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Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475258/viii-the-past-present-and-future-of-developmental-methodology
#1
Todd D Little, Eugene W Wang, Britt K Gorrall
This chapter selectively reviews the evolution of quantitative practices in the field of developmental methodology. The chapter begins with an overview of the past in developmental methodology, discussing the implementation and dissemination of latent variable modeling and, in particular, longitudinal structural equation modeling. It then turns to the present state of developmental methodology, highlighting current methodological advances in the field. Additionally, this section summarizes ample quantitative resources, ranging from key quantitative methods journal articles to the various quantitative methods training programs and institutes...
June 2017: Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475257/v-design-based-approaches-for-improving-measurement-in-developmental-science
#2
Jonathan Rush, Scott M Hofer
The study of change and variation within individuals, and the relative comparison of changes across individuals, relies on the assumption that observed measurements reflect true change in the construct being measured. Measurement properties that change over time, contexts, or people pose a fundamental threat to validity and lead to ambiguous conclusions about change and variation. We highlight such measurement issues from a within-person perspective and discuss the merits of measurement-intensive research designs for improving precision of both within-person and between-person analysis...
June 2017: Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475256/i-developmental-methodology-as-a-central-subdiscipline-of-developmental-science
#3
Noel A Card
This first chapter introduces the main goals of the monograph and previews the remaining chapters. The goals of this monograph are to provide summaries of our current understanding of advanced developmental methodologies, provide information that can advance our understanding of human development, identify shortcomings in our understanding of developmental methodology, and serve as a flagpost for organizing developmental methodology as a subdiscipline within the broader field of developmental science. The remaining chapters in this monograph address issues in design (sampling and big data), longitudinal data analysis, and issues of replication and research accumulation...
June 2017: Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475255/observations-about-how-we-learn-about-methodology-and-statistics
#4
Paul E Jose
The overarching theme of this monograph is to encourage developmental researchers to acquire cutting-edge and innovative design and statistical methods so that we can improve the studies that we execute on the topic of change. Card, the editor of the monograph, challenges the reader to think about works such as the present one as contributing to the new subdiscipline of developmental methodology within the broader field of developmental science. This thought-provoking stance served as the stimulus for the present commentary, which is a collection of observations on "how we learn about methodology and statistics...
June 2017: Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475254/ii-more-than-just-convenient-the-scientific-merits-of-homogeneous-convenience-samples
#5
Justin Jager, Diane L Putnick, Marc H Bornstein
Despite their disadvantaged generalizability relative to probability samples, nonprobability convenience samples are the standard within developmental science, and likely will remain so because probability samples are cost-prohibitive and most available probability samples are ill-suited to examine developmental questions. In lieu of focusing on how to eliminate or sharply reduce reliance on convenience samples within developmental science, here we propose how to augment their advantages when it comes to understanding population effects as well as subpopulation differences...
June 2017: Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475253/vi-person-specific-individual-difference-approaches-in-developmental-research
#6
Michael J Rovine, Lawrence L Lo
In this chapter, we demonstrate the way certain common analytic approaches (e.g., polynomial curve modeling, repeated measures ANOVA, latent curve, and other factor models) create individual difference measures based on a common underlying model. After showing that these approaches require only means and covariance (or correlation) matrices to estimate regression coefficients based on a hypothesized model, we describe how to recast these models based on time-series related approaches focusing on single subject time series approaches (e...
June 2017: Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475252/iii-from-small-to-big-methods-for-incorporating-large-scale-data-into-developmental-science
#7
Pamela E Davis-Kean, Justin Jager
For decades, developmental science has been based primarily on relatively small-scale data collections with children and families. Part of the reason for the dominance of this type of data collection is the complexity of collecting cognitive and social data on infants and small children. These small data sets are limited in both power to detect differences and the demographic diversity to generalize clearly and broadly. Thus, in this chapter we will discuss the value of using existing large-scale data sets to tests the complex questions of child development and how to develop future large-scale data sets that are both representative and can answer the important questions of developmental scientists...
June 2017: Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475251/vii-replication-research-accumulation-and-meta-analysis-in-developmental-science
#8
Noel A Card
The progression of scientific knowledge requires replication of research results and an orderly accumulation of research knowledge. However, developmental science, like many other sciences, has too often prioritized individual studies at the expense of replication and synthesis efforts. In this chapter, I describe the concepts of replication and research accumulation and consider both their barriers and potentials for developmental science. I emphasize the importance of considering effect sizes rather than statistical significance, and I describe meta-analysis as a powerful tool in facilitating research accumulation and in guiding replication efforts...
