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Journal of Homosexuality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278058/the-queerness-of-the-drive
#1
Teresa de Lauretis
The view of sexuality Freud first proposed in the Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality contains a discrepancy between the sexuality perverse and polymorphous described in the first two essays and the biologically directed, reproductive sexuality of the third essay. According to Jean Laplanche, the theorist of psychoanalysis who is Freud's closest reader and translator, the discrepancy is due to two contradictory opinions Freud apparently held at different moments of his writing: one, that sexuality is exogenous, an effect of seduction by adults; two, that sexuality is endogenous, innate in the human biological organism...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278061/transphobia-among-students-majoring-in-the-helping-professions
#2
Gila M Acker
The study was designed to further the understanding of transphobia among students majoring in the helping professions including social work, occupational therapy, and nursing. The study's hypotheses examined the effects of transgender content in education (e.g., textbooks and lectures), religiosity, contact with transgender people, and several sociodemographic variables with transphobia. Differences in transphobia levels between social work students and those in aligned professions were also explored. The sample consisted of 600 students of a public, urban university in New York City who participated in an online survey...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278060/sodomy-s-penumbra
#3
Joseph J Fischel
This article advocates a sodomitical approach to sodomy. Its approach is framed alongside and against three historical glosses on sodomy law: first, that sodomy law instantiates homophobia; second, that sodomy law targets sexual violence against boys; third, that sodomy law reaches assaultive sex against women that did not register as assaultive enough to qualify as "rape" by sexist juries. The first story of sodomy law is mostly wrong. The other two glosses pivot on protection: protection of boys or protection of girls and women...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278059/advocacy-communication-and-social-identity-an-exploration-of-social-media-outreach
#4
Erica L Ciszek
Increasingly, advocacy organizations employ social networking sites as inexpensive and often effective ways to disseminate outreach messages. For groups working to reach lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) youth, social media provide key platforms for connecting with target audiences. Although these young people increasingly utilize social media, little is known about how digital advocacy campaigns influence their sexual identity formation. This article applies concepts of social identity to examine how LGBTQ youth understand advocacy campaigns, how they perceive LGBTQ as a social category presented in campaigns, and what values they assign to LGBTQ group membership...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151096/development-of-attitudes-toward-homosexuality-scale-for-indians-ahsi
#5
Kanika K Ahuja
Attitudes toward homosexuality vary across cultures, with the legal and societal position being rather complicated in India. This study describes the process of developing and validating a Likert-type scale to assess attitudes toward homosexuality among heterosexuals. Phase 1 describes the development of the scale. Items were written based on thematic analysis of narratives generated from 50 college students and reviewing existing scales. After administering the 70-item scale to 68 participants, item analysis yielded 20 statements with item-total correlations over ...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139174/essentialism-and-islamic-theology-of-homosexuality-a-critical-reflection-on-an-essentialist-epistemology-toward-same-sex-desires-and-acts-in-islam
#6
M Alipour
Although most traditional Muslim scholars condemn same-sex desires and acts, revisionist Muslim scholars have offered a more tolerant approach on this issue over the last two decades. Building on an essentialist approach to same-sex desires and acts, these scholars argue that Islam accepts difference and diversity, including sexual diversity, as part of God's creation. Homosexuality, which in their view is an innate disposition to the same sex, is an alternative sexuality and, thus, accepted by Qur'an/Islam...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28136009/a-mediational-model-explaining-the-connection-between-religiosity-and-anti-homosexual-attitudes-in-italy-the-effects-of-male-role-endorsement-and-homosexual-stereotyping
#7
Giovanni Piumatti
This study aimed to better understand the relationship between religiosity and anti-homosexual attitudes in Italy by examining the mediation effects of male role endorsement and homosexual stereotyping. A sample of 5,522 Italian residents (age range = 18-74) was drawn from a cross-sectional national representative survey carried out in 2011. Measures included general religiosity, male role endorsement, homosexual stereotyping, social acceptance of homosexuality, and homosexual rights endorsement. Structural equation modeling was used to test the mediational effects of male role endorsement and homosexual stereotyping on the relationship between general religiosity and attitudes toward lesbians and gay men...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118102/-some-africans-gave-full-approval-of-homosexuality-representations-of-africa-in-the-u-s-homophile-press-1953-1964
