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Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650513/return-to-work-after-work-related-stress-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-work-focused-cognitive-behavioral-intervention
#1
Vita Ligaya Dalgaard, Kirstin Aschbacher, Johan Hviid Andersen, David John Glasscock, Morten Vejs Willert, Ole Carstensen, Karin Biering
Objectives This study aimed to evaluate the effect of a stress management intervention (SMI) on lasting return to work (RTW) among patients with work-related stress complaints. Methods Sickness benefit departments from three local municipalities referred patients on sick leave with work-related adjustment disorders or mild depression to the Department of Occupational Medicine, Regional Hospital West Jutland. A 2× randomization procedure allocated patients into one of three groups: intervention (N=58), control A (which received a clinical assessment; N=56), or control B (no assessment; N=49)...
June 26, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636724/temporal-relationships-between-job-strain-and-low-back-pain
#2
Linda L Magnusson Hanson, Ida Eh Madsen, Reiner Rugulies, Paraskevi Peristera, Hugo Westerlund, Alexis Descatha
Objectives Psychosocial working conditions are suggested risk factors for low-back pain, but it is unclear whether these associations are causal. The present study examined whether there are lagged and bidirectional associations between job strain and low-back pain and further controlled for unmeasured time-invariant confounding. Methods The study was based on four biennial waves of data from the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health (SLOSH), including 3084 men and women. Cross-lagged analyses using structural equation modeling (SEM) were conducted on job strain, a combination of high job demands and low control, and any as well as low-back pain severity (how much any problems affected the respondents life)...
June 21, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599022/burden-of-disease-from-road-traffic-and-railway-noise-a-quantification-of-healthy-life-years-lost-in-sweden
#3
Charlotta Eriksson, Theo Bodin, Jenny Selander
Objectives National quantifications of the health burden related to traffic noise are still rare. In this study, we use disability-adjusted life-years (DALY) measure to assess the burden of disease from road traffic and railway noise in Sweden. Methods The number of DALY was assessed for annoyance, sleep disturbance, hypertension, myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke using a method previously implemented by the World Health Organization (WHO). Population exposure to noise was obtained from the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency and the Swedish Transport Administration...
June 9, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570743/a-life-course-perspective-on-mental-health-problems-employment-and-work-outcomes
#4
Karin Veldman, Sijmen A Reijneveld, Frank C Verhulst, Josue Almansa Ortiz, Ute Bültmann
Objectives Little is known about how employment and work outcomes among young adults are influenced by their life-course history of mental health problems. Therefore, the aims of this study were to (i) identify trajectories of mental health problems from childhood to young adulthood and (ii) investigate the association between these trajectories and employment and work outcomes among young adults. Methods Data were used from 360 participants of the Tracking Adolescents' Individual Lives Survey (TRAILS), a Dutch prospective cohort study, with 12-year follow-up...
June 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560378/predicting-working-beyond-retirement-in-the-netherlands-an-interdisciplinary-approach-involving-occupation-epidemiology-and-economics
#5
Micky Scharn, Allard J van der Beek, Martijn A Huisman, Astrid de Wind, Maarten Lindeboom, Chris Tm Elbers, Goedele A Geuskens, Cécile Rl Boot
Objectives No study so far has combined register-based socioeconomic information with self-reported information on health, demographics, work characteristics, and the social environment. The aim of this study was to investigate whether socioeconomic, health, demographic, work characteristics and social environmental characteristics independently predict working beyond retirement. Methods Questionnaire data from the Study on Transitions in Employment, Ability and Motivation were linked to data from Statistics Netherlands...
May 30, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558110/safety-leadership-at-construction-sites-the-importance-of-rule-oriented-and-participative-leadership
#6
Martin Grill, Anders Pousette, Kent Nielsen, Regine Grytnes, Marianne Törner
Objectives The construction industry accounted for >20% of all fatal occupational accidents in Europe in 2014. Leadership is an essential antecedent to occupational safety. The aim of the present study was to assess the influence of transformational, active transactional, rule-oriented, participative, and laissez-faire leadership on safety climate, safety behavior, and accidents in the Swedish and Danish construction industry. Sweden and Denmark are similar countries but have a large difference in occupational accidents rates...
