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Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924928/quality-of-life-and-its-association-with-insomnia-and-clinical-variables-in-type-2-diabetes
#1
Akhilesh Jain, Rekha Sharmab, Neelam Yadavc, Pavan Chaudhary, Garima Jainc, Mukesh Maanju
BACKGROUND: There is a significant increase in the number of patients with type II diabetes and consequently, Quality of Life (QOL) has become a major concern. Insomnia associated with diabetes may also influence QOL in these patients. AIM: This cross-sectional comparative study aims to assess QOL and its determinants in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). It also explored the prevalence and association of insomnia with QOL in T2DM patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample size comprised of 50 patients with T2DM and an equal number of healthy control subjects...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924927/bioremediation-of-oil-contaminated-water-by-bacterial-consortium-immobilized-on-environment-friendly-biocarriers
#2
Farag Samhan, Mohamed Elliethy, Bahaa Hemdan, Marwa Youssef, Gamila El-Taweel
BACKGROUND: Accidental oil spills in the Nile River represents a public health concern in Egypt. Bioremediation of oil-contaminated water is efficiently competitive and economically effective compared to mechanical and chemical methods. AIM: The current study aimed to: i) assess using environment-friendly materials as carriers for immobilizing oil-degrading bacteria and ii) evaluate applying these biocarriers for removal of oil from water in a batch experiment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four bacterial strains Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Cronobacter sakazakii (recently named Enterobacter sakazakii), Klebsiella oxytoca and Bordetella bronchispetica were immobilized on grinded corn qgualh, Egyptian loofah, palm leaf raffia and sponge...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924926/university-students-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-towards-the-national-premarital-screening-program-of-saudi-arabia
#3
Maryam Melaibari, Sireen Shilbayeh, Abdulghani Kabli
BACKGROUND: There is an elevated rate of hereditary hemoglobinopathies in Arab populations. To address this, the Saudi government has implemented a mandatory premarital screening (PMS) program. Nevertheless, reports have shown that 48% of genetically incompatible partners have decided to marry. To address this, more information is needed on people's beliefs on these issues. AIM: To investigate the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of Taif University students towards the national PMS program...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924925/eating-attitudes-and-barriers-to-healthy-eating-and-physical-activity-among-a-sample-of-university-students-in-egypt
#4
Lamyaa El-Bagoury, Azza Hassan, Hasnaa AbouSeif
BACKGROUND: More students are concerned about their body shape and have a desire to have a lower BMI. As a consequence, many of them have disordered eating attitudes (DEAs) and engage in unhealthy weight control behaviors. AIM: To measure the frequency of DEAs among Ain Shams University students and to identify the barriers to healthy eating and physical activity among them. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done on a sample of 445 students in Ain Shams University from different faculties using a self-reported questionnaire...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924924/association-of-video-gaming-with-some-risky-behaviors-of-secondary-school-adolescents-in-abha-southwestern-saudi-arabia
#5
Nabil Awadalla, Muath Hadram, Ali Alshahrani, Yahya Hadram
AIM: The aim of this study was to describe the patterns of video gaming among secondary school adolescents and to investigate their association with some risky behaviors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 336 students randomly selected from secondary schools in Abha City, Saudi Arabia, during the academic year 2015-2016. A predesigned self-report questionnaire was used to assess students' sociodemographic data, pattern, motivators and drawbacks of video gaming, previous academic year grades, history of violent acts, road traffic accidents (RTA), and traffic rules violations...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924923/pattern-and-outcome-of-pediatric-head-injuries-in-the-suez-canal-region-a-follow-up-study
#6
Hoda Atwa, Nouran AbdAllah, Heba Abd El Gawad
BACKGROUND: A significant number of children sustain head injuries every year. Despite this, few studies in Egypt have provided detailed information about these injuries. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiology and outcome of head injury among children presenting to the emergency department in the Suez Canal University Hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A clinical follow-up study including 70 patients, aged 18 years or less, who presented to the emergency department, with head injuries, in the period from March 2014 to February 2015...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924922/rural-urban-differences-in-the-use-of-postnatal-care-services-in-malawi
#7
Kennedy Machira, Martin Palamulen
BACKGROUND: In Malawi, women's postpartum care services often remain underutilized despite the efforts of the government to promote the use of maternal healthcare. Consequently, maternal mortality and morbidity are persistently high. AIM: The aim of the study is to examine the factors associated with women's use of postpartum care services in urban areas as compared with the rural areas in Malawi. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study used data from the 2010 Malawi Demographic and Health Survey...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145991/use-of-dietary-supplements-among-gym-trainees-in-tanta-city-egypt
#8
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Ehab A Abo Ali, Hanan H Elgamal
BACKGROUND: The use of dietary supplements has greatly increased in the past few years. Few studies described the prevalence of supplement use among gym trainees. The practices of most of the athletes and gym trainees in Egypt remain undocumented. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of dietary supplement use among gyms trainees in Tanta city, Egypt. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional comparative study was carried out on 450 gym trainees aged more than or equal to 20 years in Tanta city, Egypt...
