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Journal of the American Osteopathic Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846128/what-osteopathic-physicians-do
#1
John R Gimpel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846127/l%C3%A3-ffler-endocarditis-and-endomyocardial-fibrosis
#2
Matthew J Flanigan, Michael R Velez, Emily A Ruden, Scott M Lilly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846126/progressive-infantile-scoliosis-managed-with-osteopathic-manipulative-treatment
#3
Richard A Feely, Holly E Kapraun
Infantile idiopathic scoliosis is a compensatory result of cranial and sacral intraosseous dysfunction associated with asymmetric developmental deformation of the occiput, leading to dysfunction of the sphenobasilar synchondrosis. A female infant with progressive infantile idiopathic scoliosis diagnosed at age 12 months (46.9° left scoliotic curve) initially received standard orthopedic care, including casting. The patient presented for osteopathic evaluation at age 14 months, at which time her scoliotic curve was 52°...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846125/intuitive-judgement-in-the-context-of-osteopathic-clinical-reasoning
#4
Torsten Liem
Previous research into osteopathic clinical and diagnostic decision making suggests that reasoning is commonly based on highly analytical as well as intuitive processes. According to the dual-process theory, the intuitive and analytical processing that leads to decision making is equally important in diagnostic reasoning. This article aims to explore the underlying and influencing factors that may lead to the development and reliability of intuition in clinical decision making generally and in osteopathic clinical reasoning specifically...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846124/self-efficacy-of-osteopathic-medical-students-in-a-rural-urban-underserved-pathway-program
#5
Sharon L Casapulla
Context: Self-efficacy has been shown to play a role in medical students' choice of practice location. More physicians are needed in rural and urban underserved communities. Ohio University Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine has a co-curricular training program in rural and urban underserved practice to address this shortage. Objective: To assess whether participation in the co-curricular program in rural and urban underserved practice affects self-efficacy related to rural and underserved urban practice...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846123/osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-to-manage-ophthalmic-conditions
#6
Tatyana Sherman, Yasmin Qureshi, Austin Bach
Although there is little evidence-based literature regarding osteopathic manipulative treatment for ophthalmic conditions, the general principles and techniques of osteopathic manipulative medicine can be used to manage various ophthalmic pathologic conditions. Additional research to support these treatment options and evaluate the role of OMT as a potential conservative treatment option used by ophthalmologists is needed.
September 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846122/single-osteopathic-manipulative-therapy-session-dampens-acute-autonomic-and-neuroendocrine-responses-to-mental-stress-in-healthy-male-participants
#7
Mauro Fornari, Luca Carnevali, Andrea Sgoifo
Context: The efficacy of osteopathic manipulative therapy (OMTh; manipulative care provided by foreign-trained osteopaths) is supported by observational data and patient feedback, but there is still a need for objective, quantitative biomarkers that allow measurement of the underlying mechanisms. No study exploring the protective potential of OMTh for mental stress has been published, to the authors' knowledge. Objectives: To explore the modulating effect of OMTh on autonomic neural regulation of the heart and verifiy its ability to influence the activity of the hypothalmic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846121/pennsylvania-otolaryngologists-as-a-model-for-the-implications-of-practice-location-of-osteopathic-vs-allopathic-surgical-subspecialists
#8
Shane Griffith, Anton Power, Mark Strand
Background: Evidenced-based models should be used to predict future implications of the single accreditation system for graduate medical education. Compared with other states, Pennsylvania has a relatively high number of osteopathic physicians (ie, DOs) and may be used as a model for a health care system with an increased DO presence. Objective: To compare the geographic distribution of otolaryngologist DOs with otolaryngologist allopathic physicians (ie, MDs) in Pennsylvania and identify differences in community size (urban, urbanized, and rural) in which these physicians practice...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846120/mother-still
#9
Thomas A Quinn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759099/effects-of-clinical-exposure-to-osteopathic-manipulative-medicine-on-confidence-levels-of-medical-students
#10
Lisa N Shapiro, Danielle Defoe, Min-Kyung Jung, To Shan Li, Sheldon C Yao
Context: Training in osteopathic manipulative medicine (OMM) is a unique component of the osteopathic medical school curriculum. Indicators of successful OMM programming include student comfort in explaining and performing OMM as well as confidence in using OMM on future patients. Research on the amount of clinical exposure sufficient to achieve this goal is limited. Objectives: To gauge the impact of clinical OMM exposure on medical students' self-assessed understanding of OMM, their ability to discuss, explain, and perform OMM, and their plan to use OMM in their future practice...
