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Aggressive Behavior

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665079/calming-an-aggressor-through-spontaneous-post-conflict-triadic-contacts-appeasement-in-macaca-tonkeana
#1
Virginia Pallante, Roscoe Stanyon, Elisabetta Palagi
Peaceful third-party interventions usually occur after an aggressive encounter and can be directed toward the victim or the aggressor. Macaca tonkeana, a cercopithecine species characterized by high levels of tolerance, frequently engage in consolatory contacts, which both calm the victim and reduce the probability of further attacks against him/her. Other post-conflict affiliative interventions such as reconciliation and quadratic affiliation are also common in this species. However, little attention has been given to contacts directed toward the aggressor...
April 17, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659017/experiences-of-physical-and-relational-victimization-in-children-with-adhd-the-role-of-social-problems-and-aggression
#2
Julia D McQuade, Nicole L Breslend, Destin Groff
The social risk factors for physical and relational peer victimization were examined within a mixed-gender sample of children with and without attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Participants were 124 children (ages 8-12 years; 48% boys), with 47% exhibiting sub-clinical or clinical elevations in ADHD symptoms. ADHD and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptom counts were assessed based on parent- and teacher-reports; parents rated children's social problems and teachers rated children's use of physical and relational aggression and experiences of physical and relational victimization...
April 16, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577329/who-victimizes-whom-and-who-defends-whom-a-multivariate-social-network-analysis-of-victimization-aggression-and-defending-in-early-childhood
#3
Gijs Huitsing, Claire P Monks
The aim of this research was to investigate the interplay between victim-aggressor relationships and defending relationships in early childhood to test the proposition that young aggressors are less selective than older children in their choice of vulnerable targets. Cross-sectional multivariate statistical social network analyses (Exponential Random Graph Models) for a sample of 177 preschoolers from seven classes, 5- to 7-years-old, revealed that boys were more aggressive than girls, toward both boys and girls, whereas defending relationships were most often same-sex...
March 25, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574968/predictors-of-childhood-trajectories-of-overt-and-indirect-aggression-an-interdisciplinary-approach
#4
Carla Aimé, Daniel Paquette, Michèle Déry, Pierrette Verlaan
The aim of this study was to advance our understanding of the development of aggression in boys and girls by testing a model combining insights from both evolutionary theory and developmental psychology. A sample of 744 children (348 girls) between six and 13 years old was recruited in schools with high deprivation indices. Half of the sample (N = 372; 40.1% girls) had received special educational services for behavioral and/or socio-emotional problems. Two trajectories for overt aggression and two trajectories for indirect aggression were identified and binomial logistic regressions were used to identify environmental predictors and sex-specific patterns of these trajectories...
March 25, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537651/predicting-dating-behavior-from-aggression-and-self-perceived-social-status-in-adolescence
#5
Kirsty S Lee, Heather Brittain, Tracy Vaillancourt
We investigated the longitudinal associations between self-reported aggression, self-perceived social status, and dating in adolescence using an intrasexual competition theoretical framework. Participants consisted of 536 students in Grade 9 (age 15), recruited from a community sample, who were assessed on a yearly basis until they were in Grade 11 (age 17). Adolescents self-reported their use of direct and indirect aggression, social status, and number of dating partners. A cross-lagged panel model that controlled for within-time covariance and across-time stability while examining cross-lagged pathways was used to analyze the data...
March 14, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528489/personality-correlates-of-intimate-partner-violence-subtypes-a-latent-class-analysis
#6
Michele Cascardi, Megan Chesin, Molly Kammen
Perpetrators of intimate partner violence (IPV) represent a heterogeneous group who engage in a variety of aggressive acts which often co-occur. However, few studies take this co-occurrence into consideration. Failure to consider overlapping forms of IPV confounds understanding of risk factors for physical IPV, which in turn undermines identification, prevention, and intervention efforts. Though rarely studied in emerging adults, personality variables have recently been identified as important correlates of IPV...
March 12, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527708/reactive-aggression-tracks-within-participant-changes-in-women-s-salivary-testosterone
#7
Fabian Probst, Jessika Golle, Vanda Lory, Janek S Lobmaier
The relation between testosterone and aggression has been relatively well documented in men, but it is less well understood in women. Here we assessed the relationship between salivary testosterone and reactive aggression (i.e., rejection rate for unfair offers) in the Ultimatum Game. Forty naturally cycling women were tested twice, once in the late follicular phase (around ovulation) and once during the luteal phase. Ovulation was determined using urine test strips measuring luteinizing hormone levels. Salivary samples were assayed for testosterone, estradiol, progesterone, and cortisol at both test sessions...
