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Journal of the Association of Physicians of India

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799323/comparison-of-dyslipidemia-in-pre-diabetes-and-diabetes-a-pilot-study
#1
M K Bhatnagar, Rakesh Kumar Jagdish, Ritika Sud
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799322/tetany-as-a-delayed-manifestation-of-cisplatin-toxicity
#2
Sarah Premraj, M Nikita, D Rajasekaran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799321/nicolae-paulescu-and-insulin
#3
Jayant Pai Dhungat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799320/artery-of-percheron-infarction-in-a-patient-with-atrial-fibrillation-a-rare-stroke-syndrome
#4
Amey Beedkar, Archana Sonawale
The artery of Percheron uncommon anatomic variant that provides bilateral arterial supply to the paramedian thalami and the rostral midbrain. Occlusion of this artery results in bilateral thalamic and mesencephalic infarctions. The clinical diagnosis is difficult because of the large clinical variability. We report the clinical and MR imaging findings in a patient who developed infarction in the typical distribution of the artery of Percheron.
August 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799319/ataxia-in-a-young-female
#5
R Jayanthi, K Monica, K Raja, C S Gauthaman, P P Arunkumar
Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) is a genetically inherited disorder characterized by the presence of multiple central nervous system tumours, most pathognomonic being bilateral vestibular schwannomas with or without peripheral manifestations in the form of cataract or cutaneous neurofibromas. NF2 is an uncommon disorder compared to NF1. We describe a classical case of neurofibromatosis type 2 with florid clinical manifestations and characteristic neuroimaging features. We also briefly describe the literature pertaining to this rare disorder...
August 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799318/giant-cell-arteritis-presenting-as-puo
#6
Sham Santhanam, Sampath Kumar Mani
Giant cell arteritis(GCA) is a primary granulomatous vasculitis affecting the large and medium sized arteries. We present here a case of GCA with pyrexia of unknown origin (PUO) as the presenting manifestation in the absence of other typical features. On evaluation, the patient had raised inflammatory markers with features of large vessel vasculitis on whole body PET-CT scan. The colour doppler ultrasonography(CDUS) of the temporal arteries showed bilateral halo sign. Since bilateral 'halo sign' is more specific for the diagnosis of GCA, temporal artery biopsy is not mandatory...
August 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799317/absent-infra-renal-inferior-vena-cava-presenting-with-varicose-veins
#7
Mithun Kumar Kola, S Sandeep, Sri Harish Vankayalapati, M Srinivas Reddy
Inferior vena cava (IVC) anomalies were rare and usually asymptomatic. Among these, anomalies absence of infra-renal IVC is the rarest anomaly. Absence of infra-renal IVC may present with symptoms of venous insufficiency and idiopathic deep vein thrombosis. Contrast enhanced CT and MRI abdomen play crucial role in diagnosing these anomalies. These patients can be managed conservatively or by venous bypass. Identification of these anomalies is important to avoid surgeries for varicose veins.
August 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799316/mirror-aneurysm-with-right-frontal-ich-in-a-patient-with-osteogenesis-imperfecta
#8
Vijay Sardana, Sumit Kamble, Sunil K Sharma, Dilip Maheshwari, Bharat Bhushan
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a heterogeneous group of inherited disorders that occur owing to the abnormalities in type 1 collagen, and is characterized by increased bone fragility and other extraskeletal manifestations. OI may be associated with vascular complications such as aortic and cervical artery dissection, carotid cavernous fistula, and coronary artery aneurysms but unlike other connective tissue diseases, the cerebrovascular system is less frequently involved. We report rare case of 50 year female patient who was diagnosed with OI following right frontal haemorrhage secondary to a ruptured middle cerebral artery mirror aneurysm...
August 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799315/glucose-6-phosphate-dehydrogenase-deficiency-unveiled-by-diabetic-ketoacidosis-a-dual-dilemma
#9
Pankti Mehta, Vishal Srivastav, Priya Bhate, Vishal Gupta, Milind Y Nadkar
An 18 year old male, known case of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus was admitted in view of diabetic ketoacidosis. With normalization of blood sugars patient developed gross reddish discoloration of urine. Urine routine microscopy did not reveal RBCs or RBC casts. Peripheral blood smear revealed bite cells, Heinz bodies and spherocytes. Thus a diagnosis of hemolytic anemia with hemoglobinuria was made. Patient's glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) levels were below the normal range. G6PD, an enzyme of the HMP shunt, is the most common enzyme defect causing hemolytic anemia...
August 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799314/hydropneumopericardium
#10
Rajeev Bhardwaj, Vandana, Vivek Rana, Brij Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799313/joubert-syndrome-associated-with-seizures
#11
K Mugundhan, M C Vasif Mayan, P D Nidhin, G Loganathan, N Balamurugan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799312/number-needed-to-treat
#12
N J Gogtay, U M Thatte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799311/creating-posters-for-effective-scientific-communication
#13
Sandeep B Bavdekar, Shruti Vyas, Varun Anand
A scientific poster is a summary of one's research that is presented in a visually engaging manner. Posters are presented as a means of short and quick scientific communications at conferences and scientific meetings. Presenting posters has advantages for the presenters and for conference attendees and organizers. It also plays a part in dissemination of research findings and furthering science. An effective poster is the one that focuses on a single message and conveys it through a concise and artistically attractive manner...
