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Bulletin of the World Health Organization

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403119/complex-determinants-of-inappropriate-use-of-antibiotics
#1
Viroj Tangcharoensathien, Sunicha Chanvatik, Angkana Sommanustweechai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403118/a-framework-for-stimulating-economic-investments-to-prevent-emerging-diseases
#2
Daniel L Schar, Gavin Mark Yamey, Catherine C Machalaba, William B Karesh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403117/medicines-quality-assurance-to-fight-antimicrobial-resistance
#3
Jude Nwokike, Aubrey Clark, Phillip P Nguyen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403116/pandemic-risk-how-large-are-the-expected-losses
#4
Victoria Y Fan, Dean T Jamison, Lawrence H Summers
There is an unmet need for greater investment in preparedness against major epidemics and pandemics. The arguments in favour of such investment have been largely based on estimates of the losses in national incomes that might occur as the result of a major epidemic or pandemic. Recently, we extended the estimate to include the valuation of the lives lost as a result of pandemic-related increases in mortality. This produced markedly higher estimates of the full value of loss that might occur as the result of a future pandemic...
February 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403115/revision-of-clinical-case-definitions-influenza-like-illness-and-severe-acute-respiratory-infection
#5
Julia Fitzner, Saba Qasmieh, Anthony Wayne Mounts, Burmaa Alexander, Terry Besselaar, Sylvie Briand, Caroline Brown, Seth Clark, Erica Dueger, Diane Gross, Siri Hauge, Siddhivinayak Hirve, Pernille Jorgensen, Mark A Katz, Ali Mafi, Mamunur Malik, Margaret McCarron, Tamara Meerhoff, Yuichiro Mori, Joshua Mott, Maria Teresa da Costa Olivera, Justin R Ortiz, Rakhee Palekar, Helena Rebelo-de-Andrade, Loes Soetens, Ali Ahmed Yahaya, Wenqing Zhang, Katelijn Vandemaele
The formulation of accurate clinical case definitions is an integral part of an effective process of public health surveillance. Although such definitions should, ideally, be based on a standardized and fixed collection of defining criteria, they often require revision to reflect new knowledge of the condition involved and improvements in diagnostic testing. Optimal case definitions also need to have a balance of sensitivity and specificity that reflects their intended use. After the 2009-2010 H1N1 influenza pandemic, the World Health Organization (WHO) initiated a technical consultation on global influenza surveillance...
February 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403114/lessons-learnt-from-implementation-of-the-international-health-regulations-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Amitabh B Suthar, Lisa G Allen, Sara Cifuentes, Christopher Dye, Jason M Nagata
Objective: To respond to the World Health Assembly call for dissemination of lessons learnt from countries that have begun implementing the International Health Regulations, 2005 revision; IHR (2005). Methods: In November 2015, we conducted a systematic search of the following online databases and sources: PubMed®, Embase®, Global Health, Scopus, World Health Organization (WHO) Global Index Medicus, WHO Bulletin on IHR Implementation and the International Society for Disease Surveillance...
February 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403113/antibiotic-distribution-channels-in-thailand-results-of-key-informant-interviews-reviews-of-drug-regulations-and-database-searches
#7
Angkana Sommanustweechai, Sunicha Chanvatik, Varavoot Sermsinsiri, Somsajee Sivilaikul, Walaiporn Patcharanarumol, Shunmay Yeung, Viroj Tangcharoensathien
Objective: To analyse how antibiotics are imported, manufactured, distributed and regulated in Thailand. Methods: We gathered information, on antibiotic distribution in Thailand, in in-depth interviews - with 43 key informants from farms, health facilities, pharmaceutical and animal feed industries, private pharmacies and regulators- and in database and literature searches. Findings: In 2016-2017, licensed antibiotic distribution in Thailand involves over 700 importers and about 24 000 distributors - e...
February 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403112/antibiotic-use-in-poultry-a-survey-of-eight-farms-in-thailand
#8
Gumphol Wongsuvan, Vanaporn Wuthiekanun, Soawapak Hinjoy, Nicholas Pj Day, Direk Limmathurotsakul
Objective: To investigate antibiotic use in poultry farms in Thailand and estimate the total amount of antibiotics used annually in Thai production of chicken meat. Methods: In a single province, we surveyed eight farms in which chickens were raised for meat and interviewed the farms' owners in 2016. The antibiotic use for each chicken was defined as the amount of antibiotic given to the chicken over its entire lifetime divided by the target weight of the chicken at the time of its slaughter...
