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Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health

Daniel Kim
Objectives The United States is the only advanced economy globally that does not guarantee its workers paid vacation leave. Although empirical studies have linked paid vacation leave to happiness and stress, no study has investigated the association between paid vacation leave and depression. Using a nationally-representative longitudinal sample of 3380 working men and women aged 45-52 years from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979, this study explored whether paid vacation leave may protect against depression...
November 7, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Xiaoqin Liu, Kathrine Pape Madsen, Camilla Sandal Sejbaek, Henrik Albert Kolstad, Jens Peter Ellekilde Bonde, Jørn Olsen, Karin Sørig Hougaard, Kirsten Skamstrup Hansen, Niklas Worm Andersson, Reiner Rugulies, Vivi Schlünssen
Objectives This study aimed to examine the association between negative life events, job stressors (low job control or high psychosocial job demands) and offspring asthma phenotypes (early-onset transient, early-onset persistent and late-onset asthma). Methods In a population-based cohort study comprising 547 533 liveborn singletons, we determined negative life events and offspring asthma at age six years using data from Danish nationwide registers. We assessed job demands and job control from gender-specific job exposure matrices...
November 5, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Amy Cm Dieker, Wilhelmina IJzelenberg, Karin I Proper, Alex Burdorf, Johannes Cf Ket, Allard J van der Beek, Gerben Hulsegge
Objective This study aimed to systematically review the literature on the contribution of work and lifestyle factors to socioeconomic inequalities in self-rated health among workers. Methods A search for cross-sectional and longitudinal studies assessing the contribution of work and/or lifestyle factors to socioeconomic inequalities in self-rated health among workers was performed in PubMed, PsycINFO and Web of Science in March 2017. Two independent reviewers performed eligibility and risk of bias assessment...
October 29, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Johan Hviid Andersen, Per Malmros, Niels Erik Ebbehoej, Esben Meulengracht Flachs, Elizabeth Bengtsen, Jens Peter Bonde
Objectives The aim of this review was to assess the evidence that occupational safety and health (OSH) legislative and regulatory policy could improve the working environment in terms of reduced levels of industrial injuries and fatalities, musculoskeletal disorders, worker complaints, sick leave and adverse occupational exposures. Methods A systematic literature review covering the years 1966‒2017 (February) was undertaken to capture both published and gray literature studies of OSH work environment interventions with quantitative measures of intervention effects...
October 29, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Cameron Mustard, Emile Tompa, Victoria Landsman, Morgan Lay
Objective This study aimed to estimate firm-level expenditures on occupational health and safety (OHS) for a representative sample of Canadian employers. Methods A cross-sectional survey of 334 employers with ≥20 employees in 18 economic sectors in the Ontario economy. Participants provided information on five dimensions of OHS expenditures: (i) organizational management and supervision; (ii) staff training in health and safety; (iii) personal protective equipment; (iv) professional services and, (v) estimates of the share of new capital investment that could be attributed to improved OHS performance...
October 26, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Stef Bouwhuis, Goedele A Geuskens, Allard J van der Beek, Cécile Rl Boot
We are writing in regards to the review by Koranyi et al (1) on precarious employment and occupational accidents and injuries. In the review, multiple-job holding was classified as a type of precarious employment. In this letter, we argue multiple-job holding should not be considered a type of precarious employment and that multiple-job holders constitute a heterogeneous group of workers. In their review, Koranyi et al defined precarious employment as "uncertainty as to the duration of employment, multiple possible employers or a disguised or ambiguous employment relationship, a lack of access to social protection and benefits usually associated with employment, low pay, and substantial legal and practical obstacles to joining a trade union and bargaining collectively" (1)...
October 25, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
BongKyoo Choi, Arturo Juárez-Garcia
We read with great interest the paper by Juvanhol et al (1) on the association between demand‒control model (DCM) components and blood pressure (BP) using the baseline data of the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil). The authors reported a marginal, but positive cross-sectional association between job decision authority and systolic blood pressure (SBP) (0.59 mmHg, 95% CI 0.00-1.18) among non-users of anti-hypertensives from five universities and one research institute (2). And they claimed that (in the contemporary world of work), "the health benefits of increasing decision authority may not be as evident as in the historical context where the DCM was developed, which was characteristically one of industrialization and repetitive tasks...
October 24, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Eira Viikari-Juntura, Taina Leinonen, Lauri J Virta, Ismo Hiljanen, Kirsti Husgafvel-Pursiainen, Ilona Autti-Rämö, Pekka Rissanen, Alex Burdorf, Svetlana Solovieva
Objectives We analyzed social security costs based on an earlier quasi-experiment that compared work participation between partial sickness beneficiaries and a matched group of full sickness beneficiaries. Methods Utilizing a population-based 70% representative sample, 1878 persons with part-time sick leave (intervention group) due to musculoskeletal diseases or mental disorders at an early stage of work disability and their propensity-score-matched controls with full-time sick leave were followed for two years...
October 19, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Lise Fløvik, Stein Knardahl, Jan Olav Christensen
Objective The goal of this paper was to elucidate the relationship between exposure to separate, multiple or repeated organizational change at both individual- and work-unit level and subsequent clinically relevant mental distress amongst employees two years after change had taken place. Methods A full panel, prospective design was utilized. Data were collected at two time-points two years apart, by self-administered, online questionnaires. Organizational change was measured by six items pertaining to separate types of change...
