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Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379585/parkinson-s-disease-and-occupational-exposures-a-systematic-literature-review-and-meta-analyses
#1
Lars-Gunnar Gunnarsson, Lennart Bodin
Objectives We conducted a systematic literature review to identify studies fulfilling good scientific epidemiological standards for use in meta-analyses of relevant risk factors for Parkinson's disease. Methods Our search identified 103 original publications on associations between work and Parkinson's disease. GRADE guidelines were used to ensure high scientific quality, and reliable guidelines were applied to classify the papers. Of the 103 articles, 47 fulfilled good scientific standards while 56 were methodologically deficient and thus excluded from our meta-analyses...
April 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368549/effects-on-musculoskeletal-pain-from-take-a-stand-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-reducing-sitting-time-among-office-workers
#2
Ida Høgstedt Danquah, Stine Kloster, Andreas Holtermann, Mette Aadahl, Janne Schurmann Tolstrup
Objectives Prolonged sitting at work has been found to increase risk for musculoskeletal pain. The office-based intervention "Take a Stand!" was effective in reducing sitting time at work. We aimed to study the effect of the intervention on a secondary outcome: musculoskeletal pain. Methods Take a Stand! included 19 offices (317 workers) at four workplaces cluster randomized to intervention or control. The multicomponent intervention lasted three months and included management support, environmental changes, and local adaptation...
April 3, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368548/advances-in-occupational-traumatic-injury-research
#3
EDITORIAL
David A Lombardi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362457/shift-work-and-cognitive-aging-a-longitudinal-study
#4
Kathleen Bokenberger, Peter Ström, Anna K Dahl Aslan, Torbjörn Åkerstedt, Nancy L Pedersen
Objectives The few studies of shift work and late life cognitive functioning have yielded mixed findings. The aim of the present study is to estimate the association between shift-work experience and change in cognitive performance before and after retirement age among older adults who were gainfully employed. Methods Five hundred and ninety five participants with no dementia were followed up for a mean of 17.6 standard deviation (SD) 8.8 years from a Swedish population-based sample. Participants had self-reported information on any type of shift-work experience (ever/never) in 1984 and measures of cognitive performance (verbal, spatial, memory, processing speed, and general cognitive ability) from up to 9 waves of cognitive assessments during 1986-2012...
March 31, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350411/employees-drug-purchases-before-and-after-organizational-downsizing-a-natural-experiment-on-the-norwegian-working-population-2004-2012
#5
Silje L Kaspersen, Kristine Pape, Fredrik Carlsen, Solveig Osborg Ose, Johan Håkon Bjorngaard
Objectives This study investigated the association between organizational downsizing and purchases of prescribed drugs by private sector employees in Norway. Methods A natural experiment was constructed using individual-level employer and employee data linked to the national prescription database for the period 2004-2012. The study population comprised 144 089 employees who had been exposed to major downsizing in the same period. Random effects logistic regression models were used to investigate relative changes in drug purchases (antidepressants, hypnotics/sedatives, anxiolytics, and anti-psychotics, as well as anti-obesity, anti-diabetic, cardiovascular, and thyroid drugs, anti-inflammatory drugs, opioids, and analgesics/antipyretics) in the five-year-period before and after exposure to downsizing...
March 28, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346817/the-psychosocial-work-environment-is-associated-with-risk-of-stroke-at-working-age
#6
Katarina Jood, Nadine Karlsson, Jennie Medin, Hélène Pessah-Rasmussen, Per Wester, Kerstin Ekberg
Objective The aim of this study was to explore the relation between the risk of first-ever stroke at working age and psychological work environmental factors. Methods A consecutive multicenter matched 1:2 case-control study of acute stroke cases (N=198, age 30-65 years) who had been working full-time at the time of their stroke and 396 sex- and age-matched controls. Stroke cases and controls answered questionnaires on their psychosocial situation during the previous 12 months. The psychosocial work environment was assessed using three different measures: the job-control-demand model, the effort-reward imbalance (ERI) score, and exposures to conflict at work...
March 27, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323305/exercise-to-reduce-work-related-fatigue-among-employees-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Juriena D de Vries, Madelon Lm van Hooff, Sabine Ae Guerts, Michiel Aj Kompier
Objectives The present study evaluated the efficacy of an exercise intervention to reduce work-related fatigue (emotional exhaustion, overall fatigue, and need for recovery). The effects of exercise on self-efficacy, sleep, work ability, cognitive functioning and aerobic fitness (secondary outcomes) were also investigated. Methods Employees with high levels of work-related fatigue were randomly assigned to either a 6-week exercise intervention (EI; N=49) or a wait-list control group (WLC; N=47). All participants were measured pre- (T0) and post-intervention (T1)...