June 2017: Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475250/iv-developments-in-the-analysis-of-longitudinal-data
#9
Kevin J Grimm, Pega Davoudzadeh, Nilam Ram
Longitudinal data analytic techniques include a complex array of statistical techniques from repeated-measures analysis of variance, mixed-effects models, and time-series analysis, to longitudinal latent variable models (e.g., growth models, dynamic factor models) and mixture models (longitudinal latent profile analysis, growth mixture models). In this article, we focus our attention on the rationales of longitudinal research laid out by Baltes and Nesselroade (1979) and discuss the advancements in the analysis of longitudinal data since their landmark paper...
June 2017: Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181251/iv-results-links-between-spatial-assembly-later-spatial-skills-and-concurrent-and-later-mathematical-skills
#10
Brian N Verdine, Roberta Michnick Golinkoff, Kathy Hirsh-Pasek, Nora S Newcombe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181250/causal-inference-and-the-spatial-math-link-in-early-childhood
#11
Drew H Bailey
Verdine et al. (2017) present compelling evidence for a causal effect of spatial skills on children's mathematics achievement in early childhood. In additional analyses of the correlation matrix reported by Verdine et al., I present evidence that the spatial-math link is not merely an epiphenomenon of general cognitive demands of both tasks. However, the question of whether the link is due to a causal effect of spatial skills on mathematics skills, a causal effect of mathematics skills on spatial skills, or common factors influencing both during this developmental period is a more difficult one to answer...
March 2017: Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181249/v-results-individual-difference-factors-in-spatial-and-mathematical-skills
#12
Brian N Verdine, Roberta Michnick Golinkoff, Kathy Hirsh-Pasek, Nora S Newcombe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181248/i-spatial-skills-their-development-and-their-links-to-mathematics
#13
Brian N Verdine, Roberta Michnick Golinkoff, Kathy Hirsh-Pasek, Nora S Newcombe
Understanding the development of spatial skills is important for promoting school readiness and improving overall success in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) fields (e.g., Wai, Lubinski, Benbow, & Steiger, 2010). Children use their spatial skills to understand the world, including visualizing how objects fit together, and can practice them via spatial assembly activities (e.g., puzzles or blocks). These skills are incorporated into measures of overall intelligence and have been linked to success in subjects like mathematics (Mix & Cheng, 2012) and science (Pallrand & Seeber, 1984; Pribyl & Bodner, 1987)...
March 2017: Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181247/vi-discussion-and-implications-how-early-spatial-skills-predict-later-spatial-and-mathematical-skills
#14
Brian N Verdine, Roberta Michnick Golinkoff, Kathy Hirsh-Pasek, Nora S Newcombe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181246/ii-methods-for-longitudinal-study-of-preschool-spatial-and-mathematical-skills
#15
Brian N Verdine, Roberta Michnick Golinkoff, Kathy Hirsh-Pasek, Nora S Newcombe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181245/iii-results-considering-the-2-d-and-3-d-trials-of-the-tosa-separately-and-together
#16
Brian N Verdine, Roberta Michnick Golinkoff, Kathy Hirsh-Pasek, Nora S Newcombe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943324/iii-distinguishing-executive-control-from-overlapping-foundational-cognitive-abilities-during-the-preschool-period
#17
J M Nelson, T D James, H-J Choi, C A C Clark, S A Wiebe, K A Espy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943323/i-executive-control-in-early-childhood
#18
C A C Clark, N Chevalier, J M Nelson, T D James, J P Garza, H-J Choi, K A Espy
Executive control (EC) is a central construct in developmental science, although measurement limitations have hindered understanding of its nature and development in young children, relation to social risk, and prediction of important outcomes. Disentangling EC from the foundational cognitive abilities it regulates and that are inherently required for successful executive task completion (e.g., language, visual/spatial perception, and motor abilities) is particularly challenging at preschool age, when these foundational abilities are still developing and consequently differ substantially among children...
December 2016: Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943321/iv-a-new-look-at-the-implications-of-the-socio-familial-context-for-young-children-s-executive-control-clarifying-the-mechanisms-of-individual-differences
#19
C A C Clark, T D James, K A Espy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943320/ii-the-preschool-problem-solving-study-sample-data-and-statistical-methods
#20
T D James, H-J Choi, S A Wiebe, K A Espy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
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