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American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse

Christine L Mathews, Holly E R Morrell, Jon E Molle
BACKGROUND: Up to 23% of people who play video games report symptoms of addiction. Individuals with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may be at increased risk for video game addiction, especially when playing games with more reinforcing properties. OBJECTIVES: The current study tested whether level of video game reinforcement (type of game) places individuals with greater ADHD symptom severity at higher risk for developing video game addiction. METHODS: Adult video game players (N = 2,801; Mean age = 22...
June 6, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Laura Acion, John Kramer, Xiangtao Liu, Grace Chan, Douglas Langbehn, Kathleen Bucholz, Vivia McCutcheon, Victor Hesselbrock, Marc Schuckit, Danielle Dick, Michie Hesselbrock, Samuel Kuperman
BACKGROUND: The Semi-Structured Assessment for the Genetics of Alcoholism (SSAGA) is an interview that assesses psychiatric symptoms and diagnoses, including substance use disorders and anxiety and mood (i.e., internalizing) disorders. Although the SSAGA is widely used, there exists no overall internalizing characteristics scale based on items drawn from SSAGA's mood and anxiety disorder sections. OBJECTIVES: To design and assess a SSAGA-based measurement instrument capturing the overall internalizing dimension that underlies more specific internalizing conditions...
June 5, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Matthew E Rossheim, Jenna R Krall, Julia E Painter, Dennis L Thombs, Caroline J Stephenson, Sumihiro Suzuki, M Brad Cannell, Melvin D Livingston, Kwynn M Gonzalez-Pons, Alexander C Wagenaar
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that reduced retail alcohol outlet density may be associated with lower prevalence of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). On-premise sale of alcohol for immediate consumption is theorized as increasing social interactions that can lead to sexual encounters. OBJECTIVE: We examined associations between on- and off-premise retail alcohol sales licenses and number of newly diagnosed HIV and STI cases in Texas counties...
June 4, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Daniel J Paulus, Lorra Garey, Matthew W Gallagher, Jaye L Derrick, Charles Jardin, Kirsten Langdon, Joseph W Ditre, Michael J Zvolensky
BACKGROUND: Past work has documented bidirectional associations between pain and cigarette smoking behaviors such that those who smoke evidence greater pain, and those in pain tend to smoke more. However, such work has not focused on the role of pain in relation to negative affect, which plays an important role during cessation attempts. OBJECTIVE: The current study evaluated pain as a predictor of negative affect as well as level of interference associated with negative affect among individuals undergoing a self-guided quit attempt...
May 30, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Bruce S Liese, Erik M Benau, Paul Atchley, Derek Reed, Amel Becirevic, Brent Kaplan
BACKGROUND: Some have suggested that text messaging is an addictive behavior. However, this characterization is uncertain, partly due to lack of well-validated measures of text messaging attitudes and behaviors. One standard instrument for measuring text messaging attitudes and behaviors is the Self-perception of Text-message Dependency Scale (STDS), though the psychometric properties of this scale have only been examined with a sample of Japanese youth. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the STDS in the United States to determine its utility as a measure of text messaging dependence...
May 14, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Tyler B Wray, Alexander C Adia, Ashley E Pérez, Erik M Simpanen, Laura-Allison Woods, Mark A Celio, Peter M Monti
BACKGROUND: Timeline Followback (TLFB) interview methods are used to assess a variety of health behaviors, including alcohol use, drug use, and sexual behavior. While several online TLFBs have been developed, most focus on single behaviors, and few studies have explored their validity in assessing multiple risk behaviors using a single online TLFB. OBJECTIVE: To examine the validity of a customizable web application (Timeline) for assessing alcohol use, drug use, and sexual behavior among high-risk men who have sex with men...
