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Journal of Homosexuality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409704/attitudes-toward-homosexuality-in-adolescence-an-italian-study
#1
Alessandra Santona, Giacomo Tognasso
This study investigates Italian adolescents' attitudes toward gay men and lesbians and same-sex marriage, and their beliefs about the origins of homosexuality. The sample consists of 449 subjects (226 males), aged between 14 and 21 years. The principal instruments used are: the Attitudes Toward Lesbians and Gay men (ATLG), the Modern Homonegativity Scale (MHS) and the Attitudes Toward Same-Sex Marriage (ATSM). Results suggest that males show a more negative attitude than females toward homosexuals. Furthermore data reveal that respondents with a lack of personal direct contact with gay people have less positive attitudes toward homosexual people and same-sex marriage...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409697/lgbt-rights-activism-and-homophobia-in-russia
#2
Radzhana Buyantueva
This paper explores how lesbian, gay, bi-sexual, and transgender/-sexual (LGBT) people's perception of increasing conservative trends and negative public attitudes affected the development of LGBT rights activism in Russia. It includes following sections: (1) the analysis of the development of LGBT community and activism in Russia; (2) the investigation of public perception of same-sex relations and how LGBT people's views of it affected their readiness to join activism; and (3) the examination of the state's policy toward LGBT people in a wake of conservative discourse and its impact on LGBT activism and LGBT people's willingness to get involved in it...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406387/development-and-validation-of-the-transgender-inclusive-behavior-scale-tibs
#3
Shanna K Kattari, Ashley A O'Connor, Leonardo Kattari
Transgender inclusive behaviors are actions and communication supporting transgender individuals. Examples include using language not reinforcing the gender binary, asking for/using correct pronouns, creation of spaces that welcome members of the transgender community, and acknowledging cisgender (non-transgender) privilege. A survey was developed measuring this behavior in individuals, in order to examine the impact of transgender inclusive behavior and the potential effect of interventions on promoting inclusive behavior...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406367/issue-relevant-values-and-opinions-about-gay-rights-beyond-equality-and-morality
#4
Laurie Rhodebeck
Although many studies have examined the role of values in shaping public opinion, the number of values that inform this research is limited. This paper employs the concept "issue-relevant values" as a means to explore the broader range of values associated with policy issues. After discussing the concept in general terms, the paper explores issue-relevant values pertinent to public opinion about gay rights. Using the policy examples of employment nondiscrimination and same-sex couple adoption, the present study identifies, measures, and assesses several values that add to the very short list previously used to explain public opinion about gay rights issues...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402223/lgbtq-young-adults-on-the-street-and-on-campus-identity-as-a-product-of-social-context
#5
Rachel M Schmitz, Kimberly A Tyler
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, queer and other sexual and gender minority (LGBTQ+) young adults face unique identity-related experiences based on their immersion in distinctive social contexts. The predominant framework of performing separate analyses on samples of LGBTQ+ young people by their primary social status obfuscates more holistic understandings of the role of social context. Using 46 in-depth interviews with LGBTQ+ college students and LGBTQ+ homeless young adults, we ask: How are LGBTQ+ young adults' capacities for "doing" their gender and sexual identities shaped by their distinctive social contexts? In developing their identities, both groups of LGBTQ+ young adults navigated their social environments to seek out resources and support...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394731/media-representation-of-tongxinglian-in-china-a-case-study-of-the-people-s-daily
#6
Yixiong Huang
Over the past few decades, the worldwide lesbian and gay movements have diversified and increased their rights claims. The achievement of gay rights claims in society is the result of an interplay among various social factors and forces. Media is one of most influential players in building homosexual images and promoting mutual understanding. Chinese homosexuals were not treated as "criminals" or "mental illness patients" anymore in 1997 and 2001 respectively after decriminalisation and depathologisation. Thus, this article aims to explore how homosexuals were portrayed in the official media of China, particularly the People's Daily, to illustrate the changing perception of homosexuals in China's political and social spheres...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394728/destroying-false-images-of-god-the-experiences-of-lgbt-catholics
#7
Angele Deguara
