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Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050168/-clinical-effectiveness-of-pleural-abrasion-in-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-for-bullae-resection
#1
T Qiao, P Y Gao, X X Lü, M Y Chen, L Wei
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of pleural abrasion in treatment of spontaneous pneumothorax with video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) for bullae resection. Methods: The clinical data of 158 patients with initial spontaneous pneumothorax who underwent video-assisted thoracic wedge resections with or without pleural abrasion in Henan Provincial People's Hospital from June 2010 to June 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were assigned to two equal groups according to whether pleural abrasion was applied or not: experimental group (with pleural abrasion) and control group (without pleural abrasion); and there were 79 patients in each group...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050167/-serum-procalcitonin-in-patients-with-pulmonary-infection-and-central-nervous-system-injury
#2
J C Li, L Y Wang, Y F Wang, M H Mei, L Shi, M L Yao, X D Guan, B Ouyang
Objective: To evaluate the influence of serum procalcitonin in the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary infection in patients with central nervous system injury. Methods: From October 2014 to February 2017, a retrospective study was performed. A total of 1 852 patients were screened in Department of Intensive Care Unite, First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University.Among them, 173 patients were identified with different kinds of infection. Finally, a total of 42 patients with pulmonary infection were enrolled...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050166/-clinic-pathological-and-ultrasonographic-features-of-primary-thyroid-lymphoma
#3
X M Zhang, L Nong, X Ran, M Li
Objective: To analyze the ultrasonographic and clinicopathological features of primary thyroid lymphoma(PTL). Methods: The ultrasonographic and clinicopathological featuresof 21 cases of pathologically-confirmed PTLs were analyzed retrospectively. Results: Of all 21 PTLs, 15 cases were diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, 4 were mucosal-associated lymphoid tissue extranodular marginal zone B-cell lymphoma, 1 was small B-cell lymphoma and 1 was classical Hodgkin lymphoma. Eight cases were proved by pathology with concomitant Hashimoto's thyroiditis...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050165/-ovarian-tumor-associated-with-anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis-a-report-of-15-cases
#4
X M Li, H Y Jiang, Y F Wang, W Qiu, Y Wang, H T Wu
Objective: To summarize the clinical features of patients with ovarian tumor and anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor(NMDAR) encephalitis, and to explore the influence of operation patterns on the prognosis. Methods: The clinical information of patients with ovarian tumor and anti-NMDAR encephalitis in The 3rd Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University and The Zhujiang Hospital of Southern Medical University were collected and analyzed. Results: There were 15 patients were enrolled in this study, with the average age of 24...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050164/-comparisons-of-prevalence-and-clinical-and-environmental-characteristics-between-tibetan-and-han-women-with-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-in-tibetan-plateau
#5
K L Zhai, G Zhuo, H B Chi, Z Lan
Objective: By the preliminary comparison study on the constituent ratio and clinical characteristics of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in Tibetan and Han women in Tibetan Plateau, we aimed to find the relevance of its pathogenic factors, and to guide the treatment of PCOS in the plateau region and improve the prognosis. Methods: The general situation and clinical data of 165 patients who were diagnosed with PCOS from December 1, 2015 to November 30, 2016 in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the People's Hospital of Tibet Autonomous Region were analyzed retrospectively...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050163/-preliminary-outcomes-of-percutaneously-looped-thread-transection-in-the-surgical-treatment-of-stenosing-tenosynovitis
#6
C L Wang, S F Huang, Z Q Wang, Q L Ge, X G Dong
Objective: To investigate the percutaneously looped thread transection for treatment of stenosing tenosynovitis and evaluate its treatment outcome. Methods: From January 2014 to October 2016, Eighty-four patients with stenosing tenosynovitis were randomly divided into the open decompressionand group (42 cases) and percutaneously looped thread transection group (42 cases) in Department of Orthopedics, Affiliated Laiwu Hospital of Taishan Medical College. Incision near the digit horizontal stripes, tendon sheath were cut off in the open decompressionand group...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050162/-two-stage-total-hip-arthroplasty-using-an-antibiotic-loaded-cement-spacer-for-infected-internal-fixation-of-hip-fractures
#7
X Li, M Ni, H Li, J L Song, X G Song, J Fu, K Liu, B Z Yu, J Y Chen
