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Médecine Interne

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/2100880/petiveria-alleaceae-l-anam%C3%A3%C2%BA-study-of-the-hypoglycemic-effect
#1
COMPARATIVE STUDY
R I Lores, M Cires Pujol
The combined phytochemical and pharmaceutical study of Petiveria alleaceae L. (anamú) has shown the existence in the leaves and stems of the plant of a possible hypoglycemic active principle. Extracts from leaves and stem powder were found to produce a decrease of blood sugar concentration of more than 60% one hour after oral administration in male Balb/C mice weighing 20 g fasted for 48 hours.
October 1990: Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/2100879/houses-and-allergic-respiratory-syndromes
#2
M Chirilă, C Nicolau, L Florescu
A study was carried out in 49 flats in Bucharest inhabited by 265 persons. A quantitative analysis of fungi spores was performed as well as allergologic tests with Penicillium and Aspergillus fungi (A13), Aspergillus niger (M2), Alternaria tenuis (M1), Cladosporium herbarum (M3), Dermatophagoides pteronissinus (allergenic products supplied by the Bencard firm). The infested flats presented a high percentage of Aspergillus niger spores, particularly pathogenic. The main triggering factors for the appearance of the respiratory allergenic syndromes were found to be the conditions of humidity and the inadequate ventilation...
October 1990: Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/2100878/decision-analysis-in-the-clinical-and-imaging-diagnosis-of-acute-cholecystitis
#3
C Vasilescu, G H Jovin, I Popescu, C Esanu
The importance of clinical, laboratory and imaging data in the diagnosis of acute cholecystitis (AC) was studied in 825 patients with right upper quadrant pain hospitalized in the Surgical Clinic of the Fundeni Hospital--Bucharest, between January 1, 1986 and June 30, 1988. A number of 21 parameters were analysed in each case. Of these 825 patients, 259 were considered after surgery as AC. These 259 cases were divided, after the microscopical examination of the surgically-obtained specimens, into two groups: 1) pathologically confirmed AC (137 cases) and 2) pathologically non-confirmed AC (122 cases)...
October 1990: Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/2100877/persistent-foetal-dispersion-an-explanation-for-parasystolic-arrhythmias
#4
S Cotoi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1990: Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/2100876/functional-and-antigenic-antithrombin-iii-in-angina-pectoris-and-acute-myocardial-infarction-patients
#5
COMPARATIVE STUDY
A Vonica, T Văgăonescu, A Cristea, N Stăncioiu
Plasma antithrombin III was measured by an immunological approach (AT III:Ag) using an antiserum developed in our laboratory and by its ability to inhibit thrombin (functional assay) using a chromogenic synthetic substrate in 12 patients with myocardial infarction, 9 patients with angina pectoris and 10 healthy control subjects. In the early stage (3 to 24 hours after the onset of pain) of an acute myocardial infarction AT III:Ag (115.67% +/- 21.23) was found to be significantly (p less than 0.01) higher than functional (free) AT III (92% +/- 10...
October 1990: Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/2100875/levels-of-sc5b-9-complement-complex-in-plasma-and-synovial-fluid-of-patients-with-rheumatic-disease
#6
COMPARATIVE STUDY
V Rus, D Malide, H D Boloşiu, I Parasca, A L Duţu
Activation of the terminal complement pathway leads to formation of the C5b--9 complex. The main effects of C5b--9 generation are tissue injury by cell lysis or by stimulation of proinflammatory mediators. In a study carried out in 42 patients, using polyclonal antibodies against C5b--9 neoantigens and C9 in an ELISA assay, we found significantly higher levels of SC5b--9 complex in plasma from the 18 patients with active systemic lupus erythematosus than those found in 10 healthy controls (p less than 0.005)...
October 1990: Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/2100874/applicability-of-the-leukocyte-migration-inhibition-test-in-the-clinical-practice
#7
COMPARATIVE STUDY
L Stanciu, D Dumitrescu, D Radu
The leukocyte migration inhibition test reveals in vitro the presence of lymphocyte sensitivity and, consequently, of cell-mediated immunity, to a given antigen. Applied in a variety of immune and allergic cases it proved to be useful for the positive diagnosis of the disease and/or for the detection of cell-mediated immune deficiency. The results obtained recommend the leukocyte migration inhibition test in the clinical practice.
