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Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30211650/resolution-of-hyperinsulinemic-hypoglycemia-following-partial-pancreatectomy-in-a-dog-with-nesidioblastosis
#1
Benjamin J Polansky, Stephen A Martinez, Mark D Chalkley
CASE DESCRIPTION A 6-year-old castrated male Australian Shepherd was evaluated because of a recent onset of persistent hypoglycemia. CLINICAL FINDINGS Physical examination results were generally unremarkable. No abnormalities were detected on thoracic radiographs, and abdominal ultrasonography revealed no obvious pancreatic lesion. Hematologic analysis revealed hypoglycemia with a high serum insulin-to-glucose concentration ratio. TREATMENT AND OUTCOME Insulinoma was suspected; medical treatment with prednisone was initiated, and exploratory laparotomy was performed...
October 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30211649/diagnostic-and-therapeutic-challenges-for-dogs-with-urinary-tract-infections-caused-by-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-escherichia-coli
#2
Faye A Hartmann, Lana Fox, Barry Fox, Katrina Viviano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30211648/pathology-in-practice
#3
Martin E Coster, Nicolaas E Lambrechts, Michael A Owston, Mariana Martins Flores, Ingeborg M Langohr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30211646/factors-associated-with-strongyle-infection-in-goats-at-the-individual-and-farm-level
#4
Hannah J Sylvester, Emily H Griffith, Megan E Jacob, Derek M Foster
OBJECTIVE To identify factors associated with strongyle infection and parasite reduction strategies associated with low strongyle fecal egg counts (FECs) in goats on farms in North Carolina. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. ANIMALS 631 adult goats on 52 farms in North Carolina. PROCEDURES Participating farms were visited to collect fecal samples from goats and administer a survey regarding goat, environmental, and management factors. The McMaster technique was used to determine strongyle FEC for each sample. Univariate followed by multivariate modeling was performed to identify factors associated with FEC at the farm and individual goat level...
October 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30211645/gastric-dilatation-and-enterotoxemia-in-ten-captive-felids
#5
Kadie M Anderson, Michael M Garner, Victoria L Clyde, Kurt A Volle, Donna M Ialeggio, Scott W Reid, Jill K Hobbs, Karen N Wolf
CASE DESCRIPTION 10 large felids at 8 facilities were determined or suspected to have developed gastric dilatation with or without enterotoxemia over a 20-year period. Four felids were found dead with no premonitory signs. CLINICAL FINDINGS 4 felids (2 male snow leopards [Uncia uncia], 1 male Amur tiger [Panthera tigris altaica], and 1 male Sumatran tiger [Panthera tigris sumatrae]) were found dead or died before they could be evaluated. Six felids had hematemesis (1 male and 1 female African lion [Panthera leo] and 1 male jaguar [Panthera onca]) or abdominal distention and signs of lethargy with or without vomiting (1 male African lion, 1 male Malayan tiger [Panthera tigris jacksoni], and 1 female Sumatran tiger)...
October 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30211644/incidence-of-chyloabdomen-diagnosis-in-dogs-and-cats-and-corresponding-clinical-signs-clinicopathologic-test-results-and-outcomes-53-cases-1984-2014
#6
Alex Hatch, Karl E Jandrey, Matt C Tenwolde, Michael S Kent
OBJECTIVE To determine the incidence of chyloabdomen diagnosis in cats and dogs and characterize and compare between species the corresponding clinical signs, clinicopathologic test results, and outcomes. DESIGN Retrospective case series. ANIMALS 36 cats and 17 dogs in which chyloabdomen was diagnosed at a veterinary teaching hospital between 1984 and 2014. PROCEDURES Medical records were reviewed, and data retrieved included patient signalment; clinical signs at initial evaluation; results of physical examination, diagnostic tests, and imaging studies; and outcomes...
October 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30211643/minimally-invasive-compartmentalized-modified-open-castration-technique-with-primary-closure-in-equids
#7
Albert Torrent Crosa, Marc R Desjardins
OBJECTIVE To describe use of a modified open castration technique with a scrotal approach and primary closure in equids. DESIGN Prospective case series. ANIMALS 38 client-owned, sexually intact male equids. PROCEDURES With owner consent, elective castration was performed with a modified open technique on patients (1 pony, 1 miniature horse, and 36 horses of other breeds) under general anesthesia. The procedure included minimal dissection into the scrotal region for removal of testes, with cremaster muscles left intact and the parietal vaginal tunic closed in place...
October 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30211642/pathology-in-practice
#8
Katherine Hughes, Fernando Constantino-Casas, Victoria A Haverson, Steven J Philp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30211641/letters-to-the-editor
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30211640/investigation-of-potential-risk-factors-for-mesenteric-volvulus-in-military-working-dogs
#10
Shane J Andrews, Todd M Thomas, Joe G Hauptman, Bryden J Stanley
OBJECTIVE To identify risk factors for mesenteric volvulus (MV) in military working dogs (MWDs). DESIGN Retrospective case-control study. ANIMALS 211 MWDs (54 with and 157 without MV [case and control dogs, respectively]). PROCEDURES Medical records (cases and controls) and necropsy reports (cases) were reviewed. Signalment, pertinent medical and surgical history, behavior and temperament characteristics, feeding schedules, and training types were recorded. Weather patterns for regions where dogs resided were researched...