Objective: To evaluate the application and clinical results of two-stage total hip arthroplasty in the treatment of the deep hip infection following the internal fixation of hip fractures. Methods: From May 2007 to November 2014, 21 patients with active hip infection secondary to internal fixation of hip fractures were treated with two-stage total hip arthroplasty using a temporary antibiotic-loaded cement spacers. Of 21 cases, 15 were males and 6 were females, aged from 27 to 64 years (mean, 45); there are 18 cases of femoral neck fractures and 3 cases of intertrochanteric fractures...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050161/-oblique-puncture-approach-via-anterolateral-to-c2-a-study-of-imaging-anatomy-on-corpses
#8
W H Yu, S C He, R J Du, H D Zhu, W Fang, S S Li, F H Sun
Objective: To determine the anatomical relation between the carotid artery or laryngopharynx and the needle path via anterolateral oblique approach to C2 vertebral body, and whether the simulated path can direct the actual procedure. Methods: Contrast agent was injected into bilateral carotid arteries of 10 fresh cadavers (20 sides), and then CT scans were performed on each subject. Bilateral simulated puncture paths were simulated on the image of two-dimensional reconstruction CT. The distance between the puncture site and middle line(AC), the angle between the simulated puncture paths and the median sagittal plane (AOB), the distance between the simulated puncture paths and the side wall of hypopharynx, or the carotid artery was measured respectively...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050160/-value-of-mdixon-quant-sequence-diffusion-weighted-imaging-in-quantitatively-diagnosing-the-sacroiliitis-stages
#9
Y Y An, H X Li, Y Zhan, X W Lei
Objective: To evaluate the value of mDIXON-Quant sequence, diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in quantitative diagnosing of the sacroiliitis stages in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Methods: Based on the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Activity Index (BASDAI) and laboratory parameters, a total of 51 patients were diagnosed with AS. They were divided into two groups as early active group (n=20) and chronic active group (n=31), and at the same time, 25 healthy people from Tianjin were included as control group...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050159/-value-of-diffusion-weighted-imaging-in-differentiating-sellar-malignant-germ-cell-tumors-from-raniopharyngioma
#10
Y F Guo, J L Cheng, Y Zhang, C Y Zhang, W J Wang
Objective: To investigate the diagnostic value of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and apparent diffusion coefficient(ADC) values in the differentiation of sellar malignant germ cell tumors and raniopharyngioma. Methods: This retrospective study included 36 patients(14 cases of malignant germ cell tumor and 22 patients with raniopharyngioma) with histopathologically-confirmed sellar tumors from January 2013 to April 2017 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University.All patients underwent conventional MRI and DWI before the treatment...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050158/-ct-perfusion-analysis-on-the-association-of-permeability-surface-with-hematoma-and-edema-volume-in-acute-spontaneous-putaminal-and-thalamic-hematoma
#11
H L Xu, J C Wang, Y Zhang, S L Liu, W W He, X T Qin, G Q Cao, Y J Yang, Q C Zhuge, W J Chen
Objective: To discuss the correlation of permeability surface (PS) with hematoma and edema volume in acute spontaneous putaminal and thalamic hematoma using CT perfusion imaging. Methods: A total of 48 acute spontaneous putaminal and thalamic hemorrhage patients were enrolled in this study during October 2015 and December 2016 at the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University. At the image slice with maximum size of hematoma, PS was measured by drawing various regions of interest (ROI) including"hot spots", perihematomal regions, outward regions, hemisphere regions and contralateral mirror regions...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050157/-observation-of-clinical-and-electrophysiological-features-in-patients-with-distal-myasthenia-gravis
#12
F Jian, H B Wang, N Chen, S Yang, Y Liu, Y Z Zhao, L Zhang, H Pan, X H Zhang
Objective: To explore the clinical and electrophysiological features and prognosis of distal myasthenia gravis (MG). Methods: Data of MG patients in Beijing Tiantan Hospital from October 2016 to March 2017 were reviewed, including thorough neurological examinations, nerve conduction studies, repetitive nerve stimulations (RNS) and needle electromyographies. Distal MG patients were included and were analyzed as to their clinical and electrophysiological features and response to treatments. Results: Four patients (7...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050156/-altered-expression-and-clinical-significance-of-plasma-pdgf-in-patients-with-myasthnia-gravis
#13
J J Wang, H X Zhang, X L Zhou, L H Wang
Objective: To evaluate the expression and clinical significance of plasma platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) in the patients with myasthenia gravis (MG). Methods: Plasma samples from 44 MG patients and 34 healthy people were collected from August 2015 to December 2016 from the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University. The expression of PDGF was detected by MILLIPLEX MAP Reagent kit. Furthermore, we analyzed the associations between PDGF expression level and quantitative myasthenia gravis score (QMG)...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050155/-correlation-factors-of-127-times-pre-crisis-state-in-patients-with-myasthenia-gravis
