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Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909347/cancer-among-american-indians-identifying-priority-areas-in-oklahoma
#1
Sydney A Martinez, Amanda E Janitz, Julie Erb-Alvarez, Dana S Mowls, Janis E Campbell, Tom Anderson
BACKGROUND: We describe and compare cancer incidence and mortality among American Indians (AI/ANs) and whites in nine Indian Health Service (IHS) Service Units in Oklahoma. METHODS: Using data from the Oklahoma Central Cancer Registry and the web-based OK2SHARE database, we obtained age-adjusted cancer incidence rates from 1997 to 2012 and cancer mortality rates from 1999 to 2009 for AI/ANs and whites in Oklahoma. We examined differences in primary site, percentage of late stage diagnoses, and trends over time...
July 2016: Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890941/five-year-cancer-survival-rates-in-oklahoma-from-1997-to-2008
#2
Janis Campbell, Krupa Gandhi, Anne Pate, Amanda Janitz, Amber Anderson, Robin Kinnard, Kai Ding
INTRODUCTION: This study evaluated the five-year observed survival rates of American Indians/Alaskan Native, African American, and white cancer patients among various demographic characteristics in Oklahoma focusing on lung and bronchus, colon and rectum, female breast, and prostate for the cancer patients diagnosed between 1997 and 2008. METHODS: The five-year observed survival rates were calculated for overall cancer and specific cancer sites, using Kaplan-Meier method with data from the Oklahoma Central Cancer Registry...
July 2016: Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885308/pancreatic-cancer-a-survival-analysis-study-in-oklahoma
#3
Margaret Wahutu, Sara K Vesely, Janis Campbell, Anne Pate, Alicia L Salvatore, Amanda E Janitz
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic cancer is among the most deadly cancers. Risk factors associated with the disease include age, race, sex, smoking status, and diabetes status. METHOD: We conducted a prospective analysis of risk factors and length of survival among pancreatic cancer patients living in Oklahoma between 1997 and 2012 (n=6,291). Kaplan-Meier survival curves were created followed by the log-rank test to compare difference in the survival time. Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to examine the strength of association through the estimated hazard ratios...
July 2016: Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885307/epidemiology-of-testicular-cancer-in-oklahoma-and-the-united-states
#4
Shannon Smith, Amanda Janitz, Janis Campbell
Testicular cancer is a rare cause of morbidity and mortality in the US. Marked disparities in the development of this cancer exist, with testicular cancer being more common in Caucasian men and men of higher socioeconomic status. The incidence of testicular cancer is increasing worldwide, and the reasons for this have not been well documented. It has been proposed that this increase may be due to highly prevalent environmental factors, or from exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls, polyvinyl chloride, cigarette smoking, and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)...
July 2016: Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885306/impact-of-a-national-cancer-prevention-and-treatment-program-on-the-prevalence-of-late-stage-breast-cancer-diagnoses-in-oklahoma
#5
Amanda Janitz, Aaron M Wendelboe, Ann F Chou, Summer Frank, Angela Watkins, David Thompson, Janis Campbell
In 2000, Congress passed the Breast and Cervical Cancer Prevention and Treatment Act (BCCPTA) to provide coverage through Medicaid to women who screened positive for breast and cervical cancer. We aimed to determine if late-stage breast cancer prevalence decreased among Oklahoma women after passage of BCCPTA. Data were obtained from the Oklahoma Central Cancer Registry during 2000-2011. We estimated prevalence proportion ratios (PPR) using modified Poisson regression between the proportion of women with late-stage breast cancer and timing of diagnosis related to BCCPTA...
July 2016: Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885305/racial-ethnic-and-age-differences-in-the-incidence-and-survival-of-childhood-cancer-in-oklahoma-1997-2012
#6
Amanda E Janitz, Janis E Campbell, Anne Pate, Amber Anderson, René McNall-Knapp
While cancer is relatively rare in children under 20, it is the leading cause of disease-related death among children aged 5 to 14 years. We aimed to describe the incidence and survival of childhood cancer in Oklahoma from 1997-2012. We calculated age-adjusted incidence rates and five-year observed survival by cancer type using Oklahoma Central Cancer Registry and Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program data among children diagnosed with cancer under the age of 20 from 1997-2012. The average annual age-adjusted incidence rate of childhood cancer was 168...
July 2016: Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885304/trends-in-lung-and-bronchus-prostate-female-breast-and-colon-and-rectum-cancers-incidence-and-mortality-in-oklahoma-and-the-united-states-from-1999-to-2012
#7
Quyen Duong, C Larry Hill, Amanda E Janitz, Janis E Campbell
BACKGROUND: Cancer is the second-leading cause of death in the United States (US) and Oklahoma ranks near the top with the highest rates of mortality from cancer. The top four major sites of cancer were prostate, female breast, lung and bronchus, and colon and rectum. METHODS: Joinpoint software was used to examine the incidence and mortality for the four cancers over time from 1999-2012 for both the US and Oklahoma. RESULTS: Incidence and mortality rates declined from 1999-2012 for the four cancer sites...
July 2016: Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885303/oral-cavity-and-oropharyngeal-cancer-changing-trends-in-incidence-in-the-united-states-and-oklahoma
#8
Lindsay Denson, Amanda E Janitz, Lacy S Brame, Janis E Campbell
Oral cavity cancer (OC) has steadily decreased in the United States (US) since 1973 whereas oropharyngeal cancer (OP) has increased. We analyzed OC and OP cases from the Oklahoma Central Cancer Registry and Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program comparing those diagnosed from 1997-1999 to those diagnosed from 2010-2012. We compared the incidence of OC and OP cases between Oklahoma and the US and by demographic factors. We observed an increase in OP cases, but no change in OC cases in both the US and in Oklahoma, and observed some differences between Oklahoma and the US by race, gender, and age group...
