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Journal of Homosexuality

Richard Lemke, Mathias Weber
This study investigates how men who have sex with men (MSM) use chat and dating sites based on theories of stigma-related offline behavior and online self-disclosure. We hypothesize that hidden MSM (those who self-label as heterosexual or who hide their same-sex sexual attraction from family, friends, acquaintances, or a female romantic partner) differ to open MSM in how they behave on gay chat and dating sites and in offline gay venues. Drawing on a survey of 12,002 MSM, we show that hidden MSM tend to mask their identity on gay chat and dating sites while avoiding offline gay venues...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
David J Brennan, Greta R Bauer, Kaitlin Bradley, Oth Vilaythong Tran
OBJECTIVES: Research on sexual minority men (gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men) was examined with regard to the measures of sexual orientation used, the methods of research, and the main health outcomes under study. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of English-language quantitative studies of the health of sexual minority men published in 2010 (n = 250). RESULTS: This snapshot of the literature revealed that research on sexual minority men overwhelmingly focused on HIV, STIs, and sexual health for which sexual orientation was most commonly defined behaviorally...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
Gülşah Kemer, Ezgi Toplu Demirtaş, Amber L Pope, Esra Ummak
The aim of the current study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Identity Scale (LGBIS; Mohr & Kendra, 2011) in a Turkish sample. Three hundred and ten LGB individuals participated and completed the Turkish version of the LGBIS (LGBIS-TR) along with the Satisfaction with Life, Positive and Negative Affect, and Self-Compassion Scales. Confirmatory factor analysis results yielded a good-fit for eight subscales of the LGBIS-TR. We also obtained satisfactory criterion validity and internal consistency reliability...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
Andrew Ahrendt, Eric Sprankle, Alex Kuka, Keagan McPherson
The current study assesses ageism and heterosexism relating to older adult sexual activity within long-term care facilities. To assess caregiver reactions, 153 residential care facility staff members read one of three vignettes. Each vignette described a scenario in which a staff member walks in on two residents (male/female, male/male, or female/female) engaging in sexual activity. Although no main effects were discovered for vignette type, exploratory analyses revealed that the facility where participants were employed was significantly related to their ratings of approval...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
Stephanie N Webb
The definition of family in Australia has been continuously changing over the past four decades. The 21st century has brought with it various images of family, with an increase of awareness to same-sex families; however, the acceptance of such family structures does not appear to be widespread and is often determined by sex. Substantive literature demonstrates differences between men and women in attitudes toward same-sex parenting, with theory suggesting that gender role norms may explain this. Despite large efforts to determine sex differences in attitudes toward same-sex parenting, little research, and even less in Australia, has been done to investigate whether there are differences in reasons behind negative attitudes toward same-sex parenting between men and women...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
Jennifer M Boggs, Jennifer Dickman Portz, Diane K King, Leslie A Wright, Kenneth Helander, Jessica H Retrum, Wendolyn S Gozansky
This qualitative study conducted by a community-research partnership used multiple types of data collection to examine variables relevant for LGBTQ older adults who wished to age in place in their urban Denver neighborhood. Focus groups, interviews, and a town hall meeting were used to identify barriers and supports to aging in place. Participants (N = 73) primarily identified as lesbian or gay, aged 50-69, and lived with a partner. Ageism, heterosexism, and/or cisgenderism emerged as cross-cutting themes that negatively impact access to healthcare, housing, social support, home assistance and legal services...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
Benjamin L Compton, Jonathan M Bowman
For individuals in exclusive romantic relationships, the dynamics of sexual experimentation are nuanced. Extradyadic behavior outside of a relationship may be perceived as cheating or infidelity, with much of those perceptions driven by the biological sex of the perceiver. This study significantly reframes seminal research on perceptions of cheating with third-party friends by Kruger et al. (2013), in order to further nuance an evolutionary threat-based model. In doing so, this furthers our understanding of the associated perceptions of individuals in heterosexual relationships when confronted by partners' cheating with their same-sex cross-orientation friends...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
Danny Gordon, Mario Prajna Pratama
This work sough to document how Indonesian trans* FTM persons experienced discrimination across the interlinked domains of social networks, religious and educational institutions, employment and the workplace and health/healthcare institutions. Objectives were 1) to map the discrimination experienced by trans* FTM individuals in Indonesia, and 2) to establish the specific priorities of the Indonesian trans* FTM community. In-depth interviews, focus-groups and participant observation was used involving 14 respondents...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
Maia Mestvirishvili, Tinatin Zurabishvili, Tamar Iakobidze, Natia Mestvirishvili
The purpose of this study is to determine statistical predictors of homophobic attitudes among the residents of Tbilisi, Georgia. We analyze 2013 survey data from a representative sample of the Tbilisi adult population. Residents were asked about their attitudes, beliefs, and political and social values in the context of the 17 May 2013 attack on LGBT activists on the International Day against Homophobia and Transphobia (IDAHOT). Findings show that homophobia is significantly predicted by male gender, lower levels of education, acceptance of social inequality, non-liberal attitudes, and by perceiving homosexuals as a "threat to national security"...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
Gayle Brewer, Minna Lyons
Previous research has largely ignored the relationship between sexual orientation judgement accuracy, confidence, and attitudes towards homosexuality. In an online study, participants (N = 269) judged the sexual orientation of homosexual and heterosexual targets presented via a series of facial photographs. Participants also indicated their confidence in each judgement and completed the Modern Homonegativity Scale (Morrison & Morrison, 2002). We found that (i) homosexual men and heterosexual women were more accurate when judging photographs of women, as opposed to photographs of men, and (ii) in heterosexual men, negative attitudes towards homosexual men predicted confidence and bias when rating men's photographs...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
