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Bulletin of the World Health Organization

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30262949/antimicrobial-resistance-in-livestock-and-poor-quality-veterinary-medicines
#1
Katie Clifford, Darash Desai, Clarissa Prazeres da Costa, Hannelore Meyer, Katharina Klohe, Andrea S Winkler, Tanvir Rahman, Taohidul Islam, Muhammad H Zaman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30262948/universal-health-coverage-and-community-engagement
#2
Asiya Odugleh-Kolev, John Parrish-Sprowl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30262947/measuring-health-inequalities-in-the-context-of-sustainable-development-goals
#3
Ahmad Reza Hosseinpoor, Nicole Bergen, Anne Schlotheuber, John Grove
Transforming our world: the 2030 agenda for sustainable development promotes the improvement of health equity, which entails ongoing monitoring of health inequalities. The World Health Organization has developed a multistep approach to health inequality monitoring consisting of: (i) determining the scope of monitoring; (ii) obtaining data; (iii) analysing data; (iv) reporting results; and (v) implementing changes. Technical considerations at each step have implications for the results and conclusions of monitoring and subsequent remedial actions...
September 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30262946/gender-health-and-the-2030-agenda-for-sustainable-development
#4
Mary Manandhar, Sarah Hawkes, Kent Buse, Elias Nosrati, Veronica Magar
Gender refers to the social relationships between males and females in terms of their roles, behaviours, activities, attributes and opportunities, and which are based on different levels of power. Gender interacts with, but is distinct from, the binary categories of biological sex. In this paper we consider how gender interacts with the 2030 agenda for sustainable development, including sustainable development goal (SDG) 3 and its targets for health and well-being, and the impact on health equity. We propose a conceptual framework for understanding the interactions between gender (SDG 5) and health (SDG 3) and 13 other SDGs, which influence health outcomes...
September 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30262945/the-sustainable-development-goals-as-a-framework-to-combat-health-sector-corruption
#5
Tim K Mackey, Taryn Vian, Jillian Kohler
Corruption is diverse in its forms and embedded in health systems worldwide. Health-sector corruption directly impedes progress towards universal health coverage by inhibiting people's access to quality health services and to safe and effective medicines, and undermining systems for financial risk protection. Corruption is also a cross-cutting theme in the United Nations' sustainable development goals (SDGs) which aim to improve population health, promote justice and strong institutions and advance sustainable human development...
September 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30262944/monitoring-the-sustainable-development-goals-through-human-rights-accountability-reviews
#6
Judith Bueno de Mesquita, Rebekah Thomas, Camille Gauter, Alexandra Havkwist, Robert Hoddy, Ajeng Larasati, Ingrid Legrand Gjerdset, Giulia Perrone, Tasneem Sadiq, Raymond A Smith
The Universal Periodic Review is a comprehensive, state-to-state peer-review mechanism of the United Nations (UN) Human Rights Council. Created in 2006, the mechanism scrutinizes the human rights record of all UN Member States, including their efforts to realize the right to health. However, the mechanism is relatively under-used in global health governance compared to treaty-based procedures, such as those overseen by the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities or the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women...
September 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30262943/health-promotion-and-the-agenda-for-sustainable-development-who-region-of-the-americas
#7
Kira Fortune, Francisco Becerra-Posada, Paulo Buss, Luiz Augusto C Galvão, Alfonso Contreras, Matthew Murphy, Caitlin Rogger, Gabriela E Keahon, Andres de Francisco
The approaches and tools of health promotion can be useful for civil society groups, local and national governments and multilateral organizations that are working to operationalize the 2030 agenda for sustainable development. Health promotion and sustainable development share several core priorities, such as equity, intersectoral approaches and sustainability, that help maximize their impact across traditional sectoral boundaries. In the Region of the Americas, each of these priorities has strong resonance because of prominent and long-standing health inequities that are proving resistant to interventions driven solely by the health sector...
September 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30262942/financial-protection-analysis-in-eight-countries-in-the-who-south-east-asia-region
#8
Hui Wang, Lluis Vinyals Torres, Phyllida Travis
Objective: To document the financial protection status of eight countries of the South-East Asian region and to investigate the main components of out-of-pocket expenditure on health care. Methods: We calculated two financial protection indicators using data from living standards surveys or household income and expenditure surveys in Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Timor-Leste. First, we calculated the incidence of catastrophic health expenditure, defined as the proportion of the population spending more than 10% or 25% of their total household expenditure on health...
