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Aggressive Behavior

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194703/development-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-a-rapid-intimate-partner-violence-perpetration-screening-tool
#1
Cory A Crane, Samara L Rice, Robert C Schlauch
Current methods of identifying intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration rely upon lengthy screening instruments, partner injury, and legal involvement. There exist no viable, brief screening tools to facilitate the rapid and early identification of IPV perpetration. The development of a brief IPV screening tool would reduce participant burden and compensation in research as well as aid in self-identification and appropriate consultation for treatment. Three samples were recruited and administered an IPV assessment measure...
November 30, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178424/does-change-in-perceptions-of-peer-teen-dating-violence-predict-change-in-teen-dating-violence-perpetration-over-time
#2
Ryan C Shorey, Brian Wymbs, Liz Torres, Joseph R Cohen, Paula J Fite, Jeff R Temple
Research has previously demonstrated that perceptions of peer's teen dating violence (TDV) is associated with one's own perpetration of TDV, although little research has examined whether this relationship is consistent across developmental time periods (i.e., mid-to-late adolescence). The present study examined whether changes in perceptions of peer's TDV predicted change in one's own perpetration of TDV in a sample of ethnically diverse adolescents from ages 15 to 18 (N = 1,042). Parallel process modeling demonstrated that decreases in perceptions of peer's TDV predicted decreases in TDV perpetration over time, and this relationship was more pronounced for males than females...
November 27, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160943/a-meta-analysis-of-the-differential-relations-of-traditional-and-cyber-victimization-with-internalizing-problems
#3
Gianluca Gini, Noel A Card, Tiziana Pozzoli
This meta-analysis examined the associations between cyber-victimization and internalizing problems controlling for the occurrence of traditional victimization. Twenty independent samples with a total of 90,877 participants were included. Results confirmed the significant intercorrelation between traditional and cyber-victimization (r = .43). They both have medium-to-large bivariate correlations with internalizing problems. Traditional victimization (sr = .22) and cyber-victimization (sr = .12) were also uniquely related to internalizing problems...
November 21, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148066/predicting-the-use-of-corporal-punishment-child-aggression-parent-religiosity-and-the-bdnf-gene
#4
Reut Avinun, Maayan Davidov, David Mankuta, Ariel Knafo-Noam
Corporal punishment (CP) has been associated with deleterious child outcomes, highlighting the importance of understanding its underpinnings. Although several factors have been linked with parents' CP use, genetic influences on CP have rarely been studied, and an integrative view examining the interplay between different predictors of CP is missing. We focused on the separate and joint effects of religiosity, child aggression, parent's gender, and a valine (Val) to methionine (Met) substitution in the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene...
November 17, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131349/peer-victimization-and-social-emotional-outcomes-the-role-of-teacher-and-peer-support
#5
Lyndsay N Jenkins, Stephanie S Fredrick, Jordan Wenger
The relation between peer victimization, risk of social, emotional, and behavioral difficulties, and school-based sources of social support for students in elementary and middle school were examined. Participants included 656 students in third to eighth grade from one school district. Results indicated that peer support mediated the relation between peer victimization and risk of social, emotional, and behavioral difficulties, but teacher support did not mediate this relation. Conditional indirect effects analyses revealed that the indirect effect of peer support varied as a function of school level (i...
November 13, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098703/autonomic-conditioning-to-monetary-and-social-stimuli-and-aggression-in-children
#6
Yu Gao, Krystal Mendez, Xiaobo Li, Meng-Cheng Wang
Poor conditioning to punishment, such as loud tones or electric shock, has been proposed as an important factor involved in the etiology of aggressive and psychopathic behavior. However, it is not known whether the association holds when monetary or social stimulus is used as the unconditioned stimulus, and if aggressive individuals also have impaired conditioning to rewards. In this study, skin conductance responses in a conditioning task involving both monetary/social reward and punishment as unconditioned stimuli were assessed in 340 male and female 8- to 9-year-old children from the community...
November 3, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094365/exposure-to-hate-speech-increases-prejudice-through-desensitization
#7
Wiktor Soral, Michał Bilewicz, Mikołaj Winiewski
In three studies (two representative nationwide surveys, N = 1,007, N = 682; and one experimental, N = 76) we explored the effects of exposure to hate speech on outgroup prejudice. Following the General Aggression Model, we suggest that frequent and repetitive exposure to hate speech leads to desensitization to this form of verbal violence and subsequently to lower evaluations of the victims and greater distancing, thus increasing outgroup prejudice. In the first survey study, we found that lower sensitivity to hate speech was a positive mediator of the relationship between frequent exposure to hate speech and outgroup prejudice...