#14
C Y Ou, H Ran, L Qiu, Z D Huang, Z Z Lin, J Deng, W B Liu
Objective: To investigate the clinical features of the Pre-Crisis State and analyze the correlated risk factors of Pre-Crisis State of myasthenia crisis. Methods: We included 93 patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) who experienced 127 times Pre-Crisis State between October 2007 and July 2016. Those patients were hospitalized in the MG specialize center, Department of Neurological Science, first Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University. The information of the general situation, the clinical manifestations and the blood gas analysis in those patients were collected using our innovated clinical research form...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050154/-the-innovation-of-international-consensus-guidance-for-management-of-myasthenia-gravis-2016-and-its-practice-in-china
#15
W B Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050153/-study-on-the-differentiation-of-rat-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells-into-chondrocytes-induced-by-tgf-beta-3
#16
D B Liu, X S Han, W L Huang, J Deng, R F She
Objective: To explore the methods for the differentiation of rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs) into chondrocytes induced by transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta 3 in vitro, and search for a reliable seed cell for the regeneration and repair of articular cartilage in osteoarthritis. Methods: SD rat femoral and tibial BMMSCs were cultured by the whole bone marrow adherent method, and then the purity was identified by flow cytometry. P3 generation cells were induced and differentiated into chondrocytes by the induction of differentiation medium containing TGF-beta 3, and cell chondrogenic differentiation ability at different induction time points was detected...
September 26, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050152/-effect-of-transcription-factor-e2f1-expression-on-the-invasion-of-prostate-cancer
#17
X C Bi, X Y Pu, J M Liu, S Huang
Objective: To investigate the effect of transcription factor E2F1 on the invasion of prostate cancer and its clinical significance. Methods: A stable inhibition of E2F1 prostate cancer cell line PC3 was established. The E2F1 and relative invasion biomarker protein expression level of the transfected cells was detected by Western blot. The PC3 cells were divided into two groups: the control group and sh-E2F1 group, cell invasion assay and cell scratch test were used to detect the number of cell migration in the experiment time...
September 26, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050151/-relationship-between-helicobacter-pylori-infection-and-mir-24-3p-expression-during-the-development-of-gastric-mucosa-lesions
#18
C Li, Y L Zhu, Q Li, D S Li, G B Yang
Objectives: To explore the expression of micro RNA-24-3p (miR-24-3p) in different gastric mucosa lesions, and analyze the potential correlation between Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori) infection and miR-24-3p expression in different gastric lesions. Methods: 158 gastric biopsy specimens were divided into four groups, including 35 chronic superficial gastritis (CSG) samples, 43 chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) samples, 41 intestinal metaplasia (IM) samples and 39 dysplasia (Dys) samples. Those samples were collected from patients undergoing gastroscopy at the Department of Gastroenterology, Aerospace Center Hospital, from September 2005 to June 2012...
September 26, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050150/-diagnostic-value-analysis-of-capsule-endoscopy-in-obscure-gastrointestinal-bleeding-patients-of-different-ages
#19
C S E Wang, J N Li, Y N Wang, H Yang, J M Qian
Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic value of capsular endoscopy in patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB) in different age groups, and assess its effectiveness and safety. Methods: A total of 216 patients who were diagnosed with OGIB between March 2005 and March 2016 at Department of Gastroenterology of Peking Union Medical College Hospital were retrospectively reviewed. They were assigned into three groups: young adults, middle-aged and elderly. The demographic characteristics, clinical manifestations, working performance as well as endoscopic features in each group were collected and analyzed...
September 26, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050149/-accuracy-analysis-and-comparison-of-different-serological-detection-methods-in-syphilis
#20
M Hu, N Liu, Y Y Cai, T Lei, M Zhang
Objective: To compare the accuracy of different methods by reviewing syphilis serologic screening external quality assessment (EQA) data of Chinese primary health care institutions. Methods: The EQA was based on one or two distinct shipments from 2011 to 2016. Each shipment consisted of five serum samples. The laboratories performed the EQA and sent back the results by the deadline. The results were analyzed using the standard procedures and methods. Results: Six different methods were used for syphilis serologic screening: enzyme linked immunosorbent assay, colloidal gold method, Treponema pallidum particle agglutination (TPPA) test, rapid plasma reagin card test, toluidine red unheated serum reagin test and chemiluminescence immunoassay...
September 26, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
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