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Journal of the National Medical Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27372475/the-health-care-institution-population-health-and-black-lives
#1
Christopher J King, Yanique Redwood
The ongoing existence of institutionalized racism and discriminatory practices in various systems (education, criminal justice, housing, employment) serve as root causes of poor health in Blacks Lives. Furthermore, these unjust social structures and their complex interplay result in inefficient utilization of health services and reactive or futile interactions with medical providers. Collectively, these factors contribute to racial disparities in health and treatment represents a significant portion of the nation's health care expenditures...
May 2016: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27372474/erratum-to-mortality-in-african-americans-following-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-a-single-center-experience-journal-of-the-national-medical-association-2016-108-1-february-30-39
#2
John M Fontaine, Sona M Franklin, Ashwani Gupta, Christina U Kang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27372473/pleural-epithelioid-hemangioendothelioma-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
Yingqi Fan, Faping Wang, Suyun Li, Cheng Ye, Ying Ying, Hui Mao
Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE) is a rare neoplasm of vascular origin that can arise in multiple and varied tissue sites. Pleural epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (PEH), a subtype of EHE, is particularly less reported. Herein, we describe a case of PEH presented with left-sided back pain in a 68-year-old female, and her chest CT scan revealed thickening of the left pleura and left pleural effusion, the histological diagnosis was confirmed by both conventional examination and immunohistochemistry. A literature search utilizing PubMed, Embase, Ovid and Cochrane, Wanfang and Chinese National Knowledge infrastructure (CNKI) for PEH was conducted to investigate the characteristics of the disease, 26 related articles were retrieved and 40 cases of PEH were reported...
May 2016: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27372472/disparities-in-revascularization-after-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-stemi-before-and-after-the-2002-iom-report
#4
Oluwaseyi B Bolorunduro, Adekunle V Kiladejo, Islamiyat Babs Animashaun, Olakunle O Akinboboye
OBJECTIVES: To examine nationwide trends for racial disparities in Percutaneous Coronary Intervention after ST elevated Myocardial Infarction (STEMI). BACKGROUND: The Institute of Medicine (IOM) report published in 2002 showed that African Americans were less likely to receive coronary revascularization such as CABG and stents even after controlling for socioeconomics. It recommended increased awareness of these disparities among health professionals to reduce this...
May 2016: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27372471/physicians-perception-of-sickle-cell-disease-pain
#5
Fátima Lucchesi, Maria Stella Figueiredo, Erika B Mastandrea, James L Levenson, Wally R Smith, Alessandro F Jacinto, Vanessa de A Citero
The aim of this study was to evaluate the physician's perception of pain experienced by patients with sickle-cell disease (SCD). Pain experiences reported by patients were compared with physicians' perception of the patient's pain, and the treatment decision-making process was evaluated. Fifty-two patient-physician pairs were assessed. Before the clinic visit, the patients completed a 3-item on pain experienced 24 h prior to the visit and the PHQ-9. After the patient visit, the physicians completed a questionnaire assessing their perception of the patient's pain and a questionnaire on the factors taken into consideration when evaluating the patient's pain experience...
May 2016: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27372470/unsuspected-herniated-lung-obstructing-the-right-internal-jugular-vein-and-internal-carotid-artery-in-a-patient-with-thoracic-outlet-syndrome-mri-mra-and-mrv
#6
James D Collins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27372469/moonshot-toward-a-cure-for-cancer
#7
Edith Mitchell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27372468/editor-s-note
#8
William B Lawson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26928494/association-of-state-laws-and-healthcare-workers-influenza-vaccination-rates
#9
Chyongchiou Jeng Lin, Mary Patricia Nowalk, Mahlon Raymund, Patricia M Sweeney, Richard K Zimmerman
State laws are being used to increase healthcare worker (HCW) influenza vaccine uptake. Approximately 40% of states have enacted such laws but their effectiveness has been infrequently studied. Data sources for this study were the 2000-2011 U.S. National Health Interview Survey Adult Sample File and a summary of U.S. state HCW influenza vaccination laws. Hierarchical linear modeling was used for two time periods: 1) 2000-2005 (before enactment of many state laws) and 2) 2006-2011 (a time of increased enactment of state HCW influenza vaccination legislation)...
