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Journal of Homosexuality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151096/development-of-attitudes-towards-homosexuality-scale-for-indians-ahsi
#1
Kanika K Ahuja
Attitudes towards homosexuality vary across cultures, with the legal and societal position being rather complicated in India. This study describes the process of developing and validating a Likert-type scale to assess attitudes toward homosexuality amongst heterosexuals. Phase 1 describes the development of the scale. Items were written based on thematic analysis of narratives generated from 50 college students and reviewing existing scales. After administering the 70-item scale to 68 participants, item analysis yielded 20 statements with item-total correlations over ...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139174/essentialism-and-islamic-theology-of-homosexuality-a-critical-reflection-on-an-essentialist-epistemology-toward-same-sex-desires-and-acts-in-islam
#2
M Alipour
Although most traditional Muslim scholars condemn same-sex desires and acts, revisionist Muslim scholars have offered a more tolerant approach on this issue over the last two decades. Building on an essentialist approach to same-sex desires and acts, these scholars argue that Islam accepts difference and diversity, including sexual diversity, as part of God's creation. Homosexuality, which in their view is an innate disposition to the same sex, is an alternative sexuality and, thus, accepted by Qur'an/Islam...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28136009/a-mediational-model-explaining-the-connection-between-religiosity-and-anti-homosexual-attitudes-in-italy-the-effects-of-male-role-endorsement-and-homosexual-stereotyping
#3
Giovanni Piumatti
This study aimed to better understand the relationship between religiosity and anti-homosexual attitudes in Italy by examining the mediation effects of male role endorsement and homosexual stereotyping. A sample of 5,522 Italian residents (age range = 18-74) was drawn from a cross-sectional national representative survey carried out in 2011. Measures included general religiosity, male role endorsement, homosexual stereotyping, social acceptance of homosexuality and homosexual rights endorsement. Structural equation modeling was used to test the mediational effects of male role endorsement and homosexual stereotyping on the relationship between general religiosity and attitudes toward lesbians and gay men...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118102/-some-africans-gave-full-approval-of-homosexuality-representations-of-africa-in-the-u-s-homophile-press-1953-1964
#4
Healy Thompson
This essay explores representations of Africa in the three primary U.S. homophile periodicals of the 1950s and early 1960s. It considers 130 articles, letters, and stories in Mattachine Review, ONE, and The Ladder that mentioned Africa or Africans. In doing so, it explores and analyzes the ways that Africa was referenced and represented in order to understand how those periodicals, their writers, and the U.S. homophile movement understood and were influenced by Africa (or by their perceptions of Africa). The essay argues that views expressed in The Ladder, Mattachine Review, and ONE reflected broader thinking about Africa in the 1950s and early 1960s in focusing on Egypt, relying on U...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107109/sex-with-neighbors-canada-and-canadians-in-the-u-s-homophile-press
#5
Marc Stein
This article examines U.S. homophile magazine contributions from and representations of Canada from 1953 to 1964. Drawing on 240 articles, letters, and other items that were published in ONE, Mattachine Review, and The Ladder, the essay first reviews Canadian-authored materials and then shows that U.S. gay and lesbian movement periodicals depicted Canada as more sexually conservative than the United States in three ways and more sexually liberal in one way. The magazines presented Canada as more sexually conservative in its failure to develop an organized gay and lesbian movement, its policies and practices of sexual censorship, and its opposition to progressive homosexual law reform...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107104/introduction-u-s-homophile-internationalism
#6
Marc Stein
This article introduces "U.S. Homophile Internationalism," a special issue of the Journal of Homosexuality. The introduction provides a broad overview of the "U.S. Homophile Internationalism" archive and exhibit, which was published on the Outhistory website in 2015. The archive and exhibit consists of more than 800 U.S. homophile magazine articles, letters, and other items that referenced non-U.S. regions of the world from 1953 to 1964. The essays in the special issue focus on (1) Africa; (2) Asia and the Pacific; (3) Canada; (4) Latin America and the Caribbean; (5) the Middle East; and (6) Russia, the Soviet Union, and Eastern Europe...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095205/imperial-queerness-the-u-s-homophile-press-and-constructions-of-sexualities-in-asia-and-the-pacific-1953-1964
#7
Carly Simpson
