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Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145991/use-of-dietary-supplements-among-gym-trainees-in-tanta-city-egypt
#1
Ehab A Abo Ali, Hanan H Elgamal
BACKGROUND: The use of dietary supplements has greatly increased in the past few years. Few studies described the prevalence of supplement use among gym trainees. The practices of most of the athletes and gym trainees in Egypt remain undocumented. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of dietary supplement use among gyms trainees in Tanta city, Egypt. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional comparative study was carried out on 450 gym trainees aged more than or equal to 20 years in Tanta city, Egypt...
December 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145990/computer-based-medical-education-in-benha-university-egypt-knowledge-attitude-limitations-and-suggestions
#2
Hanaa Bayomy, Mona El Awadi, Eman El Araby, Hala A Abed
BACKGROUND: Computer-assisted medical education has been developed to enhance learning and enable high-quality medical care. This study aimed to assess computer knowledge and attitude toward the inclusion of computers in medical education among second-year medical students in Benha Faculty of Medicine, Egypt, to identify limitations, and obtain suggestions for successful computer-based learning. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: This was a one-group pre-post-test study, which was carried out on second-year students in Benha Faculty of Medicine...
December 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145989/malnutrition-and-some-related-factors-in-primary-school-children-semnan-iran
#3
Batool Karimi, Raheb Ghorbani, Mehri A Niaki
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition places a direct and indirect burden on individuals, especially children and communities. Malnutrition or growth failure can occur because of various reasons. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of thinness, underweight, stunting, and their related factors in students aged 6-12 years in Semnan province, central Iran. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Using multistage sampling, a total of 2195 primary students in Semnan province, between November 2012 and March 2013, were selected randomly and the prevalences of wasting, underweight, and stunting among the students were estimated...
December 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145988/abo-blood-groups-and-risk-for-obesity-in-arar-northern-saudi-arabia
#4
Nagah M Aboel-Fetoh, Arwa R Alanazi, Abdullah S Alanazi, Asma N Alruwili
INTRODUCTION: ABO blood groups are associated with some important chronic diseases. Previous studies have observed an association between ABO blood group and risk for obesity. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine whether there is an association between ABO blood groups and obesity in apparently healthy attendees of primary healthcare (PHC) centers in Arar city, Northern Saudi Arabia. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 401 participants aged 15 years and older attending three randomly selected PHC centers in Arar city...
December 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145987/factors-related-to-depression-symptoms-among-working-women-in-menoufia-egypt
#5
Zeinab A Kasemy, Amal A Salama, Mahmoud E Abo Salem, Noha Negm
BACKGROUND: Lifetime prevalence rates for any psychological disorder are higher than previously thought. Depression in the workplace may lower work productivity and increase maladjustment in daily professional life. AIM OF THE STUDY: The study aimed to investigate the prevalence of depression symptoms and the work-related risk factors in Egyptian working women. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 600 working women in family health facilities in Tala district, Menoufia governorate in 2015...
December 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145986/perceived-hospital-managerial-competency-in-tehran-iran-is-there-a-difference-between-public-and-private-hospitals
#6
Rohollah Kalhor, Mahsa Tajnesaei, Edris Kakemam, Mesam Safi Keykaleh, Leila Kalhor
BACKGROUND: Hospital managers should have enough managerial competencies to coordinate the complex environment. The underlying assumption is that there is a potential gap in management capacity between public and private hospitals in Iran. This study aims to evaluate competency level of hospital managers and to compare their competencies in public and private hospitals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was descriptive-analytic, carried out in 2015. A survey using a self-administered questionnaire was conducted among 127 public and private hospitals managers in Tehran Province, Iran...
December 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749647/comparison-of-dental-arch-dimensions-in-models-of-preschool-children-with-cleft-lip-palate-repaired-by-means-of-surgery-alone-versus-controls
#7
Ahmad S Burhan, Fehmieh R Nawaya
BACKGROUND: Cleft lip and palate (CLP) anomaly is one of the most prevalent congenital defects causing disturbances of dental arch dimensions. This study aimed at investigating differences in these dimensions between preschool children with cleft lip/palate and a matched control group representing healthy individuals with normal occlusion (NO). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample of this cross-sectional analytical study consisted of 108 plaster models of children aged from 4 to 5...