March 12, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492975/sexual-perception-processes-in-acquaintance-targeted-sexual-aggression
#8
Teresa A Treat, Richard J Viken
This study analyzes data from seven published studies to examine whether three performance-based indices of men's misperception of women's sexual interest (MSI), derived from a self-report questionnaire, are associated with sexual-aggression history, rape-supportive attitudes, sociosexuality, problem drinking, and self-reported MSI. Almost 2000 undergraduate men judged the justifiability of a man's increasingly unwanted advances toward a woman on the Heterosocial Perception Survey-Revised. Participants self-reported any sexual-aggression history, and some completed questionnaires assessing rape-supportive attitudes, sociosexuality, problem drinking, and self-reported MSI...
March 1, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484667/it-s-more-than-skin-deep-the-relationship-between-social-victimization-and-telomere-length-in-adolescence
#9
Maria E Guarneri-White, Allyson A Arana, Erin Q Boyd, Lauri A Jensen-Campbell
This study examined the relationship between peer victimization and telomere length (TL), an indicator of biological aging that is associated with stressors (Epel, 2009). It was predicted that social victimization would have a greater impact upon TL, as well as the frequency and severity of health complaints than physical victimization. Adolescents (Mage  = 15.91 years, SDage  = 1.65) and their parents completed measures of peer victimization and physical health problems; adolescents also submitted a DNA sample for telomere analysis...
February 26, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427524/differentiating-corporal-punishment-from-physical-abuse-in-the-prediction-of-lifetime-aggression
#10
Alan R King, Abrianna Ratzak, Sage Ballantyne, Shane Knutson, Tiffany D Russell, Colton R Pogalz, Cody M Breen
Corporal punishment and parental physical abuse often co-occur during upbringing, making it difficult to differentiate their selective impacts on psychological functioning. Associations between corporal punishment and a number of lifetime aggression indicators were examined in this study after efforts to control the potential influence of various forms of co-occurring maltreatment (parental physical abuse, childhood sexual abuse, sibling abuse, peer bullying, and observed parental violence). College students (N = 1,136) provided retrospective self-reports regarding their history of aggression and levels of exposure to childhood corporal punishment and maltreatment experiences...
February 10, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417595/aggression-is-associated-with-greater-subsequent-alcohol-consumption-a-shared-neural-basis-in-the-ventral-striatum
#11
David S Chester, C Nathan DeWall
Alcohol use and abuse (e.g., binge drinking) are among the most reliable causes of aggressive behavior. Conversely, people with aggressive dispositions (e.g., intermittent explosive disorder) are at greater risk for subsequent substance abuse. Yet it remains unknown why aggression might promote subsequent alcohol use. Both aggressive acts and alcohol use are rewarding and linked to greater activity in neural reward circuitry. Through this shared instantiation of reward, aggression may then increase subsequent alcohol consumption...
February 7, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417590/association-between-intimate-partner-violence-during-pregnancy-and-maternal-pregnancy-complications-among-recently-delivered-women-in-bangladesh
#12
Jannatul Ferdos, Md Mosfequr Rahman, Syeda S Jesmin, Md Aminur Rahman, Toshiyuki Sasagawa
Intimate partner violence (IPV), an actual or threatened physical, sexual, or psychological abuse by a current or former partner or spouse, is a common global public health issue. Understanding both the prevalence of IPV during pregnancy and its potential impact on the health of pregnant women is important for the development and implementation of interventions to prevent maternal morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this study was to explore the association between maternal experiences of IPV during pregnancy and pregnancy complications...
February 7, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363767/friendly-fire-longitudinal-effects-of-exposure-to-violent-video-games-on-aggressive-behavior-in-adolescent-friendship-dyads
#13
Geert P Verheijen, William J Burk, Sabine E M J Stoltz, Yvonne H M van den Berg, Antonius H N Cillessen
Research on gaming effects has focused on adolescence, a developmental period in which peer relationships become increasingly salient. However, the impact of peers on the effects of violent gaming on adolescents has been understudied. This study examined whether adolescents' exposure to violent video games predicted their own and their friend's aggression one year later. Among 705 gaming adolescents, 141 dyads were identified based on reciprocated best friend nominations (73.8% male, Mage  = 13.98). Actor-Partner Interdependence Models indicated that adolescent males' (but not females') exposure to violent games positively predicted the aggression of their best friend 1 year later...
