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Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713584/sciatic-neuralgia-associated-with-a-perineural-tarlov-cyst
#1
Peter C Emary, John A Taylor
Perineural (Tarlov) cysts are rare and are usually asymptomatic and an incidental finding on routine spinal imaging. Presented here is a case of sciatic neuralgia in a 56-year-old patient whose clinical symptoms correlated with a lower lumbar perineural cyst.
September 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713583/advanced-hip-joint-degeneration-associated-with-femoroacetabular-impingement-in-a-retired-chiropractor
#2
Peter C Emary, John A Taylor
Femoroacetabular impingement is a relatively new clinical entity only recently described in the orthopedic literature. In this report, we document a severe case of hip joint osteoarthritis associated with cam-type impingement in a retired chiropractor.
September 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713582/imaging-case-reviews
#3
Peter C Emary, John A Taylor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713581/multiple-seizure-induced-thoracic-vertebral-compression-fractures-a-case-report
#4
Peter Stilwell, Katherine Harman, William Hsu, Brian Seaman
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal injuries stemming from forceful muscular contractions during seizures have been documented in the literature. Reports of multiple seizure-induced spinal fractures, in the absence of external trauma and without risk factors for fracture, are rare. CASE PRESENTATION: A 28-year-old male, newly diagnosed with epilepsy, presented to a chiropractic clinic with the complaint of mid-thoracic pain beginning after a tonic-clonic seizure with no associated external trauma...
September 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713580/the-meaning-of-it-all-evaluating-knowledge-of-minimal-clinically-important-difference-mcid-among-chiropractic-students
#5
Rebecca J Wates, Ike Woodruff, Mark T Pfefer
INTRODUCTION: Patient-reported outcome measures are frequently used to monitor patient progress during chiropractic care, yet student interns utilizing such assessments are unfamiliar with what magnitude of change (MCID) is considered beneficial to the patient. OBJECTIVE: This work seeks to determine chiropractic intern knowledge of MCID. METHODS: A five-item survey was administered to 104 chiropractic student interns. RESULTS: Nearly one-third of the interns correctly defined the MCID acronym, and approximately one-third of the interns knew at least one MCID value for the outcome assessments in the EHR...
September 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713579/differences-in-hip-range-of-motion-among-collegiate-pitchers-when-compared-to-youth-and-professional-baseball-pitcher-data
#6
Scott W Cheatham, Kathryn Kumagai Shimamura, Morey J Kolber
The purpose of this study was to measure passive hip internal (IR) and external rotation (ER) range of motion (ROM) in collegiate baseball pitchers and compare to published youth and professional values. Measures were taken on the bilateral hips of 29 participants (mean age 20.0±1.4, range 18-22 years). Results identified no significant differences between the stance and stride hip in collegiate right handed pitchers for IR (p= 0.22, ES 0.23) and ER (p=.08, ES= 0.25). There was no significant difference in left handed pitchers for IR (p= 0...
September 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713578/a-rare-cause-of-chronic-elbow-pain-in-an-adolescent-baseball-player-a-case-report
#7
David Wasylynko
OBJECTIVE: To present a case of chronic elbow pain as a result of a hidden underlying osteochondral defect. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 17-year old baseball player presented with chronic lateral elbow pain. Examination revealed swelling of the elbow with signs of possible ligament, muscle, and tendon injury. DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT: Although there was apparent soft-tissue injury, the elbow swelling created immediate suspicion of a more serious underlying condition...
September 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713577/a-narrative-review-of-new-trends-in-the-diagnosis-of-myofascial-trigger-points-diagnostic-ultrasound-imaging-and-biomarkers
#8
John Z Srbely, Dinesh Kumbhare, Liza Grosman-Rimon
Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is one of the most common conditions of chronic musculoskeletal pain encountered by primary healthcare practitioners on a daily basis. It is generally accepted amongst the broad profile of healthcare practitioners treating MPS that the presence of discrete, palpable and tender nodules within the muscle, known as myofascial trigger points (MTrP), is necessary to confirm the diagnosis of MPS. Manual palpation is currently the most common technique used to detect MTrP, however, previous research has shown that the reliability of manual palpation for detecting MTrP is poor, and in our opinion unacceptably poor, leading to inconsistent diagnosis of MPS and poor patient outcomes...
September 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713576/neck-pain-in-children-a-retrospective-case-series
#9
Jocelyn Cox, Christine Davidian, Silvano Mior
INTRODUCTION: Spinal pain in the paediatric population is a significant health issue, with an increasing prevalence as they age. Paediatric patients attend for chiropractor care for spinal pain, yet, there is a paucity of quality evidence to guide the practitioner with respect to appropriate care planning. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was used to describe chiropractic management of paediatric neck pain. Two researchers abstracted data from 50 clinical files that met inclusion criteria from a general practice chiropractic office in the Greater Toronto Area, Canada...
September 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713575/the-efficacy-of-instrument-assisted-soft-tissue-mobilization-a-systematic-review
#10
Scott W Cheatham, Matt Lee, Matt Cain, Russell Baker
BACKGROUND: Instrument assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM) is a popular treatment for myofascial restriction. IASTM uses specially designed instruments to provide a mobilizing effect to scar tissue and myofascial adhesions. Several IASTM tools and techniques are available such as the Graston® technique. Currently, there are no systematic reviews that have specifically appraised the effects of IASTM as a treatment or to enhance joint range of motion (ROM). PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to systematically appraise the current evidence assessing the effects of IASTM as an intervention to treat a musculoskeletal pathology or to enhance joint ROM...
