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Clinics in Perinatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127969/minimally-invasive-surgery-is-it-the-carpenter-or-the-tools
#1
EDITORIAL
Lucky Jain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Clinics in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127968/minimally-invasive-neonatal-surgery
#2
EDITORIAL
Mark L Wulkan, Hanmin Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Clinics in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127967/erratum
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Clinics in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127966/inguinal-hernia
#4
REVIEW
Sophia Abdulhai, Ian C Glenn, Todd A Ponsky
Laparoscopy is a safe and effective technique in the repair of inguinal hernias. This article describes the different laparoscopic herniorrhaphy technique, as well as controversial topics, such as premature infants, contralateral repair, and incarcerated hernias.
December 2017: Clinics in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127965/minimally-invasive-neonatal-surgery-hirschsprung-disease
#5
REVIEW
Atsuyuki Yamataka, Go Miyano, Masahiro Takeda
Transanal pull-through (TAPT) is the procedure of choice for treating Hirschsprung disease and should be performed with laparoscopic assistance using the anorectal line (ARL) to ensure optimum postoperative bowel function (POBF). The dentate line (DL) has traditionally been used as the landmark for commencing dissection during TAPT, but we prefer the ARL because the DL is too subjective and can be associated with risk for injury to delicate sensory innervation required for normal defecation in the anal transition zone...
December 2017: Clinics in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127964/minimally-invasive-management-for-vesicoureteral-reflux-in-infants-and-young-children
#6
REVIEW
Chung-Kwong Yeung, Sujit K Chowdhary, Biji Sreedhar
Minimally invasive ureteral reimplantation is an attractive and useful tool in the armamentarium for the management of complicated vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). Subureteric dextranomer/hyaluronic acid injection, laparoscopic extravesical ureteric reimplantation and pneumovesicoscopic intravesical ureteral reimplantation with or without robotic assistance are established minimally invasive approaches to management of VUR. The high cost and the limited availability of robotics have restricted accessibility to these approaches...
December 2017: Clinics in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127963/minimally-invasive-surgery-in-the-management-of-anorectal-malformations
#7
REVIEW
Sarah B Cairo, David H Rothstein, Carroll M Harmon
Imperforate anus, a variant of anorectal malformation (ARM), is a common congenital anomaly requiring surgical attention in the newborn period. It may present with a variety of anatomic configurations, largely dependent on the presence and location of a fistula. The location (or characteristics) of a fistula, which usually lies between the gastrointestinal tract and the genitourinary tract or perineum, is often used in determining the type and timing of operative management. This article discusses the work-up and management, modes of treatment and their postoperative outcomes, and continued controversy regarding the use of minimally invasive surgical approaches to ARM...
December 2017: Clinics in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127962/minimally-invasive-hepatobiliary-surgery
#8
REVIEW
Omid Madadi-Sanjani, Claus Petersen, Benno Ure
Comparative studies and large-scale case series that confirm the advantages of laparoscopy in children with hepatobiliary diseases are scarce, and the use of laparoscopy remains a matter of debate. This article reviews the current literature on the role of laparoscopic and robotic surgery in pediatric patients with choledochal cyst, biliary atresia, gallbladder diseases, and hepatobiliary malignancies. Studies were identified through a search of the MEDLINE database. Laparoscopy may be beneficial for resection of choledochal cyst and cholecystectomy...
December 2017: Clinics in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127961/fundoplication
#9
REVIEW
Bethany J Slater, Steven S Rothenberg
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common condition in infants. Symptoms from pathologic GERD include regurgitation, irritability when feeding, failure to thrive, and respiratory problems. Treatment typically starts with dietary modifications and postural changes. Antireflux medications may then be added. Indications for operative management in neonates and infants include poor weight gain, failure to thrive, acute life-threatening events, and continued respiratory symptoms. Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication has become the standard of care for surgical treatment of children with GERD...
December 2017: Clinics in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127960/thoracoscopic-lobectomy-for-congenital-lung-lesions
#10
REVIEW
Jarrett Moyer, Hanmin Lee, Lan Vu
Congenital lung lesions (CLLs) comprise a heterogeneous group of developmental and histologic entities often diagnosed on screening prenatal ultrasound. Most fetuses with CLL are asymptomatic at birth; however, the risk of malignancy and infection drives the decision to prophylactically resect these lesions. The authors describe their approach to minimally invasive lobectomy in children with CLLs, postoperative care, and management of procedure-specific complications.
December 2017: Clinics in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127959/congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-and-diaphragmatic-eventration
#11
REVIEW
Matthew S Clifton, Mark L Wulkan
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia can be approached successfully using minimally invasive techniques. Although there are may be a suggestion of higher recurrence rates with thoracoscopic repair, this may be due to the learning curve. However, open repair is associated with additional morbidity, most notably an increased rate of small bowel obstruction. Appropriate patients who have congenital diaphragmatic hernia should be offered the benefits of minimally invasive repair.
