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Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898013/erratum-para-kala-azar-dermal-leishmaniasis-in-a-patient-in-brazil-a-case-report
#1
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article doi: 10.1590/0037-8682-0487-2016].
June 7, 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768569/efficacy-of-the-main-repellents-available-in-the-brazilian-market-against-aedes-aegypti-bites-under-concentrations-applied-to-pediatric-populations
#2
LETTER
Bruna Oliveira da Silva, Thainá Oliveira Felicio Olivatti, Rafael Guimarães Kanda, Gustavo Noé de Marco, Felipe José Santaella, Newton Goulart Madeira, Vidal Haddad Junior, Hélio Amante Miot
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768568/oral-cavity-syphilides
#3
Walter de Araujo Eyer-Silva, Marcelo Costa Velho Mendes de Azevedo, Guilherme Almeida Rosa da Silva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768567/central-nervous-system-tuberculosis-mimicking-tentorium-meningioma-a-rare-case
#4
Bernardo Carvalho Muniz, Bruno Niemeyer, Lana Sayuri Makita
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768566/pulmonary-paracoccidioidomycosis-a-case-report-of-reactivation-in-a-patient-receiving-biological-therapy
#5
Lúcia Carla Polaco Covre, Pâmela Mazzini Hombre, Aloísio Falqueto, Paulo Mendes Peçanha, Valéria Valim
Paracoccidioidomycosis is an endemic disease in Latin America that is rarely associated with immunosuppression and biological therapy. Herein, we report for the first time a case of pulmonary paracoccidioidomycosis reactivation after infliximab treatment. A 47-year-old man from Brazil received infliximab to treat psoriatic spondyloarthropathy and presented with cough, dyspnea, weight loss, and fever. Chest computed tomography revealed a pulmonary nodule and biopsy confirmed paracoccidioidomycosis. Treatment with sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim was initiated for fungal infection and infliximab was reintroduced two months later...
March 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768565/cat-scratch-disease-presenting-as-axillary-lymphadenopathy-and-a-palpable-benign-mammary-nodule-mimicking-a-carcinoma
#6
Larissa Cabral Marques, Kátia Pincerato, Adriana Akemi Yoshimura, Felipe Eduardo Martins Andrade, Alfredo Carlos Simões Dornellas de Barros
We present a case involving a 74-year-old woman with cat scratch disease characterized by an enlarged and hard axillary lymph node as well as a palpable breast nodule mimicking a carcinoma. The lymph node and the breast nodule were excised. The pathologic examinations revealed granulomatous lymphadenitis with gram-negative bacilli and an intraductal papilloma. Antibiotic therapy (azithromycin) was prescribed and the patient's clinical evolution was excellent.
March 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768564/meningitis-caused-by-salmonella-enterica-serotype-panama-in-brazil-first-case-reported
#7
Maria Regina Pires Carneiro, Maria Iracema de Aguiar Patrício, Sona Jain, Dalia Dos Prazeres Rodrigues, Sergio Eduardo Longo Fracalanzza
Salmonella infections usually occur as gastroenteritis that is generally self-limited. However, some serotypes of Salmonella can cause severe extra-intestinal infections, such as bacteremia and meningitis. Here, we report the first Salmonella Panama case of meningitis in 4-month-old male newborn in Brazil. The invasive strain isolated was susceptible to all antimicrobial agents tested. The genes agfA, fimA, invA, sfbA, phoP, and slyA were detected using polymerase chain reactions. These findings are relevant and physicians should be alert to the possibility of meningitis in newborns due to S...
March 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768563/occurrence-of-blastocystis-spp-in-domestic-animals-in-tri%C3%A3-ngulo-mineiro-area-of-brazil
#8
Renata Gregório Franco Moura, Márcia Benedita de Oliveira-Silva, André Luiz Pedrosa, Gabriel Antônio Nogueira Nascentes, Marlene Cabrine-Santos
INTRODUCTION: Currently, there are few studies regarding Blastocystis epidemiology. This study aimed to evaluate the occurrence of Blastocystis in animals in Uberaba, Brazil. METHODS: Fecal samples were examined by parasitological methods and screened for Blastocystis by polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: Blastocystis spp. were observed in pigs, sheep, cattle, and dogs. Blastocystis polymerase chain reaction was positive in 14/22 samples positive by parasitological methods...
March 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768562/microscopic-detection-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-in-direct-or-processed-sputum-smears
#9
José Luiz de Oliveira Magalhães, Juliana Figueiredo da Costa Lima, Ana Albertina de Araújo, Ilyana Oliveira Coutinho, Nilma Cintra Leal, Alzira Maria Paiva de Almeida
INTRODUCTION: Microscopic identification of active pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) from direct smears of sputum (DS) is widely used for detection, but has limited sensitivity. Here, we assessed the yield of acid-fast bacilli (AFB) detection in processed sputum smears (PSS). METHODS: Sputum samples were simultaneously analyzed by direct sputum smearing and after chemical treatment and spontaneous sedimentation. RESULTS: Of the 1,719 samples analyzed, 16...
