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Journal of the National Medical Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778134/central-serous-chorioretinopathy-in-african-americans-at-wilmer-eye-institute
#1
Pooja H Mehta, Jay Chhablani, Jiangxia Wang, Catherine B Meyerle
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency of central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) in African Americans/blacks within an academic center in a predominantly African American city, as the current belief is that CSC is rare in this population. METHODS: A retrospective review of all patients' charts diagnosed with CSC at Wilmer Eye Institute/Johns Hopkins University from August 2009-August 2015 was conducted via an electronic health record search (EPIC). The charts were categorized by self-reported race and gender...
June 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778133/study-of-acute-kidney-injury-on-309-hypertensive-inpatients-with-acei-arb-diuretic-treatment
#2
Qiaochao Chen, Shaofang Zhu, Jianjun Liao, Wen He
BACKGROUND: The present study investigated risk factors for acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients found to be hypertensive during hospitalization who were prescribed angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI)/angiotensin receptor antagonists (ARB) + diuretic combinations, in order to determine which type of diuretic or combination of diuretics used in ACE/ARB-treated patients leads to a higher risk of acute kidney injury. METHOD: Data on basic information, medical history, diagnostic information and medications prescribed were obtained from the patients' medical records...
June 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778132/cervical-vestibular-evoked-myogenic-potentials-cvemps-evoked-by-air-conducted-stimuli-in-patients-with-functional-neck-dissection
#3
Hasan Demirhan, Bahtiyar Hamit, Özgür Yiğit
OBJECTIVE: Cervical vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (cVEMPs) are short-latency vestibulocollic reflexes. The damage on any point of the vestibulocollic reflex pathway could affect the cVEMPs. Whether neck dissection has an effect on the sacculocollic pathway, and consequently on cVEMPs, remains unexplored. The aim of this study was to evaluate the cVEMP findings in patients with functional neck dissection without vestibular symptoms. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study design, 20 patients who had undergone unilateral neck dissection with sparing of the accessory nerve, SCM and internal jugular vein, were included...
June 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778131/vitamin-d-receptor-level-in-biopsy-specimen-of-patients-with-ulcerative-colitis-results-from-a-center-in-western-anatolia
#4
Adil Coskun, Irfan Yavasoglu, Ibrahim Meteoglu, Mustafa Unubol, Burak Yasar, Serkan Borazan, Imran Kurt Omurlu, Vahit Yukselen, M Hadi Yasa
BACKGROUND: Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic, inflammatory bowel diseases characterized by uncontrolled inflammatory condition of the colon and rectal mucosa marked by recurrent periods of remission and exacerbation. Vitamin D receptor (VDR) is a member of the steroid receptor family that mediates the effects of vitamin D by regulating transcription of multiple cellular genes. We aimed to evaluate vitamin d receptor level in biopsy specimen of patients with UC in this study. METHODS: VDR levels were retrospectively studied in colon biopsy specimens of UC patients...
June 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778130/the-effect-of-increasing-blood-flow-rate-on-severity-of-uremic-pruritus-in-hemodialysis-patients-a-single-clinical-trial
#5
Mansooreh Aliasgharpour, Soheila Zabolypour, Ahmadali Asadinoghabi, Hamid Haghani, Mahboub Lesanpezeshki
BACKGROUND: Although the prevalence of uremic pruritus has decreased compared to the past, the problem still remains as a matter of health and a major challenge of research in medical field, and has no effective treatment at present. This study aimed to investigate the effect of increasing blood flow rate on severity of uremic pruritus in hemodialysis patients in Iran. METHODS: This clinical trial was performed on 60 hemodialysis patients that referred to hospitals affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences and these patients were selected through the convenience method and were treated for four weeks...
June 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778129/the-effect-of-lavender-aromatherapy-on-the-symptoms-of-menopause
#6
Roya Nikjou, Rafat Kazemzadeh, Firoozeh Asadzadeh, Razzag Fathi, Farideh Mostafazadeh
OBJECTIVES: The menopause is a natural biological process that is happened by a permanent regal stop due to the loss of performance. The aim of this research is to evaluate the effect of lavender aromatherapy on the menopause symptoms. STUDY DESIGN: This double-blind cross over clinical trial carried out on 100 menopause women (between 45 and 155 years old) referring to health centers in Ardabil in 2013-14. The samples blocked randomly, placed in two experimental (Lavender) and control (diluted milk) groups...
