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Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association

Sally Hakim, Amira Mohsen
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is the most common form of work-related musculoskeletal disorders, which cause huge economic losses to individuals as well as to the community. Bus drivers have been found to be at an increased risk of LBP owing to several factors associated with physical and occupational circumstances. There is scant knowledge on the problems of LBP among bus drivers in Egypt. AIM: To identify the prevalence of LBP among bus drivers and to determine the ergonomic and occupational risk factors associated with this problem...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
Noussa El Basha, Huda Marzouk, May Sherif, Amani El Kholy
BACKGROUND: The rate of admissions to hospital with bronchiolitis has increased over the past years. The reasons for this are likely to be multifactorial including improved survival of preterm infants. AIM: To assess the severity of viral bronchiolitis in preterm compared with term infants admitted at a tertiary hospital in Cairo, Egypt, based on the outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study was conducted throughout a 3-year period from September 2011 to October 2014...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
Amani Abaza
BACKGROUND: Fresh vegetables and ready-to-eat salads (RTES) are essential components of human diet. Despite their benefits, they remain a major public health concern, because they have been implicated in foodborne illness outbreaks in numerous countries. AIM: The present study aimed to assess the bacteriological quality of some fresh vegetables and RTES in Alexandria, Egypt. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 121 samples of vegetables and RTES that were randomly purchased from different markets, restaurants, and street vendors in three districts in Alexandria...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
Mervat Abu Nazel, Heba Elkady, Sherif Abd Allah, Riham Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Despite widespread concern in public health regarding the increasing prevalence and burden of smoking and mental disorders, little is known about the double burden of these problems in Arab countries. AIM: To describe pattern and identify determinants of smoking among mentally ill male patients in El-Mamoura Psychiatric Hospital, Alexandria, Egypt. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 300 randomly selected adult male outpatients receiving formal diagnosis of one or more mental disorders according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV criteria by a senior psychiatrist...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
Rasha El-Desouky, Hala Abed
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a multifactorial problem that contributes to many health problems, as a cause or as a consequence. In elderly, it is a major health problem as it leads to progressive decline in physical and cognitive health, increased utilization of health services, and increased mortality. AIM: To screen the elderly persons for malnutrition and to detect the underlying factors of this problem. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 320 elderly persons...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
Noha Elshaer
BACKGROUND: Chronic exposure to antineoplastic drugs (ADs) may result in reproductive, liver, renal, lung, and cardiac toxicity. Moreover, bone marrow suppression, mucosal ulcers, and cancer may develop. In developing countries, adverse health effects owing to occupational exposure to ADs and adherence to safe handling guidelines are not well documented. AIM: This study was conducted to determine the health effect of occupational exposure to ADs and evaluate adherence to control methods...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
Mahmoud Ghanem, Laila El-Attar, Amira Amine
BACKGROUND: A swimming pool is an important leisure facility, but it can harbor injured cells creating potential health hazards. Disinfection of swimming pools can cause bacterial injury, when cells are exposed to a suboptimal concentration of disinfectants. Possible pathogenic bacteria can enter into an injured state, for example, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella spp, and Enterococcus faecalis. Injured bacteria can retain their pathogenicity and virulence and they may recover causing diseases...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
Gehan Zaki, Ahmed Issa, Adel Refaat, Wafaa Eid, Abdel-Aziz Abdel-Aziz
BACKGROUND: Kuwait State is branded by the recurrent dust storms and high pollution level. It has the highest dust concentration and surface temperature in Peninsula. The aim of the present study was to assess the respirable particulates during days with and without dust storms in two residential areas in Kuwait State. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This time-series comparative study was accomplished during the period from 1 January 2013 to 31 December 2013. It was conducted by recording the local meteorological data in the two sampling stations at Mansoria (A) and Ali Sabah Al-Salem (B) residential areas, in addition to the sampling and analysis of respirable particulates (PM10) using the SOP-10 High-Volume PM10 Samplers' Standard Method...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
Mona Wahba, Mohamed El-Bourgy, Ensaf Abdel-Gawwad, Hoda Abdel-Kader, Azza Abou-Zeid
BACKGROUND: Assessing consumers' satisfaction with health education services can help in monitoring the quality of provided service and understanding consumers' perceptions and utilization patterns of the service. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study targeting consumers attending the health education sessions provided by Alexandria Department of Health Education and Information (DHEI) at different governmental health facilities and nongovernmental organizations was performed...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
Ahmed Arafa, Shaimaa Senosy
BACKGROUND: The expansion of the online environment has unveiled many cyber risks and potentials for abuse such as cyberbullying. Cyberbullying carries many negative psychological impacts that affect mainly young people. AIM: The objective of our study is to explore the of cyberbullying victimization among Egyptian university students in Beni-Suef and investigate factors correlating with it. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a multi-stage random sampling was used to include a total of 6740 students from all grade levels in all faculties (n=28) of Beni-Suef University...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
Nayera Mostafa, Mohamed Momen