August 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759098/obliterated-temporomandibular-joint
#11
Murray R Berkowitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759097/vanishing-lung-syndrome
#12
Samer Al Hadidi, Rupal Shastri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759096/pheochromocytoma-induced-cardiomyopathy-mimicking-acute-coronary-syndrome
#13
Viliane Vilcant
Pheochromocytoma is a rare catecholamine-secreting tumor with a prevalence of 0.1% to 0.6% in hypertensive patients. The classic triad of symptoms is headache, palpitations, and diaphoresis, but clinical presentation varies greatly. Pheochromocytoma can also mimic acute coronary syndrome and heart failure. With surgical resection, appropriate preoperative medical therapy, and 10% malignancy rate, prognosis is usually good. In the present case, a patient presented to the emergency department with symptoms suggesting a non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and was transferred to a tertiary medical center for a cardiac catheterization...
August 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759095/ready-for-residency-a-bloomian-analysis-of-competency-based-osteopathic-medical-education
#14
Kyle Rosenberger, Daniel Skinner, Jody Monk
Context: Bloom's Taxonomy is a widely accepted tool for analyzing learning objectives, creating assessment materials, and ensuring that students move progressively through various levels of knowledge and cognition. Competency-based osteopathic medical education has, to the authors' knowledge, yet to be subjected to systematic bloomian analysis. Objective: To advance a bloomian analysis of competencies published by the American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine (AACOM) and draw consequences of that analysis for undergraduate osteopathic medical education...
August 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759094/conversion-of-sugar-to-fat-is-hepatic-de-novo-lipogenesis-leading-to-metabolic-syndrome-and-associated-chronic-diseases
#15
Jean-Marc Schwarz, Michael Clearfield, Kathleen Mulligan
Epidemiologic studies suggest a link between excess sugar consumption and obesity, fatty liver disease, metabolic syndrome, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. One important pathway that may link these metabolic diseases to sugar consumption is hepatic conversion of sugar to fat, a process known as de novo lipogenesis (DNL). Mechanistic studies have shown that diets high in simple sugars increase both DNL and liver fat. Importantly, removal of sugar from diets of children with obesity for only 9 days consistently reduced DNL and liver fat and improved glucose and lipid metabolism...
August 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759093/functional-somatic-syndrome-assessment-and-management
#16
Christopher J Graver
Functional somatic syndrome (FSS) occurs in as many as 30% of patients in general medical practice, but it is infrequently a topic of formal instruction. Many physicians feel uncomfortable with medically unexplained symptoms and are unfamiliar with how to assess or manage them. Traditional medical approaches can be ineffective and can contribute to iatrogenic or adverse physiologic effects in patients. Physicians treating patients with FSS should not only consider standard medical tests, but they should also try to gain a deeper behavioral understanding of the mind-body connections that underlie the presenting symptoms...
August 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759092/clinical-preceptors-perceptions-of-empathy-the-empathy-in-osteopathic-training-and-education-emote-study
#17
Glenn Elbert Davis, Walter Carl Hartwig, Adam J McTighe
Context: Physician empathy influences rapport with patients and improves outcomes, but it is not well understood as an outcome of osteopathic medical education. Objective: To determine how clerkship preceptors at Touro University College of Osteopathic Medicine-CA (TUCOM) in Vallejo define empathy and how they compare observed empathetic behavior of TUCOM students with that of other medical students. Methods: Cross-sectional data were obtained from a survey of TUCOM clinical preceptors comparing TUCOM students with other medical students on 10 behaviors...
August 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759091/fundamentals-for-an-osteopathic-obesity-designed-study-the-effects-of-education-on-osteopathic-medical-students-attitudes-regarding-obesity
#18
Gregory G Gayer, Jennifer Weiss, Michael Clearfield
Context: Obesity is a major health concern in the United States, and its prevalence continues to rise. Although it is a common health issue, many people, including health care professionals, are biased against people with obesity. Objective: To determine whether a comprehensive obesity curriculum presented to students in medical school can positively influence their attitudes toward obesity. Methods: The study was designed around a comprehensive educational obesity curriculum at Touro University College of Osteopathic Medicine-CA, involving the classes of 2013 through 2018...
August 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759090/a-path-to-osteopathic-distinction-the-touro-california-groupie-program
#19
EDITORIAL
Michael Clearfield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662565/hematemesis-caused-by-forgotten-corrective-device
#20
In Chul An, Iftiker K Ahmad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
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