October 1990: Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/2100873/evaluation-by-immunofluorescence-of-the-urinary-bacteria-of-the-therapy-effectiveness-in-urinary-infections
#8
G Gluhovschi, I Drăgan, P Arcan, R Bendea
The therapy effectiveness in urinary infections (UI) was investigated in 27 patients by the test of immunofluorescence of the urinary bacteria (IFUB) in relationship with bacteriuria, various other biologic investigations and tests of the immune response. The study revealed a complex involvement of the immune mechanisms in the UI occurrence and persistence, as well as a parallelism between the mechanisms of cellular and humoral immunity in some of the patients. The IFUB test could reveal the eventual germ persistence at the renal parenchyma level even in the absence of significant bacteriuria, thus suggesting the necessity of a long term suppressive therapy in such cases...
October 1990: Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/2100872/advances-in-the-study-of-proteinurias-i-the-pathogenetic-mechanisms
#9
REVIEW
M Voiculescu
The proteinurias can be due to various causes and mechanisms, with different prognosis and therapy. With respect to their mechanisms of occurrence, they are classified as: of overflow or of glomerular origin, by tubular reabsorption, by increase of tubular secretion and by protein loss from the urinary ways. These causes and mechanisms are described in detail, according to the latest data in the medical literature.
October 1990: Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/1983160/the-significance-of-the-peroxides-increase-in-the-plasma-of-the-patients-with-liver-failure
#10
COMPARATIVE STUDY
R Olinescu, R Alexandrescu, M Militaru
200 patients with varied types of liver failure were biochemically and clinically investigated. Beside the usual biochemical analyses (transaminases, glutamyl transpeptidase, triglycerides, bilirubin), some special parameters such as lipid peroxides, glutathione, ceruloplasmin and the total antioxidative capacity of plasma were measured. High levels of lipid peroxides appear especially in severe cases of liver failure such as acute viral hepatitis, coma. The persistence of a high level of peroxides in plasma suggests the presence of severe, irreversible lesions...
October 1990: Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/1713346/correlation-of-serum-interferon-with-some-clinical-and-humoral-signs-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
I Matei, G Ghyka, I Savi, A Tudor
The serum level of total interferon (IFN) was measured in 15 male patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in the active phase and in remission, before and during corticotherapy. The values found were correlated with the clinical and humoral signs of disease. The IFN titer was high in the active phase of disease and was correlated with fever, extension of skin rash, polyarthritis, myositis, autoimmune hemolysis, cardiac and cerebral involvement as well as with ESR, reacting protein C, CIC, ANF and the percentage of LE cells...
October 1990: Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/2092398/the-nitroblue-tetrazolium-test-in-the-estimation-of-urinary-and-serum-leukocyte-metabolism-in-urinary-infections-a-preliminary-note
#12
G Gluhovschi, S Gotia
For the study of leukocyte metabolism in the serum and the urine from 52 patients with urinary infections, the Nitroblue Tetrazolium (NBT) test was used for a qualitative estimation of leukocyturia. It was observed that 26 of the 52 patients (50%) presented higher values of NBT positive urinary neutrophils than in the control group. The NBT test might be useful in the estimation of the cellular immune response in the course of urinary infections.
July 1990: Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/2092397/immunostimulating-effect-of-an-oxygen-free-radical-scavenger-on-e-rosette-forming-cells
#13
L Stanciu, D Dejica
The influence of an oxygen-free radical scavenger, Epurox (containing superoxide dismutase, catalase and mannitol) on E-rosette forming cells (E-RFC) obtained from 40 healthy subjects, was studied using a standard method. The preincubation of lymphocytes with Epurox increased the E-rosette forming in 80% of the subjects. The mean E-rosette count after preincubation with Epurox (64.17 +/- 6.95) was greater (p less than 0.01) as compared with that obtained without scavenger addition. The stimulating effect of Epurox may be due to the inhibition of cAMP synthesis...
