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Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982292/2-nd-brazilian-consensus-on-chagas-disease-2015
#1
João Carlos Pinto Dias, Alberto Novaes Ramos, Eliane Dias Gontijo, Alejandro Luquetti, Maria Aparecida Shikanai-Yasuda, José Rodrigues Coura, Rosália Morais Torres, José Renan da Cunha Melo, Eros Antonio de Almeida, Wilson de Oliveira, Antônio Carlos Silveira, Joffre Marcondes de Rezende, Fabiane Scalabrini Pinto, Antonio Walter Ferreira, Anis Rassi, Abílio Augusto Fragata, Andréa Silvestre de Sousa, Dalmo Correia, Ana Maria Jansen, Glaucia Manzan Queiroz Andrade, Constança Felícia De Paoli de Carvalho Britto, Ana Yecê das Neves Pinto, Anis Rassi, Dayse Elisabeth Campos, Fernando Abad-Franch, Silvana Eloi Santos, Egler Chiari, Alejandro Marcel Hasslocher-Moreno, Eliane Furtado Moreira, Divina Seila de Oliveira Marques, Eliane Lages Silva, José Antonio Marin-Neto, Lúcia Maria da Cunha Galvão, Sergio Salles Xavier, Sebastião Aldo da Silva Valente, Noêmia Barbosa Carvalho, Alessandra Viana Cardoso, Rafaella Albuquerque E Silva, Veruska Maia da Costa, Simone Monzani Vivaldini, Suelene Mamede Oliveira, Vera da Costa Valente, Mayara Maia Lima, Renato Vieira Alves
Chagas disease is a neglected chronic condition with a high burden of morbidity and mortality. It has considerable psychological, social, and economic impacts. The disease represents a significant public health issue in Brazil, with different regional patterns. This document presents the evidence that resulted in the Brazilian Consensus on Chagas Disease. The objective was to review and standardize strategies for diagnosis, treatment, prevention, and control of Chagas disease in the country, based on the available scientific evidence...
December 2016: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982291/towards-control-of-chagas-disease-the-contribution-of-the-new-brazilian-consensus
#2
Alberto Novaes Ramos, João Carlos Pinto Dias, Dalmo Correia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001238/fibrosis-progression-in-chronic-hepatitis-c-in-patients-coinfected-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-hepatitis-c-virus
#3
Rejane Maria Tommasini Grotto, Maria Inês de Moura Campos Pardini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001237/natural-history-of-liver-fibrosis-progression-in-patients-confected-with-hepatitis-c-virus-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-type-1
#4
LETTER
Pranab Kumar Bhattacharya, Sumana Mukherjee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001236/meloidogyne-eggs-in-human-stool-in-northeastern-brazil
#5
Fred Luciano Neves Santos, Alina Maria Gonzaga Carlos de Souza, Filipe Dantas-Torres
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001235/dermatitis-after-contact-with-pheropsophus-sp-coleoptera-carabidae-brachininae-in-the-par%C3%A3-state-brazilian-amazon
#6
Pedro Pereira de Oliveira Pardal, Cristiane Tárcis Cunha da Silva, Wuelton Marcelo Monteiro, Maria Apolônia da Costa Gadelha
Dermatitis caused by bombardier beetles is rarely reported. Here, we report a case of beetle-caused dermatitis that occurred in Pará State, the Brazilian Amazon. A female patient while putting on her shoes, felt a burning pain in the right hallux and noticed a beetle inside the shoe. During medical consultation, the physician observed that the injury site was brown and discolored. The patient complained of localized burning pain and blurred vision. The beetle responsible for the injury was identified as Pheropsophus sp...
November 2016: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001234/abdominal-mucormycosis-in-a-child-a-case-report
#7
Felipe Rezende Caino de Oliveira, Nimara Grace Cardoso Batista Couto, Juliana de Oliveira Bastos, José Colleti, Werther Brunow de Carvalho
A 2-year-old Brazilian female child from the countryside in Bahia State presented with pain in the right flank of the abdomen, accompanied by a daily fever for about 2 weeks before admission. A large mass in the abdomen was resected by the surgical team. The biopsies revealed the mass was an intra-abdominal mucormycosis. However, the diagnosis was late, and despite treatment (amphotericin B) initiation, the patient eventually died.
November 2016: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001233/candida-arthritis-in-a-patient-diagnosed-with-spondyloarthritis
#8
Remzi Çevik, Recep Tekin, Mehmet Gem
Candida arthritis is an unusual manifestation that usually affects the knees. A 35-year-old man presented with a 2-month history of pain and swelling in the right knee. Swelling persisted after anti-inflammatory treatment. Peripheric spondyloarthritis was considered, but methotrexate, sulfasalazine, and methylprednisolone did not reduce the swelling. Direct examination of synovial fluid and a culture were positive for Candida albicans. Intravenous and intra-articular amphotericin-B were administered. The arthritis regressed and a culture and direct staining showed negative results...