May 14, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Erin A McClure, Rachel L Tomko, Matthew J Carpenter, Frank A Treiber, Kevin M Gray
BACKGROUND: Similar to adult smokers, quit attempts among younger smokers almost inevitably result in relapse. Unlike adults, less is known about the process of relapse in this younger age group. A technology-based remote monitoring system may allow for detailed and accurate characterization of smoking and abstinence and would help to improve cessation strategies. OBJECTIVES: This study describes a mobile system that captures smoking using breath carbon monoxide (CO) and real-time self-reports of smoking behavior...
May 8, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
John C Higgins-Biddle, Thomas F Babor
BACKGROUND: The US Preventive Services Task Force recommends that clinicians screen all adults for alcohol misuse and provide brief counseling to those engaged in risky or hazardous drinking. The World Health Organization's (WHO's) Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) is the most widely tested instrument for screening in primary health care. OBJECTIVES: This paper describes the structural and functional features of the AUDIT and methodological problems with the validation of the alcohol consumption questions (AUDIT-C)...
May 3, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Namkee G Choi, Diana M DiNitto, C Nathan Marti
BACKGROUND: Despite increasing marijuana use rates over the past decade, the longitudinal association between marijuana use and other substance use problems among adults is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To examine associations of self-reported changes in marijuana use and marijuana use frequency with self-reported other substance use problems over a 12-month period. METHODS: Two waves (W1 and W2) of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health Study provided data...
May 3, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Laura B Monico, Jan Gryczynski, Robert P Schwartz, Jerome H Jaffe, Kevin E O'Grady, Shannon Gwin Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Although buprenorphine/naloxone (bup/nal) is well-established as a safe and effective treatment for opioid use disorders (OUDs), there are few studies reporting 12-month outcomes of patients receiving bup/nal in formerly drug-free outpatient programs. OBJECTIVES: To examine 12-month outcomes by bup/nal treatment enrollment status among a cohort of African American patients enrolled in a clinical trial. METHODS: This analysis builds upon a randomized trial of 300 opioid-dependent African American bup/nal patients in two outpatient programs in Baltimore, MD...
May 2, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Ariel Ketcherside, Francesca M Filbey, Pamela M Aubert, John P Seibyl, Julianne L Price, Bryon Adinoff
BACKGROUND: Emergent studies suggest a bidirectional relationship between brain functioning and the skin. This neurocutaneous connection may be responsible for the reward response to tanning and, thus, may contribute to excessive tanning behavior. To date, however, this association has not yet been examined. OBJECTIVES: To explore whether intrinsic brain functional connectivity within the default mode network (DMN) is related to indoor tanning behavior. METHODS: Resting state functional connectivity (rsFC) was obtained in twenty adults (16 females) with a history of indoor tanning...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Robert Walker, T K Logan, Quintin T Chipley, Jaime Miller
BACKGROUND: With a rise in overdoses and medical emergencies related to opioids, buprenorphine-naloxone (bup-nx) is seen as a preferred treatment for opioid dependence. However, the research examining experiences with bup-nx among polysubstance users who may or may not be opioid dependent has been limited. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to examine use, characteristics of users, and experiences of bup-nx use among polysubstance users entering drug-free recovery programs...
April 25, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Landhing M Moran, William J Kowalczyk, Karran A Phillips, Massoud Vahabzadeh, Jia-Ling Lin, Mustapha Mezghanni, David H Epstein, Kenzie L Preston
BACKGROUND: Responses to stress and drug craving differ between men and women. Differences in the momentary experience of stress in relation to craving are less well-understood. OBJECTIVES: Using ecological momentary assessment (EMA), we examined sex differences in real-time in two areas: (1) causes and contexts associated with stress, and (2) the extent to which stress and drug cues are associated with craving. METHODS: Outpatients on opioid-agonist treatment (135 males, 47 females) reported stress, craving, and behavior on smartphones for 16 weeks...
April 11, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Anne C Black, Ned L Cooney, Carolyn E Sartor, Albert J Arias, Marc I Rosen
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is prevalent among veterans who served post-9/11, and co-occurs with problem alcohol and substance use. Studies using ecological momentary assessment have examined the temporal association between time-varying PTSD symptoms and alcohol use. Results suggest individual differences in these associations. OBJECTIVES: We tested hypotheses that alcohol use measured by momentary assessment would be explained by acute increases in PTSD symptoms, and the PTSD-alcohol association would be moderated by trait impulsivity...
