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Bulletin of the World Health Organization

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904228/update-on-the-global-charter-for-the-public-s-health
#1
Bettina Borisch, Marta Lomazzi, Michael Moore, Ruediger Krech
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904227/the-minamata-convention-and-the-phase-down-of-dental-amalgam
#2
Julian Fisher, Benoit Varenne, Desiree Narvaez, Carolyn Vickers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904226/oral-cholera-vaccine-in-cholera-prevention-and-control-malawi
#3
Maurice M'bangombe, Lorenzo Pezzoli, Bruce Reeder, Storn Kabuluzi, Kelias Msyamboza, Humphreys Masuku, Bagrey Ngwira, Philippe Cavailler, Francesco Grandesso, Adriana Palomares, Namseon Beck, Allison Shaffer, Emily MacDonald, Mesfin Senbete, Justin Lessler, Sean M Moore, Andrew S Azman
Problem: With limited global supplies of oral cholera vaccine, countries need to identify priority areas for vaccination while longer-term solutions, such as water and sanitation infrastructure, are being developed. Approach: In 2017, Malawi integrated oral cholera vaccine into its national cholera control plan. The process started with a desk review and analysis of previous surveillance and risk factor data. At a consultative meeting, researchers, national health and water officials and representatives from nongovernmental and international organizations reviewed the data and local epidemiological knowledge to determine priority districts for oral cholera vaccination...
June 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904225/postgraduate-training-for-trauma-prevention-injury-surveillance-and-research-uganda
#4
Abdulgafoor M Bachani, Nino Paichadze, Jacob A Bentley, Nazarius Mbona Tumwesigye, David Bishai, Lynn Atuyambe, Stephen Wegener, David Guwatudde, Olive C Kobusingye, Adnan A Hyder
Problem: The burden of trauma and injuries in Uganda is substantial and growing. Two important gaps that need addressing are the shortage of trained people and a lack of national data on noncommunicable diseases and their risk factors in Uganda. Approach: We developed and implemented a new track within an existing master of public health programme, aimed at developing graduate-level capacity and promoting research on key national priorities for trauma and injuries...
June 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904224/the-global-burden-of-kidney-disease-and-the-sustainable-development-goals
#5
Valerie A Luyckx, Marcello Tonelli, John W Stanifer
Kidney disease has been described as the most neglected chronic disease. Reliable estimates of the global burden of kidney disease require more population-based studies, but specific risks occur across the socioeconomic spectrum from poverty to affluence, from malnutrition to obesity, in agrarian to post-industrial settings, and along the life course from newborns to older people. A range of communicable and noncommunicable diseases result in renal complications and many people who have kidney disease lack access to care...
June 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904223/prevalence-of-asymptomatic-zika-virus-infection-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Michelle M Haby, Mariona Pinart, Vanessa Elias, Ludovic Reveiz
Objective: To conduct a systematic review to estimate the prevalence of asymptomatic Zika virus infection in the general population and in specific population groups. Methods: We searched PubMed®, Embase® and LILACS online databases from inception to 26 January 2018. We included observational epidemiological studies where laboratory testing was used to confirm positive exposure of participants to Zika virus and in which Zika virus symptom status was also recorded...
June 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904222/health-system-adapted-data-envelopment-analysis-for-decision-making-in-universal-health-coverage
#7
Mark G Shrime, Swagoto Mukhopadhyay, Blake C Alkire
Objective: To develop and test a method that allows an objective assessment of the value of any health policy in multiple domains. Methods: We developed a method to assist decision-makers with constrained resources and insufficient knowledge about a society's preferences to choose between policies with unequal, and at times opposing, effects on multiple outcomes. Our method extends standard data envelopment analysis to address the realities of health policy, such as multiple and adverse outcomes and a lack of information about the population's preferences over those outcomes...
June 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904221/implementation-of-tuberculosis-prevention-for-exposed-children-burkina-faso
#8
Giorgia Sulis, Adjima Combary, Haileyesus Getahun, Saidou Gnanou, Pier Francesco Giorgetti, Arnaud Konseimbo, Susanna Capone, Yohhei Hamada, Annabel Baddeley, Alberto Matteelli
Objective: To develop and test a simple system for recording and reporting the diagnosis and treatment of latent tuberculosis infection and to compare the effects of passive and active tracing of child contacts on indicators of such infection. Methods: We revised Burkina Faso's latent tuberculosis infection register and quarterly tuberculosis reporting form. Subsequently, coverage of the routine screening of contacts, who were younger than five years, for active tuberculosis and the corresponding percentages of such contacts who, if eligible, initiated preventive therapy were measured, nationwide, between 1 April 2016 and 31 March 2017...
