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Archives of Virology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343263/genotypic-and-pathogenic-characterization-of-genotype-vii-newcastle-disease-viruses-isolated-from-commercial-farms-in-egypt-and-evaluation-of-heterologous-antibody-responses
#1
A M Saad, Ahmed Samy, M A Soliman, A Arafa, A Zanaty, M K Hassan, A H Sultan, A I Bazid, A H Hussein
Newcastle disease viruses (NDV) represent a major threat to poultry production worldwide. Recently in Egypt NDV circulated extensively, even in vaccinated farms. In the present study samples were collected from sixteen vaccinated broiler farms in animals exhibiting the typical gross lesions of NDV. Virus isolation and pathogenicity studies for positive samples were carried out in accordance to reference procedures and phylogenetic analysis was carried out based on partial sequences of the Fusion gene. Furthermore, in vivo investigation of the ability of heterologous antibody, induced by commercially available lentogenic strain-based vaccines, to efficiently reduce viral shedding was examined...
March 25, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342034/molecular-characterization-of-a-new-begomovirus-infecting-mirabilis-jalapa-in-northern-india
#2
Aditya Kulshreshtha, Poonam Roshan, Dolly Sharma, Vipin Hallan
Begomoviruses are whitefly-transmitted single-stranded DNA viruses that are responsible for considerable economic losses. A begomovirus, alphasatellite and betasatellite were characterized in a Mirabilis jalapa plant exhibiting severe leaf curling and mottling symptoms. The complete viral genome shared highest sequence identity of 87% with pedilanthus leaf curl virus (AM712436), reported from Pakistan. Additionally, the viral genome was 84% identical to that of chilli leaf curl India virus (KX951415) and 83% identical to that of tobacco curly shoot virus (GU1999584), which were previously reported to infect M...
March 24, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342033/sequencing-and-phylogenetic-analysis-of-tobacco-virus-2-a-polerovirus-from-nicotiana-tabacum
#3
Benguo Zhou, Fang Wang, Xuesong Zhang, Lina Zhang, Huafeng Lin
The complete genome sequence of a new virus, provisionally named tobacco virus 2 (TV2), was determined and identified from leaves of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) exhibiting leaf mosaic, yellowing, and deformity, in Anhui Province, China. The genome sequence of TV2 comprises 5,979 nucleotides, with 87% nucleotide sequence identity to potato leafroll virus (PLRV). Its genome organization is similar to that of PLRV, containing six open reading frames (ORFs) that potentially encode proteins with putative functions in cell-to-cell movement and suppression of RNA silencing...
March 24, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342032/densoviruses-in-oyster-crassostrea-ariakensis
#4
Yan-Jun Kang, Wei Huang, A-Li Zhao, Dan-Dan Lai, Lin Shao, Yan-Qin Shen, Xutao Deng, Eric Delwart, Wen Zhang
Densoviruses have short ssDNA genomes and mainly infect arthropods. To characterize viral nucleic acid in shellfish, oysters (Crassostrea ariakensis) were analyzed using viral metagenomics. Two large de novo assembled contigs, CaaDV1 and CaaDV2, consisting of nearly complete densovirus genomes (5860 nucleotides (nt) and 4034 nt) with two major ambisense protein coding regions were identified. Several potential non-structural proteins and capsid proteins were encoded by these genomes, but these were divergent from the existing densoviral species...
March 24, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337545/retrospective-investigation-and-evolutionary-analysis-of-a-novel-porcine-deltacoronavirus-strain-detected-in-thailand-from-2008-to-2015
#5
Kepalee Saeng-Chuto, Christopher J Stott, Matthew Wegner, Raweewan Senasuthum, Angkana Tantituvanont, Dachrit Nilubol
Porcine deltacoronavirus (PDCoV) in Thailand was first detected in 2015. We performed a retrospective investigation of the presence of PDCoV in intestinal samples collected from piglets with diarrhea in Thailand from 2008 to 2015 using RT-PCR. PDCoV was found to be present as early as February 2013. Phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that all PDCoV variants from Thailand differ from those from other countries and belong to a novel group of PDCoV that is separate from the US and Chinese PDCoV variants. Evolutionary analysis suggested that the Thai PDCoV isolates probably diverged from a different ancestor from that of the Chinese and US PDCoV isolates and that this separation occurred after 1994...