#8
Healy Thompson
This essay explores representations of Africa in the three primary U.S. homophile periodicals of the 1950s and early 1960s. It considers 130 articles, letters, and stories in Mattachine Review, ONE, and The Ladder that mentioned Africa or Africans. In doing so, it explores and analyzes the ways that Africa was referenced and represented in order to understand how those periodicals, their writers, and the U.S. homophile movement understood and were influenced by Africa (or by their perceptions of Africa). The essay argues that views expressed in The Ladder, Mattachine Review, and ONE reflected broader thinking about Africa in the 1950s and early 1960s in focusing on Egypt, relying on U...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107109/sex-with-neighbors-canada-and-canadians-in-the-u-s-homophile-press
#9
Marc Stein
This article examines U.S. homophile magazine contributions from and representations of Canada from 1953 to 1964. Drawing on 240 articles, letters, and other items that were published in ONE, Mattachine Review, and The Ladder, the essay first reviews Canadian-authored materials and then shows that U.S. gay and lesbian movement periodicals depicted Canada as more sexually conservative than the United States in three ways and more sexually liberal in one way. The magazines presented Canada as more sexually conservative in its failure to develop an organized gay and lesbian movement, its policies and practices of sexual censorship, and its opposition to progressive homosexual law reform...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107104/introduction-u-s-homophile-internationalism
#10
Marc Stein
This article introduces "U.S. Homophile Internationalism," a special issue of the Journal of Homosexuality. The introduction provides a broad overview of the "U.S. Homophile Internationalism" archive and exhibit, which was published on the Outhistory website in 2015. The archive and exhibit consists of more than 800 U.S. homophile magazine articles, letters, and other items that referenced non-U.S. regions of the world from 1953 to 1964. The essays in the special issue focus on (1) Africa; (2) Asia and the Pacific; (3) Canada; (4) Latin America and the Caribbean; (5) the Middle East; and (6) Russia, the Soviet Union, and Eastern Europe...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095205/imperial-queerness-the-u-s-homophile-press-and-constructions-of-sexualities-in-asia-and-the-pacific-1953-1964
#11
Carly Simpson
This essay examines the ways in which U.S. homophile magazines represented and constructed Asia and the Pacific from 1953 to 1964. Through an analysis of 209 items that referenced Asia and the Pacific in ONE, Mattachine Review, and the Ladder, the essay argues that U.S. homophiles referenced the region in three primary ways: first, to create relationships, allies, and exchanges with people living in the region; second, to highlight the inferiority of the East and superiority of the West; and third, to reveal the cross-cultural and transhistorical nature of homosexuality...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095204/democratizing-lgbtq-history-online-digitizing-public-history-in-u-s-homophile-internationalism
#12
Tamara de Szegheo Lang
This article argues that the online archive and exhibit "U.S. Homophile Internationalism" effectively contributes to the democratizing effects that digital archives and online initiatives are having on the practice of history. "U.S. Homophile Internationalism" is an online archive of over 800 digitized articles, letters, advertisements, and other materials from the U.S. homophile press that reference six non-U.S. regions of the world. It also provides visitors with introductory regional essays, annotated bibliographies, and an interactive map feature...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095190/-but-oh-what-tales-portraying-the-middle-east-in-u-s-homophile-periodicals-of-the-1950s-and-1960s
#13
Marva Milo
This essay examines Middle East representation in U.S. homophile periodicals from 1953 to 1964. The essay uses more than 120 Middle East related items that were published in ONE, Mattachine Review, and The Ladder to address the periodicals' engagement with the region (particularly ancient history and biblical themes) and discuss the types of sexual "knowledge" that the homophile periodicals created about the region. It then assesses the role of periodicals as a genre in the creation of a transnational homophile community, showing both their potential for democratizing participation in this community and their limits...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095143/-the-madness-of-the-carnival-representations-of-latin-america-and-the-caribbean-in-the-u-s-homophile-press
#14
Shlomo Gleibman