April 11, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
William J Kowalczyk, Landhing M Moran, Jeremiah W Bertz, Karran A Phillips, Udi E Ghitza, Massoud Vahabzadeh, Jia-Ling Lin, David H Epstein, Kenzie L Preston
BACKGROUND: In a recent clinical trial (NCT00295308), we demonstrated that clonidine decreased the association between opioid craving and moderate levels of stress and affect in patients receiving buprenorphine-based opioid agonist therapy. OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between illicit opioid use and craving and affect during the evaluation of clonidine as an adjunct medication in buprenorphine treatment for opioid use disorder. Secondarily, to examine whether those relationships are driven by within- or between-participant factors...
April 10, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Patricia A Cavazos-Rehg, Melissa J Krauss, Shaina J Sowles, Glennon M Floyd, Elizabeth S Cahn, Veronica L Chaitan, Marisel Ponton
BACKGROUND: The US has seen an increase in the popularity of highly concentrated forms of cannabis (hereafter concentrates) and too little is known about the potential risks associated with their use. OBJECTIVES: The present study aims to better understand the patterns and outcomes of concentrates use through the perspectives of young adult users. METHODS: Participants (N = 234, 27.9% female) aged 18-35 years were recruited using SurveyMonkey Audience® and had ingested concentrates at least once in the past 6 months...
March 7, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Cory A Crane
BACKGROUND: Efforts designed to investigate the effects of recent alcohol use on the perception of intimate partner aggression have been stultified by significant financial and logistical barriers that warrant the development of supplemental research methods that may result in more prolific investigation of the phenomenon. OBJECTIVES: The current study explored the viability of using online crowdsourcing to assess the effects of recent alcohol use on the perception of partner aggression...
March 7, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Rachel L Tomko, Kevin M Gray, Stephanie R Oppenheimer, Amy E Wahlquist, Erin A McClure
BACKGROUND: The use of ambulatory assessment to study behavior and physiology in daily life is becoming more common, yet barriers to implementation remain. Limitations in budget, time, and expertise may inhibit development or purchase of dedicated ambulatory assessment software. Research Electronic Data Capture (REDCap) is widely used worldwide, offering a cost-effective and accessible option for implementing research studies. OBJECTIVES: To present a step-by-step guideline on how to implement ambulatory assessment using REDCap and provide preliminary evidence of feasibility...
March 7, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Julia D Buckner, Emily R Jeffries, Ross D Crosby, Michael J Zvolensky, Courtenay E Cavanaugh, Stephen A Wonderlich
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence indicates a link between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and cannabis use and suggests that this link may vary as a function of the PTSD symptom cluster type. Consistent with negative reinforcement models of substance use, individuals with elevated Cluster D (Hyperarousal) symptoms may be more likely to use cannabis in response to elevated state anxiety and experience decreases in state anxiety after using cannabis. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to test hypotheses that the interaction of Cluster D and state anxiety would be related to subsequent cannabis use and that those with elevated Cluster D symptoms who used cannabis would report the greatest decreases in state anxiety...
February 14, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Daniel P Notzon, Meredith A Kelly, C Jean Choi, Martina Pavlicova, Amy L Mahony, Daniel J Brooks, John J Mariani, Frances R Levin
BACKGROUND: There are no FDA-approved pharmacotherapies for cannabis use disorders (CUD), despite the evaluation of numerous medications. Notably, chronic dosing of oral naltrexone decreases self-administration of cannabis in human laboratory studies. OBJECTIVES: To test the feasibility of long-acting injectable naltrexone for the treatment of CUD, while obtaining preliminary safety and efficacy data. METHODS: Twelve adult participants (seven male) meeting DSM-IV-TR criteria for cannabis dependence enrolled into an 8-week, open-label pilot study conducted at an academic treatment research clinic...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
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