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Bulletin of the World Health Organization

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104800/global-susceptibility-and-response-to-noncommunicable-diseases
#1
Arian Hatefi, Luke N Allen, Thomas J Bollyky, Sarah A Roache, Rachel Nugent
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104799/cluster-munitions-military-use-and-civilian-health-hazards
#2
Jawad Fares, Youssef Fares
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104798/adapting-the-who-package-of-essential-noncommunicable-disease-interventions-samoa
#3
Caroline Bollars, Take Naseri, Robert Thomsen, Cherian Varghese, Kristine Sørensen, Nanne de Vries, Ree Meertens
Problem: Samoa has been struggling to address the burden of noncommunicable diseases at the health system, community and individual levels. Approach: The World Health Organization (WHO) package of essential noncommunicable disease interventions for primary health care in low-resource settings was adopted in seven villages throughout Samoa in 2015. The National Steering Committee Members designed and implemented a screening process, and local facilitators and health-care workers collected health and lifestyle data...
August 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104797/cost-effectiveness-of-risk-based-breast-cancer-screening-programme-china
#4
Li Sun, Rosa Legood, Zia Sadique, Isabel Dos-Santos-Silva, Li Yang
Objective: To model the cost-effectiveness of a risk-based breast cancer screening programme in urban China, launched in 2012, compared with no screening. Methods: We developed a Markov model to estimate the lifetime costs and effects, in terms of quality-adjusted life years (QALYs), of a breast cancer screening programme for high-risk women aged 40-69 years. We derived or adopted age-specific incidence and transition probability data, assuming a natural history progression between the stages of cancer, from other studies...
August 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104796/establishing-thresholds-and-parameters-for-pandemic-influenza-severity-assessment-australia
#5
Kaitlyn Vette, Christina Bareja, Robert Clark, Aparna Lal
Objective: To implement the World Health Organization's pandemic influenza severity assessment tool in Australia, using multiple sources of data to establish thresholds and measure influenza severity indicators. Methods: We used data from four reliable sources: sentinel general practitioner surveillance, hospital surveillance, a public health hotline and an influenza-like illness survey system. We measured three influenza severity indicators (transmissibility, impact and disease seriousness) defined using pandemic influenza severity assessment guidelines...
August 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104795/prior-caesarean-section-and-likelihood-of-vaginal-birth-2012-2016-china
#6
Yi Mu, Xiaohong Li, Jun Zhu, Zheng Liu, Mingrong Li, Kui Deng, Changfei Deng, Qi Li, Leni Kang, Yanping Wang, Juan Liang
Objective: To examine the trends and safety of vaginal birth after caesarean section around the period of the one-child policy relaxation in China. Methods: We used data from China's National Maternal Near Miss Surveillance System between 2012 and 2016. To examine trends in vaginal birth after caesarean section, we used Poisson regression with a robust variance estimator. We also assessed the association between vaginal birth after caesarean section and maternal and perinatal outcomes...
August 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104794/a-post-conflict-vaccination-campaign-central-african-republic
#7
Nicolas Peyraud, Michel Quéré, Geraldine Duc, Corinne Chèvre, Theo Wanteu, Souheil Reache, Thierry Dumont, Robin Nesbitt, Ellen Dahl, Etienne Gignoux, Manuel Albela, Anna Righetti, Marie-Claude Bottineau, Jean-Clément Cabrol, Micaela Sarafini, Samuel Nzalapan, Pauline Lechevalier, Clotilde Rambaud, Monica Rull
Objective: To rapidly increase childhood immunization through a preventive, multi-antigen, vaccination campaign in Mambéré-Kadéï prefecture, Central African Republic, where a conflict from 2012 to 2015 reduced vaccination coverage. Methods: The three-round campaign took place between December 2015 and June 2016 using: (i) oral poliomyelitis vaccine (OPV); (ii) combined diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis (DTP) vaccine, Haemophilus influenza type B (Hib) and hepatitis B (DTP-Hib-hepatitis B) vaccine; (iii) pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV); (iv) measles vaccine; and (v) yellow fever vaccine...
August 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104793/hypertensive-disorders-in-pregnancy-and-stillbirth-rates-a-facility-based-study-in-china
#8
Tao Xiong, Yi Mu, Juan Liang, Jun Zhu, Xiaohong Li, Jinke Li, Zheng Liu, Yi Qu, Yanping Wang, Dezhi Mu
Objective: To assess the association between hypertensive disorders in pregnancy and the stillbirth rate. Methods: We obtained all data from China's National Maternal Near Miss Surveillance System for 2012 to 2016. Associations between hypertensive disorders in pregnancy and stillbirths, stratified by fetus number and gestational age, were assessed using Poisson regression analysis with a robust variance estimator. Findings: For the period, 6 970 032 births, including 66 494 stillbirths, were reported to the surveillance system...
August 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104792/patient-led-active-tuberculosis-case-finding-in-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#9
Emmanuel André, Olivier Rusumba, Carlton A Evans, Philippe Ngongo, Pasteur Sanduku, Marhegane Munguakonkwa Elvis, Habimana Ndwanyi Celestin, Ishara Rusumba Alain, Eric Mulume Musafiri, Jean-Pierre Kabuayi, Olivier le Polain de Waroux, Nadia Aït-Khaled, Michel Delmée, Francis Zech
Objective: To investigate the effect of using volunteer screeners in active tuberculosis case-finding in South Kivu, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, especially among groups at high risk of tuberculosis infection. Methods: To identify and screen high-risk groups in remote communities, we trained volunteer screeners, mainly those who had themselves received treatment for tuberculosis or had a family history of the disease. A non-profit organization was created and screeners received training on the disease and its transmission at 3-day workshops...
