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Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College

Koichi Yoshino, Koji Ito, Masahiko Kuroda, Naoki Sugihara
Diagnosing vertical root fracture (VRF) is difficult. Here, we retrospectively investigated the duration from initial symptoms to a definite diagnosis of VRF in dental offices. Data were collected on patients with VRF between July 2013 and June 2015. Initial symptoms were ascertained from clinical records. The focus was on the maxillary second premolars and mesial roots of the mandibular first molars, where VRF is most frequent. All VRF in the bilateral dentition was analyzed. Only cases in which the buccal-lingual plane of the root was fractured were included...
2018: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
Svitlana Veniaminivna Kolomiiets, Kristina Oleksandrivna Udaltsova, Tetiana Andriivna Khmil, Alina Mykolaiivna Yelinska, Olena Anatoliivna Pisarenko, Viktoriya Ihorivna Shynkevych
Sialolithiasis is one of the most common and extensively obstructive disorders of the major salivary glands. Here, we report 3 cases of sialolithiasis in the submandibular salivary gland showing symptomatic similarities to other dental and non-dental disorders of the maxillofacial area. How the various clinical features of this condition and findings on 3D-CT may lead to a misdiagnosis are also discussed. In the first case, that of a 45-year-old woman, a final diagnosis of a non-radiopaque submandibular sialolith allowed the initially indicated surgical extraction of a malerupted and semi-impacted right mandibular 3rd molar to be abandoned...
2018: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
Hodaka Sasaki, Tomoki Hirano, Syuntaro Nomoto, Yasushi Nishii, Yasutomo Yajima
Here, we report a case of dental implant treatment involving computer-assisted surgery for bilateral agenesis of the maxillary lateral incisors. The patient was a 39-year-old woman with the chief complaint of functional and esthetic disturbance due to maxillary and mandibular malocclusion. The treatment plan comprised non-extraction comprehensive orthodontic treatment and prosthodontic treatment for space due to the absence of bilateral maxillary lateral incisors. A preliminary examination revealed that the mesiodistal spaces left by the absent bilateral maxillary lateral incisors were too narrow for implant placement (right, 5...
2018: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
Caroline T S Oliveira, Fredson M A de Carvalho, Leonardo C O Gonçalves, Jessyca M N de Souza, Lucas F R Garcia, André A F Marques, Samir N de Souza
The axial displacement of a tooth within the alveolar bone is called traumatic intrusive luxation. The treatment of immature permanent teeth with incomplete root formation is a challenging procedure, as the prognosis is uncertain. The objective of the present article is to report the successful treatment of traumatic intrusive luxation in teeth with incomplete root formation, where mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) was used as an apical plug to induce apexification. A 10-year-old boy was referred to our department for emergency treatment of dentoalveolar trauma to the maxillary central incisors...
2018: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
Taiki Suzuki, Ryo Sekiya, Yuji Hamada, Miho Takahashi, Kazunari Karakida, Haruo Sakamoto
Here, we report a case of fatal bleeding in conjunction with mandibular medicationrelated osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ). A 75-year-old Japanese man was referred to our department with osteonecrosis of the jaw due to bisphosphonate (BP) for multiple bone metastases from prostate cancer. Aggressive surgical intervention was ruled out due to a poor prognosis in terms of life expectancy. Death occurred due to hemorrhagic shock resulting from massive oral bleeding caused by necrosis of the mandible. Numerous reports have suggested that jaw necrosis is induced not only by BP, but also RANKL antibody, steroids, and molecularly-targeted agents...
2018: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
Ryuta Kikuchi, Kimiharu Ambe, Hideki Kon, Satoshi Takada, Hiroki Watanabe
Localization of the nitric oxide (NO)-producing enzyme, nitric oxide synthase (NOS), and its functions are currently being investigated in several tissues and organs. It has been suggested that NO is involved in nerve cell death and the development of neurodegenerative disease. The purpose of this study was to immunohistochemically investigate expression of NOS to clarify its function in the degeneration and regeneration of transected mouse sciatic nerve. Scattered neuronal NOS (nNOS)-positive Schwann cells observed on the central side of the stump on day 1 after transection showed an increase in number on day 7...
