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Aggressive Behavior

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603851/effortful-control-exposure-to-community-violence-and-aggressive-behavior-exploring-cross-lagged-relations-in-adolescence
#1
Concetta Esposito, Dario Bacchini, Nancy Eisenberg, Gaetana Affuso
Self-regulation processes and violent contexts play an important role in predicting adolescents' aggressive behavior; less clear is how all three constructs are linked to each other over time. The present study examined the longitudinal relations among adolescents' self-reported effortful control (EC), exposure to community violence, both as a witness and as a victim, and aggressive behavior. Participants were 768 Italian adolescents (358 males) living in a high-risk context, with a mean age at T1 of 11 years in the younger cohort and 14 years in the older cohort...
June 11, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597509/child-and-adolescent-risk-factors-that-differentially-predict-violent-versus-nonviolent-crime
#2
Carla B Kalvin, Karen L Bierman
While most research on the development of antisocial and criminal behavior has considered nonviolent and violent crime together, some evidence points to differential risk factors for these separate types of crime. The present study explored differential risk for nonviolent and violent crime by investigating the longitudinal associations between three key child risk factors (aggression, emotion dysregulation, and social isolation) and two key adolescent risk factors (parent detachment and deviant peer affiliation) predicting violent and nonviolent crime outcomes in early adulthood...
June 8, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589674/differences-in-the-early-stages-of-social-information-processing-for-adolescents-involved-in-bullying
#3
Alexa Guy, Kirsty Lee, Dieter Wolke
Bullying victimization has commonly been associated with deficiencies in social information processing (SIP). In contrast, findings regarding bullying perpetration are mixed, with some researchers claiming that bullies may have superior SIP abilities than victimized or uninvolved youth. This study investigated the effects of bullying and victimization on early SIP; specifically the recognition and interpretation of social information. In stage 1, 2,782 adolescents (11-16 years) were screened for bullying involvement, and in stage 2, 723 of these participants (mean age = 13...
June 7, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556910/effects-of-trait-anger-driving-anger-and-driving-experience-on-dangerous-driving-behavior-a-moderated-mediation-analysis
#4
Yan Ge, Qian Zhang, Wenguo Zhao, Kan Zhang, Weina Qu
To explore the effect of anger behind the wheel on driving behavior and accident involvement has been the subject of many studies. However, few studies have explored the interaction between anger and driving experience on dangerous driving behavior. This study is a moderated mediation analysis of the effect of trait anger, driving anger, and driving experience on driving behavior. A sample of 303 drivers was tested using the Trait Anger Scale (TAS), the Driving Anger Scale (DAS), and the Dula Dangerous Driving Index (DDDI)...
May 29, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547893/feeling-unrestricted-by-rules-ostracism-promotes-aggressive-responses
#5
Kai-Tak Poon, Fei Teng
The current research consisted of three studies (overall N = 338; 59 men; mean age = 19.98; SD = 1.75), which aimed to examine whether ostracism promotes aggression through enhanced feelings of rule negligence by adopting a multi-method approach. Participants were undergraduate students in a public university in Hong Kong and they only participated in one of the three studies. The results showed that ostracized participants reported higher levels of rule negligence and aggression than non-ostracized participants (Studies 1 and 2)...
May 26, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547777/your-act-is-worse-than-mine-perception-bias-in-revenge-situations
#6
Maartje Elshout, Rob M A Nelissen, Ilja van Beest
Theoretical reflections suggest that avengers and targets of revenge have self-serving perception biases when judging the severity of revenge acts and preceding offenses. Empirical research investigating such biases has so far focused on either the offense or the revenge act and may have confounded a perception bias with a situational selection bias (i.e., avengers and targets selecting different events in self-serving ways, so that there may be actual, as opposed to perceptual, differences in severity). The current research circumvents this shortcoming by empirically investigating this perception bias by assessing avengers' and targets' severity scores of both the offense and the revenge act, and comparing these scores with severity scores of independent raters...
May 26, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503728/female-undergraduate-s-perceptions-of-intrusive-behavior-in-12-countries
#7
Lorraine Sheridan, Adrian J Scott, John Archer, Karl Roberts
The present study examines young women's (N = 1,734) perceptions of the unacceptability of 47 intrusive activities enacted by men. Female undergraduate psychology students from 12 countries (Armenia, Australia, England, Egypt, Finland, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Portugal, Scotland, Trinidad) indicated which of 47 intrusive activities they considered to be unacceptable. Responses were compared with parasite-stress values, a measure of global gender equality and Hofstede's dimensions of national cultures...