September 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30262941/catastrophic-health-spending-in-europe-equity-and-policy-implications-of-different-calculation-methods
#9
Jonathan Cylus, Sarah Thomson, Tamás Evetovits
Objective: To investigate the equity and policy implications of different methods to calculate catastrophic health spending. Methods: We used routinely collected data from recent household budget surveys in 14 European countries. We calculated the incidence of catastrophic health spending and its distribution across consumption quintiles using four methods. We compared the budget share method, which is used to monitor universal health coverage (UHC) in the sustainable development goals (SDGs), with three other well-established methods: actual food spending; partial normative food spending; and normative spending on food, housing and utilities...
September 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30262940/g%C3%A3-ran-tomson-scientists-can-help-achieve-sustainable-development
#10
(no author information available yet)
Countries signed up to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development face the challenge of achieving economic progress without damaging the environment or depleting natural resources. Göran Tomson tells Fiona Fleck how scientists can help.
September 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30262939/leafy-green-crops-to-improve-diets-on-pacific-islands
#11
(no author information available yet)
Cultivating leafy greens locally is one of the many approaches being taken to tackling noncommunicable diseases in the Pacific Islands. Georgina Kenyon reports.
September 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30262938/public-health-round-up
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30262937/public-health-approach-to-hearing-across-the-life-course-a-call-for-papers
#13
EDITORIAL
Shelly Chadha, Alarcos Cieza, Karen Reyes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30262936/the-role-of-health-in-achieving-the-sustainable-development-goals
#14
EDITORIAL
Shambhu Acharya, Vivian Lin, Natasha Dhingra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30262935/healthy-living-well-being-and-the-sustainable-development-goals
#15
EDITORIAL
Amina J Mohammed, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104800/global-susceptibility-and-response-to-noncommunicable-diseases
#16
Arian Hatefi, Luke N Allen, Thomas J Bollyky, Sarah A Roache, Rachel Nugent
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104799/cluster-munitions-military-use-and-civilian-health-hazards
#17
Jawad Fares, Youssef Fares
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104798/adapting-the-who-package-of-essential-noncommunicable-disease-interventions-samoa
#18
Caroline Bollars, Take Naseri, Robert Thomsen, Cherian Varghese, Kristine Sørensen, Nanne de Vries, Ree Meertens
Problem: Samoa has been struggling to address the burden of noncommunicable diseases at the health system, community and individual levels. Approach: The World Health Organization (WHO) package of essential noncommunicable disease interventions for primary health care in low-resource settings was adopted in seven villages throughout Samoa in 2015. The National Steering Committee Members designed and implemented a screening process, and local facilitators and health-care workers collected health and lifestyle data...
August 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104797/cost-effectiveness-of-risk-based-breast-cancer-screening-programme-china
#19
Li Sun, Rosa Legood, Zia Sadique, Isabel Dos-Santos-Silva, Li Yang
Objective: To model the cost-effectiveness of a risk-based breast cancer screening programme in urban China, launched in 2012, compared with no screening. Methods: We developed a Markov model to estimate the lifetime costs and effects, in terms of quality-adjusted life years (QALYs), of a breast cancer screening programme for high-risk women aged 40-69 years. We derived or adopted age-specific incidence and transition probability data, assuming a natural history progression between the stages of cancer, from other studies...
August 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104796/establishing-thresholds-and-parameters-for-pandemic-influenza-severity-assessment-australia
#20
Kaitlyn Vette, Christina Bareja, Robert Clark, Aparna Lal
Objective: To implement the World Health Organization's pandemic influenza severity assessment tool in Australia, using multiple sources of data to establish thresholds and measure influenza severity indicators. Methods: We used data from four reliable sources: sentinel general practitioner surveillance, hospital surveillance, a public health hotline and an influenza-like illness survey system. We measured three influenza severity indicators (transmissibility, impact and disease seriousness) defined using pandemic influenza severity assessment guidelines...
August 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
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