March 21, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319247/occupational-and-recreational-physical-activity-and-parkinson-s-disease-in-denmark
#8
I-Fan Shih, Charlotte Starhof, Christina Funch Lassen, Johnni Hansen, Zeyan Liew, Beate Ritz
Objectives This study aimed to examine whether occupational and physical activity (PA) at different ages contribute to Parkinson's disease (PD) risk in a large population-based case-control study in Denmark. Methods We identified 1828 PD patients from the Danish National Hospital Register and recruited 1909 gender and year of birth matched controls from the Danish Central Population Register. Occupational and leisure-time PA were determined from a job exposure matrix based on occupational history and self-reported leisure-time information...
March 20, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306759/effort-reward-imbalance-at-work-and-risk-of-depressive-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prospective-cohort-studies
#9
Reiner Rugulies, Birgit Aust, Ida Eh Madsen
Objective The aim of this review was to determine whether employees exposed to effort-reward imbalance (ERI) at work have a higher risk of depressive disorders than non-exposed employees. Methods We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of published prospective cohort studies examining the association of ERI at baseline with onset of depressive disorders at follow-up. The work was conducted in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement and a detailed study protocol was registered before literature search commenced (Registration number: CRD42016047581)...
March 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306758/the-association-between-blood-lead-levels-and-cardiovascular-diseases-among-lead-exposed-male-workers
#10
Young-Sun Min, Yeon-Soon Ahn
Objective We prospectively evaluated the association between blood lead levels (BLL) and increases in hospital admissions for treatment of cardiovascular diseases among lead-exposed workers in Korea. Methods The study cohort was derived from Korea Occupational Safety and Health Agency data, which included lead-exposed male workers who underwent lead-associated medical check-ups at least once between 2000 and 2004. The hospital adjusted admission hazard ratio (AHR) of cardiovascular diseases for each BLL grade (10-20 and ≥20 μg/dL) was compared with that of the reference grade (<10 μg/dL) using Cox's proportional hazard models...
March 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295119/ocular-ultraviolet-radiation-exposure-of-welders
#11
LETTER
Thomas D Tenkate
I read with interest a recent paper in your journal by Slagor et al on the risk of cataract in relation to metal arc welding (1). The authors highlight that even though welders are exposed to substantial levels of ultraviolet radiation (UVR), "no studies have reported data on how much UVR welders' eyes are exposed to during a working day. Thus, we do not know whether welders are more or less exposed to UVR than outdoor workers" (1, p451). Undertaking accurate exposure assessment of UVR from welding arcs is difficult, however, two studies have reported ocular/facial UVR levels underneath welding helmets (2, 3)...
March 15, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273319/cross-sectional-evaluation-of-an-internet-based-hearing-screening-test-in-an-occupational-setting
#12
Marya Sheikh Rashid, Monique Cj Leensen, Jan Apm de Laat, Wouter A Dreschler
Objectives The Occupational Earcheck (OEC) is an online internet test to detect high-frequency hearing loss for the purposes of occupational hearing screening. In this study, we evaluated the OEC in an occupational setting in order to assess test sensitivity, specificity, and validity. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015, in which the optimized OEC was evaluated on 94 employees from the army and three different companies in construction and manufacturing. Subjects underwent OEC in an office-like room...
March 8, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272649/associations-of-objectively-measured-sitting-and-standing-with-low-back-pain-intensity-a-6-month-follow-up-of-construction-and-healthcare-workers
#13
Lars-Kristian Lunde, Markus Koch, Stein Knardahl, Kaj Bo Veiersted
Objectives This study aimed to determine the associations between objectively measured sitting and standing duration and intensity of low-back pain (LBP) among Norwegian construction and healthcare workers. Methods One-hundred and twenty-four workers wore two accelerometers for 3-4 consecutive days, during work and leisure. Minutes of sitting and standing was calculated from accelerometer data. We obtained self-reported LBP intensity (0-3) at the time of objective measurement and after six months. We examined associations with linear mixed models and presented results per 100 minutes...
March 8, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259894/night-shift-work-is-associated-with-increased-pain-perception
#14
Dagfinn Matre, Stein Knardahl, Kristian Bernhard Nilsen
Objectives The aim of the present study was to determine whether shift workers exhibit increased perception of experimentally induced pain after working night shifts. Methods The study was a paired cross-over design with two sleep conditions, after at least two nights of habitual sleep and after two consecutive night shifts at work. Fifty-three nurses in rotating shift work participated. The sensitivity to electrically induced pain, heat pain, cold pain, pressure pain and pain inhibition was determined experimentally in each sleep condition...