June 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778128/the-relationship-between-glycaemic-control-and-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-nigerian-type-2-diabetic-patients
#7
Babalola Ishmael Afolabi, Bolanle Olubunmi Ibitoye, Rosemary Temidayo Ikem, Adeleye Dorcas Omisore, Bukunmi Michael Idowu, David Olubukunmi Soyoye
BACKGROUND: Metabolic risk factors associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) include Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), obesity and dyslipidaemia. Prevention or management of these risk factors with glycaemic control, weight reduction and low serum lipid levels respectively have been reported to reduce the risk of NAFLD or slow its progression. Since ultrasound (USS) is a safe and reliable method of identifying fatty changes in the liver, this study was done to determine the relationship between glycaemic control and ultrasound diagnosed NAFLD in T2DM...
June 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778127/study-of-two-body-wear-performance-of-dental-materials
#8
Xin Hu, Qian Zhang, Jia Ning, Wenmeng Wu, Changyi Li
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the two-body wear resistances of natural enamel and four dental materials in vitro. METHODS: The testing machine was modified to form a type of pin-on-disk wear test apparatus. Four dental material specimens (Au-Pd alloy, Ag-Pd alloy, FiltekTMP60 and FiltekTMZ350 composite resins) and enamel were used as the pins, and a steatite ceramic grinding wheel was used as the abrasive counter face. The wear volume loss and the rigidity value was measured...
June 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778126/is-parenteral-levothyroxine-therapy-safe-in-intractable-hypothyroidism
#9
Hande Peynirci, Bengur Taskiran, Erdinc Erturk, Pınar Sisman, Canan Ersoy
CASE: A 32-year old woman was admitted to the hospital due to intractable hypothyroidism refractory to high dose of oral l-thyroxine therapy. She underwent total thyroidectomy and radioactive iodine therapy due to papillary thyroid cancer. After excluding poor adherence to therapy and malabsorption, levothyroxine absorption test was performed. No response was detected. Transient neurologic symptoms developed during the test. She developed 3 attacks consisting of neurologic symptoms during high dose administration...
June 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778125/a-neonate-with-bilateral-vitreous-hemorrhages-after-intra-uterine-bowel-infarction-secondary-to-volvulus
#10
Des Bharti, Sugantha Krishnan
Vitreous hemorrhages are uncommon in the neonatal period. This article describes a neonatal who had bilateral vitreous hemorrhages after intrauterine bowel infarction.
June 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778124/paraprosthetic-complications-after-endoprosthesis-replacement-of-pelvis-joint-with-implants
#11
Shalginbay A Baimagambetov, Serik S Balgazarov, Zhanatay K Ramazanov, Yelena A Belan, Ruslan S Abilov, Alexey A Dolgov, Amangol S Balgazarov
PURPOSE: The purpose of the paper is shaping of ideas about possible ways of decreasing complications of the analyzed types of operations and identification of opportunities of the impact on the socio-economic environment among the Afro-American population of USA. The paper demonstrates that the issue of coxofemoral prosthesis is not only a purely medical but also a social problem. In particular, availability of timely aid, as well as insurance in the form of surgery, refer to relevance of the range of problems...
June 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778123/educated-and-at-risk-how-the-shortage-of-available-partners-influences-hiv-risk-for-college-educated-african-american-women
#12
Valerie R Newsome, Collins O Airhihenbuwa, Shedra Amy Snipes
BACKGROUND: African-Americans have the greatest gender-ratio imbalance compared to other racial groups in the United States. This has been associated with higher rates of concurrent sexual partnerships, increasing risk of HIV infection. College-educated African-American women are of particular interest as they are not often represented in studies on HIV prevention, while their dating and sexual negotiation patterns may differ from those of their lower-educated and lower-income counterparts more often the subject of study in HIV research among African-Americans...