July 1990: Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/2092396/discriminant-power-of-some-lipid-components-in-cardiovascular-diseases
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
R Băldescu, G Stoica
The object of the paper is to determine by the discriminant analysis if there is a significant difference in the lipid configuration of two samples of subjects, one formed of patients recuperated after myocardial infarction and the other one of healthy subjects without ischemic heart disease, and in case there is, which of the lipid components contributes significantly to this difference.
July 1990: Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/2092395/prevalence-of-arterial-hypertension-in-a-collectivity-of-adolescents
#15
D Munteanu, L Schioiu-Costache, I Niţă, M Serban, S Purice
Arterial hypertension in adolescents was studied in a group of 899 school boys aged 15-18 years from the vocational school No. 48 of the Bucharest Transport Enterprise (ITB) and the secondary school No. 19 ITB. Essential arterial hypertension in the group investigated was found in proportion of 2.7%, a percentage comparable with that of other European countries (1-3%).
July 1990: Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/2092394/dipyridamole-exercise-association-in-the-diagnosis-of-ischemic-heart-disease
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
D Zdrenghea, M Beudean, D Predescu, E Bogdan, V Ossian
Dipyridamole-exercise ECG test (DET) was found to present a greater sensitivity than exercise or dipyridamole ECG test alone in detecting ischemic heart disease (IHD). A group of 39 patients with probable IHD and negative exercise test was investigated by i.v. dipyridamole administration. Eight subjects presented significant ECG changes. The remaining 31 subjects were submitted to a new exercise test which became positive in 7 subjects (23%). The percentage increases to 38% by taking into account the positive dipyridamole test...
July 1990: Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/2092393/evolution-of-ischemic-heart-disease-risk-factors-in-the-bucharest-multifactorial-preventive-trial-of-coronary-heart-disease-after-15-year-follow-up
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
T Damşa, L Schioiu-Costache, M Georgescu, A Popescu, S Theodorini, S Teodorescu, C Stãnescu, S Mitu
The paper presents the evolution of the levels of smoking, hypercholesterolemia, essential hypertension and obesity in the course of a prophylactic action carried out for 15 years (1971-1986) in a group of 5000 males aged 40-60 years. In the group still available after 15 years of follow up consisting of 2000 subjects, a decrease was obtained in the number of smokers, from 22.3% to 5.6% of hypercholesterolemia from 31.3% to 23.7%. The cumulated incidence of essential hypertension has increased from 15.5% to 36...
July 1990: Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/2092392/is-cardiac-involvement-in-collagen-diseases-important-a-clinical-study-in-917-patients
#18
M Vintilă, S Tănăseanu, R Luca, E Bălănescu, C Tănăsescu, S Purice
Cardiac involvement in collagen diseases was studied in 917 patients representing all the cases of collagen diseases diagnosed in the "N. Gh. Lupu" Institute of Internal Medicine between 1985 and 1987. The prevalence of the various cardiac disorders was studied within every disease or group of diseases diagnosed according to clinical, ECG, radiologic and when necessary echocardiographic data. Collagen heart disease was diagnosed in 38.2% of the patients. In the case of systemic lupus erythematosus, of polyarteritis nodosa and of progressive systemic sclerosis this proportion exceeds 50%...
July 1990: Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/2092391/nonsurgical-treatment-of-biliary-lithiasis
#19
REVIEW
R Voiosu
The paper is a review of the clinical experience acquired during the last 15 years in the treatment of biliary lithiasis with cholecyst or choledochal localization using methods which were expected to exclude surgery. After a short presentation of lithogenesis a brief description is made of chemical litholysis, endoscopic treatment and extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). The indications, techniques of treatment results, risks and accidents are also presented with an estimation on the financial efficiency of the new procedures...
July 1990: Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/2092390/professor-ioan-emil-bruckner-1912-1980
#20
R Voiosu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1990: Médecine Interne
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