September 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749646/epidemiology-of-acne-vulgaris-in-adolescent-male-students-in-arar-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#8
Nagah M Abo El-Fetoh, Naif G Alenezi, Nasser G Alshamari, Omar G Alenezi
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is the most common cutaneous disorder affecting adolescents and young adults. Small, noninflamed acne lesions may not be more than a slight nuisance, but, in individuals with more severe inflammatory disease, pain, social embarrassment, and both physical and psychological scarring can be life altering. Despite its high prevalence, no previous community-based studies have been conducted in Arar, northern border of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, addressing this issue...
September 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749645/nasal-carriage-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-and-the-effect-of-tea-extracts-on-isolates
#9
Amani F Abaza, Osama N Mohamed, Fathy K El-Fiky, Khaled A Ahmed
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the occurrence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) nasal carriage among patients, healthcare workers (HCWs), and community individuals, as well as to test the effect of tea extracts on detected S. aureus isolates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study that was followed by an experimental study included a total of 1021 nasal swab samples that were collected from 470 community cases, 191 HCWs, and 360 patients...
September 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749644/tetanus-vaccination-status-and-its-associated-factors-among-women-attending-a-primary-healthcare-center-in-cairo-governorate-egypt
#10
Azza M Hassan, Ahmed E Shoman, Nahla F Abo-Elezz, Marwa M Amer
BACKGROUND: Maintaining maternal and neonatal tetanus (MNT) elimination status in Egypt requires continued strengthening of routine tetanus toxoid (TT) immunization services for pregnant women. OBJECTIVES: To measure the frequency rate of TT vaccination among women attending the well-baby clinic at the El-Darb El-Ahmar primary healthcare center in Cairo governorate and to identify different associated factors. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: This was a cross sectional study that targeted 277 mothers who attended the well-baby clinic at the El-Darb El-Ahmar primary healthcare center...
September 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749643/nurses-knowledge-and-practice-of-blood-borne-pathogens-and-infection-control-measures-in-selected-beni-suef-hospitals-egypt
#11
Ahmed E Arafa, Amel A Mohamed, Manal M Anwar
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Blood-borne pathogens (BBP) [hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and HIV] pose a considerable infectious risk for nurses, resulting in unwanted health outcomes and psychological stress. AIM OF THE WORK: This study aimed to assess the knowledge and practices of nurses and define administrative roles regarding in BBP and infection control (IC) measures in selected Beni-Suef Hospitals. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out from December 2014 to January 2015 using a self-administered questionnaire...
September 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749642/epidemiology-of-dysmenorrhea-among-secondary-school-students-in-northern-saudi-arabia
#12
Mohamed M Abd El-Mawgod, Arwa S Alshaibany, Aeshah M Al-Anazi
BACKGROUND: Dysmenorrhea is one of the most common and important health problems, especially among young girls. It results in absence from school and work. It has some negative effects on the daily activities of patients. Because of cultural problems, patients ordinarily do not seek help from others in this situation. Identification of abnormal menstrual patterns during adolescence may permit early prevention of potential health concerns in adulthood. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, severity, and impact of dysmenorrhea in secondary-school students and its association with school absenteeism in Arar city...
September 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749641/developing-and-testing-an-electronic-literacy-resource-for-arab-patients-before-experiencing-radiology-procedures
#13
Mohamed M Abuzaid, Aishah M Alnuaimi, Asma M Abdi, Elika A Mohajer, Ifrah A Mohamed, Rawan A Bilwani, Shaima B Alhammadi
BACKGROUND: Radiological examinations require prior preparation that patients should be informed about. Radiologists and radiologic technologists have limited time and resources to do so. Therefore, the internet is a valuable and accessible resource for patient education, but the information may not be reliable, especially that in Arabic language. This study aimed to develop online patient education resources about imaging procedures in Arabic. It also evaluated the understandability and actionability of the source materials...
