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Aggressive Behavior

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427524/differentiating-corporal-punishment-from-physical-abuse-in-the-prediction-of-lifetime-aggression
#1
Alan R King, Abrianna Ratzak, Sage Ballantyne, Shane Knutson, Tiffany D Russell, Colton R Pogalz, Cody M Breen
Corporal punishment and parental physical abuse often co-occur during upbringing, making it difficult to differentiate their selective impacts on psychological functioning. Associations between corporal punishment and a number of lifetime aggression indicators were examined in this study after efforts to control the potential influence of various forms of co-occurring maltreatment (parental physical abuse, childhood sexual abuse, sibling abuse, peer bullying, and observed parental violence). College students (N = 1,136) provided retrospective self-reports regarding their history of aggression and levels of exposure to childhood corporal punishment and maltreatment experiences...
February 10, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417595/aggression-is-associated-with-greater-subsequent-alcohol-consumption-a-shared-neural-basis-in-the-ventral-striatum
#2
David S Chester, C Nathan DeWall
Alcohol use and abuse (e.g., binge drinking) are among the most reliable causes of aggressive behavior. Conversely, people with aggressive dispositions (e.g., intermittent explosive disorder) are at greater risk for subsequent substance abuse. Yet it remains unknown why aggression might promote subsequent alcohol use. Both aggressive acts and alcohol use are rewarding and linked to greater activity in neural reward circuitry. Through this shared instantiation of reward, aggression may then increase subsequent alcohol consumption...
February 7, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417590/association-between-intimate-partner-violence-during-pregnancy-and-maternal-pregnancy-complications-among-recently-delivered-women-in-bangladesh
#3
Jannatul Ferdos, Md Mosfequr Rahman, Syeda S Jesmin, Md Aminur Rahman, Toshiyuki Sasagawa
Intimate partner violence (IPV), an actual or threatened physical, sexual, or psychological abuse by a current or former partner or spouse, is a common global public health issue. Understanding both the prevalence of IPV during pregnancy and its potential impact on the health of pregnant women is important for the development and implementation of interventions to prevent maternal morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this study was to explore the association between maternal experiences of IPV during pregnancy and pregnancy complications...
February 7, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368395/the-role-of-aggression-related-early-maladaptive-schemas-and-schema-modes-in-aggression-in-a-prisoner-sample
#4
Ashley L Dunne, Flora Gilbert, Stuart Lee, Michael Daffern
Contemporary social-cognitive aggression theory and extant empirical research highlights the relationship between certain Early Maladaptive Schemas (EMSs) and aggression in offenders. To date, the related construct of schema modes, which presents a comprehensive and integrated schema unit, has received scant empirical attention. Furthermore, EMSs and schema modes have yet to be examined concurrently with respect to aggressive behavior. This study examined associations between EMSs, schema modes, and aggression in an offender sample...
January 25, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368346/early-risk-pathways-to-physical-versus-relational-peer-aggression-the-interplay-of-externalizing-behavior-and-corporal-punishment-varies-by-child-sex
#5
Courtney A Zulauf, Alexander W Sokolovsky, Adam S Grabell, Sheryl L Olson
Children who aggress against their peers may use physical or relational forms, yet little research has looked at early childhood risk factors and characteristics that uniquely predict high levels of relational versus physical aggression in preadolescence. Accordingly, the main aim of our study was to link early corporal punishment and externalizing behavior to children's physical and relational peer aggression during preadolescence and to examine how these pathways differed by sex. Participants were 193, 3-year-old boys (39%) and girls who were reassessed following the transition to kindergarten (5...
January 25, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363767/friendly-fire-longitudinal-effects-of-exposure-to-violent-video-games-on-aggressive-behavior-in-adolescent-friendship-dyads
#6
Geert P Verheijen, William J Burk, Sabine E M J Stoltz, Yvonne H M van den Berg, Antonius H N Cillessen
Research on gaming effects has focused on adolescence, a developmental period in which peer relationships become increasingly salient. However, the impact of peers on the effects of violent gaming on adolescents has been understudied. This study examined whether adolescents' exposure to violent video games predicted their own and their friend's aggression one year later. Among 705 gaming adolescents, 141 dyads were identified based on reciprocated best friend nominations (73.8% male, Mage  = 13.98). Actor-Partner Interdependence Models indicated that adolescent males' (but not females') exposure to violent games positively predicted the aggression of their best friend 1 year later...
