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Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health

Tobias Otterbring, Jörg Pareigis, Erik Wästlund, Alexander Makrygiannis, Anton Lindström
Objectives This cross-sectional study investigated the associations between office type (cellular, shared-room, small open-plan, and medium-sized open-plan) and employees' ease of interaction with coworkers, subjective well-being, and job satisfaction. Methods A brief survey including measures of office type, ease of interaction with coworkers, subjective well-being, and job satisfaction was sent electronically to 1500 Swedish real-estate agents, 271 of whom returned usable surveys. The data were analyzed using a regression-based serial multiple mediation model (PROCESS Model 6), which tested whether the relationship between office type and job satisfaction would be mediated by ease of interaction and, in turn, subjective well-being...
January 15, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Jan Olav Christensen, Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Live Bakke Finne, Stein Knardahl
Objective Despite the multifactoriality of work and health, studies of psychosocial work factors with pain are typically limited to a few factors. This study examined a wide range of factors to determine (i) typical combinations of work factor levels ("work situations") and (ii) whether "work situations" predicted pain complaints of six anatomic regions. Methods Questionnaires were distributed to 6175 employees twice over a two-year period. Latent profile analysis was conducted to group employees into profiles of work factor levels...
January 11, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Madar Talibov, Eero Pukkala, Jan Ivar Martinsen, Laufey Tryggvadottir, Elisabete Weiderpass, Johnni Hansen
Objective The aim of this case-control study was to assess the effect of night-shift work on the risk of hematological cancers. Methods The study included 39 371 leukemia, 56 713 non-Hodgkin lymphoma, 9322 Hodgkin lymphoma, and 26 188 multiple myeloma cases diagnosed between 1961 and 2005 in Finland, Sweden, and Iceland. Five controls for each case were selected from the Nordic Occupational Cancer Study (NOCCA) cohort, matched by year of birth, sex and country. Night-shift exposure was assessed by using the NOCCA job-exposure matrix (JEM)...
January 11, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Daniel Pitz Jacobsen, Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Ståle Einarsen, Johannes Gjerstad
Objectives Long-term exposure to systematic negative acts at work, usually labeled workplace bullying, is a prevalent problem at many workplaces. The adverse effects of such exposure may range from psychological symptoms, such as depression and anxiety to somatic ailments like cardiovascular disease and musculoskeletal complaints. In this study, we examined the relationships among exposure to negative acts, genetic variability in the 5-HTT gene SLC6A4 and pain. Methods The study was based on a nationally representative survey of 987 Norwegian employees drawn from the Norwegian Central Employee Register by Statistics Norway...
January 9, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Lisa C Bosman, Lyan Dijkstra, Catelijne I Oling, Martijn W Heymans, Jos Wr Twisk, Corné Am Roelen
Objective The aim of this study was to develop a prediction model based on variables measured in occupational health checks to identify non-sick listed workers at risk of sick leave due to non-specific low-back pain (LBP). Methods This cohort study comprised manual (N=22 648) and non-manual (N=9735) construction workers who participated in occupational health checks between 2010 and 2013. Occupational health check variables were used as potential predictors and LBP sick leave was recorded during 1-year follow-up...
January 7, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Christopher McLeod, Eline Reiff, Esther Maas, Ute Bültmann
Objectives This study aimed to identify return-to-work (RTW) trajectories among workers with work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) and examine the associations between different MSD and these RTW trajectories. Methods We used administrative workers' compensation data to identify accepted MSD lost-time claims with an injury date between 2010-2012 in British Columbia, Canada. Cox regression analyses were used to investigate differences in time to RTW between MSD. Validated day-to-day calendar measures of four RTW states (sickness absence, modified RTW, RTW, and non-RTW) were grouped into RTW trajectories spanning a one-year period using sequence analysis...
December 23, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Luciana Torquati, Gregore I Mielke, Wendy J Brown, Tracy Kolbe-Alexander
Objectives The aim of this review was to assess the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) events associated with shift work and determine if there is a dose-response relationship in this association. Method Electronic databases (PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science) were searched for cohort or case-control control study designs in any population, reporting exposure to shift work as the main contributing factor to estimate CVD risk. For each study, adjusted relative risk (RR) ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were extracted, and used to calculate the pooled RR using random-effect models...
