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Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências

Márcia S Couri, Viviane R DE Sousa, Rafael M Lima, Nivia S Dias-Pini
Coenosia attenuata Stein (1903) is a predatory fly that is commonly found in greenhouses and open fields preying on whiteflies, leafminers, psocopterans and other insects. The species is widespread in the Old World and its distribution has expanded in recent times to Neotropical countries including Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador and Peru. We report here for the first time the presence of C. attenuata in Brazil, occurring in different sites in the State of Ceará (Northeastern Brazil). Expansion of the distribution range of this muscid to the eastern parts of South America opens up the possibility of applying the beneficial predator as a biological control agent for protected crops of the region...
February 19, 2018: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Julierme Z Barbosa, Antonio C V Motta, Rangel Consalter, Giovana C Poggere, Delmar Santin, Ivar Wendling
Native to subtropical region of South America, yerba mate is responsive to P under some conditions, but the degree of influence of genetic and soil on the growth and composition of the leaf is unknown. The aim of study was to evaluate plant growth, nutrients and potentially toxic elements in leaves of yerba mate clones in response to P application in acid soils. In greenhouse condition, two yerba mate clone seedlings were grown (210 days) in pots, each clone in a completely randomized design in factorial scheme (with and without P; four acid soils)...
February 19, 2018: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Felipe C Alves, Silvano Bianco, Mariluce P Nepomuceno, José Valcir F Martins, Pedro Luís C A Alves
Among weeds, morning glories comprise a very important group of climbing plants that infest sugarcane crops. The objective of this study was to evaluate the shoot and root interference of Merremia cissoides on the initial growth of sugarcane cultivar RB 966928. The experiment consisted of five treatment groups: (i) sugarcane monocropping, (ii) morning glory monocropping, (iii) sugarcane intertwined with morning glory but inseparate boxes, (iv) sugarcane intertwined with morning glory in attached boxes and (v) sugarcane with morning glory in attached boxes with morning glory prevented from intertwining with the sugarcane...
February 19, 2018: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
José Ricardo N DE Souza Neto, Érika Branco, Elane G Giese, Ana Rita DE Lima
The wall of the diaphragm can be affected by congenital or acquired alterations which allow the passage of viscera between the abdominal and chest cavities, allowing the formation of a diaphragmatic hernia. We characterized morphology and performed biometrics of the diaphragm in the common squirrel monkey Saimiri sciureus. After fixation, muscle fragments were collected and processed for optical microscopy. In this species the diaphragm muscle is attached to the lung by phrenopericardial ligament. It is also connected to the liver via the coronary and falciform ligaments...
February 19, 2018: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Henrique A T Grecco, Alessandro B Amorim, Mayra A D Saleh, Marcos L P Tse, Filipe G Telles, Gabriela M Miassi, Guilherme M Pimenta, Dirlei A Berto
Two experiments (E) were carried out to evaluate the effects of fumaric acid and an acidifier blend [composed by calcium formate, calcium lactate and medium-chain fatty acids (capric and caprylic)] in piglet diets containing colistin (40 ppm) or halquinol (120 ppm) on performance, diarrhea incidence (E1), organs relative weight, pH values, intestinal morphometry and microbiota (E2). In E1, 192 and E2, 24 piglets weaned at 21-day-old were randomly assigned to blocks with 2x2 factorial arrangement of treatments [absence or presence of fumaric acid x absence or presence of acidifier blend], six replicates of eight (E1) and one piglet per pen (E2)...
February 19, 2018: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Nathan B Gonçalves, Felipe C Nettesheim, Marilena M S Conde
Associating description of unrecorded tropical tree community structure to sampling approaches that can help determine mechanisms behind floristic variation is important to further the comprehension of how plant species coexist at tropical forests. Thus, this study had the goals of (i) evaluating tree community structure on the continental island of Marambaia (23°4'37.09"S; 43°59'2.15"W) and (ii) testing the prediction that there are local scale changes in a tropical tree community structure between slopes facing different geographic orientation and with distinct human interference history...
February 19, 2018: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Roghayyeh Sheykhbaglou, Mohammad Sedghi, Bahram Fathi-Achachlouie
Soybean (Glycine max L.) seed contains amounts of protein, lipid, carbohydrate and mineral elements, which protein and lipid have been known as a main part for soybean's trade value. In this study, in order to investigate the effect of ferrous nano-oxide particles on nutritional compounds of soybean seed, an experiment with 5 treatments and 3 replications was conducted as a randomized complete block design. Treatments were 5 concentrations of ferrous nano-oxide particles including 0, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75 and 1 g L-1 which were sprayed 3 times at 4 and 8 leaves stage and pod initiation...
