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Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304289/yellow-fever-vaccination-and-neurological-complications
#1
LETTER
Taciana de Souza Bayão, Marli do Carmo Cupertino, Andréia Patrícia Gomes, Rodrigo Siqueira-Batista
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304288/central-nervous-system-histoplasmosis-mimicking-tentorium-meningioma
#2
Bruno Niemeyer de Freitas Ribeiro, Diogo Goulart Corrêa, Edson Marchiori
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304287/a-human-immunodeficiency-virus-positive-woman-with-toxic-epidermal-necrolysis-treated-with-human-intravenous-immunoglobulin
#3
Sandra Maria Barbosa Durães, Lara Trindade de Carvalho, Aline Cairo Fassin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304286/the-first-acanthamoeba-keratitis-case-in-the-midwest-region-of-brazil-diagnosis-genotyping-of-the-parasite-and-disease-outcome
#4
Daniella de Sousa Mendes Moreira Alves, Gustavo Souza Gonçalves, Aline Silva Moraes, Luciano Moreira Alves, José Rodrigues do Carmo Neto, Mariana Machado Hecht, Nadjar Nitz, Rodrigo Gurgel-Gonçalves, Geisa Bernardes, Ana Maria de Castro, Maria Regina Chalita, Marina Clare Vinaud
We report an Acanthamoeba keratitis case associated with the use of contact lens in a 28-year-old female from Brasília, Brazil. Samples from corneal scraping and contact lens case were used for culture establishment, PCR amplification, and partial sequencing (fragments of ~400kb) of small subunit rDNA; both culture and PCR were positive. The sequence analyses of the cornea and of isolates from the contact lens case showed similarity with the T4 genotype. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of T4 Acanthamoeba keratitis case from the Midwest region of Brazil...
September 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304285/first-autochthonous-case-of-canine-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-rond%C3%A3-nia-brazil-a-region-with-no-history-of-visceral-leishmaniasis
#5
Cristian José da Silva, Cristiane Batista Mattos, Kátia Paula Felipin, Hélen Paula de Jesus Silva, Lilian Motta Cantanhêde, Renato Porrozzi, Jansen Fernandes Medeiros, Ricardo de Godoi Mattos Ferreira
This report describes the first autochthonous case of canine visceral leishmaniasis in Rondônia, northern Brazil. A canine resident of the municipality of Cacoal, with clinical signs and symptoms of visceral leishmaniasis, was treated by a veterinarian. Samples were analyzed by a reference laboratory. Dual-path platform (DPP) assay, indirect immunofluorescence technique (IIT), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), polymerase chain reaction (PCR), isolation in a culture medium, and direct parasitological analysis were performed...
September 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304284/ralstonia-mannitolilytica-bacteremia-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#6
Dilair Camargo de Souza, Jussara Kasuko Palmeiro, Adriane Ceschin Maestri, Laura Lúcia Cogo, Carolina Hembecker Rauen, Maria Ester Graaf, Fernanda Lopes Grein, Keite da Silva Nogueira
Ralstonia mannitolilytica, a Gram-negative bacterium, is rarely isolated in clinical laboratories. It has been associated with outbreaks due to its ability to survive in liquid media and hospital devices. We describe three cases of bacteremia caused by R. mannitolilytica in a neonatal intensive care unit in Curitiba, Southern Brazil. All isolates presented the same PFGE profile. The common source of infection was undetected in surveillance cultures for the outbreak survey. All patients received antimicrobial treatment and were discharged from the maternity...
September 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304283/sudden-bilateral-sensorineural-hearing-loss-in-a-patient-immunocompromised-by-the-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#7
Rafael Freire de Castro, Ludmilla Emilia Martins Costa, Felipe Costa Neiva, Fabio Akira Suzuki
It is known that in less than a third of patients presenting sudden hearing loss, the disorder can be attributed to viral infection, trauma, neoplasms, and vascular and autoimmune diseases. However, the role of the HIV in the onset of this disease has not yet been well described. A 46-year-old female, in an immunosuppression state induced by HIV infection, presented with sudden bilateral hearing loss, with no improvement despite treatment. Several mechanisms were reported by which the virus could induce damage to the auditory pathway...
September 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304282/injuries-caused-by-fish-in-a-community-of-pantanal-fishermen-detection-treatment-and-prevention-of-envenomations-and-trauma
#8
Vidal Haddad Junior
INTRODUCTION: Injuries caused by fish are common in the Pantanal, a flooded area in Midwestern Brazil. METHODS: A survey was conducted to identify venomous and trauma-inducing fish and the incidence of such injuries in a local fishing community. RESULTS: The injuries were caused by catfish, freshwater stingrays, and piranhas. All fishermen had suffered injuries, and nearly 30% had recent injuries. CONCLUSIONS: A leaflet and discussions decreased the injuries (only two were recorded in the next year)...
