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Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088960/-role-and-mechanism-of-hydrogen-sulfide-in-cigarette-smoke-induced-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-related-pulmonary-vascular-remodeling-in-rats
#1
M X Li, Y H Chen, C C Liao, F Lin, Y Bai, W J Mi, Y Sun, Y F Qi
Objective: To investigate the role and mechanism of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) in rats with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) related pulmonary vascular remodeling. Methods: Twenty four healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: control group, cigarette smoke (CS) group, CS+ Sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS) group and CS+ DL-propargylglycine (PPG) group. Rats in control group were fed normally and breathed clear air, and for the rest groups, passive cigarette smoke inhalation method were adopted to establish COPD model...
January 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088959/-effect-of-exendin-4-on-lipid-deposition-in-skeletal-muscle-of-diet-induced-obese-mice-and-its-underlying-mechanism
#2
H Y Cao, F Xu, Z L Chen, B S Lin, X B Zheng, S H Yuan, H Liang, J P Weng
Objective: To investigate the effect of exendin-4, a glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist, on reducing lipid deposition and improving insulin resistance in skeletal muscle and the underlying mechanisms in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese mice. Methods: Twelve male C57BL/6J mice were challenged with HFD for 12 weeks to induce obesity and then randomly divided into two groups: exendin-4 group (intraperitoneal injection of 24 nmol·kg(-1)·d(-1) exendin-4 for 4 weeks) and HFD group (intraperitoneal injection of normal saline for 4 weeks), with 6 mice in each group...
January 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088958/-clinical-effect-analysis-of-endovascular-repair-for-aortic-pseudoaneurysms-in-13-cases
#3
B L Wang, R Yang, Jll Wang, Y D Jia, G T Wang
Objective: To discuss the clinical safety and efficacyof endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for aortic pseudoaneurysms. Methods: From October 2008 to October 2015, 13 patients (11 male, 2 female, with a mean age of 55.6) with aortic pseudoaneurysms treated by EVAR wereenrolled. All the 13 casesunderwentcomputed tomographic arteriography (CTA). The etiology diagnosis withdescendingaortic pseudoaneurysms, infected abdominal aortic pseudoaneurysms, abdominal aortic pseudoaneurysmsin Behcet's syndrome, and uncertain reasons were 4, 4, 4, and 1 case, respectively...
January 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088957/-application-of-lymph-node-labeling-with-carbon-nanoparticles-by-preoperative-endoscopic-subserosal-injection-in-laparoscopic-radical-gastrectomy
#4
Q Hong, Y Wang, J J Wang, C G Hu, Y J Fang, X X Fan, T Liu, Q Tong
Objective: To evaluate the application value of carbon lymph node tracing technique by preoperative endoscopic subserosal injection in laparoscopic radical gastrectomy. Methods: From June 2013 to February 2015, seventy eight patients with gastric cancer were enrolled and randomly divided into trial group and control group. Subserosal injection of carbon nanoparticles around the tumor was performed by preoperative endoscopic subserosal injection one day before the operation in trial group, while the patients routinely underwent laparoscopic gastrectomy in control group...
January 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088956/-thoracic-paravertebral-block-in-the-pacu-for-immediate-postoperative-pain-relief-after-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery
#5
F Liu, J Zhang, H K Zhang, Y Q Zhao, P Liang, Y X Zuo
Objective: To investigate the effectiveness and safety of the thoracic paravertebral block(TPVB) in the post postanesthesia care unit(PACU) for patients suffered moderate to severe pain after Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery(VATS). Methods: 78 atients who complained moderate to severe pain on arrival to PACU after VATS were randomly assigned into two groups: thoracic paravertebral block treatment group(P group) and sufentanil treatment group(S group). The VAS Pain score at rest and movement, heart rate, blood pressure, and pulse oximetry 1 hour after treatment and duration of patients staying in the PACU after treatment were recorded...
January 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088955/-effect-of-kr%C3%A3-ppel-like-zinc-finger-transcription-factor-2-on-%C3%AE-glutamylcysteine-synthetase-in-bronchial-epithelial-cells-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#6
J Li, A G Dai, C Y Huang, R C Hu
Objective: To research the regulation effects of Krüppel like zinc finger transcription factor 2 (KLF2) on γ-glutamylcysteine synthetase (γ-GCS) in airway epithelial cells of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods: (1) Human specimen experiment: lung tissue of pulmonary lobectomy patients with lung cancer with or without COPD was collected from Department of Thoracic Surgery of Hunan Cancer Hospital from December 2008 to December 2009. The patients were divided into COPD group and control group without COPD...