March 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768561/the-role-of-the-xpert-mtb-rif-assay-among-adolescents-suspected-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#10
Thania Luiza de Andrade Sieiro, Rafaela Baroni Aurílio, Elizabeth Cristina C Soares, Silvia S Chiang, Clemax Couto Sant Anna
INTRODUCTION: The teste rápido molecular para tuberculose (TRM-TB) was introduced in 2014 in Brazil for tuberculosis screening. However, its role in adolescents in Brazil has not been studied. METHODS: A descriptive study of adolescents with suspected tuberculosis using National Laboratory software. RESULTS: Of 852 (15.4%) suspected cases, 131 were positive by TRM-TB and 2% were resistant to rifampicin. Among TRM-TB-positive cases, 105 (91...
March 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768560/negative-serology-of-fasciola-hepatica-infection-in-patients-with-liver-cancer-in-peru-a-preliminary-report
#11
Claudia Machicado, Stéphane Bertani, Patricia Herrera-Velit, Jose Espinoza, Eloy Ruiz, Luis Marcos
INTRODUCTION: The etiology of several hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cases remains largely unknown. Although Fasciola hepatica has been associated with liver fibrosis in Latin America, it has not yet been associated with HCC. This study aimed to determine the existence of specific IgG antibodies against F. hepatica in the serum samples of HCC patients. METHODS: In total, 13 serum samples from 13 HCC patients were screened using Fas2-ELISA. RESULTS: Fas2-ELISA demonstrated negative results in all HCC patients included in this study...
March 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768559/epidemiological-and-clinical-profile-of-patients-with-chagas-disease-in-the-central-north-area-of-paran%C3%A3-southern-brazil
#12
Aretuza Zaupa Gasparim, Carlos Edmundo Rodrigues Fontes, Diogo Francisco Rossoni, Max Jean de Ornelas Toledo
INTRODUCTION: Profiles of patients with Chagas disease in Paraná were studied. METHODS: A descriptive, questionnaire-based study was performed. RESULTS: Of 270 participants, 64% were female, 60% were aged ≥65 years, 91% were infected via vector transmission, and 44% were infected in Paraná. Indeterminate (30%), cardiac (36%), cardiodigestive (20%) and digestive (14%) forms were found. CONCLUSIONS: Patients who were older than 65 years of age, retired, female, living in the urban area of Maringá, and infected by vector transmission in childhood in Paraná presented cardiac and digestive signs and did not receive etiological treatment when first diagnosed...
March 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768558/home-care-in-the-federal-district-factors-associated-with-the-first-occurrence-of-acute-lower-respiratory-infection-and-death
#13
Leny Nunes de Barros, Maria Regina Fernandes de Oliveira
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to evaluate the frequency and associated factors of acute respiratory infection and death among home care patients in Sobradinho/DF, Brazil. METHODS: Data were obtained from patients' medical records. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were performed. Odds ratio and 95% confidence interval were estimated. RESULTS: Factors associated with respiratory infection were ages <40 and >80 years and accommodation. Female sex was a protective factor...
March 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768557/is-it-possible-to-perform-bacterial-identification-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-testing-with-a-positive-blood-culture-bottle-for-quick-diagnosis-of-bloodstream-infections
#14
Tamily Cristina Lemos, Laura Lúcia Cogo, Adriane Cheschin Maestri, Milena Hadad, Keite da Silva Nogueira
INTRODUCTION: Bloodstream infections can be fatal, and timely identification of the etiologic agent is important for treatment. METHODOLOGY: An alternative method, consisting of direct identification and susceptibility testing of blood culture bottles using the automated VITEK 2® system, was assessed. RESULTS: All 37 of the Gram-negative bacilli (GNB) identifications and 57.1% of the 28 Gram-positive cocci (GPC) identifications matched those obtained with standard methods...
March 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768556/first-report-of-rhodnius-neglectus-hemiptera-reduviidae-triatominae-from-the-state-of-acre-brazil-and-the-brazilian-western-amazon-region
#15
Leandro José Ramos, Gabriela Vieira de Souza Castro, Janis Lunier de Souza, Jader de Oliveira, João Aristeu da Rosa, Luis Marcelo Aranha Camargo, Renildo Moura da Cunha, Dionatas Ulises de Oliveira Meneguetti
INTRODUCTION: This communication reports the occurrence of Rhodnius neglectus in the State of Acre, Brazil. METHODS: An adult male R. neglectus specimen was collected from the Catuaba Experimental Reserve, which is located in the municipality of Senador Guiomard. RESULTS: This increases the number of triatomine species reported from the State of Acre to eight and is also the first report of R. neglectus from the Brazilian Western Amazon Region...