December 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145990/computer-based-medical-education-in-benha-university-egypt-knowledge-attitude-limitations-and-suggestions
#9
Hanaa Bayomy, Mona El Awadi, Eman El Araby, Hala A Abed
BACKGROUND: Computer-assisted medical education has been developed to enhance learning and enable high-quality medical care. This study aimed to assess computer knowledge and attitude toward the inclusion of computers in medical education among second-year medical students in Benha Faculty of Medicine, Egypt, to identify limitations, and obtain suggestions for successful computer-based learning. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: This was a one-group pre-post-test study, which was carried out on second-year students in Benha Faculty of Medicine...
December 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145989/malnutrition-and-some-related-factors-in-primary-school-children-semnan-iran
#10
Batool Karimi, Raheb Ghorbani, Mehri A Niaki
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition places a direct and indirect burden on individuals, especially children and communities. Malnutrition or growth failure can occur because of various reasons. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of thinness, underweight, stunting, and their related factors in students aged 6-12 years in Semnan province, central Iran. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Using multistage sampling, a total of 2195 primary students in Semnan province, between November 2012 and March 2013, were selected randomly and the prevalences of wasting, underweight, and stunting among the students were estimated...
December 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145988/abo-blood-groups-and-risk-for-obesity-in-arar-northern-saudi-arabia
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Nagah M Aboel-Fetoh, Arwa R Alanazi, Abdullah S Alanazi, Asma N Alruwili
INTRODUCTION: ABO blood groups are associated with some important chronic diseases. Previous studies have observed an association between ABO blood group and risk for obesity. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine whether there is an association between ABO blood groups and obesity in apparently healthy attendees of primary healthcare (PHC) centers in Arar city, Northern Saudi Arabia. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 401 participants aged 15 years and older attending three randomly selected PHC centers in Arar city...
December 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145987/factors-related-to-depression-symptoms-among-working-women-in-menoufia-egypt
#12
Zeinab A Kasemy, Amal A Salama, Mahmoud E Abo Salem, Noha Negm
BACKGROUND: Lifetime prevalence rates for any psychological disorder are higher than previously thought. Depression in the workplace may lower work productivity and increase maladjustment in daily professional life. AIM OF THE STUDY: The study aimed to investigate the prevalence of depression symptoms and the work-related risk factors in Egyptian working women. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 600 working women in family health facilities in Tala district, Menoufia governorate in 2015...
December 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145986/perceived-hospital-managerial-competency-in-tehran-iran-is-there-a-difference-between-public-and-private-hospitals
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Rohollah Kalhor, Mahsa Tajnesaei, Edris Kakemam, Mesam Safi Keykaleh, Leila Kalhor
BACKGROUND: Hospital managers should have enough managerial competencies to coordinate the complex environment. The underlying assumption is that there is a potential gap in management capacity between public and private hospitals in Iran. This study aims to evaluate competency level of hospital managers and to compare their competencies in public and private hospitals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was descriptive-analytic, carried out in 2015. A survey using a self-administered questionnaire was conducted among 127 public and private hospitals managers in Tehran Province, Iran...
