used information on shift work (collected in 1970-1971 and 1985-1986), long working hours defined as >45 hours per week (collected in 1970-1971), socioeconomic status, sleep, stress, and cardiovascular risk factors. Information about dementia diagnoses was obtained from registers...
November 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Charlotta Eriksson, Theo Bodin, Jenny Selander
Objectives National quantifications of the health burden related to traffic noise are still rare. In this study, we use disability-adjusted life-years (DALY) measure to assess the burden of disease from road traffic and railway noise in Sweden. Methods The number of DALY was assessed for annoyance, sleep disturbance, hypertension, myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke using a method previously implemented by the World Health Organization (WHO). Population exposure to noise was obtained from the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency and the Swedish Transport Administration...
November 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
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