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Archives of Virology

Erich Y T Nakasu, Fernando L Melo, Miguel Michereff-Filho, Tatsuya Nagata, Bergmann M Ribeiro, Simone G Ribeiro, Cristiano Lacorte, Alice K Inoue-Nagata
The complete genome sequences of two novel small circular DNA viruses isolated from sweet-potato whiteflies collected in Central-West (AdDF) and Southeast (AdO) regions of Brazil were determined by Next Generation Sequencing (NGS), and confirmed by cloning and Sanger sequencing. The genomes are 2,199 and 2,211 nt-long, respectively, encoding a putative coat protein (CP) and a replication-associated protein (Rep) and showing a genomic organization typical of viruses from the family Genomoviridae. Phylogenetic analysis with deduced amino acid sequences of Rep indicates that the virus from AdO is closely related to other members of the genus Gemycircularvirus, while the virus from AdDF is related to those of the genus Gemyduguivirus...
September 22, 2017: Archives of Virology
Gábor Reuter, Ákos Boros, Gábor Földvári, Sándor Szekeres, Róbert Mátics, Beatrix Kapusinszky, Eric Delwart, Péter Pankovics
Using random amplification and high-throughput sequencing technology a novel picornavirus with dicistronic genome organization and genetically related to canine picodicistrovirus (genus Dicipivirus, family Picornaviridae) was identified and characterized in Northern white-breasted hedgehogs. Hedgehog dicipivirus (hedgehog/H14/2015/HUN, MF188967) was detected in 15 (75%) of 20 faecal specimens by RT-PCR with high viral loads (up to 8.2x10(8) genomic copies/ml faeces). Hedgehog dicipivirus RNA was also identified in blood, ear skin, abdominal muscle and liver tissues...
September 22, 2017: Archives of Virology
Enikő Fehér, Eszter Kaszab, Barbara Forró, Krisztina Bali, Szilvia Marton, György Lengyel, Krisztián Bányai
The genome sequence of a novel avian cyclovirus is described in this study. The genome size and orientation of predicted genes was similar to those described in other vertebrate and insect origin cycloviruses. The greatest genome sequence identity was shared with a dragonfly cyclovirus (nt, 60.6%). Phylogenetic analysis showed marginal relatedness with another avian cyclovirus, the chicken associated cyclovirus 1. In contrast, along a short fragment of the replication-associated protein coding gene (rep) (spanning nt 1240-1710) the duck origin cyclovirus was very similar to human origin and honey bee origin rep sequences (human - TN4, 98%; honey bee - hb10, 100%)...
September 22, 2017: Archives of Virology
Kelsie J Green, Celeste J Brown, Alexander V Karasev
The potato virus Y (PVY) complex includes five non-recombinant strains and a growing number of recombinants. Up to now, the bulk of these PVY recombinants were found to be composed of genome segments coming from only two "parental" genomes, PVY(O) and PVY(Eu-N), with a small minority including segments from other parents, e.g. PVY(C), PVY(NA-N), and a segment of the recombinant strain PVY-NE11. Here, comprehensive analyses of 396 whole genomes of PVY isolates from 34 countries and a variety of hosts revealed 28 isolates to be rare or novel recombinants...
September 22, 2017: Archives of Virology
Yin Xiang Setoh, Alberto A Amarilla, Nias Y Peng, Andrii Slonchak, Parthiban Periasamy, Luiz T M Figueiredo, Victor H Aquino, Alexander A Khromykh
Rocio virus (ROCV) is an arbovirus belonging to the genus Flavivirus, family Flaviviridae. We present an updated sequence of ROCV strain SPH 34675 (GenBank: AY632542.4), the only available full genome sequence prior to this study. Using next-generation sequencing of the entire genome, we reveal substantial sequence variation from the prototype sequence, with 30 nucleotide differences amounting to 14 amino acid changes, as well as significant changes to predicted 3'UTR RNA structures. Our results present an updated and corrected sequence of a potential emerging human-virulent flavivirus uniquely indigenous to Brazil (GenBank: MF461639)...
September 22, 2017: Archives of Virology
Soumi Sukla, Syamal Roy, Shyam Sundar, Subhajit Biswas
The great majority of kala-azar/visceral leishmaniasis (VL) cases, which are caused by Leishmania donovani (LD), are reported in Asia. We investigated whether leishmaniaviruses (LRVs) are present in LD isolates. These dsRNA viruses contribute to hyperpathogenicity, as observed in the case of other members of the genus Leishmania. However, LRVs could not be detected in 22 Indian LD isolates tested in the present study, while 70% of these original LD isolates harboured a virus that was not of LD but instead of Leptomonas seymouri (LS) origin...
