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American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306343/erratum
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301250/naltrexone-in-the-treatment-of-binge-eating-disorder-in-a-patient-with-severe-alcohol-use-disorder-a-case-report
#2
Arnaud Leroy, Louise Carton, Harry Gomajee, Regis Bordet, Olivier Cottencin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301219/management-of-comorbid-bipolar-disorder-and-substance-use-disorders
#3
Ihsan M Salloum, Edson Sherwood Brown
BACKGROUND: The comorbidity of substance use disorders (SUDs) in bipolar disorder is among the highest in psychiatric disorders. Evidence-based controlled psychosocial or pharmacological interventions trials, which may guide treatment decisions, have not been systematically reviewed. OBJECTIVE: To present a narrative review of the public health and clinical significance of this condition, including diagnostic and treatment implications, and to evaluate controlled trials conducted to date...
March 16, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301217/neuromodulation-with-percutaneous-electrical-nerve-field-stimulation-is-associated-with-reduction-in-signs-and-symptoms-of-opioid-withdrawal-a-multisite-retrospective-assessment
#4
Adrian Miranda, Arturo Taca
BACKGROUND: Finding an effective, non-pharmacological approach to treat opioid withdrawal could remove some of the barriers associated with pharmacotherapy. The BRIDGE® is a noninvasive, percutaneous electrical nerve field stimulator developed to target pain. OBJECTIVES: This pilot study aimed to determine (1) the effects of the BRIDGE on withdrawal scores during the induction phase of opioid withdrawal therapy, (2) the percentage of subjects who successfully transitioned to medication assisted therapy (MAT)...
March 16, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272916/response-to-letter-to-the-editor-regarding-from-dispensed-to-disposed-evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-disposal-programs-through-a-comparison-with-prescription-drug-monitoring-program-data
#5
Kathleen L Egan, Mark Wolfson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267375/university-students-attributions-for-abstinence-from-synthetic-cannabinoids-and-synthetic-cathinones
#6
Kirstin J Lauritsen, Harold Rosenberg, Jon E Sprague
BACKGROUND: Synthetic cannabinoids and synthetic cathinones are two increasingly available and potentially dangerous classes of substances. OBJECTIVE: We designed this study to test whether university students rated the influence of different types of reasons for abstaining differently as a function of type of drug (synthetic cannabinoids vs. synthetic cathinones) and gender (male vs. female). METHOD: Using a web-based survey, 176 male and 437 female undergraduate university students rated the degree to which each of 42 reasons for not taking drugs influenced their abstinence from those two classes of substances...
March 7, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267355/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-disposal-programs-through-a-comparison-with-prescription-drug-monitoring-program-data
#7
Yiyang Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165770/response-to-letter
#8
Bart Hammig, Page Daniel, Heather Blunt-Vinti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121474/elevated-levels-of-dna-methylation-at-the-oprm1-promoter-region-in-men-with-opioid-use-disorder
#9
Ghasem Ebrahimi, Gholamreza Asadikaram, Hamed Akbari, Mohammad Hadi Nematollahi, Moslem Abolhassani, Gholamabbas Shahabinejad, Leyla Khodadadnejad, Mohammad Hashemi
BACKGROUND: The mu-opioid receptor, encoded by mu-opioid receptor gene (OPRM1), has an important role in the development of addiction to opioids. Its aberrant reduction on the cell membrane is responsible, at least in part, for tolerance and physical dependence. OBJECTIVES: The present study was designed to identify the relationship between opium consumption and epigenetic mechanisms involved in opium addiction. METHODS: Genomic DNA was extracted from the peripheral blood of 66 men with opium use disorder and 57 healthy men as a control group...
January 25, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075175/racial-group-categorization-in-minority-drug-use-studies
#10
Bin Yu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032813/effects-of-the-circle-of-life-hiv-prevention-program-on-marijuana-use-among-american-indian-middle-school-youths-a-group-randomized-trial-in-a-northern-plains-tribe
#11
Nancy L Asdigian, Nancy Rumbaugh Whitesell, Ellen M Keane, Alicia C Mousseau, Carol E Kaufman
BACKGROUND: Early substance use threatens many American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) communities, as it is a risk factor for maladaptive use and adverse health outcomes. Marijuana is among the first substances used by AI/AN youth, and its use becomes widespread during adolescence. Interventions that delay or reduce marijuana use hold the promise of curbing substance disorders and other health risk disparities in AI/AN populations. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the effectiveness of the Circle of Life (COL) program in reducing marijuana use among young AI adolescents...
December 29, 2016: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032807/region-specific-expression-of-precursor-and-mature-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factors-after-chronic-alcohol-exposure
#12
Jin-Wei Yang, Wei Ma, Yan-Lei Yang, Xian-Bin Wang, Xing-Tong Li, Tong-Tong Wang, Xiang-Peng Wang, Wei Gao, Jun-Yan Li, Xin-Fu Zhou, Jian-Hui Guo, Li-Yan Li
BACKGROUND: Alcohol abuse is a serious health problem worldwide that causes a variety of physical and mental disorders. Research has shown that the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plays an important role in alcohol addiction. The BDNF precursor (proBDNF) exhibits different actions than BDNF through separate receptors and pathways in the central nervous system. However, the effects of proBDNF and BDNF in alcohol addiction are not fully known. OBJECTIVES: The objective was to identify the expression patterns and effects of proBDNF and BDNF after chronic alcohol exposure...
