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Journal of the American Dietetic Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22117672/how-can-i-help-my-client-who-is-experiencing-a-weight-loss-plateau
#1
Eleese Cunningham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2011: Journal of the American Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22117671/nutrition-professionals-are-obligated-to-follow-ethical-guidelines-when-conducting-industry-funded-research
#2
Theresa A Nicklas, Wahida Karmally, Carol E O'Neil
Although disclosure of all funding sources, including those from industry, is mandatory for publication, it is no longer adequate. Given the skepticism surrounding industry-funded research, we need guidelines for communication with funding organizations and publication venues, and we need to safeguard and preserve research and scientific integrity.
December 2011: Journal of the American Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22117670/accuracy-of-quick-and-easy-undernutrition-screening-tools-short-nutritional-assessment-questionnaire-malnutrition-universal-screening-tool-and-modified-malnutrition-universal-screening-tool-in-patients-undergoing-cardiac-surgery
#3
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Lenny M W van Venrooij, Paul A M van Leeuwen, Wendy Hopmans, Mieke M M J Borgmeijer-Hoelen, Rien de Vos, Bas A J M De Mol
The objective of this study was to compare the quick-and-easy undernutrition screening tools, ie, Short Nutritional Assessment Questionnaire and Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool, in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with respect to their accuracy in detecting undernutrition measured by a low-fat free mass index (FFMI; calculated as kg/m(2)), and secondly, to assess their association with postoperative adverse outcomes. Between February 2008 and December 2009, a single-center observational cohort study was performed (n=325)...
December 2011: Journal of the American Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22117669/health-behaviors-and-weight-status-of-childhood-cancer-survivors-and-their-parents-similarities-and-opportunities-for-joint-interventions
#4
Hoda Badr, Raheem J Paxton, Joann L Ater, Diana Urbauer, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried
Childhood cancer survivors are at increased risk for chronic health conditions that may be influenced by their cancer treatment and unhealthy lifestyle behaviors. Despite the possibility that interventions targeting the survivor-parent dyad may hold promise for this population, a clearer understanding of the role of family factors and the lifestyle behaviors of both survivors and parents is needed. A mailed cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2009 to assess weight status (body mass index), lifestyle behaviors (eg, diet, physical activity), and the quality of the parent-child relationship among 170 childhood cancer survivors who were treated at MD Anderson Cancer Center and 114 of their parents (80% mothers)...
December 2011: Journal of the American Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22117668/sensory-evaluation-ratings-and-moisture-contents-show-that-soy-is-acceptable-as-a-partial-replacement-for-all-purpose-wheat-flour-in-peanut-butter-graham-crackers
#5
Joelle E Romanchik-Cerpovicz, Amy E Abbott, Laura A Dent
Fortification can help individuals achieve adequate nutritional intake. Foods may be fortified with soy flour as a source of protein for individuals limiting their intake of animal products, either due to personal dietary preference or to reduce their intake of saturated fat, a known risk factor for heart disease. This study determined the feasibility of fortifying peanut butter graham crackers by substituting soy flour for all-purpose wheat flour at 25%, 50%, 75%, or 100% weight/weight. Graham crackers fortified with soy flour were compared to similarly prepared nonfortified peanut butter graham crackers...
December 2011: Journal of the American Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22117667/how-much-of-racial-ethnic-disparities-in-dietary-intakes-exercise-and-weight-status-can-be-explained-by-nutrition-and-health-related-psychosocial-factors-and-socioeconomic-status-among-us-adults
#6
Youfa Wang, Xiaoli Chen
Large disparities exist in obesity and other chronic diseases across racial/ethnic and socioeconomic status (SES) groups in the United States. This study examined how much of racial/ethnic differences in diet, exercise, and weight status could be explained by nutrition- and health-related psychosocial factors (NHRPF) and SES among US adults. Nationally representative data of 4,356 US adults from the 1994-1996 Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals and the Diet and Health Knowledge Survey were used...
