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American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse

Lara A Ray, Spencer Bujarski, Erica Grodin, Emily Hartwell, ReJoyce Green, Alexandra Venegas, Aaron C Lim, Artha Gillis, Karen Miotto
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use disorder (AUD) and its associated consequences remain significant public health concerns. Given that AUD represents a spectrum of severity, treatment options represent a continuum of care, ranging from single-session brief interventions to more intensive, prolonged, and specialized treatment modalities. OBJECTIVE: This qualitative literature review seeks to describe the best practices for AUD by placing a particular emphasis on identifying those practices which have received the most empirical support...
October 29, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Scott C Wollman, Alexander O Hauson, Matthew G Hall, Eric J Connors, Kenneth E Allen, Mark J Stern, Rick A Stephan, Christine L Kimmel, Sharis Sarkissians, Brianna D Barlet, Christopher Flora-Tostado
BACKGROUND: Research has demonstrated that patients with opioid use disorders (OUD; including both opioid abuse and/or dependence) have poorer neuropsychological functioning compared to healthy controls; however, the pattern and robustness of the findings remain unknown. OBJECTIVES: This study meta-analyzed the results from previous research examining the neuropsychological deficits associated with opioids across 14 neurocognitive domains. METHOD: Articles comparing patients with OUD to healthy controls were selected based on detailed inclusion/exclusion criteria and variables of interest were coded...
October 25, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Grace L Reynolds, Dennis G Fisher
BACKGROUND: Alcohol and drug use by women is related to high-risk sexual practices and protective behaviors. OBJECTIVES: To determine sexual risk and protective behaviors using information about women's drug use immediately before or during sex. METHODS: Latent class analysis using PROC LCA in SAS software was used to determine classes of women using both past 30-day drug use and before or during sex. Participants were recruited from a community-based research site located in a low socio-economic area of Los Angeles County and completed the Risk Behavior Assessment, which elicits information on drug and sex risk behaviors...
October 25, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Joseph J Palamar
Surveys are the leading method of gathering data on prevalence and correlates of prescription opioid misuse. As the opioid crisis continues in the United States, reliable data on misuse have become increasingly important as under- and overreporting is common. This perspective discusses six potential barriers to researchers accurately assessing opioid misuse on surveys. These barriers include lack of respondent drug knowledge, researchers not properly defining opioids for respondents, querying overall opioid misuse rather than misuse of specific opioids, varying terminology (e...
September 19, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Chris Patterson, Lee Hogan, Miles Cox
BACKGROUND: There are two main categories of retrospective self-report alcohol consumption measures: summary and daily drinking. Time-efficient summary measures have been criticized for being less able to capture sporadic and unpatterned drinking. A novel retrospective summary measure, the Typical and Atypical Drinking Diary (TADD), may produce more precise estimates of alcohol consumption than the gold-standard daily measure, the Timeline Followback (TLFB). OBJECTIVE: To establish how accurately the TADD and TLFB retrospectively capture alcohol consumption compared to the Daily Drinking Diary (DDD) method...
September 19, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Marco Cavicchioli, Mariagrazia Movalli, Cesare Maffei
BACKGROUND: Theoretical frameworks postulate that mindfulness represents a relevant therapeutic process in substance use disorders (SUDs), especially in treating difficulties with emotion regulation (DER). Nonetheless, it remains unclear how mindfulness dimensions, particularly self-regulation of attention and acceptance attitudes, are implicated in the well-validated relationship between DER and SUDs. It is also uncertain whether mindfulness is considered a common protective factor for SUDs...
September 14, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Benjamin R Castine, Natalia Albein-Urios, Oscar Lozano-Rojas, Jose M Martinez-Gonzalez, Jakob Hohwy, Antonio Verdejo-Garcia
BACKGROUND: Individuals with cocaine use disorder (CUD) often display behaviours that are paradoxically misaligned with their situation. Typical examples include poor treatment motivation and inconsistent self-reported craving. These behaviours may reflect impairments in the awareness of one's own behaviour. OBJECTIVES: We examined whether impaired self-awareness of addiction-related frontostriatal dysfunction (i.e., symptoms of apathy, disinhibition, and executive dysfunction) was associated with treatment motivation and craving...
September 5, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Nicole H Weiss, Megan M Risi, Krysten W Bold, Tami P Sullivan, Katherine L Dixon-Gordon
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use is highly prevalent and linked to a wide range of negative outcomes among college students. Although emotion dysregulation has been theoretically and empirically linked to alcohol use, few studies have examined emotion dysregulation stemming from positive emotions. OBJECTIVE: The goal of the current study was to extend extant research by using daily diary methods to examine the potentially moderating role of difficulties regulating positive emotions in the daily relation between positive affect and alcohol use to cope with social and non-social stressors...