This essay examines the ways in which U.S. homophile magazines represented and constructed Asia and the Pacific from 1953 to 1964. Through an analysis of 209 items that referenced Asia and the Pacific in ONE, Mattachine Review, and the Ladder, the essay argues that U.S. homophiles referenced the region in three primary ways: first, to create relationships, allies, and exchanges with people living in the region; second, to highlight the inferiority of the East and superiority of the West; and third, to reveal the cross-cultural and transhistorical nature of homosexuality...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095204/democratizing-lgbtq-history-online-digitizing-public-history-in-u-s-homophile-internationalism
#8
Tamara de Szegheo Lang
This article argues that the online archive and exhibit "U.S. Homophile Internationalism" effectively contributes to the democratizing effects that digital archives and online initiatives are having on the practice of history. "U.S. Homophile Internationalism" is an online archive of over 800 digitized articles, letters, advertisements, and other materials from the U.S. homophile press that reference six non-U.S. regions of the world. It also provides visitors with introductory regional essays, annotated bibliographies, and an interactive map feature...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095190/-but-oh-what-tales-portraying-the-middle-east-in-u-s-homophile-periodicals-of-the-1950s-and-1960s
#9
Marva Milo
This essay examines Middle East representation in U.S. homophile periodicals from 1953 to 1964. The essay uses more than 120 Middle East related items that were published in ONE, Mattachine Review, and The Ladder to address the periodicals' engagement with the region (particularly ancient history and biblical themes) and discuss the types of sexual "knowledge" that the homophile periodicals created about the region. It then assesses the role of periodicals as a genre in the creation of a transnational homophile community, showing both their potential for democratizing participation in this community and their limits...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095143/-the-madness-of-the-carnival-representations-of-latin-america-and-the-caribbean-in-the-u-s-homophile-press
#10
Shlomo Gleibman
This essay examines representations of Latin America and the Caribbean in U.S. homophile periodicals from 1953 to 1964. The 120 items in ONE, Mattachine Review, and The Ladder that referenced this region depicted Latin America and the Caribbean as different from the United States in a number of ways, in particular as more sexually repressive or more sexually liberal. These representations typically conformed to the general homophile movement tendency to challenge U.S. anti-homosexual campaigns during the "Lavender Scare," while arguing for acceptance based on rights claims...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095136/homonationalism-before-homonationalism-representations-of-russia-eastern-europe-and-the-soviet-union-in-the-u-s-homophile-press-1953-1964
#11
Dasha Serykh
This essay focuses on representations of Russia, the Soviet Union, and Eastern Europe in U.S. homophile periodicals from 1953 to 1964. Extending the application of Jasbir Puar's concept of homonationalism to the Cold War period, the essay examines 126 articles and other items that were published in ONE, Mattachine Review, and The Ladder and demonstrates that these periodicals often engaged in homonationalist discourses when constructing the Russian, Soviet, and Eastern European "other." Negative constructions of these regions were sometimes used to affirm the political alignment of the homophile authors with the American nation...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001500/-unnatural-fornication-cases-under-state-socialism-a-hungarian-slovenian-comparative-social-historical-approach
#12
Judit Takács, Roman Kuhar, Tamás P Tóth
This comparative social-historical study examines different versions of state-socialist body politics manifested in Hungary and Slovenia mainly during the 1950s by using archive material of 'unnatural fornication' court cases. By analyzing the available Hungarian "természet elleni fajtalanság" and Slovenian "nenaravno občevanje" court cases we can shed light on how the defendants were treated by the police and the judiciary. On the basis of these archive data that have never been examined before from these angles, we can construct an at least partial picture of the practices and consequences of state surveillance of same-sex attracted men during state-socialism...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997288/associations-of-perceived-parental-psychopathology-with-mental-health-burden-and-lifetime-drug-use-in-gay-bisexual-and-other-ymsm-the-p18-cohort-study
#13
Perry N Halkitis, Marybec Griffin-Tomas, Michael D Levy, Richard E Greene, Farzana Kapadia
Parental mental health may be a critical component in understanding the overlapping health burdens of mental health symptomatology and drug use in young men who have sex with men (YMSM), yet studies of YMSM have not fully examined these associations. To understand these relationships, data drawn from a study of gay, bisexual, and other YMSM were used examine associations between perceived parental psychopathology and the mental health symptomatology and drug use of YMSM. Findings suggest that YMSM reporting at least one parent with perceived depression, manic depression, schizophrenia, or antisocial behavior anytime during their childhoods were more likely to report higher levels of both depressive symptomatology and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) than those reporting no perception of any of these psychopathologies in their parents...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983897/a-comparison-of-trans-women-trans-men-genderqueer-individuals-and-cisgender-brothers-and-sisters-on-the-bem-sex-role-inventory-ratings-by-self-and-siblings