December 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749647/comparison-of-dental-arch-dimensions-in-models-of-preschool-children-with-cleft-lip-palate-repaired-by-means-of-surgery-alone-versus-controls
#14
Ahmad S Burhan, Fehmieh R Nawaya
BACKGROUND: Cleft lip and palate (CLP) anomaly is one of the most prevalent congenital defects causing disturbances of dental arch dimensions. This study aimed at investigating differences in these dimensions between preschool children with cleft lip/palate and a matched control group representing healthy individuals with normal occlusion (NO). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample of this cross-sectional analytical study consisted of 108 plaster models of children aged from 4 to 5...
September 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749646/epidemiology-of-acne-vulgaris-in-adolescent-male-students-in-arar-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#15
Nagah M Abo El-Fetoh, Naif G Alenezi, Nasser G Alshamari, Omar G Alenezi
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is the most common cutaneous disorder affecting adolescents and young adults. Small, noninflamed acne lesions may not be more than a slight nuisance, but, in individuals with more severe inflammatory disease, pain, social embarrassment, and both physical and psychological scarring can be life altering. Despite its high prevalence, no previous community-based studies have been conducted in Arar, northern border of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, addressing this issue...
September 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749645/nasal-carriage-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-and-the-effect-of-tea-extracts-on-isolates
#16
Amani F Abaza, Osama N Mohamed, Fathy K El-Fiky, Khaled A Ahmed
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the occurrence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) nasal carriage among patients, healthcare workers (HCWs), and community individuals, as well as to test the effect of tea extracts on detected S. aureus isolates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study that was followed by an experimental study included a total of 1021 nasal swab samples that were collected from 470 community cases, 191 HCWs, and 360 patients...
September 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749644/tetanus-vaccination-status-and-its-associated-factors-among-women-attending-a-primary-healthcare-center-in-cairo-governorate-egypt
#17
Azza M Hassan, Ahmed E Shoman, Nahla F Abo-Elezz, Marwa M Amer
BACKGROUND: Maintaining maternal and neonatal tetanus (MNT) elimination status in Egypt requires continued strengthening of routine tetanus toxoid (TT) immunization services for pregnant women. OBJECTIVES: To measure the frequency rate of TT vaccination among women attending the well-baby clinic at the El-Darb El-Ahmar primary healthcare center in Cairo governorate and to identify different associated factors. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: This was a cross sectional study that targeted 277 mothers who attended the well-baby clinic at the El-Darb El-Ahmar primary healthcare center...
September 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749643/nurses-knowledge-and-practice-of-blood-borne-pathogens-and-infection-control-measures-in-selected-beni-suef-hospitals-egypt
#18
Ahmed E Arafa, Amel A Mohamed, Manal M Anwar
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Blood-borne pathogens (BBP) [hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and HIV] pose a considerable infectious risk for nurses, resulting in unwanted health outcomes and psychological stress. AIM OF THE WORK: This study aimed to assess the knowledge and practices of nurses and define administrative roles regarding in BBP and infection control (IC) measures in selected Beni-Suef Hospitals. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out from December 2014 to January 2015 using a self-administered questionnaire...
September 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749642/epidemiology-of-dysmenorrhea-among-secondary-school-students-in-northern-saudi-arabia
#19
Mohamed M Abd El-Mawgod, Arwa S Alshaibany, Aeshah M Al-Anazi
BACKGROUND: Dysmenorrhea is one of the most common and important health problems, especially among young girls. It results in absence from school and work. It has some negative effects on the daily activities of patients. Because of cultural problems, patients ordinarily do not seek help from others in this situation. Identification of abnormal menstrual patterns during adolescence may permit early prevention of potential health concerns in adulthood. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, severity, and impact of dysmenorrhea in secondary-school students and its association with school absenteeism in Arar city...
September 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749641/developing-and-testing-an-electronic-literacy-resource-for-arab-patients-before-experiencing-radiology-procedures
#20
Mohamed M Abuzaid, Aishah M Alnuaimi, Asma M Abdi, Elika A Mohajer, Ifrah A Mohamed, Rawan A Bilwani, Shaima B Alhammadi
BACKGROUND: Radiological examinations require prior preparation that patients should be informed about. Radiologists and radiologic technologists have limited time and resources to do so. Therefore, the internet is a valuable and accessible resource for patient education, but the information may not be reliable, especially that in Arabic language. This study aimed to develop online patient education resources about imaging procedures in Arabic. It also evaluated the understandability and actionability of the source materials...
September 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
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