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Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166362/organizational-change-psychosocial-work-environment-and-non-disability-early-retirement-a-prospective-study-among-senior-public-employees
#1
Nina Breinegaard, Johan Høy Jensen, Jens Peter Bonde
Objective This study examines the impact of organizational change and psychosocial work environment on non-disability early retirement among senior public service employees. Methods In January and February 2011, Danish senior public service employees aged 58-64 years (N=3254) from the Capital Region of Denmark responded to a survey assessing psychosocial work environment (ie, social capital, organizational justice, and quality of management). Work-unit organizational changes (ie, change of management, merging, demerging, and relocation) were recorded from January 2009 to March 2011...
February 6, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125764/occupational-use-of-high-level-disinfectants-and-fecundity-among-nurses
#2
Audrey J Gaskins, Jorge E Chavarro, Janet W Rich-Edwards, Stacey A Missmer, Francine Laden, Scott A Henn, Christina C Lawson
Objective This study aimed to examine the relationship between occupational use of high-level disinfectants (HLD) and fecundity among female nurses. Methods Women currently employed outside the home and trying to get pregnant (N=1739) in the Nurses' Health Study 3 cohort (2010-2014) were included in this analysis. Occupational exposure to HLD used to disinfect medical instruments and use of protective equipment (PE) was self-reported on the baseline questionnaire. Every six months thereafter women reported the duration of their ongoing pregnancy attempt...
January 26, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121335/mortality-of-shift-workers
#3
EDITORIAL
Anders Knutsson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 25, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098853/does-human-resource-primacy-moderate-the-impact-of-psychological-distress-on-subsequent-risk-for-disability-retirement
#4
Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Stein Knardahl
Objective Human resource primacy (HRP) refers to employees' perceptions of how the organization shows interests in its employees' welfare, happiness, and health. The aims of this study were to determine whether (i) perceptions of HRP are related to the risk for disability retirement and (ii) HRP moderates the impact of psychological distress on later risk for disability retirement. Methods The study relied on a combination of self-report survey questionnaire data on HRP and psychological distress supplemented with official register data on disability benefits from the Norwegian Labor and Welfare Administration...
January 18, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060994/joint-association-of-multimorbidity-and-work-ability-with-risk-of-long-term-sickness-absence-a-prospective-cohort-study-with-register-follow-up
#5
Emil Sundstrup, Markus Due Jakobsen, Ole Steen Mortensen, Lars Louis Andersen
Objectives The aim of this study was to determine the joint association of multimorbidity and work ability with the risk of long-term sickness absence (LTSA) in the general working population. Methods Cox regression analysis censoring for competing events (statutory retirement, early retirement, disability pension, immigration, or death) was performed to estimate the joint association of chronic diseases and work ability in relation to physical and mental demands of the job with the prospective risk for LTSA (defined as ≥6 consecutive weeks during 2-year follow-up) among 10 427 wage earners from the general working population (2010 Danish Work Environment Cohort Study)...
January 6, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060387/reversible-median-nerve-impairment-after-three-weeks-of-repetitive-work
#6
Sorosh Tabatabaeifar, Susanne Wulff Svendsen, Birger Johnsen, Gert-Åke Hansson, Anders Fuglsang-Frederiksen, Poul Frost
Objectives The aim of this study was to evaluate the development of impaired median nerve function in relation to hand-intensive seasonal work. We hypothesized that at end-season, median nerve conduction would be impaired and then recover within weeks. Methods Using nerve conduction studies (NCS), we examined median nerve conduction before, during, and after engaging in 22 days of mink skinning. For a subgroup, we used goniometry and surface electromyography to characterize occupational mechanical exposures...
January 6, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052164/sleep-disturbance-and-the-older-worker-findings-from-the-health-and-employment-after-fifty-study
#7
Keith T Palmer, Stefania D'Angelo, E Clare Harris, Cathy Linaker, Avan Aihie Sayer, Catharine R Gale, Maria Evandrou, Tjeerd van Staa, Cyrus Cooper, David Coggon
Objectives The aim of this study was to characterize the descriptive epidemiology of insomnia in midlife and explore the relative importance of different occupational risk factors for insomnia among older workers. Methods A questionnaire was mailed to all adults aged 50-64 years registered with 24 English general practices. Insomnia was defined as having at least one of four problems with sleep severely in the past three months. Subjects were also asked about employment conditions, feelings concerning work, and their health...