#14
Rhonda J Factor, Esther D Rothblum
A U.S. national sample of 295 transgender adults (trans women, trans men, and genderqueer individuals) and their cisgender siblings completed the Bem Sex-Role Inventory about their siblings as well as themselves, which enabled a comparison between self-perceptions and sibling's perceptions of personality characteristics. Self-reported personality characteristics scored as feminine of trans women were not statistically different from those of their cisgender sisters, but were significantly higher than self-reported femininity scores of trans men, genderqueer individuals, and cisgender brothers...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982743/stereotypes-emotions-and-behaviors-towards-lesbians-gay-men-bisexual-women-and-bisexual-men
#15
Allison A Vaughn, Stacy A Teeters, Melody S Sadler, Sierra B Cronan
The utility of the Stereotype Content Model (Fiske, Cuddy, Glick, & Xu, 2002) and the Behaviors from Intergroup Affect and Stereotypes map (Cuddy, Fiske, & Glick, 2007) was examined in the context of heterosexuals' attitudes towards sexual minorities. Heterosexual adults completed a survey measuring stereotypes, emotions, and behavioral tendencies towards lesbians, gay men, bisexual women, and bisexual men. Stereotype content differed across groups and showed "gendered" and "valenced" effects on emotions and behavioral tendencies...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982739/karl-heinrich-ulrichs-first-theorist-of-erotic-age-orientation
#16
Diederik Janssen
The nomination of Karl Heinrich Ulrichs (1825-1895) as the first theorist of homosexuality may be placed in the oblique light of his eligibility for the nomination as the first theorist of erotic age orientation. In Ulrichs' pamphlets, "man-manly" homosexuality emerged as a particular age orientation, with a subsequent typological breakdown that importantly blended gender orientation and age orientation. Into the early twentieth century erotic age orientation importantly remained bound up with the classification and emancipation of what here was demarcated as Urningsliebe...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918871/promising-pedagogy-advancing-the-educational-experience-of-queer-students-through-transformative-leadership
#17
Thomas Zook
The school experience for queer youth is often quite different from that of their heterosexual and gender-conforming peers; yet, it is often the case that little attention is given to the disparate and inequitable educational and social conditions under which lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer/questioning (LGBTQ) youth must learn. In fact, the entirety of pedagogical structures in many schools creates milieus where queer youth, those who have loved ones who are queer, and those who are merely perceived to be queer are systematically marginalized and deprived of their right to a safe, supportive, and equitable educational experience...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918870/-there-is-nothing-like-a-family-discourses-on-families-of-choice-in-poland
#18
Joanna Mizielińska, Agata Stasińska
In this paper we showed how the notion of heteronormative citizenship embedded in the Polish Constitution was (re)produced in the public sphere, and how heteronormativity as an ideal was slowly undermined by the emergence of new narratives on LGBT families. We did so by first conducting a critical reading of the Polish Constitution, public opinion polls, national censuses, etc. Then, we presented the results of a discourse analysis on families of choice in Poland from crucial public debates of the last decade...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911678/negative-religious-rhetoric-in-the-lives-of-black-cisgender-queer-emerging-adult-men-a-qualitative-analysis
#19
Ja'Nina J Garrett-Walker, Vanessa M Torres
Given the intersection of racial, religious, and sexual identities for Black queer populations, the current study examines sexuality related religious rhetoric. Twenty Black cisgender queer men were recruited to participate in a qualitative interview. Using thematic analysis, the research team identified four themes: negative religious rhetoric, personal consequences of negative religious rhetoric, social consequences of negative religious rhetoric, and growth from negative religious rhetoric. Participants explained the pervasiveness of negative religious rhetoric within their churches and family structures...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911671/exploring-first-sexual-intercourse-sexual-orientation-and-sexual-health-in-men
#20
Alexis Dewaele, Mieke Van Houtte, Katrien Symons, Ann Buysse
In this study the characteristics of the sexual debut of men who have sex with men (MSM) and men who have sex with women (MSW) age 35 or younger (N = 1,201) were compared with one another. We investigated whether these characteristics were associated with sexual health and behavior, and to what extent. Compared to MSW, MSM tended to be older when they had their first sexual intercourse; their first sex partner was older, they felt less ready, and they experienced more pain. We also found that they reported a higher number of lifetime sexual partners and less condom use compared to MSW...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
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