August 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104791/a-human-rights-approach-to-mental-health-and-people-with-disabilities
#10
(no author information available yet)
Dainius Puras has devoted the last 30 years to protecting the rights of children with mental disabilities and of other vulnerable groups. He talks to Fiona Fleck.
August 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104790/improving-the-health-impacts-of-airports
#11
(no author information available yet)
Airport and aviation authorities are starting to recognize that airports do not have to be unhealthy. Sima Barmania reports.
August 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104789/public-health-round-up
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104788/treatment-of-people-diagnosed-with-chronic-hepatitis-c-virus-infection
#13
EDITORIAL
Marc Bulterys, Saeed Sadiq Hamid
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104787/motorcycle-helmet-use-to-reduce-road-traffic-deaths-in-thailand
#14
EDITORIAL
Akihiro Nishi, Phathai Singkham, Yohsuke Takasaki, Masao Ichikawa, Witaya Chadbunchachai, Kenji Shibuya, Chanuantong Tanasugarn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29962553/early-assessment-of-china-s-2015-tobacco-tax-increase
#15
Mark Goodchild, Rong Zheng
In 2015, the Chinese government raised tobacco excise tax for the first time since 2009. Changing from previous practice, the State Tobacco Monopoly Administration raised its cigarette prices at the same time. We assessed the early impact of the 2015 tax increase on cigarette prices, sales volumes, tax revenue generation and the potential effect on prevalence of smoking in China. Between 2014 and 2016, the retail price of cigarettes increased on average by 11%, with the cheapest category of cigarette brands increasing by 20%...
July 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29962552/classification-of-patient-safety-incidents-in-primary-care
#16
Jennifer Cooper, Huw Williams, Peter Hibbert, Adrian Edwards, Asim Butt, Fiona Wood, Gareth Parry, Pam Smith, Aziz Sheikh, Liam Donaldson, Andrew Carson-Stevens
Primary care lags behind secondary care in the reporting of, and learning from, incidents that put patient safety at risk. In primary care, there is no universally agreed approach to classifying the severity of harm arising from such patient-safety incidents. This lack of an agreed approach limits learning that could lead to the prevention of injury to patients. In a review of research on patient safety in primary care, we identified 21 existing approaches to the classification of harm severity. Using the World Health Organization's (WHO's) International Classification for Patient Safety as a reference, we undertook a framework analysis of these approaches...
July 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29962551/long-term-impact-of-infant-immunization-on-hepatitis-b-prevalence-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Kate Whitford, Bette Liu, Joanne Micallef, J Kevin Yin, Kristine Macartney, Pierre Van Damme, John M Kaldor
Objective: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the long-term impact of infant vaccination on the prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection at the population level. Methods: We searched online databases for articles reporting comparisons between population cohorts aged ≥ 15 years who were exposed or unexposed to infant HBV immunization programmes. We categorized programmes as universal or targeted to infants whose mothers were positive for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)...
July 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29962550/cash-interventions-to-improve-clinical-outcomes-for-pulmonary-tuberculosis-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Aaron Richterman, Jonathan Steer-Massaro, Jana Jarolimova, Liem Binh Luong Nguyen, Jennifer Werdenberg, Louise C Ivers
Objective: To assess cash transfer interventions for improving treatment outcomes of active pulmonary tuberculosis in low- and middle-income countries. Methods: We searched PubMed®, Embase®, Cochrane Library and ClinicalTrials.gov for studies published until 4 August 2017 that reported on cash transfer interventions during the treatment of active pulmonary tuberculosis in low- and middle-income countries. Our primary outcome was a positive clinical outcome, defined as treatment success, treatment completion or microbiologic cure...
July 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29962549/estimating-health-plan-costs-with-the-onehealth-tool-cambodia
#19
Catherine Barker Cantelmo, Momoe Takeuchi, Karin Stenberg, Lo Veasnakiry, Ros Chhun Eang, Mo Mai, Eijiro Murakoshi
Objective: To do resource and cost projections for the entire Cambodian health sector using the OneHealth tool, during the development of the third national health strategic plan 2016-2020. Methods: Through a consultative process, the health ministry estimated the needed and available resources to implement the strategic plan. The health ministry used the OneHealth Tool to estimate costs of expanding public sector service provision and compared these to estimates of projected available financing...
July 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29962548/involving-male-partners-in-maternity-care-in-burkina-faso-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Marina As Daniele, Rasmané Ganaba, Sophie Sarrassat, Simon Cousens, Clémentine Rossier, Seydou Drabo, Djeneba Ouedraogo, Veronique Filippi
Objective: To determine whether an intervention to involve the male partners of pregnant women in maternity care influenced care-seeking, healthy breastfeeding and contraceptive practices after childbirth in urban Burkina Faso. Methods: In a non-blinded, multicentre, parallel-group, superiority trial, 1144 women were assigned by simple randomization to two study arms: 583 entered the intervention arm and 561 entered the control arm. All women were cohabiting with a male partner and had a low-risk pregnancy...
July 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
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