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Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209807/blast-injury-of-the-ear-by-massive-explosion-a-review-of-41-cases
#1
Stanislas Ballivet de Régloix, A Crambert, O Maurin, Q Lisan, S Marty, Y Pons
BACKGROUND: Blast injuries in modern warfare are common, and the ear is often affected as it is an effective pressure transducer. This study aimed to evaluate military blast injuries of the ear. METHODS: From May 2002 to October 2014, all patients referred to two military hospitals near Paris, France following exposure to massive explosions were analysed. RESULTS: Among the 41 patients (82 ears), 36 of them reported tinnitus, 25 hearing loss, 14 earache and 8 vertigo...
February 16, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193748/medical-students-unique-experience-of-army-leadership-training-a-qualitative-study
#2
John Earis, J Garner, D Haddock, J Jenkins, V Jha
OBJECTIVES: To assess the interactive experience of first year medical students attending the leadership and management course hosted by a British Army Reserve Field Hospital developed in partnership with Liverpool University. METHODS: 244 students submitted a 1000-word structured reflective learning assignment about their reaction to, learning from and any behaviour and attitude changes as a result of, the training. The assignments were thematically analysed to identify how aspects of the training had impacted upon the students' understanding of leadership and teamwork...
February 13, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193747/novel-porcine-model-of-cutaneous-myiasis-a-training-tool-for-healthcare-workers
#3
Daniel S Burns, D Fletcher, K Johnston, M S Bailey, K Campbell
Cutaneous myiasis is a well-described problem in travellers to endemic regions including military personnel. Realistic training is important to ensure that healthcare workers have the confidence and expertise to recognise cutaneous myiasis and safely remove larvae if required. A model is described here that is simple, reproducible and realistic, and will allow for training of military healthcare workers in safe surgical removal of larvae when required.
February 13, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159844/military-anaesthesia-in-contingencies-what-skill-sets-are-required-and-how-will-we-prepare-our-trainees
#4
EDITORIAL
Simon J Mercer, C L Jones, J Round, D Parkhouse
The Defence Medical Services are now in an established period of contingency operations. In 2008, the Royal College of Anaesthetists approved a Military Anaesthesia Higher Training Module which could be easily achieved by deploying to the field hospital in Camp Bastion, Afghanistan, for two months under the supervision of a consultant anaesthetist. This opportunity no longer exists but the need to assure quality training and to demonstrate military skill sets is still essential. This article discusses the revised Military Higher Module and how it will be implemented in the future either during deployment or during times of peace...
February 3, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148551/towards-research-combat-readiness-prepared-prospective-and-preapproved
#5
EDITORIAL
David N Naumann, N Eisenstein, D S Burns, S A Stapley
Research drives the advancement of medical knowledge during war, but planning and execution are too slow to enable early data acquisition. Future conflicts are likely to be shorter and more dispersed, requiring innovation to avoid missing out on the crucial early stages. To seize the initiative, we suggest that a collection of preapproved research studies be designed, stored and maintained within the medical command structure so that they are ready for immediate implementation at the onset of future conflicts, even during the most kinetic early phases of deployment...
February 1, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073825/comparison-of-characteristics-and-outcomes-of-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-military-and-non-military-men
#6
Adel Joharimoghadam, S-M Ghoreyshi-Hefzabad, S Kheirkhah-Sabetghadam
OBJECTIVES: Living in a military environment, as a unique job and lifestyle, may affect the physical and mental status of military personnel. Coronary artery disease (CAD) status and outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in military personnel as a unique part of each society are less investigated. METHOD: In a registry-based study, data of 338 military men and 1954 non-military men who underwent successful PCI from March 2012 to March 2013 were analysed...
January 10, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062529/a-mixed-reality-simulator-concept-for-future-medical-emergency-response-team-training
#7
Robert J Stone, R Guest, P Mahoney, D Lamb, C Gibson
The UK Defence Medical Service's Pre-Hospital Emergency Care (PHEC) capability includes rapid-deployment Medical Emergency Response Teams (MERTs) comprising tri-service trauma consultants, paramedics and specialised nurses, all of whom are qualified to administer emergency care under extreme conditions to improve the survival prospects of combat casualties. The pre-deployment training of MERT personnel is designed to foster individual knowledge, skills and abilities in PHEC and in small team performance and cohesion in 'mission-specific' contexts...
January 6, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062528/can-a-projectile-based-riot-control-method-ever-be-truly-non-lethal
#8
EDITORIAL
Shabir A Dhar, T A Dar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062527/lessons-from-the-organisation-of-the-uk-medical-services-deployed-in-support-of-operation-telic-iraq-and-operation-herrick-afghanistan
#9
Martin C M Bricknell, M Nadin
This paper provides the definitive record of the UK Defence Medical Services (DMS) lessons from the organisation of medical services in support of Operation (Op) TELIC (Iraq) and Op HERRICK (Afghanistan). The analysis involved a detailed review of the published academic literature, internal post-operational tour reports and post-tour interviews. The list of lessons was reviewed through three Military Judgement Panel cycles producing the single synthesis 'the golden thread' and eight 'silver bullets' as themes to institutionalise the learning to deliver the golden thread...
January 6, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039342/meningococcal-disease-has-the-battle-been-won
#10
REVIEW
Beverley C Millar, P J A Moore, J E Moore
Meningococcal disease is a worldwide life-threatening infection associated in many cases with debilitating long-term sequelae, both within the military and civilian populations. Military recruits are at a higher risk of acquiring this infection due to numerous factors, such as young recruits in the age group 18-25 years, high carriage rates of meningococci, communal and crowed living quarters and global deployment or training in regions with different meningococcal serogroup epidemiology. Although these increased risk factors among young recruits remain, the increased incidence of disease is now historic...