November 2, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090835/illuminating-the-nomological-network-of-digital-aggression-results-from-two-studies
#8
S Alexandra Burt, Saleem Alhabash
We examined the nomological network surrounding digital aggression (DA), in regards to other forms of aggression/antisocial behavior and individual difference variables commonly associated with other forms of aggression/antisocial behavior. Two large samples of university students (N = 713 and 633, respectively) completed a series of questionnaires and in some cases, an additional experience sampling study. Results revealed that, in emerging adulthood, DA appears to have a unique demographic profile relative to the other forms of aggression and antisocial behavior...
November 1, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052252/the-lone-gamer-social-exclusion-predicts-violent-video-game-preferences-and-fuels-aggressive-inclinations-in-adolescent-players
#9
Alessandro Gabbiadini, Paolo Riva
Violent video game playing has been linked to a wide range of negative outcomes, especially in adolescents. In the present research, we focused on a potential determinant of adolescents' willingness to play violent video games: social exclusion. We also tested whether exclusion can predict increased aggressiveness following violent video game playing. In two experiments, we predicted that exclusion could increase adolescents' preferences for violent video games and interact with violent game playing fostering adolescents' aggressive inclinations...
October 20, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960431/children-s-hostile-intent-attributions-and-emotional-distress-what-do-parents-perceive
#10
David A Nelson, Christine M Cramer, Sarah M Coyne, Joseph A Olsen
Traditionally, assessments of social information processing and associated emotional distress have used children's self-reports. We posit that additional informants, such as parents, may help illuminate the association between these variables and aggression. Our sample was composed of 222 dual-parent families of fourth-grade children (103 boys; 119 girls). Children responded to instrumental and relational provocations and their parents read the same scenarios and responded the way they believed their child would...
September 28, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597509/child-and-adolescent-risk-factors-that-differentially-predict-violent-versus-nonviolent-crime
#11
Carla B Kalvin, Karen L Bierman
While most research on the development of antisocial and criminal behavior has considered nonviolent and violent crime together, some evidence points to differential risk factors for these separate types of crime. The present study explored differential risk for nonviolent and violent crime by investigating the longitudinal associations between three key child risk factors (aggression, emotion dysregulation, and social isolation) and two key adolescent risk factors (parent detachment and deviant peer affiliation) predicting violent and nonviolent crime outcomes in early adulthood...
November 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868757/depression-in-early-adolescence-contributions-from-relational-aggression-and-variation-in-the-oxytocin-receptor-gene
#12
Shauna C Kushner, Kathrin Herzhoff, Suzanne Vrshek-Schallhorn, Jennifer L Tackett
Interpersonal stress arising from relational aggression (RA)-the intentional effort to harm others via rejection and exclusion-may increase risk for depression in youth. Biological vulnerabilities related to the hormone oxytocin, which affects social behavior and stress responses, may exacerbate this risk. In a community sample of 307 youth (52% female; age range = 10-14 years), we tested whether (1) the association between RA and subsequent depressive symptoms was mediated through social problems and (2) a single nucleotide polymorphism (rs53576) in the oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR) moderated this indirect association between RA and depression, where GG homozygotes are predicted to be more sensitive to the effects of social problems than A-allele carriers...
September 4, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868659/evaluating-the-heat-aggression-hypothesis-the-role-of-temporal-and-social-factors-in-predicting-baseball-related-aggression
#13
William L D Krenzer, Eric D Splan
We examined the role that season progression and social threats play in the heat-aggression hypothesis within Major League Baseball put forward by Reifman, Larrick, and Fein (). Box score data from 38,870 Major League Baseball games between the years of 2000 and 2015 was used to test the heat-aggression relationship, while accounting for temporal and social factors that may be simultaneously exerting influence on player behavior. Controlling for a number of other variables, we observed that the effect of temperature on aggressive behavior is partially contingent on the point of the season in which the game took place...
September 4, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449231/resource-partitioning-in-tolerant-and-intolerant-macaques
#14
Nancy Rebout, Christine Desportes, Bernard Thierry
The clumped distribution of food resources promotes food defensibility and can lead to the monopolizing of resources by high-ranking individuals. However, the balance of power is set at different levels according to societies, meaning that resource partitioning should vary between them. This study investigates whether dominance asymmetry and resource partitioning are related in non-human primates by comparing two species with contrasting social styles, namely rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) which display strong social intolerance and a steep gradient of dominance, and Tonkean macaques (Macaca tonkeana), which exhibit higher levels of tolerance and more balanced dominance relationships...