February 2016: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26928493/relationship-between-chronic-conditions-and-disability-in-african-american-men-and-women
#10
Roland J Thorpe, Anastasia J Wynn, Janiece L Walker, Jenny R Smolen, Michael P Cary, Sarah L Szanton, Keith E Whitfield
BACKGROUND: Race differences in chronic conditions and disability are well established; however, little is known about the association between specific chronic conditions and disability in African Americans. This is important because African Americans have higher rates and earlier onset of both chronic conditions and disability than white Americans. METHODS: We examined the relationship between chronic conditions and disability in 602 African Americans aged 50 years and older in the Baltimore Study of Black Aging...
February 2016: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26928492/acute-blood-loss-anemia-in-the-octogenarian-total-knee-arthroplasty-estimated-blood-loss-and-transfusions-rates
#11
Socrates A Brito, Edward A Rankin, Michelle Mcnear
INTRODUCTION: Acute blood loss anemia is an expected morbidity after a total knee replacement. The purpose of this study is to quantify the rates of blood transfusions in the octogenarian population after a total knee replacement and its association with the surgeon's estimated blood loss (EBL). METHODS: This is a retrospective review of the senior orthopedic surgeon's charts. All patients were 80 years of age, or older at the time of surgical intervention. All patients with the diagnosis of primary osteoarthritis where included...
February 2016: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26928491/overweight-and-physical-inactivity-among-african-american-students-at-a-historically-black-university
#12
Jaesin Sa, James Heimdal, Tracy Sbrocco, Dong-Chul Seo, Beatrice Nelson
BACKGROUND: Little is known about correlates of overweight, obesity, and physical inactivity among African American students at historically Black colleges and universities. OBJECTIVE: To assess overweight, obesity, and physical inactivity among African American college students at a historically Black university in Maryland in the USA. METHODS: Data were collected from 268 African American college students in 2013. Data were analyzed with percentage difference z-tests, chi-square tests, and multiple logistic regression...
February 2016: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26928490/respondent-driven-sampling-in-a-multi-site-study-of-black-and-latino-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#13
Christopher S Murrill, Trista Bingham, Jennifer Lauby, Kai-Lih Liu, Darrell Wheeler, Alex Carballo-Diéguez, Gary Marks, Gregorio A Millett
PURPOSE: Respondent-driven sampling (RDS) was used to recruit four samples of Black and Latino men who have sex with men (MSM) in three metropolitan areas to measure HIV prevalence and sexual and drug use behaviors. We compared demographic and behavioral risk characteristics of participants across sites, assessed the extent to which the RDS statistical adjustment procedure provides estimates that differ from the crude results, and summarized our experiences using RDS. METHODS: From June 2005 to March 2006 a total of 2,235 MSM were recruited and interviewed: 614 Black MSM and 516 Latino MSM in New York City, 540 Black MSM in Philadelphia, and 565 Latino MSM in Los Angeles County...
February 2016: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26928489/effectiveness-of-interventions-to-increase-physical-activity-among-minority-populations-an-umbrella-review
#14
Vicki S Conn, Tamara G Coon Sells
PURPOSE: Numerous interventions have been tested to increase physical activity (PA) among minority adults, and several review papers have examined the results from these studies. The primary purpose of this umbrella review is to summarize evidence from existing reviews regarding effectiveness of PA interventions in minority populations. PROCEDURES: Searches were conducted in five electronic databases to identify English-language articles reviewing the effects of interventions to increase PA in minority adults living in the United States...
February 2016: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26928488/the-epidemiology-of-infant-mortality-in-the-greater-newark-new-jersey-area-a-new-look-at-an-old-problem
#15
Natalie E Roche, Fatimah Abdul-Hakeem, Amy L Davidow, Pauline Thomas, Lakota Kruse
REVIEW: This research had institutional review board approval from the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey and the State of New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services. IRB #0120110286 BACKGROUND: The death rate during the first year of life, or infant mortality rate (IMR), is a key indicator of a nation's health. Many factors affect IMR in the United States, including race and ethnicity. The 2020 U.S. Healthy People IMR target goal has been revised to 6.0 deaths per 1,000 births...