September 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749640/the-relationship-between-the-bmi-and-the-emotional-status-of-alexandria-university-students-egypt
#14
Heba A Abdel Sadek, Mervat W Abu-Nazel, Zeinab N Shata, Nesrin K Abd El-Fatah
BACKGROUND: Although the relationship between obesity and depression has been researched extensively, the relation of the wide range of body-weight problems, as indicated by the BMI, to emotional health problems has received little attention. OBJECTIVES: To assess the rate of concomitant co-occurrence of emotional health and weight problems in Alexandria University students, and to investigate the relationship between their BMI and emotional status. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 842 university students (17-27 years), enrolled in four faculties of Alexandria University, Egypt, during the academic year 2012-2013...
September 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455089/households-encountering-with-catastrophic-health-expenditures-in-ferdows-iran-retraction
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455088/-there-is-a-dependent-patient-in-our-home-designing-and-disseminating-a-family-caregiving-program-through-youtube
#16
Andaleeb Abu Kamel
BACKGROUND: Family members play a major role in providing care for older people and long-term dependent patients, especially in developing countries where there is a lack of specialized nursing homes and specialized home-visiting programs. Family members are rarely provided with sufficient information or training to provide home care for their dependent relatives. There are inadequate home caregiving educational resources directed to Arabic-speaking caregivers, either in written or in audiovisual presentations...
June 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455087/preventive-and-interceptive-orthodontic-needs-among-syrian-children
#17
Ahmad S Burhan, Fehmieh R Nawaya
BACKGROUND: Preventing or intercepting a developing malocclusion in a public health program requires identifying or measuring the degree of malocclusion. The present study aimed to quantify the proportion of Syrian children in Damascus who would benefit from preventive and interceptive orthodontic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 1096 children (431 boys and 665 girls) of grade 1 up to grade 3 from 16 government elementary schools in Damascus city were evaluated using the index for preventive and interceptive orthodontic need (IPION)...
June 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455086/hepatitis-c-virus-in-patients-on-regular-hemodialysis-in-beni-suef-governorate-egypt
#18
Shaimaa A Senosy, Ekram M El Shabrawy
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of HCV infection among hemodialysis patients (HD) varies from country to country and from one center to another. Despite the existence of guidelines for a comprehensive infection control program, Egypt is one of the countries with high HCV prevalence. In Egypt, the prevalence of HCV in haemadalysis patients (2015) was 50.7%. OBJECTIVES: (1) To detect the prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and HCV seroconversion among all hemodialysis patients in Beni-Suef governorate, and (2) To detect factors associated with HCV seroconversion...
June 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455085/disruptive-physician-behaviors-and-their-impact-on-patient-care-in-a-health-insurance-hospital-in-alexandria-egypt
#19
Taghareed A Elhoseny, Amr Adel
BACKGROUND: Disruptive behavior is the use of inappropriate words, actions, or inactions by physicians that interferes with their ability to function well with others. It is a current problem in the medical profession and has become a focus of public health attention due to its destructive impact on hospital staff, institutions, and quality patient care. AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the perceptions of physicians about disruptive physician behaviors, and their frequency and impact on clinical outcomes...
June 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455084/integron-mediated-multidrug-resistance-in-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-escherichia-coli-and-klebsiella-pneumoniae-isolated-from-fecal-specimens-in-egypt
#20
Rasha H Elsherif, Dalia K Ismail, Yasmine S El-Kholy, Noha M Gohar, Sherif M Elnagdy, Omnia A Elkraly
BACKGROUND: The increasing incidence of hospital-acquired infections due to extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae represent a major health problem because of few therapeutic alternatives. The fecal flora can represent a reservoir for ESBL genes. Integrons are genetic structures capable of capturing gene cassettes that usually encode antibiotic-resistance determinants. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the antimicrobial susceptibility of fecal isolates of ESBL-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae from hospitalized and nonhospitalized Egyptian patients and to determine the prevalence of class 1 and class 2 integrons together with the most common ESBL-producing genes (bla TEM, SHV, CTX-M, and OXA) among the collected isolates...
June 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
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