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Journal of Rheumatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032354/exercise-for-hand-osteoarthritis-a-cochrane-systematic-review
#1
Nina Østerås, Ingvild Kjeken, Geir Smedslund, Rikke H Moe, Barbara Slatkowsky-Christensen, Till Uhlig, Kåre Birger Hagen
OBJECTIVE: To assess the benefits and harms of exercise compared with other interventions, including placebo or no intervention, in people with hand osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: Systematic review using Cochrane Collaboration methodology. Six electronic databases were searched up until September 2015. INCLUSION CRITERIA: randomized or controlled clinical trials comparing therapeutic exercise versus no exercise, or comparing different exercise programs...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032353/rates-of-joint-replacement-surgery-in-new-zealand-1999-2015-a-comparison-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-osteoarthritis
#2
Lisa K Stamp, Janine Haslett, Peter Chapman, John O'Donnell, Rafi Raja, Alastair Rothwell, Christopher Frampton, Gary Hooper
OBJECTIVE: To determine rates of joint replacement for people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA) and to examine the characteristics of those receiving elbow replacements. METHODS: Data were extracted from the New Zealand Joint Registry from 1999 to 2015 and annual rates calculated. RESULTS: Rates of joint replacement increased over time for OA but not RA. Elbow replacement was the only procedure performed more commonly in RA...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966211/initial-serological-response-after-prime-boost-pneumococcal-vaccination-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Mai T T Nguyen, Hanne Lindegaard, Oliver Hendricks, Charlotte Sværke Jørgensen, Bjørn Kantsø, Nina Friis-Møller
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the initial serological responses to pneumococcal vaccination with the 13-valent protein-conjugated pneumococcal vaccine (PCV13) followed by the 23-valent polysaccharide pneumococcal vaccine (PPV23) among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treated with biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARD) according to dosing and intervals between immunizations. METHODS: Investigator-initiated clinical trial. Patients with RA receiving bDMARD were randomized (1:1:1) to immunization with single dose PCV13 followed by PPV23 after 16 or 24 weeks, or double dose PCV13 followed by PPV23 after 16 weeks...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966210/polypharmacy-and-unplanned-hospitalizations-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#4
Maria Filkova, João Carvalho, Sam Norton, David Scott, Tim Mant, Mariam Molokhia, Andrew Cope, James Galloway
OBJECTIVE: Polypharmacy (PP), the prescribing of multiple drugs for an individual, is rising in prevalence. PP associates with an increased risk of adverse drug reactions (ADR) and hospital admissions. We investigated the relationship between PP, characteristics of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and the risk of unplanned hospital admissions. METHODS: Patients from a hospital RA cohort were retrospectively analyzed. Information was collected from electronic medical records...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966209/rebound-in-measures-of-disease-activity-and-symptoms-in-corrona-registry-patients-with-psoriatic-arthritis-who-discontinue-tumor-necrosis-factor-inhibitor-therapy-after-achieving-low-disease-activity
#5
Leslie R Harrold, Bradley S Stolshek, Sabrina Rebello, David H Collier, Alex Mutebi, Sally W Wade, Wendi Malley, Jeffrey D Greenberg, Carol J Etzel
OBJECTIVE: Rebound may occur in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) who discontinue TNF inhibitor (TNFi) therapy in low disease activity (LDA). METHODS: Using physician and patient reports, we quantified rebound following TNFi discontinuation [defined as Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI) score > 10 or TNFi restart] and time to rebound in adults with PsA in LDA (CDAI score ≤ 10) at TNFi discontinuation. RESULTS: Rebound occurred in 73% (69/94) of patients soon after discontinuation (median time to rebound 8...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966208/development-and-validation-of-mri-sacroiliac-joint-scoring-methods-for-the-semiaxial-scan-plane-corresponding-to-the-berlin-and-sparcc-mri-scoring-methods-and-of-a-new-global-mri-sacroiliac-joint-method
#6