January 24, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319844/gender-differences-in-intimate-conflict-initiation-and-escalation-tendencies
#7
Zeev Winstok, Ronit Smadar-Dror, Michael Weinberg
According to gender motivation theory, men are driven by a desire to enhance their status; whereas, women are motivated by a desire to reduce risk, and the behavioral expressions of those motivations are context-dependent. In order to test this theory in the context of intimate relationships, this study compared men's and women's escalatory tendencies in the initial development of intimate conflict. These tendencies were conceptualized in terms of four attributes: two attributes that represent response intention (decision and style) and two others that represent motivations for that intention (putting one's partner in his or her place and avoiding conflict)...
January 10, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315619/the-roles-of-trauma-exposure-rejection-sensitivity-and-callous-unemotional-traits-in-the-aggressive-behavior-of-justice-involved-youth-a-moderated-mediation-model
#8
Michaela M Mozley, Crosby A Modrowski, Patricia K Kerig
Research has demonstrated an association between childhood trauma exposure and adolescent aggression. This association may be explained by rejection sensitivity, defined as anger, or anxiety in the anticipation of rejection, which can be a consequence of trauma exposure. Callous-unemotional (CU) traits also are associated with trauma exposure and aggressive behavior; however, research has not yet investigated the interactive roles that rejection sensitivity and CU traits play in the relation between trauma exposure and aggression...
January 5, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29265383/personality-correlates-of-revenge-seeking-multidimensional-links-to-physical-aggression-impulsivity-and-aggressive-pleasure
#9
David S Chester, C Nathan DeWall
People differ in how much they seek retribution for interpersonal insults, slights, rejections, and other antagonistic actions. Identifying individuals who are most prone towards such revenge-seeking is a theoretically-informative and potentially violence-reducing endeavor. However, we have yet to understand the extent to which revenge-seeking individuals exhibit specific features of aggressiveness, impulsivity, and what motivates their hunt for retribution. Toward this end, we conducted three studies (total N = 673), in which revenge-seeking was measured alongside these other constructs...
December 19, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243270/an-experimental-examination-of-alcohol-consumption-alcohol-expectancy-and-self-blame-on-willingness-to-report-a-hypothetical-rape
#10
Heather D Flowe, John Maltby
This study experimentally examined the role of victim alcohol intoxication, and self-blame in perceiving and reporting rape to the police using a hypothetical interactive rape scenario. Participants (N = 79) were randomly assigned to consume alcohol (mean BAC = 0.07%) or tonic water before they engaged in the scenario. Alcohol expectancy was manipulated, and participant beliefs about the beverage they thought they had consumed and their feelings of intoxication were measured. Alcohol consumption and expectancy did not affect the likelihood that the nonconsensual intercourse depicted in the scenario was perceived and would be reported as rape...
December 15, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194703/development-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-a-rapid-intimate-partner-violence-perpetration-screening-tool
#11
Cory A Crane, Samara L Rice, Robert C Schlauch
Current methods of identifying intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration rely upon lengthy screening instruments, partner injury, and legal involvement. There exist no viable, brief screening tools to facilitate the rapid and early identification of IPV perpetration. The development of a brief IPV screening tool would reduce participant burden and compensation in research as well as aid in self-identification and appropriate consultation for treatment. Three samples were recruited and administered an IPV assessment measure...
November 30, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178424/does-change-in-perceptions-of-peer-teen-dating-violence-predict-change-in-teen-dating-violence-perpetration-over-time
#12
Ryan C Shorey, Brian Wymbs, Liz Torres, Joseph R Cohen, Paula J Fite, Jeff R Temple
Research has previously demonstrated that perceptions of peer's teen dating violence (TDV) is associated with one's own perpetration of TDV, although little research has examined whether this relationship is consistent across developmental time periods (i.e., mid-to-late adolescence). The present study examined whether changes in perceptions of peer's TDV predicted change in one's own perpetration of TDV in a sample of ethnically diverse adolescents from ages 15 to 18 (N = 1,042). Parallel process modeling demonstrated that decreases in perceptions of peer's TDV predicted decreases in TDV perpetration over time, and this relationship was more pronounced for males than females...
November 27, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160943/a-meta-analysis-of-the-differential-relations-of-traditional-and-cyber-victimization-with-internalizing-problems
#13
Gianluca Gini, Noel A Card, Tiziana Pozzoli
This meta-analysis examined the associations between cyber-victimization and internalizing problems controlling for the occurrence of traditional victimization. Twenty independent samples with a total of 90,877 participants were included. Results confirmed the significant intercorrelation between traditional and cyber-victimization (r = .43). They both have medium-to-large bivariate correlations with internalizing problems. Traditional victimization (sr = .22) and cyber-victimization (sr = .12) were also uniquely related to internalizing problems...
