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Journal of the American Osteopathic Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893149/bipartite-patella
#1
Chandra M Jennings, Lindsay Tjiattas-Saleski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893148/osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-for-somatic-dysfunction-after-acute-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#2
Adrienne McCallister, Christopher Brown, Michael Smith, Hugh Ettlinger, Gerard A Baltazar
Somatic dysfunction caused by traumatic brain injury (TBI) may be managed by osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT). In this case report, the authors describe 2 patients with severe TBI who were each treated with OMT in a level-1 regional trauma center. Both patients received OMT beginning in the acute care phase of injury. Somatic dysfunction improved during the course of treatment, and no adverse effects of OMT were noted. More comprehensive research may clarify the efficacy and adverse effects of OMT as part of multimodal acute care of patients with severe TBI...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893147/update-on-the-pharmacology-and-legal-status-of-kratom
#3
Walter C Prozialeck
Kratom (Mitragyna speciosa) is a plant indigenous to Southeast Asia. Its leaves and the teas brewed from them have long been used by people in that region to stave off fatigue and to manage pain and opioid withdrawal. In a comprehensive review published in 2012, Prozialeck et al presented evidence that kratom had been increasingly used for the self-management of opioid withdrawal and pain in the United States. At the time, kratom was classified as a legal herbal product by the US Drug Enforcement Administration...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893146/alternative-scheduling-models-improving-continuity-of-care-medical-outcomes-and-graduate-medical-education-in-resident-ambulatory-training
#4
Ali J Hussain
An association has been consistently made about continuity of care with improved quality of care and improved medical outcomes. However, resident ambulatory block scheduling prevents the optimization of continuity of care in ambulatory clinical education. The author performed a PubMed search for studies examining continuity of care and curriculum scheduling in US primary care residency clinics. These studies indicate the success of an X + Y scheduling model in resident ambulatory training. Additional benefits have also been noted, including improved clinical teaching and learning, increased sense of teamwork, increased resident satisfaction, improved recruitment and retention, improved patient satisfaction, and elimination of year-end patient care issues after graduation...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893145/are-low-carbohydrate-diets-safe-and-effective
#5
Heather Fields, Barbara Ruddy, Mark R Wallace, Amit Shah, Denise Millstine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893144/effectiveness-of-shared-medical-appointments-targeting-the-triple-aim-among-patients-with-overweight-obesity-or-diabetes
#6
Kristi H Trickett, Paul M Matiaco, Kathryn Jones, Bernadette Howlett, Kathaleen Briggs Early
BACKGROUND: Obesity and diabetes are epidemic in the United States, with many treatment options having limited long-term efficacy. A possible effective medical management tool is the shared medical appointment (SMA), which offers an efficient and cost-effective approach to behavior change and aligns with the Triple Aim (reduce costs, improve population health, and improve patient care experience) set forth by the Institute for Healthcare Improvement. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of SMAs to achieve the Triple Aim and to improve the management of overweight/obesity or diabetes...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893143/association-between-wic-enrollment-and-exclusive-breastfeeding-at-3-months-postpartum-among-low-income-mothers
#7
John Francescon, Zelalem T Haile, David Kling, Ilana Chertok
CONTEXT: Existing literature suggests participation in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) in the prenatal and postnatal periods is associated with lower rates of breastfeeding among WIC-eligible mothers. However, minimal research has been published on the association between WIC enrollment and exclusive breastfeeding. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between WIC exposure and exclusive breastfeeding at 3 months postpartum...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893142/assessment-of-hospital-staff-s-knowledge-of-osteopathic-manipulative-medicine-a-survey-based-study
#8
Jessica B Smith-Kelly, Andres Cardenas
CONTEXT: Research has shown that osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) in hospitalized patients can shorten hospital length of stay. However, hospital staff may be unfamiliar with OMT and its use in this setting. OBJECTIVE: To assess a hospital staff's knowledge of osteopathic manipulative medicine (OMM) and investigate whether there is a correlation between job category and knowledge of OMM. METHODS: The study used a 13-item survey that was developed using SurveyMonkey...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893141/ten-tips-for-maximizing-the-effectiveness-of-emergency-medicine-procedure-laboratories
#9
Joshua D Lenchus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802563/bulletproof-silk-observations-of-dr-george-e-goodfellow-the-gunfighter-s-surgeon
#10
John K Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802562/periorbital-myxedema
#11
Jimmy Tam Huy, Christopher Thomas Doig
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802561/programmatic-approach-to-increasing-osteopathic-medical-student-participation-in-research-the-tcom-experience
#12
Peggy Smith-Barbaro, Albert H O-Yurvati
Providing medical students with a meaningful research-based educational experience will help them become exemplary physicians and informed consumers of medical research outcomes in the practice of evidence-based medicine. By participating in research projects during medical school, students have the opportunity to study specific fields that interest them in greater depth and develop their written and oral presentation skills. Studies indicate that students who have participated in research and scholarly activities during medical school are at an advantage when matching to their preferred residency...
