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Bulletin of the World Health Organization

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053369/corrigendum
#1
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.2471/BLT.16.173401.].
January 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053368/documenting-attacks-on-health-workers-and-facilities-in-armed-conflicts
#2
Preeti Patel, Fawzia Gibson-Fall, Richard Sullivan, Rachel Irwin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053367/improving-health-care-quality-in-resource-poor-settings
#3
Bejoy Nambiar, Dougal S Hargreaves, Chelsea Morroni, Michelle Heys, Sonya Crowe, Christina Pagel, Felicity Fitzgerald, Susana Frazao Pinheiro, Delan Devakumar, Sue Mann, Monica Lakhanpaul, Martin Marshall, Tim Colbourn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053366/acute-flaccid-paralysis-incidence-and-zika-virus-surveillance-pacific-islands
#4
Adam T Craig, Michelle T Butler, Roberta Pastore, Beverley J Paterson, David N Durrheim
PROBLEM: The emergence of Zika virus has challenged outbreak surveillance systems in many at-risk, low-resource countries. As the virus has been linked with Guillain-Barré syndrome, routine data on the incidence of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) may provide a useful early warning system for the emergence of Zika virus. APPROACH: We documented all Zika virus outbreaks and cases in 21 Pacific Islands and territories for the years 2007 to 2015. We extracted data from the Global Polio Eradication Initiative database on the reported and expected annual incidence of AFP in children younger than 15 years...
January 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053365/integrated-biological-behavioural-surveillance-in-pandemic-threat-warning-systems
#5
Maureen Miller, Emily Hagan
Economically and politically disruptive disease outbreaks are a hallmark of the 21st century. Although pandemics are driven by human behaviours, current surveillance systems for identifying pandemic threats are largely reliant on the monitoring of disease outcomes in clinical settings. Standardized integrated biological-behavioural surveillance could, and should, be used in community settings to complement such clinical monitoring. The usefulness of such an approach has already been demonstrated in studies on human immunodeficiency virus, where integrated surveillance contributed to a biologically based and quantifiable understanding of the behavioural risk factors associated with the transmission dynamics of the virus...
January 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053364/use-of-antibiotics-in-children-younger-than-two-years-in-eight-countries-a-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Elizabeth T Rogawski, James A Platts-Mills, Jessica C Seidman, Sushil John, Mustafa Mahfuz, Manjeswori Ulak, Sanjaya K Shrestha, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Pablo Penataro Yori, Estomih Mduma, Erling Svensen, Tahmeed Ahmed, Aldo Am Lima, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Margaret N Kosek, Dennis R Lang, Michael Gottlieb, Anita Km Zaidi, Gagandeep Kang, Pascal O Bessong, Eric R Houpt, Richard L Guerrant
OBJECTIVE: To describe the frequency and factors associated with antibiotic use in early childhood, and estimate the proportion of diarrhoea and respiratory illnesses episodes treated with antibiotics. METHODS: Between 2009 and 2014, we followed 2134 children from eight sites in Bangladesh, Brazil, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Peru, South Africa and the United Republic of Tanzania, enrolled in the MAL-ED birth cohort study. We documented all antibiotic use from mothers' reports at twice-weekly visits over the children's first two years of life...
January 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053363/global-research-priorities-for-interpersonal-violence-prevention-a-modified-delphi-study
#7
Christopher R Mikton, Masako Tanaka, Mark Tomlinson, David L Streiner, Lil Tonmyr, Bandy X Lee, Jane Fisher, Kathy Hegadoren, Joam Evans Pim, Shr-Jie Sharlenna Wang, Harriet L MacMillan
OBJECTIVE: To establish global research priorities for interpersonal violence prevention using a systematic approach. METHODS: Research priorities were identified in a three-round process involving two surveys. In round 1, 95 global experts in violence prevention proposed research questions to be ranked in round 2. Questions were collated and organized according to the four-step public health approach to violence prevention. In round 2, 280 international experts ranked the importance of research in the four steps, and the various substeps, of the public health approach...
January 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053362/cost-effectiveness-of-screening-for-active-cases-of-tuberculosis-in-flanders-belgium
#8
G Suzanne A Smit, Ludwig Apers, Wouter Arrazola de Onate, Philippe Beutels, Pierre Dorny, An-Marie Forier, Kristien Janssens, Jean Macq, Ruud Mak, Sandrina Schol, Dirk Wildemeersch, Niko Speybroeck, Brecht Devleesschauwer
OBJECTIVE: To assess the cost-effectiveness of the tuberculosis screening activities currently funded by the Flemish government in Flanders, Belgium. METHODS: After estimating the expenses for 2013-2014 of each of nine screening components - which include high-risk groups, contacts and people who are seeking tuberculosis consultation at a centre for respiratory health care - and the associated costs per active case of tuberculosis identified between 2007 and 2014, we compared the cost-effectiveness of each component...