This paper is about how lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans (LGBT) Catholics imagine God1(1) and how images of God change in parallel with their self-image. The study is based on qualitative research with LGBT Catholics most of whom are members of Drachma LGBTI in Malta or Ali d'Aquila in Palermo, Sicily. LGBT Catholics' image of God changes as they struggle to reconcile their religious and sexual identities, as they go through a process of "conversion" from deviants and sinners to loved children of God. One study participant compares his faith in God to peeling an onion: "With every layer one peels off, one destroys false images of God...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394718/psychosocial-risk-and-protective-factors-for-depression-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-queer-youth-a-systematic-review
#8
William J Hall
Many lesbian, gay, bisexual, or queer (LGBQ) youth suffer from depression. Identifying modifiable risk and protective factors for depression can inform the development of psychosocial interventions. The aim of this review is to evaluate the methodological characteristics and summarize the substantive findings of studies examining psychosocial risk and protective factors for depression among LGBQ youth. Eight bibliographic databases were searched, and 35 studies that met all inclusion criteria were included for review...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375783/making-diversity-conform-an-intersectional-longitudinal-analysis-of-lgbt-specific-mainstream-media-advertisements
#9
Ana-Isabel Nölke
This study introduces an intersectional analysis of explicit LGBT portrayals in mainstream advertising between 2009 and 2015. The analysis provides insights into the (in)visibility of the LGBT community over a period of significant social change. It finds that while the number of explicit representations of LGBT characters has risen dramatically, 230 out of 240 intersections of sexuality, class, age and race remain invisible. In using a new ad format-'Human Interest Ads'-advertisers move away from hyper-sexualisation, towards real individuals' stories of love and families...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353421/lgbt-competence-in-social-work-education-the-relationship-of-school-contexts-to-student-sexual-minority-competence
#10
David McCarty-Caplan
This study examined the relationship between master of social work program's (MSW) support of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people (LGBT-competence), and the sexual minority competence (LGB-competence) of social work students. Data was gathered from a sample of MSW program directors, faculty members, and students (N = 1385) within 34 MSW programs in the United States. A series of hierarchical linear models tested if a MSW program's LGBT-competence was associated with the LGB-competence of its students...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346079/patterns-of-mental-health-care-utilization-among-sexual-orientation-minority-groups
#11
Lisa F Platt, Julia Kay Wolf, Christopher P Scheitle
Prior studies of the utilization of mental health professionals by sexual minority populations have relied on data that are now dated and\or not nationally representative. These studies have also provided mixed findings regarding gender differences in the utilization of mental health professionals among sexual minority individuals. Using data from the 2013-2015 National Health Interview Surveys, this study investigates (1) how sexual minority individuals compare to heterosexual participants in their utilization of mental health professionals and (2) gender differences in that utilization...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346077/effects-of-brief-messages-about-antiretroviral-therapy-and-condom-use-benefits-among-black-and-latino-msm-in-three-us-cities
#12
Jeffrey H Herbst, Gordon Mansergh, Nicole Pitts, Damian Denson, Matthew J Mimiaga, Jeremy Holman
This pilot study examined effects of HIV prevention messages about self and partner benefits of antiretroviral therapy (ART) and condom effectiveness on increased intentions for behavior change. Data were from Messages4Men, a study examining prevention messages among 320 HIV-positive and 605 HIV-negative black and Latino MSM. Men completed a computer-based assessment after message exposure, and multivariable models controlled for risky sex and demographics. A majority of HIV-positive men reported increased intentions for ART use; 22% reported partner benefit information was new...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332954/attitudes-towards-parenthood-partnership-and-social-rights-for-diverse-families-evidence-from-a-pilot-study-in-five-countries
#13
Mara A Yerkes, Giulia Maria Dotti Sani, Cristina Solera
Attitudes towards the civil and social citizenship rights of individuals in diverse family forms are under researched. We use cross-national data from a pilot study among students in Denmark, Spain, Croatia, Italy and the Netherlands to explore cross-country differences in beliefs about partnership, parenthood and social rights of same-sex couples vs. heterosexual couples or married vs. cohabiting couples. The results suggest a polarization in students' attitudes between countries that appear more traditional (i...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332945/unevenness-in-health-at-the-intersection-of-gender-and-sexuality-sexual-minority-disparities-in-alcohol-and-drug-use-among-transwomen-in-the-san-francisco-bay-area
#14
Sean Arayasirikul, W Andres Pomart, H Fisher Raymond, Erin C Wilson