October 18, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Helena B Nielsen, Åse M Hansen, Sadie H Conway, Johnny Dyreborg, Johnni Hansen, Henrik A Kolstad, Ann D Larsen, Kirsten Nabe-Nielsen, Lisa A Pompeii, Anne H Garde
Objectives Short time between consecutive work shifts (quick returns, ie, ≤11 hours between shifts) is associated with sleepiness and fatigue, both of which have been linked to risk of injury. This paper aims to study quick returns between work shifts and risk of injury among Danish hospital workers. Method The study population included 69 200 employees, primarily working at hospitals, corresponding to 167 726 person years at risk between 2008-2015. Information on working hours was obtained from payroll data in the Danish Working Hour Database and linked, at an individual level, with data on 11 834 injury records identified in the National Patient Register and the Danish Register of Causes of Death...
September 28, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Marine Azevedo Da Silva, Nadia Younès, Ariane Leroyer, Laurent Plancke, Cédric Lemogne, Marcel Goldberg, Mathieu Rivière, Maria Melchior
Objective Most suicides occur among individuals of working age. Risk is elevated in some occupational groups, however relations between long-term occupational trajectories and suicide are not well known. We describe career-long occupational trajectories and examine their influence on suicide. Methods Data come from GAZEL, a French cohort study set among employees of a large national utilities company. Occupational grade was obtained from company records from the time of hiring (1953‒1988). Group-based trajectory models were used to define occupational trajectories over a mean time period of 25...
September 16, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Jaana I Halonen, Tea Lallukka, Marianna Virtanen, Naja H Rod, Linda L Magnusson Hanson
Objectives Bi-directional associations between perceived effort‒reward imbalance (ERI) at work and neck-shoulder pain have been reported. There is also evidence of associations between ERI and depressive symptoms, and between depressive symptoms and pain while the links between ERI, depressive symptoms and pain have not been tested. We aimed to assess whether depressive symptoms mediate the association between ERI and neck-shoulder pain, as well as the association between neck-shoulder pain and ERI. Methods We used prospective data from three consecutive surveys of the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health (SLOSH) study...
September 10, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Maaike van der Noordt, Suzan van der Pas, Theo G van Tilburg, Ardo van den Hout, Dorly Jh Deeg
Objectives Like other western countries, the Netherlands has abolished early retirement schemes and is currently increasing the statutory retirement age. It is likely that also older workers with disabilities will be required to work longer. We examine the change in working life expectancy (WLE) with disability of older workers by comparing data from three periods: 1992-1996, 2002-2006 and 2012-2016. Methods Data are from the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam (LASA). Respondents aged 55-65 with a paid job at baseline were included (N=1074)...
August 31, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Jennie A Jackson, David Olsson, Laura Punnett, Alex Burdorf, Bengt Järvholm, Jens Wahlström
Objectives The aim of this study was to determine the association between occupational biomechanical exposures and occurrence of surgically treated ulnar nerve entrapment (UNE). Methods A cohort of 229 689 male construction workers who participated in a national occupational health surveillance program (1971-1993) were examined prospectively over a 13-year case ascertainment period (2001-2013) for surgically treated UNE. Job title (construction trade), smoking status, height, weight and age were recorded on examination...
August 22, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Michelle Pereira, Tracy Comans, Gisela Sjøgaard, Leon Straker, Markus Melloh, Shaun O'Leary, Xiaoqi Chen, Venerina Johnston
Objectives Using an employer's perspective, this study aimed to compare the immediate and longer-term impact of workplace ergonomics and neck-specific exercise versus ergonomics and health promotion information on health-related productivity among a general population of office workers and those with neck pain. Methods A prospective one-year cluster randomized trial was conducted. Participants received an individualized workstation ergonomics intervention, combined with 12 weeks of either workplace neck-specific exercises or health promotion information...
August 22, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Johan Høy Jensen, Esben Meulengracht Flachs, Janne Skakon, Naja Hulvej Rod, Jens Peter Bonde
Objectives Organizational changes are associated with higher rates of subsequent employee exit from the workplace, but the mediating role of social capital is unknown. We examined the associations between organizational changes and subsequent employee exit from the work unit and mediation through social capital. Methods Throughout 2013, 14 059 healthcare employees worked in the Capital Region of Denmark. Data on work-unit changes (yes/no) from July‒December 2013 were collected via a survey distributed to all managers (merger, split-up, relocation, change of management, employee layoff, budget cuts)...
August 21, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Eira Viikari-Juntura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Sannie Vester Thorsen, Mari-Ann Flyvholm, Ute Bültmann
Objectives The study aim was to examine (i) non-response bias between responders and non-responders, and (ii) whether the association between self-reported sickness absence (SA) and register-based SA differed by gender, age, sector, or physically demanding work. Methods The responses of 8110 participants to a question on self-reported SA in past 12 months in the Work Environment and Health in Denmark Survey (2014) was linked to 12 months of SA data from the Danish Register of Work Absence. We used logistic regression for the non-response analysis and Poisson regression to examine associations...
November 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Evangelia Demou, Alice MacLean, Lismy J Cheripelli, Kate Hunt, Cindy M Gray
Objective Shift work is a risk factor for many chronic diseases and has been associated with unhealthy lifestyle behaviors. Workplaces have great potential for promoting and supporting behavior change. We conducted a systematic review of group-based lifestyle workplace interventions for shift workers to (i) identify adaptations and intervention components that accommodate shift working and (ii) assess their impact on weight, physical activity, sedentary behavior and healthy eating. Methods A systematic search was conducted in Scopus, Web of Knowledge, EBSCO and Ovid databases...
November 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Lisa Newington, Martin Stevens, David Warwick, Jo Adams, Karen Walker-Bone
Objectives The aim of this systematic review was to provide an overview of time to return to work (RTW) after carpal tunnel release (CTR), including return to different occupations and working patterns. Methods A systematic search from inception to 2016 was conducted using nine electronic databases, trial registries and grey literature repositories. Randomized controlled trials and observational studies reporting RTW times after CTR were included. Study risk of bias was assessed using Cochrane risk of bias assessment tools...
November 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
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