Pernille Hededal, Mikkel Østergaard, Inge Juul Sørensen, Anne Gitte Loft, Jens S Hindrup, Gorm Thamsborg, Karsten Asmussen, Oliver Hendricks, Jesper Nørregaard, Jakob M Møller, Anne Grethe Jurik, Lone Morsel, Lone Balding, Susanne Juhl Pedersen
OBJECTIVE: To develop semiaxial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scoring methods for assessment of sacroiliac joint (SIJ) bone marrow edema (BME) in patients with axial spondyloarthritis, and to compare the reliability with equivalent semicoronal scoring methods. METHODS: Two semiaxial SIJ MRI scoring methods were developed based on the principles of the semicoronal Berlin and Spondyloarthritis Research Consortium of Canada (SPARCC) methods. A global quadrant-based method was also developed...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966207/the-fascinating-paradox-of-osteoporosis-in-axial-spondyloarthropathy
#7
Gillian E Fitzgerald, Finbar D O'Shea
Low bone mineral density (BMD) is a recognized feature of axial spondyloarthropathy (axSpA). However, the osteoproliferation inherent in axSpA can make traditional dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry assessment inaccurate, particularly in structurally advanced disease. As a result, much about osteoporosis in axSpA is unknown. There is a wide variation in prevalence figures for low BMD in the literature. There is also no consensus regarding risk factors for developing low BMD in axSpA. It is accepted that there is an excess of vertebral fractures in patients with axSpA, but the role of low BMD in contributing to this risk is virtually unknown...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966206/thoracic-syndesmophytes-commonly-occur-in-the-absence-of-lumbar-syndesmophytes-in-ankylosing-spondylitis-a-computed-tomography-study
#8
Sovira Tan, Lawrence Yao, Michael M Ward
OBJECTIVE: To determine the extent of thoracic involvement with syndesmophytes in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) relative to lumbar involvement. METHODS: We performed thoracolumbar spine computed tomography (CT) and lumbar radiography on 18 patients. We quantitated syndesmophytes in 11 intervertebral disc spaces and related these to the presence of syndesmophytes on lumbar radiographs. RESULTS: Syndesmophytes were slightly more common in the thoracic than in the lumbar spine and bridging was significantly more common...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966205/development-of-a-canadian-core-clinical-dataset-to-support-high-quality-care-for-canadian-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#9
Claire E H Barber, Dianne P Mosher, Vandana Ahluwalia, Michel Zummer, Deborah A Marshall, Denis Choquette, Diane Lacaille, Claire Bombardier, Anne Lyddiatt, Vinod Chandran, Dmitry Khodyakov, Emily Dao, Cheryl Barnabe
OBJECTIVE: To develop a Canadian Rheumatoid Arthritis Core Clinical Dataset (CAN-RACCD) to standardize documentation encouraging high-quality care. METHODS: A set of candidate elements was drafted through meetings with 27 rheumatologists, researchers, and patients, and supplemented with focused literature reviews. A 3-round online-modified Delphi consensus process was held with rheumatologists (n = 26), allied health professionals (n = 7), and patients (n = 4); for the remainder there was no demographic information...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916551/genetic-determinants-of-radiographic-knee-osteoarthritis-in-african-americans
#10
Youfang Liu, Michelle S Yau, Laura M Yerges-Armstrong, David J Duggan, Jordan B Renner, Marc C Hochberg, Braxton D Mitchell, Rebecca D Jackson, Joanne M Jordan
OBJECTIVE: The etiology of knee osteoarthritis (OA), the most common form of arthritis, is complex and may differ by race or ethnicity. In recent years, genetic studies have identified many genetic variants associated with OA, but nearly all the studies were conducted in European whites and Asian Americans. Few studies have focused on the genetics of knee OA in African Americans. METHODS: We performed a genome-wide association study of radiographic knee OA in 1217 African Americans from 2 North American cohort studies: 590 subjects from the Johnston County Osteoarthritis Project and 627 subjects from the Osteoarthritis Initiative...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916550/mortality-and-functionality-after-stroke-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#11
Marios Rossides, Julia F Simard, Elisabet Svenungsson, Mia von Euler, Elizabeth V Arkema