December 2017: Clinics in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127958/minimally-invasive-patent-ductus-arteriosus-ligation
#12
REVIEW
Alejandro V Garcia, Jeffrey Lukish
A patent ductus arteriosus is a common condition, particularly in premature infants. Many spontaneously resolve but those that lead to clinical instability require closure. Conservative measures can be highly successful in selected groups. Surgical repair is effective and both open and minimally invasive approaches can be used. The minimally invasive approach may result in less long-term morbidity from a thoracotomy and may prove advantageous for these fragile infants, including less pain, shorter time on the ventilator, and shorter hospital stays...
December 2017: Clinics in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127957/esophageal-atresia-and-upper-airway-pathology
#13
REVIEW
David C van der Zee, Maud Y A van Herwaarden, Caroline C C Hulsker, Marieke J Witvliet, Stefaan H A Tytgat
Esophageal atresia is an anomaly with frequently occurring sequelae requiring lifelong management and follow-up. Because of the complex issues that can be encountered, patients with esophageal atresia preferably should be managed in centers of expertise that have the ability to deal with all types of anomalies and sequelae and can perform rigorous lifelong follow-up. Tracheomalacia is an often-occurring concurrent anomaly that may cause acute life-threatening events and may warrant immediate management. In the past, major thoracotomies were necessary to carry out the aortopexy...
December 2017: Clinics in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127956/minimally-invasive-fetal-surgery
#14
REVIEW
Claire E Graves, Michael R Harrison, Benjamin E Padilla
Fetal surgery corrects severe congenital anomalies in utero to prevent their severe consequences on fetal development. The significant risk of open fetal operations to the pregnant mother has driven innovation toward minimally invasive procedures that decrease the risks inherent to hysterotomy. In this article, we discuss the basic principles of minimally invasive fetal surgery, the general history of its development, specific conditions and procedures used to treat them, and the future of the field.
December 2017: Clinics in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802350/improving-quality-improvement-in-neonatal-perinatal-care
#15
EDITORIAL
Munish Gupta, Heather C Kaplan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Clinics in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802349/quality-improvement-the-journey-continues
#16
EDITORIAL
Lucky Jain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Clinics in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802348/alarm-safety-and-alarm-fatigue
#17
REVIEW
Kendall R Johnson, James I Hagadorn, David W Sink
Clinical alarm systems have received significant attention in recent years following warnings from hospital accrediting and health care technology organizations regarding patient harm caused by unsafe practices. Alarm desensitization or fatigue from frequent, false, or unnecessary alarms, has led to serious events and even patient deaths. Other concerns include settings inappropriate to patient population or condition, inadequate staff training, and improper use or disabling. Research on human factors in alarm response and of functionality of medical devices will help clinicians develop appropriate policies, practices, and device settings for clinical alarms in neonatal intensive care units...
September 2017: Clinics in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802347/using-quality-improvement-tools-to-reduce-chronic-lung-disease
#18
REVIEW
Alan Peter Picarillo, Waldemar Carlo
Rates of chronic lung disease (CLD) in very low birthweight infants have not decreased at the same pace as other neonatal morbidities over the past 20 years. Multifactorial causes of CLD make this common morbidity difficult to reduce, although there have been several successful quality improvement (QI) projects in individual neonatal intensive care units. QI projects have become a mainstay of neonatal care over the past decade, with an increasing number of publications devoted to this topic. A specific QI project for CLD must be based on best available evidence in the medical literature, expert recommendations, or based on work by previous QI initiatives...
September 2017: Clinics in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802346/reducing-incidence-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis
#19
REVIEW
Aloka L Patel, Patoula G Panagos, Jean M Silvestri
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a multifactorial disease that occurs when multiple risk factors and/or stressors overlap, leading to profound inflammation and intestinal injury. Due to its multifactorial nature, there has been much uncertainty in identifying clear strategies for prevention of NEC. Despite these obstacles, the incidence of NEC has gradually been decreasing over the past 10 years, in part due to quality improvement (QI) initiatives to prevent NEC. Current QI strategies primarily target the various predisposing conditions...
September 2017: Clinics in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802345/tackling-quality-improvement-in-the-delivery-room
#20
REVIEW
Wannasiri Lapcharoensap, Henry C Lee
Implementation of standardized practices in the delivery room fosters a safe environment to ensure that newborn infants are cared for optimally, whether or not they require extensive resuscitation. Quality improvement (QI) is an excellent methodology for implementation of standardized practices due to the multidisciplinary nature of the delivery room, complexity of tasks involved, and opportunities to track processes and outcomes. This article discusses how the delivery room is a unique environment and presents examples on how to approach delivery room QI...
September 2017: Clinics in Perinatology
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