March 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251241/shift-work-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-in-the-mcc-spain-case-control-study
#15
Kyriaki Papantoniou, Gemma Castaño-Vinyals, Ana Espinosa, Michelle C Turner, Maria Henar Alonso-Aguado, Vicente Martin, Nuria Aragonés, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Benito Mirón Pozo, Inés Gómez-Acebo, Eva Ardanaz, Jone M Altzibar, Rosana Peiro, Adonina Tardon, José Andrés Lorca, Maria Dolores Chirlaque, Andrés García-Palomo, Jose Juan Jimenez-Moleon, Trinidad Ierssen, Maria Ederra, Pilar Amiano, Marina Pollan, Victor Moreno, Manolis Kogevinas
Objectives Shift work that involves circadian disruption has been associated with a higher cancer risk. Most epidemiological studies to date have focused on breast cancer risk and evidence for other common tumors is limited. We evaluated the risk for colorectal cancer (CRC) in relation to shift work history in a population-based case-control study in Spain. Methods This analysis included 1626 incident CRC cases and 3378 randomly selected population controls of both sexes, enrolled in 11 regions of Spain. Sociodemographic and lifestyle information was assessed in face-to-face interviews...
March 2, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251240/does-age-modify-the-association-between-physical-work-demands-and-deterioration-of-self-rated-general-health
#16
Hermann Burr, Anne Pohrt, Reiner Rugulies, Andreas Holtermann, Hans Martin Hasselhorn
Objective Due to the growing proportion of older employees in the work force in several countries, the importance of age in the association between work and health is becoming increasingly relevant. Few studies have investigated whether age modifies the association of physical work demands with health. We hypothesized that the association of demanding body postures with deteriorated self-rated health (SRH) is stronger among older employees than among younger employees. Method We analyzed three 5-year cohorts in the Danish Work Environment Cohort Study comprising 8318 observations from 5204 employees (follow-up participation rate 83%) with good baseline SRH...
March 2, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166362/organizational-change-psychosocial-work-environment-and-non-disability-early-retirement-a-prospective-study-among-senior-public-employees
#17
Nina Breinegaard, Johan Høy Jensen, Jens Peter Bonde
Objective This study examines the impact of organizational change and psychosocial work environment on non-disability early retirement among senior public service employees. Methods In January and February 2011, Danish senior public service employees aged 58-64 years (N=3254) from the Capital Region of Denmark responded to a survey assessing psychosocial work environment (ie, social capital, organizational justice, and quality of management). Work-unit organizational changes (ie, change of management, merging, demerging, and relocation) were recorded from January 2009 to March 2011...
February 6, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245504/shift-work-and-overall-and-cause-specific-mortality-in-the-danish-nurse-cohort
#18
Jeanette Therming Jørgensen, Sashia Karlsen, Leslie Stayner, Johnni Andersen, Zorana Jovanovic Andersen
Objectives Evidence of an effect of shift work on all-cause and cause-specific mortality is inconsistent. This study aims to examine whether shift work is associated with increased all-cause and cause-specific mortality. Methods We linked 28 731 female nurses (age ≥44 years), recruited in 1993 or 1999 from the Danish nurse cohort where they reported information on shift work (night, evening, rotating, or day), to the Danish Register of Causes of Death to identify deaths up to 2013. We used Cox regression models with age as the underlying scale to examine the associations between night, evening, and rotating shift work (compared to day shift work) and all-cause and cause-specific mortality in models adjusted for potentially confounding variables...
March 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125764/occupational-use-of-high-level-disinfectants-and-fecundity-among-nurses
#19
Audrey J Gaskins, Jorge E Chavarro, Janet W Rich-Edwards, Stacey A Missmer, Francine Laden, Scott A Henn, Christina C Lawson
Objective This study aimed to examine the relationship between occupational use of high-level disinfectants (HLD) and fecundity among female nurses. Methods Women currently employed outside the home and trying to get pregnant (N=1739) in the Nurses' Health Study 3 cohort (2010-2014) were included in this analysis. Occupational exposure to HLD used to disinfect medical instruments and use of protective equipment (PE) was self-reported on the baseline questionnaire. Every six months thereafter women reported the duration of their ongoing pregnancy attempt...
March 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121335/mortality-of-shift-workers
#20
EDITORIAL
Anders Knutsson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
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