January 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053361/the-economic-burden-of-dementia-in-china-1990-2030-implications-for-health-policy
#9
Junfang Xu, Jian Wang, Anders Wimo, Laura Fratiglioni, Chengxuan Qiu
OBJECTIVE: To quantify and predict the economic burden of dementia in China for the periods 1990-2010 and 2020-2030, respectively, and discuss the potential implications for national public health policy. METHODS: Using a societal, prevalence-based, gross cost-of-illness approach and data from multiple sources, we estimated or predicted total annual economic costs of dementia in China. We included direct medical costs in outpatient and inpatient settings, direct non-medical costs - e...
January 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053360/countries-response-to-who-s-travel-recommendations-during-the-2013-2016-ebola-outbreak
#10
Wendy Rhymer, Rick Speare
OBJECTIVE: To determine how, during the 2013-2016 Ebola outbreak in western Africa, States Parties to the World Health Organization's (WHO) 2005 International Health Regulations (IHR) followed the IHR's international travel recommendations. METHODS: In 2015, we used the Google search engine to investigate the 196 States Parties to the 2005 IHR. Information detailing Ebola-related travel regulations or restrictions of each State Party was sourced first from official government websites and then from travel and news websites...
January 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053359/who-s-new-emergencies-programme-bridges-two-worlds
#11
(no author information available yet)
Peter Salama tells Fiona Fleck how the World Health Organization's (WHO) new emergencies programme is changing the way the agency helps countries prepare for and respond to health crises.
January 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053358/attacks-depriving-people-of-urgently-needed-health-care
#12
(no author information available yet)
Targeting health care has become a deliberate military strategy. How can the international community make conflict parties respect the rules of war? Jan Dirk Herbermann and Fiona Fleck report.
January 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053357/public-health-round-up
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053356/addressing-tuberculosis-in-differentiated-care-provision-for-people-living-with-hiv
#14
EDITORIAL
Ishani Pathmanathan, Eric Pevzner, Joseph Cavanaugh, Lisa Nelson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053355/working-as-one-un-to-address-the-root-environmental-causes-of-ill-health
#15
EDITORIAL
Margaret Chan, Erik Solheim, Petteri Taalas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994287/a-human-rights-based-approach-to-the-reimbursement-of-expensive-medicines
#16
Katrina Perehudoff, Brigit Toebes, Hans Hogerzeil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994286/a-global-database-of-food-and-nutrient-consumption
#17
Shahab Khatibzadeh, Michael Saheb Kashaf, Renata Micha, Saman Fahimi, Peilin Shi, Ibrahim Elmadfa, Shadi Kalantarian, Pattra Wirojratana, Majid Ezzati, John Powles, Dariush Mozaffarian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994285/cost-effectiveness-thresholds-pros-and-cons
#18
Melanie Y Bertram, Jeremy A Lauer, Kees De Joncheere, Tessa Edejer, Raymond Hutubessy, Marie-Paule Kieny, Suzanne R Hill
Cost-effectiveness analysis is used to compare the costs and outcomes of alternative policy options. Each resulting cost-effectiveness ratio represents the magnitude of additional health gained per additional unit of resources spent. Cost-effectiveness thresholds allow cost-effectiveness ratios that represent good or very good value for money to be identified. In 2001, the World Health Organization's Commission on Macroeconomics in Health suggested cost-effectiveness thresholds based on multiples of a country's per-capita gross domestic product (GDP)...
December 1, 2016: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994284/assessment-of-ebola-virus-disease-preparedness-in-the-who-south-east-asia-region
#19
Sirenda Vong, Reuben Samuel, Philip Gould, Hammam El Sakka, Bardan J Rana, Vason Pinyowiwat, Supriya Bezbaruah, Roderico Ofrin
OBJECTIVE: To conduct assessments of Ebola virus disease preparedness in countries of the World Health Organization (WHO) South-East Asia Region. METHODS: Nine of 11 countries in the region agreed to be assessed. During February to November 2015 a joint team from WHO and ministries of health conducted 4-5 day missions to Bangladesh, Bhutan, Indonesia, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Timor-Leste. We collected information through guided discussions with senior technical leaders and visits to hospitals, laboratories and airports...
December 1, 2016: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994283/summary-indices-for-monitoring-universal-coverage-in-maternal-and-child-health-care
#20
Fernando C Wehrmeister, Maria-Clara Restrepo-Mendez, Giovanny Va Franca, Cesar G Victora, Aluisio Jd Barros
OBJECTIVE: To compare two summary indicators for monitoring universal coverage of reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health care. METHODS: Using our experience of the Countdown to 2015 initiative, we describe the characteristics of the composite coverage index (a weighted average of eight preventive and curative interventions along the continuum of care) and co-coverage index (a cumulative count of eight preventive interventions that should be received by all mothers and children)...
December 1, 2016: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
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