March 23, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337544/complete-genome-sequences-of-cowpea-polerovirus-1-and-cowpea-polerovirus-2-infecting-cowpea-plants-in-burkina-faso
#6
Essowè Palanga, Darren P Martin, Serge Galzi, Jean Zabré, Zakaria Bouda, James Bouma Neya, Mahamadou Sawadogo, Oumar Traore, Michel Peterschmitt, Philippe Roumagnac, Denis Filloux
The full-length genome sequences of two novel poleroviruses found infecting cowpea plants, cowpea polerovirus 1 (CPPV1) and cowpea polerovirus 2 (CPPV2), were determined using overlapping RT-PCR and RACE-PCR. Whereas the 5845-nt CPPV1 genome was most similar to chickpea chlorotic stunt virus (73% identity), the 5945-nt CPPV2 genome was most similar to phasey bean mild yellow virus (86% identity). The CPPV1 and CPPV2 genomes both have a typical polerovirus genome organization. Phylogenetic analysis of the inferred P1-P2 and P3 amino acid sequences confirmed that CPPV1 and CPPV2 are indeed poleroviruses...
March 23, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331993/molecular-characterization-and-phylogenetic-analysis-of-human-influenza-a-viruses-isolated-in-iran-during-the-2014-2015-season
#7
Elham Moasser, Farida Behzadian, Afagh Moattari, Fatemeh Fotouhi, Amir Rahimi, Hassan Zaraket, Seyed Younes Hosseini
Influenza A viruses are an important cause of severe infectious diseases in humans and are characterized by their fast evolution rate. Global monitoring of these viruses is critical to detect newly emerging variants during annual epidemics. Here, we sought to genetically characterize influenza A/H1N1pdm09 and A/H3N2 viruses collected in Iran during the 2014-2015 influenza season. A total of 200 nasopharyngeal swabs were collected from patients with influenza-like illnesses. Swabs were screened for influenza A and B using real-time PCR...
March 22, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324178/complete-genome-sequence-analysis-of-a-novel-staphylococcus-phage-stap1-and-proposal-of-a-new-species-in-the-genus-silviavirus
#8
Amal Senevirathne, Kuntal Ghosh, Eunjung Roh, Kwang-Pyo Kim
Bacteriophage StAP1 was isolated from a soil sample infecting Staphylococcus aureus and S. xylosus. Its genome was found to be 135,502 base pairs (bp) long with 30.00 mol% G+C content and 192 open reading frames. While no tRNA encoding genes were identified, 7 mobile elements were found to interrupt five StAP1 open reading frames. Comparative genomic and proteomic analysis consistently supports the establishment of a new species in the genus Silviavirus.
March 21, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324177/a-detailed-analysis-of-codon-usage-patterns-and-influencing-factors-in-zika-virus
#9
Niraj K Singh, Anuj Tyagi
Recent outbreaks of Zika virus (ZIKV) in Africa, Latin America, Europe, and Southeast Asia have resulted in serious health concerns. To understand more about evolution and transmission of ZIKV, detailed codon usage analysis was performed for all available strains. A high effective number of codons (ENC) value indicated the presence of low codon usage bias in ZIKV. The effect of mutational pressure on codon usage bias was confirmed by significant correlations between nucleotide compositions at third codon positions and ENCs...
March 21, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316018/a-novel-vitivirus-like-sequence-found-in-arracacia-xanthorrhiza-plants-by-high-throughput-sequencing
#10
Layssa M Oliveira, Anelise F Orílio, Alice K Inoue-Nagata, Tatsuya Nagata, Rosana Blawid
High throughput sequencing (HTS) is a very powerful tool for detecting and discovering novel viral-like sequences without prior knowledge of the sequence. Here we describe the complete genome of a new vitivirus-like sequence that was found in arracacha (Arracacia xanthorrhiza) plants using HTS technology. The complete genome sequence was validated by Sanger sequencing. The genomic organization of the new putative vitivirus resembles that of grapevine virus B (GVB) and grapevine virus D (GVD). The putative coat protein showed 41 to 49% identity with similar proteins of known vitiviruses, while the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase shared 52 to 55% identity with those encoded by grapevine vitiviruses...
