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Iranian Journal of Public Health

Rahim Sorouri, Shoaib Khadamoradi, Azad Khaledi, Amir Hossein Abadi, Davoud Esmaeili
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Malihe Tabarrai, Zahra Niktabe, Nematollah Masoudi, Tahereh Eftekhaar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Maryan Pityn, Viktoria Pasichnyk, Yaroslav Galan, Valeryi Melnyk, Zoryana Semeryak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Davoud Shojaeezadeh, Hashem Heshmati
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Siavash Hamzeh Pour, Maryam Najafi, Nima Danaei Koik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Joo-Young Lee, Gyeong-Soon Han
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Dong Jun Sung, Miyea Lee, Ji-Kang Park, Hyun-Jung Park
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Shokrollah Salmanzadeh, Mahmoud Rahdar, Sharif Maraghi, Fatemeh Maniavi
Myiasis is caused by invasion of larvae stage of dipterans fly in living tissue of vertebrate host including human and animals. The most important family is Calliphoridae and included Calliphora, Lucilia, Chrysomyia and Cochliomyia genus. A 35-yr-old man with gastric cancer history referred to Golestan Hospital in Ahvaz Southwest of Iran in 2015. He was infected by nasal myiasis from Lucilia spp. in ICU. The genus of third larvae stage was identified by microscopic examination and culture of pupa. The population of flies inducing myiasis should be controlled in hospitals...
September 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Carmen Corina Radu, Andreea Camarasan, Cristina Maria Podila, Dan Perju-Dumbrava
Actinomycosis is a rare bacterial infection, caused by a group of Gram-positive bacteria which form the normal flora of oral cavity, gastrointestinal tract, and female genital tract. We present a rare case met in 2016 at Legal Medicine Bihor County Service, Romania of a 14 yr old boy in infection with Actinomyces israelii was able to produce sudden death. Infection with A. israelii was diagnosed with the help of histological exam, after medico-legal autopsy. Most probably, A. israelii was aspirated from the level of the oropharynx, it arrived into the lungs, and using the haematological way it spread into the heart, causing sudden death...
September 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Samaneh Halvaee, Roshanak Daie Ghazvini, Seyed Jamal Hashemi, Ensieh Zibafar, Saeed Yekaninejad, Mohsen Geramishoar, Heidar Bakhshi, Shahram Mahmoudi, Hasti Kamali Sarvestani, Razieh Yaghoubi, Leila Hosseinpour, Zeinab Borjian
Background: Intertrigo is an erythematous inflammatory condition with multiple etiologies including fungi and bacteria. Intertrigo manifests in different clinical forms with various complaints. This study was conducted to evaluate the causative agents of intertriginous infections with emphasize on clinical presentations. Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out in 2015-2016, on 188 patients with clinical suspicion of superficial and cutaneous intertriginous infections in Tehran, Iran...
September 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Jafar Sadegh Tabrizi, Mostafa Farahbakhsh, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Leila Nikniaz
Background: The Lifestyle Promotion Project (LPP) is a long-term community-based project for prevention and control of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). In this project, the healthy lifestyle promotion plan will be implemented by the health policy agenda of East Azerbaijan Province, Iran. Methods: The study design included two phases: phase I was a cross-sectional prevalence study of NCDs and the associated risk factors implemented from Feb 2014 to Apr 2014. Phase II is a prospective follow-up study currently ongoing...
September 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Seyyed Mohammad Mousavi, Elahe Kamali, Fatemeh Fatahi, Hadi Babaie, Mansoor Salehi
Background: Due to the importance of prenatal maternal stress as environmental factor on autism, the influence of prenatal maternal psychological agitations was assessed in relation with the risk of autism. Methods: In this case-control study, some mothers of autistic children in Isfahan, central Iran, in 2014, were retrospectively compared with control mothers in terms of quantity, quality, and schedule of exposure to 45 stressful events in a 15-month period. In addition, dividing the stressors into two groups of genome-dependent/independent events, their prevalence was separately scrutinized and compared among patient and control families...
September 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Mostafa Amini Rarani, Arash Rashidian, Mohammad Arab, Ardeshir Khosravi, Ezatollah Abbasian
Background: We aimed to measure changes in socioeconomic inequality in child mortality in Iran. Methods: A secondary data analysis of two Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS 2000 and 2010) was undertaken. Neonatal, infant and under-5 mortality rates were estimated directly from complete birth history. Economic quintiles were constructed using principal component analysis. Changes in inequality were measured using odds ratios, mortality rates, and concentration curves and indices...