January 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088954/-experiences-of-rescuing-infective-arterial-hemorrhage-and-pseudoaneurysm-in-dcd-kidney-transplantation
#7
D D Zhao, L Q Hong, Z Y Huang, N Na, X F Hua, B Miao, H Li, Q Q Sun
Objective: To summarize experiences of rescuing arterial hemorrhage and pseudoaneurysm caused by infection in donation after cardiac death (DCD) kidney transplantation. Methods: A total of 198 consecutive DCD kidney transplantations between 1 June 2013 and 30 July 2016 in the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University were retrospectively analyzed. The means of rescuing infective arterial hemorrhage and pseudoaneurysm after operation and their therapeutic effects were summarized. Results: A total of 5 infective arterial hemorrhage, 2 infective pseudoaneurysm with hemorrhage, and 1 infective pseudoaneurysm developed in 198 DCD kidney transplantation recipients with total morbidity of 4...
January 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088953/-research-of-mhla-g-and-the-receptor-expression-with-kidney-rejection-and-cmv-active-infection-following-kidney-transplantation
#8
L L Bi, Y Gao, Y J Sun, X R Kong, X Y He, X H Ma, W H Zhang, L Xiao, B Y Shi
Objective: To study the expression of membrane HLA-G (mHLA-G) and the receptor immunoglobulin-like transcript 2(ILT2) on lymphocyte and find their association with rejection and cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection after renal transplantation. Methods: A total of 88 cases of renal transplant recipients for the first time from February 2014 to February 2016 were studied in this work. Recipients can be divided into rejection group (n=12) and stable renal function group (n=41) according to whether rejection occurred...
January 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088952/-comparison-of-clinical-outcomes-between-antithymocyte-globulin-and-basiliximab-in-renal-transplantation-from-donation-after-citizen-death-a-matched-pair-study
#9
K L Lin, L Zhu, C Fu, Z B Lin, G Chen
Objective: To compare the safety and effectiveness between antithymocyte globulin (ATG) and basiliximab in deceased donor renal transplantation within matched groups where paired recipients received graft donations from same donors. Methods: A total of 124 cases of deceased donor kidney transplantation performed at Wuhan Tongji Hospital from January 2013 to November 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Based upon their induction therapies, the recipients receiving graft donations from same donors were divided into two groups, namely ATG group (n=62) and basiliximab group (n=62)...
January 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088951/-noninvasive-diagnostic-and-predictive-value-in-renal-transplant-recipients-with-acute-rejection-by-measurement-of-urine-fractalkine
#10
D J Chen, W H Peng, H Jiang, H F Huang, J Y Wu, H P Wang, J H Chen
Objective: To investigate the relationship between early-stage renal acute rejection(AR) and the level of Fractalkine in urine, explore the diagnostic and noninvasive monitoring value in early stage after transplantation by measurement of urine Fractalkine. Methods: Urine samples were examined from renal transplant patients between January 2006 and October 2009. A total of 155 patients were enrolled, including 49 with biopsy-proved AR, 58 patients with stable renal function and no abnormal histological findings, 10 patients with subclinical rejection in protocol biopsy, 9 patients with biopsy-proven acute tubular necrosis and 29 patients with biopsy-proven chronic allograft nephropathy...
January 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088950/-risk-factors-for-acute-rejection-in-living-donor-kidney-transplant-recipients-in-china-a-subgroup-analysis-of-a-multi-center-registry-study
#11
X P Hu, Y Tian, T Y Zhu, J H Chen, C X Wang, X T Li, W J Xue, T Lin, L K Peng, J M Tan, G W Feng, Z S Chen, W K Han, J Dong, Y Fan, X D Zhang
Objective: To evaluate pre-and early post-transplantation risk factors for acute rejection(AR) in kidney recipients. Methods: This subgroup analysis of a multi-center registry study was conducted on living-donor kidney transplant recipients in China with 10 years of follow-up. This study analyzed 1 255 recipients including 921 males(73.4%) and with a mean age of (33±10)years. Data from patients were first analyzed with univariate analysis and then multivariate analysis was used for finding out the potential risk factors of AR...
January 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088949/-recent-advancement-of-renal-transplantation-at-home-and-abroad
#12
B Y Shi, Q Yuan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056293/-effects-of-water-extract-of-salvia-miltiorrhiza-aganst-renal-injury-on-rats-exposed-to-cadmium
#13
L He, Q Q Zhang, X Y Lü, X X Li
Objective: To investigate the effects of water extract of salvia miltiorrhiza aganst renal injury on rats exposed to cadmium. Methods: Twenty female Wistar rats were randomly divided into blank control group (8), 32 rats in model group, conventional breeding, the blank control group received intraperitoneal injection of saline 5 ml·kg(-1)·d(-1,) model group with 2.8 mg·kg(-1)·d(-1) of cadmium chloride solution by intraperitoneal injection. After the success in modeling, the model group was divided into treatment group (salvia extract high dose 2...