September 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304281/acute-kidney-injury-due-to-systemic-loxoscelism-a-cross-sectional-study-in-northeast-brazil
#9
Polianna Lemos Moura Moreira Albuquerque, Louise Donadello Tessarolo, Fernanda Holanda Menezes, Thayanne Barreto de Lima, José Hícaro Hellano Gonçalves Lima Paiva, Geraldo Bezerra da Silva Júnior, Alice Maria Costa Martins, Elizabeth de Francesco Daher
INTRODUCTION: Loxoscelism is a clinical condition involving spiders of the genus Loxosceles. One of the most severe complications is acute kidney injury (AKI). This study aimed to investigate AKI and other complications associated with loxoscelism. METHODS: We analyzed cases diagnosed with loxoscelism in an area where most accidents were caused by Loxosceles amazonica from January 2010 to December 2015. AKI was defined according to the KDIGO criteria. RESULTS: Forty-five patients were recorded: 95...
September 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304280/snail-transmitters-of-schistosomiasis-and-other-mollusks-of-medical-and-economic-importance-at-the-simpl%C3%A3-cio-queda-%C3%A3-nica-hydroelectric-plant-southeast-brazil
#10
Monica Ammon Fernandez, Elizangela Feitosa da Silva, Rafael Alves Esteves, Silvana Carvalho Thiengo
INTRODUCTION: This paper presents the results of an extensive survey of freshwater mollusks in the Simplício Queda Única Hydroelectric Development area, Southeast Brazil. METHODS: Mollusks were collected between 2008 and 2013. All specimens were examined for the presence of larval trematodes. RESULTS: In total, 12,507 specimens classified into 16 genera were obtained. Known snail vectors of schistosomiasis and fascioliasis and exotic species were identified, and new records are reported...
September 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304279/seroprevalence-and-risk-factors-associated-with-canine-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-the-state-of-para%C3%A3-ba-brazil
#11
Raizza Barros Sousa Silva, Maurina Lima Porto, Werona de Oliveira Barbosa, Heitor Cândido de Souza, Nedja Fernanda Dos Santos Pinto Marques, Sérgio Santos Azevedo, Paulo Paes de Andrade, Marcia Almeida de Melo
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence and risk factors associated with canine visceral leishmaniasis in Paraíba State. METHODS: Blood samples were collected from 411 dogs in four municipalities of Paraíba State. The seroprevalence was assessed by using ELISA. RESULTS: The seroprevalence ranged from 7.2% to 20%. The risk factors that were associated with the disease were the presence of ticks and contact with other animals...
September 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304278/seroprevalence-and-spatial-distribution-of-canine-leishmaniasis-in-an-endemic-region-in-brazil-how-has-the-situation-changed-after-10-years
#12
Talita Nayara Bezerra Lins, Islanne Barbosa de Souza, Guilherme Mota Maciel do Rêgo Barros, Cléber Vinícius Brito Dos Santos, Rômulo Pessoa E Silva, Leucio Câmara Alves, Gílcia Aparecida de Carvalho, Rafael Antonio Nascimento Ramos
INTRODUCTION: Herein, we assessed the seroprevalence and spatial distribution of Leishmania infantum in dogs in Garanhuns, Northeastern Brazil. METHODS: Sera samples (n = 242) were analyzed using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The spatial distribution of dogs seropositive for anti-Leishmania infantum antibodies was evaluated using kernel density estimation. RESULTS: A total of 2.4% (6/242) of the animals were seropositive for anti-Leishmania infantum antibodies...
September 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304277/increased-antimicrobial-resistance-in-klebsiella-pneumoniae-from-a-university-hospital-in-rio-grande-do-sul-brazil
#13
Vinícius Victor Lorenzoni, Franciéli da Costa Rubert, Roberta Filipini Rampelotto, Rosmari Hörner
INTRODUCTION: The spread of multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacilli is a health threat, limiting therapeutic options and increasing morbimortality rates. METHODS: This study aimed to evaluate the antimicrobial susceptibility profile of 1805 Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates collected from Hospital Universitário de Santa Maria between January 2015 and December 2016. RESULTS: Resistance to colistin (239.3%), meropenem (74.2%), ciprofloxacin (68%), gentamicin (35...
September 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304276/in-vitro-resistance-of-enterobacter-cloacae-isolated-from-fresh-seafood-to-colistin
#14
Marília Viana Albuquerque de Almeida, Izabelly Linhares Ponte Brito, Antonia Leonádia Siqueira de Carvalho, Renata Albuquerque Costa
INTRODUCTION: Enterobacter cloacae is a clinically important bacterium from the Enterobacteriaceae family. This study evaluated resistance of E. cloacae strains from fish (n=14) and shrimp (n=9) to colistin. METHODS: Biochemical identification and antimicrobial susceptibility tests were carried out in an automated Vitek®2 instrument. RESULTS: Colistin resistance was observed in 21.4% and 66.7% of the strains from fish and shrimp, respectively...