May 15, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449231/resource-partitioning-in-tolerant-and-intolerant-macaques
#8
Nancy Rebout, Christine Desportes, Bernard Thierry
The clumped distribution of food resources promotes food defensibility and can lead to the monopolizing of resources by high-ranking individuals. However, the balance of power is set at different levels according to societies, meaning that resource partitioning should vary between them. This study investigates whether dominance asymmetry and resource partitioning are related in non-human primates by comparing two species with contrasting social styles, namely rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) which display strong social intolerance and a steep gradient of dominance, and Tonkean macaques (Macaca tonkeana), which exhibit higher levels of tolerance and more balanced dominance relationships...
April 27, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422297/piecing-together-the-aggression-puzzle-testing-the-mediating-variables-linking-early-to-later-aggression
#9
Christopher P Barlett, Kaitlyn M Helmstetter, Douglas A Kowalewski, Logan Pezzillo
Results from several studies show that early aggression predicts later aggression; however, few studies have examined the mediating mechanisms in these relations. The paucity of research that has tested mediation found that aggressive motives and hostile attributions are important causal processes. This past work is limited by not measuring aggression multiple times throughout the study to test aggression change over time and the variables that mediate such change. The current study had participants (N = 90) interact with a same-sex confederate on a modified version of the Tangram Task-our measure of aggressive behavior-for three trials...
April 19, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393381/peer-victimization-and-changes-in-physical-and-relational-aggression-the-moderating-role-of-executive-functioning-abilities
#10
Julia D McQuade
This study is the first to examine whether executive functioning (EF) abilities moderate longitudinal associations between peer victimization and engagement in physically and relationally aggressive behavior. Participants were 61 children (9-13 years, M = 10.68, SD = 1.28; 48% male) drawn from a partially clinical sample who were assessed at two time points, approximately 12 months apart. At time 1, children were administered a battery of EF tests; adult reports of children's relational and physical victimization and use of relational and physical aggression were collected...
April 10, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766650/neural-correlates-of-proactive-and-reactive-aggression-in-adolescent-twins
#11
Yaling Yang, Shantanu H Joshi, Neda Jahanshad, Paul M Thompson, Laura A Baker
Verbal and physical aggression begin early in life and steadily decline thereafter in normal development. As a result, elevated aggressive behavior in adolescence may signal atypical development and greater vulnerability for negative mental and health outcomes. Converging evidence suggests that brain disturbances in regions involved in impulse control, emotional regulation, and sensation seeking may contribute to heightened aggression. However, little is known regarding the neural mechanisms underlying subtypes of aggression (i...
May 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747889/physical-and-relational-bullying-and-victimization-differential-relations-with-adolescent-dating-and-sexual-behavior
#12
Andrew V Dane, Zopito A Marini, Anthony A Volk, Tracy Vaillancourt
Taking an evolutionary psychological perspective, we investigated whether involvement in bullying as a perpetrator or victim was more likely if adolescents reported having more dating and sexual partners than their peers, an indication of greater engagement in competition for mates. A total of 334 adolescents (173 boys, 160 girls) between the ages of 12 and 16 years (M = 13.6, SD = 1.3), recruited from community youth organizations, completed self-report measures of physical and relational bullying and victimization, as well as dating and sexual behavior...
April 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629521/predicting-aggression-in-adolescence-the-interrelation-between-a-lack-of-empathy-and-social-goals
#13
Babette C M van Hazebroek, Tjeert Olthof, Frits A Goossens
In an attempt to explain the inconsistent findings and overall weak relation between empathy and aggression, we focused on the role of emotional empathy (emotions of concern, compassion or sympathy toward a (potential) victim), agentic goals (the desire to be dominant during social interaction with peers) and their interplay (mediation or moderation) in the prediction of proactive aggression (learned instrumental behavior) in adolescence. Data were collected from 550 young Dutch adolescents, who filled out multiple questionnaires...
April 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629385/unanimous-versus-partial-rejection-how-the-number-of-excluders-influences-the-impact-of-ostracism-in-children
#14
Marlene J Sandstrom, Marike H F Deutz, Tessa A M Lansu, Tirza H J van Noorden, Johan C Karremans, Antonius H N Cillessen
Previous research has shown that ostracism-the experience of being ignored and excluded-has negative effects on all of us, young and old. Using a Cyberball paradigm, the present research replicates the effects of ostracism on the moods (anger, anxiety, happiness, and anger) and fundamental needs (belongingness, control, meaningful existence, and self-esteem) of children (Study 1) and then extends the literature by examining the role of the number of ostracizers and inclusive members in this process by randomly assigning children to conditions varying in degree of ostracism (Study 2)...
