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Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514792/autonomic-dysregulation-in-burnout-and-depression-evidence-for-the-central-role-of-exhaustion
#1
Magdalena K Kanthak, Tobias Stalder, LaBarron K Hill, Julian F Thayer, Marlene Penz, Clemens Kirschbaum
Objectives Given the important role of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) in stress regulation, astonishingly little is known about ANS functioning in burnout, a condition arising after prolonged exposure to work-related stress. The current study sought to investigate ANS modulation, as indexed by vagally-mediated heart rate variability (HRV), in relation to burnout symptomatology to (i) distinguish associations between the three dimensions of burnout [emotional exhaustion (EE), cynicism, reduced personal accomplishment] and (ii) investigate overlap in associations with depressive symptomatology...
May 18, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513817/loss-of-permanent-employment-and-its-association-with-suicidal-ideation-a-cohort-study-in-south-korea
#2
Seohyun Yoon, Ja Young Kim, Jooyoung Park, Seung-Sup Kim
Objective Precarious employment is associated with worse mental health, but it is unclear whether changes in employment status are related to suicidal behaviors. This study examined the association between change in employment status and suicidal ideation among workers in South Korea. Methods To maximize power of the analysis, we combined data from the ongoing Korean Welfare Panel Study. We analyzed 3793 participants who were permanent workers at baseline (2011-2014) and who either: (i) maintained permanent employment; (ii) became a full-time precarious worker; (iii) became a part-time precarious worker; or (iv) became unemployed in the following year (2012-2015)...
May 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504807/occupational-class-and-working-beyond-the-retirement-age-a-cohort-study
#3
Marianna Virtanen, Tuula Oksanen, Jaana Pentti, Jenni Ervasti, Jenny Head, Sari Stenholm, Jussi Vahtera, Mika Kivimäki
Objectives The aim of this study was to examine occupational class differences in working more than six months beyond the mandatory retirement age and factors that may contribute to these differences. Methods The study comprised a prospective cohort study of a total of 5331 Finnish municipal employees (73% women) who were not on work disability pension and reached the age eligible for old-age pension in 2005-2011. Occupational class included four categories: managers and professionals, lower grade non-manual, skilled manual, and elementary occupations...
May 15, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489219/appraisal-of-levels-and-patterns-of-occupational-exposure-to-1-3-butadiene
#4
Alberto Scarselli, Marisa Corfiati, Davide Di Marzi, Sergio Iavicoli
Objectives 1,3-butadiene is classified as carcinogenic to human by inhalation and the association with leukemia has been observed in several epidemiological studies. The aim of this study was to evaluate data about occupational exposure levels to 1,3-butadiene in the Italian working force. Methods Airborne concentrations of 1,3-butadiene were extracted from the Italian database on occupational exposure to carcinogens in the period 1996-2015. Descriptive statistics were calculated for exposure-related variables...
May 10, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463383/on-effort-reward-imbalance-and-depression
#5
EDITORIAL
Töres Theorell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463382/length-of-sickness-absence-and-sustained-return-to-work-in-mental-disorders-and-musculoskeletal-diseases-a-cohort-study-of-public-sector-employees
#6
Johanna Kausto, Jaana Pentti, Tuula Oksanen, Lauri J Virta, Marianna Virtanen, Mika Kivimäki, Jussi Vahtera
Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the length of sickness absence and sustained return to work (SRTW) and the predictors of SRTW in depression, anxiety disorders, intervertebral disc disorders, and back pain in a population-based cohort of employees in the Finnish public sector. Methods We linked data from employers' registers and four national population registers. Cox proportional hazards regression analysis with a cluster option was applied. SRTW was defined as the end of the sickness benefit period not followed by a recurrent sickness benefit period in 30 days...
May 2, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368549/effects-on-musculoskeletal-pain-from-take-a-stand-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-reducing-sitting-time-among-office-workers
#7
Ida Høgstedt Danquah, Stine Kloster, Andreas Holtermann, Mette Aadahl, Janne Schurmann Tolstrup
Objectives Prolonged sitting at work has been found to increase risk for musculoskeletal pain. The office-based intervention "Take a Stand!" was effective in reducing sitting time at work. We aimed to study the effect of the intervention on a secondary outcome: musculoskeletal pain. Methods Take a Stand! included 19 offices (317 workers) at four workplaces cluster randomized to intervention or control. The multicomponent intervention lasted three months and included management support, environmental changes, and local adaptation...