December 30, 2016: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940985/military-personnel-sustaining-lisfranc-injuries-have-high-rates-of-disability-separation
#11
George C Balazs, M G Hanley, G J Pavey, J-Ph Rue
OBJECTIVES: Lisfranc injuries are relatively uncommon midfoot injuries disproportionately affecting young, active males. Previous studies in civilian populations have reported relatively good results with operative treatment. However, treatment results have not been specifically examined in military personnel, who may have higher physical demands than the general population. The purpose of this study was to examine rates of return to military duty following surgical treatment of isolated Lisfranc injuries...
December 9, 2016: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909070/informal-caregiving-and-intimate-relationships-the-experiences-of-spouses-of-uk-military-personnel
#12
Gursimran Thandi, S Oram, A Verey, N Greenberg, N T Fear
AIM: Currently, there is no research available on the experiences of spouses providing informal care to wounded, injured or sick (WIS) UK military personnel. The aim of this study was to fill this gap by investigating the relationship experiences of non-military partners caring for WIS UK military personnel. METHODS: Spouses of WIS military personnel (n=25) completed telephone interviews with the research team. The data were transcribed and analysed using thematic analysis...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909069/parental-reports-of-serious-illness-and-disability-among-children-aged-3-16%C3%A2-years-from-uk-military-families
#13
Charandeep K Khera, S A M Stevelink, N T Fear
BACKGROUND: Prevalence rates of child illness according to parents have been found to vary greatly in the general population, with even less known about children of military parents. Mothers are generally considered more informed about their children's problems than fathers. This paper aimed to establish the prevalence of serious illness and disability among children from military families, noting the difference between parental reports. METHODS: Male serving and ex-serving personnel with children aged 3-16 years were invited to take part in an online questionnaire and telephone interview based on their child's health...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909067/concept-and-evaluation-of-the-german-war-surgery-course-einsatzchirurgie-kurs-der-bundeswehr
#14
David A Back, K Waldmann, T Hauer, N Huschitt, M W Bowyer, U Wesemann, A Lieber, C Willy
INTRODUCTION: Military surgeons must be prepared to care for severe and complex life-threatening injuries rarely seen in the civilian setting. Typical civilian training and practice do not provide adequate exposure to the broad set of surgical skills required. The German Bundeswehr Medical Service has developed and refined the War Surgery Course (WSC) to meet this training gap. This article describes the recent experience with this readiness curriculum. METHODS: Run annually since 1998, WSC consists nowadays of 5 days with 20 theoretical modules...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903839/the-effect-of-brain-tomography-findings-on-mortality-in-sniper-shot-head-injuries
#15
Çağdaş Can, M Bolatkale, A Sarıhan, Y Savran, A Ç Acara, M Bulut
OBJECTIVES: Penetrating gunshot head injuries have a poor prognosis and require prompt care. Brain CT is a routine component of the standard evaluation of head wounds and suspected brain injury. We aimed to investigate the effect of brain CT findings on mortality in gunshot head injury patients who were admitted to our emergency department (ED) from the Syrian Civil War. METHODS: The study group comprised patients who were admitted to the ED with gunshot brain injury...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903838/european-military-mental-health-research-benefits-of-collaboration
#16
EDITORIAL
Hubertus Himmerich, G D Willmund, U Wesemann, N Jones, N T Fear
Despite joint participation in international military operations, few collaborative military mental health research projects have been undertaken by European countries. From a common perspective of military mental health researchers from Germany and the UK, the lack of shared research might be related not only to the use of different languages but also the different ways in which the two militaries provide mental health and medical support to operations and differences in military institutions. One area that is suitable for military health research collaboration within UK and German forces is mental health and well-being among military personnel...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903837/the-effect-of-army-vest-design-on-the-occurrence-of-stress-fractures-and-overuse-injuries-in-female-military-recruits
#17
Ezequiel Palmanovich, M Frankl, M Nyska, I Hetsroni, N Constantini, L Trejo, R Bechar, G Novak, Z Lankovsky, G Mann
INTRODUCTION: Stress fractures (SFs) occur when microdamage caused by repetitive mechanical load exceeds the biological load-bearing capacity of the bone. The study objective was to test whether a vest specifically designed and manufactured for female recruits, compared with the standard vest used on a regular basis by Border Police recruits, would reduce the incidence of SF in female Border Police recruits. Data based on reports of military personnel show that women are more likely to sustain SFs...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881470/modelling-primary-blast-lung-injury-current-capability-and-future-direction
#18
EDITORIAL
Timothy Scott, E Hulse, M Haque, E Kirkman, J Hardman, P Mahoney
Primary blast lung injury frequently complicates military conflict and terrorist attacks on civilian populations. The fact that it occurs in areas of conflict or unpredictable mass casualty events makes clinical study in human casualties implausible. Research in this field is therefore reliant on the use of some form of biological or non-biological surrogate model. This article briefly reviews the modelling work undertaken in this field until now and describes the rationale behind the generation of an in silico physiological model...
November 23, 2016: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879473/an-unusual-cause-of-tinnitus-essential-palatal-myoclonus
#19
Stanislas Ballivet de Régloix, A Marhic, Y Pons
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2016: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132022/highlights-of-this-edition
#20
EDITORIAL
Johno Breeze, J Garner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
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