June 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778122/provider-language-proficiency-and-decision-making-when-caring-for-limited-english-proficiency-children-and-families
#13
Yolanda N Evans, Sarah A Rafton, Eriberto Michel, Beth E Ebel
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between self-assessed language ability and provision of clinical care without professional interpretation. METHODS: We conducted an anonymous web-based survey of pediatric residents at a large pediatric training program. Respondents self-rated their language ability, and then reported on their willingness to deliver clinical care without professional interpretation in standardized clinical scenarios. RESULTS: All pediatric residents completed the survey (n=81; 100%)...
June 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778121/does-the-race-ethnicity-or-gender-of-a-physician-s-name-impact-patient-selection-of-the-physician
#14
Jessica Greene, Judith H Hibbard, Rebecca M Sacks
This study's objective was to examine the extent to which individuals exhibit a preference for physicians based upon the race/ethnicity and gender of a physician's name. We conducted an online survey of 915 adults, who viewed a comparative display of four physicians' quality performance. We randomized the name of one physician, whose quality performance was equal to that of one physician and better than two other physicians, to be either typically African American male, African American female, white male, white female, or Middle Eastern (gender ambiguous)...
June 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778120/a-time-to-end-the-assault-on-our-environment
#15
EDITORIAL
Doris Browne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778119/the-need-for-leaders
#16
EDITORIAL
William B Lawson, Silver Spring
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580455/development-of-rope-connected-life-saving-equipment-for-transferring-numerous-people
#17
Ha-Sung Kong, Gap-Hwan Park
BACKGROUND: This study is focused on a rapid and safe transfer when there are many people who need rescuing in unapproachable location. Generally, a stretcher, a basket or a mesh drawing is used to transfer injured people or survivors in the emergency rescue, however, it turned out that it takes long time to transfer a number of people with a stretcher and it is difficult to transfer injured people safely with a basket or a mesh drawing. It would expect to transfer many people who need rescuing promptly and harmlessly...
April 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580454/characterizing-mobility-limitations-among-older-african-american-men
#18
Jamie A Mitchell, Vicki Johnson-Lawrence, Ed-Dee G Williams, Roland Thorpe
This study represents an effort to contribute to the limited body of research on biopsychosocial contextual factors that influence or contribute to mobility limitations for older African American men. Specifically, we were interested in examining associations between socio-demographic, physical and emotional health experiences with mobility limitations. A secondary analysis of 1666 older African American men was performed to investigate socio-demographic, mental and physical health correlates to a specific measures of mobility limitation...
April 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580453/-we-would-still-find-things-to-talk-about-assessment-of-mentor-perspectives-in-a-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-intervention-to-improve-disease-self-management-empowering-sle-patients
#19
Minnjuan Flournoy-Floyd, Kasim Ortiz, Leonard Egede, Jim C Oates, Trevor D Faith, Edith M Williams
BACKGROUND: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disorder with significant disparate impact on African American women. The current study sought to highlight how the Peer Approaches to Lupus Self-management (PALS) intervention worked bi-directionally wherein both women with SLE leading the disease self-management program (mentors), and those participants who served as mentees, were empowered toward greater disease self-efficacy. METHODS: Data was captured for this study in two formats from the seven mentors participating in the pilot study: 1) mentor logs and 2) mentor interviews with the principle investigator...
April 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580452/effect-of-age-gender-and-sun-exposure-on-ethnic-skin-photoaging-evidence-gathered-using-a-new-photonumeric-scale
#20
Anna L Chien, Ji Qi, Radhika Grandhi, Noori Kim, Sabrina Sisto Alessi César, Tamia Harris-Tryon, Min Soo Jang, Omolara Olowoyeye, Diane Kuhn, Sherry Leung, Barbara M Rainer, Flora Poon, Jean Suh, Nancy Cheng, Ginette A Okoye, Sewon Kang
BACKGROUND: African-Americans are less affected by photoaging than lighter skin individuals. Although scales for photoaging have been developed for Caucasians and Asians, no scale exists for African-Americans. AIM: To develop a photonumeric scale for photoaging and to determine factors that contribute to photoaging in African-Americans. METHODS: Five participants' photographs were selected as standards to create a 9-point photonumeric scale (0 = none, 8 = most severe)...
April 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
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