March 18, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316017/complete-genome-sequence-of-a-novel-avastrovirus-in-goose
#11
Yuxuan Zhang, Fumin Wang, Ning Liu, Lin Yang, Dabing Zhang
We report the complete genome sequence of a new avastrovirus of goose-origin (FLX). The 7299-nt-long genome consisted of three overlapping open reading frames (ORFs) that were in different reading frames. Pairwise comparisons showed that the FLX genome was 59% identical to its closest relatives and that the levels of amino acid identity shared by FLX with other astroviruses did not exceed 54% in ORF1a, 66% in ORF1b, and 50% in ORF2, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis based on the amino acid sequence of the full-length ORF2 demonstrated that FLX was highly divergent from all other avastroviruses...
March 18, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316016/complete-genome-sequence-and-evolution-analysis-of-a-columbid-herpesvirus-type-1-from-feral-pigeon-in-china
#12
Ying Guo, Siwen Li, Xiao Sun, Ying He, Hongjing Zhao, Yu Wang, Panpan Zhao, Mingwei Xing
Here, we report the genome sequence of a feral pigeon alphaherpesvirus (columbid herpesvirus type 1, CoHV-1), strain HLJ, and compare it with other avian alphaherpesviruses. The CoHV-1 strain HLJ genome is 204,237 bp in length and encodes approximately 130 putative protein-coding genes. Phylogenetically, CoHV-1 complete genome resides in a monophyletic group with the falconid herpesvirus type 1 (FaHV-1) genome, distant from other alphaherpesviruses. Interestingly, the evolutionary analysis of partial genes of CoHV-1 isolated from different organisms and areas (currently accessible on GenBank) indicates that the CoHV-1 HLJ strain isolated from pigeon (Columba livia) is closely related to the strains isolated from peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus) in Poland and owl (Bubo virginianus) in USA...
March 18, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316015/expression-and-characterization-of-codon-optimized-crimean-congo-hemorrhagic-fever-virus-gn-glycoprotein-in-insect-cells
#13
Mehdi Rahpeyma, Alireza Samarbaf-Zadeh, Manoochehr Makvandi, Ata A Ghadiri, Stuart D Dowall, Fatemeh Fotouhi
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) is a major cause of tick-borne viral hemorrhagic disease in the world. Despite of its importance as a deadly pathogen, there is currently no licensed vaccine against CCHF disease. The attachment glycoprotein of CCHFV (Gn) is a potentially important target for protective antiviral immune responses. To characterize the expression of recombinant CCHFV Gn in an insect-cell-based system, we developed a gene expression system expressing the full-length coding sequence under a polyhedron promoter in Sf9 cells using recombinant baculovirus...
March 18, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316014/rescue-of-recombinant-newcastle-disease-virus-a-short-history-of-how-it-all-started
#14
REVIEW
Aidin Molouki, Ben Peeters
Reverse genetics of viruses has come a long way, and many recombinant viruses have been generated since the first successful "rescues" were reported in the late 1970s. Recombinant Newcastle disease virus (rNDV), a non-segmented negative-sense RNA virus (NSNSV), was first rescued in 1999 using a reverse genetics approach similar to that reported for other recombinant viruses of the order Mononegavirales a few years before. The route from an original NDV isolate to the generation of its recombinant counterpart requires many steps that have to be sequentially and carefully completed...
March 18, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316013/the-papain-like-protease-of-avian-infectious-bronchitis-virus-has-deubiquitinating-activity
#15
Liping Yu, Xiaorong Zhang, Tianqi Wu, Yuyang Wang, Jie Meng, Qian Liu, Xiaosai Niu, Yantao Wu
Coronavirus papain-like proteases (PLPs) can act as proteases that process virus-encoded large replicase polyproteins and also as deubiquitinating (DUB) enzymes. Like the PLPs of other coronaviruses (CoVs), the avian infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) PLP catalyzes proteolysis of Gly-Gly dipeptide bonds to release mature cleavage products. However, the other functions of the IBV PLP are not well understood. In this study, we found that IBV exhibits strong global DUB activity with significant reductions of the levels of ubiquitin (Ub)-, K48-, and K63-conjugated proteins...