February 19, 2018: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Leonardo G Ferreira, Glaucius Oliva, Adriano D Andricopulo
Scientific and technological breakthroughs have compelled the current players in drug discovery to increasingly incorporate knowledge-based approaches. This evolving paradigm, which has its roots attached to the recent advances in medicinal chemistry, molecular and structural biology, has unprecedentedly demanded the development of up-to-date computational approaches, such as bio- and chemo-informatics. These tools have been pivotal to catalyzing the ever-increasing amount of data generated by the molecular sciences, and to converting the data into insightful guidelines for use in the research pipeline...
February 15, 2018: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Ingrid C Chipoline, Evelyne Alves, Paola Branco, Leticia V Costa-Lotufo, Vitor F Ferreira, Fernando C DA Silva
The 1,2-naphthoquinone compound was previously considered active against solid tumors. Moreover, glycosidase inhibitors such as 1,2,3-1H triazoles has been pointed out as efficient compounds in anticancer activity studies. Thus, a series of eleven 1,2-naphthoquinones tethered in C2 to 1,2,3-1H-triazoles 9a-k were designed, synthesized and their cytotoxic activity evaluated using HCT-116 (colon adenocarcinoma), MCF-7 (breast adenocarcinoma) and RPE (human nontumor cell line from retinal epithelium). The chemical synthesis was performed from C-3 allylation of lawsone followed by iodocyclization with subsequent nucleophilic displacement with sodium azide and, finally, the 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition catalyzed by Cu(I) with terminal alkynes led to the formation of 1H-1,2,3-Triazol-1-ylmethyl-2,3-dihydronaphtho[1,2-b]furan-4,5-diones in good yields...
February 15, 2018: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Alberto F Oliveira, Edson L Folador, Anne C P Gomide, Aristóteles Goes-Neto, Vasco A C Azevedo, Alice R Wattam
The genus Corynebacterium includes species of great importance in medical, veterinary and biotechnological fields. The genus-specific families (PLfams) from PATRIC have been used to observe conserved proteins associated to all species. Our results showed a large number of conserved proteins that are associated with the cellular division process. Was not observe in our results other proteins like FtsA and ZapA that interact with FtsZ. Our findings point that SepF overlaps the function of this proteins explored by molecular docking, protein-protein interaction and sequence analysis...
February 15, 2018: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Cristiane R Vieira, Oscarlina L S Weber, José Fernando Scaramuzza
Fertilization in areas of forest plantations is needed to supplement plants´ nutritional needs until harvest. An experiment was performed to check the influence of fertilization on levels of ash, carbon and C/N relation in Schizolobium amazonicum. Soil liming was performed and fertilization occurred after 15 days of incubation. S. amazonicum seedlings were produced and submitted to fertilization with N, P and K: N = 0, 40, 80 and 120 kg ha-1; P2O5 = 0, 50, 100 and 200 kg ha-1; K2O = 0, 50, 100 and 200 kg ha-1...
February 5, 2018: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Antonio C Ferraz Filho, Blas Mola-Yudego, José R González-Olabarria, José Roberto S Scolforo
This study focuses on the effects of different thinning regimes on clonal Eucalyptus plantations growth. Four different trials, planted in 1999 and located in Bahia and Espírito Santo States, were used. Aside from thinning, initial planting density, and post thinning fertilization application were also evaluated. Before canopy closure, and therefore before excessive competition between trees took place, it was found that stands planted under low densities (667 trees per hectare) presented a lower mortality proportion when compared to stand planted under higher densities (1111 trees per hectare)...
February 5, 2018: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Maria Elizabeth Zucolotto, Amanda A Tosi, Caio V N Villaça, André L R Moutinho, Diana P P Andrade, Fabiano Faulstich, Angelo M S Gomes, Debora C Rios, Marcilio C Rocha
Serra Pelada is the newest Brazilian eucrite and the first recovered fall from Amazonia (State of Pará, Brazil, June 29th 2017). In this paper, we report on its petrography, chemistry, mineralogy and its magnetic properties. Study of four thin sections reveals that the meteorite is brecciated, containing basaltic and gabbroic clasts, as well of recrystallized impact melt, embedded into a fine-medium grained matrix. Chemical analyses suggest that Serra Pelada is a monomict basaltic eucritic breccia, and that the meteorite is a normal member of the HED suite...