November 2016: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001232/a-case-of-chikungunya-virus-disease-presenting-with-remarkable-acute-arthritis-of-a-previously-damaged-finger-joint
#9
Walter de Araujo Eyer-Silva, Henrique de Barros Pinto, Guilherme Almeida Rosa da Silva, Fernando Raphael de Almeida Ferry
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is a mosquito-borne arthritogenic alphavirus that has recently been introduced to Brazil. We report the case of a 36-year-old male patient from the City of Rio de Janeiro who developed molecularly-confirmed CHIKV disease and whose clinical picture was remarkable because of acute arthritis of an interphalangeal joint that had been damaged by trauma 8 years previously. This case illustrates that acute CHIKV disease may preferentially target previously damaged joints. Careful study of individual cases may provide valuable information on the presentation and management of this emerging zoonosis in Brazil...
November 2016: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001231/arachnidism-scorpionism-and-ophidism-in-ouro-preto-municipality-minas-gerais-state-brazil
#10
Gabriela Fernanda Evangelista, Cristiano Schetini de Azevedo
INTRODUCTION: This retrospective study shows the profile of arachnidism, ophidism, and scorpionism in the Ouro Preto Municipality, Brazil, from January 2007 to December 2013. METHODS: The data were gathered from forms of the Epidemiological Surveillance Sector of the town's Health's Municipal Secretary. RESULTS: Of the 412 envenomations, 308 were caused by spiders, 78 by scorpions, and 26 by snakes. The highest number of incidents involved people aged 20-34 years...
November 2016: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001230/there-is-no-evident-correlation-between-interleukin-10-gene-polymorphisms-and-periportal-fibrosis-regression-after-specific-treatment
#11
Paula Carolina Valença Silva, Aline Vieira da Silva, Taysa Nascimento Silva, Letícia Moura de Vasconcelos, Adriana Vieira Gomes, Maria Rosângela Cunha Duarte Coêlho, Maria Tereza Cartaxo Muniz, Ana Lúcia Coutinho Domingues
INTRODUCTION: We evaluated the associations between interleukin-10 (IL-10) gene polymorphisms -G1082A/-C819T/-C592A and periportal fibrosis regression after specific treatment for schistosomiasis. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study involved 125 Brazilian patients infected with Schistosomiasis mansoni, who were followed up for 2 years after specific treatment to estimate the probability of periportal fibrosis regression. RESULTS: There was no evidence of associations between IL-10 polymorphisms and periportal fibrosis regression after treatment...
November 2016: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001229/sociodemographic-and-epidemiological-profile-of-leprosy-patients-in-an-endemic-region-in-brazil
#12
Ronald Jefferson Martins, Maria Emília Oliveira Gomes Carloni, Suzely Adas Saliba Moimaz, Cléa Adas Saliba Garbin, Artênio José Ísper Garbin
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of Hansen's disease is high in overlooked populations. METHODS: Data of Hansen's disease cases reported in the information system of the Department of Informatics, Brazilian Unified Health System, from 2013 to 2014 were analyzed. RESULTS: Among 434 studied cases of Hansen's disease, the female sex (52.5%), adult age (73.7%), low educational level (61.8%), and multibacillary form were associated with higher prevalence rates...
November 2016: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001228/standardization-of-intralesional-meglumine-antimoniate-treatment-for-cutaneous-leishmaniasis
#13
Maria Cristina de Oliveira Duque, Érica de Camargo Ferreira E Vasconcellos, Maria Inês Fernandes Pimentel, Marcelo Rosandiski Lyra, Sandro Javier Bedoya Pacheco, Mauro Celio de Almeida Marzochi, Cláudia Maria Valete Rosalino, Armando de Oliveira Schubach
INTRODUCTION: Intralesional treatment for cutaneous leishmaniasis has been applied for over 30 years at the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Rio de Janeiro, with good therapeutic results and without relevant systemic toxicity. METHODS: Meglumine antimoniate was injected subcutaneously, using a long medium-caliber needle (for example, 30mm × 0.8mm); patients received 1-3 injections, with 15-day intervals. RESULTS: The technique is described in detail sufficient to enable replication...
November 2016: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001227/increasing-potential-risk-for-american-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-amap%C3%A3-brazil
#14
Thiago Vasconcelos Dos Santos, Allan Kardec Ribeiro Galardo, Marinete Marins Póvoa, Elizabeth Ferreira Rangel
INTRODUCTION: The present note discusses some evidence on the increasing potential risk for American visceral leishmaniasis (AVL) transmission in the Northern Brazilian State of Amapá, the Guianan-Amazon biome. METHODS: Early and present data about AVL were collected, including our recent entomological findings. RESULTS: The spread of the sand fly vector Lutzomyia longipalpis, and a sylvatic reservoir host, the crab-eating fox Cerdocyon thous in that region represents important findings related to the epidemiology of AVL in the Guianan-Amazon biome...