January 3, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056292/-research-of-the-expression-of-subchondral-bone-of-indian-hedgehog-with-early-experimental-osteoarthritis-induced-by-mechanical-stress
#14
R K Zhang, G W Li, D W Zhang, B Yu, S Y Feng
Objective: To investigate the the expression of subchondral bone of Indian hedgehog(Ihh) with early experimental osteoarthritis induced by mechanical stress. Methods: The animals were equally divided into two groups: experimental group(E-group, n=15) and control group(S-group, n=15). The right knee joints of E-group underwent surgery, which involved in both medial collateral ligament (MCL) transaction and medial meniscectomy, while the control group was only carried out with a sham operation.The rats were killed at 1, 2 and 4 weeks postsurgery to obtain the right knee joints...
January 3, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056291/-the-impacts-of-testosterone-on-insulin-sensitivity-and-chronic-low-grade
#15
C L Su, M Chen, W Xu, J F Lin
Objectives: Insulin resistance (IR) is a common manifestation in patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Both clinical observations and animal studies have demonstrated that IR could be induced by hyperandrogenemia, which is the charac-teristic of PCOS.Nevertheless, the mechanisms of IR in PCOS are still unclear especially at the molecular level.We conduct this study to ellucidate the effects of androgen on insulin sensitivity and chronic low-grade inflammation in adult C57BL/6 female mice. Methods: Eleven adult female C57BL/6 mice aged 8 weeks weredaily injected with testosterone (1...
January 3, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056290/-ct-findings-of-inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumor-of-different-pathological-types
#16
X T Zhao, S W Yue, Q Cheng, P Liu, L Y Chang, X X Zhao, P Liang
Objective: To explore the computed tomography(CT) features of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor(IMT) in different pathological types, and improve the diagnostic level of this disease. Methods: The CT features of 29 cases pathologically confirmed IMTs were retrospectively reviewed along with a literature review to analyze the CT features and pathological correlations, and three kinds of pathological classification of IMT in patients with gender , shape, boundary and location were respectively analyzed by Chi-Square test...
January 3, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056289/-correlation-analysis-of-the-pre-pregnant-body-mass-index-the-gestational-weight-gain-and-umbilical-cord-blood-c-peptide
#17
X L Chen, Y Han, X M Zhao, Y Liu, J J Lü
Objective: To explore the correlation among the pre-pregnant body mass index (BMI), gestational weight gain (GWG) and umbilical cord blood C peptide, and to investigate the influence of maternal weight management on the incidence of baby long-term metabolic syndrome. Methods: During May to Aug.2015, 485 pregnant women in Zhejiang Taizhou first people's hospital and Taizhou Huangyan maternal &child care service centre were selected in random and divided into four groups according to pre-pregnant BMI: low body mass, normal body mass, over body mass and obese group, and also divided into two groups for getting gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) or not...
January 3, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056288/-clinical-application-of-125-i-radioactive-seeds-brachytherapy-in-the-treatment-of-the-pediatric-soft-tissue-sarcoma-in-head-and-neck
#18
D Zhao, L Zheng, X M Lü, M W Huang, Y Shi, X L Ma, J Yan, J G Zhang
Objective: To investigate the clinical application and preliminary results of (125)I radioactive seeds brachytherapy in the comprehensive treatment of the pediatric soft tissue sarcoma in head and neck. Methods: A total of 24 pediatric patients with soft tissue sarcoma in head and neck were treated at Peking University School of Stomatology from April 2012 to July 2015. The data was collected and analyzed through statistical methods, which included the pathological type, gender, age, tumor location, volume, treatment and the clinical results after the application of (125)I radioactive seeds brachytherapy...
January 3, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056287/-the-fees-of-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#19
K Wang, X Dong, J H Lin
Objective: To assess the cost of illness, the current medication treatment status and health service utilization of patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Methods: From January 2014 to May 2015, 250 patients in Arthritis Clinic and Research Center, Peking University People's Hospital were recruited and followed up for 12 months. There were four visits during the follow-up, i. e. baseline, 1, 6 and 12 month. Data on sociodemographic variables, direct cost of illness, medication utilization and health service utilization were obtained by the questionnaire for the analyses...
January 3, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056286/-efficacy-of-treatments-in-patients-with-symptomatic-venous-thrombosis-after-knee-arthroscopic-surgery
#20
X Lu, J Qian, B Yang
Objective: To confirm the incidence of the symptomatic venous thrombosis and evaluate the efficacy of early treatments in patients with symptomatic venous thrombosis after knee arthroscopic surgery. Methods: From June 2010 to December 2015, 19 patients with symptomatic venous thrombosis hospitalized after knee arthroscopy were retrospectively analyzed by visual analogue scale (VAS) in Department of Orthopaedics, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College...
January 3, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
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