2018: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
Chie Tachiki, Yasushi Nishii, Takashi Takaki, Kenji Sueishi
Surgical orthodontic treatment has been reported to improve oral health-related quality of life (OHRQL). Such treatment comprises three stages: pre-surgical orthodontic treatment; orthognathic surgery; and post-surgical orthodontic treatment. Most studies have focused on change in OHRQL between before and after surgery. However, it is also necessary to evaluate OHRQL at the pre-surgical orthodontic treatment stage, as it may be negatively affected by dental decompensation compared with at pre-treatment. The purpose of this prospective study was to investigate the influence of surgical orthodontic treatment on QOL by assessing change in condition-specific QOL at each stage of treatment in skeletal class III cases...
2018: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
Taiki Suzuki, Ichiro Tanaka, Ryuta Osaka, Akira Baba, Kazumichi Sato, Tomohiro Yamauchi, Takeshi Nomura, Nobuo Takano
The purpose of this study was to investigate three-dimensionally temporal change in flap volume after free flap reconstructive surgery in tongue cancer patients. The results revealed an average change in flap volume of 82.3% at 1 year postoperatively. Change in tongue volume at approximately 6 months postoperatively showed a correlation with triglyceride levels. A correlation was also found between albumin levels and tongue volume at 1 year onwards postoperatively. The goal of such surgery in patients with tongue cancer is to reconstruct a functional tongue...
2017: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
Kunihiko Nojima, Mayuko Onoda, Yasushi Nishii, Kenji Sueishi
We performed orthodontic treatment, fitted prostheses, and provided restorative treatment in a patient with Bloch-Sulzberger syndrome and cleft lip and palate during the early mixed dentition period. We report the case after a subsequent 6-year retention phase including the period of pubertal growth. A girl aged 8 years 4 months visited our hospital with the chief complaint of crowding of the anterior teeth and anterior crossbite. She had bilateral cleft lip, alveolus, and palate; a Class II molar relationship; winging of both the maxillary bilateral central incisors; and spacing in the mandibular anterior teeth arches...
2017: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
Satoru Ogane, Akira Watanabe, Nobuo Takano, Takahiko Shibahara
The eruption of a tooth into the nasal cavity is a rare clinical entity. We report a case of an inverted supernumerary tooth in the nasal cavity. A 2-year-old boy was referred to our institution after examination at a local otorhinolaryngology department for otitis media. Radiological examination revealed a tooth-like structure in the right nasal cavity. The tooth was protruding from the floor of the nasal cavity along with granulation tissue. The diagnosis was an inverted tooth in the right nasal cavity. Forceps extraction was performed under general anesthesia...
2017: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
Keiichiro Tsujino, Seikou Shintani
We report the successful morphological correction of a maxillary lateral incisor with a talon cusp and the preservation of vital pulp by employing an intentional partial pulpotomy. A talon cusp is a comparatively rare morphological tooth anomaly that may cause multiple clinical problems. An 11-year-old girl was referred to our department for morphological correction of a maxillary lateral incisor with a talon cusp prior to orthodontic treatment. Following a detailed CT examination of the interior morphology, the abnormal cusp was resected and an intentional partial pulpotomy performed...
2017: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
Asako Makino-Oi, Yoshihito Ishii, Kenshi Makino, Asako Kondo, Tomomi Uekusa, Yoichi Ishizuka, Sachiyo Tomita, Atsushi Saito
A 60-year-old woman presented with the chief complaint of mobility of tooth #16. Gingival swelling and calculus were observed. Clinical examination revealed that 49.4% of sites had a probing depth (PD) of ≥4 mm and 72% of sites bleeding on probing. Radiographic examination revealed vertical bone resorption in #35 and horizontal resorption in other regions. Periapical region radiolucency on #16 and 27 suggested a perio-endo lesion. The clinical diagnosis was severe chronic periodontitis. Initial periodontal therapy mainly comprised the following: oral hygiene instruction; quadrant scaling and root planing (SRP); extraction of #16, 27, and 31; and placement of provisional restorations...
2017: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
Maryam Bidar, Soheil Mortazavi, Maryam Forghani, Saeed Akhlaghi
The purpose of this prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was to determine the effect of preoperative oral administration of ibuprofen or dexamethasone on the success rate of inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) in patients with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis. Seventy-eight patients with irreversible pulpitis were randomly divided into 3 groups (26 per group) and given one of the following at 1 hr prior to performing local anesthesia: a placebo; 400 mg ibuprofen; or 4 mg dexamethasone...