September 22, 2017: Archives of Virology
A S Turmagambetova, P G Alexyuk, A P Bogoyavlenskiy, I A Zaitseva, E S Omirtaeva, M S Alexyuk, N S Sokolova, V E Berezin
In recent years, there have been a number of reports on the successful use of immunostimulatory complexes with saponins and viral glycoproteins as veterinary vaccines and in clinical trials for human medicine. The saponins Algiox, Sapanox and Pangisan were isolated and purified by HPLC from Allochrusa gypsophiloides, Saponaria officinalis and Gypsophila paniculata plants in Kazakhstan and they proved to have low toxicity in experiments with mice, chickens and chicken embryos. Algiox, Sapanox and Pangisan can be used to create immunostimulatory complexes (ISCOMs) similar to saponin-Quil-A-containing ISCOMs both in structure and in immunostimulatory efficiency...
September 21, 2017: Archives of Virology
Jingfang Su, Hongwei Sun, Junjie Liu, Zhaokui Guo, Guoquan Fan, Gang Gu, Guanghua Wang
A lytic podophage RSPI1 was isolated from tobacco field soil collected in Fujian Province, South China using host bacterium Ralstonia solanacearum Tb15-14. Whole genome sequencing of this phage was performed using the high-throughput Ion Torrent PGM Sequencer. The complete genome of RSPI1 was 43,211 bp in length with a mean DNA G + C content of 61.5%. A total of 48 open reading frames were identified with lengths ranging from 132 bp to 5,061 bp, of which, 11, 12 and 25 were identified as functional, structural and unknown genes, respectively...
September 19, 2017: Archives of Virology
Awad A Shehata, Hesham Sultan, Mohammed Y Halami, Shaimaa Talaat, Thomas W Vahlenkamp
In the present study, four very virulent infectious bursal disease virus (vvIBDV) isolates from flocks of chickens with vaccination failure in Egypt in 2003, 2007, 2010 and 2014 were characterized. The four viruses, designated USC2003, USC2007, USC2010 and USC2014, were detected by reverse transcription PCR, subjected to sequencing of both genomic segments (A and B) and compared with geographically and phylogenetically diverse IBDV strains. Phylogenetic analysis of segment A (complete) and B (partial) revealed a close relationship between Egyptian and vvIBDV reference strains of European and Asian origin...
September 18, 2017: Archives of Virology
Jermilia Charles, Chandra S Tangudu, Andrew E Firth, Bradley J Blitvich
We determined the complete genomic sequences of two previously discovered insect-specific flaviviruses, Marisma mosquito virus (MMV) and Nanay virus (NANV), using a combination of high-throughput sequencing, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, 5' and 3' rapid amplification of cDNA ends and Sanger sequencing. Complete polyprotein amino acid sequence alignments revealed that the closest known relatives of MMV and NANV are Donggang virus (89% identity, 95% similarity) and Nounané virus (53% identity, 70% similarity), respectively...
September 16, 2017: Archives of Virology
Hui Fang, Bing Yuan, Lingling Han, Xiu Xin, Hailong Wang, Fangyan Yu, Congyi Zheng, Chao Shen
Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) infects host cells in either an acute or persistent manner. In this study, we examined the relevance of the establishment of FMDV persistence to the expression of the emopamil-binding protein (EBP) gene in 231 individual persistently infected baby hamster kidney (BHK-21) cells after passages 28, 38, and 68 (PI28, PI38, and PI68). At PI28, the stage at which persistent infection of FDMV becomes unstable, the percentage of cells carrying FMDV was 66.7%, while 80.2% of cells were EBP positive...
September 15, 2017: Archives of Virology
Xiaomin Yuan, Huixing Lin, Bin Li, Kongwang He, Hongjie Fan
Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) causes significant loss to the swine industry. The emergence of novel PEDV strains in recent years has decreased the effectiveness of PEDV vaccines. We have developed a live recombinant vaccine, a swinepox virus vector that expresses a truncated S protein (rSPV-St) from a recent PEDV strain, SQ2014, and evaluated its immunogenicity and effectiveness in a swine model. Vaccination of swine with rSPV-St elicited a robust antibody response specific for the homologous PEDV SQ2014...
September 15, 2017: Archives of Virology
Ji Wang, Panhui Yu, Zhengde Xie, Tengfei Yan, Chen Chen, Xinxin Shen, Xiangpeng Chen, Lixin Li, Xiuxia Wang, Suzhen Sun, Xuejun Ma
Central nervous system infection (CNSI) results in significant health and economic burdens worldwide, but the diversity of causative pathogens makes differential diagnosis very difficult. Although PCR and real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (q-PCR) assays are widely applied for pathogen detection, they are generally optimized for the detection of a single or limited number of targets and are not suitable for the diagnosis of numerous CNSI agents. In this study, we describe the development of a resequencing pathogen microarray (RPM-IVDC4) method for the simultaneous detection of viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites that cause CNSI...