October 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30211639/in-this-issue-%C3%A2-october-1-2018
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30211638/what-is-your-diagnosis
#12
Emily M Donaldson, Peggy L Herrera, Ann Reed, Mason Y Savage
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30211637/retrospective-analysis-of-incidence-clinical-features-potential-risk-factors-and-prognostic-indicators-for-aspiration-pneumonia-in-three-brachycephalic-dog-breeds
#13
Hannah P Darcy, Karen Humm, Gert Ter Haar
OBJECTIVE To investigate incidence, clinical features, potential risk factors, and prognostic indicators for aspiration pneumonia in Pugs, French Bulldogs, and Bulldogs. DESIGN Retrospective, observational study. ANIMALS 41 brachycephalic dogs with aspiration pneumonia. PROCEDURES Medical records of a veterinary referral hospital were retrospectively searched to identify Pugs, French Bulldogs, and Bulldogs treated for aspiration pneumonia between 2006 and 2015. Signalment, clinical data, and outcomes were recorded...
October 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30211636/who-should-you-turn-to-for-help-managing-behavior-problems-in-small-animal-practice
#14
Christine D Calder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30211635/investing-in-our-future-an-update-on-the-student-debt-issue
#15
John H de Jong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30179099/characteristics-of-clients-and-animals-served-by-high-volume-stationary-nonprofit-spay-neuter-clinics
#16
Sara C White, Janet M Scarlett, Julie K Levy
OBJECTIVE To characterize the clients served by and the cats and dogs admitted to nonprofit spay-neuter clinics. DESIGN Cross-sectional survey. SAMPLE 2,154 dogs and 1,902 cats that were owned by 3,768 survey respondents and admitted to 22 nonprofit spay-neuter clinics across the United States between April 29, 2013, and January 24, 2014. PROCEDURES Participating clinics distributed surveys to clients during each of 4 quarterly study weeks. The survey collected descriptive information about clients' pets and households as well as their decision-making regarding sterilization of their pets...
September 15, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30179098/professional-development-groups-help-physicians-why-not-veterinarians
#17
Nancy R Blum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30179097/accuracy-of-and-interobserver-agreement-regarding-thoracic-computed-tomography-for-the-diagnosis-of-chronic-bronchitis-in-dogs
#18
Jeremy R Mortier, Luis Mesquita, Inmaculada Ferrandis, James F McConnell, Thomas W Maddox
OBJECTIVE To characterize CT findings in dogs with a presumptive diagnosis of chronic bronchitis, estimate the accuracy of thoracic CT for the diagnosis of chronic bronchitis in dogs, and determine interobserver agreement for this method. DESIGN Retrospective case-control and cross-sectional study. ANIMALS 26 dogs with confirmed chronic bronchitis and 20 control dogs with unremarkable results of thoracic CT and no recorded history of cough. PROCEDURES Thoracic CT images of all dogs were interpreted for signs of chronic bronchitis by 2 observers who used specific criteria; observers also used the images to compute the bronchial wall thickness-to-pulmonary artery diameter (BWPA) ratio of the cranial lung lobes...
September 15, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30179096/effect-of-patellar-luxation-on-radiographic-measurements-of-tibial-plateau-angle-in-small-breed-dogs
#19
Michael J Orencole, Adam M Nylund, Jeremiah D Moorer, Robert W Wills, Tige H Witsberger
OBJECTIVE To determine whether medial patellar luxation would affect radiographic tibial plateau angle (TPA) measurements in small-breed dogs. DESIGN Prospective cross-sectional study. ANIMALS 15 small-breed dogs (25 stifle joints) with grade 2 or 3 medial patellar luxation (5 dogs with unilateral luxation and 10 dogs with bilateral luxation). PROCEDURES Digital mediolateral radiographic images of each affected stifle joint were acquired with the patella in manually reduced (n = 25) and luxated (25) positions...
September 15, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30179095/outcomes-of-nonsurgical-treatment-for-congenital-thoracic-vertebral-body-malformations-in-dogs-13-cases-2009-2016
#20
Sophie Wyatt, Rita Gonçalves, Rodrigo Gutierrez-Quintana, Steven De Decker
OBJECTIVE To characterize outcomes following nonsurgical treatment of congenital thoracic vertebral body malformations causing neurologic deficits in dogs. DESIGN Retrospective case series. ANIMALS 13 client-owned dogs treated nonsurgically for congenital thoracic vertebral body malformations at 3 veterinary referral hospitals from June 2009 through May 2016. PROCEDURES Data were extracted from the medical records regarding dog signalment, duration and type of clinical signs before referral, general physical and neurologic examination findings, radiographic and MRI findings, and treatments provided after diagnosis...
September 15, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
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