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Colloid and Polymer Science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795609/from-surfactant-to-cellulose-and-dna-self-assembly-a-50-year-journey
#1
REVIEW
Björn Lindman
Surfactants have been the basis for applications in several industrial sectors for a long time. However, fundamental research was 50 years ago still limited to a small number of academic groups and even basic aspects were controversial. The field has since undergone an enormous expansion and the improved understanding has laid the basis of numerous new products as well as been the basis of important parts of nano-science and -technology.The present author has during 50 years in academia devoted most of his research to amphiphilic compounds, including both surfactants and polymers...
2016: Colloid and Polymer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546950/impact-of-anionic-polyacrylamide-on-stability-and-surface-properties-of-the-al2o3-polymer-solution-system-at-different-temperatures
#2
Małgorzata Wiśniewska, Stanisław Chibowski, Teresa Urban, Dariusz Sternik, Konrad Terpiłowski
The stability mechanism and thermal properties of the system alumina-anionic polyacrylamide (PAM) was studied. The polymer's adsorption properties in dependence on the following parameters solution pH (in the range 3-9), temperature (in the range 15-35 °C), and carboxyl groups' content in the PAM chains (in the range 5-30 %) were examined. The turbidimetry method was applied for determination of the suspension stability of alumina in the presence of PAM. The obtained results indicate that the polymer addition improves significantly Al2O3 suspension stability at pH 6 and 9 (in the whole examined temperature range)...
2016: Colloid and Polymer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26855469/effect-of-the-enzymatically-modified-supported-dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine-dppc-bilayers-on-calcium-carbonate-formation
#3
Aleksandra Szcześ
After an hour contact with a phospholipase A2 (PLA2) solution, only the outer leaflet of the dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) bilayers supported on mica surface underwent hydrolysis whose products, i.e., palmitic acid and lysophospholipid, accumulated on the bilayer surface. Only calcite was present on the bare mica and enzymatically unmodified and modified supported DPPC bilayers soaked for 2 weeks at 25 and 37 °C in a solution of initial pH equals to 7.4 and 9.2 containing calcium and bicarbonate ions at their concentrations about those of human blood plasma...
2016: Colloid and Polymer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26766882/biocompatible-oil-core-nanocapsules-as-potential-co-carriers-of-paclitaxel-and-fluorescent-markers-preparation-characterization-and-bioimaging
#4
Sławomir Drozdek, Urszula Bazylińska
The present work is focused on the long-term stability and in vitro cellular internalization of newly designed biocompatible polyester nanocapsules prepared via nanoprecipitation approach with mean diameter <165 nm and narrow size distribution, dedicated to theranostic applications. We monitored the optical, morphological, and biological properties of the nanocarriers loaded by multifunctional cargo, i.e., paclitaxel (PTX) and a fluorescent marker: coumarin-6 (CR-6) or Nile Red (NR), by fluorescence and UV-vis spectroscopy (encapsulation efficiency), dynamic light scattering (average size expressed as hydrodynamic diameter, D H), zeta potential (ζ, colloidal stability), atomic force microscopy (AFM, imaging), and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM, nanocapsule visualization, and cellular internalization in vitro by human breast cancer MCF-7/WT cells)...
2016: Colloid and Polymer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26617429/characterization-of-protein-adsorption-onto-silica-nanoparticles-influence-of-ph-and-ionic-strength
#5
Jens Meissner, Albert Prause, Bhuvnesh Bharti, Gerhard H Findenegg
The adsorption of lysozyme and ß-lactoglobulin onto silica nanoparticles (diameter 21 nm) was studied in the pH range 2-11 at three different ionic strengths. Since the two proteins have a widely different isoelectric point (pI), electrostatic interactions with the negative silica surface lead to a different dependence of adsorption on pH. For lysozyme (pI ≈ 11), the adsorption level increases with pH and reaches a value corresponding to about two close-packed monolayers at pH = pI. In the multilayer adsorption region near pI, added electrolyte causes a decrease in adsorption, which is attributed to the screening of attractive interactions between protein molecules in the first and second adsorbed layer...