March 18, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315015/characterization-of-a-novel-strain-of-botryosphaeria-dothidea-chrysovirus-1-from-the-apple-white-rot-pathogen-botryosphaeria-dothidea
#16
Zheng Ding, Tao Zhou, Li-Yun Guo
A novel strain of Botryosphaeria dothidea chrysovirus 1 was identified. It encodes a shortened RNA-dependent RNA polymerase and an elongated coat protein, and it might cause hypovirulence of the host fungal strain.
March 17, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303346/high-throughput-sequencing-identifies-hiv-1-replication-and-latency-related-mirnas-in-cd4-t-cell-lines
#17
Xiangyun Lu, Jin Yang, Haibo Wu, Zongxing Yang, Changzhong Jin, Juan Wang, Linfang Cheng, Xiaorong Peng, Fumin Liu, Xiuming Peng, Sujing Ji, Huilin Ou, Tiansheng Xie, Hangping Yao, Nanping Wu
MicroRNAs are potent gene expression regulators involved in regulating various biological processes, including host-pathogen interactions. In this study, we used high-throughput sequencing to investigate cellular miRNA signatures related to HIV-1 replication and latent infection in CD4(+) T cell lines, which included HIV-1-replicating H9/HTLV-IIIB, HIV-1-latently-infected CEM-Bru cells, and their parental uninfected H9 and CEM-SS cells. Relatively few miRNAs were found to be modulated by HIV-1 replication or latent infection, while the cell-lineage-specific miRNA difference was more pronounced, irrespective of HIV-1 infection...
March 16, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303345/detection-and-characterization-of-hepatitis-a-virus-circulating-in-egypt
#18
Hazem Hamza, Dina Nadeem Abd-Elshafy, Sayed A Fayed, Mahmoud Mohamed Bahgat, Nagwa Abass El-Esnawy, Emam Abdel-Mobdy
Hepatitis A virus (HAV) still poses a considerable problem worldwide. In the current study, hepatitis A virus was recovered from wastewater samples collected from three wastewater treatment plants over one year. Using RT-PCR, HAV was detected in 43 out of 68 samples (63.2%) representing both inlet and outlet. Eleven positive samples were subjected to sequencing targeting the VP1-2A junction region. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that all samples belonged to subgenotype IB with few substitutions at the amino acid level...
March 16, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299485/characterization-of-lettuce-big-vein-associated-virus-and-mirafiori-lettuce-big-vein-virus-infecting-lettuce-in-saudi-arabia
#19
M Umar, M A Amer, M A Al-Saleh, I M Al-Shahwan, M T Shakeel, A M Zakri, N I Katis
During 2014 and 2015, 97 lettuce plants that showed big-vein-disease-like symptoms and seven weed plants were collected from the Riyadh region. DAS-ELISA revealed that 25% and 9% of the lettuce plants were singly infected with LBVaV and MiLBVV, respectively, whereas 63% had a mixed infection with both viruses. The results were confirmed by multiplex reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction using primers specific for LBVaV and MiLBVV. LBVaV and MiLBVV were also detected in Sonchus oleraceus and Eruca sativa, respectively...
March 16, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299484/characterization-of-a-new-badnavirus-from-wisteria-sinensis
#20
Yongqiang Li, Congliang Deng, Yan Qiao, Xiaoli Zhao, Qi Zhou
The complete genome sequence of a previously undescribed badnavirus isolated from a wisteria plant exhibiting mosaic and crinkle symptoms in Beijing, China, was determined. The circular double-stranded DNA genome of this virus was 7362 bp in size with four open reading frames (ORFs 1 to 4) on the plus strand. Sequence analysis showed that this virus shared the highest (69%) nucleotide (nt) sequence identity with pagoda yellow mosaic associated virus (PYMAV). In the RT-RNase H region of the ORF-3 encoded polyprotein, this virus shared 74% nt sequence identity with PYMAV...
March 15, 2017: Archives of Virology
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