December 2011: Journal of the American Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22117666/associations-between-snacking-and-weight-loss-and-nutrient-intake-among-postmenopausal-overweight-to-obese-women-in-a-dietary-weight-loss-intervention
#7
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Angela Kong, Shirley A A Beresford, Catherine M Alfano, Karen E Foster-Schubert, Marian L Neuhouser, Donna B Johnson, Catherine Duggan, Ching-Yun Wang, Liren Xiao, Carolyn E Bain, Anne McTiernan
Snacking may play a role in weight control. The associations of timing and frequency of snacking with observed weight change and nutrient intake were assessed in an ancillary study to a 12-month randomized controlled trial in Seattle, WA. Overweight-to-obese postmenopausal women (n=123) enrolled in the two dietary weight-loss arms from 2007 to 2008 with complete data at 12 months were included in these analyses. Generalized linear models were used to test the associations between snacking and weight loss (percent) and nutrient intake at the 12-month time point...
December 2011: Journal of the American Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22117665/away-from-home-family-dinner-sources-and-associations-with-weight-status-body-composition-and-related-biomarkers-of-chronic-disease-among-adolescents-and-their-parents
#8
Jayne A Fulkerson, Kian Farbakhsh, Leslie Lytle, Mary O Hearst, Donald R Dengel, Keryn E Pasch, Martha Y Kubik
Information regarding associations between types of away-from-home family meal sources and obesity and other chronic diseases could help guide dietetics practitioners. The present study describes the purchase frequency of away-from-home food sources for family dinner (fast food, other restaurant purchases, home delivery, and takeout foods) and associations with weight status and percent body fat among adolescents (n=723) and parents (n=723) and related biomarkers of chronic disease among adolescents (n=367)...
December 2011: Journal of the American Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22117664/adverse-food-reactions-an-emerging-issue-for-adults
#9
REVIEW
Isabel Skypala
Adverse reactions to foods are classified according to the presence or absence of involvement of the immune system, which may or may not include the production of immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies. This review focuses on the epidemiology, diagnosis, and management of adverse food reactions, primarily in adults, and excluding celiac disease and lactose intolerance. Reported reactions to foods are often believed to be manifestations of a food allergy; however, IgE-mediated food allergy only affects 1% to 4% of adults, with seafood, tree nuts, peanuts, fruits, and vegetables being the most common triggers...
December 2011: Journal of the American Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22117663/energy-balance-in-patients-with-pressure-ulcers-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#10
REVIEW
Emanuele Cereda, Catherine Klersy, Mariangela Rondanelli, Riccardo Caccialanza
Medical nutrition therapy is reported to contribute to wound healing. However, effective intervention requires an accurate estimation of individual energy needs, which, in turn, relies on accurate methods of assessment. The primary aims of this systematic review and meta-analysis were to evaluate the resting energy expenditure (REE) of patients with pressure ulcers (PUs) compared to matched control groups and the potential estimation bias of REE predictive equations. The recommended daily energy requirements of patients with PUs were also assessed, along with their energy balance (daily energy requirement vs intake)...
December 2011: Journal of the American Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22117662/maternal-styles-of-talking-about-child-feeding-across-sociodemographic-groups
#11
Megan H Pesch, Kristina J Harrell, Niko Kaciroti, Katherine L Rosenblum, Julie C Lumeng
This study sought to identify maternal styles of talking about child feeding from a semistructured interview and to evaluate associated maternal and child characteristics. Mothers of preschool-aged children (n=133) of diverse race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status (SES) (45 lower SES black, 29 lower SES white, 32 lower SES Hispanic, 15 middle to upper SES white, and 12 middle to upper SES Asian) participated in a semistructured interview about feeding. Interviews were audiotaped and transcribed. Themes were identified, and individual interviews were coded within these themes: authority (high/low), confidence (confident/conflicted/unopinionated), and investment (deep/mild/removed)...