April 3, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362457/shift-work-and-cognitive-aging-a-longitudinal-study
#8
Kathleen Bokenberger, Peter Ström, Anna K Dahl Aslan, Torbjörn Åkerstedt, Nancy L Pedersen
Objectives The few studies of shift work and late life cognitive functioning have yielded mixed findings. The aim of the present study is to estimate the association between shift-work experience and change in cognitive performance before and after retirement age among older adults who were gainfully employed. Methods Five hundred and ninety five participants with no dementia were followed up for a mean of 17.6 standard deviation (SD) 8.8 years from a Swedish population-based sample. Participants had self-reported information on any type of shift-work experience (ever/never) in 1984 and measures of cognitive performance (verbal, spatial, memory, processing speed, and general cognitive ability) from up to 9 waves of cognitive assessments during 1986-2012...
March 31, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350411/employees-drug-purchases-before-and-after-organizational-downsizing-a-natural-experiment-on-the-norwegian-working-population-2004-2012
#9
Silje L Kaspersen, Kristine Pape, Fredrik Carlsen, Solveig Osborg Ose, Johan Håkon Bjorngaard
Objectives This study investigated the association between organizational downsizing and purchases of prescribed drugs by private sector employees in Norway. Methods A natural experiment was constructed using individual-level employer and employee data linked to the national prescription database for the period 2004-2012. The study population comprised 144 089 employees who had been exposed to major downsizing in the same period. Random effects logistic regression models were used to investigate relative changes in drug purchases (antidepressants, hypnotics/sedatives, anxiolytics, and anti-psychotics, as well as anti-obesity, anti-diabetic, cardiovascular, and thyroid drugs, anti-inflammatory drugs, opioids, and analgesics/antipyretics) in the five-year-period before and after exposure to downsizing...
March 28, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346817/the-psychosocial-work-environment-is-associated-with-risk-of-stroke-at-working-age
#10
Katarina Jood, Nadine Karlsson, Jennie Medin, Hélène Pessah-Rasmussen, Per Wester, Kerstin Ekberg
Objective The aim of this study was to explore the relation between the risk of first-ever stroke at working age and psychological work environmental factors. Methods A consecutive multicenter matched 1:2 case-control study of acute stroke cases (N=198, age 30-65 years) who had been working full-time at the time of their stroke and 396 sex- and age-matched controls. Stroke cases and controls answered questionnaires on their psychosocial situation during the previous 12 months. The psychosocial work environment was assessed using three different measures: the job-control-demand model, the effort-reward imbalance (ERI) score, and exposures to conflict at work...
March 27, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323305/exercise-to-reduce-work-related-fatigue-among-employees-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Juriena D de Vries, Madelon Lm van Hooff, Sabine Ae Guerts, Michiel Aj Kompier
Objectives The present study evaluated the efficacy of an exercise intervention to reduce work-related fatigue (emotional exhaustion, overall fatigue, and need for recovery). The effects of exercise on self-efficacy, sleep, work ability, cognitive functioning and aerobic fitness (secondary outcomes) were also investigated. Methods Employees with high levels of work-related fatigue were randomly assigned to either a 6-week exercise intervention (EI; N=49) or a wait-list control group (WLC; N=47). All participants were measured pre- (T0) and post-intervention (T1)...
March 21, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306759/effort-reward-imbalance-at-work-and-risk-of-depressive-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prospective-cohort-studies
#12
Reiner Rugulies, Birgit Aust, Ida Eh Madsen
Objective The aim of this review was to determine whether employees exposed to effort-reward imbalance (ERI) at work have a higher risk of depressive disorders than non-exposed employees. Methods We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of published prospective cohort studies examining the association of ERI at baseline with onset of depressive disorders at follow-up. The work was conducted in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement and a detailed study protocol was registered before literature search commenced (Registration number: CRD42016047581)...
March 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306758/the-association-between-blood-lead-levels-and-cardiovascular-diseases-among-lead-exposed-male-workers
#13
Young-Sun Min, Yeon-Soon Ahn
Objective We prospectively evaluated the association between blood lead levels (BLL) and increases in hospital admissions for treatment of cardiovascular diseases among lead-exposed workers in Korea. Methods The study cohort was derived from Korea Occupational Safety and Health Agency data, which included lead-exposed male workers who underwent lead-associated medical check-ups at least once between 2000 and 2004. The hospital adjusted admission hazard ratio (AHR) of cardiovascular diseases for each BLL grade (10-20 and ≥20 μg/dL) was compared with that of the reference grade (<10 μg/dL) using Cox's proportional hazard models...