May 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319844/gender-differences-in-intimate-conflict-initiation-and-escalation-tendencies
#14
Zeev Winstok, Ronit Smadar-Dror, Michael Weinberg
According to gender motivation theory, men are driven by a desire to enhance their status; whereas, women are motivated by a desire to reduce risk, and the behavioral expressions of those motivations are context-dependent. In order to test this theory in the context of intimate relationships, this study compared men's and women's escalatory tendencies in the initial development of intimate conflict. These tendencies were conceptualized in terms of four attributes: two attributes that represent response intention (decision and style) and two others that represent motivations for that intention (putting one's partner in his or her place and avoiding conflict)...
May 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315619/the-roles-of-trauma-exposure-rejection-sensitivity-and-callous-unemotional-traits-in-the-aggressive-behavior-of-justice-involved-youth-a-moderated-mediation-model
#15
Michaela M Mozley, Crosby A Modrowski, Patricia K Kerig
Research has demonstrated an association between childhood trauma exposure and adolescent aggression. This association may be explained by rejection sensitivity, defined as anger, or anxiety in the anticipation of rejection, which can be a consequence of trauma exposure. Callous-unemotional (CU) traits also are associated with trauma exposure and aggressive behavior; however, research has not yet investigated the interactive roles that rejection sensitivity and CU traits play in the relation between trauma exposure and aggression...
May 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368346/early-risk-pathways-to-physical-versus-relational-peer-aggression-the-interplay-of-externalizing-behavior-and-corporal-punishment-varies-by-child-sex
#16
Courtney A Zulauf, Alexander W Sokolovsky, Adam S Grabell, Sheryl L Olson
Children who aggress against their peers may use physical or relational forms, yet little research has looked at early childhood risk factors and characteristics that uniquely predict high levels of relational versus physical aggression in preadolescence. Accordingly, the main aim of our study was to link early corporal punishment and externalizing behavior to children's physical and relational peer aggression during preadolescence and to examine how these pathways differed by sex. Participants were 193, 3-year-old boys (39%) and girls who were reassessed following the transition to kindergarten (5...
March 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194703/development-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-a-rapid-intimate-partner-violence-perpetration-screening-tool
#17
Cory A Crane, Samara L Rice, Robert C Schlauch
Current methods of identifying intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration rely upon lengthy screening instruments, partner injury, and legal involvement. There exist no viable, brief screening tools to facilitate the rapid and early identification of IPV perpetration. The development of a brief IPV screening tool would reduce participant burden and compensation in research as well as aid in self-identification and appropriate consultation for treatment. Three samples were recruited and administered an IPV assessment measure...
March 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178424/does-change-in-perceptions-of-peer-teen-dating-violence-predict-change-in-teen-dating-violence-perpetration-over-time
#18
Ryan C Shorey, Brian Wymbs, Liz Torres, Joseph R Cohen, Paula J Fite, Jeff R Temple
Research has previously demonstrated that perceptions of peer's teen dating violence (TDV) is associated with one's own perpetration of TDV, although little research has examined whether this relationship is consistent across developmental time periods (i.e., mid-to-late adolescence). The present study examined whether changes in perceptions of peer's TDV predicted change in one's own perpetration of TDV in a sample of ethnically diverse adolescents from ages 15 to 18 (N = 1,042). Parallel process modeling demonstrated that decreases in perceptions of peer's TDV predicted decreases in TDV perpetration over time, and this relationship was more pronounced for males than females...
March 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098703/autonomic-conditioning-to-monetary-and-social-stimuli-and-aggression-in-children
#19
Yu Gao, Krystal Mendez, Xiaobo Li, Meng-Cheng Wang
Poor conditioning to punishment, such as loud tones or electric shock, has been proposed as an important factor involved in the etiology of aggressive and psychopathic behavior. However, it is not known whether the association holds when monetary or social stimulus is used as the unconditioned stimulus, and if aggressive individuals also have impaired conditioning to rewards. In this study, skin conductance responses in a conditioning task involving both monetary/social reward and punishment as unconditioned stimuli were assessed in 340 male and female 8- to 9-year-old children from the community...
March 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368395/the-role-of-aggression-related-early-maladaptive-schemas-and-schema-modes-in-aggression-in-a-prisoner-sample
#20
Ashley L Dunne, Flora Gilbert, Stuart Lee, Michael Daffern
Contemporary social-cognitive aggression theory and extant empirical research highlights the relationship between certain Early Maladaptive Schemas (EMSs) and aggression in offenders. To date, the related construct of schema modes, which presents a comprehensive and integrated schema unit, has received scant empirical attention. Furthermore, EMSs and schema modes have yet to be examined concurrently with respect to aggressive behavior. This study examined associations between EMSs, schema modes, and aggression in an offender sample...
January 25, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
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