May 30, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553992/does-age-modify-the-association-between-psychosocial-factors-at-work-and-deterioration-of-self-rated-health
#7
Hermann Burr, Hans Martin Hasselhorn, Norbert Kersten, Anne Pohrt, Reiner Rugulies
Objectives Few epidemiological studies have examined whether associations of psychosocial working conditions with risk of poor health differ by age. Based on results from mostly cross-sectional studies, we test whether (i) psychosocial relational factors (social support) are more strongly associated with declining health of older than younger employees and (ii) psychosocial job factors (workpace, influence, possibilities for development) are more strongly associated with declining health of younger than older employees...
May 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514792/autonomic-dysregulation-in-burnout-and-depression-evidence-for-the-central-role-of-exhaustion
#8
Magdalena K Kanthak, Tobias Stalder, LaBarron K Hill, Julian F Thayer, Marlene Penz, Clemens Kirschbaum
Objectives Given the important role of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) in stress regulation, astonishingly little is known about ANS functioning in burnout, a condition arising after prolonged exposure to work-related stress. The current study sought to investigate ANS modulation, as indexed by vagally-mediated heart rate variability (HRV), in relation to burnout symptomatology to (i) distinguish associations between the three dimensions of burnout [emotional exhaustion (EE), cynicism, reduced personal accomplishment] and (ii) investigate overlap in associations with depressive symptomatology...
May 18, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513817/loss-of-permanent-employment-and-its-association-with-suicidal-ideation-a-cohort-study-in-south-korea
#9
Seohyun Yoon, Ja Young Kim, Jooyoung Park, Seung-Sup Kim
Objective Precarious employment is associated with worse mental health, but it is unclear whether changes in employment status are related to suicidal behaviors. This study examined the association between change in employment status and suicidal ideation among workers in South Korea. Methods To maximize power of the analysis, we combined data from the ongoing Korean Welfare Panel Study. We analyzed 3793 participants who were permanent workers at baseline (2011-2014) and who either: (i) maintained permanent employment; (ii) became a full-time precarious worker; (iii) became a part-time precarious worker; or (iv) became unemployed in the following year (2012-2015)...
May 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504807/occupational-class-and-working-beyond-the-retirement-age-a-cohort-study
#10
Marianna Virtanen, Tuula Oksanen, Jaana Pentti, Jenni Ervasti, Jenny Head, Sari Stenholm, Jussi Vahtera, Mika Kivimäki
Objectives The aim of this study was to examine occupational class differences in working more than six months beyond the mandatory retirement age and factors that may contribute to these differences. Methods The study comprised a prospective cohort study of a total of 5331 Finnish municipal employees (73% women) who were not on work disability pension and reached the age eligible for old-age pension in 2005-2011. Occupational class included four categories: managers and professionals, lower grade non-manual, skilled manual, and elementary occupations...
May 15, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489219/appraisal-of-levels-and-patterns-of-occupational-exposure-to-1-3-butadiene
#11
Alberto Scarselli, Marisa Corfiati, Davide Di Marzi, Sergio Iavicoli
Objectives 1,3-butadiene is classified as carcinogenic to human by inhalation and the association with leukemia has been observed in several epidemiological studies. The aim of this study was to evaluate data about occupational exposure levels to 1,3-butadiene in the Italian working force. Methods Airborne concentrations of 1,3-butadiene were extracted from the Italian database on occupational exposure to carcinogens in the period 1996-2015. Descriptive statistics were calculated for exposure-related variables...
May 10, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463383/on-effort-reward-imbalance-and-depression
#12
EDITORIAL
Töres Theorell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463382/length-of-sickness-absence-and-sustained-return-to-work-in-mental-disorders-and-musculoskeletal-diseases-a-cohort-study-of-public-sector-employees
#13
Johanna Kausto, Jaana Pentti, Tuula Oksanen, Lauri J Virta, Marianna Virtanen, Mika Kivimäki, Jussi Vahtera
Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the length of sickness absence and sustained return to work (SRTW) and the predictors of SRTW in depression, anxiety disorders, intervertebral disc disorders, and back pain in a population-based cohort of employees in the Finnish public sector. Methods We linked data from employers' registers and four national population registers. Cox proportional hazards regression analysis with a cluster option was applied. SRTW was defined as the end of the sickness benefit period not followed by a recurrent sickness benefit period in 30 days...
