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Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749647/comparison-of-dental-arch-dimensions-in-models-of-preschool-children-with-cleft-lip-palate-repaired-by-means-of-surgery-alone-versus-controls
#1
Ahmad S Burhan, Fehmieh R Nawaya
BACKGROUND: Cleft lip and palate (CLP) anomaly is one of the most prevalent congenital defects causing disturbances of dental arch dimensions. This study aimed at investigating differences in these dimensions between preschool children with cleft lip/palate and a matched control group representing healthy individuals with normal occlusion (NO). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample of this cross-sectional analytical study consisted of 108 plaster models of children aged from 4 to 5...
September 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749646/epidemiology-of-acne-vulgaris-in-adolescent-male-students-in-arar-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#2
Nagah M Abo El-Fetoh, Naif G Alenezi, Nasser G Alshamari, Omar G Alenezi
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is the most common cutaneous disorder affecting adolescents and young adults. Small, noninflamed acne lesions may not be more than a slight nuisance, but, in individuals with more severe inflammatory disease, pain, social embarrassment, and both physical and psychological scarring can be life altering. Despite its high prevalence, no previous community-based studies have been conducted in Arar, northern border of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, addressing this issue...
September 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749645/nasal-carriage-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-and-the-effect-of-tea-extracts-on-isolates
#3
Amani F Abaza, Osama N Mohamed, Fathy K El-Fiky, Khaled A Ahmed
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the occurrence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) nasal carriage among patients, healthcare workers (HCWs), and community individuals, as well as to test the effect of tea extracts on detected S. aureus isolates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study that was followed by an experimental study included a total of 1021 nasal swab samples that were collected from 470 community cases, 191 HCWs, and 360 patients...
September 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749644/tetanus-vaccination-status-and-its-associated-factors-among-women-attending-a-primary-healthcare-center-in-cairo-governorate-egypt
#4
Azza M Hassan, Ahmed E Shoman, Nahla F Abo-Elezz, Marwa M Amer
BACKGROUND: Maintaining maternal and neonatal tetanus (MNT) elimination status in Egypt requires continued strengthening of routine tetanus toxoid (TT) immunization services for pregnant women. OBJECTIVES: To measure the frequency rate of TT vaccination among women attending the well-baby clinic at the El-Darb El-Ahmar primary healthcare center in Cairo governorate and to identify different associated factors. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: This was a cross sectional study that targeted 277 mothers who attended the well-baby clinic at the El-Darb El-Ahmar primary healthcare center...
September 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749643/nurses-knowledge-and-practice-of-blood-borne-pathogens-and-infection-control-measures-in-selected-beni-suef-hospitals-egypt
#5
Ahmed E Arafa, Amel A Mohamed, Manal M Anwar
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Blood-borne pathogens (BBP) [hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and HIV] pose a considerable infectious risk for nurses, resulting in unwanted health outcomes and psychological stress. AIM OF THE WORK: This study aimed to assess the knowledge and practices of nurses and define administrative roles regarding in BBP and infection control (IC) measures in selected Beni-Suef Hospitals. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out from December 2014 to January 2015 using a self-administered questionnaire...
September 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749642/epidemiology-of-dysmenorrhea-among-secondary-school-students-in-northern-saudi-arabia
#6
Mohamed M Abd El-Mawgod, Arwa S Alshaibany, Aeshah M Al-Anazi
BACKGROUND: Dysmenorrhea is one of the most common and important health problems, especially among young girls. It results in absence from school and work. It has some negative effects on the daily activities of patients. Because of cultural problems, patients ordinarily do not seek help from others in this situation. Identification of abnormal menstrual patterns during adolescence may permit early prevention of potential health concerns in adulthood. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, severity, and impact of dysmenorrhea in secondary-school students and its association with school absenteeism in Arar city...
September 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749641/developing-and-testing-an-electronic-literacy-resource-for-arab-patients-before-experiencing-radiology-procedures
#7
Mohamed M Abuzaid, Aishah M Alnuaimi, Asma M Abdi, Elika A Mohajer, Ifrah A Mohamed, Rawan A Bilwani, Shaima B Alhammadi
BACKGROUND: Radiological examinations require prior preparation that patients should be informed about. Radiologists and radiologic technologists have limited time and resources to do so. Therefore, the internet is a valuable and accessible resource for patient education, but the information may not be reliable, especially that in Arabic language. This study aimed to develop online patient education resources about imaging procedures in Arabic. It also evaluated the understandability and actionability of the source materials...