January 4, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052163/effectiveness-of-participatory-training-in-preventing-accidental-occupational-injuries-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-china
#8
Ignatius Ts Yu, Wenzhou Yu, Zhimin Li, Hong Qiu, Sabrina Wan, Shaohua Xie, Xiaorong Wang
Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a participatory training program in preventing accidental occupational injuries in factories in Shenzhen, China. Methods We conducted a cluster randomized study with the worker as the unit of analysis, providing 918 workers from 30 factories participatory training. Two control groups received traditional didactic training, including 907 workers from the same 30 factories and 1654 workers in matched control factories. We used generalized estimating equations to compare the before/after person-based injury rate difference in the three groups and binary logistic regression to compare the re-injury rates...
January 4, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042963/a-systematic-review-of-brief-mental-health-and-well-being-interventions-in-organizational-settings
#9
Ivana Ivandic, Aislinne Freeman, Ulrich Birner, Dennis Nowak, Carla Sabariego
Objectives The aim of the systematic review was to provide an overview of the evidence on the effectiveness of brief interventions targeting mental health and well-being in organizational settings and compare their effects with corresponding interventions of common (ie, longer) duration. Methods An extensive systematic search was conducted using the Medline and PsycINFO databases for the period of 2000-2016. Randomized-controlled trials (RCT) and quasi-experimental studies evaluating primary or secondary brief interventions carried out in the workplace settings were included...
January 2, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984595/transient-risk-factors-of-acute-occupational-injuries-a-case-crossover-study-in-two-danish-emergency-departments
#10
Anna H Østerlund, Flemming Lander, Kent Nielsen, Pete Kines, Jette Möller, Jens Lauritsen
Objectives The objectives of this study were to (i) identify transient risk factors of occupational injuries and (ii) determine if the risk varies with age, injury severity, job task, and industry risk level. Method A case-crossover design was used to examine the effect of seven specific transient risk factors (time pressure, disagreement with someone, feeling sick, being distracted by someone, non-routine task, altered surroundings, and broken machinery and materials) for occupational injuries. In the study, 1693 patients with occupational injuries were recruited from a total of 4002 occupational injuries seen in 2013 at two emergency departments in Denmark...
December 16, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973677/occupational-self-coding-and-automatic-recording-oscar-a-novel-web-based-tool-to-collect-and-code-lifetime-job-histories-in-large-population-based-studies
#11
Sara De Matteis, Deborah Jarvis, Heather Young, Alan Young, Naomi Allen, James Potts, Andrew Darnton, Lesley Rushton, Paul Cullinan
Objectives The standard approach to the assessment of occupational exposures is through the manual collection and coding of job histories. This method is time-consuming and costly and makes it potentially unfeasible to perform high quality analyses on occupational exposures in large population-based studies. Our aim was to develop a novel, efficient web-based tool to collect and code lifetime job histories in the UK Biobank, a population-based cohort of over 500 000 participants. Methods We developed OSCAR (occupations self-coding automatic recording) based on the hierarchical structure of the UK Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) 2000, which allows individuals to collect and automatically code their lifetime job histories via a simple decision-tree model...
December 14, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973676/shift-workers-have-similar-leisure-time-physical-activity-levels-as-day-workers-but-are-more-sedentary-at-work
#12
Gerben Hulsegge, Nidhi Gupta, Andreas Holtermann, Marie Birk Jørgensen, Karin I Proper, Allard J van der Beek
Objective Physical inactivity has been hypothesized as an underlying factor for the association between shift work and adverse health outcomes. We compared leisure-time and occupational physical activity and sedentary behavior between day, night, and non-night shift workers. Methods We identified 612 day workers, 139 night shift workers and 61 non-night shift workers aged 18-65 years (54% men) in two Danish studies: the New method for Objective Measurements of physical Activity in Daily living (NOMAD) and the Danish Physical ACTivity cohort with Objective measurements (DPhacto) between 2011-2013...
December 14, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942734/the-impact-of-reduced-worktime-on-sleep-and-perceived-stress-a-group-randomized-intervention-study-using-diary-data
#13
Helena Schiller, Mats Lekander, Kristiina Rajaleid, Carina Hellgren, Torbjörn Åkerstedt, Peter Barck-Holst, Göran Kecklund
Objective Insufficient time for recovery between workdays may cause fatigue and disturbed sleep. This study evaluated the impact of an intervention that reduced weekly working hours by 25% on sleep, sleepiness and perceived stress for employees within the public sector. Method Participating workplaces (N=33) were randomized into intervention and control groups. Participants (N=580, 76% women) worked full-time at baseline. The intervention group (N=354) reduced worktime to 75% with preserved salary during 18 months...