OBJECTIVE: To investigate mortality and functional impairment after stroke in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Using Swedish nationwide registers, we identified 423 individuals with SLE and 1652 people without SLE who developed a first-ever ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke (1998-2013) and followed them until all-cause death or for 1 year. HR for death after ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke and the risk ratio of functional impairment (dependence in either transferring, toileting, or dressing) 3 months after ischemic stroke were estimated...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916549/positron-emission-tomography-computerized-tomography-in-newly-diagnosed-patients-with-giant-cell-arteritis-who-are-taking-glucocorticoids
#12
Alison H Clifford, Elana M Murphy, Steven C Burrell, Mathew P Bligh, Ryan F MacDougall, J Godfrey Heathcote, Mathieu C Castonguay, Min S Lee, Kara Matheson, John G Hanly
OBJECTIVE: Large vessel uptake on positron emission tomography/computerized tomography (PET/CT) supports the diagnosis of giant cell arteritis (GCA). Its value, however, in patients without arteritis on temporal artery biopsy and in those receiving glucocorticoids remains unknown. We compared PET/CT results in GCA patients with positive (TAB+) and negative temporal artery biopsies (TAB-), and controls. METHODS: Patients with new clinically diagnosed GCA starting treatment with glucocorticoids underwent temporal artery biopsy and PET/CT...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916548/do-comorbidities-play-a-role-in-hand-osteoarthritis-disease-burden-data-from-the-hand-osteoarthritis-in-secondary-care-cohort
#13
Wendy Damman, Rani Liu, Féline P B Kroon, Monique Reijnierse, Tom W J Huizinga, Frits R Rosendaal, Margreet Kloppenburg
OBJECTIVE: Because the association and its clinical relevance between comorbidities and primary hand osteoarthritis (OA) disease burden is unclear, we studied this in patients with hand OA from our Hand OSTeoArthritis in Secondary care (HOSTAS) cohort. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the HOSTAS study were used, including consecutive patients with primary hand OA. Nineteen comorbidities were assessed: 18 self-reported (modified Charlson index and osteoporosis) and obesity (body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m(2))...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916547/automated-measurement-of-microvascular-function-reveals-dysfunction-in-systemic-sclerosis-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Daniel R Machin, Phillip E Gates, Hans Vink, Tracy M Frech, Anthony J Donato
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to determine whether an automated capture and analysis system could detect differences in structure and function of sublingual microvessels in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) compared to healthy controls. METHODS: Intravital microscopy of the sublingual microcirculation was automatically captured and analyzed in 40 patients with SSc and 10 age-matched healthy controls. RESULTS: Total and perfused microvascular density were lower in patients with SSc compared with controls (total microvascular density: 2471 ± 134 μm/mm(2) vs 3067 ± 197 μm/mm(2), p = 0...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916546/approach-to-membranous-lupus-nephritis-a-survey-of-pediatric-nephrologists-and-pediatric-rheumatologists
#15
Alexis Boneparth, Suhas M Radhakrishna, Larry A Greenbaum, Eric Yen, Daryl M Okamura, Jennifer C Cooper, Sherene Mason, Deborah M Levy, Sangeeta D Sule, Paul T Jensen, Cagri Yildirim-Toruner, Stacy P Ardoin, Scott E Wenderfer
OBJECTIVE: To describe treatment practices for childhood pure membranous lupus nephritis (MLN). METHODS: Survey study of Childhood Arthritis and Rheumatology Research Alliance and American Society of Pediatric Nephrology members. RESULTS: There were 117 respondents who completed the survey (60 pediatric nephrologists, 57 pediatric rheumatologists). Steroids and nonsteroid immunosuppression (NSI) were routinely used by the majority for MLN...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916545/serologic-evidence-of-gut-driven-systemic-inflammation-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#16
Lampros Fotis, Nurmohammad Shaikh, Kevin W Baszis, Charles M Samson, Raffi Lev-Tzion, Anthony R French, Phillip I Tarr
