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Aggressive Behavior

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960431/children-s-hostile-intent-attributions-and-emotional-distress-what-do-parents-perceive
#1
David A Nelson, Christine M Cramer, Sarah M Coyne, Joseph A Olsen
Traditionally, assessments of social information processing and associated emotional distress have used children's self-reports. We posit that additional informants, such as parents, may help illuminate the association between these variables and aggression. Our sample was composed of 222 dual-parent families of fourth-grade children (103 boys; 119 girls). Children responded to instrumental and relational provocations and their parents read the same scenarios and responded the way they believed their child would...
September 28, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868757/depression-in-early-adolescence-contributions-from-relational-aggression-and-variation-in-the-oxytocin-receptor-gene
#2
Shauna C Kushner, Kathrin Herzhoff, Suzanne Vrshek-Schallhorn, Jennifer L Tackett
Interpersonal stress arising from relational aggression (RA)-the intentional effort to harm others via rejection and exclusion-may increase risk for depression in youth. Biological vulnerabilities related to the hormone oxytocin, which affects social behavior and stress responses, may exacerbate this risk. In a community sample of 307 youth (52% female; age range = 10-14 years), we tested whether (1) the association between RA and subsequent depressive symptoms was mediated through social problems and (2) a single nucleotide polymorphism (rs53576) in the oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR) moderated this indirect association between RA and depression, where GG homozygotes are predicted to be more sensitive to the effects of social problems than A-allele carriers...
September 4, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868659/evaluating-the-heat-aggression-hypothesis-the-role-of-temporal-and-social-factors-in-predicting-baseball-related-aggression
#3
William L D Krenzer, Eric D Splan
We examined the role that season progression and social threats play in the heat-aggression hypothesis within Major League Baseball put forward by Reifman, Larrick, and Fein (). Box score data from 38,870 Major League Baseball games between the years of 2000 and 2015 was used to test the heat-aggression relationship, while accounting for temporal and social factors that may be simultaneously exerting influence on player behavior. Controlling for a number of other variables, we observed that the effect of temperature on aggressive behavior is partially contingent on the point of the season in which the game took place...
September 4, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857239/exposure-to-nature-counteracts-aggression-after-depletion
#4
Yan Wang, Yihan She, Stephen M Colarelli, Yuan Fang, Hui Meng, Qiuju Chen, Xin Zhang, Hongwei Zhu
Acts of self-control are more likely to fail after previous exertion of self-control, known as the ego depletion effect. Research has shown that depleted participants behave more aggressively than non-depleted participants, especially after being provoked. Although exposure to nature (e.g., a walk in the park) has been predicted to replenish resources common to executive functioning and self-control, the extent to which exposure to nature may counteract the depletion effect on aggression has yet to be determined...
August 31, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857191/transitions-in-sleep-problems-from-late-adolescence-to-young-adulthood-a-longitudinal-analysis-of-the-effects-of-peer-victimization
#5
Ling-Yin Chang, Hsing-Yi Chang, Linen Nymphas Lin, Chi-Chen Wu, Lee-Lan Yen
Adolescence is a developmental period with high vulnerability to sleep problems. However, research identifying distinct patterns and underlying determinants of sleep problems is scarce. This study investigated discrete subgroups of, changes in, and stability of sleep problems. We also examined whether peer victimization influenced sleep problem subgroups and transitions in patterns of sleep problems from late adolescence to young adulthood. Sex differences in the effects of peer victimization were also explored...
August 31, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771741/heightened-male-aggression-toward-sexualized-women-following-romantic-rejection-the-mediating-role-of-sex-goal-activation
#6
Khandis R Blake, Brock Bastian, Thomas F Denson
Research from a variety of disciplines suggests a positive relationship between Western cultural sexualization and women's likelihood of suffering harm. In the current experiment, 157 young men were romantically rejected by a sexualized or non-sexualized woman then given the opportunity to blast the woman with loud bursts of white noise. We tested whether the activation of sexual goals in men would mediate the relationship between sexualization and aggressive behavior after romantic rejection. We also tested whether behaving aggressively toward a woman after romantic rejection would increase men's feelings of sexual dominance...
August 3, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766733/a-riot-on-campus-the-effects-of-social-identity-complexity-on-emotions-and-reparative-attitudes-after-ingroup-perpetrated-violence
#7
Kristi A Costabile, Adrienne B Austin
When a group commits a transgression, members who identify closely with the group often engage in defensive strategies in which they are less likely to experience guilt and shame in response to the transgression than are less identified group members. Subsequently, highly identified group members are often less willing to offer reparations to the injured parties. Because appropriate emotional responses and reparations are critical to community reconciliation, the present investigation examined whether social identity complexity-the degree to which individuals perceive their multiple social identities as interrelated-reduced these defensive responses...