March 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768555/the-relationship-between-atopy-and-neurological-manifestations-in-htlv-1-infection
#16
Raquel Crisóstomo Lima Verde, José Abraão Carneiro Neto, Silvane Maria Braga Santos, Edgar Marcelino Carvalho, Marcus Miranda Lessa
INTRODUCTION: Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1)induces exaggerated Th1 responses, whereas atopy is associated with exacerbated Th2 responses. METHODS: Here, a cross-sectional study compared the prevalence of atopy in HTLV-1 carriers and HAM/TSP patients. It also compared the spontaneous cytokine production in HTLV-1-infected individuals. A retrospective cohort study evaluated the development of neurological manifestations in atopic and non-atopic carriers...
March 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768554/prevalence-of-hypoalbuminemia-in-outpatients-with-hiv-aids
#17
José Adalberto Leal, Maria Arlene Fausto, Mariângela Carneiro, Unaí Tubinambás
INTRODUCTION: Hypoalbuminemia may predict progression of disease and mortality in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). This study was conducted to investigate the risk factors associated with hypoalbuminemia in outpatients with HIV/AIDS. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in 196 outpatients with HIV/AIDS. RESULTS: The prevalence of hypoalbuminemia was 11.7%. The only risk factor associated with hypoalbuminemia was current antiretroviral therapy (no exposure: odds ratio=3...
March 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768553/high-risk-behaviors-for-hepatitis-b-and-c-infections-among-female-sex-workers
#18
Marco Antonio Moreira Puga, Larissa Melo Bandeira, Sabrina Moreira Dos Santos Weis, Fernanda Rodas Pires Fernandes, Lisie Souza Castro, Tayana Serpa Ortiz Tanaka, Grazielli Rocha de Rezende, Sheila Araújo Teles, Vivianne de Oliveira Landgraf de Castro, Paula Guerra Murat, Gina Jonasson Mousquer Capelin, Ana Rita Coimbra Motta-Castro
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of hepatitis B and hepatitis C and risk behaviors among 402 female sex workers in Central Brazil were investigated by respondent-driven sampling. METHODS: Blood samples were tested for hepatitis B and C markers by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Two hepatitis B vaccination schedules were performed. RESULTS: The prevalence of hepatitis B and C infections were 9.3% and 0.5%, respectively. Susceptibility to hepatitis B infection was observed in 61...
March 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768552/natural-infection-by-trypanosoma-cruzi-in-triatomines-and-seropositivity-for-chagas-disease-of-dogs-in-rural-areas-of-rio-grande-do-norte-brazil
#19
Yannara Barbosa Nogueira Freitas, Celeste da Silva Freitas de Souza, Jamille Maia E Magalhães, Maressa Laíse Reginaldo de Sousa, Luiz Ney d'Escoffier, Tânia Zaverucha do Valle, Teresa Cristina Monte Gonçalves, Hélcio Reinaldo Gil-Santana, Thais Aaparecida Kazimoto, Sthenia Santos Albano Amora
INTRODUCTION: Chagas disease is caused by the protozoa Trypanosoma cruzi. Its main reservoir is the domestic dog, especially in rural areas with favorable characteristics for vector establishment and proliferation. The aims of this study were to collect data, survey and map the fauna, and identify T. cruzi infection in triatomines, as well as to assess the presence of anti-T. cruzi antibodies in dogs in rural areas of the municipality of Mossoró, Brazil. METHODS: An active entomologic research was conducted to identify adult specimens through an external morphology dichotomous key...
March 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768551/risk-factors-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection-in-an-urban-community-in-northeast-brazil-and-the-relationship-between-the-infection-and-gastric-diseases
#20
Irigrácin Lima Diniz Basílio, Maria de Fátima Celino Catão, Janilson Dantas de Sousa Carvalho, Francisco Paulo Freire-Neto, Leonardo Capristano Ferreira, Selma Maria Bezerra Jerônimo
INTRODUCTION: Helicobacter pylori, a water contaminant, is the primary pathogenic agent associated with gastric diseases in humans. Exposure to H. pylori is more likely higher in developing countries. This study aimed to evaluate the risk factors associated with H. pylori infection in patients undergoing endoscopy to validate the cause of dyspeptic symptoms in an urban population in northeast Brazil and to compare the urease test and polymerase chain reaction assay results with the histopathological findings...
March 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
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