This essay examines representations of Latin America and the Caribbean in U.S. homophile periodicals from 1953 to 1964. The 120 items in ONE, Mattachine Review, and The Ladder that referenced this region depicted Latin America and the Caribbean as different from the United States in a number of ways, in particular as more sexually repressive or more sexually liberal. These representations typically conformed to the general homophile movement tendency to challenge U.S. anti-homosexual campaigns during the "Lavender Scare," while arguing for acceptance based on rights claims...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095136/homonationalism-before-homonationalism-representations-of-russia-eastern-europe-and-the-soviet-union-in-the-u-s-homophile-press-1953-1964
#15
Dasha Serykh
This essay focuses on representations of Russia, the Soviet Union, and Eastern Europe in U.S. homophile periodicals from 1953 to 1964. Extending the application of Jasbir Puar's concept of homonationalism to the Cold War period, the essay examines 126 articles and other items that were published in ONE, Mattachine Review, and The Ladder and demonstrates that these periodicals often engaged in homonationalist discourses when constructing the Russian, Soviet, and Eastern European "other." Negative constructions of these regions were sometimes used to affirm the political alignment of the homophile authors with the American nation...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27230982/same-sex-sexuality-and-educational-attainment-the-pathway-to-college
#16
Jennifer Pearson, Lindsey Wilkinson
Research finds lower levels of academic performance among sexual minority high school students, but some studies suggest sexual minorities have higher levels of educational attainment in adulthood. To further our understanding of how and why sexual orientation is associated with educational success, this study turns attention to the pathways to college completion, examining points along educational trajectories in which sexual minorities fall behind or surpass their heterosexual peers. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, we find that sexual minority women are less likely than women with no same-sex sexuality to complete college, in part due to their high school performance and transition into college...
2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27229129/is-it-facebook-official-coming-out-and-passing-strategies-of-young-adult-gay-men-on-social-media
#17
Zachary D Owens
The rapid proliferation of social media, mobile applications, and Internet technologies has shifted a wide variety of social interaction from physical spaces to an online environment. Drawing from 42 semistructured, in-depth interviews with gay college-aged men between the ages of 18 and 27, this article explores these changing patterns of social interaction among gay men. I discuss three strategies of identity management college-aged gay men use to disclose or conceal their sexual identity to others. The first group of men, "Out and Proud," uses Facebook as a way to celebrate and reaffirm their sexual identity, in addition to actively coming out to others on the social media Web site...
2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27216234/how-lgbt-college-students-perceive-and-engage-the-campus-religious-and-spiritual-climate
#18
Alyssa N Rockenbach, Marc A Lo, Matthew J Mayhew
The purpose of this study was to compare how students of diverse sexual orientations and gender identities perceive the campus religious and spiritual climate and engage in interfaith and spiritual activities during college. Using data from a national study of 13,776 students at 52 institutions that took part in the Campus Religious and Spiritual Climate Survey, results indicate significant variations in perceptions and engagement by sexual orientation and gender identity. In addition, worldview identity shapes the relationships between sexual orientation and gender identity and perceptions of and engagement on campus...
2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27216087/footprints-in-the-sand-personal-psychological-and-relational-profiles-of-religious-spiritual-and-atheist-lgb-individuals
#19
Aasha B Foster, Melanie E Brewster, Brandon L Velez, Austin Eklund, Brian T Keum
The present study offers a comparison of the demographic features and lived experiences of lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals with religious, spiritual, or atheist (R/S/A) belief systems. In this sample of 212 participants, the relationship of participants' R/S/A beliefs to personal variables (e.g., age, gender, race), mental health variables (e.g., life satisfaction, psychological distress, internalized heterosexism, self-esteem), and relational variables (e.g., outness, connection to LGBTQ communities) were assessed...
2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27192609/older-single-gay-men-s-body-talk-resisting-and-rigidifying-the-aging-discourse-in-the-gay-community
#20
Yiu Tung Suen
Previous research saw older gay men as subject to structural marginalization of ageism but yet possessing agency to interpret aging in diverse ways. I move beyond this duality, drawing on the theory of defensive othering to understand how older gay men live with the aging discourse in the gay community. Informed by grounded theory, I analyzed interviews with 25 self-identified single gay men aged 50 or above in England inductively. It emerged that many older gay men found it difficult to escape the discourse that marginalizes the aging body...
2017: Journal of Homosexuality
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