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Journal of Homosexuality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30102130/affective-responses-to-gay-men-using-facial-electromyography-is-there-a-psychophysiological-look-of-anti-gay-bias
#1
Melanie A Morrison, Krista M Trinder, Todd G Morrison
Despite a wealth of attitudinal studies that elucidate the psychological correlates of anti-gay bias, studies that provide evidence of the physiological correlates of anti-gay bias remain relatively scarce. The present study addresses the under-representation of physiological research in the area of homonegativity by examining psychophysiological markers, namely the affective manifestations of anti-gay prejudice, and their correspondence with anti-gay behavior. Facial electromyography (EMG) was the technique used to acquire the psychophysiological markers via recordings from two facial muscle sites...
August 13, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30095380/negotiating-theory-when-doing-practice-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-research-on-interventions-to-reduce-homophobia
#2
Sebastian E Bartoș, Peter Hegarty
We performed a systematic review of qualitative research on interventions to reduce homophobia. Specifically, we conducted a thematic analysis of participant feedback given in 30 qualitative and mixed-methods studies. Participants often described interventions as "eye-opening." However, they also criticized many interventions for their mismatch with the social, historical, or institutional context in which they were conducted. Some participants rejected the interventions altogether, describing them as offensive or disgusting...
August 10, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30095375/health-needs-and-experiences-of-a-lgbt-population-in-georgia-and-south-carolina
#3
Lara M Stepleman, Jiby Yohannan, Samantha M Scott, Lauren L Titus, Joan Walker, Eliot J Lopez, Lauren Wooten Smith, Alexis L Rossi, Thomas M Toomey, Elizabeth D Eldridge
The 2016 Municipal Equality Index rated Augusta, the largest city in the Central Savannah River Area (CSRA), as one of the least lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) friendly cities in America. To understand the context of our region in relation to LGBT wellness, we conducted the first LGBT health needs assessment of the CSRA, assessing physical and mental health status and health care needs and experiences in the community. Participants (N = 436) were recruited using venue and snowball sampling and completed an anonymous online survey...
August 10, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30052498/-it-s-like-birth-control-for-hiv-communication-and-stigma-for-gay-men-on-prep
#4
Josh Grimm, Joseph Schwartz
This study focuses on how gay men communicate about pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), focusing on how they learned about PrEP, how they discussed adoption with health care providers, and to what extent they have encountered stigma on social networks. In this qualitative study, 39 gay PrEP users were interviewed about PrEP. A majority of the participants learned about PrEP via friends and potential sex partners, and a majority of the participants experienced stigma from their health care provider and from other gay men online, mainly referring to promiscuity and risks of STIs...
July 27, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30052497/coming-out-as-transgender-navigating-the-social-implications-of-a-transgender-identity
#5
Stacey M Brumbaugh-Johnson, Kathleen E Hull
This study examines transgender coming-out narratives. Most previous studies of coming out as transgender have relied on psychological stage models of identity development, with little empirical verification. This study uses identity theory to reframe transgender coming out as a primarily external, ongoing, and socially situated process. The data were collected from 20 transgender people residing in the Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota metro area through interviews and focus groups. The analyses reveal that coming out as transgender requires navigating others' gender expectations, others' reactions, and the threat of violence...
July 27, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30052169/-you-look-like-a-dude-dude-masculine-females-undoing-gender-in-the-workplace
#6
Raine Dozier
Interviews with 49 masculine females from diverse identities and occupations suggest that their workplace interactions undo gender, that is, breach rather than revise gender parameters. In this study, participants reveal that, although they were acknowledged as women in the workplace, their treatment was often more similar to men. Their classification as "like men" sometimes accrued advantage such as male camaraderie, access to information and opportunities, and greater assumed competence relative to gender-conforming women...
July 27, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30052161/same-sex-marriage-and-language-appropriation-practices-of-lesbians
#7
Nikki DiGregorio
Legal marriage has vacillated between being a private agreement made by two individuals and an agreement of social significance under the state's control (Nokov, 2008; Smart, 2013). Presently, we are without a definition of marriage that serves our diverse population. The discourse surrounding same-sex marriage in the United States is a topic of interest, as explicit attention to communication in reference to these relationships has rarely been documented (Land & Kitzinger, 2005; Richman, 2014). Using a qualitative framework and semistructured interviews, this study investigated the relationship between marriage equality and its impact on language appropriation for 20 lesbians in varying parts of the United States...