September 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749640/the-relationship-between-the-bmi-and-the-emotional-status-of-alexandria-university-students-egypt
#8
Heba A Abdel Sadek, Mervat W Abu-Nazel, Zeinab N Shata, Nesrin K Abd El-Fatah
BACKGROUND: Although the relationship between obesity and depression has been researched extensively, the relation of the wide range of body-weight problems, as indicated by the BMI, to emotional health problems has received little attention. OBJECTIVES: To assess the rate of concomitant co-occurrence of emotional health and weight problems in Alexandria University students, and to investigate the relationship between their BMI and emotional status. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 842 university students (17-27 years), enrolled in four faculties of Alexandria University, Egypt, during the academic year 2012-2013...
September 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455089/households-encountering-with-catastrophic-health-expenditures-in-ferdows-iran-retraction
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455088/-there-is-a-dependent-patient-in-our-home-designing-and-disseminating-a-family-caregiving-program-through-youtube
#10
Andaleeb Abu Kamel
BACKGROUND: Family members play a major role in providing care for older people and long-term dependent patients, especially in developing countries where there is a lack of specialized nursing homes and specialized home-visiting programs. Family members are rarely provided with sufficient information or training to provide home care for their dependent relatives. There are inadequate home caregiving educational resources directed to Arabic-speaking caregivers, either in written or in audiovisual presentations...
June 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455087/preventive-and-interceptive-orthodontic-needs-among-syrian-children
#11
Ahmad S Burhan, Fehmieh R Nawaya
BACKGROUND: Preventing or intercepting a developing malocclusion in a public health program requires identifying or measuring the degree of malocclusion. The present study aimed to quantify the proportion of Syrian children in Damascus who would benefit from preventive and interceptive orthodontic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 1096 children (431 boys and 665 girls) of grade 1 up to grade 3 from 16 government elementary schools in Damascus city were evaluated using the index for preventive and interceptive orthodontic need (IPION)...
June 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455086/hepatitis-c-virus-in-patients-on-regular-hemodialysis-in-beni-suef-governorate-egypt
#12
Shaimaa A Senosy, Ekram M El Shabrawy
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of HCV infection among hemodialysis patients (HD) varies from country to country and from one center to another. Despite the existence of guidelines for a comprehensive infection control program, Egypt is one of the countries with high HCV prevalence. In Egypt, the prevalence of HCV in haemadalysis patients (2015) was 50.7%. OBJECTIVES: (1) To detect the prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and HCV seroconversion among all hemodialysis patients in Beni-Suef governorate, and (2) To detect factors associated with HCV seroconversion...
June 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455085/disruptive-physician-behaviors-and-their-impact-on-patient-care-in-a-health-insurance-hospital-in-alexandria-egypt
#13
Taghareed A Elhoseny, Amr Adel
BACKGROUND: Disruptive behavior is the use of inappropriate words, actions, or inactions by physicians that interferes with their ability to function well with others. It is a current problem in the medical profession and has become a focus of public health attention due to its destructive impact on hospital staff, institutions, and quality patient care. AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the perceptions of physicians about disruptive physician behaviors, and their frequency and impact on clinical outcomes...
June 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455084/integron-mediated-multidrug-resistance-in-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-escherichia-coli-and-klebsiella-pneumoniae-isolated-from-fecal-specimens-in-egypt
#14
Rasha H Elsherif, Dalia K Ismail, Yasmine S El-Kholy, Noha M Gohar, Sherif M Elnagdy, Omnia A Elkraly
BACKGROUND: The increasing incidence of hospital-acquired infections due to extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae represent a major health problem because of few therapeutic alternatives. The fecal flora can represent a reservoir for ESBL genes. Integrons are genetic structures capable of capturing gene cassettes that usually encode antibiotic-resistance determinants. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the antimicrobial susceptibility of fecal isolates of ESBL-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae from hospitalized and nonhospitalized Egyptian patients and to determine the prevalence of class 1 and class 2 integrons together with the most common ESBL-producing genes (bla TEM, SHV, CTX-M, and OXA) among the collected isolates...