September 14, 2017: Archives of Virology
Ran Hee Yoo, Seung-Won Lee, Seungmo Lim, Fumei Zhao, Davaajargal Igori, Dasom Baek, Jin-Sung Hong, Su-Heon Lee, Jae Sun Moon
Two novel viruses, isolated in Bonghwa, Republic of Korea, from an Ixeridium dentatum plant with yellowing mottle symptoms, have been provisionally named Ixeridium yellow mottle-associated virus 1 (IxYMaV-1) and Ixeridium yellow mottle-associated virus 2 (IxYMaV-2). IxYMaV-1 has a genome of 6,017 nucleotides sharing a 56.4% sequence identity with that of cucurbit aphid-borne yellows virus (genus Polerovirus). The IxYMaV-2 genome of 4,196 nucleotides has a sequence identity of less than 48.3% with e other species classified within the genus Umbravirus...
September 13, 2017: Archives of Virology
Chanjin Woo, Jung-Hoon Kwon, Dong-Hun Lee, Youngsik Kim, Kwanghee Lee, Seong-Deok Jo, Ki Dong Son, Jae-Ku Oem, Seung-Jun Wang, Yongkwan Kim, Jeonghwa Shin, Chang-Seon Song, Weonhwa Jheong, Jipseol Jeong
We report the identification of a novel reassortant clade H5N8 virus from a dead grey heron in Korea in 2017. Outbreaks of clade H5 HPAIVs have been reported worldwide, and they have evolved into multiple genotypes among wild birds. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that this virus likely originated from Qinghai Lake and Western Siberia and further evolved through reassortment with Eurasian LPAI during the 2016 fall migration of wild birds. Enhanced surveillance and comparative genetic analysis will help to monitor the further evolution and dissemination of clade 2...
September 12, 2017: Archives of Virology
Yan-Dong Tang, Ji-Ting Liu, Tong-Yun Wang, Ming-Xia Sun, Zhi-Jun Tian, Xue-Hui Cai
Pseudorabies virus (PRV) is a swine herpesvirus that causes significant morbidity and mortality in swine populations and has caused huge economic losses in the worldwide swine industry. Currently, there is no effective antiviral drug in clinical use for PRV infection; it is also difficult to eliminate PRV from infected swine. In our study, we set out to combat these swine herpesvirus infections by exploiting the CRISPR/Cas9 system. We designed 75 single guide RNAs (sgRNA) by targeting both essential and non-essential genes across the genome of PRV...
September 12, 2017: Archives of Virology
Jun Xiang, Min Fu, Ni Hong, Lifeng Zhai, Feng Xiao, Guoping Wang
Alternaria fungi are important pathogens infecting a wide variety of organisms. Here, we report a novel double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) mycovirus named Alternaria botybirnavirus 1 (ABRV1) isolated from a phytopathogenic Alternaria sp. strain (SCFS-3) infecting a pear tree in China. ABRV1 has two dsRNA components (dsRNAs 1 and 2) with the sizes of 6,188 and 5,903 bp, containing two putative open reading frames encoding two polyproteins (202 and 192 kDa, respectively). The polyprotein encoded by ABRV1 dsRNA1 shares 41% amino acid (aa) sequence identity with the one encoded by dsRNA2 (instead of dsRNA1) of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum botybirnavirus 1 (SsBRV1)...
September 11, 2017: Archives of Virology
Ji Hyun Jeon, Changhee Lee
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) and porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) are porcine nidoviruses that are considered emerging and re-emerging viral pathogens of pigs that pose a significant economic threat to the global pork industry. Although cholesterol is known to affect the replication of a broad range of viruses in vitro, its significance and role in porcine nidovirus infection remains to be elucidated. Therefore, the present study was conducted to determine whether cellular or/and viral cholesterol levels play a role in porcine nidovirus infection...
September 7, 2017: Archives of Virology
Carla Prezioso, Daniela Scribano, Anna Bellizzi, Elena Anzivino, Donatella Maria Rodio, Maria Trancassini, Anna Teresa Palamara, Valeria Pietropaolo
John Cunningham virus (JCPyV) is an ubiquitous human pathogen that causes disease in immunocompromised patients. The JCPyV genome is composed of an early region and a late region, which are physically separated by the non-coding control region (NCCR). The DNA sequence of the NCCR distinguishes two forms of JCPyV, the designated archetype and the prototype, which resulted from a rearrangement of the archetype sequence. To date, the cell culture systems for propagating JCPyV archetype have been very limited in their availability and robustness...
September 7, 2017: Archives of Virology
Robério Amorim de Almeida Pondé
Viral hepatitis is a liver infection caused by one of the six hepatitis viruses: hepatitis A, B, C, D, E, and G virus (HAV to HEV and HGV). These agents differ in their biological, immunological, pathological and epidemiological characteristics. They cause infections that, when symptomatic, lead to clinical manifestations and laboratory findings that are not specific to a particular virus, often making differential diagnosis difficult, especially when no knowledge is available regarding the patient's medical history or the epidemiological background...
September 7, 2017: Archives of Virology
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