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Journal of the American Osteopathic Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30242340/concussion-evaluation-and-management-an-osteopathic-perspective
#1
Hallie Zwibel, Adena Leder, Sheldon Yao, Christina Finn
Concussions have been increasingly reported over the past decade, but the reported incidence likely minimizes the actual numbers of people affected. Associated symptoms include emotional, somatic, and cognitive complaints, which may be prolonged in patients with certain risk factors. Neurologic examination is necessary to exclude upper motor neuron lesions and thus the need for brain imaging. Cervical conditions are often found concurrently with head injury and displays a similar presentation to concussions...
September 17, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30128497/interrater-reliability-of-osteopathic-sacral-palpatory-diagnostic-tests-among-osteopathy-students
#2
Giacomo Consorti, Fabio Basile, Leonardo Pugliese, Marco Petracca
Context: Somatic dysfunctions are a key element of osteopathic practice. The evaluation of somatic dysfunctions is achieved by assessment of the TART (tissue texture abnormality, asymmetry, restriction of motion, tenderness) parameters. The reliability of a diagnostic method is the crux of successful treatment. Interrater reliability of osteopathic palpatory diagnostic tests have been studied on different anatomical areas, but there are no studies on the evaluation of all of the TART parameters on the sacrum...
August 20, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30193330/jackstone-calculus
#3
John D Heathcote, Philip Andrew Rosen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30193329/novel-management-of-ectopic-pregnancy-in-a-noncommunicating-rudimentary-horn-of-a-unicornuate-uterus
#4
Deborah Herchelroath, Jena L Miller, Karen C Wang
Pregnancy in a rudimentary horn is a rarely encountered form of ectopic pregnancy and is often an emergent situation because of the risk of rupture of the horn. A 31-year-old gravida 3 para 1 woman with 7 to 8 weeks' gestational age was found to have a viable pregnancy in a rudimentary noncommunicating horn of a unicornuate uterus. She elected termination of the pregnancy via local intracardiac lidocaine and intra-amniotic methotrexate injections. Subsequent removal of the rudimentary horn was necessary to prevent recurrence...
September 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178052/does-osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-make-a-neuropsychological-difference-in-adults-with-pain-a-rationale-for-a-new-approach
#5
Mireille N Rizkalla, Kyle K Henderson, Kimberly Huntington-Alfano, Kurt P Heinking, Anne Koronkiewicz, Michelle Knees, Haley Hoffman, Fatima Elahi, Ann Impens
Cognitive impairment is common in patients with pain. While symptoms of pain are effectively treated with osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT), the cognitive complaint is vastly ignored. Pain-induced cognitive dysfunction can be severe and is particularly apparent in working memory and attention. There is good reason to expect cognitive responsiveness to OMT. Previous research has reported the effects of OMT on related psychiatric outcomes, including relief from depression and anxiety, suggesting that OMT may produce more cortical benefits than is currently thought...
September 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178051/the-one-health-initiative-as-a-basis-for-research-development-in-the-department-of-pharmacology-at-midwestern-university
#6
Walter C Prozialeck, Joshua R Edwards
The One Health Initiative focuses on the complex relationships among the health of humans, animals, plants, microbes, and the environment. There are dynamic and delicate balances among these various elements, and disruption of these elements can have adverse effects on human health. Over the past 5 years, the Department of Pharmacology at the Midwestern University/Chicago College of Osteopathic Medicine has used the One Health Initiative as a framework for the growth and development of ongoing research programs in the area of environmental toxicology...
September 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178050/osteopathic-distinction-one-student-at-a-time
#7
Sharon Obadia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178049/resveratrol-s-potential-in-the-adjunctive-management-of-cardiovascular-disease-obesity-diabetes-alzheimer-disease-and-cancer
#8
Malavvika Kulashekar, Sayra M Stom, Jacob D Peuler
Resveratrol is a naturally occurring polyphenol that can be found in several human dietary sources, including red wine; many plants, especially grapes, berries, and nuts; and nutritional supplements. Findings from numerous preclinical experiments and clinical trials in humans suggest that resveratrol may play an important role in managing or preventing a variety of diseases. Some of the health benefits include cardioprotective effects; chemopreventive properties; metabolic changes, such as improved glycemic control; protection from diabetic consequences; and synergistic therapeutic effects when administered with other treatment modalities...
September 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178048/association-of-mindfulness-with-residency-preference-and-curriculum-selection-in-preclinical-osteopathic-medical-students
#9
Nikita Nayyar, Greg Saggio, Maria Plummer, Min-Kyung Jung, John Kappenberg
Context: Recent studies suggest the shortage of US primary care physicians will be more than 50,000 by the year 2025. Mindful osteopathic medical students may be more inclined to pursue a career in primary care practice than those demonstrating lower levels of mindfulness. If so, assessing mindfulness before and after admission to medical school may reduce this shortage. Objective: In this cross-sectional survey-based study, the authors assessed whether mindfulness among preclinical osteopathic medical students was associated with (a) their current preference for primary care practice as a residency, and (b) their choice between 2 alternative curricula...