2015: Colloid and Polymer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26617428/an-electric-field-induced-dynamical-state-in-dispersions-of-highly-charged-colloidal-rods-comparison-of-experiment-and-theory
#6
K Kang, J K G Dhont
Concentrated dispersions of highly charged rod-like colloids (fd-virus particles) in isotropic-nematic coexistence exhibit a dynamical state when subjected to low-frequency electric fields [Soft Matter, 2010, 6, 273]. This dynamical state consists of nematic domains which persistently melt and form on time scales typically of the order of seconds. The origin of the dynamical state has been attributed to a field-induced, cyclic dissociation and association of condensed ions [Soft Matter, 2014, 10, 1987, Soft Matter, 2015, 11, 2893]...
2015: Colloid and Polymer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26412931/composites-prepared-from-the-waterborne-polyurethane-cationomers-modified-graphene-part-ii-electrical-properties-of-the-polyurethane-films
#7
Piotr Król, Bożena Król, Marek Zenker, Jan Subocz
The research was planned to test electrical properties of polymer films made from polyurethane cationomers with 0-2 wt.% graphene admixture. The cationomers were synthetized in the reaction of 4,4'-methylenebis(phenyl isocyanate), polycaprolactone diol (M = 2000), N-methyldiethanolamine, and formic acid. It was found that addition of approx. 2 wt.% of graphene causes the loss of volume resistivity by three orders of magnitude and percolation threshold is already set at approx. 1 wt.%. The frequency characteristic of a real part of permittivity ε' and imaginary part of permittivity ε″ were measured for the tested films...
2015: Colloid and Polymer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26412930/interaction-of-two-imidazolium-gemini-surfactants-with-two-model-proteins-bsa-and-hewl
#8
W Gospodarczyk, M Kozak
Gemini surfactants and their interactions with proteins have gained considerable scientific interest, especially when amyloidogenic proteins are taken into account. In this work, the influence of two selected dicationic (gemini) surfactants (3,3'-[1,8-(2,7-dioxaoctane)]bis(1-dodecylimidazolium) chloride and 3,3'-[1,12-(2,11-dioxadodecane)]bis(1-dodecylimidazolium) chloride) on two model proteins, bovine serum albumin (BSA) and hen egg white lysozyme (HEWL), have been investigated. A pronounced and sophisticated influence on BSA structure has been revealed, including a considerable change of protein radius of gyration as well as substantial alteration of its secondary structure...
2015: Colloid and Polymer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26316673/lecithin-based-wet-chemical-precipitation-of-hydroxyapatite-nanoparticles
#9
Wojasiński Michał, Duszyńska Ewa, Ciach Tomasz
Hydroxyapatite Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2 nanoparticles have been successfully synthesized by the wet chemical precipitation method at 60 °C in the presence of biocompatible natural surfactant-lecithin. The composition and morphology of nanoparticles of hydroxyapatite synthesized with lecithin (nHAp-PC) was studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Size distribution for nanoparticles was measured by nanoparticle tracking analysis in NanoSight system...
2015: Colloid and Polymer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26316672/evolution-of-high-temperature-molecular-relaxations-in-poly-2-2-methoxyethoxy-ethyl-methacrylate-upon-network-formation
#10
Marcin Kozanecki, Marcin Pastorczak, Lidia Okrasa, Jacek Ulanski, Jeong Ae Yoon, Tomasz Kowalewski, Krzysztof Matyjaszewski, Kaloian Koynov
Copolymers of 2-(2-methoxyethoxy)ethyl methacrylate (poly(MEO2MA)) are regarded as bioinert replacements of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) in some biomedical applications. Networks of poly(MEO2MA) of various architecture form thermo-responsive hydrogels. Here, we present dielectric and mechanical spectroscopy studies on segmental motions and network relaxation processes in linear poly(MEO2MA) and its networks - bare network and the network grafted with short poly(MEO2MA) chains. We show that the α process assigned to the segmental motions of poly(MEO2MA) is independent on the polymer topology and the glass transition temperature, T g, associated with this process equals 235-236 K for all investigated systems...