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802560/outcomes-oriented-medical-training-a-critical-curricular-design-consideration-in-developing-21st-century-health-care-professionals
#13
Darrin D'Agostino, Frank J Papa
The core competencies of medical schools and residencies have initiated a change in curricular design but have been limited in their execution of systems-based practice. The introduction of milestones and entrustable professional activities has emerged to enhance the current educational paradigm. Linking public health systemic approaches with evidence-based practices focused on population-level health care will affect patients more than current non-systems-based approaches. Curricular redesign, including population health-based strategies, public health competency, health care policy, and education linking the "determinants of health" to patient care, will better prepare future physicians to practice in the emerging paradigm of health care of the future...
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802559/faculty-development-directed-at-curricular-reforms-designed-to-improve-patient-outcomes
#14
Frank J Papa, Darrin D'Agostino
Three initiatives involving quality of patient outcomes that evolved in the late 1990s must be considered in the design of 21st century undergraduate medical curricula. They involve (1) the question of how to best teach and assess medical competencies, (2) growing concerns regarding the frequency and severity of error in medical care, and (3) the role physicians might play in weaving together the overlapping elements of population-, community-, and systems-based practice into a codified approach to medical care...
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802558/does-replacing-live-demonstration-with-instructional-videos-improve-student-satisfaction-and-osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-examination-performance
#15
Ryan Seals, Sharon M Gustowski, Carol Kominski, Feiming Li
CONTEXT: Instructional videos for osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) are a potentially valuable resource for novice learners. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate student experiences and the effectiveness of instructional videos in lieu of live faculty demonstration in a second-year osteopathic manipulative medicine course. METHODS: Faculty created and produced written instructions and videos for selected Still and facilitated positional release techniques...
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802557/pregnancy-research-on-osteopathic-manipulation-optimizing-treatment-effects-the-promote-study-protocol
#16
Kendi L Hensel, Michael S Carnes, Scott T Stoll
The structural and physiologic changes in a woman's body during pregnancy can predispose pregnant women to low back pain and its associated disability, as well as to complications of pregnancy, labor, and delivery. Anecdotal and empirical evidence has indicated that osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) may be efficacious in improving pain and functionality in women who are pregnant. Based on that premise, the Pregnancy Research on Osteopathic Manipulation Optimizing Treatment Effects (PROMOTE) study was designed as a prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, and blinded clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy of an OMT protocol for pain during third-trimester pregnancy...
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802556/effect-of-osteopathic-cranial-manipulative-medicine-on-visual-function
#17
Mark E Sandhouse, Diana Shechtman, Gregory Fecho, Elena M Timoshkin
CONTEXT: The effects of osteopathic cranial manipulative medicine (OCMM) on visual function have been poorly characterized in the literature. Based on a pilot study conducted by their research group, the authors conducted a study that examined whether OCMM produced a measurable change in visual function in adults with cranial asymmetry. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, controlled, double-blinded clinical trial. The intervention and control (sham therapy) were applied during 8 weekly visits, and participants in both groups received 8 weekly follow-up visits...
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802555/promote-study-safety-of-osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-during-the-third-trimester-by-labor-and-delivery-outcomes
#18
Kendi L Hensel, Brandy M Roane, Anita Vikas Chaphekar, Peggy Smith-Barbaro
BACKGROUND: Few quality data exist on the safety of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) during pregnancy. The Pregnancy Research on Osteopathic Manipulation Optimizing Treatment Effects (PROMOTE) study was a randomized controlled clinical trial that studied the application of an OMT protocol to manage pain and dysfunction in pregnant patients during their third trimester. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety of an OMT protocol applied during the third trimester of pregnancy by analyzing incidence of high-risk status and labor and delivery outcomes...
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802554/moving-medical-knowledge-discovery-and-osteopathic-health-care-forward
#19
Peggy Smith-Barbaro, David C Mason, Frank Filipetto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669078/porphyria-cutanea-tarda
#20
Eric M Neverman, Rochelle Parker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
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