September 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385839/subluxation-and-semantics-a-corpus-linguistics-study
#11
Brian Budgell
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to analyze the curriculum of one chiropractic college in order to discover if there were any implicit consensus definitions of the term subluxation. METHODS: Using the software WordSmith Tools, the corpus of an undergraduate chiropractic curriculum was analyzed by reviewing collocated terms and through discourse analysis of text blocks containing words based on the root 'sublux.' RESULTS: It was possible to identify 3 distinct concepts which were each referred to as 'subluxation:' i) an acute or instantaneous injurious event; ii) a clinical syndrome which manifested post-injury; iii) a physical lesion, i...
June 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385838/high-incidence-of-persistence-of-sacral-and-coccygeal-intervertebral-discs-in-south-indians-a-cadaveric-study
#12
B Satheesha Nayak, P Ashwini Aithal, Naveen Kumar, Bincy M George, R Deepthinath, Surekha D Shetty
The sacrum, by virtue of its anatomic location plays a key role in providing stability and strength to the pelvis. Presence of intervertebral discs in sacrum and coccyx is rare. Knowledge of its variations is of utmost importance to surgeons and radiologists. The current study focused on the presence of intervertebral discs between the sacral and coccygeal vertebrae in south Indian cadaveric pelvises. We observed 56 adult pelvises of which, 34 (61%) pelvises showed the presence of intervertebral discs between the sacral vertebrae and between the coccygeal vertebrae, while 22 (39%) pelvises did not have the intervertebral discs either in the sacrum or the coccyx...
June 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385837/identification-and-management-of-chronic-shoulder-pain-in-the-presence-of-an-mra-confirmed-humeral-avulsion-of-the-inferior-glenohumeral-ligament-hagl-lesion
#13
Arif Karmali, Jennifer McLeod
OBJECTIVE: To present the assessment and conservative management of chronic shoulder pain in the presence of a humeral avulsion of the inferior glenohumeral ligament (HAGL) lesion in an active individual. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 47 year-old female office-worker with constant, deep, right shoulder pain with occasional clicking and catching claimed to have "tore something" in her right shoulder five years ago while performing reverse bicep curls. A physical exam led to differential diagnoses of a Superior Labrum Anterior to Posterior (SLAP) lesion, Bankart lesion, and bicipital tendinopathy...
June 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385836/conservative-management-of-posterior-ankle-impingement-a-case-report
#14
Isabelle Senécal, Nadia Richer
OBJECTIVE: To describe the pain and functional improvements of a patient with posterior ankle impingement following a treatment plan incorporating soft tissue therapy, chiropractic adjustment and a progressive rehabilitation program. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 37-year- old male presented with posterolateral ankle pain exacerbated by plantar flexion two weeks after sustaining an inversion ankle sprain. Oedema was present and the patient was describing a sensation of instability while walking...
June 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385835/the-use-of-spinal-manipulation-to-treat-an-acute-on-field-athletic-injury-a-case-report
#15
Sean A Duquette, Mohsen Kazemi
This case describes the utilization of spinal manipulative therapy for an acute athletic injury during a Taekwondo competition. During the tournament, an athlete had a sudden, non-traumatic, ballistic movement of the cervical spine. This resulted in the patient having a locked cervical spine with limited active motion in all directions. The attending chiropractor assessed the athlete, and deemed manipulation was appropriate. After the manipulation, the athlete's range of motion was returned and was able to finish the match...
June 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385834/the-reliability-of-lumbar-motion-palpation-using-continuous-analysis-and-confidence-ratings-choosing-a-relevant-index-of-agreement
#16
Robert Cooperstein, Morgan Young
INTRODUCTION: Most studies show motion palpation unreliable. This study's primary objective was assessing its reliability using a continuous measure methods, most-fixated level paradigm, stratified by examiners' confidence; and the secondary objective was comparing various indices of examiner agreement. METHODS: Thirty-four minimally symptomatic participants were palpated in side posture by two experienced examiners. Interexaminer differences in identifying the most-fixated level and degree of examiner confidence were recorded...
June 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385833/effect-of-two-consecutive-spinal-manipulations-in-a-single-session-on-myofascial-pain-pressure-sensitivity-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Michelle A Laframboise, Howard Vernon, John Srbely
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the summative effect of two consecutive spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) interventions within the same session on the pain pressure sensitivity of neurosegmentally linked myofascial tissues. METHODS: 26 participants were recruited and assessed for the presence of a clinically identifiable myofascial trigger point in the right infraspinatus muscle. Participants were randomly assigned to test or control group. Test group received two consecutive real cervical SMT interventions to C5-C6 segment while controls received one real SMT followed by one validated sham SMT intervention to C5-C6 segment...
June 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385832/an-interdisciplinary-clinic-in-rural-tanzania-observations-on-chiropractic-care-in-a-developing-nation
#18
Joe Lemire, Brian Budgell
It appears that a great many chiropractors and chiropractic institutions are involved in health care initiatives in developing countries. Developing nations present extraordinary opportunities to do good, but also carry risks, for practitioners and organizations, which may not be obvious prior to actual local engagement. This paper describes the guiding principles under which one international collaboration has evolved in rural Tanzania, a so-called 'low resource' setting where the majority of families subsist in extreme poverty...
June 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27069274/erratum
#19
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 363 in vol. 59, PMID: 26816049.].
March 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27069273/allan-c-gotlib-dc-cm-a-worthy-member-of-the-order-of-canada
#20
Douglas M Brown
On June 29, 2012, His Excellency the Right Honourable David Johnston, Governor General of Canada, announced 70 new appointments to the Order of Canada. Among them was Dr. Allan Gotlib, who was subsequently installed as a Member of the Order of Canada, in recognition of his contributions to advancing research in the chiropractic profession and its inter-professional integration. This paper attempts an objective view of his career, to substantiate the accomplishments that led to Dr. Gotlib receiving Canada's highest civilian honour...
March 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
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