April 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629251/what-is-past-is-prologue-a-population-based-case-control-study-of-repeat-victimization-premature-mortality-and-homicide
#15
William Alex Pridemore, Mark T Berg
We examined risk of male premature mortality associated with recent criminal victimization. Prior victimization is among the most consistent predictors of future risk but the explanation of repeat victimization remains elusive. Two general perspectives frame this debate. According to the state-dependence perspective, repeat victimization is forged through intervening processes connecting an initial with a subsequent violent victimization. According to the risk-heterogeneity perspective, this association is spurious because all victimization events for a person result from underlying individual traits...
April 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629104/helping-and-hurting-others-person-and-situation-effects-on-aggressive-and-prosocial-behavior-as-assessed-by-the-tangram-task
#16
Muniba Saleem, Christopher P Barlett, Craig A Anderson, Ian Hawkins
The Tangram Help/Hurt Task is a laboratory-based measure designed to simultaneously assess helpful and hurtful behavior. Across five studies we provide evidence that further establishes the convergent and discriminant validity of the Tangram Help/Hurt Task. Cross-sectional and meta-analytic evidence finds consistently significant associations between helpful and hurtful scores on the Tangram Task and prosocial and aggressive personality traits. Experimental evidence reveals that situational primes known to induce aggressive and prosocial behavior significantly influence helpful and hurtful scores on the Tangram Help/Hurt Task...
April 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605486/do-the-same-risk-and-protective-factors-influence-aggression-toward-partners-and-same-sex-others
#17
Elizabeth A Bates, John Archer, Nicola Graham-Kevan
The current studies examined whether several risk and protective factors operate similarly for intimate partner violence (IPV) and same-sex aggression (SSA) in the same sample, and to assess whether they show similar associations for men and women. Study 1 (N = 345) tested perceived benefits and costs, and instrumental and expressive beliefs about aggression: perceived costs predicted IPV and SSA for both men and women. Expressive beliefs predicted IPV (more strongly for women), and instrumental beliefs predicted SSA...
April 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605443/examining-the-reactive-proactive-questionnaire-in-adults-in-forensic-and-non-forensic-settings-a-variable-and-person-based-approach
#18
Suzanne Brugman, Liza J M Cornet, Danique Smeijers, Kirsten Smeets, Sanne Oostermeijer, Jan K Buitelaar, Robbert-Jan Verkes, Jill Lobbestael, Catharina H de Kogel, Lucres M C Jansen
The Reactive Proactive Questionnaire (RPQ) was originally developed to assess reactive and proactive aggressive behavior in children. Nevertheless, some studies have used the RPQ in adults. This study examines the reliability of the RPQ within an adult sample by investigating whether reactive and proactive aggression can be distinguished at a variable- and person-based level. Male adults from forensic samples (N = 237) and from the general population (N = 278) completed the RPQ questionnaire. Variable-based approaches, including factor analyses, were conducted to verify the two-factor model of the RPQ and to examine alternative factor solutions of the 23 items...
April 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605394/predicting-cyberbullying-perpetration-in-emerging-adults-a-theoretical-test-of-the-barlett-gentile-cyberbullying-model
#19
Christopher Barlett, Kristina Chamberlin, Zachary Witkower
The Barlett and Gentile Cyberbullying Model (BGCM) is a learning-based theory that posits the importance of positive cyberbullying attitudes predicting subsequent cyberbullying perpetration. Furthermore, the tenants of the BGCM state that cyberbullying attitude are likely to form when the online aggressor believes that the online environment allows individuals of all physical sizes to harm others and they are perceived as anonymous. Past work has tested parts of the BGCM; no study has used longitudinal methods to examine this model fully...
April 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27527124/do-beliefs-about-gender-roles-moderate-the-relationship-between-exposure-to-misogynistic-song-lyrics-and-men-s-female-directed-aggression
#20
Courtland S Hyatt, Danielle S Berke, Joshua D Miller, Amos Zeichner
Although independent lines of research have identified misogynistic lyrical content and traditional gender role beliefs as reliable predictors of men's female-directed aggression, more research is needed to understand the extent to which these variables may function in synthesis to potentiate aggression. In the current study, men (N = 193), who completed questionnaires relevant to their conformity to masculine norms and level of hostile and benevolent sexism, were exposed to either misogynistic or neutral lyrics before having the opportunity to shock an ostensible female confederate in a bogus reaction time task that, in effect, measured aggression...
April 2017: Aggressive Behavior
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