June 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455083/coping-strategies-of-pregnant-women-following-unexpected-ultrasound-results-alexandria-egypt
#15
Zeinab N Shata, Hager M Abdullah, Samia A Nossier
BACKGROUND: Receiving a diagnosis of a potential fetal anomaly causes severe stress to a pregnant woman. Little is known about the coping strategies used by these women, especially in Egypt. OBJECTIVE: This study explored the coping strategies used by women following unexpected findings in routine antenatal ultrasound scan in Alexandria, Egypt. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A mixed method (convergent parallel) quantitative and qualitative approach was used to target pregnant women at 20-32 weeks of gestation...
June 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455082/hospital-utilization-pattern-in-a-hepatogastroenterology-department-of-a-research-institute-hospital-from-2004-to-2013
#16
Afaf H A Elayyat, Ahmed Sadek
BACKGROUND: The Theodor Bilharz Research Institute (TBRI) Hospital is a research and referral center for gastroenterology and hepatology. The Hepatogastroenterology (HGE) Department in TBRI Hospital is a center for endoscopy and sonography. The department also has a hepatology ICU. As a part of hospital performance improvement, medical records that satisfy the needs and demands of the healthcare team, setting a practical framework to improve the quality of medical care in TBRI Hospital, were generated...
June 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455081/frequency-and-factors-associated-with-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-among-patients-with-diabetes-dammam-ksa
#17
Ebtesam M Ba-Essa, Eman I Mobarak, Sahar Abd Elrahman
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and diabetes mellitus (DM) are main causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. There is an increasing evidence of association between HCV and type 2 DM. Comorbidity will cause devastating health and financial burdens. Early detection may help proper management and better prognosis. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the frequency and risk factors of HCV among Saudi patients with diabetes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 1054 Saudi patients with diabetes type 1 and type 2 were randomly selected, interviewed, and tested for HCV in Dammam Medical Complex, KSA (2011), using the HCV Rapid Test...
June 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27110860/environmental-risk-factors-and-the-associated-morbidity-in-a-periurban-area-alexandria-egypt
#18
Mayada R Moussa, Rim A Hussein, Hesham M El-Naggar
BACKGROUND: According to the WHO, nearly 24% of the global disease burden is attributable to environmental risk factors (RFs). People living in periurban areas are particularly at risk due to lack of basic sanitation requirements. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the possible association between environmental RFs and disease prevalence for a community living in a periurban area in Alexandria, Egypt. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2012...
March 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27110859/diagnosis-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis-using-ziehl-neelsen-stain-or-cold-staining-techniques
#19
Maha M Abdelaziz, Wafaa M K Bakr, Somya M Hussien, Amira E K Amine
BACKGROUND: Acid-fast bacilli microscopy is the first step in the diagnosis and screening of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) in developing countries. It remains a rapid and inexpensive diagnostic tool for diagnosing a large number of PTB cases with limited resources. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate three different staining techniques used in the detection of acid-fast bacilli. The conventional Ziehl-Neelsen (ZN) stain and two cold stains, Gabbett's cold stain and modified cold stain (MCS), were compared with sputum culture...
March 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27110858/multidrug-resistant-organisms-in-neonatal-sepsis-in-two-tertiary-neonatal-icus-egypt
#20
Hesham A Awad, Maha H Mohamed, Nabil F Badran, Manal Mohsen, Al-Sayed A Abd-Elrhman
BACKGROUND: Neonatal sepsis remains a serious problem in any neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Bacterial organisms have developed increased resistance to commonly used antibiotics. Because not enough data are available from Egypt, the aim of the present study was to determine the causative bacteria and the level of their resistance to commonly used antibiotics in tertiary NICUs in Cairo, Egypt. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 3.5-year retrospective study was carried out at NICUs of the Children's Hospital of Ain Shams University and that of El-Hussein Hospital, Al-Azhar University, Egypt...
March 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
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