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Bulletin of the World Health Organization

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532812/corrigendum
#1
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.2471/BLT.17.200139.].
March 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531422/leadership-action-learning-and-accountability-to-deliver-quality-care-for-women-newborns-and-children
#2
Abosede Adeniran, Andrew Likaka, Anneka Knutsson, Anthony Costello, Bernadette Daelmans, Blerta Maliqi, Daniel Burssa, Joseph Freer, Ian Askew, Lisa Bowen, Lily Kak, Lori McDougall, Nabila Zaka, Özge Tunçalp, Petra Tenhoope-Bender, Shamsuzzoha Babar Syed, Stefan Swartling Peterson, Thiago Luchesi, Willibald Zeck, Wilson Were, Pierre Barker, Zainab Naimy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531421/beyond-hypertension-integrated-cardiovascular-care-as-a-path-to-comprehensive-primary-care
#3
Sandeep P Kishore, David J Heller, Ashwin Vasan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531420/knowledge-integration-in-one-health-policy-formulation-implementation-and-evaluation
#4
Martin Hitziger, Roberto Esposito, Massimo Canali, Maurizio Aragrande, Barbara Häsler, Simon R Rüegg
The One Health concept covers the interrelationship between human, animal and environmental health and requires multistakeholder collaboration across many cultural, disciplinary, institutional and sectoral boundaries. Yet, the implementation of the One Health approach appears hampered by shortcomings in the global framework for health governance. Knowledge integration approaches, at all stages of policy development, could help to address these shortcomings. The identification of key objectives, the resolving of trade-offs and the creation of a common vision and a common direction can be supported by multicriteria analyses...
March 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531419/fiscal-policy-to-improve-diets-and-prevent-noncommunicable-diseases-from-recommendations-to-action
#5
Anne Marie Thow, Shauna M Downs, Christopher Mayes, Helen Trevena, Temo Waqanivalu, John Cawley
The World Health Organization has recommended that Member States consider taxing energy-dense beverages and foods and/or subsidizing nutrient-rich foods to improve diets and prevent noncommunicable diseases. Numerous countries have either implemented taxes on energy-dense beverages and foods or are considering the implementation of such taxes. However, several major challenges to the implementation of fiscal policies to improve diets and prevent noncommunicable diseases remain. Some of these challenges relate to the cross-sectoral nature of the relevant interventions...
March 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531418/integrating-tuberculosis-and-antimicrobial-resistance-control-programmes
#6
Rumina Hasan, Sadia Shakoor, Johanna Hanefeld, Mishal Khan
Many low- and middle-income countries facing high levels of antimicrobial resistance, and the associated morbidity from ineffective treatment, also have a high burden of tuberculosis. Over recent decades many countries have developed effective laboratory and information systems for tuberculosis control. In this paper we describe how existing tuberculosis laboratory systems can be expanded to accommodate antimicrobial resistance functions. We show how such expansion in services may benefit tuberculosis case-finding and laboratory capacity through integration of laboratory services...
March 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531417/medicine-procurement-and-the-use-of-flexibilities-in-the-agreement-on-trade-related-aspects-of-intellectual-property-rights-2001-2016
#7
Ellen Fm 't Hoen, Jacquelyn Veraldi, Brigit Toebes, Hans V Hogerzeil
Millions of people, particularly in low- and middle-income countries, lack access to effective pharmaceuticals, often because they are unaffordable. The 2001 Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization (WTO) adopted the Doha Declaration on the TRIPS (Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights) Agreement and Public Health. The declaration recognized the implications of intellectual property rights for both new medicine development and the price of medicines. The declaration outlined measures, known as TRIPS flexibilities, that WTO Members can take to ensure access to medicines for all...
March 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531416/national-policies-on-the-management-of-latent-tuberculosis-infection-review-of-98-countries
#8
Ann Jagger, Silke Reiter-Karam, Yohhei Hamada, Haileyesus Getahun
Objective: To review policies on management of latent tuberculosis infection in countries with low and high burdens of tuberculosis. Methods: We divided countries reporting data to the World Health Organization (WHO) Global Tuberculosis Programme into low and high tuberculosis burden, based on WHO criteria. We identified national policy documents on management of latent tuberculosis through online searches, government websites, WHO country offices and personal communication with programme managers...