September 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Mohsen Poursadeghiyan, Adel Mazloumi, Gebraeil Nasl Saraji, Mohammad Mehdi Baneshi, Alireza Khammar, Mohammad Hossein Ebrahimi
Background: Drowsiness is one of the underlying causes of driving accidents, which contribute, to many road fatalities annually. Although numerous methods have been developed to detect the level of drowsiness, techniques based on image processing are quicker and more accurate in comparison with the other methods. The aim of this study was to use image-processing techniques to detect the levels of drowsiness in a driving simulator. Methods: This study was conducted on five suburban drivers using a driving simulator based on virtual reality laboratory of Khaje-Nasir Toosi University of Technology in 2015 Tehran, Iran...
September 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Neda Motamedi Rad, Meysam Rezaeishahmirzadi, Sepideh Shakeri, Mohamad Reza Abbaszadegan, Mohammad Shekari
Background: Helicobacter pylori are the main cause of chronic inflammation and peptic ulcer. We aimed to determine if IL-1B+ 3954 and IL-1RN polymorphisms are associated with the risk of chronic gastritis and peptic ulcer in Iranian population. Methods: In this case-control study, from 198 individuals enrolled by Mohammadi Hospital, Bandar Abbas, southern Iran from 2012 to 2014 and who showed the symptoms of chronic gastritis and 84 with peptic ulcer participated in the case group, two biopsies were taken from the body, antrum, or ulcer edge of each patient...
September 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi, Haidar Nadrian, Hamid Allahverdipour
Background: To investigate the determinants of smoking behavior among Iranian adolescents applying the Prototype/Willingness (P/W) Model. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a self-administered P/W model-based questionnaire was completed between 760 randomly selected adolescents (high school students and dropouts) in Hamadan, Iran, in 2015. Generalized structural equation modeling (GSEM) was applied to analyze data. Results: Significant associations were found between subjective norms and positive attitudes toward smoking ( P <0...
September 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Bijan Pirnia, Ali Akbar Soleimani, Parastoo Malekanmehr, Kambiz Pirnia, Alireza Zahiroddin
Background: Topiramate facilitates gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) transference and an ideal candidate for reducing cocaine use in methadone patients. The present study evaluated topiramate in Dual dependence on opiate and cocaine. Methods: This placebo-controlled study (Clinical Trial Registration Code: TCTR20170201001) conducted during the period 2013-2014, Cocaine-dependent individuals maintained on methadone (n=50) were randomized to receive topiramate or identical placebo capsules...
September 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Ozra Tabatabaei-Malazy, Masumeh Norani, Ramin Heshmat, Mostafa Qorbani, Afsaneh Vosoogh, Behnaz Afrashteh, Farzin Kahkeshan, Arman Ajami, Bagher Larijani
Background: Due to high cost and burden of osteoporosis, it is reasonable to focus on the reduction of fractures as the main goal of treatment. We compared the efficacy and safety of a new biosimilar recombinant human parathyroid hormone (CinnoPar®, CinnaGen, Iran) to the reference product (Forteo®, Eli Lilly, USA) in a randomized double-blind clinical trial (RCT). Methods: Overall, 104 osteoporotic postmenopausal women aged 45-75 yr were randomized to receive 20 μg daily subcutaneous injections of either Forteo® or CinnoPar® for 6-months from 2011-2012...
September 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Wenfei Wang, Zhaogang Dong, Xin Zhang, Wei Li, Peilong Li, Xiaoyang Chen
Background: High-fat diets have been considered a risk factor for sporadic colorectal cancer (CRC) in Western countries. However, data for this phenomenon are lacking in China. The purpose of this study was to comprehensively evaluate the association between diet and the risk for sporadic CRC in Shandong Province, China. Methods: In this case-control study, 317 patients with sporadic CRC and 317 controls were collected in Shandong Province, China. All the samples were collected on the basis of rigorous screening criteria...
September 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Jing Xu, Yue Tian, Siting Wang, Yixuan Lu
Background: The Migrated Agricultural Population (MAP) of China continues to increase with the continuous development of urbanization. As MAP is a socially disadvantaged group, their mental health issues require urgent attention. Methods: An ordinary least squares regression model was established by using the newest survey data from the 2016 Chinese General Social Survey. Moreover, the effects of income and psychological identification on the mental health status of China's MAP were also examined using the Stata 12...
September 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
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