2015: Colloid and Polymer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26146449/two-cationic-2-methylbenzothiazole-derivatives-as-green-light-absorbed-sensitizers-in-initiation-of-free-radical-polymerization
#11
Janina Kabatc, Katarzyna Kostrzewska, Katarzyna Jurek
N-Methylpyridinium esters derivatives of 2-methylbenzothiazole hemicyanine dyes photoinitiators/photosensitizers derived from N-propyl-3-[N-2-methylbenzothiazolo]-4-pyridyno phenylacetic acid ester diiodide and N-propyl-3-[N-2-me]thylbenzothiazolo]-4-pyridino diphenylacetic acid ester diiodide were synthesized and proposed as new photoinitiators of polymerization of 2-ethyl-(2-hydroxymethyl)-1,3-propanediol triacrylate under argon laser exposure at 514 nm. These compounds exhibit a strong absorption around 520 nm...
2015: Colloid and Polymer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25859068/orientation-of-pvdf-%C3%AE-and-%C3%AE-crystals-in-nanolayered-films
#12
Kinga Jurczuk, Andrzej Galeski, Matthew Mackey, Anne Hiltner, Eric Baer
Wide-angle X-ray scattering in conjunction with pole figure technique was used to study the texture of poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) α and γ phase crystals in nanolayered polysulfone/poly(vinylidene fluoride) films (PSF/PVDF) produced by layer-multiplying coextrusion. In all as-extruded PSF/PVDF films, the PVDF nanolayers crystallized into the α phase crystals. A large fraction of those crystals was oriented with macromolecular chains perpendicular to the PSF/PVDF interface as evidenced from the (021) pole figures...
2015: Colloid and Polymer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25750474/the-role-of-nucleating-agents-in-high-pressure-induced-gamma-crystallization-in-isotactic-polypropylene
#13
Przemyslaw Sowinski, Ewa Piorkowska, Severine A E Boyer, Jean-Marc Haudin, Kinga Zapala
Nucleation of the γ-form in isotactic polypropylene (PP) under high pressure was investigated. Three nucleating agents were used to nucleate crystallization of PP under atmospheric pressure: commercial Hyperform HPN-20E from Milliken Chemical, poly(tetrafluoroethylene) particles nucleating the α-form, and calcium pimelate nucleating the β-form. Crystallization of neat PP and PP with addition of 0.2 wt% of the nucleating agents was studied. Specimens were either kept at 200 °C under pressure of 200 MPa for time ranging from 2 min to 4 h or for 15 min under pressure ranging from 1...
2015: Colloid and Polymer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25642016/composites-prepared-from-the-waterborne-polyurethane-cationomers-modified-graphene-part-i-synthesis-structure-and-physicochemical-properties
#14
Piotr Król, Bożena Król, Kinga Pielichowska, Milena Špírková
In the reaction of 4,4'-methylenebis(phenyl isocyanate), polycaprolactone diol, and N-methyldiethanolamine, they were synthesized aqueous dispersions of polyurethane cationomers, from which films were prepared after adding 0-2 wt% graphene. In order to obtain nanocomposites, graphene was previously noncovalent functionalized in tetrahydrofurane in the field of ultrasound. The chemical structure and the morphology of obtained nanocomposites were analyzed by IR spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy (AFM), and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) microcalorimetry methods...
2015: Colloid and Polymer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25598572/study-on-the-structure-of-pitch-polymer-compositions-by-fluorescence-microscope
#15
Grzegorz Makomaski
In this work, the results of studies on the evaluation of colloidal structure of coal-tar pitch compositions with selected waste polymers by fluorescence microscope. For pitch-polymer compositions containing 10-50 wt% waste polymer, softening point, coking value and content of components insoluble in toluene and quinoline were carried out. The results indicate that pitch-polymer compositions can be treated as microheterogeneous systems, colloidal and biphase, generally exhibiting uniform dispersion of particles composed of polymer macromolecules and probably of α components of coal-tar pitch...