December 2011: Journal of the American Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22117661/the-wellness-child-care-assessment-tool-a-measure-to-assess-the-quality-of-written-nutrition-and-physical-activity-policies
#12
Jennifer Falbe, Erica L Kenney, Kathryn E Henderson, Marlene B Schwartz
BACKGROUND: There is a growing interest in studying the influence of child-care center policies on the health of preschool-aged children. OBJECTIVE: To develop a reliable and valid instrument to quantitatively evaluate the quality of written nutrition and physical activity policies at child-care centers. DESIGN: Reliability and validation study. A 65-item measure was created to evaluate five areas of child-care center policies: nutrition education, nutrition standards for foods and beverages, promoting healthy eating in the child-care setting, physical activity, and communication and evaluation...
December 2011: Journal of the American Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22117660/long-term-dietary-outcomes-of-the-fresh-start-intervention-for-breast-and-prostate-cancer-survivors
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Shannon M Christy, Catherine E Mosher, Richard Sloane, Denise C Snyder, David F Lobach, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried
BACKGROUND: Cancer survivors are at increased risk for secondary cancers and other diseases. Healthy dietary practices may improve cancer survivors' health and well-being. OBJECTIVE: The durability of the effects of the FRESH START intervention, a program of sequentially tailored mailed materials, and standardized mailed materials (for controls) on cancer survivors' dietary outcomes was assessed over a 2-year period. Greater dietary gains were expected for FRESH START participants relative to controls...
December 2011: Journal of the American Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22117659/vitamin-d-status-and-associations-in-newborn-formula-fed-infants-during-initial-hospitalization
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Corrine Hanson, Laura Armas, Elizabeth Lyden, Ann Anderson-Berry
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that adequate vitamin D status in infancy plays a role in improving bone health and preventing disease, including type 1 diabetes, infections, and asthma. The objective of this study was to provide newborn hospitalized infants with American Academy of Pediatrics recommendations of 400 IU/day vitamin D-3 and measure the effect on serum 25(OH)D levels. DESIGN: This trial was conducted August 2009 to June 2010. Infants were randomized to a control were measured from cord blood, every 7 days, and at discharge...
December 2011: Journal of the American Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22117658/dietary-intakes-associated-with-successful-weight-loss-and-maintenance-during-the-weight-loss-maintenance-trial
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Catherine M Champagne, Stephanie T Broyles, Laura D Moran, Katherine C Cash, Erma J Levy, Pao-Hwa Lin, Bryan C Batch, Lillian F Lien, Kristine L Funk, Arlene Dalcin, Catherine Loria, Valerie H Myers
BACKGROUND: Dietary components effective in weight maintenance efforts have not been adequately identified. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of changes in dietary consumption on weight loss and maintenance during the Weight Loss Maintenance clinical trial. DESIGN: Weight Loss Maintenance was a randomized controlled trial. Successful weight loss participants who completed Phase I of the trial and lost 4 kg were randomized to one of three maintenance intervention arms in Phase II and followed for an additional 30 months...
December 2011: Journal of the American Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22117657/dietary-strategies-for-successful-weight-loss-and-maintenance-more-evidence-required
#16
EDITORIAL
Clare E Collins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2011: Journal of the American Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22117656/determinants-of-vitamin-d-status-in-early-infancy
#17
EDITORIAL
Stephanie A Atkinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2011: Journal of the American Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22117655/understanding-socioeconomic-and-racial-ethnic-status-disparities-in-diet-exercise-and-weight-underlying-contextual-factors-and-pathways
#18
COMMENT
Penny Gordon-Larsen, Barry Popkin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2011: Journal of the American Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22117654/making-menus-friendly-marketing-your-food-intolerance-expertise
#19
Brian Boyce
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2011: Journal of the American Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22117653/constructive-developmental-theory-an-alternative-approach-to-leadership
#20
Anne Marie B Hunter, Nancy M Lewis, Paula K Ritter-Gooder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2011: Journal of the American Dietetic Association
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