December 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Karin Broberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Isabelle Niedhammer, Allison Milner, Katrina Witt, Justine Klingelschmidt, Imane Khireddine-Medouni, Evangelos C Alexopoulos, Susanna Toivanen, Jean-François Chastang, Anthony D LaMontagne
We thank Dr Rahman Shiri (1) for his careful reading of our systematic review and meta-analysis on suicide among agricultural, forestry, and fishery workers (2). Our paper had the objective of providing a pooled effect size of suicide for this occupational group. Suicide is a crucial issue in public and occupational health. Suicide has a multifactorial etiology and recent systematic reviews and meta-analyses have pointed out the role of occupational exposures, mainly psychosocial work stressors, as risk factors for suicide (3, 4)...
December 8, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Rahman Shiri
In their meta-analysis, Klingelschmidt and her associates (1) found that agricultural, forestry, and fishery workers are at 48% higher risk of suicide than the working-age population. Moreover, they found that the excess risk is even greater among Japanese agricultural workers than workers from other high-income countries. There are several concerns regarding this meta-analysis. It appears that the excess risk has been overestimated for these workers. Furthermore, the excess risk in Japan is not different than other high-income countries...
December 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Noora Kanerva, Olli Pietiläinen, Tea Lallukka, Ossi Rahkonen, Jouni Lahti
Objectives Unhealthy lifestyle (eg, smoking) as well as sleep problems are associated with increased risk of sickness absence, but the financial impact of these associations beyond risk ratios is not well known. We aimed to estimate the additive contribution of lifestyle and sleep problems (risk factors) to direct costs of short-term (<15 days) sickness absence. Methods The Helsinki Health Study is a longitudinal cohort of employees of the City of Helsinki, Finland (N=8960, response rate 67%). During 2000-2002 the participants were mailed a survey questionnaire that gathered information on their lifestyle and sleep...
December 4, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Susan R Stock, Nektaria Nicolakakis, Nicole Vézina, Michel Vézina, Louis Gilbert, Alice Turcot, Hélène Sultan-Taïeb, Kathryn Sinden, Marie-Agnès Denis, Céline Delga, Clément Beaucage
Objectives We sought to determine whether interventions that target work organization or the psychosocial work environment are effective in preventing or reducing work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD) compared to usual work. Methods We systematically reviewed the 2000-2015 English and French language scientific literature, including studies evaluating the effectiveness of an organizational or psychosocial work intervention on incidence, prevalence or intensity of work-related musculoskeletal pain or disorders in the neck, shoulders, upper limbs and/or back or of work absence due to such problems, among non-sick-listed workers...
November 30, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Thorsten Lunau, Morten Wahrendorf, Andreas Müller, Bradley Wright, Nico Dragano
Objectives There is now convincing evidence that psychosocial work stressors are linked to depression. Few studies, however, have tested if individual resources can buffer the longitudinal effects of psychosocial work stressors on depressive symptoms. This study investigates how two types of resources (internal and external resources) affect the association between psychosocial work stressors and depressive symptoms. Methods Data were obtained from the US Health and Retirement Study, with baseline information on psychosocial work stressors [job strain and effort-reward imbalance (ERI)] and on internal ("high mastery" and "low constraints") and external resources ("private social support") among initially healthy workers...
November 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Nidhi Gupta, Marina Heiden, Svend Erik Mathiassen, Andreas Holtermann
Objectives This study aimed to determine the extent to which age, gender, body mass index (BMI) and low-back pain (LBP) influence bias in self-reported sedentary behavior and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) among blue-collar workers. Methods For 2-4 consecutive working days, 147 workers wore an Actigraph accelerometer on the thigh. Proportional time spent sedentary and in MVPA was determined using the Acti4 software. The same variables were also self-reported in a questionnaire. The difference between self-reported and accelerometer-based sedentary time and MVPA was calculated and linearly regressed against age, gender, BMI, and self-reported LBP intensity as main effects, as well as interaction terms combining each of these factors with objectively measured exposure...