March 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379585/parkinson-s-disease-and-occupational-exposures-a-systematic-literature-review-and-meta-analyses
#14
Lars-Gunnar Gunnarsson, Lennart Bodin
Objectives We conducted a systematic literature review to identify studies fulfilling good scientific epidemiological standards for use in meta-analyses of relevant risk factors for Parkinson's disease. Methods Our search identified 103 original publications on associations between work and Parkinson's disease. GRADE guidelines were used to ensure high scientific quality, and reliable guidelines were applied to classify the papers. Of the 103 articles, 47 fulfilled good scientific standards while 56 were methodologically deficient and thus excluded from our meta-analyses...
May 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368548/advances-in-occupational-traumatic-injury-research
#15
EDITORIAL
David A Lombardi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319247/occupational-and-recreational-physical-activity-and-parkinson-s-disease-in-denmark
#16
I-Fan Shih, Charlotte Starhof, Christina Funch Lassen, Johnni Hansen, Zeyan Liew, Beate Ritz
Objectives This study aimed to examine whether occupational and physical activity (PA) at different ages contribute to Parkinson's disease (PD) risk in a large population-based case-control study in Denmark. Methods We identified 1828 PD patients from the Danish National Hospital Register and recruited 1909 gender and year of birth matched controls from the Danish Central Population Register. Occupational and leisure-time PA were determined from a job exposure matrix based on occupational history and self-reported leisure-time information...
May 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295119/ocular-ultraviolet-radiation-exposure-of-welders
#17
LETTER
Thomas D Tenkate
I read with interest a recent paper in your journal by Slagor et al on the risk of cataract in relation to metal arc welding (1). The authors highlight that even though welders are exposed to substantial levels of ultraviolet radiation (UVR), "no studies have reported data on how much UVR welders' eyes are exposed to during a working day. Thus, we do not know whether welders are more or less exposed to UVR than outdoor workers" (1, p451). Undertaking accurate exposure assessment of UVR from welding arcs is difficult, however, two studies have reported ocular/facial UVR levels underneath welding helmets (2, 3)...
May 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273319/cross-sectional-evaluation-of-an-internet-based-hearing-screening-test-in-an-occupational-setting
#18
Marya Sheikh Rashid, Monique Cj Leensen, Jan Apm de Laat, Wouter A Dreschler
Objectives The Occupational Earcheck (OEC) is an online internet test to detect high-frequency hearing loss for the purposes of occupational hearing screening. In this study, we evaluated the OEC in an occupational setting in order to assess test sensitivity, specificity, and validity. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015, in which the optimized OEC was evaluated on 94 employees from the army and three different companies in construction and manufacturing. Subjects underwent OEC in an office-like room...
May 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272649/associations-of-objectively-measured-sitting-and-standing-with-low-back-pain-intensity-a-6-month-follow-up-of-construction-and-healthcare-workers
#19
Lars-Kristian Lunde, Markus Koch, Stein Knardahl, Kaj Bo Veiersted
Objectives This study aimed to determine the associations between objectively measured sitting and standing duration and intensity of low-back pain (LBP) among Norwegian construction and healthcare workers. Methods One-hundred and twenty-four workers wore two accelerometers for 3-4 consecutive days, during work and leisure. Minutes of sitting and standing was calculated from accelerometer data. We obtained self-reported LBP intensity (0-3) at the time of objective measurement and after six months. We examined associations with linear mixed models and presented results per 100 minutes...
May 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259894/night-shift-work-is-associated-with-increased-pain-perception
#20
Dagfinn Matre, Stein Knardahl, Kristian Bernhard Nilsen
Objectives The aim of the present study was to determine whether shift workers exhibit increased perception of experimentally induced pain after working night shifts. Methods The study was a paired cross-over design with two sleep conditions, after at least two nights of habitual sleep and after two consecutive night shifts at work. Fifty-three nurses in rotating shift work participated. The sensitivity to electrically induced pain, heat pain, cold pain, pressure pain and pain inhibition was determined experimentally in each sleep condition...
May 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
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