2017: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
Seitaro Suzuki, Koichi Yoshino, Atsushi Takayanagi, Seiichi Sugiyama, Masaki Okamoto, Masahiro Tanaka, Yoichi Ishizuka, Ryouichi Satou, Yuki Onose, Hideyuki Kamijo, Naoki Sugihara
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether number of non-vital teeth was an indicator of tooth loss during maintenance. Thirty-three general practitioners provided data on 321 patients undergoing maintenance over 10 years. The number of present teeth (PT), smoking status, level of bone loss, number of non-vital teeth, and reason for tooth loss during that period were investigated. Multiple logistic regression was performed to identify whether the number of non-vital teeth was associated with tooth loss...
2017: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
Heekyung Kim, Teruo Sakamoto, Hideharu Yamaguchi, Kenji Sueishi
The objective of this study was to clarify the influence of improvement in morphology on chewing movement in patients with skeletal reversed occlusion following orthognathic treatment. A total of 10 patients with skeletal class III reversed occlusion undergoing orthognathic treatment were included in the study. A number of parameters, including chewing rhythm, maximum opening and closing velocities, and opening distance during chewing of gum, were measured in a pre- (Pre) and post-treatment (Post) group. The laterality and stability of the measured items were then compared between the two groups and with those in another group of subjects with normal occlusion (Control)...
2017: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
Yoshiaki Shimoo, Masahito Yamamoto, Masashi Suzuki, Masato Yamauchi, Akihiro Kaketa, Masaaki Kasahara, Masamitsu Serikawa, Kei Kitamura, Satoru Matsunaga, Shinichi Abe
Although the risk of injuring the lingual nerve in the mandibular molar area during dental treatment is high, it can be repaired by nerve grafting. However, from the perspective of clinical dentistry, the pathway and histomorphometric characteristics of this nerve remain to be documented in detail. The purpose of the present study was to morphologically elucidate the pathway of the lingual nerve to clarify its significance in a clinical setting. A histomorphometric analysis was also performed in consideration of nerve grafting...
2017: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
Tsukasa Kurahashi, Miki Kitagawa, Takashi Matsukubo
The purpose of this study was to identify which factors were associated with number of present teeth (PT) in older adults as their clarification might contribute to maintaining the number of PT in this population. These factors were investigated by means of a questionnaire on oral health condition, general health behavior, and anamnesis of diabetes mellitus together with a dental examination. Data were obtained from a total of 7,741 Japanese subjects (2,623 males and 5,118 females), all of whom were aged 40, 50, or 60 years...
2017: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
Rasoul Sahebalam, Alireza Sarraf, Hamid Jafarzadeh, Maryam Jouybari-Moghaddam, Samane Seyed-Musavi
A pulpectomy requires the swift extraction of the inflamed tissue. Moreover, the speed of treatment is especially important in the case of uncooperative children. Conventional pulpectomies, however, often require an extended treatment period, which can therefore cause problems with such patients. Electrosurgical methods have been applied to pulpotomies for a number of years. However, to the best of our knowledge, no studies to date have assessed its application to pulpectomies. The aim of this study was to compare clinical and radiographic success rates over a 6-month follow-up period between conventional and electrosurgical pulpectomies...
2017: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
Masashi Migita, Shiro Shigematsu, Hitoshi Ohata, Takahiko Shibahara
Swelling of the cervical lymph nodes may indicate lymphadenitis, malignant lymphoma, or metastasis. Lymph nodes larger than 10 mm on computed tomography (CT) are strongly indicative of postoperative metastasis from carcinoma. Here, we report a case of large, inflamed lymph nodes mimicking metastasis. The patient was a 76-year-old woman who experienced discomfort in the left-side maxillary gingiva commencing in August 2011. By September, the area had become painful, causing her to visit the Tokyo Dental College Chiba Hospital, at which time a 75×50-mm swollen ulcer was observed in the maxillary gingiva on the left side...
2017: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
Nafij B Jamayet, Yap J Abdullah, Zainul A Rajion, Adam Husein, Mohammad K Alam
The wax sculpting of a maxillofacial prosthesis is challenging, time-consuming, and requires great skill. Rapid prototyping (RP) systems allow these hurdles to be overcome by enabling the creation of a customized 3D model of the desired prosthesis. Geomagic and Mimics are the most suitable software programs with which to design such prostheses. However, due to the high cost of these applications and the special training required to operate them, they are not widely used. Additionally, ill-fitting margins and other discrepancies in the final finished products of RP systems are also inevitable...
2017: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
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