November 21, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868659/evaluating-the-heat-aggression-hypothesis-the-role-of-temporal-and-social-factors-in-predicting-baseball-related-aggression
#14
William L D Krenzer, Eric D Splan
We examined the role that season progression and social threats play in the heat-aggression hypothesis within Major League Baseball put forward by Reifman, Larrick, and Fein (1991). Box score data from 38,870 Major League Baseball games between the years of 2000 and 2015 was used to test the heat-aggression relationship, while accounting for temporal and social factors that may be simultaneously exerting influence on player behavior. Controlling for a number of other variables, we observed that the effect of temperature on aggressive behavior is partially contingent on the point of the season in which the game took place...
January 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148066/predicting-the-use-of-corporal-punishment-child-aggression-parent-religiosity-and-the-bdnf-gene
#15
Reut Avinun, Maayan Davidov, David Mankuta, Ariel Knafo-Noam
Corporal punishment (CP) has been associated with deleterious child outcomes, highlighting the importance of understanding its underpinnings. Although several factors have been linked with parents' CP use, genetic influences on CP have rarely been studied, and an integrative view examining the interplay between different predictors of CP is missing. We focused on the separate and joint effects of religiosity, child aggression, parent's gender, and a valine (Val) to methionine (Met) substitution in the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene...
November 17, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131349/peer-victimization-and-social-emotional-outcomes-the-role-of-teacher-and-peer-support
#16
Lyndsay N Jenkins, Stephanie S Fredrick, Jordan Wenger
The relation between peer victimization, risk of social, emotional, and behavioral difficulties, and school-based sources of social support for students in elementary and middle school were examined. Participants included 656 students in third to eighth grade from one school district. Results indicated that peer support mediated the relation between peer victimization and risk of social, emotional, and behavioral difficulties, but teacher support did not mediate this relation. Conditional indirect effects analyses revealed that the indirect effect of peer support varied as a function of school level (i...
November 13, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098703/autonomic-conditioning-to-monetary-and-social-stimuli-and-aggression-in-children
#17
Yu Gao, Krystal Mendez, Xiaobo Li, Meng-Cheng Wang
Poor conditioning to punishment, such as loud tones or electric shock, has been proposed as an important factor involved in the etiology of aggressive and psychopathic behavior. However, it is not known whether the association holds when monetary or social stimulus is used as the unconditioned stimulus, and if aggressive individuals also have impaired conditioning to rewards. In this study, skin conductance responses in a conditioning task involving both monetary/social reward and punishment as unconditioned stimuli were assessed in 340 male and female 8- to 9-year-old children from the community...
November 3, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094365/exposure-to-hate-speech-increases-prejudice-through-desensitization
#18
Wiktor Soral, Michał Bilewicz, Mikołaj Winiewski
In three studies (two representative nationwide surveys, N = 1,007, N = 682; and one experimental, N = 76) we explored the effects of exposure to hate speech on outgroup prejudice. Following the General Aggression Model, we suggest that frequent and repetitive exposure to hate speech leads to desensitization to this form of verbal violence and subsequently to lower evaluations of the victims and greater distancing, thus increasing outgroup prejudice. In the first survey study, we found that lower sensitivity to hate speech was a positive mediator of the relationship between frequent exposure to hate speech and outgroup prejudice...
November 2, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090835/illuminating-the-nomological-network-of-digital-aggression-results-from-two-studies
#19
S Alexandra Burt, Saleem Alhabash
We examined the nomological network surrounding digital aggression (DA), in regards to other forms of aggression/antisocial behavior and individual difference variables commonly associated with other forms of aggression/antisocial behavior. Two large samples of university students (N = 713 and 633, respectively) completed a series of questionnaires and in some cases, an additional experience sampling study. Results revealed that, in emerging adulthood, DA appears to have a unique demographic profile relative to the other forms of aggression and antisocial behavior...
November 1, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597509/child-and-adolescent-risk-factors-that-differentially-predict-violent-versus-nonviolent-crime
#20
Carla B Kalvin, Karen L Bierman
While most research on the development of antisocial and criminal behavior has considered nonviolent and violent crime together, some evidence points to differential risk factors for these separate types of crime. The present study explored differential risk for nonviolent and violent crime by investigating the longitudinal associations between three key child risk factors (aggression, emotion dysregulation, and social isolation) and two key adolescent risk factors (parent detachment and deviant peer affiliation) predicting violent and nonviolent crime outcomes in early adulthood...
November 2017: Aggressive Behavior
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