September 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304275/the-burden-of-hepatitis-c-infection-in-a-southern-brazilian-state
#15
Jefferson Traebert, Kátia Regina de Bona Porton Fratoni, Letícia Cabral Domingos da Rosa, Eliane Traebert, Ione Jayce Ceola Schneinder
INTRODUCTION: The study aimed to estimate the burden of hepatitis C in Santa Catarina, Brazil. METHODS: An ecologic study was carried out to estimate the disability-adjusted life years (DALY) by summing the number of years of life lost and the number of years lived with disability. RESULTS: A rate of 1,075.9 DALY/100,000 population was estimated, and was similar by sex. The highest burden was between the ages of 45 to 59 years and in the Grande Oeste region...
September 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304274/effect-of-chaotropes-in-chagas-disease-and-leishmaniasis-cross-reacting-serology-assays-for-epidemiological-surveys
#16
Anderson Pacheco Dos Santos, Maria Esther de Carvalho, Luciana Regina Meirelles, Heitor Franco de Andrade Junior
INTRODUCTION: Serological cross-reactivity between leishmaniasis and Chagas disease, especially at low titers, leads to difficulties of the seroepidemiological interpretation. METHODS: We have studied the ability of urea as a chaotrope to select high-avidity antibodies in IgG ELISA, thus reducing low-avidity IgG cross-reactivity in serologically positive samples in both assays. RESULTS: Using 0.5M urea for diluting the sample efficiently defined leishmaniasis or double infections in high-avidity IgG ELISA and eliminated false-positive results...
September 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304273/clinical-and-epidemiological-characteristics-of-chagas-disease-in-an-endemic-area-of-sergipe-state-brazil
#17
Ivani Rodrigues Glass, Allan Dantas Dos Santos, Ana Elisabeth Leal Varjão, Isabela Soares Costa, Dalmo Correia, Ângela Maria Silva
INTRODUCTION: We evaluated clinical and epidemiological characteristics of Trypanosoma cruzi infection in Sergipe. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we collected serum samples to identify serological markers of Chagas disease. A questionnaire was used, and electrocardiogram, echocardiogram, chest radiography, and contrast radiography of esophagus and colon were performed. RESULTS: T. cruzi infection seroprevalence was 12.1%, mean age of subjects was 55 years, 90% had an elementary school education, 78...
September 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304272/delayed-healthcare-and-secondary-infections-following-freshwater-stingray-injuries-risk-factors-for-a-poorly-understood-health-issue-in-the-amazon
#18
Jacqueline de Almeida Gonçalves Sachett, Vanderson Souza Sampaio, Iran Mendonça Silva, Akemi Shibuya, Fábio Francesconi Vale, Fabiano Peixoto Costa, Pedro Pereira de Oliveira Pardal, Marcus Vinícius Guimarães Lacerda, Wuelton Marcelo Monteiro
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to describe the profile of freshwater stingray injuries in the State of Amazonas, Brazilian Amazon, and to identify the associated risk factors for secondary infections. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used surveillance data from 2007 to 2014 to identify factors associated with secondary infections from stingray injuries. RESULTS: A total of 476 freshwater stingray injuries were recorded, with an incidence rate of 1...
September 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304271/distribution-of-clinical-isolates-of-candida-spp-and-antifungal-susceptibility-of-high-biofilm-forming-candida-isolates
#19
Gulcan Sahal, Isil Seyis Bilkay
INTRODUCTION: The increase in the incidence of fungal infections, especially those caused by Candida albicans and other Candida species, necessitates the understanding and treatment of Candida-associated infections. In this study, we aimed to investigate the identification, distribution, and biofilm formation ability of different clinical Candida isolates and evaluate the distribution and antifungal susceptibilities of high biofilm-forming (HBF) Candida isolates. METHODS: For identification, carbohydrate fermentation, carbohydrate assimilation, and ChromAgar tests were used...
September 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304270/social-determinants-of-tuberculosis-via-a-zero-inflated-model-in-small-areas-of-a-city-in-southeastern-brazil
#20
Carolina Maia Martins Sales, Mauro Niskier Sanchez, Walter Ramalho, Adelmo Inácio Bertolde, Ethel Leonor Noia Maciel
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to analyze social factors involved in the spatial distribution and under-reporting of tuberculosis (TB) in the city of Vitória, Espírito Santo State, Brazil. METHODS: This was an ecological study of the reported cases of TB between 2009 and 2011, according to census tracts. The outcome was TB incidence for the study period and the variables of exposure were proportions of literacy, inhabitants with an income of up to half the minimum monthly wage (MMW), and inhabitants associated with sewer mains or with access to safe drinking water...
September 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
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