August 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799310/venomous-snake-bite-in-india-why-do-50-000-indians-die-every-year
#14
Jaideep C Menon, Joseph K Joseph, Romulus E Whitaker
Snakebite is an occupational hazard causing considerable morbidity and mortality worldwide, particularly so in tropical countries like India. An estimated 50,000 Indians die due to venomous snakebite every year, seventy percent of whom are males between the ages of 20 to 50 years. Along with the associated morbidity and mortality, snakebite leads to a significant financial burden on the victim, both by way of hospital bills and labour hours lost. Snakebite is also a cause for considerable psychological stress among survivors...
August 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799309/thyroid-emergencies-new-insight-into-old-problems
#15
Ghan Shyam Pangtey, Udismita Baruah, Manash P Baruah, Sahil Bhagat
Thyroid emergencies are major life-threatening endocrine conditions associated with life-threatening disorders resulting from either severe deficiency or excess of thyroid hormones. Deficiency of thyroid hormones may present as myxedema coma whereas excessive hormone production can present as life threatening thyrotoxic storm. The diagnosis of both requires a high index of clinical suspicion. Thyroid storm, in spite of accurate diagnosis, continues to have high fatality, whereas myxedema management has markedly improved with advancement in intensive care facility...
August 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799308/epidemiology-of-depression-and-its-relationship-to-diabetes-in-india
#16
Subramani Poongothai, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Shankar Radha, Balasundaram Bhavani Sundari, Coimbatore Subramanyam Shanthi Rani, Viswanathan Mohan
Depression is one of the most common chronic mental illnesses globally and in India. It has been reported that depression is twice as common in individuals with type 2 diabetes. The prevalence of both depression and type 2 diabetes are rapidly increasing. This article reviews the prevalence of depression in the general population as well as in patients with type 2 diabetes and its complications with special reference to recent data from India. It also makes a case for screening for depression in diabetes clinics and integrating depression treatment with diabetes care in order to make the treatment more wholistic...
August 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799307/guiding-principles-for-the-use-of-fluroquinolones-in-out-patient-community-settings-of-india-panel-consensus
#17
Agam Vora, K Krishnaprasad
INTRODUCTION: Respiratory tract infections have been an important cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide that is looming large especially in context of antibiotic resistance that is confronted both by a pulmonologist as well as a general practitioner. A reflection to this trend has been the rising phenomenon of MICs as shown the respiratory pathogens towards conventional antibiotics including macrolides or β lactam/β lactamase inhibitor combinations. Respiratory fluoroquinolones offer broad yet potent cover of respiratory pathogens leading to their obvious choice for empirical therapy for clinical persisters or high risk cases with prior history of antibiotics not-withstanding the clinical concerns in tropical countries...
August 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799306/scrub-typhus-the-most-common-cause-of-febrile-jaundice-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-of-himalayan-state
#18
Jatinter Mokta, Rahul Yadav, Kiran Mokta, Prashant Panda, Asha Ranjan
BACKGROUND: Most common cause of jaundice in south east Asia is of infective etiology. Combination of fever with jaundice can cause diagnostic problem as this duo is present in many infective diseases. Timely diagnosis by simple laboratory investigations can save a lot of time and prevent morbidity and mortality. Our main aim was to determine the most common etiology of infectious jaundice in a tertiary care hospital of Himalayan state and to study their clinical profile. METHODOLOGY: This was a prospective observational study done in one year...
August 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799305/comparison-of-rifaximin-plus-lactulose-with-the-lactulose-alone-for-the-treatment-of-hepatic-encephalopathy
#19
Kiran Ahire, Archana Sonawale
INTRODUCTION: Hepatic encephalopathy is challenging complication of liver dysfunction. Therapeutic treatment options for hepatic encephalopathy are currently limited and have appreciable risks and benefits associated with their use. Rifaximin is a novel anti microbiological agent with wide spectrum of activity that has shown promise as an alternative option for hepatic encephalopathy. AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: The present study was undertaken to compare the effectiveness of Rifaximin and Lactulose as a combination vs Lactulose alone, to compare the adverse effects and to study the rapidity of therapeutic effects of Rifaximin and Lactulose...
August 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799304/comparison-of-two-creatinine-based-equations-for-routine-estimation-of-gfr-in-a-speciality-clinic-for-diabetes
#20
Satyavani Kumpatla, Anju Soni, Vijay Viswanathan
OBJECTIVE: To compare the bias, absolute bias, precision and accuracies between the equations, viz., CKD-EPI (Scr), CKD-EPI (Scys) and MDRD in Indian patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: 198 patients who underwent 24 h urinary collection for assessing kidney function between November 2014-January 2015 were included. Cohen's κ coefficient, Bland-Altman plot were calculated between estimated kidney function equations, and bias, precision, accuracies was calculated between the formulae...
August 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
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