December 12, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942733/obscured-by-administrative-data-racial-disparities-in-occupational-injury
#14
Erika L Sabbath, Leslie I Boden, Jessica Ar Williams, Dean Hashimoto, Karen Hopcia, Glorian Sorensen
Objectives Underreporting of occupational injuries is well documented, but underreporting patterns may vary by worker characteristics, obscuring disparities. We tested for racial and ethnic differences in injury reporting patterns by comparing injuries reported via research survey and administrative injury database in the same group of healthcare workers in the US. Methods We used data from a cohort of 1568 hospital patient-care workers who were asked via survey whether they had been injured at work during the year prior (self-reported injury; N=244)...
December 12, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935622/response-to-dr-stevens-letter-ref-visitisen-et-al-short-term-effects-of-night-shift-work-on-breast-cancer-risk-a-cohort-study-of-payroll-data
#15
LETTER
Henrik A Kolstad, Anne Helene Garde, Åse Marie Hansen, Morten Frydenberg, Peer Christiansen, Helene Tilma Vistisen, Jens Peter E Bonde
We thank Dr Richard Stevens for his comments (1) on our recent article that showed no increased risk of breast cancer following recent night shift work when compared with recent day shift work (2). This finding was based on linkage of day-by-day information on working hours and breast cancer incidence data. Results are thus less likely to have been biased by differential misclassification than findings from earlier studies relying on self-report (3). We defined a night shift as ≥3 hours of work between 24:00-05:00 hours and a day shift as ≥3 hours work between 6:00-20:00 hours...
January 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935621/letter-in-reference-to-short-term-effects-of-night-shift-work-on-breast-cancer-risk-a-cohort-study-of-payroll-data
#16
LETTER
Richard G Stevens
There are major flaws with the analyses in the Vistisen et al (1) cohort study examining if night shift work is a short-term risk factor for breast cancer. The crucial problem is the potential for exposure misclassification, which is very high. The authors' definition of day shift is "≥3 hours of work between 06:00-20:00 hours". This means that a worker on an 8-hour shift that begins at 03:00 hours would be classified as a day rather than night shift worker because he/she worked only two hours between 24:00-05:00 hours...
January 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918610/psychosocial-job-quality-and-mental-health-among-young-workers-a-fixed-effects-regression-analysis-using-13-waves-of-annual-data
#17
Allison Milner, Lauren Krnjack, Anthony D LaMontagne
Objectives Entry into employment may be a time when a young person's well-being and mental health is challenged. Specifically, we examined the difference in mental health when a young person was "not in the labor force" (NILF) (ie, non-working activity such as participating in education) compared to being in a job with varying levels of psychosocial quality. Method The data source for this study was the Household Income and Labor Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) study, and the sample included 10 534 young people (aged ≤30 years)...
January 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911960/application-of-latent-growth-modeling-to-identify-different-working-life-trajectories-the-case-of-the-spanish-workss-cohort
#18
Laura Serra, María Andrée López Gómez, Albert Sanchez-Niubo, George L Delclos, Fernando G Benavides
Objective The aim of this study was to describe the application of latent class growth analysis (LCGA) to identify different working life trajectories (WLT) using employed working time by year as a repeated measure. Methods Trajectories are estimated using LCGA, which considers all individuals within a trajectory to be homogeneous. The methodology was applied to a subsample of the Spanish WORKing life Social Security (WORKss) cohort, limited to persons born 1956-1965 (N=247 475). The number of days worked per year is used as a repeated measure across 32 time points (1981-2013)...
January 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911453/addressing-long-term-sickness-absence-moving-beyond-disease-illness-and-work-related-factors-for-effective-prevention
#19
EDITORIAL
Ludovic Gpm van Amelsvoort, Nicole Wh Jansen, IJmert Kant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907223/-mental-retirement-trajectories-of-work-engagement-preceding-retirement-among-older-workers
#20
Astrid de Wind, Fenna Rm Leijten, Trynke Hoekstra, Goedele A Geuskens, Alex Burdorf, Allard J van der Beek
Objectives Before actual retirement, employees may already distance themselves from work, which could be referred to as "mental retirement". However, trajectories of work motivation, ie, work engagement, have not been studied yet. The present study aimed to (i) identify different trajectories of work engagement among older workers approaching the retirement age, and (ii) examine their associations with actual retirement. Methods In total 3171 employees aged 55-62 years, who participated in the Dutch Study on Transitions in Employment, Ability and Motivation were included in this study...
January 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
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