July 2016: Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885302/cancers-of-the-thyroid-overview-and-statistics-in-the-united-states-and-oklahoma
#9
Munim H Deen, Kaitlin M Burke, Amanda Janitz, Janis Campbell
Recent studies have shown an apparent increase in thyroid cancer in the United States. Whether is due to an actual increase or increased screening is disputed. We analyzed thyroid cancer incidence and mortality across age and racial groups in Oklahoma (using data from the Oklahoma Central Cancer Registry) against Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program national data - using SEER*Stat software for mortality. In the US and Oklahoma, females had a higher AAIR compared to males, but it was lower in Oklahoma than in the US (Females: US 15...
July 2016: Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885301/prevalence-and-mortality-of-melanoma-in-oklahoma-among-racial-groups-2000-2008
#10
Jonathan Baldwin, Amanda E Janitz, Julie Erb-Alvarez, Cuyler Snider, Janis E Campbell
INTRODUCTION: This study assessed the period prevalence (2000-2008) and mortality rates of melanoma, in Oklahoma, among different racial/ethnic strata. METHODS: We analyzed incident cases of melanoma from 2000-2008 from the Oklahoma Central Cancer Registry and determined disease duration using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis to calculate period prevalence of melanoma in Oklahoma. Using a series of Chi-Square tests, we compared period prevalence and mortality rates among the racial groups and compared mortality between Oklahoma and the US...
July 2016: Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27328558/patients-with-a-substance-use-disorder-need-treatment-not-stigma
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27328557/keeping-health-care-affordable-one-way-ohca-does-it
#12
Nancy Nesser, Garth L Splinter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27328556/clinical-question-nasal-saline-or-intranasal-corticosteroids-to-treat-allergic-rhinitis-in-children
#13
REVIEW
Stefani Madison, Elizabeth Aubrey Brown, Rachel Franklin, Elizabeth A Wickersham, Laine H McCarthy
CLINICAL QUESTION: In pediatric populations, is nasal saline irrigation as effective as intranasal corticosteroids at relieving allergic rhinitis symptoms? ANSWER: No. Intranasal steroids are more effective than nasal saline alone to reduce symptoms of allergic rhinitis (AR) in children. Combination therapy further improves symptom reduction. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE FOR THE ANSWER: B SEARCH TERMS: Allergic Rhinitis, Nasal Saline, Nasal corticosteroids, children younger than age 18...
April 2016: Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27328555/a-rare-association-of-non-compaction-of-the-ventricular-myocardium-and-non-immune-hydrops-fetalis
#14
Raja Nandyal, Ganga Moorthy
Hydrops fetalis is a rare manifestation of severe congestive heart failure in a fetus, resulting in pathological fluid accumulation in fetal soft tissues and/or serous cavities. Non-compaction of the ventricular myocardium, frequently referred to as the left ventricular non-compaction (LVNC), is a very rare congenital cardiomyopathy. For LVNC, echocardiography is the diagnostic modality of choice. Various diagnostic criteria exist based on either echocardiography or MRI. Currently, nonimmune hydrops fetalis (NIHF) comprise almost 90% of all hydrops fetalis cases...
April 2016: Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27328554/clinical-question-does-medical-evidence-support-routine-oronasopharyngeal-suction-at-delivery
#15
REVIEW
M Blake Evans, William D Po
Oronasopharyngeal suction (ONPS) is regularly performed in neonates at delivery in many hospitals across the country today. Although ONPS is a technique that has essentially become habitual for most obstetricians, its theorized usefulness to help promote expeditious lung aeration after delivery by removal of amniotic fluid, meconium, mucus and blood that may otherwise be aspirated by the newborn, is currently not recommended. ONPS can cause vagal stimulation-induced bradycardia and thus hypercapnea, iatrogenic infection due to mucous membrane injury, and development of subsequent neonatal brain injury due to changes in cerebral blood flow regulation, particularly in premature infants...
April 2016: Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27328553/incoming-president-s-page-2015-2016-allow-me-to-introduce-myself
#16
Sherri S Baker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27328552/outgoing-president-s-page-2015-2016
#17
Woody Jenkins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27328551/no-secrets
#18
EDITORIAL
J Michael Pontious
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27265958/prescription-drug-misuse-and-associated-risk-behaviors-among-public-high-school-students-in-oklahoma-data-from-the-2013-oklahoma-youth-risk-behavior-survey
#19
Thad Burk, Marilyn L Sampilo, Tracy Wendling, Claire Nguyen, Jamie Piatt
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the magnitude of prescription drug misuse among Oklahoma high school students, examine associated risk factors, and inform state-based prevention strategies. METHODS: Data from the 2013 Oklahoma Youth Risk Behavior Survey were used for this analysis and were representative of public school students in grades 9 through 12 in Oklahoma. Variables were examined using percentages and 95% confidence intervals. The chi-square test was used to test for differences in proportions...
March 2016: Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27265957/clinical-question-in-adult-patients-on-warfarin-does-home-self-testing-of-prothrombin-time-and-or-international-normalized-ratio-provide-the-same-outcomes-compared-to-testing-by-a-home-health-nurse-or-in-a-clinical-setting
#20
REVIEW
May Kou Heu, Toney Welborn, Zsolt Nagykaldi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
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