November 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Lars L Andersen, Niels Geisle, Brian Knudsen
Objectives This study evaluates the Danish national Job & Body campaign on beliefs about musculoskeletal pain and work. Methods Initiated in 2011, a national campaign in Denmark targeted public sector employees with a mixture of networking activities, workplace visits, and a mass media outreach with topics related to job and body (eg, musculoskeletal pain, movement and work) and creating balance between demands at work and physical capacity. At baseline (2011) and at four time points until the end of 2014, random cross-sectional samples of ≥≥1000 representative public sector employees (total N=5012) replied to eight questions concerning beliefs about musculoskeletal pain and work...
November 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
David Daniel Ebert, Fanny Kählke, Claudia Buntrock, Matthias Berking, Filip Smit, Elena Heber, Harald Baumeister, Burkhardt Funk, Heleen Riper, Dirk Lehr
Objective This study aimed to estimate and evaluate the cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit of a guided internet- and mobile-supported occupational stress-management intervention (iSMI) for employees from the employer's perspective alongside a randomized controlled trial. Methods A sample of 264 employees with elevated symptoms of perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale, PSS-10 ≥22) was randomly assigned either to the iSMI or a waitlist control (WLC) group with unrestricted access to treatment as usual. The iSMI consisted of seven sessions of problem-solving and emotion-regulation techniques and one booster session...
November 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
David M Hallman, Charlotte D Nørregaard Rasmussen, Marie Birk Jørgensen, Andreas Holtermann
Objectives The aims of this study were to (i) identify trajectories of neck-shoulder pain (NSP) over one year in an occupational population and (ii) determine whether these trajectories are predicted by NSP characteristics as well as personal and occupational factors at baseline. Methods This longitudinal study was conducted among Danish workers (N=748) from 2012-2014. Text messages were used to collect frequent data on NSP over one year (14 waves in total). Peak NSP intensity in the past month was rated on a 0-10 numeric scale...
November 9, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Nidhi Gupta, Christian Dyrlund Wåhlin-Jacobsen, Johan Simonsen Abildgaard, Louise Nøhr Henriksen, Karina Nielsen, Andreas Holtermann
Objectives The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a participatory physical and psychosocial workplace intervention (known as PIPPI) on work ability and recovery among industrial workers. Methods Eligible workers were cluster-randomized into intervention (N=193) and control (N=222) groups. Intervention group members participated in three workshops where they mapped positive and negative aspects of their physical and psychosocial work environment and developed action plans addressing the highlighted issues, which were subsequently implemented by the participants...
November 2, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Eivind Schjelderup Skarpsno, Paul Jarle Mork, Tom Ivar Lund Nilsen, Marie Birk Jørgensen, Andreas Holtermann
Objectives This study aimed to investigate (i) the associations between occupational physical activity (OPA) and leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) with insomnia symptoms and non-restorative sleep and (ii) the joint associations between OPA and LTPA with insomnia symptoms and non-restorative sleep, respectively. Methods Data were drawn from a cross-sectional study including 650 workers in the Danish PHysical ACTivity cohort with Objective measurements (DPhacto). OPA and LTPA were measured with accelerometers on the thigh and upper back for up to six consecutive days and subsequently divided into quartiles of "very low", "low", "medium" and "high" activity...
November 2, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Justine Klingelschmidt, Allison Milner, Imane Khireddine-Medouni, Katrina Witt, Evangelos C Alexopoulos, Susanna Toivanen, Anthony D LaMontagne, Jean-François Chastang, Isabelle Niedhammer
Objectives This review aimed to quantify suicide risk among agricultural, forestry, and fishery workers and study potential variations of risk within this population. Methods We conducted a systematic literature review and meta-analysis from 1995 to 2016 using MEDLINE and following the PRISMA guidelines. A pooled effect size of suicide risk among the population of interest was calculated using meta-analysis. Subgroup analyses were conducted to investigate whether effect size differed according to population or study characteristics...
October 31, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
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