2015: Colloid and Polymer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25598571/novel-blends-of-polylactide-with-ethylene-glycol-derivatives-of-poss
#16
Anna Zubrowska, Ewa Piorkowska, Anna Kowalewska, Michal Cichorek
Polylactide (PLA), a main biodegradable and biobased candidate for the replacement of petrochemical polymers, is stiff and brittle at room conditions. It is therefore of high interest to formulate new PLA-based materials suitable for applications demanding flexibility and toughness. In this work, novel blends of PLA with polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes (POSS) grafted with longer (P1) and shorter (P2) arms of ethylene glycol derivatives were prepared and studied. It was hypothesized that, owing to their architecture with the central POSS cage grafted with arms, miscibility and stability of the blends could be improved...
2015: Colloid and Polymer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24563576/a-new-approach-to-decoupling-of-bacterial-adhesion-energies-measured-by-afm-into-specific-and-nonspecific-components
#17
Asma O Eskhan, Nehal I Abu-Lail
A new method to decoupling of bacterial interactions measured by atomic force microscopy (AFM) into specific and nonspecific components is proposed. The new method is based on computing the areas under the approach and retraction curves. To test the efficacy of the new method, AFM was used to probe the repulsion and adhesion energies present between L. monocytogenes cells cultured at five pH values (5, 6, 7, 8 and 9) and silicon nitride (Si3N4). Overall adhesion energy was then decoupled into its specific and nonspecific components using the new method as well as using Poisson statistical approach...
February 1, 2014: Colloid and Polymer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25400318/visible-light-induced-polymerization-initiated-by-borate-salts-of-bicationic-monochromophoric-benzothiazolestyrylium-dyes
#18
Janina Kabatc, Katarzyna Jurek
A series of bicationic monochromophoric hemicyanine dyes based on benzothiazolestyrylium residues were synthesized. The dyeing photoinitiating systems consisting of N-[3-(4-methylpyridino)propyl]-2-(p-substituted styryl)benzothiazolium dihalides as chromophores and n-butyltriphenylborate anion as electron donor were also prepared to achieve an efficient photoinitiators for free-radical polymerization in a visible-light region. The relative photoinitiating efficiencies of novel photoinitiators of acrylate monomers polymerization were evaluated...
2014: Colloid and Polymer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25242857/application-of-the-zeta-potential-measurements-to-explanation-of-colloidal-cr2o3-stability-mechanism-in-the-presence-of-the-ionic-polyamino-acids
#19
Iwona Ostolska, Małgorzata Wiśniewska
In the presented paper, the influence of the molecular weight and the type of polyamino acid functional groups on the electrokinetic properties and the stability of chromium (III) oxide suspension were examined. Analysis of the data obtained from the adsorption, potentiometric titration, zeta potential, and stability measurements allows to propose stabilization or destabilization mechanism of the studied systems. In the studies, there were used polyamino acids with different ionic characters: anionic polyaspartic acid and cationic polylysine...
2014: Colloid and Polymer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25190899/microcellular-foams-made-from-gliadin
#20
S Quester, M Dahesh, R Strey
We have generated closed-cell microcellular foams from gliadin, an abundantly available wheat storage protein. The extraction procedure of gliadin from wheat gluten, which involves only the natural solvents water and ethanol, respectively, is described with emphasis on the precipitation step of gliadin which results in a fine dispersion of mostly spherical, submicron gliadin particles composed of myriad of protein molecules. A dense packing of these particles was hydrated and subjected to an atmosphere of carbon dioxide or nitrogen in a high-pressure cell at 250 bar...
2014: Colloid and Polymer Science
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