February 2016: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26928487/cardiovascular-health-practices-among-black-patients-in-an-urban-underserved-clinic
#16
Kendall M Campbell, José E Rodríguez
BACKGROUND: An understanding of cardiovascular health practices among black patients can provide more comprehensive patient-centered care and reduce health disparities. We studied home blood pressure monitoring in our underserved patient population to determine feasibility of providing automatic blood pressure monitors to our hypertensive patients. We believed that if we provided blood pressure monitors for home use, our patients would increase home blood pressure assessments, frequency of blood pressure assessments, and provide more data on managing their hypertension...
February 2016: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26928486/mortality-in-african-americans-following-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-a-single-center-experience
#17
John M Fontaine, Sona M Franklin, Ashwani Gupta, Christina U Kang
BACKGROUND: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) improves clinical outcomes and reduces mortality in heart failure patients who remain symptomatic despite optimal medical therapy. CRT trials have reported significant hemodynamic benefits, improvement in functional status, and reduced mortality and heart failure hospitalizations. However, African-American patient representation in these studies is limited thus the results may not be applicable to them. We described baseline clinical characteristics of African-American patients undergoing CRT and determined their outcomes relative to those reported in clinical trials...
February 2016: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26928485/a-systematic-review-of-race-and-ethnicity-in-hepatitis-c-clinical-trial-enrollment
#18
Julius Wilder, Anirudh Saraswathula, Vic Hasselblad, Andrew Muir
The African American/Black population in the United States (US) is disproportionately affected by hepatitis C virus (HCV) and has lower response rates to current treatments. This analysis evaluates the participation of African American/Blacks in North American and European HCV clinical trials. The data source for this analysis was the PubMed database. Randomized controlled clinical trials (RCT) on HCV treatment with interferon 2a or 2b between January 2000 and December 2011 were reviewed. Inclusion criteria included English language and participants 18 years or older with chronic HCV...
February 2016: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26928484/higher-prevalence-of-human-papillomavirus-related-cervical-precancerous-abnormalities-in-hiv-infected-compared-to-hiv-uninfected-women
#19
Shahana A Choudhury, Natasha A Choudhury, Ammie D Humphrey, Vladimir Berthaud, Gwinnett Ladson, Vernita A Tucker, Sten H Vermund
INTRODUCTION: Persistent high risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) has been associated with cervical abnormalities and cancer. There are few studies comparing HIV-infected with uninfected African American women from the Southern U.S. We evaluated medical records of a women's cohort in an urban clinic in Tennessee to assess the prevalence of hrHPV and cytology correlates, as well as HPV vaccination rates. METHODS: We reviewed medical records of 50 HIV infected and 304 HIV uninfected women, including Pap smears and hrHPV...
February 2016: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26928483/prime-time-sister-circles-%C3%A2-ii-evaluating-a-culturally-relevant-intervention-to-decrease-psychological-and-physical-risk-factors-for-chronic-disease-in-mid-life-african-american-women
#20
Veronica G Thomas, Marilyn Hughes Gaston, Gayle K Porter, Alicia Anderson
PURPOSE: This article presents the results of two evaluation studies of the Prime Time Sister Circles(®) (PTSC). The PTSC is a gender, cultural, and age specific, curriculum-based, low-cost, short-term, replicable support group approach aimed at reducing key modifiable health risk factors for chronic illnesses in midlife African American women. METHODS: Study 1 includes an evaluation of 31 PTSCs (N=656 women) documenting changes in psychological and attitudinal outcomes (health satisfaction, health locus of control), behavioral outcomes (healthy eating patterns, physical activity, stress management), and clinical outcomes (weight, BMI, blood pressure, non-fasting blood sugar)...
February 2016: Journal of the National Medical Association
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