BACKGROUND: The tobacco epidemic is one of the biggest public health threats. Smoking prevalence and smoking cessation intentions among physicians vary from a country/community to another. Recently, a global reduction in the rates of smoking among healthcare providers is observed. AIM: This study aims to describe the effect of physicians' smoking status on their knowledge, attitude, opinions, and practices of smoking cessation in patients in a Tertiary Healthcare University Hospital in Cairo, Egypt...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
Raul Mayoral, F González, Javier Ruiz, Marta Crespo, Ana Molina, Pedro López, Jose Montes
BACKGROUND: There is a relationship between smoking and some psychiatric disorders, and there is doubt whether antismoking treatment will be more complex because of psychiatric disorder. AIM: To analyze the differences in treatment success rates among patients without psychiatric disorder and patients with psychiatric disorder who have received complete pharmacological treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using the records of patients completely treated at Albacete University Hospital Complex during 2011...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
Rasha Ali, Nesreen Mohammed, Hanan Aly
BACKGROUND: Internet use may have many drawbacks. Among the main threats caused by internet use is wasting time and lack of self-control over internet use, which amounts to the level of addiction with several deleterious consequences. AIM: The aim of the study is to identify the prevalence of internet addiction (IA) and associated factors among medical students in Sohag University, Egypt. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The cross-sectional survey was conducted in October 2016 and November 2016 on a random sample of 587 students selected from three medical faculties in Sohag University...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
Iman Salama, Samia Sami, Rehan Saleh, Amira Mohsen, Safaa Elserougy, Hanaa Emam, Zeinab Said
BACKGROUND: Although Egypt had adopted implementation of routine infant hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccination in 1992, its effectiveness is not evaluated on a national scale. Assessment of early and long-term seroprotection after compulsory vaccination is an important measure for monitoring the success of the vaccination program. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess HBV seroprotection and immune memory in children and adolescents who were vaccinated during infancy in Cairo Governorate...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
Mohsen Gadallah, Soad Megid, Samir Refaey, Moustafa El-Hussinie, Amira Mohsen, Mohammad Ardakani, Samar El-Feky
BACKGROUND: The WHO in 2008 developed the Urban Health Equity Assessment and Response Tool. It is a user-friendly guide for stakeholders and decision makers at national and local levels to identify health inequities. Moreover, using such tool will facilitate decisions on viable and effective strategies, interventions, and actions that should be used to reduce health inequities. AIM: To assess the health equity in a disadvantaged district (Gezerit El Warak) located in Giza province, Egypt...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
Akhilesh Jain, Rekha Sharmab, Neelam Yadavc, Pavan Chaudhary, Garima Jainc, Mukesh Maanju
BACKGROUND: There is a significant increase in the number of patients with type II diabetes and consequently, Quality of Life (QOL) has become a major concern. Insomnia associated with diabetes may also influence QOL in these patients. AIM: This cross-sectional comparative study aims to assess QOL and its determinants in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). It also explored the prevalence and association of insomnia with QOL in T2DM patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample size comprised of 50 patients with T2DM and an equal number of healthy control subjects...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
Farag Samhan, Mohamed Elliethy, Bahaa Hemdan, Marwa Youssef, Gamila El-Taweel
BACKGROUND: Accidental oil spills in the Nile River represents a public health concern in Egypt. Bioremediation of oil-contaminated water is efficiently competitive and economically effective compared to mechanical and chemical methods. AIM: The current study aimed to: i) assess using environment-friendly materials as carriers for immobilizing oil-degrading bacteria and ii) evaluate applying these biocarriers for removal of oil from water in a batch experiment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four bacterial strains Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Cronobacter sakazakii (recently named Enterobacter sakazakii), Klebsiella oxytoca and Bordetella bronchispetica were immobilized on grinded corn qgualh, Egyptian loofah, palm leaf raffia and sponge...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
Maryam Melaibari, Sireen Shilbayeh, Abdulghani Kabli
BACKGROUND: There is an elevated rate of hereditary hemoglobinopathies in Arab populations. To address this, the Saudi government has implemented a mandatory premarital screening (PMS) program. Nevertheless, reports have shown that 48% of genetically incompatible partners have decided to marry. To address this, more information is needed on people's beliefs on these issues. AIM: To investigate the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of Taif University students towards the national PMS program...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
Lamyaa El-Bagoury, Azza Hassan, Hasnaa AbouSeif
BACKGROUND: More students are concerned about their body shape and have a desire to have a lower BMI. As a consequence, many of them have disordered eating attitudes (DEAs) and engage in unhealthy weight control behaviors. AIM: To measure the frequency of DEAs among Ain Shams University students and to identify the barriers to healthy eating and physical activity among them. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done on a sample of 445 students in Ain Shams University from different faculties using a self-reported questionnaire...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
Nabil Awadalla, Muath Hadram, Ali Alshahrani, Yahya Hadram
AIM: The aim of this study was to describe the patterns of video gaming among secondary school adolescents and to investigate their association with some risky behaviors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 336 students randomly selected from secondary schools in Abha City, Saudi Arabia, during the academic year 2015-2016. A predesigned self-report questionnaire was used to assess students' sociodemographic data, pattern, motivators and drawbacks of video gaming, previous academic year grades, history of violent acts, road traffic accidents (RTA), and traffic rules violations...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
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