May 2, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368549/effects-on-musculoskeletal-pain-from-take-a-stand-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-reducing-sitting-time-among-office-workers
#14
Ida Høgstedt Danquah, Stine Kloster, Andreas Holtermann, Mette Aadahl, Janne Schurmann Tolstrup
Objectives Prolonged sitting at work has been found to increase risk for musculoskeletal pain. The office-based intervention "Take a Stand!" was effective in reducing sitting time at work. We aimed to study the effect of the intervention on a secondary outcome: musculoskeletal pain. Methods Take a Stand! included 19 offices (317 workers) at four workplaces cluster randomized to intervention or control. The multicomponent intervention lasted three months and included management support, environmental changes, and local adaptation...
April 3, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362457/shift-work-and-cognitive-aging-a-longitudinal-study
#15
Kathleen Bokenberger, Peter Ström, Anna K Dahl Aslan, Torbjörn Åkerstedt, Nancy L Pedersen
Objectives The few studies of shift work and late life cognitive functioning have yielded mixed findings. The aim of the present study is to estimate the association between shift-work experience and change in cognitive performance before and after retirement age among older adults who were gainfully employed. Methods Five hundred and ninety five participants with no dementia were followed up for a mean of 17.6 standard deviation (SD) 8.8 years from a Swedish population-based sample. Participants had self-reported information on any type of shift-work experience (ever/never) in 1984 and measures of cognitive performance (verbal, spatial, memory, processing speed, and general cognitive ability) from up to 9 waves of cognitive assessments during 1986-2012...
March 31, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379585/parkinson-s-disease-and-occupational-exposures-a-systematic-literature-review-and-meta-analyses
#16
Lars-Gunnar Gunnarsson, Lennart Bodin
Objectives We conducted a systematic literature review to identify studies fulfilling good scientific epidemiological standards for use in meta-analyses of relevant risk factors for Parkinson's disease. Methods Our search identified 103 original publications on associations between work and Parkinson's disease. GRADE guidelines were used to ensure high scientific quality, and reliable guidelines were applied to classify the papers. Of the 103 articles, 47 fulfilled good scientific standards while 56 were methodologically deficient and thus excluded from our meta-analyses...
May 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368548/advances-in-occupational-traumatic-injury-research
#17
EDITORIAL
David A Lombardi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319247/occupational-and-recreational-physical-activity-and-parkinson-s-disease-in-denmark
#18
I-Fan Shih, Charlotte Starhof, Christina Funch Lassen, Johnni Hansen, Zeyan Liew, Beate Ritz
Objectives This study aimed to examine whether occupational and physical activity (PA) at different ages contribute to Parkinson's disease (PD) risk in a large population-based case-control study in Denmark. Methods We identified 1828 PD patients from the Danish National Hospital Register and recruited 1909 gender and year of birth matched controls from the Danish Central Population Register. Occupational and leisure-time PA were determined from a job exposure matrix based on occupational history and self-reported leisure-time information...
May 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295119/ocular-ultraviolet-radiation-exposure-of-welders
#19
LETTER
Thomas D Tenkate
I read with interest a recent paper in your journal by Slagor et al on the risk of cataract in relation to metal arc welding (1). The authors highlight that even though welders are exposed to substantial levels of ultraviolet radiation (UVR), "no studies have reported data on how much UVR welders' eyes are exposed to during a working day. Thus, we do not know whether welders are more or less exposed to UVR than outdoor workers" (1, p451). Undertaking accurate exposure assessment of UVR from welding arcs is difficult, however, two studies have reported ocular/facial UVR levels underneath welding helmets (2, 3)...
May 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273319/cross-sectional-evaluation-of-an-internet-based-hearing-screening-test-in-an-occupational-setting
#20
Marya Sheikh Rashid, Monique Cj Leensen, Jan Apm de Laat, Wouter A Dreschler
Objectives The Occupational Earcheck (OEC) is an online internet test to detect high-frequency hearing loss for the purposes of occupational hearing screening. In this study, we evaluated the OEC in an occupational setting in order to assess test sensitivity, specificity, and validity. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015, in which the optimized OEC was evaluated on 94 employees from the army and three different companies in construction and manufacturing. Subjects underwent OEC in an office-like room...
May 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
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