February 1, 2018: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Daniel B DE Alencar, Jaécio C Diniz, Simone A S Rocha, Kelma M S Pires-Cavalcante, Rebeca L DE Lima, Karolina C DE Sousa, Jefferson O Freitas, Rayssa M Bezerra, Bárbara M Baracho, Alexandre H Sampaio, Francisco A Viana, Silvana Saker-Sampaio
This study evaluated the chemical composition and antioxidant activity of fatty acids from the marine red algae Pterocladiella capillacea (S. G. Gmelin) Santelices & Hommersand 1997 and Osmundaria obtusiloba (C. Agardh) R. E. Norris 1991. The gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) identified nine fatty acids in the two species. The major fatty acids of P. capillacea and O. obtusiloba were palmitic acid, oleic acid, arachidonic acid and eicosapentaenoic acid. The DPPH radical scavenging capacity of fatty acids was moderate ranging from 25...
February 1, 2018: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Marcia P Hoeltgebaum, Tiago Montagna, Ana Paula Lando, Catarina Puttkammer, Afonso Inácio Orth, Miguel P Guerra, Maurício S Dos Reis
Varronia curassavica, a subshrubby medicinal species associated with restinga in the Atlantic Forest, has been exploited by local people and the pharmaceutical industry. Indeed, restingas have experienced a continuous process of degradation, and thus, with species and ecosystem both at risk, efforts to support conservation actions are required. The present study aimed to evaluate aspects of V. curassavica reproductive biology. To accomplish this, morphological characterization was performed by monitoring flowering events...
February 1, 2018: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Jamile L D Cipriano, Ana Cláudia F Cruz, Karina C Mancini, Edilson R Schmildt, José Carlos Lopes, Wagner C Otoni, Rodrigo S Alexandre
The aim of this study was to evaluate somatic embryogenesis in juvenile explants of the THB papaya cultivar. Apical shoots and cotyledonary leaves were inoculated in an induction medium composed of different concentrations of 2,4-D (6, 9, 12, 15 and 18 µM) or 4-CPA (19, 22, 25, 28 and 31 µM). The embryogenic calluses were transferred to a maturation medium for 30 days. Histological analysis were done during the induction and scanning electron microscopy after maturing. For both types of auxin, embryogenesis was achieved at higher frequencies with cotyledonary leaves incubated in induction medium than with apical shoots; except for callogenesis...
February 1, 2018: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Francisco S Fernandes, Wesley A C Godoy, Francisco S Ramalho, José B Malaquias, Bárbara D B Santos
The intercropping is an important cultural practice commonly used in pest management. It is based on the principle that increased plant diversity in the agro-ecosystem can lead to reductions of pest populations in the crop. The current study aimed to assess the impact the colored fiber cotton-cowpea intercropped systems on Aphis gossypii and Aphis craccivora and on their predator Cycloneda sanguinea and the losses and the dispersion behavior of these aphids and their predator in these cropping systems. The experiment had a randomized block experimental design with two bioassays and four treatments...
February 1, 2018: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Gláucia Alves E Silva, José O Siqueira, Sidney L Stürmer, Fatima M S Moreira
Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi provide several ecosystem services, including increase in plant growth and nutrition. The occurrence, richness, and structure of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi communities are influenced by human activities, which may affect the functional benefits of these components of the soil biota. In this study, 13 arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi isolates originating from soils with different land uses in the Alto Solimões-Amazon region were evaluated regarding their effect on growth, nutrition, and cowpea yield in controlled conditions using two soils...
February 1, 2018: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Géssica A Costa, Fernanda C P Rossatto, Aline W Medeiros, Ana Paula F Correa, Adriano Brandelli, Ana Paula G Frazzon, Amanda DE S DA Motta
The adhesion ability of bacteria to abiotic surfaces has important implications in food industries, because these organisms can survive for long periods through the biofilm formation. They can be transferred from one place to another in the industry causing contamination of the food processing environment. In this study, the antibacterial and antibiofilm activities of the antimicrobial peptide P34, characterized as a bacteriocin-like substance (BLS P34) were tested against planktonic and sessile cells of Staphylococcus aureus and Enterococcus faecalis isolated from foods...
February 1, 2018: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Amanda C Nogueira, Georgia A R Sehn, Ana Paula Rebellato, Janclei P Coutinho, Helena T Godoy, Yoon K Chang, Caroline J Steel, Maria Teresa P S Clerici
Yellow sweet potato is mostly produced by small farmers, and may be a source of energy and carotenoids in the human diet, but it is a highly perishable crop. To increase its industrial application, yellow sweet potato flour has been produced for use in bakery products. This study aimed to evaluate the technological quality and the carotenoids content in sweet breads produced with the replacement of wheat flour by 0, 3, 6, and 9% yellow sweet potato flour. Breads were characterized by technological parameters and β-carotene levels during nine days of storage...
February 1, 2018: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
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