March 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531415/lead-poisoning-outbreak-among-opium-users-in-the-islamic-republic-of-iran-2016-2017
#9
Talat Ghane, Nasim Zamani, Hossein Hassanian-Moghaddam, Ali Beyrami, Alireza Noroozi
Objective: To describe an outbreak of lead poisoning among opium users in the Islamic Republic of Iran and estimate the number of affected people in the country. Methods: We used data from the country's largest poison treatment centre to illustrate the epidemiology of an outbreak of lead poisoning in oral opium users. We describe the government's referral and treatment guidelines in response to the outbreak. Based on the number of individuals treated and previous studies on the prevalence of oral opium use we estimated the total number of people at risk of lead-contaminated opium nationwide...
March 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531414/ward-based-clinical-pharmacists-and-hospital-readmission-a-non-randomized-controlled-trial-in-sri-lanka
#10
Lelwala Guruge Thushani Shanika, Shaluka Jayamanne, Chandrani Nirmala Wijekoon, Judith Coombes, Dhineli Perera, Fahim Mohamed, Ian Coombes, Hithanadura Asita De Silva, Andrew Hamilton Dawson
Objective: To assess if a ward-based clinical pharmacy service resolving drug-related problems improved medication appropriateness at discharge and prevented drug-related hospital readmissions. Method: Between March and September 2013, we recruited patients with noncommunicable diseases in a Sri Lankan tertiary-care hospital, for a non-randomized controlled clinical trial. The intervention group received usual care and clinical pharmacy service. The intervention pharmacist made prospective medication reviews, identified drug-related problems and discussed recommendations with the health-care team and patients...
March 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531413/carol-brayne-a-life-course-approach-to-prevent-dementia
#11
(no author information available yet)
More research is needed to understand dementia and to find the approaches to dementia that are effective. Carol Brayne talks to Tatum Anderson.
March 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531412/healthy-buildings-healthy-people
#12
(no author information available yet)
An Australian medical research centre and a Norwegian hospital have won acclaim for their healthy designs. Sima Barmania reports.
March 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531411/public-health-round-up
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531410/flexibilities-provided-by-the-agreement-on-trade-related-aspects-of-intellectual-property-rights
#14
EDITORIAL
Carlos M Correa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531409/global-hearing-health-future-directions
#15
EDITORIAL
Shelly Chadha, Alarcos Cieza, Etienne Krug
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403119/complex-determinants-of-inappropriate-use-of-antibiotics
#16
Viroj Tangcharoensathien, Sunicha Chanvatik, Angkana Sommanustweechai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403118/a-framework-for-stimulating-economic-investments-to-prevent-emerging-diseases
#17
Daniel L Schar, Gavin Mark Yamey, Catherine C Machalaba, William B Karesh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403117/medicines-quality-assurance-to-fight-antimicrobial-resistance
#18
Jude Nwokike, Aubrey Clark, Phillip P Nguyen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403116/pandemic-risk-how-large-are-the-expected-losses
#19
Victoria Y Fan, Dean T Jamison, Lawrence H Summers
There is an unmet need for greater investment in preparedness against major epidemics and pandemics. The arguments in favour of such investment have been largely based on estimates of the losses in national incomes that might occur as the result of a major epidemic or pandemic. Recently, we extended the estimate to include the valuation of the lives lost as a result of pandemic-related increases in mortality. This produced markedly higher estimates of the full value of loss that might occur as the result of a future pandemic...
February 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403115/revision-of-clinical-case-definitions-influenza-like-illness-and-severe-acute-respiratory-infection
#20
Julia Fitzner, Saba Qasmieh, Anthony Wayne Mounts, Burmaa Alexander, Terry Besselaar, Sylvie Briand, Caroline Brown, Seth Clark, Erica Dueger, Diane Gross, Siri Hauge, Siddhivinayak Hirve, Pernille Jorgensen, Mark A Katz, Ali Mafi, Mamunur Malik, Margaret McCarron, Tamara Meerhoff, Yuichiro Mori, Joshua Mott, Maria Teresa da Costa Olivera, Justin R Ortiz, Rakhee Palekar, Helena Rebelo-de-Andrade, Loes Soetens, Ali Ahmed Yahaya, Wenqing Zhang, Katelijn Vandemaele
The formulation of accurate clinical case definitions is an integral part of an effective process of public health surveillance. Although such definitions should, ideally, be based on a standardized and fixed collection of defining criteria, they often require revision to reflect new knowledge of the condition involved and improvements in diagnostic testing. Optimal case definitions also need to have a balance of sensitivity and specificity that reflects their intended use. After the 2009-2010 H1N1 influenza pandemic, the World Health Organization (WHO) initiated a technical consultation on global influenza surveillance...
February 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
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