August 2, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758217/being-a-good-or-a-just-teacher-which-experiences-of-teachers-behavior-can-be-more-predictive-of-school-bullying
#8
Matthias Donat, Michel Knigge, Claudia Dalbert
In two cross-sectional questionnaire studies with N = 2,931 German students, aged between 12 and 17 years (M = 14.1, SD = 0.5), we investigated the relation between students' bullying behavior and their personal belief in a just world (BJW). We considered students' personal experience of teacher justice as a possible mediator in this relation and investigated whether the students' experiences of their teachers' classroom management explained bullying behavior in addition to personal BJW and teacher justice, while statistically controlling for sex and school type...
July 30, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744913/aggression-related-brain-function-assessed-with-the-point-subtraction-aggression-paradigm-in-fmri
#9
Anine P Skibsted, Sofi da Cunha-Bang, Justin M Carré, Adam E Hansen, Vincent Beliveau, Gitte M Knudsen, Patrick M Fisher
The Point Subtraction Aggression Paradigm (PSAP) measures aggressive behavior in response to provocations. The aim of the study was to implement the PSAP in a functional neuroimaging environment (fMRI) and evaluate aggression-related brain reactivity including response to provocations and associations with aggression within the paradigm. Twenty healthy participants completed two 12-min PSAP sessions within the scanner. We evaluated brain responses to aggressive behavior (removing points from an opponent), provocations (point subtractions by the opponent), and winning points...
July 25, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597509/child-and-adolescent-risk-factors-that-differentially-predict-violent-versus-nonviolent-crime
#10
Carla B Kalvin, Karen L Bierman
While most research on the development of antisocial and criminal behavior has considered nonviolent and violent crime together, some evidence points to differential risk factors for these separate types of crime. The present study explored differential risk for nonviolent and violent crime by investigating the longitudinal associations between three key child risk factors (aggression, emotion dysregulation, and social isolation) and two key adolescent risk factors (parent detachment and deviant peer affiliation) predicting violent and nonviolent crime outcomes in early adulthood...
November 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449231/resource-partitioning-in-tolerant-and-intolerant-macaques
#11
Nancy Rebout, Christine Desportes, Bernard Thierry
The clumped distribution of food resources promotes food defensibility and can lead to the monopolizing of resources by high-ranking individuals. However, the balance of power is set at different levels according to societies, meaning that resource partitioning should vary between them. This study investigates whether dominance asymmetry and resource partitioning are related in non-human primates by comparing two species with contrasting social styles, namely rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) which display strong social intolerance and a steep gradient of dominance, and Tonkean macaques (Macaca tonkeana), which exhibit higher levels of tolerance and more balanced dominance relationships...
September 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393381/peer-victimization-and-changes-in-physical-and-relational-aggression-the-moderating-role-of-executive-functioning-abilities
#12
Julia D McQuade
This study is the first to examine whether executive functioning (EF) abilities moderate longitudinal associations between peer victimization and engagement in physically and relationally aggressive behavior. Participants were 61 children (9-13 years, M = 10.68, SD = 1.28; 48% male) drawn from a partially clinical sample who were assessed at two time points, approximately 12 months apart. At time 1, children were administered a battery of EF tests; adult reports of children's relational and physical victimization and use of relational and physical aggression were collected...
September 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326572/discrepancy-in-perception-of-bullying-experiences-and-later-internalizing-and-externalizing-behavior-a-prospective-study
#13
Soonjo Hwang, Young Shin Kim, Yun-Joo Koh, Somer Bishop, Bennett L Leventhal
Discrepancy in perception of bullying experiences may lead to later internalizing or externalizing behavior in adolescents. A 1,663 South Korean 7th and 8th graders (mean age: 13.1 and 14.1 years old), were seen for a follow-up study to examine the relationships between the discrepancy in perception of their bullying experiences (defined as discrepancy between self- and peer-reports of bullying experiences) and internalizing or externalizing behavior at follow-up. Bullying was assessed by self- and peer-report...
September 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317120/the-efficacy-of-teachers-responses-to-incidents-of-bullying-and-victimization-the-mediational-role-of-moral-disengagement-for-bullying
#14
Kristel Campaert, Annalaura Nocentini, Ersilia Menesini
Teachers respond differently to bullying and victimization. Socio-cognitive and moral domain theory suggest that students process teachers' behavior cognitively and that teachers' responses to incidents of bullying and victimization could affect students' level of moral disengagement. We examined the mediating effect of students' moral disengagement between types of teachers' responses to situations of bullying and victimization and individual bullying using multilevel mediation modelling. Participants were 609 students (50% boys, age M = 11...