September 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393381/peer-victimization-and-changes-in-physical-and-relational-aggression-the-moderating-role-of-executive-functioning-abilities
#15
Julia D McQuade
This study is the first to examine whether executive functioning (EF) abilities moderate longitudinal associations between peer victimization and engagement in physically and relationally aggressive behavior. Participants were 61 children (9-13 years, M = 10.68, SD = 1.28; 48% male) drawn from a partially clinical sample who were assessed at two time points, approximately 12 months apart. At time 1, children were administered a battery of EF tests; adult reports of children's relational and physical victimization and use of relational and physical aggression were collected...
September 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326572/discrepancy-in-perception-of-bullying-experiences-and-later-internalizing-and-externalizing-behavior-a-prospective-study
#16
Soonjo Hwang, Young Shin Kim, Yun-Joo Koh, Somer Bishop, Bennett L Leventhal
Discrepancy in perception of bullying experiences may lead to later internalizing or externalizing behavior in adolescents. A 1,663 South Korean 7th and 8th graders (mean age: 13.1 and 14.1 years old), were seen for a follow-up study to examine the relationships between the discrepancy in perception of their bullying experiences (defined as discrepancy between self- and peer-reports of bullying experiences) and internalizing or externalizing behavior at follow-up. Bullying was assessed by self- and peer-report...
September 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317120/the-efficacy-of-teachers-responses-to-incidents-of-bullying-and-victimization-the-mediational-role-of-moral-disengagement-for-bullying
#17
Kristel Campaert, Annalaura Nocentini, Ersilia Menesini
Teachers respond differently to bullying and victimization. Socio-cognitive and moral domain theory suggest that students process teachers' behavior cognitively and that teachers' responses to incidents of bullying and victimization could affect students' level of moral disengagement. We examined the mediating effect of students' moral disengagement between types of teachers' responses to situations of bullying and victimization and individual bullying using multilevel mediation modelling. Participants were 609 students (50% boys, age M = 11...
September 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299794/prospective-associations-between-peer-victimization-and-social-psychological-adjustment-problems-in-early-childhood
#18
Kimberly E Kamper-DeMarco, Jamie M Ostrov
The present short-term longitudinal study examined prospective associations between two forms of peer victimization (i.e., physical, relational) and both externalizing and internalizing problems in early childhood. The study assessed 97 children (42 girls; M age = 45.22 months, SD = 6.99) over the course of one school year with assessments occurring at the end of each semester (approximately 6 months apart). Multiple methods were used to collect data over the course of one school year to test theoretically driven hypotheses...
September 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261811/the-facial-width-to-height-ratio-determines-interpersonal-distance-preferences-in-the-observer
#19
Klara A Lieberz, Sabine Windmann, Shawn N Geniole, Cheryl M McCormick, Meike Mueller-Engelmann, Felix Gruener, Pia Bornefeld-Ettmann, Regina Steil
Facial width-to-height ratio (fWHR) is correlated with a number of aspects of aggressive behavior in men. Observers appear to be able to assess aggressiveness from male fWHR, but implications for interpersonal distance preferences have not yet been determined. This study utilized a novel computerized stop-distance task to examine interpersonal space preferences of female participants who envisioned being approached by a man; men's faces photographed posed in neutral facial expressions were shown in increasing size to mimic approach...
September 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229465/metacognitive-beliefs-and-rumination-as-predictors-of-anger-a-prospective-study
#20
Gabriele Caselli, Alessia Offredi, Francesca Martino, Davide Varalli, Giovanni M Ruggiero, Sandra Sassaroli, Marcantonio M Spada, Adrian Wells
The metacognitive approach conceptualizes the relationship between anger and rumination as driven by metacognitive beliefs, which are information individuals hold about their own cognition and about coping strategies that impact on it. The present study aimed to test the prospective predictive impact of metacognitive beliefs and rumination on anger in a community sample. Seventy-six participants were recruited and engaged in a 2-week anger, rumination, and metacognitive beliefs monitoring protocol. A multi-wave panel design was employed to test whether metacognitive beliefs and rumination have a prospective impact on anger...
September 2017: Aggressive Behavior
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