November 2016: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001226/trypanosoma-cruzi-seroprevalence-and-associated-risk-factors-in-cancer-patients-from-southern-brazil
#15
Luciane d'Avila Rosenthal, Cristiane Rios Petrarca, Marilia Arndt Mesenburg, Marcos Marreiro Villela
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of Chagas disease in patients treated at a Public Oncology Service in the City of Pelotas, Southern Brazil. METHODS: This study included 200 individuals undergoing cancer treatment and involved the use of a questionnaire and venous blood collection for the detection of anti-Trypanosoma cruzi antibody. RESULTS: The study found a 5% prevalence of patient seropositivity. Significant variables are presented and discussed in the article...
November 2016: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001225/adverse-drug-reactions-among-patients-admitted-with-infectious-diseases-at-a-brazilian-hospital
#16
Pamela Alejandra Saavedra, Micheline Marie Milward de Azevedo Meiners, Luciane Cruz Lopes, Emília Vitória da Silva, Dayde Lane Mendonça da Silva, Elza Ferreira Noronha, Maria Inês de Toledo
INTRODUCTION: Despite the therapeutic benefits of drugs, adverse drug reactions (ADRs) occur. Method: We assessed a series of suspected ADRs identified from notifications and intensive monitoring of inpatients from March 2013 to March 2014. RESULTS: Skin reactions predominated (31%). Systemic anti-infective agents were implicated in 16 (72%) reactions. Fifteen (68%) ADRs were classified as possible. The implicated drug was not correctly identified by the healthcare team in 12 cases...
November 2016: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001224/high-incidence-of-hypertriglyceridemia-in-a-brazilian-cohort-of-people-living-with-hiv-aids-undergoing-antiretroviral-treatment-in-belo-horizonte-2001-2010
#17
Cássia Cristina Pinto Mendicino, Letícia Pena Braga, Cristiane Aparecida Menezes de Pádua, Mark Drew Crosland Guimarães
INTRODUCTION: Hypertriglyceridemia incidence should be estimated in HIV-infected patients after antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed clinical data of HIV-infected adults at 3 public referral centers. Cumulative and person-time incidences were estimated for patients without hypertriglyceridemia. Survival time and hazard ratio (HR) were estimated by Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox proportional regression, respectively. RESULTS: Cumulative and person-time incidences were 40...
November 2016: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001223/in-vitro-antischistosomal-activity-of-venom-from-the-egyptian-snake-cerastes-cerastes
#18
Ehssan Ahmed Hassan, Mohamed Ahmed Abdel-Rahman, Mohamed Moussa Ibrahim, Maha Farid Mohamed Soliman
INTRODUCTION: We studied the potential in vitro antischistosomal activity of Cerastes cerastes venom on adult Schistosoma mansoni worms. METHODS: Live specimens of the horned viper snake, C. cerastes were collected from the Aswan Governorate (Egypt). Venom was collected from snakes by manual milking. Worms of S. mansoni were obtained from infected hamsters by perfusion and isolated from blood using phosphate buffer. Mortality rates of worms were monitored after 3 days of exposure to snake venom at LC50 and various sublethal concentrations (10, 5, 2...
November 2016: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001222/secondary-bacterial-isolates-from-previously-untreated-buruli-ulcer-lesions-and-their-antibiotic-susceptibility-patterns-in-southern-nigeria
#19
Moses Chibueze Anyim, Anthony Obiamaka Meka, Joseph Ngozi Chukwu, Charles Chukwunalu Nwafor, Daniel Chukwunweolu Oshi, Nelson Okechukwu Madichie, Ngozi Ekeke, Chukwuka Alphonsus, Obinna Mbah, Chinenye Nwaekpe, Martin Njoku, Dare Fakiyesi, Vitalis Ulodiaku, Ignatius Ejiofor, Adeniyi Hakeem Bisiriyu, Kingsley Nnanna Ukwaja
INTRODUCTION: Mycolactones, secreted by Mycobacterium ulcerans, were previously believed to prevent super infection in Buruli ulcer lesions. However, little is known about secondary bacterial infections in these lesions. This study evaluated contaminating bacterial flora and their antibiotic susceptibility patterns in cases of previously untreated Buruli ulcer disease from three states in Southern Nigeria. METHODS: A prospective analysis was conducted between January and June of 2015 using wound swabs from eligible patients with Buruli ulcer disease, confirmed by quantitative-polymerase chain reaction, with active ulcers...
November 2016: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001221/number-of-leprosy-reactions-during-treatment-clinical-correlations-and-laboratory-diagnosis
#20
Douglas Eulálio Antunes, Gabriela Porto Ferreira, Mariana Vitorino Candeiro Nicchio, Sergio Araujo, Ana Carolina Rodrigues da Cunha, Rafaela Resende Gomes, Adeilson Viera da Costa, Isabela Maria Bernardes Goulart
INTRODUCTION: The occurrence of leprosy reactions, a common event during treatment, may be mostly related to the action of multidrug therapy on Mycobacterium leprae. The clinical and laboratory monitoring of patients with reactions is important, since collecting data that assists in predicting the risk of reactions may help to prevent disability. METHODS: This was a sectional study, in order to correlate clinical and laboratory diagnosis with the number of reactions during treatment...
November 2016: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
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