Alex Abramovich
This study examined the experiences that lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, questioning, and 2-Spirit (LGBTQ2S) homeless youth have in shelters and the disjunctures that occur for this population in Toronto's shelter system. The attitudes and behaviours of shelter workers and management towards LGBTQ2S youth were also explored. A Critical Action Research approach, informed by Critical Ethnography and Institutional Ethnography was employed. Thirty-three people participated in this study in the Greater Toronto Area...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
Byron Miller, Jessica Irvin
Intimate partner violence (IPV) impacts countless women and men in lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) as well as heterosexual relationships, but few studies have examined how such abuse is associated with the mental health of LGB victims. The present study addresses this issue using data from the 2006 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) survey to examine differences in depression and anxiety among IPV victims in LGB and heterosexual partnerships. The findings indicate LGB IPV victims are much more likely to have a history of depression (OR 1...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
Bryan McLaughlin, Nathian S Rodriguez
Scholars examining homosexual television characters have typically come to one of two conclusions, either exposure to homosexual characters can lead to increased acceptance or homosexual characters serve to reaffirm negative stereotypes. We seek to bridge these two bodies of research by introducing the concept of stereotyped identification-the idea that cognitively and emotionally identifying with fictional characters can increase acceptance of minorities, while reinforcing implicit stereotypes about how they look, act, and talk...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
Aurangzaib Alizai, Philippe Doneys, Donna L Doane
This study adds to the growing body of knowledge on gender nonconformity aspects of heteronormativity by examining its impact on the life course of hijras and their access to fundamental human rights in Pakistan. Drawing on 50 semi-structured interviews conducted in two sites, the findings suggest that the participants' lived experiences associated with gender nonconformity significantly influenced the direction of their life course and their ability to have access to human rights. These experiences spanned from childhood to elderhood across a wide range of settings, such as family, school, guru dera (residence headed by a hijra guru), workplace, and interactions with authorities...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
Alex Kulick, Laura J Wernick, Michael R Woodford, Kristen Renn
LGBTQ people experience health disparities related to multi-level processes of sexual and gender marginalization, and intersections with racism can compound these challenges for LGBTQ people of color. While community engagement may be protective for mental health broadly and for LGBTQ communities in buffering against heterosexism, little research has been conducted on the racialized dynamics of these processes among LGBTQ communities. This study analyzes cross-sectional survey data collected among a diverse sample of LGBTQ college students (n = 460), which was split by racial status...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
Rachel H Farr, Fiona Tasker, Abbie E Goldberg
This paper includes a systematic review and citation analysis of the literature regarding sexual minority parent families, particularly attending to what theories have been used, and how. We consider the importance of theoretical frameworks for future research and implications for policy, practice, and law related to sexual minority parent families. Our review targets 30 highly cited studies located through Google Scholar (as an interdisciplinary search engine) and published within a specific time frame (2005-2010)...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
J Edgar Bauer
As a Freudian revisionist and neo-Marxist, Erich Fromm (1900-1980) lessened the import of sexuality in the individual psyche, but stressed the role played by the sex differential in the distribution of power throughout history and in the post-patriarchal form of matriarchy he envisioned. Seeking to reinforce the male/female divide and heteronormativity, Fromm outlined a "New Science of Man" that readily ignored not only the challenges posed to binary sexuality by post-Darwinian critical sexologies, but also the same-sex complexities evinced by key figures of his own cultural pantheon...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
İpek Göçmen, Volkan Yılmaz
This paper explores the discrimination practices encountered by lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) individuals in education, income, employment and health care in Turkey. Limited quantitative data on LGBT individuals are available in Turkey. This study collected data from 2,875 LGBT individuals through a web-based survey. The findings suggest that LGBT individuals report perceived direct and indirect discrimination in accessing education, employment and health care. In a country where LGBT rights are not yet recognized and anti-discrimination legislation covering sexual orientation and gender identity is still non-existent, findings demonstrate perceived discrimination of LGBTs rarely turns into a legal complaint...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
Kristi Rüütel, Anti Valk, Liilia Lõhmus
Many studies over the last decade provide strong evidence of elevated rates of suicidality among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender populations compared to heterosexual populations. The aim of the current study was to investigate suicidal ideation and attempts and related factors among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Estonia. We conducted a nationwide Internet-based study among MSM with 265 eligible participants. Our results reveal high rates of self-reported suicidal ideation (lifetime prevalence 45%) and attempts (lifetime prevalence 11%) as well as a high rate of problem drinking (33%) and depressive symptoms (32%) among MSM...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
Adir Adler, Adital Ben-Ari
The phenomenon of mixed-orientation marriages, in which one of the partners is straight and the other is non-straight, is invisible, yet not insignificant. Focusing on gay and bisexual men who are married to straight women, this article was designed to explore one of the essential themes in their relationship: the dynamics between secrecy and openness regarding the men's sexual orientation and gay practices. Based on the phenomenological paradigm, 38 men and eight women of mixed-orientation marriages in Israel were interviewed and shared their subjective life reality...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
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