July 27, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30052153/songs-of-sodom-singing-about-the-unmentionable-vice-in-the-early-modern-low-countries
#8
Jonas Roelens
Although sodomy was purportedly an "unmentionable vice" in the early modern period, popular songs from the Low Countries paint a different picture. Bringing musical sources to bear upon the subject adds an extra dimension to the now widely held view that sodomy was a multimedia phenomenon in early modern society. Sodomy was represented in art, literature, poetry, and popular song as well. These songs were pedagogical in that they aimed to encourage performers and audience to live a pious life, and they stimulated the formation of confessional identities...
July 27, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30052152/hegemony-and-heteronormativity-homonormative-discourses-of-lgbtq-activists-about-lesbian-and-gay-parenting
#9
Diego Lasio, Francesco Serri, Isabella Ibba, João Manuel De Oliveira
LGBTQ activists have a crucial role in fighting sexuality-based discrimination. However, homonormativity can lead activists to adhere to hegemonic heteronormativity, thus threatening their efforts to widen the concept of family. Drawing on the Gramscian notion of hegemony, this article analyzes the notion of heteronormativity and its homonormative facet as a form of hegemony that impacts activists, sustaining the premises of heteronormativity and seeking inclusion within such norms. This research investigates the hegemonic heteronormative assumptions that endure in the discourses of Italian LGBTQ activists when they talk about lesbian and gay parenting...
July 27, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29944074/a-comprehensive-psychometric-examination-of-the-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-knowledge-and-attitudes-scale-for-heterosexuals-lgb-kash
#10
Dheeraj Raju, Lisa Beck, Andres Azuero, Casey Azuero, David Vance, Rebecca Allen
Heterosexual attitudes toward individuals with other sexual orientations and identities, such as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex, asexual, etc. (LGBTQIA+) have been conceptualized as multidimensional and wide ranging. With the objective of measuring these attitudes, Worthington and colleagues developed the Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Knowledge and Attitudes Scale for Heterosexuals (LGB-KASH). In this article, 540 college students were administered the LGB-KASH; these data were examined for their psychometric properties of the instrument using a sequential approach...
June 26, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927738/-no-pumps-allowed-the-problem-with-gender-expression-and-the-morehouse-college-appropriate-attire-policy
#11
Steve D Mobley, Jennifer M Johnson
Within higher education literature, historically Black colleges and universities (HBCUs) have been lauded for their exceptional ability to provide African American students with culturally engaging academic and social environments. While the aforementioned may be true, much of this literature presents HBCU students and these institutions as monolithic entities, with little regard to the ways social identities (e.g. gender, gender identity, and sexual identities) shape students' undergraduate experiences. This investigation uses Critical Discourse Analysis to explore the media's coverage and reactions to the Morehouse College Appropriate Attire Policy in order to examine how their campus stakeholders problematized gender expression within this HBCU context...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927737/disclosing-a-lgb-sexual-identity-when-living-in-an-elderly-long-term-care-facility-common-and-best-practices
#12
Feliciano Villar, Rodrigo Serrat, Montserrat Celdrán, Josep Fabà, M Teresa Martínez
This study aims at exploring staff perceptions of common and best practices toward a situation in which an older resident discloses their non-heterosexual sexual identity, differentiating between gay men, lesbians, and bisexuals. A total of 2,254 staff members from 96 Spanish long-term care facilities took part in the study. They were asked about what they think most of their workmates would do and what they think should be done in a situation in which an older resident discloses his/her non-heterosexual sexual orientation...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927728/internalized-homophobia-hiv-knowledge-and-hiv-aids-personal-responsibility-beliefs-correlates-of-hiv-aids-discrimination-among-msm-in-the-context-of-institutionalized-stigma
#13
Rayner K J Tan
There exists a paucity of research on the psychosocial risk factors of HIV/AIDS among men who have sex with men (MSM) in settings where they are stigmatized or face prosecution. The present study investigates discrimination against people living with HIV (PLHIV), internalized homophobia, HIV/AIDS personal responsibility beliefs and HIV knowledge in a purposive sample of 106 self-identified MSM obtained through a web-based survey disseminated by two voluntary welfare organizations. Results indicate that internalized homophobia is positively associated with discrimination against PLHIV...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927714/questionably-queer-understanding-straight-presence-in-the-post-gay-bar
#14
Jaime Hartless