OBJECTIVE: Accumulating evidence links juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) to nonhost factors such as gut microbes. We hypothesize that children with new-onset JIA have increased intestinal bacterial translocation and circulating lipopolysaccharide (LPS). METHODS: We studied systemic treatment-naive patients with JIA [polyarticular JIA, n = 22, oligoarticular JIA, n = 31, and spondyloarthropathies (SpA), n = 16], patients with established inflammatory bowel disease-related arthritis (IBD-RA, n = 11), and 34 healthy controls...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916544/muscle-deficits-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-contribute-to-inferior-cortical-bone-structure-and-trabecular-bone-mineral-density
#17
Joshua F Baker, Jin Long, Sogol Mostoufi-Moab, Michele Denburg, Erik Jorgenson, Prerna Sharma, Babette S Zemel, Elena Taratuta, Said Ibrahim, Mary B Leonard
OBJECTIVE: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with muscle loss, osteoporosis, and fracture. We examined associations between skeletal muscle mass, strength, and quality and trabecular and cortical bone deficits in patients with RA and healthy controls. METHODS: Participants, ages 18-75 years, completed whole-body dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry and peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) of the tibia to quantify appendicular lean mass and fat mass indices (ALMI, FMI), muscle density at the lower leg, trabecular bone density, and cortical bone thickness...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916543/cryopyrin-associated-periodic-syndromes-in-italian-patients-evaluation-of-the-rate-of-somatic-nlrp3-mosaicism-and-phenotypic-characterization
#18
Denise Lasigliè, Anna Mensa-Vilaro, Denise Ferrera, Roberta Caorsi, Federica Penco, Giuseppe Santamaria, Marco Di Duca, Giulia Amico, Kenji Nakagawa, Francesca Antonini, Alberto Tommasini, Rita Consolini, Antonella Insalaco, Marco Cattalini, Laura Obici, Romina Gallizzi, Francesca Santarelli, Genny Del Zotto, Mariasavina Severino, Anna Rubartelli, Roberto Ravazzolo, Alberto Martini, Isabella Ceccherini, Ryuta Nishikomori, Marco Gattorno, Juan I Arostegui, Silvia Borghini
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the rate of somatic NLRP3 mosaicism in an Italian cohort of mutation-negative patients with cryopyrin-associated periodic syndrome (CAPS). METHODS: The study enrolled 14 patients with a clinical phenotype consistent with CAPS in whom Sanger sequencing of the NLRP3 gene yielded negative results. Patients' DNA were subjected to amplicon-based NLRP3 deep sequencing. RESULTS: Low-level somatic NLRP3 mosaicism has been detected in 4 patients, 3 affected with chronic infantile neurological cutaneous and articular syndrome and 1 with Muckle-Wells syndrome...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916542/comparative-effectiveness-of-tumor-necrosis-factor-agents-and-disease-modifying-antirheumatic-therapy-in-children-with-enthesitis-related-arthritis-the-first-year-after-diagnosis
#19
Pamela F Weiss, Rui Xiao, Timothy G Brandon, Ilaria Pagnini, Tracey B Wright, Timothy Beukelman, Esi Morgan-DeWitt, Chris Feudtner
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the effect of anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) therapy compared to conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (csDMARD) in children with enthesitis-related arthritis (ERA) over the first year after diagnosis. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter retrospective comparative effectiveness study of children diagnosed with ERA. We estimated the effect of anti-TNF therapy on clinical variables (active joint count, tender entheses count) and patient-reported pain and global assessment of disease activity over the first year after diagnosis using state-of-the-art comparative effectiveness analytic methods...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864651/associations-between-knee-effusion-synovitis-and-joint-structural-changes-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#20
Xia Wang, Xingzhong Jin, Leigh Blizzard, Benny Antony, Weiyu Han, Zhaohua Zhu, Flavia Cicuttini, Anita E Wluka, Tania Winzenberg, Graeme Jones, Changhai Ding
OBJECTIVE: To describe the associations between effusion-synovitis and joint structural abnormalities in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) over 24 months. METHODS: A posthoc analysis using data from a randomized controlled trial in 413 patients with symptomatic OA (aged 63 ± 7 yrs, 208 women). Knee effusion-synovitis volume and score, cartilage defects, cartilage volume, and bone marrow lesions (BML) were assessed using magnetic resonance imaging. Joint space narrowing (JSN) and osteophytes were assessed using radiograph...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
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