September 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299794/prospective-associations-between-peer-victimization-and-social-psychological-adjustment-problems-in-early-childhood
#15
Kimberly E Kamper-DeMarco, Jamie M Ostrov
The present short-term longitudinal study examined prospective associations between two forms of peer victimization (i.e., physical, relational) and both externalizing and internalizing problems in early childhood. The study assessed 97 children (42 girls; M age = 45.22 months, SD = 6.99) over the course of one school year with assessments occurring at the end of each semester (approximately 6 months apart). Multiple methods were used to collect data over the course of one school year to test theoretically driven hypotheses...
September 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261811/the-facial-width-to-height-ratio-determines-interpersonal-distance-preferences-in-the-observer
#16
Klara A Lieberz, Sabine Windmann, Shawn N Geniole, Cheryl M McCormick, Meike Mueller-Engelmann, Felix Gruener, Pia Bornefeld-Ettmann, Regina Steil
Facial width-to-height ratio (fWHR) is correlated with a number of aspects of aggressive behavior in men. Observers appear to be able to assess aggressiveness from male fWHR, but implications for interpersonal distance preferences have not yet been determined. This study utilized a novel computerized stop-distance task to examine interpersonal space preferences of female participants who envisioned being approached by a man; men's faces photographed posed in neutral facial expressions were shown in increasing size to mimic approach...
September 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229465/metacognitive-beliefs-and-rumination-as-predictors-of-anger-a-prospective-study
#17
Gabriele Caselli, Alessia Offredi, Francesca Martino, Davide Varalli, Giovanni M Ruggiero, Sandra Sassaroli, Marcantonio M Spada, Adrian Wells
The metacognitive approach conceptualizes the relationship between anger and rumination as driven by metacognitive beliefs, which are information individuals hold about their own cognition and about coping strategies that impact on it. The present study aimed to test the prospective predictive impact of metacognitive beliefs and rumination on anger in a community sample. Seventy-six participants were recruited and engaged in a 2-week anger, rumination, and metacognitive beliefs monitoring protocol. A multi-wave panel design was employed to test whether metacognitive beliefs and rumination have a prospective impact on anger...
September 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217970/anxiety-symptoms-as-a-moderator-of-the-reciprocal-links-between-forms-of-aggression-and-peer-victimization-in-middle-childhood
#18
John L Cooley, Andrew L Frazer, Paula J Fite, Shaquanna Brown, Moneika DiPierro
The current short-term longitudinal study evaluated whether anxiety symptoms moderated the bidirectional associations between forms (i.e., physical and relational) of aggression and peer victimization over a 1-year period during middle childhood. Participants were 228 predominantly Caucasian children (50.4% boys; M = 8.32 years, SD = .95 years) in the second through fourth grades and their homeroom teachers. Children completed a self-report measure of anxiety symptoms at Time 1. Peer victimization was assessed using self-reports at Time 1 and approximately 1 year later (Time 2), and teachers provided ratings of children's aggressive behavior at both time points...
September 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217944/longitudinal-relations-between-children-s-cognitive-and-affective-theory-of-mind-with-reactive-and-proactive-aggression
#19
Gina Austin, Rebecca Bondü, Birgit Elsner
Aggression may be performed for different reasons, such as defending oneself (reactive aggression) or to reach egoistic aims (proactive aggression). It is a widely accepted notion that a lack of theory of mind (ToM) as a basic social competence should be linked to higher aggression, but findings on the developmental links between ToM and different functions of aggression have been inconsistent. One reason for this may be the failure of taking the bi-dimensionality of both ToM (cognitive vs. affective) and aggression (reactive vs...
September 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181256/psychological-processes-in-young-bullies-versus-bully-victims
#20
Anouk van Dijk, Astrid M G Poorthuis, Tina Malti
Some children who bully others are also victimized themselves ("bully-victims") whereas others are not victimized themselves ("bullies"). These subgroups have been shown to differ in their social functioning as early as in kindergarten. What is less clear are the motives that underlie the bullying behavior of young bullies and bully-victims. The present study examined whether bullies have proactive motives for aggression and anticipate to feel happy after victimizing others, whereas bully-victims have reactive motives for aggression, poor theory of mind skills, and attribute hostile intent to others...
September 2017: Aggressive Behavior
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