February 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403111/implementation-research-reactive-mass-vaccination-with-single-dose-oral-cholera-vaccine-zambia
#9
Marc Poncin, Gideon Zulu, Caroline Voute, Eva Ferreras, Clara Mbwili Muleya, Kennedy Malama, Lorenzo Pezzoli, Jacob Mufunda, Hugues Robert, Florent Uzzeni, Francisco J Luquero, Elizabeth Chizema, Iza Ciglenecki
Objective: To describe the implementation and feasibility of an innovative mass vaccination strategy - based on single-dose oral cholera vaccine - to curb a cholera epidemic in a large urban setting. Method: In April 2016, in the early stages of a cholera outbreak in Lusaka, Zambia, the health ministry collaborated with Médecins Sans Frontières and the World Health Organization in organizing a mass vaccination campaign, based on single-dose oral cholera vaccine...
February 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403110/marion-koopmans-greater-regional-capacity-to-fight-disease-outbreaks
#10
(no author information available yet)
Marion Koopmans tells Fiona Fleck why the world needs a publicly-funded network of hubs in all regions with local experts able to respond to infectious disease threats as they emerge.
February 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403109/the-challenges-of-preventing-bovine-tuberculosis
#11
(no author information available yet)
Bovine tuberculosis destroys livelihoods and is hampering efforts to achieve the End TB Strategy goal of tuberculosis elimination by 2030. Sophie Cousins reports on efforts to stamp out this neglected infectious disease.
February 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403108/public-health-round-up
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403107/qualitative-evidence-to-improve-guidelines-and-health-decision-making
#13
EDITORIAL
Etienne V Langlois, Özge Tunçalp, Susan L Norris, Ian Askew, Abdul Ghaffar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403106/health-climate-and-small-island-states
#14
EDITORIAL
Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Patricia Espinosa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403104/guidelines-for-contributors
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403103/involving-both-parents-in-hiv-prevention-during-pregnancy-and-breastfeeding
#16
Benjamin H Chi, Nora E Rosenberg, Oliver Mweemba, Kimberly A Powers, Chifundo Zimba, Suzanne Maman, Margaret Kasaro, Katie R Mollan, Jeffrey Sa Stringer, Wilbroad Mutale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403102/policy-implications-of-big-data-in-the-health-sector
#17
Effy Vayena, Joan Dzenowagis, John S Brownstein, Aziz Sheikh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403101/praziquantel-for-the-treatment-of-schistosomiasis-during-human-pregnancy
#18
Jennifer F Friedman, Remigio M Olveda, Mark H Mirochnick, Amaya L Bustinduy, Alison M Elliott
In 2014, an estimated 40 million women of reproductive age were infected with Schistosoma haematobium, S. japonicum and/or S. mansoni. In both 2003 and 2006, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended that all schistosome-infected pregnant and breastfeeding women be offered treatment, with praziquantel, either individually or during treatment campaigns. In 2006, WHO also stated the need for randomized controlled trials to assess the safety and efficacy of such treatment. Some countries have yet to follow the recommendation on treatment and many programme managers and pregnant women in other countries remain reluctant to follow the recommended approach...
January 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403100/controlling-hepatitis-c-in-rwanda-a-framework-for-a-national-response
#19
Aimable Mbituyumuremyi, Jennifer Ilo Van Nuil, Jeanne Umuhire, Jules Mugabo, Mutagoma Mwumvaneza, Jean Damascene Makuza, Justine Umutesi, Sabin Nsanzimana, Neil Gupta
With the introduction of direct-acting antiviral drugs, treatment of hepatitis C is both highly effective and tolerable. Access to treatment for patients, however, remains limited in low- and middle-income countries due to the lack of supportive health infrastructure and the high cost of treatment. Poorer countries are being encouraged by international bodies to organize public health responses that would facilitate the roll-out of care and treatment on a national scale. Yet few countries have documented formal plans and policies...
January 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403099/a-life-course-approach-to-health-synergy-with-sustainable-development-goals
#20
Shyama Kuruvilla, Ritu Sadana, Eugenio Villar Montesinos, John Beard, Jennifer Franz Vasdeki, Islene Araujo de Carvalho, Rebekah Bosco Thomas, Marie-Noel Brunne Drisse, Bernadette Daelmans, Tracey Goodman, Theadora Koller, Alana Officer, Joanna Vogel, Nicole Valentine, Emily Wootton, Anshu Banerjee, Veronica Magar, Maria Neira, Jean Marie Okwo Bele, Anne Marie Worning, Flavia Bustreo
A life-course approach to health encompasses strategies across individuals' lives that optimize their functional ability (taking into account the interdependence of individual, social, environmental, temporal and intergenerational factors), thereby enabling well-being and the realization of rights. The approach is a perfect fit with efforts to achieve universal health coverage and meet the sustainable development goals (SDGs). Properly applied, a life-course approach can increase the effectiveness of the former and help realize the vision of the latter, especially in ensuring health and well-being for all at all ages...
January 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
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