September 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178047/empathy-and-osteopathic-manipulative-medicine-is-it-all-in-the-hands
#10
Mireille N Rizkalla, Kyle K Henderson
Context: The osteopathic medical school curriculum is unique because of the inclusion of training in osteopathic manipulative medicine (OMM). Interest in and use of OMM promotes cognitive training in diagnosing conditions, emotional training in the alleviation of pain, and physical training in the application of OMM. Osteopathic manipulative medicine may mitigate a reduction in empathy levels of medical students and explain why osteopathic medical students do not follow the declining pattern of empathy previously reported in allopathic medical students...
September 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178046/history-of-research-at-midwestern-university-chicago-college-of-osteopathic-medicine
#11
Karen J Nichols
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30073345/doming-the-diaphragm-in-a-patient-with-multiple-sclerosis
#12
Zachary Anderson, R Mitchell Hiserote, Stacey Pierce-Talsma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30073344/educating-leaders-2018-abstracts-from-aacom-s-annual-conference
#13
(no author information available yet)
Educating Leaders is the annual conference of the American Association of Colleges Educating Leaders is the annual conference of the American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine (AACOM). In preparation for this event, the Call for Presentations receives hundreds of high-quality abstract submissions. Presentation submissions for Educating Leaders 2018 were based on seven focus areas: Advocacy and Policy, Graduate Medical Education, Humanism and Mentoring, Learner Affairs, Osteopathic Medical Education, Professional Development, and Research Support and Technology...
August 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30073343/addressing-the-increased-incidence-of-common-sexually-transmitted-infections
#14
Megan McMurray, Mianna Armstrong, John Paulson
Common sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in the United States include genital herpes, HIV, and human papilloma virus. In 2017, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released a report detailing a surge in chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis infections in the United States. The authors summarize current trends and discuss epidemiologic factors, disease burden, and patient care. It is important to be aware of the recent increases in these 3 STIs and to be prepared to screen for, diagnose, and manage these infections and their complications...
August 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30073342/sleep-and-lifestyle-habits-of-osteopathic-emergency-medicine-residents-during-training
#15
Kate E Hughes, Patrick G Hughes, Mary J Hughes
Context: Duty hours were enacted in 2003 with the intent to improve patient safety and resident well-being. However, limited data exist regarding improvements in residents' well-being since the implementation of these restrictions. Objective: To examine osteopathic emergency medicine (EM) resident characteristics regarding sleep and lifestyle habits and duty hour reporting. Method: A convenience sample of osteopathic EM residents was surveyed at a statewide conference in May 2014...
August 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30073341/unusual-cause-of-constipation
#16
James Lee, Alan Lucerna, Kishan Patel, James Espinosa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30073340/orbital-fat-prolapse
#17
Leonid Skorin, Stephanie Norberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30073339/hemiplegic-syndrome-after-chopstick-penetration-injury-in-the-lateral-soft-palate-of-a-young-child
#18
Syna Daudfar, Codee Gorman, John T Pham
Soft palate penetrating injuries have been reported among children, particularly in children falling with objects in their mouth. The authors present a case of a healthy 14-month-old child who fell onto a blunt-ended chopstick, the subsequent cerebrovascular accident, and the role of the osteopathic tenets thereafter. The child had an acute infarction to the region of his right middle cerebral artery secondary to right internal carotid artery occlusion. Physicians should consider the neurologic sequelae of lateral soft palate injuries and damage to the surrounding anatomical structures...
August 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30073338/teaching-medical-students-about-health-systems-science-and-osteopathic-principles-and-practice-using-a-virtual-world-the-envision-community-health-center
#19
Lise McCoy, Joy H Lewis, Thomas Bennett, Monica Fernandez, Deborah M Heath, Frederic N Schwartz
Medical education technology initiatives can be used to prepare osteopathic medical students for modern primary care practice and to provide students with training to serve vulnerable populations. Over academic years 2014 through 2017, the authors designed and implemented 26 case studies using patient simulations through a virtual community health center (CHC). First-year students, who were preparing for clinical training in CHCs, and second-year students, who were training in CHCs, completed the simulation case studies, gaining practice in clinical reasoning, Health Systems Science, and applied osteopathic principles and practice...
August 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30073337/diabetes-fellowship-in-primary-care-a-survey-of-graduates
#20
Amber M Healy, Robert J Tanenberg, Frank L Schwartz, Jay H Shubrook
Context: The diabetes pandemic has outpaced the US supply of diabetes specialists and has overwhelmed primary care providers (physicians, physician assistants, and nurse practitioners). Primary care diabetes fellowships can be used to address this workforce shortage. Objectives: To determine the skills obtained during 2 diabetes fellowship programs, the barriers encountered in practice, the impact of the programs on career paths, and perceived acceptance by patients and colleagues...
August 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
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