June 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904220/monographs-for-medicines-on-who-s-model-list-of-essential-medicines
#9
Lukas Roth, Melissa Adler, Tanvi Jain, Daniel Bempong
Objective: To raise awareness about the importance of public pharmaceutical standards, identify if and, if so, where current pharmacopeias are falling short in the development of new and complete monographs and foster collaboration among the various pharmacopeias, to prioritize, develop and make available standards for those key medicines for which no complete monographs exist. Methods: In August 2017, we mined eight pharmacopeias to identify which of the 669 medicines in the 20th edition of the World Health Organization's Model List of Essential Medicines were covered by complete or incomplete monographs...
June 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904219/dixon-chibanda-grandmothers-help-to-scale-up-mental-health-care
#10
(no author information available yet)
Dixon Chibanda developed the Friendship Bench approach to mental health care in Zimbabwe. He tells Fiona Fleck how he is taking the innovative approach to other countries.
June 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904218/stepping-up-local-efforts-to-stop-global-spread-of-yellow-fever
#11
(no author information available yet)
A series of outbreaks of yellow fever has triggered the need for a global response. Tatum Anderson reports.
June 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904217/public-health-round-up
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904216/no-end-to-cholera-without-basic-water-sanitation-and-hygiene
#13
EDITORIAL
Maggie Montgomery, Megan Wilson Jones, Ibrahim Kabole, Rick Johnston, Bruce Gordon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904215/dialysis-therapy-for-syrian-refugees-in-lebanon-a-call-for-action
#14
EDITORIAL
Nabil Karah, Mohamed Nour Kurhani, Eyad Fadloun, Bahija Mayasi, Federico Orioli, Kristil Haraldstad, Erik Fosse
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877505/corrigendum
#15
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.2471/BLT.17.198366.].
May 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875522/reducing-the-global-burden-of-musculoskeletal-conditions
#16
Andrew M Briggs, Anthony D Woolf, Karsten Dreinhöfer, Nicole Homb, Damian G Hoy, Deborah Kopansky-Giles, Kristina Åkesson, Lyn March
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875521/rabies-control-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#17
K LeRoux, D Stewart, K D Perrett, L H Nel, J A Kessels, B Abela-Ridder
Problem: Urbanization, large dog populations and failed control efforts have contributed to continuing endemicity of dog-mediated rabies in KwaZulu-Natal province, South Africa. Approach: From 2007 to 2014 we used a OneHealth approach to rabies prevention, involving both the human and animal health sectors. We implemented mass vaccination campaigns for dogs to control canine rabies, and strategies to improve rabies awareness and access to postexposure prophylaxis for people exposed to rabies...
May 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875520/the-g7-presidency-and-universal-health-coverage-japan-s-contribution
#18
Haruka Sakamoto, Satoshi Ezoe, Kotono Hara, Eiji Hinoshita, Yui Sekitani, Keishi Abe, Haruhiko Inada, Takuma Kato, Kenichi Komada, Masami Miyakawa, Hiroyuki Yamaya, Naoko Yamamoto, Sarah Krull Abe, Kenji Shibuya
Problem: If universal health coverage (UHC) is to be achieved globally, it needs sustained promotion and political awareness and support. Approach: During its presidency of the Group of Seven (G7) industrialized nations in 2016, Japan aimed to raise the issue of UHC to the top of the global health agenda. Local setting: Japan has promoted a health agenda at all of the G7 summits since 2000 that it has hosted. Human security has been the core foundation of Japan's foreign diplomacy for several decades and, consequently, there was no apparent opposition within Japan to the inclusion of UHC on the agenda of the summit in 2016...
May 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875519/international-travel-between-global-urban-centres-vulnerable-to-yellow-fever-transmission
#19
Shannon E Brent, Alexander Watts, Martin Cetron, Matthew German, Moritz Ug Kraemer, Isaac I Bogoch, Oliver J Brady, Simon I Hay, Maria I Creatore, Kamran Khan
Objective: To examine the potential for international travel to spread yellow fever virus to cities around the world. Methods: We obtained data on the international flight itineraries of travellers who departed yellow fever-endemic areas of the world in 2016 for cities either where yellow fever was endemic or which were suitable for viral transmission. Using a global ecological model of dengue virus transmission, we predicted the suitability of cities in non-endemic areas for yellow fever transmission...
May 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875518/single-episode-of-alcohol-use-resulting-in-injury-a-cross-sectional-study-in-21-countries
#20
Cheryl J Cherpitel, Yu Ye, Vladimir Poznyak
Objective: To examine the empirical basis for including the diagnostic category of "a single episode of harmful substance use" in the 11th revision of the International statistical classification of diseases and related health problems (ICD-11). Methods: We used data on patients admitted to emergency departments in 21 countries with alcohol-related injuries (i.e. with drinking within the preceding six hours) who had no sign of alcohol intoxication or withdrawal, no alcohol in blood and no sign of alcohol dependence or harmful drinking as described in the ICD-10...
May 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
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