Research on the health of transwomen is largely focused on heterosexual HIV risk. Little is known about the health of sexual minority transwomen. We conducted a secondary cross-sectional analysis of data from a HIV risk and resilience study of transwomen aged 16 to 24 years in the San Francisco Bay Area (N = 259). Prevalence and demographic characteristics of sexual minority transwomen was assessed and logistic regression models were used to examine the relationship between sexual minority status and alcohol and drug use...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332944/homosexuality-religion-and-the-family-the-effects-of-religion-on-americans-appraisals-of-the-parenting-abilities-of-same-sex-couples
#15
Andrew L Whitehead
While a growing body of research focuses on Americans' attitudes toward same-sex couples as parents, very few include measures of religion and those that do fail to capture its multidimensional nature. Furthermore, many past studies rely on convenience samples of college students, or samples gathered outside the United States. Multivariate analyses of the 2012 General Social Survey-a nationally representative sample of adults in the United States-reveal that a slim majority of Americans still do not believe same-sex couples can parent as well as male-female couples and the religious beliefs, behaviors, and affiliations of Americans are significantly and at times differentially associated with appraisals of same-sex couples' parenting abilities...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332928/attitudinal-changes-toward-homosexuality-during-the-past-two-decades-1994-2014-in-korea
#16
Gahyun Youn
This study was conducted to examine recent Korean perspectives on homosexuality by comparing attitudes toward mental illness, crime, friendship, and civil rights related to homosexual people in 1994, 1999, 2004, 2009, and 2014. The respondents were 3,299 Korean men and women between 18 and 59 years of age, and the data were collected across five years. The major findings were that there has been greater acceptance of homosexuality and civil rights for homosexuals during the past two decades, but the changes have been slow; Korean homosexuals remain subjects of social stigma and discrimination primarily due to increased Christian activism...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278058/the-queerness-of-the-drive
#17
Teresa de Lauretis
The view of sexuality Freud first proposed in the Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality contains a discrepancy between the sexuality perverse and polymorphous described in the first two essays and the biologically directed, reproductive sexuality of the third essay. According to Jean Laplanche, the theorist of psychoanalysis who is Freud's closest reader and translator, the discrepancy is due to two contradictory opinions Freud apparently held at different moments of his writing: one, that sexuality is exogenous, an effect of seduction by adults; two, that sexuality is endogenous, innate in the human biological organism...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278061/transphobia-among-students-majoring-in-the-helping-professions
#18
Gila M Acker
The study was designed to further the understanding of transphobia among students majoring in the helping professions including social work, occupational therapy, and nursing. The study's hypotheses examined the effects of transgender content in education (e.g., textbooks and lectures), religiosity, contact with transgender people, and several sociodemographic variables with transphobia. Differences in transphobia levels between social work students and those in aligned professions were also explored. The sample consisted of 600 students of a public, urban university in New York City who participated in an online survey...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278060/sodomy-s-penumbra
#19
Joseph J Fischel
This article advocates a sodomitical approach to sodomy. Its approach is framed alongside and against three historical glosses on sodomy law: first, that sodomy law instantiates homophobia; second, that sodomy law targets sexual violence against boys; third, that sodomy law reaches assaultive sex against women that did not register as assaultive enough to qualify as "rape" by sexist juries. The first story of sodomy law is mostly wrong. The other two glosses pivot on protection: protection of boys or protection of girls and women...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278059/advocacy-communication-and-social-identity-an-exploration-of-social-media-outreach
#20
Erica L Ciszek
Increasingly, advocacy organizations employ social networking sites as inexpensive and often effective ways to disseminate outreach messages. For groups working to reach lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) youth, social media provide key platforms for connecting with target audiences. Although these young people increasingly utilize social media, little is known about how digital advocacy campaigns influence their sexual identity formation. This article applies concepts of social identity to examine how LGBTQ youth understand advocacy campaigns, how they perceive LGBTQ as a social category presented in campaigns, and what values they assign to LGBTQ group membership...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
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