August 23, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Areg Grigorian, Sahil Gambhir, Lutfi Al-Khouja, Viktor Gabriel, Sebastian D Schubl, Frank Nastanski, Michael Lekawa, Victor Joe, Jeffry Nahmias
BACKGROUND: The reported incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) disease in trauma is 1-58% and is considered a preventable cause of mortality. Positive blood alcohol concentration (BAC) is found in 8-45% of trauma admissions; however, its association with VTE is controversial. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that a positive BAC on admission would be associated with a lower rate of VTE in a large national database of trauma patients. METHODS: We queried the largest United States trauma registry, National Trauma Data Bank (2007-2015), for any patient with positive BAC on admission...
August 7, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Christine L Mathews, Holly E R Morrell, Jon E Molle
BACKGROUND: Up to 23% of people who play video games report symptoms of addiction. Individuals with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may be at increased risk for video game addiction, especially when playing games with more reinforcing properties. OBJECTIVES: The current study tested whether level of video game reinforcement (type of game) places individuals with greater ADHD symptom severity at higher risk for developing video game addiction. METHODS: Adult video game players (N = 2,801; Mean age = 22...
June 6, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Laura Acion, John Kramer, Xiangtao Liu, Grace Chan, Douglas Langbehn, Kathleen Bucholz, Vivia McCutcheon, Victor Hesselbrock, Marc Schuckit, Danielle Dick, Michie Hesselbrock, Samuel Kuperman
BACKGROUND: The Semi-Structured Assessment for the Genetics of Alcoholism (SSAGA) is an interview that assesses psychiatric symptoms and diagnoses, including substance use disorders and anxiety and mood (i.e., internalizing) disorders. Although the SSAGA is widely used, there exists no overall internalizing characteristics scale based on items drawn from SSAGA's mood and anxiety disorder sections. OBJECTIVES: To design and assess a SSAGA-based measurement instrument capturing the overall internalizing dimension that underlies more specific internalizing conditions...
June 5, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Bruce S Liese, Erik M Benau, Paul Atchley, Derek Reed, Amel Becirevic, Brent Kaplan
BACKGROUND: Some have suggested that text messaging is an addictive behavior. However, this characterization is uncertain, partly due to lack of well-validated measures of text messaging attitudes and behaviors. One standard instrument for measuring text messaging attitudes and behaviors is the Self-perception of Text-message Dependency Scale (STDS), though the psychometric properties of this scale have only been examined with a sample of Japanese youth. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the STDS in the United States to determine its utility as a measure of text messaging dependence...
May 14, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Tyler B Wray, Alexander C Adia, Ashley E Pérez, Erik M Simpanen, Laura-Allison Woods, Mark A Celio, Peter M Monti
BACKGROUND: Timeline Followback (TLFB) interview methods are used to assess a variety of health behaviors, including alcohol use, drug use, and sexual behavior. While several online TLFBs have been developed, most focus on single behaviors, and few studies have explored their validity in assessing multiple risk behaviors using a single online TLFB. OBJECTIVE: To examine the validity of a customizable web application (Timeline) for assessing alcohol use, drug use, and sexual behavior among high-risk men who have sex with men...
May 14, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Rachel L Tomko, Kevin M Gray, Stephanie R Oppenheimer, Amy E Wahlquist, Erin A McClure
BACKGROUND: The use of ambulatory assessment to study behavior and physiology in daily life is becoming more common, yet barriers to implementation remain. Limitations in budget, time, and expertise may inhibit development or purchase of dedicated ambulatory assessment software. Research Electronic Data Capture (REDCap) is widely used worldwide, offering a cost-effective and accessible option for implementing research studies. OBJECTIVES: To present a step-by-step guideline on how to implement ambulatory assessment using REDCap and provide preliminary evidence of feasibility...
March 7, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Joanna Tran, Robert Teese, Peter Richard Gill
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use and related problems reach a peak in emerging adulthood. Impulsivity is a multifaceted construct known to be involved in emerging adult alcohol use. Few studies have examined impulsivity and alcohol use across both college attending and noncollege attending emerging adults. OBJECTIVES: To clarify the multifaceted nature of impulsivity and its links to emerging adult alcohol use, this study investigated whether the five distinct facets of the UPPS-P model of impulsivity were predictive of three different behavioral outcomes: alcohol intake, alcohol related problems and binge drinking...
2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Edward V Nunes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Stéphanie Habersaat, Julie Ramain, Gregory Mantzouranis, Julie Palix, Cyril Boonmann, Jörg M Fegert, Klaus Schmeck, Christian Perler, Marc Schmid, Sébastien Urben
BACKGROUND: Substance-use disorder (SUD) was found to be an aggravating factor to delinquency and is closely related to personality disorders (PDs). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate sex differences in the relationship between PD traits and SUD in adolescents institutionalized in child welfare and juvenile justice institutions. METHODS: PD traits were measured dimensionally in a sample of 282 boys (69 with an SUD diagnosis) and 143 girls (45 with an SUD diagnosis) from child welfare and juvenile-justice institutions...
2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Darla E Kendzor, Emily T Hébert, Michael S Businelle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
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