December 29, 2016: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032801/blackouts-among-male-and-female-youth-seeking-emergency-department-care
#13
Diana M Voloshyna, Erin E Bonar, Rebecca M Cunningham, Mark A Ilgen, Frederic C Blow, Maureen A Walton
BACKGROUND: Alcohol-related blackouts are a common consequence of heavy drinking, and these blackouts pose risk for injury and other adverse health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence and correlates of blackouts among underage drinkers. METHODS: Youth (ages 14-20) presenting to a suburban Emergency Department (ED) completed screening surveys. Among those reporting past-year alcohol consumption, we examined past 3-month blackouts in relation to: background characteristics (e...
December 29, 2016: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929656/epilogue-to-special-issue-on-tobacco-and-other-substance-use-disorders-links-and-implications
#14
Steven A Schroeder
This paper summarizes The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse special issue and offers suggestions for future steps. People who use alcohol or other addictive substances are much more likely to use tobacco. Yet, clinicians and scientists have long regarded these addiction categories as separate and unrelated. The resultant benign neglect of tobacco use has had disastrous consequences on patients. This special issue is an important step toward remedying that situation. It has reviewed what is known and what more needs to be discovered regarding the co-occurrence of tobacco use disorder (TUD) and other substance use disorders (SUDs)...
March 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901590/introduction-to-special-issue-on-tobacco-and-other-substance-use-disorders-links-and-implications
#15
Theresa Winhusen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901585/a-review-of-positron-emission-tomography-studies-exploring-the-dopaminergic-system-in-substance-use-with-a-focus-on-tobacco-as-a-co-variate
#16
Thulasi Thiruchselvam, Saima Malik, Bernard Le Foll
With the evolving sensitivity of positron emission tomography (PET) and the emergence of novel radiotracers, greater insight has been gained into the dopaminergic system as it relates to substance use. In this review, we summarize PET investigations from the last ten years that explore the dopaminergic system in tobacco, alcohol, stimulant, opiates, and cannabis addiction. In light of the prevalence of substance co-use, this review will also explore the effect of tobacco and other substance abuse co-morbidity on the dopaminergic system across study samples in the reviewed literature...
March 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740856/alcohol-and-nicotine-interactions-pre-clinical-models-of-dependence
#17
Josephine R Tarren, Selena E Bartlett
While the co-morbidity of alcohol (ethanol) and tobacco (nicotine) dependence is well described, the processes that underpin this strong connection are still under debate. With the increasing popularity of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), it is now becoming more important to look to the neurobiological mechanisms involving alcohol and nicotine interactions to effectively treat a new generation of co-dependent individuals. Researchers have already recognized that the neuropathology produced by the combination of nicotine and ethanol is likely to produce an addictive nature very different to that of either one alone, and are employing a mixture of pre-clinical techniques to establish and investigate every stage in the development of both nicotine and ethanol-seeking behaviors...
March 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589579/interactions-between-nicotine-and-drugs-of-abuse-a-review-of-preclinical-findings
#18
Stephen J Kohut
Polysubstance abuse is common among substance-use disorder patients, and nicotine is one of the most commonly co-used substances. Epidemiological and clinical laboratory studies suggest that nicotine, when combined with other drugs of abuse, increases intake of one or both substances. This review focuses on the preclinical literature regarding nicotine's interaction with alcohol, stimulants (i.e., cocaine, amphetamines), opioids (i.e., morphine, heroin), and Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). The current understanding of how these various classes of abused drugs may interact with nicotine on behavioral, physiological, and pharmacological indices that may be important in maintaining co-use of one or both substances in human populations are highlighted...
March 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532746/mechanisms-and-genetic-factors-underlying-co-use-of-nicotine-and-alcohol-or-other-drugs-of-abuse
#19
Sarah J Cross, Shahrdad Lotfipour, Frances M Leslie
Concurrent use of tobacco and alcohol or psychostimulants represents a major public health concern, with use of one substance influencing consumption of the other. Co-abuse of these drugs leads to substantial negative health outcomes, reduced cessation, and high economic costs, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Epidemiological data suggest that tobacco use during adolescence plays a particularly significant role. Adolescence is a sensitive period of development marked by major neurobiological maturation of brain regions critical for reward processing, learning and memory, and executive function...
March 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27494436/the-co-occurrence-of-nicotine-and-other-substance-use-and-addiction-among-youth-and-adults-in-the-united-states-implications-for-research-practice-and-policy
#20
Linda Richter, Brandie S Pugh, Philip H Smith, Samuel A Ball
BACKGROUND: The increasing popularity of non-cigarette nicotine products, especially among youth, highlights the need for greater attention to their potential risks, including nicotine addiction and other substance use and addiction. OBJECTIVES: To examine the extent to which nicotine product use co-occurs with other substance use and addiction among youth and adults, describe the demographic groups and types of nicotine products associated with an increased risk of such co-occurrence, and discuss implications for research, prevention, clinical practice, and policy...
March 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
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