Gay bars have long been understood as havens from heteronormativity. However, a shift towards greater LGBTQ tolerance has led to more heterosexual involvement in these once marginal places. Such shifts towards 'post-gay' identity politics have called into question the queerness of many LGBTQ-oriented social outlets. This paper illustrates how rhetorical marketing and aesthetic choices lead some venues to develop reputations as questionably queer spaces-reputations that are created and negotiated by patrons as they evaluate these venues' ultimate functionality in relation to their own increasingly uncertain ideals about the form and desirability of queer spaces...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920167/-we-re-disgusted-with-queers-not-fearful-of-them-the-interrelationships-among-disgust-gay-men-s-sexual-behavior-and-homonegativity
#15
Todd G Morrison, Mark J Kiss, C J Bishop, Melanie A Morrison
Using a combination of personal reflections, published literature, and original empirical research, we argue that the disgust triggered by gay men's sexual practices (specifically, anal intercourse) is a critical, though overlooked, contributor to heterosexual men and women's homonegativity (i.e., negative attitudes and behaviors directed toward men who are or are perceived to be gay). We conclude our article by articulating several directions for future inquiry that we believe will advance current understanding of prejudice and discrimination directed toward gay men...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893651/negotiation-of-sexual-identity-in-gay-on-air-talent-on-west-texas-radio-and-television-media
#16
Nathian Shae Rodriguez
This analytic autoethnography explores identity negotiation in on-air media personalities in West Texas by augmenting the author's personal experience with the lived experiences of five other gay radio/television on-air personalities. Employing the communication of identity theory, results indicate conflicts between the personal and communal frames, the relational and communal frames, and the enactment frame with all other frames. Strategies used to help navigate these conflicts include employment of hegemonic masculinity norms, self-monitoring, and assimilation...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893640/lgbtq-college-students-experiences-with-university-health-services-an-exploratory-study
#17
Logan Hood, Devon Sherrell, Carla A Pfeffer, Emily S Mann
Access to inclusive, equitable health care is central to the wellbeing of all college students yet little is known about LGBTQ students' experiences with university health services. In this article, individual interviews with a convenience sample of 14 LGBTQ students at a large public university were analyzed to explore their perceptions of and experiences with the university's health center and its services. Our findings demonstrate that the university is not adequately meeting their health care needs. Participants' narratives offer insights into how to improve campus-based health services for LGBTQ students...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893637/from-william-s-doll-to-jacob-s-new-dress-the-depiction-of-gender-non-conforming-boys-in-children-s-picture-books-from-1972-to-2014
#18
Nancy L Malcom, Nicole Sheahan
Charlotte Zolotow's 1972 storybook William's Doll introduced us to a young boy who wanted nothing more than a baby doll of his own to hug, cuddle, and love. Since that time other children's picture books featuring gender non-conforming boys have been published, telling stories about boys who dance, cook, and prefer to wear dresses. This qualitative research examines 20 of these books, published between 1972 and 2014. We analyze the themes and messages found in these books, paying particular attention to how the portrayals have changed over time...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893635/youtube-as-a-site-of-counternarratives-to-transnormativity
#19
Jordan F Miller
In this article, I discuss how transnormativity can be disrupted by not exaggerating the physical aspects of medical transition and by engaging in conversations around consequential sources of tension within gender and sexual minority communities, namely linguistic understandings of trans and gendered racism within white, gay, cisgender communities toward trans communities of color. This study is based on qualitative interviews with six trans YouTubers; these interviews were complemented by analyses of these YouTubers' videos and select comments on these videos...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29883282/discipline-and-discretionary-power-in-policing-homosexuality-in-late-imperial-st-petersburg
#20
Olga Petri
This article explores queer sexual policing in late Imperial St. Petersburg (c.1900-1917). The focus is on the street-level constables who bore the principal responsibility for policing male homosexual offenses in the city's public and semi-public spaces. This emphasis on the street-level policing of homosexuality contrasts with other discussions of gay urban history and the oppression of queer men by the authorities. The article draws on new evidence from precinct-level police archives to complement and challenge previous discussions of queer sexual policing in the Imperial capital...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
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